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Hie Ksscx Frigate.
Cc/.iet cf Letters from Ca/it. Da via Pen i‘nn, commanding the U Suite.v Frigate J '.sticx, to the Secretary of the jYavy, da ted United Stiitcs’ Frigate Ksscx, Pacific Ocean, July 2, 1815. I have die honor to inform vou that on the '20 h <> April, in the latitude of‘40, N. long 91 15 \V. about twenty mil * to the northward of the island of Albemarle, on* of the Gnllnp.igns, in the Pacific tic-an, I c.a; tori tithe Britishslnp Montezttmi; two others being' in signt, cl sc together, distant trim ns about seven miles, " hich «c were informed were the British let* ters of marque ships Policy and G corgi ana— the first mounting ten guns, 6 and 9 pounders —t booth: r six t3 pounders, four swivels, and mv long biunderhutses, mounted on swivels. The wind being light and variable, and confi ding g-eatly in the bravery and enterpri/.e ol tny officers and men, and apprehensive of their.' escape, b orn the prevalence of fogs in that cli mate, l directed the boats of this ship to b tinned and manned, and divided into twodivi. sums, placing the first under the command or Lieut min' Downes, 1st Licutenan*, in a wha'e boat, accompanied bv midshipman Parnguit. The officers in command of boats under Lieu tenant Downes, were, Lieu.cn ,nt S. 1). M‘ Knight, in the 3rd Cutter, accompanied l>y Mid shipin-in XV If. Odeulieimer, Sailing Muster ..Willi « v.mvcu, in uie joiiv noat, accompanied by Midshipman H \V Ogden, and. Midshipman Ot orge Isaacs, in the 2d cutter. Ttie second division under the command of Lieutenant Wtimer, 2nd Lieut’ nant in the pinnace, accom panied by Midshipman Henrv Gray, and Mas t» r’s Mate James Terry ; Lieutenant Wilson and Mr. Shaw, Purser, in the 1st cutter ; and Lieutenant Gamble, ot the marines, in the gig Suitable signals were established, and each boat had her particular station pointed out for the at <'*x, and every other previous arrange ment was made to prevent confusion. The boats, seven in number, rowed off in admirab e order Guns were fired from the enemy to terrify th-'tii; they rowed up under the muz* zh s of the' guns and took their stations for at tacking the first ship, and no sooner was the American Hag displayed, by Lieut. Downes, as the signal for boarding, and the intention was discover; d by the enemy, than the colors wen struck, without a shot being fired; so much were th*-y daunted hy the intrepidity of our brave officers and men. They then left a crew on ho rd the prize and took their stations for attacking the other vessel, when her flag was also struck, on the firrtcull to surrender. Thus were two fine ilritish ships, each pierced lor 20 guns, worth near half a million of dollars, mounting between them 16 guns, and manned with 55 men, well supplied with ammunition and small arms, surrendered, without the sl ightest resistance, to seven small open boats, with fit y men, armed only with muskets, pis tots', hoarding axes and cutlasses ! He assur ed, sir, that Britons have either learned to re aped the courage of Americans, or they are not so courageous themselves as they would ■wish us to believe. I ha\ e the honor to your cbt. servt. be, with great respect I). PORTER. Tht‘ Secretary oj the J\ravy. Washington. United States’ Frigate Essex, at Sea’ Pacific Ocean, July 2nd, 1813. SIR, t)n the 23d March last, I sailed from , shaping my course to the north ward, and on the 26 it of the same month fell in with the Pei uvian corsair ship, Ner eyda, mounting 15 guns ; siie had a few days before, cat tured 2 American whale ships, he crews of which (amounting in number to 24 men) wer- then detained prisoners on board her; and they could assign no other ootive for the capture, than that they were die allies of G. B. and as such, should cap -.ure all American vessels they could fall in ith ; therefore, to prevent in future such cxatious proceedings, I threw all her arm ament ioto the sea, liberated the Americans and dismissed the Nereyda 1 then proceeded with all possible dispatch tor Gyma, to intercept one of the detained vessels, which had parted with the Nereyda only 3 days before, and I was so fortunate as to arrive there undrecapture her on the 5th April, at the moment she was entering the port. This vessel (the ship Barclay, (Japt. Gideon Randall of New Bedlord) l took un der my protection, and have had her with nie ever since. rroin Lima I proceeded tor the Gallapa gos Islands, where 1 captured the following British ships, viz: Lettera of Marque. Montezuma 270 tons 21 men 2 guns. Policy 275 26 10 Georgian* 280 25 6 Atlantic 351 24 8 Greenwich 338 35 lo The Georgian* being reputed a very fast •jailer, and apparently well c Iculuted lor aertti z< r, 1 mounted 16 guns on her, and gave tlie command of her to that excellent officer, Lieut. John Downes, with a compliment of 42 men; appoint ing midshipman \V. II. Iladdaway act* ingl hi tenant on board her, an 1 sent her on a cruize Lieut. Downes joined meatTumhfz, near Guiaquill, on the coast of Peru, on the 24lh June, after capturing three prizes, to wit: Jitters of Marque Shifts. Hector 270 tons 25 men 11 guns Catharine 270 20 8 Hose 220 21 8 The first had two men killed and six badly wounded in her rencounlre with the Georgiana, and the Hose was discharged (alter being de prived of her armament) with all the prisoners captured by the Geogiana, as they amounted to nearly double her crew ; she was furnished a pa sport o proceed to St. Helena. My own prisoners I liberated on parole at Tumbez. I found by experiencu that the Georgi ina did not deserve the character gi ven of her for sailing, I therefore shipped her officers ar. 1 crow to the Atlantic, and mounted on her 2u guns, with a compliment or 60 men, and appointed Midshipman Rich D.ishiell, acting saniuj* master on hoard her; to this vessel 1 gave the name of Essex Ja •dor. 1 also fitted up the ship Greenwich as a store ship, and mounted on her 20 gnus, placing lur under the command of Lieu’e nant Gamble, of the marines. On Im.trd her I Ua\e put all ti e provisions and stores of my other prizes, except a supply of three •md a half months for each, and have !>y this means secured myself a full supply of every necessary article tor seven months. 1 had hoped to dispose of my other priz.es at CJuis qnii ; the G iveruors in Peru, however, ate excessively alarmed at my appearance on the coast, as my fleet amounts now to nine sail ot vessels all formidable in their appear ance, and thev would if they dare, treat us with a hostility little short t f declared ene mies. I have given to Mr. John O. Cowell, sail ing master, an appointment to act 3 1 Lieut. Micls. John S. Cowan to act 4 it Lieut, anil Muls Oilenheitner, as sailing master. I beg, sir, that the appointment of those otlicers, as well as ot Lieut. S V. McKnight, who is act ing sec< nil Lieutenant, anJ those' serving on board the Dssex Junior, may be confirm., eel by the Department. I have given to Mr. M. W. Bostwick, my clerk, the appointment of Acting Midshipman ; not that he is de sirous of coming f. rward in the Navy in that line, but I hoped by this means to introduci him to the notice of the Department; as 1 shall take the liberty to recommend lmn strongly as a suable person to hold the ap pointment of purser. Drs. Richard R. Hoff man and Alexander M. Montgomery ; two gentlemen of great merit, who volunteeiC'1 their services with me at the cmunence nient of hostilities, have received acting op pointments from me, the first ns Surgeon, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Dr. Miller; the other as Surgeon’s Mate. To the great care and attentii n of those gentlemen, may in a considerable degree, be attributed the extern rdinary health of the crew ; and as thev are both desirous of join ing the Navy, I hope their appointments may be confirmed. I have also appointed my Marine officer and Chaplain to the command of prizes; they all enter with much cheerfulness, into iheir new duties; and if the expedition should prove sncceessful, it will not be, I am persuaded, owing to pur want of activity or vigilance ; and of this you must he satisfied, as for the last eight months we have been constantly at sea, with the exception of 23 da\s, anil yet, sir, wc haie enjoyed extra ordinary health and spirits ; no symptom of the scurvy having yet appeared in the ship, nor have we, at this moment, more than two •ill the sick list; anil their diseases are more f owing to the infiimites of age than any oth-l er cause. Indeed, sir when I compare my. present situation with what it wns vJn 1 d ubled Cape Horn, I cwiiut hu? tverm mysell fortunate in an extraordinary dr^rto. Tfiere my ship was shattered by tempts'n" ous weather, anti destitute ofe'ery thing; m_ officers and crew, half str • v< .1, naked, and ■orn out with :’atigue. Now, sir, my ship it in prime order, abundantly supplied with every thi g necessary for her 1 have a noble ship for a consort of 20 Runs and well manned, a store ship of 20 vu"s well up plied with the best of ciervthiiiKllr.it we may want, and prizes which would bo worth m England two millions of dollars ; and what renders tlie comparison tr.ore piesing, the Enemy has furnished all. Ex cuse, me, sir, for not making known n.y pre sent intentions, as this letter may not reach you. It, however, may be satisfactory to mu to know how I intend to di pose of my prizes: Let it suffice to say that I shall ens deavor to \cypher.] british letter* of noil quo are numerous in ihcnc seas, ami, sere it not for my arm 1, our whale fisher* uouM have hern much hnrrasicd ; but they now find ii necessary to keep together for mutiia’ protection. I expect to be [cycher], hut shall b< fcvplicr]. Subjoiiied is n list of deaths since 1 left Ihc lTi i ted Stales ,• and I beg you will relieve tlie nnxii iy of ray family, and all our friends, In vnnimutiiea ling as much of this letter as you may think pro per. 1 he times ol my best n en luive expired / hut |lt«cu* alluchmei t to the ship and their zeal fo. tho service a c are engaged on, prevent all *:«*in|>liiii»i•» i>n that account. It is not probable that jou will Ik ar of me for several months to come, unless some disaster happens, hut 1 beg leave to as'tiits yon, sir, that I shall not be idle / and I in pc before my return to make the services ol the Essex as im portant as tliose of a> y other single ship We nu y not , he individually benefit ted, but »c shall do the enemy much injury, which will be a sufinie'-t compensation to us for all the hardships nr-d priva tions vre must naturally experience, »hi'c mtolf from all comtnunici lion with the rest of the worli', and at e dependent on the precarious supplies the enemy m-iy afford. I have the honor to be, With .great respect, * Your ob’t serv’t, D. PORTER. lion. Win. Jones, Secretary of the Navy, Washington. List of Deaths, since my depQrtur'f am the Uni ted State*. 1812. Oec. .1. I.evi Holmes, senmnn, Palsy. lSl.i. Jan. 24. Edward Sweeney, o. s. Old age. ISI3. Jan. 24. Samuel (•t ore, seaman,.Contusion of the Drain by a fall from the main yard. 1813. March t. Lewis I’rioc, marine, Consumpti on. 1813. April 4. James Shaflord, gunner’s mate, Ac cidental gun shot—wound ol the Longs. 181.?. May 25. Doctor Robert Miller, surgeon, disease of the Liver. 1813. May Cfi. Benjamin Geers, qr. gr. Inflamma tion of the Stomach. 1813 June 29. John Rodgers, qr. gr. Fall from the raniu yard.