THURSDAY MORNING.APRIL 26, 1866.
If any business man in Richmond doobta that the
Whio iatha beat medium through which to reach
the Virginia public, we invite him to call at this
oJice and we will take pleasure. « a matter >if
burintf. in exhibiting to him our lisla of bo*a fid*
subscribers In every section ofthe State.__
Worse and Worse.
In bis recent address on the occassion of his
installation as Rector of the University of
Edinburg, that eccentric but great writer and
profound thinker, Carlyle, said : “ It seems to
“ me the finest nations of the world—the Eng
“ lish and the American—are going all away iuto
“ wind and tongue.” In the same address he
says—“ We have got Into the age of revolu
“ lions. All kinds of things are coming to be
“ subjected to fire, as it were ; and hotter and
“ hotter the wind rises around everything.—
“ * * * It is evident that whatever is not
“ made of asbestos, will have to be burned in
“ this world. It will not stand the heat it is
“ getting exposed to. And in saying that, it is
ii but saying in other words that we are m an
“ epoch of anarchy—anarchy plus the con
It does literally seem, in America at least,
that the struggle between old and new ideas has
inaugurated an “epoch of anarchy,” which is
destined to end in a total snhversion of all old
ideas and venerated systems. A thorough,
radical, social aud political change is now
rapidly goiDg on, which not even the Constitu
tion, that bond of union between the States,
can escape. The fire kindled by radicalism
threatens to consume asbestos, even.
The debates in Congress show that “ we are
going all away into wind and tongue." Day
after day the newspapers come filled with the
speeches delivered in Congress, and day after
day they pass away without showing anything
worthy of notice. There is no eloquence, no
liwip no statesmanship revealed in
them. Nine times out of ten they are not
worth the paper they are printed upon. Oc
casionally there is som evidence of power;
but it is that power which originates mischie
vous measures. All that the conservative
minority, among whom there are some able
and good men, such' as Doolittle, (Jcthrie,
Johnson, and others we might name, can do, is
to combat these mischievous measures, a task
so hopeless as to deprive them ot the stimulus
necessary to qnicken and elicit their full abili
ties and powers. As for any opportunity to
show their abilities and powers in the origina
tion of public measures, none such exists.
They are in the centre of a circle of influences
that depress and paralyze them.
The most noticeable thing that has occurred
in the House of Representatives for some days
past, and noticeable not by reason of its abili
ty. but of its mischievous spirit, is the speech
delivered by Mr. Shell abaroer, of Ohio, on
Saturday last, on the geueral subject of “ re
construction ”—a word that, by the way, should
never be used, since it incorrectly implies
previous dissolution or destruction. Mr. Shei.
labaRoer is regarded by his party associates as
a man of learning and originality ot mind, and
is looked up to as a bright and shining radical
light. Hitherto the party to which he belongs
has been content to annex certain conditions
to the enfranchisement of the Southern
whites—the taking of the amnesty oath, the
exteusion of suflrage to the Southern uegroes,
the repeal of the act of secession, the repudia
tion ot the Confederate war debt, Sc.; and iu
the case of Representatives duly elected to
Congress, submission to the test oath.
Mr. Shellabaruer breaks fresh ground in
the speech alluded to. He goes beyond the
whole anterior actiou of his party, and seems
to ns to place himself close beside Thadheis
Stevens, and to favor the entire, unconditional
and perpetual disfranchisement and exclusion
from citizenship of all who participated in the
war on the Southern s;de. and to enfranchise
only the siegroes and the few whites that ad
hered to the Union, and thus completely radi
calize aud Africanize the Southern States.—
We subjoin some extracts from Mr. Shella
baroer’s.'speech, so that the reader may inter
pret them for himself:
••Mr. •'heilabarger next addressed the House. He
reminded it that some weeks ago he had introduced
a resolution requesting the Judiciary ( oimuitteo t<>
enquire as to whether it was competent under the
American Constitution for Congress to declare a
forfeiture of citizenship, by act of law. where that
citizenship had been voluiitarily abandoned by acts
of disloyalty. Since that resolution had been
Adopted he was glad to find that oue distinguished
gentleman who had occupied the chair ol the House
had been reflecting on this great question in the
same direction to which that resolution pointed.—
One of the most distinguished lawyers of the House
had also introduced a set of resolutions bearing on
the same idea, and expressing with more distinctness
a plan for putting in application that power of the
Government. He was glad, therefore, to tind these
and other evidences that the mind of the country
was being now directed toward the important prae
IICSI qwwva. •»' *>uv v. —- .' -
may be resorted to for the purpose of reliev
ing" the Government from those questions of ter
rible embam-wm*nt by which it was surrounded.—
He desired now v, direct his remarks to that great
question in the r,reach between the President and
Congress torn h njr th* method of restoring the stale
in the recent revolt, t.. controlling power .11 th
I’nion. and in the cause-, for that breach roost men
found the occasion for alarm. If however .my
faith could be placed in th* most solemn utterao**
of Congres* and of the President then they d-d no
dider. but did not precisely agree op-.n one at k i-t
of one of the most important and d *iv* pore pi*
and means for the restoration of those -tales in pos
er. He solemnly averred his belief that if the Pres
dent and Congress had the constitutional nght t
employ the means to which he alluded for the «
toration of the States, and if they would in good
taith. unite to apply and put in force the principle
whi-h both professed to hold, the work of restoration
would b* if not easy at lea-t ultimately certain and
at on-* ss**—'i That principle was that in all those
States Ic, j ,vy» jrerepkv should alone have power ol
Gove'-jsart.t e'-wv** ty tu k-Mu or by the exer
, ...» tw . >» '-iu- -a* ah# that “ ths consci
o.sat.f WspcuAx'U .«,.<•«•• i- th* Rebellion'
- \A I/at '.vic/Hxt sail 1-wwh J If the loy
al m-,-.a \C avsi ....*_.- M««t h 1.i*vV-. their Gov
ern roes* »« rev M 'owi * •%* *’•»' a-u-js* v*tate>
should not sa »c.-,viu*.l ai-Cm.* *v 1 ix -c* c* of1 ' •
parent G-/ver vauevc e > «■-* -• - m %*’ jvy
like that whet g»»« c betxia'ui-u 1
avowals by the P-es -wi vt u*c <lt=«*v tv- -**• «*' 1
sion of Rebel* fiom a’ p-.-• *-•» v* Gwmuvuvsi
for their condign pua.vhaavut v. Im-i =*. t«quv*
no recent and explicit, that *0 -a-.-. u« • «qno«r - .
would be to attribute Pi the pis? v< -. -..v*,*
bis professions and infidelity to a uit <-«s» vf i-.-c.i-*
and manhood. It would be to *u- os*-a u. m y. •
l*oses and conduct which would b* o »gt*.
the roost vulgar political harlequin. bat wl> s.
the ruler of * Xteat and generons people. » no kad
*0 honored and trusted him, would be uttrfiy 4*»
gnstmg and infamous. Congress had already lad
- a ted its belief in the same thing. It was obvious
therefore, that the President and Congress agree )
that the disloyal should be sternly exdmiej by **
vere ordeal* from Government until they bring
forth fruit* meet for repentance. He then proceeded
b» discuss the right of Congress to exclude from
citiaenehip all who bad voluntarily renounced it
sustaining hi* position on the Constitution, on inter
nationnl law, and on precedents established ani
practiced by foreign governments, and followed b;
the Ameri-an Government in the case of person
who had been engaged in .Shay’s rebellion in Masm
chu.setts. * t
“ What he was considering was an exercise of n*
tionai sovereignty, not in punishment of crime, bo
••imply in depriving men who, by a-ts of disloyalty
had voluntarily renounced their allegiance to thei
own Government, of the right to resume their politi
cal powers. He would not have what he said pushe
to any other consequence than the consequence t
which he poshed his argument, namely, that th
right of citizenship being of national donation. 0
national definition and of national control, was 1
matter the deprivation of which. as a consequence a
a voluntary surrender of the obligations of citizen
ship, was not like an infliction of punishment fo
crime, but was simply a declaration of the sovereigi
that, as they had surrendered their political frau
chutes they should not continue to exercise them."
Interpreted aa we can only interpret it, thi
new and startling doctrine goes a bow-ahot be
yood any measure yet serionsly proposed b;
any man of standing and influence with hi
party, and if attempted to be carried ou
would deeptwa and widen the gulf that nov
yawns between the President and Congress
and forever make enmity between the North
and the South.
This extremely radical speech raises many
points that, in ordinary tlsses and under ordi
nary circumstances, might be discussed with
profit. We might argue as did Mr. Hali
(Republican of New Toxk), that before
rights can be forfeited there must be a trial
and conviction of each party before a court of
competent jurisdiction, and that such a law as
Mr. Shellabarger contemplated would be
within the constitutional definition of an “ «r
post facto late." We might raise other points,
and show conclusively that such a measure
would be repugnant to every principle ot law,
, justice, the Constitute and the gen.u, of the
Government, hut it would all be to no purpose.
This dreadful shadow of an unexampled ca
. . Hun* across our minds at a time
whe'n^we had begun to hope that the extremists
had :un the length of their tether. We M
we do not exaggerate, or misrepresent Mr.
Shellabaruer, when we interpret his speech
as we have done. Thus interpreted, it is a
cunning device to secure politicalnascendancy
to the handful of what are called Union men
by excluding from suflrage and citizenship all
the Southern whites who sustained the South
ern cause, so that these few so-called Union
men may at once, and with some semblance of
legality, enfranchise the negroes. This would
make every voter in the South a Republican
voter—secure every Southern seat in the two
Houses of Congress to a Republican member,
and transfer all the Southern States, as a unit,
to the Republican interest in the next Presi
i dential election.
This seems to us to be Mr. Shellababuer’s
programme. Whether ot not it will command
the support of his party remains to be seen.
No one can prescribe limits to radical fanati
' cism. ___
Congress and its Pet Committee.
It is said that during the French Revolution
the National Convention was prevailed upon
by Robespierre to appoint but one committee—
that of Public Safety—to which all important
subjects were referred, and of which the elab
| orately dressed and powdered Robespierre
jvas the supreme ruler and master spirit.—
Over the door of the committee room was
•• Engrossed by the attairs of the uatiou, we
i «i have no time to consider private claims.”
The Robespierre, in heart at least, at this
; .-pooh in American history—we mean the Radi
cal Congressional leader from Pennsylvania—
i evinced the same desire at the assembling of
Congress to create one great, all-absorbing,
i all-controlling committee, happily called by
President Johnson “ The Irresponsible Central
Directory,” of which he should be the chief.
His influence prevailed, and that committee
j was appointed, with himself at its head. For
! ill piav«.iv.«i Fu. Kwvw,- --- -
jress, and it is animated by all those Jacobini
: cal passions that characterized the French
Revolutionists, and that made the “ Committee
; of Safety” the dreadful and despotic engine of
cruelty it was, and that fascinated the intoxi
cated French people by means of its monstrous
diabolism. In our issue of the 24th, we pub
i lished a striking contribution from an able
source, addressed to Senator Simxer, which,
in one of its passages, glanced at the tendency
of American radicalism toward French Jaco
binism. It reminded Mr. Stsixf.r that for many
years his cry was only “ liberty,” that he has
now added “ equality,” and ventures the pre
diction that his next demand will be “ frater
nity”—the mad cry of the French Revolution
ists. Congress and its pet committee are now
in the fifth mouth of their session, and beyond
the preparation and passage of measures de
vised in that “ Irresponsible Central Direc
tory,” and designed to strengthen and per
petuate the Radical party, they have done
scarcely anything. The business of the coun
try is of minor importance, the restoration of
the Union of no importance. The Aarox’s
rod—the negro—swallows up all other rods, for
it is by means of the negro that the Radicals
itopo to gain a new lease of power. Congress
might, with propriety, cause to be written over
its doors : “ Engrossed by the negro, we have
no time to consider other business.”
After a lull of excitement, it begins to be
Kmred that the Committee of Fifteen is
ly to make another report on the subject
of reconstruction, which is said to be the
suggestion of Robert Dale Owns, and to be
more radical than anything that has yet been
proposed. The Washington correspondent of
the New York W'or/d thus describes its pro
“It is in the shape of a joint resolution to amend
the Constitution, and professes to provide for the
restoration to the Southern States of all their politi
Article first of the amendment says that there
-hail ho no discrimination made by any State, nor
by the United States, as to the civil rights of persons
because of race, color or previous condition of servi
tude. Second. That from and after the foorth day
..( July, in the year 1876, no discrimination shall be
made by anv State, nor by the United States, as to
the enjoyment by classes of persons of the right of
-uQrage because of race or color. Third. I util Ju
ly 4, 1867, no class of persons as to the right of any
of whom suffrage discrimination shall be made by
iny State because of race or color or previous con
dition of servitud“ shall be included in the basis of
representation. Fourth. Debts or obligations al
ready incurred, or which may be hereafter incurred
in aid of insurrection or war against the Union, and
i laims for compensation for the loss of the service ot
iiersons held to involuntary servitude or labor, shall
not be paid by anv State or by the United States.—
\*o State shall make or enforce any law which shall
ihridge the privileges or immunities of citizens
if the United States. It is then further to be pro
1 vided by act of Congress, that whenever the above
amendment shall have become part of the Constitu
! >ion. ami any of the Southern States shall have rat
died it and modified its constitution and laws in
onformitv thereof, the Senators and Representa
tives fr>m such State duly elected and qualified, and
taken the usual oath of office, be admitted ; pro
• rided. that no person who having been an officer in
the arm? or navv of the United States, or having
i»-en a member of the Thirty-sixth Congress, or of
the cabinet in the year 1860. did take part in the
ite insnmctioa. shall be eligible to either branch
,f the National Legislature until after July 4, 1876."
The Tribune learns that the committee will
ihortlv make “ a definite, and perhaps final
report ” on the subject of reconstruction, and
Appends to its announcement ■'» copy of Sena
tor Srrwart’s resolutions, which would seem
to imply that they will form the basis of the
plan. We subjoin those resolutions that they
may be seen by oar readers :
■•Joint Resolutions nronosing an amendment to the
Constitution of tne United States also setting
forth certain conditions upon which the States,
the people of which have been lately in insurrec
tion against the United States, shall be restored to
their representation in Uongresa.
•• Resolved by the Senate and Home of Reprenentu
tint* of the United State« of America in <'ongee**
aetembled (two-thirds of both Houses concurring).
That the following article be proposed to the Legis
latures of the several States as an amendment to
’'at < institution of the United States, which, when
• by three-fourths of said Legislature*, shall
mt * a- -•! «*< all intents and purposes as a part of the
sa .c < ssmftitulion. namely :
* uncut —.
Ur. L All dlwriminations among the people bo
• «v» vt nee tutor or previous condition oi servi
v iLAH iu ■ Til nghu or in the right of suf
’•-/* a/« Jco‘. tried but the States may exempt
■/•i».*aij avt voters from restrictions on suffrage
•Sr. 1 Oiyiigatema iru tinel in aid of insurree
*»• Again*! the Union and claims for
• oMipebaatiob for slave* emancipated, are void, and
• 4 i bot let assumed ituf paid by any State or the
Ueeulted by the Nonet* and !luu»e of Hepreten
tat-tee of the f'niled Slatea tf America in Congrtee
aetembled That whenever any one of the eleven
State* whose inhabitable were lately In Insurrection,
through a legislature elected by a constituency re
stricted in the right of suffrage only by *ucb law* a*
existed in such Mate in lMatl shall have ratified tha
i foregoing amendments lo the <4>n*tiluUon of the
United States, and aball have modified it* ronatitu
tion and laws in '-uniformity therewith, then, and In
that case, such State shall be recognised a* having
• ‘?.J a?d validly reaumed ita former relation* with
f '*OT*rnment. and ita choacn representative*
, he admitted into the two Houaaa of the Natioual
r 'n* and a gvneial amnesty shall salat in rs*
‘ « »ach who wsre in any
j way connected with armed opposition to the (Jovero
• f9*nt.’ii na.n* Q.,W<1|SUte*' wholly relieving them
• from A11 <»r disabilitie* to wbu-h they
f may have become liable by reason of their conn-v
, tion with said insurrection. ”
[ Attorxit General Wallace of Tennessee,
r a Union man through the whole war, resists the
! I Civil Right* law. Some persons of color in
Memphis have been indicted for keeping tipp
• ling houses and billiard saloons, both of which
are prohibited by the statutes of that State.
r | A plea in abatement was filed alleging that all
1 distinctions are abolished between colored peo.
t pie and white citixens, and that the statutes of
r the State are annulled, since they make a dis.
, j tinction between the free persons of color and
**%*Z.. 2m I yrfMH '
white citieens ; that the tecent law of Congress
is now the supreme law of the land, etc. At
torney General Wallace, on the other hand,
contends that In all matters pertaining to the
Internal polity of the State, the acts of the
State Government are the paramount laws of the
land ; that the Congress of the United State's
has no authority “ to legislate legitimately over
the subjects now before the Court,” as the
States have never transferred to the United
States Congress jurisdiction over subjects
strictly pertaining to the domestic
and internal polity ; that Is to say, “ a P ‘
not delegated to Congress are reserved to the
States respectively- ” Attorney General Wal
lace emphatically declared that he would
neither obey nor respect a law so palpably vio
lative of the rights of each State to legislate
on all subjects of & State character, and
jne which the General Government neither
has, uor can have, under the delegated powers
of our Constitution, any legal control.
Destitution ani> Suffering in the South.—
From many quarters of the South, says the
Baltimore Sun, reports of destitution and suf
fering among all classes of the population reach
us, not only through private parties and the
newspaper press, but through the military aud
bureau agents of the government, all of which
give us the one general idea of wide-spread
want, poverty and wretchedness. In most In
stances the winter has exhausted the scanty
supplies which had been laid up, and now, when
smiling spring has come, thousands who are un
able, from want of present subsistence, to sow
and labor for the autumnal harvest, find them
selves stared in the face by grim starvation.—
Of the destitution in the far South, the state
ments made to the chief of the hreedmen’s
Bureau at Washington are deplorable in
the extreme. In Arkansas, particularly,
the people are represented to be suffering
greatly from absolute want of food, and the
destitution is said to be confined almost
entirely to the white population. It is also
stated that without Government aid, between
thirty and forty thousand inhabitants of the
State would actually perish from starvation.—
In North Alabama the cries of distress, and re
ports of helpless men, women and children
suffering for bread, are so terrible as actually
to stagger belief, were they not vouched lor by
the incontestible authority of such men as R.
M. Patton, the Governor of Alabama; Geo. H.
Thomas, Major-General United States army, W.
T. May, Provost Judge of Marshall county, Ala
bama, and others equally well known and reli
able, who have published facts and made appeals
of the most stirring character for aid and sus
tenance from the generous and zealous in good
works. In South Carolina, too, famine stares
industry in the face, and threatens to paralyze
energy to such an extent as to evoke the most
urgent appeals for help, and the assistant com
missioner of the Freedmen’s Bureau, General
R. K. Scott, declares that “the appalling fact is
every day becoming more and more apparent
that in many instances planters will ne com
pelled to abandon the idea of making a crop
for want of provisions to feed their laborers or
means to purchase the same,” and anticipates
that unless aid is rendered the result will be
that “thousands offreedmen will be turned loose
upon the country, destitute of the means of sub
sistence.” The aid invoked by the Carolina
planters, who are confident of ultimately weath
ering the storm, is simply accommodation and
credit on sales of corn, bacon, molasses, salt
and tobacco, whieh may be disposed of in
Charleston at thirty-three to forty per cent,
profit, secured by mortgages on estates and
liens on crops. In view of these facts, no ef
fort that can be made would be too great for
the present relief of suffering in these desola
ted regions of the South, the necessities of
whose people, bound tons by the strongest ties
of humanity and brotherhood, cannot, surely,
be long unsatisfied.
Resumption of the Enquirer anp Senti
nel.—The Enquirer and Sentinel re-appeared
yesterday, after a suspension of some days,
caused by “ a misunderstanding ” between the
proprietors of tho Enquirer “ prior to its union
with the Sentinel:' In its issue of yesterday
the Editors announce that “ its regular issue is
resumed,” and add—“The obstruction above
“ referred to has happily passed by, and the
“ Enquirer not only appears again, but onasub
“ stantial and permanent footing, such as be
“ comes its historic renown and the multitude
“ of its friends in all quarters of the Union.”—
We congratulate the proprietors on the re
appearance of their time-honored journal.
They have been having rather a singular ad
ministration of affairs in Iowa, Gov. Stone has
permitted a private Secretary, named Orwig,
to affix the Governor’s signature to all kinds of
papers, proclamations, pardons, death warrants,
Congressmen’s certificates, in short to ninety
nine hundredths of the documents requiring
the signature of the Chief Magistrate of the
State. Orwig was kind enough to steal only
thirty-four thousand dollars worth of land war
rants, when he might have taken over a hun
dred and fifty thousand dollars worth. That
was not excessive, considering his opportuni
ties. A legislative committee, who have been
looking into the matter, decide that the Gov
ernor did not profit by this diversion of the
public funds, but that he was rather careless in
his mode of doing business.
Virginia Railroads.—The Staunton Spec
tator learns from the best authority (doubtless
Colonel Baldwin, one of the commissioners,)
that capitalists of New York and Liverpool are
willing to accept the charter of the Covington
and Ohio Railroad, and to agree to construct it
within three years.
The Spectator adds:
“We are pleased to learn also that the Presi
dent of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com
pany has expressed his willingness to lend the
sum of two hundred thousand dollars to the
Manassas Gap Railroad Company to be ex
pended in the construction of a railroad from
Winchester to Strasbnrg, for which the Legisla
ture granted a charter at the last session to the
Manassas Gap Railroad Company.
“We have been informed also that the Manas,
sas Gap Railroad Company report that they
have rails sufficient to lay the road from Stras
btirg to within fifteen miles of Harrisonburg.
“ The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company
will have their engineers here in a short time to
survey the road from Harrisonburg to Salem.
We are greatly encouraged to hope that arrange
ments will bo made belore long which will en
sure the construction of the Valley Railroad
from Harrisonburg to Salem. The energetic
President of this company is workiug with a
will, and we hope his efforts will be crowned
with success.” _
Tiik Texas Election.—The election for
State officers in Texas, under the new Consti
tution adopted by the State Reconstruction
Convention, will take place on the first Monday
inJnno. The candidate for Governor of the
Conservative party is J. W. Throckmorton, and
the Republican candidate Is E. M. Peasn. No
Congressmen are to be chosen at this election.
Mrs. Jkffirson Davis.—Mrs. Jefferson Davis
passed through here Saturday morning, on her way
to Montreal, accompanied by several Southern gen
tlemen and three waiters. She was plainly dressed
in black, with a short loose cloak or saenue, and is
a large, handsome-looking woman. We learn that
while the train stopped at St. Albans she came from
the car into the depot, where a large crowd gathered
to look at her. She at once turned her back upon
the assemblage and appeared to be lost in deep
thought, perhaps thinking of the “St. Albans raid. r’
Some of the men asked each other if she wore the
same clothes Jeff, had on on a bright sunny morn
ing last May. She overheard the remark, but only
looked upon it with silent contempt. She told sev
eral gentlemen that Jeff, was soon to be released.—
The Meadville Hrpublieun tells the following: A
wedding took place at the Occidental the other day,
the parties being a widower who was about to per
petrate matrimony the third time, and a widow who
Lad invested her affections for the second time.
When the prospective husband walked into the par
lor with the “ Squire," the widow was seated read
ing a novel. She got up, joined hands, and trans
ferred her devoted heart and fortune to husband No.
2, and lie promised to be a faithful “ lovyer” to wife
No. 3. When the ceremony was over the wife sat
down, picked up the novel, and remarked, “ Now
I’ll go on with my story, " and give no further at
tention to husband, magistrate, or spectators.
Two negroes, charged with home stealing, were
tried m the Circuit Court of Nottuwray, last week,
found guilty by the jury, and sentenced to be hung.
The presiding Judge (Chambers) set aside the ver
dict, on the ground that be had not been officially
informed of the act of Assembly, making horse
stealing a capital offence.
.-sMfcAt ' A.*r
Washington, April 23.
TIIB EXAMINATION OF EIRHTT—TH* ASSASSINA
TION OP PRESIDENT LINOStN.
u, R.„„. 0r Xew Jersey, on* of the members of
n,.t present When Or. Jam« AJS[l c*«e«l !'«
before tlie nm- lat re^irttr^au „ent!eman. It
thorough ^^^.'"“‘wination showed that his
orfoclnal eviSence was void of troth, and that he re
ally'knew nothing connecting any person with any
transaction not recognized by the usages of war.
That liis attempt to connect Davis. Clay, banders
and others with the assassination of Lihcbln was a
pure fabrication, as he admitted on his cross-etami
uatiou, that he saw or knew no act or thing
connecting the above-named persons with it.—
One very remarkable fact was elicited in bis exami
nation, wherein he admitted that the Secretary of
War, Edwin M. Stanton, had paid him between
five and six thousand dollars for his servi
ces as a witness before the Military Commission
which tried the conspirators. He made another ad
mission that, to make up the sum paid to him by Mr.
Stanton, was included over fourteen hundred dol
lars for book accounts and claims which he had
against the people of Canada for services pretended
to have rendered to them as a physician, lie alleg
ing as an excuse for his being unable to collect bis
claims against the Canadians, that lie was compelled
to leave there as soon as it was ascertained he had
given his testimony before the Military Commission.
He stated further that he refused to come here and
be a witness until Secretary Stanton sent him a des
patch promising him a safe passport, and protection
here from arrest as a conspirator in the assassination
plot. He alleging that he was afraid to come here
for fear he would be arrested as one nf the conspira
tors to take the life of Lincoln.
BREVET APPOINTMENTS OP GENERAL OFFICERS IN
THE REGCLAR ARMY.
The President to-day sent a message to the Senate,
in answer to the resolution adopted by that body,
calling for the proceedings of the board convened to
make brevet appointments of general officers in the
regular army, consisting of Generals \V. T. Sherman.
George G. Meade, Sheridan and Thomas. The board
convened at St. Louis, March 1st, all present but
Sheridan. The order included two classes of recom
mendations—“for gallant and meritorious services,”
and for “faithful service." The hoard express a
decided opinion that brevet rank shonld only he
conferred for distinguished services in the field in
presence of the enemy, and that if meritorious con
duct in non-combatant duty should be thus re
warded, there would be great confnsiou from a dis
proportion of officers witn high rank in comparison
with the limited number of men.
Recommendations are made as follows for brevet
Major-General:—Irwin McDowell, for battle of Cedar
Mountain: John Pope for Island No. 10; Joseph
Hooker, Chattanooga; W. S. Hancock, Spottsyl
vania; J. M. Scofield, Franklin: O. O. Howard,
campaign of Atlanta: A. H. Terry. Wilmington,
N. C.: E. 0. C, Ord, Fort Harrison: John G. Parke,
Fort Steadman; D. S. Stanley, Franklin; A. A.
Humphrey. Sailor’s Creek; H. G. Wright, Peters
burg; A. J. Smith, Nashville; John Gibbon, Peters
burg: Jeff. C. Davis. Jonesboro’: Joseph A. Mower,
Salkehatchie: T. J. Wood, Nashville; Charles R.
Woods, Bcntonville, N. C.; and James H. Wilson.
Selma. This list numbers twenty, ranking in order
as named. Sixty-six recommendations for the brevet
rank of Brigadier-General were made, including
David Hunter, for Virginia Valley campaign, and C.
C, Auger, for Port Hudson.
Prcutice ou Browulow.
Brownlow, the enfant terrible of Tennessee poli
tics, the “had old man” who deals in diabolical
expletives and consigns his opponents to a place not
particularly cool; the modem Draco who writes his
laws in the blood of hunted down, persecuted “ re
bels," the archetype of a Southern “ Cnion man,”
ami the most notable defender of the" flag we love,”
south of the line; the iconoclast who spurns the idols
he whilom worshipped, and who takes Cuffec under
his wing with a parental dovotiou in his new condi
tion of freedom—Brownlow, Kumpty, Roaring, Ruth
less, Hash, Kulicnions nrowmow, nan um Ilia 111 aw.ii
at last. In the course of ltis varied and cheqaered
career, says the New York News, tlie redoubtable de
fender of the faith in Tennessee lias had the tnia
fortune to run afoul of the editor of the Louisville
We make an extract from an article in the Jour
nal, on the miserable man :
No other State wasever afflicted and disgraced and
cursed with such an unmitigated and immitigable,
such an unredeemed and irredeemable blackguard
as her Chief Magistrate. He is a parody, a carica
ture, a broad burlesque on all possible Governors.—
Thev say there is lire in him, but it is hell-fire, every
particle of it. Though he is but a singleswinc, there
aie as many devils in him as there were in the whole
herde that “ ran violently down a steep pUi e into
the sea.” His heart is n'othing but a hissing knot of
vipers, rattlesnakes, cobra anil cotton-mouths. He
never argued a question in bis life, approaching no
subject but with fierce, bitter, coarse, low and vul
gar objurgations. His tongue should bo bored
througli and through with his own steel pen, heated
This man, as we have said, calls himself a clergy
man. Ho holds forth in pul pits. He preaches, prays
and exhorts, draws down his face, drops the corners
of his month, and undertakes to look sanctimo
nious. And yet he seems always trying in his pul
pit discourses to see nnder how thin a disguise he
lie can venture to curse, and swear, and blaspheme.
He can’t offer up a prayer in the house of God with
out telling the Lord what an infernal scoundrel
damned thief, or cursed vagabond, this, that or the
other neighbor is. From his youth up to his old age
he has had no personal controversies, without at
tacking the wives, fathers, mothers, grandfathers,
grandmothers, brothers, sisters, children, uncles,
aunts, and nephews of his opponents.
The following pen-picture of Reverdy Johnson is
from the Boston Post's Washington Correspon
-Duringthe delivery of Johnson s reply to the
smart sophistries of Trumbull, Mr. Bingnim ncier
left the Senate, sitting most of the time in the scat
of Senator Doolittle, and occasionally conversing
with Wilson, of Massachusetts. Johnson is ac
cepted now as the leading constitutional lawyer
of the country; and it was pleasant to see Bingham
enjoy the argument of his political opponent,
though, in this case, agreeing fellow-legislator.
As Johnson would pause after one of his quickly
uttered gleams of legal light* Bingham's eye would
brighten, nnd he would nod his head in enforce
ment. Johnson’s delivery is peculiar, and the very
antipodes of Bingham’s. He is not over live feet
seven, white-haired, with one defective f*j’C* and u
person rather inclined to obesity. To a reporter in
the gallery he is the most tantalizing of speakers.
He commences in a voice so low that not u word
can be caught, gradually increasing its volume,
but also the swiftness of his enunciation, till in a
very passion of logic, shaking bis right hand and
keeping the left in his pocket, he strains the power
of phonography to its utmost: then his voice sud
denly dropping, renders it almost as difficult to
catch his last clause as it was to secure his opening.
This is the more tautalizing that his oratory, like
DeQuincy’s writing, is so built tip that not one re
porter in a thousand can supply the unheard word,
and no other will do. Intellectually, lie needs
no description. What was said ot Daniel Webster
as a lawyer, is exactly applicable to Johnson in a
Senatorial debate; ‘He never can win in a bad
cause, and can never loose a good one.’ His logic
is a despot to himself. His mind wont work illogi
The Raii.roai> Connections.--On Friday last,
pending the discussion in onr City f .ouneil of the
connection of the termini of the Fredericksburg
and Petersburg railroads, it was stated that Peters
burg had not yet agreed to a similar connection of
the Richmond, Petersburg and Weldon roads, where
upon the proposition was laid upon the table until
that city acted in the matter. The Imlcx, in no
ticing this proceeding, says:
- We must insist upon it that onr Richmond
friends keep themselves better posted upon tiie
doings of our Council. At a meeting sometime
since of the Council, the question of the connection
was discussed, when, u]>on reference to the charter
of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad Compa
ny, it was ascertained that by its provisions said road
n.-a a nwmired to iilace its deuot unon tiie south bank
of the Appomattox. The Council then agreed to
]>ermit the running of the connection through this
city as soon as the Richmond and Petersburg Rail
road Company should comply with its charter.
“ Our Richmond friends will please stand cor
Tuk Federal Dead at Fredericksburg.—It is
reported that an officer of the U. S. Army will soou
be here charged with the duty of collecting the
Federal dead, and interring them in one common
cemetery. They are to he found in half the yards
aud gardens of town. Legs, arms, Ac., layabout
profusely for several days after Burnside’s defeat at
It has been surmised that the Fair Grounds have
been seized by the Secretary of War for the purposes
of the proposed Federal Monumental Association,
but it is not often that great disasters are commemo
rated in that way!
There are thousands of Federal soldiers all around
the vicinity of the Fair Grounds, but we doubt if it
solitary interment has been made in the Ground?
proper. If any, there are hut few, and the ,Soc «
ty ought not to lose their grounds because Burnside
was defeated in their vicinity. Atle,istthat is our
way of thinkiug.—Fredericksburg Herald.
A Card from C'ol. Baldwin.—The Staunton
Spectator publishes the following card from Col.
I have failed in my efforts to obtain a full report
of the testimony given by Messrs Lewis A liotts
before the Reconstruction Committee, and must
therefore postjione any notice of that testimony, un
til the official publication. My testimony, as lar na
published, is correctly reported, and is in accordance
with luy distinct recollection of what took pluce
between Mr. Lincoln and myself, and with the ac
count I have uniformly and invariably given to all
with whom I have at any time conversed upon the
Mubject. . _
Respectfully, Joiin B. Baldwin,
Terrible Tracikdy in Kentucky,—A saA diffi
culty, terminating in the death of one of the parties,
nccurod in Owentown, Owen county, on Monday
last. Peter Conover and F.. Rssmun Samuels, he
tween whom there had existed for some time a seri
ous fend, encountered each other upon the street
of that place. Immediately upon meeting Conovei
drew his revolver and fired, Samuels fell to the
ground. Conover then advanced upon him aud,
placing the muzzle of his pistol to his head, fired
again—the second shot scattering Samuels brain?
iu all directions. Conover gave himself up to the
authorities, making no effort to escape.—Inuitrillc
Monument to Confederate Dead.—The ladies
of Lewisburg, Greenbrier county, West Virgiuia,
had a series of Tableaux, a few days since, for the
purpose of raising money with which to erect a
monument over the remains of Confederate soldiers,
buried in the Presbyterian grave-yard of that town.
The ladies throughout the whole !*onth should imi
tate the patriotic example of their sisters of Green
brier, *Dd, wherever a Confederate soldier sleeps
his last sleep, should rear above the rude mound
which now covers his mouldering body, a monu
ment to tell to coming ages that “ here lies one ol
Freedom’s noble sons."—Lynchburg News.
Defeated.—The Fence law has been defeated in
the County Court of Bedford, by a vote of 9 to 12.
Calais Me., April 33.—This afternoon two
American cKIr.ens, who bad passed the United States
guaiA on thl* *de of the bridge leading to St Ste
fiiiens. wen- refused passage by the English guard os
the either side. This action the two men loudly
complained oCand in retreating one of them delib
erately drew a pistol and discharged it at the English
soldiers. The hall did not take effect, bat the af
fair has occasioned the most intense excitement.—
The United States guard arrested the two citizens,
who are supposed to be Fenians. Colonel Henry,
the officer iu command of tl»e United State* forces
hern, his ordered them to he given nn to the civil
authorities. This action of Colonel Henry General
Meade lias approved.
The English are clamorous for the delivery of the
culprits to them : and. no 4ouht. as the affair hap
pened on English ground, he will be demanded un
der the extradition treaty. The guns of the English
guard were unloaded, or they would have returned
There are some fears that a rescue of the offender
may be attempted to-night by the Fenians, to the
number of whom several additions were made to
Montreal, April 23.—La Minerva, the French
official paper, slates that information is now in the
hands of the Government which will lead to a num
ber of additional Fenian arrests. Many lending
politicians here believe that an nllianee for mutual
benefit exists between M. Doran Killian and Darey
McGee. The late movement at Eastport is, by tlu-se
gentlemen, ascribed to McGee; the motive being to
prevent the confederation of the Provinces. They
profess to find confirmation of this view in the re
cent speech of Killian, in which he stated that
the Fenians would break up confederation. If
such were Killian's real motive, it is argued the
means adopted to compass it have been singularly
ill chosen. Nothing could influence the provinces
more in favor of confederation than the jiresent
threatening attitude of the Fenian hosts.
Wheeler has not gone to New York, nor does he
inteml to leave Canada for some time. He is now
in Montreal, and leaves to-morrow for Toronto. He
publishes a card in the Montreal Herald, denying
that he is a Government detective, and giving his
The Southern Emigration to Bra/.ll anil Mexico—
Nullifying the Constitutional Power* of the
President—No Payment nnd no Itnnovnl nfOlli
cer* Without Assent of the Senate—Political
Work to be Done, kc,
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun]
Washington, April 24.—Sovenil gentlemen from
Alabama have arrived here on their way to Brazil,
as agents of a number of eitizeus of that State who
are desirous of emigrating to that country. They
report that the planters of Alabama rtre well con
vinced that they cannot live in that region, with
any promise of future prosperity, and are willing to
migrate to some other country.
We learn from Mexico also that though some
Southern people who have gone there are coming
back, others again are going out; and are possessed of
a belief in the permanent stability of the empire of
Maximilian. Tho latest aspect of the situation
makes that questionable.
The Senate seems to he preparing for the adoption
of a course of policy which will entirely nullify the
constitutional powers of the President, and thus pre
vent the necessity of removing him by impeachment.
The several amendment* proposed to the postoffice
bill will effectually prevent the payment of any
money out of the treasury for any services to any
one whose nomination to office shall not be confirm
ed by the Senate. But the Senate will hardly leave
the matter of appointments here. There is a proba
bility that they will go further, and establish the
rule that no person shall be removed from office
without the assent of the Senate. The question was
made before the Senate in 18-20— 30, and the discus
sion resulted in no change of the rule. But the
Senate has a majority now for reopening the sub
ject, and establishing a rale Muted to present politi
After tlie passage of tlie District negro suffrage
bill, and the Alexandria county retrocession bill
and tlie new constitutional amendment, the Senate
and indeed both Houses, will have concluded tlieii
work and will adjonrn to look after the cominp
Shell Explosion—One Man Killeil—Another Wouu
Tlie Lynchburg News, of yesterday, says:
Yesterday evening, about 3 o'clock, an explosior
of a number of shells occurred on the canal, jusi
below Deane’s Foundry, which caused the death o
a man named Joseph Callaghan, and the.woundiup
of another named Wm. Sprouse. At tlie time of tin
explosion, the parties were engaged in extracting the
powder from tlie shells, some 200 or 300 of wind
were lying around, having beeu recently taken fron
the canal, where they were thrown at the time of tin
occupation of t his city by the Federal troops in Apri
of last year. We visited the scene of the disastei
shortly after its occurrence, and a horrible sight me
our vision. The torn and mangled body of Gullag
ban, horribly mutilated, was lying across a log, hi:
arms extended, one of bis legs blown off just behm
the hip, and laying at the distance of 10 or 12 yards
tlie other hanging by tlie skin tlie lingers blown Iron
the hands, both eyes, blown out, a large hole throng!
the head, and his brains scattered about the groutit
several yards distant. Tlie sight was indeed hor
rible and beggars any attempt at description.
The man, Sprouse, was but slightly injured abon
tlie head. __
[Correspondence of tlie New York Times.]
Washington, April 23.—Official advices liavi
been received from Paris and Vienna that the Lm
peror of Austria has entered into engagements t<
supply Maximilian witli troops to replace those o
France, and that a large number of Austrian soldier
■ire about to embark for Vera Cruz. Mr. Seward ha
instructed Mr. Motley to demand his passports in
stantly upon the sailing of any vessel with troops oi
such an expedition, and to notify tlie Government o
Austria that the Austrian Minister at tVashingtoi
will liave his passports sent him upon the receipt o
such intelligence. The intervention of any huro
I ip mi Power in the internal concerns of Mexico wil
hereafter be regarded by our Government as cause o
war. France became involved in Mexico while seek
ing redress for wrongs and injuries she had sustain
ed. She has now nccepted the policy of non-iuter
edition, of which, so far as Mexico is concerned, tin
United States wilt hereafter make themselves tin
Tlie Cholera on Ships at New York.
New York, April 21.—Tlie reports on the qnaran
tine commissioner's hooks show that from the 12th t(
the 20th of April, inclusive, forty-seven deaths fron
Cholera occurred on board the Virginia; on the21st
four, and on the 23d, ten. making in all, down tr
Sunday night, sixty one deaths. On the 20th there
were thirty-four cases in hospital; on the 21st, sixty
seven, and on the 22.1, seventy-three.
The report to-day from quarantine is that sever
new cases of cholera have been received on tlie bos
pital ship. Five died last night. Kiglity cases re
main in the hospital.
Verdict of a Military Commission.
Charleston, S C., April 22.—The verdict of the
military commission which was convened for the
purpose of trying certain persons who were charged
with the murder of the Federal guard last Octouei
at Anderson, S. t'., bus just been made public.—
The prisoners Stowers and Kris were declared guilty
of murder, and condemned to be executed on Fri
day, tlie 27th instant. The other prisoner were sen
tenced to imprisonment for life in the New Hamp
shire State Prison.
Another Negro Outrage.—A few days agon
party of negro “soldiers" from the Government cor
ml, armed with muskets and pistols, went to tin
house of a Mrs. Rogillio, about seven miles fron
Vicksburg, which they robbed of valuables and thci
left, taking with them a son of the lady, whom tin y
murdered in the most brutal manner when abon
.1_Iln ir.|j fl'nrt ntrpn
and, after being “ tortured in a manner too sicken
ing to relate," was shot twice through the body.
Several arrests have been made. The young man1'
watcli was found in possession of a soldierof the 6tl
United States artillery.
Sad Accident.—A very melancholy accident bj
drowning, occured in the vicinity of Itomney. Va.
on Saturday, the 14th inst. Mr. Henry Kelley, it
company with his daughter, Miss. Henrietta Kelley
left their home for Romney on the morning of tha
day, for the purpose of making some purchases, am
when returning, in attempting to cross the Soutl
Branch, Mr. K. missed the ford, and getting int«
deep water, the buggy was upset, and before asssist
ance could reach them, father and daughter wen
Respect to the Gallant Dead.—When tin
corpse of Gen. Robt. Hatton, late of the Confederal
Army, was being carried through the streets of Nash
ville. the other day. a group of United State
officers, who happened to lie near the line of proems
sion, raised their hats and stood uncovered until th
remains had passed them. Gen. Hatton fell in th
bloody struggle of seven Pinos, below Richmond.
A Physician Falls a Victim to Cholera.—l>r
Slat'T, the health officer of Halifax, who in the faith
fnl discharge of his duties proceeded on board of th
Cholera ship England to alleviate the distress of th
afflicted, was stricken down with the disease am
died on the 6th inst.
We learn that the Rev. Mr. Walton, who has beei
soliciting in Memphis contributions for the Lee Ep
dowment of Washington College has succeeded ii
collecting, in this city, between eleven and twelv
thousand dollars in funds and subscriptions. H
lias left the agency of Memphis in other hands am
has gone to New Orleans on the same business.
The Civil Rights Law.—The Memphis Argu
announces that Attorny General Wallace, of Ten
nessee, has declared in open court that he will nei
ther respect nor obey the civil rights law, recentl,
passed by Congress over the President’s veto.
TnE Condition of Professor Alexander Dalla
Baclie. chief of the Coast Survey, leaves but littl
hope of his recovery.
, COMMISSION MERCHANT
AND GENERAL AGENT
For the Sale of
MANfPACTl'RED AND LEAP TOBACCO, AND CorNTST PkO
Office for the present near Shockoe Warehouse,
All husiuess promptly done on commission.
OTOLEN—A SMALL SORREL
o HORSE, With white face, branded “I C”
on the left foreshoulder, and supposed to be
about six year* old. This Horse was left on
mv premise*, in the county of Henrico, on the 7th o
April, by a horse thief, who has since been arrested
and who claims the ownership of the property. Fur
ther information can be had by addressing me at Rich
mond, in the care of Harper, Taliaferro Ak Co. Sixth aut
Canal *reel* J. S. PARKER,
Brushes, brooms, &c.
10 dozen Whitewash Brashes
8 “ Cmmb Brushes
10 “ Scrub Brushes
8 “ Store Brushes
6 “ Hearth Hair Brushes
10 “ Shoe and Dusting Brushes.
ap26t DANDRIDGB At ANDERSON.
THE GOLD AND SILVER MARKET.
Richmond, April 36.
Brokers were buying gold to-day at I26» —, and
selling at 137.
Silver baying at U7»I18, and selling at 120. Mar
UNITED STATES TREASURY.
The following statement shows the araonnt of
funds in the cash vault of the Treasury on the 21st
U. S. notes (legal tenders):
Small. 383 IKK)
National Bank notes. 928,370 00
50 cent.$787,500 IK)
23 cent. 303.000 00
10 cent. 110.000 00
5 cent. 90.000 00
3 cent. 6.450 00
Mutilated. 135.202 50
Mixed. 35.247 50
In safe, unfinished. 29.000 00
_ 1,496.400 00
Gold. 328 852 41
Silver. 2,634 30
Reserve fund—'Temporary loan. 16.140.lKH) 00
Special... 7.000.0(H) 00
Surplus issue IT. S. notes.. 37.932 425 00
Surplus do. com. in. notes 24.671.3IH) 00
Com. in. notes in redemption divisiou 4.960.000 00
Total funds.,.$95,918,471 71
Richmond, April 25, 1866.
Sixty-seven hogsheads were opened to-day: 49
offered : rejections of bids on 6; balance sold as
follows: Oue at $3 60, one at $3 90, one at II. two
at $4 20, one at $4 40, one at $4 80, one at $-190, two
at $5, one at $5 40, one at $5 50, one at $5 90, two
at $6, one at $6 76, two at 17. two at $8 76, two at
$10 25, one at $11, three at $11 25, one at $11 75, one
at $13, three at $15, two at $16 50, one at $17, two
at $17 50,- three at #18 60, one at $19 51), nue at $00,
one at $22 60, ono at $34. one at $35. one at $ 12, one
at $45, one at $86, one at $160.
In Louisville, on the 20th instant, market quiet
and unchanged; offerings, 137. hogsheads; rejec
lions 21: sales at from $2 to $22.
In Cincinnati, on the 20tli instant, low grades
were dnll, lint liner grades were firm at full prices:
sales 33 hogsheads at from $3 to $45.
At James H. Prentice’s trade sale of hats, in
Brooklyn, New York, on Friday last, the attendance
and bidding were fair, but the prices are still very
low in this branch of trade. The following prices
were attained |>er dozen by the case: Wool hats,
men’s, S3 75a$13 60; youths’ fancy, $5 5l)j$8 50:
boys’, $4 12a#7 50; children’s, $3 7oa$6 35; cassi
mere hats, men’s fancy, $15a$25 76: men's regular
styles, $18 25a$2G 50.
BALTIMORE MARKETS. April 24.
State loans attracted some little attention, sales
including $1,000 Virginia coupon bonds at 69, and
$6,500 Virginia registered bonds at 43.1, an advance
on the latter of 4.
Cofff.k.—ltio 18 to 21o.; Lagbayra OOj to 22c.;
Java 27£ to 28—all gold.
r LOUR.— tiowaru cured ouper auu uut wire
S9OO.i 10; Shipping Extra 31000s 10 50; Retailing Ex
tra 310} all}; Family. 313a13 50; Ohio Super, 38 50a
9 25: Shipping Ex. 39 50a 10; Retailing Extra. 310:i
11 00; Family 31250al3; City Mills Standard Super,
38 7oa9 50; Shipping brands Extra 312 50al3; Bal
timore Family, 31600 ; Baltimore High grade Extra
Rye Flour.—34 25a4 50. Old Mixed 33 60a3 >.
Corn Meal.—33 75.
(JrAiN.— Wheat.—Whitetl 85to 33 30; Red,$23S
to 2 70.
Corn.-Mixed, 82a83 cts.; White, 87 to 90 cts.;
Yellow 85 to 86 cts.
Oat.t.—bO to 62 cts., weight.
Molasses.—New crop clayed Cnba, 40 to 43c.
Cuba Muscovado, 45 to 66c.: New English Island
45 to 70c.; Porto Rico, 45 to 75c., for old and new.
Provisions.—Bacon.—Shoulders 00 to 12$ cts.
Sides, 16} to 15$ cts.; Plain Hams 20 cts.
Sugar cured, 21a22 cents., for nncovered; can
Bulk Meat.—Shonlders ll$all} cts.; Sides 14 t<
Lard.--Western 19 to 21 cts.; Batcher’s ant
City 18} to 21} cts.
Pork.—?26 50 to 326 75 for Mess.
Salt.—Ground Alum 31 70 to 180; Worthington’:
Fine 33 16 to 33 25 ; Ordinary Fine 32 75 to 90
Turk’s Island 00a60 cts. per bushel.
Seeds.—Clover 35 60 to 6 00; Flaxseed 32 60
Timothy 36 00.
Sugars.—Cuba and E. I. common to good refinin;
3l0 25al0 60; Cuba and E. 1. grocery 310 75a 11 50
Cuba andE. I. prime to choice grocery 312 25al3 00
Porto Rico common to good grocery 311al2; Port<
Rico prime to choice grocery 312 50al3 60.
Whiskey.—Western 32 25 to 32 26, and fit;
32 25 to 32 26; country 32 23}a224; Pennsylvania 3'
. 24; Ohio 32 25}.
Remarks.—Flonr—market quiet but firm. Cori
f rattier firmer. Provisions—Bacon and Lard are ii
i some demand, the latter being held very firmly
1 Salt—little doing; Liverpool quite heavy. Seeds
| Timothy very scarce. Sugars and Whiskey tin
NORTHERN AND WESTERN MARKETS.
New York, April 24.—Cotton dull and lc lower
sales at 36c. Flour has advauced 10c ; State 36 90;
38 70, Ohio 36 60a311, Southern 39 70a-316 25. Whea
has declined la3c; sales of 60,000 bushels; Mihvau
kie club 31 78a31 80. Corn is unsettled: sales oi
32.000 bushels mixed at 85a88e. Beef is steady.—
Pork is firm; sales of 5.000 barrels Mess at 326 2ot
326 37}. Lard dull. Whiskey dull. Rice is quiet
Carolina U}al3c. Sugar steady; sales of 1.0W
hogsheads Porto Rico at 13$c, Muscovado 10}al2}c
Havana llal2$c. Naval stores steady. Petroleum
dull. Freights dull.
Pm lad KLP ill a, April 24.—Flour isquiet and price:
are unchanged, Good red \\ heat is selling at 240*
250c.; choice do. 260c.; white 270a290e. Corn i:
quiet; yellow 80a81c. Coffee is dull. Provision:
are firm. Laid 19}c. Whiskey dull; Penusylva
nia 224a225c.; Ohio 227c.
Chicago, April 24.—Flour is active. Wheat firir
at 31 61}al 62 for No. 1, and 31 01 for No. 2. Cori
is steady at 46c. for No. 1. Oats are quiet at 29:
29}e. for No. 1. Provisions are firm and active—
Mess Pork 326. Lard 18}al9o. High Wines an
active at 32 22.
Cincinnati, April 24.—Flour is firmer: sales ai
?7 75u8. Whiskey is firm: sales at 32 22. Provis
ions are firmer: Mess Pork 326 50. Lard 18a!8$c.
The New York Post of Tuesday evening says:
The loan market is extremely easy at 5 per cent
with a very abundant supply oi unemployed capital
Commercial paper is scarce and passes at 6 to 7 foi
first-class names, and at7a9 for those which are less
As a consequence of this case the bank statemen
shows an increase of 33,655,109 in deposits, ai
increase of 33,692,318 in legal tenders, and a de
crease in loans of 31,942,786.
The stock market is more active and prices an
better. Governments are firm, and for Keven-thir
ties, l orapouuu uuvea uuu tmiunucs m iuucuku
ness there is an increasing demand. Gold-bearinf
bonds are also strong.
Railroad shares opened buoyant, and after a down
ward turn recovered, closing firm.
WILMINGTON MARKET, Apbil 24.-6 P. SL
Turpentine.—#3 (or yellow dip, per2S0 lbs.; nev
virgin $5 00; hard $1 50.
Spirits Turpentine.—52^c, for white.
Rosin.—No. 1, 39 00 per banel; opaque, so.
Tar.—$1 10 per bbl.
Cotton.—28a29c for middling.
SoMErHUio To Tie to.—No Remedy is more widel;
' known or generally used than
"They are not for a day, but for all time." The;
bare stood the test of trial. This is bec tnse they <1.
, what they are recommended to do. They relieve pah
and cure disease.
For Dyspepsia, Heartburn, Vertigo, Pain In Iho Side
Headache, Cold Feet, Languor, Dizziness, and all Dis
eases caused by a Stomach out of repair, we most con
fldeutly recommend the Plantation Bitters.
If you arc weak.low-spirited, discouraged, and siel
of life, worn down by dyspeptic agonies, or prostrate)
by disease of long standing, be induced to try Platt a
The result will not disappoint you, and you will tin)
1 yourself restored to
Health, Viuor and Happiness.
MOVEMENTS OF OCEAN STEAMERS.
STEAMSHIPS. LEAVE FOR DATE.
Teutonia.New York Hamburg.April 28
America.New York Havre.April 28
I City of Boston.. .New York....Liverpool.April 28
Erin.New York ...Liverpool.April 28
St. David.Portland.Liverpool.April 28
, Hibernia.New York.. ..Glasgow.April 2s
North America.. .New York_Rio Jan'ro,Ac.April 2.8
Persia.New York....Liverpool.Msy 2
Malta.New York....Liverpool.May 2
' Moro Castle.New York...,Havana.May 2
Hermann.New York.... Bremen.May 5
Allemannia.New York.... Hamburg.. ..May 5
i Lafayette.New York....Havre.May 6
! City of London.. .New York....Liverpool ... .May 5
Nova Scotian.Poitland.Liverpool .... Mav ti
, Wm. Penn.New York....London.May 8
Africa.Boston.Liverpool .... Mav ft
Arago.New York.... Havre.May 12
' Pcotta.New York....Liverpool ....Mav 19
MINIATURE ALMANAC—April 26, 1866.
Snn rises.6:18 | Moon seta. 3:3'
8nn sets...6:42 | High tide. 2:3:
PORT Of RICHMOND, April 25, 1S66.
, Steamer Alexandria, Hattrich. Philadelphia, t|*
i : Norfolk and City Point, fmerchandise and passengers
, I W. P. Porter.
Steamer John Sylvester, Poet, Norfolk, merchandis*
f and paasengers, C. J. Towbrtdge.
Steamer Petersburg. Travis. Baltimore, via (Hi,
Point, merchandise and passengers, D. « « •1 nrn«
Steamer M Martin. »»'"«*• *orMk< nierehandlsi
and passengers, Haskins A Bridgford.
Arrived at Boston, schooner Nellie Brown, Higgins
from R jfh mnnJ, ^ A*
Arrived In Philadelphia, 24th inet., schooner B. M
Dyer, Rich, from City Point.
Bark (Br.) Queen Victoria, McKay, sailed from Cttj
Polntfor Liverpool April 23.
Sandy Hook, April 25.—The steamship City of
Boston, with dates to the 12th instant, has arrived.
The Austro-German difficulty continues critical
It ia asserted that Austria refused to comply with
Prussia’s request to withdraw her order] for the mo
bilization of her ctnrps (Tamre.
George Peabody has replied to the Queen’s letter,
expressing the warmest gratitude and thanks. He
says he will value her portrait as the most precious
heirloonl he can leave in the land of his birth, where,
together with her letter, it will ever be regarded as
evidence of the kindly feeling of the Queen towards
a citizen of the United States.
Lia-erfool, April 12.—CoUon—The sales to-day
were 7.000 hales at a decline of Jd. There is a panic
in the market.
London, April 12.—Consols 86‘a9fij: Five-twen
Probst, ilie Murderer or the Dcrriug Family.
PHii.ADEi.rniA. April 25.—An immense crowd as
sembled around the Court House this morning await
ing the arrival of Probst. the murderer of the Peer
ing family. He was admitted through a side door,
however, disappointing the crowd. After the usnal
preliminaries, a bill of indictment for the murder of
Christopher Peering was read. The prisoner pleaded
•• not guilty." The Court proceeded to select a jury.
At noon four had been empaneled. About twenty
Excitement nt Bolling Green. Kentucky—Attempt
to Rescne a Negro Mnrderer.
Bolling Green, Ky., April 25.—Considerable ex
citement was caused here to-day by a moh endeavor
ing to rescue from the Sheriff a negro, who had
committed murder, with the intent of hanging thr
negro. A few soldiers stationed here came to the
rescue. The Sheriff and soldiers are repelling the
moh, but the Sheriff has telegraphed to Louisville
for more, and a company leaves for this place this
An Order IVom the Secretary of War.
Washington, April 25.—Tlie Secretary of War
has issued an order forbidding all persons who are
cultivating land npon which the graves of Union
soldiers are located front mutilating or obliterating
the traces of sncti graves by plowing or otherwise.
The officers connected with the military service are
instructed to report any breach of this order to the
» Congressional Proceedings.
Washington, April 25.—The Senate to-day passed
the hill for the admission of Colorado. The vote re
sulted yeas 19. nays 13. Several Senators were ab
sent or paired off. The tax bill was reported iu the
Uonse, after which the discussion of the Pacific Rail
road bill was resumed.
New York Markets.
New York, April 25.—Flour has advanced 5a 10c.
State S7a8 95: Southern f9 7l5alfi50. Wheat has
advanced 2a3c. Corn dull at 8fia87|c. Reef firm.—
Pork heavy. Lard steady. Whiskey dull. Cotton
dnll at 35a36. Sugar firm. Naval stores quiet.—
Baltimore, April 25.—Flour dull; high grades
steady; Wheat firm. Corn dull; white 90e.; yel
low 86.187c. Oats dull at 52a53e. Provisions quiet.
Lard firm. Mess Pork ?2fi 75. Sugar dull and un
settled. Coffee qniet. Whiskey dull at $2 25$.
NO TIC F.!
Having been solicited by many of my form er patrons,
I hereby give notice that I will resume the publication
of that well known and popular journal, the
“ M A GJfOLIA WEEK T. Y. ”
I deem it useless to say what the “MAGNOLIA” will
be; suffice it, a* heretofore, it will have one of the
mo„t TALENTED EDITORS in this country ; and hiv
ing securod most of its old contributors, I am satis
lied it will please the most fastidious. Due notice will
; ho given of Its first issue.
WJi. A. J. SMITH, Proprietor,
ap 26—It. Rtrhmond. Virginia.
5CP SPECIAL NOTICE_Shippers and
consignecrs are hereby notified that the steamships
HATTERAS and ALBEMARLE, of the Atlantic Coast
Mail Steamship Company’s line to New York will here
after come up to f.ndlam Si Watson's wharf.
ap26-2t SAMUEL AYRES Si CO , Agents.
1 SCP STEAM REFINED CANDIES.—My
■ Factory is now in full and successful operation, and I
! can supply
And the COUNTRY TRADE
With any quantity of my inimitablo
At short notice. I warrant It (as i have done for the
last twenty years) to stand in any climate. They are
made of the very best crushed sugars, and free from all
impurities. LOUIS J. BOBSIEUX,
api-i-imt No. 80 Main street.
The New York Tribune says, “the reason why Drake's
Plantation Bitters are so nnlvcrsally used and have
such an immense sale, is that they are always made up
to the original standard, of highly Invigorating material
and of pure quality, although the prices have so largely
The Tribnne Just hits the nail on the head. The
Plantation Bitters are not only made of pnre material,
hut the people are told what it is. The Recipe is pub
lished around each bottle, and the bottles are not re
duced in size. At least twenty imitations and counter
feits have sprung up. They impose upon the people
once and that’s the last of them.
The Plantation Bitters are new used in all the Gov
ernment Hospitals, are recommended by the best physi
cians, and are warranted to produce an immediate bene
ficial effect. Facts are stubborn things.
* * * I owe much to yon, for I verily believe
he Plantation Bitters have saved my life.
REV. W. H. WAGGONER, Madrid, N. Y.
* » * Thon wilt send me two bottles more of
thy Plantation Billers. My wife hss been greatly bene
fitted by their use. Thy friend,
A8A CURRIN, Philadelphia, Pa.
* * * I have been a great sufferer from Dyspep
sia, and bad to abandon preaching.
* The Plantation Bitters have cured me.
REV. J. S. CATHORN, Rochester, N. Y.
» * • I have given the Plantation Bitters to hun
dreds of onr disabled soldiers with the mn-t astonishing
effect. U. W. H. A.1IIKKWS,
Supt. Soldiers' Home, Cincinnati, 0.
» * * The Plantation Bitters have cured me of
Liver Complaint, of which I was laid up prostrate, and
had to abandon my business.
H. B. KINGSLEY, Cleveland, 0.
» » * The Plantation Bitters ha7S cured me of a
Derangement of the Kidneys and the Urinary Organs
that ha« distressed me for years, ft acts like a charm.
C. C. MOORB, No. 2.14 Broadway.
New Bedvobd, Mass , Nov. 24, 1803.
Dear Sir: I have been afflicted many years with se
vere prostrating cramps in my limbs, cold feet and
’ hands, and a general disordered system. Physicians
and medicine failed to relieve me. Some friend, in New
York, who were using Plantation Bitters, prevailed
upon me to try them. I commenced with a small wine
glassful after dinner. Feeling better by degrees, in a
r L-w days I was astonished to find the coldness and
I cramps had entirely left me, and I could sleep the night
i through, which 1 liad not done for years. 1 feel like
another being. My strength and appetite have also
"really Improved by the u-o of the Plantation Bitters.
Respectfully, JUDITH RUSSEL.
If the ladies but knew what thousands of them are
constantly relating to us, vre candidly believe one-half
of the weakness, prostration and distress experienced
by them would vanish. James Marsh, Esq., of No. 1.19
West Fourteenth street, New York, says “ he has three
i children, the first two are weak and puny, his wife
having been unable to nurse and attend them, but that
she has taken Plantation Bitters for the last two years,
and has now a child eighteen months old which she has
, nursed and reared herself, and both are hearty, saucy
and well. The article is invaluable to mothers,’’ etc.
Such evidence might b« continued fora volume. The
best evidence is to try them. They speak for them
selves. Persons of sedentary habits, troubled with
weakness, lassitude, palpitation of the heart, lack of
appetite, distress after eating, torpid liver, constipation,
diabetes, etc., will find speedy relief through these
Any person re-Ailing bottles, or offering to sell Plan
tation Bitters in bulk, by the gallon, or in any manner
except as above, is a swindler and imposter, with whom
we shall deal as the law directs.
Sold by all respectable dealers throughout the habit
able globe. P. H. DRAKE A CO.,
myl5—eodly New Yoik
Fresh stock op boots, shoes, *c
GARDNER * CARLTON,
No. 9 PEARL oa FOURTEENTH STREET,
Have received two hundred packages of Presh Spring
BOOTS SH"ES, HATS and TRt NKS, direct from the
manufacturers, embracing all qualities and of every
stvle which we offer to the Trade cheap. Call and ex
amine. _ *P‘^t
XTOTICE._The Stockholders of the NA
i TIONAL EXPRESS AND TRANSPORTATION
COMPANY who have failed to pay the sum of ten dol
lars .tor e»ch share held by them, as required by the
Pre-'ident and Director* of said company, are hereby
notified that the shares held by them respectively will
be sold at the auc'lon rooms of Messrs. Paine A Co.,
in the city of Richmond, Virginia, on MONDAY, the
7th day of May, 18t>6, in accordance with the law in
such cases made and provided.
J E. JOHNSTON.
Brooms, tubs, &c.
10 nests large Oak Painted Tubs
10 “ •• Blue “ “
10 •* White Pine Tubs
.1 dozen 6-string Brooms
10 “ 4-string “
g •• stubble and Yard Brooms
Market, Picnic and Key Baskets
ap26f DANDRIDOE A ANDERSON.
Bacon, bacon i
16 hhds. superior Bacon Sidasand Shoulders, just
received and for sale by _
ap2«t A. T. STOKES A CO. I
id RICHMOND ALE AND PORTER. V
The undersigned have ju«t commenced brewing
ALE AND POBTEK,
at Bacbanan Spring, at the bead of Clay street, where
the manufacture of these article* will be continued
now in coarse of erection, near the aite of Stearns A
Brnmmel’a distillery, below Rocketts, la eomplifed
They guarantee an article in every respect equal to
and cheaper than the best imported from any quarter
outside the Stale, whether home or foreign.
trE~ All orders sent through the post-office will be
punctually attended to.
f»bg-3m BETZ, YCENGUNG A BEYER.
id* PAINTING ! PAINTIG ! !
L. L. MONTAQUB A SON,
HOUSE, SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL PAINTERS,
BETWEEN MAIN AND CARY,
Will be pleased to receive orders from their friends 1
and the public generally, lor work of all kinds ini heir *
They are prepared to do HOUSE PAINTING, GLAZ
ING, GRAINING, Ac.,in the very best style. Call and
leave your orders. Our terms ahull be reasonable, and
we guarantee to do the best of work.
SIGNS furnished at short notice.
mh3<)-tf L. L. MONTAGUE A St*.
JCJ* PDRCELL, LADD a CO.,
. . DRUGGISTS,
Having recommenced business in their new house on
the *lte of their old stand.
Corner op Main and Thirteenth *1 rusts,
Are prepared lo offer their ustul inJacemenls lo par
They are now receiving, and have In store » laiye
and well selected slock of DRUGS, MEDICINES,
CHEMICALS, PAINTS, OILS, WINDOW GLASS,
FRENCH POLISHED PLATE and ORNAMENTED
GLASS, INDIGO, MADDER and OTHER DYE8, Rt CK
BRIDGE ALUM WATER, nnd a general assortment of
articles in '.heir line, which they off er on most far.ha
Particular and prompt aP.ention to packing and for
PDRCELL, LADD A CO, Drnygi*l»,
122 Main street, corner of Thirteenth,
mh2—if Richmond, Va.
id MARRIAGE AND CELIBACY—An
F.s-ay of Warning and Instruction for Young Men —
Also, Disease* and Abuse* which prostrate the vital
powers, with sure mean* of relief. Sent free of charge
in sealed letter envelope*. Address Dr. i. SKILLIN
HOUGHTON, Howard Association, Philadelphia, Pa. a
!C?MYE WOULD CALL THE ATTENTION
of the citizens of this Slate and others to the use of
BAKER'S PREMIUM BITTERS,
Which all the druggist* of the city of Richmond, Vir
ginity, admit to be one of the most popular medicine*
ever before the public for the cure of Dyspepsia, Ner
vous Headache, Colic, Paine, Dysentery and Hovel
Complaints. In weak and debilitated females there is
nothing to eqnal the ready mode that it ha* In strength
ening the whole system, and if any medicine ever de
served Ibe title of a “ human oomforter.” it should be
BAKER’S CELEBRATED PREMIUM BITTERS. Since
the Introduction of these Bitters, which has Wen about
fifteen years, the proprietor has received, In and about
the city of RicbmonJ, over one thousand certificates,
where it has made permanent cures in the above-named
diseases. Should you once become acquainted with Its
superior virtues in various complaints, you would
never be without it In your families.
To be had of all permanent Druggists In Virginia •
also of CANBY, GILPIN A CO., Baltimore, Marylan
Orders promptly filled by addressing
E. BAKER, Proprietor,
mb2f Richmond, Va.
ICr A R R E S T I) E C A T—PERFUE ED ■
Breath, Bound and Healthy Gums, Pearly While Teeth.
Relief and freedom from TooTasrWR can be obtained
by using DOWDEN S DENTAL FLUID. Recommended
Ly Dentists and Physicians everywhere as superior to
tin tnjurioui] compound* in use. Price AO cents. For
sale by all Druggists.
Recommended ty Drs. Pleasants, Woodward, Steel,
Hudson, Ac., Ac., of Richmond.
Jan2-3m PEYTON JOHNSTON A BKtt.
JO*H ALL'S VEGETABLE SICILIAN H AIR
RBNEWKR lia* proved itselfto bo the most perfect pre
paration for the hair ever offered to the public.
It Is a vegetable compound, and contains no Injiti Ions
IT WILL RESTORE GRAY HAIUTOITS ORIGINAL
It will keep the hair from falling out.
It cleanses the scale and makes the hair soft, lu-truns
It is a splendid hair dressing.
No person, old or young, should Call to use It.
IT IS RECOMMENDED AND USED BY THE FIRST
►STAsk for Hall’s Vegetable Sicilian Hair Renetrer,
and take no ether.
R P. HALL A CO.
Nashua, N. H. Proprietor.
For sale by all druggists. nov21-t>m
Sdr* DYSPEPSIA.—What everybody says
must be true. We have beard Dr. Strickland’! Tonic
spoken of so frequently by those who have been bone
fitted by If, that at last wo are compelled to make it
known to the public that wo really believe It effect! a
cure In every case ; therefore, we say to those, who are
suffering with Dyspepsia or Nervous Debility, to go to
their druggists aad get a bottle of Dr. Strickland's
JCPTWO BAD CASES OB’ PILES CURED
BY DR. STRICKLAND’S PILE REMEDY.—Mr. Glass,
of Janesrille, Wisconsin, writes for the benefit of all
who suffer with the Plies, that ho has been troubled
for eight years with an aggravated case of Piles, and
his brother was discharged from the army as Incinable
(he being quite paralyzed with the Pile*). Both these
distressing cases were cored with one bol le ot Dr.
Strickland's Pile RemeJy. The recommendation of
these gentlemen, beside the daily testimonials received
by Dr. Strickland, onght to convince those suffering
that the most aggravated chronic cases of Piles are
cored by Dr. Strickland’s Pile Remedy. It U sol i by
Drnggists everywhere. co30—ly
|CJ*A SUPERIOR REMEDY.—We can con
scientiously recommend to those suffering fiom • dis
tressing congh, Dr. Strickland's Meililnoas Cough Bal
sam. It gives relief almost instantaneous, and Is « ilh
al not disagreeable to the taste. There Is no doubt hot
the Mellifluous Cough Bslun is one of the best oieoa
ration* in use, and Is all that It* proprietor claim* /or
It. We have tried It daring the past week, and for nd
relief from a most distressing congh. It U prepare.) by
Dr. Strickland, No. 139 Sycamore *t., Cincinnati. Ohio,
and for sale by DrngglslB. nct-30 ly
ICP BATCHELOR'S HA IK DYkT—The ori.
ginal and best In the world ! The only true and per*
feet Hair Dye. Harmless, Reliable and Instanlaneons.
Produces immediately a splendid Black 01 Natnra
BrowD, without Injuring the hair or skin. Remedies
the ill effects of bad dye. Sold by all Druggists. The
genuine is signed William A. Batchelor. Also,
REGENERATING EXTRACT OF MIU.E-FLEl KS,
For Restoring and Beautifying the Hair,
aull- tf New Yolk.
ICP SPECIAL NOTICE I
JOHN W. RI80N,
(Sncceesorlo Joseph Laldley,)
APOTHECARY AND DRCOO ST
Corner of Main and Third streets,
Has ia store a large stock *f Drugs, Medicines, Dye*
Staffs, Oils and Paints, to which we invite the special
attention of Country Merchants and all others In want
of sneb articles. uct Id- It
ICPTO OUR FRIENDS AND THEl’UBLIO.
ANOTHER NEW STOCK.
We are opening this day, direct from the man n fa*.
I tnrers, two hundred caeee of
BOOTS, SHOES AND TRUNKS,
I suitable for the fail and winter trade. Among our
i stock is eighteen hundred pair* of F. Dane A Co'* cele
brated Nailed and Pegged BROGANS, the beat n the
| United States. We consider Dane A Co. the best menu*
' facturers in the world. We have been selling t beta
Brogan* for over twenty year*, and they always give
entire satisfaction. We ask all in want of good Shoes
I or Boot* to give as a call.
oct20-tf PUTNEY A WATTS.
ICP BILLIARD TEMPLE.
A RESTAURANT COUNTER
Will be kept at the Billiard Temple, commencing THIS
mh31-tf_ _JONES A GRISWOLD.
ICP HILL’S HAIR DYE, 50 CENTS—Black
i or Brown, Initantanooue. Best, cheapest, durable, re
liable. DEPOT—NO. 66 JOHN STREET, NEW YORK.
Sold by all Drug and Patent Medicine Store* eve j.
where. mht ly
iCP G. B. STACY & SON,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In
CABINET AND OFFICE FURNITURE, BEDDING,
CARPET8, OIL CLOTHS, Ac.,
‘" — 1 ti
SiT Special attention given to the mannfactur* of
MATTRESSES and other article* of BEDDING.
ICP ROYAL HAV ANA LOTTERY OF CU
BA, conducted by the Danish Government. flffO.OOO
in Gold drawn every 17 days. Prise* sashed and in
formation furnished. The highest rate* paid for Doub* I
loon*, and all kinda of Gold and Sllvar.
TAYLOR A CO., Beaker.
jenSl-eodam No. IS Wall street, r. y.
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