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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, September 29, 1860, Image 2

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©1ST. 1st. L. H. CHANDLER, of Norfolk City.
“ Sod. TRAVIS H. EPES, of Nottoway,
• “ 3d. THOMAS BRUCE, of Halifax.
* * , “ 4th. JOHN T. THORNTON, of P. Edward.
•f nh. JAMES f. JOHNSON, of Bedford.
m *th. M AKMADl'KE JOHNSON, of Richmood.
“ 7th. LEMUEL J. BOWDEN, of Williamsburg.
“ 8th. JOSEPH CHRISTIAN, of Middlesex.
" rth. B. H. SHACKELFORD, of Fauquier.
- Mth. ANDREW E. KENNEDY, of Jefferson.
“ jnh. FRANCE T. ANDERSON, of Rockbridge.
k‘ ^ith. W. R. STAPLES, of Montgomery.
“ 13th. WALTER PRESTON, of Washington.
. «* 14th. J. J. JACKSON. Jr., of Wood.
•• 18th. A. B. CALDWELL, of Ohio.
* Rr. •wll'a Dwfewac erStarcry.
To the exclusion of much of our usual Tariety.we make
ro..n to-day for Mr Bell's great speech in the Senate ol
tl« UnitedStates in I83t», iu defense of the institution
oi*Southern slavery. We inverted it in the IKAry in the
early par: of the oanra-w, but we do so sgain because «e
think the principles therein enunciated hare not been
• sbtMciently pondered by the people. It is really a philo
snahtea), statesman like and masterly view of the subject
In alt its aspects. and if Mr. Bell had never said or dour
anything else in favor of our -peculiar institution" this
speech atone would place him ahead and shoulders above
anT nan who has mr been acaniidate for the Fressden
— We mein that no man. of ju ■
piriy, who has ever lwen a candidate for the Presiden
.•», hv. ever proclaimed principles and views on the ipies
tiou ot slavery so nearly in accordance with the advance !
opinions now universally held on thatsufject throughout
the Sott'.hsru State* We repeat that you may kok to
the recorded sentiments of any candidate for the Pros,
deu-y, beginning with Washington and coming down to
* the prevent moment, and we defy you to show that any
such candidate has gooe half *0 lar as John Bell in vit
di ration and deleave of the institution of African slavery,
av i: exist* in the Southern Bates of this Union!
We beg our friends—we beg Democrats aod Whig,
ai.ke—to read this speech o» Mr. Bell’s attentively, calm
Iv and thoughtfully. It is a fall and complete answer to
. ail the misrepresentation* and slanders with which Un
fair fame of it* great author ha* been attached by the
Breckinridge orators and newspaper*.
nr. Mixes'Belter.
We print eLee here a letter from the Hon. William C
Rices, which will te rvad with pleimte and proht by
• conservative aid Uuiot-k>vi- g nirn of all |artiea Th.
counsels ar.d admonition* of a statesman iO able, so
lean ed, «o iX|*-rieDcrd, and *o .;i*pe«sionate cannot fai
* to t icrt a beiuticrnt and wide-spread intiueuce upot
• the public oiled cf the . ounfrv. Instead of folio* ieg
the nhs> a lead of rxckls s and unprincipled agitator,
aud demagogues, 1 ke Yancey, Rh u Jt Co , let the bon
«„» and patriot c me of all paitievand sections lav avid
' their passions anJ pixjudae*. and lear-i a ie*son ot pa
ir, vi-m *i.d Any Irotu the teachings an l warning* o'
experienced, fi'-K-eing and disinterested vtitesxen like
. WdlUm C. Rives.
• , We asmniend hi# letter to the thoughtful perusal and
Klea'.ioo of ah patriotic Con-titmi >n- ;pholdiug and
Uuion-loviog citizens of Virginia, without regard to par
ly denomination.
* Mill tliejr tome!
We copy, with ensue .-ted pleasure, from the Won*
gSasery Pv', the following letter fumi one of the most
eliutable and i iluen ial gentlemen in the S a c of Ala
buna, and c .mmend it to Ike attention of all our readers.
. \<> one. not wilfully hi- d, c u fail to arr.a# Judge Bibb
m*-«. Mil the only p sable chance of averting th • catas
trophe of the el exinn of Lin olu, is. to vots lor Boll aud
Everett: *
Moxtuoumy, Ala, 3 pt. lb, 1M0.
Co!. Am«m H. H. Dawso.x :
1> .r Sir—Your letter of the 15lh inat, a*’ai.ig me
“Ij it true that you have resolved to support Bell an
Er r-u, aud if It i*. why till you do it’’’ ha* been re
ee,red ’ In reply, I would remark that wo have a cat
Uidate for the Presidency of the United St .tea, i.omin.
n i by a section, with sec'ioual issue*, in opposition to
the constitutional rights ot the Oou.h, wi.use defeat i
anth me the paramount object.
1 hive, therelorr, declined to commit myself to th
support of at.v one. Bold I could be better informed a
to I t indivionai who tuigbl be most successful in effect
ing such a result.
iu my recent visit to several watering places m the
mountains of Yirg.tiu, I had aa oppor uuity of seei g
■sod convvrvinf with a number of gentlemen of iutelli
gAice. from tans* of the Southern States, and among
them were the friends of Breckinridge, Douglas and
* . Beli, and taking the sggrega'e of Utformalioo thuv o>>
i ,i:.rd. 1 am sa'isded that Bell and Everett stand th.
, ... inhbit the Black Reoublt -an Lincoln, an
have determined to give them my support. j
» K> spccttuiiv, B. S. BIBB.
, Sow, here is an eminent and distinguished man, a cili- I
am of the State of Alabama, who bad determined K
vote for Breckinridge, as the .-ur*«t mean* of defeat!rr
Lincoln. But extensive travel, observation and inquiry
basing brousts’, lint to the eonclu-ion that Beil “itand
tk> hot ekanei to def. •< th* Sloek Hepublieum Linrotn,'
la • bm determined, in spite of his partialities for Breck
i.trkdge, and ia the spirit of a true p striol and. hones
fusil, to cast hi* vote for Bell 1
Is not such the solemn end imperative duty of ever;
i> ibOcrat iu Virginia and the (south *
A Trar View of the Question,
lion. Geo. T. Ward, of Florid v, who has been claimei’
a* a Breckinridge convert, ha* written a letter to tin
Flori’la ire'.**/, detmiug hi* position, lie fays: “It ii
„„ fvr men i vet who look upon politics eveu with
an eye to office and emolument to wrangle and to jar;
f j» ame u. it ye r4the Federal patronage may be in the
Lind* of tie Abolitionists, without united action iu the
- mth. And this can ouly be done by uniting the whole
(southern vote o.i too man, whoever it mey be, who car
* rtes th ■ la'geet Southern vote in tbo Electoral College
If I am asked who ia the most probable man to do this,
I, answer Bell."
There call be no doubt, in the mind of any rational
nn I observing man, that Mr. Bel! is the only Candida e
iu the lie d, who -tends the remotest chance of defeating
Lincoln ! Why, V:en, will auy patriotic Virginia Demo
crat iia-itare in giving him his vote * Do you really dt
* rt the'r lectio 1 of Lincoln ’ If you do, rote for Brvck
iu iJge. L© you really d/sirt th* defeat of Lincoln?
If to j do, your oh f y alternative is to rote for Beil 1
Mcuatur Gulkr * wll: not support tlrwrkio
We M it ’d it»* a reason a d*y or two ago that th*
* H >n James Gu brie, of Kentucky, Secretary of the
Treasury, during the Administration of Franklin Tierce,
* would cot support Brecki ridge. That reason is now
co'.firme i by the Sunday Adooeot*. * Kentucky paper,
which lay* “ We bare been inform d by a gentltnun
of tugh position, and whose saean-c* no one can doubt,
that iu a resent interview with Mr. Guthrie, he (Mr.
* O f.brie) stated tba’ soon after the nomination of Ur.
Breckinridge the rditorsof the Courier called on him at d
nrge-f him to ihtclare hie approbation of Mr. Brt-ckin
r tge’i ucmi- alien, and ph-dge himself to his support.—
• To this he replied, emphatically, that he could not sup
por. Mr. Breckinridge, ‘ because by so doing he would be
g.ricg aid to the elo.-tioa of Lincoln.1'
Cannot every sane man see, as Mr. Guthrie sees and
a knowledge-, that iu voting for Breekiaridge, « be
would be giving aid to the el -o.iou of Linculu f
m Another Teleraa D iuoer.it for It- I.
Tee Jack-son, West Teou—■«-, Whig tells of an old
man wm reside ia an adjoining cownty, and whose
tiembling limbs bare borue him tbiough three-fourth* of
n cenuiry, and who says he has voted the regular l>-. oto
eratio ticket for 5! year*, is now out for B -Hand Ever*-lt
• as the only national omdida’o* in the present canvas*.—
* J It ie by n eh means Iks good cans* gather* volume as It
"• * poll* th.
o •
Forgery «•* Kr»««l!
Wo fi ad that tbe Louisville Ouwrier, one of the leading
1 urjuts of Breckinridge, in Kentucky, has perpetrated a
j gross forgery and fraud. It publishes sn extract from s
communication, written by Judg' Jobu Robertson, of
this city, and printed in the merely through
conrteey to that estimable and distinguished gentleman,
and coolly tells it* reader* that ssid extract is taken from
sn editorial in the Richmond H'Atj. It precedes the
publication of the extract by saying—“7A« following
thrilling extract is from the leading Bell organ in the
Slant Statee, the Richmond ( I'd.) H'Aig. JIae Yancey
I iteer .1 aid, or written, anything better calculated to "fire
the Southern heart” than thie fro.n the great mouth
piece of the Union-eating branch of the Oppoeition /"
It then gives the extract, which is as follows, and which
our readers, especially in Virginia, will at once recog
uixe as a portion of the aforesaid communication of
Judge Robertson:
“Seriously.few, even at the South, think that Lincoln,
if elected, would attempt the immediate enforcement of
I his disorganizing doctrines. We may do him the justice
| to believe that he is not ferocious enough to carry out his
own principles. But it is not reasooablu to tie supposed
that be would strenuously oppose that agitation which be
evidently thinks must and should be continued until sla
very should become extinct—or that he would turn bis
back upon It s friends and side with the South. In the
progress of this agitulion, however, other massacres may
he coumhud cr attempted, even bloodier titan that of
Harper's Ferry. Tbe vetigeauce of an exci'ed multitude
may fall agwiu, a* it has faileu before, on those suspected
of uiedtlaliug such deeds, or of inciting others, black or
white, to rebellion and insurrection. Retaliation on eith
er side, bl od for blood—civil war, in short—may ensue.
A new proclamation and force bill may be demanded,
and Lincoln’s million and a half may volunteer, under the
blended colors of the Red and Black rose—Teucro duct
el an-pice Teucro—to quiet the South.
It may be said these are extravagant suppositions.—
Can any man, at least any Southern man, say they are
more improbable than was the massacre of October, or
could now excite more amaxwu-nt’ Nay, do not tbe
persevering enmity and injustice of the Northern agita
tors, tbe intense eaa-peration of the Booth—every move
ment in both quarters—manifestly teud in that direc
tion ? But we must wait tor further developments, for
the overt set.
“ Vusl tht earth gaaka? mat tbs earth ipithw, before people
veaaa ta oteep?”
Shall we wait till manacles be pot around our limbs,
or halters around our necks * Until we are crushed by
the very power and means we ourselves eootribu'e to
put in the bands of cur unscrupulous adversaries * Who
can way what the next six mouths may bring about,
should he be entrusted with that power, or ahonld he
not ?
It is not a m ‘re «p- ck of danger which appears in our
horizou. A black cloud is rapidly rising above us. Tae
lightuing has already struck. Tbe tempest thickens.—
Shall we not put our bark in trim to meet its utmost
turv * Sound planke to the teakA firm hand to the
helm l Throw the mutineere oterboard l Or take the
State lfe-b>ats and *u>w youreetree
The 1 e is no other escape.
W•• have only to real irk th it we published severe
oouununicati'HS from Judge Robinson, merely through
eawrteey to a friend a. d eminent citixen of our city, hi*
coiuiDunn at.on. having bceu previously rejected by the
.ft .purer, ou account, as we were informed, of the stric
tures contained iu one of them on tbe doctrines of tior.
W:*'« Harper’s Ferry letter to the President; aud we
p . l.-hed them thus thtough courtesy, intending no en
dorsement of their doctrines, ia *uy seuse cr shape what
ever, as Judge Robertson knows, aud will cheerfully at
test. And yet, though published in the H'Aiy ** com'
•KMtiotfioHs, aud under the peculiar circumstances
uimctl, tliii Kentucky Breckinridge organ—and, wo be
lieve, the Breckinridge organs at Nashville, also—has the
audac ity to commit a forgery and a ft aud by represent
ing th m at editorials from the Richmond Wkiy! We
hive witnessed no such instance of barc-faced misrepre
sentation and falsehood duriog the canvass, although we
hare se n enough instances of this kind, on the part of
he Br ck nridge pre s, to startle and auiaie any fair
minded man of any party in the land.
We hope cur Kentucky and Tennessee contemporaries
•ill tike care to expose to the pcopl) of their States th's
miserable fraud aud lorgery on the part of the Breckin
ridge organ at I.ouiaville.
Hew How Kxtr.nicw Meet!
We lure had frequent occasion to allude to the fact
hat there is a common giound of sympathy and co-ope
ration between the Yancey Oisnn onists of the South and
the Abolition Democrats of the North. For example
Mr. Ci-ei s M Clay, a bitter Kentucky Abolitionist, ex
pressed a strong preference for Breckinridge over Doug
las. Old Joshua R. Giddings declares a similar prefer
c ice iu very decided terms, alleging that Breckinridge is
no slaveholder. Dm Kagame, of Massschuset a, re-echoes
the sentiment, putting it forth in stronger terms than
ei her Clay or (iiddiugs. The N-.w York Tribune, aul
Albany E veuiog J-htua', tho Cincinnati If.r.et't, tiie
OaioSta e hsiW, th-; 0.cr*l*“ 1 ntr, lac Hit
es go 'Jribum, the Indianapolis Journal, and all the
honsand other fre«> >il orgtns in the oon-dnveholtling
-ttsti-s, make it a part of their regular business to praise
Breckiuridge, to t xalt his strength, to encourage his
partr, to da a .ill re-peels everything they cau iti his be
half. It is almost as much a part ol the daily vocation
of the Black Republican pipers to electioneer for Breck
inridge at it is to eloo'.ioaeer for their own regular candi
date. One oti ;ht think (r un their talk that they wonld
almost be willing to give up Hamlin and assign BreckiL
ridge the second place on their ticket.
Nearlv all these powerful Abolitionists have, at one
tint) or another, expressed their determination to break
up the Cuion, if they could not subjugate the South and
extinguish slavery. Their hatred of slavery is so intense
!iut the Eng -h Dictionary has been found insufficient
to supply words of fierce denunciation, and they have
accordingly coined epithet* wherewith to express their
utter deles trim of us and our institutions. Yet all of
hose fanatical peo;)'.e[would prefer tho election of Btcck
•arid ,e to that of either Bell or Douglas.
In the South, wo find every leading Disunionis: clamo
-ously advocating the election of Breckiuridge! Thus
tha extremes meet. The Northern Abolitionist® fear Bell,
and to weaken him at home aud abroad, publish flaming
accounts of Breckiuridge meeting* and Breckinridge
strength at the North, which are the veriest “bosh" irn
tgiuahle. The Rhetts, Yanceys^Keitts, Orrs, Browns,
Davises, Toombsc* Clays, McRaes, and numerous other
extremely radical in u at the South,support Breckinridge
vith great energy, while admitting that I.incoln will be
elected—so that an opportunity may be afforded them
IA UaaaaaOaI. It, ftil/AH S , in/il if TfutillhL !''
Both factions with widely dissimilar views, and as far
aptitii feeling and sentiment as the poles, are neverthe
te e pursuing a path calculated to lead to the same <les*
limits n. The Northern actors want to elect Lincoln,
get c >u:rol of the Government, and thus biing the South
•luder subjugation, or drive it into disunion. To do this
_f>i r ug only John Bell aud an united Southern vote
in hi* favor—they cunningly strive to divide the South,
br .-peaking favorably of Breckinridge, and dec'ar'mg
that ho k is streugtb in localities where be is weaker
than an unborn infant I
Width •Southern people allow themselves to be de
ee'v d by such transparent means as these? Will they
permit the Abolitionists ol the North and the Disunion
,,ts of the South to use them tu further unholy purpo
ses? We think not. We place too high an e-tluiate
upon tlieir intelligence and patriotism. Lot them, then,
cut an united vote in favor of Hell and Everett, aud
both clas-es of factionistS will be de-troyed, and the
Union preserved.
Me." saloa Dlscuaalwn.
The Charleston Mercury and other Breckinridge piperf,
are d-bating the question of a right under the constitu
tion of a Slate to secede from the Union. The object
seem* to bo to answer objections of opponents. This
cjrilrover-y seems a little out of place, if we reflect that
for the las: thirty years such presses have been discue
-ing it, and %a was supposed, bad long since made up a
u art of the Southern mind in the affirmative. The ar
gument having been exhausted, it was natural ^sup
pose that those papers would stand to their arm*; or,
:u other word*, having resolved on accession at a fitting
provocation, would consider ooty the way and means of
most easily seceding. But on the contrary, all they are
now doing abjut it is to bring out their old metaphys
ics, and give them a naw airing. Well, there is this to
be said about their performance: They sill do do barm.
8 cci'iou wiU end as it began, in a series of metaphysic
al di-quisitioris. The question on which the disputants
are emptying th-ir vocabularies is ail utter abstraction,
»V-u' as profitable as an inquiry into whether when the
sky fails men will actually catch larks, as an old proverb
A Slrikluf 1’aralU 1.
The editor of the Memphis Enquirer, with his accns
Wired tact, applies a fact ftom Grecian history to the
canvass now going on in this country. After the battle
of faUinia, a vote was taken among the Greek Captaias,
to (h eide wbo was entitled to the most credit for his p*K
io the great victory. E »ch commander voted for bim
e If first, and Taeiuistocles as tha second. The General
a id Aduiral was of course the victor. Some of the
p-r ple of the Uuited States support Douglas as tlieir first
•hoico, some Breckinridge, and some Lincoln; but all of
the e wilt teil us that Bell is their second choice. Let
the paiui be given where it ii manifestly due.
Hiss.no —The lbuladclptia inquirer, of Thursday,
say*: A coloredu-u, who came to this city fiorn Rcb
mood, Va., has been mi* lug since Monday last. Bis
Same is Charles Chapman.
A Programme.
A correspondent of tbe Atlanta liUilligineir lay*
down tbe following diagram of the course to be pursued
by the Southern States in the case of the election of
On the ides of November next, when Jupiter hurls his
angry lightning along the wires and announces the elec
tion of Lincoln, let the Southern Senators and tbe South
ern people at once declare the fact, for It will theu be a
fact, that John C. Breckinridge is chosen the First Pre
sident of the Southrrn Confederacy. let him select his
cabinet of Southern men at once; let him es ablish his
government; the Senators and Representatives of tbe
South are already chosen for the time being; let an lion
e-it^declaration of the causen that have led to the separa
tion be put forth to the world; let the South hold the
North, as she hold the rest of mankind—enemies in war,
in peace,friend*. Let this be done, boldly—immediately
and with determination; and to support and maintain
such a confederacy the people of tbe South will pledge
their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor; to de
fend it against attack or invasiou from any quarter lliey
will yield up the last drop of their life-blood.
We agree with our able contemporary of tbe Augusta
Chronicle and Bentintl, in doubting if John 0, Breck
inridge could, iu the event contemplated, be considered
the first President of the Southern Confederacy. The
houor (if honor it be) would rightfully belong to John
Bell, for he will undoubtedly obtain not ouiy the votes
of a majority of the Southern States, but a majority of
the Southern people. Do the disunionists intend to an
nihilate the government of majorities eutirely, aud estab
lish the rule that the will of the minor tty -hall govern in
their new republic, or aristocracy, or whatever it is they
purpose to establish? Aud, in the event above specified,
what is to be done with the Territoriei, about which you
will have dissolved the Uuiou? And if part of them
that you keep say they will not have slavery, will you
force it on them, or if not, will you allow them to come
into our Southern Confederacy with or witiioi t slave
ry, as tuk people determine in forming their State Con
stitutions ?_
The Southern Literary Vleuengcr.
The October number of this periodical will be out in a
few days, aud wjll contain a variety of interesting arti
cles. Among them we may mention an able criticism on
Miss Evans’ novel, “Beulah," in which somo new and en
couraging views of the future of Southern literature are
presented. M r. Reese's startling article on Junius is con
cluded in the present number, and it must bo admitted
that the author makes a pretty strong case iu favor of
Sir Horace Walpole. The lively romance, “Tho Knight
of Espalion," and the interesting story of the “Conquer
ed Heart,” are concluded. Wo were struck by tho true
Southern fire in some hues under the strange heading
“Tyrtooica." “The Sonnets to Evangeline” are well done,
and the “Mill on tbe Floss" is quite clever. Tite Editor's
Table presents rather short comuious this time. It con
tains, however, one or two very absurd epistolary mor
sels from the town of Danville. There are a number of
book notices, an account of tho Baptist Female College
in this city, aud a fashion plate, prepared by Brodic, of
New York, expressly for the Messenger, isinmsr plates
will appear regularly hereafter.
Then- Norfolk Quoatioua.
Pertinently and forcibly does the Augusta Chronicle
remark that the Breckinridge men are furious at Douglas
for his answers to the Norfolk questions, and still they
do uot demaud answers from Brcckiuiidge, notwith
standing his Virginia Elector pledged him to answer
them as explicitly as Douglas. We suppose our Breck
inridge friends are opposed to the Douglas position—if
they are honest in it, they will not support Breckin
ridge if he answers in the same way. But how can
they know but that Breckiuridge does hold the same po
sition as Douglas, unless be will answer? Ur hare they
a se:ret knowledge that he diflera from Douglas anil it
for disunion f Was Uooper of tkc Montgomery Mail
instructed to request Breckinridge not to answer/—
These are questions of such moment, that they should
be answered : and if Breckinridge men cau support no
man who answers as Douglas, how can they support
Breckinridge without an antwer, unless they have eecnl
Ig fouud out that he is with them?
Hie Vole In .Heni|il.ln,
The Memphis Appeal, a Douglas Democratic organ,es
timates the rote of that city as follows;
Douglas, 1,700
Bell, 1,650
Breckinridge, 250
It further says that in the Memphis Congressional Dis
trict Douglas will get more votes than Bell and Breckin
ridge both. Our opiuiou is otherwise—we believe that
Bell will get more than Douglas and Breckinridge com
b'ned, not only in that district, but iu Tennessrc, and
in nearly all the other Southern States. Push along the
Postponement of the Discussion.
It wiilb? teen by a card in another column, from Jas.
Lyons, E q , that the discussion, which was announced
to take place to night, at the Club House, has been
postponed—the professional engagements of Mr. Lyons
b i ig such as to prevent his fu'fi'Iirg his appointment
with Mr. Johusou. The discussion, however, wid come
oil' in a few days; due notice of the exact time will be
Ureck lurldge's Opinion of Everett.
“There Is auother element at the North, not largo, but
soatK akd Truk. It consists of the scattered cohorts of
the old Whig parly, of men like EVERETT, Ciioatx, and
thi r associates, whose Conservatism, Culture ai.d Patri
otism rebelled against the Republican alliance."
Castlx Hill, 17th Sept., 1800.
Mr Dkar Sir: On my arrival at home a day or two
sgo, I had the honor to receive your letter of the 11th
instant, informing me that it is proposed to hold a mass
meeting of the friends of Bell and Everett, iu Charlottes
ville, on the 26th and 25th inet, “at which mauy of the
most eloqetit speakers of the State are expected to be
present, and that it is the wish of the Central Committee
that I should preside over the proceedings, and open them
with an address.”
I cannot but feel how flattering such a request is, and
I beg you to express to the committee my most grateful
sense ol it. My warmest sympathies are with them in
the great public cause they have espoused ; and I rejoice
to believe that the time is at hand when the constitution
al and conservative principles they profess will receive a
solemn, reiterated sc.ctiou from the pceplo of our an
cient Commonweal h.
Virginia has ever been distinguished as foremos
among the Stales in her resistance to all invasions of the
Constitution by acts of undelegated or usurped power;
but the shield she has opgiosed to these encroachments
““ U..II -
her language of earnest ami unaffected loyalty to tho
Coustitutiou and the Union io her memorable resolutions
of 1788, by which she Inaugurated s sqeeessful, consti
tutional resistance to those tUgiant acts of federal usur
pation—the Alien and Sedition laws :
‘The General Assembly of Virginia doth unequivocal
ly express a tirm rc-olutiou to maintain ami dclend the
Constitution of the l'idled States.” “This Assembly most
solemnly declares a warm attachment to the Union of
tb<*se States, to maintain which it pledge all its powers."
“The good ptopic of this Commonwealth having ever
felt, aud continuing to feel, the most sincere attachment
to tbiir brethren of tho oilier Slates, the truest anxiety
fo- establishing and perpetuating the UDion of all. and
the most scrupulous UJidity to t|)c Constitution, which is
the pledge pf mutual friendship and the iuslrument of
mutual happiness, doth solemnly appeal to the like dis
positions of ihe other States.’*
What a striking contrast docs this noble and manly
language present to the threats wo hear daily of dissolv
ing the Union, founded by the anxious care and wisdom
ot our fathers, not for actual, but contingent or specula
tive wrongs; to the elaborate and persevering efforts to
dee-ry the Constitution itself, at fraught with it justice
and oppression; to the avowal qf a deliberate policy, by
mpai.s of agitation, ‘‘to precipitate the South into revo
lution;” and to the open patronage of disorganliingthe
ories and prrjccts which, in a strange spirit of contradic
tion, propose the vindication of rights under a compact
by the repu-Aaliou aud destruction of the compact it
Profoundly convinced, as I am, by the reflections and
experience of a life now past its meridian, that the true
latere ts of all tho States—of Virginia, from her pecu
liar position, especially—will ever be found in the main
tenance of our Constitutional Union, and that there ato
no evils of micgjvernment or m •.IvdmioistraUoii, likely
to an*, for which the multiplied defensive resources of
our admiiable federative system will not, in due lime, af
ford pe oeable and rtUacious remedies, I feel a patriotic
sitiafaction, which I have no words to express, at the
p ospect that now lies before us of a solid and cootro's
ling union of public sentiment in Virginia ou the hasi
of these great principles. A largo portion of our Demo
cratic feliow-citix-ns, it is now evident, agree with us
luliy iu these sentiments; and however diff-rent parly
flags may be for a season, there meet be ultimately union
of action where there is identity of principle ou a ques
tion so paramount and vital
Henoefoxward, then, we may hope that Virginit, con
tinning with undismayed ikmupas u rope!, as she lias
ever done, every unhallowed attempt at interference with
the domes-tie institutions or the reserved rights of the
States, wiii doso.it) the proud consciousness of a just
cause, with aims drawn from the arsenal of the Coneti
tuuop, and, standing upon its ramparts, maintain the on
regrity of the Uniou against every attempt to weaken or
subvert it, whether from the North or the Sotr.lt.
There are the prayers and sentiments which, if I were
present, I would beg permission to offer to my brethren
of the Constitutional Union party, and to our friends and
fellow-oillaena of every poli'ical denomination in this fa
vored laud of common n*t|rjty. J.ong withdrawn from
the snuggles of publio life, and now a stranger tq ihu
poll icxl arena, I gladly leave to the younger and abler
men, who oocttpy it with such distinguished tr. fulness
aud honor, tho uoble task ot vhidkiUng our principles
iu debate; and with the warmest wishes for the success
of the cause and its worthy champious, aud, above all,
fir tire perpetuity of the glorious institutions bequeathed
to iwby ti e wisdom of our ancestors,
I rema n, most truly aud faithfully, your friend,
’ W. 0. RIVES.
fitiix Pxttox Jkq, Secretary, 4c., 4c.
In Favor of the ladilutiuo in all its Aspect*.
Krtract from a Speech Ay lion. John Bell, in the Sen
ate of the United States, on the 6th of July, 1850, the
Compromise being under discussion.
The forbearance of the North to apply the Wilinot
Proviso (to New Mexico)—a proposition so justly obnox
ious to, and giving rise to so much excitement at the
South—is a eoucessiou to Southern feelings which I
would uot seek to deprecate ; but it can only be regard
ed, uuder all the circumstances of the case, as a mere
act of grace extended without the surrender of any of
the principles and positions of the North.
It is coutetided that the South is secured in the lull
benefit of the doctrine bold by some of the most distin
guished champions of iu right, who maintain the Consti
tution, proprio vigore, that the flig of the Union pro
lecu the citixin in the enjoyment of liia rights of pro
perty of every description iccognixed as such, iu any
of the States, on every sea aud in every Territory of the
Union. The soundness of the general doctrine held on
Ibis point, I thick cannot well be questioned or disap
proved; aud if tbe question related to u Territory situa
ted as Oregon was when the United States caine into
possession of it, property in slaves would be entitled to
tbe protection of the Laws and Constitution of the Uni
ted States.
is in favor or a constitutional union, and not a
union or rORt'K.
The cause of freedom iu the South as well as iu the
North, is wrapped up in the Constitution and in tbe
Union. These once broken down, anarchy and military
despotism become our inheritance. We bare arrived
at a point of time iu our history, which will constitute an
epoch, to which the future historian will refer, aud from
it deduce the cause of our decliue as a nation, or of in
creased prosperity aud grandeur. Sir, no mao who lores
his coautry, no man who has any just pride iu the re
II ction that he is an American citixeu, but must desire
that these dissensions should cease. It is uot a mere
questioo whether we should preserve the Uuiou. The
question is whether mutual trust aud coutidence shall
continue to animate aud encourage mutual cfTort in pro
moting ood multiplying common benefits; or whether
mutual hatred and distrust shall step in and check all
progress, to distract aud confound all joint endeavors
lor the common welfare; in line, to entail upou tbe coun
try all the evils of endless discord. That is the questioo.
And when you present that issue to me, I say at ouce,
give me separation; give me anything in preference to
u Union sustained only by power; by cunstitutiouaiities
and legalities, without confidence.
is in favor of the hivfssion ano extension or
I am not to be deluded, Mr. President, by the appeals
of the North, upon the subject of human wrongs aud
tbe violation of human rights. 1 am not to be misled an
to the true grounds of the anti-slave extension policy ot
the North, by the fine sentiments so often expressed on
tbe subject of freedom and the claims of humanity. I
know, sir, that however sincere and conscientious the
anli-slavcrv clement at the North mav be. neither the
cause of freedom. nor a sentiment of humanity, is the
auiite principle of tho nou-extcusion policy of the North.
Were it proposed by the South to impose tho chains of
servitude upon a single human being now free, there ia
no man living to whom such a proposition would he
more revolting than to myself. Hut, sir, humanity to
the slave not less than justice to the master, recom
mends the policy of diiTutioii and extension into utty
new territory adapted to his condition ; ami the reasons
are too obvious to be misunderstood by the dullest intel
lect. No, sir, it is not a principle of hutuauiiy that dic
tates the anti-extension policy of the North. It is deep
ly founded in the ambition of sectional ascendency; dic
tated, in part, by the jealousy of Southern influence and
control, and the recollection of the long lino of South
ern chiefs who have succeeded to the Kxecutive mantle.
Theso are the interests uud passions which, more than
any others, have decided tho policy of the North
upon this subject. Hut, however natural and
inevitable the existence of such passions and influences,
under the peculiar circumstances of our system, let me
invoke tho forbearance of my Northern friends, if not
their justice, by some cousidi ration for the passions and
sensibilities naturally incident to the South, under the
pro-pact of their declining power and influence in the
confederacy, which now stares them in tho fare. While
that protracted domination of the South, which has been
so luug and keenly felt at the North, was always more
imaginary than real—no Southern man having ever a'
tlined the Presidency except by the concurrence of of
tentimes more than half, and always of a large division
of the North—yet now, it cannot be di.-gui-cJ that the
period of Southern ascendency, if it ever had a real ex
istence. approaches its termination. Pohlieal power and
ascendency, in a sectional view, have, indeed, almost
passed away from tho South forever. And this is so man
ifest, that a Senator, who spoke in this debate, could not
forbear taunting the Sosiih with the prospect of theirde
cliniug fortunes. “A great chat g • has takeu place in
the political vocabulary.” It is no longi r, bo exultantly
exclaims, “the South and the North, it is now the North
and the South.” The South, Mr. President, needs uo'.to
be reminded by tho triumphant North ni her decayed
power. And when the people of the South hate,in pro -
pset, the admission of eight or ten additional free Slates
ia rapid succession, without the equivalent of a niggle
slave State, the N'^lh should know how to excuse the
i .kocucss ot their aoutnern brethren ; uud feel no sur
prise that they should be looking mound for some guar
antee—tome a'UMonal protection to their peculiar con
dition and iatliliUiout.
Rut, sir, aa to myself, I rh.tll hold fast to the Constitu
tion until 1 see that it no longer opposes a barrier to ab
solute aggression; and 1 trust that some tiual adjust
incut ot nil these distracting questions will yet be devised
and adopted, upon a basis soju-d and reasonable,its not on
ly to stay the progress of disaffection, but to furni-lt to the
world that highest evidence that no diversity ol local in
s'itution?, or of sectional interests, or any other cause of
occasional diwension, will ever he so powerful for mis
ehief as to sunder the ties that now biud us together as
one people.
Mr. Prvsiifi nt, I cannot conclude my remarks without
taxing the indulgence of the Senate yet further, in saying
a few words upon the subject of that iustitutiun, for the
extension of which to the new Territories some gentle
men manifest so great a horror. It has been denounced
iu this debate as a great moral and political evil; u griev
ous wrong and oppression to the race which are the sub
jects of it; a b'ight and curse to the country which tole
rates it, and a sin upon the consciences of the masters in
dividually. To impart additional gravity to thi so denun
ciations, it is announced that ibecivfl'j *d world is array*
ed against slavery. I am identitied with this so much
abused institution, by my reprcsenta'tve position iu this
clumber, in association, iu character, and in responsibili
ty to the tribunal of public sentiment, it is therefore nat
ural that 1 should desire to take some brief notice of this
accusing spirit of my Northern countrymen.
For the purpose of my argument, the origiu and pro
gress of slavery iu the United Slates may bo briefly nar
rated. Without pretending to accuracy of detail, it may
be stated with suflirieflt conformity to historical facts that
some century and a half ago, or a little more, a few
thousand natives of Africa, iu form and miud * lamped
only with the coar.-cst rudiments of the Caucus an race;
scarcely bearing an impress of the human face divine;
savage in their habits, both of war and peace; ferocious
as the wild boasts ot their pwn native haunts, were
caugni up, irausput uu w lue.'u mures, rcuuceu 10 a
state of bondige, and they and their descendants held
in slavery until this day. Out what do we bcholJ now ?
These few thousand savages have become a grcut peo
ple—numbering three millions of souls; civilised, chris
tianized, each uew generation developing some improved
features, mental and physical, and indicating some fur
ther approximation to the race of their masters. Search
the mmsls of all history, and whore do you find a fact so
striking and wonderful, and one so wonhv the contem
pt tiion of the philosopher, the sutesmau, the christiao
and the philanthropist? This fact stand out boldly be
fore the world; and in the imprefeivc language of the
Senator from Missouii, (Mr. iienton,) it stands for an an
swer; aud it must ever stand for an answer. Sir, it can
never be successfully answered, lias liumnujty cause to
drop a tear over the record of this giealtacl? lias
Africa any cause to mourn ?
But there are some other and subordinate facts, fairly
(Inducible from the greater and more prominent one,
which may likewise defy contradiction or attswer. The
rapid multiplication and improved lineaments of this
peoplo attest the fact, that the yoke of bondqgo has
pressed but lightly upon (hem, aud ibgt tftjy have shared
freely, with tueir masters, of the lat of the laud. Go, 1
repeat, ami search the pages of history, and where will
you find a fact com pan he to this!1 The history of the
Hebrew bondage preaents no parallel—nothing so won
derful. The family of Jacob ( he gem of the Hebrew
nation) were of a superior race, and civilized. There is
one singular aualogy, however, besides that of bondage,
which nuy bo traced in the history of these two people.
While the religious institutions oi the one forbade any
amalgamation, social or political, with their master* and
surrounding nations, nature, by laws more stringent and
inexorable, fotbids to the other any equality, social or
political, with the race which hold* them ip bondage.
As to the lawfulness or sinfulness of the institution of
slavery, whatever phrrnzied or fanatic priests, or more
learned and rational divines may preach, whatever they
may ufilrm of Chi Lilian precepts or mural and religious
duties attd responsibilities; whatever interpretation of
the law of nations, whatever doctrines or theoiies of the
equality of human rights, and of the different races of
mankind, diversified as they are by complexion, by
physical formation and mental develop ment, infidel
philatithrophista, or tits diciples of a trascendeutal creed
(jl'ifiy kind, may hold or teach ; however they may dog
matize upon this hypothesis and declare it to be a viola
tion of the law of natqre, for any one race, with what
ever superiority o! mental or physical faeuliips they may
b endowed to subjugate those ol an inferior grade, and
make them (tut instrument ol improvement and ameliora
tion in their own condition, as well ss la that of their
masters or conquerors, ia carrying forward the groat
work of civilization, outil we shall bo ct lightened by
revelation from a higher source than themselves, I must
claim the privilege of interpreting the law of nature by
what I see revealed in the history of mankind Irom the
earliest period of recorded time, uncotitrud.eted by Di
vine authority. 1 must interpret that |iw accord
ing to prominent (acts connected with the sub
ject, as they stand out boforo us this day,—
Ijookitg through the eyes of history, I have
aeon slivery nr involuntary servitude, Uu handmaid of
Hindoo, Kgtptiiu, Assyrian, Jewish, Greek. Rom in eh
iliza'.ion. I have seen the ins'ittrion rit.-ogn'i d by tho
theocratic government of the Jews, the chosen dcpO>:
tori-.-s of the word of life—by dimoctatic Allans and
Hopitblican Koine. I have aeen, upau the overtbtowof
Soman civilization by the savage hordes of the north,
and those new masters of western Europe aud their suc
cessors, adopted and continued to uphold the same insti
tution, under various modifications, adapted to the
changing condition of both slave and master, and still
under an advancing civilization, until a comparatively
recent period. I see the same institution tolerated and
maintained in eastern Europe, at thiadiy. I see the na
tive race of all British India, at Ibis moment, bowing
the neck under a system of quasi-silvery. But above
all. I have seen here—on this continent, and in these
l’i ited Slates, the original lords of the oil subdued—
some of them subdued to slaves, others expelled, driven
our, and the remnant still held in subordination: and all
this under an interpretation of tl o law of nature, wLi b
holds good at this day among our Northern brethren;
and i have yet in reserve that great fict to which I
have already alluded—three tnillious of the African race
whose hbor is subject to tho will of masters, under such
circumstances that their condition cannot be changed,
though their musters should will it, without destruction
alike to the ioteresls and welfare of both master aud
slaves. These are tiie lights, by which 1 read and inter
pret the law of nature.
Now, sir, permit me to say a few words upon the ef
fects of this institution upon the country which tolerates
it. To the groAt tact to which I have more than once
alluded, conjoined with the system of equal laws which
our ancestors brought to these shores, perfected aud
consolidated at the Revolution, aud by tho adoption of
the present form of the Union, we aro indebted, the
world ia indebted, for that other great phenomenon In
the history of the rise aud progress of natious; a phenom
enon, in all its bearing, not yet fully comprehended by
the nations of the Old World, nor even by ourselves; and
which, in all future lime, will be the atudy aud admira
tion v>f the historian and philosopher; 1 mean not the
founding of a republio on these shores, so recently the
abode only of savage aud nomadic tribes, but its ainaz
iug growth and development; its magic-like spring, from
small beginnings—rising, as it were, by a single effort,
by ono elastic bound, iuto all the attributes of a first
rate power; a great republican empire—able Dot only to
maintain its rights of sovereignty and independence, by
land and sea, against s hostile world; but at the same
time, by its example, shaking to their fouudatioos the
despotic powers of tho earth; a great incorporation ol
freedom, dispensing its blessings to all mankind. 8ir,
the fabled birth of Minerva, leaping in full panoply from
the head of Jove, if a truth and no fictiou, would scarce
ly be more wonderful, or a greater mystery, without the
clue which African slavery furnishes for the solution of
So, miking ail due allowance for American enterprise
and tho energies of free labor, with ail the inspiring ad
vantages of our favorite system of goteruiueut, I doubt
whether the power and resources of this country would
have attaiued more thau half their present extraordinary
proportions, but for this so much reviled institution of
slavery. Sir, your rich and varied commerce, external
aud internal; your navigation; your commercial marine,
the nursery of tho military; your ample rcveuues; the
public credit; your manufactures; your rich, populous
and splendid cities—all, all tuag trace to this institution
as the well spring of their present gigantic proportions;
nourished aud built up to their present antaziug height
and grandeur by the finest staples of the South—the pro
ducts of slave labor.
Yet, slavery, in every form m which it has existed
11»mi 1UO JJI till111 v*3 J1CIIU1 Vi ui k«iii*;u outiv-i; iiuiu itn
earliest aud patriarchal form to this time, in every quar
ter of the globe—and all its results—even the magnifi
cent result ol Alrijau slavery in (he United States are
declared to be against the law of nature. Though con
tributing in a hundred varied forms aud modes, through
a periotl of thousands ol years, to tbo amelioration of
the condition of mankind generally; though sometimes
abused and perverted, as all human institutions, even
those of religion are—still contributing to advance the
cause of civilization ; though, if you please, having its
origin in individual cupidity, still mysteriously working
out a general good ; yet slavery and all its beneficial re
sults are pronounced to be against the will of (iod, by
tho.-e who claim a superior illumination Upon the subject.
This may be so ; hut I must say that this conclusion, so
confidently announced, is not arrived at in accordance
with the Baconian method of reasoning, by which we
arc taught that Irom a great tiuuy particular and well es
tablished tacts ill the physical economy we may safely
deduce a general law of physical nature; and so of morals
and government. It seems to my weak faculties, that it
is rather an arrogant and presumptuous atraiguio. lit of
the ways of 1‘roridenco, mysterious as we know them to
be, for feeble unu to decDitf, that that which has beeu
permitted to exisland prosper from the beginning among
men and nalioos, is contrary to its wiii.
But whoever has studied the history of civilization,
the progress of society—of laws aud goverument—must
have perceived, that certain abstract or theoretic uulbs,
whether iu civil or religious policy, had been and cau
only witli safety to the ultimate ends of all societies aud
governments he unfolded by degrees, and adjusted at
piety step, according to the advance ot society from iu
inlaucy to a higher civilization and more euiigbtcnrd
comprehension, such as the equality of natural rights,
self-government, of freedom of speech and opinion.—
These general truths though they cannot be succcaatully
controverted at this day, yet, as they have seldom been
admitted, iu their length and breiditi, into tbo practical
operations of government, with success, and some law
givers have been l td to deny that they are founded on
r ason; and when they have, at any time, been suddenly
embraced by the controlling minds among a people, the
misfoitune has been that they were apn ied in extvea,
ami aiiuuut due regard to the actual coudi ion of the
people w ho were to be affected; and lienee they have, so
far, failed of success in some of the must highly civili
zed nations ot Europe. But it is more to the point to
refer to the ctnaucipition of the slaves of St. Domingo;
otic of the exp’osive effects ol the sudden r. cognition ol
the rights of nun by the French pec pic.
It would be ddlicull to demonstrate at this day, that
the cause of humanity, or of human progress, has been,
in the slightest degree, promoted by the abolition of
slavery in that fertile arid beautiful island. It is, I be
lieve, tiow pretty well understood that British stnte.-mru
committed an error in the policy of West India emanci
pation, forced upon them by fanatical reformers. They
wcrediiveu to adopt asemiment, instead of a practic'd
truth, ak tho loan lotion ol radical change in the social
condition of the people, who were not prepared either
to appreciate or profit by it. Even tho reformation iu
religiou and church government, commenced some three
centuries ago, in the opinion of many of the most pro
found inquirers, haj tailed of tliot complete success
which ought to have attended it, for the reason that the
general truths aud principles upon which it was founded
were applied in excess. The zealous champions of re
form, iu throwing aside all ccretnouics and observances
which affect the senses, and in spiritualizing too much,
there i- reason to behove, have stayed tho progress of
subs antiai reform, and checked the spread of religious
restraints upon the evil passions]of men. But this is a
delicate subject, and I must forbear.
These examples may show that there are certain ab
stract truths aud principles which, however incontrovert
ible in themselves, like every other good thing, may be,
and often are misconceived aud abused in tlieir applica
tion. It is the business of statesmen, in every country,
to apply thorn with the u’most practical influence and • fleet
consistent with the existing state of society. The most
interesting illustration of this sentiment, and the most
striking example of the superiority of practical truth over
theoretic uxiotns, iu the formation a govermuen', to be
found iti all history—and which claims the sproial atten
tion of the people of this country with safety, aud to give
when, with their own recognition ol the abstract truth of
the equality of natural rights still vibrating on their
tongues, they yet fearlessly set their seals to a covenant
of union between these States, containing an express re
cognition of slavery. I say express recognition,because,
whatever the Jesuitical doctors of the North may say,the
claused in the Constitution relating to the importation of
p< rsons, under certain limiuiiona, and fixing the basis of
direct taxes and representation in Congress, I .Hum do
atuouul to on expreu recognition of etaeery.
1st the People Head tills.
Jtccr thi extension of SLAV art I Nor with any to pre
vent the people of the State or Territory Irom decid
ing the question of its existence with them lor them
“I happened to bo in Congress when the Nebraska
bill passed, and gave it mv voice and vote became it
did a hat it did, viz : It At'gNo\yi.EWJ*h THE cimiT or
the r*oPL* or thk Territory to settle the uuestion
roR themselves, and not because I supposed, wbat I do
not now believe, that it legislated slavery into (be Terri
tory. The Democratic party is not a fro-slavkry
“The people of the Territories, under the Kansas-Ne
liraska act, have the full right to establish or prohibit
slavery, just as a State would! '—[John C. Breckin
“Wc, in Tenessee.a; that lime bdieved we were advocit
ing piinciplcs and doctrines on this subject approved in
all the Southern Slates. Tne principle then contend -d
for was, that the people of a Territory, wA/tt they eonu
to form their State Cotutitplion, and tuen only, were
qua ifitd to establish their domestic institutions.
* * * “But humanity to the slave, not lest
than justice to the master, recommend* the policy of
dijfusiuti andeilention into any nre> Territory adapted
to tie coalition, and the reasons ate too obvious to be
misunderstood by the dullest iutelle t.”—[John Bel!.
Which is the soundest Southern doctrine ? Judge ye
IlARRisnt rii, I’a., Sept. 27.—The Bell and Everett Ex
ecutive Committee met here to-day, wheu most satisfac
tory accounts were received from all parts of the State.
Alt electoral ticket wan formed, and resolutions were
adopted, setting forth that it is deemed inexpedient, at
this time, to nominate a candidate for Governor, and ap
pointing a committee to so change or modify the elec
toral ticket as to secure hatmouioi.a action from all
national ntcu; t.l-o recommending the holding of a Kiel
convention of all persons opposed to the Kcpualicens,
at as early a day alter the October elections as practica
A Politcal Row at WiiKELiNii—The Don. Thomas
Corwin, of Ohio, addressed a Republican meeting it
Wheeling, Vu , on Tuesday evening. After the speech,
a large crowd assembled ou the * barf, consisting of six
or seven hundred of all parties, and as a number of the
so-called “Wide Awakes" appiosched for the purpose of
taking passage in the steamer Minerva, for Pittsburg,
they were saluted with a volley of stones from the crowd,
doing mnsiderable damage to the persoss and property of
the Republicans, and destroy ing several transparencies.
After the embarkation of the Republicans, a larger por
tion of thetrowd being -till oil the wharf, the Honing
was rcceweJ, and a number of persons ott the bo t were
eli nek, though not seriously it jurtd. These di-itorb* -
cea cannot be too severely deuounoed by men ol all
Hanovir Cotrt Hoi'sx, |
September 18, 1860. J
To the Editor of the Whig;
ITeaee to state that my engagements in the Ciieilt
Court, now setting here, render it impossible (much to
my regret) for me to meet Messrs. Johnson and Cox in
discussion in Richmond, to-morrow night, and in Pbwhi
ttn on Monday. The Court will sit, I tear, all next week.
As soon as it adjourns, I will endeavor to arraoge anoth
er meeting with those gentlemen.
Respectfully, Ac.,
Grand Bill and KvxaxTr Dimonntraiion in Wil
uinovon.—The torchlight procession of Unionists at Wil
mington ou Friday night last was the most spendid politi
cal display whicli baa occurred in Delaware since '40. A
correspondent of the Philadelphia Evening Journal
There could not have been less than ten thousand live
voters in the procession, composed of our own immedi
ate citizens and of thousands from tho rural regions of
this glorious and patriotic little Commonwealth.
The line was more than two miles in length, aud itwae
ablaze with light shed from countless torches and the
corrugation of rockets and fireworks, which shot up in
cessantly into the heavens, and, in bursting,showered all
around ns like rain of tailing star*. But this was not
all. The city was illumiuatcd. From the windows ot
almost nil of the private and public houses lights Hashed
foriba Hood of splendor, and Wilmingtoo was literally
alive with tire. But the popular enthusiasm was not lea*
remarkable. From the steps aud windows, aud even
tops of the buildings, which lined the route oi the im
mense procession, came the shouts and cheers of the
people, while the women of Delaware waved their hand
kerchiefs in token of their admiration and sympathy.—
Amid all this splendid scene, lose the music of many
bauds, and the tiutinabulation of a perfect orchestra of
At a meeting held at R. B. Jones’, on Bacon Quarter
Branch, District No. J, for the purpose of organizing the
Bell and Everett Club, J. W. Leo, Esq., was appointed
Chairman, and Henry Holland Secretary.
The folios log persons were appointed a vigilance com
mittee orsaid district:—George Tunberlake, R. B Jones,
James W. Gilmer, John J. Rae; Robert Ellison, Robert
D. Hargrove, Robert Bedford, Simon IlcUstein, G G. Al
b. rger, Mark A. Tindall, Richard Ravens, Jos G. Holt,
Henry Holland, William T. Wingfield, C. W. Bullingtor,
Jtm>s C. Wilde, Charles A. Sebwagerle, Robert Carr,
John J. Davis, Oolin’Jarvis, Thomas Hooper, Jeremiah
Cornett, Thomas H. Taliaferro, E iward Griffin, W. E.
Wade, R. H. Crockett, Peter D. Glenn.
On motion of John J. Rae, it was
Eeiolved, That Ibis committee meet at the same
place on Tuesday next, the Id of October, at 8 o'clock,
P. M. It was further resolved that these proceedings be
published in the Richmond Whig and Dispatch.
J. W. LEE, Chm'n.
Hrnry Holland, See'g.
SorrnxRN Dtaacr Trade with Eiropb.—The Hon.
Joseph Barbiere, who w as sent to Europe in June last,
as Commissioner from the State ol Tennessee, on the
question of "direct trade,” wa* a passenger by the Ad
riatic, at New York. It is stated in the Herald that so
far a* the initiative is concerned,tho missiou is a complete
mmeoaii Ur 11* r Klara. rikifa»d flVtT IllllltlrPtl And (if
ty manufactories in Belgium and Germany, and succeed
ed, by personally presenting the subject lo tbe manufac
turers, iu inducing them to nuke a trial shipment. Ac
cordingly, the ileury leave* Antwerp this mouth for
Savannah, Georgia, with a cargo of assorted goods of
Belgian and German manufacture. Tbeae fabrics will
be exhibited at a fair to be held in December next at
Macon. __
B*u. and Evkkstt is Grxknbriir —A Bell and Eve
re t meeting came off at the Couit House, in Lewiaburg,
on Tuesday night, the 18th Inst. A complete organira
tion of tbe county was effected, speeches were made,
and much enthusiasm prevailed. The Court House was
pretty well tided with our most substantial citizens, and
also with quite a number from the country, who, feeling
the Whig lire burning in their bosoms, were moved to
come in and return after night, in order to a'lend the
meeting. The Whigs are atoustd, we think, snd they
will do their duty. Fiord E-till is President of th* coun
ty organi*itiou, Keyes Nelsou Secretary, Michael Bright
Tie,surer, and Mathew Coaiter, corresponding Secretary
Tobacco Crop in Pittsvi-vania.—A correspondent,
residing in Pittsylvania, writes us with relertnce to the
crop iu that county as follows t
“We had a frost several days ago in the middle of
our county tnat killed soino of the tobacco; iu conse
quencc of which, our planters are cutting thrir crops
entirely green. We have had several frosts, and the
prospect is bad for a good crop. There lias been ve y
little tipe tobacco cut, the heavy rains unking it spot
and dry green, and it is cutting black and green.
Uur tobacco crop will be light, small and late."
Massachusetts Xouinatio.vs.—The Bell and Everett
party have uuuiiualcd the fallowing gentlemen far Con
First District—Daniel Fisher, of Edgartown.
Third District—Edmund P. Tileston, of Dorchester.
Fifth District—Hon. Win. Appleton.
Sixth Dis'riot—Otis P. I.ord, of Salem.
Sevenih District—Luther V. Bell, of Charleston.
Kghih District—Wtnlhrop Faulkner, of Acton.
Judge Msrstoo, of Barnstable, has been nomiuated in
place of Edward Dickinson, declined.
Coxvimtii.—The Clarksville (Va.) correspondent of
the Petersburg Express, rays;
Hudson, the man under whose heavy whipping one of
his own negroes died, was tried fer the offence, convict
rd, and sentenced to eor.fioement in the Penitentiary for
18 years. Hu is now fl< years of age ; so it may stfely
be inferred that lie is in for the remainder ol bis life.—
This senteuee is enn-idered generally as a just one.—
Some, however, thought ho ought to have been hanged.
A Fcsiox Ticket in Tkxxexsm.—Efforts are making
to form a union of the Douglas and Breckinridge electo
ral tickets in Tennessee, so ns to throw the vote of the
State for the candidate who can thereby be elected.
new 8tale i*. ano-iortka
1AM now la receipt of further suppl.es of Mr.
Worcester's superb |»1AN M, the acknowlear
ftl best inti antritis In ptarket, t) trhleh 1 would In
vite the attention of all iu want of tJ'ianoe at
w nitrate price* A. MORBU, Bookseller
se2b and Dealer In Pianos.
JO IN ii. MU* FJRI),
Hare entered Into a Copartnership under the style of
F'r th* porpoac of carrylnK on, *c%tk rfs^rm■ edJhoiUtiM the
buJnos heretofore conducted by W. I) BuAIH. and they hope,
by dRUence and promptest, |u merit a continuance of the pair
r nige so lo!.g and to kindly extended to their senior partner.
s '29-In _ _
rnilK ATKA!?IKR ROANOKE, Captain Coach, will
X receive trelirut lo-day, (dATUaDAY. I
re‘29 It _ I UDL4M AJFAT80N.
LOS I ho j-wt fv :t-.\ i l a fresh supply of 0 l,
or superior quality, a art anted equil to aur tv»r « (Trred in this
mirket. W. L WARING,
»r*id No 107 Broad Wrest, above vth.
“YOU LOOK IN vain,
For a Grey Hair on (lie Hi nd or a prraon who
Too will find however rn the hetde of those who use It
Macob.Oa., lurch 18, 1880.
Messrs. Rikwait A It crura.
Savannah, Ga.
Ofuht —I received the package of H-lmstr-- t’s Inimitable Hair
Restorative, and, after using one b©t»le,t can saf *ljr »ay It Is the
best article of tne kind I know of - It will do all it claims to do, in
restoring the Hair to its original color. Respectfully,
Orrict Horn Mutual Kin* A Mabibb iNsraANcg Co, I
8l Louis, Oct. 29, \<>9. (
We hare used Hr'mstreet*s Hair Preparation, (Inimitable Ree
toratlvr) and find It to answer the purpoees for which It Is design
• 1, belle* than anyth! g we have ever used before, and cad rec
oa.ineud It loths highest term*. P. B. IIENRY.
0. L. OHE8TRR.
Savannah, Oa., May 19,lsfO.
Messrs. W. E. Hagin A Co ,
Truy. N. Y.
Offit*.—Our firm haring sold large quantities of your In'aUble
Hair Restorative, and hearing It so universally commended hr
many of ojr patrons in the highest manner a< to Its “inimitabcb1’
qualtlej, I was Induced to gire it a trial, having for seme ye*r«
been trnu>d d with falling ol the hair, dryness < fthe scalp, as well
a< the additional annoyance of many grey halts,—the scalp bring
apparently diseased After faithful y u«l> g one small bottle of
the R* st retire, and finding Its g-.od qualities apparent, I com
mence 1 lIn use of the second and uiy hair le now in better condi
tion than tver before duriog my recol'cctl n. It h* rtorped
fsllinv out and the scalp has resumed its functions. I most cheer
fuilv reeemm-nd your art'clo as having ill fie virtues you cla'in
f^r 11. In addition to my own case. I can /taint uni at l*a*tfjty
in our city uho hat6 had th* mint* rrpnrUnc* in iU use
as my ml/. You are at liberty ti use Hi's letter a« yon may see
proper, and 1 will be luppy to recommend yoor article personally
on any and all occasions.
Yours respectfully,
Of the firm of Stewart A Butler.
“Rejoice f ye with gray hairs and bald heads, for the InimltaltU
wll' restore the former to Its original beauty, and cover the latter
with a luxuriant growth.*- 7Yvg BialgJ.
“If yon wlih to have the rt*tl color, Instead of the dull rough
look which hair die Imparts, use lUhn4rtft'» which
invigorates the roott of the hair and makes it ynnng again; no
matter how much li mar be faded.”— B+ton 7rti94tUrt
Sold every where—price CO cen i, and fl a bottle.
W. K II iG AN Sc VO.% Proprietor*,
Troy, N. T.
FinHKN A Subvald, Agen*s_an fit—dr Aw
“great sale
For 20 Days,
PLAIN And CORDED M tits’Oft,
SHAWLS andCI.rt'Kft,
Rich Delaine Robe. it (5, cell $14
ll 4 .ml 5-1 V.i Irn i.i
Cambric and Uuilin Mu, it till price
II. »t Kid Olnvefo it ’.HI emu
Ladles’ Kerinoand Caihm.re Vealf
Wide Black Velvet, Mr Cicakt
Bonnet Ri->benv ind DrecaTrlnmltsp
Black I'oeib.i nee ind Alpaceu
Verj Rich ttlk Rohr* n fts coil $H
Ve will Mil the above |ooda virj lew until l J:b Oct, it which
time we .kill eloee atore to prepire for auction.
pH HI Rifie ftslirw,
from two very Important sourer*. In rotation to
Tha first of these dectslois Is from tho pen of Dr Chinan who ha*
no equal In this country as an "nslyUc ehem at, ano decinrea tha
dye lo be abtnluUlg frt* from dtUUrlout taper./teals. Tho may
be called
The second decision Is n popular on*, the tho a* and a who use tha
djt ircBniol"<oui lo rcc It, abott all oU»ert, for lb#
txq«l«ltf na tar* Inf* rf the black* and brown* It I apart*, and the
rspldltj of It* effect Thli la
Tha doeumen a which constitute three rerdlcts may be aten nt tho
establishment of CnjTaihj*o, Wo t Astor Hoa»o, New lorkli sold
eYtrjwhr'f, sod applied bjr all llftir Dreeaer*. eetW—dlwlm
R«AD tho foUowlDi certificate of yoor own lowaaman, n gen
tleman well known to nil; If this la not satisfactory, call at
the Proprietor’s,« Main Street, and yon eon boo certificate* from <
nil sections of the Union:
Bicwnnun, July It, 194#.
Mr. M. Kttkitl— Dear 9U: I take (rest plensnre Is Informing
yon that I hart used three Bottles of yoor Holr Restorer with
pool aarmracrsori to snrasLr; my Hats us Onowtna nnsLT; please
send me half n doaen bottles
Bsttus Horen, I
Honan, Ala, April fich, 164u f
M. BmtUt, Big., Richmond-Door Hr: Ton were to kind as It
present me, whan s gnest of our hones, with n Bottle of your
Holr Restorer, which has been aahaaated for oerornl daya, and I
hare enquired In rain at yosr agents In this day, day altar day,
to renow my supply. Tha trial of you Baatoror, oa tar aa my
limited supply permitted me tv Judge, Is a:owLT ssrutrscsoar. I
wish lo glre It o lair trial, and wlU, therefore, thank yon lo send
mo half n doaen Bottle* by Adam's Biprean; send bUI with the
package, <« ha collected on delivery. Tour early compliance will
vary much obUga. Tours truly,
f^rrofsale by all Druggist* In Ufa United (tales
Price $1 prr Bottle.
fgr All orders moat he addressed to tha Proprietor.
jjlA— Blchtsond, Virginia.
Hrandrrtli’s Pills n. Snmnpsrilla,-On* Twenty
Ire cent Box of Brnndreth'e Pills Ia warranted to cootsln morn
pure Sarsaparilla than any dollar bottle of 8artapar.Ua. AU who
are uelsg hansparllia, let Ihtm sab.tltu * Braodrolh's PU a and
take one each night 1 he rffret will be found anperlor to tha hot
tied article A box of tho Urn A o*. it ox Pills are warranted equal
to two dollar bottles ol Sarsaparilla. Try one of theta Pills, whose
main aedre Ingredient !• alkaloid of (ar.spartlla. Toko ooe Pill ev
ery third day, you who are no w using Bara ape rtlta or any other tonic
remedies. Drop nil these for thirty daya, and aa* these Pit's In the
place thereof for that time. The eoet will he fifty cents, and their
worth a thousand dollars Principal Office, T94 Canal8’., New Turk.
Bold by nil respectable deale s In Med'eines aulS-.dcAwlw
Where Oili article is known. It la a work of super rognt'c n to any
one word In lla furor, so well la it ealsh'lahel na na unfailing mo
edy for Cough*. Vo'dt BmnchUit, Croup, Whoo/titg Cough,
Atthma, (Juittty, 1‘hthitlc, dlieaaee of the Throat Chttt, and
Lung*, as wed aa that moat draadcl of all diseases, Consumption,
which t.IgTmecicki sauiort'y nas pronuuucea 10 n. * cunmr «u
Mse. Hi !»c who hive u»:d tkl* rc-neily know lit vwlue; those who
have nol, h»v< hut lo make a single trial to ba satisfied that of ali
others It I a /Aw rnuuJy.
Further Teeiismony.
Otwauo, Nor. 9, l-.’fl.
Messrs 8 W fuwiaACo:—
ticntlrmeu : -kune ten years since 1 was attacked with a severe
and dlslr sting cough, the long cosl'nuance of which alar tie i and ,
a Unnnlehe I me to In k lor somi rente lylo rescue me from the
dangerous cn-dit on In which I found a yself
Fiorn what I hsd heard of WttUtr't ftilum n/Wllif I’ktrrg, l
eon ludrd to rive that prepsrat on a trial, which I did, and by I'a
use oh alned Immediate and permanent relief, drain, ab ut live
yeari afterwards, I was t sken srtth a severe hacking rough. ace< us
pauled with pain In the chest and sdde. tickling In th- thro*', etc ,
which si reduced my health and slrrng h as to ni A ms for aitead
log to my ordinary Imsioeis. 1 spotted to eell known ptiy I lane,
and uied the r prescrip lots wllhou' any percrptiole hewert; when,
after having keen coniine t to my loom for aeveral mr mbs. I ataln
had remorse to Whlar't BuUnit, ana, to my treat joy, fi u d, as
bef re, Immediatu rsl.ef, and two b .Ulei restored me to perfict
hea th.
i would alao st-te that several of ray friends hare uied the B.l
saro with Hi - same saton'sh ng ie,ulte.
t have known or there bring lo the market a mlsrrakv and
wort! h-ss spurt .ua Ualsvm. lo pur basing, I always look for 'hat
prepare I by A'. W. Fuirlt 4 Cn, &M>m, which haa the w Dun
slgna ure of 1 Buttt on tin wrapper; and 1 would caatlon a I, aa
they value healt.i, to do the Mine
VTCaution <n Purrkautru The on'y gmuint Wit dew’s Bat
niin has the vritt,n signatu e of “I. Motts" and the p I. ted ona
of thf Proprleto s on the outer wrapper, all otter Is TUe and
Prefaced by St.TII «. gOWI.K k CO., lloTow, and for sale at
wholesale ant re tad by A OIK A GRAY, PURCILL, I.AD'i A CO.,
w pKTKKSOW, J P. DUVAL, Ri hm«nd, and by all druggist* and *
dea'ert In medietnei In ci'y and ooumrr. (seM - drAwlm
ftv The heat deotlfrlcc .o en*ure white teeth stheStPO
NINE i doth POtYDKR. Dentlsu recommend it highly. Read
the Wnal’g:
• I have used and t r errlhed the gaponlr.e Tooth Powder of M si a
Meado * Baker, end In mr • pinion an annul preparation lor the
end In view can be compounded.
J.illN GIOROI tVAYT, Deo'lst."
IWAsk for ‘ M*u>k A Hisrn'*,” and lake no otb*r, or >oi will
be disappointed. . Prepared oi.ly by
MKtUK A BAKK3, Ph*rmaceut1sU,
1*6 Main at., err above P. 0.
MKFICAL HTHDENTg will fln.l at Mxu.a A |an> thrift
MfWMlInf ca«ea • n 1 Surgical lr^trammtM.
MAT10AL SCHOOL —Tfe duties of Mr Mm. P.mu
art’srsho will be resumed on Monday. £4th 8ept.
Txa«*-I arable half In advance, ISO. Greek, extra $10.—
Mr. 8ta»rt Cin he fi.on I at hU residence, on Main Street, next
door I»the KtlgeoMHii House. aeU d'm
J fsrMtttil y an! have mEmA petl ^
ay *iiy from corns, my pain asu^h ad 1e I
11 by two nails ao J a bunion D.**hul a baa •
operated for those diseases, ao.t I net only derived In* tint reilrf.
hut hare suffered non** »>me time haring el»p.«4. To thli I may
add the similar eipeti nee cf mary Mellons and frlro i Tne
operations were unattended by »nv naln whatever. Thousands of
the like can be n*rn from such a« Janet Lynns. N. Bridye M D.,
Iter Dr. Mine,erode, (he May^r of Petersha'g, R* r. Pr Mitch* I,
l.ynchhari; Hop H lienflelrt Dickens. Wathlrr.oc; We H Mac
farlaml, ft'fq , fl Col Ins, M D., th** Mattes Green, Ac., Ac.
pr OiM W ill mmA Maud. Wall btreet
To avoid <1 aippoint jttnt ra I at once i<49-(A.0
m irauuni advimthbiiiintii.
109 Tl,"A^glOTH,NO 109
la now open, and he Inritra attention to the tame.
__W. 8. 11PMaN, Iff Main »k
wanted to call In at 1(4 Main itrtet, to look at H PMAN’d
•tock of Clothing and 0eats' Furnishing Good*.
_ W. 8. TUPMAIf, Agent, 10» Main sf._
examination of the Goode offered for Genie' wear at ltd Main
•treet, so that you may be prepared when the t'me eomet to pur*
chair. W. 8. Tt'PMAN. Agent,
1<4 Main it
SHOV LDKH SEA.* NHIHTS.-An article that every.
body buyi, and ex presses aatlsfactlon with. We hare a r*'d
assortment of sites, stylet of bosom, as alao the various qualities
to make a good stock. Look at them.
W. 8 TI PMAN, Agent, 108, Halo at.
NECK TIFf, SCAR FA*—Neck Tl*a, Bear fa and DeJcio*
vlllea.of almost every conceivable color and width, for (tor
rote and Byron Collars. A large stock
_ W 8. TI PMAN. Agent, U4 Main st
11 Plain and Fancy Night Capa, Long and hbort Suspenders—
good atylis. W. 8. TUPMAN, Ag nt,
___ 1(4 Main st.
Glove* and gauntlets.
Of Kid, Buck, Dog Bkla, Cl* th and Berlin ; lined tn«!de and •
outside. Ass >rted In ilse and quality. The whol; let tor sale cn ap»
W. 0. TLPMA.N, Agent, U4 MatnO.
Byron, Bishop aud Garro e - m«da to order, all aliee, and re
commended for toclrgood quality. •
_W. t, IPfUAI, Agent, 148, Mato aL
Bilk and liingham; large anu imuium ■ aca; atro-g, durable
and cheap. W. B. TUPMAN, Agent,
_ 1U* Main ,4_
BHOWN MTUPP.-LMO haabab llrown Bluff, on b aid
boat, In the baein, i»r sale to day. Call and see.
sets Corner Vlrglr 11 and Cary nt-eeia
Black dob skin pants
tba beat Alud la every reepert, heavy for aider and One lar ap
pearance. Call and get a pair, at 109 Alain Creel
W. B. TUPMAN, Agent
Min a: biiitb -
Uoodetnsi alll keep tbalr appearance I direr thin any other
good I In market. W. t, TUPMAN, Agent,
__ 1C* Main el
I We have made a I v Ucav-r Over-Coats, r>f i sirs quality.—
N » ginger-bread work, hut actual quality. Tn«-y will do tbo cua
tomer tome g rod, and give ua eotue ere. it.
w A TiJPMaN, Agent, 109 Mali. -
Kit oar r.yte you ple,ee can bt leu id at Ni9 Main at-eet, geo
t.-el In oppearauca, at Iking In style, and male up to a dural le
maoner W P. TUPMAN. Agent,
__ _ IP* Main atreei
Cut.eo ae to mak- you reapectatle In a'.ie, no matter hoar
dlmlnuute you rav be They run on shape and w, u.d ra-ry a
fedoar tl.r.Hl.h anywhere. W. 1 TUPMAN. agent,
_dW Nab at
Bo everybody eichlmj as they I .ok at the tines ni OLOTIIINtJ
And llanl'a PtJKMsUIaO UUOUP shown at Inti Mala ilriat.
W. A TUPMAN, Agent
Jutt In of this seatao'a Impoilailoua, selected ulili great caro
and with tame little taste. W. A TUPMAN, Agent.
_____KM uatuel
P Tellied and Plain Cloth Coala, Black and fancy Klk Telia,
Black and Paney Caaiixcre Pants. w. B. TUPaaaN, Ag. al
H-9 Main atreei
X Try what* Why, a eu(t from TUPMANTS. IP9 Main atcart,
aouth aloe, th rd dm; above Mth al W B. TUPMAN Agent,
/__ __l'PJ Main el
IJ A No 1 ffrenrh fabrte,made up In the latent ilyta, and war
ranted giod In every reaper! Aieiotelilrlee.
_W.». TI PMaN, Agent, U* Mala al
11 ood for etrong, good for apycaraact, and g o-l fur erneio
“P. W. a. TUPMAN, Agrot,
____1(1* Main street.
Helected fabitca, aelectad stylet, aod rta.le by ona at the tut
manufacturers la the country. W. 8. TUPMAN, Agent,
__ MB Main e re, l
All tlact, all qualities, aU tMrkneaara, all aol re, t Ivin aa I
floned, Domeau and Imported tiooda. Oe ma and Imy at IP*
Milo atro.t_W. g TUPMAN, agent
fiHkWLI AND BLANKETS, plain and fao-v.t,laa
? n l4Y’ ■*“"? *"4 ,“u ,i,,!»e «<* w **M at a rtaaU prodl
Wa live! cheap, and tell cheap. W, buy right and aril right Wo
•elect the gooda to pleaae tha bade, and hope to aeU a c owd of
W. A TUPMAN, Agent,
___ 10> Mata atreei
WE S r.LL HUN WITH loo/aad hope foaBk.it
al-ractlve with everybody In iowu Krmember in!) Malnit..
and make a xoeh for Clothing aod llent e Pa.-nlahl.ig floods.
' _W. E TUPMAM. Ageal
OUB • WN HANUEACTmBV la hi full opr.aloa.
W a moke ail our Moods -Phlrta, Dr,were, Puh Hulls kr Men
aao Does' wear. Aa) thing la tha way of d uAlt* mar ha crdoreM
aad obtained at IB Mata al ‘ 1
f*-* w.Mwm»,Al*w,
0 •

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