mi. IK A SMITH. Proprietor.
TO REGULAR SUBSCRIBERS.
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ftunaiWD Whig can now do so, by mail or otherwise. I
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sad shall endeavor to make our prices compare lavorably
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* SPECIAL NOTICE.
TV» nnib-^irnrd uronrietor of the Richmond Whig
will be in New Yoik on the 17th, 18th, 19th ami 20th of
this month. Persons desiring to subscribe to or adver
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portunity by calling upon me there.
WM. IRA SMITH.
New Y'ork Herald. Jimes. Tribune. News and Commer
cial Advertiser insert the above, and send bill to James
WUde Jr., £ Co., for payment.
W’M. IRA HMITH.
“For the temporary accommodation of the cit
i —a ' Richmond who may wish the Whig, there
yy] be \ :ckets sold at the office to the amount of
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ble partial < an^ their obligation taken, payable in
thirty dsrA 'so as t0 ®hable thorn to reach the latest
aoW. C.iil at office, Whig Building.
Cf Cttlicaa" will be visited this week, by acthobizxd
apwts for th® purpose of receiving subscribers to the
rf* Persons at the North, or elsewhere, desiring to snb
Hrtbo regular!v Ut the Whig, for six or twelve months,
•dB ulens- notify os jhrough the mail; and about the 1st
jt May we will be able to regulate the terms, and will
tfcm forward the bills for the amount of subscription. In
Aha meantime the paper will go forward,
fiend on your names, and give »ih the proper support.
ri»All communications sent to this office must be ac-H
Xjmpank'lby th • n i a • in 1 i l lress of the writer. Weg
wfiTuetuadertaka to return rejected communications. |
Ma)or Gen. Godebet vVkitzkl and Brig. Gen. G. F.
mput have their headquarters at the mansion former
yaccupiso oy Jeff. Davis, corner of Clay and Twelfth
Mmoto -continuation of Governor street.
Brig. Gen. Char. Devens has his quarters at the late
msldDoce of Dr Peasants, in Morson’s row, Governor
Brevet Brig. Gen. E. H. Rielbt has his headquarter* at
tta Chy HaU. *
Brevet Brig. Gen. John E. Mcleobd, Agent for the
Bxehange of Prisoners, has an office at the “Fomale In*
ititatc." corner of Clay and 10th streets-(flrst floor.)
Majrvf General A. V. Kautz, First Division, Twenty-fifth
irniv Corps, headauarters at Richmond House.
Major General Casey’s headquarters are at the corner of
Sixth and Main streets.
Captain Wm. Vondoehn, Adjutant General.
Major Atherton H. Stevens, Jr., Provost Marshal, has
hMresidence at the French Consul’s house and his office
at Major Carrington's late place. Persons requiring i*r
stw. passes, etc., can get them at the latter place.
A Military Commission, of which Major J. L. Stack
pote, Judge Advocate, is President, is in daily session in
tfaa Hall of Congress for the e.xaminotion of cases of per
wna confined by the Rebel authorities.
Major J. L. Staekpole, Judge Advocate of Department
•f Virginia, office in Female Institute, on Tenth street.
Lieutenant Colonel W. A. Conover, U. 8. V.. Acting
logical Director of Department of Virginia, office in
Sargeon A. C. Benedict, U. 8. V., Surgeon-in-Chief
Thwd Division Twenty-fourth Army Corps and Troops
stacked, office in Clifton Honae.
Aating Staff Surgeon Wm. H. Palmer, U. 8. A., Poet
•wgeon, at Stnart Hoapital.
Acting Assiatant Surgeon Senders, U. S. A., in charge
HI. & Dispensary, corner Broad and Eighth streets.
Bvgaoo B. P. Morong, (J. ft. V„ Medical Director of
fMBty-fifth Army Corpe, office ox Tenth street, near
Liao tenant Colonel John Coughlin, Provost Marshal
MmwxI of the Department of Virginia, office in the
OMon> Honae, on Bank street.
CApUin Abel E. Leavenworth, Ninth Vermont Vole.
AMhtent Provost Marshal, Custom Honse Bnilding.
Urge, nicely forniahed ROOMS, o«
A ntae SINGLE ROOM, suitable for a gentleman,
apply on the south side of Grot e street the fourth dooi
tf«n 8th. ___*1'^
Wj|itlTI’.P. — t enod MARKET O t^' RMKR cat
pro or a w.dali atom a few miles from Rich
oei <l bv applying at unoex thia office.’
Assassination of President
The heaviest blow which bas ever fallen upon the
people of the South has descended. Abraham
Lincoln, the President of the United States, has
been assassinated! The decease of the Chief
Magistrate of the nation, at any period, is an event
which profoundly affects the public mind, but the
time, manner, and circumstances of President Lin
coln’s death render it the most momentous, the
most appalling, the most deplorable calamity which
has ever befallen the people of the United States.
The thoughtless and the vicious may affect to
derive satisfaction from the sudden and tragic
close of the President’s career, but every reflect
ing person will deplore the awful event. Just as
everything was happily conspiring to a restoration
Jof tranquility, under the benignant and magnani
mous policy of Mr. Lincoln, comes this terrible
'h ow. G>d grant that it may not rekindle excite
[incut or inflame passion again,
a That a state of war, almost fratricidal, should
[give rise to bitter feelings and bloody deeds in the
^lield was to be expected, but that the assassin’s
iknifa and bullet should follow the great and best
[loved of the nation in their daily walks and reach
them when surrounded by their friends, is an atro
loitv which will shock and annals everv hrmr.rnli!..
man and woman in the land.
The secresy with which the assassin or assassins
pursued their victim s indicates that there were but
few accomplices in this inhuman crime. The ab
horrence with which it is regarded on all sides,
will, i is hoped, deter insane and malignant men
from the emulation of the infamy which attaches
to this infernal deed.
Wo cannot pursue the subject further. We
contemplate too deeply and painfully the terrible
aspects of this calamity to comment upon it
T-iiJ acts, as wo hav.- o.fijiilly ascertained them,
are subjoined: The President visited Ford’s Thea
tre Friday night, and about thirty minutes past ten
o’clock, whilst leaving the Theatre, was wounded
in the head by a pistol shot ‘Jred by John Wilkes
Booth. He died at twenty-two minutes past seven
yesterday morning. •
| Mr. Seward was also wounded in his own house,
lie is in a fair way to recover.
! The people of Petersburg bad this afflict
ing news yesterday before it was made
public here. Judge W. T. Jovnes, Roger A.
Pryor, John Lyon, and other prominent citizens,
united in a call S.>r a public meeting to express, if
words could do so, tbeir grief for so sad an event,
^tbeir abhorrence of the deed, and their sympathy
for the be rear d. We know that the citizens of
Richmond will take similar action.
TF any arguments wers now needed to convince
^the people of the South that the effort to destroy
the Union waa an act of folly rather than of wis
dom, euch arguments would be found In tbs uttc
sverthiow of the false philosophy on which the
disunion leaders based their movement. The Insti
tution of slavery is only one of the many publh
interests which were Involved In the questions at
Issue; but as It is one of paramount Importance
we will briefly show how little the disunlonints an
derBtood its true position, and how unfounded hav»
been their hopes concerning It.
The great and patriotic men of the South, in th<
days of Washington and Jefferson, saw the radlc:
ovlls of slavery, and sought to avert them by lnau
,orating a system cf gradud emancipation, am
from that day forward the wisest and most thought
ful of our Southern citizens— men holding broad
ands and working them with their own. elavee
hivc felt and known that the sentiment of tho civil
Izad world war agalnat the institution, and that th<
only hops of retaining It was by retaining the pro
tection which the Federal system afforded it in th<
Statu where it existed.
But a favorite dream of the dlsuni nist wee th<
establishment of an independent slavehdding Re.
public. The apostles of the Secession creed taughi
that a dlmoludon o/the Union would confirm anti
permanently establish slavery in the South ; tba'
the institution. Instead of being weakened and de
stroyed, would be vindicated in the eyes of th<
world as a Divine appointment of labor, lntende:
to endure ae long a3 man Inhabited the earth.
The immediate objxt with which the Nortberr
prop’e entered upcn the war was not the destrncti' i
of slavery. 1 heir design was to preserve the Union
to nphild the jn*t authority of the Nation, to de
I tend the right of a people to protect them wive
from rniu end dlsoTganlaitlcn by the ecte if thoe
••bo bad no substantial came of compUat agalnt
Iu the early months of the war, Southern hud-B
ere clalmod that slavery war an el.-ment of m')!'a*o*
strength to the South ; that the slaves w u d wo k|*
be farm’, ralsacorn, wheat and bacon, whil* tliE
j^ite men fought In the armies. F^r ecmet'miB
this delusion continued. Bat In proportion a; tb t
advance of the United States arml b cccurr. d, b«B
inevitable result, foreseen by the wisest of S^u b-E
srn statesmen, followed. The solution cf the q re; r
tlon of slavery l£8 been pu ely the result ol thl,
laws of war. When tho Sru’h icvlted vac, s' >|
abandoned slavery. To suppoie that 1 vadlrg'rf
n lei wcu’d fall to weaken thofr advercar'ei by <ml
iug to their aid such of the ma’e population cf tie
invaded country ai would join them, was a delu
sion which only madness could Lave cherts’-cd.
The Southern slaveowners havj dlscove-edb}
he revelations of the war that,however faithful act
personally attached to them their negTces may have
been, they desire freedom. They must now adml
hat slavery has received Its death blow. The la*
»nd most fa*al wound was inflicted by the Soutl
iarself. When slaves wero Invited to volunteer for
military service, tho tacit admission was made tl a'
hey w.-reperiona privileged to enter into the mlli
ary elements of tho etrugg’e between the Njrtl
md tho South, and that, there'ere, tl e mllitar
masares and policy which freed them wero leg ti*
nate results of the state of war.
The charge which bar thus been efTc’tsdlso
momentous import. To change the atatui of th
t,hole laboring class of a country as aid* as t •
■southern States Isa work which eanno' go on vltb*
>ut extensive embarrassment and dislocation. T>
substitute for th s Invjlun'.ary servtude f.rrerl}
prevailing the voluntary servitude in which cor
-.racta are made, wages are al'oTel, time i r compu 1
od and all the relations of tho free labor eyst nn
iro recognized, will require time and patience. Bel
toe work has been commenced, and t! e vlte am >nj
oar people will soon be sat'sSsd that their condi lot
will not bo the worse for the change. The eman*
•lpated negroes will also learn that if they will ea
hcy must work, and that industry and good tern
per are their best policy.
AMERICAN VESSELS FIRED UPON BY A
The United States frigates Niagara aai Sacra
mento have for some time been engaged in chasing
the rebel ram Stonewall. The latter has at lengti
• ucceedcd in escaping from the port ol Ferrol. On
March 27th her arrival in L<sbon. rhe capital ol
Portugal, is announced. The Portuguese authori
ties ordered her so leave thu harbor. The Niaga
ra and Sacramento arrived immediately alter, and
were ordered by the I’jrtugnese Government nm
to sail belore the expiration of twenty-four nour
alter the departure of the Stonewall. The com
manders of the frigates are charged by the Portu
guese with having disregarded this order, aDd,
while attempting to sail bef ire the propor time,
were fired upon by the Portuguese fort. The com
manders ol our steamers are, on the othei band,
jeported to have had no intention to sail, bull
merely to have shilled their aueborage. Diplo
matic notes, it is further reported, have already
been exchanged in regard t> this matter. Toe
rebel organ of London, The Indejr, volunteers the
further announcement that the great Powers would
protect Portugal if the United States should at
tempt to impose upon her.
It would be useless to offer any comment upon
this afl'aii until the !acts have been established.—
If the statements of the Commanders of our steam
ers aro correct, our Government will know how to
vindicate the honor of the national ting. At all
events, the relations of the foreign Governments
to Rebel vessels are now on the point of undergo
ing a revision, which will make the renewal of such
event* impossible.—New York Tribune.
Washington, April 13—It is believed that no
official information has yet been received in regard
to the firing by the Lisbon forts on tno United States
vessels Niagara acd Sacramento. This event may
be regarded as a fresh illustration of the compli
cation almost inevitable in case of tho eonti nuance
of the policy of fore ign Powers in rogard to oui
rhips of war, a-tainnt which the proclamation ot
yesterday so emphatically protests. There is rea.
son to anticipate that the etToct of that p.oclama.
lion will be to restore our vessels hereaft >r to the
enjoyment of customary rights ajid hospitalities in
foreign ports, and in the meantime this occurrence
is not likely to pass without such action on the
part of our Government as the facts when ascer
tained shall be found to demand.
Th? correspondent of the New York Tones says s
One of the most singnlar and lamentable events
of the war, carrying oue back to the daya of th®
ebivalric Knights, when each foetaan challenged his
adversary to hand-to-hand conflict, with the attend
ant hosts as spectator*, oocurred on Friday last, on
the left of the line, dnrlng a skirmish between a
portion of the Twenty-fourth corps and a brigade of
Rebel cavalry. Gen. Reed, Chief of Staff to Gen.
Ord, being up at the front, suddenly recognlied an
old acquaintance in the person of Gen. St, Clair
Peering, commanding a brigade of South Carolina
cavalry. Whether they had been in former times
frdenes or foes I cannot say; but they met now as
roes, and, in full view of the opposing forces pre
sent, they held a tournament of de ith, fighting with
pistols, until, almost simultaneous, Reed fell
dead, and Peering mortally wounded.
The French Embassy at Washington U reported to have
received intelligence of the dangerons illness of the tm
Atlanta, or what remains of it I* occupied J»y * rebel
force under Ho well f’obb. and he ha* his headquarters
there. The railroad has been repaired, and Is now ma
iling regularly between Atlanta and Macon.
T.leutenant General Grant, accompanied by Chief of
Staff arrived »t Washington Thnradav fro»u Citv Point.
It a reported lliat General Grant will visit his home is
Philadelphia before returning to the arir.y.
!flOBE TICTOBIEI. ■
.YNCHPURO RGRRENDEPRD TO A ^(>'<)T
1NJ PARTY. U
SELMA Ahrn MOE TOOMEi: Y CA ETUHEt) H
[ )rri ’T*I, w-'• EU Zt*V* ] fll
W u r> f .M.:<:ST, A\ r: 12, ^B
A!-jo* General Dir AVtc York : gH
h Co'i'lru ' f S lc.n by 'nr for«.ee L; *tp r.<d ^B
y Mijor Ge ,rr»l Go. U. Thomas ^B
Tno surrender of Lynchburg *• also rffida’.’y ra*
lorted. E.wio S! S artov, IB
tk-cretary ot War ^B
' lIsArvi^AiiTras Diimb'm nt O vh*'i'mv, ) S
N >hv Li.»,TrnM , Ap^tt 11 1P66 f ifl
Major Gennd H. H'. llaUeck, Chief of Staff: ■
1 <«• d tte lolloping, just reeeiv d from Hants- ■
ille, Ala , Lr iho Inform *;loa oi the R creiary of ■
V ar. I em ir.clk.ed to believe ltr altbougo, as yet,
f hire jece’ved no report direct from General
Hchtsvill*, Aua., 9 A, M., April It.
Mayor Otsural G. B. Thomas :
Tre foil wing Is just received from Col. Hoover,
.t S. msivllle:
• Men directly through from Selma report that
-•dace cajtared by Gen Wilson’s forces on the 2d
nst. Forest and Reddy, with their entire ccm
oands, were capture f Oar men dismounted ana
iharired tie Intrei cbmtr,'s and carried all before
htm Tnsy also report M mtg rn ry captured.”
(Si?'td) R S. Gbaroee
Ger. H. Thomas, Major General.
City Pjibt, Va., Ap#l 12, l%5
Bon E'trin M. Eltntcn Secretarytf Far.
LvnchhU'g surrendered ye?fe day to a L’eutenan!
of G iffi i s lorces, at the head of a scenting party
Jtneral Grant Las ordered M ckeuzVs brg ade of
nvalry to occupy the town and take care of public
iropertr. 0 A. Dab a,
Assistant Secretary of War.
TUB ERA OF PEA1E.
HIGHLY IMPORTANT ORDER FROM THE
THE CLOSING UP OF THE WAR.
4J1 Draftiag and Re<rnltin; to Me
TRB MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT TO BB
MJLITAR Y RESTRICTIONS UPON 7 RALE A S'B
COMMERCE REMO VED.
War Depahtmknt, WAnaraoroy, >
April 13, IMW—6 P. M. $
To Maj. Gen. DU, New York:
TLij department, after mature consideration and
consultation with the Lieutenant General upon the
results of the recent cau paigns, has come to the
udlowir g determinaiions, which will be carried into
■•fleet by appropriate orders, to be immediately i*.
^Hr,s(._To stop all drafting and recruiting ia iio
Second—To curtail purchases for arms, amaae.#:
lion Quartermaster and Commissary supplies, and
reduce the expends of the military establishment
id its -everal branches.
Third.—To reduce the number of general and
•tart iffl'.-ers to the actual necessities of the ser
Eburth.—To remove all military restriction* upox
trade and commerce, so far m may be consistent
with public satety.
Aa aoon as these measures can be put in opera
tion, it will be mide kao-vn by public orders.
Edwin M. Stamton, Secretary of War.
THK ORDER SUSPENDING TRADE OPERATIONS .S CER
TAIN STATER REVOKED.
HrwiRs Abmied op tuk United Staten, >
In the Field, Virginia, April 11, 1865. $
Shkcial ('rdeb, No. 74.—Second paragraph
if Special Orders, No. 48, of the date ol March
10, 1865, from these headquarters, suspending trsde —»
operations withiu the Slate of Virginia, except that
[fornuu inwn u •-• —~
„f North Carolina and South Carolina and that
portion of the State of G orgia immediately bor
leringon the Atlantic, including the city of Savwa
aah, until further orders is hereby revoked.
By command of Lieut. Gkn. Gr-ant.
T. S. BuWk«3, Assistant Adjutant General.
non ft hope.
THE FIRING ON THE NIAGARA.
OUB CONSUL DEMANDS RBDRE&S.
Halifax, April 13_The steamship Enrepa, fro*
Liverpool on tile 1st. via Queenstown on the 2d. ar.
rived here a two o’cio:k this morning.
The American Minister has demanded satisfac
tion of the Portuguese Government for firing inte
the Niagara, lie demand* that the American flag
■ball be' saluted bv the torts which lired into our
vessel*, and tbo dismissal of the Governor of tba
port. The American commanders deny any inten
tion of »ailinB wbep flrf d at* , •
Other European political news ie unimportant.
The surrender of Montevideo to Flore*, and it*
occupation by the Brazilians, la confirmed.
COMMERCIAL IXTKLLIl MI*Cf.
Livkrfool, April 1.—Cotton lean firm, hnt qui«t.
and prices unchanged. Breaiaiuffs quiet and
steady Provisions dull. Produce quiet.
London, April 1, P. M—Conaola 89 7-8»90 f»r
money. Illinois Central 61 3-4*61 1.4; Erie 36
United States Five-Twenties 67 l-5a68 1-4. |
SfiaitnaL.—Mr. John H. Addioon, aLondon orgy
kef, who has recently l>een praised by the
ualiwt jonrnals in England as “one of the stfOMp
medio ms who has yet appeared,” has amnsed hpa^
self, first by performing before select vkw.\ of
mends all the tricks of the Dave port Br<j*J*rn,
and secondly by writing to tho London Myto «t
that he is no “medium" at all, bnt dW it Vr ran.
The Spiritual Time* and the Spiritual f.<n]a*im,
which took np Mr. Addison as 6 remaFkfbl* beia%
now drop him in great disgust.
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