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troops. Most of the shot which missed the
fcftttery, fell among them. 1 had anticipa. ted that disadvantage, hut it eras unavoid*. We* It eras indiifmnsible to have them cq erered by some rising ground from the wai ten ef the Patuxent, and the position chn-i ten was the only one compatible with that View, and the design I had in posting them to protect the rear of our battery. The battalion of the 38th regt. joined us but last evening, after a hard day*s inaich, 4c were immediately marched to the ground. Sopne of their men were completely exhaust. ,rd, and the whale excessively'latigusd uad fcalf tarnished. Commodore Barney's flotilla was at hand, ready to open upon the enemy the moment a favorable opjrtirtunity should offer. He commenced firing soon after us. and drew ocSthat the enemy for a while. I have not seen him since the action, but under, stand he lost several men killed and wound. i hope, on the whole, tuking into c.onsi. deration our not being fully prepared, the excessive fatigue the men had undergone, and that we have attained the object in view, which was the release of Com. Bar* ney*» flotilla, the affair will not refl.ct di»ho. hor on our tvoops. 1 have the honor to be, &c. DECIUS WADSWORTH. Gen. John Armstrong, Stcretary of War. Copy of a letter from Com. Chauncey to the S'crctaryof theJVavy, dated f United States Ship Superior, Sackett's Harbor, June 30, 1814. SIR, Knowing that the enemy was constantly receiving naval and military stores at King4' ston by the St. Lawrence, I thought it might be practicable to surprise and capture a brigade of boats with stores on board, and either destroy or bring them off; for this purpose 1 directed Lieut. Gregory to take three gigs with only their crew and one set. tee in e xit boat, and proceed down the St. Lawrence, secrete hi nself on seme of the islands and watch a favorable opportunity to surprize a brigade of loaded boats, and ei. ther bring them off or destroy them, ascir. cum st aches would point out. Lieut. Gregory left here with his party on the evening of the 15th inst. and proceeded to the “ Tnousar.d Islands,” where he haul, ed his boats on *hore and concealed them ; saw two brigades of boats pass, one up the river with troops, of course too strong for our little party—the other down the river, empty, and uot worth taking. Cteuti Gregory lound the enemy had gun bor.ta stationed between Kingston &. Pres* colt within about six miles of each other, 8c that they had a telegraph and look..out in almost every high island, so that they con. ▼-y intelligence with great expedition. Yesterday morning between nine and ten o’clock, L'eut. Category finding himself dis** •overed and a gun boat* clo c to him, he in» stantly formed the bold design to board her, which he did and carried her without losing a man, one of the enemy was badly wound ed—she proved to be the fine gun-boat Black Snake or No. 9, and mounted one 18 pounder and manned with 12 men, chiefly royal ma rines, (uli$f of which -s enclosed ) L'eutcn ! aut Gregory manne-^his prize and proceed ed up the St. Lawrence, but v, as soon disco vered arid pursued by a very large gunboat mounting two h-iavy guns and rowvd with upwards of forSr oars which over-hauled him fast——he kept possession of his prize ui^il the enemy threw their shot over him, he then very reluctantly (but I think pro. perly) took all his prisoners out and scuttled the gun bi>at which sunk instantly, and esca% ped the enewt; although so heavily loaded. Lieut. Gregory arrived sale this morning wiJi all his prisoners. Permit n e to recommend this gallant young officer to your not ice and patronage ; he is not surpassed by any of his grade, in zeal, in*elligauce aud intrepidity. Sailing master Vaughan and Mr- Dixon, e?.cn cam mantling a gig under Lieutenant Gregory, are entitled to my warm acknowledgement* for their zeal and activity on all occasions to rtnder service to their country, more particularly on the last expedition, when, from their knowledge of the river,tiiey ren dered the most important services by puin ting out the pvt per channel* to elude the pursuit of the enemy. Will you be pleased to direct in what manner the prisoners are to be disposed of ? 1 have the honor to be, 8cc. ISAAC CHAUNCEY. M- jor G< n. Wilk">*oi> and suite, arrived in this city on Monday om the north. Platt&suro, June 17 The troops at this Cantonment are drawing .off to a p' s i. near the lines. The brigade ^birder General Smith is near the villages of ^^■iszy and Champlain, ar.il are distanced eight iipi.i l, it11cI tim latter 2 1-‘J in.Its from the Ihe line. (Jiir neet, on amniay last, sailed station near this place, nnd has taken mmillt of the Big Cltuzy river, oppo t<»wn of Champlain. Tlie hostile fleet i\v, near Ash Island, and is separated otl» r fleet by :t distance of nine ntiks. ctalion of art engagement, is talked of k such an event improbable at this ill because the channel of navi^ati art of the lake now occupied by the n.-row and difficult for IV vm t the enemy being now inferior iduously exerting thermo Ives the addition of another afe warrantefl ii* porting lo St. wish the proprietor* m*y meet with the encou rage mom their enterprise deserves. Nashvillb, June 15. the creek war not over. Col. Blanchard, aid de camp to bis Excelled* y Governor Holm*- ’?ie Mississippi territo*' % IVnshville yesterday, and informs us that intelligence was received from Pensa cola brought by two gentlemen immediately (Void there, that between the llth and 15th of .May, 2,50<j hostile Creek Indians were at Pen sacola, and received there arms, powder and lead, from the Governor, and that M’Quinn was ain.mg the number. As Col Blanchard passed through the Choc, taw nation he learnt a party of that tribe had gortf •gainst the hostile Creeks. Hie furnishing the above mentioned Indians with artua and am Munition is certainly an act of hostility in the governor of Pensacola— but his hostility is still more glaring in the fol lowing affair. A short time since two men de serted from the U. 8 army (3rd regiment^ but previously to leaving the camp they contrive*! to steal the public and private papers oi Col. Russet, with which they proceeded to Pensaco la, and there delivered them to the governor— Col. Kassel, when informed where his papers were sent an officer to the governor requesting the restitution of them, who promptly refused to return them to the Col. In time of actual hostility we have understood that the officers °f adverse armies always pay some respect to the papers of each other that fall into their hands—.tliey are held sacred——We have often •aid it, and stUl repeat the remark, there is as much friendship in the Creeks as in the Spani ards who arc under British influence. The In* dian* now at Pensacola are probably M’Quinn’s party and the 8iroinolcs—they cannot be any of those from the upper towns, we imagine. The foljowing letter from a gentleman of respecta bility confirms the disposition of the Spaniards. Extract of a Utter from George S. Gaint, Etq to hi* Excellency Governor Blount, dated Fort St. Stephens, May 14. It is icported (and indeed the report bin coma s • straight it cannot be doubted) tint the Captain General of the Havanas, hits lately or dered tl»e governor of Pensacola to supply the Indi its with arms and ammunition, to carry on the war against us, and that the vessel that brought the order brought also the means. Hut 1 trust that their assistance has come too late to o us much injury. From the /Ionian Centinel of June 25. INSTRUCTIONS TO OUR ENVOYS. Under the Mail head in this paper two articles wil he found on the subject of “ In* strnctions to our envoys in Europe,*’ which we notice the more particularly, as in Ro3 ton we have more direct information from these Envoys, then in London, than the wri. tersof the articles could receive in Maryland, when they were written. In corroboration of the facts stated, we learn, that Messrs. Gal latin and Bayard were extremely desirous to op<*n the negotiations in London ; at.d one of 'hem assured an American gentleman who has just arrived from England, that he had no doubt, could the negotiation be commen ced in England, an early accommodation could be effected. And it is aded, [but we do not insert it from our own knowledge] that they had communicated their instruc lions to the British Ministry ; and that those Ministers knew the American Envoys were ready to concede many points to effect an honorable Peace. It will be recollected, that at the latest English dates it was generally stated, that envoys bad been named to meet ours ; and that Messrs. Galiatin and Bayard were then prepared to rail for Gottenbui g, to meet the other members of the mission. Our Baltimore brethren are of opinion, 'hat the above circuinstancss present a pa cific aspect. We think the aspect will ap* pear to them less auspicious, when they learn from the fact of the expected return of our envoys to Sweden, that the British Ministry adhered to their first proposition to treat at i Gdttenbnrg;—and learn further that Messrs G. and B- had been some weeks in London to ascertain 'he minds of thu British C.bi* net, and were not sanguine of any favorable result from the missionthat th» British admiralty, as late as the 30th of April, had declared that the valor of their forces must bring the contest with America"to an issue; and that reinforcements were continually sailing for America. We renew the remark in our last, that those who calculate on the co itinuation of the War for some time at least will act wisest. The appointment ol the British Envoys (ifit has been made) may be merely in compliance with the proposl tion communicated by the Bramble. SCHEME Of the Engine House Lottery. 2 Prizes eac?i 20,000 Dollars. of 10,000 1 1 1 1 4 10 of Of Of Of do. do. do. do, wo. 5.000 3.000 2.000 1,000 500. 200, 100, dec. There are only 27,000 Tickets, *• nci not two Blanks to a Priae. The original cost of Tickets is 5 dollars. The Drawing will commence in next month, and finish in October next——by which time The Masonic Hail Lottery will commence its Drawing, in which Schema, there aie ONE PRIZP. OF FORTY THOUSAND DOLLARS, 1 of £‘-20,000 5 rjf £10.000 7 of £>,000 &c. ifc. l5*C. Otiginal price of Tickets, 10 dollars AIAO, TICKETS IN TIIE jtNEW-YOHK, PHILADELPHIA, AND hy Grand National Lottery, had at the Suhecribrr'* Established Lkehxtd Lottery Office, lately several capital prize* have Id tn residents of this city, and the ad ia advance. Negotiable notes, ices or prize tickets of other I,ot II be received in pavn>ent for ticket? iotes of other states, will b“ dis* >nd exchanged—prizes paid as soon i—Any orders for tickets from thr [post paid) will he attended to, nod >t inft'i muti n ' i tl.e IV.tc of t;ck«-'» (given—AllJtickeU examined grn the Official Prize Lists are reeer. * J. B. KUfTSHFXDT, A few doors below the Bell Tavern1 wtf. Virginia Argus. £ir&raom>' Saturday, JULY 2, 1814. i ----- FOUR REGIMENTS MORE. We learn from an official source, that in ad dition to the twenty Regiments lately ordered to be inspected *nd placed in requisition for the purpose of repelling any invasion of the Mate, tlie four following also have been com manded to hold themselves in complete read! ness to take the field at a moment’* warning : ihe 1st. from Amelia, 12th. from Fluvanna, 17th. from Cumberland, 49th from Nottaway. This looks like preparation in earnest, and we shall give up all pretension to political foresight, if in less than 60 days the wisdom of the measure be not seen and felt by the whole state. Daiiy Compiler. We arc glad to see the following Proclama tion of the President of the 29th ot June.* If neutrals have any regard to their own interest*, it will rouse them to protest against the Bri tish system of blockade. We are very confi dent that the commercial nations of Europe will not long submit to ir. The entire Eng lish navy are not competent to legalize the blockade of our coast Anti pray how docs it look for Great Bri'aia tc be hailing the em peror of Uussia in London as the deliverer of Europe, whilst Uis minister here, Mr. Dascli koH, is obliged to ask, from such a fellow as Cockburn, permission for a Russian vessel to sail in nr out of our porta ! If we know any thing of Mr. LlasciikofF, he will not sit down very tamely under Cochrane's paper blockade. Indeed, we understand that the agents of more than one neu’.ral power, now in tire U. States, nave addressed the commander of the British naval squadron on our coast prettj sharply on this subject. Hut it behoves Mr. lLschkoff, the spirited representative of so elevated a so vereign as Alexander, to take the lead in thisaf fair. We shall soon see, by the friend & enemies of mutrat rights in Europe, how far G. Britain has the allied sovereigns under her thumb_ We have always thought the emperor of Rus sia an independent monarch, acting for himself unsound and just principles. BY LAST NIGHT’S MAIL. BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNI* TED STATES OF AMERICA, PROCL \M ATION. Whereas it is manif- s-ed that •he block* ade, which has been procia •• ed by the er» cruv, of the whole Atlantic c«as.of the U~ nited States, nearly two thousand miles in extent, and abounding in ports, harbors & navigable inlets, cannot be carried into ef fect by any adequate force actually station ed for the purpose; and it is rendered a matter of certainty and notoriety, by the multiplied and daily arrivals and departures of the public and private armed vessels of the United States, and of other vessels, that no such adequate force has been so stationed : And whereas a blockade thus destitute of the character of a regular & le gal blockade, as defined & recognized by the established law of nations, whatever Pthcr purposes it may he made to answer, forms uo lawfuL prohibition or obstacle to swell neutral and friendly ve sets us may choove to visit and trade with tNe Uniu-d States ; And whereas it accords with the interest and the the amicable views of the United States, to favor and promote, as far as may be, the free and mutually beneficial commercial in* tercourse of all friendly nations disposed tq engage therein, and, with that view, to af.1 ford to their vesseD destined to the United States, a more positive and satisfactory se* cui ity against allintermptioKS, molestations, or vexations whatever, from the cruieers of the U. States • Now Le if k nown That I, James Madison, President of the United States of America, do, by this Proclama* tion, strictly order and instruct all the public armed vessels of the United States, and all private armed vessels commissioned as privateers, or with let** tcr» of inurqua anil reprisal, not to interrupt, da tain, or otherwise molest or vex, any Tassels what ever 'belonging to neutral powers, or the subjects or citizens thereof, which vessels »lu)| he actually bound and proceeding to *1*3- port or place wit bin the jurisdiction ol the Uiiituil Soues „• but, on tho contrary, to render to all such vessels nil the aid oud kind offices which they may need or require. Given under my liMntl and the seal of the United States, at the city of Washington, £seai>3 die twenty’-niuth day of June, in the year one thousand eight hundred mid fourteen, and Of the independence of the U. States^ the thirty eighth. JAMES MADISON. By the President, JAMES MONROE. Nbw-York, June 28. By the Accommodation .Stage lust evening, we received l lie Boston Daily Advertiser of Hr turday, from which we. copied the following postscript. Saturday Morning, 1 o'clock. We stop the press to give the following im por*ant information, received hy passengers in the F.astern Stage— That on Wednesday last, the barges of the Bulwark 74, entered Damariscotta Kivor, attack ed amJ took possession of Fort Si. George, and -pikt d the cannon. They likewise set Are to £ 3 or schooners, and carried off several other ves sels—what other damage, we could not ascer tain, and that the people were in the utmost a* larm and confusion Cartel from Bermuda. — Captain Milton, of the sloop Hawk, who arrived here yester day In two days from Newport, informs that just before he sailed a cartel arrived there with prisoners from Bermuda. The commander of the cartel stated that wht-r he left Bermuda, a Beet of tran sports, witf a large force on bonrd, was to sail in on< or two days for some part of the 17. S.— probably for the Potomac. Major fien. VV. If Harrison, Col. Rich ard M. Johnson, and the Hon Jrr rn>ah Mot row, are appointed commissioners to trea with the N. Wester Indi m* at Greenvilh CO.) wltere a very large pumber of these de luded ahd conquered allies of hisMajesti have collected for the purpose. From tht character and firmness of the men, appoint ed to give « proper direction of these In diatis, we hnve no doubt but the peopli (the western people in par icular) will b< well pleased with the result. The treaty i .o commence on the 3flth innt. iTT* The hon. Mr Troup, th* ab’e an, distinguished member from Georgia ha, we regret to say, declined a re-election tt Congress. Petenburg Republican. The FOURTH OF Jt'LV Approaches — On that day, let the people ofevery part of Aiaer, ca assemble togeiLer, serious! j to consider the \wful crisis, and boldly resolve to support their i'ist rights—Let next Monday not be a day of idle parade and dissipation, but a day of ao I l«Onn resolves and manlr decision. Let them instantly rouse from their present state ofapa" : thy and fatal confidence in the justice and mag nanimity of the Rnglish Aiimster, and publicly and unanimously determine to support the li berties of their Country and the consolidation of the Union' — Let the government quickly come forward with t* *'d and effective measures to protect the republic.—Let the Government inspire the People with freali courage; and the People excite the Government to exert fresh efforts and more effectual energy in every part of the nation.—L**t every city, town, and vil lage instantly come forward to suppress Facti on and support Independence—The emergency is great, pressing, and all important—*Not a day, not an hour, should be lost_Bolt Amer. INDEPENDENCE! In Congress, JuZt/4,1776. A Declaration by the. Representative* of the United States of America, in Congress assembled* July it ft, 1776. AVHEN, in the course of human e ▼ents it becomes necessary for ono people to dissolve the political hands which have connected them with ano ther, and to assume among the pow ers of the earth, the separate and e qual station to which the laws of na ture ami of nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should de clare the causes which impel them to the separation. we tioiu these truths to be selt-evi d«nt, that all men are created equal : That they are endowed by their Crea tor w:th certain unalienable t ights j That among these are life, liberty, and the oiimiit or happiness ; That to se cure these rights, governments are in stituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed ; That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of h«*se ends, it is the right of the peo p'e to alter or to abolish it, and to in stitute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and or ganizing its powers in such form as to horn shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.* "Prudence, indeed, will dictate, that governments long established should not be chang ed for light and transient causes ; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more deposed to suffer, white evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. Rut w hen a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably t*4e 3'iiRe object, evinces a design ta ro luoe them under absolute despotism, it ii> their right, it is their duty, to ’brow off such government, and to provide new guards for their scouritj. Such has hern the patient sufferance of these Colonies5 and. «uoji is now the necessity which con«trains them to al ter their former system of govern ment.—The history of the present King of G. Britain is a history of re peated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct'ohjeet the establish ment of an absolute tyranny over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world. He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholsonie and necessary for the public good. »1P. nan lormuuen ins uovcrnors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their, operation till his assent should he ob tained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pais other laws for the accommodation of large dis tricts of people, unless those people would relinquish the rigbttof repre sentation in the legislature, a right in estimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. lie has called together Legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomforta ble, and distant from the depositor* of their public records,for the sole pur pose of fatiguing them into ccmpli unco with his measures. He has dissolved Representative (louses repeatedly, for opposing wiih manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. II*; hes refused for a long time, af ter such dissolutions, to cause others to be eleotsd ; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, jharc returned to the people at large for their exercise; the state remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dan ger of invasion from without, and eon vulsions within. lie has cnJoavored to prevent ‘lie population of these States for -hat purpose obstructing the laws ror miturali/a ion of foreigners ; re 'using to pass others to encourage their (iterations hither, and raising the .'ouditions of new appropriations of h.nds. lie has obstructed the administrati on of justice, by refusing his assent to ;aws for establishing judiciary powers. lie. has made Judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and (payment of their salaries. lie has erected a multitude of new oDiets, aad sent hither swarms of offi cer*i ta JirrraiJ ottrpeople, nnd /»2t cut their He lias among us, in times of *H*aoe, standjyj armies, without the consent of our Legislatures. lie has affected to render the mill tcrv independent of & superior to the civil power. lie has combined with others to sub je *.# us to & jurisdiction foreign to our •.*»*nsti and UT-tcknowloUg-d bjr our laws ; giving Ui* assent to their acts of pretended legislation; * For quartering large bodies of arm* ed troops ns • For protecting t*ie amoek tri al IVoiii punishment for* auj murders whiuh the}'should com i't on the in habitants of these States ; For cutting off our truie with all parts of (he world ; Forynpasing taxes ott us without our oonseut; r op ueprivjng us in many oases, of the benefits of trial by jury $ For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended offences. For abolishing the Ire of Fnglish laws iu a neighboring Pro vince, establishing therein an . rh: '*-»« ry government, Had enlarging! ts boun ties, so a« to render it at oaoe m example and fit instrument tor intro ducing the same absolute ruin into these Colonies ; For tukiug away our charters, abol ishing our must valuable laws, and al tering fundamentally the forms of our governments; For suspending our own Legisla tures, and declaring themselves iuves t®d with power to legislate for us in hJI cases whatsoever. — He has abdicated government hers, by declaring u» out or his protection, and waging war against us. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt our towns, aud de stroyed the lives of onr people. He is'at this time, transporting largo armies of foreign mercenaries lo com plete the works of death, desolation It tyranpy, already begun with oireu u stanees of cruelty and perfidy, scarce ly paralleled in the most barbarous a ges, aud totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. He has constrained our fellow-citi zens, taken captive on the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners or their friends and brethren, or to fall them selves by their hands. He has excited domestic insurrec tions amongst us, aud has endeavored <o bring 0:1 ihe inbahitH^u of our fron tiers, u»e merciless Indian nv»-.u, whose known rule of warfare is ail undisliugulihed destruction 01 all ages, sexes and conditions. In every stage of these oppression* we have petitioned lor redress, in m0 most humble terms ; our repeated pe titions have been answered only by re peated injury. A prince, whose char acter is thus marked by every act which may deline a tyrant, is unlit to be the ruler of a free people. Nor have wo been wanting in atten tion to our British brethren. We have warned them from time to time, of at tempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction oyer us. We have reminded them of tlio oir uuuisuuices o* our emigration and set tlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inevi tably interrupt our connection! and correspondence—They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justiea and of con sanguinity. We must, therefore, ac quiesce in the necessity which denoun ces our separation, and hold them, as wu hold the resi of mankind, enemies in war ; in pease, friends. We, Hit*retort?, the Ueprescntntivcs of tiiovUi\iT*£D srArea of a MeaiuA, is oe\eu.\L cov (ihESii A>SfjEiM IlLhi), appealing fo •he Supreme Judge or the tVorlu for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name, and by the authority oi the good people of these Colonies, solemn ly publish and declare, That IIim U nited Colonies are, anil of njit o iclit to be FilE c, AS'U WDkt E.YD EjyT STA1ES; That they ai.- absolved from an allegiance to the HrituhC*ownt and that all political connection be tween them ami the State of Gheat Britain, is, and ought to be totoliy dissolved ; and that as Fkkb anb Lv oai’KNDANT Status, they have lull power to levy war, couoiu ie peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and do all other acts ami things which independent States may of right do.-— And for the support of this declara tion, with a firm reliance on the Pro tection of Divine Providence, we mo tuaily pledge to each other, our lives, our format's, and our sacred honor. Signed hy order and in behalf of the CoNotmss, JOHN HANCOCK, President. Attested t C1IAUIKS THOMSON, Secretary.