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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1865-1869, July 08, 1865, Image 2

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RICHMOND WHIG.
SATURDAY MORNING....JULY 8, I860.
Poor Laws of Xnglaud.
In all couaule* and la all age* It h»a been
found imcsmt; to govern different c ***e» of men
by d.lerent rule* of Uw, allowing e Urge liberty
to some and greatly restricting tie liberty of
others, Indeed, if the unrestricted right of loco
motion oe seseotisl to liberty, tnd they whose
personal Uoarty is controlled by other* *r* slsves.
then ihree-fourta* of the white race In America
are alavea.
Apprentices csnuot leave their mss tor* wheu
they p.eose etd for mxconduct may bn corporeal
ly pu.Uned by their masers. Tae conduct aud
pereonai lue.ty of waida and of children aie uu
de. the control of their potent* and guaxtran*.—
Tney do not cecome ties until tweaiy-oui year»
of age. It l* not only toe right bot the incum
beat doty of governmsnt to biod out orphans as
apprentice*, or to appoint guard an* lor them, tn
e.tner case depriving them of personal liberty,
non making them quasi sia.ve*. Wane c.udreu
between tae age# of Ultecu and twenty-one Me
betur q visit bed to tale care of theniseivea, utid
better tt Ud for tne enjoyment of ume*dieted .lo
#, ty t an negroes of any sge. It ie equally the
ngutaou isoUmbant duty of govern neut to re
■niot tne uoerty of au uegiwe* *-d to uppoin,
guardians f.rin#ui,ot some l-nj, a* to sppoiu.
t » f j woite lnlant*. ’ns UUe that some
mg.ooa are ntied lor .lOerty. and need no gu-t
dinus, out .t cs equally trae that mere are tea whr.e
*• mauls’ between ii.t*ea ana twenty oae Ult.d
toi uurea^icudliosry shere here .* one negro o.
any age ot this kind. U-.vera.heut cauoot pro
vtoe l«r ail exceptional case*. H suffi.e* that iW
las a and leguiauou*, m tae geseroi, ope.ktc nen
* mHaLailtt.
Eor iho *dv lauge of trade sad commerce, tail
t,r» «r« permuted to sell thsir personal Ub.rtj,
ojumulw >* m wu».i*g voyage* tor two o. thi*%
ye4f», *-<i to subject heniae.se* 10 eorpore*.puu
uamcut at me di-c.et..n ol meir captaiu or eni
pwy.r*. for tie auvOutage of .griculture, wtij
*a.#uld not negroes oe pe.uiitied to make similar
eon-TaCre for * year ? nopccUiiy sa the eontrsc.
mlgbv b« so modified that pums-meut coald only
be influtea unuor the *»nten.e of »ju»tiCoof me
peace, acld.cn, iu mi* country, w boa utey e«.i*i
la t.*e aim/, sell their pe.a.as lor a term ct year*
aad la England tor ufe. Mamed women uie de
prived oi personal liberty, and may be, lor mis
c maud puuUhed by the.r husband*—not. howev
er, »e presume as B ackstone halos, with stripe*
white vagr.nu may be, under the law of thi
and oth.r stale*, talten up anu sold a* s ave* fui
the lerm of three mourn*. Pauper white* may
not change tneir reiid.-nce* fiorn one <• aunty to
another, auu m*y be seat back to the county
whence taey removed aniii they have acquired a
right of settlement by remain ng a >enr m thei
new reside n:e. vti should add to the above hail*
ea*£v*d cu.*e* peril** confined for crime, foi
idiucy and lunacy. Wh.taiill more a.mmiUte*
me condition ol itese various classes to absolute
slavery, 1*. that In almost ail instances their ter
vice or l.boc belongs to their parents, husb»nd*.
master?, Uhceti, or other superioi» It appear*
fiom the poll* aad the census that only about one
in five of the whites are entitled to the light ol
suffrage.
We have that shown that fcor-flfths of the
whiles, if not quasi slave*, enjoy a very qua.itted
and restricted liberty. Uhall *U- of me negroes
belong to the m a*t favored class, or shall they
not. a* * very inferior race, be all restricted In
thsir libeityS The Gypsies, a peop.s, in most re
spects, very superior to the negroes, were at one
tune expelled from mo*t of the countries ol En
rope under penalty of capital punishment if they
m remained or returned after removing , and the
death peueity wo*, for a long time, most freely
inflicted on those who were guilty of a breach ol
the law.
tim the legislation suggested historically by
the circumstances ot our present situation uthai
ol tne Pour Law* of Eng.aod, beginning In tfle
letgnof Edward liL, when the liberated serfs
first began to become troublesome, by becoming
• numerous. These Poor Law*, the crudest code
on record, became necessary in order to control,
restrain, punish and govern th* newly emanci
pared ser S, who were the most lawless set of
tnieves, robbers, murderers, vagabonds and no
madic beg*sis, that ever played a part on the
tnsaue of onrlstrea »oc.ety. Their idleneai and
laaieesnisa gave nae to a new and distinct spe
cies oi literary fiiuou, a *pec.meo ol which w*
h.ve m th* legendary tales recounting the ex.
plo.ta of itob.n Hood.
la* P-or La ws intended to govern and restrain
them sere not .a tne main more stringent than
Um occasion required The lohy sad me cruelty all
cons-smd m se.uug the Serf* iree without provi
vidmg meat* of aUppoit tor mem site.- they be
cam* iin. England is suil besat wuu dlaou.t.es
anti ng irvitu tme weak aud imprudent act; ana
tn« euqje-t of the poor and the Poor Laws oc
cupies mu.ft of tfte time and attention of every
hernia n of Parliament. W« woolly oiffer from tfte
wilier, iroia whom we shall quote, as to the in
Wa'non ol the ia» masers to re enslave the Lag
Uan poor. Slavery is too expensive an maiitution
for tngiand. and her »eru w.re set free Urn pi/ be
cause line labo. was tound cheaper tnan slave
labor, eepecl -l.y witn stringent lswsto compel
tfto treed men to work hard aud constant,y lor
low wages Toe Poor Laws of huglaod, unt.
tue reign ol E.Uibeift. were ®sre i*“*‘ •**■“'•*
la leaded to keep toe ,i oersted serf, at work. Up
t. that time uie Caiholio Cftarch, a ds. by prt
earn chan y. had made sufficient prov.*ion for the
an.mp.oyed and he.paws poor.
We and in tae tdiiburgu r.vlew, October, 1841,
on 'PoM Law Bef rm," an ndmirab.e history
gad synopsis of the English Poor Laws, from
wn.cn » • qUcie :
‘•our limits wul not allow ut to do more than to
- gists, very br.tdy, the material pare of the nu
- meions acts, beginning by the eiatute of labor
O ^ sad, Edward UL, 11348;, and eadtog by the
d xxn. Ells beth (HOI), wh*ch warn pas.ed for
“ the sopooetd b.uefl; of tne maste.s.
-l^e u3d. Edward UL, reqoiree all gtivants to
, acc«pt the w.goe which w«ie usually given live
n or mx years before and to serve by the year, uot
» by the day, It axes a posit ve rstn of wages In
„ y empniy meats, forbids persons to quit the
.. pieces wnere they had dw it in winter, aud
n wf„-h employment elsewhere in the summer
» or to rem ve. in order to evade the act, fiom
- one cynnty to another. A few years alter la
** 1380, the 34th, Edwarc III-, confirmed thepr*‘
- tious statute and .dded to the penalties which
- it imposed on laborer* or artificer* absenting
“taemse ve* from their service*, that they
gftould be branded on tho forehead with the
> jM#r |\ ft imposed also a flue of A 0 on the
- Mayor and bailiff* of a town which did not
- d, liver op a laborer or artificer who had eft hi*
- service. Twenty wight years after, in 1 SB, »*•
“ p.swid the 13th BicVd. II. which hag geceral y
- be n considered the origin of the English Pcor
- Lsws. By that act, the act* of Ed. Ill are con
- firmed—laborer* *re prohibited, on pain of lm
-pri* omen*., from quitting their residences in
* search of work, unless provided with testimo
“ nlals elating the cauee of their absence, and the
•• lime of their ret anting, to be iwued by the ja»
r
“ lieu* of the peace at their discretion. And 1 be
“ cause laborer* will not end for a long season
« would nottSerrc without extravagant and exces
“ aive bins, pricea are fixed for their labor; and
n punishment: awarded against the laborer who
'• receives more and the mu*ter who give* more.
• Persons who have been employed in husbandry
- nutil 13 years of age, are prohibited from be
•• coming artisans. All able hod ted beggar* are
. to be treated as laborer* wande.ing withont
». passports. Impotent beggar* are to remain
• where they are at the proclamation of the act;
•* or if tho*» place* are nnwill.og or nnable to
« support them,they are within forty day* to repair
*• to ihe places where they were born, and there
- dwell during their lives.
k In the next year, 1389, the 13:h Richard II.
i* wa, passed . which directs the Jus ice* of every
" county to make proclamation every half ye*r,
>. at their dUcretijn, according to the price of
,* food, whst wages every laborer a.id ar.lflcer
• shall receive by the d»y. TLi* act, with some
“ intervals, during which the Legislature itself
» attempted to fix the price of ltbor, remained
•'SUBSTANTIALLY IN TuRCK UNTIL THE TRUEST
. CENTURY, A further attempt to reduce bus*
“ bandry laborers to a hereditary caste of serfs,
•• was made by the T'.h Unity 11. (W®) which,
“ al er reciting thtt the provision* of the former
•• acu were evaded by peiso^a apprenticing their
a ch.ldren to cr dt* in town*, so that there is such
“a scarcity of husbandry laborers that gentle
meu are impoverished, forbid t perrons not hav.
•* ing 20* a year in larnl to do so under a penalty
•* 0f a yeai’a imprisonment.
*• It appears however, that the laborers did not
- submit willing:}' to the villeinage to whLh the
• law strove to redne > them ; for from thi* time
“the Eagiih stature book w deformed by the
• enactments ag.in*t able-bodied persona leaving
• homes or refusing t'» work at the wage*
► offered to them or lodoting vthat is to say, P'O
• fessmg to bo out of wi.rk) wni:h. to um the
•word* of Dr. Burn, make this part of English
•* hUtory look Ike the history Of li.e »av .ges of
•-America. Aim st nil t ie i.-verltles have been
“ Inflicted except acapiug.' A new claaa of crim
• inals deaiguaW . by t re term* ’sturdy roguea.’
“and • vagatoudV was creared. Among them
- we:e jJC uJea idlo nod suspected persona living
• suspiciously. Person* hav.ng no land or c alt
•• «hereby t:rey g;t their living. Idle persons,
- catling themselves serving uieu, having uo mas
ter*. Persona who, af.er being ieut homo ab
■ sen. thi-mselvea Itoui such labor aa they shall
.< I*, appointed to. Able bodied poor person* who
• do not apply th-rasi've* to some honest labor or
- other; or servocveu for me t and drink, if noth
i - . ib ♦ „ lu. nh*aineat! PurKiim kbit) tU
— O
•*lab>r. not having In l or -naster, nor using
• any lawful employee ,t. Lstore t uelog loiter
lag and reiu»in{ to work for reasonable wages.
•The first attempt o; the part of a person de
• pendent on Lis labor for liis support, to assert
• his free agency b. chsag'ag hiiabole, or by
• maki g a bargain for his services, or even for
» lefusing to woi k fcr bare ' me it and drink,' reu
- derid him llab.e to be whipped and seat back
•• to hi» place of birth, or 1 .st residence, for three
• veus, or, cCeord to some statutes, for one
year, there to be at the disposal of the local
• authorities. The second attempt subjected him
• at oae time to slave y lor life, ‘to be fed on
bread and water an 1 refuse meat, and caused
-> to work by beat ng. chaining or otherwise,’ and
•• for the third at erupt he was to suffer death aa
- a fo'.on."
The severity of some of the e hwa was doubt
less due to tho rude times iu which they were en
acted, and we wil, not shock the sentimental hn
inanitariauism of the day by saying thit they
should be adopted as applicable to the case or the
liberated slave, of the South. But we invite the
well-informed and the thoughtful of the North, as
well as the South, to apply themselves to the solu
tion of the great problem, what regulation* will
suffice to protect socie y from the indolence' the
pauperism, the vices and crimes of those who, by
ns1 uie. abhor labor, have little or n> respect for
virtue. I'ttle or no rsveiencc for law, aod whose
highest pleasure is the indulgence of physical ap
petites and passioos. Nay, we invite this contem
plation. in behalf of the freed slaves themselves,
who, unless cared for by compulsory legislation,
are doomed to auch sntfeiing as no race has ever
yet experienced. Without labor they cannot live
iu this country, as they are able to do from the
natural fraitaof the earth in the West Indies and
In Africa and without compulsion in sime form
they will not labor. All the lectures aod Invo
cations of " moral suasioniat*" will not induce
them to do it. ‘ Aitra live labor” has alight at
traction for them. * Demand and supply" is a
rule as l.ttle understood or cared about by them
is logarithms or Sanscrit. Can they be induced
to work by the simple offer of wages 1
The London Times, that had powerfully te
sted in bringing about emancipation in the
British West India Islands, was forced, after an
experience of twenty five years to make the fol
lowing admissions. It said
. There is no blinking the truth. Year* of bit
ter experience; yean* of boie deferred; of ae f
devo.ton unrequited, of poverty , of humiliation;
of prayers unanswered ; of sufferings derided : of
insults ua.eseuled; of contumely patiently endu
red hive convinced us of the truth. It must be
spoken out loudly and incgeticallv, despite the
wild mockings of 'howling cant.' The freed
West India Bluve will not till the s il for wages ;
the free son of the ex-slave is as obi Unate as hi*
.ire He will not cultivate Unde whica be has
not bought for hit own. Y .ms, mmgots Mid
plantains-these satisfy his wants; he .ares not
lor youii. Co ton, sugar, coffee end tobacco, ha
cares but little for Aud what matters It to him
that the Englishman has sunk bis ttiou.aods and
^•ns of thousands on ml 1* machinery and pi a s
Whlcn now totter on the languishing estate that
for years has ouly re urned beggary aud debt,
deea s bis y mi. »ni saiggsrs at • Buckra.’
‘■st know not wuy turn should be but It is so.
The negro has been bmght with a prioo—tbe
price oi English taxation and English toil. He
baa been redeemed from bondage by the sweat
and travail of some m.l ions of bard-woiklug
Englishmen. Twe ty tnillioni of pounds eter
ling—one hundred m llions of dollars—have been
distilled fr-.m the brain* aud muscles of the free
Eugllsh laborer, of every degree, to fashion the
vVest iudi* negro int i a fr e. Independent labor
er ’ ‘Free and independent' enough he has bo
come. Ood knows, but laborer be is not and, so far
as we can see never will be He will sing
hymns aud quote texts but honest, steady in
du try be not only detests, but despises.
wish to Heaven t .at some people in England—
nei her government people, uor parson-, nor cl r
gyrnen, hut « .me Just-minded, hooest-liear ed,
and clear-sighted me 4— wuu.d g . out to some
of the lalauds i»»y Jamaica. Dominica or
A-Uguaj—not for a month, or three months, but
f >r a! jear. would watch the precious protege of
English p uanthropy the freed uegr •, lu hie
da.iy habits; would watcn lm ae be enly
p.anis Uls little squatt ng ; won d >ee him as he
proudly rejects agricultural or domestic services,
or accepts It only at wages ludicroueiv dispro
portions e to the value of hie wor*. »e wish,
too, they would watcb him. while, with a hide
thicker than a hippopotamus, aud a body to
which fervid heat is a confirt rather th*n an
no»ance, be drcoingly lounge*over tbe prescribed
task, over which the intrepid Englishman, unto
nred to the burning sun, consumes h s impatient
tee gy( and too often sacrifices hi* l.fe. Wt wish
they w >nld go out and view the negr • io all the
bistoury of his ialeoess. his pride, his ingrati
tude. contemptuously sneering at the industry of
that »a e which msde him free, aud then come
home and teach the memorable lesson of the r
expe ien;e t j the fanatics wbo have perverted
h m into what he ia’’
BIOT AT SMITHFIELD.
Fortress Monbob, July 5.—The ferry boat
Newtown was seat to Bmithfle.d with a pic-nic
party of colored individuals yesterday, and a de
tail for gua U was m-de for the occasion from
Company O and K,3i New York Cavalry.
Their right to land at Smlthdeld waa contested
by some citizens, creating a disturbance that re
quired the services of the guard to quell Private
John G dj, Company C, was shot by nls Se'icvant
for not obeying orders, nod one ot the citizens
had bis scalp removed by tbe sword of a r ederal
officer, afier which crder waa restored.
An OriptoH.—The editor of the Black Republi
can (Lunislana) paper, a colored clergyman, says
that tbe colored man and the white man c*nn<>t
live t jgether in this country; t tey mnst and will
have to separate, t n ess the Congress of tbe na
tion wl 1 give tbem a place by themselves, for as
it was with Abraham and Lot so it is with the
negroes, and tbe sooner they seek a home for the
rising generation the better it will be for them.
THE ASSASSINATION TRIAL.
THE VERDICT OF THE
COURT.
ORDER OF PRE8IDET JOHNSuK.
Four Prlionera to br lloufcrd—
Puyne, llerrold, Atzerodl
and Mr* Surra**.
THREE IMPRISONED FOR LIFE—
O’LAUGIILIN, ARNOLD AND
MUDD.
Spangler Imprisoned for Six
Years !
Wasuinuton, July 6.—The following Important
order has Just Wen issued :
Wak Drf't.. Adj’t. Urn's Office,?
« Washington, July 6,1865. S
To Major (ieneral W. 8. Hancock, U. 9. V.,
Commanding Middle Military Division,
Washington, D. 0
Whereas, Hy the Military Commlnlon appo ut
ed in paragnph four, Special Ordeis No. 211,
dated War Department, Adjatant General’s Office,
Washing! n, May 6, 1866, and of whioh Major
General David Hunter, U. 8. V., is President, the
following named persons were tried, and after
mature consideration of the evidence adduced in
their cases, were found anl sentenced as hereinaf
ter stated, as follows
First—David E. Hekbolp.
Finding—Of the specification guilty, except as
to coubiuing, conLderauug and conspiring with
Edwara Spangler. as to that part thereof not
null y. 01 the charge guilty, excepting of the
words .;f the charge ibat ha combined, confede
rated and conspired with Edward Spangler as to
which part of the charge not guilty.
fcentence—And the commission therefore sen
tence him. the .aid David •- Herrold to be hang
ed by the ne> k until he be de»d, at such time and
place aa the President of the Untied mates eSall
direct—two-thirds of th., membcia of the Com
mission concurring therein.
Second—Oio. A. Atiibodt.
Finding—Of ti e speclflcation guilty, except
combining, ocnLder*tiug and conspiring with
Kd .Hid bp angler. < f this not gui.ty. Of the
chaige guilt , except combining, o. nf derating
and compiling with Edwaid Spangler; ot tics not
* sentence—And the Commissi n does therefore
science him the said George A. Atzerodt to be
huog by the neck until he be cead, at such time
and place «a the President of the Uni ed rt.tes
shall dlr.ct, two-thirds of the members ol tbe
n l Hn rr tliMPin.
Thud—Lawis Pawl
Finding—Of the specification, guilty , cxcejt
combining, comederetiug anil con»p ring with
tdwaxu spang.cr; of this not guilty. Of the
charge guilty; except combining, confederating
ana cou»pir.i.g with Edward-p ugler; ot this not
BEntente—And the Commission dees therefore
sentence him. the said Lewis Payne, to be hanged
by the neck until he be dead, at such time and
place tn the President of Ue United Mate* snail
uirect, two-thirds ot the member* of the commit
klon concurring therein.
Fouith—Mart E. Scrratt.
Finding- Of the specification guilty; except as
to TvCeiving. entertaining, hurboiingand conceit*
ing Samuel Arnold aud Mkbael 0’L.»ugblin, and
except ns 10 combining, cont derating and con
spiring with odward Spangler; of ihUnotguiltj.
Of the charge, guilty ; except as to coranining,
confederating and coi spiring with Edward Spang
ler; of this not guilty.
Sentence— And the Commission does therefore
wnteuce her, the sai I Mary JS. Sunatt, to be hung
by the ueck uutil »bo ie dead, at such time and
place as the President of the United Statos shall
uirect, twu-thndi of the members of the commis
sion concurring the eia
And where *. The President of the United
States h.s approved the foregoing sentence in the
following order, to wit
•Lxecctive Mansion, July o, I860.
“The foregoing sentences In the cases of David
E. Harroid, O A Atzerodt, Lewis Payne and Mary
E. Surratt are hereby approved, and it is ordered
that the sentences in the case* of David F. Her
role. G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne and Mary E.
Surrait te carried into execution by the proper
military authorities, under the direction of the
Secretary or War, on the 7th day of July, 1866,
between the hours of ten o’clock A. M. and two
o’clock P. M. of that day.
••Andrew Johnson, President.
Therefore you are hereby commended to oati«»
the preceding sentences in the cares of David F.
He; 1 old. Geo. a. Atzetodt, Lewis Pajne ana
Mary E. Surratt to be duly executed, in accord
ance with the President's order.
By command of the
1'SESIDANT OK THE UNITED STATES.
E. D. Townsend, A. A. G.
Filth—Michael O’Laiohlin.
Finding—Of specification, guilty: except the
worua thereof, as lollows “and in the lurther
proseeut on of the conspiracy aforesaid, and of
its murderous and treasonable purposes atoresaid,
on tne nights of the 13th and 14th of April, A*
D.. 1M5V at Wasbiugtoncity, and within tne mili
tary depirtment and military lines aforesaid, the
arid Mi had o’Laughlin did then and there lie in
wait for Ulysses S. Grant then Lieutenant Ge .e
r»l andCoum nderof the armies of the United
states with intent then and there to kill aud
murder the said Ulysses a Giant,” of said words
not gul tv, and except -combining, confederitlng
and conspiring with Kdwaid Spangler, of tins not
guilty, ot the charge guil y except comoiumg.
couiedeiating and . onsplrkg with Edward
spang er. of thi» i.ot guilty.
Sentence— O’Laughlin to be ixptiaoned at hard
labor for life.
e ixth—Edward Spanuler.
Finding—Of the specification, not guilty, ex
cept as to the words “the said Kd«ard 8dangler,
on said 14th day of April, A. D. 1866, at about
the asms hour of that dty as afore-a'd, within
s,id military department aud the u-i.itary lines
aforesaid, dii aid snd abet him. meaning John
Wilkrs Booth, in making his escape after the
same Abraham Lincoln had be-n murdered as
af resaid’’ and of these words guilty, of the
charge, not guilty, but guilty of having feloni
ously and traitorously aided John Wikes Booth
iu rnakiug i.is escape after having killed and mur
dered Abraham Lincoln President of ttis United
Mates, he, the said tdward Spangler, at the time
of aiding and abetting at aforesaid well know
ing that the said Abradant Lincoln, President as
aioieasld, had been mordered by the said John
Wit_ulnp. aair)
Sentence—The Commission santence Spangler
to be confined at hard Lbor for aix years.
Seventh—Samuel Arnold.
Finding—Of the specifications, guilty; except
combining, confederating and conspiring with
Kdwaid r-paugler; of this u.t guilty. Of the
charge, guilty, except combining confederating
and conspiring witn tdwaid Spangler; of that
nut guilty.
Sentence—The Commission sentence him to im
prisonment a. hard labor lor l*fe.
Eighth—Samuel A. Mudd.
Finding—of the specification guilty, except
combining, confederating and conspiring with
Edward ajangler, of this not gniltv, and except
ing receiving and eutena nmg an . b irtoriug and
concealing said Lewis F«yue, John H aurratt,
Michael o'nuagh.an, Georgs A. Atzerodt, Mary
E. Hurr tt. and ,-amuel Arnold; of this not guilty.
Of the charge gu liy, except combining, cunfede
rating i nd consp ring witn Edward apangler; of
this Dot guilty. *
sentence—The Commission sentenced Mudd to
be imp isoned at hard labor for life.
The P.enideal's order la these cases is as fol
1WU* e further ordered that the prisoner*, Samuel
Arnold Stmue. A. Mudd, Edward Spangler and
Michael O’Loughllu be confined at hard labor in
the penitentiary at Albany, new Yo k uuring the
perion des gnated In their iespective sentences.
r Ahoaiw Johnson, President.
To Remove Flies from Booms.—The follow
ing method .f trapping mes. *» pr cticed and en
dorseu by a correspond of the Ir.sh Agricultural
Oazette, will be found useful: A band ghee, com
m nly used by gsrdeneie, (a square one is the
best.) is the i strumeut to be used. This hss to
be tight y cover d at the bottom with thick wh.te
p.per Ac rcular hole, aix and a half inches in
diameter, is then cut in the centre of the paper,
and the gl as is placed on thiee brick* over a
plate filled with beer sugar and a little ruin, a
moderate distance from the infested spot. The
eOect Is magical; in a few hours the glass is cram
med with flies, wh ch, having tasted the sweets,
flv upward to tbo light. A common sulphur
match, made by dpplug brown paper into melted
brimstone, will destroy thousands. The constant
hum of insect life will attract all to the glass, and
tbe seen' of ths rum is sure to induce the most
fastidious wup to enter, as no Insect can resist Its
poweiful attraction.
A wise and generous citizen of Bangor has of
fered to bear a considerable pirt of the expense
requited to place tanks at proper point* on the
public streets »nd keep them fil.ed w,th Ice water,
if the city would bear the rest of the expense -
His offer has been accepted, and the pabl:c w111
soon be enjoytn* tbe refiephing draught. How
simple and how cheap a wav of doing good, and of
making one’s named ble***a. Who In other cities
will Imitate the kind mas 1 I
FROM CHARLESTON, S. CJI
COLLISION AT SEA.
THE PLANTERS TAKING THE OATH.
ALLEGED INTRODUCTION OF THE PEON
AGE SYSTEM.
We have Charleston papers to July I. The
health of the city was good. The Courier report*
that the planters it. the interior are generally ta
king the oath, and making contract* with the
freedmen, but there are *oaie instance* who re
fuse to comply with the established rule.
The old Uirectora of the People's Bank have
teen re-elected, with D. L. McKay as President.
The bank Is to be changed into a uat onal b,tik,
with a capital orf3,UU0UU0. The daposi s of thin
institution for three days prior to July l was
three hundred thousand dollar*.
Brigadier General Gurney has issued iu order
that each person doing business in Charleston
shall pay each mouth one per cent, tax on the
amount of his sales.
more aboct the neoko.
Hd’qrs Northern District, D. 8.,/
Charleston. 8. U.. Juni 2*1 1863. y
General orders No. 62.—ith.a come ta the
knowledge of the dm net eommauder that, in
some of the contracts trade between planters and
freedmen. a clause has beeu introduced establish*
ing a system of peonage—the ! reed in an binding
himself to work out auy debt he may hereafter
incur to his employer. All contracts, made un
der authority Irorn these te.dquirsera, w.ll ha
understood an merely temporary arrangements to
insure the cultivation of the gr .and for the pres
ent season. Any contract made Uuder the above
authority, which couteius provision* tending to
peonage, will be considered null. The officers
having having charge of contra t» will examine
them carefully ; and when they ore found to con
tain anch clause, wi I uotity the plaut.-rn that new
contracts must be mude, in which the objectiona
ble fe ture will be omitted.
Comrars will be simply worded. While sc
knowledging the freedom of the colored man,
sorb expression* as " freed by the acts of the mi
litary forces of ihe United S.^tes,” will not be per
mitted. Ihe atiempt to introduce anything into
the contract which may have the appearance of
an intention at soms future day, to contest the
questioa of the emancipation of the negroes will
tie reported to the commander of the sub-district,
w.o *111 examine into the antectdenis of tue per
son making the attempt and repurt upon the
case to district headqnaiters.
By command of Bt. Mai. Gen. John P. Hstch.
Leonard B. Pebrt, -test. Adjt. Gen.
Official K. Harris Jkw»tt, First Lieut. F itiy
flf.ii Mass. Vols., A. A. A. G.
COLLISION AT SEA.
The Steam-hip Alhambra. Captain Benson,
brought Intelligence yesterdoy ot u d eadinl col
lision which occurred at sea between toe stexcr
and the seboouer Woi der. (.’apt«ln Smith, from
ivouvitus, Cuba, bound to New Yoik, by which
ili. a.-lmnner vriw instantlv sunk and three uer
sous (the captmn and two passengers; lost. The
mate Waiter White, was iCMCued and taken on
board the ateamer, but waa yesterday in a dying
condition, and it was thought could not survive
many hours.
DR. GARNETT AND MR. TAYLOE, OP KING
GEORGE.
A Washington letter in the New York "Ex*
prees" says:
Dr. A. Y. P. Qarnett, who waa, before the war,
one of the largest practitioners in the citv, has
returned from Richmond, and will resume bis res*
idence in Washington. Dr. Garnett, for s.rae
jears a Surgeon in the United States Navy, re
signed sfler bis marriage to a daughter of henry
A. Wise, and commenced tbs practice of his pro
feaslon in this city. The profits of his profession
he invested in a very bauds me house on Niuth
street, which was sold under the confiscation
law, to brown, the navy agent, two yean ago, fur
three thousand five hundred dollars. At present
prir.*s, this house would bring about eighteen
thousand dollars.
Mr. Edward T. Tayloe, of King George, Va., is
now here on a visit to his brother, M. Wgle Tay
loe. Ills elegant residence. Powha-an Hill, is re
duced to the condition of n primitive settlement
in the backwoods. The culture and refinement
of two centuries have disappeared, and little re
mains of lt9 former attractiveness but the bare
wal s of the veue able mansion.
Mr. Taylos is a graduate of Harvard Universi
ty, of the class ot 1823. and his unmeroui friends
a"t tli s North will be happy to learn that he exhi
bits the same admirable ttmper. the same Chris
tian spirit, in his present adversity, which char
acterized his former prosperous and tisetul life.
How little did this estimable gmtlem <n imagine,
waen in his youth he witotssed the tavagrs of
civil war in Mexico itnd Venezuela as Hecietsry
of Lega'ion respectively to Mr. Poinsett and
General Harrison, that his own native State was
destined after the lapse of little more than a
geneiation. to be the scene ot far greater rav
sges and of a wilder and more terrible destruc
tion than South America or Mexico has witnessed
from the days of Cones and Pizzaro to those of
Paea and Maximilian1
I,allOK IN GERMANY.
The Secretary of the Ohio Agricultural Society,
who is now traveling in Germany, in his last let.
ter to the Colttmbjs Journal, thus spesks^of the
wages of labor in the kingdom of Saxo jy
The farm laborer now gets 16 t« 20 grochens
[37 1 2 to60 cents) p r day, and the women get 8
to 111 grochens (20 to 26 cents) per day. Women
and dogs perform a vast amount of labor here;
you will find everywhere on tfie streets and in the
:ountry a woman aud dog harnessed to a wagon,
loaded heavy e rough for a horse. AH over Ger
many, trom Holstein here to Saxony, I have seen
more women t om men at work in the fields, and
doing the severest kind or drudgery. The men are
•mptoyed in mechanical pursuits, or else a, In
the army.”
After passing a high encomium upon tie land
arouud Dresden, which he says ia a perfect para*
iiae, he remarks
Every foot of land not in forest Is cultivated.—
rhere are no fences; the ti«ld is plowed up to the
roadside, and f uits i»nd flowers aro growing hy
:very roadside that I have traveled; no one dis
turbs them. The rattle, sheep and swine are kept
In the stsblee; or. if taken out, aro ueder the
charge of a shepherl or herdsman, flere and
there, dotted over the landscape we saw sheep in
pasture, but have seen no cattle or swine ‘Tun
ning about loose.” The genua “loafer” is un
known here.
Ths Vusorn toNsmiTioN.—ihe lonowiog
extract from a proclamation .'aimed by Govertfor
Fletcher. of Missouri, on tbe 1st instant, settles
the status of that State
Now, therefore. I, Thomas C. Fletcher, Governor
of the State of Missouri in pursuance of the au
thority vested in me by this my proclamation,
declare and make known that the Revised and
Amended Constitution was, at said election,
adopted by a majority of tbe votes cast at said
election, and that in pn auance of the provisions
therein contained it will take effect as the Consti
tution of the Slate of Missouri, on the fourth dAy
of the present mouth of July.
The minority of the Democratic caucus held in
Columbus, Ohio, lately be.ded by Alexander
Long, has issued an official document to the
[temocracyof tbe State of <»hio reiterating the
old doctrine of Stat' sovereignty. A resolutio i
in favor of organizing the Democratic party in
tho State on the pure basis of State sovereignty
was offered in the regular tesslon of the St ue
Central Committee, but after being de >ated an
hour or more was declared out of order. The
minority, however, announ e that they will, te
fore the 24th of Aug ust, hold a State nominating
convention, tor the purpose of choosing a tlctet
which they can support.
CC. TINSLEY, Ill'll.I»EK,
• would inform bia friends aud tbe public
that he has removed to tbe corner of 3d and
Grace streets. Also, that B. F. 8I1EPPER80S
la atsuciated with him a nce the 22d day of April
last. In returning thanks for fo mer tavors, he
would respect!ally ask their cont nuance.
B. F. SHEPPERSON, iu snoonneing his con
nection witn Mr. Tinsley, would ask the favora
ble consideration oi those who want anythiog
done iu the way of building or repairs, particu
larly those who knew him when he was acting as
foreman tor Mr. John A. Glazebro. k, with the
assurance that all orders will be promptly and
faithfully attended to._ jy7— lw‘
N“ EW FRENCH 1IOalas
Received by
aIDGOOD & RILEY,
Governor street.
Historic de Jnl«9 Cessr.
Par 8. M. I. Napoleon III.
Vie r*e Jesus. Par Ernest Renan, Member De
L’Institut.
Le Nes D’un Notaire
Par Edmond About.
Lea Propos de Labienus—La Critique Hist
orique 8ou§ Auguste. Par M. A. Kogeard.
La Confession D'uue Jeune Fille.
Par GeoigeSand.
Le Secret do Bonheur.
Par Ernest Feydeao.
Mademoiselle Cleopatra, Hlstoire Parisieene.
Par Arsene Mouasaye.
Mademoiselle La Qaintinie.
Par George Fand.
Orders fur French Books will receive prompt
attention, j/#-31
THE CITY.
POST OFFICE DIRECTORY.
Office hours from * A. M. too p. M
On Sunday from * to 10 A. M., and S to C P. M.
Malls forth* North close at s o'clock In the evening.
All letters for Richmond city delivery must be pre
paid, otherwise they will be aeut to the Dead-Letter
office__ _
A Co.v.vcbial Set-To.-An Irish friend of ours he,
given us the particulars ot an amusing affair, whlcn
occurred hotween au Irish couple iu the vicinity of
^Sliieethe evacnatton of this city hy the Knuthem
troops and the subsequent tnlrre of the I oiled states
army, that article known a.. the sons of Erin as
"flghtta' whisky," has nnre more been introduced,
aud down like "wether" In the low groggerles, where
a small swig warms up the feelings of an Irishman—
makes him "teel like a tnon and devtlop" his llghtln
iiuallties," or where It hisses down the Annie of the
sot, who soaks aud soaks till the loach of a lighted ta
per would set him in a blue blare. ... . .. . ,
The Irishman of our story bad Imbibed quite Ireely
at one of tuese whisky shops, and arrived at home
about v o'clock at night. In a nigh state of fermenta
tion. Tho door was fastened, the light was out, and
Margaret was In bed. Bang went the foot against the
door, but It wouldn't come; nobody answered. Bang
again. All silent. Pat began to redact--“Faith, stye
he, "an' I'll be either trying aulther plan.'
•• Margaret' Margaret, me dailiul, come to my
" What do vou want ?” savs she. “I know ye. Ye
Mu down to that bloody O’Ciinnell’s, a dhrlnkln', an'
nere ye come home, aroarln' an' abatin' the door, this
late hour of the night; an’ I know ye ulver brought me
a drap o’ the critter. Ye kin stay out then, all night
bad luck to the likes o' ve I” .
‘•Now darllul, 111 me io ! I say, will ye lit me in ?••
Its thrue I didn't bring ye a dtap o’ the whisky; hot
thin, didu’t 1 give Jim O'Flahcrty along tap wld roe
sutllflab, oceans* ho dared to commlut on me Mar
^ “Shure. an' did ye do that, darllnt f' Thin, 1 11 let
ye In; an’ If It was fifty limes as late I'd lit ye in.”
bo the door was opened.
In rushed Pat, and, making towards Margaret, seljed
her by tho hair and began to belabor her without
U1 Margaret, on her part.sci atched and fought manfully,
and so the twain continued the fight until both were
well nigh exhausted.
“Arrah, Pat, says Margaret, “why did I marry ye ;
list tell me that ? for It’s tnoself that a had to maintain
yc Ivor since the blessed day that Father O'Fiaulgau
.tnt me to ycr home.” ...
"Oh yis f" says pat, “ye say that now, but It's me
self hopes I may live to see the day ye arc a tone wld
dor, waplu over tho cowld sod that klvors me—-lhto,
by St. Patrick, I’ll see how ye git along wldoul me,
hvoey ! M
Ju>t at this Juncture, another Irlsbmau stepped up to
tho door, whlcb was still open, and accused Pat ot
“bavin chated him out of a bottle o’ whisky at Mr.
O'CouncH'a," and told Margaret he would help her
to revenge herself for tho "batin'1 Pat had given her
"Och P’ says Margaret, "may the dlvll By away wld
ve, aud bad luck to ye; may ye rldo backwards at yer
own funeral. Do yo think I'd lit the likes o' ye come
au’ interfare In family mathera, whin me swate jewel
Pat, here, and mesell wss havtu a leetle tlgbtln' all to
ouralives bv way of variety. I’ll tacho ye bow to be
daceut." And sbe seised him by the hair; she gouged
his eybs, pulled his ears and twirked his nose, while
Pat was not behindhand In performing his part, and
administering inauy a wcll-dlrectod kick.
'The victim soon cried "enough,” and ho departed
hall blind, »or« and bine, and sadly dtd he rue his of.
fer to take the part ot an Irish woman against her hus
band.
This, lays onr friend, restored quiet In tho family,
and Pat and Margaret, were soon, to use his own
words, "slapln as swately as two young lufants."
Eaciko Steamboat*.-Two ot the rival steamers J
two rival llnea of steamers, have fallen Into the dan
gerous habit of racing out of port. Yesterday morning,
tne steamers, though sunounccd to Icare at s o’clock,
left tully tweuty minutes before tho time. Conse
quently, a halt doteu or mors passengers arrived on
tue wharf In lime to enjoy a dissolving new ot the
steamers All the "left'* ones could do was to go home
aud make up their minds to uc a little earlier next
lime. Then again, Ills si dangerous to the passau
gers oo board as It U auuoylag to those left behind.
Some of the taost terrible stsambeat explosions that
have been recorded have resulted froth racing
The Sew Lins OF Steamer* plying between Rich
mond and Baltimore It growing In favor wlth-lhe trad
ing public, and the freight and passenger lists are
cousiQUeiiily heavy. The steamer* are the Brady,
Captain Landis, and Purser Sm th, and the Dictator,
Capt. Deertug, and a no-pa of Pol to and attentive offi
cers. The report published in a least one ot the city
papers, on Thursday, of a nre on (ward the Brady, on
tier trip from Baltimore ou Sunday night last, had no
foundation in fact. There was no lire, and no conster
nation, as is described tu the paragraph alluded to.
The report we correct, lu Instice to the line. It must
have originated with some individual afflicted with
the night-ware.
The Wrong Horse.--Several dnya since, a Mr. Moy
er, a Jeweler, sold a horse to C. Baumhard, for one
hundred dollars. The horse turned out to havo been
stolen, sud Mr Baumhard was couse^ueutlv forced to
give up the animal to tho first owner. Yesterday
morning Mr. Mey*r was about leaving on the steamer
for City Polnt--had his trunk aboard--when Mr. Baum
hard appeared, with a guard, took him luto custody,
aud carried him before the Provost Marshal; aud the
military court decided that Mr. Meyer should return!
*75 of the tnonev paid. .Mr. Bromwell, ol the hrm ot
Messrs. Danner * Bromwell, represented th* Interests
of Mr. Baumhard.
Depreciation in tde Price of Shipping.--Thn sale
of the William Allison lor the Inconsiderable sum of
*13,000, with the charter of the old Virginia Towing
Company Included, shows that the enormous number
ot side-wheel steamers aud war ressela thrown upon
the market by the close of the war is depreciating the
value of shipping. About live hundred such ve»uoH
have been sold or are uow offering by the Government
at prices that throw the private seller Rutte out of the
market. The aJIUou did nut cost less than tw.ovo, aud
sold for oue-half.
The Orange and Alexandria Railroad.---By tbs
notice of the Agent of tho Orange and Alexandria
Railroad, It will be seen that the railroad Is completed
to Culpeper Court House. A train will he run to
the Court House dallv, leaving Oordonsvllle at 1.15 p.
M.,oron the arrival of the trains ir on Stauuton to
Richmond heturnlng, the traiu will leave Culpeper
at s.ao A. M , reaching Gordonsvtlle in time to counsel
with the trains going both ways on the Central Road.
The traveller Is referred to the advertisement for fur
ther particulars.
Death of a PuratciAN.- We see announced the
death of Dr. F W. Roddev, an euiioeutaud well known
phvsldati of Richmond. The event occurred on Thurs
day, at the residence of the deceased, corner of Clay
auil 7th streets The deceased was young---only si
years, and was In the enjoyment of a lucrative prac
tice. The funeral took place from the First Presbyte
rian Church (Rev. Dr. Moore's), yesterday morning.
The interment was made at Hollywood.
Outrages rt Soldiers.--Farmer- liviugafew miles
on the Williamsburg pike, who attoud the Richmond
market, complain that, when they are tu the city with
their marketing, their farms are visited by gangs of
soldiers, who make it a point to steal as much sud com
mit as many outrages as they can. A day or two ago
tney stopped a inau who was plowiug on oue of tho
farms, aud attempted to take the mules from the plow.
Ha resisted them and they left.
Improvement.--The vacant lot, corner of Governor
and Ross stieels, has been decorated witb.au improve
ment of that das* that spring up In a night, like a
uuebnou, not very permanent or ornamental, but in
tended for use. Alter a while, when a collection of
tnese frame shanties get together, oue will take lire, or
he eel on lire, aud then we will have another conflagra
tion.
Vehicle Licenses.--The Provisional Manager of
Richmond, Mr. Saunders, notifies all penons running
wheeled vehicles, other Ilian private carriages,
that they shall take out a license for the same, which
license the Chamberlain of the city Is authorized to Is
sue. A fur the 13th Instant, any person running a ve
hicle Without a license will be subject to arreal and
line
Tux Richmond and Petersburg Railroad.—I'nUl
further notice, a passenger Iralu for Petersburg will
leave Manchester Crossing, daily, at 4 P. M Return
ing, the train will arrive at Manchester Crosslug at 13
AM. , ,
a limited quantity of lrelglil will be carded dally on
the passenger tra'm running between Richmond and
Petersburg.
Exccruiox To-tlonitow.—-The splendid steamer
Dictator, of the now line, will go down tho rleer to.
morrow morning on a pleasure excursion, leaving the
wharf at Rocketts at • A M A band «t made will be
ou board, aud passengers will have a pleasaut time If
(he weatbei should prove agreeable
The Dictator will go as far down as ibe point where
the steamers pass, reluming the same day
Arrested and RELEASED.--On Thursday afternoon,
Col. Richardson, of Hanover, a well known and re
spected cltiien, was arrestod on tho street by a guard
(Jr the oliauce of having a sword cans In hb hand, lie
was taken to the Casde, where several clllleus, amnug.
them Judges .Meredith, Lyons, and oihurs, appeared
yeslerdav morning aud ettecled bb release, Co.ouel
Richardson sava he was not even aware that the cane
contained a sword.
Pickpockets at Auctions.--There Are three, and
sometime lour young "Houcks,” who are to he mot
with at every auction sale that takes place lu the city.
Tncy hunt, like hounds, In couples. They are known
aad "spotted,” and will leel a rough baud laid on their
shoulder before they are many days older Two words
to the Ignorant, and one to the wise.
RELtotora Servicr4.--Rov. Dr. Hopson, well known
here aud elsewhere as a prsscher poaaesslng taienU o
the highest order, and a man of great eloquence, has
assumed the pastorate of the Sycamore Cbu.ch of this
city, ou llth street, beyond Broad, and will adJresa
the congregation to-morrow, at It o'clock, Utlrent
aud straugorsare invited to abend.
The Diseases of tbe Feet are more painful and an
noying than any other 111 that mortal flesh Is heir to.
Dr! Kchults, whose office Is on Wall afreet, near the
corner of Frankltu, exercises Ibo chiropodist art In the
matter of healing these indrniities of me leet. HU
reputation as h successful foot surgeon U second to
none in the South.
New French Works.—Hears. BidgooJ a Riley,
book sellers, Governor street, announce soma new
French publications In store and for
Leals Napoleon's History of Cesar, lud bhoi ^lac Jsrd
Ereuch works that have created a noise ,n the world.
See advertisement. • _
Mckdsu or ax IxrAST.- MarT Patterson, colored
was up before the Provost Marshal of tho Flr.t DU
, , , nn resterdav charged with the murder of her in
fant cblld'she was sent back to await evidence The.
dead child was found yesterday.
Bust to be Removed.-We see it announced In a
paragraph in a Northern paper that tho marble bust of
gr.President John Tyler, which occupied a position
Ew so iong a time In one of the recesses ot the Virginia
State Library, is to be “removed to a place of obscur
ty.” We hope not.
The FoCXTAtx* at Plat.--The fountAina in the
Sqnare have been repaired »nd set to work, or rather to
playing; and the musical ripple of the waters, added to
the deuse shade of the trees, makes tho Square uulte a
delightful place of resort. _
Henrico Politics.--John B Young, Esq , Common
wealth's attorney for Henrico, announces himself a
candidate for re-election.
Ct’Rslxo White People.--A boisterous and lmpu
lent negro stood, this morning, on the corner of the
•trect, bv the Sew Market, and damned the whole
n-hitu race, and aald he didn't care a d—-n for any of
hero. A guard waa »ent lor, but before they arrived
•he negro ran off.
Court at Castle Tnrx»«R.--lt may not be generally
knowu that a Provost Court, ol which Ltent. Col.J.
WcKutee, JOth New York Regiment, i» President, aits
daily at the Castle lor the trial of offender* Igaiast the
law. e
Watermelons.--This delicious summer fruit made
Its appearance in the market yesterday. Those we
law were of good sire, and retailed readily at a dollar
ind a dollar and a quarter.
FueiohT for Skw York.--The steamer Yazoo, of the
Sew York llae, Is now freighting for Sew York. —
freight will be received to-day at I.udlam A Watson's
wharf.
Come Down at Last.--At la-t liquor Is about to take
t fall to a reasonable figure, Some of th« saloon-keep
srs hive commenced retailing it- at l'-‘ 1-1 cents; lager
ind beer at to cents. ,
The Meath In the lower market, yesterday, were
ibnolant, aud of the very best quality. Good steaks
could lie purchased at the rate of twenty cents per
pound.
The Post OrrtCR Removal Is not yet a fact accom
plished, and, from the looks of things about the Cus
tom House, U will be some tlm* before the transfer Is
made.
To IE RLHfll.T.--We understand that Messrs. War
wick A Barksdale inteud to rebuild their mills on ao
enlarged nud more extensive plan as soon as they can
make arrangements with the builders.
Personal.--Capt. Charles Nelson, formerly a Cap
lain In the bid Virginia Towing Company, has arrived
home in Richmond from >’ew York, and was visible to
his friends on the street, yesterday.
A Government Sai e or Horses took place at Rock
etts yesterday Tne prices obtained were better than
heretofore. Mules commanded unusually fair price*
• ••♦"5 aud $M,
For Bremen.--By advertisement lu another column,
It will he seen that the clipper ship “Monsoon" Is
loading for Bremen. Her agents solicit consignments
of cotton and tobacco.
Notart Appointment.--Junes B. Wood has been
appointed by the Governor Notary Public lor the city
of Richmond and the county of Henrico
-♦«« -
A.MISEMFNTV
The Theatre.--Htmlnt was given last evening at
this place of amnseraent, with the talented young
actor, Mr Leak, as the moody Prince. He was sus
tained by the entire company. A good bill Is offered
to-nlgbt. The Management it preparing to Introduce
several new and acceptable stars.
The CANTSRPrRT.--La.st evening was devoted to the
benefit, eompllmeutary, of Robert Uardwelt, when r.
most acceptable hill was offered Tn-uight the bill
embraces the usual mehinerot song, dance and comical
ities.
Amusements now are dull, and will continue to be
dull and unprofitable unltl after the summer month*
are gone
uUSINEIS NOTICES.
Commission Merchants.---Tb* advertisement of
Messrs BooXer, Kerr X Lyon, produce commission
merchants Of this city, appears In another column —
Their business office, for the present, Is with Messrs.
Harvey a Williams, Shockoe blip, where one of the
firm can always be found
Ltkner Business.---Messrs Ragland a Co , suc
cessors to Ragland £ Brother, general commission mcr
cnants and lumber dealers, are prepared to furnish
as It urn be purchased either iu the Northern or
southern market*. Their suuouucemeot can he round
lu aU ’thcr column.
Ibon MAXCrACtraas-Two gentlemen of this city,
both wall known to Us cllllen«---Me»»r«. Wm. E. Tan
nor aud J. O. i-bbeu-■ have associated themselves to
gether under the style of Tanner i. thbeis, and will
devote their attention to the manufacture of iron work.
filatu and ornamental. In ail Its forma. Builders and
hose desiring to bulla, who want Iron fronts, or worn
of any description pul up, can till their orders with the
abovo firm.
A Big Thino.—A million is a g eat many 'but
two mil.ion Is more. As incredible as it may ap
pear, Messrs. P. H. Drake A Co., of New York sell
over two million bottle* of Plantation Bittzhs
a yeir. This la nearly one hundred and seventy
thousand dozen, which, at nine dollars, would be
over a million and a half dollars' Surely, some
merit must attach to un article of such a sale. Go
where we will, Horn one et.dof thccountry totbe
other, we are always iu sight of the e/id meet of
the CAbalistic 8.1,- 1860—X., and these gentle
men’s energy. We wou:d suggest t > them a little
more elegance in their rock painting. The Leg
islature of New Hampshire has passed a law
against their further disfiguring the Waite Moun
tains. je28—coddw
* JEWEL
Sozodont Paridfs,
fcozoDONT Beautifies,
So so do nt Gratifies al! who use it.
Sold by r rug gist s and Perfumers.
jy8—eodlw
DIED.
DrRHss --On Friday, the ilh intlaui, at tb- resl
deuceofMr. I,. W Heath, on *3tb street, Ulurul W.
Ut'KHAM, tu the Sith year of hi* age.
The friends of the family are lurlled lo attend his
fuuersl at the first Baptist Church, at 5 o'clock, .Satur
day, PM. It*
cr ALLCOCK’S POROUS PLASTERS CURE
LUMBAGO, PAINS OF THE SIDE, VARICOSE
VEINS, Sure CHEST, Ac.—An Electr cian, who
has great experience of their effect* iu local
rheumatism, in tic doloreux anil deep seated ner
vous and other pains, aud in affections of the
kidneys, etc., etc., attributes all their sedative,
stimulative and pain-relieving effects tu their
electric qualities. He asserts they restore the
healthy electric condition (equilibrium) of tbe
part, and that being restored, pain and morbid
action cease.
LAME BACK.
Braudretli House, New York, Nov. 23, 18D9.
T. Allcock A Co.—Gentlemen: I lately suf
fered severely from a weakness in my back.—
Having heard your Plasters much recommended
iu cases of this kind, I procured one, and the re
suit was all that I could desire. A single Plaster
cured me in a week. Yours, respectfully,
J. G. BRIGGS.
General Agency, Brandreth House, New York.
Sold by all dealer* in Medicine*. jy8—It
Q-, CONSIGNEES per steamer CREOLE will
send for their Height TO-DAY, Saturday.
jy8_it 0. P. WATSON.
*3*THE FEET—At this season of the year,
CORNS, bunions DISEASED NAILS, *c. or
any other diseaso of the feet, should at once be
attend'd t>. Dr. SCHULTZ, the Chiropodigt,
treats all canes without pain. His caret of Can
cers. Tumors, Wounds, 4c„ are too well known
to need comment.
Office, Walt streee, near Franklin.
S3" Ladies and Chlldien attended as usual.
Jy 8-u«_
Publialied at* Required by l,nw.
QUARTERLY REPORT UF FIRST NATIONAL
B ANK OK RICHMOND, VA., 3d July 16S6.
(Capital authorized bv the articles of Association,
One Million of Dollars.)
Da
Notes and Bills discounted, 164,483 39
OrcrdsfK .6 314 18
Current expenses, • • - -4 695 62
Due from N ational Banks, • • 78,136 66
Due from other tanks and tranchee, - 67 250 37
U. 8. Bonds with Treasurer to secure
Circulation, - £6,000 00
U. 8. Bonds with Treasurer to secare
Deposits - • ‘ • * m
U. 8. riecuritlei on hand, - • • 84.S0J 00
Cash on hand in Legal Tenders and
Nation si Bank notes, • ‘4
*763,600 26
CapitsV stock paid in, 70.000 00
Individual deposits, 481,917 99
U. 8. deposits, V20,4_95 02
Due National Banks. - - • 61,300 10
Due other banks and branches, • 21 376 45
Discount, • • • - • 2>J*?7 £
Profit and Loss. - - - •
Premium, .26(18 63
9763 6U0 26
I, N. August, Cashier of tbe Fir3t National
Bank of Richmond. Va„ do solemnly swear. that
the above statement is troe, to the best of my
knowledge and belief. .
N. Acorsr, Cashier.
State of Vibginia—County of Henrico
Sworn to and subscribed befoie me, this .th
day of Jq1)i 18C5, .. D .
jy8—ecd3t J* Mcrray, N. Pu »
L1NBEB, LINK A.TD RA1IA
60 bbls of No. 1 Baltimore Lime,
100 kegs Nails,
60,000 feet White Pine Ceilings.
25,000 do do do Floorings,
l Lumber of the
best quality, constantly^hwd.ndfor sale by
at Messrs. Green 4 Allen’s Lumber Yard
jo31—lm comer 7tb and Grace street*.
npeciai, mini*1
The New York 1 ribune rays, 'the reason why ' *B|
•rake’s Plnntti'ioa Uitti-is are sj universally used ^Hj
ml have such an immense sal* is that they are I
tlways made up to the oripinxl staudaid, of I
tigbly invigorating inatnial and of pure quality, I lB
ilth ugh the prices hate so large'y advanced," J
The Tribune just bits tho nail on the head.—* IJH
The Plantation Bitters are not only made of pure fl
material, bat the people are told what It 1*. The ^B
Recipe Is published around etch bottle, and the 'M
bottles are not reduced in size. At least twenty K
Imitation.1) an I counterfeits have sprung up.—
They iiupo c .11,011 the [s ople ODCe ulld that's the
la«t of them. jBj
The Plantation Bitters are now used In aU*"^Kj
(he Government Hospitals. : re recommended by
the best physicians, and are w arranted to pro- Jap
Jticnan immediata beneficial effect. Facts are ^Bj
stubb:rn tilings.
“• * I owe much to you, for I verily be
llevc tho Plantstu.il Bi ter* have saved mi life, ^B
REV. W II. WAGUONiR, Madrid N. Y. j^B
“• * Thou wilt send me two bottle* more
of thy Plantation Bitters. My wife ha* been ^B
gi jatly benofitted by their use. Thy friend TM
ASA CL’lilt IN’, Philadelphia, Pa.. jM
**• * * 1 h »ve been a gregt suiTerer from /B
Dyspepsia, and bad to abandon preaching. fB
* The Plantation Bitters have cored me "
REV. J. a CATHORN, Rochester, N. Y ■
“* * * I have given the Plantation Bitten to B
hundreds of our disabledtsoldler* with tbe most B
astonishing effect. (J. VV. 1 . ANDREWS, ■
Supt. Soldier*' Home, Cincinnati, 0. ■
“• * * The Plant *tlon Bitten have cured me fl
of Liver Comp aint, of which 1 was laid np pro* B
trate, and baa to ahandoir rov business.
H. B KlNGJLLY, Cleveland, 0." ^B|
* * * The Piantdion Bitters have cured
me of a derangement of the kidneys and the nr! •
nary organs that has d -’res ed me for yean, it
acts like a charm. -
C. C. MOORE, 254 Broadway. ^B
New Bedford. Mass., Nov. 24, 1063.
Deab Sir --I lave been afflicted many years IfJ
with severe prostrating cramps in my limbs, cold y
feet and hands, and a general dlsorderaa system.
Physicians and medfeine failed to relieve me,-**.
Some fr ends in New York, who were nejng Platj- '
tation Ritters p>evuil«3i upon me to try them. I
commenced with a small wine glasslui after din-,
ner. Feeling fetter by degrees In a tew day* I I
was rstonished to find the coldnesa and cramps
had ent relv left me. and I roold sleep the night
through, which I had not done f r yean. I le#i j
like another being. My strength acd app tlu
have also greatly improved by the use of the
Plaatation Bitten. "
Respectfully, JUDITH RUSSEL.*
If he ladles bn*, knew what thousands of them *
ate c instantly re'atiog to us, vre candidly be-* j
Ueve one-half of the weakness, prostration and
distress expetienced by them would vanish.— 1
Jahies Marsh, Esq., of 159 Wes'. 14th st, N. York, |
agys "he has three children, the first two ar* V
w.eak aid pauy, bis wife having been unable to 1
niirao un.l : th*m hnt fh>4f ah* h*ta
Plantation Kilters for the last two years, and bag
a child now 13 months old which the haa nursed 'Em
and reared herself and both are hearty, aaorv
and well. The article is invaluable to methers, , fl
Such evidence might beeontinued for a volume. fl
The >>est evidence is to try them. They apeak fl
for themselves. Persons of sedentary habits |fl
trouhl-.d with weakness, lassitude, palpitation fl
of tie heart; lack of appetite, distress after ' fl
eating, torpid liver constipation, diabetes, etc., M
will lind speedy relief through these bitters.
Any person it-iill Jiur l*.ttieH or cffeflng to
Plantation Bitteus in bulk—by the gallon, or
in any manner except as above, is a swindler *
and Importer with whom we shall deal ai the
law directs *
Sold by all respectable dealers throughout the V
habitable globe. P. H. DRAKE A CO., I
mylh-eodly New York. jfl
JCJ- SPECIAL NOTICE.—My friends who wlah
to ship produce to me. or to communicate with
me on business ef any kind, are requested to ad
dress Mr. JOSEPH T. MORTON, Bor No. 433. fl
Richmond, whom I have this day authorized to |
act for me during ray coofinemmt by sickness J
and who will serve them as faithfully and as well JH
as I would. CLAIBORNE BARKSDALE. T
EJ*BATCHELOR’8 HAIR DVB'- The Origi '
nsl and Best In the World!—The only true and i
perfect Hair Dye. Harmless Reliable and In 1
stantaceous. Produces immediately a splendid j
Black or natural Brown, without irjaring the bpir
or skin. Remedies the i.l effects of bad dyes. : 1
Sold bv all Druggists. The genuine is signed 1
WILLIAM A. BATCHELOR,. *>
tpSl—3m SI B .relay at., New York. ^
ITCH. ~ / Wheaton's v ITCH. . J
Sail Rheum, \0intment / BaXt Rheum; jj
Will cure the Itch iu e» hours-—also care* Fait Rheum oj
Ulcer*, t'hilblaio*, and all Eruptions or the skin. •• U
Price cent*; bv sending cents to Weeks 4 Putter, D
Boston, Ms** , w ill he forwarded free by mail For ■
■ale by all Druggists 1
W.M H. Wforr, DriiggUI, Agenl, corner l.fh and M
Franklin streets. niylf—*
A 'll M.nilTTh.
NEW RICHMOND THEATRE.
COR SEVENTH AND BROAD bT:
Mrs. E Maur i ,.Propriatra*
Klc turn. I).i»»AT OoniN, • • • Manager
SATURDAY EVEXINO, July >tb. l»«:
WTBENF.HT.aflt
or
MISS ASXJF WAlTC
Upon which occasion will be prodiveJ its sxest
Military Drama of
JESSIE BROWN,
ot
THE FALL OF LUCKNOW < .
OPERATIC OEMS r .
risen dances
Conclude with the Burlesque of *
PO-CA-HON-TA*' /
MONDAY' —-Benefit of Mr ^
IV. B LEAK, t i . ' 1
When will be produced * f,. 1
TICKET—OF--LEAVE- Mali i
<v a.-it i A
EXCURSION |!
BY THE * j
SEW LISE STEAMER* ' '
Sunday, July tilh, at 6 a. in. Froi , j
Richmond to where the boats pass, return- /I
ing the same day.
I HU SPLENDID STEAMED
DICTATOR. |
CAPTAIN PEERING. J
Parties participating in thilEscurslon will have 1
nn excellent opportunit y of viewing the Fertile*- [
t ona and nil otLer object* of interest* along the
river, and arrive In Richmond at 6 P. If. by the
bteamr-r City Point, Capt. Talbot,
A FINE BAND OF^MDSIC
Will be iu attendance on the Occasion,
l-’art* (For tha Round Trip) 89.00.
C. W. POULSON, • A. W. SHAW,
Uen’i Passenger Agent. Sup't New Line. • .
L. W. FREhMASL . j • J
Passenger Agent, Richmond. , /
HASKINS Si BR1DGF0BD, Agent#. | (
_- ’
EDUCATIONAL._ ^
Hollish wititute-bote- j
iOUU { bPINGS. VA.—The exercise# of thU J
institute l ave not b cn interrupted by the war.—
Its next regular tession will open on the 20th of j
July, and continue Tkn Months. koung ladies
are charged from the time of enhance to the j
closo of each half session. *
Entrance fe> «12S in Spicih. oa its eqcita J
i.knt Pupils furnish towels, sheet* and lights. ‘
Address CHAS. L. COCKE, 8nph, i
jy6—2w* Botetourt Springs, Vs. I
Better* lake* etc.
3* kegs fresh Mountain Batter
26 kegs choice Gnhen Butter J
60 kegs pure Leaf Lsrd J
20 bbi* pnre Cider Vinegar
10 bbi* mperior Bye Whisky
100 kegs 0 d Dominion Nail#
On consignment and for sale by ,
uo consign™ MINOR 4 JONES, J
jj.g_4t No. C 16th street, fl
il

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