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THE "WORLD" AM) THE DEMOCRATIC !
TARTY. The Democratic party is a wonderfully reticent one just now. It looks out upon its magnificent future (that was to be) with anything but the high expectations it enter tained a few months ago. The effect of the unhappy Fall elections has been to compel tho drawing in of its more branching antlers nnd leaving its head to be borne less' 'proudly eminent than was arranged for the com ing ['residential programme. With its "new departure" platform it was to walk over the next Presidential course, without a competitor in the Republican ranks ; or, if one were offered in the person of (ieneral Grant, he was to be distanced by this new "Goldsmith Maid,"—the departure plat form—beyond a peradventure. The party was happy and jubilant. It almost saw the glittering bauble of power and emolu ment within its grasp. The political skir mishes of '71 were to be the certain pre ludes to a grand Democratic victory in IS7_. It was so heralded in proclamation —so emblazoned in armorial bearing. It seemed good, even to us, to see the radi ant and beaming faces of the Democracy, as they "smiled," one with another, over the prospective result. As I.ady Easy would have said, in speaking of her hus band's reformation, "it made us happy even to a pang of joy," to see these much satisfied and over-expectant Democrats. They felt good—so good, in fact, that we caught a part of the infection, and almost felt good with them. But the ides of March were followed by the nones of October aud November, when there was a " nipping frost" to all their hopes and expectations. The " Goldsmith Maid" had not MUM to time with " Dex ter." In fact, she was so completely dis tanced that she was ruled off the course al together. The World, which had dona nothing but pipe "new departure" before tho elections, did not even peep it after wards. It was the promised " Goldsmith Maid" which was to out-trot "Dexter's" best time in less than no time; and yet, when the time came, it did not so much as put in an appearance. But nature has kindly made provision for our deeper pangs of lieart, by enabling us to shovel onr best friends out of sight when they are no longer of any use to 113; and the World can now, with even less an guish than it could have done a month ago, kick its " new departure" pet out of sight with something of that emotion which Stncho I'uiiza felt when he tumbled into a pit in the dark, and catching with his hands upon its sides, hung there in terrible dismay till morning, only to find himself withm a foot of the bottom. The absurdity of the World's position can only provoke our laughter. Its " new departure" platform was all well enough, as was the hole iuto which Sancho stumbled, but its ignorance of what it involved, and of the depth to which it might sink its party, with all its alacrity in sinking, made its position an ex tremely ludicrous one P.ir the time being. But not more so than its position of pas sivity or "Micawberi.m," at the present time. Like the great head of that illus trious family in David Copperfield, the World is now patiently "waiting for some thing to turn up." .Stricken by misfortune, it wisely and greatly turns its attention, not to the "evils it knows not of" in the future, but to that essence of expectation which tho magnificent Micawbcr always en joyed. It is this happy position of "pas sivitism" to which the World has now come, and which it commends as the great antidote of the party for 1872. Wait and see what will "turn up!" It looks very like a Democratic defeat just now ; but the clouds may change, and what was only a "camel's back," may, with the next shift of the wind, become exceedingly like a "whale." It was so with old Po'onius, a statesman somewhat past his faculties in Hamlet's time ; and it seems etpially so now with the World —a journal that has outlived its usefulness iv the Democratic party, in spite uf all its collected maxims of ■wisdom and experience, which do not save jt from being the same buffoon in states manship that old Polouius was in his day. But, seriously, is there such a thing as the Democratic party to-day? From the World's standpoint, there is not, except in name. It appeals to all tlie "conservative" elements of the country, so-called, to bring along their platform* for Democrats to i-tand upon, and they will not object to a •tingle plank iv them, if llio name of De mocracy can only be preserved. It is a grand old historic, name which must not be thrown overboard. It is broadly national iied, and has a depth of significance that no other party catch-woid admits of. It is lhe legendary bean-stock by winch all the jiolitical "Jacks the giant-killers" are to susSSStA in the hope of bringing down a golcl ••n shower of wealth upon their heads. To tut away the beau-stuck before they make their ascent, is lhe sheerest piece of folly, according to the World. It would leave no opportunity for any of those po litical giaut-k.iiers to indulge in their favor ite amiiS'.ment of gigwticidu ; and as Grant is tite chief giant in their way juat at thi* • little giant-killers to climb up on during ) ie coming Presidential election. The b*au ul and fairy land of "greenbacks," gold ■iilicates, government bonds, and all the ler glittering attractions of wealth and wer, such as Democrats have au eya to, j ■, theoretically, at the top of this bean ock —supported by tho Democratic el« --eut of the country—and how absurd it | ould be to lop away the vine ! This ia twtantially the position of the If'orU, I y we have seen (it to put it forth in a lpler and somewhat cleverer light than at journal usually resorts to for its eluci ation of the subject. NARROW GAUGE RAILWAYS. The question of cheap railways or greater acilitics for cheap and expeditious local j raffle in the State, will continue to impress j self upon the attention of our people more j nd more every.year, until some solution j reached by them in the practical problem j be solved. We copy below the mora Sient points of an article which wo clip om a late number of the Country Gentle man, in order that our readerß may b« in brmed of the progress making in other parts of the country, in the matter of cheap transit and transportation. Virginia, from | ie lay of her hills and mountain range* id the course of her rivers, is especially terested in the question of narrow gauge ilways, aa feeders to the main trunk rail oads of the State, and her interest in tliat irection will increase in a ratio quit* as apid as that which shall attend her popu ation. We trust that the landholders of Virgin will ere long appreciate the importance f constructing lateral narrow gauge rail ays, such as the Fanuville, Charlottes- j lie and Stanardsville line already project . The cost of construction in Virginia will c much less than in Colorado, where labor s scarce and consequently expensive, and transportation of rails _nd other equipment laterials ii costly by reason of distance roni the seaboard points of supply. A railway of two and a half feet gang* would be sufficient for ordinary lateral ines in Virginia, and it is fairly presumable i.it such a road could be constructed and equipped, for local traffic, at an expense not much exceeding $8,000 per mile, "he entire amount required could be ob ained from the sale of bonds predicated pon lands subscribed in aid of the road; ie lands being held in trust by prominent nancial gentlemen, for sale to actual set lers, and the proceeds to be faithfully ap ilicd towards the redemption of the bonds. There can be no question but that such übscription made by the land-owners long tho line of tho road to the amount of ne-fifth of their lands, would, by securing be construction of the road,render their re naming four-Oftlis much more valuable than the whole would be without such construc ion. The only point to be guarded against iy the land-owners along the different lines of road, is carefully to see that they do not, iy any possible contingency, involve their lands generally by their subscriptions, but only such portion as is actually intended to >c pledged for the construction of auch railways. The enhancing power of a railroad over Klue of real estate is far greater than >eople readily perceive. At points l from a ready market it more than doubles the value of real estate, in the profits made therefrom; while in hardly any case can it fall as low as one-fifth such value. Bat we return to the article of the Coun ty Gentleman, which is as follows: While engineers and scientific gentlemen hare been demonstrating that narrow guage railways uever could aucceed In this country, and the en* tire influence of the existing railroad interest haa boen against the narrow gunge, the various pro ects for narrow gauge railways in Colorado, Cansos and Canada have been quietly but rapid ly put la practical operation, without laud grants, and with only such help as bona fide stockholders contributed. A correspondent of the Country Gentleman, vritihgof the Denver and Rio Grand* Narrow }na;;e R. R. says: "()n the afternoon of August 11, the first train f car* that had ever b*eu made up lv this coun try to run on a narrow gangs track was prepared f.jrour party, who enjoyed a run of a little ov*r three —dies, in the handaome passenger car.— Tisre waa also » smoking and baggage car at uehed to the tender and engine. The track is only three feet la width, antl the rails are only alf lhe weight of those on the wide gauge. We had followed the road-bed most of the w»y from I Colorado Springs to Denver -, the ties were laid Marly the whole way, and now vregladly availed I ourselves of tho opportunity to see the track laid, which wa* not nearly so laborious a work as ihat we witnessed on lho Atlantic and Pacific road In the Indian territory. Then the party re turned to the city, and before leaving lhe com modious ear partook of it collation of fruits from f tiie Pacific slope, anil listened to an account ol 1 lhe road, ita origin, process ami cost. "This _p:ul it seems is built without a grant of 1 land from the government, and will be, when mipleied, nearly WX) miles iv lengih, running ir the most part through an nnbroken wilder nee*. For nearly half it* length It runs parallel with th* river whence it takes its name; and It passes tnrough a mining region of groat extent nd value. Its average cost per mile, including equipments, is »13,_0U. Foreign capitalists hay* nested in its securities, and iM English stock holders furnished the rails, in payment of their ock. The Kansas Pacific railroad averaged 23,500 per mile. The gauge is SON inches lets than that of the Pennsylvania ruilroad. The en giMia were built at Philadelphia, at the Baldwin Wi*rks, and weigh only _£>,OUO lbs , while full sized locomotives tweigh US/MMi, and the tender weighs only 6,000 lbs. The passenger cars were built at Wilmington, and are models of beauty and elegance ; I bey are painted in dark colors, like the Pullman Palace eara, and are fitted i.p with taste. They are decidedly narrower lhan he regular cars, and seat three persons Instead of four on a line, two on the side ot Uio passage way oiid one on the other. This arruiigemfnt lternatpsfrom ihe centre of the car, making the .: iglit equal. The single seat fronts the double eat on the opiiosite side, be lag favorable for con .■rsailou. They run very easily, the motion be- X gui teas steady es that of the best wide gauge ivsay in the country, and the height from the track is less. It does seem as il the danger from accident would be less, for should Iwo trains clash together, the momentum would be less. Tho passenger cars will seat 35 persons, are « . eel inside width, 7M feet high from floor to cell ■g, o»d 35 feet long. The train appeared very minutivc alongside of the broad gauge cars; yet Its cars are inosi comfortable in all their be foagiugs, and the short trial trip was very much enjoyed by all the participants. The narrow gauge is a decided success, and the growlers who have declared that its engines could not draw good-sized trains, aud make good speed, must "ct as.- thoir complaints, suppress their groans." As laterals to the broatl gauge, these roads will Prove of the greatest service, opening up the ii luing resource, oi old aud new States, aud ringing more competition Into the market." Aside from the fact that tfte narrow guage rail way con be built fur one hall the cost of the 4 ft. in in. gu.ig.', experience has dsrnionstratcd that they can convey freight at less ej-penseper ton.— Tnis is accoinjili-hed from th* fact that they are n it obliged to curry as much dead freight a* the wider guage railways. Another tieta I. that sleeper grtides cm be used in narrow guage bet ter ihau in wider ones. »Esilently tlie railroad business, iiotwithstand % it has become so imjioitani axil vast, is yet In i Infancy. We suppose it requires no particular argument to prove that uow-a-daya no town can beeoiu* of Importance wiLtiout railroads. They li.ith be come an actual necessity, and no amount of nat ural advaxttag..-, wilt tompeosat* for Uwir *b- j ssem-e or can afford to do without thorn. NATIONAL iimilMA SETTLEMENT ivwH'IATIOV Under tho auspices of this association 'rofcssor George w, p,,rtcr is about to i Open an Academy aud Business College, i at Wyllieisbttrg, Charlotte county. Tlie ' design of the school is to afford the young men of Eastern Virginia an opportunity for j obtaining at home a practical education i which will lit thoin for professional,agrieul- ! tural or commercial life. The prospectus thus explains the plan : Tho Ilnaineaa College Department of ihe I School, for the edncnlion of young men for busi ness life, will be organized on the plan of th* Southern Biiainess College, which, under the dl recilon of Prof. W. 11. Sadler, at Baltimore, has done so noble a work for the young men of the South. Professors Porter and Sadler were for a long time associated in tho name school, and Prof. Porter come, among us with Prof. Sadler's commendation of hi. fitness to take charge of such a school. This school ia established with the expectation of making it a permanent insti tution, If the citizens of Eastern and Southern Virginia give it their patronage. The rntea of tuition ar* ancli that all young men can avail themselves of this opiiortnnity to prepare them selves for business lite, being much leas than al any similar institution lv the country. To ac commodate peraons who are necessarily engaged during the day, a night session will be taught at suitable rates. Professor George W. Porter is recom mended by some of the highest educa tional authorities, and we trust that the inhabitants of Charlotte county will fully appreciate the importance of the Profes sor's labors and sustain him as thoroughly as he deserves. We have received the catalogue of Am herst College for IS7I-72, together with a handsomely printed brochure of r ome eighty pages, giving the address of President Steams at the opening of "Walker Hall," on the 20th of October last, and the other exercises of the occasion. We are pleased to notice the evidences of prosperity in tliia college, now approaching the foundations of a University ; and, from the very able address of the President, we judge tliat the institution has the right sort of man at its head. Amherst already ranks high among American colleges. The eclipse which one of our city con temporaries says will be seen "as through a glass, darkly," and which is not predict ed by any of the Almanac-makers for No. vember, 1872, will be so distressingly in visible in the United States, that no anxious Enquirer will have occasion to use smoked glass or any other imperfect means of ob servation on the day it transpires. The to tal obscuration of the Democratic party, in that eclipse, will lie precisely four years, to a second, by Washington time. SEWING MACHINES. ri-iHE i»UTOovlEirHmvi: IB TO-DAY TBB tATBIsT a** MOST MonBBB SEWING-MACHINE I in the world, having the original LOCKSTITCH and a greater range of work, doing both very fine and very coarse work perfectly with lltle trouble to the operator. Has attachments for HEMMING, FELLING. BRAIDING, BINDING CORDING, GATHERING, TUCKING, *t. Ia fact, until you have seen the HOWE, you have no Idea what a really modem Sewing- Machlne will do. J. F. McKENNEY, Agent, no 10—tf _______________ fP_t I.Vll'ltOM.O SINGER SEWING MACHINE. THE BEST FOR ALL KINDS OF WORK. Its sales indicate It; Durability and Popularity ; Its Work conllnns it. 127,838 SOLD LAST TEAR. NO OTHER MACHINE SOLD SO MANY! Wo neither force nor crowd sales. The Machine must stand upou its own merits. Call and examine it. SEWING MACHINES REPAIRED. SHAFFER k STRONG, mh 10—d&wts ma Main street. /"I ItlMI OHiCSiI.V. Of". FINE CLOTHING FOR FALL A It U WINTER AT A. OPPENHEIMER'B NEW BUILDING, Ma. 1401. < enter •f"YUIu ami Fourteenth Ms. W Ith au exiwrience of 20 years la die business and the best facilities for inanutacturiug la New York, Is preiiared toglresatisfaetksu to tlie trad* and public In quality aud prtoe, at WHOLESALE AND RET AH.. 6* 20—-d.BWjfcWIID 1871. <w, ™"° 1871. FALL 8 T V L EX' Si»eclal attention la called to the large and su perior stock of Gentlemen's and Youtlis 1 READY-MADE CLOTHING, Now on eulc, oinprialiig everything Unit U new in style and fabric. In addition to the above superior stock my sam ples for the CUSTOM DEPARTMENT represent the immense piece good stock of DEVLIN _ CO., OF NEW YORK, from which I am now prepared to take orders.— ] My arrangements alt'ord special facilities for ma- j king them up lv style and workmanship that con j net be surpassed by any house In tlu- country. ALSO, a complete stock «f GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, comprising all the novelties of tl.e season. An examination of my stock of this season's manufacture is i-espectfully solicited. JOHN S. DEVLIN, 1007 Main Street, opposite the Pnst-oflice. se IS—ts FASHIONS. j&c_ 4 CARD FOR' THE I, Will.*, In consequence of misrepresentations of cer tain Interested but iinserupulous persons, we beg leave to remind the laiiibs er hi. if _'.ie that the agency for BUTTEHICK'S PATTERNS is still at the OVTU 8 OP TBB HOWE SEWINO MACHINE, X*. 93S Mala Street. THE LATEST STYLES JUST RECEIVED. oe 26—darwts J. F. McKENNEY, Agent. X> itl'Tßßic'av'i*' Pa i ititi\s>— i FALL AND WINTER FASHIONS Late .tylee just received ; also, islßiasroi.tTAß for November. Principal agency at the office of | the HOWE SEWLNU-MACHINE, 523 Main street i. F. MeKENNEY. ! M lA—tf PROSPECTUS. IV PLKI.Y STATE .IOUIIVVIT — rou itta. ■ ; A RELIABLE FAMILY NEWSPAPER ' lIBVCTSD (.< ' - •OI.ITII », SCIENCE, LITERATURE, AGRICULTURE, AND THE MECHANIC ARTS. j 1 IT A PRICE WITHIN REACH OF ALL. j J THE CHEAPEST AND THE RES r. I ( SPECIMEN COPIES SENT FREE.j' EXTRAORDINARY INDUCEMENTS. I 1 ,'ALUABLE PRIZES TO PERSONS SEND ING CLUBS! PAPER SENT FREE FOR BALANCE OF IS7I j : TO ALL NEW SUBSCRIBERS: LOOK AT OUR LOW CLUB RATES AND LIST OF SPLENDID PRIZES; TEliMss—lnvariably | n Advance: One copy six inontlis $0 75 j One copy one year 1 80 ' CLUB rates: Five collies one year (with one copy free lo person sending the club) tf 26 i Ten copies oue year (with one copy of .Sssti - Wkhkit free to person sending the c1ub...10 00 Persona competing for the prizes, will not be allowed the extra copy after the first club, but , can remit at the lowest rates, (*d each,) and are allowed to add to their club one or more names, • as fast as they are obtained, and are not restricted ■ to any one postofflee or county. I FRIZES: In addition lo tho inducement* ottered by the above liberal Club rales, wo will present to tho person sending in THE LARGEST LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS before the first of June, 1572, A CEI.EBI. ATED WHEELER k WILSON NEW IMPROVED NOISELESS FAMILY SEWING-MACHINE, j which can be seen at the Wu&klbr k Wilsob j AaßScr oe Mnsaiis. Radway Ii Hii.l, No. 1001 Maix Stuskt, Rjcumoxb. ALSO, a number of OTHER VALUABLE PRIZES, ' consislin.r of THE CELEBRATED DIXIE PLOW (2-horbb,) I manufactured by Mn. P. H. Si.mKH, Ricubomh. ; VALUABLE BOOKS, FRUIT TREES, Ac. kc, to be awarded March lflth, IS7-. THE WEEKLY JOURNAL. Will contain a faithful resume of the News of , the Week from all parts of the world ; full and j accurate reports of the Richmond and Baltimore i Markets; well digested Editorials upon nil the j current matters of interest, Political, Financial, ! Oommerolnl, Agricultural and general topics; selections from lhe blading journals of this coun try, local and State news, kc. This pui>er will : maintain the principles of The National Repnb- : lican Party, and strenuously advocate all mea sures to advance the public good. Believing POPULAR EDUCATION to be the great want of our State and Country, v.c shall give large space to its advocacy. We shall devote a large isortion of our columns to the subjects of Agri- j cultural, Horticultural and Mining Interests, giv- j ing interesting articles on these subjects from able j contributors. LIST OF PREMIUMS. We announce to-day A PREMIUM LIST FOR I 187:1, which oilers to the friends of the Statb j Joi'bnai. an opportunity to serve themselves and : aid to extend the circulation of A FIRST-CLASS NEWSPAPER. The JoniNai. is now favorably known all over \ the State, ami it will be much easier to raise i clubs for it now. than heretofore. AS A FAMILY k AGRICULTURAL PAPER, j the Wi.kui.y Statk JorBNaL will be foiuid espe cially valuable. No pains will be spares! lo keep i t CONSTANTLY IMPROVING. Any person who chooses, may collect a list of subscrilH-rs. large or small, aud receive the premium. It is only necessary to exhibit copies of the paper, explain lis value, unit forward the names and money. The money should always be sent by duaft ob PosT-uPFicB obubr ', but if that can not be done, by BKOisTHitsn lettbr, the money to be placed in the euvelope, which is to be sealed in presence of the postmaster. The terms (EQUALTO ANY IN THE WHOLE SOUTH) upon which we oiler the Jocrmal, bring it wUhin reach of the poorest. There are many young persons, engaged in teaching and other callings which give leisure, and who would be quite certain to raise a club for us in a week if they really set themselves at li. We now otter, as our first prize, a splendid No. -I WHEELER Si WII.SON SEWING MACHINE, WORTH *so. This splendid machine will be awarded io the person who sends ns the largest number of sub scribers bef.il"." the Ist of June, 1572. Our second prize u< an ORDER FOR FRI IT TREES upon the well-known Vernontlale Nurseriee of Clutlßl*/ Gillingham, who has a splendid assort ment of I'ruit tree*, grap* vine* and shrubbery, ot all varieties, especially adapted to Virginia. This ortler is worth FIFTY DOLLARS, and will entitle the holder to that amount of trees, at cash priit... This prise wo offer to the second best list sent ns before the IMb of March, in time for spring planting. The third prize is of the same kind as the second worth FORTY DOLLARS, and will be given to the person sending the third best list. As additional prizes, we offer a WERTER'S DICTIONARY, unabridged, worth *12; a two- t horse DIXIE PLOW; set of besi Agricultural i Works, worth tlo; Fowler and Wells' publicn- ! tions; New Music of Peters _ Co., worm #10; also, sets of valuable miscellaneous books, worth 610 each : also, orders for nursery stock, worlh len dollar* each. One of lhe above prizes will be awarded to each club of Ufiy, and prizes of one-half the value, iv our discretion, to each club of thirty. Each competitor may indicate the prize which he prefers, and it will lie awarded to the first who has so expressed preference. Please siaiewh.it prize you aim ai. Tins will not prevent you taking any smaller prize should you fail to secure the higher. Every club of five will be entitled to an extra copy of the Wkklt. Canvassers along tho lines of the railroad will find it to their interest to In- ] elude also lhe Dauv, and SBMI-WEiiBLY. esjie- \ dolly, in tlieir lii-i. Every subscriber lor the j Sesh-Wkekly will ■■omit as two for tho Wkkkit, aud for the llaii.y In same proportion. At our club rales, two cents a week supplies j you Willi a first class paper. Newsdealer* and j others will find it for their interest to keep our paper, WEEKLY' and SEMI-WEEKLY for sale. They will be furnished at favorable rales. To aid parties raising clubs by enabling them | to offer some inducements to each subscriber, we j propose tlie following: To each club ol leu subscribers or more we will send a suHlcient n umber of GR APE CUTTINGS of the new and l>est raritie* to furnish each mem ber TWO DOZEN VINES. With these cuttings we will send ilireciions for rooting. Tv each cluliof fifty or more we will send TWO RUO'I El) VINES MCb, and also CI'TTINGS as above. These will be sent for dUtrtbution to the ] club. Thi-se VINESandCUTTINGSwiIIbe from our own ground-, where we have over one hundred varieiies on ulal, iinluding all new antl choice Mutts, which we will l.c glad to aid in distributing over tllo State aint.i.g our readers ami others If any prefer seionsot choice apples, chei-ries, pears, kc. We will substitute or add them to the grapes. If liiforinid in time. We believe that next to a good newspaper, a bountiful ..upply of good truit lor old and young is ih» liest gift of ! Providence. Keuiltiaiicos should be aodtLte money orders I or registered letters and addressed to EDWARD DANIELS, Bdltor and Manager Suite Journal, Richmond. | ■11l UrST/RANCE. |\siinMii>Miu?,(t:i>,iiuMt: PETERSBURG SAVINGS AND INSURANCB COMPANY, OS risTBBSJIITB.I, VIB.ItBt*. D'ARCY PA PL President. SAM I. B.PAUL Secretary. ASSETS OVER jJ4OO,Oe« FIREMEN'S FUND INSUItANOE COMPANY OB .A3 BBASCIsC, Oil.. Capital (gold) *iOO,OOO surplus (gold) amfisit Total assets (gold) *T99,6«T FORTY THOUSANI7~I>OLLARS in Virginia Registered and Pniti d Mates Bonds deposited with the Treasurer of Virginia for security of Virginia imlicy-holders. .V. ic Yuri Board of Refer, nee— David Dow*, (leu. ■ Opdylte, A. A. Low, H. B. Olafltn, W. T Oole ! man, John Wlnslow, Jnmea Lees. ■ FIRE AND MARINE RISKS TAKEN AT THE LOWEST CURRENT RATES. The undersigned, representatives of the above j first-class liberal and prompt paying companies, 1 re«|>octfiilly solicit the patronage of those desl -1 ring Insurance. THOS. M.'ALFRIEND -.SON, Life, Fire and Marine insurance Ageuta, •c sS—d,sw4w3m Office No. »o_Main at. ; : , -Tr—- ■ ___ QPECIAL NOTICE. TO ALL PERSONS WISHING FIXE INSU RANCE-THE RICHMOND BANKINa AND INSURANCE COMPANY offer Inducements un surpassed hy any safe company, io iusmeagainst j loss hy lire of all kinds of property. They nsk of their friends and the public to give I them a call before iusurlng elsewhere Consult your own interest and Insure with us. T. B. STARKE, General Agent. J. B. Davis, President. ■ Jobs F. C. Rons, Secretary. oc 26—tiAwly I 1 j nilV.li. FIRE IWIIIVK '.I.V:, OF LIVERPOOL AND LONDON. Capital, $10,000,000, Grain. Deposited with Treasurer of Virginia. *iW,908 ;In United States bonds. Shareholders personally liable for tlie obliga tions of tho company. Being appointed agents of the nlsove stuunch old company, we solicit the patronage of the public upon it« unquestionable security, prompt and liberal settlement of all claims, and heavy Income. Merchandise, buildings, and personal property insured on the moat liberal terms. ; Losses paid as soon at* adjusted without dis ■ count. . JOHN H. CLAIBORNE It CO., !no 7—lm Agents, No. 1108 Main street. j "pACIFIC INSURANCE COMPANY OF SAN FRANCISCO. 'Capital, (Gold) »l,000,t)00 . Deposited with Treasurer of Virginia, (U.S. bonds) .50,000 I Deposited with of New York i2ou,rx)o j Stockholders intlividually liable under State ; law, adding *_0,000,000 'additional security to the i Company. This favorite Company insures all kinds of pro- . . jserty antl merchandise against loss or damage by ! fine and the perils of the sea, en the roost favora- I ' ble terms. '■ The Company make* PROMPT payment of I Chicago losses, and reinstates its capitaitoONE MILLION DOLLARS IN GOLD. JOHN H. CLAIHORNE & CO.. !oc 83-lw Agents, 1108 Main street. | /CITIZEN-' INSURANCE COMPANY ! (Inconiorated April, ltsSD,) No. 1-16 Rroadwny, New Yerk. I * Cash Capital 'ftJOO.OOO 00 Surplus 111,416 94 Assets, Oct. 1, 1871 111,416 94 Insures Buildings, Furniture, Merchandise and Farm Proi>erty against loss or damage by fire. This company will not lose more than Twenty - | five Thousand Dollars by the Chicago fire 'JAMES M. McLEAN, Proe't. i EDWARn A. Walto.v, Secy. R. T. BROOKE, Aobst, ocie—tf No. 1014 Main street, Richmond, Va j TTjiMPIRE MUTUAL LIFE INS CTRANCE COMPANY, NO. 139 BROADWAY, NEW YORK. .: G. HILTON SCRIHNER, President. , I SIDNEY W. CROFUT, Secretary. | This company is purely mutual. All policies j incontestable for usual causes. No restrict ions upon travel or residence. POLICIES ABSOLUTELY NON-FORFEITA BLE. All policies absolutely Incontestable after two annual premiums. Good, reliable, nnd efficient AGENTS are wanted for every section of the State. A profit able position is open to all those who can furnish satisfactory references and are willing to work. Apply at the branch ollice of the Company, NO. 913 MAIN STREET, RICHMOND, VA. C. A. LOWBER, Manaser. Medical Examiner, Da. A. S. MtRAE. au 12—tf PROFESSIONAL. 11l SHIELDS, a (Lath or Cii.s_i>!.hh, Moaros" _ Shibuss,) ATTORNEY- AT-LAW, Marshall Ball, Corner Tenth and Bank Streets, BICHHOKD, VA. Practices In the United States Court*. Particular attention given to cases arising tin der the United States Revenue Laws, and Bank ruptcy. Attorneys outside of the city can have their Bankrupt cases here attended to promptly, and carefully looked after, by corresponding with me, thereby saving them the expense ol visiting the city. oc 23—ts ISO. W. JB.VKIBB. ISO. B. rOPBAH TENKIXK _ POPILIM. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. OFFICE—NO. 1 MARSHALL BUILDING. Cob. Tbbtb SMS Bask Stbbbt, Rich_*hd, Va, Will practice in the Court* of the State and the United State, and bedore the Court of Claims and I Departments nt Washington. Special attention . given io cases arising under the Revenue and ! Bankrnpu-y laws of the united Stntes. mh i.'idiwif Congress having recently passed a bill provid ing for the appointment of a COMMISSION for the examination antl adjustment of the claims of LOYAL CITIZENS of the South, for stores or supplies taken or furnished during the rebellion for the use of the army, including the use and loss of vessels and boats while employed in the military service of the United Stales, and there being many claims of thia description which should have prompt attention, we respectfully offer our service in the prosecution of the same j tiefore iho Commission, "ii the most liberal terms, ! Mccording to the amount Involved and the char « acter of the claim. For lull pai Uculars adtlreas JENKINS k POPHAM. Attorneys nt Law, Richmond, V a. We refer by permission to Jno. B. Davis, Pre* | idem Planters' National Bank and Richmond j Hanking and Insurance Company, Richmond; DaveniKirt k Co., Stock Urokers and General Agents, do.; k Co., Bankers, do.; lion. H. K. Ellyson, ex-Mayor, do.; C. K. Bingham, j President First .National Hank, Lynchburg; Hon. jJ. F. Lewis, U. S. Senator, Washington, D. C; Hon. Jas. 11. Piatt, do.; Hon. Charles H. Porter do.; Hon. W. H. H. Stowell, do. I jipl—d&w ll 'II 11. BROOKE ATTORNEY AT LAW. ; Practices In the Courts of Caroline, Essex, King and Queen, and the United States Courts at Richmond. Ollice at Miford Depot, Caroline county, Virginia. Iv all business requiring counsel, and in all professional business, Me_»r». CHANDLER k MORTON, of Richmond, Vn , will he associated witli him. Address Central Point, or Milford D*i>ot, Caro line county, Virginia. js 2—tf F~~ OR RE.M'—Two larue"i»VVELLl\u$,fB.' wiih modern conveniencee— ytio with car -til J lurge-house anil stable attached, near ihe corner ;of Leigh and Adams streets. A pply to loc 31-lmeod GKt'Hli 4 WILLIAMS. MACHINERY, RAILROADS. MANUFACTU- I RERS' AND ENGINEERS' SUPPLIES, TENTH ST., BETWEEN MAIN AND CABY, RICHMOND, VA., STEAM ENGINES of improved construction, tor all purposes, of Richmond or Northern build. MACHINERY FOR Railroad, Machine, Car and Carpenter Shops, Flailing Mills, Sash, Blind, Door, Cabinet-vmre, Chair, Bedstead, Wooden-ware, Agricultural, Machine, Handle, Si>oke, Stave, Carriage Wood, Cotton and Woolen Factories, Cotton Gins, Farmers, Foundries, Rolling Mills, Tobacco Fac tories, Tanneries, Saw, Flouring, Corn and Paper Mills, Mines, kc., Ac; Forged and Rolled Iron. Improved Shafting, Tulleys ami Hangers, Belt ing, Lace Leather, Saws, Files, Wrenches, Twist Drills, Steam Gauges, Saw Gauges, Saw Gam mers, Steam and Water Pipe and Fixtures, Pack ing, Journal Metal, Pick and Tool Handles, Tur bine Water-YVheels, kc, kc. SECOND HAND MACHINERY and STEAM BOILERS bought, cold and exchanged. A quan tity of the same on hand to be sold low, Bitch a* Engines BoileTs, Mill Stones and Gearings, Wood Working, Machinery, Ac. Plans and estimates of Machinery lor Mill* and Manufactories of all kinds. mh I—dAwly Wtt.s. coo«. JJII TBH, VfEff FIRM. PHCKNIX FOUNDRY, N*. * EIUHTH SrBBBT, BBTWBB.V MAI .1 AMD FBAKKIIS, RICHBOKD, Y'A. WM. B. COOK k CO. With Improved facilities and with a determina tion to please In prices and style of work, we re spectfully ask from tlie people of Richmond, Y'lr ginia, and the South generally n fair share of patronage. We manufacture IRON FRONTS, Y'erandahs, Bulconies, Iron Railings, Y'ault and Cellar Doors, Gratings, Window Guards, Awn ing Frames, Corinthian Columns and Capitols, (Imamental Window Caps, Ornamental Brackets for Balcoides, Shelving, 4c, Y'entilatora for Brick and Wood Condce, Gae and Water Pipe, Hy drant Keys and Roils for Gas and Water, Traps for Culverts antl Hydrants, Coal Shoots, and all kinds of IRON WORK for buildings generally. We also manufacture, together with the above, work FLOW-CASTINGS, and would respect ftilly solicit the patronage of merchants and farmers. All work guaranteed, and orders filled wldi dispatch. no 16—dm We make all kinds of NEW WORK in the MA CHINISTS' line. REPAIR ALL KINDS OF WORK. YVe go in the country to do all sorts of work in onr line ; also make the best TOBACCO MILLS In the world, and keep them on hind, rs well as TOBACCO SCREWS of all kinds, to gether with Bands and Billets, antl all articles for the MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO. We keep on hand and for sale all sizes of new and second hand Engines, Boilers, Saw Mills, Grist Mills, Power Pumps, Plat form Scale., Shafting, Hang ers, Pulleys, Gear and Bevel Wheels, And in fact a general assortment of all USEFUL ARTICLES' in our line, together with JUDSON'S PATENT STEAM-ENGINE GOV ERNOR, UTICA COS STEAM GAUGES. Selden's Patent Engine Packing, Pall Valve*, Globe Y'ulves, Tallow Cocks, Self-Oiling Cups for bolh engines and Shaft ing, Flue Cleaners, Oil Cans, Water Gauges, Ac, All of which we sellat REASONABLE PRICES and on ACCOMMODATING TERMS. N. B.—We receive on consignment all kinds of MACHINERY', both new and second-hand. ('«. and see us. SLOAT 4 ADDING TON oc - —d.swAwSm PRINTERS' WAREHOUSE. rplIE LAROKST TYPE FOUNDRY' A>'o MURK BXTBMSIVB PRINTERS' FURNISHING WAREHOUSE South of Philadeplua, is the e*:ab!i~hiue_t of H. L. PELOUZE 4 CO., Ill; UM.'.Mi, Y*A. The Richmond Dispatch says; "Rich_o:ii> Tvrs Focsdby.—The new ilresd .n which the Dispatch has appeared for some weeks was furnished by Messrs. 11. L. Pblodzb 4 Co., proprietors of the Richmond Type Foundry. We have been using their iy|ie for eight or ten years, and have found them equal in durability and style of finish to the best foundries In this country and England. Their prices are uniform with ail the other foundries." The Richmond Whig say* : "T-sRicBBOFDTtrBFoiTSDaT.— We have been guilty of an Inadvertence in falling to mention that the beautiful suit cf type in which the Whig now appears was manufactured for us at the Richmoutt Type Foundry. This is the third out fit we have obtained from that establishment one before and two since the war—and we are prepared to bear emphatic test imony to the fidel ity with which the proprietors (Messrs. H. L. Pelouxe 4 Co.) execute their contracts, to the beauty and durability of tlieir work, and lo the fairness of their prices. The Richmond Enquirer says ! The handsome typographical appearance of this paper has been noticed and complimented by the press all over the country. We take pleasure in elating that our outfit was procured from tbe Richmond Type Foundry, Messrs. H. L. Pelouze 4 Co,, proprietors. fe 18—deodAwdm COMMISSION MERCHANT. AL. MASURIEH, • ofßicbhobd, Va., COMMISSION DEALER IN 4 SHIPPER OF ALL BIBBS OF COUNTRY PRODUCE SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY. no. 23.1 fclto.i" stbbbt plbb, Wbst Wasihsiit.i.v Market, Nbw You*. Shipping orders carefully pat up. Consign ments solicited. Returns promptly made, no 7—wtf THE GERM OF LIFE. A UENTB, NOTICE I VALENTINE'S PREPABATION OF MEAT JI'ICE! Under Letters-Patent granted to Mann S. Valen tine, of Richmond, Va., by The Kingdom of Ureal Britain and Ireland, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man, France, Bel frliim, and the United Stativ* of America, for lis PREPARATION OF MEAT JUICE, which he term* THE GERM OF LIFE; Or, NUTRITIVE PRINCIPLE ! I shall, as Mr. Valentine's agent, take charge of and give my exclusive attention to the production of THE PREPARATION OF MEAT JUICE. With present and increas ing facilities, I shall be enabled to supply the trade here and elsewhere in quantity, and on satisfactory terms. Wholesale orders directed 10 me will recene prompt attention. At retail ihe SI EAT JUICE may be ob'alnedt. tall the principal druggists. IRA W. BLUNT, Aubvt VALENTINE'S GERM OF IJFK, No. 4, Booth Tenth at., between Mam and Cary, Richmond, Virginia. no 2— rit* I &c. T.IRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREE* KraMlTAns-TIVuRSERIES, Ruhmokd, Va. The Virginia Xnrsery and Wine lompnut Proprietors of these widely-known Nurseries have removed their office lo Columbian Block, (Com Exchange) Room No. 2, second floor, cor nor Thirteenth Mid Cary streets. The stock for tho Fall trade la unusually fine, large and well-grown, embracing a full assort ment of APPLE, PEACH, PEAR, PLUM. CHERRY nnd other FRUIT TREES, as well as small FRUITS, URAPE-VINES, ASPARA GUS, together with ORNAMENTAL TREES, EVERGREENS, SHRUBBERY, Ac For catalogues and information, call at office er address JOHN M. ALLAN, General Agent, No. 2 Columbian Block, self Richmond, Y*a. rivHE MOUVf VERNON mi •Mini's ON THE ORIGINAL WASHISOT 0 ft M STAT B. 130,000 CHOICE APPLE TREKS, Besides a good supply of PEACHES, PEARS, CHERRIES, GRAPE VINES, BLACKBERRIES RASPBERRIES, STRAWBET.RIES, GOOSEBERRIES, *c! Hedge Plants, Deciduous Ornamental Tree*,, Weeping or Drooping Trees, Evergreens, Shrubs, Roots, 4c, Ac. RHUBARB, ASPARAGUS ROOTS, and CURRANTS constantly on hand and lor sale in small or large quantities. 0.-XJILLINGHAM. oc 12—warn Accotlnk. Va. SRANKI.IN DAVIS. BAH*] C. hll.l "JYICIIMOND NURSERIES, BROOK TURNPIKE, 11* MILES FROM CITY. FRANKLIN DAVIS - CO Proprietors Two Hundred Acrea In Narserie*. 1,600,(100 APPLE TREES. 800,000 PEACH TREES. 150,000 PEAR TREES. 100,000 PLUM, CHERRY, NECTARINE. APRICOT, and QUINCE TREES. 1,000,000 GRAPE VINES, CURRANT, GOOSE BERRY, RASPBERRY, BLACKBER RY and STRAWBERRY PLANTS. fiO.OOO ASPARAGUS and RHUBARB. 1,000,000 OSAGE ORANGE, for hedging. This stock 1* remarkably thrifty nnd Well grown ; ihe selection of varieties has been mod* with great care, and comprises those best adapt* ed to this latitude I'or general cultivation, alsova. rieties suited to particular localities, and for spe cial purposes. Correspondence desired with those who con template planting orchards, and to those who wish to plant largely, great Inducements will be offered. All persons Interested in Fruit Culture are respectfully invited to visit the Nurseries. Descriptive catalogues fumishetl on applica- se 21—il.swAwjrn T-V O. MUIVSON, MUNSON HILL NURSERIES, PALIS CBCRCB, FAIRFAX cot'VTY, VIBBtjrIA. MUNSON HILL NItBS BB I Bit. A large stock of first-class FRUIT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES lor sale. APPLE TREES, V\s per 100 ; *120 iver 1,000. PEACH, *10 per 100 ; »S0 per 1,000. STANDARD PEAR, *10 per 100; 00 cents each. DWARF PEAR, MB per 100; 3.5 cents each. CHERRY, tin per 100; SO cents each. PLUM, APRICOT, QUINCE, SMALL FRUITS, Ac. Send for cntalogne, and address I>. O. MUNSON, Falls Church, Fairfax connty, Va. se IS—te GROCERIES, &c. ROCERIES—FAMILY AnITfaNCY?~ In store and receiving daily— COFFEES -Mocha, Laguavra. Java and Rio. TEAS —Green, Black, Japan, 4c. SUGARS—AII grades. NEW ORLEANS SYRUPS and MOLASSES. LARD, SOAPS, CANDLES. RICE, SALT, CHEESE. WHISKEY—Choice at fcl per gallon ; Bourbon.. Scotch and Irish Whiskies. CHAMPAGNE SHERRY', PORT, MADEIRA, PORTER AND ALES. BRANDY PEACHES and PICKLES. CANNED FRUITS and VEGETABLES. A full assortment of BUTTER, EGGS, SPICES, CIGARS, TOBACCO. Ac, at T. BALMER 4 CO.'S, oc 'jo—lin Hit Main street. \rt-W MUltl! : NEW PRICES 1 The undersigned takes great pleasure in pub lishing the fact to the public thai he has opened a first-class GROCERY' STORE, on ihe corner of Hull aud Seventh street*, Makcbbstbb, Va., and offers lor sale fresh and first-clo'-s gooo_iot a less pi ice than usual. Call and cxamiue geod* and prices before going elsewhere to buy. . "* »*~WtSlm, P S. THAFHAGEN. HOI-SLsT&cr COLUMBIA HOTEL, COLinvIBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA. This FIRST-CLASS AND ENTIRELY NEW ESTABLISHMENT, located in the business cen tre of the city, affords the very best acconunoda tlons to the traveling public aud permanent guests. The rooms are large, airy nnd superbly furnished. GAS, BELLS and WATER through, out, Ladies' and Gentlemen* 1 Baths (hot and coltP, telegraph office in the rotunda, spacious BILLIARD-ROOM, supplied Willi Pbelan A Collender's best tables. v\ ith every modern improvement of a first-Hasti hotel, the "COLUMBIA " is, in all respects, one of the fibst hocsks Sooth The proprietor having had an experience of nearly a quarter of a century in the manage ment of the Charleston Hole), is a sufficient guarantee thai ihe "COLUMBIA" will be found as represented. WM. GORMAN, Proprietor. N. B.—Our omnibuses attend tho arrival and departure of every train. oc 20—2awlmd -ttrntture. "IssJOVV MANUFACTURI.NtI (?l AND RECEIVING M| BY STEAMERS, 'fl Beautiful sets of Walnut Parlor, Chamber and Diuiug-Rooin FURNITURE. I also keep on hand an assortment of the cheapest Chaibs, Tables, Beiistbadb, BesßAra, Wasiistabbs, LOOBIBO-OI.ABSBS, Mattbabbbs, Soisti-bb and Piii.ows, Lorstißs, Sofas, Cuius, Cb.uii.ks, Tbcsiilr Bbqstbad.. All (Oiccr than can he bought elsewhere. Goods carefully packed loi- shipping. ARTHUR ROONEY. WAr.KßOOMH—Governor and Franklin streets, oc IS—lm "rjU'RNITURE. JIT" 1 HI.MTUHE.Mh Wo have now 011 band a large and superior stock of CHAMBER, PARLOR AND DINING-ROOM FURNITURE, made by the motl experienced workmen, of Ben soned materials. YVe invite all iv need of first-class FURNITURE AND MATTRESSES to examine our stock before buying. We eannet be undersold in the Slate. HARWOOD 4 RITTER, se g—3m Governor street. Richmond. V*. HE STATE JOURNAL la ad rerttaing m*dtum. Try It and tee.