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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, June 04, 1860, Image 2

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TienViond wTiToT
!*I©NDA\ .HOKNIVW, J1 NiK 4, 1860.
»Tuturt .*» Nwnri noil ’•* attdr**o*d to iX*“Editor of a*
ArtitUi «ntt*n on Ml a f« cf tAe yaper rt« net »« put#*.
A TV- it .1 ruU (4 tonj rtmiIwsf. U ht <“S
l« <w> oam* ! « /Untried from, (ibttudry tk*o« mc**l■
lu *ij'< line ar« oAarurdJor a* ideerUsom+nU.
yg Ma,^{ unJtrldt* to return nJn-Ud MmmmmtcatUn*
ti |a jin- Atu-rte.iu t«ov«rmui-nl It, publican •"
ruder the above heading we copy an excellent
article from the Richmond l-adtr. It is with no idle do
aign of making a controversial hit, but with the better ind
larger detire of ex -itiag reflection, that, in transferring
it to our columns, wo express the opinion that the por
tentous evil to which our contemporary directs at
teuiiou is altogether due to the name, the teachings and
the practices of the Democratic party. We do not pro
pose. at present, to do more than simply express this
©pinion, and ask for it the unprejudiced con ideration of
our contemporary and all other equally fair-minded
thinkers. We ask them whether the “levelling” doctrines
and “moboerxtio” tendencies that have so revolutionized
the character of the government—threatening to sub
vert even its verv form—are not traceable to the popu
lar dogmas aud theories of the Democratic party ' In
the tariv da vs of t le government, there was no such par
ts designation as Democracy. The government was then
weil understood to be a strictly guarded Representative
R-publio, with decided anti-Democratic features. Its
three Department—Kxecutive. Judicial and Legislative—
were constructed upon bases largely more Aristocratic
than Democratic. The Convention that framed the
Federal Constitution declined, br a vote of nine
(States) to one to allow the Executive to be chos
en by a direct vote of the people. As a Democ
racy is a government in which the people govern directly
i is fTiden; that this Department of the government is
not Democratic. The second Department—the Judicial,
is still further removed from popular control. It is, in
fact, withou* a solitary trait of Democracy. The Judge.
in their appointment, in thejr tenure of office, and in
their official responsibility, are independent of the agen
cv, and beyond the reach, of the people. Of course,
then, there Is no Dtmucracy in this Department of the
government. The third and last Department—the Legis
lative, partakes somewhat, but still only partially, of the
Democratic element. The members of one of its branches
are elected directly by tin people, while those of the other
bold their seats by a different authority. Of the three
Departments, then, only one—an l that only iu*its lo«e
half—L> Democratic. Is it not.thercfore.absurd to speak
of the government as a He .ox-racy. And is it no:
f.ju,llv ab-urd to speak ot the necessity for a Deni'jcra
ttc partv to administei it ? Nay. -inoe the government
itself is not a Democracy, and was designed not to be a
Democracy, is it not evident that a Democratic party is
a party opposed to the government as it w.is constructed
by its founders, and as it was designed to be regarded
aud administered by their descendants? It is no answer
to say, that the ao-we of Democracy does not necessarily
juiplv the nature ot Democracy, Sooner or later it must
be so. The name impresses the popular mind with false
Ideas, and what it imports is - .re to become the creed of
those who accept it as their party designation. It is the
practical development of this fact that is producing those
to irful c iarg‘=, ibo e ‘ le eli g" and “ muboe ratio" re
aults, which have j t y excite i t ea'ar nof the ImLx,
and thil are set forth r t e art e to which we refer.
T «• Ur auar “revrtlrnw”
The D l.ware ecede s f o il the Charleston Cor.yen
tion have b-en suvaiu-- 1 bv a 1 irgo Democratic meeting,
beid on th- 2*th, at N « Castle. Messrs. Diyard aid
Wbitely appeared, and gave an account ol their stewarti
•hip at Chari stot A ter an exciting discus-ion of mote
than four hours, the meeting sustained their action. Th.
Cauuly Convention ala > held its session, and instruct!d
Messrs. Dtvard and Whiieley to resume their seats in the
Baltimore Convention, provided ia their opinion the ut
uouai.iv of the Oouven-ion should l>e restored by the
action of a sufficient portion of the regular delegation*
from the seceding D ntocr.it'e St i es. There was only
one negative vote in the Convention.
.Vow, is it not a lit I -ing iltr that the delegates to
Charleston from Delaware—a State only n - na’ty slav« -
holding—should have felt bound to secede alot g with
the Cotton States, and yet, tbit the delegates from Vir
ginia, the very lorye.it siavcholding State in the I'nion.
should not only not Moed<\ but should actually be in fa
vor of supporting the nomination of that “ gambler in
polities, ’ S rictus A Do' whose Squatter Sover
eignty theory is a fata1 blow at the righ’s and mtere-ts
of the South, Virginia included? How Ls it that the Del
aware delegate* proved themaelve . more rcgardtul of the
rights aud honor ot the South lhau the Virginia dele
gatee ?
There is only one explanation of the op;*o-ite conduct of
the Delaware and Virginia delegations—the former acted
from and upon principle, while the latter were willing to sa
crifice priue.ple and Statu interest both upon the al ar of
paity exped eocy.und party success,aud party spoils. What
a splendor invests the former, and wh it i cloud envelopes
the latter’ The former represented a State having no
real interest in slave institutions, iu'd vet they took their
stand on principle, and clung to the South—the latter
represented the largest slaveholding State in the Union,
and vet th-y ignored principle, look- d to the spoils, and
adhered to the North! What a sinking aud iiupres ve
coaf'Lit d es the condtet of the D law are aud Virginia
<!• egates auura—ana nm>ru «aa limnicunu »u'j a "»iu
iug to tb** people of Virgioit aud the South!
Honorable men and gentlemen all, no doubt, are the
delegates to Charleston front Virginia; but their mad
and infernal party idola'ry renders them unlit advisors
and guides for the people of the South, in the present ,
crisis. Trust not to Meat, therefore, voters of Virginia,
but take conns •! of your own judgments, of your own
conscience? of your own patriotism, of your own sin
cere, broad and enduring love of country. And,
acting thus upon your own indt pendent views and
•on vie uims of right, we are inspired with the be
lief that you will turn away horn the corrupt am!
agitating and destructive Democracy .and rally with heirt J
ami mind and muscle to the support of Bill and Kt *r- ;
err, who bear in their hands the uplifted and glorious j
standard of the Co stitution and the Uniou forever!
Tin1 Itlshl Spirit.
A gentleman in Alabama, nearly three -core and ten
years of age, write* to the Montgomery Jfi as fol
“If Bell and F.Terett get but two votes in Alabama. I
exoect to give one of them —
“1st. Because I believe thev are as pure, unde tiled and
uncorrupted statesmen and patriots, as any two citizen.- I
of the United States.
•*2d. Because their whom life and aetiona are now, I
and always have been, as broad, and as w Jr, as the «cbole
“3d. Because they oppose Abolitionism, Black Repub
licanism and DLsuuioaism ertrytekert.
“4th Because they oppose Squatter Sovereignty, and
other disturbing elements, growing out of sectional and
party platforms.
“bin. Because the Constitution is their thU’.d and I
quid*—the whole Union tlmir country and borne—and
the laws thetr, and our protection.
•ittb, and lastly, Because now in my feeble old sge. 1
expect it will be the last vote I shill ever give fora I’re
•idetit of the United State*. and I I eel it a conscientious
duty I owe to rev country, “'wife, ch.ldreu and friends,"
to vote for Joau Bel1 and Edward Everett.”
*•Jf Bill and Feerett yet bat two cot ft in Alabima, /
expect to yin on* of thorn." Now, there is evinced the
true spirit of a min and a pit riot. Suppose that all who
actually pnftr the election of Beil and Everett were ani
mated by like fcwiuig* and like purposes. Why, in that
case, there would not be a state in the Union which they
would not oarry by an overwhelming majority ' And
why ahould not all good citizens, of all parties, catch the
high and resolute spirit which fire* the bosom of the ven- i
•rable Alabama patriot? Why should not each one sol
emnly resolve to vote for Bell aad Everett, even if no
other man should ? With such a teal and such a pur
pose, on the part of all who prefer tbair election, their
triumph would b« certain, and glorious, and overwhelm
(^4 agtm at the reaaots amigoed by our Alabama
frond for supporting B.*U and Krerett. Are they not
•oud, ample, altogether courts ring * To each and all
pf oar render*, wt my—take #ourage,*nd tan tale the lofty
uni patriotic example of him in Alabama, who, though
feebly tottering upon the very brink of the grave, i* yet
animated by a broad and geoerouvlove of country, and
L an> ions to ]»>rfonu for it a la,t service, by castiug his
vote for Bell and Kverctt, the defenders and cbampioua
of a common Constitution and a common Union.
Kecout Publication*.
Jlaar Bi vrav, A« Dreamer'* Blind Daughter. A Talc
of Religious Persa.-uiion. Bv Sallie Rochester K>rd,
Author of Grace Truman. Published by Sheldon A
Company, New York. For sale by T. J. Starke, Rich
Tie plan and object of this work are indicated by the
title. The principal events of Banyan’s life, with histo
rical incidents ol the day, are interwoven with a wool
of fiction designed at once to mirror the time and illus
trate the virtues of a Christian life. The characters lack
ind viduality, but the book possesses interest sufficient to
compensate the reader for its perusal.
Rctlspms. Published by Derby A Jackson, New Y ork.
For sale by West A Johnson, Richmond.
No anonymous work- of equal interest with this has
lately appeared. It is a nearer resemblance and approach
to Jane Kg re than any of the female autobiographical
no'’1 is that have appeared since that remarkable book.—
Tho beroiue—who, by the way, has no name, or at least,
none is mentioned from the beginning to the eud—re- :
minds one of Jane, and the hero suggests Rochester.— j
Yet the book cannot be called *n imitation; for there is
much and decided originality. The scenes lie partly iu
New York, and partly at a couutry mansion. The name
14 -. heroine is the orphan niece of a worldly wouiau of
New York, with sonic silly and spoiled daughters. This
niece is thrown into strauge adventures and relations
with the hero Rutledge, the lord of the mansion. More
than this wc shall not tell ol the story. But it is written
with great vigor, and the strong, passiontie character of
the heroine is portrayed wi;h unusual skill. There is dis
crimination an,l delicate painting in the other characters'
each one being above the common-place sketches that
pass for original creations with most of our storv-tellers.
We assure our readers that K dledge will delight them,
f.i Fcmidis By the author of the Lamp Lighter. Pub
1,shed bv Tickuor A Fields, Boston ; for sale by West A
Johnston, Richmond.
A few vears ago, when the first novel of the gifted
author of the present work appeared, the public weie
prodigal in their prai-es, and predictions were numerous
as to her future succ* is. The expectations then formed
hare been fully realized. The reader who glances over
a few i.ages of F.I FureidU will not be willing to put it
Jon u until he becomes fully acquaiuted with the Paradise
-he describes, atid the several pure ami lovely charac
ters 'he introduces. The whole story Is the fanciful cre
ation of a mind ft 11 cultivated and highly imagina
Ter Mitt o> Tin: Floss. By George Eliot, author of
“Adam Bede." Ac. Published by Uarper A Brother's.
New York for -ale by Woodhouse A Co., Richmond
It is generally believed ihatthe unpretending “George
Eliot" is Mi-s Marian Evaus, a lady well known in the
htjrarv world a writer of no ordinary ability. It i'
generally admitted that “Adam Bede" is one of the best,
as it is one of the most popular novels of recent publi
cation. Those who have read it will greet with a
heartv welcome this new production front the prolific p<n
of th:- churning writ* r. “The Mill oa the Floss" will be
spcct* to the author’s former production. Whether su
perior or not, it has evideut mark* of greater elal era
ticn and artistic attention bestowed upon it. The
beautifully written pictures of English home-life are
charmi: g. and seem to possess a fascination that holds
the render enchanted, and makes him love to linger in
contemplation of the <[uiet, beautiful scenes. This book
will be - night aud read with avidity no doubt, and will
bt universally popular among admirers of pure, li^lit
literature, and command an extensive sale.
T.is Atlaxtic Monthly, for June. This is one of the
best numbers i.-.-ued, The first article iu it, eutitled “The
Future of American Railway*,’’ will arrest the atte tiou
ot railroad managers,- oekbolders and buudhol e*, and,
w it how:- the ca' -s "f the present unprotiwbl 11 s
of American railroad-, predicts a much better coni it’On
for them in lime to come. The writer holds up the Fhil
id. Ii : a, Wiiiui igtot: and Baliimore Rrilroad as the best
managed road in the country, and gives the President,
Mr. Felton, t ie credit of having inaugurated the whe-t
system t? ' - .a he adopted. The general contents if
the volume will please all readers.
Wilson's Raa:u:ks. Publi-bed by Harper « Brothers.
For sale by A. Morris. Richmond.
This series of school books consist* of a Primer and
four Reader*. They api>ear to Ire well arranged, so a*
t j fix the I --oii* at ore* ou the mind of the learner, and
la fain.Lari aud explain them by ueat aud well executed
piiture*. The -ante general plan has been adopted be
fore Those who have children to be instructed wii! si c
t; • imr:: • :iii ■erta.'ice of haring books to use, which,
bv meir t ie- - and skilful arrangement, lighten the ta.-k
f the teacher, and render plea-aut the efforts of the
T.ik Xrw American Cyclopkhu, Vol. IV, llaync—Jer
sey L'ity. Am* Foci — D. Apc'etoii ,v Co.
This volume discusses about I2<t • subject* In some
respects it is the most valuabl • volume of the series. I s
limits include a large number of articles of more than ot
diuarv interest. Among them ire the following: II< -
m t, by Professor Felton ; England's kings, Henry and
J ■ mi >, aud Andiew Jackson, by C. L\ lluzewell; lierpe
t 'logy, the horse, iebtyolccy, American Indians and iu
-'•••is. hv Dr. S. Knee land, Jr.: legal di-ipiisit ions upon
h i-band aud wife, infant, (in law i and iusurauce, by Pro
fevor P.ir-ou*, of t’ambri'fge: Hon. K. G. Siptier contri
butes paper* on Honduras and Inca; hieroglyphics,
and several collateral title- and themes, are treated by
Dr. Chari- - Kiaitsir ; lives of Patrick Henry, Washington
Irving and Th >m i- Jefferson are furnished by Joint F
ten (.'inik'’ Dr. Juo. W. Francis perpetuates the memory
ot Dr. Davi I Hosack . 1’aul Arpiu writes of tlie Kings
Heurv of France, and Howard, Hume, Leigh, Hunt,
C. J. Ingersoli. John Jay, and other famous dead
men are noticed at length. Among the living are the
name* of G. S. lliliani, H. W. Hilliard, Oliver Weudell
tlolu. -, Dr. J. li. Holland, I*r. is. G. Howe, Rev. F'. D.
Huntin on, Prof. Henry Hildreth, Presidents Hitchcock
aud Hopkii.s, Archbi-hop Hughes, Bishop Ive*. <L P. R.
James, the llowitts, Ac.
L nxR* oi Alexander Vox Hi mbolut to Varnhag an
Von Ense, from .»u7 to id '*: with extracts fr< in
V vrnhagi'ii’s Diaries, and Letters of Varnhagen aid
m irt Edition, bv Frederick K*pp. Published by Rrdd
\ Carlton, New York ; for -ale by West A JoiiU'-K u,
Tbl* volume contains letters »ritter to and by Hunt
b >ldt in the confidence of private friend-hip. E. r all
tho+a who take an interest in the character and writings
o: that great man, these letters will have a peculiar fas
cination. Tiie letters do not, however, add to the per
sona’ fame of Homboldt. The diguitv of the philosopher
is degrade ! bv revelations of the meanness of the mau.
fas Mkr> hamt’s am* Bankkr’s RiuisrsR, for I8»i0,
publised byj.Smith Uomaos Jr., o(H:e of the “Banker’s
Magazine, Xc» York. For sale in Richmond by Jas.
Woohousc A Co.—Price *1,-5.
ritls book contains an a!phabetieal list of the banks iu
the United States, names of President and Cashier, loca
tion and capital of each; a list of private bankers in
three hundred aud fifty cities aud towns, in the United
States, a list of banka and bankers in London, Europe
Asia, S America. Australia, West Iudies etc; attachment
h*> ar.d statutes of limitation in each State of the Uni
ted States, and a collection of statistics, reports, ete—
the whole embracing a fund of valuable information
iptite indispensable to the banker or merchant whose
operations are conducted on an extensive scale. The
book is neatly printed and baudsomely bound.
Lr o 11 in., or Re possibility Rializcd, by Mi-s.
S.illie Huc'ics. “author of The Good Sheperd.” Publif
e ! by ti e Southern B.ptist Society. For sale by Thos.
J. Starke, Main street.
This little sketch written by a lady of, this city, ineul
cates the importance of abstaining from “the appearance
of evil " The scenes are located in Richmond and the
a Ij iccnt country. We cordially commend “Lucy Hall"
to our voung readers of the gentler sex aud especially to
those seeking the advantages of education.
Mr, Kvcrctt’* Letter of Acceptance
Our readers will find in to-div's issue of the H’Aih? Mr.
EviRKTr’s letter accepting the nomination tendered him by
the Baltimore Convention, for the office of Vice President
of the United State*. It is straight forward, direct, main
ly, and patriotic, breathing the spirit of an honest man
and an unselfish lover of hi* country.
Wc trust th.s admirable and noble document will serve
to dissipate the anxious and painful doubts, which have
afflicted the Democracy for the last month. Having as
siduously c rculated a rumor to the effect that Mr. Evx
«rr • would certainly decline the Vice Presidential nomi
nation, we hope they are now satisfied that they were
•lightly mistaken in their calculation.
Lirkbality.—Mrs. A. Hollins, of Lynchburg, has re
cent v given fl 1,000 to Hollins Institute, Botetourt
Spri g-, which, with h-r gifts in previous year*, and the
gif of R>1 by her husband during his life, make* the
»u» of #17,500.
a* j. w. Randolph’s roorstokr and bindirt,
Joas M, IMS
I. Doom: »***•
OnBgm; TS T« 7#
Baltimore, llth May, I860.
Dear Sir : It has became my agree .ble duty, as the
pr -iding officer of the Na'.ioual U uion Conventiou, which
terminated its session in this city last evening, to inform
you that you have received the nomination of that body
i s its candidate for the office of Vice President of the
United S.att s.
It would he far beyond my power to convey to you an
adequate impression of the intense ardor, and enthusiasm
with which the nomination was made. Without the tor
mality of a ballot, your name was on every lip, and was
adopted with loud acclatn itious coming from grateful and
patriotic hearts. ,
Suite afier State vied with each other for the privilege
of rendering to you its tribute ol affectionate homage aud
The high estimate of your valuable public services en
tertained by the whole country, and the universal grati
tude excited by your voluntary efforts as a private citi
zen, to imbue the minds of your countrymen with feel
ings of love aud veneration for the character of Wash
ington, and respect for his character and teachings, were
reflected by the Convention in a maimer at ouce impres
sive, appropriate and gratifying.
it was believed, moreover, that the association of your
name with that of John Bell, as candidates lor the high
est offices in the gift of the nation, would of itself consti
tu'e an irresistible appeal to the patriotism, loyalty and
na ioaal spirit of the whole American people.
In this season of discord and distraction, wc feci it to
be a paramount duty to make an earnest effort to revive
sentiments of harmony and brotherhood between the dif
ferent States aud sections of our Union.
We were not ignorant of your cherished purpose to
decline in future the cares aud honors of official station ;
yet we do not permit ourselves to doubt that the same
sentiment of patriotism which your voiee and example
have inspired in the beans of others, will prompt you to
yield to the call now made upon you, by a large aud re
spectable portion of y our countrymen.
1 have the honor to be,
With high respect,
Your obedient servant,
[Signed] Washington Hunt.
To the Honorable Edward Evirktt.
Boston, May 5J0, 1800.
M;i Don- Sir —I have duly received your letter of
the 11th, in which you inform me officially, that the Na
tional Union Convention, remitly in session at Baltimore,
had done me the honor to nominate me as its candidate
for the office of Vice President of the United States.
I am deeply impressed with this manifestation of the
favorable opinion of the Conventiou, comprising as it did
among its members so many persons distinguished for
ptiblio service, patriotism, and intelligence ; and fairly
representing a considerable portion ol the conservative
feeling of the country. For the great cordiality with
which, as you inform me, my name was proposed aud
received, my warmest thanks are due.
l^The grateful acceptance of such a nomination would,
under ordinary e.rcumstances, be a matter of course; but
it has unavoidably been with me the subject of long and
anxious hesitation. The grounds of this hesitation I owe
it to the Convention, which lias honored me with this
mark of its confidence, and to myself, to explain ; loath
as I am to dwell on matters of personal interest of no
importance to ihe public.
It is generally known that I have, for some years past,
retired from active participation in political life, not, as
I hope I have shown, from indolence or want of sympa
thy with tny f« How citizens in the pursuit of the great
objects of social life. The reasons of my retirement have
been more than once publicly stated, and I beg to re
peat them here from my speech at the Union meeting in
Faneuil Hall, last December:
“I did not suppose that anything could occur which
would make me think it my duty to appear again on this
platform, ou any occasion of a political character; and
had this meetiug been of a party nature or designed to
p uuiuiv iuiy pari/ purpvaco, t jiivuiuuui uuu ti-ti.
When compelled by the prostration of uiv health, five
years ago, to resign the distinguished place which I then
tilled in the public service, it was with no expectation,
no wish, aud no inteuiiou of ever again mingling in the
seenes of public life. I have, accordingly, with the pir
tial restoration of my health, abstained from all partici
pation in political action ol any kind; partly because I
have found a more congenial, and, as I venture to think,
a more useful occupation iu seeking to rally the affec
tions of my countrymen, North und South, to that great
name aud precious memory which are lclt almost alone
of all the numerous kindly associations, which once
bound the different sections of the country together, and
a!.-o because, between the extremes ot opinion that have
long distracted and now threaten to convulse the coun
try, I find no middle ground of practical usefulness, on
which a friend ot moderate counsels can -land."
It having been suggested to me, notwithstanding these
avowals, that I might be thought of, at the l .lion Con
vention, as a candidate for the Presidency, 1 requested
by telegraphic message and by letter, that my name, if
brought forward, might be withdrawn. It is true that iu
these communications I had only in view a nomination
to the Presidency, none other having been suggested to
me; but a!- the reasons above indicated, which led in;- in
advance to decline such a nomination, apply with equal
force to th: Vice Presidency. These reasons, of course,
stiil exist iu unimpaired force, and I cannot now take an
active part in politics without abandoning a deliberately
formed purpose, and even exposing myself to the suspi
cion of insincerity iu its p.-rsisteut avowal.
* .Without dwelliug upon these cou-iderations, of which,
however, I am sure the weight will be admitted, I beg
leave to advert fur a momeut to my connection with the
movement for the purchase of Mount Vernon, to which
your letter alludes iu such obliging terms. The favor
which l:as attended ray ixcrtioustn that erase, (if I may
without iodelicacy say anything on that subject,) has
been maiolv the result of my known and recognized dis
connection from party politics. If it could have been
even platL-ibly in.-inuatej that I was, or intended to be
come a candidate for high political honors, I should, iu
tuy various excursions iu aid of that fund, have laid my
self open to the imputation of speaking one word for
Monnt Vernon and two for myself. As it is, the people
throughout the Union have generously given me credit
for having a single eye to that meritorious object. As fur
ns the purchase of Mount Vernon is concerned, that ob
ject has been effected, under the judicious aud efficient
mauagera -nt ol the 11-gent and Vice K -gents of the A*
sociation, with the aid ot their intelligent and active a—
sistauts throughout the Union. Put a sum of monev
equal to that already raised is .-till wanting for the repair
of the Mansion, the inclosure of the laud purchased, (he
restoration of the house and grounds, as lar as practica
ble, to their condition iu I8O1I, aud the establishment of
a permanent fund lor their conservation. 1 own that I
am desirous still to enjoy the privilege of co-operating
in this noble work, which, however, it will be impos.-iblc
for me to do to anj advantage, whatever may be the re
sult of the present canvass, if I am now drawn into the
vortex ol a ,-trenuoa-ly contested election. There are
many pa-ts of the country which I have not yet visited.
I had promised myself a rich harve-t from the patriotic
liberality of the States on the (iulf of Mexico, and of
those on the Mississippi river, (which 1 have not yet
been able to visit, with the exception of Missouri though
often kindly invited,» ami I conn -s that it is very puinlul
to me to withdraw from that broad field of congenial la
bor, to tread the thorny und thank-lea* paths of politics.
Apan from the pecuniary aspects of the case, which,,
however, are of considerable importance, I will candidly
say, that iu holding iqi to the admiring veneration of the
American people the peerless uaino ol Washington, (al
most the only bond of fraternal sentiment which the bit
terness of our sectional controversies has left us,) 1
feel as i; 1 was doing more good, as far as I am able to do
anv good, and contributing more to revive the kindly
ieeung wucu once existedBetween .xorm ana notim, ana
which U uow, I grieve to sty, nearly extinct, than 1
could possibly do by engaging iu the wretched scramble
for office—which is one great source of tbe dangers that
threaten the country.
These considerations, and others of a still more per
sonal nature, have necessarily occasioned me to reflect
long and anxiously before accepting the nomination with
which the I'niou Convention has honored me. In yield
ing at length to the earnest solicitations winch have been
addressed to me, from the most respectable sources in al
most every part of the I'niou, 1 make a painful sacrifice
of inclination to what I am led to believe a public duty.
It has been urged upon me, and 1 cannot deny that such
Is my own feeling, that we have fallen upon times which
call upon all good citizens, at wliatever cost of personal
convenience, to contribute their share, however humble,
to tbe public service.
I suppose it to be the almost universal impression,—it
s certainly mine,—that the existing state of affairs is ex
tremely critical. Our political controversies have sub
stantially assumed an almost purely sectional character,
—that of a fearful struggle between the North and the
South. It would not be difficult to show at length the
perilous nature and tendency of this struggle, but I can
only say, on this occasion, that, iu my opiuion, it cannot
be much longer kept up, without rending the Union. I
do not mean that either of the great parties in the coun
try desires or aims at a separation of the States as a final
object, although there are extremists iu considerable
numbers who have that object in view. While a potent
and a b tieful influence is exercised by men ot this class,
in both sectious of the Union, a portion of the conserva
tive masses are iuseusibly and gradually goaded into
concurrence with opinions and sentiments with which,
iu the out set, they had no sympathy. Meantime, al
most wholly neglecting the main public interests, our
political controversies turn more aud more on ques
t ons, in refereuce to which, as abstract formulsa', the
great sections of the country differ irreconcilably,
though there is nothing practically important at stake,
which requires the discussion to be kept up. These con
troversies are carried on with steadily increasing bitter
ness and exasperation. The passious thus kindled have
already led to acts of violence and bloodshed,approaching
to civil »ar in the Territories, and attempted servile in
s irree'ioa in the States. The great religious and philan
thropic arsociations of the eouutry are sundered, and
the kindly social relation of North and South seriously
impaired. The national House of Representatives, hov
ering on the verge of anarchy, requires weeks to effect
the organization, which ought to be the work of an
hour, and it bolds its sessions, (many of its members, I
am told, armed with conceakd weapons,) on the crust
of a volcano. The candidates for the Presidency repre
senting respectively the dominant sectional ideas will,
at the ensuing election, in all probability, be supported
by a purely geographical vote. Iu other words, we are
already brought to a pass at which North and South can
not aid will uot co-operate in the periodical re-organiza
tion of the Government.
Can su h a state of things long continue, especially
with the ever present risk of new causes of exaspera
tion ? I own that it seems to me impossible, unless some
healing course is adopted, that the catastrophe, which
the mass of good citizeus so much deprecate, should be
much longer delayed. A spirit of patiiotic moderation
must be called into action throughout tbe Union, or it
will assuredly be broken up. Unless the warfare of in
flammatory speeches and incendiary publications is aban
doned, and good citizens, as in 1776 and 1787, North
and Sooth, will agree to deal with tbe same elements of
discord, (for they existed then as now,) as our Fathers
dealt with them, we ihall but for a very tew years longer
be even nominally Brethren of one family. The sugges
tion that the Union can be raainti.tned bv the numerical
predominance and military prowess of one Section, ex
erted to coerce the other into submission, is, in my judg
ment, as sell-contradictory as it is dangerous. It comes
loaded with tho death smell from fields wet with brothers’
blood. If the vital principle of all republican govern
ment is “ the consent of the governed,” much more
does a union ol co-equal Sovereign States require, as its
basis, the harmony of its members aud their voluntary
co-operation in its organic functions.
Believing, for these reasons, that healing counsels
must be listened to, if we are much longer to re
main one people, I regard the late National Union
Convention os a movement iu the right direction. I
could wish that it had been earlier assembled; with
less exclusive reference to official nominations, aud
with a more comprehensive representation, if possi
ble, of the conflicting opinions of the country. On
general principles and in ordinary times 1 admit that
third parties are objectionable, but in the existing state
of affairs, if there is to be any escape front tho present
ill omened conflict, it would seem that a commencement
roust be made with such & meeting as that of the 9th and
loth at Baltimore. It was a fair representation of the
conservative opinion of the country, and the calmness,
gravity and good feeling with which the procedings were
conducted, cannot be too highly praised.
Iu adopting as its platform tho Constitution without
note or comment, the Convention, as it seems to me, pur
sued a wise aud patriotic course. No other course was
thousht of iu the earlier days of the Republic. Election
eering platforms are almost without exception equivocal
and delusive. It is objected that men differ as to the
meaning of the fundamental law; but they differ not less
as to any gloss or commentary. The Constitution, in its
fair and natural interpretation, is the only basis on w hich
good citizens in every part of tbecouutry can now unite;
and any attempt to go further will usually have no other
effect than to cause those who agree on great practical
principles to differ on metaphysi :al subtleties, or to bring
together, by artfully constructed phrases and from selfish
motives, those who have nothing else iu common.
The candidate lor the Presidency, presented by the
Union Convention, is every war worthy ol confidence
aud support. I speak from personal knowledge and long
association with him in the public service. His distin
guished talent, large experience in affairs, proved iuteg
tegiity aud sterling patriotism, furnish the amplest pledge
for an houest aud efficient administration of the govern
ment at homo and abroad. A citizen of the South, and
loyal to her constitutional rights, his impartial and con
ciliatory course as a public mau affords a ground on which
he can be supported in either section of the country, with
out dereliction of principle, and bv men of all parti', s,
w ithout a painful sacrifice of former prelerenees.
Deeply regretting that the Convention has not put it
in my power to pay an equally cordial and emphutic tri
bute to some worthy candidate for the Vice Presidency,
but feeling it a duty to give the desired proof of sympa
thy with its patriotic efforts to restore the happy days of
brotherly coiicord between the different sections of our
beloved country,
1 remain, dear sir, sincerely vours,
From the Richmond Indix.
Tiiat etratic statesman, but deep thinker, John Ran
dolph, of Roanoke, once declared that the time would
come when the Constitution ol the I’uited States would
he regarded as a nuisance, and the same personage on
various occasions gave it as his settled opinion that
America would finally beruine! by the “levelling doc
trines” of the ultra advocates of democracy. It is a no
table fact that many very intelligent thinkers seem to be
siowlv coming to similar convictions. Within the last
lew years we tave frequently heard gentlemen of sound
intellect, and liberal opinions declare that from a repub
lic, the United States had passed to a mobocracy, and
that the direct tendency of this state of things was to
destroy the government aud plunge the land iuto anarchy.
The gentlemen in question are not croakers or “ati-to
er-.ts,” but good patriots, and men of far reaching views;
.. .i.l-- ......... r._
those recently expressed by Lord Macaulay, to the effect
that the American system is "a failure.”
Is this true ? The question is a serious one, and we
very much fear that tuerc arc good grounds to doubt
whether our system is so great, glorious and splendid as
Fourth of July orators declare it to be. Unquestionably
the whole spirit—if not the Irani -work—of the govern
ment has changed since the days of the Revolution, and
even siuce the commencement of the century.
The America of President Buchanan’s time is quite
different from the America ot (ieueral Washington's
epoch. Then it was a republic ; now it seems to have
become “ Young America,' which “ being interpreted”
amounts very nearly to what our funnels above alluded
to, call a mobocracg. Wo trust that no one will misun
derstand these views, or suppose that they point to moc
ftichy, aristocracy cr auy oili- r dreadful “gorgon or chi
mera dire,” such as the youthful sovereigns of the land
have been taught to hate with righteous hatred, and to
regard ns the sum of nil evil. We state a fact which is
patent to all, and will be recognized by every mar: of
intelligence and liberal thought. The country is levell
ing dotim, not up, and the consequence of this state of
things may be seen in every department of the govern
ment, i:i every branch of the public service. Are the
brut men placed in offices of responsibility ami power,
etr the icarat men i Let the reader seriously ask hitnselt
the quo-'ion whether the Congress of the United States
—the State legislatures—the oflicial posts both Federal
and State—and the Municipal e llicja of the towns and
ci’iey-are tilled by the really deserving men. or by time
sarv, rs, intriguante, and tricky politicians. The very
judicial election.- arc beginning to grow corrupt—and the
o will be sworn to do equal justice toSall, "wt ex
pected to drag the amine in the cutter ol faction in or
der to procure his election. The Jttmot of the Athe
nians seems to have revived in America, with fuller pow
ers than before, and the nsult threatens to he worse
than of old.
In u Republican form of government there is hut one
safeguard of the public peace —an enlightened public
opinion, prompting the mas-es -o the choice ol proper
men to make the laws, *nd subsequently to obedience to
those laws. Force will not do in the United States—and
the jealousy of the' Federal (iovernrnent is so great that
the- employment of the armv to operate against the peo
ple of any Stale opposing it-elf in its State capacity to
the President, would probably produce a disruption of
th - I niott, followed bf all tin’ horrois of a civil war.—
Force, therefore, is tot advisable—and yet, what re
mains but lore-e if one portion of the counlrv, misled and
ir darned l»y low demtgoguea, invades the rights of the
citizens ot another? The abolition masses in the North,
as ignorant as they ire fanatical, and usurping the au
thority which should •<■<! in the hands of the thoughtful,
'cultured, ami patriotic citizens, s-ize on the property of
the Southern gentlennui who goes on a vi«it to Boston—
what ill •;!? The lavs must he enforced, and the hitter
blood be -omes more inflamed than before; the bonds of
I uion less and lees Ijnding. We have little doubt that
the fanaticism of thr North is the direct result of the
mobocracv prevailing in the cities and towns of the N.
Li.gland States. Thtre are good patriots—men ol high
views and loftv character there; hut they are paralyzed
by the rabble who are skilfully played ou by Seward,
Phillips, Hale, and their associates The mob are taught
to regard the Southtrner as a monstrous tyrant, who is
bolding in cruel bondage bis feilow creature, having
equal tights with bins-.If—and the result of this teaching
is that the Uonstitutitiml rights of the South are porist
entlv assailed, and the country drifting, as we write, to
wards disunion and war.
There is hut one core for the evil to p'ace the be«t tnen
in otti-e, to give the tontrol of public affairs, municipal,
State and Federal, to those who, by education, training,
virtue and capacity, a’e competent to discharge the duties
of otiice. Wo are tick ot seeing low demagogues, po
litical Slacks, cro«s-road bullies, and Five Points shoulder
hitters placed in autioritv over the respectable citizens
o! tli<* land. As long as those inen are permitted to
thrust aside the better class of American citizens, and
reach offices of dignity, emolument and authority by
means of their very vulgarity and vices, the body politic
w ill remain diseased at the core, and irremedicable. The
remedy for the di-ea?e is to send the whole crew adrift,
and to take no raor* such into the ship of State. Let
tbe people be made to comprehend clearly that the spirit
of American society is not to lower tbe respectable citi
zen to the degraded level of the loafer and the rowdy,
an i so make “all mat equal”—bit: to elevate, if possible,
the ignotaut to the place of the better class, and in that
way produce equality. We shall then have a good gov
ernment, and a sound and healthful social condition.—
At present, we have neither. We have what Washington
would have shrunk from, as he shrunk from that other
despotism of England—a de*poti*;n of the mob. The
fathers of the Revolution be<]neathedj*U8 a Republic.
That republic is as dead as though it had never existed.
Rut if we do uot reorganize it upon the ouly true basis,
then the American system will be “a failure,” indeed,
and the “ model republic” will not even exist as it now
does in appearance.
At a large and enthusiastic meeting of the Opposition
party of the county of Patrick, held at the C. II., on Mon
day, the “Sth May, 1800, for the purpose of ratifiying the
nomination of Johu Bell and Edward Everett, lor tbe
Presidency and Vice Presidency of the United States,
Col. Crawford Turner was call to the Chair, and Larkin
G. Rucker was appointed Secretary.
The object of the meeting having been explained by
Mr. Samuel G. S:aples, who discussed at some ieugtli the
political topics of the day, he then offered the following
resolutions which were unanimously adopted :
Re*olued, That we cordially approve of uud heartily
endorse the nomination ol John Bell and Edward Ever
ett, for the ollices of President and Vice President of the
United States, by the recent Baltimore Constitutional
Union Convention; and that, as patriotic and country
loving citizens, we feel ourselves impelled, by every con
sideration of public duty, to give them our warm sup
RUtolved, That the pure patriotism, the acknowledged
ability, the long and faithful services, as well as the spot
less character and eminent private worth of John Bell
and Edward Everett, justly entitle them to the support
of all who desire the perpetuity of our glorious heritage
of freedom—the union of these States: —and that on their
sound national, conservative principles, the country can
with confidence rely for a pure, national, republican, eco
nomical administration of the General Government.
Resolved, That while the peace and quiet of the coun
try are disturbed, the very existence of the Union se
riously endangered, and the best interests of the commu
nity imperilled by two corrupt political organizations,
ready at any time to barter their very birthright for a
mess of pottage, the Democratic and Republican parties
warring as well upon each other os upon the safety and
political welfare of the country a; Urge, by their embit
tered contests for the spoils of office, and the continued
agitation of the vexed question of slavery as a means of
political promotion and the attainment of corrupt pur
poses, we look with confidence to the elevation of such
i man as John Bell to tbe Presidency, who declared in
the Senate of the United States that “To the great tact
to which I have more than once alluded conjoined with
tbe system ot equal laws which our ancestors brought
with them to these shores, and which they perfected ami
:olsolidated at the Revolution and by the adoption of
the preaent form of Union; we are indebted—th; world
is indebted—for that other great phenomenon in the
history of the rise and progress of nations in all its bear
ings, not yet fully comprehended by the nations of the
old world, nor even by ourselves, and which will in all
future time bn the study and admiration of the hiitorian
and philosopher. I mean not the founding of a Repub
lic on these shores, so recently the abode only of savage
and nomadic tribes, but its amazing growth and devel
opment, its magic-like spring front suiull beginnings,rising
as it were by a single effort, by one elastic bound, into all
the attributes of a first-rate [tower—a great Republican
empire, able not only to maintain its rights of sovereign
ty and independence by land and sea against a hostile
world, but at the same time, by its example, shaking to
their foundations the despotic powers of the earth, a great
incorporation of Ireedom dispensing its blessings to all
mankind. The fabled Miuerva, leaping iu full
panoply from the head of Jove, if a truth and no fiction,
would scarcely be more wonderful or a greater mystery,
without the clue which African slavery furnishes for the
solution of it. • » » * "Sir, your rich and varied com
merce, internal and external; your navigation; your com
mercial marine, the nursery of the military; your ample
revenue, the public credit, your manu factures, your rich,
populous and splendid cities—all, ail may trace to this
institution, as to their well-springs, their gigantic pro
portions, nourished and built up to their present amaz
ing height and grandeur by the great staples of the South
—the products of slave labor;" and who, regardful of the
interest of no particular section of country, as in conflict
with that of the other, but of the one hariuouious whole,
will, by a wise, prudent and intensely national adminis
tration of the Government, allay the unnatural enmity
now unhappily existing between the North and the South
—restore peace and quiet to the country, and by whole
some and judicious measures restore the Government to
its former simplicity, polity and republicanism.
Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be pub
lished in the Richmond Whig, and that the Opposition
papers throughout the State be requested to copy.
On motion,
Resolved, That this meeting do now adjourn.
L. G. Rucker, Scc’y.
On Tlursdiy evening, the 26th of Anri), by the Rev. Thomas I..
RY, all of Green county, Ya.
On Tuesday last. at the resldenco of the brlde’t father, hy Rev
J C. Ilensel, Pr. T. It, BROWN, of Mount Crawford, to merly oi
Albemare eo., and Miss ELIZABETH l'., daughter ofMr. Win. Car
ter, of Rockingham rounty.
On the ?2d Instant, In Nelson county, by Rev. James M. Dll
lard, Mr. N. 0. DAtVdON, to Miss EL'Dil.tA LOVING, of Nr Iron.
On the K.th cf May, by the Rev. Win. Ilammerily, MaJ SILAS
BARBOUR to Miss MARY E, daughter of Dr. Robert Smith, r.U of
Campbell county, Va.
At Ids residence in Amherst county, on Tuesday last, Mr WM.
0. TERRELL, formerly of Albemarle.
Of paralysis, on the 2Gth of March, 1SG0, at the residence of her
husband In Albemarle county, Va , Mrs. M. A. WOODS, In the LOth
year of her age.
Near * von, Nelson county, Va., of consumption, on the 15th of
May, Mri. ELIZA JANE, wife of Dr. W L. Will ami.
In Orange cn., on Saturday, the26th last., Mrs. HARRIET PEY
TON, consort cf J.pIiu 8. Peyton.
I RIBL'TE Os R! dPEt i.
At a meeting of the members of the Bar of the City of Richmond,
held on Friday. June the 1st, 156(1, In the State Court House, for
th i purpose of testifying their respect for the memory of the late
Judge Pctkb V. Daniil, the Hon. John A M iredith. Judge of the
Circuit Couit of the City of Richmond, was called to the Chalr4and
Thomas P August appointed Secretary.
James Lyons, Esq , In a brief and feeling manner, s'ated the ob
ject of the meeting; and, upon his motion, the following resolutions
Were unanimously adopted :
lie*''tre t. That th; mtmhers of the Bar of Richmond hare heard
with sincere arid deep regret of the death of ihe Hon. P. V. Dtnlrl,
lile a J odve of the dupreine Court of the United trtate»,a!thougn he
ha* fallcu full of year* as well as honor*.
lie was formanj years a leading member of thlj bar, distinguish
ed then, as he was afterwards upo i the beneh, 'or Ihe great eleva
llon of his character, hi- perfect intigrlty, great Cdrilty, and the
undo rldng thinness with which he met, and discharged every re
sponsIMHv amt duty Imposed upon hlin.
ItemJr, I Th t we will alt nd Ms funeral as a body, and wear
the us u -1 badge of mourning for thirty da\s.
tlesohel That a copy of ihese resolutions he presented to the
Circuit Court of this city, with a rcqne-t to have them entered up
on record, and that a copy o.' them be transmitted to the family of
the d-ceased
li « lr*t. Tint the proceedings of this meeting be published
in the daily papers cf tills city
JOHN A. ME 1FDITH, Chairman.
T. P Aro-ur, Rec’r.
Of >ice or thk R.ciiioxd ,t Ptrrsa-Bt an R. R. Co., |
Richmond, Jane I, ISO" \
Merchants >ad other* who wi-u i > »u mi theui- oi prr
French g e.dt.ln Norfolk, on Wednesday nr*;’, can cb-ofM
tain re'urn ticket* at thi* etfic.; go.d m.t'l the 1 l.li Inxt, for f.'i.Sh"
Jr-’ —At _ Superintendent.
C1AHILT S V 31 V I*. irt in store, of finest
1 q i .lnr of Hjrup, » substitute for New Orleans MoUsses, of
tfcf q-it quality, botli a* regard* color and flavor, and preferable
on account of Its clean) ncn and good order of package* made
ext res* y to order. For isle by
IJOIIT WINK We are now recevli.g Port Wine of *upc
llor quality, at a low co*', suitable for retail*** andnstau
rant* bri g of a heavy body, very dark and clear. For sale by
regu ar supplies of theae choice Su-rar Cured Hams, warrant
nl equal to any brand in any market. 100 tcv In arrive For sale
i r wm Wallace mins
E'S Pure .Tluunttili Leu" Whin
>> M.y,
“Hit HHIBSON'S AM Kyi” Wl.laU.-j,
“t*l\OM>AMi> (Iy»•’* Wliiah y,
Are old est;.bit h d brand.—t.avlcg been sold by our establishment
over twenty yrar*. We offer It now of as line quality a. ever, to
Jobber* and others. In loti to suit. Two of these brands belong ex
clusively to us. For tale by
NOI If K TO TAXI* mils.
' 1 'f Mr i'ljof /;* A mi tuf."—That the Collect-.r * f
the City Ta\i • shall annually give n-lice. In at least four of the
dally m w-pape.s of t!ie city, fr r fifteen dass prior I * the IMh day
of June, that he will a't< nd at Lis office daily, between fhe hour*
of " o'clock, A M , and i> o'clock P. M , from the fifteenth to the
W:h of June, Indus ve, f .r the purpose • f receiving from any per
ton, charged with City T .x»., the whole or one half i f the amonnt
of tax charged, deducting from the whole amonnt or one-haH, **
the case may be, ten per centum Im-reon. The Collector thill In
lk- manner give n lice for fifteen days prior to the fifteenth of
Decern* er, that be nil attend at hi* ulEce dally, between the
ab-ve mentioned hours, from the lftth to tite 31st of De-embcr In
clusive. f ir the purpose of receiving from any person who lias ah
re* fy paid one h i f only of the city Tins clisrg -I to him. the re
maining half, ded . ting from such half ten per centum tlivrenn ”
In pursuaoe- of th • above amended Ordlnanc •, passed 'anuxry
lllb, lr‘ •. I rill attend at the Collrctoi’* Oflice, In Ibe CUv 11*11,
from the If h to the ddth of Jun - ImJj, Inclusive, for the purpose
of r elrl.og laxe* a* above dlrtcted.
jrj —dim J A. HOtiaON, C. C. Richmond.
C'LOTUS, CnMlnirrei anil Vi atiugx,
Foi Genlcmen and Boys.
Fur (ientlemen and Boys.
For Genll-men and Boys.
A Large Block on hand. PERKINS A • O,
Jti 11! Eagle Square.
KBFINBBSUUAH8.- d ) bbla , for sals
by j«S ClIAs. r. WORTHAM.
Camtrlc and SwD* Bind «nd T'immlngs.
Cambric and Swiss Bands and Tritnm ngs.
Cambric ami Stvi**s Baud' ami Trimmings!
At nmt Ki-lotv Coat.
Alexandre’s A llajou's Black. White and Colored KID GI-OVES,
Bufort’*, A GOOD ARTICLE, at G3 CENT".
19 Pearl or 14lli Sired,
HAVE new on hand a general aninrtment of goods In their line
suitable to the Ittlnil Tfttdk,consisting of
which they are offering at low rates. They respectfully ask an ex
amination of their STOCK.
Jel_ _ WM. F. BL'TLKB * SON.
WHITE GREASE,—Hydraulic cement, Tanner and ma
chinery oil, cotton yarns, aafety tu<e, for Bale l.y
If ACKEHEL.-U bids superior small No. ’! Mackerel, for
iVl sale by jel_LEWIS u'KBB.l JOHN G. WADE.
PAIt APPINK CANDLES .-These Candles are made of
Prepared Paraffine, a product from Ihe distillation ofCral,
having the same Chemical constituents as Gas. They will burn 10
■p cent, longer than the standard wax or sperm candle, and ytea
clearer and more brilliant light. 190 cases assorted sis-sand
colors, for sale by I. A G. B. DAVENPORT,
m»22 Agents for the Company.
I>e«ir»b!c English Hooka.
Selections lrom the Stock of
INCHBALD’S BRITISH THEATRE. 20 vols. IS mo., cloth.
Contents lettered on backs —f 20 Another copy. Including the
Faroes. 42 vols. full bound.—J45. “Mrs Inchbald’s Theatre
is he m ist correct and the most respectable of any work of
this kind ertant. Each play Ins a plate."—ZMAt/en.
The Works of Thomas Otway—Consisting of his Plaja, Poems and
Letters, w ith a Sketch of his Life, enlarged from that written
by Dr. Johnson. 2 vols. S TO., calf.—16. Another copy, In 3
vols. 15 mo., calf.—fJ. “Otway, next to ghakspeare, Is the
greatest genius England ever produced, In Tragedy."— Oohl
Tasso. Translated by Jno. Hoole. 2 vols. 19 mo.—$2
Homer's Illlad Translated hy Chapman. 2 vols.—$3.
Homer’-Dde-sey. Translated by Chapman. 2 vols. —f3
Horn- r’s Hymns, Ac. Translated by Chapman. lTsI.~fl.9D.
DalrympleV Memoirs of Great Britain and Irela id, during the
relgna of Charles I. and William and Mary. 2 vols. 0 oar to.—
London, 1771.—f3 SO.
Rose'- Biographical Dictionary. 12 vols. 8 to., full calf, extra.—
Beautiful set.—f37.90 “The best general Biographical Dic
tionary, containing not less than 20,100 names."
Burnett's History of Ids own time 4 vols. 9 vo., calf. London,
1776, f7 JO.
Dryden’s Works The best edition. Edited by Sir Walter Scott.
15 vols. S vo., full calf. London 1508.— f65.
Rankin's History of France. 9 vols. 8 vo., newly bound in calf,
extra — f20. For sale by
je 1 „ JAME3 WOODHOUSE k 00
TON. RODGERS a- sons* ('CTLER V.-Juat direct
from Jos. Rodgers k Sons' Factory. Sheffield, a fine supply of
their Cutlery. T. ROBERTSON k SON,
)el_____No 05 Main SL
JO 600 bbla. No. 1 Cut Herrings, for sale by
"IVOR RENT—One Tenement on north aide Basin Bank, ad
X Joining the ofloe of Means. Gooch k Echols. Apply to
kJ 100 hhds. prime Cuba Sugars,
100 hhda, do do Molasses, for sale by*
Omc« og to* Who, Jane *, 1340.
rnr. grain tiunr.
The Mark Lane Kiprene, of Uie 14th ult., ujl:
Thu rise of temperature »nJ fine ratal of the put week hare
dissipated the fear* that the pi crlous y harsh weather had origlna -
ted respecting the growing trr P». A I vegetation shows the bene
fldalrhsage. Everything, however, being bark ward, any mate
rial (heck to the onward eouise Would be aerlous. Spring Corn
1 oka much the beat. Whea . whether autumnal or (pring-sown,
ha< a doubtful upect, especially on the clay lands, many of the
outer rows having psriahed, with numerous racanclea elsewhere.
Still there are many pleesa looking well on the friable loams. The
meadows have much Improved, but the searcltv of fodder yet
presses no graders, and haa yrettly Increased the consumption of
corn. The reaction noted last week hu been only partially eon
tinned, several principal markets resisting any reduction. And'
with the weath-r all that eould he desired, the Week haa closed
Arm, with an occasional advance, mere especially no foreign qual
I ties. The fact beyond controversy, and the real stimulus to
prices. Is the universal diminution of stocks. Ireland, with the
exception of recent foreign arrlrals, is bare. The ricks here are
Ur Irf - abundant; not a port In Europe Is orer-burdened. Odessa,
In ibis respect, has lost lie pressure. The Danuhlan porta are low
In store. Alexandria is the same, and It seems out of the pow
er of New York or any Anietlean pert to send heavy supplies.—
to elgn prlcia have not given way, though the markets ha. e been
becalmed by reeent English advices, and the high rates every
where obtaining must limit orders from the lolled Kingdom. -
Though some country markets in France come lower, it is not so in
Parts. Belgium Is alUhtty dcjxrer. Holland and Germany remala
lire; and if advices from Southern Europe are favorable to the
growing crops, there hare been nemerous failures in America, re
quiring a rrplantlng with BpFinu Wheat.
prepared to furnish our country customers with Shoes for har
vest of all qualities and site!1 and at the lowest prices.
ALEX. HILL A CJ„ 127 Main 8t„
Je4___Richmond. Va.
VOTIPE,-As we are determined to furnish our friends, cus
ix turners and the public generally with the very beat of Gooda
in our line, cither manufactured by ourselves or Imported, for La
dles, Gentlemen, Misses, Boys, Children, at the lowest prices, ac
cording to the quality, alt In want cad na
ALEX, llll.r. A CO.,
Manufacturers and Importers,
No. 127 Main St.,
led Richmond, Va
CARPET BAUM V a LICEA, 4 -T • call on ALEX. HILL a
CD , and they will find the largest .mortment to select from that
can be found in this city, of all rixea gad a I prices.
No. 12f Main Ml.,
jc4 ._ Richmond, X a.
Halifax n r HBBHINes- eoo bbbforto
arrive by KUHl.H.i . M>MKitVILI.K_
Robinson’*, pinrrin;.
I Ol.M. 1, 2, 3, 4.
The practice In Court* of Justice In England and the United
State*; by Conway Ucblrson
VoL 1 As to the pla_e and time of a transaction or proceed
ing. treating ckk-lly of the conflict of laws and the statute of
Yol 2 Treating of tHe subject matter of personal actions ; In
other woros of the right of action.
Vnl 8 Treating of p fraooM actions with respect to th* psrties
who may sue and be sudd; the form of action, and the frame of the
VoL 1. As to pleading in personal scions: treating particularly
of declaration* and riving forma thereof
The three flrs. volum.-i are now ready. X'rltimc 4 1s nearly
through the prrsr: It oil be Issued the 1st of July. Th. ugh much
larger than tny of the Ethers li will be so d at the same price, <6
per volume; The volumes are sold separately.
A person remitting t<> for any volume will receive It free of post
age or freight, by addressing
I,xw Bookseller and Publisher,
je-t Richmond, Va.
WHISK V.— 1 o 1.1 Is. KellORg A Foote, Cincinnati Gold Me
dal w hlsky, for sr.le by
1 lAOORs 400bhds Terre Haute Blown Miles and Bhoulden
i ) 2000 Todd's Px'ra Sugar Cured Hams
ll'*i Wilson's do do do
200 tes. ch lice Leaf I.ard, for sale by
je4 No 11 Pearl MirteL
J’.VTItA ML.1K.—100 bble landing per steamer, for sale
It Jel _1 AC. B. lMVKftPORT.
J—7S bills, landing for sale by
Richmond. June 2,1*60. )
PER “LONE STAR," AT NORFOLK.-Persons ors.r G3
oua of attending the above sale, can leave Richmond on Tuokj,
the ftth lust., at 2'ck>'k. P M., conne tlog with ihe new and ele
gant steamer “West Point,'* unequall* d in point of speed and ac
c mn-.od it on, and arrive at Norfolk by y I* M.
Returning the, "We»t, 1‘ulct" will leave Norfolk on Friday the
*th Inst, at 2 o’clock, P. M. enabling tiafsenger* to reach Rich
mond by H P. SI, Pare for the round trip $.3
jet Superintendent
The Gl-reat English Remedy.
This Invaluable medicine la unfailing In the cure of all thou
painful and dangerous diseases incldeut to the female constitution.
It moderate! all excesses and remove* all obstructions, from
whatever camje, and a speedy cure may be relied on.
It la peculiarly suited. It will, In a short time, bring on the month*
ly period with regularity.
Theft IHUt tihnuld not he taken by female* th.it art pregnant,
during Vie FIRST THREE MORTUS, af they are ture to bring
on Hlecarriage ; but at every other lime, and In every other at**,
they arc perfirtly no ft.
In all cases of Nervous and Spinal Affections, Pain In the Back
and Limbs, llbarlnces, Fatigue on alight exertion, Palpitation el
the Heart, Lowness of Spirits, Hysterics, Sick Headache, White*
and all the painful disuse* occasioned by a disordered system,
these PtUs will c-Tcct a cure when all other means have failed.
Full directions 111 the pamphlet around each package, wtdet
riiould be carefully preserved.
A bottle Co staining M pills, and encircled with the Government
Stamp of Grnat Britain, ran be teDt post-free for fl and Cpostage
stamp*. JOB. M0BE8,
Rochester, New York,
Oeneral Agent for the United States.
Sold In Richmond by all the respectable Druggists; W.M. V.
8P0TSW00D, Agent for Petersburg; M. A. SANTOS, Agent for
Norfolk. raal9—eodicly
super Pure LINKS SHEW ING3, all width*
“ “ Pldow C .ilng*
“ White Marseilles guilts, »ll slr.es
Flue Cotton Sheetings and Pillow Casings
Rich Vfhlte Linen Damask*
f uper Damask Napkins and Table Clotns
Dam&gk an>l Huckaback Towelling and Towels
Lice, Muslin, Damask an-l isroeatrl Curtains
Wolored and White Matting, all widths.
Table and Floor OH Cloths
Fine Igip. rted Furniture Chintc
M bite and col'd. pliln and tig'd Furniture Dimity
Plans and Table Covers
Wine Cloth and col'd Fruit Napkins
Just Received
New Patterns very cheap.
BFREfii: ANGLAIS, for Mantillas and Dress.**
Spring and Summer Dress Goode, all fresh amt new, and a 1 kinds
Domts'lc Hoods, especially Cotton Omiburgs, White, Plaid and
Striped, to lie sold from this date all through the month of June,
M tr iii) h, lafO. maSO
"consolidated lotteries ~
The Manager* call the attention of the public to the following
Splendid Scheme* to be dr men in WUmingtou, Oelaware,
To ke drawn In Wilmington, Del., Saturday, June 80, I860.
78 Numbers, 12 Drawn Ballou.
1 prise of #70,ia)0 Is. #70,000
1 prist-of 25,000 Is. Vi,000
1 prise of 12,650 l, inrt
1 prise of 12,550 flS.
1 prise of 10 040 i. onn.m
1 prise Of KOOOf1*. 20-000
4 prizes of S.odO are. 32 000
4' prizes of 6,000 are. 20,000
4 prizes of 2,500 are. 10,000
10 prizes of 2 000 are. 20.000
10 prizes of 1,250 sre. 12,500
1S2 prises of 1,000 are.1S2.000
CO prises of 600 are. 39,600
61) prizes of 500 are. 33,000
13. prizes of 200 are... 26.400
18! prizes of 100 are.,. 13,200
3,961 prizes of 40 arc..168,400
25,744 prize* of 20 are.614,800
80,316 prizes, amounting to #1,202,000.
TickeU #20 ; Halves 10 00; Qr*. 5 00; Eighth* 9 80.
A Certificate of Package of 24 Wholes, cosU. ...#314 00
Do do 26 Halves. ... 158 00
Do do 26 Qrs. 79 OO
Do do 26 Eighths. 89 60
To bl drawn In Wilmington, Del., on Saturday, June 8u, 1660
Every Other Ticket a Trine.
Prizes payable in full, without deduction.
In these Lotteries every orise It drawn.
1 prise of...$50,000 2 prize* of.1,000
2 prizei of. 12,600 10 prises of. 400
2 prizes of. 8,000 10 prizes of. 300
2 prizes of. 4,000 20 prizes of. 200
2 prises of. 2,'49 100 prizes of. 100
2 prizes of. 2,000 | 25,000 prizes of.. 8
And 212 approximation prises, ranging from $20 up to $500.
25,366 prises, amounting to $340,000.
Whole Tickets #10; Halves $6; Quarters $2 60.
Persons who desire need only remit the risk on a Package, for !
which we frill send a Certificate as follows:
A Certificate of Package of 16 Wholes cosU..$96 00
Do do 16 Halves. 44 00 !
Do do 16 Qrs. 24 00 ■
Do do 16 Eighths.12 00
#3T* Prises paid immediately after the dra Ing.
“caution. “
Persons living at a distance should he extremely cautions of
whom they order Lottery TickeU or Cert, dcates of Packages «f
Tickets. The country is flooded with bogus and swindling Lotte
ries. Every Inducement It held out to eel person* to invest money
In them. Capital Prizes of from $20,000 to $40,000 head their
•chemet— with TickeU at One Dollar. #100 000 Capital Prizes ar*
offered. Tickets Five Dollars. All auch, In every instance, are
frauds; and If money is sent to them for Tickets, It Is so much
thrown away without the shadow ol a chance of gelling a prise —
Beware of all Lotteries where the Capital Prize Is unusually large
In comparison to the price of TickeU. In every Instance where
large Prize* are offered for a small cost of TickeU, put it down for
a certain fraud.
Vgr All order* addressed to FRANCE, BR0ADBENT8 A CO..
Wilmington. DeL, will meet with prompt attention, and the printed
official drawings sent as toon as over.
m*2—Standftd____ Wilmington, Delaware.
r|H) CONXH ACTORS,—We have on hand a full assoitmeit
X Of
NAMcr k Co.’s celebrat d Cast Steel
A Ames A Pone’ Hhovfle
D Simmons A Co.’s 0 8. Picks
Manilla Rope, every site.
Far which we are offering inducemenU to purchasers.
Id __No. 65 Main 9t_
Grain scythes and grass blades, a
large supply of the above goods In store of the very beet
Jet_ _No. 65 Main ft._
FIR HENT.-Two large rooms admirably adapted to
the purpoeei of offices or Lodging Rooome. Apply at
Whig Office.___ mh”
P>B RE XT, and pose—loo given Immediately, a room an
the first floor over my store, suitable for an office or lodging
mhai—tf_ST Main SUoet
ROOMS FOR RENT,—Two pleasant lodging room* over
our office, suitable for tingle gentlemen Apply to
*1*6 W.D. COLQUITT A 00., 1$» Oarj St. |
Made by 0. B SEYMOUR 4 00.107 NASSAU 8TRF.IT, N. Y.
Price |1 per bo*; «f!)t free hy vyu
The qualities of thla madlclne hate pla*ed It «pon as l*p<r',| » ,
ble foundation. In destroying dlaeaae, and Indu ing health, tt |.M
no parallel.
For the follovlnff Comjlilntj these fltttere are a fit* ,\,
ftfl'tfwin, nr Inifl^nU.m, Ihnrt Hum, Ari'lih,, CnJiln,^
Lut» t\f A/>p*tilf, H*n<lO'ht, 'in'I Omtnil li'i.ililf)
la cany sections of our country this preparation !■ extend..|j
used by physicians In their practice, and It seems to hare r«u,r,,
many to haalth who were apparently beyond th* reach of th, heal
In* art.
Yoa*, IJrInaitnn Ca., N. Y., Oct. 1
Mcf-s. 8. W. Fow l ■ 4 Co —
Sira:—l‘ylptj'*ia, with It, numberless associates look UD It
abode with me. In oppoetlon to the (kill r.r many of ,he nmsi r,
bested physician!, until the eplrll was willing <lf no trflef ,,
found) to surrender and Wd ad eu to It. earthly tehernaete »i,.. .
was Induced hy the urgency of a friend, to try TilK <t\Ytt> .
TKD B1TTRM, little dreaming that th- Ullead wa» la th. t„',,, .
Ie«< sea of patent medicine,, II *>< the firal draught I was .
Induced lo quaff. But thank, he to God, if tors n bul,u „ ^
most efficient and grateful one, loo. The tact sggravtu- g „ *
toma In my • sew were Immoderate and Iriegu a, .
heart linnicd slcly after lahlr g fund, attended with errs ’
tlon, a id rery frequently »l lent attacks of p«l|.iutioo lasur*.
from iwelre i x twenty-four hours, leaving the stomach so twrf. *
po« cries* that even a spoonful of milk or rice w.i.r w . '
Dirdaaaomn. I rom-*enern iiy lakii g half a t p
tent was a full one. I wra. veryfpwrsevrrirg u- ill l r -d,,j, , ,M‘
hollies; sine, then, at interv.is, I hare lak»n two mnr,
I began to realise IU genial effects lwune.il .leir, besides, |i ,,
tramcly gr.t-.ful and rrfrssttiaif ee a beverage, whl. h U a. t.,!t
that but few me ieine, can liow.1 of 1 would sirs, me. i ‘
and tnrnt'l.y l.eg all who are afflicted wilt Dytpepela l0 ln, '
te leet your oxygenated Biller,, as I do esteem tv m lovaluihie
Very respectfully, Mia M bTwCAING
fWT Prepared by MKTit W. FOWT.E 4 CO , Boston, to) r„,
■ale, at wholesale and retail, hy ADIK * GRAY, PUKCti I i » , ,
4 00., W. PKTFRBON, 1. V. DUVAL, Richmond, and by ail drag!
gists and dealers In medicines In city and country. ‘
myun -d.rAwlm
The extraordinarr efficacy of Sswd’, Rsawtrsaiu t in a l u ,
scrofula, ery slpelaa, cutaneous and ernptlre disorders, anj ,;aU4r
complaints, would appear almost Ineredl )le, were not s.ch won
derful cure! of daily occurrence ce.-tlflel hy persons of undoubted
truth and respectability, establishing the Inconte.tab'e fa 11 »t l
this class of disorders as an tlttrallre and r-noratlng agent It Is
unequalled. Eminent physicians hare proved by manr yes***,,
perler.ee that they can produce the hspplest results by It, ,
latratlon an i therefore use It with conli lecce. Sold hy Druegbu
everywhere. my»l-d,c*«;w
showe that Uiey hate been in u<e In th* old world
FOR 0-0 YFAR8.
Perfection !• reached at last. Tbe mc.lrrn world adt. Its ,t
A RIST lDoltO H i:V<I.I.*IO|< |»i |;
comprises and Impart, all the elemrii’a of beaatv whH, H--ar>e
has btstowe 1 upon the mo,t favored heads, lbs change 1« , jv...
ed In a few moment,.
aRer careful analyse, that It contains "no deleterious nrrrdent1
5 Id enrywherr, and applle I by all IfJr Drew -r«. Cn . ,
No. 6 Astir II IB IS, Hew York.
T H k ORIGINAL II A I II R E 8 T 0 H A f 11 t
The attention of the public Is called to this article, which |, L ,
being extensively sold in all parts of the country.
Proves It tu be the best Preparation fur
Restoring Grey (lair to it* Original Color,
Bringing Hair out on Bald Head*,
Ami Causing it to Grow Strong and Healthy,
If you wish to have the arxL color ln«t*adcf the dull, r u.
looks which hair dye imparte, use litug.-Tazir’s Ever turns,wMch
Invigorates the roots of the hair and makes h young again, no mat
ter how much It may be faded.
Those who desire an article which they can use and iimu rn
ouraend, are Invited to read the following, from a well k/. ra
Waltiii*, M»m., Jan. Iv’d.
W. F.. II ah an k Co.: I have tern selling II lastrcet's
Inimitable Hair Reiterative for three or four years, with y,v ,11,1
lsfactlon and sacceas. I have tried various other artl .•* lo l r
market, (Page’s, Packard'!, Avcrjr’i, Wood's, Ac.,) bot joon h»«
the decided preference among them all. I have never hentat, l
recommend It for all ll claims to do Heveral lade-s of out toua
•ho had been wearing false hair for several yean, have laid ,
aside, and now hare a fall and luxuriant head of hair of oilrloal
•hade and color, produced by using two or three bottles of yuar ar
ticle ; and when by tome means they have been Induced to try
something else, palrued npnn them as being superior, they haves,
moat invariably retarned to Uie use of your lUlr Color!' s agal.
aa the only meritorious and reliable article In use,— Boding It si s
toilette article as cheap as any of the Hair Oils or Washes with
which the market la flooded.
Youn, truly,
Price SO Cent! an J f 1 per Bottle. Bold at Wholesale by all Large
Dealer* In the United flute*.
W. E. HAGAN & <U,
Proprietor*, Troy, .Vow l'ork.
Who also Manufacture
8oi o at Whoi Hit a and Ri rati a, g
Ricfcni- nd, Va.
BAKKl’l TKICOPHEKOCH is U.e beat u! heap
evt article for dressing, beautifying, cleansing, curling, pmrrrtag
and restoring the hair. Ladles, try It. Bold by all druggljta and
perfumer*. mMJ dbtn
Jljt r’a Ylirarnlou* Vermin Dewlroy*
er, the oldest and beat remedy known for Exterminating KATA a' l
(T Principal depot. 612 BROADWAY, N. Y.
Bold by all Druggists everywhere. my 16- dSof
now olTrred to a roan of capital—to purr has* the iu
ternt of a partner retiring, now engaged In the Wh 1.1.1*
Bool and Shoe Manu’acturing Company in Philade phia. Tf.e
Houae ia an old and well eat iHlahed one. favorably brown
throughout the South and Weal. The business can he Increased t
almost any amount Continued Ill-health Is the, ante of the pail
ner retiring. Address care of ALEX HILL A CO,
ma*2—lw 1ST Mam 8t, Richmond, Va.
SPECIAL NOTICE#—76 rent* to
0*aS fl Cal will buy one of Graham's small aten. Ill, ' .t
marking clothing with Ixdu.ibi.iIxk. Call and examine spec
mens, or If you live In the country, lend for a sample, eneloricg
stamp. Alio, every variety of Rrands made to order.
A. E. GRAHAM. Brand Cotter,
fe 21—tf Cor. 18th and Oary its., under Tobacco Exchange
TheOrunnitl and (renuine
Tim Great Renovator of
THE NO V Pllt 1(1(1 N HE VI HO V POH
And all Form* of t'lilancoim I»isca»t «.
These complaints can be speedily and effectually cured by lh#
tue of this
IMIHLII It r. 1«» .1 I D
Thonminria Imvo experienced Ita Snlulnry
effect*, and ten* of thousand, have witneiie I It, until It ha,
ceased to be a question among the Intelligent portion of the c.,.:.
When the Blood becomes lifeless snd stage tot. either from the
effects of Hprlng weather, change of climate, want of exercise, II e
use of a uniform saline diet, or any other cause; this rr.irpcuuJ
Extract of Sarsaparilla will axxxw the sirxiD carry off the putrid
humors, cleanse the stomach.
And impart a tour or vigor to the Whole
The public are heiebv n» Iflrd that the preparation extensively
known a* Dr. 8 P.Totriisend'sConipouml Kxtru. t
ol 8araaparll la Is now manufactured UDder my olrecti. n at. I
supervision, from the origins' recadpe r Malted frt ru Dr. S P. Tcwt.
lend; and I certify that It Is composed of Ingredient- Flirt I)
Vegetable, and Without .VlaTcury; snd sis* that the
Ingredients are Judiciously compounded, * J a. to obtain from them
their greatest medicinal effects.
J A TIES R. CHILTON, 71. P., ,
BARILLA ha* a reputation among all clrlllxed nation* a* theh<if
preparation for
which science has ever offered to man. tn this reside* las PE* 1
LIAR EXCELLENCE, and to this Is due Its w. -tin wire sr* "«»
It contains all the vegetable principle, whiath etperienre h»*
proved useful In CLEARING the SYSTEM Ifnm DISEASE, extra* l
ed and combined with the highest skill which the refti-ementl of
modern chemistry enable u, to employ.
Whatever may be said by mortified misprihin«riglarlf I -!'
■Iclaiis, the fact that this medicine I, EV EK YM'IIEKE USED,* >
•bat it* us* creates an Incrta*.-1 demand, shows coacli-.lv adr that
It possesses medicinal merits of the first order.
To avoid imposition it will be oeceivarj to Hr** that
rBRTIPICATE.il well as the PFONATURE cfl>t. S P
rowosrod, Is on the outside wrapper of each bottle.
And for Suit* by every Dragglut Inlhlnrlly*
•\J\JVJ Family Hams, fur sale by
_ Jel ___CHAP. T WORTHAM A CO __
Hold by all Respectable Dealers throughout the Country.
rU18 fin* bran d of OH AM PAONE, which unlit the past year v»»
confined exclusively to the best tables of the Continent of Ear
■ope, has aow obtained th* most uobounded tucci u and popul.ri
,y In this country. It is recommended by some of the first Physt
dans of th* city of New York, orer all other wines, on aroount of
t* extreme portly and delicacy, and those who ones try It rarely
us any other brnnaL Although only on* year has elaps'd doc*
ts Introduction Into this country, the demand is eDuranoua sad ecu
itantly Increasing. Our arrangement* are such as to ensure the
imaltty of the Wins being maintained at Ita present high atnnala/A
me Prtnoe Imperial b Imported to!sly by us, we Mag th# *oi*
Agents of Messrs. Ds Tmsus A Oo., In this country.
No*. AM, 4*0 snd 4H Broadway,2*- *• .
•old In this city by DUDLEY A 00., WlNgTON A FOWElxasd
irorrt, baatet k oo. ■** "

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