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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, January 07, 1861, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024656/1861-01-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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_-I _ - ..——-II .1.1 I . , I
Tho National Ori^is.
Tms is an important day, as it will witness the coming
ot oft ial bodies, in several of the Stales, mmn
.• >««> :ion mu depend the question whether or not
, mLhi ng l uion ai d Goven ment ol these Slat s are
,co .t: ued Ttvdav the Legislatures of Virginia
ind Ten e-s-e meet in extra session, and C.mveuiioua
, i i: A ah ima, Mi-sissippi and Louisiana. The read
,.. ,4 ,e H " / »i l be k,*Pt accurately advised ol the
proceeding of all these bodies.
Et-Se>',. arv of War Floyd and Senator Mason arrived
Jt , , V vestei.iiy, with the view, as is -apposed, of
u, t,pula lit)the Legislature.
1 . tumor tint in attempt fron M tryland and Virgin
, . 1 he made to s, u<* the Federal Capital, for the pur
of pri *< t't'K the inauguration of Lincoln, is met by
,, . • • that Pr. i lent Bucl.atiau will have ten
ape: ,es ol 1 lited Sutcs troop*, and the District nidi
t , tv live thousand m >re, duly anued and drdhd. for
, p: tent ion ol anv such attempt, should it be ma e
s, .,,,10, Toombs received a dispatch Thursday morn
II i. vernor Brown, of Georgia, stating that he
, ord.rid tie Georgia troops to occupy Fort Pulaski,
tJ p-rvent the federal troops Irom taking it, uutil the
■ ot t'.eir Convention. Neither Fort Jackson nor
.rseiitl had lieeu tah'U, and tbo Governor gave no
uion that he intended to lake tlnm The Governor
,1 or ier to oc. «••> F -rt Pul i-kt for the teas, u
, .1 learned that the administration had givrti
, to ieiilu.ee all tbc tor a* in 111* South. Other
i, n- (live III douhtcdlv been taken lor the same reo-on.
1 Prrsi'teut, it understood, did i—ue such an ord- r,
b..i mafterwards revoked.
I ,e Government torts and the arsenal at Mobile have
U i, ,i/ed by the Alabama troops, that State following
i .e example of Georgia iu taking potse -ou of the
iiifernni.-nl pro|>erty even before the State ha* seceded
T revoluuotaary acts are deleuded oti the ground ot
prav.uliog the reiuforceuictit of the forts by the ti v
A despatch from Leavenworth Kan-as T. niiory,
thit the CuitedStates troop it that Station hue
n. a ordered by Gen Scott to hold them selves in instant
readme*! to proceed to Fort McHenry, Ultimate.
KepresentaOves Curry and Pugh, ol Alabama, have
leil Washington for home, aud others ol the same State
w lollow neat week, while the member- of other pros
p .lively secedingStatM are making ready to go.
The speech of Judge iKiugl*- iu the Senate lastThurt
,!iy • .* the f, aturo of the day. A corieepoudcnt of the
> i. UiTiiiUHjw:
T • “Little liiaut’’ wa< never in better voice, health or
aid h s speech was aiino*' Wobstoruui iu it*
» •, log c an.l eloquence. The republican* Jo not
Le n, because he hud the pro-cut troubles at the doors
the politic .vis ol' lh> .r (.ailv. and the scoe-sioni*W do
t.o: speak tavorahly oi it, l«*o»u<e he denied the right of
ecewtioc; but liie n'leit mass ol the middle m*tt, ilu-ecu*
ir ■ ami i.eait and mam dependence ol the country in the
nr of danger, applaud it as one of the greatest spec i
I- delivenil iu the Scu.ite since the day* ol llenty Clay.
T e galleries were again crowded to sutlooaliou, al
11.1.11*0 the weather was stormy and di.-stgrcv.thl*.
The New \ oik 7i»*« v (good authority iu »u h a mat
te ay* it has rea*ou to believe that Mr. Line* 1*1 ha*
t in J to Wm. U. Sow ird the post of Secretary of
Su:e, and tu»t it is likely to be accepted.
Tae \ . fitteHt-ftmrtr remind* those who talk ot
• uiug the Capitol, as a means of preventing l.iucoln s
inaugural io , that he call as well 1*0 sworn in at Spring*
u J as at the Cap lol, and by a simple J. I*, a* by the
t* ..*t Jthliifl.
The Harriet Lite still lies at kef mooring; in the bar.
t> i: ot New V o:k, and has not bc.u ordered to taarle*
to , a* was stated.
Senator Jli*. n has writ'en a letter to * gentleman iu
Winchester, under dale lh-c. "a h, a portion ol »hch
i- pubh-bed in au etiiaof the Winchester Virginian, oi
l • i >d inst., in which, after saying that “the election
ol an abolition Piesdeut, hv a M-ctioual party, ha* tie
c -vrilv compelled the Southern Slab - to rely lor their
.ecu ou tbcm-clve* alone;’’ tHat every balj iw Wit-L
!• - ou know* "thit they mean (il* no*, anticipated and
pr irutedlio carry their abolition measun* iuto«\ecu
iiou '—he adds:
" lu tins v ■ 'dition of things, Virginia can he neither
neu tl or pi«*.ve. T e tarst act of the Legislature
■i .nt to uie* t, 1 trust will he, to call a t’onveimuw; and
t n -t i ot the Convention, to resume all the note*
r. . power of ihe .**..»l>*,— by »r «
• i <e , tli I iitor t- altwidv it. -o veJ; and the only
r>- ,. . .[ i ii iu is,- -Ua.l our Man* g » North or
Suin'* o.i Mich a i|iic.*iiou, none v iu doubt where
Vug.uni will tie tound.
t ow«-rli - to save the I’nion, V rythia utav. by thu*
amviiig hers*If piomplly iu line, with those of her ruui
.vu*«« w.ioarc determined to vindicate their own houot
suit rate v, rid in reconstructing a l uiott, with cotu.ih-l
• a*l adequate sale-guards, agwiust tuture »l«i!i,iou ag
"i In Here further, that such prompt and decide.I ac
U ill o i her part, as lire la*;* **l and Uloet (lopulous of iht
*. ive-holdmg States, would prevent any atteinp. at co
• r. i • i rx ai d war, wbivh would c*riaiuly be trod on a ill
litol South.
t nod ore Stewart i"OJ*l lr«in*idt * ) has written ■
I cr low eomiuittoe in Philadelphia, giving Ins viewso
tit. risks--the drift ol wine i maybe understood lion
t: , hiring sentence “My vuke is, uiilhoua for the r*
*s ol »«< grievances, but uot one cent for imop.aori
• i n. E C. CarriogU*u, of Wv-hiugioii, formerly o
• •iviiiia, projse*es, throuch thv* jircse ol that city, to .*e
• r_ii and drill a military force to a d iu repress ug an;
» ii , to pievciit bv violence the inauguration ot U.i
Ho idea elect.
nkw Yura anti run c Sis til.
4 letter from Albany, wittteti U*t Timr div, *ays:
TV Leg.stature held but a hnet se.-waou yesterday.—
'in iue t etubly uotke •«< given ol a bill b* repeal thi
l,*f*!.i.»l Liberty law oi M»o The |<tilows condition »
I"Hhr (Vpuiiiig> i- tb»‘ iHMOft>ltl£ topic it W«5 >ltU* vftp®l»ii
1 tl.. propoi ions in relation thereto sir.-sdv li*lor<
V ' ' [, iture are ili-cw-ril ni pii-lcrem-e to lobby job*
IT ' -mrs-rstic members ot llic Legislator* hei.l a can
• «-teidav, and uoainuioudv .greed to support the le
>U"*h introduced in the Hiwv by Mr Kobinaon, i!
|:»>orot dividing all Uns territory ol tb*> lulled Statei
■') two t’uati -* slid admitting lli* M iuIO lH*' Inion, tbit'
.g Ion ver the Tetnlorial 4110*1011 a* regards slaver;
®“ ot Cui.grevs.
1' I. •piditi.re adjO irtu J Ircm ThursJ ay to Motidav
J' ■ if I
m- ui.i or thi vovuxoi nr ru**tif >vu.
I Iti bis ablo at.d CO- ^er-alive max-a ■ * to lb* l-egi-la
I'- of Pennsylvania, Governor Packer, alter di-cu.-eui|
1'-' legislation of that Siale on the rill jret of slaves au>
l‘i»m, says that under the more teceul decision-, ot lie
me Court, and in couliaveuliou of the opinion ex
v • «*. .1 b? a majority cf the Court in the case of Prigg
1 -laie may pass laws in aid id the it junction of thi
i-deral Constitution for the rendition of fugitive staves
recommends the revival bv that Legislature of tl 1
of isid, bv which the 1 laiina t of a slave mav *e<)
remedy under Swt • or Nitioual lias. 11 - tl e 1 | rc
I would also recommend that tlecous-ul of the Slab
• Ihl Mettr, Willie M-j Mining m nil Sut
' * a bunted p riod, or pa*.-mg through it, may b<
“a«np*i,1-d by his slave, without losing his light tc
•r'Vu-es. Whde stu b legislaltou is due ru the com
“ ‘ which -hould ever eiWt betwxfu tla* diftcieni Stau
I L- ibis I jioa, it would undoubtedly tend greatly lo re
that peace and Lariuouy winch are now so unwiscl
r' -•‘l. Uy it Penusv Ivauis would concede no prmci
we would be simply falling back upou our ancieu
' **' w-lopnd ala ‘uu- wheu our people were them
j ‘ "w struggling lor their rights, and uever departei
I ’ • til, by a misconception of its meauiug, one o
|"s«u important statutes was declared uncousutc
I '«*« 17*n to 1817, a period of nitty-seven years
•vlxama, her-eli a tree Stale, permitted the ciliaeu
■ tebtrRtap, to sojourn within her limit*, with Ui*i
I***"- *®r any period not evceediug si* month-, and t<
y** fbtoagh the Slate, in Uaveliurg front one Slat* tl
' ires from all molestation. Was »he injured, o
* ®®®ee of human freed mi retarded by ihe friend
• '->f Ibis privilege » This { lestiou cannot Im truth
lil' 10 ‘be aibruiative but it may be safelj
T r*xl, that by changing our policy in this respect, s<
have, iu some degree, at least, alieuated from us the leel
ings ol liaternal kindness which bound together so close
ly the sisterhood of Stales. Let us, then, reuew this
pledge of aiuity and friendship, and once more extend a
kindly welcome to the citiaens of our counnou country,
whether visiting us on business or pleasure, notwithstand
ing they may be accompanied 1 >v those who, under the
Constitution and the laws, are held to service aud labor.
Id ielation to a settlement of the National troubles,
the tJovenor says:
May we not wi.-e!y follow the example of our fathers,
by re-enacting the old Compromise line ol 1320, and ex
tending it to the boundary of California? Not by
itn ms of legislation of doubtful constitutionality, bit: by
an amendment to the Constitution itself. a:id thus p. r
mancutly fix the condition of the Territories, so that
those who desire to occupy them may tind a home, at
their discretion, «i:her where slavery is tolerated or
where it is prohibited. I would thsrfore recommend the
Genetal Assembly to instruct and request our Scnatois
a"d Representatives u Congress to support a proposition
for such an amcndmcut of the Constitution, to be submit
ted fir ra'ifi atiou of rijectiou to a Conveutiou of dele
gates, elected directly by the people of the State.
I i the event of the failure ol Congress speedily to
propo-e this, or a similar amendment to the Coustii utiou,
'he ci iz ns of Pennsylvania should have au opportunity,
f>y th-- ippli ition ot some peaceable remedy, to prevent
the dismemfs rracut of this I'nion. This can only be
done bv ea'ling a Convention of delegates to be elected
by th>' people, with x view solely to th-' consideration ot
wbat measures should be t»k>*u to meet the present tear
ful exigencies. If Congress should propose no reiuedv,
let it emai: it : from the soutec of all authority, the peoplc
Kvery attempt upon the fktrt o^suiHviduafs or ol or
ganized societies, to 1- id ilw? people uwiv from their a!
legim ce to the Government, to induce them to violate
auv of the provisions ot the Constitution, or to incite in
surrections tn iiiv ot the Slates of this Union, ought to
l>e prohibited hv law, as crimes of a treasonable nature
T:n* pcnpfb of Pennsylvania are devoted to the Uuiou.—
Tuev will follow its siais and its stripes through every
p i-I Hu', before is-uuilng the high responsibilities now
dimly foreshadowed, it is their solemn duly to remove
everv |iisi cause of complaint agaiual themselves, so that
ihev in,iv sianJ betore high heaveu aud the civilized
world without tear and without reproach, ready to devote
the r li.es and their fortunes to the support ol the be-t
lorni !• overament that has ever fieen devi-ed by the
wisdom ul mail.
Below we give the si heme pn-a •tiled by tie veteian
titi inn and patriot, of Kentucky, Mr. Crittenden, for
]iai living the alaitning di-ci t -i ts and agit xtions of the
eouutry. Its import nice detuauds that it -diotilil be suh
uiiited to our icidc's in full more especially as it is pre
pared to lake tfie j .-igiucnt ot th • people upon iu lu
pres tiling this j a e to t! 0 Se.ia’C, I esi Tliursday, Mr.
CriUcudm saiJ: " Soiuetbi ,g must le done It would
“ le an o|w-n sh ime to the government if tuiu he allow
•* ed to come on the country. The sacrifice to lie made
* was comparatively siiith'esi. I lie peace and safety of
•• „ ereat country were never pur* hased so cheaply. Ilo
- would tpp-'al with couliili-uce to the |oople. They
have lb.- g rentes. interest iu the government. lie had
'• coutidelice that the people would give good advice.”
Mr. Critteudi u off n d the following resolutions :
Whereas, the fnion i- in danger, and it is difficult, if
not impossible lor I’otigre- to concur by the requisite
iu i iritv, -o os to e- able it to take such measures, and
to recommend to the States such amendments to the
constitution, «s are uece-sary to avert the danger—
Whereas, in so great an emergency tlie opinion aud
udguieut of the people ougut to be heard, therefore,
Av.ii/"»./, That provision be made by law without de
,ftv lor UW UI lt»r [h vpiv, auu B i»iuuuiiS w
them the lolloping r*solution —
Arvo/*, J, Bv the Senate and House of Kepreaentaiiv**
,1 the United States of America, in Congress a-scmhl< d,
two t ird- of both houses concurring, that the following
articles be. and are hereby, proposed and submitted us
iinetidmeMs to th.- Cotts itution of the United States,
w .u- ■ -nab in- rail 1 'o alt intents and purpos. a.as p,rt ol
-aid tonslilutiou. when ratified bv conventions ol three
to irth« of t ie seveial Stalls : —
Art. I. In all of the territory of the United St iles now
■ d Non! o'
tlurtv-wix degrees and thirty minutes, slavery or involun
urv - rvu iae, except a» punishment lor crime, is pro
hit> ted, w tdlc such territory hall remain under Territo
rial government. In all the territory south Ol such line
of latitude l ivery of the Aire xu race m heri by recogmz
ed as ci.-ting, and shall not be interfered wuli by Con
gr. but shall oe protected as prop Tty by all the d> -
pxrtuieuU ot t!i" T‘ rritoiial government during its con
nuuai.ee ; and whim any Territory north or south ol
-» d line, within sue), boundaries as Congress may pre
cribo, shall couuiu the population requ site for » member
ot Congress, uc ording to the then led. ral ratio iff reprt
Htfnt.it i -n of the people of the I tiled States, it shall, it its
form ol government he republican, lx-admitted into the
Union on an eg i d looting with the original > at* -, »l h
or w iiOU'. siaveiv, as the Constitution ot the new Mat.
niav provide.
Art. g th.ngre-• hall have no power to abolish sla
very iu ilooea under its exclusive jurisdiction, and situ
ated within the limits of States that p.ruiil the holding
of slaves.
A .. C*>' ,re shall have no power lo abolish slave
rv w uni the D.s'riot ot lloiomb a, so long as it exists in
: ic a Ijolniug States ot Virginia and M irylaud, or either,
i or without the coi cut ol the inhabitau s, nor without
jusi c mu; n a io: hrst made to such owners ol slaves as
-i > not co -eir to - ,ch ibol -fiunlif. Nor s ultCongre
at any time p ohibit officers ol the le.ler *1 government oi
mem -ers ol Congrc- , whose duties require them to be in
d.l ti.s r ct, from bringing with them tbeir slaves and
In. Jo g th. iu as .-.ux.li, duilug the time then duties may
r-1| iii-- tbi i.i to remain there, and all.rward- liking them
lro.il the Distrari.
Art. I. Cot; ie-s ehaii have no power lo pi ohibit oi
hinder the trai -porUtiuU ot riai.e Iroiu one State lo
another, or lo a Terreory iu which Slav* - are by law per
iiiilte-i to te- lull, whether that tramporlaliou be by
I.xn-1, uavigable rivers or by the sea.
Art. 5. that, in a-lditiou to the provisions of the thiid
pajagtaph ot the ecou.l section ot the fourth article ot
the eonstitutiou ot the United Stales, Congress shall tiave
jxiwei to prov tie l.v law, and it shall be its duty -o to
prx.vi.le that llie United States shall pay to the ownei
who shall apply tor it, the lull value of bis fugitive -live,
iu ill! cases, wben the Maisiial, ot oilier officer, whose
duly it w..s to.irr*-; said fugi ive, »us prevented trow
... doing l»v vi l.-uce or iutiimdatiou, or when, after at
lest, -asl Idjitiv.’ ve rescued by lore*1, and the ownei
thereby prevent d and obstructed in the pursuit ot his
r. ioe.lv 'or the recovery ot li - fugitive -lave, under the
a il clause of the constitution aud the law- nude iu pur
-uance thereof. Aud iu all *uoh eases, wh.-u the United
Star.« shwli pav fot ich fugitive, tin y lull have the
. right ui th. I. ..wo name, to sue the county iu which said
violence, intimidation or re-cue was committed, audio
recover Iroiu it, with uiterewt aud damages, the amount
paid by th. m (or said lugiiivo slave. And the said coiiu
iv alter it has paid said amount to the United Slates,
I may, lor its indemnity, sue and recover from the wrong
do rj, or rescuers, by wtio-n the own r was prevented
1,011. t' . recovery of" his fugitive slave, iu like uianuer
os the owner himself might have sue I and recovered.
' Ait <> No future amendment ot tbefonstitmiou shall
affect the five preceding articles, nor the third paragraph
iW the ■ econd section of the first article of the Conetitu
,,ou ncr the third paragraph ol the second section of the
i.tuf,h artiibof said Coustitu ion, aud no amendment
SI all be ... . Is to the t’oostiiuticu which will authorize or
■ give to Uongre-W mv ;.»ower to abolL-b or interfere with
slaveiv iu any of the States by whose laws it is or u.ay
be illowed or permitted.
And w.ie.ras, also, besides those causes of J»SOtl(UOII
* :ubract'd iu tin loiegoi.ig amendments proposed to the
........... ... I... I’xwmI States Llieie are Other, which
j.jjon' withio ih»“ jurisdiction ol t'-ongre**, ami im*v bo
remedied by r_s f lalativs pwwei , aud whereas, it is lbe
' desire ol Congress, as lar as ils power will extend, to re
move all just cause lor tlie populir discontent and .agita
te,, which to* liolurb the {react* ol the country, aud
ihri.ileu the .iiblnv ol its hislilutiuus ; therefore,
1 J. rj f‘1 rh V ’Kite tiNii IlvH.it vf Ktpr*UHi*li*ri
, f the 1'h‘UJ r< of .I’MI'uHyitta itwmMrU,
Tutt the W** now in tone lor the recovery ol fugitive
save* ate in t»i«t pursuance of the plant and tualuU
torv piot i-ioi - ol lb.- Constitution, and have been sane
t oned us \ul Juii.l C.ns.iiuiioual by the judgment ol the
i ! < iitrciuc Court ol the I'uited States ; that the slavehold
i:i* States arc entitled to the faithful observance and
execution of those law*, and that they ought uot to be
rrpe-vlel or so modified or changed as to impair their
efficient. aud that laws ought to be made lor the puu
' ; isbmeut of those who attempt by rescue of the slave or
j otfccr illegal means, to hind, r or defeat the due execution
, i of said laws. ,, , „ ... _
i. That all State laws which conflict with the fugitive
1 Slave ac '. or any other constitutional acts of Congress,
| or which iu their u|«vatioii impede, hinder, or delay the
free course and execution of any ol said acts, are uul
aiid void bv the plain provu-ioiia of the constitution ol
| t e 1’i iled S a i s. Y. t thos*' Slate laws, void as they are,
[ ! having given colur to practices and led to cons* qui nces
which have obstructed the due administration and excctt*
tioti ol acts of Co- ** aud especially the acts lor the
delivery of fugitive slaves, and have thereby contributed
mech to th -discord and commotion now prevailing—
Dongie-*, theft-lore, in the preset)', perilous juncture,
does not d««-m it improp r respt-ct tolly aud earnestly to
j recount end the rctw alof those lawsol the several Stalls
which haw enacted them, or such IcgL-lalivo corrections
j or explanation* of them as may prevent their being
I used or perverted to such BUichwvoii* purposes.
S. That tin- act of the eighteenth of Septemb*.
eighteen hundred and tilty,commonly .ailed the kugitive
Slave law, ought to he -o amended to make the lee ol
\ com iiisrtoner, meniioiied iu the eighth a*-cliOii of the net,
r e*|ual iu amount, in tlis cases decided by bint,whether b.s
, deci-uou he in favor of or attmnst the etaimaut. Ami to
i avoid misconstruction, the I*k clause of the fifth sectiou
el said act, which authorises the peraou bolding a war
rant for the a newt or detention of a fugitive slave to
siinmon to lus aid the pies*- com i tat us, and which do
llar, s it to be the duty of all good citiaens to assort him
m iu execution, ought to be so amended as to expressly
limit the authority ami duty to cases iu which there shall
be resistance, or danger ol rescue.
-I That the laws lor the suppression of the African
slave fade, and especially those lor prohibiting the im
portation of slave# into the United Stat* s, ought to be
made effectual, and ought to h> thoroughly executed,
and all lurther enactments necessary to those ends ought
to l>e promptly made.
A large number of memorials from Northern States have
been prevented to Congress, praying the adoption of the
foregoing plan of adjustment. In offering a number from
Pennsylvania, Mr. lligler expressod the opinion that the
scheme would be Satisfactory to that great State. There
is said to be a rapidly gro ving seotimeut throughout the
North favorahh to Mr. Critten Jen’s plan, and letters ate
pouring in tirg'ug the republic ms to » eept it.
In furtherance of tins plau, a circular address to tho
people of the United States, setting forth the imminent
peril of the country, and signed by Mr. Crittenden and
many ether members of Congtess, has been issued. The
signers say:
“We h ive reason to believe that the following propos
ed anieuumeuts 'O the Con.-titu ion, (those given above)
if passed bv a two-thirds vote of Congress and ratified
by three-fourths of the States, would have the effect to
allav promptly and permanently the sectional strife
a. out slavery, and re-rstatdi-h relations of peace and
good will between the States and the people. Wo
therefore earnestly and urgently recommend that, vith
as little delay its po--ib!e, you express your judgments on
,o proposed amendments. You can best tell how thi t
can tie done, whether by public meeting#, conventions
or deb cations, or through the ballot-box. It action bo
hail at all, to be effective it must come promptly, aud in
such form u~ to indicate uuuiistakcablv your will on the
subject, so that \om representatives in Congress mav
govern their actions accordingly. Meanwhile, we shall
endeavor to maintain the government and preserve the
public p-ace.
(iovernor Stewart’# message was read to the legisla
ture ol Mis o-.ri, Thur-dav last. Alter reviewing the
prigr is of the Abolition aud Republican pailies, aud
•dating the res .It of their success, the (iovernor says that
Missouri occupim a position in n gard to these lioutdes
that should nuke her vole.- potent iu the councils of tho
nation. With sta-cily a Ih-unioni-t per sc within In r
borders, the is still determined to demand and maintain
her rights at ev. ry hazard
Missouri loves the Union, and will never submit to
wrong. She came into the Union upon a compromise,
and is willing to abide by a lair compromise; not such
ephemeral contracts as are enacted by (’otigri ss to-duv
and repealed to-morrow, but a compromise assuring all
the just rights of the State#, and agreed to in solemn con
veuliou ot all the parties interested.
Mi-souri has a right to speak on this subject, because
she has suffered deeply, having probably lost us much iu
the past It w year# by abduction ol slaves ns all the rest
of tlie Sou tin hi States put together.
(iovernor Blair, in his inaugural address, says iu refer
ence to South trolina, that he presume#, if it could be
done properly, the coun'ry generally would be willing to
let the restless little nation ol South Carolina retire tor
ever. Hut it cannot be done without the destruction o(
the Confedetaey, aud self-preservation would eomja'I us
to mint it.
The (Iovernor denies that the personal liberty bill#
have prevented the execution of the fugitive slave law iu
a single instance. The law lud always been enforced by
the courts on an appeal being taken. He invited judicial
scrutinv into State legislation, and is willing to abide tlm
result, but he is unwilling that Ins Stale should be humil
iated t>v a compliance ou threats of violence and wrur —
• i •_ . i . .1 o. , .i ..ii.n..
I altv to Mi-higan, uud prollei the President the use ol the
whole military power ot the State to sustain the integri
ty of the Union.
Mitssar.it ot rim novKRNoxor imi.awaRK.
(iovernor Ihirton, in his m.>saage to the l.-gi-datW'e of
Delaware, reviews at some length the aggrcs ive spirit
. xlubitcd bv the North towards the South, at d maiti
tii::s with lotviole arguments the necessity for each
State to enforce the laws and comply lully w ith the let
fraud spirit of the Constitution as the only means
whereby the Union can 1>e prese-ved.
Governor Banks, in his valedictory message to the Le
gislature of M vs-acauaetts, after a detailed review of the
material, educational aud military progress of that State
during the three years he ha.-, tilled the Executive ehair,
and devoting a considerable “pi e to a discussion of the
Personal Liberty Law—the abrogation of which he re
commends, conclude' an follows:
There can be no peaceable s-.-ce -ion of St ilea. Wheth
er the government is a compact between S ates or a
uaieu of the |ieople, it isneveithvlessa government, and
cannot be dissolved at the bidding of allV diwrxtl. cted
State. It In- pledged r faith to the people Cl every laud,
and that pledge of faith cannot be broken, it has been
sue ti d bv the saciitke ol the best blood ol th- pet pie,
and that s veriti. e has made it a ualion indiawduble and
eternal. Neither can that portion ot the contilieut now
occupied bv the American States be j>orlioin'd out to h i -
tile mtions. By war aud by pureha-e evvry part of the
eouu rv lias a. ipiired indefeasible and perpetual rights in
every other part. Th«- interior wiil never allow the keys
ot the continent on the ocean and gulf shores to pass in
to th*- harnls of an enemy, tinr can the tu uiiiine cliisoi
States exist independent >d the good wdl and support of
die plaulatio'i and fanning coin i ii'iitiea ol the interior ;
■ ml tlmo-h we should absent to an unnatural and trei
suliable separation, theg- nera intia that succeed us would
. out. ud loi centuries to recover their rights, until eon
,pleat or annihilation cnd> I the stiuggle. II it no sn--h
i. -iilt e in lullow as the JeHtruetiou nt the Ami i»■ in go
v -ninn ut. Toe conic t will lie loo terrible, the saiiiii e
too momentous, the d lli. ullies in our path a c loc flight,
the c ipaeity of oui p*'Ople i-. too manifest, and the future
too b illianl to justify forebodings or to excite permanent
f ais. T e life of every man is lengthened l>y trial, and
the-Length of every government must be tested by re
volt and rcviluliou. I doubt uot the Providence ot God,
that has hitherto protected, will preserve us now and foi
imssAtm or tur nov kknor or rkvv yocr.
After r. I-n i’jg to Slate affai.-s, Gov. Morgan's me—
s gc to the New ^ ork Legislature touches ou ht-deral re.
Iitioua. It oppo-ea the right of recession. The repeal
ol the Mi-souri (lornpromise is held up as the root from
w hich have pi uug all our present ev ils. lint the people ol
New York uo uot wl-Ii the r- -en ictmeutof that measure.
N -vertheleps, they ate ready, he says, “in all honorable
wavs, to end-avor t> nconcile the estrangements now
exlsrin;: " Tnere -houlJ be, he ssys, “uo surremh r id
iinput tat.I right-, nor saetificc of vital principles," neilh
ci should they “insi-t on points of pride, or on mere uh
structions.” The alleged Personal Liberty law of that
Stale is thus explained :
In 1 tvlvt, conformably to the general opinion of that
dav, the I, -gi-lature passed a statute granting a trial by
jury, in the Courts ol this Stale, to j er-ons charged as
being fugitives from service. Aftei wards, the Supreme
Cannot the United Stales, in the case ol Prigg agniust
the Comtnonwealth ol Pennsylvania, decided that nil
State laws, even though subordinate to the Keder.il en
actments, and favorable to the extradition ot fugitives,
were inconsistent with the Constitution of the United
Siatca, aud thercloiu void; ai.d to this statute of otir
State, which granted a trill by jury, became ineffective.
It lias been universally li Id to be obsolete by all our
common'ators, n d rill our public authorities, although
t 1 _ _... I . *11- .— 11
in.™ luipi vjiti IJ '.....■.•I .. .......-, .
oil ‘'IYr uuxI Ldrerty Laws,” and made occasion lores
citing j ill csies and discontents. 1 therefore recom
mend it* repeal.
1 i tills connection, and while dtsavoaing any disposi
tion to interfers with that which exclusively pertains to
the individual States, and in a spirit of fraternal kind
ness, I would respectfully invite all those States whirti
have upon their statute books any la vs of ibis charac
ter, ooiidictinc with the Federal Constitution, to repeal
them at the earliest opportunity; nut ti|siu condition
that a more cip;iuld.i fugitive slave law be passed, nor
upon any other condition, but telying lor the proper
modifications « f this et uctuient upon the justice and wis
dom of the Federal authorities. Let the free States ful
til! ail the obligations of the F« ilcral Constitution and
laws, then, with propriety, they may exact like obcdieuce
from all the other States.
He next argues to satisfy the South that the newly
elected President has neither the de*iro nor the ability to
do auy injury to the Slave States,—Congress and the Su
preme tout t both standing in the way. He then justi
fies, or at least accounts for, the course of the North, iu
relulioit to this iptesliou, by the aggressive actiou of the
South, in attempting to extend slavery in o the national
domain. After which, he adds:
What is especially wanted, both at the North and at
the South, is not only a cessation of hostile words and
acts, but a complete restoration of all those amicable
aui fraternal relations which formerly existed in every
portiou of the Confederacy, and wi'hout which the Union
ceases to confer its highest advantages.
No apprehension, however, need bo entertained tli .t
the people of this law-abiding Stale would, in auy case.
Buffer their authorities or agents in the Statu or Federal
Government to invade or impair auy constitutional right
or privilege of ihe slave Stales; on the contrary, they
stand always as ready to guarantee those rights as to
defend their owu, aud I tlriuk it would be well lor the
Legislature to give such new and solemn utterance*, to
Hies.' convictions as shall altorj to the people ot all the
Southern States the assurauce that all tlu ir rights, under
the Constitution and the laws are recognized, ai d will
ou the part of the people of this Slate, be respected and
maintained inviolate. . ,
I tally belts** that if justice and moderation shall mart
the conduct of the loyal States, we shall safely pass lit.
present crisis, as we have passed many others, withOQ
lo*. of substantial rights or self-respect, for I am uuwt
ling to admit that there are m.vlmen, eitivr at the worth
or South, sufficiently formidable in power or in numbers,
to destroy the Union ot the S'atea ; H Union which has
been productive ol inestimable good ; a Union iu which
all section* and part# have contributed in diversa though
harmonious modes to that rommon result of strength,
stability and happiness, manifest to every eve, in every
direction, throughout Lire length aud breadth of this ex
tended land.
In view, however,of the momentuous issues involved, it
becomes the solemn duty of the National Executive to act
with promptitude and firmness, the National Legislatures
with moderation and cone Ration, and llie pabfic press,
throughout the country, with thut regard to the rights of
all sections and interests which its vast influence and res
ponsibilities demand.
Every State can do something, and ought to do all
that it can, to avert the threatened danger. Let New
York set the example in this respect. Let her oppose
no harrier; hut, on the contrary, let her Representatives
iu the Federal legislature give their ready support to
any settlement that shall he just and honorable to all—3.
settlement due alike to the chciislied memories of the
past, the mighty interests of the present and the myriads
of the future.
Ia*t her stand in an attitude of hostility to none; hut
extending the hand of fellowship to all, and living up to
the strict let'.er of that great fundamental law, the living
and immortal bond of the union of the States, cordially
unite with other members 1 f the Confederacy, in pro
claiming ami enforcing the determination that the Con
stitution shad lie honored, and the union of the States
shall he prest rved
Speaking of secession the Governor deorecstes the ac
tion of South Carolina, urid sivs our people would feel
more symp t iv with the movement had it originated
amongst those who, like ouiselves, have stifllred severe
losses and constant auuoyauce.a from the interference and
depredations of outsiders. Missouri will hold to the Uniou
so lout' as il is worth the effort 10 preserve it. She can
not he fright* tied by the pa*t unfriendly legislation of
the North, or dragooned into secession by the restrictive
legislation ot the extreme South. The Governor denies
the right of voluntary secession, and says that it would
he utterly destructive of every principle 011 which the
naiioual lailh is founded, appeals to the great conserva
tive m isses of the |iepple to put down selfish and design
ing politicians, to avert the threatened evils, and closes
with a .strong recommendation to adopt all proper meas
ures for tin* preservation of our rights; condemns the
resort to separation ; protests against hasty and unwise
action, and records lii.s unalterable devotion to the 1 'niot,
so long as it can be made the protector of tipial right".
The Governor then passes to State mailers, and shows
the finances to he in a prosperous condition; recommends
a revision ol the military laws; advises arniiug the niili
ti.i; proposes protection against invasion; aud recom
mends the Legislature to relieve the hanks from the pen
alties incurred by temporary suspension of specie pay
101.a wars rejects secessiok overtures.
Hon. H. Pit ki n on,Commissioner from Mi- is.-ippi,was
received by the Legislature of Delaware, at Dover, last
Thursday, and addressed both Houses,ill a strong South
ern sp« celt, trking ground in favor of South Carolina
and secession, at d inviting Delaware to join in a South
ern Confederacy. He claimed the right of the South
ern Stales to secede, aud said that if they were not al
lowed to do so, war was inevitable.
The speech ol Mr. Dickenson wan gr.otcd with applause
aud hisses.
After the speech the House adapted unanimously the
following resolution, iu which the Senate concurred by a
UrmlveJ, That having extended to Hon. H. Dickerson,
Commissioner from Mi-se*sippi, the courtesy due him as
a representative of a sovereign State ot the confederacy
as well as to the State he r» present", we deem it proper,
lUIU UUk- IU UUlBCHtu AIIU MIC povpic U| iM iannir, IU
express our unqualified disapproval of the remedy for
the existing ditll Millies suggested by the resolutions of
the Legislature of Missiseppi.
i.xrtKii ruov. one or tiik committee ok thirty-three
Hon. Warren Winslow, of North Caiolinu, one of the
committee of thirty-three, has puhlished an address to
his constituents, in which he saye:
I feel constrained lo say that I think there is no hops
in Congressional action. If it should he thought that
a rt .ort to a convention of the'Stales is proper, that i
tor North Carolina, by her Legislature, or in sohiun
convention of her people, to determine. The conslitu
tinn has not conferred upon the Congress the power to
call one.
1’uder this state of things, and especially in consider
ation of the alarming and rxiilid condition of the
country, the bankruptcy of the treasury, the utter pros
tration of the credit of tlie government, as evinced in
the proposals to take not quite half of a loan of live
millions lately authorized, at u rat.* ol ink-rest varying
from twelve to thirty-rix per cent, 1 have felt it to be
my duty to announce So you tin* failure of all iflbrls
here, and lo declare that, in niv judgement, the only
remedy is in vour own prompt, honest and independent
Ex Governor Call, ol Florida, Ins published a lengthy
address to the p opto of that State, abounding in strong
national views and replete with the sentiment of true pa
tiiotism. lie ref-rs to tin* baste with which the Lepi-la
tnre of Honda, within four days after its late organiza
tion, passed an act calling a Convention of d* legates to
assemble on the I of January, for the avowed purpose
of seceding fr till the I’uion, and adds the following em
phatic waning
“Nov, n.v fellow-citizens, on mv responsibility and
under tin* hulter, il you please, before God ami in the
mine of mv country, I proclaim, that wtioti tlie deed
shad In* done, it Will be tn*t on high trillion— agaiust
our constitutional Government."
PISNSYI VANIA legislature.
A resolution is pending to appoint tin* Governor of the
State, the Ch ef Justice ot tin* Supreme Court, and a
third person, lobe apfn ink'd liy a joint resolution ol tin*
Legislature, commie-ioners to meet like commi—ioners
liftiu other State", in the city of I’hiladelphia, on the 'i'id
of February next, for the purpose ot proposing such
undid Hit-Ills to the I'liitcd Stiles t 'ulistii Rlion ss may be
leemed necessary to the restoration of p»ac.<* to our dis
tracted com t v; such amendments to be submitted to
Congress tor tiicir approval.
W isntSOTON, J 111 t —The Republican Congressmen
held a caucus to day. Eighty members weie present.—
There was n desultory d< htie lor some three hours on
national que-lions. Mr. Howard, ot Michigan, was chair
man, ami Mr. Colfax Secretary Tin* caucus nsolved
llal their proceedings should t»* p'ivate, and hence the
particular cannot lie legitimately procured.
Nothing definite has yet iranspireiiin reference to the
policy to be pursued by the government in reference to
the existing troubles.
The following paragraphs are extiaeted from the
Charleston Metcury:
“Our citY is like an armed enmp. Martial music fills
the air. ottVrs of assistance come liy thousands fiotn
the neighboring States. Fort Moultiie, Castle Pinckney,
Fort Johnson, and the United States Arsenal, arc occu
pied with our troops (lisciplined comp ml* 8 arc arriving
bv the railroad from the interior of the State. The Go
vernor ot Georgia seizes the I oiled States forts com
manding the haibor of Savannah. The Georgia elec
tion, with the voice of a temp st, sweeps before it the liv
ing chaff of Unionism and fear, and proclaims that the
Union must be dissolved. In a lew more days Hoi ids,
Alabama ami Mississippi will have cast off all nolitical
cooneciio i with the North, and all ld*c fortresses on the
Atlantic and the Gulf, from Ctp'* Fear to the Mis.htaippi,
it i. . .1 .1 .i (uLitn .-Ilium (Vnm lltoir
II i;:'tail's. So works the threat of coercion of the
South. Kvery day brings its prool of the steady progress
of the (ioverntnent of the Uni ed States to dissolution,
aud of the South to union, whilst every effort made to
avert this inevitable drift of things only accelerates them
to their tifiitl coiiMiunnnliou.
“We are Jglad tojlearn that the Stale loan of $400,000
has be. u pronij tt> 'taken up by the Hanks ol the State
.if y,.ir, each bank taking an amount proportioned to its
“We I.arn that 1T.0 able-bodied frre colored men, cl
Charleston, yesterday offered their services gratuitously
to the Covnnor, to hasten forward th • important wotk
of throwing up redoubts wherever needed along our
• Lieut. W. (i. Doz'er, IT. S. Navy, anticipating the se
cession of South Curolitia, lias returned home from the
Mediterranean and resigned his comtnis-ion.
“We suppose that everybody knows, by this time, that
all the good ladies—young aud old-of Chaileston, are
busy as bees, preparing creature couiiorts of al! kiuds for
the gallant meu who arc k oping watch and wa-d ou the
ramparts and breastworks which defend our city.
“The Surgrou-Ciciit ral reap, ctfully aud gratefully ac
knowledges the patrio'ie response of the ladies to the
suggestion to supply bandages. They arc rapidly comiug
“All business is al a Bfand-still. We do nothing hut
listen to hear ay, buy arms, drill and organise new mili
tary companies. There are upwards of twenty iu the
city, each one averaging something le.-.s thau a hundred
“Karthworks and trenches are said to have been com
pleted on the land nearest to Fort Sumter, with a view
to its speedy alia, k, hv rafts or a flotilla of boats, pro
tected by barricades of cottou-halca, The youth of the
city are eager for the attempt, and mnke no i|ireslion ol
inking it by cscalc.tdc, though at a considerable loss ol
CSOSVIKTtQDIC KIVATKBIt, for livlnr, .Urkoidny,
J an.l o.o.lti luc a rich lustre lo the Ha'r, Whlikera at. J Mous'
lactic, for sate l.y W PRPRRSON A i 0 ,
Jr' I.V> MkI. :tf«l
MKmh HAfiKRREEi. 86 pwkMt Mm lUrkonl al
the liawl quality, til kits, q(»rter aoil halt bunk
■M aale by Relit BO AIR 6 OHaMlIKRI-AYSl.
Mill.AS.-1 S lu (tore (ml to (rile, (nr illc by
Tnit AmauiavaTion ok Ianiu-auks.—There is a grow
ing tendency in this age to appropriate the mostcxprcgH
j ive words ol other languages, am! after a while to incor
porate them into our own; thus the word Cephalic, which
is from the Greek, signifying “for the head," is now be
coming populariz d in connection with Mr. Spalding's
great Headache remedy, but it will soon be used in a
more general way, and the word Cephalic will become as
common as Klectrotype and many others whose distinc
tion as foreign words has been worn away by common
usage until they seem ‘ native aud to the manor born.”
'urdljr ItcHlIzed’
Hi 'ad 'n 'orrihle Yadache this haftrrnoon, hand hi stepped
liinto the hapothecaries hand says hi to the man, “Can you
h -us.- in- of Imii Yadache ?" “Docs hit hache ard," says
Y "II- xeo-dinglv," says hi.hand tiupou that Y gave me a
Cephalic Pill, hand 'pon me 'onor hit cuicd me to quick
that 1 'aidly icalized hi 'ad'ad ’nu Yadache.
ffiT IlaAnAcnr is the favorite sign by which uature
mokes known any deviation whatever from the natural
stale of the brain, and viewed in this light il mnv be look
ed on as a safeguard intended to give notice of dis-ase
which might otherwise escape attention,till too late to he
remedied; and its indications should never hi neglected.
Headaches may he classified under two names, viz.:—
Symptomatic and Idiopathic. Symptomatic Headache is
exceedingly common and is the precursor of a great va
riety of diseases, among which are Apoplexy, Gout,
Rheumatism, and all febrile diseases. In its nervous form
it is sympathetic of disease of the stomach, constituting
nirk hfadathe, of hepatic disease, constituting biliuu*
hn&tchr, of worms, constipation and other d-.-urOers of
the bowels, as well as rer.ul and uterine affections. Dis
eases of the heart are very frequently attended with
Headaches; Aua-mia and plethoiiu are also afl'ec'ions
which frequently occasion headache. Idiopathic Head
ache is also very common, being usually distinguished bv
the name ol «rrnou* hnadnrhr, sometimes coming on sud
denly in a stale of apparently sound hcullh and prostrat
ing at ore e the mental and physical energies, and in oth
er instances it comes on slow ly, heralded by depression ol
spirits or acerbity of temper. In most instances the pain
is in the front of the head, over one or both eves, amt
sometimes provoking vomiting; under this Hiss may at
so l>e named Xr nralyia.
For the treatment of either class of Headache the Ceph
alic Pills have been found a sure and safe icrucdy, is
lieving the most, acute pains in a few minutes, ami iiy it
subtle power eradicating the diseases of which Ucadaelu
is the unerring index:
BitinuKT.—Mi'sns wants you to seud her a box of Cc
phnlic Glue, no, a bottle of Prepared Pills—hut I’m
thinking that’s not just it tiailln-r; Imt perhaps ye’ll be
after knowing what it is. Yu s-. e she’s nigh dead and
gone with the Sick Headache, aud wants some more ol
that same us rt lieved her before.
briu/rjint —You must mean Spalding’s Cephalic Pills.
Bridyet.- Och! sure now and you’ve sed il; here’s
the quarther, aud giv me the Pills and don't he all day
about it niftier:
Constipation or C»a|iv> in »».
No one ot the “many ills that lle.sh is heir to” is so
prevalent, so little under-stone, aud -o much neglected a.
Coativenesa. iMu-u originating in carelessness, or seden
tary habits, it is regariled as a slight di-order of too lit
tle consequence to excite anxiety, while in reality it is
a preecursor and companion of mat y of the most fatal
and dangerous diseases, and unless early eradicated it
will bring the sufferer to an untimely grave. Among
the lighter evils of which cofltivenem is the usual attend
*111, tin- in .luucno, uuiic, Kneiiininsm, roul urcatti, 11 -
and others of like nature, while a long train of frightful
diseases, such as Malignant Fevers, Abscesses, Dysen
tery, Diairhies, Apoplexy, Epilepsy, Paralysis, Hysteria,
ilypoehondria-is, Melancholy and Insanity, first indicati
their presence in the system by this alarming svmpton
Not utifrequeotly the disease* named originate in Cousti
paiion, but take on an independent existence unless the
cause is eradicated iu an early stage. From all these
cotisidi ratioi s it follows that the disorder should receive
immediate attention whenever it occurs, and no person
should neglect to get a box of Cephalic Pills on the first
appearance of the complaint, as their timely use will ex
I>«-1 the insidious approaches of disease and destroy thi
dattgercus foe to human life,
A Hi nl llli'NKlng;,
/'Ay.rii-iijii.—Will, Mn. Jones, how is that headache'
Mr*. .I'Hir*.—Hone! Doctor, all gone! the pH yon
sent cured roc in just twenty minutes, anil I wish you
would send more «o that I can have them handy.
/•/u.Mciun —You can get them at anv Druggists, ('.ill
lor Cephalic Pills, I find (hey never fail, and I recom
mend them in all eases of Headache.
Mr* .h nm.—I shall send for a hot di ectly. and shall
tell all my tuttering friends, for they arc a rral hlrmiiia.
T wrsTT Mn Hons or Doi.t vrh sav»p.—-Mr. Spaldim.
has sold two millions cf bottles of his ech brated Pre
pared Glue, and it is estimated that each bottle saves at
ha-t ten dollars worth of biokeu furniture, thus making
an aggregate of twenty millions ol dollsrs reclaimed
from total loss by this valuable invention. Having made
hia Glue a household wor J, he now proposes to do the
world 'till greater service by curing all the aching head •
with his ('• plmlic Pill', and it they are as good as hi
Glue, Headaches will soon vat i-'h away hkesnow in July
Over Excitement, ami the mental care and anxiety
it indent to close attention to business nr study, are
among the numerous cause of Nervous Headache. Tlie
disordered state of mind and body incident to this dis
treS'ing complaint is a fatal blow to nil energy and am
bition. Sufferers by this disorder tan always obtain
speedv relief from these distressing attacks by using one
of tlie Cephalic Pills whenever the symptoms appear.—
It quiets tlie overta-ked brain, and 'OOlhes the strained
and jarring nerve*, and relaxes the tension of the stom
ach which always accompanies and aggravates the disor
dered condition td the brain.
Fact vvoriii Knoivino.—Spalding’s Cephalic Pills an
a certain cure for nick Headache, Hiltons Headache, Net
vous Headache, Costiveuesa and General Debility.
Great Discovert.—Among the most important of all
the great medical discoveries of this age may be cons.d
ered the system of vaccination for protection from Small
Pox, the Cephalic Pill for relief ol Headache, and tin
use of Quinine for the prevention of Fever*, either ol
which is a suie specific, who-e benefits will he experienc
ed by suffering humanity long after their discoverers are
[^"Did you ever have tlie Sick Headache? Do you
remember the throbbing temples, the fevered brow, the
loathing and digust at the sight of food. How totally
unfit you were lor plea ure, conversation or study. One
of tlie Cephalic Pills would Imve relieved von from all
the suffering which you then experienced. For this and
other purposes you should always have a box of them on
hand to use as occasion tequiree.
Oui*o Nervous Headache!
Hr the use of these Pill* the periotic attacks of Herman or Si. I
Headache may be prevented; and If taken at the comaence
went of an attack Immediate relief from pain and alcknees will be
They seldom fail In removing the -V.iuse.I and Headache to
which female* are to subject.
Th*y act gently upon the bowels,—removing (WtlrrneM
For Literary Men Stmleat', Delicate Females, and all persons
of hdaatary haLitn, they are valuable as a letsalite, Improving
the appetite, giving line and riyar In the digestive trgtnf, and
rtsiorinK the nntiral e!a«ticll.v and strength of llie whole system.
The CKPHAI.IC PILLS are Hie resu’t »f long Investigation au 1
care'u'ly conducted experiments, having been In use many years,
during which time they have prevented and iclleved a vast
amount of pain and sod-ring from Headache, whether origins
ting In the lurmut system or from a deranged state of the
They are entire! v vegetable In their composition, ahd may be tv
ken at all times wtih perfect safely, without mat ng any change ol
diet, and theahrence of any dlntyreealde taste, rendr-t it e« i
ts/ administer them U> children
The genuine I ve live signature* of Heury C. Hpaldlng oo ea. I
Bold by Druggists and all other De iJ« rs In Medicines.
A ho\ a III be sent by mall prepa'd on ree.lptof the
All ordei* should l*e addressed to
de?:—dokwly 48 Cedar Street, Nsw Fork.
Dali* Paper, |g per annum; Svml-Wrckly, ■ { ; Weekly, |3; a
eaye In advance. Remittance* may be made at th» risk of tli
Pnbllshere In all cases where evidence Is taken on the deposit of
titer In the Poet Office containing money.
One Square, (10 lines) or Iras, on* Insertion. .. T
Each additional Insertion . 1
One month without alteration.(6 i
Three do do 10 0
Bis do* do .VO 0
Twelve do do 86 0
too Squares, Three months..16 0
81* monthe... .J6 ft
Twelve months. .*.60 0
fW No advertisement to he coneldeird by the month or ye*
inle t iprelfled on the Manuscript, or previously agreed npon be
twei o the parties.
A . advertisement not marked on the copy for a specified num
bar of Ineertlon. will be continued until ordcrej out, and p.ymeD
exacted accordingly.
(T Raomjta Aho*«tih*»k*t».—To avoid any mtaunderatandtni
onlhe part o' the Annual Advertisers, It Is proper to state rfufincfl;
that their privileges only extend, to their Immediate business. R. s
Estate, Legal and all other Advertljementa sent by them to be si
additional charge, and n<> variation.
vr Real Estate and General Agents' Adve.Uiements not to b<
Inserted by the year, but to be charged at the usual rates, tubjee
to luch discounts as shall be agreed upon.
or- Booksellers and yearly advertisers,generally, engaging oni
>r more apuarct, with the privilege of change, shall not, on thcli
feat ly srei age, in anyone week, Insert mure than the am.un
Igirrdiipon *a the .t.vuJIng rule under the contract, and all eicc.
ling such amount to be charged al the usual rales.
Advertisements loeertel In the 8cmi Weekly Whig at 75 cent,
per equare of 10 Urns or I.at* for the first lni< rlloti, and 60 centi
per square for each eontir uaucw, or If weekly, 7 6 cents.
v tJfmTr.HTiFW
ur rradusctxa thiih
Where fur more than twenty yeart first class Good* have been
euld al light prices,
They Warrant every article they sell, and offer at all timer the
LA Rill HT HlOUd !
"A Wot J In the Wl.sc
(ir.(>ti iIN< j.
| I AVK on h.ii<I a larice stork of CLOTHING, iurh ai
II Or I ff Braver Overcoat*
Mo * *.w (leaver ilo.
Eli# Uh Wbi»n-y do.
Drab Bfsvcr Uarrackt
Black Pi Wnhitiu do.
JHIver Mixed C.v-s Hints
Grey Cam do
Velveteen Ifuntiiif Hulls
Black ai.tl Brown Pr.*:ich Ci?§ Sultl
Black and Fiitcy <\v*h PanU
Kunry ;ind Black HUk Vt »•.§
BUrk mi l Fancy V« Ivel Vr*ta
HMrts, OolUif, Bock* an I 1 lei
Mndrr Hhlrlo and Ibnw-rs
Boy*' (llothiny, Children'll Clothing.
For Bargains rail on DARKIC01T, HARRIS k CO.,
Bill 119 Main Street
M3T IT ItiO!
A GOOD np|*nrtuiii*y i« now offered to pu-’rhtsera to pet (rood
i\ Block at I w piloea. We prcpo*« working d* wn the wholr
flock, and think we can pleam? the public t ute, both In ityle and
Over Coal., Biudneu Suite, Cawlmere pants;
Velvet and Silk Vest., Merino HLIrU and Hrawere;
(llov. s, N>ck Tie*, flomforte, Collsrt ami Surpenders.
Any and every thing on the hoard marked down.
For the next month w> .hall ptuh sale* strong. Cuxtr voa Cam.
W. S. TUPMAN, Agt.,
dee 5 10# Main st.
Tho Fair!!
l\FR4nVfl rUltfnw thw T*tw flnrin>* tbr VA I It will .In wrll to call
I ami examine our fork of
which D Die bent we have ever gotten up and price* to
St IT ALL !!(’VIIltN.
Oppo ilc Mitchell A Tyler’*.
W. B. Diviramt, Salesman. ociO
(Branch of the Baltimore Home,)
103 Corner .fluid ami l-ll!i or Pearl Street*,
Also a large stock of CHEAP CLOTHING, adapted to Servant.’
Wear, to who n we invite the special atcntloii of
Tub aero Mauufaeturers and Farmer*.
< i.omix..
Immense Sacrifice*
IX ir. at *r< al*nut I'M Ov'.r co’ttn and hudtuM Co%li, r>f dif*
ferp’.t t|oiiHt t m li'ylcj, left over from Lit year, which !
have »«l« cleil util and
to ab nil one h *1 f of the usual M.i.um r«int.
(’nil and ex iiid'.e t no, md s* li those rut tied down to f sudden
can ifel a u -ml article for a v. rv snibll prlc*. % word to the wife.
Cali eulv and take a chacee, this li no humbug, 1 mean all I
1A*. the gnodt ar** here, ax»d kr..t OO.
* M IRA MTU, 191 Main 81
rHFt suh.criber having made a change in his business on the 1st
of July U-t, makes It necessary that all accounts due him pre
■d* to that time th..old be closed. He would, therefore, ask ..I
■ i o' I friend* and customers to roine f.rur ird and discharge tin Ir
i lektedni Si. I r.:r.L Vit fi • past favors, lie v.uld ask aeontlnu
iee of liuir psllenace tu tin new e.oceru of MPHNOK A GARY.
K n. set NCR,
No. 120, cor. M dn and I itli Ht*.
Richmond, Atig. SO, IHIL_s*M
1HAVF. this llav associated with me, In lb* Merchant Tailoring
at.d Reaily Made 0! thing Bn-’ncsc, WM. <) OARF.Y, ol
■toydlhn, Meriilenliurg. Co., Va , said Oopannershp to date from
luly 1st, l-hO, The business will hereafter be conducted under Hit
nsme Soil style of Pprnrc A fisrey.
Grateful for the very liberal patronage I have received tor Iks
na-t hi yer.ru w ..il l most respectfully ask a continuance of lt.«
ion. to the new concern. R. « PPENOB,
Iy I No. HOrnrncr of Main and 1 I'.li street,
14IU Si'KKKT, Itlf iniUM), VA.
Would respectfully call attention to their new slyly* of
Fall and W inter G oods.
s gM
We are now prepared to put nn the ORAV'hL ROOFING, of i
fuiy superior i|ui>llty, either In town or country.
Also, all kinds of UUTTKRH,
01IAItl.ES, n VALE A 00.,
ap*H—tf Iron Block Governor Street
NTOCkN roll s ILK.
rp#y*r.'MH/ g rg". !> per nt bonds, connecting with th.
Richmond and Danville, and Raleigh and Gaston Railroads, f*
miles long, costing over on*' million of dollar*, with a mortgage o
only 160,00 \ For a minute description oflhc present condition an.
fmuro prospect oflhc Company, pamphlet* can be had at our ol
finon Va. and Tennessee, 3d mortgage
CnnO VlrgluU fi's
50 shares Richmond Fire AwodaUon
80 do Fire and Marine
4i«») do llauk of the Commonwealth
lf ft W. PPRCKU, A 00.
Wtc HAYK IN STOIIi: A NII till, r lor Sal
on ai favorable termi a, the article can he Imported for. fl
lyoa kagesOtf, V and K pipe) of pure and beat quality FRKNO!
. unmr.
SO. 15,
Pearl Street,
Richmond, Virginia.
a;.81—ly ___
t a noil S.H o n a a a
On the Uuroiican Finn,
Single Rooms50 Ots. per Day
(Oppo-ite City Hall.)
Meats, ti they may he ordered lu the spacious Refectory. Thci
Is a Barber’s Shop and Bath Room, attached to the Hotel.
N b -Beware of Kuuncrn und Iliic kmen, wt
we'are full. K. PltKNI H,
oc'ja-ly Proprietor.
TITAN TKI> -Every IDruggist and (irocer to purchase Semple
VV Infallible Baking Powder. Factory,
17th and Franklin Streets,
Jfcl^ Sole Proprietor and Manufacturer.
PH0SFHATF8, piepared by Dr. Churchills formula, ai
considered a most valuable remedy In t»ie treatmeot for the Co
•umptloo. For tale, wlOi many new and valuable preparations, I
' MEADE A BAKER, Pharmaceutists,
1m, Main ,L. eor. above P. 0.
100 I , W v*. WALLACE SONS
. vVER 3 quart - of transparent rich Jelly cau be male with o
V t pakag* of SI’ARKI.lNtl OKI.ATIVK, by our Improved din
d.,ns and that aitheut boiling or the use of eggs.
MKaDK A BAKER, Druggists,
1S6 Mala It, ere I! r above P 0
| AAB \ SUETS CHA.UPAUNE. For sate l.y
j ^ 80VTHEBJI LOCK mamjfatouy. A
DWELLING Lock* of every description , Eliding Door u m
mlngt of the beet quality. Alio, Prison and Hank Lurks ;
a Hinges ami Bolts of aoy height. Belle hung, with or without
t Tubes.
As I sell no wort bat my own manufacture, I ia prepared to
Warrant It to glee entire eatlsfactlun to iboee aim may favor mo
; with a call.
t!W Main Street, brtwen 'll and Pth,
felO— 1y Vi
WE Invite the attention of the Funning 4 utnniiinltw
to thie
whl<*h hu b**n tri*.f by many |.r*rtlr%l Firm* r». at •! prontorced
» by Ihrm to h* Ihe trry !»*tu Iinj.lrtnrnt yet mad*, for pr*| ir'n*
> tbr land f- r «s*nl!' r final! gmln, an 1 • fl< oiuauy coveringU r ««rua
1 aflt r feeding with two hor«r« doing (h<* 4.f fix fiuyls PU.trt.
1 We h*v«* purt h*»*td in* ri*bt for lb* fetal* of Virginia, an J ar»* n. w
manufacturing thrm for the tuiulny fraaontind r<nj n ifully invlt*
an examination of them.
1 |y 11 (jICORi.K W AIT A 00.
Foundryand Manufactory,
nonm RTinr, sera xs:x, mointolD, vtao-vu.
n A VINO made Urge addition to nor .hop, to lull the Booth,ert
trade, oe will eell at the Northern prir e« nf J-.V9 W t hevl
over 1M) different designs of plain and lln. .mental llnllllig,
V. rainlaa, Itx li iinl a, Pnrtli Plot, «, AA in<l..»v
47 Hard a, Ac., Ac., Vault and IVIIar Do-ia, In. a oaah, Kl.otterr.
and general Hlaektmllhlng and CiitaM -g dune »iit. neatme. and
dopaU'b. e
|TF“Omelery Railing for lit* caoulry, made «o aa lo be put ay
by an ordinary mechanl**. If
WILCOX .V i i 1 111
ixvtvrcn hv
J. F. Clitll*, mill Point,
A ND la manufaraur. .1 under palrnti grade,I n. Mm And Janes
1\ Wilier, ihile.l June 2, l*'M. redbited July IB, lags P.i. m |
Augud 111, IV.', Pehiuary 21, I MV I A' ,, Ur. ecus. .1 under sis other
Palentii, covering the entire ronstrnctleii of the Machine conse
quently, there can be no I tig.tlloli In regard to the patent rtgh*.
It la leaa complicated and the moat perfect working 8- wing Ma
chine now In use
ft forma a Bat, even and elastic warn, which is warranted not to
rip n "tar, and la reliable upon all klnda of fabrics.
Price£%tu Aid. Every Machine warranted.
H tlvlt ’a Block,
•*‘|,4 12lh and Governor strrrlj.
0fIlllE enterprising propr'etnr
WltI»KY. ('he purest Medicinal
•'gent ever known,)has fan lah
d the community a stimuli! t,
pure, healthlul and Invigorating,
t the same time a oil! J itellclot a
hat la pai ned olToothe comn i •
Hr, and which la Irjurloua to
ody and ralnJ. In addition to
he certlflcatea beneath, he had
eceived a Diploma from the
1Y, and additional testimony
from Dr. Jl.k..u,-i tfur oo, who testifies under oath |tu tie abso
lute | urlty.
Ptm.ADkl.Mru, Kept. 9. 1 'ha.
We have carefully leafed the sample of Chestnut Grove Whisky
you sent us, and Bud that It eotliins none of the Poisonous t ub
stances known aa gusli Oil, which la the characteristic and Injurious
lugrcdleut of the Whlskya In general use.
New Ywick, Sept. S, l-fla.
I haveanalyicd a sample of Cl.-alnu' flrt- Whisky te.-eU.-J
from Mr. Charles wharton, Jr , of Philadelphia, and I avlng .- vte
fully tested It, 1 am pleased to Stale tha' it Is entire y frreln.r-i
poisonous or deleterious substances. It Is so u-usual'y pure and
fine flavored Whisky. JAMI.8 R. Clill.ThN,
Analytical Chemist.
B-htov, ilareb 7,1-."*.
I have made a chemical analysis f cummer. Isl sample* of
Chmtnnt drove Whisky, which proves to he free from Ihehe.ty
Fusil Oils, and perfectly pure and unadulterated. Tha floe flat , r
of this Whisky Is deriv ed from the drain used In manufartorii.y it.
Ke peclfully, A. A 1IAVK8, M l> , Slate Assayer
No. Id Boy 1st on Street,
Fcrialeby C. WHARTON J« ,
Sole Principal Ai'-ot,
ocll—tmNo. 116 Walnut Street, Philadelphia.
1 ED (IRA IN, he'ng superior and uniform In quall'y. ,n I I Ivh
U improved by ap. , Is p eferred by consumers lo all or er Wat*
kies, and particularly reenmmerded by the best Plijrlrtao- «nd
Cb nilti , as possess r.g all the requirements of a TK 'ET0N10,
T e FchnvikUl Water, of Philadelphia, used In the J’stllath i> of
this Whisky, 1- proved hy anal) sis to be Ihr softest and purest wa
ter in the 1 i.l:. d Slakes, and to t> l> tray, to a great degree, be at
tributed the eaeellenee of this Whlaty.
For sale by
FHKK.Yf ATI A MT1PSON, Phienli Dhllllery,
On the tihuvOil! Hirer, I ’ l'iirteij ti l.
Orr.on. vri Wall SrassT, Nsw Y, sa ,
IbJ SoiTU Ptuiay Hr , Philspii raja,
Duucscrr sV a*i»i:i<m>*,
ARK receiving foe the fe.il Trade, Carpet ngs, Oil Cloths, Mat
. tings, Hurt sin d ods.Ccrnlria and Hands, Wli do* him es
P iper Hangings, Cut led llalr and Moss, for -al-at low price* —
Carpets, Curtains, |le-ls and Mattress.-a made to order at short ba
ilee. Paper hanging done la the city or country hy superior work
men. _ _ loci —
I.l Tini:k iakd.
1 TUfIFNE CARRINdTON, having purrhased the stock of lumber
I j of the laic Edward E. Dudley, will continue tbe business at
the old yard, Corner Franklin and 19th Street*, wt.i re he will b«
happy to serve the old customer* of Mr. Dudley, and the pnblio
Stock on hand,White Pine, Yellow Pine, Flooring, “ alnut, Cher
ry, Ash, Mahogany, Maple, Botton-Wood, hatha, Shingles, Ac
nol Cor. Franklin and 19lhHlrerta.
10 flrkir.a No, 1 Goshen Butter
If. I Pl> Buckwheat Flour
SO bills Miperflne Katra and Family Flour
Hiuoked and Pickled falmon
!» % lible No. 1 N. Cl. Roe Herring*
Sft pigs No. I Mackerel
'if. his Knglith Dalrv, Pine Apple and Goshen Cheer*
Oat Meal, Kje Flour. Ac., Ac.
Just received and for sale on Die lowest teims for rath, or to
prompt customers, at MINNI8 A CO.'8 Family Grocery,
nol 4 9d and Main 8t*.
u | Early l.arye York Cabbage
l*o Oxheart <lo
Do sugarloaf do
Larye Drumhead do
l*o Flat Dutch do
Karty Cauliflower*
Round Savoy Spanlah
t Griffin Curled Kale
Early Rutter Lettuce
I Do Hardy llammeratBlth do
Black and Spanish Radish, for sale by
ne9 WM PALMER, «0N A CO.
GBNTN* ISIIOAI> Til E A It MIOFS.- Very hlyl. cut
for winter wear and Double Sole, very superior and cheap,
at N 13 Main Street, at Siyn of the Rly Boot, by
^UKKI « IBKBv-M bbta. WUxon’sBerry CoantyIwai
* Cider, pure Jmec of the apple, and exceedingly (In' ijuullly,
just received and for sale by SU.DFN a MILL! I!,
no If. Cor Pearl and Cary rt*.
rilllOSK Ptll ll KKN B4HIT .—Just received a largo
I 1 atipplv of those eelehrat.il Fartoeia Ir.tig Leg Doublr Sola
hewed Roots, at No. 4.3 Main Street, sign of the big bent, bp
. im FALL TRADE. i860.
IRON AXI.FR.—sn.lioo lbs lre>n A ales, from I t s— wt a
Inehaa, with plus nr nnt*; Mart! Toml r,
’ and Ire*’ H pat., and Taper Axle*.
H,(a*0 Ilia. Tnrnllr.aon’a Sweeda Steel, tempered and common
Springs, from 2 to ID plates.
IH'BS, I ^OKE», Ac.
260 seta Gum Hubs, 200 seta Spokes, 100 «eU Felloe*, Shaft*,
Pole*, Bows, Ac.
Curtain, Collar and Dash Leather; Enamelled Duek, Drilling.
Mus.In and Moleskin ; Broad Cloths, Laces, Fringes, Tassels, Head
Linings, Damasks, Hands, Castings. Moaa, Ac , Ac.
• 160 kegs HammereJ Horae and Mule H.oea.
To cash hovers and prompt customers, we are prrpnred to offer
goods iff re/*p /oteyroes. WILLIAMS A KLLIOTT.
Importers, wholesale and retail dealers In Hardware, CuDI,
Coach Materials, Ac., C7 Main street, nearly opposite 8t. Charle*
Hotel._ o<-2i
e DAHANKf, Ait.
CtONStTMRRS of RICHARDSON’S LINENS, and those desirous
/ of obtaining the OKNUINK G041D8, should see tliat the arti
cles Ihty purchase are sealed with the fu 1 name of the firm,
J. N, UlfliHrdaoil, Nona Hint flxvtlru,
r as a guarantee of the soundness and durability of the Goods.
Tula caution Is rendered essentially necessary, as larye quantl*
ties nf Inferior and ilefertlre I Iners *re prepare! s> .von aft* r o a*
•on after season, and sealed witlt the name of RICIIARIM’N, by
lfl h Houses, who, regardless of the iniury ll.ua Inflicted alike ■ n
- tfTe \mertcan consumer and the manufacturers of the genuine
'• Goo '*• will not 'cadtly ahan 'on a business so profitable, while pur*
d et,as -ra ran be Imposed on with floods of a worthies* character.
y ja7—1y Agents, 34 Reads Street, New Y.rk.
DOVE a 4 o.'.N 4'OTI»»«inYI» MVKI P kill**'
I'ARILI.A Krerr leiltlc warranted to contain the virtues of
pound of the root. Prepared and for sale by
_ no'fo B0FKI00.,BnnMa
Haim 4»ii-s. ponADEn, heuiikhix, as*.
A supply of the mi *1 appiored always (nr sale br
c- no2U l*4»vr. A 4X1 .Draggla*#.
MKDII INK 4'MKNTH.f all slie* *u txbl* for family and
Plantation use Also, Physician* I'oek.l esse*. Directing
— 0»« *1 ur/lcwl anti Dcnl%l In*lruuictit« for •-I* »t I
b.lo-s tuy W. PETKRBON A 00.,
uo*4 1M Main Bt vet, J

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