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Virginia Argus. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1796-1816, December 07, 1814, Image 2

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Virginia Legislature.
Wkdnksdat, November 16th, 1314.
An engrossed bill authorising a loan for
the support or the troops in the service of
this commonwealth, was read a third time ;
Resolved, that the bill do pass, and that
the title be An act authorising a loan for thu
support of the troops in the service of this
Common wealth/
Ordered, that Mr Robertson carry the
said bill to thy Senate and request their cun
Corrence.
,.lhe lowing bills were read a second
time, and ordered to be engrossed and read
n thu d time, v«.
otlirl!L?<1Ui-lnKlhe0WaerS «"d
U n rfe110"5 l° lhe oavJ^*» of cer
andtornn hCre,n me,,,,uned erect locks,
and tor other purposes ;
audnhw“IJwisinjr the appointment of one
ouduunal Clerk to the Land Office was ta
Jhe.a,,,end«»en* Imposed there.
r being twice
,mt ,he"upon
b/e^"'.i,Jh“t,“‘e‘?id bill. amended,
^ and read a third time
tablish ni°, aTrnd an act e“t«led, an act es*
A h n E p" ■ l.C 6d,0w*8 also,
otWr ^ulr,nS the owners of dams or
Konmke ^'L"Sl°,he P“K" <>' on
-eS ZXZSSZ** “d ord"
perpetuate atvnd a,nj’Ct ent,,,ed* an *ctto
to the !mem„ e,V,?',iCe of “laves deserting
c„ Mr Sci tt’ *nd ^°r °,hf r purposes, was,
do} ‘‘rc'lTJ’'■ *c'nr<ling to the order of the
whole HoLeo'n tl L«wcaCnn!"“te' °f 'he
weal h- u ! It ofthe common,
chair . . ¥r later °ff'u,r*beriand, in the
♦ ll W DU’ af‘er *Cn?e'ime »Pent therein,
the Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr
Raker reported, that the committee of the
whole House had, according to order
had under consideration a bill for the
sick and infirm militia soldiers discharged
or on furlough, on their return to their res
pective places r.f residence, a„d had agreed
to several amendments thereto, which he
delivered in at the Clerk’s table, together
with the said bill. b
On motion ot Mr. Watkins of Charlotte
Ordered, I hat the said bill and amend
ments be laid upon the table.
A report from tlie committee of Proposi
ors and Grievances was read as follows :
Air. Watkins of Charlotte according to
order, piesented
A bill to amend the several acts concern
ing the repairing and distribution of public
arms.
Thursday, Nov 17.
The Senate have agreed to the resolution
on the subject of the arroi^Hnt and insulting
terms proposed by the British commission
ers at Ghent to the commissioners vf the
United States as the basis of negotiation,
with ante: dments, in which they request
the concurrence of the House of Dele •
gates.
The Hnu«e proceeded to consider the a
im liftmen's proposed by the Senate, which
were 'ts f Hows :
1 I'tefix to the resolution the following
preamble ; —
'* The Legislature of Virginia, sensibly
alive to the blessings of peace and anxious
ft r its restoration^ upon just and ho> orablc
terms, are nevertheless, at all times ready to
enc< unter war, with all its privations and
horrors, in preference to a sacrifice of nati
onal lights or national honor. Under the in
fluence of these sentiments, they hiiied the
declaration of the Prince Regent to his Par
liament, professing a de'irc for the restora
tion cf peace with the United States upon
terms honorable to both nations, as the har
bingtr-' f a speedy return of that Inestimable
blessing.—I; Is,however v/iih mingled emo
fiors ot indignation and regret thsy perceive,
i't 'he terms proposed by the Btitish com!
missioners at Ghent, as the basis of negoci*
a*ion with the United States, an anxious so
liciinde on the part of the tuemy for a c<n
tibu.ilinn of the war, by the assertion of ar
rogant pretensions, extravagant in them
selv< s, insulting t.> our rational character,
and sub vet give even of the rights and sove
reignty of the United States. Under such
circumstances, at such a crisis, silence on
the part ot this Legislature n ight be con
strued into apathy or timidity ;-There
fore,
2. Strike out tho words, in the resolution,
succetdir.g the word * Resolved,’—i<nd m
sert, in lituHhereof, the following ;—“ U«a
niaioua’y, ns the opinion of this Legislature,
that n just and honorable peace is only to be
obtained by a vigorous prosecution of tlie
# war ; and that, for that purpose, the proper
authorities should call into immediate and
active operation alt the energies and ro
sources of the United States.”
The first amendment being under const
deration, a m O'ton was mude by Mr Mercer
to amend the said amendment by striking
therefrom (he w<*nl • arrogant,* before the
word ‘firetctuionsS
i\nn tnc question bring put upon agreeing
to the said ir.ction, was determined in the
ncftn'he — AyCs rt3— Noes 123.
A motion was made by Mr Scott, to strike
out from the said first amendment pr iposed
by the Senate, the words, “ under the influ
ence of these sentiment?, they hailed the de.
euration of the Prince Kcgcr.t to his Par
1'ament, professing a desire for the rettora*
tion of pence with the United States upon
terms honorable to hntli nations, as the har
binger of th« speedy return of that ines
timable blessing.” i
And the quesrinn being pot upon agreeing i
to the said motion, was determined in the ne •
gative. (
A motion v/as maiV by Mr. Stanard, to a • <
mend the first amendment by striking there- ;
from the wild •** tovercignty,*' after the i
w<ar<f« * tubvertive even of the right* and,* \
and inserting in lieu of the words so stricken i
out, the words ' incompatible with the c*n» t
atitutional obligation* i*
And the question being put upon the said .
im-non, was determined in the negative. |
A motion was made by Mr Mercer, that
the words " and tovereigmybe stricken
from the said first amendment i
And the question being put upon the said
OkoUoMi was determined in the negative. t
*bT-\
The question was then put on agreeing to
the said drst amendment, and determined in
the affirmative.—Ayes 118—N<e» 30
The secund amendment proposed by the
Senate, being twice read, was, on the quo*,
tion put thereupon, agreed to by the House.
—Ayes 140*
No pevson voted in the negative.—The
«aid second amendment was, therefore,
unaninotniy agreed to.by the House.
Ordered, that the Clerk inform the Se
nr.te of the concurrence of this House iu the
said amendments.
A message from the Senate by Mr Pry
or :
Mr Speaker,
1’he Senate have passed the bill, entitled,
* An act authorising a loan for the support
ot the tioops in the service of this common
wealth,’ with amendments, in which they re
quest the concurrence of this House;
And then he withdrew.
On motion of Mr Robertson,
Ordered, that leave be given to bring in a
bill authorising a loan for the pay and sup
port ol troops in the service of this common •
wealth ; and that Messrs. Robertson, Stan*
ard, Mercer, Watkins of Charlotte, Mar
shall. Watson, 1-anc, Archer, Estill, Hat
tailc, Noland, Turner, Harbour, Thompson,
M Kau, lianks and King, do prepare and
bring in the same.
An engrossed bill authorising the appoint
ment cf oue additional clerk to the [-and
Office was read a third time, and a blank
therein was filled :
Resolved, that the bill do pass, nn>? (the
title being amended on Mr. Thompson’- ™,
tion) that the title be “An act authorising
!« ?B!rt of?; additional clerk to
the Laud Office, and for other purposes ’’
An engrossed bill •• requiring the owners
of dams and other obstructions to the navi*
gatinn of certain rivers therein mentioned,
to erect locks, and for other purposes,” was
read a third time, and several blanks there
in were Idled:
Rested, that the bill do pass, and
that the title be * An act requiring the ow
ners of dams and other obstructions to the
navigation of certain rivers therein mention
ed, to erect leeks, and for other purposes.”
l^at ^‘e C^er^ communica'.e the
said bills to the Senate and request their
rcnrnrrMtirp
Mr Robertson, according to order ore
scnted ' y
A bill aulhori-ing a loan for the pav and
surport cf the troops in the service of this
commonwealth ; which bill was read the
brst, and on h.s motion the second time &
ordered tube recommitted to the commit
tee winch brought it in.
Mr Robertson, Irorp the committee to
which was re-ermmitted the bill author
ising a lean fer the pay and support of the
troo, s lt the service ot this commonwealth,
reported the sam$ with an amendment,
which being twice read, was, on the ques
tion put thereupon, agreed to by (he House
Ordered, that the said bid, as amended,
be engrossed and read a third time.
A bill to amend the several acts concer
ning executions was read the first time &
ordered to be read a second time.
A bin to amend an act. entited, an act to
establish public schools, was read the se
cond ime, and an Mr field’s motion, order
ed to be committed to a committee cf the
House on the statu of the common wealth
A motion was made by Mr Filed, that 3J0
copies of the said bill be printed for the u,e
of the members of the General Assembly :
And the question being put thereupou, was
determined in the negative.
On motion ot Mr Robertson,
An engrossed bill authorising a loan for
the pay and f up ort of the troops in Use sen
yce of this commonwealth, was read a third
time:
Resolved, that the bill do pass, and that
the title bean act authorising a loan for the
pay and support of the troops in theservice
of this commonwealth.
Ordered, that Mr Robertson carry the
said bill to the Senate and request their
Concurrence.
And then the House adjourned until to
morrow morning, eleven o'clock.
FOREIGN.
. . Virska, Oct. IS.
I tie best of societies in this city have been
much occupied with a note presented to the
Congress py M. «ic Tallevrand. The best
informed persons assure us, that the princi
pal objects o. this note have been to insist
on the literal execution of the article of the
Treaty of Pari?, by which it is provided
that the States of Germany should form a
Federative System, aid not an Empire.
France has not renounced the left bank of
the Koine, but on this express condition It
has not been indifferent to Bavaria, to Den
mark. and t* the other allies of France, to
behold their rights of sovereignty Comoro'
mised, by the establishment of a supreme
tribunal of the Empire, by rhe right of su»
perlntc ndance given to the new Emperor of
Germany, and above all, the absolute obli
gation iu which the allies of Krsnce would
find themselves bound to take part in all the
wars decreed by the general Diet of the Em
pire. ,
The union of Cfcrmunyhas many parti
sans, at ihe loud of whom we find \I dc
Stein, who even go so far as to demand that
ill the German states shall receive new re
presentative coiiriituSiot,*, which shall be
submited to the Diet for its sanction and
Suaranteed by the integrity of thcvjempire.
I no e measures would give to Austria
*nd Prussia a colossal power, if these two
powers should remain united, and in the
eontrm y event the infallible result would be
.lie <li tinct establishment of an empire of
•he South and an empire of the North.
oC nrdii g to the e vidcnt seise of the tren
:y of Paris, the ancient members of the con
ederation of thes Kliine should lie at liberty
0 iorm a new Confederation among them
eives. The allied powers did not coo
ler Bavaria, Suabia, Franconia, &c. They
nly conquered the Kingdom of Westphalia
md the lelt bank ot the Kblne ; they could
mt therefore dispose of these countries
vhich were ever conprised under the deno
nmation of German Staus destined to form
1 Federative System. M* de Talleyrand
u*ists on the great sacrifices which France
as made, m urder to support the right she
as to exact the ex icutmn „f toe Treaties
without for that reason m-.ldlmg herstif
ith me intei tor aOu.rg of an/ iiirieueiicicu’
:ate.
According to some j*r?ons who pretend
o be w«!) luf.jrtuiU, Ute F.^cch mmiaur in i
this note, rose *galn*t the oor-rarvVzPmenta
which it app. artrt *nr e tv -i divpwsrtkn
to grant to different powers hr effect m
which wou'd he tr> destroy t e equilibrium
which ought to f rmthv hrnisofttr Europe
an System France, my* he, ha* .-iWit the
example of m<derjrj. r» m cu tiding the
Ironfer- of 1792, and her *»r*tv binds her to
the ot! ptirn < f the >vwe p*-;« ciple on the
part of the othi r powers. iVi'huut oppos*
ing these a grjuxliz* ments in r*ct. contrary
to the policy that d r*ct«d the latter events,
M de Tallej rai d declares that he ihalt bt
ob>iged to refuse his p< hesion.
f The following is a sample of die light in
which the conliagratintl ot our cspitil is view
ed by tlie pcftplr ot the Kuropean continent,
t he sentiment is univ. rsal ] . t. Int.
From the ** Jnurimf de Paris”
We receive every dav details respecting the
horrible catastrophe which *.as annihilated one
of the finest citi-s in the world — Mow could a
nation eminently civi'lxed, conduct itself at
Washington with as much barhrrity at the old
banditti of Attila and ticnseric ? Is not this act
ot atrocious vongeanoe a crime again*! all !m
manity ? ltobcspicrre, who, s coiuled by his ex
ecrable accomplices, the Committee of Public
Safety, burnt the towns of La Vo dee,ordered
the massacres of Toulon and ltcdoin, ar.d de.
molished the city of Lyons, is dev led to tl.e
execration of ages The Kerolu' iohary Van
dals, who devastated Prince in 1793 and took
a ferocious pleasure in destroying or mutilating
• he monuments of the arts, were men taken
from the lowest ranks of society, wretched
Sans Culottes, agitated bv all the fit y
of the UeVolu'ion. But that' from the bosom
•1 one of the most enlightened nations ot’ the
world there should go forth a military chief,
who without f-natism, without any extraordi
nary motive of VMi^eancr, without any o* those
violent passions uhieb disturb the understand
‘"P, should have imitated the fury of Hie most
Ravage kord e, should have carried fire and
j sword into the heart of a city whose riches and
beauty formed one of the nv>st valuable monu.
Hienta of the progress of arts .nil ol human in
dustry j that he should have made war, not up
on his enemies, hut upon columns o t» tuples,
public edifices, and palaces s that he should
have devastated for the pleasure ot devast ting;
who can contemplate all this without grief and’
! indignation i During twenty ye-rs Europe has
groaned under tl.e horrors to which the flight,
ful genius of revolution hasjgiven birth ; Lug!
land waa justly indignant at these excess, s,
and now, when sentiments of humanity have
reanimated all I.esrta, it is she ihot reiv-ws in
America these scenes of carnage and desolation.
II she believes that such conduct will frighten
her enemies and conquer thrm by terror, she
deceives herself. Injustice fcnd barbarity re
volt still more then they affright. They com.
mumcate to the soul an unknown energy, they
raise the spirit of even the most pacific, and
produce bold and desperate determinations
which secure the safety and independence of
nations.
DOMESTIC.
From the Pittsburgh Mercury.
Brief review of the late campaign.
The termination of the late campaign,
has disappointed the best hopes of many pa
triotic citizens. From the splendid manner
in which it opened ; the gdUmry and good
cenduct of the troops under gen. Brown;
the blood and trcas.ne which have beer!
profusely expended ; and the consciousness
of what might have been done had our na
val and mili'aiy commanders actively co.
operated with each othei, something moie
was to have been expected, at the close of
the campaign, than the abandonment of the
only posat held by the American troop# in
Upper Canada. It is, therefore, not sur
prising, that speculation should be afloat as
to the causes which produced this disap
pcintmer.t. 'I he execution of the plan of
the lute campaign was entrusted to the
hands of generals Izard and Brown, and
commodore Chauncey. Without making
extraordinary pretensions to military know
lidge, the common sense of the plainest ei
tizen is so forcibly struck with the convic’
lion that there r»»ust have been a fault some*
where, that it is not surprising they should
a. sign it to some one of those commanders
who held the responsibility.
1 hat no tau!t attaches to pen. Brown, is
indisputable. Relying on the co operation
of ins colleagues, he commenced his career
with h celerity of movement, and an intre
pidity ol character, which puts beyond all
question his zeal for the public service —
i he history of his gallant achievements is
too recent to need recapitulation. With a
handful of brave associates lie penetrated
into the enemy’s territory, captured an im
portant fortress, gained three signal victo.
nes over u superior !>»rce of the enemy, and,
when, for the want of both laud aad naval
co.operation, he was obliged to fall back on
fort l:.rie, he gallantly withstood a siege of
52 days, reducing his besiegers to the last
extiemity. Duiir.g all this time gen. Brown
was alike drxtiiute of reinforcement, arid
unaided in the remotest degree by the naval
command of commodore Chauacey. Had
the height of the commodore's " destiny”
permitted him early in J.„y last, to have
aided gen. Brown in the reduction of fort
George, it is not improbable that t.;j close
of the campaign would have been graced
with the reduction ol Kingston and at least
in* entire possession, by the American arms
ail the lakes. These were the hopes and
• .ie expectations of gen. Brown himself; and,
although newspaper editors are sometimes
jus?.;, censured for the freedom ol their re
ntal h.M, y«dr from the specimens gen. Brown
nas given of his military knowledge, it is
trotted that there are few who would ones
• ion that he luma head capable of conceiv
ing. wuat iic has a heart and a hand to e*
ecute • But the pride of rank gave a diffe.*
ent direction to the pi ogress of the cam
paign, nnu confined our operations to the
maintainance of a spot consecrated by the
blood of our bravest citizens.
When government found, that the army
of gen. Drummond had been reinforced, that
tue left wing of the northern army was
compelled to act solely on the defensive,
and that without succour, in ail probability
this little band of heroes would fall into the
hands of the enemy, gen. Izard was ordered
on to its relief. That this order could have
originated in nothing but the most absolute
necessity, it evident, from tiie important
command gen. Izard held in the right divi,
.ion ol the northern army. The ease with
•vl.ich the enemy was enabled to concentrate
hi overwhelming force, for the reduction of
I’Uusburgb' and for tiie intended capture
t our fl-.et on lake Champlain, whereby ,
he hoped to pene*rr.te into the heart of our
country, shew* the importance of general
Izard’s commstd at that point. Rut, haz-*
arding all hat was to be apprehended from
fhe power of the enemy in this quarter, gen •
Izard, with the princitMtl force under nis
command, wai ordered on to the relief of
geo. Br >wn, by the way of Sackett’s Harbor,
leaving only 1500 men at Pittsburgh for the
deferce of that, flnce. This movement of
gen. Izard, lud connected with it one of
two objects, either to make an attack on
Kingston, in co-opt ration with com. Chaim* |
c- v, and ihereby to relies c* gen. Brown (rom
• he pressure of the enemy ; or if circum*
s aucet> should indicate otherwise, by means
ot the lake navigation, Jo throw himself on
gen Drummond's rear. The obstinacy and
firmness with which gen. Brown maintained
hin.self in the possession of fort Erie ; and
the dreadful havoc he made of his besiegers,
put it completely within the power of gen’
Izard, to tiled the latter of these objects._
Why it was not accomplished, remains vet
to be accounted for. We are awn-.e, that
our strictures on the conduct of our com
maading generals, ought to be made with
great,delicacy. Causes unknown to us,
may exist which may go far to extenuate
any charge of neglect of duty. But, where
the interests of the country are at stake, and
tnose causes, if any, remain unknown, the
freedom of enquiring ought not to be tram
melled—We make this remark in reply to
the following sentiment, certainly sufficient,
ly vague and indefinite, published in the
Aurora” of the 7’h instant:
“ A mn9t extraordinary species' of censure
is put forth against gen. Iz^rd, which is, that
he has made a long' march from Lake Champ
iain to Niagara ; how tlie general could be an'
s\\ erable became the dittance u to great, is in
Cnii eivable.*’
The long march from Champlain to Nia
! gara, is not the object of complaint against
' gen. Izard ; and it does not require an ora
cle to inform us, that he is not answerable
fur the distance. But, could Gen. Izard or
his friends account, with equal ease, for the
length of time consumed in making thus
march, his reputation would be Jess at ha
zard. Whilst, cn the one hand, the critical
situation of Genural Brown's army called
tor immediate and prompt relief ,• on the o
ti er, the hazardous situation of that of gt n.
Drummond, reduced by famine and the
s.vord. and without reinforcements,imperi
ously called upon Izard, fur celerity of
movement. Did he answer, these calls?
Could he not have reinforced gen. Brown
a* least twenty days earlier than he didre»
inforce him ? And is there not too much
reason to fear, that this march was conduct
ed with those sluggard steps which indicat
ed a want of ardour in the common cause >
Gen- Izard took, up his line of march a
bout the first rf September. lie arrived at
Sacketts Harbor on the 13th, ami embar
ked on the 19th for the mouth of Gcuues
see river. About the 12th «.f Octouer he
: formed his junction with gen. Brown Thus
[ from the first movement of gen. Izard till
his junction with gen. Brown, a period of
forty two days elapsed ! the distance from
Plaltsbut gh to Sackctt’s Harbor, is 173 miles
From iackett's Harbor to the
nirtu-h of Gennessce river, 90
from Genocssee river to Ba*
tavi.i, about 30
From Batavia to Black Ilock, 50
Total 343 miles
Deduct two days sail from Sack*
ett's Harbor to Gennessee river, 90
Leaving a march of 253 miles accomplish,
ed in 4(1 days, making an average march of
about six miles per day, Wc do not know
precisely the route of gen. Izard’s army,
but we are ^risne-.l that we have not under.,
rated the duiar.ee. It is presumed that the
progress of the get eral’s army, was not im*
peded by ordnance and military stores, it
ts well known that there are large depots at
Batavia and along the lines. Neither do
weh-ar any comp'aints of the roads being
insui mountable. The lake country is in
terspersed with villages, with roads opened
and coriiniuuicating to each. It is, therefore
not too much to s ty that had gen. Izard
progressed with even ordinary celerity he
might have reached his pemt of destination
at least fifteen or twenty days sooner than
How important these twenty days were
to the honorable close of the campaign, at
this critical moment, every one can judge.
The cold season was fust advancing ; gen
Drummond’s army was worn clown with fa
tigue and hard service. He was badly sup
plied with provisions and military stores.—
He had not y et raised the siege of fort Erie ;
his troops had not been reinforced ; and
sir James Yeo and his large ship was still
in harbor. Circumstanced as the enemy
then was, no one can for a moment doubt,
thai the timely aid of general Izard, would
have resulted in the complete reduction of
the whole ot Drummond’s army ; and the
apprehensions under which we now labor of
an attack on Sackett’s Harbor, by thocon
centrated forces of the enemy, would never
have arisen. The campaign would have
closed in the complete triumph of the A r*. er
ica'* arms in Upper Canada. But, by the
loss of these eighteen or twenty days, we
have seen gen. Brown and his division, af„
ter all their hard services, suddenly trans
ferred to the defence of Sackett’s Harbor,
and general Izard himself obliged to evac
uate and blowup fort Erie ancDct-k pro
tection on the American shore !
Ja making these strictures on the move,
meots of general Izard, it is not intended to
questioir his capacity an a military comman
der, or to dtnounce him as incapable of ex*
ecuting the important trust confided to him.
Alike jealous of the reputation of the A me
rican arms, aad of the military character ol
our commanding generals, it is only design,
ed to draw the attention of the public, and
-hoseentrusted with rhe proper authority to
those points which are calculated to impair
the reputation of both. \ satisfactory ex
planation, therefore, of the general’s move
ments, would, on this subject, remove eve.
ry difficulty. If these remarks should tend
to .excite a fair and candid investigation, the
object of the writer is answered / and it
must be admitted, that justice to the govern
ment, to the general and to the people, de*
mauds such a scrutiny.
Pasting in review, however, the events of
the last campaign, the American govern*
oent and people wjll find abundant sources
)f confidence and encouragement. Labor
ng under ail the disadvantages of ipexperi
snee ia the art of war* with raw, uiuliscipf
lir?r! troops, whose Staler habits prescntetl
aa almost insuperable bar, to the acquRU
>on of that subordination so essential in ini*
:*iiU y operat'ims, we l>.v.e seen the love o£
country triumph, in almost every instance*
over Uir fitted veterans of Europe. Nor
U the experience and just confidence gained
by the American troops ia these arduous and
sanguinary struggles, H.iioKg the least of the
advantages resulting from the late camt
{wdgu. Although the enemy, by the termi*
nation of the late war in Europe, unexpect*
, div to was put m full possession oe all
•"* ' ‘Valainl un itary iTi<ir.t*2CS, and did a*
. mt.y avail himscii of the means thus
bn- tiioudy thrown into his ha->ds, yet has
t .e courage, the fortitude, and the constant
cy ot the American troops kept him com*
p.c < <y at bay, and disappointed his most
sangsi.ie expectations. In no one instance,
where he hus been fairly opposed, has he
been able to penetrate into our territory.
The llireatre of war, withal the cal l rni«
ics inseparably «tt*-ndsnt upon the march
o! coutt ndingfa; lines, has bet n kept emphu*
tiCHl.y within the li niitof his Britannic m i.
j».‘Sty When vVe reflect upon the abundant
resources and me .. us which had been thrown
into ihe enemy's power, and consider vhat
might have been the case, had oar troops
lasenle's brave and our volunteer citizens
loas’patriotic, we ought not to repine. The
ga lantry and good conduct of Brown,
Scott, Gaines, Riple/, and Porter,
preserved us on the left, from a repetition
of the ravages of a cruel and unrelenting
toe, and taught him the strength and invin.
cioility ot our arms ; whilst, on the right the
gloriousachicvments of Macdonough and
Macomb, have exhibited examples which
will nave the most powerful and lasting ef*
feet*.
Under all these circumstances therefore,
ihere is no ground for despairing of the safe*
ty of the republic ; audit is consolatory to
reflect, mat we have the spirit, the means,
•iu;l the ability, not only to repet the insolent
claims recently set up by *he British govern*
meat, but also to cause those rights to be
respected for which the present war was
declared.
GENERAL MACOMB.
T!)f» Common Council of New'YorJc, luve
voted tile ** Freedom of the City” U> f»e ore.
seated to this gallant Hero, in a gold box, fop
liis repulse of the Uritidi army, under Cover*
nor Prvvosl, at Plattsburg He U also request,
ed in the resolution to ait for his portrait, to be
pul in the gallery of Portraits belonging to that
ciiy.
A similar mark of the high consideration St
respect ot ttic City-Council, was in October,
last, paid to Gen. Hrown, for his gallantry and
good conduct displayed on the Niagara I'raas
tier.
AVw York Pafter.
Erie, November 25.
Thr L«<ly Prevost arrived on Fr day last from
Lons Point, where she landed some prisoner*.
1 Mr. l.ons, >Urslml of Kentucky, camepassen*
| gcr in her .• he had been at that pUce alMmi §
weeks i he stated that Gen. M‘Arthur waa
there ahamt the firth of this month, and had
kdled 15 and look between 3 artd 403 militia
prisoners, p.trol<-d them, burnt four millj, leav
I ms ^,e b't»!,i unde .troyed lie found in them,
lor the use pf the inhabitants, and proceeded l»
Uatroit. A numb :r of families dissatisfied
with their situation at North Point went with
him. (
Savannah, Nov. 25.
DESTRUCTION OP THE GENERAL
ARMSTRONG.
„ Arrived here, on Thursday evening last,
irum Fayal, via Amelia, tourteen of the
crew of the privateer General Armstrong,
captain Reed, who report that, eighteen days
after leaving New Vork. they put into Fay
«l—-t::at about tyro lmurs after coming to
anchor, the11. itish brig Comet of 18 guns,
came in anti- anchored within gunsnot of
the Armstrong, and immediately manned 3
of her barges, at which ti n- the Rota fri
gate and Plantagenet 74 also stood into port
When the brig’s boats estate within hail*
I enptain Reed ordered them to keep ofiT*
j tuty however continued pulling for the
Armstrong, when the boats were fired into
j from her which killed eight or ten of the en*
! eniy. The 74 and frigate perceiving this,
forthwith manned sixteen barges with about
450 men—the General Armstrong then cut
her cables and warped in directly under the
guns of the fort. Between 11 and 12 o\
clock at night the whole number of barges
were discovered from the Armstrong, with
in pistol shot, when at the moment they
were about dividing int» four division#,*
broadside from the long tem and three bug
nine’s were fired into them which put the
enemy into great confusion, killing the first
lieut. of the frigate who commanded the
barges and many ethers. The whole of the
barges then came under the Armstrong’s
bow keemg up a continual fire which was
returned from on board with great aphit.—
Several attempts were made to board the
Armstrong, but w »rc r< pulsed w.lh great
destruction to th“ enemy.
Tne barges finding that thev could not
carry her olf until morning wlien they re
newed t)ie attack, tlic brig in Cv'isipiiny.-—
1 he general Armstrong commenced with a
brisk tire on the brig and barges, and con
tinued it for seme time; but finding the force
of the enemy was too great and seeing no
hopes of saving the ship, captain Reed gave
orders to cut away the masts and riggiugt
and to fire three nine p u.iders through her
bottom—this was promptly ’executed, when
the crew then abandoned her and arrived
sa.a on shore. I bus loll the Armstrong
into the hands «f the Kiiti.h, after a resis
tance worthy the cause which animated her
gallant officers and crew. The enemy on
Taking possession of the Armstrong, finding
her *» much injured and in a sinking con
dition set her on fire. The General Arm
strong had killed, O. Williams, one sea
man, a..d 7 wounded—loss of the enemy
160 killed, and 150 wounded, as acknowl- «
edged by them, the number however sup
posed to be greater.
The Armstrong's force was six long nines
and a 42 pounder midships, with a comple
ment of 90 men. *
The command* r at I-L.yal dispatched a
boat to the enemy, forbidding an attack on
the General Armstrong—answer wr.v re-,
turned that, if ke attempted to protect hrr,
they would fire on the town
Captain Reed is expected in town from
St. Mary’s, when we shall nodojbt have a
further and mor* particular account of titia
affair.

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