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Virginia Argus. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1796-1816, June 10, 1813, Image 1

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liic Union;!, PuUlisiie
10 Uoiuimmwealtli, near tliy Bell-Tavern.
Volujno_ XXI.-\o.~TJ 8 7.]
[4 dollars inti* aiiimiu.
KO it K1UN
Translated for the Uoston Chronicle from the Jour
nal Toliuijue, of Nautz, 12th April.
oiiurror to the note of the Huron Kruseinarck .
or, us it is styled, the Hrussiun '.Manifesto.
Taft is, April I.
.'An* le Huron—1 have laid before II. I. and Ii.
M. llio nolo ilmt you did me the houm1 to address
to me the -7lli Maruh. What it contains most
■worthy of serious consideration is reduced to tins :
Prussia solieite 1 a*id con- luded au alliuiice with
Fr elite n ISlii, hucause the French minies were
Wearer lltc Prussian states ihiiu the Ilutsisii or
snies : ,.
Prussia declares in 1813 that she violates her tres
ties, he uuso the Uusiau armies mv nearer her
stales th.iu the t reueli armies.
Postcr.ly willjudgu whether a similar conduct is
loyal, becoming u great prince, and conformable to
eijuity and sound policy. llowrYcr it will render
justicc to the pcrscvc.anue of your cabinet iu its
In 171).’, France being agitated within by a icvo^
lutiou, and attacked without by u formidable enemy,
seeiucd ready to sucuutub. Prussia declared war
against her.
1 hreu years utter, & at the moment when France
triumphed over the coalesced powers, Prussia a
uuiuloiieil her allies, she passed to the side of the
French convention with torlunu, and the ki^g, of
Prussia w..i the lit si of the sotercigns armed against
France, who ..ckuou lodged the republic.
Four years scared) elapsed, [in 1799] when
France experienced the vicissitudes of war. Rat
tle ii.al hc«u lost in ^witzerhiud and hi luly ; the
duke ot t orit hud lauded in Holland, and tlm repub
lic was menaced in the north and iu the south.——
Fortune Had changed, Prussia changed witn it.
Rat tl.s English were expelled from Holland ,
the Rmsiaus were beaten at Zurich ; victory re
turi.eo to our standards io Italy, and Russia became
again the liiwnii of Fiance.
in 1 oO.'>, Austria ariueti. She Ehl her arms on
the Ui.-ubc ami iitf:»ucu Havana* while (lie Hussi
fin troops passed the Niciucn, and advanced upon
the V txiula. The union 01 three great power* and
. their immense preparation! seemed t., forebode to
ITauic noituug but defeat*-Prussia could not
hesitate j she ->i„iiud the treaty oi' Merlin, and the
Hameu 01 Frederick 2nd were taken to witness the
eternal hatred that she vowed to France.
Wneither minister suuluearH. .M. todictatc the
law, arrived u. Alor.iVtu, the liu*Siun$ h id just lost
the halite ctl Ausleriitz; hey were indented to the
|vutl'i^iiij ot the A' t ench lor the pcrmiksiiiii to re
tail to their country. Fru sta immediately tote to
pieces ttte treaty in derail, concluded six week*be
lo. a, injured the * mou» onto ol t'osuiam, betrayed
ItuUia as s.ic bad betrayed France, uiid loriuect
sw.th us i.ew eng geaients.
XXutir.ni vnese eiei n.u tiuctuations of policy, a
F'se in tne i-uoito opinion in XT U*s,a a real anarchy ,
a liCtiS) sctxed the pui.tic nund, which the Prussian
government euu.d no longer control They hur
ried it along) anti in 1 uo it ticeltircd war against
I tuine, at a Uiommtl wiieu it was uio«l important
t» preserve « goad understanding with her. Frus
*u bong entirely conquered, w:.» aduiilted against
tier expectation to sig., u peace «t 1 licit, in vvn.cii
•uc rcccl>ed evet'i tiling anil gave no. lung.
X.t ttdj, Lite war oi .vuuti ia itriise Out v Prussia
TVaS again .built eliangh.g tier bj stem J but the firs
mintaij event* leaving no duuh respecting tne de
fi.aiite result ut itto campaign, l i ussu. touowcti
the dictates oTpruueucc, uud u.trcu no. detinue del
in I Hi l,llicpi\p.-.riitious ol lljssia lucnucii.g Eu
Cl'l't) Willi &-lK;W war, llie gCi.gl apllica. poM».,n 04
IVussiu woulh not pciumnei ti» iviu.aii ..ii i.iduFcr
ciii tutor ol the uici.u w hiuii uo'u pit|iavii,^l
jri.u were dncclc.iby Al. ie d-irou, as early as live
jiioaUi <il M.iicu ol tlio same year 10 colic. I tliouU
l-.niwu oi Jr'i'nwti.'} ami it is useless that 1 should recall
to j our meuioi) w liMl pv.S-.cd :.t that lime. ft .!i
that i sfiou it tiring to your ium. jour rci
Iri'kUM mu u.ii.«ii umI Warm solicitations. *
lilS lUMjCldJ 1‘CCOl ci tii^ too Jills , hesitated ut
fir c On l..oicloluu IIS no annum lake. liui,ho
thought Inal llio nilig ol l*i USilB, Ullligliu lied.l>y Ca»
^lintiici'i stl* a liii. corrected ill the Vci Sali.e |^||
ty oi yCur caihnct. The emperor loit u 0rat.tuUe
for lim endwaVUrs uc liiiti used in at. Peui.sbufg to
prevent h rupture. Hawnics it ww lepugnaigt
lliaj'tailfc aiai to his heat l to declare war trum cod-*
•mcralioin. oi political convenience ; l.o \ .olded Cp‘
hi jici sonal ttfeuQinents towards your tu^Kcign, fc;
consented to become bit ni.J^
* So .out as .lie thanccs oi w ar wero iavdrablo to
»s, jour couilappeaic.l Until ut ; but hattPly bad too
jirmiMtiUii seventies of the winter brougU buck
our urunea oil tb» ISiemen, when the uelecUon ol
the general iPiorcu. exulted jealousies loo well
gru-ivood. A iic e.j iVm.1,1 tonouci oi your coui t oti
so uioiiiwitnut an occasion, the departure to tlie
hoijj tor l>rc»Uu, the treason oi'gonciai Uulow,
\» ho opened tlic pusses ol llie lower . ilerlo iliecn*
rid), liie ordiu.-ncts puohsiicd to ineue a turbu
lent ttiul Iviolious y outti to arms, the ru union at
lSveslaii ol those men signalized a# the leaders ol mu
d.Sttit bailee> and «s toe pi iiio.pal Instigators of the
wrsr of i Mu, llie daily couiu.miiciitini.s ct>iaoi.slii:<|
between your cou. t and the bead ijuurters oi tue
oneiuj * w ..uhl not permit us tor a loue time todouli
the resolutions oi y our oaomef, wneo i received M.
lo Huron, your uoiu ol the m.Ii Mar Ii. Ii mere
f jrc produced uosurpr se Prussia withes ii stales,
to recover the inliei ilaiiCcSOI ber auces ors. but
we ui gut «»h ii«r whether, alien she speaks of ihu
■ JosscslU.it her l.nsoj.o icy has euusuii her to snst.iin,
•hollas not also ju .sessions to place in llie Scale |
WiielhcrsliO<h.e» ..ol owe some of those poss. ss<
01.3 c her laitliiess poliey l It is thus that sue ism.
dcblculor MicSLilo tiiogabuiiuouiueiil oi a french
arni. ,III the wall* Ct Prague, mid a.I her mxpiisili
mil .ii (ici'iiiany lo the li0hl.0s oi tnu laws am! in
terests ol the l,ci ilia..ie body.
Pr ssia talks ol her desire of arriving at a peace
•slab . uni M|<o.iu ».lid bash. ' How e.tn one rely
«n a solid peace with a power which thinks used'
justified ui break, its engagements recording to the
caprices oi fortune f
1J. M. pul is an open enemy, to a friend ever
I c.idy lo iui laac hliu. 1 will not extend the u ob>
sc.laiiotikany iurtber. 1 will confine myseii to
. enquire, what wouid an enhgliiened siatesn.an and
yi.cnd ol his omury have done, who eoaiii.g and
plaei. g hiinselt in iniaginatioii at the helm oi the
aifali s >1 Prussia, sm«e the day in which tiie french
re olnl.on 0 oke om, would hate wisiied to con*
than agi ccabiy to the princip cs of a sound and mo
x poniy. Would lie ll.iVuengaged l'lugs.ani I i'jA
in a wif of which tic might have tell the chances lo
tides tmn ii powo.ltil than hetselli1 it he It id
do ,e it,l would lie Itaiu HOMSetl lo lay down llie
arms fi fore ihu levoltllio t Inal ended I ll lie li.id
)iowe.*>er been led lo acknowledge tini republic,
w..u>il iic not ll. ve per* sic.l in inis system 1
WcUl.i lie not have aouglit to reap too ativanlages
ml it, lo profit by' the sonuineat* w.th which a
prince, tLsi egHitll.ig the pr.jinJiccs of his umt,
w.hltl lia'e n.si'irwd frni.ee ! iiu would have cs*
ki.hltsi S.i the li.liucitce nl Prns j.., iii thc o.'li, by
aU.ahcc*, the manat thy oi f rctlcmk would t,avj
Ucon kvengUteitCtl,and i'lUnsia uotnd have found.
C l her ll.lcriiM hup,»'i.e»s Mild us. external .espec*
• t. Ml ii upon .» tiOSc union mil, f'rnaee. Hu would
l.ol l/.vc sudeicd hm.Su.1 lo lie d stied lit l/'JJ by
ibe l. ans.c.it XiiCUwS ol our uiii.il. s. tie wouU
have vwpeilau m is*b, t.trough pulley amt dignity,
iue Vdi.nnie.nto ll uisll ElisiluU, ..ussu ami its*.
Ci. U..d onto, ad lo eoiupcl i r«st.a. If, nowcor,
drawn 'j u .loraseun mroUn.stii..ecs,lie s.iouid have
f .kcn r.u ustbU/uil tne I'.CIU o« fl'S.C.ik, lie woUid
not have vuiiSUU .t-diur >uc o..Ulu ol \uU(MU|
In: would liuvti pursued low Oil y n ,u<jr. b.u pau,
(...in i taise deter in. nation, by vwmaiun.g laulnul io
ai.iss ill treated oy lorvwiie.
I In 1812, if he thought he could forget that at I il
| siit, Russia had done in favor of Prussia all that the
Cj rciimitances permitted, and had he signed anal.
/ slice with France, he would have been faithlul to
i. He would have found, in unexpected events, an j
occasion to cause Prussia to acta noble part, not
withstanding her Weakness, and to manifest unsus
picious sentiments, of which he might, in time, have
invoked an honorable recollection. This loyal reso
lution would have conciliated to Prussia even 'he es
teem of her enemies. She would liuvu served not
their hatred, hut their true interests ; Tor general
D’Vorck would not have betrayed, and the Russi
ans would not have passed the Neimen ; general
Uulow would not have betrased, and the Russians
would not have passed the Oder, und ■would not
Pane exposed themselves to the catastrophe that me
naces them. In short, France, feeling the necessi
ty of hu intermediary power between licrself and
Russia, would have touiid it in faithful Prussia, and
would have consented to aggrandize, lor the in ter
est of her system, for the peace and repose of ihe
world, which is the only ooject of it, a power, the
sincerity of which would have been pul to the test.
What does now, M. le Baron, remain to Prussia!
she has done nothing for Europe; she has done no
thing for her former ally ; she will do uothing for
peace. A power whose treaties are only condition-,
al, cannot bo u useful intermediary power ; it guar
antees unitiing ; it is only a o.bject of discussion;
it is no barrier. The hind of providence s imprint
ed on the events of the last winter ; she has proi^
cod them to unmask false friends and signalize those
which are faithful; and she hatgitcti 'o II. -Vl.sulR.
ciont power to secure the triumph ol the latter and
the punishment of the former,
Li terminating uiy relations with you, M. to Ha
ron, I am happy ol tills opportunity to acquaint you
with the satisfaction of li. M. for your conduct,
during the time you have resided near hi:n. lie
regrets that you, both as a military man and a man
ofhiuior, should have been obliged to sign a siuii
* ar declaration.
I have the honor to send you the p'ssports that
you have lukcd.
Accept, 1 pray you, M. le Baron, the assurance
of lay consideration.
IIOUSK OF KEFlthSliN r Al lViib.
Thursday, June 3.
Tlve^npaker Lid before the Mouse a letter
Torn VVm Jones, acting Secretary of the Trea
sury, transmitting the following report;
IN' obedience to die Act “supplementary to
tlie Act intituled, ** An Act to establish the
Treasury Department,/’ the acting Secretary
of the Treasury re spec t! ill ty submit* tbci'ol
lowing „
The receipts into the treasury from the 1st of
Oct. IS 12, to 31st March, 15ij, have amount
ed to fc 15,112,*1.6 25
Pile balance in the treasury on .he
3oth .of sept. i8P2, was 2,06?,652 69
Making together RiT,7/5,068 9*1
The expenditures from the 1st
of Oct. 18T4, to the 31 si of
March) 1513, have amounted
SU%9tlU34 41
Leaving a balance in the (return* >••>« .v
ry on the 1st of April, I8i3, V
of 1,f
• •* ’• g 17,7/3, Xi8 94
; JJje enclosed statement (A) alio-vs in detail
tliels veral sources from which the receipts
were derived, ami the branches of expenditure
to whi h the disbursements from the Treasury
were applied.
Pursuant to the act of the Bill of Feb. last,
subscriptions lor a loan of sixteen millions of
'dollars were opened on tlye 13th, an l again on
the 25tliof March last, llut although a thir
teen year's unnui-y of one percent Was offered
In addition to a six percent, stock at par, for
the money which might be subscribed, it being*
ttppnrent from the result of the first .ubscrip"
lion, that the whole amount could not be oh
tallied on thou-: term.w proposals in writing
were invited Offers, exceeding by about a
million ot dollars the amount Wanted, were re
ceived, simi^^nandiniHa thirteen year’s an
nuity of one snVtfettal! Jer cent in addition to
six per cent, stuck aOfrJ, bui most of them re
quiring a six percent syHt^the r-te ot 88
per cent
and they have tlje^aine option j which, if the
stock at the- ratft.yi’Bfler jrnt be- taken, is e
qmvatent precisely* td*» mraium ol 13 dollars
and 63 cents and 7 11 ot djJ^Fnt fur each hun*
divd d,,ll.ua loaned to government.
The enclosed papers und.r the letter ;B)
sre the copies ol the several public notices on
the subject, sml a statement of the monies res
pectively obtained by ojien subscriptions fc by
written proposals, and show ing also the stmts
obtain* payable in each place where sub
script in of were opened.
Or that sum of sixteen millions of dolls, thus
obtained on loan, there was paid into the Trea
sury, prior to the 1st of April, 1813, tltc sum
of S 1,086,737 50 which make* a part of the
monies received previous to that day as stated
ill the statement A.
The resources
1313 consist of
L The
■ loan aliorcmcnt
2. The Mims
Recount of l ust
tile snles of l’u
estimated at
3. The live
(Inllsi* in Tre
nut hot is* d I) v
Feb. is, l£i4
of tho year
The expenccs for the lust nine months ol the
pri etm ytararc calculated as follows, via.
1. CiviJ list, and a'l ex*
pence* a civil nature,
both Foreign and lioincA
tic §00,000
2. Payment* on scenting
of ilie I’rmcipd and Inter‘A
eat of the Public Dcbt^^a^L
per Estimate (<J)
with «• ~ ^^10,510,000
3. Kspence* on account
of the War and Navy lie*
p&rtsoantn IF, 820,000
OF the sum of S 5 5, remaining in
the Treasury on the first of April Ins;, n small
part mav be considered as applicable to »u li
extraordinary i-xpences already authorised, as
may arise during the remainder ot' the year : 3t
for the same obj c«, tljc sum of one million of
dollars authorised by an act o' the state of
I’ennsy ivunia to he loaned to the United Stales,
hut which was not ottered in time to be accept
ed as u part ot the loan of sixteen millions, may
be considered as a resource.
In ibis estimate the whole Sum of five milli
ons of dollars authorised to M issued in Trea*
rury Notes, is taken as a part of the resources
ol the present yo-r. Hut as it is not deemed
eligih e to increase tin* amount of Trcasuiy
Notes in circulation, and as three millions on- j
ly of those authorized hy the act of 1812 were I
i*siic 1 in that year and are reimbursable in the
Course of the present year, it is respectfully!
suggested that in lieu of utituing two millions •
authorised by the act of February, 1814, Con
gress should authorise an additional loan tor
tile same amount, it being nude a condition of
such loan that it’s terms should not Ik- higher
than those of the loan ot sixteen millions alrea
dy effected
Tin# view of the subject is sufficient to e- :
vince the necessity of a spetdy ami effectual '
provision for tlic service of that ami the ensuing (
year#. I'fic mode and the ex cut so which this
provision should be carried, have been hereto- J
fore suggested from this department t<i Con
gress, and have received the consideration of,
that body. l'he axpencea of the p ace csia" i
blishmrnt of the United States, and the inter- ;
sst on die public deb:, including that on the j
loans made for the prosecution of the war, are i
believed to be the 1 aai sum mat ought, under
uny circumstances, to he raised wiiimi e-ch
)'car. These, if the expences of the peace es
tablishment are taken at the sum necessary for
tbe ordinary expenditure of tli United States
previously to the additional armaments made
in the yeur 1312, with a view to an approach
ing state of war, and including the interest on
ilie loans of the years 1812 and 1813, and also
ill that which will probably be necessary in the
rear 1814, will amount, during that year, to e
l>*ven millions four hundred thousand dollars,
The cxpence of the peace
es ablislimefit,exclusive
of tile additional force
authorised by the acts
pissed during the year
,1812, may be estimated 1
at g 7,000,000
The interest cn the pub
lic debt during the
year 1814, will tie as
follows: on old funded
debt a.ioo.oor
On 6 per cent, stock of
1812, including tem
porary loans received
in part of the loan of
eleven millions, which
will remain unpaid in
1814, 500,000
On 6 per cent, stock of
1813, 1,900,000
OnTr. asury Notes which
will be reimbursable in %
1814; s y oil 5,000,000
at 5 and 2 5 per cent. 270,000
’ 3,960,000
On the loan for the year 1814,
i terost payable within that
year 440,000
8 11,4* h), 000
The revenuenow established,
being estimated io produce
•Would leave lo be raised
*. * ,
• ■To cover tho above sum of
•• *•. .0<v
Tfie-urt^rnal taxes lierctofore
proposed, were estimated
to produce
Anil die duly of 20 cents a
bushel on suit imported,
which though < sti mated
herein tore at only g4U0,00!)
a tear, during’ a slate of
warj y«r, hh tho consumpti.
on considerably exceeds
2,000,0U0 of bushels, may
be estimated to produce
5 ^6.10,0 uQ
Making the sum wanted S5,60u,0b0
Although the taxes, if early laid, may be
brought into operation in the commr .cenient
of the year 1814, yet, as they cannot be expect*
ed to have their fml effect during that year,
some :uixilinry resource will We required This
may be found in the sum of 1,500,000 dollars,
which is the excess of the .Sinking Fund for
the present year, over the demands on that
fund according to the existing engagements of
the United States. This sum of 1,500,000 dol
lar1, may he carried to th Sinking Fund for the
year 181 1, and v/ill be wanted in addition to
the annual appropriation ofo,000,00V of dolls,
to m et the engagcincats on account of the
public debt, which inurft be fulfilled during
that year.
As reliance must be had upon a loan for the
war-rxpences of the year 1814, the laying
of i ho internal taxes may be cons id red, with
a view to that object, ,as essentially neces
sary; in the 1st place, to facilitate the obtain
ing ofthe loan, and 2dly, for procuring it on
favorable terms. It is ascertained th.*t the
te. ms ofthe loan for the present year would
luve been more favorable if the taxes had been
previously laid ; and it is obvious enough, that
by affording a security for the regular payment
of the interest and the eventual reimbursement
of the principal, more stable, and less liable to
be weakened or cut off by the natural effects
of war upon external commerce, than a re
venue depending as that of the U. S. now does
almost wholly upon such external commerce,
capitalists will advance with the greuler readi
ness and at a lower rate of interest the funds
necessary for the prosecution of the war.
Public confidence w ill be ensured, and the
means afforded ot preserving the public credit
unimpaired ; a metwmre of the utmost impn •
tance ins tfountry, like oars, where, from th.
lightness of the demands Slade upon the peo
ple during the cont inuance o' peace, the extra
ordinary expenses of a state oi war c ut be sup
plied only by a resort to that credit.
The resources of th« country are ample, and,
if th- means now proposed, anil those hereto
fore recommended from this ll. partment, arc
adopted, it is believed they may be fairly and
[ luily brought in actum
All which is respectfully submitted.
Acting Secretary ot’tbe Treasury,
Treasury 1) parlment, June 2, 181 >.
Hie report was read amt referred to tlic corn*
no it tee of Ways anil Means.
Mr. Joint CJ. Ju.kson called up the resolution
tvhic.lt lie submitted for consideration a day or
two ago, in the following words s
“ Resolved, T'tat the following be added to
the standing rules an 1 ordcra of the House:
A't additional standing committee shall be ap
pointed. at the commencement of each session,
viz a committee on the judiciary, 'o consist i
s<*ven hiemhers. It shall be the duty of the
said committee to take into consideration all
such petitions and nutters, or tlu:tgs t uching
judicial proceedings, as shall be piedcnied or
may come in quest fen and be referred to them
by the House, and to report their opinion there*
upon, together with such propositions relative
thereto as to them ahull seem expedient.’*
-Mr. Jackson said he had be**n induced to
submit this resolution, from die consideration
Hint our lawn are in many instances defective,
and it is of tlie utmost importance that they
should be aiu.tndcd ; and that this object could
be best attained by the appointment of a sti-tid
ing committee, to whom should oe referred all
propositions tor establishing new cotifta and
regulating their po vers. Me recollected two
cases, lalling within his own observation, which
hud led him to contemplate 8n»e such provi
sion, and it was not without some surprize that
he found it hud been psssed over so long. As
long ago as during the existence of the inter
tt it taxes, line oi tno-e cases occurreu I.
would l>e recollected, he said, that prosecuti
ons might be commenced in state courts for
the penalties attendant on infracti-ms of those
laws. In pursuance of thin provision a proao
cution had been cbinm need in Virginia in an
inferior court { judgment was rcinici 6d against
an individual, who it w.is mutiost liad not con
formed to the provisions ef the Is > The cast
wascarrerd to a higher court, I owc^e , ..nd >•!
the ground that the constitution tmd Vested tni
judicial power ot the U. S. in die supreme i ourt
and such other courts as Congress might esta
blisb, it was decided that it was not in the
power of Congr s* t-i confer juri-.dtc.Uoit on the.
stale courts. I he offender of course escaped
\nother case occurred in the course of tin- las.
year, in winch a prosecution aaa instituted
aga. nst a post-rider, for having, opetud the1
public m.ui liavclliug I run i Ohio to Kentucky
l'.ie feet was nhtol imts. The same q *es 101;
occurred again, and the same decision took
pl. u-.t-. The r liv idu,.i was permitted to escape
without punishm i,i. An amendment to our
laws was unqutallonahh n cess u-y in this ri
spect. 'I o consider such cases at thr* variou.
applications lbr altering tile organic tion o
location of courts, he. he considered the ap
point in tilt of a standing committi e necessary
Wnil tins view, anil uiso to render the dt C sions
of the House more uniform on these appl'cati
.n 4, as they would bo if 11 referred to tin
same committee, i.e had thought proper in
propose tins amendment to tne rules.
Nj opposition being m.de to the motion, it
was adopted without a division
i*ir. risK, iron) ute coaunrtee* or Elections,
made a report on tiie petit L.u of Iturwetl H.is
sett, fontt-sting th»- election of Thomas M. Muy
ley; concluding with the lollowing resolution :
“ IiesolreJ, iliai--weeks be allow
etl to the partita to procure testimony relative
to tlie election, and that the conimitiec ot K~
lections have fiowtr to examine testimony ami
make order relative thereto.”
The blank having been filled with the word
die report was agreed to.
Mr. Nelson, af'er a few remarks expressive
of his expectation that some other gentleman
would have otii red a resolution to this effect,
offered the following:
“ fittolved, That for disseminating informa
tion among the good people of the U. States, it
is expedient to . dinil stenographers into the
house of llcpreseulaltves, and that tin- Speak
er of this House do cause other stain to be pro
videdifor such additional stenographers as may
he admitted according to tiie standing rule's
and ordirs of this House.”
After some conversation, th'19 resolution w *s
on motion of Mr. Alston, interred ton select
committee, with instructions to enquire auo
the expediency of amending the ruits and or
ders of the House in this respect.
And the House adjourned.
Friijat, June 4.
Mr. Pitkin presented the petition of the
Darby Fishing Company, praying a remis
sion of certain forfeitures and penalties in
curred for an unintentional violation of the
non-importation taw, by introducing within
the water* ofthe Uni’cd States a vessel load
ed witii produce of the British West Indies.
The Petition haring been read, Mr. P.
moved to refer it to the committee of Ways
and Means.
Some objection was made by Mr. Wright
to the reference of this petition, because it
was not proper to legislate on particular
cases, and because he looked upon this as
one of a questionable character ; but the
opposition was withdrawn on the represen
tation of Mr. Pitkin of the circumstances of
the case, and Mr. Wright contented himself
with expressing his hope that i! any provi
sion resulted from the consideration of that
petition, it would l»e of a general and not a
particular character.
The petition was referred.
Several petitions it the nature of claims,
aud others ufa private nature were present
ed and referred.
Mr. Fisk, from the committee of Electi
ons, made h report on the memorial of V\ m.
Kelly, contesting the election of Thomas K.
Harris, a sitting member from Tennessee,
which was referred to a committee of the •
8c c.
Mr. Sharp offered for consideration the
following resolution.
“ Nctolvcd, That a committee beVppnint
ed to enquire what provision a.ight to lie
made tor the compcnsaS-m of the mounted
riflemen who were called into service from
tire state of Kentucky in the year wr.d
that the committee be authorised to report
by bill or otherwise.
Mr. S. sad it might he necessary for the
iafurinaiiuu «d *uiue gentiumeu not acquain )
teU with the fact, to state the* troops al.
ludcd to in this resolution werj thfcte called
« at last autu'im from the state wf Kentucky.
.vt the time that Detroit was surrendered,
and Chicago had fallen into the hands of *
thcenernv, there were but two forts in the
western country wh>ch resisted their en
croachments. These were Fort Wavnefic
l’on Harrison, defended by small garrisons
winch were likely to full into the hands of the
enemt, being at too remote a distance to re
ceive immediate succor at the hands of the
general government. It was thuu that tii«
governor of Kentucky was applied to for a
force for their relief. The citizens of Ken
tuckv, svitii their characteristic patriotism,
immediately marched forth to their relief,
an 1 defended the frontier uir.il a regular
:orc.‘ could be organized and marched. The
services they tendered on ’his occasion were
prompt, voluntary and efficacious ; and he
hoped that there would be no hesitation in
considering this subject and making the ne
cessary provision for their compensation,
Mr. Grundy said it was far from his in
tention to oppose the object of the motion.
ut he would suggest one consideration,
which mignt induce the gentleman to agree
to give it i different direction. That many *
measures hud been taken bv the Governors
of several states, a> well as by officers of the
army, by which expences had been incurred
not authorised by I aw, was a fact well known,
particularly to tho^c who represented th©
W estern country. It seemed to him that
tois and similar propositions ought to be re
ferred to a committee who could act gene
rally on the subject; and let all concerned
know what might he expected to be done on
tt.is-head. it particular cases Were referred
to particular committees, individual and lo
cal feelings, of which v« man can or ought •
to invest himself, would perhaps influence
'hem to decide conrrarily, &c. He tliere
tore moved that this subject be referred to
the Military Committee.
Mi Sharp consented that his motion
dioold take that course.
iVii vjoigmkjfi ujjii said that he consider
'd al casr.s in which tile force of the country
ii-ul been c tiled out for its defence as stand**
iug on tlie saute ground ; and was of opiu
u.h Ilia all tiie expences of the mintia and
■titer forces culled out by the state author
: its tor the defence of the soil, ought to he
frayed by the general government. He
lioj eci thu gtntieman w< uld su
modify liis motion as to make the enquiry
general. * *
Mr. Sharp having declined to connect hit .
motion with any « tlier question, with the
nerils of which he was not acquainted_
Mr. Goldsborough moved to attend the
motion by adding, after the woi tU “ 1812” the
following : “ A id aim for dejrayi g the rjr
heiiHca (if the Afiihiu called out under the
atate authorities for the defence of the court
try again *t the incursion a of the enemy.”
A.r M Kec pointed out what he conceiv
ed lobe an obvious distinction etween the
tw., cases proposed to he blended in this mo*
mmi. i he object of his colleague’s moii ,u
n as enquire into the propriety of com pea
latmg those who had inarched, not to defend
.hen particular stale, not their native soil,
nit a distant ar.il exposed frontier; whilst
tiie a i end'nent proposed tociuhraoe those
wih» had delendijll merely their own fire
<’dcs. It w’a» not imperatively the duty of
Kentucky to sem] out jjer forces; but she
was influenced by circumstances, and tiis
impossibility of tin-government acting with
iunr.iem promptitude and efficacy. He was
heretore opposed to joiuing 'hiiigs which
were so distinct in their natuie.
Mr. Wright wus in favor of the original
m tion ; but he liuped the House would no^
Feel indisposed to consider al-so the cluur/, of
those who with equal real had defended th*
maritime frontier from an enemy of as per
rect a savage character as those savages
whom the Kentuckians hud gone out against.
He honored the ;>^ riotism ot Kentucky ; he
honored her exertions; but it was proper
a mo to consider t he claims of other sections
of the Union. The cases were made ex fia
ri materia, and ought not to be separated;
he hop&d, therefore they wotiid al! be retr
ied to tiie military committee, and that no
line would be drawn between the exertions
ot different parts of the Country.
Mr. Cioidsborough hoped the Inquiry
wo.dd he general. He could not tint
fuii ;vrce ot tlie distinction drawn by the
gentleman from Kentucky. He would r k.
where Va« the difference of obligati m to d«J
fray the expeuce of defending one part of
tlu: country or another f Tin: name obliga
tion Rad relation to all. For Instance, he
*akl, t tie militia of Delaware had been call
ed tortli to t\e defence of Lewistown ; gome
few troop* had been drawn from Pennsylva
nia f«.r the like purpose. Were not the ti
nned States in this case as much hound la
nay those called from Delaware as those
from Pennsylvania. He did not say, as a
positive proposition, that all the expenecs of
defence ought to he reimbursed by the gen*
eral government ; but he did say that in di
recting t he attention of a committee to thia
subject, the rule should be general. He ho
ped no disposition would prevail to give to
one state an opportunity of making large?
drabs from the ti treasury than another.
Air. ATKre disclaimed any intention, io
mahii.g a distinction, to excite unpleasant
feelings; but there still appeared to him ta
he an obvious distinction between miiitu#
cabed out for the defence of their own fire*
sides, and those marching for the defence of
a distant territory. He had no olfaction 19
the proppsed amendment, if in a separate
proposition, but he still thought they ought
to be kept distinct.
The amendment proposed by Mr. Goidt
b'jrwf'h was agreed to. by the House ; and
alsa,other amendment suggested by Mrt
Jt twingt, to add thff words •• ami ihe /rrri*
toiiaf’ before the wor I “ government*** <
The resolution, as amended, w«» then a*< Og
d’opLed, nem. ry». s
> CON fesTed flection.
On motion of Mr. Fiak the house resolv
ed itself into a committee ot the whole, Mr,
Leu it in the chair, ou the report tn» aiertw

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