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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, August 16, 1860, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024656/1860-08-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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• . -*.rr .VlfGBS ' ?p fl ■*r3 *•::* n s;r 7 " ' . •■ | ^ .. ,#l * • t * , . ... . f . .
Daily Paper, *8 per annua; Seal Weekly, IS ; Weekly, $3 ; u •
way* a advance. Remittance* may be nude at the rtik of th*
Pabllthen to all case* where evidence I* takes oa the depot!! ef a
tester la the Poet OAo# containing money.
Oa* Square, (10 tines) or less, one Insertion ..
Bach additional Ins-rtton ..... *5
One sooth without alteration .M 6
Three (So do .W 0
Ax do do . *M8
Twelve do de . » »•
Two Squares, Three rouatln. .13 »0
Ax nonun,.» il
Twelve month*..W (0
HT *o ndvsrtinetarot to be ooneideieU by the month or yet r
aalee* speetted on the Manancrtpi. or previously agreed upon b» •
tween the parties.
An advertisement not marked on the cony tor * specified nan
ber of hwertSccs wRfbe continued until ordered oat, and payment
exacted aceeoAndy.
l'Wm Rnamsa AocanmuniKan—To avoid any mlMndervtandiny
on the part of th* Annual Advertiser*, It I* proper to stale lUttn. ily,
tiv their prlvllegvs only extends to their immediate business. Real
bu:>', Legal and all other Advertisements sent by them to be an
additional charge, and no variation.
i'Wm Real Relate and Genera) Agent** Adve tinementn not to be
laser:*d by the yonr, but to be charged at the usual rates, subject
In su h discount as ahull be agreed upon.
I#* Bookseller* tnd yearly advertise r*. generally. engaging one
or more S|; sores, with *be privilege of charge, shall not, on their
yearly average. In any one ek. insert more U.-ut the am-unr
agreed upon is the standing rule under the contract, and all excee
gal such am-ont to be charged at the usual rale*.
A lverti»ren-nt« tnegrted in the .-L-ml W*-kly Whig at 7 C cent*
per sqnare of 1O Rne* or leas tor the drat Insertion, and AO c< nt*
per square for ~*eh wtihntacq or If weekly. 7S real*.
Vf Dial!he MltM tave-Whiehy. In burr*!* aud half ba rela —
As i is of our own diauitiaiiou, and highly improved by a.*o, we
Oo iMcaO* recoaio-cml It as the ri *u«r aud best Whisky that cun
p'jM.blj be dft*tats<i. W, \loooJcr our
Old Family Kjre Whisky.
an I other brands, from the larg-st slock of Fine Whiskies in the
United Mates.
FllEKH W 4 RUiPMY, V cuU Distillery,
Om <Ae . r, i ‘>ul.
Orrca M Wm Smarr, N»s Y-aa.aut
9h.fl —<Tly i*trrn Fp*st .**?., PsiLtngLmi a
Commission Merchants,
g. c tvRsm vjlxct axo ssivxv street.
Clui'luuatl, Ohio.
Bull .-•» orders tor ail raids of U rstrrn uft , and make
Bbrrsl 4’nab Adtam e* on ConaiiimuroU fur sale, or
Scrikaudisr bcaght and Stored on account of par chase re.
ae'.S—dtf __
Sir Rohan’s bliust. By a Contributor to “The Atlantic."
P , wonderful book pronounced by critics edperior to any similar
American book, has passed to the Third K-litioa Sl.'W.
gdermaltse. By Koncso An it TV.3 author ranks tlrrt la
Part., and Eta I"-ok* are read more than any other author's "This
•harming novel Is by Ur his best book." *1. ’ll
R , lory of Tlor Ittutl. Sitth Edition of this elegant
Wore Is ready Net only a moat interesting story but the hand
somest book of the cost erer in-aed. This netr edition Is still an
Impressment oeer others In beauty of bin ling, 3*..uu.
The Kouttli <|ue*41uu. By Eoncvn Aaocr This to
-She “that o Correct Edtion," -dlted by Rev. A N. Kirk, and to
correct in every particular due
Art Un rr.tllont, richly illustrated, containing instrno
Uoqs in Drawing Grecian Painting, Antique do,. Waxwork, Hair
do., and In fact to all of the elegant sect mpltohmenta of the day.—
A valuable hook tor teachers and those who would become tsach
*r<- Tsie.i Edits* Iupsuvxd B’.,S4k
Biography of Nelf-Tnugltt-VI t-xl—universally so
ldo*, edged ss one of the best hooks tor youth ever published. Sue.
Above tor sale bp *11 Booksellers, sad sent by mall by the Ptib
“ KinOVDD.
Gk A. BARGAM1N.JA. have removed to their New Store,
S No, 317 Mam Street, seven doors shore their old etund,
where they hues Increased their facilities for doing nil Unde of
•or* la their line, such as putting np every description of Water
Fixtures. Hydrants, Water Closet*. Baths, Boilers, Cooking Rang**,
Pumps, Hydraulic Kama, A - Putting up Portable Gas Works,
BWlng np buildings with gas pipes and Oxtare*.
All sort* of ttn work, Kookng, he.; heating buildings with hot
air water or steam. They Uke this occasion to state that they
have the best Hot Air Purnace in this or any other country, which
they will pat np aud warrant to gteo saUatsctlan.
A Urge assortment of platn and fancy Un ware, and Grate* and
Bonders slways oa h*»4_tell—tf
I HAVE thla day w**.-elated with me. In the Commtoaktn, Grocery
and Lluuor business, >. L. Slater The business wilt be con
tacted In tk* name of J. W NIP* k CO. J. W. NIPK,
t Ho. W, Main Street.
P A—I Uke this opportunity to return my tlncere thunks to my
friends, tor tesir liberal share of patronage during the laat hrse
year*, and solicit for tk* new concern their continued favors.
j.s J. W. NIP A
(■RAVEL KOOrilli!!!
Ws are now prepared to pot oo Ike GRAVkL ROUPING, of §
weey superior quality, efthet la town or country,
AWo, all kinds of GUTTERS,
jpP tf Iron Block Governor Street
H v|. F. HI TLER * MM,
19 Pearl t»r I »th Ngrr-t,
HAVE now on bant * general saw..-latent of goods la l heir tins
satiable te the Krtiit Tcrde..-..natstlng of
japasrd toilet war*.
whirl) Ihrv tre nftrin* *■ low r.tcx They rrepcctfaCy UA an ex
aiain Alloa of their STOCK.
", WM r sm R« A AON,
Drue Store and get a freah dr,ugh* id PPAKKLiflO HOCK
Anil ROD A. Preah Syrup* made from the fruit, alwayt on hand.
Also Claret, Port Win* aod Water Melon Ityrupa._W
WHEN completed, six year* ago, the SC Nicholas to aulver
sally pronounced the un-at maeo.lWr.t, convenient, and
(ho'oeghly .rgaolaed eaUMIahmvot el the kind on V la continent.
Who It wax then It remain* to day—without a rleal lo aixe. In
MtnaUooaoeas. and la th general element" of comfort and enjoy
mmc The Hotel haa accuaamo-Utlon* for l.uW gar*1*. Including
lmi complete ,ultra of apartment* for fatuities Six hundred per
son, cut ho comi.rtebly acted at th* tables of Ms tbrve public
dining rooms, and nothing that modern art ha* .lerlaad fur the con
■vesleuo* and aocUl gratlflcatlon of the travelling public ha* hceo
omitted la Its plan, or la uagtrciedln tu practical details The early
reputation of In* house *t home aad aoroad, derived from Ita mag
nitnde lla superb appoin'menta, and Ita homc-Ilk* comfort* and
luxuries, ha* bass eahancad every year by th* unwearied eierUoaa
. of the oeoortetora. TREADWELL WHITCOMB A 00.
1800. ADIE & GUAY, ISGO.
AU of which they olar to th* trade at th* lowest market rales,
few , n** '47 MkIb Mrwwt
PLAMTSH V.tHO.—Uavlag leased th* lot next to my
Wareh<>sac on the Dock. I alixU keep con.lastly no ham! a
ouoaly of th* beet LUMP PLAeTRK, which I wlU sell at the lowaet
in utd rale. AU Plaster .old by me wbl be WRIGHkD OIT AS
D 'LITRRRD k there will be no loee In weight to the consumer,—
O dm from th* trade SUed on accommodating term*.
jelJ-dAct* _* *■ 1K1
Capital, 810,000.000!
* AIlDiL INCOME, R 1,2*0,0001
Dally Key, nuo <7,400.00.
rwTwrrtD is thi cnitkd stats*. ovkk ssoo.ooci
AU PtrenArr r P*r*omuRy^P».^onan.la /br Uo Jhgugeaaenla qf
W| respectfully ask attention to the saenrity of Ih* Ueerpawl
and London Insurance Company, to it* policy holder* In It*
large cash capital and Investment*, a* stated ahoy a.
Th* large capital and Income of th* Company enable It to take
Unas convenient to parties renal ring large amounts of Insurance.
In addition lo th* ordinary mode of Insurance, thi* Company lo
ans* /tltUA XKXT POLfCItX, on the payment of TSXAXXC
AL PRtUllXX Property U, thenceforth. PSMUAXMXTL f
ISRCRKD The Policy can k* cancelled at aay Urn*, and the pro
mi am a 111 be returned lea* 3 per cent.
This Cempany will make Insurance by law of Rants by Dr*, oa •
now aad-1 liberal principle.
Coder the Pallets* of this Company all claim* ar* paid apon pro
aan'atloo of aatlafaetory proof of loo* wHhool dAuimmeat or darfwo
*ton ybr tolirmg; and cal. sal* aaaal,SCOT oar* aftor prasanto
Hna of proof. WORTH AM k WYATT, Afaata,
m vf! 11 Main streak, under » Chart** Hotel.
WNOR alvpUcity In eonatructioi, rccnomy In thread, Ume aad
J* patience, this excel* all otherSowtrg Maeklaea
Table* sad Case* mad* la every alyl* aad SnleA, aad aU ma
chine* warranted.
Price 336 lo *75
OMce aad Sals* Room, Helvin'. Block, rotrane* sa 17th rireet,
Ala la Saivta k Atkinson'a Pnrnltore War* Rooms, Gova nor
bares*. JVM
L'lRTHGIVkRR -Jofa, Jar*. Chavn* Pltcf*.., A* ,
Jj for sale a factory priaas by A. I. MOORE. Agont,
Utl Cary A^eok

SPECIAL ATTENTION 18 ASK 13 to our Urge lOtortmtEl 0
Spring Clothing,
embracing the WKMt
v, haw ever offereR. We propoee •» make It the
Of aU oorehaaera to buy from ua, by keeping every variety am
c aaa of Good, of n.mr.tlc I Forelga Manufaciure; anil a> our fa
ctlikei aaR eaperieace In HRe Rue of buatuew ctve ua Important ad
vaatagea, (In which our palrooaihtre) your iuiereal wlU be
By calling at the OLD AND FAVORITE HOUSE,
Uhl Main Street,
Or* Summer Sock o. ClotMmr -nut be freatlj reduced, U
make room for Hie Full and W later atook, and for ihiapur
p. »e. all Summer gnoRa hate been marked down.
Bargain, are to be bought If the public ertll eoaeult their In
Itil Main street,
awS Late Tupmaa A Hull.
IJAYI on hand a good toortaent of
and offer them t»the trade on
Reasonable Terms
Call at 11» MAIN TRKFT,
| -.*1 Richmond.
SI.HMKIK cioihim;
at 114 M %!N S Tit FIT, for sale eery (hoop,
OriM Until Conte
Fanry Uru n Suits
HU. k A^acca C.*ntf
Whitv Linen Conte
Gt«m Linen \«st*
White Marseille* Vests
ihu:i Under Hhtrts
ttosaamtr Under t hirts
Frown nod White iGcks
Neck Ties nod i*c*fe-nders.
Call and examine them.
IMt’KOVtU mil loAK SUlttT k'll’OKIl .11.
Gentlemens Furnishing Goods
WK have »k.w a n hsnd ov«r MO .l«,s Mklrts, all prlres, <|uaIiU«s
nn<l stylet, which we are closing out at reduced prict*
Those hhbts are all made with the fnio»us Improved French
Toie, %nd sre warranted to fit.
Our assortment of lies snl Cravats can't be bent la the city of
Itch*, nd
W* would call attention to our largw stork of Under Shirt* and
l>TAWr rt, which U ftrv full, and con ulna full lines In Sill, (lauze
MrHnee,. Limn, and Cotton
W e h»«t in. rested »ur facilities for making Shifts to order, at
the shortest |*os i*de tuilce. and a perferl At Warranted.
Abo, on hand, a due stock of Ready Mad,* Cl thlni*.
j. 13 Rs. .*4 Mate fftowH, Cor. MUST
THK slam KUiKi:, *4 Aifcul, will open about the lhth Inst., In
the store now occupied by N. C. Horton, No. U-J Main sL, an
entire new stock o*
Which he is havinc manufartur d under Ids own super »l««on : and
hop-s, with his rxpetiettce and knowledge of the business, he c*r.
offer such a sUk i u wi:l meet the wants and secure the patrouage
<f h'.s friends.
The store will be refitted to suit the business, and every effort
will be made to produce all the necessary article*, and in such
style as will make the stock uuobjectionable and attractlre.
WM ». Tl’PMAN,
m*4 -tf late of Tup man A llulL
rwa ksw.onwa
r*j* all ttazwoff
Broadcloths, Cassimeres, <5to
WUJkoui Me •/iyAlarf injnry Vt tAe Jkbric*.
T1U? article has been used by many persons throughout th
country, and ha* received the highest recommendations. It
alffo rue* ■ -dil at the lost Mechanic*' Fair. If is
made in this city, and deserves the patronage of the Pouth. To he
had of the principal druggists and at my laboratory, corner Main
ard PHhsts, Richmond, Va. EJWAKDT. FINCH,
f*l*— ly a- *.'i' aJ OhmmMh
Rif U.MU A D, VA.,
Dealer* in -
Color*. Painter*' and Artists' Materials
Tarnishes, White Lead anJZlncPalnts.oll and water Color*
English, French, and American Engraving*
Lithograph* sullabi* for Grecian Painting
Prints for Petichomanle Painting
Mathematical Instruments for Architects and Engineer*
French and Kngttsh Drawing Paper
Windsor and Newtoo's Tube Colors
English and German prepared Canvass
Picture Frame* and O'tt %f©a!dins*. Mo, (s*M)
KK1CF COOL !—The celebrated unexcelled “CIIALLENOK"
REFRIGERATOR with side ventilator Watwr Coolers, varl
oii* t.:-s and palter*. Ice Pitcher*, at! sixes and patterns. Mas
ter* patent *• ftve minute" lee Or*am Frecxers, and a variety of
other kln-is, for tale at reduced price*.
We ealt particular attention to the justlv celebrated ** CHAL
LENGE" nVURIBATOS, oweMikrlf It the M *rti. )
fered for sal * In this place, and therefore - commend It with r©ni
deoce. Another supply just received, a few only of which are un
engaged Person* In want of the above, are requested to call and
examine bef re purchasing elsewhere
0. A A. HARG AMIN, Js.,
ma-i—tf HIT Main Si. Richmond, Va.
Klrhuonil, Va.
Jf«i«f# •tnd XUd umJer L*y*tl Al, frtnn
and I M. RINGER AC*.
Writ e* from #50 lo #115.
rri*ei,*U (>fL t amt SiU»t Boom,
‘431 Xai* Street.
and General Commission
• 5 OKA Till 8TKUT,
New Or lea a*.
i. I. Imn, I
®. P. W «*. f Nr* Ortoua.
Dr.J. a UAma, I _
IncoratitadiQ, I ■cMM.Tnn_R*-l>
■ ■t.i'Uiaii'B r»*iPiMV ,.r n,„ ktitb „r VlBLlkll.
Orr.ca imuu or Mata *xd Eiat earn Smarm,
mills COMPANY ia prepared to take Fire and Marine ri«k» on
1 favorable Trrma AUo, to guarantee and dlacoutri Negotiable
Bill*, and to reeel** Money on Depoeit, and pay lutei rot therror
l'u|»ilal, ... liiOO.VOO.
a » ERRS IE. See>
Wm H. %lAars«Li*i>, President Fwri Hack . A. Warwick, firm
of V\ «rw!> k A Itw>vial* WmlO. Cas* MAW.Bnu of Creushaw 4
Co ; Vu.u»ofu» ttotui, firm of God-lin A A p person ; T. W.
McCas« > tirm of Dunlop, Honour- A On ; (1 A Daso>i>ai *. Urm
of Warwick A ba kvnlU J%mma H. Qatar, Tobacco Wanufjhc'u
rtr, L l> I'aumm*. Arm of Havtll, Crenshaw * Co; J- hmL
Bacv.n firm of Imob A B*rk*(lale, R B IIa KAIL, firm of lla*all,
Creaahaw A Co ; J .mm Ccaius. Ja, Phtp owoer; Wm B W»r
• k-», firm of Warwick A barki-lale . JoiL JoaSk, Attorasy
At U«, 0 0. Ki.lrtt, Builder ; f U. Krrtib, Agriculturist »n l
Hanafacturvr. R W McUivmb, flnu of A McOrader** Boiaa ; W.
W Chcar, Aiux-ney hi Law; Jam. Di-mu*, Arm of Dunlop, Muo
•arm A Co.
RRP Wltflll#HEft teg
Cnpilnl $1,^00,000.
Comptroller of the State of New York, hod oat of the LhOdl
of the Company to sucure policy holders.
Divincsr* maoo asmoallt os a bout Llhcrtl Prtuclplw.
forty per ct of the premium on Uftr Policies, will be loaned tht
Insured when the premium rteeeds $30.
Policies Issued and payable to the insured on arriving at a ear
lulu age, or to the family of the Insured at death, should that even!
happen previously to arriving at that age.
Endow B enl P0L1CIIB tor children, granted on the most favor
able terms.
puliclvo Uoued at greatly reduced rate* jf premium, whoa thk
injur» J prefer* not to participate la the dividend*.
All looeoe paid promptly and without litigation.
»* shall be pleaerd to have you caU at mace and eoeur* a policy
la thin old and reliable Company which cornea before yoo eodoro
od ky yoar ewe ottkemi
once 43, Moln etreet.
Under St. Cl.orlce Hotel.
nun r, WORTHAM,
Ooaoral Agent gad Attorney
for tho Company la To
Jam H. Coawar, M. D. I
Bo. T. Ooubai, M. 0. f
THK “ BAY fITATK” RdNOR.-B« eiieo, price*
,15. ,40, ,.■*■, so, TP; Tlie '-llolpuiert.’ Cooking Stove, 3 eitee,
ertih or without hot oiler reeervo'r; ih* • Leader" Cooking Stove,3
tigvo, price ,34 and la the “Ully Dole" Jooklng Stove l->r cool of
wood, prior »13,14 aod Ifr. Iho "Harp” Cookl g Stove, tar wo rd,
for country uee—4 elaeo The above really llr*t dare Were*
la the.r line, are lor tale, wh leoole and retail, with warranty, by
Gorernor ktreet
| !3. B.—Large etoveo for tho Bprtnr* ; Boi Rloreo tor Tobo'cc
LOC,, J ■4W",“rX» Manufacturer of Double-Rcflnod
i and wnoleaale dealer In _
The beat good*, tho cheopoot gooda, tad the largoet etoch, can
•way* bo found at tho M . .
Oppoolte Rlchardeon A 0o.,
JoSS -dArtm Ek-hmoad. Va
ftfmigawB ab4 Fofwirdio* SUrtbtEU,
OVTBE FOE SALE—8 a Mam UooH^Otie. OO-AiamaaMat
Qaadlaa, Tuhae.i lUeortaa, Ena and other >aU», Saotahaal
Amort roa Fig Iron, Room AOcX Mialyalalad (laaao. Cor.
mA,*a,*e. m-l/
At Louisville, on the evening of August 2nd, li-GO.
Mr. Crittenden said: It is thought, ladies and gentle
men, and I hope it may he so, that without the foimality
ol an introduction I may venturo to address myself to
you as oue who is not altogether unknown iu this city.—
It is by an urgent icqttest, fellow-citizens, that I obtrude
myself on your atteution on this occasion. I do not
seek opportunities of sptaking—it baa become rather
irksome, aud although compelled to observe the course
of politics and take an interest in them, it is a subject on
which I havo loug since teen fully satisliud. 1 uni no
orator, nor have 1 any pretensions to advise you, hut I
have no opinions that I care to couccal, aud when it is
the wish and pleasure of my countrymen to hear me ou
any subject of public coucern, I fe< I some difficulty in
refusing compliance. It is iu obedieuce to sucli a re
quest that I now appear before you for the purpose ol
addressing you on a subject with which, I am sure, you
are already quite familiar.
Ti e political occurrences of our time have been of a
character to strike so deeply in the public mind that
there is scarce ot e so uuubs.rvaui as not to b i familiar
with them. 1 fear that I can say t olhing calculated ei
ther lo interest or ins ruct you.
Kellovr-citizens, great questions are row pendirg and
great events d. pend upon their issue. A Presidential
election always involves to no inconsiderable extent, the
tl.e public wrRare erd the progress of our Government,
and the importnice of rhe struggle increases in propor
tion to the character of the times, and the character ol
questions depend ug he fore the people at he moment.—
Perhaps there has hern no time past when questions el
a lucre critical character were depending ilmu those
which are now hi fore the people. Vou have before you
a variety of candidates unkrosn on any former occua on,
and these arc, to sonic i vlent, hi ought before you by
the variety and interest of the questions involved I
have it particularly at heart to in..ke known lo you the
principles of this new pirfy which has riceuily sprung
iuto cxislr me, and which has placed before you it* candi
dates for your judgement and election — 1 nit au of corn se
the ('onstitulim al I’nionParty, and their raudidates,Hell
and Everett (Cheers)
Fellow -citizens, it »»s a high public necessity, a great
exigency iu public affairs, that lorcrd this party iuto i v
ialeuoe. What, last whiter, was the state of our couu
try" Two great put lie* seemed to occupy the nholi
country. There was no other of tultl.ient important
to attract the least public attention. Those (uirties wen
sweeping on in a tierce contention that involved evert
public interest on one tide or the other. What was thi
character of the question, what was the subject about
which those gnat parties were marshalling their hosts
and preparing for a great encounter iu the a| proovhir g
Presidential election ? One of those parlies was tl.e De
mocratic, and the other the Republican party Tin
question debated before them was that most i veiling ol
all questions—the question or slavery. This was con
ducted between than not with the temperance that marks
the discussion and settlement of ordinary poliiieat ques
tions, hut with the fierceness of enemies; aud the ques
tion involved not cm r. ly the fate of parties, but the Ian
of the count)y—Union and Disunion were involved ii
the question. What good io i!d poi-dbly conic ot such
a contest ? There was danger enough in it, but no good
to tkocouutrv could Is- he mil for. The one writ- intis
neoessardy be cout|ttercr, aui the other be tramplec
into the dust. Victory to the one was proscription to
the other, which threatened by resistance and force el
arms to oppose the rxcrci-e of the powcia of government
This was the prospect. There acre thousands of men
everywhere who looked with concern, and, i may s>y.
apprehension ami awe, to the result of stteh a contest
What should thtv do* To jeiti one cr the other of then
parties was to mingle in the eonll'ct and in the eviL Tic
only way was to s'and forth liko men ami form anothei
party; to form a par*y for the countiy; to form a party
that would stand between these two hostile parties anfl
prevent, as far as possible, any collision between them
which might prore dangerous to the country ; and, if i<
could uol succeed, if it should even b-‘ scattered between
the opposieg hosts of seclionali-m in their mighty eon
H ot, it would yet break the shock of the encounter, and
save the country. It might bo that the presence of
such a party appealing in the field of con teat—calm,
patriotic, with suitable and proper representatives at it,
head—would make such an appeal to the reuse and pa
triotic feeling of the country as would draw aside these
combatants— draw them to a patriotic standard, and
uuite them together and govern the country. This war
the oljeet and expectation. It was with these purpos s
and upon these principles that this Union party sprang
into existence and took its place amid the contests of the
partisans. (Applause.) It took its aland between the
Democratic and Republican | allies. What was the basis
upon which it presented its.If? It came on no art.li
ctal pDtlorm. It cjuic with no studied creed. It came
upon a great and high principle. In this simple lan
gmgeit was expressed: "The Constitution, the Uuion,
and the Knfoiceineut of the I.iws." (Immense cheer
ing )
These are our principles. Wo want no platform to
captivate or ensnare men. We appeal to them upon the
simple principles of patriotism and of self-preset vat ion
for their glory and the glory of our land. | Applansr.) —
These arc our principles ; here are our purposes ; To
maintain the Constitution which our fathers gave us ; to
maintain the Union which exi-t«d anteiior to the Consti
tution, and which was only lonlirmtd »ud sanctified by
the Constitution; to enforce lue hwsol'our cosutry ev
erywhere. (Applause) All can understand this. It is a
plain enunciation of principles. No subtle discrimina
tions, no dubious resolutions, no ad captandum phrases,
no {reads proclaimed to bind the hearts and blind tin
judgments of tuon; but principles inherent in the gov
eminent and common among all the people—"The Un
ion, the Constitution and the Daws.” ((treat applause.)
Hi re is aground broad euough for you all to stand up
on. We come with no old paitr feuds and accusations
We come as a new party—a party diawii g its strength
Irom the Constitution. It has sprung from the bosom o'
that necessity which seemed to tequire and demmd its
interposition for the sake of the country. I came with
uo accusations, no denunciations. It eante as a peace
maker to take its stand upon our owu uative laud, stid
to implore our brethren of all political parties to cease that
desperate struggle in which they seem about to eugige,
and to spare their country. We came to make a ptrty
for the country. Tin re were parties enough striving for
their own interest We w anted a party to strive lor the
interests of the couutry and the whole country. (Ap
plause.) We nominated candidates. They ate before
us. You know their characters. Mon of tried integrity;
men of age and experience ; men practised in the gov
ernment fur long periods of their livis, and ill every
branch of it—as Senators, members of the House of Rep
resentatives, is Ministers in the Cabinet,as foreign Minis
ters. In all ihese vatied capacities, those two gentlemen
have clliciated, and where are there two men in our coun
try who have come out of these trials with characters mote
unblemished than theirs ? (Prolonged applause I Who
questions their integrity. You have heard noue make a
nuestinn of it
What is the language employed by the great parties
with respect to ail the ether candidal) sv I will not re
peat it. Their is hardly any term of tcproach spared
them. These other gentlemen stand up iu l it ir solitary
integrity and purity of characttr unsullied aud unques
tioned. [Immense applause.| They come wi h the
Constitution in their bauds. They coiue imploring their
bretbreu to forgire each other, to lay aside their hostil
ities, to cease those fierce broils that arc slienaiing sec
tion from section aud mt n from men. Let usjoin hands
and be one nation, one great aud happy nation. | Ap
plause | This is the appeal they make 10 the American
people. For itself the party claims nothing hut the char
acter of a mediator, entertaining and cherishing the
kindest and most fraternul leeling towards all. This is
the character iu which it presents itself. I have not, 1
think, overdrawn its features. 1 think our party and its
candidate deserves all I have said. Compare them with
the competitors that arc now- engaged in fierce contest
before you. if li -I! and Everett succeed, what is to be
the consequence of their administration? Dees it not of
necessity bring together all parties? How can ihey, be
ing elecred by uieu from all panics, coining lugcther a
mighty host of voters, help saving their country?—
[Cheers. | It will be a triumph nf the country, not a
triumph ol party. [Applause | Who have the Union
uieu to exercise any vengeance upon? Who have they
accused? Who have they denounced? As individuals
they have their opinion* and feelings wi ll respect to all
passing public measures aud to all present public men;
but as a party they are but as vest -rday, brought iuto
e vstence by the eouutry's exigencies, and for the coun
try’s preservation. The come as a peace-maker—as a
mediator. They have uo vengeance to wreak upon unv
one. Their victory aud tbeir triumph shall be the tri
umph and security of all. [ Enthusiastic applause )—
This is a victory worth winning. Iu almost all victories
that are gaiued in civil cortiicts there is as much cause
to nrouru as to rrjoice. If there is oue victor there is
oue conquered man upon whom he treads, aud our sym
pathies are divided between the ccuqueror and the pros
trate man. Ours is a victory free Irem all such tarnish
ing reflections. It is one of pure exultation iu our coun
try's triumph and iu our country’s geo 1. [Cheers ]
Look at the other parties and see what must be the
consequences ol their victory. Suppoa; the Republicans
succeed, what then ? Mr. Lincoln may be a very worthy,
upright, aud houest man. He married a Kentucky girl,
and that is a wlioletome influence. (Laughter and up
platise.) I am told be is a Kentuckian himself, which is
another salutsry fact. Mr. Lincoln may be a very hon
est, worthy man; but, in a political point of view, he
must be regarded as the represeuta'ive of the party that
has made him its leader. He is the Republican leader,
aud, 1 kc all political leaders, he must obey the party that
brought him iuto existence or be put down and crushed
out by it. He must be governed by the political influ
ence and voice of his ptrty. Mr. Lincoln is at the bead
of the great anli-sUvrry party, a purely sectional party,
which, according to all its antecedents, threatens the ex
istence of slavery everywhere; »nd the apprehension
which his threat excites is increased by the fact thst al
though the leaders and wise men ol that party mav not
proclaim such sentiments, there arejenough among them
in their camp who do bold and proclaim auch Abolition
dootrion a* must make everv man South feel uneesy in
his condition and in bis property, Tee mere fact of Mr,
Lincoln's election would be, therefore, a great calamity
to the country, though he never should do en set posi
tively ofteneivo or irjurious to any interest ol the coun
try. His electiou would create end continue an alarm
that would keep the country agitated aud unhappy, if
not create an opposition and resistance to the govern
ment itself. It i» greatly to be desired that he should
not be elected. It Is hsrdly necessary to say that we
should be forced to apprehend from Mr. Lincoln’s elec
tiou that the impulse which (he anti-slavery feeling would
receive therefrom would go further than it bis yet gone,
and create still greater dangers to tbe peace and security
of the South. This ponrading apprehension w ould nr
ccsearily make his election a greater calamity. It there
fore enters into no competition with the election of Messrs
H.ll and Everett on the score of beneficence. Prom
them there is nothing to be looked for but peace and se
em ity, with all tbe sanction that a manly, brave, and de
termined Administration can give to both. (Applause.)
"Mr. Douglas and l.i-e party come next You all know,
at w< 11 as I do, of tl e rupture that has taken place iu
the Democratic party, and in its convention assembled
for the purpose of nominating candidates for lire Presi
dency. It divided—one party seceded. Mr. Douglas's
numerous adherents went to a neighboring house uud
made a nomination. The nomination fell upon n citizen
of our own S a c—Mr. Jobu 0. UrcckiuriJgc.
Now, what is to be apprehended from Mr. Douglas, If
he is elected President? Would not the Breckinridge
men continue to idlkc war upon him ? Would not the
Itepuhlitfuiia continue to make war upon him? and, irri
tated by a common defeat, would ibey not be apt to foint
au alliance against tbe snccessful rival who had succeed
ed to the Presidency ? Yes, Mr. Douglas would be in a
very d ftijclt situation iu administering the Government
without the support aud maintenance necessary to the
usk. I know ttr. Douglas very well, ladies and gentle
men. Prom Mr. Douglas personally, I should apprehend
no danger. 1 have never been a Democrat, as you all
know. (Applause). A frank, fair, and honest opponent
of the Democratic party, I have ever been fouuil acting
upo;t the Wlig pi inf'pics, from the first to the last. (In
orca-ed upplaii-e). But I have known Mr. Douglas in
the public councils, and have acted with him. Although
gem rally opposed, and especially upon party questions,
ve have at times acted together, and particularly
upon one moiuentuous ocrcsion, wliott wc acted
together iu opposition to that infamous Lecomp
lon Constitution. (Deafening applause.) Mr. Doug
las wna there making a great sacrifice to his
-euse ol duty. (Appla use.) He was sacrificing hi*connec
tion, ou that occasion, wi It many old pchtica! filends ;
he was breaking up the relations of n long poll ical life;
he was sacrificing as finite ling prospects lor the high, si
fiice of the Government as any man iu (hr country had
I fully believe ho did what he rooerived to bo bis duty ;
and, in defiance ol all opposition, tbe rack of tbe I’re.'i
dent, ollVuded friends, and open lues, he acted like a man
Tremendous choeiiug.) Be might have been mistaken
in what In- did, hut that little diminished the value of the
set. Ho thought be was right, aud he knew he war
•linking a sictilicc, and he was capable of making it
win n he bilived the into rests of.I.is country demanded
it (Cheers.) lean have no quarril with him ; he is a
I'niott man (Cheers.) And a Union man I can always
rust, when i believe him to be sincere aud in caruuet, as
I believe D.mglas to he. (Goutitiurd applause.)
But s'.ill this is no' the question. Mr. Douglass repre
sents au old party, at fend, in the lirs! instance, with tin
Kepublican party, railing torth its bitterest opposition.
uo* hi it’mi wiui tin* etnniirrii wing 01 ois own par
u, tlint has nj eied him fur enothei! His would be an
ideiinistration of continual conflict. The country could
nope for no restoration ol peace and good government,
lie therefore ought not lo be preferred, in my judgmet t,
to Hell and Kverctt. (Cheers ) 1 have spoken not to
compliment Mr. Douglas merely; I hare spjk'ii because
1 desire lo give my testimony to Ids truth. I believe Mr
Douglas to he patriot, and I know I ini to be a Union
nan by all the evidences that one public man eau give
mother of his sentiments. (Applause.) He is a gener
ous, bold man, speaking what he thinks, and doing what
he knows to be right. (Repeated applause.) But lam
opposed to Mr. Douglas. 1 am for Bell and Kverctt.—
(Immense applause.)
We are now left only to compare Mr. Bril with the
(bird candidate who stands in opposition—Mr. Breck'O
li lgr. Anil here again, as in reapeet to Mr. Doughs,
my rbjection is not to the candidate ts an individual. 1
•hot Id hope that Mr. Breckinridge is not a disunion man.
A voice—Yes he is.) He ought not to be. He he
'rn( s to a tribe of faithful, devoted Union tuen—the
jibe of Kentuckians. (Great spphtii.-c ) He tr.us; have
h en seduced away from the path of his duty, fir front
the path in which all the impulses of his hi oJ ought to
-sirv him. if he has become a di-unionist. But Mr.
IIn ckimidge has made himself the head of a party. He
is | art and parcel of the present purposes of that partv;
in , a- in the case of Mr. Lincoln, we must judge of his
pubic ourse by the paity that he concents to represent.
V ho are tliev? There is not a disanionistsouth of Ma
•on and Dixon’s line that I know of who does not belong
to that i artv. (Applause. I We have fora long time beard
in ittcrini a of disunion in the South—more than mutter
ing*—tin re than the whispering of such seutinients. We
have seen them proclaimed by high men in high places.
We have seen conventions assemble for the purpose of
promoting the cause of disunion. We hove seen it lirst
ss.ni mo th- character ami name of nullification—the State
claiming be right to ar.niil the laws passed by the whole
people of he United S’ates, to annul acts of Congress —
and from that day to this we have seen it assuming one
fur n and a other form, one face and another, one pro
evt and another, by ibis man and by Hint man, by con
7i Dtious -hs* mblcd for the pui|M>Sf, by open negotiations
carried on t>< tween the Suites, and by public declaration?
tliat the inoveaiont was poitponcd because not enough
States in the Sou h could he got to go into the enterprise
to make it successful. We have seen all these evidences
of a spirit of Disunion. It is not iiiverial lo say now
Irnm what case this sp:rit has sprung ; tint let me for a
single moment allude to this snhject. Why are tliev for
a dissolution of the Union? What harm has this Union
done ? Wrongs may have been done individuals. They
may have received wrongs by unjust legi lition upon the
part of Congress. Our great meu may not have had their
lair sh ire ot public honors fioni the hands of the Pres
ident. They may have received wrongs of this sort, bill
is the Union the autlioi of such wrongs? What is the
tetuedy which must be sought? It is to turn out of their
places in the proper constitutional mode those who have
misadmimstered the government. The government has
done uo wrong. The Constitution and the Union have
doue no wroug. They command i •I'.ml justice to be done
to every man aud every Stale and every section. Their
agents may have disobeyed their injunctions, and every
thing may have been done wrong through individuals,
lint individuals are amenable. W hat remedy would the
destruction of the Constitution afford ? Could they gel
out of its ruins indemnity for the wrongs on account of
which they would tear iu down ? Could it give any sat
isfaction? Could it niako any atonement? No. And
yet, by some strange perversity or other, their minds
have been brought to look upon disunion ns a remedy for
political wrongs. It lias caused uouu of them; the des
truction ol it would be a rctucdy.for none, hut the great
er' of all evils to the people of the United States.
1 ill >rs have taken a different view of it. They look
»' i disaffection towards the Union, qn.J openly avow it.
I ultra Southern States pirlwlpaie in this fnoliug, and
B ttors in Congress, men, 1 know, of character and re
pi ation, espouse the same fatal cause. This is the party
ol which we may entertain apprehensions that it will ef
fect the dismemberment of the government. Mtuy ol
iu numbers are noble-spirited gentlemen. It is only
upon this one subject that tliev have becu misled or have
misled themselves. Thev have been be'rayed into this
delusion. Iii all other respects they aro generous and of
high characters, hot the spirit of disunion prevails among
tht in, and it is only the more dangerous when entertain
ed by such men. They op'ttly talk about it, they write
about it, they invite it. They have rocked themselves
into the belief that the Government must be dissolved.
They want to meet the imagined necessity at once; they
want to dissolve the Union immediately, to precipitate
the people into it. The people are not so far-seeing as
they are. The leaders anticipate overt acts ou the part
of the It-publicans, and want now to effect a revolution
in the cotton States, and establish a new government.—
These sentiments pervade the South and make up the
body and soul of the party which has nominated our fel
low-citizen, Mr. Breckinridge, us its candidate for the
1‘resideucy. Is lluire no danger that by electing him
you would give new energy to that destructive impulse,
and new power to this disunion sentiment, and to the
cause of disutiiou ? Mr. Breckinridge himsell loliowa iu
the lead. Ue is part and parcel of the great party. You
see this by his nomination and acceptance of It, anJ can
hence foresee with clearness the disasters that would
follow his success. Possibly it may be the pohey of
those who nominated him to uuile Old Kentucky to this
uew Confederacy. Old Kentucky is quite an important
Stale iu this Union. (Applause) Sh.< is in the heart of
it—she in the heart of it. (Immense enthusiasm.) To
nhtaiu her concurrence is ol the grea'c-t possible con
sequence to those who fancy that tbry can make a Re
public in the Routh more glorious and more prosperous
than the great Republic of which we cow form a purl.
Such have been iheir plans for a loug time. Kentucky
and Tennessee, width old Geueral Gaines called the two
military States ef the Union, have lain in the way of
that sort of treachery to the Union. (Long and loud
applause.) They are two States not easily overcome,
and though I would not wish lo diminish the honor of
Mr Breckinridge's nomination, as he himself conceives
it, yet I imagine there are thousiods in the South who
would go for Mr. Breckinridge mainlv in the hope that
it might be the means of annexirg Kentucky as a sort
of frontier province to this Southern Republic of Cotton
Slates that U to be made. (Cheers gnd laughter.) If
they can bring about that union, If thuy can bring over
old Kentucky and make her an ally of their scheme for
the dismemberment of this confederacy and the erection
of a aeparatc Republic, it would be a matter of very
little consequence whether Mr. Breckinridge was elected
or not. ( ontinued cheering.) Thay would rather have
Kentucky for their allv than Mr. Breckioridge for their
President. (Increand applause.) There is no diaunioo
ist iu the South who would not make that ohoioe. I
tear this. I am a Union min, and particularly j -aioua
of everything that tbrrateoa the exi-dence of the Union.
Every one of you, I treat, remember! the farewell ad
dress ol George Washington. Upon the tint dawning
of anything like an attempt to alien U one portion of
the country from another, he tells us to frown lod’gnaut
ly upon It and upon the man wbg shall attempt even to
impair the tics which bind us together as one people
and to he zealous and watchful of the Union as the grrn
palladium of onr lights. Tho ground of those su.-pici
ons nod .apprehensions is more clearly discerned ever;
week. I believe it is my duty to have a lesions regari
for the safety and preservation of my country and tbi
Union, which I take to be one and the same thing.
(Applause.) Old Kentucky has ever beeu the stronges
supporter of thia Union, and under no circumstances,
trust, will she ever be seduced from that high character
She is sprung of a noble race, directly fiom the Revolu
tion that established American liberty. (Applause )
Our soldiers, fresh from the field of war with Orest Hri
tain, and immediately after the establishment of inde
pcndcr.ce, sought in this section that bounty laud whici
was ail their country had to give in return for tbeii
deathless service. Shall we, their children, pull dowr
the work of our fathers with our own sacrilegious bands,
or see it torn down by others ? If rn English, a French
a Russian, or any foreigu foe should contemplate tin
Waring down ol'this government, would you not slircJ
the last drop of your heart's blood in defence of youi
noble birthright ? Shall wc stand by and see the same
thing conU'inpU'ed, the same work done by our own
countrymen? Will von stand by and witness that hor
rid act performed? Will you allow yourselves to be
driven in or drawn in as accotnp ices to such an ignomini
ous act? No. Unless Kentuckians have changed their
blood, and uhanged tbeir natures, no such thing can take
place. (Repeated applause.)
Fellow cit'zens, I ihiuk no candid man, upon a fair
review of ail there parties, and t‘ eir candidates, and of
the vita! comequencM < f the < lection of one or Hie other
of them, will hesitate to say that piudeace, patriotism,
and reason all say, taka for your Gil ef Magistrate John
Hell. I hope that will lie your judgement. I rejoice to
ree and understand that it is ro.
We have the greatest couutry ou the face of the
rarlii. !.ct not our minds be so distracted by mere
party strife and confusion that we shall see our govern
ment fail to pieces before our eyes, and sacrifice our
country to our party, instead of being ready at all times
to sacrifice onr puny to onr couutiy. After wc become
'be slave of party, we dare no', in the presence of any
danger to the country, turu our backs to our parties anil
“ay that we Lavu a country that demands our services
and to i will wc give them. Arc wc now utialdc to do
this? Hive we lost this spin!; has it gone from among
its ?
i’rovidencs has given this great country to us. Our
who and vaiiat.l forefathers gave us liberty and establish
ed a government for us. Let us lake care of it—lake care
of the Constitution and the Union. (Applause.) That
is all we rrrpiire. We have before ns the prt-.jcct of a
xlory unknown to other nations—a piospecl in which
our laud will become tho glory ot the earth. Nobler
Home nor any of the great empires of sutiipiity or of
e.iodcrn times cm compare with whut we shall be at no
-li-taulday. We are now thirty million.! strong, yet we
have been hut eighty years in existence as a free Lotion
From the year 1776 down to the present time, liod Al
mighty has blessed us above all other people and si! oth
er nations. Where shall we lie thirty years hence, if such
prosp rily attends us? A great nation of one hundred
million souls, with not enough llu-li to develop alt our re
sources. Every man freo to think, free to speak, free to
act, free to work. Wnal must ibis mighty freedom pro
duce w ith this mighty concurrence of tu arte, ol heads, ol
hands I What i aviee, what sunns, what eiti-e! le t in
Ill: nutsclvos lo the contemplation ol what our children
w ilt lie. S5n.il we not leave them a legacy a* great as iliat
•mr fa'licrs left us? let the contfiiipl itlon of the mighty
dea’Jnie* involved in our Confederacy engage us un ll we
absorb the genius of this Republic ami its Constitution.
Let it enter into all our motive* of public action, that we
may no longer be the tools ami slaves of parties, of par
ty platforms ami of patty convention,
I do not intend to disparage any par y in particular,
but have not your parties and pi rtfornis limited tbe free
doin and independence of your intellect and your action!
If you aie tol l that the convention has done so and so,
that points are settled by the Democratic Court nliun
held at Cincinnati or C hit lesion, do not you my Demo
cratic friends, hesi'tle to express the judgment yeti had
furmecl, do you not hesitate even to think in opposition
io pm ty dogmas? This slavery of intellect is in a ftarful
measure degrading. Without tangible authority, it bind*
by tome mysterious influence your heart, your head, and
your conscience. Tits "tegular nominees,'’the “tegular
platform'’—these ate considered gs of authority, they
have a talism ttiic influence. You know not whether
these conventions lo whose tod you humbly submit
y out selves were composed of patriots, pondering tbe
good of the common we* lit, or of knaves, consulting the
brat poliev of robbing it. When wc forget our country
and disobey our Constitution, wc listen lo the turn mops
of party. I do not object to party and the i| te»tious of
party, so long as they sc< k to establish no exclusive do
minion over the actions and opinions of tr.cn,and so long
as they ’cave the people free in the exercise of their
judgments. But whew we doijbt, wijen tyc think we
see our pirty is leading us wrong and that there
is a better way to serve our country, every man
then ought to have integrity and heart and patriotism
and independence enough to act for bis country uttd not
fur lids parly. He was made for his country, and let him
serve it. His party may be forgotten to-morrow—his
couutry will be remembered forever. (lircat applause )
The service* lie renders his coun'ry will be recorded in
history; tbe servic s bo render* hi* parly will be forgot*
ten and trampled in the dust. In the services we render
our country, we fulfil the obligations placed upon us by
our Maker. The obligation wc owe to our father and
our mother is a sacred one, but not more sacred th m
that wc owe to our country. Our services to parly may
be recorded in petiv polities. The services leudcicd by
this inaii ot that man may bo cast up hereafter,
and the aggregate sum fouud to amount to the Vi lac
of a little post olliee. Arc tyesc motive* and eot.sid> ra
tion* worthy of icentu kittiis V It is no course of action
for you. If 1 want to appeal to a Kentuckian, I appeal
to Ills honor and to his integrity. (Cheers.) These be
long <0 him ns a birthright, as un inheritance from his
father and his mother. This government was nourished
with the blood of the one and watered with the tears ol
the other. It cost your mothers more tears than it did
your father* drops of blood to establish this government.
It is the r< collection of those days which must enter into
your nature in order to (liable you to fulfil your duty to
your country.
Ladies and gentlemen, I do not pretend to trace tin
history ot these parties very particulailv. I appeal to
yottr genera! knowledge of the ease. I have occupied
yon already longer than I purposed doing, and yet there
is one point upon which I would say a word. It is ob
jected to this National, this Constitutional Uniat) party,
that it has no platfoim. I have casually remarked upon
the platforms before. Tbe want of a platform is the re
commendation of our party. I do not want a party that
will cheat. I want not to sot up my painted party to at
tract the people to it by its brilliancy of coloring. The
soul of our party is expressed in the simple hut grand
words: "The Union, the Uon*titnti<m and the Enforce
_, fit I_11 '1,11, *a \ UVk.t */v >.. ...I
Out of the grand principles thus announced you may
make ns many platforms as you pf-ase. Does not this
include everything ? If the Cuiou i.t pie-crved, if the
Constitution is observed, if the laws passed by our legis
latures ate enforced, what has any citizen a right to ark'.'
Will not hia property, whether it consists ol slaves or
other things, l>e protected if the laws areeufored?—
Here is everything yon want, expressed not in the
gaudy and ostentatious largusge of parlies, hut
in the simple language of truth, lu very simplicity
is its reecommend.itioD. It is Miked truth it its
nuked tn-jesty. This is the attraction it has for me,
and I trust for you and for all the people of tbe-se
Stales. I want toseeoueniau elected President, who,
when he comes to take Lis seat, will have no platform
chains upon his wrist* and about his t.eek. Bat do Presi
dent’* mind platforms if they are not agiecable to them
As soou as they get the power lu their Lauda, platforms
are forgotten—this is ordinarily the case. Let there then
he no deputing about this feature of the Union Party.
I want a President elected upon the Constitution; n
bold nun who cannot he *cartJ: a man who loves the
Union, the whole Union, and will stand by it and con
sider it his sacred duty to protect or perish with it—
1 know there are those who speculate upon the speedy
di-*olntion of the Union, but they are self-conceited men,
iiufailliful in their natures and unfaithful to the great
government of which they ought to he proud. They
speculate about the destruction of what is as firm and
deep as our mountains and 1 hope and believe will last
about as long. (Applause) I glory in the thought of
leaving to my children and my countrymen so great and
grind a country as is this. (Applause.)
Is it not surprising, when the great questions of the
advancement of our country by tbo culture of its citizens,
the dissemination of intelligence, and the improvement
of our social condition should engage u*. that a great
body of the people are engaged in quarrelling about the
li tie questions of ‘'intervention'’ and non-intervention"
in the Territories ?
1 believe the question is mentioned in all tho party
platforms. I have had a natural aversion to platforms.
I hardly ever read a platform In my life, and when I did,
I tried to forget it as soon as possible. The Con
stitution is platform enough for me. The Constitution
and a man to represent the people is everything that will
ever avail us. This question about which the Democrat
ic pirty is quarrelling, as I remarked before, Is one of the
most minute and Important questions that esn well be im
agined. Mr. Douglas says, in substance, that when you
hive pawed a law establishing a Territorial government,
when you have delegated to the people the power to reg
ulate their own domestic institution* iu their own war,
you have given them power over overy subject ss far as
you can glva it. A» for the slavery question, every man
has a right to go there with his slaves, but how
they must be treated will depend upon the dis
cretion of the Terri orial Legislature. It is good policy
to leave i to them; for if the oa'iou Interfere, its trans
actions will then become national; It attract* the atten
tion of the whole people, it srouse* a national controver
sy. You want to keep the question of silvery out of
Congress; you want to keep It In the Territorhs, and
leave the question there to be set ltd by Territorial gov
vernment tt-elf. It is a government not designed to last
long, a lew year* will convert it intoaS'tte. it is better
to confine the quei'ion to these local field* than to oon
vulse the nation with It. It is better to boar the ills that
may arise there than fiee to greater national ones we
know not of. (Applauae)
The other side says; But Congress shall interfere;- Ccn
, gress shall pass laws s|e;ia!!y taking he question out of
t th1 hand* of the Tirior al Legislature; it sbsll pass
laws (or tlie protection of ?| cciil pro; erity, .'a»s that arc
to apply only in our Tcrrlu rice.
I This dispute rclites entirely to 'erritorial slavery aud
i to territorial remedies. Does it oc ur to you, that uuder
• the existing circumstance, it makes much difference
practically whether Congress shall interfere or whether
Congress shall leave it to the Leg'slature? In Congress,
this session, where «e passed resolutions avowing our
mete power over slavery, it was asked, is it necessary
now for Congrcis to intiylere? There was no case call
ing for the interference of such power by special legisla
tion. No Sena'ir would lake upon himself the re-ponsi
biliiy of proposing any such ease, except one, I believe,
who ventured to aay he thought there was occasion.—
Southern Senators agreed that there was no cause now
« Msttug upon which they would advise legislation; and
yet we are quarrelling about the degree of power which
is to be txercised by Congress, not with resp.ct to nny
Territories which we now have, but in relation to a case
tbit may arise in some future Territory. None is antici
pated in any Territory which wc now have to fiU. To
make it a practical question you have to suppose a
luture Territory of a character to attract id every;
that there shall be an emigration of slaveholders
to it; that the Territorial Legislature which assumes to
deal with properly has committed a !l .grant outrage; and
that the individual has called upoirCongress. These con
tingencies must ail combine, and then and ihen only do
theae learned and tierce disputants insist upon the exer
cise of power by Congress. We have no Territory where
such a question cau arise. W e have not now a siugic
piece ot Territory to which slavery would go if it were
invited. Why then tlL-putc about a possibility that will
probably newr aiiss. They are so impatient with hav
ing nothing to do, that they fall to quarrelling abou
what lies in dim futurity, aud by speculation raise up in a
spirit of discord a possible qutsltou which may occur
tweuiv, fifty, or a hundred years hence, or that may ne
ver occur. They remind me of a story I once heard
T*o Italians were wall ing out 'ogether oa it bright mid
sumnur h'glit. Cue looked up to ti e heavens, thick
with innumerable stars, a id exclaimed, “O, tbut I had a
farm as spacious as ihc lies yens. That would be an ■ s
tate woilb having!” His companion exclaimed, “0,
that I had a herd ns numerous a< I lie stars aliuve."—
“ Well,” said Ihc other, “ in the name of leaven, what
would von do with such an enormous herd? “Why,"
said he, “l would turu them on to your farm." (Laugh
ter ) "You would, aye," sneered the other. “Y«s, what
else could I do with them ? ' I pou that they quxrrell d
and fought for au hour. (tire, t laughter) Now it decs
reem.- to me that we are about to make out just such a
Diootndiinr sort of case. (Continued laughter)
Hut it is slid Ur. I. ueoin's election will consummate
the dissolution ot the Union—that he will not be per
milted to take liiu seat! How is that? if a man is
elected to the f.egisUluie by a m-joiity ol tbu people in
a lair and legal way, though you voted against him,
won’t you say he is entitled to his s-mt? Would you
not consider the power very arbitrary that would under
take to keep him out of his cilice ? You have a right
to il et him, or anybody else, and, if a man ia cons Hu
(ioually elected I’ceaident of the United States, shell a
minority of the people sta't tip and fay, “Wc will make
a revolution: this man slull not he I’residcut of the
Cuited States; we will hv force of arms resist it and
drive him out?" Is uot that a destruction of ail gov
ernment? The majority nitt-t of necessity ride in all
republics, and if you do uot like the law’ of the ma
jority, set aside all free government, and go to some '
place wl ere you will have no election”, where hereditan i
rulers shall take the | Lee of your elective government.
W ho will -av that if Hr. Lincoln, or anybody else, is
constitutionally elected to the Chid Magistracv. he slull
not take Ins re.it? Have wu come to tins? 11 so, Id
tu change tin; 'Whale gorcrnment, and let the minority
rule, though ci.-it iheu would no*- the uu jority men ob
ject to the vh ction o( a man by the tuiuority!
The Constitution provided tlat tie ttrro of the Prcri
dent should be comparatively eliort—but four years— .
tl inking that now ami then a tfingcroils nun might hi
t lected, but that lie could not, withal the guards that
Congress sc: up around him, in the short space of four 1
vears, do much to undermine and destroy the liberties o! i
the people. Shall we nuw introduce the principle nf an
archy, and suv the in in >1 ctcJ who du.-s uot please us
(ihc minority) shall uot take It's seat ? Wou'd not there
he time, whgu he misgoverns, to call him to account, ac
cording to the constitutional firms providid for such
cises ?
It is upon great principl e that gorerumen's depend,
mil these great principles must bear a relationship to
you They must be recognized or you have no govern
.Jcnt Mall—nothing but anarchy.
it you exp ct j our government to be perfect and glide
on without disturbance, you will be deceived. You must
expect occasionally to bavc your mil Hdmininratiousand
bad government. Hut if thl» government in the main
advances your social condition, secures vour peace, adds
to your gieatne-s, t is a good government; atiu especlaly,
above all tbincs, if it sb II preserve your lib rties and
your tight', it i- a covert hi til worthy of your support
and p'otectioti. (Applause.)
Now, my fellow citizens, I owe you my thanks for your
attention to my desultory remarks. And you, ladies, I
am glad to see mingle in cauuspl, and, while securing
order and decorum bv your presence, add the purity of "
set tuner,t which lovily women must ever inspire. (Ap- j.
plause ) In vour hinds rest great inure-is. If you can
not lie Presidents, your sons and your brothers can be; "
and, at last, whether iu oflice or out oi cliieo, you govern
us all. ((treat applause.)
I have only to say once more, gentlemen, that you
have but a simple t»‘l. to perform. Y?t it is a task for
men. It is a task which requires coucago. which require*
independence. It is to take oirc of the I’tiior, the Con
stitution, and the Laws. Take care of these, and be as
sured they w ill take care of you. Vour safety lies in the
performance of that one little act.
“ Tht J/.V/a nf tkt G-l, Grim! .V/otlfy."
aullmr of “Alan-,” •• Hidden P.ih,” ■ la. One hnnile n.e ]
Mum. |..t.- ■ »fi1. ,
Til ..lie It til • l Tjr r.f w»in -■«, li tall ill th* Smith; III* t m». y
•he liez tiiihi< o' lit - |it tent century Th eiotouii an t mativ -tf
»l.o • tenia nf the ila.i are tran-l nitli ti l lily nicl *|, lit y t Ml
alii nib In’ r* raven with tti-1 arrailae lli * I Hie r.-uil r la mi* area- A
• I I liv .ti(#»ti.-> ..r ilrt h iter ml <h tail-. Ihe liouw n fifty >i a a II
iiiei i-eein familiar u him a< or.lie he vlspeil hut ye i-rilav, ami e
ttierr Inuutea *1 IT r 1 tile train Ihe mtn an I worn n • ktli a ham he
n* nelelei daUy. The pVlurrt nf hun.I.V |fe. ,.f rr i,-h v; have
many In <he early rha;.ler<, are vrai-lic amt r f erhiiiy In nn t
oth rwn-kfr m th • aolhorV |n-o ran herr lie f.ion t *rr»t a va- •'
let - iif Inclilrii *, mere artist c de Incaiinn nf chamfer, mere
r irnslin- f Ini ghl and vl«nr nf tfeacrhitinu, a-.1 ceil Only no b
nthe* contain* a pit I so striking la conception an.I anally man fi
as*-1. Tt« • Trailer cannot hni remark rs hr proceeds liver natur
ally, vet line li... e-lhl.i. I r le Imtn a rnit i.jr th• tMe ..f ei, nu— v
for i he a-n.-y aeeml In tel il eel —thsuullnrvtl the atit.-euf-if n
*i,lit Hie e it no iiceil e'l-.- he mi e In ill* nr rent In explain
Ih - tail J am] anmeerhal nm'nmis title iha' frnn iu at the l.p <>■ n.e
pave. Itenrr tile eeui .1,1, niiveiM. the nailer ..la her anl.i e ”
Inlluenee. nti-l rvtaietlaz l\ tiltiltfl.-ta thrl t* err are hlititon
'p-blSI «u I St. ret «ir. a uml-r the leet at -I in the hnmea ..f If -•
1111 ■ i Le j • - t-I j 11 g nlije -ts iif h.r ' ciiyeaoce, amt tin- iierthient tnnttn nf
«» Iinirrx i nr mi ns oi mjp »r IIH I Wit - III 1/ |.m vt <•
th.it Hr r.Lul on, though •jui. i me* ilos, H »iw*>* sure.
Add re* to den. to W Ri*T 4 Jt’UN'TOW,
P"> lisheri, Hooki< lien a.i I fHa'inmif,
ail 1_IfA Ma f, Ml ret
Anticipations of the Future,
To hKlOK 18
In the fjrin oi fcxtraot* uf UUrr* from an Eil'IMi Ke*i _
item in Hit: I’liiltd Mates, to the Loutlnu Times, from 1
1804 to IS70. I
With AM
•‘If ih's he irraton mak.- the «... | of It**— httrirk Henry, 177ft.
IW II kNDOLPH trill, uathe IstSepvmher, puLUsh (lieabove,
• in one handAruue lino, v.dnae • f about I.W n:ig. i. P i e tl. **
Ju«t P.bli bed by MANDOI.PII, 121 Main »tr..:, M.hm»i>d, oi
Southern and South We»tern Bk.-irhei ; fun, sentim.nt and advea- *»l
lure -*i» cent# cl
O'Neil's Car|)t*utera' Guide in Flair Building and Hand Railing — G
P 4*e *. »< •>. * di
H ld;»*A ami Atkins* Practical Miners* Own Bonk end Guide,— P1
Plates. |2 tab w1
Everett’. N»-w Ihrtv rus Minorus, the best l*ook for tinging In
School cllo’rs, Ac $1 M,
,-v. t by u i.!, |»o*i pal I, t«> *n who ran t the price. ault ^
POWBIB.-Uialai nd Steal
11 4* A d S. B
H*tilr, gj
In lau H ffe, n . t
K. ii u.-ky K Hr, ; O'"'
B a B in. tn.g, |
Duck Bh oiing, j —
In keg«, half an 1 quarter krg«, canhtr't and fUtk*. f* r sale Iv 0
_i iii s t»u ptrutT
i ntlliK A MimillKD,
(Lite Fisher & Winston,)
II AVK now on hand a large and fresh stock of
Jr27—lm _12ft Main Bt^fft.
XJL kinds of Perfum .-ry, roiuDvngnf Extracts, Snaps, 4c., fresh ox
and In g »od order; with a fine lot of Hair Oil and Hair Pomades. a*
For sal-* by W. L. WAiING. Drug. 1st, *•
Jy2T No. 107 Broad street. ac
Onus luiignso axd Tosk Hi van Hah uoam Co , I ***
hlCHMoxn, Augiut 2 l, l-C » (
NO contracts. Mi’s, or other obligations will he reocgnis*d by —
this company unless mad - by order of the Board nf Directors, a
Ro. U. Temple, Ksq., Superintend eat, Of A W. Morton; Treasurer. X
ALEX. DUDLEY, President.
manIKMI Hirers of, and Dealers In J?
]) A KVICL’LAK »U' ntlon ,1 ren A1* orders lent I < their W.r.hnuie,
. dl John Bl-n t, “lew Yo-k, wh'ch will be Ailed PROMPTLY,
and h»rc f PK1 UV DUp.tch. ~
CVoul»-»furtil*Vd,«lTtnij dUcoaol from LUt, or nett price* At (
lowiwt MA»nrr ratal v
TKRM3 -Wi MonII-a' No'i payable At F«ok. with current rat! _
of Rxchstpe on N?w York, or A per cent of for Ouh t
wysfcWj'aa. \ new york. j
Jyll—1m ^
8HOULDEK ■A<1VN.-t0 hhdi prime Unc nnati room- 1
der Bacoo, In (tore for isle by r.
1 JUTrUN.-heren ilrklnt froth MosnUIn tutur, |att r«- 1
JjcelTid. Porulek* J
S. .A.. MVERS.
enuu r mix aid run xraxxrx, atcwwuxo,»iium.
HAS just recslved, In addition In hit al-eady I ,rgc acd r~9
eet-nsive antrtmentj, a ►rautif.il col'cctlon of all VI'S
the lataat and ««! elegant itjlra of Wa'ih-s, J eelrjr. JT *
Bllecr and Plated Ware . '
Wa’rhe* uaoufte'nrsd be the following celebrated makrn - •
Juice Jnrgenem. r II Adarra A Suis, I'arid Teylor, Henry Ray
monds Lemon, Aifrel Laralett, aod niter cee*,reted makers.
DIAMOND!.—A eery large aod riel: astortme t of Diamonds
and other precious atires
Diamonds, Pearls, Opal, Carbnsclr, Garnet, Coral, Cameo,
Onya. In rtu. axu aitrrxr-*. .
Also -Bpettade* — B aatlllan Pcrlacoplo Pthblee, set In gold,
silver and steel frames. Clocks, Cutlery aun Jewelry of erery de
Tbe public are respectfully lavUed to examine the aboee before
purchasing. g A MVKR-,
5 ___ _Cor. Main and Pearl Mae
DWELLING Locks of eye ry description ; Sliding Doo^Srmt
tilings of the best quality. Also, Triton aad Hank lee ks ;
Hinges and Bolts of any height. Bells hung, with or without
As I sell no work but lay own manufacture, I am prepared to
Warrant It to give eatue satisfaction u those who may (aror mo •
with a eaU.
, .. *20 Main Street, bcltreu Sth and *th,
HIP—ly Runiuotn, Vs.
mtHKi’M i»i i>© foutRm.
TdW PIANO certadr.’y aurpasarM all th*t vp roo> _
cc'vr.1 th*- la»U*»n>ent of, xml yrt ‘u
whole r«>oaifxrilnn la to **mpN xrd o>—urn aiwl BfWTSH
crl, that It riroriinvc.ila |t*r|f ot oner rt the only fJ # T t«
Inie plait, and It :a a natural causoof wander, at In fivh ra*r«.
why l! »u net di*;oviTMl before 1 h* theory cn which It (• made,
>lTrt it I'renifth and «x>n»rqurnt power to ki-rp In tnnr Nr Inycnd
a PUno Imllt opr n any other clan. // h /», fact tie beet /'hino
•* *rm+nce — From th*» New York Ksprvfa.
F II T.\ \ l.r»R haa x'xo leverxl ferond hand Piano* which ha
will acll cheap for raah.
1SS main Hired.
(a7 .Utiu NlrecC, Hii l.ntoitJ, Vrt.
Hubs >pokxs pellgpj spiiikoh, a,Ics, Bciu, p.,j,,
Lrithrn, Cloths. Tr:in0^**. Ac , Ac *
Belting, Po king. Clrcntar Pass. Dole’s Haw Gummeis Old
B reochee, hlcsm Co,’,*. Whittles, Gauges, Ac. 1 *
„ A|"05J'." 'J* BALTUIGKK BKI.L .ud bits PS WORKS. A Urn's
Patent STBkkl tillAGKt and Crockett's COACH ViRMPUIH Ac
locomotive and Steam Bogin- l.oll.l, rr, Uallrrad and Oss ti.rn
'*m>7o- ly w‘u‘ U"“‘ Yluri *l “anufacturer's prWes
No. 03 Miaiu Sir. rl, UK lint,Ms. Vlrglalm,
IJAtib’d Shoe Store, PI Main Wrest, offers facUBIes to Pemili a
! whether In Clly or Oouolry for laying In <helr runpBre 3
hoe., that are rcrelymrt with, h.Ug enabled t« fatnisk -sect
need er of a family with any dosa-ipilng nl At., for t-ml
.arlcr, nr out of door us., hot), „f h , N, ttJ
*rNrn',,‘ •- asore. will be tuppMed at
noderate orh es, a Ith good shoes. Including bru.uci of my oati
nxke, for field hand*. 1
In addition to a constant supply of all kinds of shoes, of my own.
>uJ Shoes u ran he found in any hoax- lu Virginia. ' 1
im, M M^n «r«*tn‘ * **" “ lt'g" T,uu‘ *bi !hot »'L"*
Machines for Kiiltliup Brutcra. sliiiU, &r,,
lib Haibiora bf ) R I, :> R I, j R 2 aual 3 R 2 Rjh
ox Band axd map* to oxdiul
rHK"* •'1*eWn“ “* «* plain K Epriop Needle, on a new
A principle, and are the olirapcst and icoal rapid mai Mae. f..r
ni't'tiB !d 0*t*.
The flrffre Patent Family Krhllnp MarMne r,.,
/.ififnfe u a., la a new and «ce.a.ful fealn-e In li e useful m
callous of Ihe ape, and rank, a Mi H e Pewlnp Marhine
. , 477 BROADU A V. AP« H UH.
JeT-dSm _ HE.N'hY O. LEE, Ai.ewr.
Fnrtalas Cwu. unity
.« Und for w-d1. „ ...,*i| gr.ln, and .factually corning lh« aam«
ft«r •redlug with two hoiawTUg th. Pot kef .!* Unite Pi“
r* porchaaed tnc right for th~l*Ute of TtrglnU, a~d trc n, m
anafact Bring trm for the cutting i. *A..n,a/.d reaper! folly lnrlte
q examination of thrtu,
ilii____filORG* WATT A CO.
KAKLb KOI t.HTON vt 11 r \ i .
I 00 l»ad,ter«ldeht,0oV W,"“’ ,“r *r'J’ #a > onil*nm.nt,
TliU wheal yle'ded lids season, on pood land, thirty bushels for
)e sowed; rlpeiird, and waahar.eaGd the Brat week In June la
•ry Bne and heavy, and la said net to have been .IT.-cted by fly
lot worm, or rust Price ».H per buihil, or |« a.r bap
”7~lf___HUNT* JAMES.
L60A?W.SJ,ii,5* »■ '•■*■»*
ft ebrna of rer> buperior Tea.
For sale by ROBERT A. J. DABNEY,
... Grocery and Feed More.
. *_Broad PL, op pacta* Theatre.
9"® w*9u^“ 15/ b lwr*" 8Ala rand Hh Sirrrla.
ID New Store brinp c-mm idloua and eapreaely arraored far
Hie RETa IL MILLINERY BC8INE8S, will tnadble him£k.?I
larpe aaaortmrnt or r
Heady Made Millinery Article*
i well a* t» add to the conrenlrncc and profit* of hi* coftomr/s
ipecial attention w ll be glreo to the ciwomen
nd Ihe ataortment will be found complete durlnp ah season.m
le year. In connection with Millinery Artlcl**: be will kr.. .
iferal asaortmrnt of Ladies' ' * wwl ***P •
He would also Incite attention to a "ew Department which
- »d<»*d *> «>c WUtaKJ Bnalam., ci»; ,b, ian^i,'*.,.
■Rich will be under Ihe anperyhton of a rotnpelent dealrn*. Tk
ten Fart. Fashions .III he rceelecd monthly ' 1h
see .11 orders will meet with prompt attention. maid
7lliam s. McCoy. edward mayhems'
Viririnia Toll finoA A if^ttfu,
1 • llnjnc HI., rimrl.etoat, !S. c,
Moure. 0'IUia, R«r>n k Swagy, I
- W Wruaeaeio, .Jcharlealoo.
Jauu. Baais. ve,Js.,Kaq , 'j
J*“. K Warn, h>q., i
- Kn»i» A. gg.TH, , ' Rlrhmonx
Tm.« W. Ih>.wvi i. K.(, | dAt .tel
[ A MUM* uithm lioiiDH! ‘
The month of June being at hand, inJ fln*iq[TouratocVIf
Lrulies T •ross Goods
0 he con.Mrr.hljr larger than it .Irrigable, an.l, dcalroue of giving
'Ur friend' and customers ihe advantage- of an entire new Vl
if Drew Good/ at every rea.orr, l-.-. le. vapplylng u,
hc.ply now, we have deteimlnrd v.» veil tr, m today all oer Oven
looda. of every d.jcrlptloc, pom Rich Mil. to ordinaly Lawn#
luring the roon’h cl Jita. it rori, and many ityhi of ilooda In
Xhaakea** kw|> B*lhFm*,rr» Mow e<et. In fact, m
Will hr add*) on arrival of I'arr.ir from Ntw Yo-k on n.'av
n" prf nt%t »t»l-ftA?w tl.Riprn, PfclN PICD LAW Ni»and OftCANDl¥M
-Juat w hat ever) body wants.
Alao, »30 new rtele Lnrilra' U ninnlnea. rriul.il... r#
Rack Silk Mantles, Lace Goalta, Lace T.lniaa, guiaeua, l.a, ,
hawla, and which, on account of al.« lateneaiofthcaea.on alii L.
-.1.1 at tir.Sy half the prlc. a they .old for marly . mmll/ „o -!
1 call from all la want la revpect’ully r- qu. aud.
1”___ IiU Broad ?Ue.t
Foundryand Manuiactory,
usm nun, aaaa maw, aimutcaii, via. uto
rrATTN° made large addition to car ah..p, to nit the Sooth er*.
LA trade, we wUi eel! at the Northern price! of IH9 We hate
ver llal different design of Plain and Ornamental Hailing,
vrondag. H» lro.il a, l-orcl. Plcv. a, window
■ nurds, Ae., Ac .Vault and Cellar Hoora, Iren Saah, f hotter!
Mcatchr* B!*clu'rl!W,“* ‘nd 8nlal.log done with naatnetaarj
HR" Cemetery Railing for the country, made to u to be pet up
v an ocd'nacT mrrhanlr. Ja»- tf
LjOliT U l.VK.«A very aupetlor article of Port Wine la
L glasi and wood, direct from Oporto. Per vale by
. 0. CRANZ.
No. 4 Exchange Work. *
Mill* brokerage! ~
rHE undersigned bare this day fcrmed a co-partnership aader
the style of * IIISPALOH A KKAD, f._r the purpose of com
ucting the SHIP BhOKKRAGK l aeleeva, and reepeclfally ioBc‘b
te patronage c-f their Mends and tbs public.
Cary and 18th etSiete, near tba L-J*
Richmond January let. 1AA0 'aBfhiw
"IHBWINO TOHACro.-v.rv .uperP, „**. -"ZJ
U received, for tale by the email quantities, ae - tbe-wfee by
__A. HjlOotE, Agent.
IJKAI TUM I. HHOWN Nl tiAM -Begaats 0 aaC
l J ruha Muaeovadu M. lance, Air isle be
J?!_A I MOO EX, A fast.
DLACK ‘•BA - Joet ree-leed a deSc'oea article of Black *
LR T-a, aaila*ici,cn yaaraaUed In It. i) . , |M ^jHZv
Irem. Tua#. tor ..I. by_
w Cov. M*l» had lMk

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