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The Valley Virginian. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1865-1895, August 02, 1888, Image 2

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in 1S7S tlie same quality could be pur
chased for $5.18. The moment the Eng
lish manufacturer discovered that we in- i
tended to enter the market where two- j
thirds of his product was sold, that mo- 1
ment he cut down his prices so as to crush ]
out his infant competitor. In this he sue- 1
ceeded, so that to-day not a pound of tin
plate is produced m this country. If the
Mills bill should become a law (and thank
heaven it will not) it would not he a year
before tin plates would rapidly advance.
As soon as the fear of all competition were
removed. England would he solemasterof
the situation, and exact her own prices.
In his speech Mr Yost, showed that to
increase the duty on tin places would slim
ulate their production in this country and
would he especialiy advantageous to Vir
ginia and this district. Ail of the tiu
plate now made in the world is made from
mild basic steel. This steel is the product
of phosphoric ore from which the phos
pliorus lias been eliminated- That quality
of ore is found in most quantities through?
out Virginia and the South,and especially
in this district. It lies in close proximity
to the liarestone and the coal. Were a
market open for its product, it would
swiftly spring into value, and thousands
of acres now absolutely worthless, would
be converted into sources of great profit.
No other section of the Union offers so
many Inducements for this particular
manufacture. Men of capita) and enter
prise know this, and would not he slow to
take advantage of It. The wage* repre
sented in the imports of tin plate amount
to $15,000,000 per year, or as Mr. Yost
estimates, $1.50 per day paid to 83,33s
workmen for 300 days of the year. It
would mean $30,000,000 added to the trade
of this country, anti of t|)e section in
which the industries would be located, it
would mean a home market for every pro
duct of the farm and a new prosperity to
all classes. And it would mean also a
cheaper tin bucket for tffe workman, and
more money to purchase supplies to-fill it.
It would mean a vastly increased business
for the canneries, and a lower price for the
canuing of these goods. In short, it would
date a new era for Virginia and the South,
aud the whole Nation would he benefited
thereby.wliilst;no singleAmerican interest
would be injuriously affected. England
would alone be the sufferer, and that
kin 1 of suffering we can wi ’! uli
Gen das, A. Wa k r.
A dispatch Irom Ilichmond dated July
20 !o (tie New 1 o k 11 ilmne, say.?*"lien.
James A- WaJ^er, of Wylilevihe. Va.,
who was ldeuiepaut Qoyerqor oj l|m Jviate
uad i the Democratic rule of Goy. 11 d|i
day, h is come into the Republican iai ks.
lie says that tie (annot stand fr> c Irade
and cannot vote for Cleveland. lie de
clares lliat SjulliwisL Viigima v.iii go lpr
Harrison and Morton.”
We are not surprised at tliis announce
ment. Den. \\ alter lives in a seciion of
! tin State where the henrlits of the protec
tive policy are visibly exruq'liii d- There
is no tq a! an a i f territory in the Union
that possesses mini mu-.pi .4, undeveloped
| wealth than are comprised in the counties
which constitute Southwest Virginia, and
Gen. Walker knows, as every intelligent
gentleman in that section kuovvs, that tills
| vast wealth would he practically valueless
were the policy of the President’s mes
sage and the policy, as outlined in the
original Mills i ill. to become the policy of
' Lhe government, ft would he material
. death to every minerd district of Hie
.South. Yet there are men who Relieve
this.who have not toe courage to come out
squarely for the political organization
which makes it a cardinal idea of Its creed
to protect such interests and give them
practical value. Not only to give them
i piactical value but all the related interests
of home prosperity and progress. A ye*r
ago, Mr. .John E Gleaves, a talented law
yer of Wytheville, announced his divorce
ment from the Democratic parly, because
of Ibis question, aud is now actively allied
with the party and the cause of protec
tion. There are hundreds of others who
I believe as Gen. Walker and Mr. Gleaves
do,aud taking courage f'uini t.heir example*
will, no doubt, be found voting side h.v
side will) them for Harrison, Morton and
| And this feeling is not confined to
Southwest Virginia. All over the State,
and especially in the Valley counties,
former Democrats, or those who have been
acting with that party from local consid
erations, have deciaied their intention to
' vole with the paity and for the candidates
’ who represent the policy in which llie wel
fare of the Slate and Nation is involved,
in Ibis national election. The menace to
Hie imperial interests of Virginia ami the
wliole.couutry, contained in the Mills l ill
and the Piesident's message, has alarmed
the people, and thousands of them will as
sert their convictions at the ballot boy; by
voting f *r tue Republican nominees for
President aud Vice Piesident, aud for
j Congress.
Ho.;. M. a Quay.
The quiet ami cautious* manner of Sen
ator Quay, chairman of llie Repubhem
National Committee, since he has heen
designated tor that Important position,
has directed to • ini the attention of Re
publicans all over the country, and in
spired an abiding confidence that lie is
' Llie right man in the right place. It is ev
i idenl that he is more a man of deeds than
■ words, and that there will be no extrava
gant boasting or superlluons rantings dur
i ing this campaign. He means business,
lie knows that there is a hard light before
him and that it will call for discipline,
method and well directed effort to win the
great battle on which he is about to enti r.
The Republicans throughout the countiy
should give him hearty and aggressive sup
port, and so adjust thejr local affairs as to
encourage him in the labor he has t»foi,e
him. The Republicans of Virginia slim.|d
see to it that their differences are at least
abated during Ibis contest, and their
united efforts directed to giving tbeelecto
ral vote of ttie State to swell the victorious
column in November next. Those who
are Republican from principle and convic
tion, and not merely for the hope of spoils,
will recognize the duty of giving the Na
tional organization and the National ticket
an earnest support, and to relegate to a
future time the settlement of any faction
al differences that may exist, and under
conditions which will not implicate or
jeopard ize the success of the national cam e.
The man or the set of men, who at this
critical period, foment strife, inflame
personal feeling or seek to gratify personal
resentments, at the expense'of the party's
true interests, will not deserve and will
not receive the confidence or the recogni
tion of the party hereafter. If the great
cause of the Republican party is made sec
■ ondary to personal spites of individuals at
i a time like this, then the evidence will beof
record that such as do so, cannot in tin- fu
ture be entrusted with party interests.
The first duty of every Republican in
the land is to give active, sinceie and
stubborn support to the national organiza
tion—furnish no cause for worry or anx.
iely, but muve steadily forward in solid
column to strengthen the hands of the
chairman, regardless of any legal differ
ences which have existed or may now ex
ist. This is a duty- and he who fails in
| its discharge ought to and will be repu
J dinted and condemned in the future,
Judge Jam?s M. Jackson has been nom
j inated by the Democrats of the I’arkeis
i burg, W, Va , distiict, for Congress, to
succeed lion. Mr. IJogg, present repre
1 seutative. There were three names be
lore the convention, Mr. Hogg, itustaee
Gibson and Judge Jackson. The latter
' was nominated by a bare majority, after
angry and boisterous contention.
“An Issue/’
Our elastic and accommodaf ing neighbor
>f the Vindicator, it reems. has now an
ssue. I' proclaims it in tin* following in-:
reduction to ftie annoimcemeut ol the
lassage ol' the Mills loll: "The issue of
iigb taxes or low taxes is now squarely
jefore the country. On Saturday last the
Wills bill, which is the Democratic plat- j
orm of this campaign, was passed, the j
rote being 102 10 14b.”
That isa very self-satisfactory way of put- j
;ing it, but if is quilt likely that our ver
latile coteinporary will not be a lowed to
'.online the issue to so naimw a compass,
fhe Democrats held a National ( oi veu
don in .Tune.1888 Tht-y nominated a can
lidate for Die Presidency, and these two i
pregnant facts will, in all probability, have
some relation to the "issue.” That con
vention also adopted a platform, in which
it endorsed the l*iesident*s riet-T.ado
Message sent to Congress last December.
This will be dragged into tbe '‘issue,” re
gardless of the squirming and protesta
lions of the I-indicator, and such giddy
and flickering lights of Democracy as it is
proving itgeff to be. The President-, in
that message, which is the real party p'at
form. as it certainly is the President’s, de
mands that all “raw material” be placed oil
the free list, and makes especially promi
nent and imperative the requirement that
foreign wool should come in free. The
Mills bill was originally constructed to con
form to the policy outlined in the Pres
ident'll message. It placed bituminous
coal and iron ore on the free list; (ire
brick clay and kaolin, wooden screws,
also, in the same category, but the rep
resentatives in Congress, of Democratic
States and districts, which would be af
fected by extending the uoliey of free trade
that far, entered a solemn protest against
any such suicidal policy, both from a po
litical and iudustisal standpoint. The solid
South hat] to lie respected. It is the en
trenchment qf the party, and once broken
Democratic hopes would go glimmering.
So rice, coal, sugar, iron ore, kaolin, lire
brick clay, had to be eliminated from '.be
free list. Connecticut is essential to Dem
ocratic success, and as it is there that tire
Digest manufactory of wooden screws is
operated, the Democratic sentiment in
that State had to be deferred to, and
wooden screws were stricken from the free
list. Put no argument or appeal could in
duce the surrender of free wool. That was
the hobby of the President in his message,
and to have stricken that oil', would have
been a total repudiation of the policy of
the message and of the national platform.
r|'he Mills bill was designed, as ope qf
Its advocates asserted, as the ‘ first step in
the direction of free trade.” Mills, Breck
inridge, Carlisle, YVattersou and the Pres
ident are all substantially committed to
that principle, and when the hill was for
mulated with closed doors and in secret
councils, it was the purpose to make free
trade, or revenue only, the “issue.” When
the measure was exposed to the light and
subjected to the scrutiny of those whose
votes were necessary to pass it and who
desired to be re-elected, the curses both
loud and deep which flooded in, had to be
respected and the fiee list was so emascu
lated as scarcely to be recognized by tbe
projectors of the bill. But it still cod'aim;
the principle.especially exemplified in free
wool, of free trade.'and tlie whole trend of
its purpose is essentially free trade. Every
English journal recognizee it as sued, and
in ged its passage by Congsess. Every free
trade paper in this country, and every free
trade advocate, even to Henry George, the
great exponent and chief apostle of fiee
trade, gave it hearty endorsement, as look
ing in the right direction
It is this measure, patched up and tacked
together, something on the order of a crazy
quilt, that our lively neighbor 11 units as
t)m issue. Well, let it be so. We think be
will get enough of it before this canvass
closes, and be in a mood to kick himself
severely for presuming upon the igno
rance and gullibility of the people, in
pressing the policy and the principle in
volved for their endorsement and support.
Tne cheap blanket story, and the cheap
clothes delusion, predicated upon the free
wool idea, will not deceive the people.—
They know that everything they wear,
whei her of wool or Gotton, is cheaper now
than it has ever been. They know that
uniler the protective policy, every manu
factured article from iron, wool, cotton,
wood, that goes into daily use,costs far less
than it did under Democrat is tariff laws.
They know that the country lias grown to
its present affluent condition; that an in
dustrial system has been established, and
enlarged to its present enormous propor
tions. under the protective policy; that
our skilled workmen and the laborer are
in gieater demand and at better wages
than tinder Democratic tariff policy, and
that tlie ciedit of the government and the
dignity and influence of the Nation have
intensified and expanded under Republi
can policy to a degree that has marked the
history of no other people on the globe,
The Mills hill will not he neglected as
an issue, but at the same time, the Blair
educational bill, which the Virginia De
mocracy are committed to, and the repeal
of the internal revenue laws, which they
declared for, will be brought into promi
nence to illustrate the false pretenses, the
deception and duplicity of the Democratic
leaders and Democratic legislators.
We congratulate our neighbor on the
[happyframe of mind it has assumed in
thinking it lias what it calls an ‘ issue.”
It is the first one it has claimed to have
had affecting revenue dr government ad
ministration, forlo, thes<* many years. Let
i. cherish it as a nine days’ wonder, for
ere the leaves ol autumn begin to fall, it
will wish tlie "issue” and those who thrust
it into this canvass were at the i otiom of
the deep blue sea.
The M ask of a Free Trador.
The Democratic papers are repeating
tiie charge of ‘ free whisky''’ against the
Republicans, in order to cover up their
free trade tracks. They want to impose
direct taxes upon the people of this coun
try, for the benefit and advantage ol for
eigu nations and their labor and products.
They know that if the internal revenue
laws are repealed—the internal revenue
tax wiped out—that would settle the tariff
question in the interest of American in
dustries and American labor. To keep up
theiuternal lax on the people, will necessi
tate either a heavy and dangerous surplus
in the treasury, or the reduction of cus
tom-house levies to such a degree as to se
riously impair, if nut destroy American
manufactures. When you hear a Demo
crat charge the Republicans with being in
favor of ••iree whisky” you may put it
dowu that he is a free trader—that he pie
fars to tax his own people to taxing for
eign products for the support of govern
ment. That is the bottom truth of it. It
is one of the ways recently invented to
hide the purposes of the Democratic party.
They mean essential free trade. The Mills
hill is the first step. With tiiat a law and
Cleveland re-elected, then the original
purpose of the measure and that declared
m the President's message would be
pressed without disguise. To that end
the levenues must be kept up from inter
pal taxes, so tiiat they may be abated at the
custom house. That is the way free trade
js to be reapbed. Rebind tbe "free whis
ky” clatter com,es the free trade “gorgon
dire” and here comes the secret of tire real
horror of the Democracy for “free whis
ky,” something they have been clamoring
for ever since the party has been recon
Mayor R. F. Harris, of Charlottesville,
Has stricken wiili sudden blindness last
week. It is thoiigut the bursting ul a
blood vessel was the cause of it.
Another Issue.
The T7*rt«/«Vifrfor effects to have anntlier
issue :n charging the Republicans with
heir g ic favor of • free whisky.’’ This is
a st iautre allegation for our neighbor to
make, ilis memory must he very short
or he must t liink i he people are all a lot of
ninnies. Tim charge is based on the fact
RiiO (tie Ui publican platform, adopted at
Chicago, in declaring for the principle and
policy bf protection to American labor
aeri American industries, announced that
ratliei Ilian snneuder this principle or
weaken its vital power.it. would prefer the
ft peal of the ent be tax on distilled spirits.
The condition upon which Ibis extreme
position is piedicated is not likely to oc
cur, hat the Republicans did not care to
leave any doubt in tlie public mind as to
tie ir sincerity in maintaining t be interests
of American labor and American manu
faeluies. in the earnestness of their con
viction as to the true policy of this coun
try, in relation to its material development,
its mechanical advancement, its industrial
progress, the employment of its labor, and
the establishment of its industrial indepen
dence, they wanted to impress the idea that
any policy or legislation which threatened
these interests would Uv considered sec
Hut how is it with the Virginia Demon
racy and our neighbor!? Just thirteen
months ago the Democrats of Virginia, in
Convention assembled at lloanoke, after
solemn delibeiation, resolved that
“We demand the immediate repeal of
the internal revenue system, a relic of tlie
war and no longer necessary to meet the
demands of the government, because it is
oppressive, fosters monopolies, and is ob
noxious to the interests of the people.”
The Vindicator supported the platform,
of which the above quotation is a part.
It was paraded before tne people as the
true policy to be adopted, and the
Democratic party deliberately pledged it
self to the repeal of the entire internal
revenue tay. What baa occurred since then
to change the mind of our cotemporary V
lie must have been either trifling with a
grave public question then, or he is doing
so now. And then for a Democratic paper
or a Democratic speaker to state to the
country that the Republican party is in
favor of "free whisky,’1 with the tradi
tions, tlie records and the practices of the
two parties familiar to the people, Is to
assume a degree of credulity and ignorance
oa their part that is not complimentary tc
the sagacity of those who do it.
This is another “issue” our neighboi
will haye to face and tackle, and explain tc
the people of this State whether the Dem
ocratic State platform meant free whisky
and dear clothing or not. And if not why
not, provided such a result would follow
the adoption of a conditional resolution
such as that in the Cbicagolplatforui y The
one was a demand for repeal without con
ditions—cool, deliberate, calculating, anc
the Vindicator and the Virginia Pemoc
racy supported it. The other is repeal,
conditioned on a certain state of tilings
affecting the entire industrial relations ol
the couptry harmfully, and the Republi
While we are not apologizing for the lie
publican platform by way of comparison
we believe its positiou is right, Hail wt
drawn the resolution, we might have dif
ferently worded it , hut the purpose it wai
designs d to declare, irapli -ates interest;
iso vast and so far-reaching, and so inti
rnaiely associated with national progress
and prosperity, that no true friend of tin
country ought to antagonize it. We aim
ply place the Democratic declaration oni
j'i ar ago. and t he Democratic demagogii
appeal now. before the people for them t<
determine the sincerity of the charge ol
free whisky against the Republicans.
Harrison’s Speeches.
The numerous brief speeches deliverer
by (ten Ilanisqn since Ins nomination foi
the Presidency, are models of point, graci
and effectiveness. There has not been ;
misplaced or inappropriate word i'allei
from his lips. There lias not been a sen
tence uttered that does not defy legitimati
criticism. In matter and form they havi
been as complete as if the work of tin
midnight lamp, although they were al
impromptu in their conception and deliv
erance. Contrast them With 1*1® effort o
President Cleveland, at tiie University o
Virginia, where he had been invited sev
eral weeks before the time for his pres
ence there, when it was expected that In
would have something to say before tin
Alumni. Instead of meeting the demaud;
of the hour, he stammered out that hi
was ashamed that lie wasuot equal to tin
oceasmn, and gave utterance to somi
driveling stuff that would have made i
school boy feel ashamed, and which cer
taiuly dal uring the blush to the cheeks01
his Democratic hearers. IIis enclyeo
pedia resource, which had been re
sorted to on former occasions, was no
convenient or appropriate. He could fine
nothing in it that fitted the sip-roundings
so lie had to confess that he had nothin!
to say, and consequently said worse that
nothing. Had he taken the advice of hi:
friend, offered an apology and sat down
he would have saved many distinguished
men present mortification. Hut he di(
not do this, and the result was a feelirq
of commiseration, if not disgust, mani
fested so plainly as to make it painful.
And these are tl(e men who are to ht
Voted for to (ill the chief executive chaii
of the Nation.
Is it Free Trade ?
The Mills bill declares for
Free Trade in lumber, which is pro
ducedtothe amount of $300,000,000 an
Free Trade in wool, of which we pro
duce over 3000.000.000 pounds annually;
Free Trade in salt, of which we produci
nearly 40.000,000 bushels annually;
Free trade in flax, hemp, jutes and otlie
Free Trade in cement, potash, lime am
Free Trade in meats, game and poultry
Free Trade in vegetables, peas am
Free Trade in stone;
Fr ee Trade in at least 100 other article
produced in this country, most of willed
could be produced in siifihiient quantities
for home consumption if pioperly pro
“Free Trade means the levying ofdutie
for revenue only, in such manner as t<
help home industries as little as pos
sihle. The free trade theory is that
home industry cannot be helped througl
the levying of duties on imports withou
taxing the many for the benefjt of the few
Free trade, therefore, imposes duties as
far as possible, upon articles which a'(
not products of home industry, and omit.
or abolishes or reduces duties of a protec
live character as far as the necessities ol
revenue will permit. The Mills tariff hi]
discriminates against home industry: il
| prefers duties which do not encourage pro
! tection at home, and cuts down or abol
I ishes in preference duties which do en
; courage protection at home.”
In the free list of the Mills bill we havt
absolute free trade, and to that deg-ree ah
lute discrimination against the products
of this country in favor of the products ol
foreign countries.
It is stated in the Louisville Coftrpr
Journal that Sherman. McKinley and For
alter will stump Kentucky. Jf they do,
the dry bones of old Bourhonjsm will get
such a shaking up as tljey have uevpr had
England has just sent through the New
York custom house seventy five thousand
Cleveland campaign buttons for sale to
Democratic voters.
TIl«» Koiiiililic'fiii Nlandinl Rpnrrr S|X-aUs
lo the Prapleol the Country.
A delegation of Republicans from Cham
paign, Illinois, paid their respects to (ien.
Harrison, at his home in Indianapolis, on
I he 24lh inst. In lespone to the speech of
Mr. F. M. Wright, for the delegation,
Gen. Harrison responded in the following
sentences which ought to he carried on the
sleeve and engraven on the mind of every
cilizen of the Republic :
“ Von come as citizens of an adjoining
Slate to manifest, your spokeman has said,
some personal respect lor me, hut much
more, 1 think, your interest in the pend
ing contention of principles before the
people of the United States. It is fortun
ate you are allowed not only to express
your interest by such popular gatheriugs as
these, but you will he called upon iudivid
uaily, after the debate is over, to settle this
contention by your ballots.
“An American political canvass, when
we look through the noise and t. iisel that
accompany it, presents a scene of profound
interest to the student of government. The
theory upon which our government is
built is that every qualified elector shall
have an equal iuihieuce at the ballot box
with every other. Our constitutions do
not recognize fractional votes, they do not
recognize the right of one mail to count
one and a half in the determination of
public questions. It is wisely provided
that whatever differences may exist in h -
telligence, in vealth nr in any oilier re
spect. at the ballot box there shall be ab
solute equality,
“No interest can be truly subserved,
whether local or general, by any invasion
of this great priucple. The wise work of
our fathers in constructing this govern
ment wi'l stand all tests of internal dis
sensions and revolution, and all tests of
external assault, if we can onlv preserve a
pure free ballot. (Cheers.) Every citizen
who is a patriot ought to lend bis influence
to that end by promoting necessary re
forms in our election laws, and watching
snpervison of the processes of our popu
lar elections. We ought to elevate in
thought and practice the free suffrage that
we ei joy.
“ As long as it shall be held by our jieo
pie to he the jewel above price, as long as
each for himself shall claim Its free exer
ciseatid shall generously and manfully in
sist upon an equally free exercise of it by
every other man. our government will he
preserved, our development will not find
its climax until the purpose of God in es
tahlishiug this government shall have
spread through the world ‘governments of
the people, by the people and for the peo
pic.’ ” (Prolonged cheers.)
An immense delegation of Clay county
Indiana workingmen and miners, many ol
them Democrats, who will vote for Ilarri
son and Morton,called on Geueral Ilari isor
on the 27th inst. Mr. Wilton, one of the
miners, who came from the old country was
the spokesman of the delegation. He said
The miners have come here to take a hand
in the procuring of bread and butter tor labor
Free trade will bring us low wages and very
strong smelling butter. We did not leave the
shores of the old country to be bossed in tbit
land by foreigners. We believe in America foi
Americans. Those who want a foreign policy
ought V> abroad to live. The highest wageV
lor miners in Southern England for mining it
slxty-two and a half cents, and the highest
\vages in any part of England for mining is #1 s
day, and half of this goes for bread. We car
make as much ip America In one day as in tw<
in the old country. If the industries of thn
Country are curtailed we shall lie bleeding al
England’s feet as Ireland does. Let ns vole tc
make u demand for our commodity—labor. We
intend to vote this time for our children. We
aie going to take a baud in this light.
in reply to me mree speeches lieneraJ
Harrison said in substance :
I thank you for this demonstration of inter
est in the issues of the corning campaign. I am
too glad to know that the moving cause of till*
demonstration relates to principles rattier than
to men. Men come and go, but truth abides. 1
am glad to know that you who have come here
are interested in the diversified industries ol
your country, #?iay county is peculiarly happy
in having not only agricultural inter*
ests hut mines, mills and many mechanical in
dustries. You, I uimerstaiid.come from all those
pursuits which are identified with the preser
vation o tiie doctrine of American manufac
tures and American markets. Men have re
sorted to labored tables to show that .the cou
, dition of American workingmen In better than
the condition of workingmen in other lands. I
do not care mdeal with stat istics now. One fact
is enough forme. The tide ol emigration is to
wards our shores. The gates of Castle Garden
swing inward. They do not swing ou'ward to
any American laborer The men who have
come to our shores have toiled for wages Unit
would lia»dly preserve life and that Jett thtqu
iio surplus, they ku \y thp land Qf promise ay
well as the myailo\y know* the summer. Here
fefe wider and more popeful promises than any
I iftud on wjiich the sun shines. The more work
there is to do in this country the better wage*
- will he nald.
1 spi ak to men who know that when there is
a product for their toll in t lie market wages ad
vance When manufact ures go begging tor buy
ers wages go down. The policy which secures
> the largest amount of worn at. home is the pol
, icy which will secme to the laboring man the
best, wages. The policy that will transfer labor
i to f< reign markets will depress wages here.
The stern logic of your lives lias demonstrated
these things to he true. The social and polit
ical conditions of the country are juore favora
ble than anywhere pise. I f we can preserve these
\ye {shall pave the largest interests of our
working classes secured. Upon what do social
order and proapt ritjj exist if not on the intel
ligence and thrift of the working classes?
What will banish discontent and make us strong
if not that the people areKupplu d thiough their
own on ors with daily necessities, with a mat gin
■ lett for comfort and for the savings banks A
, condition that will compel * he laborer to look
into tiie face ol want daily and contemplate
I sickness is an evil.
To my colored :r|ends I wopi say thpt Kinap
■ cipatiou rempyed tiie greftiet(, tiling t|iat tended
. to dpgradP: A j! mpp ftip ijnw free, you are
placi d pn eqi.al footing in tiie struggle for sue
) ceas. I not u e that it lias been said Unit. I Ire
party tu whicn we belong did not thoroughly
l> protect tiie colored men of tiie South, and there
fore l lie reason for colored men going over U
tiie Democrats. I beg them who made ihit
assertion lo answer one question: Who is il
against wiiom the Kepblican puny has been
unable to plot eel tiie colored men ?
, On the 28th, General Harrison received
I a large delegation of yqter^ front -Jennings
, poiinty, JmJiana. Jn response to the ad
; dress of pn sental ion the (ieneral del’v
i ered tin- following brief speech which hat
; as much in it and to the point, as inighi
, ordinarily be found in a two hours’speech
It shows how complete his knowledge ani
h >w clear his views of public affairs am
; pulic questions are :
“My Irlends— It is a source of regret to jps
that I do so little Ipeppinenyate those who takt
ijie trouble to yisit me. T need iiardly to say U
ydp that I very iiighly appreciate this evidence
o 1 your friendliiifcfes. ami also the kind vvordt
wiiicli you have addressed to me through
your representative. Jennings county lias h
history of which it may be proud. Itlias con
tributed to the city or {uijiauapolis soipe of hei
{post dlstiugplshed apd useful ]pen. Y»ui
spokesman has mil exaggerated the fidelity and
steadfastness of the people ot your county
Y<»ur Kepublioanism lias been us high and
straight as the walla oi jour cliffs, (applause
and as solid as the limestone wit.li which your
hi’is are buttressed. (Applause.) You have
said to me that you are in favor of a tree and
equal ballot the country over. We are s> _*e
iated in our Government. Unit any d 1st m b nice
of the suffrage anywhere directly affects us all,
Our members of Congress pass upon question*
that are as wide as the domain over which oui
' flag floa' s. Therefore our interest in the choice
of these representatives is uoi limited to out
own districts. If the debate upon public ques
• tions is to be of value the voter must be tree tr
register ins conclusion, 'ihe tribunal which i*
to pronounce upon the argument must not be
■ coerced.
1 i You have said to rpe that you favor tiie doc
trine of .Protection. # The 'Republican party
stands for tiie prlncple of Protection, We be
; lieve in the preservation pf tne American mar
. ket lor our American pri d users ami workmen,
1 (Applause ami cries of -that’s it. ) We believe
that the development of home manufacture*
tepds dlrecMy U> promote t.Jie interests of agri
culture by iurniwhiug a home market for tho
proiuctsof the farm and thus emancipating oqi
’ farmeisfrom the transportation charges which
they must pay when their products seek dis
tant markets. (Applause.) We are confronted
now with a treasury surplus. Our position is
exceptional. We are not seeking, as many oth
er nations are, new subjects oi taxation, new
sources of revenue. Our question is now, bow
wisely to reduce our national revenue? The
I attempt has been made to use this surplus as u
lever to overturn the Protective system Th t
1 promoters of this scheme, while professing ii
desire to diminish tiie surplus, have
acted as if their purpose was to increase It in
, part by opposing necessary and legitimate ap
propriations. 1 agree that there is danger that
1 a surplus may promote extravagance, but I do
, not find myself in sympathy with Unit policy
which deuies the appropriations necessary foi
tin- defense of our people, or the convenient ad
ministration of our public affaiys throughout,
ty'ic qoqutry, jn qrder fJiftt the threat ol
i a surplus may Lje used lor a sinister purpose I
bel'feVe that in reducing oui- revenues to the
level of opr needful and proper expenditures
iye can ami should, continue to favor and pro
tect our own industries. l do not like to in
trust Mils work to those who declare protective
(Julies tu be vicious, ‘legalised robbery.’
•'Tiie Republican party has, by its legislation,
shown its capacity wisely to reduce opr yeve
{lpes and at tiie same tiiue to preserve tiie
American system (Applause.) 1l can |>t>
trusted to do the work that reipajus and yo do
it wisely.” (Applause.)
The (.’Jay county people hail not finished
shaking hands with the (iei eral when an.
other delegation hove in sight, headed by
a drum corps. They proved to be the
,J. A. Logan Club (Veterans.) of Bloom
ington, Illinois, about three hundred
strong. Professor Adams, formerly presi
dent of the Illinois Wesleyan University,
introduced the delegation and made the
address, to which Genera) Harrison res
ponded as follows :
"ify ffloofliington FrinuU—l will not t|lscpss
the issues of {.lie campaign. You have alrpady
thought BP°n tlle phHIorpi.s oftpe two parties.
Some ot you have, per haps, taken your politics
hv Inheritance It la now a good tune to re
view the situation. We have the aame Inter
ests as citizens. Let us all consider the histo
, ry and declarations of the great parties, and
thoughtfully conclude which Is more likely to
Whitmore, Denny <& Liffjrett
Intend to make them say more than has ever before been said in the way of BARGAINS IN
• QUA LIl \ IS 1 11 h. 1 RUE I ESI Oh C 11 EAI’NESS, ’and the prices on what we have to offer are made to compare
with the pi ices on the SAM k grades of goods elsewhere. I tike our prices and use them to yonr advantage, we make
them for the people, and we are not afraid to have you use them. Now, what we intend to do for the next four weeks is to
Close Our Entire Stock of Summer Goods
At a price to make them go AT ONCE. Great bargains will be offered in
Remnants of dress goods, white goods,
sat teens, cfiaeles, black goods, cas
simeres and domestics.
Come and see for yourselves that
And you will find many things that yon can use to great advantage, and save money by coming and looking
over what we shall have to offer,
jnl\19 7
promote the general intererla of our people
This is the te>»r. 'Hie Kritish PaiPameut doe
not, legislate with a view to advance the inter
ests of the people of the United States (Uric
of ‘Vo, never,’ and ‘You are right.-) Tiie.v
rightly—have in view the interest of thateu
pile over which Victoria reigns. Should we m
also, as Americans, in our legislation consul*
first the interests of our people? Our iuteres
are bound up togel her. That which promotes . 1
prosperity ol the community in which v<
dwell in kindlv nssoctation with 30111* l>cm<
ern lie friends promotes your interests and thei;
alike. Thanking you tor this visit, 1 will an
you to excuse me from further speecli-mal
lug.” (Applause)
There was quite a llurrv in the whet
market last Monday. The price went u
in Baltimore and all the important trad
centres from 5 to (S cents a bushel. It wa
occasioned by ihe intelligence that thecro
of France and Germany had partiall
failed, and that there would be a shortag
on t lie average yield in these countries i
00,QUO 000 bushels. Tins, taken in count!
Lion with the reduced surplus on hand i
this country, and the unpromising cond
tion of the yield in some of the States c
the West and Northwest, was the cause c
the jump in prices as above stated. It i
stated that it will require from 75.000.00
to 100,000,000 bushels to meet the presen
demands in Europe,although shipments by
no means show that it is immediate an
urgent, although live vessels were cbai
tered at Baltimore on the01st. With th
new crop coming in, of course, this suj
ply can be readily furnished., but how i
will affect the year’s transactions, l.efor
another crop matures, is the questioi
which agitates the dealers. Toe closiiq
figures in wheal m Baltimore on the Ills
were spot. 92:. Inly 92; Angus' 92; Sept
92f. and tin- maiket dosing strong. Thi
was an advance from morning quotation
ol fit cents p r bushel.
The reports fiom the crop in Man lam
ft id Virginia wi re very favorable as t
quantity and qual’ly.
Hon C T. O’Fcirali
Was nominated for re-election to Coi gres
from tlm 7(li district, at the IVirmcrati
Convention held in Woodstock on th
2(ith ult. There was no competing can
didate, Mr. W. 11. Alexander having with
drawn from liie contest.
Col. O’Ferrall. on his return to Wash
ington. after the adj uiruiueot ol tlm Con
vention, is reported as saving lh.it the
President's t ree trade not ions were popula
in his district, and that lie. O'Feria1
w mid be re elected by d 090 maj ri y. W
have no doubt the Colonel thinks so, bu
if we are not mistaken, ihe returns i
November next will show that he has no
been elected at all The information vv
have from the district is by no means fr
vorable to his success, and we do not be
lieve lie will succ.td.
The late Gen. Wickham.
The funerd of (ien, Wins O. VVickhat
look place from his residence, in 11,move
county, on Wednesday las’,. There wer
2.500 pel Bens piesmi one half of whoc
were citizens of Richmond, from ever
class anil condition. T.lie active pail hem
ers were eight of the old family servants
Toe flora I offerings were very piofn e yn
Of rare and beautiful i|esigu. 'I'tie beaut
fill service ol toe Episcopal ClnncM was ol
served, and all l hat was m u al ol i lie gran
old man laid lo rest ii. the old family bury
ing ground, on Hie a e s'.ral esta'e, amide
the sotis and sigiis ml Gars of an army i
devoted friends and relatives. Virgin it
w hich he loved so well, bears not upon be
bosom a kiiighi lier son. nor one whose lit
work is more deeply impressed upon lit
For pure Ice Cream, all flavors, an
fresh cakes baked daily go to .1. E. Taylu
& Soil’s, P> W. Main street.
4\eal Mutate Agent,
KtMMii So, <i 1-2 Court House M.,
Will give his entire time to selling and rentin
Farms and City Propel ty,
He respectfully solicits the pitronage o
those who have property for sale or rent.
aug2 tf—'vin <& spec copy.
Session Sept, 20,*8S, to June 20, ’SO,
Eight Independent schools completely
manned and well equipped ; good library an
museum ; special courses ot lectures; healthfu
location, attractive grounds, elegant halls air
class rooms, large and airy dormitories; net
hotel, gymnasium and hath rooms ; high stau
dards. and best surroundings.
Expenses of non-resident student, 887.50; c
resident about 8200 for nine mouths session.
For catalogue with lull information as t
organization, courses of instruction, degrees
fees. «fcc., address,
II. II. HlKftl.S, Ch’mn of the Faculty,
aug2-4t Kiciptioati, Vsi.
Virginia Female Institute
MRS. GEN. J. E. B. STUART, Principal.
The fall session will open Wept. 10,1888.
Unusual advantages are offered in every de
p i rtrpent, there being superior and experience'
teachers in charge of all classes.
Tuition in primary departing per term,
“ 44 academic “• “ “
44 *•' collegiate “ “ “
d ** calisthenics “ 41 “
Contingent fee,.
,813 C
. IS <
25 (I
2 5
, 1 <1
Extra Htudles at regular rates. Tuition fee
due jn advance.
For catalogue or admission apply to
aug2-2m MRS. J. E. B. STUA RT.
Contractors are invited to examine the modi
fled .plane and specifications for the Nkw 1 u
tiikran Cijukcii. at Staunton, Va.. and to ofl'e
proposals for the erection of the same, both to
a turn-key job, and for the separate brancha:
of the work required.
Sealed proposals will be received up to
o'clock p. m. Augustllt.il, 188.8.
fJ he contractor will he required to give satis
factory bond.
Plans ai'd speeiflcat.i* pg at the office of Tin
Equity Life Association, stapnton, Va.
i The right is reserved to njeet any and al
bids, xvt. V. FUN K HOUSER,
- J. A. WISE,
S. W. Foulk, Architect. Building Com
» a
s .| By N. W. Bowk. Heal Estate Auctioneer.!
t i a popular ami profitable Summer Resort—the
r i coolest, m lijc- mountains of Virginia. and easily
** j accessible—sitinted on the Blue Riders, over
e Rockfisli Gap, 1.996 leer above sea-level, near
11 j Alton, Va., on the 0. A 0. R. R., will be
e-OI D, A.T >\XJC s ION,
i on the premises, (with 3©«> Acres, and a full
equipment of furniture), on
Wednesday, August 22d, 18SrS,
at 12 o’clock, M.
This place, and its.Chalybeate waters are too
j. well known to require an extended notice, but
L those who desire it. can secure full information
) concerning Us capacity, &<i., by writing to the
; auctioneer, who wishes to impress upon all in
e terested the fact that the place must be sold to
q close.up the estate of the late owner.
s The terms will be made reasonable.
) aug2-3t N. W. BO WE, Auctioneer.
3 \j Staunton. Va.. August 1st, 1888.
~ In the chancery cause of Hutchens, J. H.. vs.
f i Paris, J. R. Ac.', now pending in the Circuit
Court of Augusta County, all parties, plaintiffs
aui defendants thereto, and Alex. F. 'Robert
ii son petitioner therein . are
Hereby Notified, that, in pursuance of an
" order therein entered on the 21th day of May,
{• 1888, I shall, at my office in Staunton, on
^ TUESDAY, the 4th DAY of SEPTEMBER, 1888,
proceed to lake, state and settle an account
i snowing: \Y hat fee, if any, Alexander K. Rob
. ertson is entitled to out of the undishursed
' fund in tliis cause, together with such other
^ matters as I may deem pertinent or any party
in interest may require to he specially stated .
J. w. green SMITH,
aug2 Commissioner.
\J STAUNTON, Va., August 1, 1888.
“ In the chancery cause of IIahpkr\s (Joseph)
. Ex’ou vs HakpkRs (Mary 14.) Adm’k «fc Ai.s,
, now pending in the Circuit Court of Augusta,
t all parties plaintiff and defendants therein,
j ami others whomsoever interested are hereby
notified that in pursuance of the orders t.hexem
I entered « n the 2!st of June, 1878,* the 13th «.f
Dec. 18s7. and the 12th of June, 1N8S, respec
‘ lively, 1 shall, at my oilice in Stauntou, on
t SATURDAY, the 1st DAY of SEPTEMBER, 1888,
proceed to consider two exceptions to a Mas
' ter’s repon filed in this cause on the 2ot.fi day
3 March, 1878, and reform said repoit if I shall
deem proper, as also take, state and report
3 specially any other matters which I may dc-em
pertinent or any party in interest tnav require.
1 aug2 • Commissioner.
\J m STAUNTON, Va., Aug. 1st, 1888.
in the ch’y cause of'Dickep.son’s(H.P.) Ck’ds
ys Diukkkson, H. P., ac , now pending in the
Circuit Court of Augusta, all parties, plaintiffs
, and defendants Hit re to, and alt lieu creditors of
5 II /’. Dickerson, are hereby not ified that in pur
. siitvnce or an order therein entered on the i2lh
of J (me, 1888,1 shall, at my office in Stauntou, on
8ATUR1 AY, the 1st DAY of SEPT. 1888,
proceed to consider the except ions filed to my
lormer report, in connection with the evidence
now in, and that hereafter to be taken, reform
ing my said report according to such exceptions
as I may consider well lakeu, and at the same
. t ime reporting specially what portion of the
land conveyed by Mrs. Crawford to H. P. Dick
erson and wife is liable to the judgments
Hgitinst U. P. Dickerson, together witn hucp
other matters as 1 may deem pertinent or any
l' party In interest may require to be so stated.
■» aug2 Commissioner.
1 bTa un ton , V a ,, A n gu s t 181, i S88.
^ To George F. Smith and Henry la. Hanger.
executors of Valentine Hupman, dec’d, Plain,
t tills, and the ‘ Home, Frontier and Foreign
a Missionary society « f the United Brethren in
J Christ.,** “The Church Erection Society <>t the
. United Brethren in Christ,” corporations
chartered under the laws oi the State of Ohio,
Eewis V. Hupman, Cheitara Furr, lleniy Cauo.
Kamue* Oft, William Gordon, Mimuel Goidon,
YcVleutine Hupman, Jr., John llopman, David
Hupman. William Hupman, Henry P Sillings
and Nancy his wPo. George Sheets and Harriet
his wife, i homas Wholey and Frances his wife,
1 John Gregory and OaUierlne his wi:e, i ewis
Hupman, David Hupman and Elizabeth his
L wife,Susan Hupman Henry F. Delfenbaugh,
i Aun;e B. Deflenbaiigh, *1 homas Heyden and
Elizabeth ins wife, B F. Hildebrand and
1 Mary E , liis wise, Betsy Fackler, Catiie*
l ine Furr, samuei Roudabush amt It*- becca
J his Wile, Christian HamHI, James ilar uff,
, Jos ph Bums and Catharine IDs wife, Elijah
J. .Leech a yd Louisa his wife. Jacob Hup
. man, .viy,ry S Hupman, Geo. T. ilupmau, ciiii
, dyen ui John Hupman. dec’d, Kstalme Fauber,
1 W. C. ovvui aim Man tin his wife, Robert Jiup
i'lHii, Peter Harvey Hupman, James Hupman,
Joint bi.ydi r and rfiiza nis wu-j, Nicholas
l_ Sneed and Mary J., his vvae. John Hupman,
j i homas Hu-.man, Jacob Hupman, James
J Shreevesai d Vlrgiuja his wife, uavid Hupman.
Sarah Hupman. Henry C*»sier end Frances his
wite, Samuel la\ mr and Catherine his wile,
t the childr «. a J liu Ifupmun, decal, whose
i- nam s are qnkip-wb, “auiuei Hupman, Joseph
1 Hqpupu., pat lea Deffenbangh au i lue enil
dyeii « 1 .1 ict»b llaiiutf wli«se names and resi*
deuci-s are unuiiowu, Defendants, m ihe suit
F heieiv.aiu r m< miniiHi,
Take Notice mat in pursuance of an order
entered on the oth of .June, 1885, in the chau
r eery cause now pending in the circuit Court of
Augusta, under the style of Hupman’s Ex’ors
V., vs. Hupman’s Legatees, <jcc\, V., i shall on
FRIDAY, the-81st DAY of AUGUST, 1888,
3 at my oilice In Staunton, proceed to lake
further evidence in this cause, and in conueo
1 . lion in ere with review my former report mak
ing such changes therein as may be necessary j
„ and proper, besides Inking a further account of
- the transactions ol' tUe executors of Valentine
Hupman, dec’d, with a special statement of any
other matter that l may deem pertinent or any
_ party in interest may lequire to bj so stated.
J. W. GREEN SMI 111,
aug2 ’ Commissioner. I
Manufactured lly
Office 1!) N. Augusta Street, Staunton, V.
I I fake pleasure in calling the attention of
I Farmersol Augusta ami adjoining counties to
t the fact that I am still in the held with my
Elood, Bone & Flesh Fertiliser,
f and t.o ask of them a careful constrictation of
its merits, and if they ttud ihnt my goods are
equal (as 1 claim they are superior to any im
ported fertilizer on Uie market at the same
price,) then 1 want their trade.
I herewith offer a few testimonials of respon
sible men to the worth of my goods :
Mr. Reeves Cat/ :
Dear Kir,—I have used your fertilizer and 1
believe it to oe the best in the market not
only the results I obtained from it mvseJl’but I
threshed crops of wheat ail over North River
district last season and this, and r c-n always
tell where a farmer has used your Ikuon, Bone
. and Flesh Fkiitiu/ku by quantity and qual
1 it v of his wheat. R. H. DUDLEY
{Staunton, Va., July 25, 1888.
Rockingham, Ro<kingtiam,Co , Va
) 1 sowed your fertilizers the season ot’87. L am
) satisfied with its results, I think I will matte SO
1 bushels to the acre. I visited your factory to
) day and I am pleased with the material you put
) in and with your method of manipulation. I
expect to use your goods this fail.
Lexington, Va., July li, 1888
Mr. Cate ;
Dear Sir,—Yours to hand. I will say that 1
think your fertilizer has done as well for me as
any I have ever used, for winch I paid a good
deal higher price for than yours, You can use
. | my name in certificate if yon want to do so. I
• j expect to use it again this fall if you will sell it
• .all right. Yours truly,
; Bkooksvh.i.e, Albemarle Countv, Va., \
| July 11. 1888. J
J Mr Reeves Cat!., Staunton. Va. :
, Dear Kir,—It gives me pleasure to state that
the fertilizer bought of you last fall and sower!
. on my wheat, at a rate of 2(5 pounds to the aero
lias produced a tine crop, to eli appearances, i
have not ijircylod yet. but am satisfied ti e
i yield will lie good. (.Quality of wheat, tine,
(’an't say as >o results of grass, as my clover
was mostly killed from March’s blizzard. Ex
pect to use largely increased amount of same
in this tairsseediug. Respectfully,
aug2-0t JAK. C. McCUE.
v J STAuntc»n . VaJo!y 25, 1888
ro each and all of the Unpaid Ckuditoks of
R. s- Haunsbvkoer, Dec’d
Take Notice, Umt by virtue of an order en
tered, on the 9lh day of June, 18,SK, in the cause
°t /i/(re/; ft-i/ J H. tic, vs. Harnsberger, H. A. tic
now pending in chancery In the Circuit Court
oi Augusta, 1 shall, at my office in Stauuton. on
THURSDAY, the 23d DAY of AUGUST, 1888,
proceed to take, state and settle an account
showing: First, what fee as compensation to
the counsel for the plaintiffs in the above men
tinned cause shall lie chargeable upon the fund
therein ; and Second, how the residue of said
fund shall he distributed among the creditors
of K. S. Harnsberger, dec’d.
iuiyai_w. green smith, Oomr.
STAUNTON, VA., July 24, 1888.
In the chancery cause of Curtis (Henry) vs
Hawkins, (C.) &c„ now pending lu the Clroult
Court of Augusta, ill! parties plaintiff and de
fendants, and all lien creditors of Carter Haw
kins are hereby notified that In pursuance of aiL
order therein entered on the 1st,of June, 1888 I
shall at my office in Stauuton on
TUESDAY, Hie 2Sth 1)AY of AUGUST, 1888,
proceed 10 take, state and settle an account
showing: The real estate of Carter Hawkins;
Us annual rental ami fee simple value aud the
liens binding thereon at the order of their pri
orities; together with snctl other matters as i
may deem pertinent, or any party in Interest
may require.
j uly2(i J. W. GREEN SMITH, Com’r.
v' STAUNTON-, Va., July 21th, 1S88.
In the chancery cause of ENttleman's (Geo.)
Ex'or vs Enuukman’s Heirs, now pending lit
tiie Circuit Court of Augusta, all parlies, plain
tiff and defendants are hereby notlded that tu
pursuance of an order entered therein on the
lith day of June, 1888, 1 shall at my office In
Staunton on
TUESDAY, the 2Stli DAY of AUGUST, 1888,
proceed to take, state and settle an account
showing: To whom the funds in tills cause Is
payable and lit what proportions; the batauce
of accrue d interest due Marv C. Fugleman's
ad 111'r ; the t ransactions of l’. R. N. Speck,8. A.
C , ami as such administrator d. b. u.. c. t. a. ot
George Engleman, dec'd ; ns also what would be
a proper allowance for attorney’s services in.
tins cause together with any other matters that
1 may deem pertinent or any party in Interest
may require.
_j tilyili_J. W. G RE BN SMITH, Com ’r.
Vv Staunton, Va., July 25,’88.
To John H. O’Connell A- Co., Ptamtifls, aud
Mattie J. Davis and Lewis Davis, her husband
Defendants in the below named suit, aud to alt
lien creditors or the said Mattie J. Davis,
t akk Notice that In pursuance of an order
entered on Hie 2d of Juue, 18S8, In a cause uuw
pending in chancery in the Circuit Court of
Augusta, under the style of O’Connelu & Co.,
J, s., vs. Davis, M. J. &e., 1 shall at my office
in Staunton oil
FBI DAY, the 21th DAY of AUGUST, 1888,
proceed to lake, state and settle an account
allowing : The real estate of the Bald Mattie J.
Davis; its Values, annual rental and tee sim
ple; the liens, 1! any, thereon in the order of
their priority; and whether tile said property
isoi’ls not liable for the plaintiff’s deLt, to
gether with such other matters as I may deem
pertinent or any party lu Interest may require.
Chas. Curry, p. q. july’JG
Staunton, Va , July 25,1888.
he chancery oause of Gloves (John) vs,
HoLkn (James) f.t a us, now pending in the Cir
cuit l ourt’of Augusta, all parties thereto.
Plain Dll and defendants, aud at l persons holding
ta ns i 1 any, upon tint James Holen tract of land
.'ala bjr Sheriff A’. V urk in the bill and proceedings
mentioned, are hereby notified that In pursu
ance oi 1 wo orders in said cause entered on the
— day- oi October, 1S7I. and June 1st, 1888, re
speoiveiy, 1 shall, at my office lu Staunton, on
WEDNESDAY, the 29th DAY orAUGUs’I’. 1888,,
proceed lo take, stale and settle an accoum
Showing : 'l he liens on said land at the date oi
the s ie by sheiitl Turk, tlielr ainoutftu atul
their priorities; how much of the purchase
money has been paid and to whom, uud Uow
much remains unpaid, together with any other
matters deemed pertinent by me, or required
by any pally in interest to be specially- stated.
July 29 J W. GREEN SMITH. Oom’r.
V; , Staunton, July 25,1S88L
lo Joseph IT. Crawu. Georg- A. Crawu, John
Drawn ami saiu’l H. Bell, Plaintiffs; and J. N..,
'■irenimmau and John V. Bell, adm’r of Sum'll
Brennaman. dec’d, Defendants, In the suit bo
low named, and Mury V. Trevey, Petitioner
theieln,-nil lo ai.1, creditors, especially the.
licnereditnrs ot Samuel J1 rennantanK rtx fl.
Take Notice that in piirsnaneo of an order
entered Oil the 2 I of June, 1888; lu the cause
now pending in chancery in the Circuit Court
ol Augusta, under the style of Drawn, J.is Ac.,
vs. Brennaman, J, N. AC., 1 shall at my offices,
iu Stauolou on
MONDAY, ill* sth DAY oTOCTOBER, 188R.
proceed to take, state and settle an account
‘(bowing the charges and liens, lu the order ofi
their priority, on the land In the bill men
tioned as sol i by Samuel Brennaman and wi»&
to the Deft. J Nell Brenuaman ; also whatdabls.
of Sam’l Brennaman (since dec’d) assumed bv
the said grantee, J. Nett Brennaman. asset,
f-’itb in the deed, have been paid audio whom -
the fee simple and annual rental values of said
.and ; the amThint of purchase, money still due.
by the said purchaser thereof, J. Neff Brenua
iiian : and the matters involved in the petition,
o. Mary V . Trevey, together with such other
matters as I may deem pertinent or any party?
in Interest may require.
Chas. Curry, p. q. July26.
, STAUNTON, Va„ July 25. 188a
To Abraham Senger, airalntstrator c. i a of
Susan Senger, dee'd, Plaintiff, and Ambonv
Senger, Abraham senger, Susan 0. Evers and
Dan lei i’ Evers her husband, Daniel Senger
Daniel T. Showalter, John W . Showalter Ben
janiin F Showalter, David a. showalter.
1 ,, Showalter, Mary c. Showalter. the
last two tnlants under 31 but over It years of
age, and Hettie K., Martha E. and Annie R
Showalter, infants under H years of age, and
Joseph N. Byan, guardian ad litem of all five
ol said Infants, Sejunilunls, in the suit below
mentioned, and to all creditors of Susan Sen tier
dec'll, *
Take NoctoE, that in pursuance of an order
entered on May 30. 1S88, in the suit now pend
ing in chancery in the Oil-cult Court of Au
auwia. County, under the style of Bengee's
Ami r, Susan, w.Sknusk, Anthony, & Ana,
I shall, at my otlice in Staunton, on
WEDNESDAY, the 29th DAY of AUGUST, 18S8,
pioceed to take, state and settle an account
showing: The estate of Susan Senger, dee'd Us
amount, and of what it consists ; to whom said
estate shall lie distributed and in what pro
portions > and any debts or charges against
sani estate, together with any other matters
Il.at I may deem pertinent or any party in In
terest may require.
july26 J. w. GREEN SMITH, ComV.
> Staunton, Va.. July 25. ’882
To John H. Alexander, adm"r d. b. n., c. t. a.
of John Seawright, deo’d, Plaintiff, and Mary
11. (formerly neawrighuMiller, infant, and J.N
Byan, guardian ad litem, and li. F. Miller
husband of s lid infant, Ann Myers (formerly
Seawright), Mildred Ann Watts, Miriam Watts
Cyrus Hunter and Martha his wife, X. A Face
and Elvira It., Ills wife, Elias Kiddlebereer
George Kiddh licrgcr, Johnson and Edward
U'ddleberger infants, and J. N. Byan, guardian
ad lii. in of said infants, and llie children of
.Mary s. Guidos (formerly SeawitgliL) and
David 1, „nndes her husband, the names
number and age of whom are unknown ih?
/enif ni$.\- in tiie below named suit. ’
Take Notice Unit in pursuance of an order
enteied on the lath ol June, 1883, in the cause
now pending in chancery in the Circuit Court
of Augusta under (he style of hkawkight,
Jno. s H x on. vs Seawright. M H. ac., IsliaU
at my ofheeiu Staunton on
SATURDAY, Hie 2it.li DAY of AUGUST, 1888,
proceed to take, state ami settle an account
showing: whether or not the claim of Ellas
Kiddleberger is just and correct; and what
costs the Western Lunatic Asylum should pay
to the plaintiff; and wiiatcoiupensatlon should
be allowed the plaintilf's attorneys for Insti
tuting and conducting this suit; together with
any olher matters which any parti In interest
nmi require or 1 may deem pertinent em
bracing a completion of the testimony as to the
claim ol Mariam ft. Watts for support, which Is
to he determined and reported to the court
Chas. Cnrry, p, q. jnly2#
line of the best, farms In the Valley is offered
for rent on the shares, with or without stook
to amanwilh asmau family, who c in come
Willi Mist class recommendations. None
otheis need apply. Address t
mb a- st* a0X <0, New HoP0t
julj2b-3t Augusta Co.) V»,
Ol' Indiana.
<11 X<-« Vorli.
The Vindicator’s TiQ-Plate Muddle.
With a zeal born of sudden conversion
the Vindicator rushes into the arena to
proclaim the most ultra free trade doc
tiine. Us purpose, evidently, is to keep
iu close alignment with the Democratic
parly, and in order to do this it necessarily
abandons the position so long ai d ably
maintained by it iu the past. Inaeed to
show its fealty to the new faith it entirely
repudiates its own record and employs
the same old stock arguments of the free
trailer, the fallacy of which in days gone
by if so thoroughly exposed.
Whilst its new apparel looks rather awk
ward, still we must confess that it is rap
idly adapting itself to the change. The
essential qualification of a free trader is
au utter disregard of fact, and this our
neighbor seems to fully appreciate.
Iu its last, issue it undertakes to criticise
the argument of Mr. l ost, the representa
tive from this district, made iu behalf of
an iucieased duty ou tin piate. Its liist
step in the directum indicated is to trans
pose the base of the argument from tin
plates to to tin. Between the two there is
a difference as wide as that which sep
arates the Vindicator's tariff position ol a
year ago from that winch it now occupies.
Tin plates represent from 95 to 07 per cent,
of liniBlnd iron or steel and from 3 to 5 per
cent, of tin. They constituted last year
one-third of all the iron and steel impor
tations into this country. To admit them
free of dutv, as the Mills bill does (and the
Vindicator approves aud applauds itl
would be tantamount to a transfer of the
entire sheet iron and sheet steel product
of this country to England. Nay more.
The Mills bill places upon the free list:
'‘Iron or steel sheet**, or plates, or taergerc
iron, eoHted with tin or lead, or with a mixture
of which these metals is a component part, by
the dipping or any other process, and commer
cially known as Lin plates, terue plates, and
taggers till.”
It will be observed that this provision ol
the bill does not designate tiie dimensions
of the sheet, its thickness or weight
Under it all classes of sheet iron or stee
would be admitted free alter they hai
gone through the simple process of dipping
in oil and lead. If desirable, the super
ficial coating could be readily removec
after landing, and the result would bi
absolute free trade iu the very higher
grades of iron and steel manufacture—SI
per cent, of the cost of which represent:
the price paid to the laborer.
If our neighbor insists upon free til
plates then to be consistent it must alsi
advocate a repeal of all duties upon iroi
and steel. It is absurd to contend tha
tbe materials out. of which tin plates an
made shall be “taxed” for the benefltof tin
noikinaii, whilst the highest product o
the workman’s skid shall be sul jecled ti
ho such “burden.” As well might yoi
levy a high duty on iron ore, and removi
all restrictions upon the importation o
pig iron.
From 95 to 97 per cent, of tin plates i
nothing more than raw material and labor
From the moment the pick strikes th
metal in its natural bed to the momen
the finished product is assigned to it
ultimate use, these are practically tin
only elements. Both abound in Virginia
Both abound in this district. The ra\
materials—the iron ore. the coal and th
limestone—are as cheap here, in their nat
oral state, as in llie heart of Africa. Wli;
then, can we not utilize them at as low :
price as is done in England ? Simply be
cause,under our system,the laborer is paic
from 50 to 100 per cent, more wages thai
Iiis foreign competitor. That, and tha
alone is the reason we imported last yea
nearly $200,000,000 worth of tin plates
And jet the Vindicator asks how tin
workingman is to be benelitted. Giv
him the chance to earn a part of thi
$20,000,000 per year, aud see whether lu
will not regard it as a benefit.
“But,” says our neighbor, in substance
“there isn’t a pound of tin in tbisdistrict
notwithstanding Mr. Yost's claim to tin
contrary.” VVe prefer to take the state
meut of gentlemen who have seen tin
metal iu the vein, and of chemists win
have made analyses of it. There ar
numbers of practical men who, after care
fid examination, testify to the belief tha
tin exists in quantity in Rockbridge count;
and adjoining sections, and operations fo
its development are being inaugurated
Analyses of the ore, showing from 14 t
65 per cent of metallic tin, have been mad
by such chemists as l’rof. Mallet, of tin
University of Virginia : Prof. MeOreath
of the Pennsylvania Geological Survey
Prof. Campbell, of Washington and Lei
University, and others. But suppose
for argument’s sake, that uo tin can b
produced in this couutry. That woult
not alter the case in tile least. Why
Because tin ore. bars, blocks or pigs
grain or granulated, are now, ami havi
been for years, admitted free of duty
England makes all, or nearly all of the tii
plate used in the world, and yet she irn
ports two thirds of the tin she consumes
The Mils bill does not alfeet the importa
tion of tin at all It simply strikes down
that part of tin-plate manufacture vvliicl
we can and should produce ill this coun
try, and which, a? we said, represents Iron
95 lo 97 per cent, of the product, whilst il
leaves untouched the '3 or 5 per cent, rep
resented by the tin.
Would the increase ol' duty disastrously
affect the consumer of articles nianufac
tured from tin ? Would it blight the bud
ding prospects of our canneries V Let u.
see. Mr. Clarence M. Fenton, of tilt
Erie Preserving Company, himself a free
trader, recently wrote a letter to the Pres
ident congratulating him on his free tradr
message and especially urging free tii
plates. In that letter he says: “Free til
plates means 0 cents per dozen less on al
three pound tin cans.” That would bt
just one-half cent on every can. How
much of that half cent would be saved tc
the purchaser of a can of fruit ? Or foi
that matter, to the purchaser of a dozen
cans':1 According to this estimate the
cost of a tin bucket holding two gallons
would he about two cents less than it now
is. Just think what a boon lint would he
to the workingman who bought the
bucket, if be could get the fuil benefit,
and then calculate the chances of his
getting any benefit at all. But even this
reduction in price is based upon the free
trace assumption that the duly is always
added to tlie cost. All experience teaches
the contrary, and a year ago the Vindvtator
would have been one of the fust to refute
the charge. Between its learning and un
learning it must lie undergoing torture.
Let us call back to its memory a few
facts. Prior to the year 1875, tin plate,
under a decision of the Treasury depart
ment, was almiited under a duty of 15 per
c-nt. ad valorem—practically free. In
1 <75 a specific duty of 1.1 cents per pound
was imposed. Following that tin plate
manufacture commenced at three or four
localities iu this country. The rests1!, was
that home competition had the usual
effect. Ill 18711 the best quality of tin
plate commanded §11.75 per box. By JK78
the price had fallen to §0.25. In 1873 the
eecond quality of tin sold for £>14,50, anl

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