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Jijehinond, Public tied (on ( lie ■ -. <<awBlwS*Pr'; 1 r i .-''('• f/r : I±^P-XX1.--No._3041 ] ^ O.MiAY, l)KC KMHKK J3. 1«I3. ' f4 drito» „er annum Mr.GILESES SPfeJECH On the Bill f jr raising fifty thousand Volunteers. Is Ses.ite, January 29, 1812. ( CostlSUED.) “ To tills may le added, u.at you never can have a Well disciplined army. .T -To make men well acquainted with the du ties of a soldier, requires time. To bring tin m , under proper discipl in'- and subordination, not only requires tune, but is a work ol great dilH. culty ; and in this army, where there is so lit tle distinction between officers and soldiers, re quires an itncouimn degree of attention. To expect then the same service from r*w and un disciplined recruits, as from veteran soldiers, i* to ,.xpret what never did, and perhaps never Will happen. ** w«‘ "ho are familiarized to danger, ap- j proach it without thinking; whereas tiwo|s unused to service apprehend danger where no , danger exists. “ Three things prompt men to a regular dl s ch Tf.e ol tl-eir duty in time ol ,ic ion—natural brar: ry, hope obi e ward, and fear of punish ment. I lie two litst are common to the umu tored and the disciplined soldier, but the last mos1 obviously distinguishes one fr. m die o . tber. A CQwarsl taught to believe thaf, if be breaks his ranks and abandons It s Colors, lie will be punished with death by lus own party, will lake Ins ci.mice against the enemy ; but t!ic n._u who thinks little ol tiic one, ami is feaiful of the.other, acts from present feelings, regardless ol'ctmtiHMii nces-. A u n, men of a .day a standing will nat look forward ; utid froiirVxpferiencc, we tind, that as the-time approach. sior their discha gi, they gr w c.rclessof ilie r arms^aimrui.i i< n, can j, utensils. &c. nay, even tlie barracks them* Ives have felt uncommon mark* of wanton depre d..ti..», and we aic Lid under lresh trouble and additional expense in pioviding tor every fresh party, at a lime wi.,u we find it next to impos sible to procure the articles absolutely neces sary, in the first instance. To this may be ad ded tlie seasoning which new recruits most have to a camp, and the oss consequent there upon. “ lint this is not ail. .Men engaged fo- a short limited time only, have tlie officers too much in their power. To obtain a viegi<e of popularity in order to induce a sec nd ernist incut, a kind of familiarity takes pLce tvoicli bring* on arciaxat ion el ducipl.in., utiliceii sed furloughs, anil other indulge..civs, incoin . psiibit with order and good government, by which means the la ter part «.f the linn Ini which tlie soldier was eugsgtd, is spvntm un doing what it reqiinud.inuch labor u> inculcate in the first. “ 1 o c;n into an i nnumeration of all the evils we have experienoeit nuliis great change ol tl-« army and the expense incidental to' it, to say nothing of the h. iiuul we have run ami must run between tlie discharging of one army ai.d the enlistment of another, toilless an eiiormnU expen e ol niiiitia is incurred,) wou.d greatly exce-d the hounds of a letter. Wliat 1 have m ifatly taken the liberty ot suying will serve u* convey a general i caol the nmturj atulthe>e fore, 1 shut:, with a.l cine- del. rente, take the freedom to give it as my opinion, tha , if Con gress have any r- as.>n to believe tlie re wi 1 be occasion for troops another year, and come ' quen ty to an t cr enlistme,nt, they w mill save money , ami have infinitely better troops, if tin y Were, even at the bounty ol twemy, tnniy or m ie d li "l-s, to iignge .Ik men already enlu t d until January i ext, \ ti sueb others may bu w mied to complete heestab idirm-nt lot and during the war. 1 will not under.ake to say that tlie nien may he had on iiese terms, but J am su'd lied tn.it u wilt never r*o to let tl e matter ..nme, as it was last year, u: til ihe time ofservi e is near expiring In tlie ti si place, the h .’.ard is ■ oo great i m the next, the won ble anti perplexity of disbanding one army and raising another at the same instant, -nd in such a critical situation as the last vv-s, arc scarcely in the pow er or words to describe, and such uh no man who has once experienced it, wul ever undergo again Vol. U, pa. Wi, ‘Jtil, -U12, 28 Mere follows the comment of the historian. Unfortunately, Congress did not I'cbl so sen sibly as tin it general, the it to., parity I tempo rary tunnies to oppoae those .viuch ure penna nt nt Nor wen h a officer* of high l ank, as yet, BuAicien.ly in.pressed on this subject In a council held previous to the m\v tiioueilmg of the army, they had hec>i of opinion that the enlistments might be only lor one year.”—N ot. 2, p. <81. “ Scarcely was this fir t sure*is obtained, (in Nov 1775, b> Montgomery) when the f.uai consequences cf sboi t enlistments began to dis. cover themselves. T l»e time of terviee lor which tlie troops had engaged being now near expiring, great diiticully was experienced in prevailing on them to proce* d further, and the general w«» under the necessity of stipulating explicitly, 11iut all whowbliul it, should b* ujs charged at Moutreal, he ore he couid induce them even to march against that place Jlav ing ellected this compr niise w.tli them, he pro* ceded against Montreal, while his il a ting batteries under col. Kaston, ndvamed up t St. latwrencie, and not only ertcctua,fy pitv.n ted he armed vessels of die enemy Irom mak ing the tsCape they hail projected to (fneiic but Hrcve them from their- anchors still higher up the river."—vol 2, jv.3l0 April, 1776—“ A considerable part of the army having become i lit tled to adisciiarge, no inducements could prevail on them to continue longer in so severe a »• rvice. Tins deduction from Wooster's force was the more sensibly fel’» because the present situation of the mails, the lakes and the St. I Awn-lice, unavoidably im pn'ed, for a time, lie arrival of the reiiilori e* m* n s d* stintu for Ins aid." Among the hrst won reached camp aft. r this slate of things f took p!ac , was general Thomas, who, after being apf ointeil to the Command in Uamda, had made gr« at exertions to join the army II. arrived on the first ot May, and on ex.mm ing its force, fouml it to am nt of a to al n.im Ucen hundrt*l,of whom less than one thousand, inclu • mg officers, wore lit for *hity. Among the effectives, vm re three hundrxl entitled to a discharge, who refused to do duty, and insis ted irapo- unuteiy on being immediately dis missed."—Vol 2, pa .154. 3-5. . I>cc. 1776—Oen Washington “ was carm-xt witli Congress to increase tlie number of con* tinental regime^. It was admitted that tho«e already vo ed would, most probably, not be completed j but re contended t lby directing » -•**. tionul number, aim app inting ntliuf of I o re, it.* v men w,„ |.,, t. "|(,, d, cverv cfhccr woo d r«or«it * tvW. iVilh respect to 3 9 ( the additional expense to be incurred by the measures he recommended, it w s obstrv d, •' that .our funds were the only object now to he taken into consideration. The enemy, it was found, were daily gathering strength from the disaffected. This strength, like a snow-hall by rolling, would encre»se, unless some means could be devised to check effectually the pro gress of tkeir arms. Militia might possibly do it for a little while t but in a little while slso, the militia of those states which were fre quently called upon, would not turn out at all, or would turn out with so much reluctance and sloth, as to amount to the same thing. “ (build any thing,” he asked, “ be more de structive ol the recruiting business, than giv ing ten dollars for six weeks s rvicc in the mi litia, who come in, you cannot tell how ; go you cannot tell when, and act, you cannot tell where ; who consume y< ur provisions, exhaust | your stores and leave you ut last in a critical situation “ Tit se, sir.” he added, “ are the men 1 am to depend upon ten days hence. This is the basis upon which your cause wi.l rest, and must forever <h p nil, until you get a large standing army sufficient of its If to oppose the enem . V i 2, pa. 537. 53H 539. 1777—“The problem, w heller amtion can he defended against a permanent .force, by Uni porary asmies, by occasional calls of the bus bam:man, from his pough to the field, was al ready solved | and in its demonstration, the in depend* rice ot America hud nearly perished in its cradle. All eyes were now turn* d on the ar.. y to be created for the ensuing campaign, as the only solid basis.on which the hopes ol ' the patriot could rest ” Vol 2, pa 555, 556. Mr Giles next observed, that he beygeil to be indulged in exhibiting to the view ot the Senate, the character and pr&cci dings of the Congress of 1777—at the moment of the most alarming peril and despotic etcy during the whole rev* lulionary war, hot be cause it has any direct hearing upon the im mediate question uikK> discussion, but as at* honnrab e example highly wo; thy cf mi ration at the present day. I he firmness manifested by Congress 1 thmnghout t ie gloomy and trying period wliich intervened between the loss of fori Washington, and tile battle of Princeton, entitles (he members of dm day to the ad miration of tin world, and the gratitude of their te low-citizens. Unawed b the dan gers winch dneate: ed them, and regardless • ■f personal safety, they did not fc-r.an in stant admit the idea, that the indepen dence they bad declared was to he surren deted and peace t--be purchased by icturn ing to thetr ancient colonial situation.” Vol. 2. pa. 557. 177U—“Torecru't the army for the nekt campaign was an r.lject of which the com rnander in chief felt the importance, and la bored to impres, it on the several states as well as i n Cong it es. But it was an object the d Hiculty of accomplishing which con t in-ally Increased. From the deprcciati n <-t paper money, and from other causes, no hope remained of obt-i ing any respe<*tab'e number of men hy voluntary enlistments ; and coercivc means could only be employed by the respective states. To persuade then to apjily with the requisite dispatch sutii c evt energies to this subject, requited aP the nduiM.ce of grneral Washington, and his lette s u. get] them l>y ev- y motive whicli con'd < negate on the human mind, to meet with sufficient means the crisis of the war, which he apprehended was now approach ing. “Iff* exhorted them to pi ?* ce no C''nfi der.ce in foreign :.id, but to depend . n their own int.mal strength and resou ces for the maintenance of their independence: He did not doubt hut iha* Britain would, if not prove ted b- a war in F.urope, make great exertions to reinforee her armies in Ameri* ca, and efl< ct the obj c s of the war. Only corres-jKincldnt exertions to keep in the field a continental army at lea*t equal to that of the ci emy, c< old prevent thf ir succes*. “ Ho enclosed 10 each state a return of i s tr<»<.p% on the continental establishment; thereby exhibiting Jp each its own deficien cy, which each was strongly urged to sun ply." Vol. 3. Nov. 1779.—“ In the more early stpges of the contest,” said the com mender in ch ef to congress in his letter of thi 18ih Novem her, ’ when m. n migli have bten enlisted ■or the war, no man, as my whole conduct and »he uniform tenor of my letters will ev nee, was ever more opp* sed to short en listments that I was ; and while there re maitied a prospect of obtaining recruits tip on a permanent footing in the first instance, as far as duty and a regard to my station would pe rmit, I urged my senti rents in fa vor of it. But the prospect of keeping up an army by voluntary enlistments bong changed, or at least standing on too prcca ti ms and uncertain a footing to depend on, for the exigency of our nlTi irs, I took ttie li erty in Kehuary 177H, in a particular man* ncr to lay before them mmittee of arrange* men* then with the army at Valley Forge, a plan for the annual draught as the smest ami nv st cer ain. If not the only means left us, ol maintaining the army on a proper and re pecable gr und. And more and more confirmed in the propriety of this opinion, by the intervention of a variety of circurn s’unces, unnecessary to detail, I again took the fre' dum of urging the plan to the com* mittce of conference in January last ; and having reviewed it fn every point of light, and found it right, at least the best that has occurred to me, I hope J shall be ex< used by congress in offering it to them, and in time for carrying it into execution for the next rear; it they should Conceive it necessary i for the states to complete their quotas of troops. (Sficcci to be continued.J Juki Received and for Sale at thin Office, A History of Virginia, From the Discovery till the year 1801.—With Hiograpliiciil Sketches, Of ail the most distinguished characters that occurred in the Colonial, Revolutionary,or snh seem out period of our History—by J. tv.CA MP Uldd-, of I’etersburr. Tfov. 32. u. -—-—.. ■ - -1_■ - ' — —mK=asa ADJUTANT Gl'NRRAL'S OFFICE, ... IUbhmond, 6 th of December. 1813. Hie Adjutant General, on whom hat devolved the detail of the Militia for actual service, hat the honor to submit* the hJWwing statement of the forces directed to take the field, with the attendant circumstances, since his rennrt «f ihr 30th of May last, which was laid before the Gonqml Assembly then in session. Th«t tneun’s sqm dron continuing to increase in numbers, with a large accession ofland troops, it was deemed hv ^commanding Genmud at Norfolk, (who was fully authorised by the President to call for such reinforcements of chw work; which lest measure was not contemplated in my requisition on the executive,"for the Iasi’ dVta'-hnmnt *t:ite ^no.ns* 1 f,nuM therefore, consistently with my duty or sense of propriety, consent at present to any dimi nution of the f ree here.** Scarcely had the Genera! uttered these words, when the position taken by the enemy, clearly evinced a determina icn to make an immediate attack on the unfinished w orks, at Crany-lsland, as a prelude to one on Norfolk and llunm <on. , * i ed between that point and Hampton. . . • " ' ' roiled m hi* a'.'em pi. upon Crany Island, the enemy crossed over to Hampton, and on tlie inoruing ofthe 2r>;h com tne::eed an a Hack upon lb it p tot. So great was the superiority of the enemy in point of numbers, and so inadequate our means of resistance, thut Major Crutchfield was cotnpelh d to aha»don the place, after a most gallant defence_ Ve«ffcJ - um*<*<mI forest is w. il known and tho particulars as well as the estimated force of the enemv are u tailed m fkedocum n(s m.rked.F. G. H. I. J. (8. C.) All accounts from I I mpton having icpresented the enemy as between four anH fire thousand strong, w!- !c the lOK-es under Mtjor Crutchfield, (destitute as they weie of camp equipage, and military stores ot all kinds,) with me addition ol tne ti8lh an:' i loth r. gimenis, dui not exceed Jive hundred and seventy, and the onlv int •rve.nn * f roe ’*«> »v. e.; a ilumpton and the Capitol of the state, consisting of tha 52d r. girncni, and the troops si at ioned nf MV ero fills, amounting m less than five hundred effectives, if became an object ofthe first important e with tlie Executive, to call in such aid, as. by its celerity of movement, might not only arrest th- drogrea* ot th- en- n»y, but«'r:v<* him from on territory.—AM th this view. ihe troops of cavalry of Cuptain Miller ofCuiidx rland, Copt in Allen of Prince Edw «41, am. G i.iu.n S milord ot Halifax, were required by orders of 27th .Tune, to repair to thi id ce, without a moment’* de lay. K..ainaon,of the Cavalry, was also called into service (see document K.)—-O \ ill 28th June, g* mi~.il or. were issued, fur a force to rendezvous at Norfolk and Richmond, to repel the act ai invasion of tin state, which was demand d by the exigency, ami considered ad- quale to the object. (S e document L. — !\> each comm, ml .ot of * r iguueni, from which mounted rifl men were dra m. special orders were sent, of which a e jpv m ir .ed M is induced to b -ve. onoentrot. a a competent force, properly armed, by-be slow process of culling into service those held in pre vmus n quisiiu.ii only, which most necessarily have embraced a widely extended territory, was absolutely iinposnioie. ll ce tlie necessity of requiring from these regiment* com iguous to the scene of danger, n et rtain proportion, over , af,ure the W'iuwtiou, ail ! of appe Ji:ig (o the put riot of the people for a supply ot i ill *s, not to be found i:i the puiM-.c arsenals, a* well us for the means of transporting ‘he troops with the greatest expedition. 1 lies-orders of the Executive wei e ia perfect coiucideuce with the vie,ws of Genera! Taylor : for. in his letter of (ll. 2:iu June, after informing the Governor that he h»d made drafts on the nrighborirg counties for as many men 03 y/an consistent with their safety from the internal foe, and noticing the increased force ofthe enemy, he sa a, “I deem if highly important, that alt the force above this, and in your neighborhood, that can be marched at once, should he nut 10 motion um-rda this place, without delay—We ought to he prepared by a decisive stroke,To check -lie best efforts of (in: enemy.— It may save Virginia for the residue ofthe war.” (See document N.) T .e measures thus adopted hy the Executive, and General Taylor, having been communicated to the president, re e iv. d hi* entire approbation, as will appear by reftrence to a letter from the Secretary of War, among tlie documents m rked J A. - * Various communications, received on the SOth of June, announced the ascent of a considerable part of the eremy’s vcioef. O- war, up Jumc* R ver; avd on that day, a “ large force” v/us represented to be as high up, as Handv Point, (f>cc document* O. P. (k> *2.) ll SEP. LT. (G 2. —No aid having been received from distant counties, except the tioops ot e&valry ot Captains Boiling and Aodcraon. *tieh dispositions were made for watching tlie uioveinerts of the enemy nod repelling any attack a* could he teffeeti d hy the dc 1; ckinci.t, at Malvern Hills and the Jo -ai militia. The \v o c ot the 39th R giinent, including the town of Petersburg were also put in requisition. It being ascertained that the: rnemy had evacuated Il.»iuf Ion, th Executive deler’mimd to suspend the march of lithe u oops called out by the Oqncrul Order* of the 28th Jure, except the infantry from the counties of Amelia, Nottoway, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, the »f»th Reg*ment, Brunswick, Charlotte and Halifax, and the mounted ri .hin! n horn the western cou»ilic*.;--ttie former being pci milted to proceed to Norfolk a* a reinforcement to the ar my stationed there, and tlie latter destined to ..ct on the north side of James River_The services of adue proportion ot officers were, of course dispensed with. Seeordirs of the 2nd of July, document V.)—To the force at Malvern ll.i>s. vi 11 e s, ch ol the militia from Lh-steriieid and II mover, us lorni' u apart ol tlie general requisition. Adv i cs imv;ng been received, on the 3d of July, that life squadron of t he enemy were descending the nver, all the ' c iiiiia collected ier fie vicinity o| il»e Capitol, 'rom the adjacent counties were disbanded; and at. cue ves ul* continu ed to re. ede, the detachments st. tinned lower down Ihe. river, which had been recently culled out, were sdcce-siv. ly discharged. On the Hi It of July, final orders were given, permitting all those under the command ot General Chum berlayue to return home, except the cavalry. (S. e document W.) That poi lion o. ihe militia d reeled to rendezvous, av Kichtno.al, by orders of the 27th anti 28th of June, had not all airived, when uitel igence was received from Fredericksburg, that part ofthe enemy’s squadron had made im Ho pe ur n.e on the Potomac river, ami on th* evening ofthe l+lh anchored opposite I face’* Ferre. A detachment of cavalry and mounted riflemen wa* immediately *ei»t, under the command of Col. M’DcwcU, with ont r* to form a junction with the forces, Iroui Frederick and Shenandoah, who were on their way to the general rendezvous, but had halted at Frrdei i.ksburg, on receiving information ofthe appro eh of the enemy. See document (X. i. /.) ’ So eff-e imtllv was the enemy watch, d, on the Virginian shores ofthe Potomac, by Capt. Green's volunteer*, Col. M’Dnwell’s detachment, and »!ie local militia, that he paid us bui a short visit. Afier taking on hoard snnh negroes a* bad tied io btii!, a off comm (ting some depredations, of less moment, he dropped down the river: On tiie27Ui of July, iniornia tiun was received from Major Kobirisoji at llauipton, that two vessels of war, of a large class, had anchored off the mouth of B:u k rivej-; ^nd on the 31 st further advice* siu'ed timt the residue ofthe squadron bad descended, and ha ving' diaeni barked their troops, ooeopied a position near Point-Look-Oat, a promontory foi rntd by tho junction of the Polonvte river, with the Giiesnpoake. .,v U. U.o enemy 10 our snores, ann the inciiitv with which ho could transfer himself to any point, ad din to the uncertainty of his ulterior iff&tiuution, rend, ml it expedient to augment our forces, in the vic inity ot H..mp ion, which had been greatly reduced, b> the discharge of the troop, under (ieneral Cbamberlayne. Tinea hundred rf. II. *urn, pari ot whom were mounted, were accordingly wider, d from the camp forming in the vicinity ol this place, to reiuforce Major Uobinswi, commanding at Hampton, in the absence of Major Crutthflcl*. The operation, of the en einv, however, from this period, till his departure from the Chesapeake, were confined to predatory incursion., upon the territory of Maryland, ami the occupancy ot Kent Island,in that state. (ieneral Taylor, availing ljiiu.gr of th* absence ol the enemy from the vicinity of Norfolk, proceeded to Washing ,OB *1;1' B to obta,,» t,,e President*. sanction to such a system of permanent defence, as ihe pressure of the war upon \ irgmM, wruied to demand. On tlic 19th ot July, he laul before the Ex eufive the projet of a for. e, lor the protection ol Norfolk, andtho adjacent country, amounting in the aggregate to 7,(iU0 men (Bee document A *.) lio was also charged Midi pre.i nting to the President the views ol the Executive, in the formation of a lining camp to bo com pc sell ol eavalv), light artillery, and mounted riflemen, which, by being able to change its position with eelei ify, •mg i effectually check ihe depredations of the enemy. This force was intended to aei between the north side 6f Janie, river and the Potomac, tail the force million, d by the. Secretary of War to be placed on llie United Btulrs estftl.li.il mint at Norfolk, having been eon lined to 8000 and that for the country, between James ami York rivers, toxtiU iiu n, in* I in. i g regain-1, ihe plan ol a Hying camp was abandoned. 1 o ttc<-oniminiate the dcci ipuon ot troops to tue reduced numher, allowed by the Secretary of War, a. well as to "•upidy the vacancies about to I*; created, oy the ilischurge of loose called into service by the general orders oi the Oth •<l I cbrtHiry, anil such a* hail been drawn to Norloik, on ihe cRiergemy, but whom it was ri.Uermined immediately to iischarge, (i-ueial laylorHU nailed loathe Executive hi* statement ol the 8d oi August, requiring, three hundred »n;i Imy eight artillerists, three hundred and thirty nine riflemen, and five hundred and eighty six infantry. (Bee document If 4.) (Concluded in our loot poge.J 1 lie documents accompanying this report are too long to admit of insertion—-nor is it deemed necosary at this time, as the moil | important ot »hem have already appeared in the Argus.