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Virginia Argus. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1796-1816, June 14, 1813, Image 1

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B ■ I. . o».l, Published (on the Evenings of Mondays and Thursdays,) by SAMUEL PLEASANTS, Printer to the Commonwealth, near tl.e llell-Taverii.
| Volume XXl^'
•No. 208 3.]
MONDAY, .Tune 14, 1313.
[4 <!o!l;irs per iinnrim
The gallant Huouc moiiUcrs in an humble
grave.— No tilled distinction gave dignity to
his rank. Xu waving plume, no glitter ng E
paulctie aitr.jc.ed tnc notice ot the multitude.
As a p. iv.dc he lohght the battles of Ins conn
try. In lief.sei vice tie bled—and died.— When
tlie ch i> ft ..hi falls, his lost, is generally and
decpiy regretted t4dl arc anxious to display
tl.eir sorrow lor iuvfate, their honor to his me
mory, *iul i hgir gratitude tor his services. The
artist is assiduous to preserve the lineaments
ol his manly form — the* bard to perpetuate
the m blc ieutures of ins character, while the
pm oi the Historian finishes the biiiliantand
eternal record oi his fame. Hut when the pri~
va(« aotuier perishes m the field, Ins memory
passes to oblivion faster than ids body mingles
v uli the ousi—and save the little circle of l.is
relative e, not h tear is shed—not a'sigh given
to Ins memory.-And shall Snout share tins
gi neiai des iny—inusi lie too die lorgotten—
unu unknown i Colder indeed than “ the clod
which icsis upon bis bosom,” must be Ins leel
who knew ins uortli and services, and
yet uit|^ |>ts not by some means or other
fvince Ins ain ction for the one, and his gra
ti ude for tbs other.—* Fin from such ajr.ouve
that a Friend f him, and to Ua.t gallant band
to which lie Was attainted—offers tin/little tri
bute to lus memory.
“ erlnips a frail memorial, but sincere,
Not scorned in Heaven, tho’ little notic’d
Tlie assertion may be made with confidence
—that no man during this war has embarked in
it, with u h art more true and single to die
cause oi Fieetloru—Ilia*, none have been guid
ed by purer, or more honest views—or have
disp,ay id a more ardent zeal in behalf of the
inlertsis ot our country.— Prior to the Dccla
raiiou ot War he w, s engaged as master of a
/ship sailing from Pitersbuig in u fair and ho
mat trade—his situation was highly advan
tage us-!.is suv.ee was easy and pleasant
— nis profits lucrative. When the war had
narrowed the limits of commercial enterprise,
many had n sort to the safeguard of a iSritith
JLictntc. The imp oyers of Shore proposed it
toh.ru, will: proffer* of considerable gain —
They might hate Hung an atom in the oibit of
tl i sun to impede his diurnal motion, with as
n.ur.lt prospect of success llis indignation
V .s kindled at the pvopos.tion. He rejected it
With scorn; and with an honest execration
burst.ng from hi* lips, he letl Ids employer to
had so die tool fitted to their purpose.—About
this period, the disatier at Detroit:—the base
dereliction of duty, in the “ o her liull;”cx
cited one universal sympathy for the tarnished
honor of our arms. The impetuous feelings ot
Shore, far trom sinking in the gener-1 gloom
and tieprt ssn.n, it civ now no longer to be con
trolled, lie belonged to a brave ural generous
class of mill who cons.itutc the high pride ol
oui national character, lie was an American
tailor, lie hit an ardent interest in this war
He first in Petersburg suggested the idea of a
volunteer company for Canada. The effort at
fir«t was considered fruitless. But the cmhu
siasm of his awakened feedings was fortunately
stronger than the current of public opinion.
With a perseverance not to he shaken lie re
mained at his post —Alter repeated and conti
nual exertions, lie found hi* labor not in vain.
He Hnw the success ai.d progress of his wort
with feelings of honest delight; .nd had the
happiness and glory of seeing the warmest
w ishes of his sanguine temper, at 1-st com
pletely realized in tin? formation of the compa
»iy df “ Ins Petersburg Virginia Vo
lusticers a band’ot)h£others in anna, of
wh .se generous devotiofi’^5 country no pen cun
ever furnish the just and proper culogium. A
cnmpuitv which is the pride, the honor, and the
pra ise of Petersburg, and of which the veneru
ble ticiier.il Blackburn once said on the floor of
the House of Delegates, that “ he had seen that
fine company of young men, and never were
his aged"eyes so honored ! !’* When this cotn
tiany was about to be organized, Shore could
lave titled any command. Such was liis mo
dest) that be refused any. Solicitation was em
ploy d to no purpose. The service ofliis coun
try h id been his only motive—his own interest
and advancement, never once entered his
thoughts, Generous man !—tour rccoit.pence
has hcen an early, bumble, grave. That warm
li -art which beat so high in the cause of h.s
C.iimtrv ,s now still and cold. That nervous
arm which so late was raised in her defence is
now stiff. Bui ungrateful were that country—
and unworthy of your service if thy full occa
sions not a deep and general sentiment of Bor
row for thy fat*.
From the Weekly Fegi/iter.
gen. z. m. pike.
It lias been the lot of few men, unassisted
by many adventitious circumstances, to ac
quire and possess that high confidence and
respect vf all classes of his fellow citizens,
the late general Pike so happily enjoyed.
Without the n/ilvndor of achievement that
surrounds the fortunate hero, and com
mands the applause of the populace, this
lamented man forced his way into the pub
lic affection by the power of his virtues and
strength of his talents alone. Careless of
popularity, a great and good name was
buckled on him” by a discriminating peo
ple. He was an ngin of the army ; and the
i soldiery looked upon him with admiration
I and reverence ; love, mixed with the fear
of offending hi# nice ideas of right, govern
■ ing them all. He was a severe disciplina
■ Tian, but had the felicity to make his soldi
V ers assured that /»* strictness had for its
™ object their glory—their en»e-~their preser
vation and safety. With a mind conscious
©f it* own rectitude, he was not easily di
verted from his purpose ; and difficulty only
invigorated exertion. To all the sweetness
©f a famiHar friend, he added a strength
of remark and pungency of observation, that
delighted all around him. 1 ho' the camp
was his delight, he was fitted for any com
pany ; and could make himself agreeable
on every proper occasion. His courage was
Invincible, for it was the result of his rea
eon ; and his death is a proof of it. The
pride of his countrymen in arms, the pat
tern for a military/iife, he fell at the moment
of victory, on the first o/t/iorl unity that had
been afforded to reduce to practice the per
fection of his theory—“ but he fell like a
man.” Hi* trans«cndaHt qualities ware ®
/ 7 2
pening to the view ; but they were nipped
in tho bud. by the base stratagem of a bea
ten foe. His name is imperishable; and
" ill descend to posterity with the IVarrcna,
Montgomery* and Wooatera, of the other
war. Though dead, he shall yet speak, to
the army of the United States. His scheme
ot tactics and practice of discipline shall he
the criterion of the soldier’s worth. He
has left behind him many highly accomplish I
ed scholars, who, “ while memory holds
hejt^&gn,” shall teacii his iu!es toothers, and j
sacredly preserve them as land marks
whereby to govern themselves* The labors
of the illustrious dead are jtot lost. His
body has descended to the totflb, and the
gallant spirit took its flight to Him that
gave it—but his yirtues shall live, and he
with us, many generations. We trust that
$ome person competent to the perform
ance—some personal friend of gen. Pike,
may feel the sweet, yet melancholy duty ot
giving to the world a full and faithful por
traiture of the deceased, with a sketch of
his life. These few hasty remarks, collec
ted from the observation of many, and trea
sured up by the .editor, because they rela
ted to a man whose character he much re
spected. aic offered, simply, as ait excite
ment to the task.
In addition to the particulars related in
the very interesting letter to ihe editor of the
Aurora, (see Argus Tth June,) n distinguish
ed officer who was in the battle at York,
states, that as he passed the general, after
he was wounded, he cried, “ Push on, my
brave fellow*, and avenge your general."
As lie was breathing his last, the Jiritia/i
standard was brought to him—he made a
sign to have it placed under his head—and
died without a groan; though his sufferings
must have been extremely severe.
General Pik>-'a body was embalmed at
York and conveyed to Snckctt’a Harbor,
where it was interred in the magazine ot
Port Tom/ikina, with all the stately pomp
of military honor, amidst the regrets of ev
ery good man. Capt. Nichohon, of Mary
land, (an inestimable young man, who was
kilied by his side) his beloved aid and pupil,
wus buried in the same grave, and at the
same time, by order of the commanding
general, in testimony of his respect for the
It may not be amiss, perhaps, to notice a
humble mark of respect offered by the man
agers of the titItimorp theatre, a few even
ings ago, to the memory of the general. The
house was crowded iu consequence of seve
ral spectacles designed in honor of the day.*
Between the seepnd & third acts of the play,
the curtain slowly, but unexpectedly, rose
to solemn* tnutflc, and exhibited a lofty obe
lisk on which w.is inscribed “ Z M. PIK.E,
27, 1813.” On the left hand of the monument
wasihat elegant actress, Mrs. Green, in the
character of Columbia, armed, kneeling on
one knee and* pensively pointing with her
spear to the name of the hero. Her dress
was uncommonly splendid and very appro
priate to the idea de-igmed to sustain. On
the oilier side was a lady, an elegant figure,
dressed in the deepest mourning, gracefully
leaning against the pedestal, immoveably
fixed, “in all the solemn majesty of woe.”
The curtain being fairly raised, a death-like
silence fora coiiMdeabte time reigned in the
house, the music excepted ; which did not
interrupt the pleasing melancholy by any
ill-timed boisterounness: but soon the feel
ings of tlie people burst forth in one unani
mous expression of applause, such as has
been rarely witnessed, certainly never sur
passed in any country, on a similar occa
* View of the Baltimore Brigade. y \
Tlie following General Oitler, was issued by |
ral Pi ic a, the morning ourtroops embarked irvin ,
Backltt’3 Harbor, April 25th, 181$.;'
When the dcbxrcnlioti shall take place on tho
enemy’s shore, major Forsyth’s light troops, form
ed In four platoons, shall ho first landed. They
will advance a small distance fi oiu the shore, and
form the chain to cover the lauding of the troops.
They will not fire, unless they discover the approach
of a body of the enemy, hut w ill make prisoners of
every person who may be passing and scud them
to the general. They will be billowed by the re^i
mental platoons of the fi-»t brigade, with two pie
ces of llrooks’ artillery, oue on the right, and one
on the left flank, covered by their muskctiy, and
the small detachments of riflemen of the 15th and
lCtli infantry. Then vs ill be landed the threo pla
toons of the reserve of the first brigade, under ma
jor Swan. Then major Eus;is, with bis train of ara
tillcrv, covered hy his own musketry.—Thou Colo
nel M’Clure's volunteers,in four platoons, followed
by the dial regiment, in six platoons. When the
troops shall move in column, cither to meet the
enemy or take a position, it will be in the following
order, vj-4.1 st, Forsyth’s riflemen, with proper front
ami flank guards ; the regiments of the first bri
gade, with their pieces } then throe platoons of re
serve ; mujm- Rustis’ train of artillery vol intcer
i orps; twenty first regiment; each corps sending
nut proper Sank guards. When the enemy shall
he discovered in trout, the riflemen will form the
chain, and maintain their ground, until they hsve
the signal (the preparative) or receive orders or re
tire, at which they will retreat with the greatest ve
locity, and form equally on the two flanks of the re
giments of the first brigade, and then renew their
tire. 'Die three reserve platoons of this line under
the orders of major Swan, one Ipindred yards in the
rear of the colors, ready to support any part which
nn.y shew an unsteady eountenniiec. Major Eus
tis ai:d h-s tram will form iu the rear of this reserve,
ready to act where circumstances may dictate.
The second line will be composed of the 21st in
fantry in six platoons, flanked by colonel M’Cluro’s
volunteers, equally divided as light troops. The
whole under the orders of colonel Ripley.
Suckcu’s Qiisbor.
It i* expected that every corpj will lie nuudlulof
tlie honor of the American arms, hid] tlio disgraces
which have recently tarnished our arms : and en
deavor hy a cool hihI determined discharge of their
duty to aupport the one, and w ipe ofT the other.—
The riflemen in front will maintain their ground at
all hazards, until ordered to retire, »» will every
corpc of the army. With an assurance of being du
ly aupported, should the commanding general fmd
it prudent to withdraw the front line, lie will give
orders to retire by the heada of platoons, covered
by the riflemeu : and the second line will advuiicc
hy the heads of platoons, pass the intervals, and
form the lino s call in the light troops, and renew
lire action But the general niay find it proper to
bring up the second lino on one or both flanks, to
charge in columns, or perforin a variety of manaen
vies wU*«U it would be impossible to foresee. Jtut
tncir own
s post with
■> ex
lie general!
m a general rule, whatever may he the direction
of liue at the commencement of the action, tUe
corps will form as before directed. If ther then
advance in I ne, it may be iu parallel esebetoas of
platoons, or otherwise, as the grouud or circumstan
ce* inay dictate.
No man will load until ordered, except the light
trovps in front, unti I within a short distance or lh«
enemy, and then cli urge bayonets , tiius letting ihu
enemy see that we can meet them in their own
weapons. Any man firing or quitting his post with
out orders, must be put to instant death,
ample may be necessaay. Platoon officer^
tin.- greatest attention to the coolness anl
their men iu the fire ; their regularity and’.
In tlje charge. Courage no/t bravt ry in the
not more distinguish the soldier than humanit
ter victory ; and whatever examples the savagv —
lies of our enemies may l*wc given us, the general
Mafidcntly hopes that ilie blood of au unresisting
oPyielding enemy will never slain the woapoas of
the soldiers of ins column.
1 he unotfcndiiig citizens of Cauada are many of
them our own countrymen, and the poor Canadi
ans have been forced into the War. Their proper
ty therefore must be held sacred, and any s ‘ ~
who shall ao far neglect llr.-honor of his profcl
as to be guilty of plundering the inhabitants,
it convicted, be punished with death. But the
mandiug general assures the troops, shat sht
they capture a Urge quautity of public stores
will use his best endeavors to procuie them
ward from his government.
1 his order shall be read at the head of each corps
and every field officer shall carry a copy, in order
that he may ut any moment refer to it ; aud give
explanations to his subordinates.
AU those found in arras in the enemy's country,
•hall be treated as enemies j but those who art
peace .bly fo.lowing the pursuits of their various a*
vocations, friends-and their property respected.
By onler of brig dicr general,
Cuarlks G. Jones, Assistant aid dc camp.
The Dunmore anil Cornvtallit, alia* the Negro
and Sheep Stealing System revived by the
STRONG “ Buixiiurh of our Religion."
During tl.e glorious struggle for our inde
pence, the noble lord Diiinnore, then governor
of Virginia, fled on board a British armed ship,
lying in Janies river, for protection, and com
menced the system of kidnapping negroes, in
viting them by proclamation to ilcs.rt from
their it asters under the assumed promise ef
giving them their freedom, in which this vile
wretch loo unfortunately for many of those de>
luded beings, succeeded. After this noble
lord had seduced a considerable nuinbei, he
basely sent them to the British West India is
lands, sold them, and pocketed the cash. The
noble marquis Cornw allis, c mmandmgu squa
dron at Newport, turned l.i> attention to the
stealing of sheep, cattle, fowls and pigs, on the
Ltizabcth islands, Martha’s Vineyard, and tile
island of Connecticut. This bticcanicr landed
a party of marines on the latter island during
the night, who at the dawn of day commenced
their hellish deprecation by setting fire to
dwelling housess, burns and even hav-stacks
did not escape their savage fury.—Mr/Martin,
an old and a very respectable gentleman, was
shot by a marine while standing at his door
Ihese remarks arc called forth in consequence
oi the similar mode ot warfare now practised
by the British pirates in the Chesapeake and
Delaware, being what the tents say we must
naturally expect in time of war- Such senti
ments are in unison with ihose of the British
ministry, Algerines and savages, and totally
distinct from the patriotic sentiments of the
“ Union of the States, Free Trade and Sailors’
Minutes of the firlncifial occurrences which
have taken ft lace during the siege of Fort
Meig*, Jrom the 25th of Afiril to the 9th
of May ; taken down by a volunteer in (he
About the 25th, 26th and 2Mi of April,
the general was very vigilant in sending out
patrolling parties in order to discover the
movements of the enemy ; for, from correct
and undoubted information, we were bound
to believe that this post would he attacked
by a large number of British and Indians.
On the 25tli, lieutenant M’Ciannahan dis
co, tied the enemy on the margin of the
La ice.
On the 26th, some part of the enemy were
discovered on the opposite shore, viewing
our works, but rode off in a very few mi
nutes. T his day another patrolling party
went down a few miles ; hut were drawn
back by the discharging of our guns in camp.
In the evening, another patrol of infantry
were sent two or three miles down the river ;
but could discover nothing of the approach
of the enemy, except the firing of guns in e
very direction. This evening there was an
alarm, and the party returned during the
time of it.
(Ju the 27th, a few of the enemy made
their appearance on the opposite shore ; but
were soon made to retreat by the balls from
our IS pounders. Two elegant shots were
made at them. They were supposed to
strike within 3 or 4 feet and covered them
with dirt. Ever since the general had ar
rived in cainp, the greatest diligence, atten
tion and industry was displayed by the ofh
cers and soldiers. Every moment of the gene
ral was occupied in carrying on the fortificatij
oris of the camp.
On the 23th, about one o’clock, Mr. Oli
ver was scut on an express to Gen. Clay
after Captain Ilambleton had, by the di
rection of Gen. Harrison, went down the ri
ver .about three miles, and discovered a large
! army of the British and Indians advancing
to attack Camp Meigs. Fortifications ol
various descriptions were carried on with
unparalleled exertions; and every man was
inspired with a zeal, co rage and patriot
ism never surpassed. If tnis were the case
with the men without any other stimulus
than what their own reflections suggested,
how much more animated and heroic must
they have been, and how much more confi*
dencc mu»t have been infused into them,
when they were addressed by their truly
brave and great commander, in a most mas
terly and eloquent manner, on the situation
in which the fortune of war had placed
them and the vital importance ol every
man’s being vigilant and industrious at his
post ! The Indians ami a few British made
their appearance on the opposite shore and
commenced a very brisk fire with small
arms; but no injury was done, it being toe
distant fur musketry qr rifles. Two of our
is poimdcrs were discharged at a groupe
°* British and Indians, and one of the halls
struck, among them and covered them with
dirt; but whether they received any da
mage or not is not known. They ran away
as quick as possible. In the evening, the In
dians were conveyed over in boats, and
■ were around us in every direction. YVe were
now besieged : several dragoons volunteer
ed to reconnoitre the camp; but before
j they had went half a mile they were fired
on by the Indians, and one of the men was
Lfchot through the arm. The works continu
ed with vigor and spirit until tattoo beating,
fche general was every where present,
B>d stimulated the men to discharge their
duties like heroes and soldiers.
JlfuU '29 th—Early in the moruing, the
Genennl was standing very near a man who
was mortally wounded by the Indians shoot
ing in the camp, we could at times discover
among the trees ; but our boys soon com
pelled them to leave their post. Some of
our mea were slightly wounded; several
Indians and a British Boldier were killed,
|nd trotn the best observations we could*
Bake, a considerable uumlier were wound
td. I he enemy had progressed so far in the
construction of their batteries during the
light, that they a Horded them sufficient
protection to work by day light. They had
erected three batteries, two of which had
our embrasures each, the other was a bomb
>nt»ery. We made some first rate shots
nto their works, and impeuded their pro
gress very much.
yj/mi oOt/i— 1 lusmorning the enemy hail
extended his batteries considerably, and
were preparing them for the cannon. This
day also we considerably impeded their pro
gress by firing our cannon and destroying
their works. After firing one of the shots,
some oi • the enemy’s men were seen to be
carried away from their batter)', as if they
had been killed or severely wounded. Bouts
were seen to pass from the old British gar
rison to this shore, with many men; the Ge
neral concluded that llreir intention was to
draw our attention to their batteries, and to
surprise and storm the camp in the rear._
Orders were immediately given for one
third of the men to be constantly on guard,
and the remaining two-thirds to sleep with
muskets in their arms, and to be constantly
prepared, at a moment's warning, to fly to
tlivir posts. These orders were strictlyohey
ed, and every duty was performed with the
utmost cheerfulness and alacrity. The men
were permitted morning and evening to go to
the rivcranil get water, the well not being fi
nished ; and the Indians occupying very ad
vantageous positions round the camp an#
noyed us very considerably. Several ofour
men were slightly wounded by them; and
the General, being constantly exposed, had
several very narrow escapes. In the course
of the dav we killed two or three Indians
and wounded four or five. Some time in the
night, the enemy towed a gun-boat up the
l iver near us and fired some time, but not a
ball came into camp. Early in the morning
they commenced firing again, but without
effect; and they’ thought most prudent to
retire as soon as it became light enough for
us to fire upon her. There were about 30
balls fired in all.
l\Iuy 1st.— I he grand traverse was now
nearly finished, and several small ones be
sides. Traverses were commenced in va
rious directions, and carried on with life and
«pi* it. This morning we fired several times
with very good cfflct. Our works were
now in a very good situation. About 10
o'clock the enemy had one cannon prepared,
and Commenced firing very briskly: and in
a short time they opened several more pieces
on us. '1 hey hail a 24 pounder, a 12, a 6
and a howitzer. During the dny they lired
256 times, and 4 times in the night. Our
works received no material injury. Their
24 pounders passed through our pickets
without cutting them down, which wav a
very grand thing to us. YVc silenced one
of their pieces several times, but did not fir«
as often as the enemy, as we far surpassed
them in shooting. Men were seen carried
away trom their batteries in blankets and
ether things, which proved that we had done
some execution. Our wounded amounted
this day to about 8—1 mortally, 2 badly and
5 slightly. A bullet struck the seat on which
the General was sitting, and the wiiier of
this article received a stroke from a bullet
as he stood directly oj^josite the Central,
but sustained no injury.
ATuy 2d.—Commenced firing very early
with bombs and balls, and continued it very
Imskly all day. We lost this day 1 man
killed and 10 wounded, besides several others
slightly touched with Indian bullets. The
enemy’s sloop came in sight to-day. They
fired 457 times during the day, and 4 times
in the night.
Alay 3 -Commenced with a very brisk
and fierce firing of bombs and cannonballs
1 hey opened two batteries upon ns on this
side of the river, abont 250 yards in our
rear right angle, ore of which was a bomb,
battery. YVe instantly returned their fire
and silenced them for some time, but they
kept it up occasionally during the day. The
Indians shot one of our men through the
head and killed him, and we had six men
killed by cannon and bombs, and 3 men
wounded. The enemy fired 516 times dur
ing the day and forty seven times during the
May 4th.—Owing to some circumstances
the enemy were not on the alert this morn
ing and did not commence firing until about
eleven o’clock, and then slowly. It ruined
very heavy this morning until 9 o’clock. A
new battery was discovered erecting o.t this
side in the same direction with the »thers,
and traverses were commenced to guard a
gainst them. Several men were slightly
wounded, and two soldiers killed h< the
hombs in the night. Lieutenant GWynne
killed a British officer on this side with a
rifle. They fired in all 207 times in the day,
and 15 times in the night.
Alay 5th.—They fired this day very slow,
but they killed three men with bombs and
• cannnon balls. They fired one hundred &
’ forty-three timet in all* About two o’clock
M$. Oliver arrived with 17 men of General
lay s detachment. Orders were then sent
to General Clay to land about UUQ men on
the opposite shpre, tospike the enemy*» cai 4
non when we were attack the batteries
on this side at the sum'e time. Every thing
wasexecuted in elegant style; but Col. Dud
ley did not order a retreat after effecting
tne grand object, but was drawn into the
^nTl>by a pHriial lirin5 ofZhu Indians;
and alter a severe conflict, the gr eatest por
tion were taken prisoners. They succeed
ed however, m spiking the enemy's cannon,
I and about one hundred and fifty returned
sate to camp. During this time,' we had 2
several engagements on this side ; succeeded
in repulsing the enemy and iu spiking tlur
cannon, and taking 42 prisoners, two of
whom were lieutenants. If the detachment
under col. Dudley had adhered to orders
it would have been a most brilliant and glo
rious day to the American arms. The first
charge on tins side was made on Indians 3c
Canadians by Major Alexander’s battalion-’
cupt. Nearing s onipany, and tfro or three
companies of Kentuckians. They display
ed great bravery'and courage. The ene
my acknowledged tnat they weie surprised
and that we would have succeeded in ever
«;y thing if our militia bad not been too coi i
Client, i he second charge on this s.du was
made by cqL Miller’s com mand of regulars
r° v(lt’CaHts* Croghan, Lungham, brad-*
lord, Nearing and Lieut. Campbell. Mai;
AlcXHiunji’ 2* battalion am! ninmi r* *
company wi Kentucky militia. They all ac
ted with the most determined bravery. A
Hag wa* sent down by us, at the request of
one of the oiheers prisoners, to Itnk on a
certain point on this side, to ascertain whe
ther one of their officers were not wounded
there ; and shortly after their return the
enemy sent a flag over to see about their
wounded and pr sonera. They did not fire
their cannon this day af.er the battle, ex
cept once or twice one piece which remain*
eil unspiked. i heir force consisted of 50Q
regulars, 800 militia, and 600 Indians.
May 6th —A fiag Was sent do am to see v
bout die comfort hi. convenience of our wound*
eti and prisoners, accompanied bv m.i. llukiil
Ihry then returned to thh side together w.tli
M. jor Chambers, with some communication
respecting die prisoners and sending Uicm
home by Cleveland. No firing to day.
May 7th— Bad weather, which has coot inn*
ed ! ,r several days, haa been very disagreeable.
iT . I—T" a,n? \laJ- Chambers came over a*
bont twelve o clock, to make arrangements for
the exchange o. prisoners. This point was ac
cordingly settled : our militia were to be sent
to Huron, in order to return Lome bv that, out.
I he Indians at first claimed part of the prison
ers ; but after intercession by the British otu
cars, they relinquished their claim, nut wished
us to exchange sonic of their Wvandott prison
ers lor our militia. Their prisoners v‘cre
changed lor the regulars under the orders of
Capt 1*. ice . but their regulars were not to cm
ter the hcldot battle during one month ami
onrs were to be sent home. Their pmo-ers,
when released, were not to Le asked anj q tes
tions concerning us or the camp, by any o the r
officers or soldiers. No firing to-day.
May 8 th.—A flag was sent down early tl is
morning with clothing and provisions for the
coinf rt of our wounded and prisoners. The «•
nomy seemed to be making preparations for
some movement ever sinc-j the grand battle.—
Major Chambers camr over in the evening, an l
informed the g. neral that in the morning lie
should be furnished with u list of the kulei
w ounded and prisoners.
May 9th—The enemy were very busy in ti e
niglii; and when dawn appeared, we disoovc.
ed them making a retreat. One of sheir sloops
w.u up, receiving the cannon and several ff„n.
boats : they were fired on by our guns ana t|»ev
•nan made off*. Hy 10 o’clock they were gene
t. all t'pearancr. M-jor Chambers violated
Ins word and failed to furnish us with a list of
the wounded and prisoners.
I be number °f killed during tli s.ege and
in the different actions on th s »i le, ; moan b
t® 77—the w mnded, to 196.
View of the Lakes.
As the great lakes in our country have become
the seat of war, and the movements of our
naval and land forces there, are become high
ly interesting ; a brief Geographical Sketch of
that part of the United States must nc u:e ul
and gratifying to many.
The upper Lake-, Superior, Michigan, Tuts
on and St. Clair, discharge thfir streams by
the river Detroit into Lake Kri®. 'I he null l f
Lake Brie commences at Mack Hock and is
called Niagara river, ex*cnding thirty miles to
Lake Ontario. The distance is 307 milt s,
from Albany to Hlack Hack. At this place is
a ferry, half a inite wide, across to Uertir, in
Upper Canada '1 he s’rcam is here rapid, but
after passing the point at Bertie, it moves slow,
ly, as the river expands into a broad buy con
taining Grand Lie, about aevun miles long; and
just below it Navy Is.and, which is »m.di—ll a
low this, Niagara river becomes narrower, ai if
the stream is divided by float Island, which in
about half a mile long, extending to the preci.
pice, the Falls of Ninga. a. Thela-gest portkn
o» water passes between Coat Island and L’i *
! per Canada—At the upper end of ibis Maud
the rapids commence. Ucre the stream pas
ses on each side of the island, over a bed of
rocks and precipices, with astonishing rap.di
ty, descending, sixty feet, in the distun e of
half a mile, where, arriving at the Falls, is
descends 137 feet perpendicular.
Niagara river continue from tlie Fall®, a ra
pid course about half a mile wide, to I.ewis»
town, 7 miles, where is a veiy good ferry to
Queenstown, lying directly opposite. 1 h ri.
ver, retaining the same width, but dnp r is
leas rapid and is navigable for velse s ruin
L-wistown, 7 miles to Fort Niagara, whore il
pisses into Lake Ontario—Thus this I ak • |«
Ccives ail the streams from the large I.ak a.
TIio outlet of Ontario is at th« N. K- extre
mity, near Kingston, a«*l Is navigable fo tc<.
sels of 49 or 59 tons, down to Ogdenabar 6S
At Ogdertsburg, larg.- baUeaw*t rcc^v^ lb*
cargws, and |m*s nv a very rapid r. rertilowo
the River St. Lawroace :o Montreal, which >•
m mil*, below OnU^, ’ ^

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