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BY GILMER, DAVIS & CO.
««-' ■■ ■ - —-rr ~-rsM.gr,,.." CHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIA: SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1827. VOL. I.—NO. 6. THE VIRGINIA ADVOCATE 1* published every Saturday, at £3 pci anituni, payable in advance. No subscription will be discontinued until all arrearages are p<»i I, but at the discretion of the edi tors A failure to notify a <lisconiinuau< c previous to the expiration of the year, will be considered a new engagement Advertisements, not exceeding Thirteen Lines of printed matter wilt he inserted three limes lor One Dollar, and twenty-five cents for every subsequent insertion.— Longer ones in proportion The number of insertions must be noted on the lil 8 or advertisements will be continued and changed accordingly. Chancery Orders not exceeding two squares will be published lor five dollars AM letters addressed to the Editors must be post paid, or they will.not be attended to. CHAR LOTTBSVIL1B. 77/URSDA Y, A UGUST 56* GOVERNOR RANDOLPH’S LETTER. It was to have been expected that ibis document would not be hailed with much pleasure by the fiiends of the Administration. They had so long bolstered up: heir sin), iug cause with the pi op o! Mr Jefferson's name r.nd authority, that thrv could not bear that the world should le unde reived as to - is opinion. It i-» curious to observe the va rious shili» icrortcd to by the coalition presses to evade thcloi«*c of this communication One giaic iy asserts that Gov. Rand >Iph must be mistaken, and attempts by ingenious icasoniog to prove tin lie is, — auulhcr iuiiuiaics thai there is no mistake in the milter, hut that this letter confirms the pic viouk declarations of Mr Adams’ fiiends. and by transp oiiions and omissions, proceeds to she*, that i; docs so, — whilst a ihiid, perceiving that al such efforts must J.c unavaiing, impeaches the ve raci y and attacks the piivatc rliaraefer of the wii ter We will bestow a bi ief notice upon each of these assailants Can Gov. Randolph be mistaken ? He doe* not speak doubling!}-. be assert* in the most pod i»c manner that Mr Jefferson did express the opinions whish he communicates, and they are of such a character that *t would have been impossible nnin tenlionally to hove am ibuted them, unless they bar been avowed To say then that he is mistaken amounts to a denial of the truth of his statement limit i* askeu in what respect had Mr Adam begun to develop his alarming doctrines, at the time to svhii n Gov Randolph refers Keen admit that the conversation particularly alluded to, occur led in July or August, and the question is easi'y answered In his Inaugural addicts delivered in March, Mr. A had asserted the right of the gencr-1 government to engage in the scheme of Interna. Improvement, to the most unlimited extent,_he !>j<I enumerated among the expirst purposes for svhich the government, was instituted, the promo tion of the general welfare,—he had expressed the opinion .that the la-vs of Congress and the decisi. ns ©l the Fee. era I Judiciary had uni‘o<mly been in conformity wi h the pio\i ionsot theconsti ution,_ (of course, the Alien and Scot ion Laws and the decisions by which tiny were enforced, were in eluded,) — &. he had . c. y plainly intimated his opin ion that the beneficial tendciny of a pow er Justified i.- cxcrtisc That these dociiitic>, lor the first time open'y a. owed from the Pi evidential chair, should liave ularmed Mr. J can excite surprise wiih no v 01,8 nim Rut if, as we ate inclined to beiieve, the conversation look place after Mr. Ad aius'first Me»sa; e, then not even our advcnarics ran uotibl, ilia with his Views of the powcis and duties ot government, Mr JcfTcison must have lelt ala, in at the opinions in regard to both, expressed by Mt. A., an t ihe.rcloi o most naturol/y communi rated nis feats to Gav Randolph. Indeed in the Miccic .i:ig month, hr addtcsscd a letter to a gentle iiiJir ol iti-huioud, puhli she., in'the fiuipiircr of the llth oi December Iasi, in which he distinctly avows tenti items corresponding wi.h those now nltiibuted to i i ii 1 here i, nothing then in the manner of Gov Randolph’s narration, and still less in the rpiniin* themselves whi h, in the remotest degree, countenances the assumption thut there has been any mi.take or misapprehend in on the part of Gov Randolph. Uocs L»o/ Randolph's letter prove that in Dee. Mr. Ji-fleiaon was friendly to the re-election vl Mr. Adams ? He, who admitting its statements to be true, contends for any thing soabsmd, rannoi he convinced by argument. The assertion of the proposition, betray* an ignorance and ituinceii-y, that tle'y alike refutation and convic'ion We therciore only red the candid and impartial to the lettci itscIf ; recommending at the same time to trie f,di ors of the Iniellig-nicr, who have adopted tbi* view of the subject, not, by the garbling of dot; nments, to afford ground Tor suspicion that they want principle as well as consistency. The same candid gentlemen a fleet to be'icve that even it Mr Jefferson did prefer Gen. J... kson hr the fall of be changed his Opinion during the “ last year °f »•!■* li c " Putting out of the question, the injus. tire done to Mr Jefferson’s memory by the supoo siiivn that he thus w i.hout reason, returned in »ia mo**'h* to the supper t of the man w hose pi intip les he had condemned, and whose re election be had deprecated in December 1025, we take the liberty lo say. that no man rvho knew him, will avow tha*. af ter that pci rod, he expressed sentiments different from those imputed to biin by Gov.Rando tph. On the contrary ive believe, that from that time at h ast, to that of hit death, he entertained the same opinions, with (hi* only difference, that he became i-iore and more decided in them to the last hour of bit life. 'v e come now to the only remaining ground upon which it has hem sought to evade the effect of Gov. Randolph’s statement, we mean the impeachment of bit verati y. |t j* first necessary that the pub.’ic should he informed from what quarter this attack proceeds. They can then detide how much res peel it due to the character of the assailant, apart from the evidence by which the charge is supported 'I he National Journal makes this attack That pa per it notoii Ml sly the organ and mouth piece of the admitii>tra'ijo, sustained, If not conducted by the members of the Cabinet and their dependents, snd of course cnuely subservient to thci» purroms. T0 expert from it thercore, libera'i y, or troth, or ho would he to requit e that purity stunt'd sp'itig |rom pollmi >n. It ii no sooner supposed that the l.itcre«ts of the Coaii'ion rentier it desirable, that the fair fame of any one, whether male or female, 6 hou M be sac i if >c ed, than this pen - i-mrd pi ess, uidi a boldness inspired by the desperation of its cause, and a recklessness which can only ati-eTrom its own destitution of character, begin- the wo»k of deirac lion On this occasion, Gov Kaodoph had given no adequate provocation lo* tt»i* wanton assault up on bit reputation and feelings. He had only, in re ply to a call made upon him by ourselves, fiankly communicated Vfr. Jefferson's opinions <_-n subjects of importance, alleging that ha .'id not feel himself at liberty to withhold them, but expressing, a'* he no doubt feels, the greatest respect foi Mr Adams,nn.l nothing of disrespect Iowa (It any one else. The : Concluding sentence of hi- letter, though pe-hapsl calculated to irritate Mr. C lay's friends, by i*i»iuu "ling their snbseriiency to him, did noi jusli y the attack of the Journal A man may repel injustice , and vindi ate his claim to independence, without so 'ar overstepping the restraints of decorum and dis egaroing the obligations of truth, as to i ndulge in unautho' ized animadvei -ions on the pi i> ate chai a. ler ol hi' opponent Gov Randolph it now ad vanced in years—hi* standing has ever been high ami honorable—he has filled the highest offices, which his native Mate could confer upon him, to ay nothing of those which iht general government as confided to him —and up to this time his vera •iy ajul hi'honor have never been questioned. It nas remained for lhi« n.ierible, hirc.ing, dcfaniato •y press, whose, avocation is the vin i ation of cor rup'ion, and the aspersion of honest men, to ditt o ▼ erthat he n not wortliy o! rredi^ An l what are il.c (-rounds on n' i.-h it i» attempted to discredit •»itn? That during the last lew months of Mr J.M. ‘erson’s life theie was no intercourse between them—that Mr Jefferson expressed to ohers, «!if let ent opinions from those now ascribed to him-—* and that i is improbable that Mr Jefferson's senti ments could hat e undergone the change spoken o‘ in l8x?5 In reply to the first objection, it i< softie i ; ent for us to observe, that whatever might have heen the confidence which existed between Mr Jeffer son and (jO» Randolph, of woi -.h we can knotv no 'hing. their friend-y jnercourseconinued at the pr iod mentioned by the latter; and unreserved conti deuce was not necessary to induce from oneso frank as Mr, J a communication of bis opinion on such topics, as all who knew him can * entity as his letter to a gentleman in Richmond,before atludcd to by us. abundantly shows The^nnexed letter, furnished us for publics i.m by Cor Randolph, proves, i in deed further proof were necessary, that in Decem ber 1825, there was noising to prevent the free ex pression of Mr Jefferson's opinion t<- hi at To the second o -jeo-ion, it it oe mean, mat Mr. Jefferson ever c.vp’ej'-ed an opinion contrary to that stated by Gov Randolph, a.icr J)c* cnii ei 1825. we oppose a direct denial. He expressed no «*in consistent sentiments,” but was, after that poind, positive and derided in the declaration of his preler cnce of Gen Jackson to Mr Adams. The third objection is similar to that, which has been urKcJ to prove that Gov. Randolph must have misapprehended Mr Jefferson, and therefore it is unnecessary again to notice it Those who make it must know, because his public life as well as avowed opinions, incon^estiblv dcr.arcit, tha4 he differed with Mr Adams in most of the pii nci pies so uncxpertcdly asse- ted by the latter in bit In augural Addr ess & his first Message Wheierhcn is the improbability in*i>tcdon? Only in the deprav ed minds of the Editors of the Journal, to whom a change of opinion without any interested conside rations to produce it, appears too great an *xe> ion of magnanimity, to he ascribed to human nature Of Mr Jcffe son’s opinion of Mr Clay, we per sonally know nothing Nor do vse con«ider it tna lerial, in the present controversy to enquire what i* Was, Gov Randolph however speaks confidently on that subject,—and we ail know that the political principles of Mr. Jefferson and Mi Clay were in many important re .peels as opposite as light and darkness We have devoted more space to the Journal than its opinions mciit. Its connection however with the administration, and *hc general hc'ief that it speaks *‘by aulhoi ity,” seemed to icqr.ire this no tice at our hands Copy of a Jotter from Thos J. ffcrson to Thomas ftl. Randolph, K<q., Edge-Mid Monti cello, Jav% 8, ’26. Dear Sin. * I liave for sometime entertained the !i«»pt; that your it flairs being once wound up. your mind ivould cease to look back on tht-in. and resume the calm so necessary to yoni own happiness, and that of your fumily and friends ; und especially that you wouid re turn again to their society. I hope there remains no reason now to delay this longer, and that yon will rejoin our table and fire side ha heretofore. It is now that the value of education will prove itself to you, in the resource of hooks of which it Ims qualified you to avail yourself, end which, aided by the conversation and endearments of your family, and every comfort which this place can be made to afford you, will, I hope, en sure to fou f.ilurc ease and happiness. He assured that to no one will your soriety be more welcome thnn to myself, and that my affectionate friendship to you and respect, remain constant and sincere. TH : JEFFERSON. Centorihip of the f-’ienth Prc$%—The Decree of the king, establishing the Censorship, provides that ihere shall he an office at Pari*. under the dj rertion of the Minister of ihc Interior, charged w Kb the first examinati >n of journals, shal I, before it is printed, have the vitn of the office, tcertificate of having been seen;* That a Council of nine, appointed on recommendation of the Keeper of the Seals, shall superintend the censorship; That the office in Paris shall make to this Council a weekly report; those ir» the departments a monthly ;_ That every provisional suspension or suppression after judgment, shall he pronounced by the king, on report of the Minister of Justice, sfter the latter shall have advised wi'h the council of snperinftn MR ADAM’S LETTER TO HARRIS 1 bis singular document should be laid before the public, » illustrative or.he character and p, inciple. of the wiitc. Wc candidly confess that as indiffer ently as we think of both, we were at first unwilling to believe that such a letter under such ci»cumstan f«s, could ha> c been written by Mr Adams. In cjedulilyi however, l.as no grounds on which to rest, since so far from being disavowed, it has been represented by his frienejs as highly honorable to him It still be perceived that besides speaking contemptuously of our army and navy, and in the mo«t desponding manner of out prospect*, he rep re entsour government as .. feeble and penurious ’» ! That he believes it weak, that he would strengthen it, and enlarge its power*, without regard to the S institution..we d0 not doubt,-and this forms one j of cur p. iik ipal object,oi.6 to Him; hut ihai tie coulJ . even believe i* penurious,—when he was receiving • al r,te ol $50,000, per annum for out-tits, con structive journey*. &c, we du nofcrri|it jJllt gianting that this was hi* real opinion, \vc can only ssy. that his sincerity is eslabli-heu at the expense of hi* understanding, if not his republican piinci pics. r He faithcr states, that cue half the ration was ‘•sold by their prejudice and their ignorance to our enemy ' Wc should like to he informed which half was thu* sold. Mot the Southern and West ern States certainly, fur they liberally and glorious ly ai .ed and sustained the puir »' r'.avet nment anj faithfully discharged Hair ru as member s of the Union If, as he mu»' have done, tie alluded to the New England States, to those members of the con lederacy, who instead of supporting the common cause, sent delegates to a traitorous convention, aid ed and abetted the enemy, anJ meanly refused io bear their portion of the burthen* in* i lent to a stale of war. then we ask how does It happen, that after his avowed opinion of their perfi dy, he now he stows offices upen, and takes into his confidence those very men who ivetc the piincipal actors in this work of treachery ;—how does it happen, that lie now countenances the unholv attempt which (hose recreant member sol the confederacy are male ing, to pltin le and min the Southern states, upon the misei able pretext o a desire to enable our coun try to maintain her glory an l independence Mr be ing prepared fur future wars, when during the Inst, they were, in his own language ••sold tv our fine, my /” It the sentiments express.! in this letter, are oh jertionablc and disgraceful. the expression of them was still more so An honest man might possibly have entertained them,—a patriot would never have expressed them. In the wo'ds of a distinguished citizen, if Mr Adams had supposed “ that his left hand knew his thoughts, he should have cut it off and cast it from h imbut so far from this, pending the negotiation, when it was certainly of "real im portance that they should not be known, they were committed to the mail, then subjected to a system atic inspection bv the government of one, if not more, of the countries through which his letter had to pass. The following is given in the National Jour nal as a correct copy of a letter iroin Mr. Ad ams to Levitt Harris, dated at “Ghent, Kith November, 1814. “ The occurrences of the war in America have been of a diversified nature. Success and defeat have alternately attended the army of both belligerents, and hitherto have left them nearly where they were, at the com mencement ol the campaign. It has been on our part, merely defensive, with the single ex ception of the taking of Fort Eric, with which it began The battles of Chippewa and of Bridgewater, the defence of Fort Erie on the loth August, and the naval action on Lake Champlain on the Ilth of September, have re bounded to our glorv as much as to our advan tage; while the loss of Washington, the capit ulations of A’exandiia and of Washington county, Massachusetts, and Nantucket, have been more disgr aceful to us than injurious.— The defence of Baltimore has given us little more to be proud ol than the demonstration a gainst it has afforded to our enemy. Prevost’s retreat from Pittsburg has been more disgrace ful to them than honorable to us; Wellington's veterans, the fire-eater Brisbane, and t> e fire brand Cockburn, have kept the rankest of our militia in countenance by their expertness in the art of running away. 1 lie general issue of the campaign is yet to come, anti there is too much reason to aj> prehend that it will he unfavourable to our side. Left by a concurrence of circumstan ces unexampled in the annals of the world, to stniggle alone and friendless, against the whole Colonial power of Great Britain ; fighting in reality against her for the cause of all Europe, with all Europe coldly looking on, basely bound not to raise in our favor a helping hand, secretly wishing us success, and not daring so much as to cheer us in the strife, what could be expected from tl'.e first furies of this uncrpial conflict, but disaster and discomfiture to us? Divided among ourselves, more in passions than interest, with halt the nation sold by their prejudice and their ignorance to our enemy, with a feeble and penurious government, with five frigates for a navy, and scarcely five efficient regiments for an army, how’ can it be expected that we should resist the mass of force which that gigantic power has collected to crush us at. a blow ? This, too, in the moment which she has chosen to break through all the laws of war, acknowledged and respected by civil ized nations. Under the false pretence of re taliation, Cochrane has formally declared the determination to destroy and lay waste all the towns on the sea coast which may be assailable. The ordinary honors of war are mildness and mercy in comparison with what British ven geance and malice have denounced upon us. We must go though it all. I trust in God we shall i i?to in triumph over all;but the first shock is the most terrible of the process, and it is that which wc are now enduring." Contrasted with thi* Inter, we pobli-h the fol lowing extract from Gen. Jackaon'a address to the G'»»crnor and citizen* of Louisiana, delivered but a few days afterwards , When proceeding to take command at New Orleans, on 22d of November, 1814, he ad dressed Governor Claiborne thus : Wc have more to dread from intestine, than open and avowed enemies; but vigilance on our side, and all will, be safe. Remember, our watchword is victory or death. O.ir coun | try must and shall be defended We will cn ! joy our liberty or perish in the last ditch.” | And again, when he addressed the Louisi anians, on the 1st of December, 1*11 the He ro says:— * “ The only country on earth where man en joys freedom, where all its blessings are alike extended to the poor and the rich, calls on you to protect us from the grasping usurpation of Britain:—Sue will not call in vyiv. I know that ivory man whose bosom beats high at the proud title ot freedom, will promptly obey her voice, and rally round the eagles of , bis country, resolved to rescue her from im pending danger, or nobly to die in her defence. He who refuses to defend bis rights when call ed on by his government deserves to be a slave —deserves to.be punished, as an enemy to his country—a frietui to her foes.” It is impossible not to observe the diflerenee of sentiment. oT principle, and ol patriotic feeling, which the above productions exhibit. The former is marked by despondency, a disg.areful distrust o the nation and its government, and a destitution ot correct republican principles ; the latter, e.cn in the mi 1st of danger, by the most cheering conii dcnce, the most put iotic devotion to the cause cf his country, and the most honorable, ennobling sen liment* which can di^nily an AnipricJUJ* I' rom the B.i^ton Couiicr. To the. hditor: 1 no respectable foreigner who conduct* the Bhiladelphttt Democratic l reus, already exults ul the appearance ol Mr. Buehunuu s letter. He inuonpl.g, but without a victory. To convict G-iterul Jackson of’ baseness would, without daub*, fo bis mind, and to minds like his, adminis ter teal satisfaction. Hut, Sir, 1 appeal to you, and to auy other man who is qualified to Io• m an opinion upon tho subject, und candid enough to declare it, whether there is any thing in Mr. B.*» letter that fairtv conveys the most distant reflection upon the General's honor or truth. What are the facts ns asserted by Mr. Jucksou, and dis closed by Mr. Buchanan ? The former a ver# that a respectable member of Congress on a certain occasion held a certain conver sation with him, and'that he inferred from all the circumstances, the respectable mem ber whom he declares to be Mr. B., did not wait upon him •• unauthorized,’ &.e. lie no where charges Mr. Clay or his friends with liariunauthorized Mr. B. or any other man to make a proposition to him. If he does, show mo where. On the contrary, he ex pressly and repeutedly- disclaims the impu tation and iutention of making such a chnrge. He says, in language that is neither dark nor ambiguous, that |it w'as an inference he had collected—an opinion he Imil adopted Mow what, 1 ask, is there in Mr. B.’s state mem, that clearly shows the General was piecipitate in forming, or has been illiberal »ti maintaining that opinion ? Mr. B. states, that a rumor prevailed that Gen. Jackson had avowed a design of appointing Mr. Ad ams Secretary of State—that he apprehend ed the efter.ts of such a report, if not contra dicted, might prove disastrous or fatal to the1 cause of the. Geuerul—that he proposed to Mr. Eelon ol the Senate, a personal ami pol itical friend of the General, to cull on him. and solicit him to contradict it if unfounded —and that Air Eaton declined. He states further, that he got into a conversation with Mr. Mutktey, an admitted partisan of Mr. Clay— that Mr. Al. remarked, it would be ; ol great service to Jackson, if tho rumor al luded to were discredited—if the General would just say lie would not appoint Mr. Ad ams lo the l>purtmrn! of State—tliat some o! Mr. A.\ It lends had intimated or affirm ed, il Mr. A. was elected, the office of min • ster of state would be offered to Mr. Clay, and that (General J.’s friends had now an opportunity of fighting their adversaries with their own weapons. Mr Buchanan re plies, that he had been thinking of that mat ter. He repairs to the General, who, on be ing interrogated, denies that he hau intima l» d iu any way that he would place Mr. Ad ams at the head of the Department of State_ that ho would not say whom he would or would not invite to take office—that he would he President, if elected, without solicitation and without intrigue, and would thus be left Iree to select the ablest and best men in the nution. Now v/iiat is there in all this tliat manifestly proves that Mr B.’s observation* to the General were * unauthorised 7* The question is, whether they plainly show the General bei.ayeda ma'ignant precipitation in concluding that they were authorized? Was he ignorant of Mr. If’a interview with Mr. Markley, the avcived friend of J\/r. Clay? Was he ignorant of the intimations of Mr. friends, that if their candidate was elected, he would make Mr. C. -Secre tary of State? Is it improbable that Mr. Buchanan (I mean no disrespect to that dis tinguished gentleman,) may have forgotten, and so omitted lo state all that lie said to the General ? The General says, that the gentleman who waited upon him, remarked it was fair to fight their opponents with their own weapons. Mr. B. makes no mention of his having made such a remark, but he dis tinctly says it was made to him by Mr Markley. I will not now pursue tbo sub ject farther. I will only add tlrkt I am not the political champion of General Jiu-ksoo. On the contrary, 1 profess to he partial to the existing administration. But I am dis gusted with the atrocious calumnies so in dustriously propagated against a veteran warrior by cowards, rem-gado*, aod vaga bonds. ® Fiom Foul-ion » American Daily A«l\crij*or. Philadelphia, August 30, *837. To the Hon. Jus. Barbour, Secretary at B ar. Sih—Fur my intrusion oil your notice, I have to oiler an an apo ogy, the io»portane» (in my view,) of the subject of my letter. I neeil not inform you that hi a few mouths, the Chesapeake and De<auare Canal v. ill bo in a navigable stale, and mil eu ible ves sel* to pass Irom the C irsapeake to the Del aware, drawing se\ h feel of wilier j it I hen follows, as a mu'ter of course, tli vi the trudo between Philadelphia ami Washington. Georgetown and Alexandria, Will pass through this Canal, and that this will pro. duce u great saving of time and expense in the transportation of merchandise between the above places. I now wish to point ou! t* joii another link 10 b« added to ibis chain of Navigation, which will be very interesting to the nation as well an to individuals. From Washing ton City to the mouth of the Potomac, is a distance of at least one hundred miles, the navigation extremely tediuns, ami eveh in* ti'icate, owing chiefly to fie unusu illy wind i"g course of the river, and from the mouth of • fir river to Annapolis, is about 05 mites, making the whole distante from Washing ton to Annapolis, about 1G3 miles; now l (iropose to diminish this distunce. by redu cing it to about 2!5, oral must 30 miles. A canal cut from either Annapolis. South or West rivers to Washington, will not iu any event, exceed 30 miles, and thus save hi the navigation between these places, annul 135 miles in the single trip, or 370 miles ut the complete voyage ; nor is this all ; it will save in a voyage from Philadelphia in Wash ington, and hark, Ad average of one \v« t_k, in time. Surely, then, it is Worthy of tho serious consideration of the GovcinuiiiU, mid Alight, I think, to be examined and sui • vcyed by Vomr of their Engineers, fur I lie purpose of determining if it be practicable • n tlie iirst place to make a canal as ubuvo designated, and secondly, to ascertain if there will be a sufficient supply of water m feed a canal, and if sufficient, of w list dimen sions the canal should be. I lie suppiy which I shall point out is Patuxent river and its branches, and the noiih east branch of the Potomac. 1 un know that distinguished Engineers are of opinion that this plan is peifectlv practicable, and if so, it requires uo argu ment to prsve its importance. The cost of this work will be a trifle com pared to the advantages to be gained by it ; for if a canal can ba made of 8 feet water, it will enable the government to transport, ,D large vessels, any thing they tuay wish, from the seat of Government to Trenton on iho Delaware,without risk cr delay or trans shipment, and so soon us a canal is cut thro" New Jersey, they may be conducted on to Albany in the same vessel in which the ship ment is made at Washington. The canal which I have suggested would shorten the voyage from \\ eshington to Norfolk, by producing a saving of at least two days in each trip, or four days in a complete voyage; and would materially diminish the risk oc casioned by the numerous shoals in the Po tomac river: it would also be of importance io the trade of Georgetown, as it would en able the merchants of that place to semi on the produce-reesiveii from tfie Chesapeukn and Ohio Canal to this market, which will be *jf advantage to them, and will give erti pioymeut to our -hipping, and of course he a public beneiit; for whatever lends in im prove the coudition of even a portion of the population of the union, must be considered a benefit to the whole. In the hi.pe that the suggestions which T have mude may draw your atlealiuu scribt**, ly to the subject of this letter, 1 am with great respect, \ our obedient servant, A PHI LA DELPHI \X. Highway Tiobery —A merchant in Vermont named Avery, who came to Hartford with two double wagons loaded with wool; and sold them with the;r conteina and horses, was prom din - toward* Boston atone ha sulky,on Friday last] il« lell liartlord about3. P. M. and was in the woods almost to Stafford Springs about ftthai eve ning, when he passed a man who eyed rum with great care as he passed, but offered him no moles tation The stranger was either black or wore -omc disguise At a short distance, he heard him wnis tle ; when two men sprang from the road side, one of whom seized his horse- Tha other then cornin ' up, two of them presented pistols to his breast" searched him, and demanded the key o' his trunk. They took Irom him his money, which amounted, as we understand, to 3,77^ dollars, aDd leading him into the woods, gagged and bound him to a ii*ce_ The money was principally in bills, of the Mid dletown Bank. In that condition h« remained unlil about 4 o’ clock tha following morning, when he »uccec< ed in loosening the gag Irons his month, and making tha passengers hear him They hesitated a moment, thinking there might be danger ; hut the driver and one tf he pawengers who Went to his relief, brought him to Hartford The robbers were masked. Wc understand measures were taken ai Hanford tv am prebend the robbcis jzwsAroi.M, Aug. 17.-— Wo arc pained fn Icaru thru (lie venerable Charles Carroll of C’arollton, in now guttering under the sever al pain. A gathering having made it* ap pearance on one of Ins eves it is fear ed will proro fatal to die sight. Wc will he joined we are sure by ueery American, dial dns only and honorable remnant of (hat band of worthies (hat susnunr d fhem in dio darkest hour of our revolution, may a-^ain bo restored to his interested family m his for* iner good health Col. John Porter has been elected a Reprr sentative to Congress from South Carolina, tn, supply the vacancy occasioned by the death oC Gen Carr,