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WEDNESDAY EVEN'G, JAN. 29, 1873. Mrs. M. Handy contributes the follow ing interesting Tobacco Plantation Sketch to Scribner's Monthly Magazine: Riding through Routhside Virginia, any warm, bright winter's day after Christmas, the stranger may bo" startled to see a dense column ot smoke rising from the forest beyond. He anxiously inquires of the first person he meets —probably a negro— if the woods are on fire. Cuffee shows his white teeth in a grin that is half amuse ment, half contempt, as be answers : "No, gar. <My' jis burnin a plant-patch." For this is the first step in tobacco cul ture. A sunny, sheltered spot on the southern slope of a hill is selected, one protected from northern winds by the sur rounding forest, but open to the sun in front, and here the hot-bed for the reception of the seed is prepared. All growth is felled within the area needed, huge dead logs are dragged and heaped on the ground as for a holo caust, the whole ignited, and the fire kept up until nothing is left of the immense wood-heap but circles of smouldering ashes. These are afterwards plowed in; the soil fertilized still further, if need be, is harrowed and prepared as though for a garden bed, and the small brown seed sown, from which ia to spring the most widely used of man's useless luxuries. Later, when the spring fairly opens, and the young plants in Ins primitive hot-bed are large and strong enough to bear trans planting, the Virginian draws them, as the New Englander does his cabbages, and plants them in like manner, in hills from three to four feet apart each way. Lucky is ho whose piant-bed has escaped the fly, tho first enemy of the precious weed. Its attacks are made upon it in the first stage of its existence, and are more fatal, because less easily prevented, than those of the tobacco worm, that scourge par excellence of the tobacco crop. Farmers often lose their entire stock of plants, and arc forced to send ipiles to beg or buy of a more fortunate planter. Freshly cleared land —"new ground," as the negroes call it—makes the best tobac co fields, and on this and the rich lowlands throughout southside, is raised the staple known through tho world as James river tobacco. On this crop tho planter lavishes his choicest fertilizers ; for the ranker the growth, tho longer and larger the leaf, the greater is the value thereof, though the manufacturers complain bitterly of the free use of guano, which they say destroys the resinous gum on which the value of the leaf depends. Once set, the young plant must contend not only with the ordinary risk of trans planting, but the cut-worm is now most to be dreaded. Working underground, it severs the stem just above the root, and the first intimation of its presence is the prone and drooping plant. For this there is no remedy except to plant and replant, until the tobacco itself kills tho worm. In one instance which came under our obser vation, a single field was replanted six times before the planter succeeded in getting a "good stand," as they call it on the plan tations ; but this was an extreme case. When the plants are fairly started in their growth, the planter tops and primes them, processes performed, the first by pinching oif the top bud which would else run to seed; and the second by removing the lower leaves of each plant, leaving bare a space of some inches near the ground, and retaining from six to a dozen stout, well-formed leaves on each stem, according to the promise of the soil and season, and these leaves form the crop. There is absolutely no rent on a large to bacco plantation, one step following another in the cultivation of the troublesome weed —the last year's crop is rarely shipped to market before tho seed must be sown for the next —and planting and replanting, topping and priming, suckering and worm ing crowd on each other through all the summer months. Under the old regime, when on every plantation were a score or more of idle negro urchins, the rejected lower leaves, or primings, formed one of the mistress' perquisites and were care fully collectsd by the "house-gang," as her force was styled, strung on small sharp sticks like exaggerated meat-skewers, and cured, first in the sun, alterwards in the barn, olten placing a pretty penny in her private purse. Now, when all labor must De paid for in money, they are not worth collecting, and, except when some thrifty freedman has a large family which he wishes to turn to account, are left to wither where they fall. Withal the ground must be rigidly kept free from grass and weeds, and after the plants have attained any size this must be done by hoe; horse and plow would break and bruise the brittle leaves. Suckering is performed by removing every leal-bud which the plant throws out after the priming, thus retaining its sap and strength for the development of the leaves already formed, and this must be done again and again through the whole season. Worming is still more tedious and unre mitting. In the animal kingdom there are three creatures, and three only, to whom tobacco is not poisonous—man, a goat found among the Andes, and the tobacco-worm. This last is a long, smooth-skinned worm, its body formed of successive knots or rings, furnished each with a pair of legs, large prominent eyes, and is in color as green as the leaf upon which it feeds. It is found only on the under side of the leaves, every one of which must be carefully lifted and examined for its presence. Women make better wormers than men, probably because they are more patient and painstaking. When caught the worm is pulled apart be tween the thumb and finger, for crushing it in the soft mould of the carefully cultivated fields is impossible. As the plant matures the leaves grow heavy, and thick with gum, droops grace fully over the plant. Then they ripen, one by one the plants are cut, some below the first leaves, with short stout knives— liythe or reaper is useless here—and hung, Bads down, on scaffolds, in the open air, II ready to be taken to the barn. A Virginia tobacco-barn is totally unlike ay other building under the sun. Square 3 to the ground plan, its height is usually mice its width and length, lv the centre f the bare earthen floor is the trench for ring ; around tho sides runs a raised plat irm for placing the leaves in bulk; nd commencing at a safe distance from tho re, up to tho top of the tall building, each beams stretching scross for the re eption of the tobacco-sticks, thick pine iths, from which are suspended tho heavy Safely housed and beyond all danger of he frost, whose slightest touch is sufficient o blacken and destroy it, the crop is now ■eady for firing.and through the late autumn lays blue clouds of smoke hover over and iround the steep roof 3of the tall tobacco „rns. A stranger might suppose the buildiDgs on lire, but not a blaze is within, the object here, as in bacon-curing, being tmoke and not fire. For this the old-field pine is eschewed, and the planter draws on his stock of oak and hickory trees. Many use sassafras and sweet gum in preference to all other woods for thrs purpose, under the impression that they improve the flavor When the leaves, fully cured, have taken the rich brown hue of the tobacco of com- merce, so unlike the deep green of the growing plant that a person familiar only with the one would never recognize the other as the same plant, the planter must fold his hands and wait until they are in condition for what is technically known as striking, i. c., taking down from rafters on which they are suspended. Touch the tobacco when too dry and it crumbles, dis turb it when too high or damp.and its value for shipping is materially lessened, while if handled in too cold weather it becomes harsh. But there comes a mild damp spell, and the watchful planter seizing thd right moment, since tobacco, like time ane tide, waits for no man, musters all the force he can command for the work of stripping and stemming. This done tho leaves are sorted and tied in bundles, seve ral being held in the hand, while around the stalk end of the cluster is wrapped another leaf, the loose end of which is tucked through the centur of the bundle. Great care is taken in this operation not to break the leaf, and oil or lard is freely used in the work. During the process this crop is divided In to various grades of commerce, "long bright leaf," heading the list, which is ended by inferior "lugs," tho lowest grade known to manufacturers. These last are seldom packed into hogsheads, but aro sent loose, and sold without the trouble of prising, in the nearest market town. Shades imperceptible to a novice, serve to determine the value of the leaf. As it varies in color, texture, and length, so fluc tuates its market price, and at least half the battle lies in the manner in which the crop has been handled in curing. From the mountainous counties of south western Virginia—Franklin, Henry and Patrick—comes all the rarest and most valuable tobacco, "fancy wrappers" often bringing $100 per 100 pounds, but these crops are small in proportion to those raised on the lowlands of the Dan and James and their tributaries. This tobacco is much lighter in color, much softer in texture than the ordinary staple, and is frequently as soft and as fine as silk. Some years ago, a bonnet made of this tobacco was exhibited at the Bor der agricultural fair, and had somewhat tho appearance of bro*n silk. Only one such plant have I ever seen grown in southside, and that, a bright golden brown and nearly two feet in length, was carefully preserved for show on the parlor mantel of tho planter who raised it. After tying, the bundles are placed in bulk, and when again "in order" aro "prised" or packed into hogsheads—no smoothly-planed and iron hooped casks, by the way, but huge pine structures, very roughly made. The old machine for prising was a primi tive affair, the upright beam through which ran another at right angles, turning slightly on a pivot, heavily weighted at one end and used as a lever for compressing the brown mass into hogsheads. Now, most well-to do planters own a tobacco straightencr and screw-press, inventions which materally lessen the manual labor of preparing tho crop for market. Each hogshead is branded with the name of the owner and thus shipped to his com mission merchant, when tho hogshead is "broken" by tearing off a stave, thus ex posing the strata of the bulk to view. Of late years some planters have boon guilty of "nesting," or placing prime leaf around the outer part of an inferior article in the centre of the hogshead, and stringent measures were taken a year or two since in the Richmond tobacco exchange for the prevention of such rascality. UNITED STATES MAILS YIMOU-. Postoffice Department, 1 Washington, December 1, 1872. / PROPOSALS will be received at the Oontrac Office of this Depa tment until 3 P. M. of Marcl 3. 1873, for conveying the malls of the Unlt« States from July 1, 1873, to June 31). 1876, la thi State of VIRCHNIA, on the routes and by thi schedules of departures and arrivals herein spe clfled -„ __, Decisions announced on or before March 20 1873. [Bidders should examine carefully the laws, forms, and instructions annexed. Set laws requiring certified check or draft with bids of $5,000 and upward.] VIRGINIA. 4730 From Rock Enon Springs, to Winchester, 16 miles and back, six times a week fiom Ist June to 30t.h September, and from Rock Enon Springs to Back Creek Valley, 8 miles and back, three times a week from Ist October to 31st May. Ist June to 30th September. Leave Rock Enon Springs daily, except Sunday, at 6 a m ; Arrive at Winchester by 9 a m; Leave Winchester daily, except Sunday, at 3.30 p m ; Arrive at Kock Enon Springs by 7.30 p m; Ist Odober to 3lst May. Leave Rock Enon Springs Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Back (Jreek Valley by 9.3u a tn; Leave Back Oreek Valley Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 10 am ; Arrive at Rock EnonSprings by 12.30 p m. 4731 From Broadway Depot, by Ooote's Store, to Dovesville, 17 miles and back, twice a week. Leave Broadway Depot Wednesday and Saturday at 2 p m; Arrive at foovesville by 7 p m ; Leave Dovesville Wednesday and Satur day at 7 a m; Arrive at Broadway Depot by 12 m. 4732 From Hambaugh's to Front Royal, 8 miles and back, twice a week. Leave Hambaugh's Wednesday and Saturday at 10 a m ; Arrive nt Front Royal by 12.30 p m ; Leave Front Royal Wednesday and Saturday at 1 p m ; Arrive at llanibattgli's by 3.30 p m. 1733 From London to Gum Spring (n. o.), 8 miles and back, once a week. Leave Loudo-i Saturday at 10 a m ; Arrive at Gum Spring by 12.30 pm ; Leave Gum Spring Saturday at 7 30 a m; Arrive at Loudon by 10 a m. 4734 From Baptist Valley to Knob, 25 miles and back, once a week. Leave Baptist Valley Monday at 7 am; Arrive at Knob by 6 p m ; Leave Knob Tuesday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Baptist Valley by 6 p m. 1735 Fron Shiloh, by Payne's Store (n. o.), Rock Springs (n. o.), lo Leeds-own (n. o ),14 mll-s and back, twice a week. Leave Stiiloh Tuesday and Saturday at 8 am; Arrive at Leedstown by 12 m ; Leave Leedstown Tuesday and Satur day atlpro; Arrive at Shiloh by 5 p m. 1730 From Miller's Tavern, by Enterprise (n. o.), and Mount Zion 'n. o.), to Tappa hannock, 13 miles and back, once a week. Leave Millei's Tavern Wednesday at 8 ami Arrive at Tappahannock by 12 m ; Leave Tappahannock Wednesday at 1 pm ; Arrive at Miller's Tavern by 6 p m. 1737 From Mangohick by Etna Mills, to Hanover O. H , 8 miles and back, twice a week. Leave Mangohick Tuesday and Friday at ] o a m ; Arrive at Hanover C H, by 12.30 p m; Leave Hanover O. H., Thursday and Friday at 1 p m ; Arrive at Mangohick by 3.30 p m. 4738 From Suffolk, by Nurneysville and Holy Neck toSomerton, 18 miles and back, twice a week. Leave Suffolk Tuesday and Saturday at 12 m; Arrive at Somerton by 4pm; Leave Si-merton Tuesday and Saturday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Sufijlk by 11 a ra. 4730 From Pattonsville, by Cedar Point, to Sneedsville (n. o.J, 30 miles and back, once a week. Leave Pattoniville Friday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Sneedsville by 6pm; Leave Sneedsville Saturday at 7 a m; Arrive at Pattonsville by 0 pm. 4740 From Nottoway O. H., by St. Mark's Church (n. o.), and Marshall's Store (n. o.), to O ive Branch (n. o.), 17 miles and back, once a week. Leave Nottoway C. H., Thursday at 7am; Arrive at Olive Branch by 12 m ; Leave olive Branch Thursday at Ipm; Arrive at Nottoway by 6 p m. 4741 From Thaxton's, by Coonsville (n. o.) and Sandy Ford (n. o.), to Stewarts ville, (n. o.), 16 miles and batk, once a week. Leave Thaxton's Tuesday and Saturday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Stewartsville by 12 m ; Leave Stewartsville Tuesday and Satur day at 1 p m; Arrive at Thaxton's by 6 p m. 4742 From Wolf Trap to Omega, 5 miles and back, twice a week. Leave Wolf Trap Wednesday and Satur day at 9 15 am; Arrive at Omega by 11 am; Leave Omega Wednesday and Saturday at 7.30 a m; Arrive at Wolf Trap by 9 a ra. 4743 From Laurel Grove to Oartersburgh, 11 miles and back, twice a week. Laurel Grove Wednesday and Saturday at 8 am; Arrive at Oartersburgh by 12 m ; Leave Oartersburgh Wednesday and Saturday at Ipm; Arrive at Laurel Grove by 5 p m. 4744 From Summeifleld, by Spring Valley, to Stephens' Creek, 9 miles and back, twice a week. Leave Summerfield Tuesday and Satur day at 4 p m ; Arrive at Stephens' Greek by 7 p m ; Leave Stephens' Creek Tuesday and Saturday at 12 m ; Arrive at Suminertleld by 3 p m. 4745 From Danville, by Hall's Cross Roads and Spring Garden, to Rieeville, 30 miles and back, twice a weeK. Leave Danville Wednesday and Satur day at 7 a ra; Arrive at Kiceviile by 6 p m ; Leave Rieeville Tuesday and Friday at 7am; Arrive at Danville by 6 p m. 4740 From Independence, by Long's Gap, Clem's Branch, and Flat Ridge, to Rye Valley, 30 miles and back, once a week. Leave Independence Monday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Rye Valley by 6 p m ; Leave Rye Valley Tuesday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Independence by 6 p m. 4747 From Martin's Station to Drapersville. Bidders to state distance and propose schedule, 4748 From Rural Retreat (Mt. Airy Depot) to Black Lick (Davis Mills) In. o.) 6 miles and back, Leave Rural Retreat Wednesday and Saturday at 4 p m ; Arrive at Black Lick by 6.30 p ra ; Leave Black Lick Wednesday and Sat urday at 1 p m ; Arrive at Rural Retreat by 2 30 p ra. 4749 From Blacksburgb, by Price's Fork (n. o), to Cowan's Mills (n. o.), 11 miles and back, once a week. Leave Blacksburgh Saturday at 8 a m ; Arrive at Cowan's Mills by U.3u a m ; Leave Cowan's Mills Saturday at 12 m ; Arrive at Blacksburgb by 3.30 p m. 4750 From Vickers to Price's Fork (n. o ), 6 miles and back, once a week. Leave Vickers Saturday at 6 p ra ; Arrive at Price's Fork by 7 p m ; Leave Price's Fork Saturday at 3 p m ; I Arrive at Vickers b, 6 p m. 4751 From Gladesville (n. o.) to Grundy, 60 miles and back, once a week. Leave Gladesville Wednesday at 7 a m ; Arrive at Orundy Thursday by 7pm; Leave Grundy Monday at 7 a ra ; Arrive at Gladesville Tuesday by 7 p m. 4752 From Lynclibnrgh, by Blgbee's Shop, to Perrow's Store, 16 miles and back, three times a week. Leave Lynclibuig Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday at 2 p m ; Arrive at Perrow's Siore by 7 p m ; Leave Perrow's Store Tuesday, Thurs day, and aturday at 7a m ; c Arrive at Lynclibuig by 12 m. 475S From Forksville, by S'-uth Hill, Lorn hardy Grove, Union Level, (n. <• I, and i. Stony Cross, to Boydton, 20 miles and ■ „,,. r#irlr«rill« TiiMihv and -I'urd-i V Leave roroviiie luesaay ana ..niuru-j --am ; Arrive tit Forksvllle by 4 p m. FORM OF PROPOSAL, GUARANTEE, AND CERTIFICATE. Proposal. The undersigned , whoso post office address Is county of . State of — , proposes to convey the mails of the United States, from July 1, 1873, to June 31, 1-76, on route No , between and , under the advertisement of the Postmaster Gen eral, dated December 1, 1872, "with celerity, certainty, and security" (law of June 8, 1872), for tho annual sura of — dollars. This proposal is made with full knmoledge of the distance of the route, the Wright of the mail to he carried, and all other particulars in reference to the route and service ; and. also, after careful ex amination, of the luws and instructions attached to advertisement of mail service ; and of the pro visions contained <n the act of Congress of June 8, 1872. Dated , Didder. Guarantee. The undersigned, residing at , State of , undertake that, If the foregoing bid for carrying the mall on route No. be accepted by the Poßtmaster General, the bidder will, prior to the Ist June, 187S, enter into the required obligation, or contract, to perform the service proposed, with good and sufficient sureties. 7Vu'» tee do, understanding distinctly the obliga tions and liabilities assumed by guarantors. Dated Certificate. The undersigned, postmaster at , State of , certifies, under nis oath of officb, that he Is acquainted with the above guarantors, and knows them to be men of property. and able to make good their guarantee; and that bidder and guarantors are above the ago of 21 years. Bids of $5,000 and upward must be accom panied by a certified check, or draft, on some solvtnt national batik, equal to 6 per centum on the present annual pay on the route; or in case of new service, not less than 5 per centum of one year's pay proposed in bid. — (Section 253, Act of June 8, 1872.) The Postmaster must not sign tho certificate until the sum of the bid Is Inserted and lhe bid and guarantee signed by all the partlos, and dated. OATH REQUIRED BY SECTION 246 OF AN ACT OF CONGRESS, APPROVED JUNE 8, 1872, TO BE AFFIXED TO EA( :H BIU FOR CARRYING THE MAIL, AND T-1 BE TAKfc-N BEFORE AN OFFICER QUALIFIED TO ADMINISTER OATHS. I, —— ——, of , bidder for conveying the mall on route No. , from —, do swear that I have the ability pecuniarily to fulfill my obligation as such bidder; that the bid is made in good faith, and with the intention to enter into contract and perform the i ervice In case said bid shall be accepted ; and that the signatures of the guarantors thereto are genuine, and that I believe the said guarantors t-» be pecuniarily responsible for and able to pay all damages the United States shall suffer by retnon of my falling to perform ray obligations as such bidder. Sworn to and subscribed before me , for the of , this day of ——, A. D. 187 , and in testimony thereof I hereunto subscribe my name and affix my oHlclal seal the day and year aforesaid. [SEAL.] Noib.—When the oath is taken before a justice of the peace, tho certificate of the clerk of a court of record should be added, under his seal of office, that the person who administered the oath is a duly qualified jußtice of the peace. INSTRUCTIONS TO BIDDERS AND POST MASTERS : Containing also conditions to be incor porated in the contracts to the extent the Department may deem proper. 1. Seven minutes are allowed to each inter mediate office, when not otherwise specified, for assortiug the malls. 2. On routes where the mode of conveyance admits of it, the special agents of the Post Office Department, also post office blanks, mail bags, locks aiid keys, are to be conveyed without extra charge. 3. "Waybills" or receipts prepared by post masters, or other agents of the Department, will accompany the malls, specifying the number and destination of the several bags, to be ex amined by the postmasters, to Insure regularity in the delivery of bags, aDd pouches. 4. No pay will be made for trips not per formed ; and for each of such omissions, if the failure be occasioned by the fault of the contrac tor or carrier, three times the pay ef the trip will be deducted. For arrivals so far behind time as to break connection with depending mails, and not sufficiently excused, one-fourth of the compensation for the trip if subject to for feiture For repeated delinquencies of the kind herein specified, enlarged penalties, proportioned to the nature thereof, and the importance of the mail, may be made. 6. For leaving behind or throwing off the mails, or any portion of them, for the admission of Sssengers, or for being concerned in setting up running an express conveying intelligence in vance of the mail, a quarter's pay may be deducted. 6. Fines will be imposed, unless the delinquen cy be promptly and satisfactorily explained by certificates of postmasters or the affidavits of other credible poisons, for falling to arrive In contract time; for neglecting to take tho mail from, or deliver it into, a post office ; for suffer ing it to be wet, Injured, destroyed, robbed, or lost; and for refusing, aftax demand, to convey the mall as frequently as the contractor runs, or Is concerned in running, a coach, car, or steam boat on a route. 7. The Postmaster General may annul the contract lor repeated failures to run agreeably to contract; for violating the post office la ws, or disobeying the instructions of the Department; for refusing to discharge a carrier when required by the Department to do so ; for running an ex press as afortsaid ; or for transporting persons oi packages conveying mailable matter out of the mail. S. The Postmaster General may order an in crease of service on a route by allowing there for a pro rata increase on the contract pay. He may change schedules of departures and arri vals in all cases, and particularly to make them conform to connections with railroads, without increase of pay, provided the running time be not abridged. The Postmaster General may also discontinue or curtail the service, in whole or in part, in order to place on the route superior sf rvlce, or whenever the public interests, in his judgment, shall require such discontinuance or curtailment for any other cause; he allowing as full Indemnity to couti actor one month's extra pay on the amount of service dispensed with, and a pro rata compensation for tho amount of service retained and continued. 9. Payments will be made by collections from, or drafts on, postmasters or otherwise, alter the expiration of each quarter—say in November, 1 February, May,'and August provided that re quired evidence of service has been received. 10. The distances given are believed to be sub stantially correct; but no increased pay will be allowed should they be greater thin advertised, if the points to be supplied are c< rrectly stated. Bidders must inform themselves on this point, and also in reference to the weight of the mail, the condition of hills, roads, streams, _c, and all toll-bridges, turnpikes, plank-roads, ferries, or obstructions of any kind by which expense may bo incurred. No claim tor additional pay, based on such ground, can be considered; nor lor alleg ed mistakes or misapprehension as to the degr c of service; nor for Bridges destroyed, ferries dis continued, or other obstructions causing or In creasing distance or expense occurring during the contract term. Offices established after this adverti emeut is issued, and also during the con tract term, are to be visited without extra pay, if the distance be not increased. 11. Bidders are cautioned to mail their propo sals In time to reach the Department by the day and hour named (3 p m., March 3,1875). for bids received after time willnst be considered in com petition with bids, of reasonable amount, re celved in time. Neither can bids be considered which are without the guarantee required by law, and a certificate of the sufficiency of such guarantee, and tho oath of the bidder according to section 246, act of June 8, 1872. 12 Udders should first propose for service strictly according to the advertisement, nnd then, if they desire, separately tor different serv !ice- and if the regular bid be the lowest ollered for the advertised service, the other propositions mar be considered. 13 There should be but ono route bid for in a proposal. Consolidated or combination bids ("pr i-oslng one sum for two or more rentes") cannot be considered. 14. The route, the service, tue yearly pay, the I name and residence ol the bidder (that v his nsniltJO-t-oUlce addrofS', and the name of each member of a firm, wheie a company offers, the J'epartraent, to write out in full the sum of their bids, and to retain copies of them, Altered bids should not be submitied; nor should bid* once submitted be wltndrawn. No withdrawal ot a bidder or guarantor will be allowed unless the withdrawal i* received twen ty-fourhours previous to the time fixed for open- tag 'he proposals. Each bid must be guaranteed by two respon sible persons. The bid and guarantee should be signed plainly with the full name of each per son. The Postmaster Oeneral reserves the right to reject any bid which may be deemed extrava gant ; andal-o to disregard the bids of tailing contractors and bidders. (Act of June 8,1872, section 249.) 16 The bid should bo sealed, superscribed "Mail Proposals, State of -," addressed ''Second Assistant Postmaster (general, Con tract Office/* and sent by mail, not by or to an agon t. ji ids of ♦fl,ooo per annum an d upward must bo accompanied by a cer tified check or draft on some solvent national bank, equal to 6 per cent, of the amount, (see law of Congress of .Tune 8, 1872.) 17. The contracts are to be executed and returned to the Department by or before the \st day of June, 1*7.1, otherwise the, accepted bidder will be consid ered as having failed, and the Postmaster General may proceed to contract for the service with other parties, according to law. Transfers of c ntiacts, or of interests in con tracts are lorbidden by law, and conseiiusn tly cannot be allowed. Neither can bids, or inter ests in bids* be transferred or assigned to other parties. Bidders will therefore take notice that they will bo expected to perform the service awarded to them through tho whole contract term. 18 Section 240 of the act of Juno 8,1872, pro vides that contracts for the transportation oi the mail shall be "awarded to the lowest bidder tendering sufficient guarantees for faithful per formance, without other reference to the mode of such transportation than may be necessary to provide for the duo celerity, certainty and secu rity thereof." Under this law bidsthat piopose to transport the mails with "celerity, certainty, and security," having btan decided to be the only legal bids, a\ c construed as providing /or the en* tire mail, however large, and .whatever may be the mode of conveyance necessary to insure its "ce lerity, certainty, and security," and haoe the pref erence over all others, and no others are consid ered, except for steamboat routes. 19. A modification of a bid In any of its essen tial term.3 is tantamount to a new bid, and can not be received, so as to interfere with regular competition. Making anew bid, with guarantee and certificate, Is the only way to modify a pre vious bid. 2- 1 . Postmasters are to be careful not to certify to the sufficiency of guarantors without knowing that they are persons of sufficient responsibility. (See section 247, act of June 8,1872 ) They must notsign the certificate until the sum of tho bid is inserted* and the bid and guarantee are signed by the bidder and (two) guarantors; a disregard of this instruction by postmasters will subject them to immediate removal, and to severe penalties. Postmasters are aiso liable to dismissal from office for acting as agents of contractor? or bid ders, with or without compensation, in any busi ness, matter, or thing, relating to the mail ser vice. Theyare the trusted agents of the Depart mont, and cannot consistently act in both capa cities 21. All bidders, guarantors, and sureties arc distinctly notified that on a failure to enter into or perform the contracts for the service proposed for in tho accepted bids, their legal liabilities will be enforced against them. 22 Present contractors, and persons known al the Department, must, equally with others, procure gurantors and certificates of their suffi ciency substantially m the forms above pre scribed. The certificate of sufficiency must be signed by a postmaster. JNO. A J. CRESWELI., ja 13—6w Postmaster Oeneral. 4 96 IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNI TED STATES for the Eastern District of Vir ginia. In the matter of Abram Young, bank rupt—in bankruptcy. To Whom it May Concern—The undersigned, J. Mortimer Kilgour, of Loudoun co., Va. and Johns. Fowler, of Alexandria county Virginia, hereby give notice of their appointment as assig nei s of the estate of Abram Young, of Loudoun county in said district, who was, on the 4th day of Dec, 1872, adjudged a bankrupt on his own petition by the District Court of said District. Dated Alexandria. thelSihday of Jan'y. 187 S. J. MOKTIMER KILGOUR, lOHNS. FuWLER, ja2l—T3w Assignees IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE CM TED STATES for the Eastern District ot Virginia. In the matter of W. 11. Stephenson, bank rupt- in bankruptcy. At Norfolk, on the 14th day of January, 1873. TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN: Please to take notice hereby, that a petition has been, to wit: on the 14th day of January, 1573. filed in said District court by W H. Stephen son, of Isle of Wight co. in said district, who has been heretofore duly declared bankrupt nnder act of Congress entitled 'An act to establish a uniform system of bankruplcy throughout the United States," approved March 2d, 18U7, for a discharge and certificate thereof, from all his debts and other claims provable under said act, and that tho 2tth day of January, A. D. 1573, at 11 o'clock A. __, before Benj. B. Foster, one of the registers of said court in bankruptcy, at his office, No 26 Bank street, Norfolk, in said dis trict is the time and place assigned for tho hear ing of the same; when and where you may at tend and show cause, if any you have, why the prayer of the said petition should not be gran- CHARLES T. BARRY, Clerk. cd. ja!6—Th2w IN THK DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES for the Eastern District of Virginia. In tho matter of A. 11. Qrandy, bank rupt—in bankruptcy. At Norfolk, on the 14th day of January, 1873. Tl) WHOM IT MAY CONCERN : Please to take notice hereby that a petition has been, to wit: on the 14th day of January, 1873, filed in said District court by A. H. Grandy, of Princess Anne county, in said district, who has been here'.ofore duly declared bankrupt under act of Congress entitled "An act to estab lish a uniform system of bar iruptcy throughout the United States," approved March 2d, 1867, for a discharge and certificate thereof, from all his debts aud other claims provable under said act, and that the 25th day of January, A. D. 1673, at 11 o'clock A. M., before Benj. B. Foster, one of the registers of said court in bankruptcy, at his office, No. 26 Bank street, Norfolk, in said district is the time and place assigned lor the hearing of the same ; when and where you may attend and show cause, if any you have, why the prayer of the said petition should not be granted. CHARLES T. BARRY, 4377 IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNI TED STATES for the Eastern District of Vir- In the matter of Z. Taylor Briggs, individ ually and as one of the ilrm of Wm. H. Briggs _ Bros , bankrupt—in bankruptcy. At Richmond, on the 2.d day of January, 1873. TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN : Please to take notice hereby, that a petition has been to-wit: on the 16th day of Jan'y, A. D. 1873, filed in said District Court, by Z. Taylor Briggs, of Richmond city in said district, who has been heretofore duly declared bankrupt I under the act of Congress entitled "An act to establish a unitorm system of bankruptcy hroughout the United States," approved March 2d, 1567, for a discharge and certificate thereof from all his debts and other claims provable un deneaid act, and that the 20th day of February, A D. 1873, at 10 o'clock A.M., before W. W.Forbes, one of the registers of said court in bank ruptcy, at his office in Richmond, in said dis trict, "is the time and place assigned for the hear ing of the same, when and where you may at tend and show cause, if any you have, why the prayer of the said petition should not be granted. You are also hereby notified, that the second and third meetiugs of the creditors of said bank rupt will be held at the same time and place. W W. FORBES, Register in Bankruptcy for the ja 2'*— Th2w 3d Cong'l Dist. of Va. .-T-. ASSIGNEE'S SALE. «Q* In compliance with a decree of the District Court of the United states for the Eastern Dis trict of Virginia, in the matter of Wm. J. Lind sey bankrupt, dated December 21, 1873 I will sell at auction, free from liens, at Yorktown, Virginia, THURSDAY, «ih DAY OF FEBRUARY, 1673, at 12 o'clock M., in iront of the U. S. Court hon.-e, 118 ACRES, with impioveinents, on Poquasin river, in York County. ALSO 4)4 ACRES OF LAND, held as tenant by courtesy, near Yorktown. TERMS OF SALE—One third cash, balance on a i redit of six and twelve months, purchaser to give notes, with approved security, for de ferred payments and the title retained by the assignee until said notes ja 9—2aw3w Assignee. y &NB SALt. ££g Will bo sold lo the highest bidder, at the Courthouse of the County of Brunswick, on THE 26th DAY OF JANUARY, 1673, a tract of Laud, lying in the County ol Bruns wick, supposed to contain MO ACRES, belonging to the estate of O. H. Meade, bankrupt, on which said Meade resides TERMS—On» thud cash: balance on credit of six and twelve months, interest lrom date and I title retained E. R. TURNBULL, de 31— 2aw3w Assignee. _■. E. WILL PAY POR 6 COPIES OF THE $I*o WEEKLY STATE JOURNAL for one year. M UK 111 llt 11. IMPI.HIIMV T^TOTICE. The firm oT Walt _ Knight having been dis solved on t c Ist Oct ber. 1572, flismi Call, (my son-in-law) Is now an equal partner with me under the style of WATT - HAI.f. in the maiiulacinre of the CELEBrfATED WATT PLOW; the Cuff Brace Flow, tIEdHOE WATT'S OWN INVENTION, and agricultural Implements generally. I have, within the past eighteen months, made great Improvement, in the WATT PLOW, nnd can, wi h greater confidence than ever, recommend It to the farming community eve j. whore. GEORGE WATT. THE WATT PLOW, EVER TRIUMPHANT ; AND THE CUFF BRACE PLOW, of all sizes, from one to four horses. WHEAT DRILLS, very superior; HAR ROWS. CULTIVATORS, and all kinds O! FARMINct IMPI.KMENTS for sale on tho best terms. Send for circulars. je 26-d,sw4w9m WATT & CALL. HOTELS RESTAURANTS. •t. JAMM HOTEL, RE-OPENED ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN, CORNER pBNNfITI.FA-11-A AVEyrB AKD SIXTH STB., WA>HINGTON, IX C. This Hotel has been closed since April last and has, during the past summer, undergone the most thorough renovation. It has been re furnished with elegaut Walnut Marble-Top Fur niture, Spring Beds, Velvet and Hruseels Car pets throughout. The furniture and appointments have been manufactured to order exprtssly tor this House, l and are equal in style and durability to any I European Hotel in the country. The rooms are arranged en suite and single, and will be rented from $1.00 to $5 00 per day (including private parlors.) A spacious Ladies' and Gentleman's Dining- : Room, Gentleman's Restaurant, Lunch and Re freshment Saloons are conveniently arranged, where all meals will be served a la carte. A liberal discount will be made to those desir ing to remain by the week or month. WOODBURY & DUREN, no 27—3 m Proprietors. THE IMPERIAL HOTEL, (Latk Jbnhess House,) JAMES SYKES, PROPRIETOR, FRONTING PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, BETWEEN THIR TEENTH and Fourteenth Streets, WASHINGTON, D. C. Thankful to the public for generous patronage in the past, the Proprietor asks his old friends and patsons to test the accommodations of bis . present establishment, which he promises shall be found at least equal to the best in Washing j ton. ____ _ i TITRS. A. <:. U. 1.1-. j FIRST-CLASS HOARDING HOUSE j No. 1325 F Street, , Nearly opposite Ebbitt House, I au IB—tf WASHINGTON. I>. C. J BUIUiLAII.PR.OOF "-AFES. CHAMPION FTRE AND BURGLAR-PROOF SAFES (with drt piluno,) Awarded the Prize Medals at World's Fall , London, World's Fair, New York Exposition Universolle, Paris. , FARREL, HERRING _ CO., \ No. 807 (formerly «29) Chestnut street, PhUa HARVEY GILLAM, CHAS. MATTHEWS GEO. MYERS, 807 Chestnut Street, Phila. HERRING FARREL _ SHERMAN, N. V HERRING _ CO., Chicago. HERRING, FARREL _ CO., New Orleans The Mammoth Safe purchased by the Fidelity Safe Deposit Company was made by FARREL, HERRING - Co More than 80,000 Herring's Safes have been and are now In use, and over SIX HUNDRED have passed through accidental fires, preserving their contents hi some instances where many others failed. Second-hand Safes, of our own and oilier makes, having been received In part pay for the Improved Herring's Patent Champion, for sa at low prices. no 20—ly IRON MANUFACTURERS. VARIETY IRON WORKS, ESTABLISHED 186-. JAMES I). BROWNE, MANUFACTURER OF IKON AND WIRE RAILING, GRATING, VERANDAHS, FIRE-PROOF VAULT DOORS, FLOWER VASES AND STANDS, SETTEES. Together with every description of iron work for BUILDING and ORNAMENTAL purposes 9(Ki amd 907 Bank Stbebt, fe 7—<l _wl y RICHMON D. VA. BOOTS AND SHOES. "Vri-W IMBM-Hi_L_f AN_T„_.TAIL ~ BOOT AND SHOE HOUSE, No. 1119 Main Street, Richmond, Va., has just been opened by G. S. LEATHER BURY, and has on hand a complete assortment of BOOTS, SHOES, TRUNKS and BAGS, and is receiving direct from the manufactures daily ; and you will do well to call and give him a look before purchasing. ja2s—dsw_w3m SEWING MACHINES. WHERE IS ONLY ONE REAL RELIA BLE SEWING MACHINE, AND THAT IS SOLD AT THE WILLCOX & GIBBS OFFICE, 18 Ninth Street, Richmond, Va. no 19—d_wty BANKS. FREEDMAN'S SAVINGS AND TRUST COMPANY, CHARTERED BY CONGRESS 1886. Tenth Street, between Main and Bans Streets. DEPOSITS OF FIVE CENTS AND UPWARDS RECEIVED. INTEREST COMPOUNDED TO JULY AND JANUARY at the rate of six per cent, per annum. WB~ Open daily from 9 A. M. to 4 P. M., and on SATURDAYS from 9 A M. to 8 P M SA i u_-_- a (JHARLES SPENCER, mh so—tf Cashier rTSEFUL FACTS WORTH KNOWING ! THURSTON'S IVORY PEARL TOOTH-POW DER will keep the teeth clean, sound, and white. Price 26 and 60 centfl per bottle. THOMPSON'S POMADE UPTIME will cleanse soften, beautify, and strengthen the hair. Price 26 and 60 cents per bottle. JOUVEN'S INODOROUS KID GLOVE CLEANER will restore soiled gloves to their Pristine beauty and usefulness. Price 26 eeuus per bottle. SHERMAN'S COUGH LOZENGES will give immediate relief, and certainly cure a cough. Price 26 cents per box. SHERMAN'S WORM LOZENGES will expel all worms, and are pleasant to the taste. Price 26 cent- per box WELLS' MACHINE-SPREAD STRENGTH ENING PLASTERS, whenever a plaster is needed, are unrivaled. Price 20, 26, and 30 cents each. CHINESE TOOTH-ACHE DROPS will Instant ly relieve this most distressing malady, trice 26 cents per bottle. REXFORD S MEDICATED GINGER-BREAD NUTS FOR WORMS are re:ulily eaten by children, and are efficacious. I'tice 26 cent* per hix. AU for sale by _ Wholesale Agents, Ja 80— diwly No. 102 Fulton street. N. X. SCR IB HER' 3 M ONTHLY. A SERIAL STOKY liV Dr. HOLLAND. NEW BTORY I.V SAKE Hi'EM. AE'INU s'l'ußi HdiH H XT HAR^E. lIRLLLIANT ARRAY OK < ONTini.rTt >RS. CIiAUh.VChCnuK ON KURMTURE AM) I»E< OHATION. ft. H. HTOUDARU ON AUTHORS. EXTRAORDINARY TIfDCCGHIGKTS TO IM SUBSCRIBERS! WW Pa»es loifi.do! _tc* t &c. The Publishers of AoftTana'l Mo-tthlt, in their ProvpanUta jtuM l_wmd< preu_j»a for the en* nu.iiK yeai a more brilliant airay of contribu- Es, and *n increase in the varh-iy and beauty us illustrations, aire ad y\ conceded by tho tics to be * finer than any which have hiihtr'» appeared in any Am'rictni Magazine." In*. Holland, 'he Kdito , will wilie the serial *tory of thenar, which win be autobiographical in form, and v. ill be Musi rated by Miss Hallock- It is entitled ARTHUR Hi-NNIOASTEE, and will deal with some of the most difficult pro* blems of Amerfaaa Life. It will be cuinmenced in the November number. There will b> a new story by Raxe Holm. THEONK LKOQKhDANOLRS. Hkkt R&J.TS, the best writer of short stories now living, will o!.tnbutp:icharacteristic story, entitled fHK EPIO OK FIDDEKTOWN, which. will be illustrated by sheppard. R H. .Stoi>d»rd will write a MTiet of enter taining papers about Auihois, tlieir Pergonal (Characteristics, Home Life, families. Friends. Whims, a d Ways. A series ol PORTRAITS OF LIVING AMERICAN WRITERS, l* al.o promised. Ui.ARExcK Cook will write about FURNITURE AND THE DECORATION OF AMERICAN HoMES. pipers will be eminently prac tical as well as artistic, and will be illustrated with dPMKus and skSuAkW by numerous artists in addition to those which "the writer himself will iurnish. Among those who will contribute are : Hans Anders-en Hryant, BashneU, Eggleston, Froude, Hißginson, Rishop Huntington, Rrete Harte, John Hay, H. U. JVlacdunald, Mitchell. Miss Phelps, Stedman, Stockton, Stoddard, t>lia Thaxter, Warner, Wilkinson, Mrs. Whit ney, besides a host of others. The emorlil control and direction of the Magazine will remain in the hands of Dr. Hol land, who willcontimie to write "THETOPICS OF THE TIME," which the New York ImU - pendent says "are more widely quoted than any similar paper* in any American Magazine." Watson Uit.dkk " will write "THE OLD CAHINET ;" as hitherto. Prof. John O. Dra per conducts the department of "NATURE AND SCIENCE." Tl:e departments of 'HOME AND SOCIETY" and "CULTURE AND PRO GUESS," will •D(&fe the contribution-- of more than a score or pens on both sides of the Atlan tic. The Watchman and Reflector says : "Scrib ner's Monthly for September is better than usual, which indicates a needless waste of edi torial brains and Publisher's money, for the Magazine was good enough before !" And yet the Publishers promise to make it still better for the coming year ! ! The subscriptiou price is $(.00 a year, with ■peat*] ra'es to clergymen, teachers, and post molten The following EXTRAORDINARY INDUCEMENTS, are offered to new subscribers : Fur S.'i.ati the Publishers will send, or any Bookseller or Newsdealer will supply, the Mag ?tine for one year, and twelv«- numbers of Vols. Land IV., containing the beginulng of Mrs. lijihant'- Serial. 'At Hi- Gate ;" fors7.Ah, the Magazine for one year, and'he 24 bat k numbers from the beginning ; forslo.so, the Magazine for one yeur, and ihe 24 back numbers bound (4v015.) charges on bound fols paid This will give nearly 6 Wm pages of the choicest readii.g, with the finest tllustratims for $10. .H), or nearly AOO page* for a dollar ! and will enable every sub scriber to obtain the series X rum the first. Sp CiaJ terms to Dealers. Clergymen, and Tea* hers. SCR IB NEB & < 0,. no 7 fli4 Rtoadway, N. Y. SOUTHER.N PLAfiTiJI AND EARMEK. STTBSORLFTION M PER ANNUM. A FIRST-RATE AD VII.TISINO MEDIUM. This old and well-csuioli.-iieii journal ha* re cently, changed hands, and will be conducted with renewed vigor. It will number among its contributors some ot the ARLEST WRITERS IN THE COUNTRY upon all su-bjects kindred to agriculture. The difterent departments of tho journal—Agricultural, Horticultural, Mechani cal, Household, &c.—will each be conducted with a view to make it the most VALUABLE AGRICULTURAL JOURNAL IN THIS COUNTRY. Every farmer should take it, and no one who who has recently moved into the State can afford to be without it, as It contains the experience of the IBCSt practical and successful farmers and planters. As an advertising medium it has nosuperiorin the South, having a huge circulation amongst the most substantial farmers and business men. Insurance companies, bankers, machinist*, ferti lizing companies, nurserymen, seedmen, com mission merchants, _.l\, who wish to reach the best class of people in the country, will find it to their interest to advertise in this journal. It will be mailed to subscribers on the first day of each month at $2 per annum in advance. Specimen copies will be sent on applieaiion. All business communication.' to be addressed JOHN W. RISON, Editor and Proprietor. Office No. 2 Columbian Block, corner of Thir teenth and Qar? streets. Cc e—tf f*KOFf'>S_O%AL. L. 11. Chandler. Ai.fkkk Mojito it CHANDLER & MORTON, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Corsek Bank MS Tknth Strfbts, RICHMOND, VA. oc 23—d&swtf I. H SHIELD-, (LaTE OF CHANIILtR, MOKTOH _ SIUEI.D3,) ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Xarsliall Hall, Corner Ttnth and Bank Streets I Richmond, Va. Practices in the United Sillies Courts. Particular attention given vi cases arising un der Hie United States Revenue Laws, and Rank ruptcy. Attorneys outside of the city can nave tneir Bankrupt cases here attends- to promptly, and carefully looked after, by corresponding with me, thereby saving them the c-peu.se of visiting the cl t v ' nc 23—<isw_w tB WINE* A»D LIQUORS* I> i: ■is ;> * co., WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS AND RECTIFIERS, Have on hand a full assortment of MOUNTAIN and RYE WHISKIES, Foreign and Domestic GINS, BRANDIES and WINES. 1313 CARY STREET, RICHMOND, VA. Bel7—<l_wly 4632 IMIIS IS TO «IVE BOTiCE—That on the 11th day of Jan., A. D., 1873, a warrant in bankruptcy was Issued out of the Dis :rict court of the United States for the Eastern District of Virginia, against the estateof llabney A. Hudson, of Mecklenbttg county anil Stale of Va., who has been adjudged a bankrupt on his own peti tion : That the payment ot any debts, and tllß delivery of any property belonging to said bank rupt, to him or for his use, and the transferor any property by liim, are forbidden by law ;— Ihat. a meeting of the creditors of said bankrupt to prove tneir debis and choose one or more as signees of his estaie, will be held at a Court of baukiiipley, to be hidden at the Register's office, Richmond Virginia, before W. W. Forbes, Esq., l-.egisier, on the Mh day of Feb'y, A. D. at 1U o'clock A. M _ * ' DAVID B. PARKER, .ja 18—Th2w U. S. Marshal. """ b.i7 IS THE DISTRICT COURT OK THE UNI TED STATES for the Eastern District ol Vir 'ln the matter «f William H. Harriss, bank rupt—in bankruptcy. At Richmond, on the 15th day of January, A D . 1573. I'll WHOM IT MAY CONCERN I Please to take uuiiee hereby, that a petition has been, to vit: on the JSth day of January, A D 1573 filed iv said District O.rt, b William H. Harriss, of M- c»lenb..rgco'ty in sail District, who has been heretofore duly declare Bankrupt undei the Acl of Congress entitled "An Act to establish a uniform system ot bank Itcy throughout the II niled States,' approveei rob. Id, 16U7, for a di-chaige and certifioat •cot from all his debts and other cia.m vable under said *ot. and that the Dth day February, A. D, 1673, at. i» o'clock A M jre A. "W Forbes, one of ihe Registers o 1 court in bankruptcy, at his office in Rich nd in said district, is the time and plac ign'ed for tiie hearing of the same, whe I where you may attend and show cause, t you have, why th,- prayer of the said pet i should not be granted. 'ou are also hereby notified, that the secoiu nnd third meetings of ihe creditors of the sail bankrupt will be held atylie, an 1 Register lußaiikruptcy j : , |.i_W3w for the 3.1 I'.oig'l llist.of Va. TP. fU- UISTRICT UO-RT O* THE Vtt 1 TED STATES for the Eastern District Virginia. _ . , In the matter of E. P. Rubers, bankrupt i se"-H<r' l Vhe general meeUM of the creditors olT.ul tanto-p! -HI be held at Nonok tn aaiddifiri t. ou toe Wth <_y oi -I """>• 18 ''i U 7/o'c'o.k Vl„ at ih« o-lice ot Benj,niin B. Foster L>q, one of the legisiers in baukrui.tcy in said i.istnct, for the purposes named in the 27th section of the bankruptcy act of March 2d, 27th sec ion _ WALSTON, jaJO-Miw Assignee.