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Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1862-1865, April 11, 1865, Image 8

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AVe published, in yesterday’s paper, the sub
stance ol the correspondence between Lieut. Gen.
Grant and Gnu. Lee, relative to the surrender of
the “Army ol Northern Virginia.” We now pub
lish the correspondence as far as received. Tbe
-first two letter? indicate that a meeting between
the General* commanding tool: place cm the day of
the final agreement for a surrender :
Hooks. Annies or United States, )
April 9th, 1865. $
Son. K. if. StatUon, Secretary of War, Washington,
V. V. :
Gen. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern
Virginia, this afternoon, on terms proposed by
myself. The accompany) ng additional correspond
ence will show the conditions fuily.
U. S. Grant, Lieut. Gen’l.
April Uth, 1865.
To Lieut, (ien■ U. S. fIrani, commanding Armies of
United States:
Gcuerul—l received your note of this morning
©n the picket line, whither I had come to meet
-you and ascertain definitely what terms were em
braced in your proposition* of yesterday with ref
erence to the surrender of this army. I now re
quest an inlerview in accordance with the ofler
©outlined in yours of yesterday for that purpose.
Very respectfully,
(Signed; R. E. Lke, General.
, Ajrli. 9, 1865.
Wo Urn. II. F. J.er, Com MningC S. A.:
Gencial ■ Your note ol this date ia but thi* mo
lnant (11.15 A. M.) received. In conseouencc of my
having passed from the Richmond and Lynchburg
road, 1 am at this writing about four <4) miles west
of Walton Church, and will push forward to the
front for the purpose of meeting you. Notice sent
to me on this road where you wish the interview
lotakc place will meet me.
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
- U. S. Grant,
Lieut. General.
Appomattox C. H., April 9th, 1865.
To General fi. £. Lee, Commanding V. N. A.
Genera!—In accordance with the substance of my
letter to you of the 8th inst., I propose to receive
the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on
the following terms, to-wit : Rolls of all the officers
•nd men to he made in duplicate, oue copy tfc be
£ivcn to an oflloer designated by me, the other to
he retained by such officer or officers as you may
designate The officers to give their individual
-paroles not to takeaip arms against the Government
ot the United States until properly exchanged, and
each company or regimental commander sign a like
parole for the men of their commands. The arias, i
* artillery and public property to be parked and stack- ]
«d, and turned over to the<offioeis appointed by
' mc to leeeive them. This will not embrace the side „
arms of the officers i*or their private burses or j
taggage. This done, each officer and mail flill bo:
allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed
by United States authority so long as they observe
•* tbeir parole, and the laws in force where they may
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
U. S. Grant,
Lieut .-General.
< Ukadqvaptkrs, Army or N«crashx Virginia, )
April 9, 166o. \
.Lieut.-General U. S. Grant, f'ummandimj Armies of
United S'ates.
General—1 have received your letter of this date
containing the terms of sur.er.der of the Army o(
Northern Virginia, as proposed tie you. As they
are substantially the same n* those expressed in
your letter of the 8th instant, they are accepted.
1 will proceed to designate the proper officers to
carry the stipulation into effect.
Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
(Signed) H. L. Let:
Captain James Andefeca, tf the Cunard mail
attumer China has been appointed to command the
Great Eastt-n. during the laying of the Atlantic
♦elfgTsph cable The Great Eastern will sail from
Valcnc:.. T.e’and about the 1st of July, and may
be expected at Eeart’e Content. Trinity Bay, by the
middle of that month. There were six teen hundred
and sixty-two nautical miles of cable completed on
the tllst - i March, and tie whole twenty-three hun
dred miles will be made and on board of the Great |
3-'.^tHrn ia May, 1 r
The English Admirality have agreed to order two
aowcrfnl steamers of the R.iyal Navy to accompan}
:he Great Eastern fr;m Ireland to Newfoundland,
ind aUo to direct Vice-Admiral Sir JrroeB Hope to
iff >rd £U:h asrlstance cn the approach of the expt- ■
JItion to Newfoundland as may be In L!b power.
It is confidently expected that Europe and Arne- ‘
rica will be In telegraphic communication before the j
20th of July;___
The tew State Government for Tennessee was or
gan’zed in Nashville on the 3d inetant, with Parson
Brownlow ae Governor. Petitions are in circulation
in Sltmpb'B and other cities, asking the President to
declare that Tennessee is no longer an insurrection
ary State, and that the tax on goods from Northern
States shall be remitted by the Treasury l»epartment.
General Washburne, the military commander of
Memphis. In erder to facilitate the restoration of new
frit State Government, has ordered the Military and
Provost-Marshals in bis department to corfine their
attention to military offenders, and hand over a'l
other cases to the civil authorities
An attempt was made cn the night of the 31st
to bum tbe Government bui’dings at Newbern, but
failed. Tbe parties are unknown, but it is thought
that they are bounty-jumpers and roughs, who are
there to escape the draft at the North. Others think
that it is the worn of the citizens of Goldsboro’ and
other places, or pretended refugees, in retaliation fer
Sherman’s burning in South Carolina. The public
storehouse*, commissary warehouse, forage wire
house and railroad bridgfc were fired, bat fortunately
it was discovered aeon enough to prevent any dam
age- __
ravin jLvujejAiiA.
L»t<- Western 1 xraisiaLa *ccotu»t« represent a g'eat
scarcity of breadstuff's about Alexandria, and much
suffering. Tbe scarcity of forage has compelled the
rebel cavalry tc depart for Ttxis, and their infantry
has also been withdrawn frem Alexandria, and are
encamped at Natchitoches. The Confederate troop*
have been withdrawn from Brownsville to Galveston
whert they await the attack of the Federals Or e of
Jeff. Thompson's orders cn assuming con.mane of the
Northern Sub-District directs the agents appointed
in each county *o exact one-third of all cottou offered
fer expert, or collect one-third of the receipte.
It is currently reported in New Orleans that we
shall soon have news from Texas that will startle
and gratify the whole country. It is known teat a
message has been received at Washington from tbe
TratE-M!e?is£ippi Department, propopirg that
enengh cotton shonld be shipped down the river tc
pay eff the Rebel trocpeln Green Bay, and that :ht y
should then be discharged and allowed to take the
oath of amnesty. A new Legislature is then to as
semble, fresh from the people, to decide the que.tlon
of independence or a return to the Union.
The Rebel chiefs are, in consideration t f a special
amnesty for th* m solver., to exercise their intlaenc'? in
e’ecting a 1 legislature favorable to reconstruction.
Great anxiety is felt to learn the result of General
Law Wallace’s mission to Brownsville, and as to the
purport cf the late communications with Galveston
We arc indebted to Mr. Webster, of the Adams
Express Company, for the Washington (’hronir.lt
of Sunday, and other lute papers. The latest news
of interest which they contain is subjoined.
Passengers from City Point, last night, report
that at noon, yesterday, all the gunboats in tbe
rhscr united in a grand salute in celebration cf
tbe recent brilliant achievements cf the Army of
tbe i utopiac. ice dooming oi guns, ringing or
beMs nd vociferous cheering, made tip the grand
est cheru* ever heard in thsCrpart of the world.
It isiiliw reported that Generals Grant and Lie
have gone together, under a flap of truce, to Gen.
Johnstons headquarters, In North Carolina, for
the purpose of arranging for the surrender of the
forces under his command.
Sai Fkajicisco. April T.—The Fteanier Jo I n Stephen,
from MasntUn Los arrtred. bringing 898000 in tn>a«nre.
und 1.000 bags of silver. The Mazatlan Times, the Im
perialist organ, gives a report that Juarez wi.a en route
tor Cape hi. l.u,■ s. whence hi would *.nl for San Fun
(.j_ru }.]» way K. JVashlngtop. The French na'iil
The Impel ..i) force had moved to Selah.m. H.e corre- i
purulent or the ^arr Francisco bullet n^writ.ng t.-oui |
M , March 4 “Joares ia H it 01
nnn " th h.s minaiter.’raising troops, mongh m««lv,
arms and A. monition .vre scarce.” The Fiencli steamer
oi-war ViiC. 'in. and trai iport I*. • I.hini are at -anta
Hitrlnda. on the, coast of California. They hope t ob
tain tt| plies- of coul at San Francisco.
Xrw Y'ohi: Aprils.—The steamer Arngo failed t> -
alteiniion for Charleston, with Gen. Anders n and three
I nmlied other distinguished persons. Other steatites
also .--ailed for the same i e-tination.
New Y ork. April S.—At the ev-n ne *to/ * Exchange
raid stood at 1481-3 N-w York Central. IT IEnc,
ifir.2, Hi.d-on River. 1003 d. Readuig 103: Mih.gr ■
southern. (>] J*S Illinois Central. 1001*2. Maiaet not
ery active. _____
Henry Ward Beecher terras the city of New ^ ork a
est of r»*' l,*,r«s den of th:ev»*s whose exam] p farai*
prize-- < ur i .t:zen« ' ith piling* and prostitute* tLc mo* ,
ility of uu.r youth*” *
Richmond, Vi., April 10th, lsG5.
To the Editor of ihe Whig :
I notice in v<«ur paper ot to-day that Captain R.
F. Andrews, 3C:h U. S. C. T., claim i the honor of
the tirst troops to enter the city for Brevet Br g.
Gen. A. G. Draper, of the 1st Division, 25:h Army
1 most respectfully state that the first troops to
enter the city were commanded by Major A. II.
Stevens, Jr., composed of companies “ and
“ H”, 4th Regiment Massachusetts Cavalry. The
city was surrendered to him by the Mayor, three
miles distant.
Companies ••H” and “E’s” Guidons were the
first to wcve over the city of Richmond.
James Flanagan,
2d Lieut. Massachusetts Cavalry.
[From the New York Times- 8th.]
the grand old army OF THE POTOMAC.
The Army of tbe Potomac has dune its work. It ba.>
captured Richmond, it lift* demolished Lee. Its- unpar
olleled tuals have been rewarded by unparalleled sire. ess.
What u history since that May night four years ago. when
Sherman crossed his advance battery over the Long
Bridge into the “sacred soiL1' What chapter* cf bloody
grapple, of toilsome marching, of weary beleaguerment.
This army, from the beginning, bis preserved its iden
tic like no other of the national forces. The elements
uf’all the other arm es have been continually changing
bv transfers from one iine of operations to another. The
Army of the Potomac has hal blit one object, has opera
ted but in one held, has been kept substantially undivi
ded and has acquired a peculiar compactness of organi
zation and unity of spirtt. It has always occupied the
foreground of the war, and all brilliant exploits else
where to’Jld but momentarily draw the public eye from
it. Everybody felt that on its strong right arm mainly
depended tt e fate of the nvii *n.
perhaps no army in h.stofy ever had a more <1 flic u It
task, 'i he great work commit: .1 to the Army of the
Potomac was to capture the rel el capital, llii* spot
cot id only be reached through ;. hostile country ni.de
up of bills and glens, and deep rivets, and wo.us and
swamps. All the re«ource* of engineering sk.l! were
exhausted in fortifying it. It was covered by as dashing
an army as the sail ever shone npon. commanded by the
aldsgt of the Kebei Generals. Even with nothing to
distract, the work of taking the Uriel capital would
have been hard enough. But it w as made doubly ar
d-ous by the ne es-itv of si units ne >u>N prote ting i .r
• own cat'.ta>, ;ue loss o: wmuiKcm nave ruiaeu me
I national cause. W
Five time* »» nin h biood. probably. ha« 1 een cpillcd
I |,v tin Army of the Potomac as by all the other National
j fortes combined. The seven day- buttles of the Penin
' suia, Antietam. Fredericksburg. Chaiuellursville Hetty*
I burg jtid the Wilderness, were ail on a *«.a!e nowhere
( el«a approached. and bitween them were un almost count
j less cumber ol minor engagements. The National arm*
I made crea progress elsewhere at the co»t of compara
1 lively ittle fighting. It took only the fii-ht at Fort Pnn
! daon to give us Kentucky and Northern Tennessee, only
! the alm.-st bloodless ngl.t at the month- ol l e Itissisrip
I pi to s ive as Louisiana ; only two or three sharp little en
gagetnents to carry r.s to the real of Vicksburg and com
I p,.| the surrender of tuat stronghold through staivation
1 'r.'v the battle* at stone Hi'e . with aubienuent strate
gic movement*, to give ua Southern and Eastern Ten
nessee. shemian's advance f.om Chattanooga to .ltl in
ti wa* effected chiefly by masterly flanking operation-:
it require ! some hard lighting at various point-, but we
* think it mav be said that his entire month'* w ork did not
1 , oat a* much blood as Hrant’d first two days in the Wil
! dernea*. The march from Atlanta to Savannah, and
from Savannah to the htatt ol North Carolina, was ac
j compiished witty almost no lighting. The batt.rs in the
Southwest, not connected with the great movements.
: >iave been comparatively few. an I with the exception of
i Shiloh and Chickamauga. involved no eery heavy loss
of life. As for the armies which have been stationed
west of the Mississippi and on the Atlantic '-oa-t*. they
have had but very few engagements, and those were on
a minor a ale. Everywhere through the whole breadth
of the land the national for-c* have done their duty; but
ti.r rea. brunt of the war has (alien upon the Army of
t!i5 Potomac.
It is useless now to discuss whether that army would
not long ago have done its w ork tfith such generalship
curing the first three years as it has ha l during the last.
Whatever may Lave been the defects of its former com
i man '(is. it is certain ihat the rank and tile of the army
; have never b-en found wanting. Whether well-led or
I iil-led, they have never flinched. Whatever the miscar
' riigt or fie disaster, they have been prool again* all d(
i moralir.ation or discouragement. They were beaten ba k
I 10 Malvern Hiu- on th • l’en.uaula. only to pour info the
! enemy a lead >r fire than ever, and then meet them
i ag! n two hundred miles north, with th<-blows of South
i Momtaia and Anti. tarn. They retraced the'r bloody steps
owr th- Rappahannock from Fredericksburg and Chun
I eellorsviLc. only to face their foes again when ti e tim<
I M an i in ii t upon than the terrible defeat of Hetty*.
i bsrg. They waded in blood through the Wilderness, and
m ssed the origin*! aim ol tbacanmaicn. only to mou
ld ross the James and fasten an unyielding pasp upon
. . to t ey hare been a* pa
•n [n mpl n .. >n.
1 For month* previous to their fast movement they were
neiu dimer, njuuumc*” •• 4 v~ 1 % : "
etlv on. while Sherman war daily drawing m ar«-r to get
the ro ninghonorof the great ciptorr. Vet they mnr
moie no'. They l-ft all implicitly to t.’.e military hief.
The n trust between their impassive spirit for ti.e long
week- of their inaction, and the tier cue-* of their on-oi
w hen th» word was given, was wonderful.
W* reioie that it was reserved for this trtin i old army
I deal its nnal blow wnbotit a helper at i*s -.do. It it
cm r.entiv fit that thev who have so gloriously borne the
struggle should have the glory of the consummation.
The \rin-. of the Potimv ought always to is; remem
bered as the army that was pitted against the very head
as nd front of the’rebeilion. and that sent it linnlty (o the
dust. Every living man who has faithfully served in
that army deserves unfading ianrels. And wool ) that
, evervone of the tens of thousand- of Ps heroic dead
eon.d have a monument as perdurable as the republic
UAt a quarter before two o’oldck on Sunday four large
e>g'cs were obserred larking about ihe dome ■ 1
thefapifol. and over the head or the *«odde«s of Idb
ertv. T' sir appearance was almost simultaneous with
that of the bulletins from Riclynond.
It is thought that th<- United State* Senate will ref .-"
a h< at t i John I\ -to* k*on, ass'imed to 1 - eh-i-ted wen ••
t, r from New-Jersey. He had only forty v >t‘« «hi>
there were fortv-one'against him. Such a case has new r
ar.pen hefore._______
It if aid that Borne of the churches in England have
been p-ovi.1-1 with pews for deaf people. These • s
an- conue led w.th the pulpit by mean-of tubes wh
hi-ve trv,’o|iet s taped mouth* in convenient po.sitmx.*
the ear-of the listeners.
William l.Ioyd flarr- in has receded and accepted an
.n r,-r,m ge.-etnrv St.vnton to take I as-ag* *’t' *
It stated that any tobacco brought North frmi an
ed. an order b< g ■
issued by the intemal Revenue Coinmiss.oner to ti.at e •
feet. __L—
at my Dak
Cotton.—The cotton market has been dull and de
clining all the week, and to day. on the publication of
the weekly circular, showing a total stock of ever
f,00000 bales, holders became very anxious sellers, and
prices further oe lined Md.al-bd. i>er pound, mal .ng
the reduction in the week Id.al l-2d. per pound tnd in
t he ca.-e of Egpvtian 2d. per pound. The quotations
at* Middling Orlear* 16 l-4d. jier pound; Texas, 16d.
Uplands. 15 3-4-.
In Manchester business has again been unsettled by
the dullness here, and tiie few transactions reported are
ail at lower rates.
Breadmtvps.—With bitterly cold weather there has
b-en more hrmnem in the trade this week, and prices
have ra*ter stilteiitd. At Tuesday’s market there u as a
fa r onmmptive demand for red wheats (Spec ally for
good spriog killJs. and an advance of Id. to 2d. per
cental was paid. White wheat* were steady at late
prices. Hour was qu.et. without change in value.—
Indian corn in mproved request, and 6d. per quarter
At t«.-day*s market wheat was st»ady in price, but
sales were only to a limited extent. Fiour was slow ot
sale at late rates. Indian corn again rather dearer, but
the demand quite retail. We quote wheat—Red H*.aSs.
♦d. forCbicago. Milwankie and anil>er Iowa: be. 4d. a
s*. bd. for winter white California, be. 9d. u 9s. 6d. per
100 pounds. Flour—Extra States, 21s. a Sit. fid. extra
Ohio*. 22s. a 23s. per 1% pounds. Indian Corn—Galata,
27s. 6d. a 27s. 9 J. j>er 460 pounds.—[Richardson. Spence
A Co. _
Slavery in Kentucky.—The Louisville Jourenl grow*
very impatient with slavery. It scolds ail Kentuckian*
who hesitate to wipe out Its rtmnaut* ; and predicts that
twelve months hence there will be no slavery in Ken
tucky. either real or nominal. One more election will
put the anti-slavery men iti power in all branches of the
eovernment. Governor Hramlette has recent'y rnauu
in it ted all his slave*.
In response to a long letter asking peimi-sion to trade
in Savannah. Gen. Sfcermnn made this laconic answer
•Xo. W. T. Sherman. Major General.”
Burnt District !
Embracing Nary Yard'. Bridge*, Ac., nicely gotten np^
and fur sale at the WHIG OFFICE.
i’rier 50 Cents /AicA.
One-third ’ess to parties buying them to sell again.
Take pleasure in informing the citizen* ot Richmond and
the public generally, that their
Will re-open for the instruction of M'sses and Master* n
the Art of Dancing on
THURSDAY. April 20tb,
And will continue on THURSDAYS anJ SATlRTAiS
23*Po«itively no gentlemen admitted. fap 11 1m
pOR NALE.~*A neat re: el CHAMBER anil
AiwI'wanted^^ecUVie WHITE FEMAI.B, who •
wishes to po to i'hiladeipti a. Her paasage paid lor her
°f Draggiet. 6th and Broad'ltmf.
I 1,1 ,IT*<xk*L excraver axd jeweler.
Masonic emblem*. Breast Pn, lydge^ .V<v made to or
i »er at the shortest notice and in tie nest style.
! "er ^.No. 3. W at:. stsatT, E.tunosn. \
ap 11—1*
lithograph map
» T
Burnt District! ‘. *
Embracing Navy Yards. Budges, Ac., nicely getten u[..
and for sale at the WHIG Op EICE.
, Price 50 Cents Each.
One-third ie<> to paitie- buying them te *el! again,

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