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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1865-1869, April 23, 1866, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024660/1866-04-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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If aay business man in Richmond doubts that the
W«i« is tbs best medium through which to reach
the Virginia public, we invite him to call at this
office and we will take pleasure, as a matter qf
business, in exhibiting to him ©or lists of bona pie
subscribers in every section of the State._
General Early-Letter on Mexico.
In our issue of Friday last we called atten
tion to a letter written by Captain M. F. MaC
kt on the subject of emigration to Mexico, and
made it the subject of extended comments,
combatting many of the arguments and appeals
addressed to the people of the Southern States.
The day after our article appeared we had
the pleasure of reading in the New York News
a letter, on the same subject but presenting dif
ferent views, from General J. A. Earlt, who
has recently returned to Havana, after a so
journ of three months in Mexico. We publish
the whole letter, as it is comparatively short,
and invite its perusal. It will be seen that, al
though Gen. Earlt’s “determination toremain
inexile is unchanged,” he does not advise or en
courage others to expatriate themselves. He
writes cautiously, but it is very plain that he
does not wish his fellow Southerners to act in
cautiously by removing to Mexico. He admits
that much of the Mexican land is rich and ca
pable of being rendered productive by capital
and labor, but says “colonists will have many
difficulties to encounter in all of them.” He
says land titles are very unsettled and but few
know the boundaries of their own lands ; fur
thermore, that the lands offered by private in
diviHnala in kltArnatd <Mtf>tiAiw tn pnlnnitiK
are in remote districts where the Liberals have
control and the Government can afford no pro
tection. We learn from this letter that, in
consequence of the anticipated influx of emi
grants, an enormous rise has taken place in the
price of lands, and that many persons, recently
arrived, have been unable to procure them
from Government or individuals. This pro
duced much dissatisfaction, and is causing the
return of many to their former homes. He
speaks of much difficulty encountered by those
who have succeeded in procnring land, in get
tmgfebor, “as the native population cannot be
relied on for that purpose.” With the excep
tion ot physicians who can speak the language,
and of practical and experienced engineers,
contractors and mechanics, who may find em
ployment on the railroad now being construct
ed from Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico, he
says very few positions are open to those who
do not wish to cultivate the soil. He says such
as desire to make their permanent homes in
Mexico must do so “without reference to the
duration of the present Government.” Gene
ral Earlt says he has not advised any of his
friends to emigrate to Mexico, and urges those
in quest of new homes “not to give up their
present ones and emigrate to Mexico” until
they shall have examined the country in per
son or ascertained through some reliable per
son, of experience and good judgment, “that
their situations will be bettered.” “Above
all” says General Early, “let no man who has
“ a wife and children carry them to Mexico, un
“ til he has secured a certain home and a fair
“ prospect of support for them.”
This is the most recent and direct testimony
that we have in regard to the subject of emi
gration to Mexico; and it emanates from a
source as intelligent as it is disinterested. We
commend the letter of General Early to all
those who are artlicted with Mexico “ on the
brain,” and think that they will find it a sove
reign cure for their malady.
Meaning of the late Peace Proclamation.
The letter of Assistant Adjutant General
Towx9END in reply to the enquiry of Brigadier
General Davis Tilsox, stationed at Macon,
Georgia, in regard to the effect of the Presi
dent’s Peace Proclamation, has attracted much
attention. The correspondence is as follows:
“ArocsTA, Ga., April 16.
“ Major- General Howard :
“Does the President’s Proclamation remove
martial law in this State 1 If so. General Brannon
does not feel authorized to arrest parties who have
committed outrages on freed people or Union refugees.
Please answer by telegraph. Davis Tilson,
“ Brgadier-General of Volunteers.
“To this the following answer was sent to-day
by direction of the President:
“ War Department. )
“Washington City, April 17. )
“ The President's Proclamation does not remove
martial law, or operate in any way upon the
Freedmen’s Bureau in the exercise of its legitimate
jurisdiction. It is not expedient, however, to resort
to military tribunals in any case where justice can
be obtained through the medium of civil authority.
“ E. I). Townsend,
“ Assistant Adjutant-General.”
We have been frequently asked how this an
swer of Assistant Adjntant-Geueral Townsend
Is to be interpreted f The enquiry is specific
in reference to the arrest of parties commit
ting outrages on « freed people or Union refu
gees.” The answer, we suppose, must also be
regarded as specific, and as limited to the issue
Taised. Thus interpreted it would mean that,
as to the Freedmen's Bureau, martial law has
not been removed. This bureau was created
by act of Congress, is sustained and operated
by the military, and stands for one year from
the official promulgation of the end of the
war. This interpretation would consist with
the opinion expressed by us in an article we
published on the proclamation when issued.—
We said: “ One anomaly will continue for a
“ year from the date of this proclamation—the
** Freedmen’s Bureau. But it must be borne
“ in mind that this does not relate to martial
*• law in the ordinary signification of those
“ words. It is organized for a special and pe
“ culiar object, is composed of army officers,
41 and is in the nature of a military police.—
This bureau was established by the act of
“ March 3d, 1865, 4 to continue during the pre
41 sent war of rebellion, awi for one year there
44 after.' "
If the letter to which we refer is not to be so
constrned, we are at a loss to reconcile it to
the plain terms of the 'proclamation. Some
uneasiness is felt on the subject in the South,
more on account of the manner in which it is
treated by the Radical press than by anything
contained in the paper itself. As a specimen
of this, we extract the following from that
bitterest of all bitter-most radical of all radi
cal journals, the Chicago Tribune. Says that
“ The instructions which are now being issued bi
the President through the Wsr Department. Genera
Grant and the Freedmen’a Bureau, to military anti
civil officers at the South, to the effect that the Presi
dent's peace proclamation does not restore th<
kabecLi corpus, nor end military authority. no
affect the duration or continuance of the Freedmen'
Bureau, nor place the eiril above the militar
power, nor recognize the Johnson “pocket” GoV
eminent as American States, nor restore trial b
jury, nor declare peace, nor any other of the manj
fold effects which were at first attributed to it—i
short, that said proclamation is nail and void—ar
highly satisfactory to the loyal people. These in
struction-t folly accord with the views we have froi
the first expressed of said proclamation. We d«
noonced it as utterly void, and the President not
issues instructions “that it be so regarded." W
insisted that Congress alone had the power, by th
Constitution, to declare war, and, consequently, t
declare peace; that Congress alone had the power t
authorize the suspension of the habeas carpus, am
consequently by its restoration after being suspended
that Congress alone had the power to admit net
States into the Union, and consequently to admi
the eleven seceded States, all of which come witl
wholly new State Governments, having no identit’
with, and deriving no authority from the old
Hence that a proclamation of the President, issuer
without the authority of Congress, aiming to accoa
pUsh all these purposes, in naTl and void."
44 Of coons it would not do for the President ts it
sets a new proclamation annnling the former, fngths
weald be honest, and being so, would confliot witl
his settled principle of taking no step—forward. Bn
we can all see that that would have been the mqr
1 candid conrae. For nothin* la clearer than that the
CoMtitntion and tha act of Congreee authorizing the
suspension of the writ of *«6*m rorpw only an
thorise its suspension “ during the insurrection or re
bellion ” If the President’s proclamation that the
insurrectioa la snpprsened where legal, *. an
thoriaed by an act of Congress, it would necemanlv
restore the writ of habeas corpus and end martial
*The simple fact is, the President by his proclama
tion, had “ put his foot in it" and so by his in
stractions he has uken his foot out again. '
We give the above not as the true, but as
the Radical theory and exposition of this letter.
For ourselves we are entirely satisfied that the
President’s present views consist harmoniously
with the views enunciated in the proclamation,
especially in that portion of it in which he says :
“ And whereas standing armies, military occu
“ pation, martial law, military tribunals and the
“ suspension of the privilege of the writ of
"habeas corpus, are in time of peace danger.
.. ous to public liberty, incompatible with tbe
.. individual rights of the citizen, contrary to
„ the genius and spirit of our free institutions,
„ ,nd exhaustive of the national resources,
.* end ought not therefore to be sanctioned or
“ allowed except, in cases of actual necessity,
“ for repelling invasion or suppressing insur
“ rection or rebellion,” &c., Sc.
We are glad to know that the Radicals can
bring themselves to view any act of the Presi
dent with satisfaction and favor. We fear,
however, that their good humor and content
i meat will not long continue. We shall not be
surprised to hear them presently cry out,
“ anguis in herba."
Such is our faith in President Johnson that
we believe when we cannot altogether under
stand. __
Richmond, April 21, 1866.
To the Editor of the Whig :
A paragraph, copied into your paper of this
| morning, from the Louisville Courier ol the
14th, headed “ A Sham Exposed—The Sharp
Trick of an Imjpostoris such a gross slan
der on a highly honorable gentleman whom I
have the honor and pleasure to class among my
friends, that I feel bound to call your attention
to it, in brder that tho “Virginia papers” at
least that are called upon to “do a favor by
noticing ” the paragraph, may stamp it at once
as a gross fabrication of a Yankee journal.
The knowing writer shows what an ass—oi
knave—or both—he is, by blending hco gentle
man as one, viz: Colonel George W. Brent
and Colonel C. B. Brent.
The Colonel Brent spoken of as havinga
wife and children in Alexandria is George W.
Brent, who is personally known to me as a
gentleman above reproach, and utterly in
capable of such an intention as is set forth in
the infamous paragraph. He was a distinguished
member of the Virginia Convention, entered
the Confederate States service as Major of the
glorious old “ Seventeenth Virginia,” and was
afterwards Colonel and Assistant Adjutant.
General and Chief of Staff to Generals Beau.
rt,<r»r<t anil Rr!ii7(r rpsnectivelv. He is UOW,
and has been since the overthrow of our cause,
residing at his home in Alexandria, engaged in
the practice of his legal profession.
Colonel C. B. Brent was a colonel of artille
ry in the Trans-Mississippi department of the
late Confederate States army, and although I
had not the pleasure of classing him as of my
friends, yet my official position gave me many
opportunities of knowing him as a courteous
gentleman and a chivalrous officer, and though
I do not Icnou) anything as to Ais connection
with the circumstances mentioned by the Cou
rier, yet I do not hesitate to express my dis
belief of its assertions, and as there was one
falsehood, why not tun ?
Colonel C. B. Brent held many, and high
testimonials from Generals Kirby Smith, Ma
grnder and others, as to his character for being
a brave and gallant officer aud perfect gen
tleman, and the very manner in which he lost
his life stamps him at once as nature’s noble
man:* He was, I believe, unmarried.
It you will allow me.I would suggest that
our papers should be more careful as to their
clippings from the foul journals of Tankeedom,
especially in regard to the late officers of our
“ lost cause,” though in this instance the well
known gentlemanly qualities of the editors and
proprietors of the Whig forbid the idea that
the paragraph alluded to was knoicingly in
Justice to two honorable gentlemen and
meritorious soldiers demands that you should
insert this note. Respectfully,
It. H. P. R.
We publish the foregoing with much plea
sure, and regret that the Whig should have
been made the medium of injustice to the gen
tleman named. Our correspondent, however,
is at fault in characterizing the Louisville
Courier as a ‘‘ Yankee journal.” It is, on the
contrary, the organ of Southern sentiment in
the city where it is published, and is the only
journal that left Louisville and followed the
fortunes of the Confederacy.
Thr Trouble in Europe.—The ostensible
cause of the present difficulty is the declara
tion of Prussia to annex the Danish-German
duchies, now held by the joint arms of Austria
and herself, to her dominions. It will be re
raembered that after a brief war, in which the
success was all on one side (and let the inex
cusable conduct ot England in relation to it
never be forgotten), the two great German
powers succeeded in occupying these disputed
provinces. Since the restoration of quiet gar
risons composed of both parties have occupied
the subjugated territory. There has been a
seeming difficulty in knowing how to dispose ol
them. There have been disputes, prevarica.
tions, proposals, threats, long arguments be
tween the powers, and there is no longer a
doubt that the courts of Vienna and Berlin
have long been Jin a state of hardly concealed
animosity. Finally Prussia has thrown off the
mask. The duchies are nearly contiguous tc
her territory. She declares her intention tc
appropriate them exclusively to herself. Aus
tria has anticipated this result. Both powers
have been bracing themselves up, undoubtedly
to meet this bellicose question : Shall Prussia
have the Duchies f Austria is very emphatic
in her negative, men comes me equaiiy im
portant query—will Count Bismarck back
down f So simple an issue as that which ai
the moment of writing appears, has not existec
between any two European powers for a lonf
while. Does it not seem likely that one o
the parties must, in the face of the wolrd, re
tire from its present position, or tight ?
Compliment to a Young Townsman.—W<
find in the last number of the New York ife
tropolitan Record, a handsome compliment t<
John Harmer Gilmer, Jr., of this city. Say
the Record: “Although not much longer thai
a year in the practice of his profession as i
lawyer, he has already acquired a high reputa
tion and met with distinguished success. A
counsel for Mr. Turner, who acted as turnke;
of the Libby during the latter part of the war
and who, in violation of his parole, was throw;
into prison by the Federal provost marshal, Mr
Gilmer visited Washington, called upon th*
President, and received assurances that hi
client wonld, as a simple matter of justice, b*
set at liberty.”
Congress.—The Chicago Republican say
there are now in the National House of Re
presentatives 140 Republicans and 45 Demo
crats, and if the 58 Southern members wen
admitted, the Republicans would still have 3
majority. In the Senate there are 33 Radica
Republicans, 6 Republicans who support th<
President, and 10 Democrats. Ifthe 22 Southen
Senators were admitted, the Chicago Repub
lican says 20 of them would support the Presi
dents and 2 ( Messrs. Udnerwood, of Virginia
and Fowler, of Tennessee,) would side wit)
the Radicals, makiDg a Conservative majorit;
of 1, when all the votes are cast.
Railroad Convrntion.—On the4thofJul;
next a general Convention of all the railroai
Presidents, Chief Engineers and General Su
permtendents in the United States is to be heli
m Philadelphia, for an interchange of views ii
regard to railroad construction, managemen
and operation. The call for tho Conventioi
lias been signed by railroad officers in all part
of the country, and the chief officers of rail
roads in the British Province, have been invite*
to attend and participate in the deliberation.*
Mr. John Stuart Mill ku introduced in th
British Parliament a scheme for the government (
London-oow nearly ^dly
York—which has at least the merit of novelti
London is now governed by thirty-eight differed
and independent bodies, called parish vestries. Mi
Mill proposes to reduce these bodies to eleven; to dt
vide London into as many districts or boroagh;
each with an average population of three hundre
thousand, and to set over each a mayor and aldei
man. These borough councils are to care each fc
its district; and for general purposes they are t
elect a certain number of re preae natives to a genen
hoard of works. which is already in existence.
Letter from Gen. Early.
Havana, April 15, 1866,
To the Editor the Sew York Sews :
Si* ■ I h»ve just returned from Mexico, after a so
journ of three months in that country. Having re
ceived from Virginia several letters or enquiry in re
gard to the prospects for emigrants to Mexico, and
having learned that many persons in that as well as
the other Southern States desire to emigrate, I will
state, through your columns, the result of my own
observation and the information received from others
on whose judgment I could rely. I must ■tate.ln
the first place, that my personal observation or tne
country was confined to what I saw to]P**»ng
re-passing over the stage route from \ ■era Cruii to
the city of Mexico-tbe greater part of ‘‘“e. hV;
ing been spent in the latter city. The “If*?
Cordova dirtrict and about
the stage route passes, are unquestionably rich, and
intelligent gentlemen, who had seen other parts of
the country, informed me that there were other dis
tricts in which the lands were very rich and capable
of being made very productive by the proper use of
capital and labor. But colonists will have many
difficulties to enconnter in all of them. There has
been no systematic effort to survey or ascertain the
locality of the public lands, until that recently made
under the superintendence of General Magruder,
Chief of the Land Office. All the lands at Cordova
which have been surveyed as public lands have been
already parceled out and have supplied but a small
number of colonists. Land titles in Mexico are in a
very unsettled condition, and but few men know the
boundaries of their own lands. So uninformed is
the Government itself in regard to the lands to which
it has claims that, in making a contract with Gener
al Hardeman of Texas for the survey of the publio
; lands in Durango, the whole risk and expense of dis
! covering these lands have been thrown on him, and
he is to receive compensation only in the event of
his being able to find and survey the lands, the Gov
ernment not even undertaking to furnish him pro
tection against guerrillas and robbers, while he is
engaged in fulfilling his contract. The lands offered
by private individuals in alternate sections to colon
ists, so far as 1 am informed, are in remote districts,
where the Liberals, or Dissidents, as they are called,
have control, and the Government can afford no pro
tection. The very highly colored accounts of the
country and its resources which have been published,
and the expectations of a large influx of emigrants
which have been excited, have caused proprietors
having lands forsale to increase enormously the prices
asked for them, and many persons who have recently
arrived in the country have been unable to procure
lands, either from the Government or from private in
dividuals. The legimate consequence of all this has
J been, that many are returning in a great state of dis
satisfaction, while others, who relied on the delusive
promises of aid from the Government, find tliem
| selves not only without the means ofobtaining lands
| but of returning to their former homes. It is exceed
ingly difficult for those who have succeeded in getting
lands to procure labor to put them in a state of cul
tivation, as the native population cannot be relied on
for that purpose. All idea of procuring assistance
from the Government must be abandoned by those
who desire to emigrate to the country. I have no
doubt that Mexico has resources which, under a
stable government and with capital and labor suffi
cient, are susceptible of a very considerable develop
ment ; but those who go there expecting to find the
beautiful 'and fruitful land which is described in
some of the published accounts, will be doomed to
as sad a disappointment as that experienced by the
old Spanish conquerors in their search for the fabled
Eldorado. On the railroad which is being con
structed from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico,.prac
tical and experienced engineers, contractors and me
j chanics may find employment, but otherwise very
few positions are open to" those who do not wish to
: cultivate the soil. Physicians who can speak the
language, can get permission to practice their pro
fessions, but beyond this there is no opening what
ever for any of the learned professions.
As to the stability of the Government, I will state
that I have no information, except what may be ob
tained by any sojourner in the country who cannot
speak the language. Though 1 remained in the na
tional capital for nearly three months, I did not see,
even casnally, so far as I know, the Emperor, Em
press, or any minister of the Government, nor did I
seek to see them. I think, however, I am warranted
in saying that any one who desires to make Mexico
his permanent home, must do so without reference to
the duration of the present Government. Informa
tion as to the length of time which that Government
is to be maintained in the country is not to be ob
tained in Mexico.
I have not advised any of my personal friends to
emigrate to the country, and my knoweldge is not
sufficient to justify me in now giving any positive
advice either way ; but, though my own detemina
tion to remain in" exile is unchanged, I feel a deep
interest in the welfare of all ray countrymen of the
Southern States, and the knowledge which I ob
tained from my own observation, aswellasfrom the
information of others, is sufficient not only to au
thorize me, but, in my estimation, to make it my
duty to advise all those who are desirous of seeking
new homes not to give tip their present ones and
emigrate to Mexico, until they shall have examined
the country in person, or ascertained, through some
friend on whose judgment and experience they can
rely, that their situations will be bettered. Above
all, let no man who has a wife and children
carry them to Mexico until he has secured a certain
home and a fair prospect of support for them. By
observing this caution mnch disappointment and suf
fering will be avoided.
I send this communication to your paper for pub
lication, as I have no doubt that" in that way it will
sooner reach the mass of the readers for whom it is
intended than in any other.
Respectfully, J. A. EARLY.
Conflict of Civil and Military Atthority in
Alexandria.—The Alexandria Gazette publishes a
correspondence between Captain Paul R. Hambrick,
Provost Judge, and Hugh Latham, Mayor, showing
that the line of demarcation between the military
and civil powers is not as clearly defined there as
might be desirable for the sake of harmony.
Captain Hambrick writes to the Mayor - “One of
the colored women yon confined to work house for
using abusive tanguage to an Irish woman, on Mon
day last, has a child starving for the want of some
one to attend to it. I think her name is Ross. The
Irish woman was to blame for this whole transac
tion, and I was astonished when I saw that you had
listened to her story instead of the colored woman.
I ask you to release these women from the work
house. If not I shall be compelled to make the re
quest from Department headquarters. I have inves
tigated the case.”
The Mayor in answer to this says: “Iregret to
find that yon have made a request that is incom
patible with my sense of dnty, and right to grant.—
These women were brought to this office at your re
quest. and the evidence of Mrs. Carroll was very
conclusive. I could do nothing less than assess a
small tine and costs, and upon their failure to pay
they were committed to the work honse according to
law. I will release them npon the payment of all the
costs. I regret the separation of the child from its
mother, and will cheerfully grant a permit to have
. it conveyed to her: in fact I have been expecting an
application from some of the neighbors of the
And there the matter ends for the present.
The Florida Act to Disarm Freedmkn.—The
Assistant Commissioner of the Freedmen’s Bureau in
the State of Florida has transmitted a report to the
Bureau, in which he says that the sub-assistant com
missioners and the civil agents appointed from the
citizens, without salary, are doing their duty satis
factorily. He has "labored to prevent any col
lision, as far as possible, between the military and
civil authorities of the State. He called the atten
tion of Governor Walker to the provisions of section
12 of an act entitled “ An act prescribing additional
punishments for the commission of offences against
the State and for other purposes,” which provides
for disarming the freedmen of their private arms.—
He urged upon the Governor that it was unconstitu
tional. both as regards the United States and State
oonatitntiona and wished to have the decision of
competent authority in the case. The Governor hesi
tated until General Foster informed him that the dis
arming of the negroes must cease, either through
civil or military action. The opinion of the Attorney
General has been called for, who decided that the
, provisions of tbe section were unconstitutional. He
adds that the official relations between General Fos
ter, Governor Walker and himself, contiifteto be
quite pleasant
Citizens Searched for Arms in Norfolk.—We
understand that an armed guard stopped a party of
gentlemen on the street Thursday night and de
manded if they had arms—and hoped they had not.
About this time an orderly or officer ordered them to
be searched. So that we liave now the military re
gime in full operation, entirely freed from the sen
sitiveness of interference with civil law. How does
all this—unless it is requested as aid—“ dovetail”
with the report of the Attorney-General to the Pre
sident in the habeas corpus case decided by Judge
Underwood at Alexandria on the 11th instant, and
which was referred to Mr. Speed for his opinion 1—
The substance, or interpretation, of that opinion is
’ as follows: ** Wherever the rebellion is declared to
1 have ceased, there the writ of habeas corpus is no
. longer suspended. Where the civil law has re
sumed its authority the military authority has no
' longer precedence. And, it may be added, that the
i military arm is retained in the States lately in insur
rection only to aid, when necessary, the civil tribu
nals in executing their decrees.”—Norfolk Vir
i Fatal Tragedy.—The Bristol Seirs reports the
following particulars of a fatal tragedy which oe
' curred last Sunday at a church called Union, in the
northeastern portion of Hawkins county, some nine
, miles northwest of Kingsport, Tennessee. The fune
; rai 0f John Ellis. Jr., who had been a Confederate
soldier, was to be preached by the Rev. R. M. Hick
I ey. of the Holston Conference. Two men by the
name of Walter*—perhaps brother*—manifested a
disposition to disturb the quiet of the assembly. El
dridge Hord, Esq., of that community, remonstrate*]
against their conduct. Some angry words ensued
and Walters shot Hord. wounding him severely it
the thigh. Whereupon, Sam’l Smith, who had beet
a Confederate soldier, fired twice upon Walters, kill
ing him on tbe spot. The other Walters then shoi
Smith, wounding him slightly. Smith returned the
fire, wounding the second 'Walters mortally, and
then made his escape.
The terribly belligerent phrase “dying in the Iasi
ditch” originated with Brute Brownlow. the crazv
l Governor of Tennessee. It will be found at p. 314
of Brownlow’s onslaught on the Baptists, entitled,
“ The Great Iron Wheel Examined," published in
l Nashville, in 1866. The passage in which it occurs,
reads as follows:
“ In our Southern States, where negroes have been
1 set at liberty, in nine cases out of ten their condi
1 tions have been made worse; while the mosl
wretched, lazy and die ho nest class of persons to be
J found in the Southern States are free persons q)
. color. I, therefore, go against the emancipation ol
. slavery altogether, unless they can be sent to Libe
1 ria at once. I take my stand with the friends of the
. institution of slavery m the South. Connected witl
this question. I will go as far as the next man—ever
» dying in the last ditch.”
f -
r Pocket-Picking a Rectt-ar Trade in Boston.
The Boston Journal remarks that few persons excepl
t the victims know to what extent pocket-picking is
• carried on in that city. It has become a regnlai
• branch of business, and there are a large number ol
persons who depend on it for their living. They not
1 only infest depots, places of amusement and rail
• cars, hut are continually prowling about the large
r dry goods stores. The police find empty wallets by
• dozens which have been thrown over fences or be
‘ hind old buildings. Fifteen were found by an officei
a few mornings ago in one place,
Judge Shefley, in his charges to the grand jnriei
of hia circuit, gave expression to what we believe t<
be the common feeling of our people, and indicate*
what will be the action of our courts. His addles
ig published by request of the members of the bar 11
Amherst and Rockbridge, who express their cordia
concurrence in its views. We make an extract:
(Vntlemen I cannot too earnestly invoke your an
the freedmen in your midst. It is not only your sa
cred duty, but your interest, and that of all forwhou
vou act, to be stem in shielding the persons, the pro
nerty and the rights of the freedmen from violenci
and wrong. They are called elsewhere “ the ward:
of the nation:” they are, in my judgment, peculiarly
the wards of the people of the South; to be care*
for, watched over, encouraged, elevated and protect
ed in all their rights, with untiring humanity, impar
tial integrity and fearless discharge of duty by all
and especially on the part of those charged with thi
execution of the laws. Gentlemen, many of then
appeal piteously to onr kindly and humane feelings
Although no longer onr slaves, they are still onr de
pendents; they are ignorant, improvident, thriftless
and, to a great degree, incapable as yet of carta*
for themselves. Theirs is a condition not sought fo
by themselves hnt into which they have been drif'^i
by the irresistible current of events. If others havi
been wronged or done wrong, they are not to blame
Daring all this long, agonizing struggle, they havi
clang to their masters with singular fidelity; whilst fa
there, husbands and brothers have been in the rank:
of battle far away from their homes, children, wive
and sisters have been safe in the midst of faithfu
slaves. The history of the world contains no paral
lei to the constant fidelity, as a whole, of this servil
class, for whose freedom they were led to believ
their master’s opponents were fighting; and fo
whose oppression and continued enslavement the
were also taught to believe, those masters were con
tending. Over this broad land no outcry of insur
rection—scarcely astir of insubordination was bean
until the conflict was substantially over; and. er
they were aware, the way was opened, and, withou
obstruction or hindrance, they glided into freedom
It is not to be wondered at that their weak head
were turned by thia sudden change—that ent loos
from the ties that once bound them to their ol
homes, they drifted away into strange places; tha
they gathered in crowds into those (to them) eartlil
paradises, the towns and cities of the South; an
that, deprived of the watchful care of intel
ligent guardians and protectors, many c
them have perished most miserably, in th
highways of freedom ! The Omniscient Ruler r
the world can alone foresee their doom in the future
but of one thing, gentlemen, let us rest assure*
that u'c, the whites of the South, have interests am
duties connected with these freedmen of which w
cannot divest ourselves. They are thrown upon ou
hands as freedmen against onr wills, just as thci
forefathers were thrown (as slaves) upon the care *
the early colonists of the South, against their pro
testations and remonstrances. Interests, howevei
grew and duties sprung up from the originally cn
forced relations of the whites and the blacks as mas
tere and slaves, and just such will be the case in th
new relations we are about to enter upon. Onr be?
interests are involved in this race of freedmen, astn
tillers of our soil and as onr servants and dependents
and as in the past, so in the future, the colored raa:
must, in the main, be the agent, guided by the whit
man, in developing tlie vast agricultural wealth c
the South. The time may come when in the peace
ful order af God’s providence, the negro shall be re
moved hence and the white laborer be put in hi
place—tbe time may come—which God forefend !
when in the midst of a violent convulsion of societ
—of a fearful conflict of races—he may suddenl,
and violently be displaced from his position ! B11
in the ordinary course of events, lie is of us, nine
remain with us, and must be a curse ora blessingt
us; and on ourselves, mainly, win n uepeuu
whether he shall be a curse or blessing! Let us nol
then, keep aloof from the frecdman, as if it matter
not to ns what he is doing or what becomes of liir
—expressing in our acts the infidel enquiry, “ Am
this brother's keeper?” On the contrary, le
us enforce the laws for his benefit and pro
tcction. and for his guidance and correc
tion and punishment when necessary: let u
see that jnstice is done him; let a higher standari
of duty and obligation be held up to him; let hi
own self-interest be appealed to, and his habits am
tastes be raised above the gratification of mer
animal instincts—let him be well-paid for his labor
above all, let his conscience be enlightened; am
the renewing power of a sanctifying religion gai:
the mastry over him! and he may yet prove a corn
fort and a blessing to the South—a promoter of it
wealth and a participant in its pros|>erity! and s
the world may see another grand problem of tli
Almighty worked out—proving again, as of old, tha
“ all that is, is full of blessings!"
Again: Gentlemen, in this regard we of theSout
are “ as a city set on a hill”—We are seen and scru
tinized by al! men; although we have given pledge
of honor and fidelity, which Virginians an
Southerners have never yet disregarded; yet we ar
suspected of wrong purposes, of being aetnated to
wards the freedmen by sinister intents, and ar
galled by the hourly consciousness that we cannot b
trusted to deal justly with our former slaves and de
pendant freedmen; and that between this sacred tri
bunal of justice and the freedmen, another powe
unknown to our laws and unamenable to their sane
tions, known as the Freedmen’s Bureau, has bee
deemed necessary to their safety and protection,
am pleased to know, that, yielding to the spirit an
principles of the recent acts of the General Assembly
on which I have been commenting, the chief office
of this Bureau in Virginia, by General Orders, af
proved March 12, 1866. has removed every cause c
conflict between that Bureau and the Civil Courts i
criminal cases; the jurisdiction in such cases hem
prohibited to the officers of the Bureau and left wit
the civil tribunals. It is now for the courts and tli
juries of the country to complete tlio good workthti
begun, so that all men may understand and at
knowledge, what we know to be true, that the pci
sons, property and rights of the freedmen are secur
in the tribunals of Virginia; and so, that at lengt
it may not be deemed necessary to have agents <
Government, whose duty it is made to watch tli
course of judicial procedure where freedmen ar
concerned; and, finally, that the Freedmen s Bi
reau itself, may be dispensed with, as an agency n
longer required in-Virginia! These results, gentU
men, which we all so earnestly desire, will be it
tarded or hastened, in no trifling degree, by the ac
tion of the justices, jurors, officers and courts of tli
State. If the laws, as they stand, be fairly and in
partially administered, these happy results will boo
be achieved ; and thereby the best interests of th
Commonwealth be secured. 1 feel assured the Gran
Jury of this county will so discharge their duties s
to give no occasion for criticism to the most sens
tive or suspicious.
The Explosive Power of Nytro-Glycerlne.
[From the Washington Star.]
Our readers no doubt remember the question, ‘ Wi
salt-petre explode?” so widely discussed some )’eai
ago. None of the doubt which made that a moote
point, attaches to the fact of the destructiveness i
nytro-glycerine, so thoroughly demonstrated by tli
recent occurences at San Francisco, Aspiuwall, an
elsewhere; and which have directed the public a
tention to an article heretofore little known outsic
of mining, commercial, and scientific circles. Glj
cerine is the sweet principle of oil, is extensive!
used for toilet purposes, and of itself is liarmle:
enough. But when combined with nitric acid, in tl
proportion of three parts of the latter to one of tl
former, a highly explosive substance, nytro-glyci
rine, is found. It is oily, heavier than water, solub
in alcohol and ether, and acts so powerfully on tl
nervous system that a single drop placed on tl
tongue will cause a violent headache, which will la
for several hours. Its explosive force is at least te
times greater than gun-powder, but not until recen
ly has it been applied to a practical purpose, name!’
blasting; the cost of which it is said to reduce full
fifty per cent. Hence its value in mining, and i
growing importance as an article of commerce. Bi
its terrific force, as shown by the late series :
destructive explosions, demands the impositio
of proper legal restrictions on its use, transport:
tion and storage. By the explosion at Sa
Francisco on tue loin instant, mieeu i
twenty persons were killed instantly, while man
others were dreadfully injured, and the value of th
buildings destroyed by the explosion is at lea
#20,000. In 1866, when attention was first called I
new explosive agent, it was shown that, in case i
shipment, “one pound exploding by some unforesee
accident on board of a two hundred ton vesse
would tenrthe vesssel to pieces.” No wonder tl
explosion of two hundred pounds at Aspinwall, o
the 3d instant, was sufficient to blow up a stron
iron ship destroy the wharf, and shatter most of tl
buildings in the vicinity, causing the loss of fifl
lives, and the destruction of property amounting 1
at least #1,000,000.
In addition to the above we have seen accoun
of two fatal illustrations of the destructiveness i
this lkfhid in Germany, and our readers, no doub
will remember the explosion in front of the yon
ing Hotel, New York, on the 6th of November las
which was only less destructive than the more r
cent occurrences elsewhere, on account of the sma
quantity exploded.
A Gigantic Specimen of the Swine.—The cil
was kept yesterday, for some time, in qnite a fever
excitement, and crowds of boys congregated r
Alex. Bell A Son’s wharf to witness a real euriosil
in the shape of a monstrous hog, raised in Hertfoi
county. North Carolina. The said hog was in
large wagon on board of the steamer Emma. Th
monster is nine feet long, at least four feet high, at
weighs between 1,600 aud 1,700 pounds.
We understand that this hog is one of the larges
if not the largest, raised in this section of tl
country, that is, as far as the recollection of oi
oldest fellow-citizens go.
We likewise learn that he is destined for Bamum
Museum, and has been already purchased by th;
enterprising gentleman to figure among the mat
curiosities which attract the attention of the trave
ling public to his museum.—Norfolk Day Book.
Chicago a Better Home for Cholera thj
New York.—The Chicago Tribune remarks: “W
have made a careful computation, and find thi
each city scavenger has only thirty miles of stre
on an average to attend to; and admitting that n
another particle of filth be deposited, the united e
forts of our numerous scavengers would clear c
every particle of dirt in about six years and mal
ours a clean city.”
The Lobster Trade in Maine.—A Portlai
company operating at Ellsworth, Me., put up fr
thousand lobsters a day. Those delivered at the fa
tory are worth three cents apiece. Lobster fialie
men. remote from the factory, deliver their fish to tl
“ smack ” in the employ of the company, and recei'
therefor about two and a half cents apiece.
The Crops.—A recent trip through Augusta ai
, Rockbridge convinces us that the wheat crop, thouf
mnch injured, will make a much larger yield th«
has been anticipated. Similar reports are made l
our Valley exchanges.—Staunton Virginian.
Yellow Fever at Key West.—A Florida pap
asserts that the yellow fever is prevailing at K<
West to a considerable extent, ana that the reguli
troops stationed there are to be removed to Tampa:
Trial of a “Cigar-Ship.”—A “cigar-ship1?(m
Ross Winans', which is fitting out in London.) hi
just made a trial trip from France to England, pr
pelted by a screw, the diameter of which was on'
four feet ten inches.
The Ttcoon’b Enterprise.—A ball-casting mi
chine has been constructed in Berlin for the Tycooi
It is capable of manufacturing twelve thousand rif
balls a day,
I [Special Despatch to the Public ledger.]
Washington. April 20.-The Judge* of the Su
preme Court whose opinions are adverse to the con
1 i stitutionality of the test oath, are Messrs. Clifford,
Wsyne, Nelson and Grier, with one doubtful. There
is great complaint from the South because the court
1 adjourned without rendering an official decision, as
an immense number of cases are thereby withheld
from adjudication, and lawyers, without number,
! are virtually thrown out of practice.
j Advices from Paris reached here by the last steam*
! er. asserting that for “every French soldier that may
retire from Mexico, ten volunteers stand ready to
[ take his place; and touching finance*, the Emperor
| of Mexico can have all he wants.” This is an im
portant declaration, and comes from an unquestioned
The project looking to the expnlsion of the Sena
tor from California, for “words spoken in debate,"
has, I hear, been abandoned, the apology of that
gentleman having rendered such a step unnecessary.
There are rumors to-day that an important propo
sition has been framed by the Committee on Recon
struction, which is to be offered as an amendment to
the Constitution, and which, if accepted by the Ex
ecutive and the South, will settle all present difficul
ties, and insure the representation, by loyal men, of
those States in Congress. There is a further rumor
that the text or this amendment has been submitted
to the President, who signified his approval of it,
but this latter report should probably be taken cum
grano. We shall hear more of the amendment next
The French Bureau has no intelligence of the re
cently rumored defeat of the Imperial forces near
Mazatlan, and from the report of the numbers en
gaged on the French side, it is believed the whole
thing is little better than a hoax.
j The information I tetegraphed ybu on Sunday to
, the effect that the habeas corpus was restored in all
1 the States, save Texas, despite the despatch from the
t War Office to the contrary, you will see is confirmed
f by the President’s action in the case of Dexter, the
1 cotton agent at Mobile, and also in the case brought
. before Judge Underwood in Virginia. In each of
f these cases. General Wood, at Mobile, and Judge
t Underwood, in Virginia, were directed by order of
f the Executive to respect the writs of the civil courts,
and these instructions will hold good on all similar
’ occasions.
b A pardon is ready for Mayor Monroe when he asks
r for it. He %ill receive it personally in a few days,
r The same may be said on behalf of Colonel Nixon,
f of the Crescent, though there is a report that he has
resigned the Aldermanship rather than go through
, the trouble of securing it. Neither Monroe nor
- Nixon are on good terras with Governor Welles.
- 1 The report of the Judiciary Committee, refusing
1 to recommend the abolition of or a change in the
f test oath, is said to be an able paper, and to be
> backed by opinions from no less a personage than
J the President himself.
Albert Barnes.
[From the Philadelphia Age.]
s High in social position in the community where he
- has lived so long—high in the sacred profession
i which he adorns—is the gentleman whose name we
r have taken the liberty to put at the head of this ar
t tide. He is an able, accomplished ami Christian
t gentleman, gentle in every sense. Unlike most of
> his clerical brethren, he maintained this gentleness of
, tone throughout the conflict of fierce passions now
, happily at an end, and with clear and fixed opinions
3 —and those, too, on the side of the government—we
i have never heard or read one word from his lips or
r his pen which seemed like the utterance of ill
1 temper or intolerance. He never prostitnted his
pnlpit by truculent harrangties. He never defiled
■ the sacred elements lie administered by reading
3 bulletins of bloody strife. He never haunted
I clubs or leagues. He prayed for victory for tho
3 cause he thought the right one, but he blessed no
I Hags waving over ghastly fields ot traternai war.—
i Such was the tenor of this good man’s course daring
- the war. What it has been since the war is over and
1 the blessed light of peace is shining upon us, the
i reader will see in the following extract from a ser
• mon of Mr. Barnes, which we find copied in one of
s our exchanges, and which we gladly reproduce.—
> What a contrast to the scream of vindictive fanati
; cism which comes from every corner of iufidel New
i England, and as infidel Ohio, where New England
seed is sown, whose organs are Sumner and Stevens
i and Wilson and Wade:
“ I hesitate not to say that, on the whole, the con
s duct of the South in the feelings evinced on the
1 termination of the conflict, has been snch as to de
s mand the confidence of the North, and to secure the
- admiration of mankind. The surrender of armed
5 forces was so complete and entire; the cessation of
» hostilities was so immediate and universal; the ac
- knowledgment that they had been overcome was so
• prompt, frank and manly; the rodiness to return to
r die Union has been so general and apparently so
• sincere; the recognition of the fact that slavery is
i extinct forever has been so wisely admitted ns a
I Tact—vast as are the consequences involved, und is
1 the change in the habits; the readiness to come
under the arrangements for collecting the revenue
r has been so prompt; the disposition to resume com
• mercial intercourse with the great citiesof the North
I tans been so marked; and the willingness to come
I into the great arrangements of the nation for per
; pctiiating freedom has been so general, that we see
i in this, I think, the return of the feelings of the best
e days of the republic. There are exceptions (indi
s vidual), but there has never been a civil war closed
- where there was less lingering animosity, or more
• willinguess to unite again under the same govern
e inent. Can we forget, when we think of what is in
li the Southern bosom still, that long-cherished
f opinions, feelings and customs do not soon change
e among a people 1 Can we forget how long after
e the wars of the “ Roses,” and after the civil wars
- that resulted in the'establishment of the “Com
j monwealth" in England on the cessation
- of the forms of war, the feelings that had been en
• gendered lingered in the bosoms of Englishmen?—
- Can we forget how long after the Revolution, the
b banishment of James, and the accession of William
- and Mary, love for the “ Pretender" lingered in the
it hearts of a portion of that nation; how firm was the
e conviction that he was the rightful heir of the
J crown; how strong the hope that he would yet come
s to the throne? Shall we blame our Southern brethern
- if some similar feelings linger in their bosoms ?
Italian Fashion.
A French jurist has lately published a book on
the frightful extravagance of Ic.s fcnmcs. He
speaks especially of French women, but, it will be
II seen by the following extract from the Boudoir, the
| new fashionable weekly of New York, that the reign
of the milliner has fairly began in the country of
'' Garibaldi:
P The Italian ladies do not appear to be at all be
• hind their Parisian sisters in the mania for finery.—
' At a fancy ball lately given at Florence by the
e wealthy bauker and Senator, Signor Fenzi, a lady
' is described as having achieved "the most absolute
y triumph of plastic beauty,” by appearing in a simple
' skirt of white satin over a tight-fitting, flesh-colored
e silk, while the classic “cothurn" replaced the mod
e era shoe. A Hungarian lady, the youthful Countess
'■ Karsly, if less paradisaic in her garb, was yet more
e the “cynosure of neighboring eyes.” She repre
p sonted the Mer de Glace. Beneath a double veil
e of white and of blue tule, by way of clouds, ap
peared the terrific undulations of the Mer de Glace,
n painted and woven on a white satin skirt. Sharp
pointed blocks of ice, bears, chamois, birds of prey,
y very loose tunic, forming n train, depicted on the
•s left side a mass of white and blue clouds, and on
^ the right a splendid sun-darting rays of light. At
the bottom of the white satin skirt a light silvered
11 stuff simulated hoar frost. The body af the dress
l' was of white satin, cut m small pointed basques.
n trimmed with swansdown and glass. The Countess’
frosted hair was prevented from falling quite loose
y by crystal chains, while her head was framed, as it
e. were, in swansdown.
it _
’’ Trial of Swindlers.
Washington, April 21.—The trial of Bruner for
conspiracy with other parties, principally contrac
g tors, to defraud the Government, by cansing false
, sub-vouchers for mules, is still progressing. The tes
,r timony of the principal Government witness, Wm.
e McKay Hoge, to-day, entirely exculpates Bruner
.. from any complicity in the affair. The witness is
J, sned receipts to contractors Isham, Henderson and
others, simply on their verbal statement, and kept
s the transaction concealed from Bruner.
I Release of Colonel Wheeler.
i- Toronto, April 21.—Colonel Wheeler, one of the
t, prisoners at Cornwall, and formerly of the rebel
•- army, became so pugnacious in court during his ex
II amination, and dwelt so effectually on the fact of
his being an American citizen, and living under
Andrew Johnson's administration, that the Cana
„ dian magistrates ananimonely decided to let him go.
He is now on his way to New York.
Departure of C. C. Clay.
d Fortress Monroe, April 21.—C. C. Clay left
a here yesterday morning for City Point, intending to
is join his wife at Petersburg, and then proceed to
d Alabama.
t, A Painful Case of Insanity.—A man from Mil
e ford. Mass., named Parrish, while working at Hart
lr ford, Conn., recently fell in love with a girl, and be
came insane because her parents would not let him
'<* solicit her hand. He went to Milford, nearly killed
it his father and mother, and fled to the woods. The
y inhabitants turned ont and bunted him down, and
!• he is now in the Retreat at Hardfoid.
A strange disease, resembling dintheria, has at
n tacked the calves in the vicinity of Indianapolis, so
e that veal has fallen into disrepute as an article of
lt meat
>t _
f' WALLER—NYE —On Thursday, April 19th, 1966, by
P the Rev. Mr. Lewis, at St. John's Church, Washington,
:e P. C., JOHN R. WALLER, of New York, to MARY E.
NYE, daughter of Honorable James W. Nye, of Nevada
JDDSON—BOYCE.—At 8t. John's Church, Washing
*1 ton. D C., on the 19th Instant, by Rev. John Trimble,
re Jr., D D.. Dr. OLIVER A. JUD80X, of Philadelphia,
to ELIZABETH, daughter of the late Captain W. M.
r. Boyce, United States army.
■e Pcxbral Notics.—The remains of Major BENJAMIN
WATKINS LBIGH, who fell in the battle of Gettys
burg, Joly 3d, 1863, having been brought to this city
for interment, the funeral will take place from St.
d James’ Church this evening at five o’clock. The
h friends of the family are invited to attend. *
tt _-— —
y TT'XECUTOR’S NOTICE — All persons hav
rn'j in* claims against the estate of the late John
Clendinlng, of Henrico county, are hereby notified to
>r present them without d~lay to the undersigned, in or
y der that the amounts may be ascertained, preparatory to
■v. arrangements being made for their payment at an early
n date.
This notice will be pleaded in bar against all sneh
claims as mav not be presented within thirty days.
W. OODDIN, Execntor
>t ap23-2tof John Clendinlng, deceased.
f. 'T'O JAMES W. RAGLAND—Tike notice
y A that I shall, in the elerk’e offlee of Halifax County
J Court, on the 8th day of May, 1966, proceed to take the
deposition of James D. Clay and others, to be read as
evidence upon the trial of a suit now pending in the
Circuit Court of Halifax county, in which you are de
fendant and I am plaintiff.
e Yonrs, Ac., THOMAS 0. MOBTON.
• I ,h j .
[From the New York World.]
Richmond. Ya., April 16..—Just previous to leav
ing the capital. I had the pleasure of a prolonged in
terview with Alexander H. Stephens.
Concerning the present position of the Sooth Mr.
Stephens spoke with great discouragement, remark
ing that *• many of the people who dnring the war
were with him both in feeling and political senti
ment, are now almost inclined to think that it would
have been better to have died in the ‘ last ditch, as
originally proposed.” This depression of feeling
arose from a conviction, formed after much thought,
that it was the intention of the Radicals to grind
them down to the uttermost, and to keep them in
the position and condition of dependent colonists.
Mr. Stephens said that he had spoken with Howell
Cobb, opon this subject, and that he seemed to en
tertain this view: and though at first lie was dispos
ed to think that the South, being conquered, would
be generously treated, the impression was gaining
ground that it was the intention of the government
to grind the South down to the finest possible edge.
He, however, still cherished the belief tnat the action
of the extreme Radicals would result, eventually, to
the benefit of the South, by showing how ranch dam
age could be done by extreme views and harsh treas
ures, and how little good. Speaking of Georgia, he
remarked with some spirit and evident pride, “The
Empire State of the South was taken ont of the
Union bv extremists, and not bv the true Georgians,”
the people having been led to believe that under the
government of President Lincoln and party all their
rights would be taken away.
The recent action of Congress has almost persuaded
the people that these same extremists were right—
When his old friends came in late at evening, and
would say with earnest voice and troubled face,
“ Well, Aiic, what do yon think of things now 1" he
was forced to tell them that he had hoped for more
generous treatment for a people conquered and en
tirely submissive.
With regard to his election to the Senate, lie
thought that it was ill-advised and pronounced such
to be his view. The Legislature was determined,
and acted entirely on their own views.
Speaking of General Logan, he said: “He must
have been a fine soldier: he was an old Donglas
friend, and 1 should lie glad to have a better acquain
tance with him. I always thought that he was des
tined to be one of the men of the country, and have
watched his career with great interest, and am glad
to see that my first Impression has proved a correct
Of his imprisonment in Fort Warren. Mr. Stephens
spoke quietly, and with a somewhat serious face, re
marking that his underground quarters were not the
most pleasant in the world, but tliat be enjoyed the
climate of the old Bay State exceedingly, nnd would
be glad to spend the next summer there.
The Bostonians were persons that one could de
pend upon in any emergency. If they had laws,
they enforced them. If they had peculiar views,
they defended them ably, but never had he experi
enced more uniform conrtesy or more genial com
panionship. He liked Boston, but could not speak
with any degree of satisfaction with regard to Fort
Altogether, the interview was an extremely pleas
ant one, and I felt impressed with the belief that
there were few better Union men in onr country than
Alexander H. Stephens, the late vice-president of the
late confederacy.
World’s Hair Restorer and Zylobalsamnm, or Hair
Dressing, act upon tho hair as does the dew upon the
dowers. They are easily applied ; they dispose the
hair to remain in any desired position ; by their use the
hair becomes soft and silky. Persons using these pre
parations will preserve their hair through life. Every
Druggist sells them. apl2-eodlw
S. T.—1860—X.
Persons of sedentary habits troubled with weakness,
lassitude, palpitation of (he heart, lack of appetite, dis
tress after eating, torpid liver, constipation, Ac., de
serve to suffer If they will not try the celebrated
which are now recommended by the highest medical
authorities, and warranted to produce an immediate
benedclal effect. They are exceedingly agreeable, per
fectly pure, and must supercede all other tonics where
a liesllliy, gentle sumuiuni is re<iuireu.
They purify, atrenglhen and invigorate.
They create a healthy appetite.
They aro an anliJote to change of water and diet.
They overcome effects of dissipation and late hours.
They strengthen the svstem and enliven the mind.
They prevent miasmatic and intermittent fevers.
They purify the breath and acidity of the stomach.
They care Dyspepsia and Constipation.
They cure Diarrhoea and Cholera Morbns.
They cure Liver Complaint and Nervous Headache.
They make the weak st'ong, the languid brilliant,
and are exhausted nature's treat restorer. They are
composed of the celebrated Calisaya bark, wintergrcen,
sassafras, roots and herbs, all preserved in perfectly
pure St. Croix lum. For particulars, see circulars and
testimonials around each bottle.
Pereire.New York....Havre .April 21
lLinsa.New York_Bremen.April 21
Saxonia.New York....Hamburg.April 21
England.New York....Liverpool.April 21
City New York...New York.... Liverpool.April 21
Belgian.Portland.Liverpool.April 21
New York.New York.... Aspinwall.April 21
Corsica.New York....Nassau, Ac.April 21
Asia.Boston.Liverpool.April 25
Marathon.Now York....Liverpool.April 25
Baltic.New York....Bremen.April 26
Virginia.New York....Liverpool.Apill 28
City of Boston.. .New York_Liverpool.April 28
North America ..New York....Rio Janeiro,Ac.April 28
Sun rises....*..5 21 I Moon sets,,.,........ 2:01
Sun seta.6:39 | High tide.12:01
PORT OF RICHMOND, April 22, 1866.
Steamer M. Martin, Haines, Norfolk, merchandise
and iiassengers, Haskins A Bridgford.
Schooner Miskimmons, Kiggin, Norfolk, merchandise,
Schoonor A. H. Cain, Simmons, Bath, merchandise,
Schooner George Washington, Port Deposit, grain,
Powers, Hagan A Co.
Steamer Albemarle, Bourne, New York, via Norfolk
and City Point, merchandise and passengers, 8. Ayres
A Co.
Steamer State of Maryland, Travers, Baltimore via
City Point, merchandise and passengers, D. A W. Car
Steamer John Sylvester, Post, Norfolk, merchandise
and passengers, C. J. Towbridge.
Schooner Mary Angnsta, Wroten, down the river,
Schooner Georgia, Southgate, Eastern Shore.
Boston, April IS.—Schooner A. T. Cohen, Williams,
for Richmond, Va.
New York, April 19.—Bark Emilie (Brem.) for Bre
men, via City Point.
Steamer Ephesus, for Norfolk and City Point, via
Boston, was in the Mersey, at Liverpool, on the 7th
inst., outward bound.
8. B. DUFFIELD.Manaobr.
First night of
MONDAY EVENING, April 23, 1866,
will be performed the Interesting drama,
To conclude with the farce of the
RiciiMOxn, Va., April 21, 1S66.
There will be a regular meeting
of the SAKSFIELD CIRCLE, F. B., held on next
TUESDAY EVENING, April 21, at S o’clock, over Wm.
Ryan’* store, Rockett*.
All member* are requested to be in attendance, as
permanent officers are to be elected at this meeting.
ap23-2t* J. J, McFARLAN, Centre.
.L.N CIATIoN.—A meeting of the Director* and Visi
tors of the Richmond Relief Association will be held at
the rooms of the Tobacco Exchange, corner of Cary
and Virginia streets, on MONDAY evening, the 23d in
stant, at five o'clock, P. M. A punctual attendance of
all is desired, particularly the visitors.
ap23-lt Secretary Richmond Relief Association.
Ricmmoxd, April IS, 1366.
To General R. E. Colstox :
Dear Sir—The undersigned, In common with many
other citizens of Richmond, feel a strong desire to bear
yonr very eloquent lecture on the life and character of
Stonewall Jackson, recently delivered by yon iu Balti
more, and earnestly invite yon to repeat It in Richmond
as soon as yonr engagements will permit.
T. P. Acocst, Wm. P. Mcxfobd,
Thomas II. Ellis, R. T. Daxiel,
A. B. Gcioox, Jobs K. Cooke,
J. Adair Pleasaxts, E. M. Alfbie.xd,
F. C. Hctteb, Johx C. Laxohorxe,
Maxwell T. Clarke, A. Acstix Smith,
P. A. Wbllfokd, G. A. Myers,
W. B. Myers, Wm. H. Ltox*,
S. Bariox Fhexch, R. A. Laxcaster,
P. J. Wright, James Bealb.
J. L. Williams, Johx ClAbk,
A. C. Colb, ' Johx J Rebvb,
Geoboe Ross, J. W. Tcbxer,
J. H. Ellersox, J N. Chambbblatxe.
Richmoxd, April 21, 1366.
Oentlemen—I have received yonr communication of
tbelSthinst. In compliance with the very flattering
invitation which it contains, I have the honor to say
that I will repeat the Lecture which I delivered in Bal
timore, upon the life and character of Stonewall Jack
son, on Thursday evening next, at the Virginia Hall,
on Ninth street.
It will afford me great pleasure to add here, In the
Capital of his native State, the feeble tribute of my
praUe to the fame of one who, even before the animos
ities of war began to pass away, had acquired the re
spect and admiration of friends and foes, and who will
be ranked in history among the greatest soldiers of the
I am, very respectfully,
Yonr obedient servant,
Messrs. T. P. Acocst, Wm P. Mcxfobp, Tl,0*ILia,H•
Ei i.is, R.T. Dakibl, and others._,P‘a'lt
Hay and lime.
200 bales prime Timothy Hsy
200 barrels Rockland IJme.
g. p. LATHROP, Agent,
ap28| Eighteenth street, sonth side of Dock.
Fresh cotton seed and Virginia
BACON._We have in store for sale a lot of fresh
Cotton Seed and prime Virginia Bacon.
Lotion nee t BOOKER, KERR A LYON,
ap23-d2w Comer Fifteenth and Franklin streets.
GRAIN BAGS.—Two hundred and fifty
second-hand Grain Bags, for sale by
apl4f Fourteenth street, near Exchange Hotel.
From WiihlifMll.
Washington, April 22.—The Senate wm notin!
session yesterday. The House was occupied with a
general debate on the President's annual message.
The attendance was thin. Several gentlemen de
livered written speeches for and against the Presi
dent’s plan of reconstruction. At a late hour in the
afternoon the House adjourned.
Preparing for the Cholera.
New York, April 22.—The Board of Health have
determined to remove the cellar population of New
York and Brooklyn to more healthy abodes, and to
establish temporary cholera hospitals in various parts
of the two citiea, for use in case of necessity. Mayor
Hofftnan has ordered all nitroglycerine to be stored
in vessels filled with water.
Interview of the French Minister with the Sec
retary of State.
Washington, April 22.—The French Minister had
an audience with the Secretary of State yesterday,
and presented the formal adhesion of the French
Government to the principle of non-intervention, as
explained by the United States. The French
Emperor kindly and cordially replied to our Govern
ment, and engages to withdraw his troops from
Mexico in three detachments, in November next,
and in May and November, 1867.
Kew York Markets.
New York, April 21.—Floor has declined 10.-.—
sales 9,600 barrels State at «6.90 to 18.66; Ohio 18.70
to *12; Southern *9.60 to *16.25. Wheat has de
clined lc. to 2c.—sales unimportant. Corn doll.
Beef steady. Pork heavy—mess *26.60 to *26.621.
Lard firm. Whiskey dull. Cotton dull at 37c. Su
gar steady. Naval stores firm. Gold 126$.
W.WWWVl. vv. VWX'V. VN, V%VWk"VN>.'
PALACE.—This elegant establishment, now open at
121 Main street, opposite Mitchell A Tyler's, has been
fitted up regardless of expense to make It the most
complete Photographic Gallery in the country. Every
facility for work, and every comfort and convenience
for customers, has been carefully studied. The work
of this establishment will comprise everything In the
Photographic lino, from the Carte de Ylslte to llfe-slie
An ARTIST'S STUDIO has been connected with this
Gallery, where Pictures will be finished in the highest
style of the art. ap23-lt*
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In
110 Main Strkkt.
fc$T Special attention given to the manufacture of
MATTRESSES and other articles of BEDDING.
Essay of Warning and Instruction for Young Men.—
Also, Diseases and Abuses which prostrate the vital
powers, with sure means of relief. Sent free of charge
in sealed letter envelopes. Address Dr. J. SKILI.IN
HOUGHTON, Howard Association, Philadelphia. Pa.
BA, conducted by the Spanish Government. *300,000
in uoia drawn ovary l, nays, rrizes casuea anu in
formation furnished. The highest rates paid for Doub
loons, and all kinds of Gold and Silver.
TAYLOR A CO., Bankets,
Jau31-eod6m No. 16 Wall street, N. Y.
The New York Tribune says, “ the reaaon why Drake'*
Plantation Bitters are so universally used and have
such an Immense sale, Is that they are always made up
to the original standard, of highly Invigorating material
and of pure quality, although the prices have so largely
advanced," etc.
The Tribune Jnst hits the nail on the head. The
Plantation Bitters are not only made of pure material,
bat the people are told what it Is. The Recipe is pub
lished around each bottle, and the bottle* are not re
duced in size. At least twenty Imitations and counter
feits have sprung up. They impose upon the people
once and that's the last of them.
The Plantation Bitters are now used in all the Gov
ernment Ilospitals, are recommended by the best physi
cians, and are warranted to producean immediate bene
ficial effect. Facts are stubborn things.
* * * I owe much to you, for I verily believe
he Plantation Bitters have saved my life.
REV. W. H. WAGGONER, Madrid, N. Y.
* * * Thou wilt send me two bottles more ol
thy Plantation Bitters. My wife has been greatly beno
fitted by their use. Thy friend,
ASA CUKRIN, Philadelphia, Pa.
» * * I have been a great sufferer from Dyspep
ata, and had to abandon preaching.
» The Plantation Bitters have cured me.
REV. J. 8. CATHORN, Rochester, N. Y.
* * * I have given the Plantation Bitter* to hun
dreds of our disabled aoldlors with the most astonishing
effect. 0. W. H. ANDREWS,
Supt. Soldiers’ Home, Cincinnati, 0.
* * * The Plantation Bitters have cured me o
Liver Complaint, of which I was laid up prostrate, am
bad to abandon my business.
H. B. KINGSLEY, Cleveland, 0.
» » * The Plantation Bitters have cured me of i
Derangement of the Kidneys and the Urinary Organ
that has distressed me for years. It acts like a charm
C. C. MOORE, No. 254 Broadway.
New BEDPOan, Mass., Nov. 24, 1S63.
Dear Sir: I have been afflicted many years with se
vere prostrating cramps in my limbs, cold feet an<
hands, and a general disordered system. Physlciam
and medicine failed to relieve me. Some friends In Nee
Y'ork, who were using Plantation Bitters, prevailet
upon me to try them. 1 commenced with a small wine
glassful after dinner. Peeling better by degrees, in i
few days I was astonished to find the coldness anc
cramps had entirely left me, and 1 could sleep the nigh
through, which 1 had not done for years. I feel lik<
another being. My strength and appetite hare als<
greatly Improved by the use of the Plantation Bitters
Respectfully, JUDITH RUSSEL.
If the ladles but knew what thousands of them ar<
constantly relating to us, we candidly believe one-hal
of the weakness, prostration and distress experienced
by them would vanish. James Marsh, Esq., of No. 151
West Fourteenth street, New York, says •• he has thret
children, the first two are weak and puny, his wlf<
having been unable to nurse and attend them, but thal
she has taken Plantation Bitters for the last two years
and has now a child eighteen months old which she hat
nursed and reared herself, and both are hearty, saucy
and well. The article is invaluable to mothers," etc.
Such evidence might be continued fora volume. Th<
best evidence is to try them. They speak for them
selves. Persons of sedentary habits, troubled with
weakness, lassitude, palpitation of the heart, lack o!
appetite, distress alter eating, icirpia intr,constipation,
diabetes, etc., will find speedy relief through these
Any person re-filllng bottles, or offering to' sell Plan
tation Bitters In balk, by the gallon, or In any mannei
except as above, Is a swindler and Imposter, with whon
we shall deal as the law directs.
Sold by all respectable dealers throughout the habit
able globe. P. H. DRAKE A 00.,
mylfi—eodly New Yojlc
The Board of Visitors will meet at the Virginia Mil
itary Institute on the 27th of June to make appoint
ments of Cadets. Applications for8TaTEand pat Cadel
appointments will be made to the undersigned, accom
panied with the usual teatlmoniala of good moral char
Candidates for appointment must be exempt from
bodily disease, of ages between 16 and 25 years, and.lr
the case of State Cadet applicants, mast satisfy th«
Board of their Inability to meet the expenses of the In
Candidates for admission must be able to read and
write well, and to perform with facility and accuracy
the various operations of the four ground rales of arith
metic, of reduction, of simple and compound propor
tion, and of vulgar and decimal fractions.
State Cadets, one for each Senatorial District, will b<
supplied with board and tuition without charge.
All State Cadets, who held appointments on the 3d
April, 1863, and who desire to enter the institution a
such, will signify the same, with the usual evidence o
present pecuniary condition, by letter to the Superin
The graduating exercises of ihe institution will Uk>
place at the Institute on the Ath of July. The exam!
nations will commence on the 27th June, and be con
tinued daily until completed. The public are respect
fully invited to all of these exercises.
For all further Information, application will be tnadt
to the Snperintendent. FKANC1S H. SMITH,
XTOTICE.—The Stockholders of the NA
COMPANY wbe have failed to pay the sum of ten dol
lars for each share held by them, as required by tbi
President and Directors of said company, are hereby
notified that tbe shares held by them respectively wil
be sold at the auc'ion rooms of Messrs. Paine A Co.
in the city of Richmond, Virginia, on MONDAY, thi
7th day of May, 1866, In accordance with the law It
such cases made and provided.
apll-WaFtd Preeldent.
Furnishing goods.—we offer * iarg(
and varied stock of Gentlemen's Underwear, ln<
] Shirts, Collars, Gloves, Half-Hose, Suspenders, Scarf
Ties, Ac., Ac., just received from tbe manufaetorare ami
will be sold at low prices.
ap20f _102 Main street.
the Southern States for thie Oil, so long and favor
I ably known to most farmers and planters as an Inrala
| able remedy fer Fistula, Swiney, Wounds, Braises,
Strains# Ac., Ac, occurring either tn hones, cattle oi
men. Thereby notify the trade that I am prepared tc
supply the Oil at manufacturer's prices, »“«»
I ly solicit orders.
ap20t Cary, between 13th and 16th street*
the attention of our friends anil the public gene
j rally to oar SPRING STYLUS of Plain and Fancv CAS
(jIM'ERE BUSINESS SUITS, which we offer In great va
riety and at low prices.
25 bags prime Bio Coffee, for sale by
ap20f A. Y. STOKES A CO.
FU)UR, flour.
700 barrels FLOUR, all grades. _
ap20f_A. Y. 8TOK86 A CO.
26 barrels Golden 8yrup,
25 *• Extra 8yrnp
ap20f _A. Y. STOKES A CO
Wlshart's Pitta and Pino Tree Tar Cordial. Fer
sale at BLAIR 8,
aplXf No. 825 (formerly 107) Broad street.
WHITE SHIRTS made to order when pre
fer-ed. Alto, a large supply, of very fine qual
ity and style, always on band at 112 Main street,
The undersigned have Just commenced browing
at Buchanan Spring, at the head of Clay street, where
the manufacture of these articles will be continued
until their
now tn course of erection, near the site of Steerns A
Rrummer* distillery, below Rocketts, Is completed.
They guarantee an article In every respect equal to
and cheaper than the best imported from any quaiter
outside the State, whether home or foreign.
W -'U orders sent through the poet-oBce will be
punctually attended to.
icp painting! pain TIG I !
Will be pleaded to receive orders from their friends .
and the public generally, for work of all kinds lnl hell l
They are prepared to do HOUSE PAINTING, GI.AZ
INO, GRAINING, 4c.,in the very best style. Call and
leave yonr orders. Oar terms shall be reaeonable, and
we guarantee to do the best of work.
SIGN8 furnish'd st short notice.
mhSO-tf L. L. MONTAGUE 4 8<>N.
Having recommenced business In their ntw boos* on
the site of their old stand,
Corner op Main aw* Thirteenth -trusts,
Are prepared to offer their usual Inducement* to pur
They are now receiving, and have in store s lasge
and welt selected stock of DKUQ8, MEDIC'INRS,
BRIDGE ALUM WATER, and a general assortment Of
articles tn their line, which they offer on most favora
ble terms.
Particular and prompt attention to packing and for
warding orders.
PURCELL, LADD 4 CO., Druggists,
122 Main street, corner of Thirteenth,
mh2—tf Richmond, Ya.
Bawkixu Hopes or We. B. Isaacs 4 Co., )
MHh March, ISM. f
ICp* NOTICE.—We are prepared to issue
DRED DOLLARS and Its multiple for the corxTtnstow
ed notes of the
Bank or Scottsvilli,
Bark op Old Dontwtow,
Bank op Phillippi,
Bark op HowAnosviLLi,
Mowticello Bank. mh20-lm
of the citizens of this State and others to the us* of
Which all the druggist* of the city of Richmond, Vir
ginia, admit to be one of the most popular medicines
ever before the public for the cure of Dyspepsia, Ner
vous lieailacbe, Colic, Pains, Dysentery and Bowel
Complaints. In weak and debilitated females there le
nothing to equal the ready mode that It basin strength
ening the whole system, and If any medicine eve? de
served the title of a “ human comforter," it shoal J be
the introduction of these Bitters, which has been about
fifteen years, the proprietor haa received, in and about
the city of Richmond, over one thousand certificate,
where It has made permanent cures In the above-named j
diseases. Should yon once become acquainted with Its
superior virtues In various complaints, yon would
never be withont it in your families.
To be had of all permanent Druggists In Virginia ;
also of CANBY, GILPIN A CO., Baltimore, Marylan
Orders promptly filled by addressing
E. BAKER, Proprietor,
mh2f Richmond, V*.
Rreath, Sound and Healthy Gums, Pearly Whit* Teeth.
Relief and freedom from Toothache can be obtained
by using DOWDEN’S DENTAL FLUID. Recommended
by Dentists and Physicians everywhere as superior to 1
the injurious compounds in use. Price 60 cents. For
sale by all Druggists.
Recommended by Drs. Pleasants, Woodward, Steel,
Hndson, Ac., Ac., of Richmond.
RENEWER has proved itselfto be the most perfect pre
paration for the hair ever offered to the public.
It la a vegetable compound, and contain* no lnjm Iona
propertlea whatever.
It will keep the hair from falling out.
It cleanse* the scaln and make* the hair sort, Instrcua
r and allken.
; It la a aplendld hair dressing.
No person, old or yonng, should fall to use U.
1 WTAsk for Hall’s Yegetible Sicilian Hair Renswox,
and take no other.
Nashua, N. H. Proprlelois.
For sale by all druggist*. nov21-t>m
! !CjFt> DYSPEPSIA.—What everybody says
most be true. Wo have heard Dr. Strickland's Tonic
spoken of so frequently by those who have been bene
fitted by It, that at last we are compelled to make it
known to the public that wo really believe it effecta a
care in every case ; therefore, we say to those, who arc
suffering with Dyspepsia or Nervons Debility, to go to
their druggieta and get a bottle of Dr. Strickland a
Tonic._ oct30 ly
of Janesville, Wisconsin, writes for tbo benefit of all
who suffer with the Piles, that he has been troubled
for bight years with an aggravated case of Piles, and
his brother was discharged from the army aa incuiabl#
(be being qnite paralysed with the Piles). Both these
distressing cases were cared with one bot le ol Dr.
Strickland'* Pile Remedy. The recommenJallon of
these gentlemen, beside the daily testimonials received
by Dr. Strickland, ooght to convince tbo** suffering
that the moat aggravated chronic case* of Pile* are
rnr.J liv Hr. firrirklanti'i Pila Rnmeil* V» U noli
Draggiata everywhere.
ecientionsly recommend to those suffering from ante
trassing congb, Dr. Strickland's Mellifluous C«agb Bal
aam. It gives relief almost Instantaneous, and 1* with
al not disagreeable to the taste. Thera la no doabt bat
the Mellifluous Congb Balaam la one of ths beat piepe
%-ations in use, and ia all that Ita proprietor claim* for
it. We bare tried it during the pa*t week, and topnd
relief from a moat distressing cough. It la prepared by
Dr. Strickland, No. 139 Sycamore et., Cincinnati Ohio,
and for sale by Draggiata. nctSO ly
final aud beat In the world I The only true and per
fect Hair Dye. Harmless, Reliable and Instantaneous.
Produces immediately a splendid Black or Nalnra
Brown, without injuring the hair or skin. Remedies
the ill effect* of bad dye. Sold by all Draggiata. The
genuine ia signed William A. Batchelor. Also,
Per Restoring and Beautifying the Hair,
anll-tf New Yotk.
(Successor to Joseph Laldley,)
Corner of Main and Third streets,
Ha* la store a large atock ef Drugs, Medicines, Dye
Stuffs, Oila and Paint*, to which we Invite the special
attention of Country Merchants and all others In want
of aneh articles. ect iff- tf
Wa are opening this day, direct from the mannfae
tnrera, two hundred cases of
suitable for the fall and winter trade. Among onr
atock la eighteen hundred pairs of P. Daoe A Co's cele
brated Nailed and Pegged BROGA.VS, the beat n the
United 8tatee. We consider Dane A Co. the beat manu
facturers In the world. We have been selling I beto
Brogans for over twenty years, and they always give
entire tails faction. Wa ask all In want of good Skoee
or Boots to give na a call.
oet20—tf PUTNEY k WATT8.
Will be kept at tbe Billiard Temple, commencing THIS
(Saturday) AFTERNOON.
or Brown, Instantaneous. Beet, cheapest, durable, re
8old by all Drag and Patent Medicine Storei eve y
where. * mhS ly
Have removed to their new OBee, under National
Butk of Vlrgtnla, north roet corner of Main and lu*.

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