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Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1862-1865, April 17, 1865, Image 7

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kbfc* [From the Savannah Herald, April I.]
' Sr the kindness of some friends who have succeeded
in making their escape from the intolerable tyranny of
| Jeffdom. and who las* evening arrived in this city, after
r a most anxious and perilous journey from Augusta we
f are enabled to lay before our readors news from that
city and vicinity up to the 35th uIt. mclnaive which ij
• ns day later than the Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel
' of Friday lust, which they brought with them.
is oue of the most curious imaginable. A inoug the peo
ple w ho claim to be respccttble there exist* little but
distrust and suspicion oil each o.her. All w ish the war
ended; but though there is much wide spread I mou
feeling, and though there are many who would gladly
welcome peace, even by restoration and reconstruction,
they are compelled to lie so cautious in all the.r meet
ings with each other, aud. in their cxpres-ions of opin
ion. that social intercourse is a mere sham Ail are
I sneaking under the most guarded restraint, and. in fact.
I ..very conversation is held in full mental view of a Con
1 federate prison, a metafhorical.curb is on every tongue
I and a padlock on every lip.
I But still there are certain Union num who arc known
I to eaci, other, and who have their meetings for the pur
I nos<. of arranging plan* for escape from the cruel tyran
I ^ which ,nva.iabV|..eva,ls in D.xie, or, if nothing fur
■ thcr mav be done, to interchange ideas and cheer each
■ other with hopes'of happier times. Among thedevoted
■ and faithful knot of Fnionists, the piayen, for the coming
■ Shermsn were most fervent and sincere. He and his sol
^Kdiers would have been received with the heartiest we *
MS nine possible to bestow on a • a-tor who comes to
iHtteli'er a crushed and suffering people from the cruelest
^■•ouduge ever known in a Christian land.
Xho conscription is mote ruthless then ever wa* the
■ ttctioncer and the slave seller in former dayi-lathers
H and 1 u■‘bands are torn !rom their homes aud forced into
H Ac trmbrother and som are dragged away to re< nut
V-A< ranks of tho-e armies which are so rapidly melting
H lw tv lieforc the cannon aud tie bayonets of Sherman
■ id Grant. Those men who on account of physical d -
W nbilitv lire unsble to bear a maaket. arc impressed into
■ the Ouartenuaster’s Department, or placed in some other
■ position wboro brain-woik can be employe 1 instead of j
■ etrength and muscle. ... , . . ,,,,,
w The cl*y is full ofbeggars. People and whole lamb
Res of them too, who before the war were independent]
in circums*.races, are now actually auiTeriDir for food, |
ard th-authorities are do ng Rut very little for them.—j
App-aD for aid, the ra >»: touching and urgeut, are daily
made to the authorities, to the public, and to the indi
vidual by ladies who heretofore have ever been aecus
tnAriro penerouslv Instead of asking alms from
other- The d-stitutiou is hor tb c—no description can
dc justice to the misery aud weetch dn-as which pervade
the ontiie city of Angust i and the Oountry round abont
Among the lower cle-ses crime ia becoming torr bly
eommon. Provision denlers shops and Govarnmeni
ator houses have to be sharply guarded by well fed sol
diers to protect them from robbery. There arc many dis
charged or escaped soldiers prowling about, who. hay
ing ’ittle means of living, do not hesitate to commit
theft or even burglury to obtain the means of procuring
food. These things lire not p rm t e 1 to 1-e published in
the Confed-rate papers, but they arc vouched for as tacts
by all who have left the Confederate lines within the
»».-t two weeks.
Has become so frequent, and the robbers so bold that wo
men fear to venture out of doors after dark alone, and no
to trust himself out at night without first
"transforming himself into a perambulating arsenal. He
must be fully equipped with revolver and bowie knife
an 1 must be prepared to use them on tho instant. Men
are knock- i down and robbed of money, watches, shirt
atnds. and even clothing, even in the early evening and
in streets which on e were used to be crowded.
One day last week Mr. C. West, a saloon-keeper, was
attacked just after night fall by a gang led by a negro
boy whom he had recently discharged, aud who was
aware that Mi. West usually carried upon his person
monev to a considerable amount, aud that his watch,
4c were also valuable—just, however, as the ruffi^B'
hadcomm -need operations, the opportune arrivul of a
friend of the victim, aimed with a most welcome pistol,
decided the rogues t0 leave in a hurry. The boy was
identified aud arrested.
Burglary is also very common, and jewelers and m-n
who can do so take care to remove their most valnable
portable goods to their dwelling-houses nt night Four
weeks a to the vari tv store of Mr. M. Hymn, corner of
Broad and McIntosh streets, was broken into in the night
and robbed of goods to the value oi 840,000 No clue
was obtained to the burglars. The next week the dry
wood store of Mr. C. C. I*rake was entered in the night
and goods taken to the umotintof 840,000 to 860 ( 00.
Bo.h these buiidiugs were entered iu the same manner,
by boring through the wooden shutter with a center-bit,
then introducing a key-hole saw and cutting oat a piece
large enough to enable a man to thrust in his arm and
draw back the bolts, and raise out of its place the cross
bar which secured the back door. Although in neither
of these cases have the robbers been caught, there arc
circumstances which lead to the suspicion that both bur
.Biaries were peipct.-tvu i , i" ’ “““
thw parties are returned Confederate soldiers.
Ha» been vigilantly enforced until the number of returned
Boldiew and deserters became so great that they began to
ehow a bold front, and to refuse to obey the conscripting
_ In a short time they were joined by so many de
""^T-tcrs from the very bodies of men sent out to force
them into the ranks, that the Confederate Government
has resolved rather to do battle with wha» men it has
already andean induce to volunteer, than risk the loss
of its veterans in the attempt to force into the ranks un
willing recruits and determined deserters. There are no
troops at pre.-eat in or around Augusts, save a few cav
ul— whose principal btuiaess is to hunt down all refu
gees who attempt to cross the Confederate lines «and
escape to a free country.
Of this staple there is a good deal in Augusta—many
huudrod bales. Most of it is in private hands, the Gov
ernment holding but a very small amount. When Sher
man was threatening the city, end the people were wait
ing every hour to see the beaus of his advancing columns,
the commander of the Department, Gen. D. 0. Hill, or
dered ull the cotton in the city to be brought out and
piled up ready to be burned. Many of the owners strongly
objected to this, but Hill said that cotton had been
burned in New Orleans and other cities, and that it should
be done in Augusta.
Acco-dingly, the cotton, to the amount of many hun
dred bales, was ferreted out from warehouses, and in some
Elaces from cellars of private houses, and piled np three
aiea deep in Broad street and in Green street, and every
preparation was made to apply the torch. Combustibles
were arranged near by in the shape of light wood, tar
barrels, rosin barrels, turpentine and camphene were
ready to be poured over it as soon as the guns ^Kber
manrs advance should startle the city. . V
Sherman, as we all know, took a dtfferenkonte, and
the cotton was not then destroyed. Besides what was
piled up in Broad and Green streets, a great deal was
carried to the railroad and piled np along the ti^k,
ready either for transportation further inland or to be
burned if it should be found impossible to carry it awav.
The ootton thus deposited by the roadside was net haul
^Mati&away again by the owners, as the alarm about Sher
man did not immediately subside, bot kept the citizens
fn a state of trembling forsereral days.
Meanwhile “the rains descended and the hoods same'
and wet that ootton, and aooh spoiled much of itj this
was easily done, an the negpxvt and ivthwrs irr-ppod off
Ibfthe^own nee the gumiy-'lnth wl se.'tfred the
»n 1 thus the «>tt n hw.ttme sea't red o*t
attest d t-smpl d 'n’o t e in*>d. fbe n i, imd to ■’
Witvivsh Htongh #ht* *s • e ed w: h -ch1 e •
e‘ t* o w ich I e* n h »p« like drftt-d snow none t ►
hr efc.
Our informant, a ho is we" posted m the matte. , a3
.sure* us that, such was the general ohjectiou to the de
struction of cotton among the merchants and dealer*, il
(len. Hill had really attempted to carry out his intention
to burn it, bis soldiers would have been interfered with,
the destruction prevented, and the General himself pro
l.uhiy mobbed. Very many of the cotton owners are; at
heart, Union men, who secretly rejoiced at the approach
of the Union forces, and all of t4cm would much rather
prefer turning over their property to Gen. Sherman, and
take the chunccs of establishing some claim to their
I goods hereatter, than out of mere spite and in obedience
to an outrageous order, consign it to utter destruction.^
There are no dealings in cotton now in Augusta. Not
a bale is bought tr sold, so that there is no markefJHee
to t.e quoted. All trade tranaacions aro confined cxclu
lively to the sale of the absolute necessaries of life.
All trading or speculating in United States currency is
strictly forbidden—Greenback* must not even be em
ployed to purchase food or goods, nothing but Confede
rate money can be used. Aud, so letermined are the
authorities to force their rebel shinplasters upon an un
willing public that they punish a man buing or selling
greenbacks, or offering them in exchange, with a fine of
from one thousand to five thousand dollars and with
five years or more imprisonment in the penitentiary, at
the option of the judge. Despite this law greenbacks are
eagerly sought by persons who are striving the escape
across the lint s and get to the land of law and order once
again. By these people thirty dollars to fifty dotlare
Confederate is given lor a one dollar greenback. Gold,
when any one possessing it is verdant enough to part
with it for Confederate rags, eaailyTommands trom 00 to
eighty for oue. As may be supposed, however, there is
but very little to be sold.
K full meal of victuals, consisting of tainted or rusted
bacon, hard bread, rice, and sometimes fried potatoes,
HO; bam and eggs $10. . . ,
\nd these sums were demanded invariably in advance.
This practice arises f om a playful habit indulged in by
some of Lee's returned soldiers, of going into an eating
house, devouring a huge meal, and then walking off with
out paying anything at all.
Our informant wore a coat for which lie paid in Au
nu.ta six weeks ago, the uice little sum of *2000. His
pantaloons cost him *g00, his vest *200, »ud his boot*
-pm. If u gentleman there is disposed to indulge in any
0f the little ilelii ., u! the season, he must be prepared
to pav accordingly*. A dish nt oysters <10; a glass of
brandy <10. a Havana cigar *10; a snipe or bird of any
sort from *10 to <<$. ... ...
ti.a. nfrtnr.Mt vigilance and atnetnoafi ;irf Mfirciiea bv
the authorities to prevent aav one from leaving the Con
federate lines. Mr. Mile Hatch, a prominent and widely
known financier, and Rank President of Augusta, ob
tained a permit to leave that place from Gov. Blown for
the purpose of taking hi* wife, a consumptive invalid to
Xt-w York, to die among her friends, but had proceeded
only a short distance cn his journey when un armed force
was sent alter him and he was compelled to return.
[Vrcm »he N. Y. Commercial Advertiser, 10th Inst.]
The whole aubject of tho civil government of tl e *cc«
did .State-, involves suck gnat difficulties that public
attention cannot be too esily directed towards it It is
fortunate however, for tb> nation that the practical
statesmanship of Virginia, always noted for its bread' h
and elevation of views will now bo available in the dif
ficult and delicate task of conforming the social and po
litical institutions of the South to the more glorious fu
ture that awaits the American people. Upon them, and
upon that portion ot the population that supported them
in their opposition to the United Stales authority, will
largely devolve the responsibility of smoothing the trou
bled waters, and restoring peace and harmonv. If they
frankly accept the dntie* and privileges of loyal Ameri
can citizens in accordance with the spirit evinced by
Geusrai Lee in his terms of surrender, the work will be
comparat T.dy easy, and what now appears a mountain
of trouble, will be reduced to an insignificant affair.
But in no case can the loyalist* in the seceded State*
Ik- abandoned to the m wey of a sullen or factious major
ity. We rau*t be true to the men who wero true to ns.—
I i,c Southern Unioni-t-. and not the dis'ontenu-d and da
le tte 1 Southern tra.to.s must be the nucl us forthe forma
tion of the new condition of affairs. In this view it would
appear th.it neither law nor policy requires tho repeal
of the secession ordinance by the rebellions Legislature
of Eastern Virginia. S'cch * course would be an indi
rect if not an open recognition of the legality of the bit
ter war which they have been waging against us for the
last four years. We must make no such concession to
the perversion of the. State rights principle which has
beeu the germ of all our misfortunes. Ail facilities may,
and should tie. accord- d to the membei* of the Virg n a
and other Southern State Legislatures to resume indi
vidually. the rights and privilege* of citizen hip. But as
for recOgi lting them in their collective cr legislative ca
pac.ty, that is something to which the Northern people
should not accede.
The recognition, therefore, of the machinery, at least
of the loyal State governments that have already beta
formed, is a plain right and duty on the part of Congress
•and the nation. It'is true that there may haze been
some irregularities and abuses in the modes of election
in Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee, but the corroc
tion of the no may be safely left to the people after the
_ .1. i_i lTnitrrt Klnt*** fnrop*: Thf» nn Action of
the term* of the return of Georgia, the Carolina*, and
other state* la which there are no loyal State organiza
tions. must be reserved for farther developemenu.
Hut in re-p^ct to the return ol Virginia, which now
pre—*s for a solution, the Government appear* to have
already taken Cue proper initiative. Our apeeial de
spatcl.es from Wa-'niogton announced in advance that
G r Pierpont was about .to remove the Government of
Eastern Virginia from Alexandria to Richmond. It now
appear* that he has already arrived in that city. It will
be rememlx rod hy our readers that Governor Pierpont
claim* to be Governor of Eastern Virgiaia, In accord
ance with an election held about two year* since, in the
Eastern counties that were not at Jer the absolute mili
tary control of armed Confederate*. Since then he has
organized the State Government at Alexandria, and has
held more or less authority in the Eastern part of the
State. He came frequently in conflict with Gen. Butler,
who could “brook no brother near the throne." But
since th* removal of the Fort Fisher hero. Gov. Pier
pout s authority has been recognized by the United
State* military and naval officials at Fortress Monroe,
Norfolk and other places. Oongress ha* also partially
recognized the legality of Gov. Pierpont’s government.
Unless we recognize secession, Gov. Pierpont, and not
“Extra Billy Smith,’ is the loyal Governor of Eastern
Virginia, and will, no doubt, be recognized as such by
the ’President, the United States Government, and the
loyal population of that section. As for the disloyal
element it will not be in a position to exercise any op
position until it will be safe to permit it to do a* La the
regular way, ai the ballot-box.
[From the N. Y. Time*. 13th taat.J
• The Army of the Potomac has now no enemy to fight
It will never again have an enemy to fight in Virginia.—
It has fodght iU last great battle. As one of the gremt
organized armieo of the nation, it must soon, we sop
pose, cease to exist as a military fore*.. The fu
ture must develop its nseoud iUhartoiy. A part of ii
wii’. undoubtedly be retailed for some time in Virginia ;
but with all the strategic poohiona, the military
and cittes cf the State m i»*r bands, ttHty teowoand met.
e«*ld maintain pea-* in any oantangemey and rtga-L aig
frWe sipfem that «n Vhgtate, melnding *fl owe fore*
in the west*^ and ao*itfcw«wMrn wK-tuuw of the hum
-, ^„en lU l.-ah Vilte/ iu tb; anter-i ><*l ontben
n .ehive iv r 1*0 hnodre-I ih-le-auJ lr>m|>« o
j, „r n ' e li ive t .u the tinmen « azgree it* ol oce
..idi’i'UftT tnunsaad so id .or* who can bow bi
spared from the State of Yir-inia. None of them ar
needed to operate against Johnston—for Sherman ii
abundantly able to make any dispos tioa of him and hii
piebald army that may hate been foreordained. If anj
part of them should be employed against Johnston—whir!
we do not consider at all likely—it will merely be for the
purpose or inducing the rebel leader to surrender at once
witnout waste of blood.
We suppose that the Army of the Potomac will be di
vided up by the Lieutenant General into bodies of <■ uno
magnitude, and sent to occupy and garrison for a time
mis important positions in Virginia>the * aroli
nas and Georgia; and the array of Sherman will, for a
period, find like employment.
Sherma^’a great marches from .•ovemccr to April
proved to tis that the rebels have no army, and no ma
terial for an army, in the State of Georgia- that they
have no army and no material for an army in the State
oi SouthVarolin.; that excluding Johnston, they have
no aimy, and no material for an army in Xoith Caroli
na; and we know that they have no array, and, since
Lee's men are all under parole no material for an army,
in Viig nia. We know tin t b>:Ji t! e a risoa at Mobil •,
the rebels have no t oopt or military ma erial in Alabama
they have none in Mississippi; they have none anywhere
in Tcnneve Kirby Mniih has a good many min west of
the MksG-drp1, but. we should like to know, if under
present circumstances, they propose to fight for the de
runct Southern Confederacy.
Thus it is almost impossible that we should have any
more fighting of any consequence on this aide of the Mis
a Bsippi river. Lee’s men will all go home, in accordance
with the terms of Genera! Grant: but even if they were
not tinder parole, we may be very a^rc that they will fight
no more. , _ *
Thus, in the future, the Army of the Potomac and {he
army of Sherman will be emplo}ed mainly as congorva
tors of peace in the South. The term of service of a
good number will expire before the close of this year;
and of a very large number before the close of next year,
if Government finis it haa absolutely no use for the men.
it can disband at Its pleasure
To the Editor of tub New York Tikes
I am duly grateful I assure you, for the courtesy exer
cised by you in rcpubliahiug my vindicatory card in the
Herald, according to request, fhip id no time for eontro
ver-y, and I am certainly cot in the humor for controver
aial diacnasiun with any human being, or span any gub
yei t whatever. My heurt ia intently agonized over the
euUerinxBof ray countrymen, both North und South, and
the general destruction in recent battles, of some of my
nearest kindred and dearest friend*. But, a* reputation
i»iid piracc&l honor are about nil that ia now left to me,
will vou be aood enough to allow me to publish a few
lines in jour wideiji-cirewiaimg journal, in respond to
cue or two remarks in your editorial of this morning, in
which you have done me. as T cannot Lot believe, unin
tentional injustice, Yon speak of mo as having lied from
the Richmond Government. <>u the contrary, I came
eprtljl upon lull notieo.and avowedly for the porpoec of
endeavoring to faciiitite peace arrangements alone.
You describe me as having been expelled from the Con
federate Congress. I voluntarily abdicated my seat in
that body at leflat two months before the adoption of the
resolution of expulsion, because, as 1 stated at the time.
I looked upon the legislative body with which I found
tryeel:' connected, as corrupt, imbecile and servile, and
because ray associates, after fastening upon 'he South an
irresponsible military despotism obstinately refused to
take any step* for the restoration of peare, when 1 plain
ly haw and forew arned them that great military calami
&■ were impending, which unless averted by timely con
cessions to the Federal Government, mast inevitably re
sult in the wide spread ruin which is now being expe
rienced. The v >te of expulsion, properly ceanidered, is
only a proof that in miud in attachments, ia habits of
life and f inj character, -there was not the smallest re
semblance or affinity between myself and the majority ot
those who participated mthis impotent and dastardly act
of malevolence. Yon charge me with eccentriellj-. I
have to aay upon this point only this : My eccentricity
as a politician, if indeed I am eccentric, consists in my
having, in 1850, sastom -d the contprom ae measures of
that period, in opposition toextrem its alike of the North
and the South; in kaviag steaddy adhered to the great
principle of non-intervention embed ei m thoso mea
sures from that period to the present moment;
in having resolutely opposed all attempts to renew
sectional agitation , In hiving resisted the adoption of
i the Kanawha-Neb-aska Rill; the Leeomptcn Constitution,
the at'empu to reopen the African slave-trade, the in
trodnet.in of a non-intervention plank in the >emocratic
Presidential PI .tform of I860 , the propo-ition to break
up the 1'edcraJ Union because of Mr. Lincoln's election
in the mode reeogniaed by tne ' 'oust tution, in opposing
the- secession movement until civil war was already ra
ging and the Southern St Oes had lo-i Already tnvadea ,
in opposing all attempts by the Confederate authorities
to punish Union men for the conscientious entertainment
of Union sentiments; in opposing contts- ation. oonscrip
tion. and the suspension ot the writ of habeas corpus ,
in exposing and aiding in the defeat of Mr. Davis’ effort
to establish a despotism in the South, in originating
from time te time and pres, mg earnestly the sending oi
p-opositions of peare to Washington, in interposing
l-arie dy to prevent Union prisonor- of war from being
starved to death by an inhuman Commissary General
and, fiaxlly, in abandoning all connection with the Con
federate cause when I saw that a longer awociatioa
therewith would subject m> character, l oth as a public
Tn*n in It-Ain? dishonor. If this is what if
meant by ecoentricKy. I mu«t say I glory m being reg&r
ded aa eccentric, ax I feel th.»t B( whole cour-e La* beet
in harmony with principle, and that 1 have don» nothin
at any time of which either a gentleman or patriot ough
to bo ashamed. • .
I have the honor to be, respectfully,
l • Your obed e it ierrant.
__ILj*. FOOTH.
The services of thank-giving at l.mity Church, New
York. Wednesday, were of a grand and impressive cha
-acter. The sacred building was crowded to its olraosl
capacity, and hundreds who de-ired to gin admittance
were unable to do so. Rev. Dr-. Dix Vi. tun Ogilby and
Haight officiated. A number oi ch n.c* were rting on
the bells* and, in the rich tout** of the organ aud the
voices of the choir and the tho liauds in the assemblage
the edifice was tided with the *orgs of gladness aud
P72tbe course of the lesson read by Rev. Dr. Ogilby, oc
curs the fol.owing significant passage • winch the Kev.
gentleman dwelt with pecnli-r •mp ias.s (Daniel aa 15)
••Sto tbe king of the North *Uad come and cast up »
mount and take the ao-t .eaceu cities- and the a mx oi
tbe Booth shall not withstand, neither Lis chose-i peo
pie. neither shall ihe.e be any strength to withstand.
And agam nt the 40th verse of the =*»e enapter fi
**^And at tbe time el the enA shad the king of the South
cosh at him, and the kl goi the Nurlh shall oome agaiaei
fum like a whirlwind, -ith chariot* and with bor-emei
and with many ahipa, and he shall enter l*t0 com
tries, and shall overflew and pa*s over.
PE. TtKT«H'e MMAK18.
W§ oongratalate you, ay friends and brethren, u pm
this aeeemblagp for thanksgiving. We cotgratalhUyoi
npoo the victarica which have rroeimy crowned the ar
mas of tbe nattou. upon the spproachrng days of gio
rinue pence, and tbe ending of ib s most dmunroua wai
A> a n-tion we have reason t*’ be p-ood ol and graujn
to tbo ncUp moc who hove deieodcd toe rwatfj
upheld t-r lews and resbaa-. A 4 !lAve iudee-1 paxwe.
-p- - .. . » • i-.it- m «*rd-' i inm*. f*ns brougb
i out snd developed »n nur own I*** *» » -Vonger aa
uioie v.goronx a»iub-x*l aid worn*An ml ,*ad who
; w- lesu.Wil n no tr ti-mph »• ol
[ power ud dig .ity >nr g •vema. m it tn* 'l-irtti and i
, mm the r.,-1 .. ol tits -Vx-t rurg ng • «">«•»«'* 1
I ! ne.aMe cAuin ol patriot,am which suail for oil t.me bin
» in dearest harmony the varioua sections of our cocntry.
i What cause for gratitude have we to the Giver •< *?lgood,
i how constant1)’ has he extended his loving b nd unto ns.
«'c should thank him that we have been kept from the *
sin of idolatry, and that to no one man or ohiefum be.ong
the Donors o! these magnificent"triumphs. We thank his .
or onr Chief Magistrate, for his wisdom, his modesty,
I his firmness and his magnanimity. And now that we
stard upon the threshold of peace, let us pray that those
in aathor.ty may be gifted with grace to guide the fu.aro
desttnies of the nation. We should cherish the reelings
kind and loving to our erring brethren, snd while we
look for the certain and condign punishment o, the lea
den, of the great rebeiLon. Uward those who were mis
guided we should exercise a forgiving and a lenient poll- .
cy, remembering the words of the Beatitude read in our
hearing, saying. ‘ B eased are the peacemakers, for they
shall be called the children of God ;" and now, before
we separate, let us each and all join in singing, as with
one voice, Gloria in Excelcis, in which the choir will
The full force of the organ then pealed forth the mag
nificent harmony, in which the choir and the congrega
tion joined, producing a grand offect.
After the Kcclor, Kev. Morgan Dix, D. D„ had pro
nounced the benediction, Mr. Ditter, Dr. C 1'ti.kr 8 as
sistaut, played upon the large organ a selection of na
tionalairs, during which the audience slowly and reluct
antly dispersed.___ '
The New York Post says:
The first sale of cotton captured at Savannah, excefd
some that was wet and damaged, took plaice at 1 o clock
Tuesday afternoon, at No. Ill Broadway, under the «
rection of Simeon Draper, United States Cotton Agent.
Anthony J. Bleecker acted as auctioneer.
There was a very large attendance ol cotton dealers,
brokers and other business men, and particular interest
was manifested throughout the sale.
Three thousand bale-* of ifood middling to ordinary
cotton were disposed of tn three-quarters of an ho ur at
prices ranging from 16 1-8 to 26 cento in gold. Oertin
oates for the payment of the lulls are to be obtained at
the Sub-Treasury.
The following ia the rang* of quotations at the sale:
Good middling cotton, 25 a — cents.
Barely middling to middling, 21 a 424-4 cento.
Good ordinary to low miadliug. 1» 6 8 a til 3-4 cento. \
Ordinary to good ordinary, 15 1-3 a 16 cent-*.
"Tseie prices are generally considered fair, though tie •
low qua).ties of cotton sold at rdtes acncwbat below
those of the market,
fin EEC Eating Tobacco.—la the winter of 1864. Faya
the Rural New Yorker we stated the seemingly won- .
derful anJ anomalous fart that several flocks of Msrina
sheep Lad been found to be foud of eating the »maH or
c crjr lenvea u?it uo wwiww »*»uu vt pir****^
off and eating the dry bark cr external skin fiom those
stalks. We do actually and seriously and that the case*
we gave are the rule and not the exception—that it is a
I'.rioos fact ail Marino flocks {so far as we have heard of
ita being tried) will'thus eat tobacco thrown ont to them
in winter. They commence nibbling it at once, and soon
consume it habitually and quite ircely. We have re
ceived this statement f-om numerous reliable tobacco
growers. Perhaps otherjbreecsjof sheep would fee.^opo* M.
as freely, hut our informants have aL been Manao Sock
masterc Not the lea.* injury appears to accrue to -beep
frem actually eating this powerful vegetable narcotic,
which contains a principle (Nicola or Nicotic) so ileadJv
that a drop of it in a »Uto of concentrated solution wil
kill a dog. Hew human tobacco ohtwers can awaiiow
much of it with impunity. We knew a esae last winter
where it was regularly red to bned»ng ewes, (by Charles
Baker, Lafayette, N. Y.J and it produced r.o injury to
the lambs. They came strong and were healthy. This
correspond.! witn the experience of all the feeders of it
whom we have conversed with. Most of these gentle
men regard it as nutritions food for sheep, so far aa they
eat it, and some fancy their shetp a-e healthier for hs7
nx it ! Wo confess that to us this is one of the mot*
na-adoxical facts in natural history. Well, we hope oar
Mer’noes wont take to amoking next, for if they do they
will set all the hams on Are. they aro already aroused
by their enemies of setting a good many men’s brain*
on fire! __
Our Gsnk*aia - It is a remarkable fact that we hava
developod mo» <- generals of first-class military talent ia
our lour year war than Europe has produced in any
twenty wars of her military history. This fact.is tha
more extraordinary when we consider that moet of these
men were taken from the civil walks of life. Many of
them, it is true, had been educated at onr military a«ad- .
cay at West Point, and held commissions in the regular
army but a large number of these had retired fronvtha
service long before the war broke out. and adopted more
profitable occupations. The regular army four yearn
ago was a very small nucleus—amounting, ia aU
branches of the service, to an average number of four
teen thou«and men—out of which to form the brilliant
catalogue of great soldiers which now occupies the mus
ter roll. Another curious fact is also worthy ol notice, •
and that is that the most prominent of our generals are
descendants of those races who inhabit the British
islands—the Celtic. Gallic, Symrle and Saxon raoea.—
Grant, the Gael, is of Seotb descent; Sheridau, the Celt,
was bom of Irish stock, Shermsn, the Anglo-Saxon,
comes of aa Engliah family, and Thomas, one of tho
Cvmrio, springs from i he Welch race. Few. if any gen
erals, of the Teutonic or modern Gallic race have mado
any oonspienous position in our armies. The descend
ants of the races referred to have developed more mill- .
tary talent in this war wan loeir repirnemauve* aavc
ever done in Europe, not excepting the Irishmen Prince
Nugent, of Austria, and Marshal* McMahon and Neil, oc
France The conclusion, therefore, is that tbia is the
country to bring oot to full fruition the miliary genius
of the old races of Europe.-[N. Y. Herald,
Tax East A»vim« wo.—Great changes are Ukiig
plars in the Hast. Recently the city of Alexandria,
Keypt. was lighted by gas. introduced by a French com
pany. Under date of January 31st. M. He Lesscp*. preai- i
den' of the Suez Canal Company, announces that the 1
great work of connecting the Meditsrinneau and Rod
ara« * now so far completed that a water communication
is now between them, and it requires about twenty hoars
1 t. pa*H between them by the canaL At Jerusalem an
ord»r has recently be* n received from the Turkish Gov.
eminent at Constantinople, directing all the streets of
the city to be levelled aad paved. A carriage road is to •
be built to Jaffa, the reaport to Jerusalem, about thirtv
seven miles away, and the survey hag been completed fee •:
a railway which the Hultan has authorized to be con- ,
atrnotei A telegraph lino is building to Jaffa, thus con- ’’
necting the Holy UR? with the capitals of Europe, *
through Beyroui and Alexandria. A proposition is also
being entertained at Jerusalem to have water carried
again by the underground nipts from Holomon’s Pooh to
supply the Holy OHy. All these a nd similar great changes
are sign* of the tiroes, and with this increase of the fh
oilltiee of national intercourse, and of individual aad
social comfort, there can be no donbtof a rapid and
vastly enlarged opening up of the minds of the people to
whatever will elevate and really ennoble, who can
doubt that the way is also preparing for the gospel 1
FaCrr Chops or Onuo.—The following is a pretty dose
approximation, according to the Farmer, to the value of
the fruit orop of Ohio >
"Of apple tree** there are aver 16A00M0- Jftheee
give a , ield of three bwhel* t* a tree, we h*ve
I bushel* which, U Vty rents a bu*hel. would give the
1 en-ig Hath* acm eft»«»d» for the »Rp<e crop of Ohi*.
t Of punches than are M**-0** trees-the«e, ingtwo
1 bosi ale ewoh m a p*«h seanon, would give *060jm
i miehei* that may be e itm«ted it on* l»>iUr a bushel. •
e ol p trs ami Jjerno- a -i-i uiil m ,r V' One millw*
e di'Csr* a rile'. i*hree nooint U> UiBOO/MV which
u probabi) » h*w e*t.»*Ue of ili-v.i v, of t lie vr
d larger fruit* growa ta Ohio in leg,t m-ite arcbanM.

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