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Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1862-1865, April 11, 1865, Image 6

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[Fn m :l# >Sew York Herald. Klb.]
E U K_0 P E .
Earl Jlussel's Defence cf England’s
Policy Towards the Union.
His Grand Plea of Neutrality and
Friendship and Couilcinnialian «tt j
tee **!*o-CaIled,, Confederate*.
l.ord PaliHi'nitdn'* Speech on the I>e
feaee*of Cunadu a»d Chance*
of a M ar with the I ni»
ted Slate*.
THE ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH,
he., &c., *c.
The Ctinard »** acr.ship China, Ojvfain Ander
ton, whch left Liverpool at eight o clock on the
xnoruing of tl c 25ih, and Queenstown on the eve
ning of the 2fit!i March, arrived at ibw port early
yesterday morning.
Her news is three days later.
Sir Frederick Bruce, the new British K.nvster to
YYashicgton, is a passenger by the China.
Tbc King of the Belgians was on a visit to Queen
Victoria at Windsor.
In the House ol Goir.tr.ons, Mr, Ayrton asked if
the Government intended to ask the sanction ol
Parliament to guarantee the money required to
complete the railway from Halifax to Quebec. Mr.
Cardwell said when the colony was prepared to car
ry into effect tbe conditions upon which the guar
antee was to lie given. Government would be pre
pared to till the engagements, but, as at present
advised, be had no intention ol asking Parliament
for the guarantee at tb.s session.
The weekly returns ot the Bank of France show
•n increase in tt e cast on hand of over two ai.d a
quarter millions cl traces.
Advices trem Bombay, India, of March 17, report
the mark* t- at u stand-still and prices nominal.—
Cottou shipments for the fortnight 50,000 bales.—
Kxchange 2s. a 3-2d. The rato of interest Las ad
vanced I per cent.
Toll A.n EKIL/AIN VjUJti i 1UJM .
EARl. RWBI LL S I*LKAS OK DEFENCE AND ASSURANCE
OF KN .LAND’S FRIENDSHIP FOR THE UNION,
hi the House of lords on the 23d of March Ear!
Ru .sell in iaji g on »tie table the de patches from
tbe MU istiro! Ike United States, said—I wish to
make a statement in regard to the re'atiocs bc
4 ween this country and the United States. My
lords, one ot these papers is a letter Jroir, Mr. Ad
ams, in which ne states that he is commanded by
the President to deliver to the British government
a noiice, d-.'-ed March 13, in regard to the termina
tion of the Rrtipiocity tnuty between this country
wiid the L u ted Stales, aid s'ating that this treaty
will terminate twelve n onths from tlie date oi the
acknowledgment ot tba; notice. Mi. Adams also
enclose* the vole of the Congress, which has been
approved by tbe President, deci unrnp that it was no
tlonger for the interest of the United States that
that treaty should continue. Coupled with this no
tice is a notice given with respect to the armament
•' the lakes. 1 tnink it must-be admitted that te
cent occurrences on the lakes—ta ntK,the seizure of
•weasels by UioJJu.eufB of the confederacy
and othi r lie's of hostility, complete';/ justify
the Un'Ud Sides in giving notice of uit
terno i of (At conemfioti. My lords, it
was not to lie expected that the (.United States
abould su iii.it passively to such oet of violence
w»*huut availii g themselves of all the meaus of re
presson within their power. With regard to the
Keciproc t. treaty, although I will not say there
are yutticieni grounds, yet there are grounds with
respect to the ac.mission cf articles duty free into
the United states which may induce the United
States Government to wish for a renew al of the
treaty wi:b aiod.ficatiucs that may be more advan
tageous, and zii eh the United Suites Government
may consider more just, to the United Slates.—
When Jd’. Adams informed tne of the rerult of the
nag tiatuur which bad taken place between the
President of tbe- United States aDd the agents of
the so-called Coufed’. rate States, I expressed to
him a hope that when he should present to me the
notice n< t'.e termination of the Reciprocity treaty
I should finJ that the Congress ami Government of
theUiited States would !«• ready to consider pro
positions by which a small and limited armaiueut
‘■I ''" ' —"vvl • VM
police, both sides; and also that a renewal of the
Keciprocity 'r-taiy, upon terms to be agreed upon
by both parties, rnigt t be negotiated during the
twelve months to elapse before the existing tre.ity
eeasel its operation. Oi course Mr. Adams was
not author . ed to give me any assurance upon toe
subject, *>n. the words used induced me le
trust ibn* such xu assurance would be giv
en. 1 am 'Ure jour Lordships vili all be anx
ious that !>■>■ relations between this country and
the Unit*! Slates should continue as tiny are
note—of a pac'Jic and friendly character. (Cheers.)
And for uiy pait i should be very sorry that any
thing should orr . >r b*’ done in this country that
•would lend !■ •• <• ■ such a satisfactory result.—
But, my lor!-, 1 curn.ot bu think that tie expressions
which bar been used and the speeches which have• been
tnadt :rr le .l'to uc'de in the U sited Slutes a d spo
eition ur favorable towards the end which we thus
desire to .i - accomplished. I allude to speeches
declaring : to c -nutry has behaved wrongly tb
the Unite.! Stales, has given the Ikiitcd States
just cause oi complaint, and that an iintriendty
spirit I t- • .i shown throughout rtaso tian-.ac
tions. M; .rds, the obvious effect ol speeches
such s< tii'-- ust to! that individuals in the Uni
ted St itei w .i . are In favo r uf hostilities with this
country must know t.iat there is in this country a
pa:!y re. t - take up the v:.*w that the Unite l
S'uiesate the right, and. tii .relbre, that they
will be w..: .::c :n proper spirit auc! in proper ro
girdlnr I be national interests an 1 the national
Conor if the. d.- not com; Jain loudly of the eon
duet oi c.-entry. 1 ask your lordships to at.
tend for . 'Loti :ime to the statement which 1 have
to make; i-.ca . ] cannot but think that tho gov.
ernme: jf t! i country and this country itself
have be- i ...o'x •• j accused upon these various
points. One of ;::e e i f con plaints put forward s
that thi. cuunirv, in a yr<.<* hurry and without
proper c • -i<!< A'ion, granted belligerent rights
lo what are ifclied the Confederate States.—
.Now, every oue who knows an; thing of ^i.e law
®f uations knows perfectly well that al
though a count!y may put uowu insurgent
who rise aguinst its authority, yet thJt a
country has no right or power to interfere with
neutrul commerce unless .t ae«cnit>s the position of
» belligirent. 'Hear. Lear.] But that »s wn at the
United Stales cfd. The president of the United
Slates by hie proclamation declared that the coasts
of particular Staler were in a state of blockade, and
that armed vessels ladongiog to those States were
to he treated aa ptrafbs. There came representa
tions on this subject from her Majesty's Minister in
the United States, but in tbe first instance ihrfi
merely covered despatches from Admiral Sir A.
Milne* commanding f er Majesty's squadron in those
waters, asking how be was to treat the armed ves
sels of the two parties. At that time Lord Camp
bell held the high oflice of Lord Chancellor, and
of course we consulted him and the law officers tif
tbe crown as to what should be done. Lord Camp,
ttell declared, as we all supposed he would do, that
there was no course but one to pursue—namely, to
regard the blockade on (ht part of the United Stal'o
u.s He exercise of a bedigerent right. And as belli
gerent rights cannot be confined to cne party, bnt
are usually excrc sed against somebody else, roar «i
vi-ef^ iobi as that we were entitled U> recognUt the
existence of beUigrrent rights on the pari of be th
the combatants, and to declare her Majesty's
neatralitv between the two parties. [Cheers.}—
And this’, accordingly, was the course which
we rtcommended. The proclamation in that
sense was approvod, if not actually drawn up,
J believe, l>y my ’earned friend the present
Lord Chancellor; and the course of neutrality
thus adopted was certainly received with favor,and,
I believe, commended itself to the sentiments of
tbe country as the right course for ns to take. It
is said now that we ought to have awaited tie ar
rival oi Mr. Adams. I know not what Mr. Adams
could say on tbe subject. Jf I had told n.y col
leagues that we must wait for him and consult him
I believe it would only have caused embarrassment
in the relations between the two countries. He
could scarcely have approved anything which we
did short of taking the part of the North against
the South. But, then, it is said, if the proclama
tion of neutrality was not altogether wrong, at any
rate it ought to have been delayed, and that un
friendliness was shown in the manner of its pro
mulgation. 1 conceive that there was nothing nn
fritnidly, nothing uncourteons in the declaration;
but, oti the contrary, that it was the proper course
for this country to declare at the earliest moment
that it meant to take part neither irith the Sorth
-•il ,, I...* tr. . •_
the contest. (Hear, hear.) Be it observed also that
from the issue ot that proclamation on the 13th
of May l.er Majesty’s subjects were bound to take
no part in the contest, and were warned that they
would disobey her Majesty’s injunctions if
they gave aid to one side or the other.—
Your lordships all remember the aflair of t’ e Ttent.
It is said witii regard to that atfair, as with regard
to the proclamation of neutrality, that the proceed
ings of the government were nnfriendiy and an.
courteous, and I am accused—not for the first time
certainly, nor probably sor the tei th time, but with
as little ju-t:ce now as on any of the former <cca
| sj0ns—of having had a despatch put into oy hands
which ought to have been published, because itcoc.
tamed an assurance on the part of the United States
government that they did not intend to resist the
delivery ol the vessel and the coiumissir ners. My
lords, that ices very far from being the cose; and
although Mr. Adams did bring me a despatch on that
occash fi) >t Wife a despatch relating chiefly to other
questions between the two countries, and r.erdy
ending with a declaration that if ar.y demand ir-Vt
made up»h the subject of the Trent, that question
trendd be fairly C-msidered by the United Sates gov.
eminent. The despatch was not put into n y hands,
and therefore t could not publish it. Even 1 ad it
been left with me, and had 1 published it, it would
have given no saiistactiou, because I certainly be
lieved, and my nolle friend at the head of the gov.
eminent also believed, up to the last moment, that
it was entirely a matter of uncertainty whether the
United States government would give op these
coni mist i< ners, or whether they would refuse to do
so, und withhold arbitration. And now a* to the
manner in which these demands wtre made. In thr
fir t place, I wrote to Lord Lyons, and begged him
not to iiH'kc «■ y demand in the first instance, but
to acquaint the Minister with the nature . f the des
patches, and requested that he wouid name a day
when the dispatches cou.d be put into his
hand, after consulting the President. That .up
peared tome the course it was vao>t courteous to
take. And I am bound to say, in mention :ig the.-e
facts, that there is one circumstance conceded
with them which does the highest credit to the me
fauio rinH HiarrAt’.nn r.f fVt® lut*. Prii.na
Consort. At the last moment, after her Majesty
had approved the despatch, we rcceivei a letter
from the Prince Con.-ort, in which hi* said that
seme oj the expressions used in the despatch miijht be
considered too abrupt, and suggested other phrases,
which he thought might make it utore easy fer the
Government of the United States to accept the re.
quest which it conveyed. These phrases were
adopted by the Government and embodied in the
d**sp tch, and, doubtless, tended in some degree to
render the document m >re acceptable to the Uni
ted States Government, who were called upon by
its terms to perform a duty in conl'vuiity with tbe
law of nations and reg arded by the people of this
country as au act of justice. (Cheers.) But it is
said that, while we displayed great haste in ac
knowledging the S uth as belligerents, wo were
guilty of great supineness in the case of the Ala
bama, uiid upon this point I have only to state that
the evidence ou this subject was furnished to us by
Mr. Adams, and that the information which we te
ceived was immediately laid before the law officer*
of the crown, and that on the very morning of the
day on which they reported the Alabama leit Birk
enhead. On this question, however, 1 will say no
m^re, beta us • it may form a matter for discus
sion between the Government of the United States
:wul our own. 1 do not nosh in any way to fore
stall that discussion ; but I think I may say
that we have done everything which either in
ternational law or the laws of tli s couiitry demand
ed of us in order to prevent the attacks made on
the trade of the United States by th..t vessel.—
There war, however, another case which was the
subject of much discussion, and in -respect to
which cot sidcrab e irritation was created. Afier
the Alabama had sailed from Birkenfce id other
vessels we.e built, the construction of which
amounted in itself to an armament, and turni.-.hcd
evidence of a hostile purpose. The owners of those
vessels were in correspondence with Captain Bul
lock, the agont ol the Confederate Sta’es and we
hid every reason to beln-vo that those iron rims
were intended f* break the blockade of the* South.
;rn ports, which had been established. Now, it
iecaeJ to am that if those vessels weae allowed to
At •
proceed from the port of Liverpool the utmost dan
ger to the friendly relations euistiug between thie
cr tmtrv and the United Stales would Lave been the
result.* I could not c- nceire it possible that the
U nited States would have allowed these armed ves
sels tv break the blockade, which had been ac
knowledged by the authorities of this country ,a.vi
not make demand* with which we might no! have j
found ourselves able to comply. 1 therefore took |
vhat teas a very drone measure pit this subject. 1
ordered those ranis to bt detained, and atterwards
directed that they should be seised for the pur- |
pose of preventing them (rom committing acts '
of hostile y. We subsequently had placed in our
nands the contract by which the agents of the
Coufedeiwte States had agreed to sell those
rams to M. Bravay, who said they were Dot in
tended for putpoies 01 hostility against the United !
| States. The question, however, remained to he
tried, and we came to the conclusion hbat, though
the moral evidence was complete, and though we
Pehuvcd the legal evidence to be complete, that
there might still be circumstances which would
prevent a conviction from oeiug obtained. I am,
however, convinced that it woutd not only have
boon ktfortnnate, but that it would have been ar
Uruolk and ignominious thing if we bad been obliged
to go to war, not for the h$norof England, because
that was not engaged; not for the interests of Eng
land, because they were uot involved—hut for the
sake of private considerations, where no injustice
tad been done. I therefore regret very much that
the noble earl opposite took the course which he
ba-i taken, and that he should have done everything
in his power to prevent our stopping those vessels,
which might otherwise have g< ne and b;oken the
blockade. 1 will now say that there is every rea.
son to hope that, as the ports of the Southern
States have been captured by the arms of the Uni
ted States, many questions which have hitherto
arisen as to the breaking of tbe blockade, the ini
prisonment of the crews *1 vessels, and several
otter questions touching the maritime rights of
tbe two countries, will disappear, and that there
will be the less riascn to apprehend the occurrence
of hostilities between ns and the United States.—
I must at the same tune observe that the impartial
course which her Majesty’s government has pur
sued has, from time to tknc, been impeded and
endangered on the one aide by those partisans
of the North who were constantly stating that
we were acting in a manner hostile to the
Vorth. and. on the other, by those who were
as constantly violating the nentral.ty which her
Majesty had proclaimed, in the pursuit of their own
private ends. But, be that as it may, I am satis
d* d that there is not the slightest pretence for say
jpg that the course which the government has pnr
sued has not been strictly neutral. To-inorrow a
new minister,will set out from this conntiy to rep
resent her Majesty at Washington. Wc greatly la
ment that Lurd Lyons is, owing to the state of his
health, UDable to return to lus post. (Hear, hear.)
There is no person to whom the con try is more in
debted for the wise, calm aod conciliatory line of
coadnct w‘ ich he ha* pursued than the noble lord,
who ha* never failed, at the same time, to maintain
the dignity and honor of the conntry. Sir F.
Brnce, who i* about to take his place, has distin
guished himself greatly by the firmness of his pol
icy.. lie bis acted in such a manner towards the
Chinese government as completely to win their con
fidence, w hile his conduct towards the representa
tives o! the other European powers has been such
as to obtain their concurrence in every step which
he has taken. Towards the British interests in
China he has so acted that, while silling to listen
to their ccinplaints and obtain redress lor their just
grievances, he has never shown himself prepared t<>
support their unreasonable demands. That being
so, he appears to me to be er actly the man whom
it is desirable her Majesty should choose to represent
her in the United State*, and I hope that under his
auspice the friendly relations between the two coun
tries wiit be maintained. (Cheers.)
ENGLAND WILLING TO IXABJf.
In the House of Commons on tl»e 23d of March
Mr. W. Ewart asked whether it was the intention
of the Government to send to tb<* scene of war in
the United States any military or medical officers
to study and report on the progTt ss of military and
medical science os it was exemplified in the war in
that country. '
The Marquis of Hartington said that militate offi
cers had been sent to Amerir.a from time to time
during the progress of the war. There was at
Washington a naval ai.tche, and it was also pro.
p.*ed to send there a military attache. The Gov.
eminent at Washington made no objection to that
measure but a final decision could not be come to
until tne meeting oi ~ *«•
tuition to send out a medical officer.
FRENCH SCrPORTERS OF THE AN EH CAN UNION.
[Paris (March 24) correspondence of London Times.]
The amendments on the address already prepared
by the opposition, not, however, including the
names of MM. Thiers and Berryer, will probably
give rise to a long and animated discussion. * »
The opposition members proposed to add after the
nineteenth paragraph, ‘We proclaimed from the
commencement our sympathies for North America.
Tbanks to heroic ‘fforts, slavery is abolished. We
snail be happy to see the powerful republic of the
United States, the ..atural ally of France, re-oiab.
lished ; and we hail with joy a triumph which will
have cost the cause ot liberty nothing.”
THE DEFENCES OF CANADA.
CHANCES OF AN AXKJICAN 'NVA9SON OF THE COLONY —
UPi'KTANCK OF ITS OFFENCE ANt> OCT Y OF THE
COLONISTS.
in the Hr.u e of Commons on the 23d of Msrch the
Marquis of Hartiugtoa, in ris.ig to move the vote of
£311 ao'J lor sap- r utend.-ng esiafcl.shinen'. of. and expeu
Jiture for, works, buildings and repairs at home and
auru id. said —1 will no: detain the house in-n plying to
a questivn raised by an honorable manlier because :t
i ,»a: s Mure upon the general subject of our relation* -a itii
the United states tnan upon the details nroposed by the
government for the defences of Canada. 1 think it may
be root 'aient to the Hou^e, if I state, as shortly as I cm.
shat a:e the views of the government. 1 may be per
mitted, io the drst pia~e, to express a hone that tue
House will t "O.g! I d.s ass this question ui on :ta merits
solely, acd not Again enter into the oorslocration ot the
pu-sibility of host.tiUet with the United State*. [Hear,
uear ] 1 do not feel called upon to express any opinion
a to the w sdom and pruden e of entering on d -cu-s cus
of that sort. It might, perhaps, be better tl at we Simula,
on both nides of the Atlant c. frankiy state « h it o n
fears and apprehensions ot each other aie *: d it s rms
sin'e the Tery riiscoss-on of the differences between us
and aur euvpicions of each other might tend ra.uev
to imcHovc our relations; but, on the other band, i
should be inclined to fear that words inadier.ently
uttered in ih# heat of debate m ght tend to excite
animosities which m:gbt be productive of danger
Whatever mat be the opinion of the House open this
point, there oi’occ thing nb cb 1 feel sure w no. neceasa
rilv mixed tip with tbi* [question-that ia our relation*
with fbe United Kate*. Tbi real facta of the cue are
these —Four year* ago our North American provinces
bua upoD tlcii border* a very great nation-net then *
irrmt military nat.cu. lecuum tlcn the United Kate* aai
tie-mallert ctandiL* niuj.Mrbsr* o f»ny nation i*
tiie woild. Tl.t ptople wcie tie leant coined to inLiury
matter* and their gr*at»*i m»n devoted thinife.ve* to
t) e putieiU ci reate and reel taed lLo**o war. in
I'nrtcd State*, nowever, have teconu a great nni.tary
cation and Lave command o arm;** as large a* any
which can he wielded by the (neat Powers o! Furor*,
and at the Lead of these armies ate general* as ab.e as
any we know of. (Hear, bear.) Although ou> North
Am- r-.can colonies cannot compete with the United Kates
in sice or commercial prosj*rit/. yet they are. it must be
acini tted. a great nation, ami are on the b:gh road to o*
a still greater nation. These co onies Eiofea* a wrren to
rema n independent and distinct fiom their great neigh
bors—the United Mates: anil they a’so prole*». m It*
most unmistakable language, tbeir desire to maintain
their cotm-ten with thw country. It such are
their wishes it seems to me that it it- net strange tlt*y
should d-'sir-* to p ace themselioe is -ucl a position a*
not to be dcpend.ng coon the forbear* e of their
gre at neighbt i* Lowe\er ioi g they nuglt imsguie mat
torWamuee might le extended it sectu* to be onlv
werthv the position of oui North AmeriMn colonies and
only worthy our portion, so long as thi v belong to ns,
that we should do what we --an to pb.ee their borders in
a ptate of defence. W ‘.bout the JighU-rt expeft*** ot
the govern met •. of the United Mater meditating an^at
tack uiion our Canadian province*. 1 do not see wrby we
should not uo wLat ail continental nation* do—namely,
civet such works as: a-e cocc*eiry to protect their fron
tier Now. a good deal las Ues said about the kngth
,d the Canadian frontier: Lut uj<n that point I need
hurd.lv sav more than that :t w as never intended to main
tain that fionvier intact. (He-r leur.) Not only would
an attempt of that V ml prove Iff practicable in the case
of Canada, but it must a.way* be impracticable in that
of any continental nation encaged :n war with a power
ful neighbor. What great nation theie in Furope. for
instance, which cannot be invaded at any moment Dv a
powerful neighbor, not at one but at many place* 1 AU,
then, that can be done is i - fortify ti e most viUl points,
and to trust for the cxpuaiion *f the enemy to such furth
er operations s* may t-r,m time to time le judged expe
dient. Hear. hear, if Canada be invaded by the Uni
ted Mutes or any otr.-r tni my. tie invasion most either
be made w ith the object ot permanently annexing the
,-ountr\ or ol .ntti'tir.g upon ovr aims « l..miliatmg efe
feat, "if the object be tie permanent .ir.tvxation of Me
country tlat c»n only be accomplished by tic conquest
ol the whole country, and rraie especially by the re
duction of ike most important point*. !t can eertaln'v
mver )-e attained by overrent.tig U.e country, tbongIt
operation* of that ctaiauter may be very largely ex
. * a_.i ihMs all. tu i.surc- the annexation of Canada.
it is necessary that tie enemy slosid pox*** tnmeeU or
the line o: Ue river M. Lawrence. the great artery
of the country. Hemnst a^o pn*«-M hjiself of the
pnjirts which command the nuv •’*t on of .hat riwi—
namely, Montre.it and Quebec, if we, lhertfoie, can
place tbe line Ot iheM. Luwrst.c aid
Which command its castration :n .nrh a state of de
fence a* to enable the l ..cadiaa* to re-it .he attack
o1 au enemy, it in ruwotable tc suppose ll at. it the ob
,>ct „f tie enetry he sticcAatior. be wili first ol all en
deavor to ascertain b.* chnncir of fuccst* at those poiPls
Unless hecsn see u ).io>i*-:t ot tueew* in those direc
tiens he will hardly think it worth white to in<mr the
extH tise and the loss of so Isrpe a number or mm »»
must necesaarrfy follow .. tupel*** attempt. lUr cal
cnlsted that the number of troop* required to (ramson
those two places w as thirty tiouwtd men, lot it was
desirable to have thirty-five thousand, and likewise a
movable force of twenty U-otuand or twenty *»>• thous
and men making a totaJ of sixty thousand totn. He
il.cn noticed th- military force * the co.or.y, coawsi.np
of volunteer* and milifc* ucdotumd tUtH wm quite
possible that the wentern provinces oftjoiwsa might not
think sulticient provision was m»uo for their defence, but
that tic government plan, h beikv-c.^ u< P*r ec«> prac
ticable a* a defence of those pro' ji.-cs. In eoBcimwoa.
he -aid if the House ooopWd the view of those who
thought we should leave hanada to keiwelf, he hopeJ it
wou.d -ay so at once, uac nut dece.ve the (anadiane.
lltlerssuecesteii another m nie of defente. ky withdraw
ing our trout* freutbc colony and, Jneces-ary. aeimr
« on the enemy » noUerquo tr. but they were bout d
•O gl ow "fie points where Uw Lin tec States, wr*J> all tia-ir
irri-at h»«>..» fortified, and w .th enormous arm.es, cotifd
l e vulnerable, and how we could attack her weak po.ntw
at lea* cost than \rj4i. proposed by the government,
w high he neped wt old tr approved by the Mow*
Mr I>Ur*«*li, •ft€X renf; vunjr hi* to tt»: n*a» rifr
in which tb* jrovtrtic. M Ud brccslt foruurd luir
proposition, said he should support tie v ote, though h«
c«'iiside#?<l war with America m<-1 imntotHblo. ' sujaa.
if her blood was op might raise two hr.Ednd thousand
tiirhrinr men and this number, sutpoited ly a serws of
strong places, woo'd be equal tr tine l undrvd’fcotsar d;
«o th:*t the result of an tnvi.sK a woo.d he uncertain.
He dissented from Hi. L( we .n L* v.cw* of tiefutuieof
1 M? bright Mid he okje'ted to the vote became-tie
main pinion of tie expenditure for tit defence of (an
ada w u* to be borne by the r<.'< ty. He pro rsted aguMt
the doctrine that the ( ab.i * ■ 1 « *«"" *■') **•
\i „i . n id ( .. uioa is* nude the
liutt'e held. this eoiinuy being tcUiVil to •'*1: ®i °*
Canada to Lear tie < hie! part ot lie *• *>;
what udvautape wis the connection to ( au. ua ibere
was no prospect of a war between “d/?"a<1*
done. NVhy ehcu'd tie (anadiana te Used for a
policy not Canaduu? leatwaabia rain objection to
the v iie.
I ord Palmmton said-hir- lt!»'* not. a Cucadian •• '
'“•I ,n it is not H !o- al cuesti-in. it is an irupenul qi.es
queetion. it I. ■ wajrh nrects the position and.
l tl»? in»«wt* ald tLp *»*«■ o' thie
cuara'fc r. d' j ^j'd t0 be ot the Utmost mpor
Eicat ;®“?‘^Jara‘,.ter of tb< nation in a case like this.
tn^Vcn’h»t'» rreat majority of the Houic seem to be
Sf ''-pinion, that it should not go forth to tie*.
° ,M v -e.chu- been aabCercnr* of opinion on this
wor.a ti. * • . it ,,tou;q Le seen to ha.e been accepted
bv a naan House of Common.. (Hear.' Htr.tSene
Uy a -xa 0 po.uts Wiio regard to winch I think it
aie oceo • uv ,j,Rfent Horn some docti.nog » hich
fcave been laid dow'n. Many gentlemen have argued :hw
• in aa if there was a general impression i-.ud belief
mv war w ith the United hwtes wa* imminent and that
: “ proposal of ours vu* for the purpose cf meet.ug a ^
i ddu-E d .nger which w« appreheLdcdto be hanging oier
“ Now. 1 thick there is no danger oi w ar with Amerl
i oth'nr tifat has rer.ntlv pa - ed indicate any hot
t !e diepo- t • n on the [.ai t of the United States to-aids
‘a.lj. therefore, 1 do not ta-e this m-.t.on on
t'-e ground that we expect war to rt-e glace
t *»eei thus country airti America. But i* it
ne-eesary that when Jou propose to put a coantgy -u
Mate of defence you should show that war w.-it some .
, ■ ejghboi el) '
rj.M-e? Whi the who'e practice of menkicd is fceriuf-tj
o.i an er; rely ditfeient assumption. Hear.) livery cuun
t,, w! h able to do so fort ies liontier if its n'-gh
tor s a powerfulStale, whieh might -f it thongut tt al
la- k it. But it is ra;d that you cannot diked tenada.-r
Now. 1 utterly deny that p opositii c. '• 1 e< rs.; 5U- ,
that is assuming a eon;l-.«don which no man ie ect-tled
to a- time. • Does the exumple even of ti c war nc a go ng
on tend to justify that rendu- m *. j he terntcry cf the
i’onf' dcrat*« ia vast and extea-i'*’. .lave they u..*irpl
ed to -defend very portion of that territory iLiy nave
forttied uertain'impoit.-nt joints cm ti cic important
points, although the rest of tie country maj Luie teen ,
overrun h ve resisted att.ick-s< me oi 'hem even to
dav. and other* for three •- fo r years of the routes
(Hear, hear.) l ook at Bichmond. In II . Lmord ta)«i ‘
(Hear. Lear.) Jiaa not 1- Ic-ird l"i Hid'd toe a .
great length of time? And what are it-uefecefs ’ w ) v
. liiefiv earthworks, with a force Iclir.d ti.em aedt! ougfc
that fore is inferior iD numbers to tie ft11* wh.ub threet
ei.s it. it baa hitherto nu i-iced in tell derate binds.-1

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