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Richmond daily Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1842-1861, March 12, 1861, Image 2

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kTcITmo^T1) WHIG
U\l JtOBMH, VIA lit U U, is«l.
r-w~ ,'AUtrttm iwliMnmMlbi ud.l ic W
. -i4«erhtonk>*A<n*i'l44,y’Wd/Uitortoi^ wo4 5*pw«.«A
41 TW <4 a r%tUo/ h*»c tuiudiuj, ouj\t *0 >4 twe»« (a ail,
• - ■■•»».) It Ui*tri»d /ry**. l&Uttary tHU4t4meMd
• *.. .’u»4i ar4 oAsryl/or a* ao vtrtiatmtnU.
,- y* JT4 MMOt a>» !trUt*> to --alin-w M#4ot4rf *W to flHr»u
7 he fwuvenUou mid the People.
SotwitL.stacdi: g the wild aud mad denunciations
h. -ipcJ upon the Convention hr the Precipitation papers
and poPiciana, we are sure that the intelligent, reti-'eting
a 1 pv.tr? tic people of Virginia entertain the opinion
t'nt the Convention should proceed in it* deliberation*
with t ie utmov calmne** and caution. It is no light
U-k which the sovereign* of the State have imposed upon
. at body ; and heuee it is neither proper cor desirable
lt the Convention should rush through its labors with
vkleM and indecent haste, merely to gratify the whim*
and caprices cf a small and restless *<l>Jad of turbulent
;l.,d revolutionary spirits. No body ol men has ever as
sembled in Virg uia, that comprised more of the intellect,
the statesmanship and the patriotism of the Common
wealth, or better deserving the unreserved confidence
ar.d cordial support of the people. We know it is de
nounced. dav alter day. without rhyme or reason, as a
i. - It of 3ubmis*ioniat», Abolitionists and Traitors' But
. really the fact that the /xaple of Virginia, by a rat
jrity of tiftv or «it y thousand, have elected Subuus
sioni-ta, Aboutionists and Traitors to represent them in
the present Convetwion? If that l>e so, doe* it not ar
gue licit an overwhelming majority of the peop't them
ndves are equally Submission's Abolitionist* and Trai
t0. , * But the cha-ge involves an inoul’ing and ridicu
le, dander, not only upoti the members of tae Conven
tion. but upon a large majority of the voter* of the State,
which these ttttnc voter* will repel with scoru and ind g
nation, when theu voice n again heard at the poll*. Ta*‘
attempt thu* to metope sent, asperse, bro» beat and in
timidate the Convention will assuredly meet with a sig
nal aud disastrous failure—fur the people are both intel
ligent and just, and will visit the calumniator of theta
•elves and their representative* with the severest con
demnation. Wo really think it is hi-rh time that the Pre
cipiia'ors .had abandoned this email game of bluff and
menace—for, thus tar, it hn* been played with most indif
ferent andcoutemptible success.
Wo are.- ur. t^at the groat ma s of the people agrie
w ;h u* it the cpiuion i at ki.<.a right*, interests, and
b *aor are perfectly safe iu li e hand* of the Convention
of lueir own choice. There are not, a* we hope and be
lieve, half a do/-“n member* of that body who would net
cheerfully lay do-vr. their live* in defei.ee of Virgiui ,
her characier, her iiirtituiious, and her ancient fame.
61 Uie SHTEV UlOCy Ui*- ^ V* liMk WVI/ «* ,
aud wiil continue to be, cautious and deliberate in tuc.r
action, doing nothin" that is not approved ‘.y :h<-ir be-t
judgment, and that they canuol conscientiously recom
mend to the people lor their eudorsatioa an i adoption.
*T ia duties devolved upon tuetn are of th* most delicate,
difficult, and try: g character, and it, therefore, becomes
thrtu to act with circumspection, discretion, and wisdom,
and utterly regardie s of the complain ng- and howiings
ul those who would precipitate us into revolution, and
>t slip the dogs of w.r, without scruple, hesitation, or
dd iv. Thoughtless per o. at the corner. of the -treets.
wiav prate glibly at d lightly of immediate secerning and
- ,r, but it is the £ of grave legislators and state-men
t» be absolutely indifferent to concerted outside pre -are,
uni look atauJ dispose of the solemn questions be I ore
ibcia with exclusive reference to the safety, the dignity,
the ho> or ct tilts groat a: d noble Commonwealth,
o; oee. we have full confidence iu the ability and the
asiti^. ol the <* juveutiou to point out then. »t at d
. course for the State to pursue in the present mo
rn utous emergency, and we s’lail, consequently, await
•s final action without unnect .-ary and ridiculous i:u
j .Atieu«*<p.
To our friends in th* Ev*rn p-'-rtlor: of the State,
particular!*, we desire to u» >!.>- an ..truest and honest
appeal not to allow them rive- to bo frightened ordrivm
fioiu th ir proprie y by the wilj .v u ; rpetaal UJ.U..7
of th" Secession Precipitators in their in. -t. Throe lat
er are .vtreme1* noi-* a:: 1 fussy and violent in their
«lei:io:.-.: I'.ioi: . a:. I ty: . . tiiy require all others to
.Uink an 1 act as tbey do, under penalty of being de
nounced as tame submi* ioaists, and faithless to the
r.gh’s and ho:;• r of the State. 0 t let not sensible and
tuJep-.dcni n..I ah-heirttd and chivalrous Vi-ginia
freemen_pa* the a tightest attention to such denuneia
t an from • ; tart.r, !>:.■ t t: eat act epon their
cotiv'ctions of propriety and or right, and yield nothing
<o attempted intimidation and menace. Let them reraetn
»ier that V.rgi ia, in the very nature of thing*, is cosa
. i urking 1 • - pod don in the prese: ’■ emergency,
t,. act -low 1. a.. ! c. hberu tly. Let them r* collect—lc
al of us ia the East continually bear iu mind—that th.
j e p » ia the Wes—rn portiui: of the State ar? our last
friend . ai d w ,i ra Iv, as ot e u.an, to the protection
and defence of the Ea-r, whenever the institution ©t
H;. very may be assailed, no matter whence such as vult
nay come. Hut being, as we are, V.rginians and free
m n. they cannot be dtagoe. ed into a course of policy,
sliieh 'heir judtrm-nt and their patriotism condemn a
• asb ill-advised ami destructive of their iutere-.s and
prosperity. There must, then, be mutual forbearance
a!id kindnes* 03 the part of the people in all portions
nr the State, if *e would secure concert ar.d unity of at
t on in the time of our danger, and preserve unimpaired
ti.e into .rtf', of our ancient and illustrious t onmicn
wealth. We, therefore, eartu dy ex ort ail the impa
tient and precipitate fpirita ii the East to be less impa
tient and less precipitate, resting assured,meanwhile.thst
.»forbearance and conciliation, there will be, >a this
old Don 1 don, a hu J people in defence of our com
mon interest- and common honor. Hut, let it be lindci
ntood, o: ce tor all, that an intolerant and denunciator*
:,u , t! ,■ o:.e towards the other, will inevitably load to
th :• o-t ruinous ai d melancholy consequences. W.
inv, l.v rack t— a:.d precipitancy, disuuite and . -'.range
our own people; while, by prudence and forbearance—
:,v wUo and cautious deliberation and action—we ■
US wo ought to be, in this day of a.-prcben.-iou ana
•iv: gv r, a u: itec 'aruiouious xnd itvi. ,1 >le people. Vic
-,'u-wly nope, tor the . ike of to common mother of
.1 all—for the »..hc of Virginias institutions, Virginia’s
r ch’s and Virginia’s honjr—that immediate secession
pa-sioa aud in mediate accession madness wiii no longer
riie the hour, e peeially among our intelligent and pat
riotic friend* iu Eastern Vircinw—for, a Utile delay may
s. vt ai d -e re id, while preenitatiou may be destruc
tion and d.-ath.
As for ourselves, we are what «- have ever beta, ami
wl at we expect always to e, P "» ted uawr v. ri g de
fender of the r:., uss aud iustitu.ivi.- vl V i*'^- .. .1 the
South. Sot one jot or tittle of the rights of Yiigini.
and the honor of Virginia would we surrender, lor all
thtt earth holds of brightest and of be«t. Bat we
consider patience and prmkn.e not at all inconsis-ent
w th the warmest and sternest defence of those rights
\nl that honor. On the contrary, we believe that the
highest policy, so far as both are concerned, consists in
avoiding rashness ai d precipitancy, and pursuing such
c >ur o as shall ultimately unite, by hocks of steel, our
»Me people and the whole people of the South.
In ooool .s.on, we again entreat our friends, especially
t‘ in Ea-tern Virginia, to set their facee. as a flint, againr,
p-a;lp.tat»- si d violent coui -els, and act, in the (rcsiD
grave and momentous emergenev, as t-ecomes intolli
geut, reflecting, patriotic and independent freemen.
»lr. Suiunirri' Cpn ill i«« the fonitullnu oil
V* at. r«lay.
The st aech of the Hon. Gx.-rux W. ?i uuxas in the
('.ouvetiiion y*“terd it, in explanation and defense of the
J’«ac« Coutereu e adjustment, was an able and splendid
effort, aud extorted almost universal commendation.—
It was listened to by the member* ot the Convention,
*. *.,d by a large and intelligent audience of ladies and
gentlemen, with gratified and rapt attention. After speak
* lug about two hour* Mr. S* »x«m gave away to a rao
t. ou to adjourn, and he will, t!*er«lore, conclude his
-peecb to-day. It were needless to sav that, as with tlie
? uiu»hl of a cum!, hi- suooossfuUy scaiutred to the winds
a 1 the objections, wh.ch have been raided sc oust that
aoju'-joetit and showed com lusivclyjtnd to tlie entire
satisfaction of every candid and impsrtial » nd, that It
i* iim i an idj atm -ot as f«dty, amply, and^eoinpleteiy
guarantees ah the righta and interest* of the South, and
. ich an one a* abould command the hearty and cordial
■auction of the whole Southern people.
But we aimil not allude further to tnia magnificent ef
te<» of Virginia's groat orator, ioieoJiof, st ss sarly a
V 1
jav as practicable, to spread ft tn ftifl beford onr read
er i. ^ | /, af' : .
Uuls ot Stt«#«U)*>
The reports which (xcMnnafiy read* the public out
side of Sdith Catdu.a, with regard to the diststrom ef
fects of Mcess'.on— the rtagn uion of business, the de
m»rt mg couarqui r.cei of turning the whole country
into a camp—the reign of terror aud the general disor
ganixation of society—are always met by the South Ca
r jttna prea- and letter-writers with Indignant denials.—
Uverding to them, there is no such paradise on earth
and ucver w*a—as South Carolina at this moment.
Everybody has a plenty ot money—there is no extra
taxation—there never have beeu any forced loaus, ar.d
there *s no tyranny. Ail this appears very inconsistent
with what are known to be the population of South Car
oiina, and what is tend to be the size of her military
toree. A large military lorce suppo*-s a heavy expendi
ture of money—a heavy expenditure of money supposes
heavv taxes—h-avy tales, wheu they fall upon a small
population, s uppo.ie considerable oppression. But the
following letter from a wealthy secessionist settles a.1
doubt upon this subject. People who wish to indulge
in the luxury of secession must pay for it, and pay high.
It is . costly luxury. Virginia, for instance, if she wish
t , indulge in it, must commence by abolishing her public
debt, and her credit at the same time.
But here is the letter:
J-row the Unco (Texas) Gazette.
The following letter from Judge Robert Lyon, of Ab
beville Court-House, South Carolina, speaks for itself:
Arkkvillk C. U., Thursday, Jan. '24, 1801.
Dxar Sir 1 desire you to procure for me aud send
bv mail, a Texas Almanac. Six mouths since 1 felt per
fectly willing to remain in Sou’h Carolina, but I cau re
main here no louger. At the election of Lincoln we a!!
felt that »e must resist. In this move I placed myself
amongst the foremost, and am yet det rmined to resist
hint to the bitter oud. I bad my misgivings at first ol
the idea of separate secession, but thought it would be
for a short time, and at a small cost. In this matter, to
gether with thousands of other Carolinians, we have b en
mistaken. Everything is in the wildest commotion. My
bottom land ou Long Cane, for winch I could have got
ten per acre, 1 now cannot sell at any price. Ali
i ur you: g men nearly are in and around Charleston.
Thi.her we have sent many liuudreds of our negroes (I
have sent twenty) to work. Crops were vety short last
year, and it does now seem that nothing will be planted
this coming season. All are excited to tbe highest pi t o,
aud not a thought of the future is takeu. Messengers
arc running here and there, with and without the Gov
ernor’s orders. We have no money. A forced Ux is
levied upon every mau. I have furnished the last sur
; !us dollar 1 have. 1 bad about *27,1*00 in bank. At
: i g tve a check for ten thousand, tbeu five thousand,
then the remainder. It is no* estimated that we are
-[ Lining 1 0 per day, and no prospect of getting
i;v„r these times. It was our full und- rstanditig when
1 » *,u <»t the Union, that we would have a new
' .over! met t of d -'—'.them States. Our object was
ty t ’r about -i coo - 03 iUi . ■ authorities at Wc-a’i*
gtvi, a'l'u h *U thought would m»ko ah j win us. Al
<1,7, «h wc bate ts.'ivh: -'.oh coili.uon ia every way, we
yet i . fight, m ? the nroapectie very i want
1 wat t the Almanac, in order tv «**> <?ox it wtat pat
of Texas may suit me. 1 wont to raise cotton p.vic.pal
i > hut must raise corn to do me. I will need aboa, a
] hou- viid v-es of gov-d land. kl v force is iocrc.-ii'i. ,
• ev \our.g nefefv. • are coming ou. I can send u. the
! ■! iV'UUt 65. big and 'ittie. 1 shad make no crop here
t ,i ar. 1 shall start my negroee irca here to Jons
I I: rt, at bhrevepott, about the 1st oi Apiii. 1 will
Vt ■ V a; ,7- tieic io grew up in tbe pines. When we
- fget to sihreveport, Johs Baov-stse will go with me
J over T> x*s. 1 cannot live here, atid away.
. v leax • r now; *1 least I i pots haT*tvf.
.. ... and before long one-third of the wealth ofSouth
It r i.oa will be in the *Ve-t. 1 de?ire to vou look around
• :id help me gei 4 home. As ever, voura.
Halironil Mi ur.Uea 04 tbv Harder
Ou the subject ol a decline in ll.e securities ol the
Border Slave States, we extract the following observa
tions from a late number of the Xew York Kjrprt*» ■
i!.e di Hue in the securities of the Border States is
e.iriiy under woJ bv all who know the louudatiou upon
wh h th. r re?:. It is a mistake to suppose- that the
Northwestern and Northern elates are the sole pos-ts
-or ot railway euterpri es bused on .'..JCUlatioa, and
that they unly wo dd-titfer by a civil war, upon which
.. v lo'ol. 1 • eo !_v. The record shows, that the border
. ue States • boldly into the work of inter
1 ,i .1 :t- ,1-orec'. rit, an-i thu theT are in no d-'giee behind
I •: t. St in -i modes cf interna! transit, based on
credit, a safe operation L ti"'e ol ponce, or in a foreign
« r, on: one full of danger when c-i.I! wur ro:gn.<. The
following table "id show about the debts lor internal iin
ei-nen:-•: ts o! the tom Vaditg States, but the actuiu
a loam is above tue hguios given
kak.roa'i \m» tvi.k-.At. ivi-kovkmkst obliaaTIOKS or
Till l.illUHK ST A IkS.
MarYtand,.■.. .4®»4W.tiM
V*- . . - ..
North Caiouua, .... ... V^V-W
Teaeetvee, ... W tMNWI
yiik-al , .
To Hi, . . *.i. co/aw
i'Klt ko IS .Nk» YORK.
• DocJlne
Mur- h *, 1 •C<). .Mar •*. 1-^1. p*;r *• *it
r* C,.. «-S*
M ft-uri t» ... ... 01 1*'H
• • t 1 •' *
This ilc line 1 .is Won sliowa dr.rlr.tr a t:rwp when tneac
| Smtea hsv • taitbfulv a d promptly met their obligi
t: us. It alarm at the chance of internal distuibau-.e
. ..uses -uch a depreciation in the val-.e of States of u-t
da-;bt • I ability, who can <• .. .iv tin* confu
. a which would follow a ilisoig inuation of busines.
through the pro-. :u-«* ot civil war The obl’gatiou.- Ol
•• Sta'o-, lilts oth- r railway securities, would be dis
honored, sweeping ctf at a stroke the basis ot the bank
c reuev of the Northwest, nuking it in the hands ol
1. ■ 1. - urdc’ i ally worth,1c tor no reconstruction could
:.u-p for . In the end, currency based upon
s . b '--o-.-ks would be paid, but original holders would
Hold out tor a song. lilLol., Mi.higau, Indiana and
V. i-coi-.u h ive uow a direct and pen-dual -i.tere.-t in
- .:.di d to the border States every concession po-'si
b . .1 th.-v wo”H escape a bank junto and tuuin, such
a- lr 7 and 1 >7 nevc-r developed, and their atteutiou
c .uiiivt be too clo-aiy fat'd upon this point. Tee cur
r . v of four States a based upon debts owed by slave
S’atcs, and its preservation at the present uiaadard in
y o York is c.i'i-utial to their financial safety. To the
t„ w Administration these facts are commended, os show
jr . that tb-- ortt-'t w sy to ruiu the West will be to co
t:.-e the S..uih by force of arms—thus securing au
am it of hnataial embarrassment such as the country
Lfcffcr wHisr. ___
MtNhf P, B< It and (.ilmor*
The R ilc yh S‘a\L:rd, upou full and sufficient authori
ty, make* the following statement
“VVe loam tint Mr. Bell, of Tennessee, and M.. turner
r f ti is State, wore cite red scats in Mr. Lincoln’s Cabinet.
Mr. Bell teplied that tinder the eircum-tinc » he could
r atc. pt ualcs-. the iucoiuing President would furnish
1 n will a v. tittcu programme of hs policy; that if this
- ould be done, and bo should be thereby assured that
uv movement would be made by the President ami
hi- Cabinet wirticil to his section, and be should be
a’ o thus assured thaw L- would be able to not karmoni
un-iy with the administration, iw would accept a place
in the Cabinet. A special programme it os not furnished,
>.,:t «... was refet erd to the Inaugural as embodying the
V wa of the President. Mr. Gdw«r. we learn, mule th»
e reply but iu both ease-, the position: referred to
• .re at fir-- de: i e l. andfe terms a* aDove given were
■ ■» ft. .'.red unii! the.’ were pressed a second time to
pv -oats iu the C bine . ’
Wc ii«.e good reason ourvelves for believing that the
ith could have c;. uinei three or four of the Cabinet
u .; oi tmenta, if gcatle»ue_ had been .willing, under the
I circumstances, to accept thctti.
A **outlicrner on Secession.
A ' .L..era gentleman, who resides in Augusta, Ga.,
write! thus:
' It the South wore merely lot alone for six months wo
.. «t.’d probabjv trv *t the next g> noral election to get
\ The now t iriff wih open both eyes and pockets;
o 4 cents per pound on cheese, a to 3 cents on butter,
4 ■_ c; is on sugar, •_*; to 23 cents on tobacco, affect
\ tv one and that sensibly. Prices have advanced and
• -till ast • tiding. (Mr regular armv has 140 tub-tea
snd ss many in Savannah. Nine-tenths o(
., r vo ith g > on11stauUy armed, and the common use of
. uily weapons is i|uite disregarded. Nocontrol can be
■xercised over a Ld alter he is fourteen or fifteen. He
> . usics Mr. So-xnd-So, avd acknowledges no master.—
:.:lc our f ee trade double* our tariff, our postal facili
i will ai-o be decreased. Letter postage will probably
i raid'd to 'eu or iweuty-fivc cent*, and c-ft the iiume
j. i; i. • . the railways there will probably bo as much
, a *.e... IN course, therefore, we will like
e -. u the b uer as we become the better ac«|Uainteu
with it.” ________
A furious toluddenci'.
A le ter f c m a brother oi Major Anderson to a gcc
t e...an in New Voik city, mentions the followingcurious
co. eidcoce : It i* a very strange coincidence that my
f her wx that 'L'apa.u of the Continental line who,
bv mi-lake of hia superior, began the battle of Trenton,
*•. ere Robert w^s iong stationed. And, as Major, he was
a prisoner of war in actual jail, fed only on rice, with
• he malipox for a dessert, in the very Charleston where
his -on of t e same rank is now stationed—the former
under Tarlton, the latter under Buchanan. What a co
incidence. __
Sootheru C«uiail»»l«ii.
The Sou hern Commissioners, representing the Pro
v -,ona! Government at Montgomery, will lay the object
o.' tceir iui-sion before the President to-day. It is to
trv it for the forts and public property in the Cotton
Si-atee. As they will not be roceired, wo may look out
far a collision at Port Sumter soon after that, it we are
to credit the declarations of the Secessionists. We have
h».iH*i, however, that nothing of the kind will be done !
Kiel (Ion iu New Hampatiiro.
Some of the Abolition orators have gone on to New
U-.inpahire to rump that State. The election comes off
to day, and as it .a the first one of the season, it will be I
looked for with no little xiurwt end anxiety. A Gov- j
ernor. Legislature, cad three member* of Congress srs
to be chosen. The Republican majority last year was
flllftt _
MondaT, March 11, 1561.
The Senate was called to order at 10 o’clock, Mr.
Brinson in the Chair.
Braver bv the Uev. Mr. Moork.
A message was received from the Ilonac announcing
pa,. of Senate bill e ntitled an act authorizing the
Merchants’ Bank of Virginia to establish branches at
Roekv Mount, Liberty, Goodson and Princeton, with
Amendment.* thereto; also, House bill 10 arneud the char
ter of the city of Richmond.
All the amendments proposed,by the House ware con- i
11 The Hou=e bill fo amend the charter of the city of I
Richmond wiB referred to the Committee on General
House bill providing lor the issue of Treasury notes
wis taken up, and the question being on a motion by Mr.
H. W. Thomas, on Saturday, to strike out $20 and in
sert $1»', Mr. Thomas withdrew hi* amendment, Mr.
Dorm i.A3 having indicated an intention to substitute
$00. . .
Mr. DOUGLAS then moved to amend by substituting
$:>■*, and Mr. Thomas accepted it.
The question then being on striking out $20 and in
serting $50, . ,
Mr. RIVES called for the ayes and noes and the mo
tion to insert $50 in lieu of $20 was lo->t by the follow
ing vote : Ayes 14—nots 27.
The bill was’then ordered to its third reading.
The biil as amended, then passed by the following
vote : Aves 40—noes, Mr. Caldwell, 1.
On motion of Mr. LOGAN, House bill for the relief of
George W. Tucker, of Halifax couuty, was taken up and
! Mr. G ATEWOOD reported a bill to authorize the Trea
surer of the State to destroy certain Bauk notes now on
deposit in his oliice, and such as may be received in fu
1 Mr. CARRAWAY reported a bill authorizing the city
of Portsmouth to issue Treasury notes.
Mr. DOUGLAS of the Committee of Finance, reported
the House bill providing for the payment of commision
ers with the following amendment: la the last line of
tirst section, strike out “eight” and insert “ten,” and add
drier the word Convention at the end of the section the
wo^ds “and the additional sum of six dollars per day is
hereby directed to be paid to the lion. Jottx Trust;, as
President of said Convention.
Senate bill to amend the 2»d section of the 61st chap
ter of the Code entitled “of works of Iuterual Improve
ment," was taken up and passed; also Senate bill to amend
the act incorporating the Masou City Mining and Manu
facturing Company. _ _
On motion of Mr. MARSHALL, Senate bi.l proriding
i for the volnutary enslavement of Jane Pane, Mary, Flet
I cher and Clevis was taken up and passed, ario to arneud
the ri?.d sec ion of chapter zi, ot the Code. (This bill w is
j amended by Mr. HI BBARD, it relates to the exemption
of volunteers from jury duty.)
Senate bill to incorporate the Farkcrghyrg Bridge Com
p,„y was takeu up, and Mr. U. W. TUmMaS offered the
following i vder.
1 Provided, however, that this act shall be void mid have
I no effect until a railroad bridge shall be erected and in
I use at or near Wheeling, under an act of the General
Assctnb!” “ntitled “an act to incorporate the Wheeling
Ri.lroad’Britige oo.a;;a."y,” part'd March So, lStin, and
until also another railroad bridge -t< .■'! be erected and in
uie ;i or "ear the mouth of Haruiun'tJ creer, under au
act passed Match iO, ISoO.
Mr. PAX TON ottered the following amendment to the
! rvder "And provided also, that thin uct aha.’! not tike
i effect uutil the Covington and Ohio lUilroad shall he
I completed and a railroad bridge be constructed across
he i. i; river at some point between the mouth of the
Kiuawha rivci s..u »hb ptouth ot the Big Sandy river.
On motion of Mr. TUOMPcAN, ,n. b.:,l «nd amend
ments were laid on the table.
Seuav. Ri'l to incorporate the Virginia Miucral Oil and
(Vtl Cc-'naW »n lllJ C?nnty ol Masou was taken up and
DHsed also,‘ Senate bill to mca.'-jorate the Jackson
County Agricultural Society, also, Seu.Vy nmu, enforce
■uTfnent of balances du«. ItCTl commissioners ot foi- i
f'e:retl aud delinquent lands; also. BeuMC t'iu to incur
I riorato the Rockbridge White Sulphur Springs Company; |
klso innate bill to iucorporate the kanuwha Salt Corn
I p»"y- r , , i
The Senate tnen adjourned.
March 11, 1861.
The House was called to order at 11 o'clock, by Mr.
TOMLIN ot King William.
I Prater by the Rev. Mr. Pettigrew of the Disciple*
! Church.
A coiDuiUtii ation wis received from the Senate an
nouncing »he pa -'agA, „y that body, of House bill ameud
action of chapter , • le, and
pi ovidiug lor the correction of erroneous assefcuacni. o>
tuxes on lauds, with amendments; also agreeing to a res
olution for the correction of a discrepancy between the
1 body and title of an act incorporating the Petersburg
Saving and insurance Company; also a joint resolution
for the relief ol the delinquent i-herLpt c! the Common
wealth, with amendment*, all of which the Uou» con
curred in.
Amending an act providing for the payment of the
purebate money ot the Barryville and luaiiestOj* u turn
pike by the Board ot Public Works; authorizing a cer
tain o-tHc to be paid over to the Huiu,o! (lommi**ionen<
of Culpep r county; granting rights ol war u» iji'dng
m o n .iiufacturiug companies of thLs State; incorpora
te - the irfclmR Bool and Shoo Manufacturing Compa
n\ incorporating the Virginia .Anus aud Agricultural
Implement Manufacturing Company.
Inc rporat'ttg the Burning Springs and Oil Line Turn
pise Company.
Ti *‘ Speaker, ] T'> ttnipnrt, laid before the Hoti-c a
communication Iron, the Secretary ol the Commonwealth,
m 11 ■ in compliance with a resolution adopted by the
li use cal i:ig ior a statement of the contracts made in
•.ion to me ting ol the Code of \ irgima.
On motion of Mr. II tvEi.'iHE, ihe communication and
accoirtoanyitig document* were laid on me u'.l<- and or
dered to be printed.
the tax hill.
The bill itnposing taxes for the support of Government,
coming up «s the untii-Uhed business of Saturday, was
read a third time and passed.
Mr. A. WATSON offered the following resolution,
whico being o'jected to, lay over under the rules ;
R*ndtrd, Thai r..cn thl- Home a-hoorn to-day It a-journ to
m- . i at , 1 clock A M. t . , orrow, .uC a» the lame hour >.u each
,. c««uiti|{ Uay of thW eesslun.
The bill “to incorporate the Virginia Canal Company, I
and to tnnsfer the rghia and franchises of the James '
River hi d Kanawha Ci>nipit>y” was taken up, on motion
ol Mr. CHAPMAN, and read a *e. ond time.
On motiou, the House adjourned.
MokDav, March 11th, 1861.
The Convention met at 12 o’clock, pursuant to adjourn
Prayer by Rev. Mr. Peterkin, of the Episcopal Church.
Mr. McGIiEW, of Preston county, submitted the fol
lowing resolution;
Ret ired, That the thtcki of th>- peoede of Virginia be and they
are hereby moat cordially teudered u> :he lion. eohj. Crittenden
tor hlz recent able, realoun and patri'.tb effort* In the P-nAeo'
the United fctate* to briny ahoat a jus-, and honorable adjustment
or our national uilhcuilL;*.
Mr. WISE moved that th* refcoJution he laid upon ta
ble, and the question being put was determined in the
negative, by tne following vote :
V a a—Mt.-i'i Ulaki y.Bolreeiu, Bor»t,Bouidin,'.Conr,hT.hfr Gra
ham, Bunion, labell Leiit'.Msi f.irla d,Miller,Hart >a Drrlck, Rat
djl. h.Seawell BUmbier, Speed, btranae, Thornton, R. It Turner,
V, iso and Wooiia—22
Nay.-.—\i »s » John Janney, (President) Aston, Ballwin, A. M.
Ba. ■ ar, J. Barbmr, Baylor, Berlin, blow, U".'ire—, ltrani-h, Brent,
I 'wa,Brur,,Bgrdt-.t Eur!ty,Capertoa,Caiter. chapman, Clemens,
Coffman, C. B. Oonr*d. K. V. Conrad, Ocuch, Crltcher, Coatis,
, -[,t. pe,k'n<, Dtlan7. Sarty. Echo's. Kirbu, Ku*»tf, Garland,
nii-ii.l- C i t II , tv. Gray.G■ . .10. A. MaH. K B. Hall. Hare
I- . , <» : i, M I
i hnson, r 0 Johnat n, Lawi . Lea Mol aaa, MeGsew 1
i m , J. »>. Maliorr, M.-rshall, Marr, Marye, Mr.tlir,, Mn . rs,
I Mo3*t , Moore, Nelson, ly-iurn, Parke, Patrick, Pentlleton/Por- I
i r, Pr non, Price, f’u.h, Rives, Bavndery Hr, K. 1. Hro’.t, Sharp,
'i 3 v, hi; ioy on, S u’hall, Spurlock, Staphi, A. II. II. Stuart, U.
.1 Stuart, Sun mtru. Sulherlin, Teylor, lyter, Waller, Wl-ltfleli),
Wickham Willey, Wilson, Wysor—fa
Mr. LEAKE moved to ametid the resolution, by ad
din ; thereto the following :
But this Convention tinee not mean hereby to approve or dlsap
prr •** -1 t! “ incaauri* proposed by the Peace Congress.
The queotiuu "'u agreeing to the amendment being put,
was determined in b.c negitiTe.
The original resolution tv a.. ttieu adopted—yeas 107,
HITS 16.
Tho^e who voted in the negative are: Messrs. tUkey, j
Boret, Cecil, Conn, Fisher, Graham, Huntoa, Isbell, Leake,
Morton, Randolph, Richardson, Sea well, Strange, K. B.
Turner, Wise. Absent or not voting : Messrs. Ambler)
Armstrong, Boisseau, Boyd, Byrne, Campbell, Carlisle,
Chambliss, R. II. Cox, J. II. Cox, Dent, Fiournoy, Greg
ory, John Goode, Thomas F. Goode, Hale, Addison Hall,
llarvie, Holcombe, Hubbard, Kilby, 0. K. Mallory, Mon
tague, Morris, Neblett, Trod way White, Williams.
Mr. CLEMESS pres-uted u tabular statement from the
census bureau, at Washington, allowing the population
of the various cities and counties of Virginia, according
to the last census, which, on his motion, was laid upon
the table and ordered to be piiuted. The statement
shows that the total white population is 1,047,613 ; free
colored 57,579, slaves 490,8b;. Aggregate population
On motion of Mr. SUMMERS, the report of the Com
mission*ra to the Peace Conference was taken up, where
upon, he proceeded to address the Convention iu expla
nation and support of the plan of adjustment proposed
bv said Conference, showing that it was not only the
equivalent of the Crittenden proposition, but to some
extent in advance of it. (As Mr. Summer's speech will
no doubt be published in pamphlet form, for general cir
culation, we will not attempt to present an outline in
this report.)
Before concluding his remarks, he yielded the floor for
a motiou to adjGurn, which was submitted by Mr. GUAY,
but withdrawn.
Mr. BALDWIN presented the following substitute for
the report of the Committee on Federal Relations •
The representatives of the people of Virginia, lu Convention at
•cabled. are profoundly sensible of the difficulty, delicacy and
imi'irtan-v of the duty which, lu obedience to the popular will,
they have assumed to perform.
They feel that the controversy which unf.rtunst.-ly dis'ract aid
dlvldea our country has brought about a c ndltlon of public affairs
for which histo-y has no paraUtl, and the experience of Govern
ments no precedent.
They re-ogn'sc the fa-t that the great nuestlcni which ) rest for
c na'.deratlon are of entire novel,'/ g'd of great Intrinsic dial
«u ty—aud that their proper solution will require, on the peitof
our Governments, Btat »nd Federal, and of our people, the *xer
cise of the utmost prudence, discretion, calmness anil forbear
Tnev eonear moat ea-reatly In the opinion declared by the Gene
ral AMt-mbivof Virginia, that a permanent disedution ef the
Culm Is Inevitable, unlrts our unhappy controvers'es ran be ad
• iirtrd Is the spirit la which the Constitution wss orl*luaJljJori»cd.
and they teal ibatfto perfect any such suj .rtmsot It Ispf India pen.
sap>v asygss.i/ that during U* program tbs ptacs of tha country
ihtll b* maintained, and that all parties shall ta r»4 Mth avoid
-I,In, Juat occasion for Irritation, collision and bloodshed.
Therefore, be It ndolvei by the pnoplo of Virginia, In Conren
Uon —ifblil: - ” r
1. The conference of 8Ut«e, Which, upon the InvitaMon of VJr
rtcia, was r. c -utly b«id In the city of W.sblngtou, haring reoem
mended certnln nmrndmenta ta the Oonatllullon of the L'nltid
Wat>a. as. In the opinion of the Conference, containing a fair and
•alla'artory adjustment of raiding difficulties, ao far a« they can
bo reached bv chancea lo the organic law thla Conrentlon la of
oplnl m that ibo tal l amendments If concurred In by tho Btates
h«ein;ifter invited ta confereaee, ami engrafted upon tho Consli
lotion ct the United StatJa, will be satisfactory to the people of
2* The peculiar relation* of the States of Delaware Maryland,
Virginia, North Carolina,Tennessee, Kentucky, Mtasourl nnd Ar
kansas to each other and to the other Btates, make It proper, In the
Judgment ol this Convention, that the former Btates should consult
together for the maintenance of their right* In the Union, or, fall
log In that, to concert su-h measunt 'or their final action as the
honor, the IntereiU and the safety of their people may demand—
an I fir that purpose tlic proper authorities of those Hite* are re
quested to appoint Conimlialoaento meet Commissioners appoint
ed be this Convention, on behalf of the people of this State, at
Frankfort, In the Slate of Kentucky, on the last Monday In May
° a. The people of Virginia will not anticipate any disposition on
the part of the General Government to engage in tb* hopeless ef
fort to sutject the Government* and people of several States,
against their will, to Federal authority. Any such attempt would
inevitably result in civil war—soon to become a sectional war
against the Institutions and people of fifteen State* of this Union.
The people of Virginia cannot be Inattentive or Ind'tTirent to any
Indications of such a policy -but they tru>t that the Ocvernment
will take the wiser course, and will. In accordance with the spirit
of our Institutions, withdraw all irritating displays of force, an I
ae»k t.> disarm freemen by removing the causes of their just com
The grievance* for which several of the States have underta
ktnto withdraw from the Union are such as hav»* affected Virginia
t > a greater extent than any one of them Foe these grievances
requires and expects t » obtain full re Jreas, and she will be
slow to believe that those Mates will find It consistent with their
Inclinations, or their Interests, to abandon permanently a Union
In which they are offered terms of adjustment which, In respect
to common interest* and common grievance!, iatlify the judgment
and the honor of Virginia.
In any event, as Virginia Is endeavoring to lecure to them the
opportunity to determine their deitlny in peace, ihe can lo.tk with
n > favor or sympathy upon any conduct on their part tending to
precipitate upon her people the horror! of civil war.
li Is the belief of this Convention that the sectional contro
versies which divide the people of the United States, if D* t origin
ated, have been greatly aggravated hy the management of polltl
cltns, f'rtne advancement of p*r onal and party scheme! They
fr 1 confident thxt if the people, North an»l South can come to un
derstand each other, they will find mean* to compel a fair and am
icable settlement of all the matters in dispute. It Is therefore re
commended that the U nference at Frankfort shall taw * Into con
sideration the propriety of a direct appeal to the people of the
North In favor of justice, union, and peace. , . .
fi. The federal authorities under the Constitution as It Is, having
disci allied the power to recognise the withdrawal of any Ft ate from
the Union ortjd -al with tho grave questions arising upon such
withdrawal, the people of Virginia, without expressing any opinion
upon the question < f power but In deference to the opinion of the
fed ral authorities, hereby declare their willingness t3 unit- In con
ferring upon the Government of the United Mates, th power, if
It shall bee roe neecssary, to re -oen't the separate InileptnJenc
of the 8<-:edlng 8t ites, and to make such treaties with them, and to
l-ii«s aueh law. as the separation may render proper.
7. in order to await the action of the Frankfurt Ocnf frence, this
Contention will adjourn to meet again on the-day of-,
* ilr. WICKHAM preteuted the following substitute for
report of same Committee:
[Die first five paragraphs enciag with the word* * Hint object,”
In the preamble of the m«jnrltv report of the committee; the sixth
resolution of said rep"»rt and thetas’ paragraph of said pream
ble, constitute the preamble to Mr. Wi-kham's resolutions, which
are as follows ] . .
That the people of Virginia arc, under existing cir
rumstance*. unalterably opposed to the exercise of any specie! of
force on th** part of the Federal Government towards the Btatei
that have withdrawn their, el **« from the Union, and hdievinc
that any armed collision the Kedeiai authoiltiea and those of the
gir.'a Is engaged to r»* loncllc (he dlff-ieocea now existing between
The Mates, an a w ul t i^!*e t <i Irrevocable dir solution of the
Union, thev earnestly Insist t*;at i».'i rede *I Government shall
adopt a padfio policy towards tl. le 8 ate , shi.il bxss t*o attempt
to subject them to Federal authority, or tj refnforce ihe forts now
in p >tsessioi« of tU i&Ult^rjr forces of the United BUl’S, or to re
capture the forts, at Sena's, or uiher p»«qn r v of the United Mates
wi’lun th-!r limits, nor to resort to any measures calculate.. In i \ •
pii-sent excited Mate of fueling (o provoke hostile collision. and
go the other hard, they Invoke the seoeijod {pates to abita.n from
any act tend r g to produce such eoliUROD b<iwti*n them and the
F.-deral authorities.
dr. V’ a next resolution Is the same as the last of the closing
res ilutlftB of u.s minority report, providing for a Convention, at
KrankfA •, By., In ne ;t
Rt'0?r<(t, That wMl- wed' 'retoccnf-r rt'.h the States men
tioneajn ti e pr.siding resolutions epon th;s as upon alio* ermat
• I vUbotir#a;ton*!troubles fet. ftefta it proper
to declare that we regard tu»* j«ri»iff*iUloi#i agrtej upon by the
C)iivcnl on recently in session in tne city of Washington, k/joirn
asthe' Peace f‘jngre?s,M as ^ff jrdlng, If adopted as amendments
t * the Constitution, a fair, prop. r and honorable basis of aijcut
ment of all our national d ffieultles.
h* tr* , T*»a4 *he people of V i: ginia, c fiilng in the Justice of
tl people of h- r sister H?:t -*f ap i s to them fo: a satisfactory
adjusmsotof the *-xi* ng l ... fc.is/a rd *
Virginia, therefore, lov tes the pe pie of t; e several Btates, „iU.. r
l*y pui-utar vote, or, In Convention*, slm arto her own, * re.pond,
at their earliest convenience, to the | odtlnns assume i n the f ire
going .e» 1 tl ns. Bhe cannot regard a failure to obtain ^uch ad
tustenen In any ol* er l**h than as u final overthrow of tb** union
of these HiMes:
Tbe saia prcpositioi;^ wc;c laid up^n t^c table aud or
dert-U to tie pmi tea.
Ou motioa of Mr. STAl’LES, the Convention ad
DESrtvRA'i'ti Sbu..i;*'C A '•KRAY IK MEMPHIS!
[Vrom th<* Men,phis gnqulrer.j
Many of our readers will recall the fact of our publish
ing ail a-count nl a j*ad alMi fatal shooting a-iray, which
occurred ou the corner of i i.ion and Main street*, Mem
phis, e little over one year ago, between James <. Webb,
a promiueUt cltlxeu, and Deputy Sherill ltion.rs II. My
nan, which resulted in the almost Instantaneous d »»th of
th- former from a pialol shot. Mvnatt was Immediately
inipr.80..ed, and trkdou the c'i .rge of murder during
the following June ce/u o' ,l e Critniual Court, the jury
failing to agree. A motion waj then b-»Je 'or a new
trial, and a change of venue granted—removing the case
to Somerville, iu this State. <' i Friday l ist Mynatt was
admitted to hail in the sum of $5,0**0, and returned to
M”iu|ili9 r'ttur ’iv morning.
About three oclocj L t' e afternoon he pissed up
Main street, iu coi .p*uy with se.-siai Ci hi. fr nds. He
bad neeu previously cautioned rind informed that it was
unsafe for him to return to the city. When near the coi
ner of Man. and Monro* streets, he met Morri* Webb, a
brother of the deceased, end John L. Webb, his son, a
young mau about twenty^ wo yea.a of age. it seemed
that tl.e n ■ ..It ,.f the meeting was apparent to all, as
th v immc.liatelv drew ti.otr pistols and commenced fi
ring. Who wa* the first to *hoot we *is un*h'» to say
with any degree of certainty, a half dozen ditli rent ru
mors being iu circulation, and to preclude the possibility
of a mts.ta'1 »u.,t. *e rboos • to remain quiet in regard
to the matter until such nine a. ,t si. ill be legally hives
tigated. It is sutlicicnt to state that five shot* were ex
changed between tlie parties, four wi'hout clfeet; the
Other, Ired from the pistol ol J. L. Webb, tool; cifect,
the ball hitting Mvnatt la the face, cut* ring just Mow
the right eye, ranging downward through the roof ol the
mouth into the nrrh. lodging just beneath the skin hick
of tl.e left shoulder,from w>.i..!i it was afterwards extract
ed t>v u physician. Young Webb limn diat-ly gave hint
self up 10 u.e a ucr:,:es. being accompanied to the j til
bv an otficCr. Mynatt wa. icu-Otcc1 to Dr. Edmondson's
olt.oe, and a number of promufirt piiy-icm.., i». >. J i^.—*
The wound bUd profusely, which it was th'ouj'hl would
ptove falsi in a short -iuu. Jfu retained perfect con
-ciousncH, and although uuibie to *peia, vrute, des
cribing how the alfray occurred. *.nd makiug several re
quest.*” During the evening the lietnoribtge had almost
entirely ceased, and at a late hour last evening a possibil
ity of his recovery was entertained.
Correeyundc’ice of the Greenbrier IndepenJi..!.
Y/irt the 0 H., a , Febtuary 1 , K* I.
To the Editor ok the Isdxpkkdkkt —I tiktrmy pm to
speak of the great excitement in this county, (Wirt,)
rbout Petvolegej pr Rock Oil; “rivers of ’
During last Buniti . r fieni I crus commenced oncratuig
with a well, sunk a few vearsaince to oowau !* "oiter,"
at which time the well yielded "about sor l-> barrels of
oil." but in course of tim<\ increased to 4b or 50 per day.
During the fall If- Rathb-ne put a new well into op
ar.ition, which w>u'd allor.i luc ii.cn Jlule amount ol 2.0
to itiki barrels pev day. Several we,'!* arc now in ope/a
♦ on, yielding largely indeed- Borne i,t them in artesian.
Immense quantities of “ga^ i* found in each well,” which
Hves namo to the vicinity, "Burning Springs.1' T* e val.
u • of th.'! wells is immense; an iutertsi ot one-third of an
o I property sola «-c other day, lor the handsome sum of
Dike all other kindred excitments, ’.t is drawing lertjc
nutnoer* of out k fortune set kern to the place, ..ud iu or
dcr to get a sight of the elephant for 20 years, you must
fork over from 1,000 to 2,01** iit/hara. "bonus,” and one
third of the oil. Men are constantly a; riving, f hey at jcl.s .•
operating pretty successfully ou Uiighes River; aho ou
the Little Kanawha, they a. ” prospecting very extensive
ly and reliably. The well* in operation witi yield over
2,000 bbls. per day. The oil casts a “skim" on the Little
C , 1 am tnlil i- visible on the Ohio below
u. • mouth of the Kanawha, caused bv tbe arte-ian well*,
aud the iokbilitv lo get a sufficient number of barrels to
bold (he o}l.
Truly, sir, this a “great, ,:nteu»e txc.'tement: equal to
the tire-eaters ol South Ourolinia on &eces-i.on.'
Yours, ac , E. S.
A western correspondent speaks of having seen “sea
son passes" and “commutation tickets’' on the Chicago
aud Milwaukie railtord, bciug the t holograph of the per
son to whom they are issued. Tins is a capita! idea.
These photographs are now furnished, about the si*? ol
a postage stamp, at the rate of from 30 to !0o for a dol
lar, already gummed; and when the applicants want a
pass or commutation ticket, he inclos s his photograph,
which, being placed upon the card when issued, enables
the conductor to see at a glam,o whether the ticket is
being presented by the original, or, as is too often the
case, by some one who has borrowed it. By adopting
this plan, the railway companies will enable the conduc
tors to enforce the following rule, always printed upon
passes, but heretofore a dead letter: "If presented by
auy other person than the individual named thereon, the
conductor will fake up t’ds ticket and collect tbe fare."
Fatal Amur.—On tbe Sth instant, a coiorey man
named Richard Fraxsous was killed at Winchester, Va.,
by Mr. James W. Jones, the keeper of the jail there.
The deceased was in custody, but attempted to escape by
running, when Jones fired two shots, a3 is alleged, to
frighteu him. The second shot, however, took effect,
causing immediate death. Mr. J. was committed to
uwait an examination on the l.V.h instant.
Font Coi'ntrrhitkrh Shot.—At Pocahontas, Tenn„
Wm. S. Carper, his sons, George and William, and his
son-in-law, T. (jrtjder, were arrested on tlio 20th ult., ou
a charge of counterfeiting gold pieces, and held for
trial. Ou their way to prison they attempted to escape,
when the citixeus fired upon them, killing the old man,
mortally wounding George and William, aud seriously
injuring Gruder. _
Who is it that is in two situations at once * A lover,
for when he is beside his fair one he is usually beside him
Why cannot the F.mperor Napoleon insure his Iife *—
Because no one can ho found who eau make out his jiol
Why are fixed stars like wicked old men? Because
they sciutilatc, (sin till late.)
Passamaijcoimiy, a correspondent of the New \ ork
Irtbuuf, is exercised on the subject of a nick-name for
the Confederate States. Be says :
It is handy to have such a handle. For instance, we
call it John Bull. Ho growls, but puts out bis left band
to Brother Jonathan. Set us, “ lor short,” call the new
born Republic, Cousin Sambo. This is both euphonious
aud suggestive.
Prentice says many of the South Carolinians not only
have Yankee arms in their hands when they muster in
warlike parade, but Yankee arias around their necks in
(be privacy of their own homes.
and the empress, count cavour, bul
lord palmkrrton’h endtraxci, activity, and tsnrs
Lord Palmerston, in bis seventy-fifth year, is unaffect
ed by the weather. During the summer he is accustom
ed to leave the House of Commons after its rising, and
walk home to bis house in Piccadilly, at one, two, three,
and even lour o’clock in the morning-with all the cares
of the state on his back, and all the salient points ol the
night and the morning's discussion in bis head. During
the winter he is here, there, everywhere, discharging the
duties which belong to his station—now lecturing the
farmer, on improved modes of culture, now giving ad
vice to the farmer’s laborers bow they may rise in the
world on niue shillings per week, and now discoursing,
trowcll in hand, ou the bless'ngs of education, when lay
ing the foundation stone of a new literary institution,
which a benevolent gentlemen, out ol his lioerality, has
bequeathed to a rising seaport in the south.
Paris, Jan. 18, 1881.—The local excitement of the
moment is the skating in the Bois de Bologuo. Three
weeks of a temperature of ten degrees below freeziug
point has furnished the ice for this carnival of the skaters.
We do not pretend to rival the scenes of the Serpentine
at Loudon, where the daily report ol pUaturt is 10O.000
skaters, 20 killed, 300 broken limbs, and 200 damaged
heads. Nor have we anything like the night torchlight
scenes, the “express skating train," the orchestras, tho
quadrilles, or a humane society to save the drowning aud
dress the wounds of the broken and maimed. But we
have instead a daily exhibition o( royalty on skates. The
Emperor aud Empress, tbe Couut and Couatess de Mor
n, and, in fact, all the Court people young enough to
indulge in thus kind of exercise, are on the ice every af
terooon. r.
The Emperor, who is a good skater, even at klty-two
vears cf age—a man is “ young" in this country, you
know till sixty—Hies about through the crowd of -katera
as unmolested as any other private gentleman. The Em
press, who is not a skater, and who commenced her ice
exercises in a handsome hand-sled with golden runners,
has at last been induced to try the skates, and made her
debut in a short Russian costume, which exposed her
handsome feet and legs, aud set off her person to great
advantage. Her Majesty got along very well lor a hrst
attempt; she was led by the hand by several gentlemen
iu her Hrst movements—among the rest, Hr. Stevens, the
well known Belgian artist, and one of the “crack" skaters,
had the honor of conducting her Majesty. Several Amer
ican ladies have appeared ou skates, but ice is so rare at
Paris that skating is not regarded as a:i amusement for
the ferpinines. T. e initiative of the Empress will per
haps give It vogue iu* any future occasions th..t may
a portrait op count cavour.
Count Cavour ha-, so far recovered from his late attack
as to be able to leave bis bed and bedroom, and is ex
pected to transact business in his mamlold oflioes this
verv morning. His late complaint, for which he has been
twice bled, was, happily, not of the apoplelic nature
which had somewhat alarmed his friends on lormcr occa
sions. It was merely an iutismination of tbe digestive
organs. There is no doubt, however, that his strong
. t. ,!th threaten" to give way before his intense, incessant
Occupation, strdng RpJ.t,ti*.«l l**.u.;o‘i 'inj, plethoric
habits, and want of bodily exefeise. He is always up
and ar work at live o’clock ill the morniug. From nil e
to half-past si a in tue afternoon he directs ali the bu-i
ee-.- in his own department!,, auj take*, a general survey
ot those of b.s mpr« helpless colleagues. Then follows
d uner, his only meal, 1 btlleye, lu ti,*i twenty-four hour ,
and, I am told, none of the lightest, lie lisas no carriage,
bu; a walk Horn his private ri-sid'-nce in tbe Via Cavour to
the ministerial oil: .-es iu the Pmzzo Uasteiio is but poor r»
laxation. bo,*.ei.mes ’ h-vc met with him walking ou ride
the porticoes along the V i t ui iro.-e.iucmiy ,o,, a i res' a ol
air, out i*e i* aJ ftCCUS(oijic4 t e world to too constant is. de
V ou his master mind to allow liirua -1; the •• o ,!
g, nee even of a quarter of an hour’s “constitutional." The
activity of the man’s mind is immeasurable. He ne..l**c!s
; othing foreets nothing; no scheme ol policy or diplo
ma :v is too mgh, **o ,c. d-'tft'1 or narticular is too com
monplace for him. lie Las an c,e lor everything, he
trusts few men, aud these generally oh-.cure hut able in
dividuals of his own choice and creation. He writes
rno-tof his letters with his ow n hand. He writes a plain
a'ia fjldlll: l rUUUU I IU.VH •
k bind oi wliwh strength end decision would not, on a
first inspection, seem to be the most obvious character
is'.ics. A French photographic likeness, lately published
bv Maggi, conveys the very miud and .-out of this great
est of living statesmen. A whole volume might be writ
ten about the e.p.c Jurjpue beneath every line of
the half good ‘homoredly, h;ff ear castle jilv smiling
mouth. I' is the stiilo of the man who ha- early (outnl
out “how little wisdom it takes to govern the world,"
and «h >-e nouie h<urt has prompted him to rule over it
tor i s own greatest advantage. May lira hand long con
tinue (IrniiY m) nichl tb<- destinies of fits country.—Turin
Corrti non dene t •>( tke Tima.
llnlwer, as a pAtliaincuUry speaker, reserves hitn-eif
for g..ct occasions. When the Senate is deeply stirred
upon some gueM*on, a .inor r 'n- round the benches
th it "B'llwer l.ytton will addr toe Douse Jjvery
sent i- filled, and the listen, t resign themselves to what
i- alter all, however, only a checkered en joyment. The
orator's sea', in opposition or in office, is on the front
b net' usual I nc t *o Mr. DTsmeli. The strang r in the
„, jury sees a talf thin, .Uw.ne.ted ,'gure "orne to the
t .1,1,.. The face h. pale, litee e speaking ..nd intelligent,
th-' hair abundant on the head, iip, and chin, hut net her
irtisiicttlly arranged nor carefully tended; the attir
c ircles , not to ;,v shabby. The features are eminently
aristocratic end Intellectual. The h. if* "beer that
.'r.-ets him is succeeded hy respcitful eflcr^eatul trained
attention, t))*- reason lor which is soon seen. Nature,
s > bountiful to hitu in wutoiical jifts, has denied him
the faculty of clear arid district utterance. ».ov you
,„.(a word, tlu-n a sentence. Sometimes tho e around
him cv'..-h a happv allusion, which i- scarcely understood
by tho-e at vhoul the <.h..T;: r.;mf d hut who are s-pa
rated from him by the Speaker s Utble. tyhethe. the
defect he one of palate, or tongue, t,r ups, it would not
he easy to say; but those who have sat opposite to
him at^ publifl dinners, when he h-s barraotmed large
audience-, have found it impossible tv loilow him
throughout, although sitting in front oi bin} at a
di.-tance of onlv live or six feet. To lie toil to Ilul
wer I.v (ton is therefore one of the most tantalizing of
oratorical enjoyments. All that is h.ard sharpens the
7.p; t tc beur -ore °f so carefully considered and high
ly elevated in oration you woucl ..ot w.. ing!" rv - on"
word. In moments of vexation, fn which hOmiiaitou is
largely inttuminglei}, you ask yourself whether a
D. uio-thetiic regiment of ’.tLu;ov --a reystiore ought r.ot
to have bt-eu prescribed fur the young politician 1 If i
anv Is heard, why r.ot all» The siugcr who bite9 his
words is made io practice with a cor* between hia lips.
Why are inarticulate sounds so provoumgly mixed up by
this rrator with audible words of weight and wisdom
wni h “give us pause," eveu when they do not carry con-!
vicflon Hi- gest-rcs "OD^rnt von in the belief tlut thh>
vcr- ttile cenioa never thoughtli wwrtv uu while io , o
through the drudgary of prep.irattan for nsrliamentaiy
and political life, lie often gesticulates will; bis apine,
mikes low salaams to the door, and will neither learn
giaee iro,r-el;, t:°r dignity from Gladstoue. Yet
all these defect, are swallowed uu in * .eas
ure which his hrilliatU sallies Rt;d panned uhoiiifcgnis
Mr. John M Atfim, of (ttkog-W, 1 m r:ilt"n a letter
fiom W.iddiieua—the point'nearest I to i^.uu of C-pra
ra—dated January if, in which he thus describes a visit
to Garibaldi "1 lound this tr.,ly great ipau surrounded
by his family, his brother, a frank, hardy sea captain, and
a few friends, discussing freely the iucideuts of the times,
which cunninger, pou-ibly not wiser, men would liuve
afiectea i..y.t;rv 1 W"* welcomed by Garibaldi ia a
tniiT.cr which become* a c,\'d pjta a plain
man like myself at rfitac. He did honor to uhu gued tacit
- I;o had sent me on this mission, when It" placed me at
every meal ue-t himself, and pointed out my bed as one
of the two in Bi own rocit. I accept i!tj> UnQr gjost
.j;- .1, I rrr.rnfullr—rvrirf.u in i!,.'. I'Olintrv of which
Iljarioalui touid «,ot sn>-aj< too often, lor the moral aid,
even more than tne material a-ri»taucia, v Inch it had ren
dered to Itaiv, and with gratitude to my countrymen
! who liad sent me with their assurance oI tbeir abiding in
terest in him and hi* country in the uomino cr|si».
”Seeng that he was deeply engaged with h|s Immense
; onthlv teceipt of letters, I left him with his two secre
ia.ies, to take u .,u;ct survey of his island home. And
as you arc aware cl th ‘ apprehfina.on entertained in
Britain a« to .my sudden attack ou him, I scrai.iblvd up 1
the highest dividing ridges to sec whether facilities ex- '
isted lor his enemies from the opposite coast. The pco
pie here laugh at the idea of any body of men being
fouud daring enough to attack hiij> in front, ant} by any
other way it would take a tjody of men hours to work
their way, even in daylight, over the granite rocks
whioii, seaworn and honeycombed to their very summits,
are evidently of volcanic origin. Bering the day the
General was very much engaged, hut towards evening he
mind with his friends, and conversed freely; and when
by ourselves in his own room, feeding the fire with roots
—his only fuel—bespoke feelingly and warmly of the
British people, and of the stand made by Lord John If is
sell in favor of Italy. After supper, more writing, then
to bed, where for hours he sat dictating to his two sec
retaries. I dropped over to sleep, and when I awakened
all was i(uiet; but some hours before day he was at work
with them again, and go coutfftiU untii two ho ,re after
daybreak, i mention this uiainl? to cxplaiu how muon
he has to do, and to excuse him for any disappointments
to hit) correspondents.
“ Senora Teresa, the General's daughter, Is a very
pleasant ami unaffected young lady, but she speaks no
English, neither does her brother Mennoti; he is taller
than his father, has very much the look of n fine young
sailor, in hits red shirt aud bronse, not darl complexion ;
he bids fair to be a very strong man, is now twenty
years of age, and you are aware that he hasuircady dis
tinguished himself in the late campaigns. Nothing pleas
ed me spore than his modesty and °e!f poase-’t'on in the
various circumstances which X saw him placed in a...ong
his father’s friends both at home and elsewhere. When
1 left the general he bade me assure my friends that he
trusted in better times to come among them and thank
them for what they had done for his country.”
A reoent writer on Bacon gives the following;
"Moro than a year ago, in writing to his cousin Cecil,
Bacon meut'oned his having found a handsome maiden to
his mind. She loved him and tie loved her. But her
mother, a widow, and again a wife, having mado two good
nittches for herself, has set her heart on making great
alliances for her girls, in part to please J;pr, still mute t
glorify his bride, Bacon wails and toils, thut Lie may lay
at her feet a settled fortune and a more splendid name.—
The family into which, when he can steal an hour from
the courts of law and the pursuance of scicuce, he goes
a courting, aud in which he is now an accepted lover, con
sists of four girls, their pretty mother, and a bold, hind
some, hearty stepfather of fifi v-six; a group rf per ions
notable from tbeir private stories, and of romantic in'er
t-lt from their loves and feuds with the philosopher, and
from the part they must have had in shaping his viewxof
thf falieitics and infelicities of Lis domeatio life.
The four young gfrle ere the orphan daughter* of Be
nedict Barn ham, merchant in Cheapwdo and Alderman
of his Ward, au honest fellow, who gave Mi wife a
good lift in the world, and left his children to take tkMr
cti*ntea of min* among meu who, with all their ains, an
never blind to the mrtita of women blessed with youth,
loveliness and wealth. Alice is the Brat to all in love ;
but the three hoydens who now romp around her, and
perhaps get many a hug *ud kins from her famous lover,
will soon be in their turns followed for their bright eyes
and brighter gold.
Elizabeth will marry Mervin Touched, Earl of Castle
haven, that miserable wretch wlio, when his first young
wife, the boydeu of to-day, is in her grave, will expiate
on the block the foulest crime ever charged against an
English peer. Tire two little ones now playing at Alice i
kuees will become in due time Lady Constable and Lady
Bacon’s wedding. The day ia named: the 10th of
May. By help of Sir Dudley Ch&rleton, we may look
upon the pleasant scene, upon the pretty bride, the jovial
knight, the romping girls and the merry company, as
through a glass. Feathers and lace light up the rooms
in the Strand. Cecil has been warmly eugaged to come
over from Salisbury House. Three of hi* gentlemen, Sir
Walter Cope, Sir Oaptist Hicks and Sir Hugh Beeston,
hard drinkers and men about town, strut over in his
stead, Haunting iu their swords and plumes; yet the prod
igal bridegroom, sumptuoua in his tastes as in his genius,
clad in a suit of Genoese velvet, purple from cap to shoe,
outbraves them all. The bride, too, is richly dight; her
whole dowry seeming to be piled upon her in cloth of
silver and ornament* of gold. The wedding rite is per
formed at St. Marylebone Chapel, two miiea from the
Strand, amoug the lanes and suburbs winding toward thp
foot of Hampstead Who that is ble.vsed with any
share of sympathy or poetry cannot see bow that glad
and shiny party ride to the rural churoh on that sunny
loth ol May ? how the gitls will laugh and Sir John will
joke, as they wind through lanes now white with the
thorn and thivjjloom of pears ? how the bridesmaids scat
ter rosemary and the groomsmen struggle for the kiss.—
Who can not imagine that dinner iu the Strand, though
the tiny hunckbjck Earl ol Salisbury has not come over
to Sir John’s lodging to taste the cheer or kiss the bride?
We know that the *it is gotjd, Jbr Bacon is there; we
may trust Sir John for the ijuahty of bra wine.
The Chadc.ton Courier ofTpursday says the works in
the harbor have made formidable prog,ess wtiblu the
past few days, under the direction of Gen. Beauregard, in
whose charge the attack on Fort Sumter has been placed.
Three soldiers, whose terms of enlistment had expired,
left Fort Sumter on Wednesday and arrived at Charles
The Governor of South Carolina has issued a proclama
tion declaring that martial law is established in and over
that portion of James’ Island known “Fort Johnson,"
t»,,d ei'ending a half mite on all side., Irom the whirl on
the1 said island.
Tbo Charleston Mercury states that three of the thir
ty-two pounders, lately planted at the Southern extrem
ity ol ibe Ei*t Bay Battery, were transferred to other
points on the 7th instant.
There ha.- beat no confirmation of the report that
Pres dent Davis has vetoed the act of the Congress of
the Confederation suppressing the slave trade.
The Pensacola Observer confirms the report that Major
Chase has resigned his position as commander of the
forces at the navy yard at that place, and that Col. For- |
ney will remain in command until further orders fro;*
the executive . pmment of tl.£ Confederate States.
The lights for Pen acola bar have all been discontinued.
The Charleston Courier announce* that Gov. Brown,
of Ucorgi.i, bviuttauhed the Northern stock in the Maccu
and Western K-tilroad, amounting to about $1,000,imM).
J)r T- C. M tddux, of Winchester, Va., has arrived in
Obarlt iiiou, and tendered his serviced to the State as a
The Galveston (T xaa) New* of the 2d inst. give* tho
folioring particular's of the capture of the revenue cutter
The United States revenue cutter Dodge, anchored in
the bay off the city, was taken possession of this morn
ing, in the name of the State, by Sheriff McCarty aJ
risted by Captain Howard and his company, the Wigfall
Guards, and two other companies—in all, some 2 .0 men.
Two pieces oJ arti’le.y were o„ thj wharf, aimed at the
cutter. Lietr.. Rogers was in command of the cutler,
with a small force; 2d {dent. Roach was under him.
As the State troops approached the cutter in a largo
life boat, Lieut. Rogers called out: “Mr. McCarty, wtiat
means this large armed force ! 1 do not understand it."
Mr McCarty got on b ard and demanded the surrender
oi in, vessel, v, i.icn was refused, mr. mcoariy men ot
dered his nu-n aboard, which was obeyed, and he then
showed his authority from the State. The vessel was
then surrendered; 1 guns were fired in honor of the U,
8 Hag; the citi ;e;s went ashore and were cheered, the
‘ Stars and L.rip<*i” were lowered, the Lone Siar Hag
rai-ed, and 1 guns tired os a salute, amid loud cheering
from those on the cutter and the crowd ashore.
We I- urn that Lieut. H'»gera received to-day bv mail,
from W ihington, his promotion as captain in the United
States revenue service. He resigned it at once, was ap
pointed to the game pnsl'ion in the serviced Texas, and
has appointed as his assistant Lieut. Roach, who also re
Lieut. Stevens, IT. 8. miliuay engineer in charge cf
the Tc**fl ; "ht-ho ;.-es and coast fortifications, has re
signed. Lieut. K. i Guilds, lute o: the united Htat«
army, ar.d stationed on the Texas frontier, lots accepted
a colonel’s commission in the South Carolina army.
Crlestiai. Cook irv.—When anxious to cool, a Iamb
in the highest .tyle ol _rt, the Chinese build a low mud
wall, enclosing a i •« of two or three 'feel aero- , and
another wall outside, forming a circus of about two feet
m le, in which they set pots containing wine, vinegar,
soy-ssuee. arid so forth. In the iuner space they light a
gooil tire and, In the cirlns fnus prepare.}, put - live
lamb. The hiul; naturally becomes thirsty from the great
heat of the fire, and drinks what he finds, as he runs
I. ickward and 'orwurd in search of means of escape.—
Wnen the drinks are all swallowed aud dried into the an
imal's liesh, the lamb becomes exhausted, falls down
•1 u|, and in a very short time is completely roasted —
'i urtie may be p.eparcti, according to if.,- same authori
ty, by placing it over the lire in a pot of water, iu the
lid of which there is a hole large enough to allow the
turtle to put n>,t h;s bca,j. .* j the water becomes hot, tho
turtle naturally thrucut hi. head out to get the cooler air,
when he L leu with priced wine and euy-sauce, which he
drinks readily a. a relief from the hi it. This goes on as
long as he Las i-tieng'.ii to keep his head up, aud a. the
turtle does not part with life easily, he seldom fails to go
on stuffing himst-lf till he is well cooked.
i.'GTABli ITli •> IN CLfCAu...
We make the following extracts from a gossiping let
ter published jn one of the Rtstcru papeps of the nota
bilities resident iu Chicago .—“ Jn the 'liarJon C|ty,‘ wo
have among our nqubilites the son of an Koglisli ear!,
formerly in the Qqards, now engaged in the by no means
aristocratical occupation of packing pork , a sou of the
late Bishop of Loudon and a graduate of Or ford, busy
in the mrnufacture of soap; a nephew of the gallant
Lord Collingwood, (Nelson’s Collingwood.) fattening eat
tle r ;i an ud'accnt firm• a younger son of o->e <>f ^n^'and’i
nnbl at families . peculating in wucat a.ul corn a reduc
ed, but genuine ftenr,an baron,who has hobnobbed with
Humboldt ar.d the lilted magnates of London fashiona
ble circles, dispensing lager beer at half a dime a glass;
Mid an accomplished Hungarian noble engaged iu fresco
f.xtnLng at two dc,iu.s a way. uine, *Ow, Wc c<,ve £
brother of Charies'Dickens} who bears a striking re«em
blance to the gifted novelist. Hei-* a cleik in the Land
I> partmenl of the I. C. R R., and it is from him tbut
Dici.cus receive,/the wen. <i« p/urtf of “Bo’."
Nova Scotians opccseh »o a Union with the NoRTd.
—The IIitlif.it Journal ridicules the idea of a Union be
tween the British North American Colouius and the N’ortii.
ern States ol the present American Confederacy, “If,”
says the editor, “there was ever any tMr$ 04 the p rt
ol these eolouies, and many rears ago there may have
keen, fo- &-ne*atiu;i h, the United States t|,e pr,.Kt,,)t
'"V !l “ ■ ■ KJtl illy . ,h( -1 >, I ,r ,. 11 - .. „
gain from anfncxmion with the Northern flutes, whoWro
j-’-t fuciiflced on the altar of ‘ffiwher law’ t!,eir |,ith.-ito
prospero; s Union. U r Inter* r.> will be with the bquthern
Confederacy, where v»e shah look for emhlovmentf’nr <,.ir
shipping, lor a market foy o:.r fi.li , auU wo may ev- n
supplant the North iu furnishing them with roatiufaclu
red arliU s.1’
William Picksky on English Ei.curKNCK.—Thtf
Christaiu Register of a iccent dite, repuhlisbca a very
interesting letter written in 179*1, by William I'icltuty,
of Maryland, during his residence in London as one ot
the American Commissioner* to settle spoliation claims
Mr. Pinckney statertimt hits seen yrs. SiJdon. in tier
most 1'avoriie parts, without emotion or approbation,
that Le has heard Mr. Fox on his most interesting sub
jects, without discovering he was an orator; that he his
heard Mr. (Jrey without thinking him above mediocrity;
in short he has seen and heard much that he was tcld
he should admire, without adtnirit g it all M r. Pitt alone
did not disappoint him. “ lie is truly a wonderful man,”
but even in him Mr. Pinckney found imperfections, ai d
cr.tieiscd his pronunciation ‘ as loo precise and analytic."
An Inch.fnt at Four Slmter.—At an early hour
yesterday morniug, while the gunners were bring blank
cartridges from the guns of the Iron Mattery at Cum
rning’s Point, one of the guus loaded with ball, the m. n
not being aware of the fact, was discharged. The b-i’.l
struejt the wharf of ‘ ort Sumter, clpse to tbs gate,-L
Toil, it appears, caused some excitement in the garrison
of Sumter, for three or four of the porta froutiug Cum
mming'a Point were soon after thrown open. No war
like reply to the unintentional shot was given, however;
and about two hours afterwards a boat was sent over to
explain the occurrence to Major Anderson. The Major
received the message in good part, and thus the matter
ended, after having caused no little talk at the harbor
forts and in the city.—Charlatan Mercury.
There was an anti secession meeting at Smith’s Store,
Jones county, Mississippi, on the l^th of February, Wo
Iparn fropi the pi an don Republican, says ilia Nashville
Fatriot, that “there wore many speeches made ou the
occasion protesting against secession and the increased
taxation of the people on the part of the State, and call
ing for a still larger meeting at Tallahoma.” ’The pro
ceedings of the meeting were furnished the Republican
for publication, but were declined on the grouud that the
will of the majority of the State as expressed for seces
sion ought to be lespected. It has cotue to a pretty p use
that the freedom of the press must be denied to any por
tion of lt»« people because the majority is believed to be
against them.
T„"r, Nori“Baa Man bay of Coercion.—In the
Illinois Legislature on Friday, in the debate ou the utili
tary bill, Mr. C.reen said; “Should this State (Illinois)
be in vaued by the South, his constituents residing on the
border would repel the foe and defend the honor and
majesty of the Stats; but," said he, “should you of the
North attempt to pass over the borders of our State to
ofSihta 1°,Uhern,SUte' *ou *ooU bd met this side
of the Ohio river, and you should not shed the fraternal
blood of our Southern brethren until you had first-pa* (d
over the deed bodies of the gallant sons of Egypt/
— Trmnowmm.
A Rtmna.—President Davis sent sealed deepsi< he. to
Fort Pickens yesterday, and wo liavo the best rta.oui
for saying that be regard* war ascertain —Atlantal fj* /
"Southern tjimfrderary" nth.
H abhor or PlIMOOU.-A despatch r-ceived yerwr
day by the Collector of Haiannah, from Col. John R.
Forney, Commander of the forces at Pena*cola, . obtains
a notice that the lights for Pensacola bar will be diecoti
tinned from this (late.—Savannah He/,uht ran, 8ih
Hrmxu Foatton Railroao Stock — We are rrrdihlv
informed, say* the Charleston f.’onrier of Friday, that
Governor Brown, of Georgia, ha* attached the Northern
stock m the Macon and Western Railroad, amounting to
about $1,0*HI,•><)•>.
Minihtkr to Brazil.—We a»e informed that the Hon.
R. K. Meade, Minister to Brcail, has foi warded to tl,«
Department of State, at Washington, a request for his
8TKAUtns to Eraora.—It is stated that agents of
the British mail steamship line hare made arrar.gemen'a
to Bond out the Adiiatic on Wednesday neat, the Aus
tralasian, which it was intended ahould leave here to
day, not having arrived thus far. Her owners fet! no
anxiety about her safety, but believe aome accident has
occurred to her machinery.—X. Y. HtrahL
nos. John Bill pasred through Lynchburg, on 8»t ir.
day, en route for his home in Tennetaee.
Tcckrr (.'olxs, a prominent and worthy citix-n of Al
bemarle, died at his residence in that county, on the lib
inst, In the 79th year of bis age.
Ff.QAinA Stay Law.—The Marianna Enterprise undrr
staud* that the star law, after several modification*,
passed both bouses of tbe Legislature. It stays ttie saw
of property now under execudon until the first Mon tar
in January next—provided tbe defendant gives bond and
security for its appearance.
Hxavv I’loops.—Our North Louisiana exchange* are
tilled with accounts of di*»-trou* Hoods of rain duting
tbe past fortnight. In Bienville parish so audd» u *1.4
great was tbe rise in a large creek, that a family, con
sisting of & mother and eight children, together will,
their alt, were swept off sml lost.
Roukkt 8. Thabix, a lawyer, of Lowndes county, Ala.,
was punished and seut off last week for making secret
proposals to non-slaveholders for the <n-tabli»hme.,i of
an Abolition ninety, uni; tbe publication of a paper to
be called tbe Son Slaveholder. He was for a time a iaw
partner of Hon. W. L \ ancey. It is belUved he is d«
ranged- So 5*** the (’s[iabs Oaf>-tta.
A CoXrXHTtiiS Axruow.—U tie Convei.tioa has not
been called, says the Uak-igh Uegitier, Gov. Ellis will ,1
once tame bis proclamation for ^he ri*ass< ..ibl.ng ot the
Legislature, and there is uo telling if they a ill not order,
pcremptoiily, tbe election of delegates, without giving
the people the ODPOrluuitv to aav whether or nn*
wish a Convention
D",.".--Limit. Hudson M. Garland, U. 8 N , a nat've
of Virginia, died at Brooklyn, N. V., on the .'7 th of la 1
William D. Colkmax, Postmaster ut Danville, has ie
signed that position, to take effect a* soon as hi* sueds
sor shall be appointed. lie declines to bol l olli re undir
('oLUcna CoMMXscr.MXXT—At the commencement of
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, or -Saturday, Isf,
students graduated, of whi-.-h D-o were (torn the alava
States. Among these latter were twenty six from Vir
Annual Fast in Maisacai sms.—Gove.nor Andre*,
of Massachusetts, with the advice and cou eut ot the
Council, has appointed »'h »feday, April a da/ of
fostit^u (humiliation,and prayer.
Ix thk Knulish Nanr, during the la'-t cflHil »e*r,
more than otic million oi pound* were expended a
building forty-nine shi;* iiml vessels, nearly two hin
dr- (I thousand pouuds in altering ut.lau ititeI sailing
stiips to steamers, and more than three hundred thousand
pounds in converting vessels launched a* Ssll-ships into
Mr. Lincoln received last week from an -dlice seeker a
petition said to be oner tiro tnilei in length '
Allen Frazier,a wealthy cilizeu of Putnam county,Va.,
committed suicide recently.
The New Orleans papers anno.'.too the Jeatb of ,L-'
notorious George Washington Dixon.
True MoLA. ii.s Ain 8cuar Chop.—The Isst New Or
leans Piice Current 1 xbibits mi excess of ft ■ 11 barrels of
Molassesm the receipts, over those of the same date l.j>t
yrar. ’>* the first time pi the sca.on that an exems
has hern phown. The rec ,pts of sujar are stiii ai,opt
•i.O'Mldiogshead* short of l ist year.
TlIK K|( HTtX-. FORCX «>| TH* Pot* IlKr X COKiInKt
A(tr.—The regular army cf the boutliern Confederacy
will consist of eleven jcgiments, coutaiuii g 11 w-*' meu,
enm.iiai tied tv four brigadier generals, mid ti.e ii.n v will
have four coi round jg, lour captains, au«l fi»* m nitre*.
Com>oiitahlt Oat.—Qen. kinnion and. bis wife, at
last account*, were living in Havana iu a very simple
manner, without any r- timie. They are boil' d for Krancr,
where tue they have between them will be
road-* useful,
Tiik SkaBos at this Sui'tii — R'po strawberri.e were
on sale at New Orleans ou the 1st inst. Yt Kab-igh, N.
C., on the 6lh, the peach trees wt re in fuh bloom, gard
en (teas in bower, and cabbage plain* <|uile large enough to
Tut: Viuoisia "Oil Kn Bit ”—The excitement grow,
ing out of the discovery of oil in Virginia, continue* on.
abated. The Wh- eling Innlligencer s-.v.- 1Cawhr river
is literally covered with tlit baits, and the boatmen are
now on i ntrke. They / two dollars a barrel for la
king the grease to 1 .nki.sburg. The f..od :earsar»cr 1,
willing to give a dollar and fifty cehls. L mi • are lea ed
on both rides of the Kinuwha at ononr.ua rates, the
leases extending from font to lire miles imo the Intern r.
The number engaged in the production 01 oil frqn i*»r
kcrsburv to Burning Sprit ga Run is not h n than ,
The oil is found at from r20 to ‘k2b feet, fee which diy
lance the coat of boring is about *2 per foot. I .re
supplies of barrels are receive I from Baltimore, the
staves for whmh'are shipped from the con.try where the
barrets are now b-ing filled with the ‘'grea-y.'* Si,a
leases caunol be had in the vicinity of the large produ
cing wells at less than from one to three thousand dol
lars an acre.
Juofii Douopas ami Mn. Lmcouf.—Tne New York
Tribune abuses Judge Doughs for his kindly translation
of tbo inaugural, and thinks all he is after is to get Lin
coln in hi# grasp, and then crush him. Douglas' right
hand of fellowship is thus responded to by this abliiiou
‘ He thinks it will take 10,000 men to enforce Sumter,
and 200,000 to enforce tire laws. His endeavor is to
some the part of a candid observer, and Commit the Ad
ministration to the pas-ive policy of Buchanan, d. lading
it all the while with the fiction of Democratic support,
while he himself goes on his knee* to Crittenden, and
cones 0"t at la"t the ehara-io’’ of Go them t.j. .*, *...
trie prc*-„r. cr of the U'mon. ]f the pleasure bo ajj g.-caj
to being cheated as to cheat, the Adniirii-traiion wii) sui
fer itaelf to be lad along uy its candid fri* :id, Mr. Doug
las, until he g.-tt it on the brink of tbat political precipii e
over which he oau dash it into ruins. Tl e old DougUs
legend, we believe, is ‘U< ware the bear.’ ’
Thb Ri aCtio.n AX tub Nobxii —At tire local el clions
iu .Saratoga county, N. Y., list week, the vote #u>od —
Democrats 2\ Republicans 71. A l:tt .
• ‘i’he i,J-\t> hep-.bligan minority -f la.t fall a wi;e.l
out. I iucolu’a inaugural is endorsed, 'over the left.’
The result of the town meetings in this - ounty is a glo
rious and satisfactory indication of a return of the 'sober
second thought’ of the people. The majority of (*>•
Reoubli'ins a^e ‘wip d os;.’ The ..eniewat* c-nrei.
Out s: ■ or tfle twenty tonrc* fast fuP , they now ,«rry
nine, and show gains that give a dear 11 doritv in favor
ol the Union as it w*s and the Constitution as it is."
p» .vst®i M*. f?. A. Ada ins, rf Yew York
jk.» tnaue a ma’ch against time to walk l,5t o mills iu
i rft,0 consecutive hours. The match I for tuc sum 0.
ufKi a side, U- A- Adams stipulating to wait oce m. «
and a half in cacti hour, in the event of hla failure so to
do, the backer of time Is to be awarded the sukf*.—
Should the m-di-Mlriau mh-i-w.1 in iwW*-*.'.-- -* •
. , ..„.„0 ...c 1 eat,
then the >' I .oho will be awarded to him.
Soyrks NVLTA9A *U VK.
- Tn.a mast delicious and appetising Since,
Invested by the renowned ••ttivaa,1’ for
th-> London Reform Club, If, since Id* de
cease, manufactured by the (dUMtl
house of Ckotma A l' .ic«w«n, Loadoe,
from the orlglual recipe. It la the favor
ite Sauce In England, and on the Conti
nent, with a high and growing repuuthi
among Am- rtcae Epicure*, andU oift if
proved of u a stimulant to the appetit*
and aid to digestion.
Ol-iNlOtSH 01 T1IC UtMuOrf i awl
“We recommend rqr correspondent to tty lima. Sots*'* if*
fiance, entitled the “eollan* Sauce." If Is mu.le after the Turkish
recipe; its Haver Is eieellent, and It 'Affords considerable aid in ca
ses of flow aid wka i DtaicfTto*.”— Th t Lane ft,
“Savory, Piquant and Spicy, worthy the ge ilus of Soyer."—Ot
"A most valuable adjunct to Fish, Flesh an I Fowl, and ih-mll
have a place on every table."—Atla*.
Buie Agents for the United States.
GARDNER G. TVKI.IN, 21T Fulton Bl, New Tori,
and BRAY A HAYES, 34 Coruhlll, Boston.
For sale by Grocers acd Fruit Dealers evsivwhers.
K^cii Y COl 5i<'II..-if*he foUotriig P*£
sons will besuppetled for the Otty Council la Ms«h
sou Ward
Peacl.y R. Grattan, Geo W Randolph,
James M. Taylor, Thomas Samson,
"hit_ (le . K. Crutchfield, _»_awW-'*h*'
1W PHY MCI ANN AND 8 lUDEN’l *.-*" *'*
. an 1 rateremedies, including pure Pro-^ylarotn and l tecr -
pounds; Eub'carbonate, Tauoate, Valerianate and Bubnltrat- «'
All the new compounds of Iron, such as Monscll’t preparatl°n,
Pi avcs’s Solution, Solution of IVrnltrat*. Pr. l altrate, Iron Alu=.
Syrups of 8nper.pl.osnhate and Pj roph „pi'«v of Iron, C’lnt-- ■
Iron and Strychnia, Ac., Oxalats of C.ruoi, I’hosphat* of Z ■*
Potass.. All the new compounds of Morphia, tguinia, Cadfin-iSi
Iod'mr. Soldlum, Potassium Slcktl, Ac., Ac.
The llyoo phnsp'ntes In e\ery o( combination, ard err 1
t,.tng else,In the Pjarniaceutlcal line, all of » Lich 1 «U1 take !;>**•
u«o In showing to Physicians and Medical S.tdenU, aid of *»**“•
all Information about, lu person, or by Utter, to th< s •'1
tancc. jObM’H LAlDiEI.
Chemist, Riga of the ReJ Mortar,
M3_ 6th and Mai' Streets, RichaioOO
WILLIAM IRA SMITH has removed to his
114 Ma'n street,
where he will be pleased to see his old friend* aud patrons, as *'
as others wbr, may be la went cf . ..
AHA MO A UVAUBTA, I MM »ud delldnua
Invalids. Also, Racshoat, II ckv.’ Sarlna. fresh »'rc''
frrotr Root, Ac., a, Rp.T ROBINSON’S l».usr P»oV'
-is*. sib and FraoklUt
sMLOVBU NBKD.-I "bao fliue Tew '<>‘9 *■'»?* L'*’
vy for sale by M TsKDVAVIll.II*"
1'Yt.VIII.Y FLOCK, of sup.-rtor quality, h>r sale In H>:- :J
Suit purchase.» by . . ,
ml, '4 EDWIN WORTH*" *L —
RICB.—10 tierces prime Rice, for sale by u . .vy
_ mhl___* EDWIN WORTH*",*.00
POWDER.-50(4) kegs DuPont* 8p- ting. Blasiluf, t***"
tod Musket Powder, for sale by ,. u t 00
NO. 8VOAR.-M hbds prims N.'o. fuar for**b*

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