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Virginia Argus. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1796-1816, September 13, 1815, Image 2

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FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
From late English and Irish putters.
Sir Humphry Davy has transmitted from Italy
to the royal societv, a paper on the composition
of the prints used bv the Gieeks. Sir 11. in the
introduction, takes a review or the progress of
painting among the Greeks, a people who hud an
innate taste for the beautiful and magnificent ;
he next traces Home and lastly, proceeds to an
analysis of the coloring matter of the remains of
the Greek painting found on the walls of Hercu
laneum and Pompeii. The principal tfolur in
these paintings, it appears, consisted of carbo
nates of copper, prepared and blended in (Lifer
ent proportions.
The p<r.ver of conducting heat, possessed by
different bodies, is extremely curious, and not
less important. It was proposed as a prize ques
tion some timeago, by the society of sciences, at
Rotterdam. The prize was awarded to a disser
tation, composed bv Mr. C. G. Hockmann. Mr.
H. included in his experiments eighteen metals,
or mctalic compositions ; among which bismuth
parts with its heat with the greatest rapidity,
and iron retains it the longest. The author also
examined forty kinds of stone, earth, glass, Sic.
sixty two pieces of wood, coal, barks, 8ce.; 20
different bodies, as phosphorus, wax, &c- ; five
kinds of wool, hair,cotton, £cc. i and 15 d.ffer
ent fluids.
It appears, by an official return, that 129,500
London papers were sent, in 1814, to the colo
nies, and 215,762 to the continent of Europe.—
And that 62,300 French papers were received in
England, 4368 Dutch, 374 1 German, and 5394
of other nations. Of the Monthly Magazine, a
bmit 3000 copies per annum are sent abroad, and
of the various English periodicals, collect ively,
about the same number. The peace with Ame
rica will doubtless add greatly to the export of
newspapers and monthly journals, particularly of
those which exhibit a becoming respect for the
principles of U uth and liberty.
AMERICA.
It is competed the following is the quantity of
paper at present made and consumed in the U.
States of America s
Tons. Seams.
For Newspapers, 500 50,000
Books, 630 70,000
Writing, 650 111,000
Wrapping, 800 100,000
The number ofnewspapers printed annually in
the U. States, is estimated at twenty-two and an
half millions.
1 tit, LIMi.N I K.AUB.
Mr. Lee, an English gentleman, has lately ob"
t&ined a patent for machinery on a new construc
tion, which prepares flax and hemp, in a few
hours, for all the purposes of manufacture,
without the tedious and disagreeable process
of watering and grassing, as is the present prac
tice. By this plan, the quantity of dressed flax
is increased, the quality improved, and the seed
saved.
The present marquis of Dowmshire, who like
his noble ancestors, is an ardent frit-nd to the
linen trade of Ireland, has taken considerable
pains to ascertain how far this invention may be
practically useful, by procuring samples of the
flax prepared in every stage of the process, and
which have been submitted to good jndges of the
manufacture. The result has been, that they
unanimously give their opinion in its favor.
There is no chemical agent used in the prepara
• tion, which is effected entirely by simple, and
not very expensive machinery, capable of being
wrought by women and children. Another cir
cumstancc worthy of remark—the patentee has
discovered that the fibre of all flax is originally
white, tinged with a slight shade of yellow, re
quiring no chemical aid to extract it; whilst, on
the contrary, by the old method of steeping and
grassing, the d.scoloring matter becomes so fix
ed in the fibre, that it requires a tedious and ex
pensive processor bleaching to bring it out of
the cloth
/Vo eves* of the langastenan tystem in Ireland.
Yesterday, at one o’clock, a numerous and
highly respectable meeting of the friends of edu
cation was held at the Exchange rooms to hear
Mr. Lancaster’s report of the progress of Ins
system in this country. The marquis Donnegall,
the marquis ofDownshire, sir Neal O’Donnell,
hart, the rev. Mr. Montgomery, rev. ]>r. Bruce,
rev. Dr. Drummond, rev. Mr. Crollv, and a
number ot most respectable ladies listened With
marked attention to Mr. Lancaster’s report, and
shewed the most animated interest and approba
tion.
It appeared that Mr. Lancaster had travelled
several hundred miles in different jotimies, and
given origin to many new schools—lectured in
the course ofhis progress to the above to 50 thou
sand persons of all ages. That the assemblies
for the public meetings in Dublin alone,had been
attended by above 400 persons of the first respec
tability, among whom were many ofrank, as well
as benevolence in that metropolis; and that it
was not improbable the liberal catholics of Ire
land w'ould extend the blessing of his system to
all the catholics of the globe.
It appeared evidently that a most happy ce
menting influence had brought together to his
lectures, for the support of knowlege, persons
distinct in religion and different in politics.——
That in fact Mr. Lancaster's career in Ireland
had been the triumphant march of charity ; and
that the amiable feature of Irish benevolence ne
ver shonehigher than in the cordial universal re
aeption all ranks had given to him, from the poor
child in the humble school cabin, to the noble
viscount, whose conciliatory government en
dears him to Ireland •. or to the patriotic sir
Neal O’Donnell, who has evinced true Irish hos
pitality, in giving to Lancaster an Irish home,
and making him become one of us, that the pro
vince of Connaught, which lie has never yet vis
ited, may enjoy the blessings of his system in
perfection.
The report being read, Mr Lancaster propos
ed a vo*e of thanks to the marquis of Donnegall,
for his kindness in promoting the Lancasterian
system—giving land, gratis, for the Lancasterian
school i and for the urbanity and politeness with
which exchange rooms were granted him. It was
carried by acclimation.
Sir Neal O’Donnel, the friend of Joseph Lan
caster, who never had heard his public report
before, and came to Belfast chiefly for the pur
pose of hearing it, then rose and addressed th»
meeting. His speech was excellent, and the pe
riods full and pa*hetic. It had the fire of patri
otism, and the feelings of benevolence in every
word.
Sir Neal stated that hi* love for the amiable
lord Annesley—his natural connection with the
north, from the habits of early intimacy in life,
and from marriage connection, had made the
North of Ireland dear to him—and it was dearer
still, as being the polar star of education, and ex
hibiting the most perfect specimen ofhis system
in <be world. It was with pleasure he saw the
noble marquises of Downshirc and Donncgall,
among the friends of the poor and needy. To bird
Downsh rehe would say, that he stood in a proud
rank as the friend of poor children—prouder than
the conqueror— brighter than the statesman, lie
honored him for the sake ofhis illustrious fath
er—lie was happy to honor him-for his own sake,
as the noble friend of education. The necessity
of education was apparent.
The poor were a-thirst for it t they wanted on
ly the influence of ranjf and property to make
the blessing abound, that there should scarce be
r »om to receive it, and eventually nothing hu
man c»n keep it ba.-.k. Educated a protextant,
hix conscience and his principles were dear to
him; had he been educated a catholic, it would
have probably been as much so He was a frleiul
to education wilhont any shackle-: upon consci
ence. Hr was aware of the unfair and unfounded
attacks of Mr. Lancaster's enemies in KB gland ;
hiit shame aml confusion awaited them, for their
foundation was deceit and their superstructure
confusion and dismay ; they could not stand be
fore iuiiocehcy and her open fare. He hail been
surprized by the unexpected mention of Ins
name in the manner he hud heard it. He was
happy to find his conduct approved by the true
and trifd friends of Lancaster and education.—
He thanked the company f<>r the marked respect
shewn him, which lie rose to acknowledge, but
to which his powers and his strength were une
qualled, more than to say, that though unprepar
ed to think the present assembly for iheir urban
ity, lie would trot fail to be prepared to second
his friend Lancaster in promoting the education
of the poor of all Ireland.
We need hardly say, he concluded amidst un
bounded applause.
The noble marquis of Dow nshire and sir Neal
(TDonnel, both visited the school, which IVlr.
Lancaster has certified to he an unequalled mo
del of his system, and consequently an unrivalled
seminary for teachers to he trained for all ICE
LAND.
SIR NEAL O’DONNEL,
Has been sentenced by the court of king’s
bench, Dublin, to suffer 12 months imprisonment
in Newgate, pay a fine of 500 pounds, and find se
curity tor good behaviour, for sending a chal
lenge to the right hon. Dennis Brown, of which
sir Neal was convicted at the assizes for the
county of Mayo.
Losnov, duly 25.
Lucien Bonaparte is stated to have been arrest
ed between Lyons and C.rtnoble, and conducted
to Turin. The wife of l»uis, and another lady,
Madame Souza, who were implicated in tlielve
conspiracy, had been ordered to quit France.—
La Vellettc, ex-administrator of the post office,
and also one of the conspirators, has been arrest
ed. Some of the Paris papers having stated
that the Emperor Alexander had received visits
from Mcsdamc8 L-.ctit .a ami Ilortense Bonaparte,
the Monitem-has contradicted itfrom authority.
However the public mind in Paris.seems to be
considerably agitated -. with the particular cause
we are not exactly acquainted : but the difficul
ties which oppose tlic settlement of the new go
vernment, and the appreliens.on that the allie
may impose very harsh terms, are, no doubt,
among the prominent causes. The funds declin
ed, in the course of two days, six per cent, and
on Thursday last they were t<<:i per cent. ; low.
er than on the day of the kings entry. The 5
per cents were las't quoted at 37.
DIAMONDS.
Aune iiurti annual course ot lectures at the
Birmingham Ph losophical Society, which closed
a short time since, a very curious description
and estimate of all the large diamonds known to
he in existence, were given by Mr. Thomason
I'lie number of diamonds of 35 carats snd up
wards, he stated to be no more than nineteen,
two only of which were in England, viz. the Pi
got diamond weighing 45 carats, and worth 17,
2001, and one in the possession of the Hornsby
family of 35 carats, worth 8000!. Holland has
but one which weighs 36 carats, and is valued at
10,2681.; its form is conical, and it was for a
short time in possession of Messrs. Rundel!
and Bridge, of London. France has two, the
largest was bought by the duke of Orleans, du
ring his regency, and thence called the regent
diamond—its weight is 136$ carats, and value
149,0581. Germany has one, Weighing 139$ ca
rats, and in value 155,6821.—Russia is rich in
these gems; its largest is that of the sceptre,
which is said to w’eigh 779 carats. If this be
true, jt must be worth according to the general
mode of estimating them, at the enormous sum
of 4,854,7281. The history of this diamond is
rather curious ; for a long time it formed the eye
of an East Indian idol, from which post it was re
movedby an European soldier. Fiomhimi' pass
ed through several, and was finally sold to the em
press Catharina for 90,0001. a handsome annui
ty and a patent of nobility.—Russia has several
others, one of which is estimated at 369,8001.
Extract of a tetter from Genoa, doted July 5.
“ A boat belonging to bis majesty's ship Pom
pee, which is cruising ofF Toulon, arrived here
with dispatches on the 2d inst. She brought ac.
counts that thetwo parties were fighting r gainst
each other throughout the province, which was
in a state of insurrection. We have since learnt
by an express, that 6000 troops sent from Toulon
had entered Marsailles, and made great slaugh
ter among the royalists, sparing neither women * r
children, but the Uonapartists were defeated, and
the place was quiet by the la-t accounts. Ad
miral lord Exmouth sailed yesterday with 8 ship* j
of war and 15 transp^r's, aonte of which took in
here the 14th regiment, the Italian levy, and the
Piedmontes troops, flying aitillery Sic'. Sic. This
expedition is under the cammand of major gen
eral sir H. I .owe, and is said to be destined for
Marseilles.’*
TUnnoT nstrrnr.
A most valuable discovery has been made at
Hartlepoo, which promises the m.*st important
advantages. About two months since, the mas
ter of a T/indon fishing vessel prevailed on some
of the fishermen to try the nets which he had
brought on the coast near Hartlepoo. An enter
prising fisherman complied, though with little
hopes of success, in spite of the dissertation and
ridicule of his fellows, who could not conceive
the possibility of any stranger be.np able to teach
them the art of catching fish. The first at
tempts were unsuccessful, but after repeated tri
als fish were caught in great abundance, and lat
ter y in one week, 1050 turbots have been sent to
the London Market; the contract price 3s. 6d.
per fish, on a moderate calculation that each fish
sells for 10s. in l/mdon.this week’s fishing would
produce 5251 The fame of this discovery has
already induced some fishermen f. ,nn Northum
berland to emigrate to Hartlepoo, and as the
ooasl has never been disturbed since the memory
of man, it is natural to conclud<*, that the quanti
ty of fish must be immense, and that the fisher
men wdl continue to reap a golden harvest.
From the Lent Ion O tetf Extra, ofhihj 15.
D.spatches hare been receded at the foreign
office, from lords Stewart and Cathcart, which
follow
IxrKFTAZ ftT.ATMirATBfl#,
Afunfcim, June 25.
Mij LorrI—1 have acquainted your lordship of
the outl.ne of tiie dispositions of the armies of
Austria and Russia, on the upper and middle
Rhine. As it may he interesting, I shall now en
ter into more minute details, first premistng,
that by the information received up to this day,
it is most probable that the enemy have retired'
from the FnlUe tin fthin, fFeiieenburg, Uc. Zic.
Your lordship will perceive that the additional
points of annoyance which the enemy can oppose
to the entry of the armies, besides general Rapps
corps which was posted at Weissenbourg, and
general f.acourbe, by Basle, arise from the for
tressessof lluningen, Belfort, New Breisach,
Hchlettatadt, I-undau, Sirassburg, Plfa/.bourg
Bctshe, Metz, and Thionville.
According toth.- arrangements made by the
prince Schwartzenbcrg, and flic Russian field
fnandial Barclay l)e Tolly, the following detail
has been resolved on j
Prince Wrede forms with the Bavarians the
o/A-once gwcin/of the Russian army, an<l marches
from Saarcgemines, by Chateau Salines, to Nan
cf» or by Hougemont, or Piazbourg, and Luneu- i
vdle,as circumstances may repuirg. In even1
case, this army will be, on the 2u, it Kaiserslau
tern, anil the 3d and 4th, u.t Saai cgemiuca, aiul
to all appearances the Gth at Nancy.
Count Longeron’s corpsol‘ Russians is detain
ed for the Ulockade of Metz, Thionville, Pfiilz
bours and B.tshe, ami a part of the garrison <>
Mayence, consisting of 40CK) Bavarians, and some
Austrian battalions, and the third corps d’armee
i are charged with the blockialts of Lanbau and
; Strasburg. Tb«*r,e oj*evntious are under the di
rection of his imperial highness Uie arch-duke
Charles.
The third corps, under the prince royal of
Wirteinbtrg, blockades Landau to-day ; and,
with gen. count W;• lmoden’s division, occupies
the Queich and tlve lines of Welssenburgh and
Lautenburg.
I he communication bet ween these corps and
the Bavarian army, will be constantly kept up,
as well as with the columns on the left. v
On gen. Rapp’s falling back, the crown prince
and cotmt Wallmoden Will invest Strasburg, the
former matching by Weissenhurg and llngcnau,
the latter by fort Louis to Strasburg. 4000 in
fantry and some squadrons of count Wallmoden’»
corps will be lefi before Lamlao, anil the lieut.
gen. himself will be entrusted with the invest
ment of Strasburg, with such force as the prince
royal of Wirtemberg may entrust to him. The
remainder of the third corps will tlieu move for
ward by Lunenville to Nancy.
The Russians are directed to take charge of
constructing the bridges at Openheim and Man
heim, the Bavarians that of Germersheim, and
the third corps that at fort Louis.
Some battalions of Wertemberg are destined
to the blockade of Schleltstadt; and general
count ITochberg with general Vobckman and
some Darmstadt and (laden troops; will invest
New Breisaeh. The left column of the armies,
consisting of the first and second coi-p.t d'amiee
and the reserve, under the archduke Ferdinand,
will throw pontoon bridges over the Rhine a'
Grenzach, on the night of the 2Jth to the 26th,
and to move to liaise, and the second corps w,ll
occupy it; and measures must be taken for these
three corps to arrive at the same time in that
neighborhood
The archduke Ferdinand is entrusted with the
disposition against general Lecourbe,or any corps
of fh*» enemy that remains in this quarter.
The first corps d’armec will support the se
cond, but the latter and the reserve are to push
forward with the utmost exped tion towardi Nan
cy, one column by Rcmiemont and Epina), the
other by Lunenville, or, according to circumstan
I ccs, lie wh*le by one road.
The first corps will be now directed by Lan
g-es, and to it will be left the investment of B..I
: fort and lluningen. This command is entrusted
’o general Meneassy ; (hr lluningen eight batta
lions of the regiment of Colloreda are destined
of Austrians, and one Wirtcmberg, and two di
visions of ICavsers Chevaux Legers, under gen.
Ca'lenbenr, for Belfort.
The chief command over the blockades of New
Breisach, Schlettstadt, Huningen and Belfort, is
left to his highness the archduke John
The hread-quarters of prinoe Sch-vartzenberg
will march by Hugeneau, Mutz.g and Lunenville.
*o Nancy.
The right of this great march being covered by
the Bavarians, and the left by the first corps
d’armee, there is a perfect security for the union
if the whole at Nancy, as stated in my former
despatches.
I have the honor to be, &c.
(Signed) STEWART, It. gen.
Imperial Head Quarters, Rheinzabern,
June 28, at night.
Jihi Lard—It appears from marshal prince
Wrede’s accounts, from Petilange, of the 26lh,
that the French general Belliard made him fresh
propositions for an armistice, declaring that peace
would be very soon restored to the world. The
marshal referred these propositions to headquar
ters, but they have not been attended to.
Oen. Lambert’s cavalry' was at Bionrillethe
26th; hispatrolcs at Etarges, on the high road
to Metz. He was opposed by gen. Menage, with
2000 men.
Pence Wrede will have his head quarters at
Chateau Salines the 27th, and move to Nancy
the 28th.
I he public opinion se^ms very muen averse to
Napoleon throughout all the villages where the
allied troops have passed.
The prince royal of Wirteinberg attacked the
enemy on the 26 h, between Leltz and Sour
bourg, and obliged him to abandon a position he
had taken up, and retire through the forest of
Hagenau. The enemy suffered considerably; the
prince royal lost about 50 killed and w >unded,
and 4 officers. The Austrian regiments, Reuss
Crater, was principally engaged.
At the same t me lieut. gen. count Wnllmoden’s
corps fell in with the enemy on the Seitz, the
wood on this side being occupied. The enemy’s
forces consisted of the division of Ratherbourg,
and some cavalry. Maj. gen. Wrede had order?
to attack the enemy with the battalion of Lun
bourgand Frankfort; this was performed gallant
ly, and he drove them to the houses on the river,
where they defended themselves vigorously, un
til our reinforcements arrived, when they were
driven across the bridge, which they destroyed
on their retreat.
Gen. Wallmoden took up his position for the
n ght on this s de of‘he river. He los? about 0
officers, and between 2 or 300 killed and wound
ed. The enemy’s loss was considerable. lie re
tired during the night to Benheim ; by the report
of the prisoners, the greatest part of the.go-tfr
national ofLauterbourg deserted, after having re
ceived orders to march to Strasburg.
The left wing oCthe army, under the orders o
his imperial highness the archduke Ferdinand,
passed tlie Rhine at. Basle, on the morning of the
26'h. The advanced guard of the first cor))?
d’armeewaa'pushed on to Altkirch, and a bri
g.nle advanced to Porcntrui, while it took post
at Hessingen.
Th« second corps d’armee had its advance at
R.nthenshrim on the road to Colmar, and was on
bivouac at Rurgfelden.
The rcaei-ve wdl be pushed on, on the road to
Malhausen.
Out e 27th, the prince royal of AVirtemberg
met with a further opposition from the enemy be
tween Hagenau and Brumahl.
Two squadrons of the regiment of the archduke
I/oui. had an opportunity of making a brisk attack
on some cavalry of the enemy, which was over
thrown, and they continued their retreat in the
direction of Strasburgh, into which place there
appeared little doubt gen. Rapp has now thrown
himself.
The head-quarters move to morrow to Weia
senbonrg} those of prince Schwartienberg to
Hagenau.
A courier, intercepted going to gen. Rapp, has
brought us Paris journals and Moniteurs to the
23d, and all the letters depict the great terror and
anxiety that reigns in France.
I have the honor to be, fcc.
(Signed) STEWART, It. gen.
P 8. General CzernichefV, with four thousand
horse, is on our right, communicating between
general I/imbert, the Bavarians, and marshal
Blitcher. «j,
{Here fellows a report of col. Jcnkinson, dated
it the II. Q. of the priime of AVirtcmberg, at
Weisscnhtirg, the 2Jtb, announcing the passage
>f the French frontier by that prince, on the 24th •
md the retreat of gen. Rapp, with 10,000 men'
A second letter from the same officer is dated at
<eltr, the 26th June, and reports, that theprinc'
tail found obstructions to hia passage, in the fo;
st of Hagens.*!, and behind the 9ur} and was de
"S '\ \
termiried on waiting until he could bring up more
.nfantry be!'oi« lie venture*, to attack, them. Wo
ailds, gen. Rapp commands the force opposed to
us—and has 18 battalion-:, three rcgnf.e.its of
■ cavalry, and n proportionate artillery. A third
•etter, dated 1 truth, the 27th, announces the ar
rival of the prince royal’s advance guard at that
place, havmg sk,mushed with the cnenw from
Uagenau. A French regiment was ch: % ged by
two squadrons of chasseurs, overthrown and dis
persed. At Uagenau we were saluted with the
cry of “ Vive le ttoi.J
Uagenau, June 27th, 10 o'clock I>. M.
Mv Loud-— The short time allowed me for re
porting to your lordship the operations of this
day, prevented me from detailing to your lordship
at large the movements of the different divisions
of the corps of his royal highness the prince roy
al of Wertembufg. 'if I had then been informed
of the movements of the left division of this
corps, under general Walmodcn, I should have
stated to your lordship that lie moved yesterday
morning from Lauterburg, on the road io fort
IxMlis, to turn the forest of Uagenau, where it
w.ts evident the enemy would endeavour to ar
rest our progress as long as he possibly could.
On the arrival of gen. Walmodcn at Seitz, lie
possessed himself of that village after a trifling
skirmish, btit had hardly secured himself in it,
Wnen the enemy made a vigorous attack upon his
position, and endeavored to retake it; he howe
ver maintained himself again-.t a great superiori
ty of force, but riot without suffering cons dera
hlv, having had about 500 men k.llecl and wound
ed.
The enemy retired from before the position of
gen. Walmodcn during the night, and he is,
doubtless, this evening at Dunrcnheim, and his
advanced posts probably at Gambsheun, which
would place them on a line with ours at Uru
mald.
If is royal highr ess’s corps is now so concen
trated, and the enemy appear to be so appalled
by the gallant and well directed affair of cavalry
this day, that I should imagine they will not
think of opposing us in our endeavors to mask
Strasbnrg to-morrow ; and it is worthy of re
mark, that his royal highness will iv.en have ac
complished that important object, two days ear
lier than was expected.
Never did I see a corps animated with better
spirit or more ablv lirectcd than this, and should
a iy important occasion ari-e’for greater exertions,
•*e very justly emerta n the most sanguine ex
pectai ions of their overcoming whatever may be
opposed to them.
« JEXKIXSOV, Lieut. Col.
Lieut. Gen. Lord Stewart, See. See.
[Anotner let'ev from colonel Jenkinson, dated
Vendenhe m, 24di June, gives an official report
of an attack made by a corps of the prince roval
on gen. Rapp’s pns.t.on between L .mberthe.m
anti the Rltnie. The attack was ver\ gallant;
and the result, the dislodgment of the French)
the capture of five p ecei of French horse artille
r-, with their caissons ; and that they were pur
ged under the guns of the fortress. In this ac
tion, the Austrians, Wirtcmbrrgers and Ilessi*
ans v.ed with each other in courage rapidity
of movement. It adds,« We disc mtinued the
pursuit at OlwTlntusbei-gen fix- the more impor
tant object of investing the fortress oi Suas
Liurg.”]
NARRATIVE OF THE LOSS OF THE
PERSEVERANCE.
[Related by the Supercargo.']
The ship Perseverance left China on the
10th of May for Batavia, when on the 22d
of June, lying at anchor about eight or ten
miles to the southward of Ragged Point,
on the coast of Borneo, in the Straits of
Macassar, at about halt past ten o'clock
P. M. the ships crew, consisting partly of
Javanese, and party Malays, mutinied,
and murdered the chief officer, who was
| then on deck; on hearing his cries, the
captain and myself together caine out front
our cabin, the* captain called out to the
crew and asked, what was the matter P_
when one of them answered, nothin", onlv
that he himself was now the captain of the
ship, intending to murder every one of us.
The captain hereunon t«»i»l him, that if
they did not give up their design.he would
blow up the ship, and them together with
it, whereupon he said, that it was well._
Meanwhile the captain, the second officer
and myself, returned into the cabin, where
we got up a barrel of gunpowder, loaded
all the muskets and pistols we had. and in
this situation we were waiting for them,
incase of their coming down. In about
half an hour they threw down every thinr
diat was loose on deck, broke the lanthorn
which was in the cabin ; we also heard
them work with one of the guns, being
loaded with double shot, which after hav^
ing got up the hatch, they tried to point it
• own* hut W6 uurfprsfootl they \v**rc uua
ile to point it low enough for the purpose
of their intention ; the captain told them
t rat in case of their corning down he would
blow up the quarter deck, on which the
greater part of the crew were standing, be
cause he saw no possibility of saving the
ship, nr to defend our lives anv longer._
We then brought one barrel of gunpowder
into the fore part before the cabin, and laid
a train to it from the cabin ; I placed my
self in one of the stern windows, with a
couple ofloaded pistols, so did the captain
and the second officer. On a sudden the
mutineers came down, upon which I fired
off one pistol.
The train caught; a horrible explosion
followed $ and in an instant, I found my
self, almost without sense, ie *hc water,
near the pieces of plank, &c. 1 got hold
of a large log of wood which appeared to
be the boom, a-stem of the main braces.—
J'lie whole after part of the ship being on
fire, I got alongside the ship, and came
over by the gangway, where I saw the
most shocking sight man ever beheld._
The greatest part of the crew lying within
the flames, some without arms, others
without legs, crying very loud. One of
them lying close to the gangway got hold
of my leg on corning over, calling out to
another, who, with 8 or 10 men, was en
deavoriug to get the long boat over the
ship’s side, which they cfleeted * after
which I saw one coming up to me with a
criss in his hand, and leaping upon the
forecastle, I intended to jump overboard ;
but when he saw me on the bowsprit, he
went back, and called ont to me to leave
the shin, and follow hint into the longboat,
vhich I refused. On the bowsprit w ith
.ve was sittingthe Chinese passenger Bley,
.yho would not leave me ;we in the mean
rime saw the remainder of the crew leave
he ship with the boat, j others of them be
ing wounded, flung themselves overboard
when the (he .came clov.- to them. At
about one o'clock the Haines came up from
n’l the hatches, and the ship went down.—
AA hen I came uj) the second time, I got
hold ot the foreyard, which was just above
water; there I found the above mentioned
i ^ hinese again, who assisted me in getting
over the yard, and one Javanese, wlvo was
wounded severely in his foot.
I he ship was now standing on th«i
ground, being low water, ouly eight fath
oms where she was lying, the main-top and
mizen-top were entirely on fire, as she
was lying wind-tight, it blowing a very
fresh southerly wind. I had hopes to savo
the fore-top as our only resource. I weut
alolt, and got out the top-gallant studding
sail halliards, which 1 fastened to mv
waist letting it down to the Chinese in the
top, which he continued to make wet, and
I to haul up, in order, to quench the fire ;
yet I was obliged successively to retire be
low, until tbe lire had got down as far as
about a lathoin above the cap. At day
break I could see none of the boats from
the fore-top sail yard. The above men
tioned Javanese told me that he intended
to swim ashore, leaving us on one of the
studding sail booms. 'Hie third day after,
several dead bodies came floating up :
filth day, which was the 27th, about li
o’clock, we saw to our great joy, three
prows coining out, and afterwards a great
number of them ; one ot which took us on
board, and brought us to Passir, where we
arrived, about 7 o'clock, P. AI.
I was the fourth day after carried to the
rajah of that country, where Iifoundthe
Seaounny, Leonard Hoogerward, Carpen
ter Krancixco, and six Javanese, among
whom was ona of the principal mutineers,
fbeing a Joramoddle on board,) as I un
derstood, he had related there, that the
ship had caught fire, without knowing how:
when in their presence, I was questioned
about it, I said the same, because I was
apprehensive my life would be iii danger,
the Javanese being very well with the^n.a
tives on shore ; but afterwards I told the
raj.al) the real circumstance, and remiested
imn to secure the Javanese, which he tohl
me he could not do. In tin: mean time I
brought it so far, that on the lGth of July,
I was informed, by the captain of the Bur
gees at Passir, that I should be sent, to
Macassar by order of the rajah, with a
prow belonging to a hadjer, which was to
sail on the 22d of the same mouth. 'NVhen
I left Passir I took with me the before
mentioned Scacunny, the carpenter, and
the Chinese, and arrived on the 14th of
August at Macassar.
POLITICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL.
Translated for the Columbian, from “ The Inde
pendent," a French Journal, tp Hie editor of
which tlw? article was addressed about the lat
ter end of May List. -
TIIE ELDER BRANCH OF TIIE BOURBON
FAMILY.
Permit me, sir, to converse frankiv through
the medium of your paper, with the partisans'of
the Bourbons, and to examine whether justice
'an approve the enthusiasm with which they
o'iId sacrifice every thing to the interests'of
that family. For this purpose we mum at onco
speak without circumlocution of the princes who
compose it.
Louis XVTTI. is evidently superior to his hro.
ilicr and nephews, but this prince’s education ia
bet ter than his understanding. lie kno ws Horace
mid Juvenal by rotej but knows nothing of ndmi
n.3tration. He is thoroughly acquainted with the
G ecksand Romans, but not with the men of his
own times. A long residence in England has giv
en him Mime just notions of representative gov
ernment, without teucii.ng him the art of eov
crnuig. °
i-ioirs X\ III will write a piece for a newspo
per with great wit, whose effect in Paris w,ll
cause the greatest pleasure at his rising from bed
mine morning; but ).« will leave his minister*
to present in Ins name to the bouse of deputies
such a report as w IIoccasion to the give: n-mrt
•he loss of a hundred voices in * day, and give it
a mortal wound in public opinion lie will di
gest a diplomatic declaration with precision and
aste, but can ne.ther ob?:vn nor preserve an in
fluence m foreign courts. They* Will praise his
moderation in well rounded phrases, and then
dispose or kingdoms without regard ♦» hispa'rr.
nal remonstrances, without making him thesma’.
lest concession. In fine, Lou,s XVIII. such r.s
we saw h m, appears to me in h:s proper place
in the third class ofthe Institute: I -,er m him an
erod.tc good academician, hut search in v«;u for
a king.
To an incurable weakness ofthe Pourbons Cif
our dry, Lou .s add* extreme obstinacy on cer
tain poults. From the«e united defends has re
sulted, ui the conduct of this prince a fault which
is that of his whole life since his emigration;
a ailing which besides involving hirn with for
eigner?, ha* created him a great number of ene
mies in France, even among HismoU zealous scr
vants. For twenty years paid, Louis has always
lurt a Favorite at h.s eiliow, and tins favorite got
die ascendant over ins fr;< nds, relative- and the
brother ofthe prince. Ifono whs unknown to
the favorite, there was no hope of access to the
king A jealous and obstinate woman is not m«-ve
assiduously attentive to her hiuband than the fa
vorite to his master. It is impossible for th*
latter to admit a person, to receive a paper or o
pen letter without the presence or interfirence
of this chamber servant of his closet; fotweean
not afford a higher title to the petty creatures to
Whom the king yields himself without reserve.
Louis XVIII. perceives tha* he is in bondage
he is sometimes indignant at it j he secretly dc.
tests the author of this habitual violence, despi
ses yet retains him. Not possessing energy e
nough to shake off the joka, he resigns himself to
a moments humor in the absence of the valet who
tyrannizes over him, and soon resumes theaccue.
tomed clia.n without murmur. The ascendant
which c.m be usurped over this pr.nce is s9
strong that it would resis.. his family and friends,
and the kmgs of Ktirope if they would attempt the
(linmi^tion of h** favorite. 1
Bom with Jess frankness than h?s elder broth
cr, Lou.s XVIII. has like him that sort ofmsm
cerity u Inch in insep- ri,blc from imW.iliiy.«_
Natural good count ensnee , and a certain stiff,
ness in forms, hid at hi st sight this defect in Lou
IH XV I ; a Stud e l appearance, hoary locks, and
old age, made at first glance the same illusion in
tavor of Izttiis XVIII. Neither the firat nor «e.
cond of these princes could escajie suspicions
winch sn equivocal conduct inspires. Close in.
spection of their actions Ims easily divined that
they played two parts, one public, Uic other se
cret, that like Penelope they destroyed in the
night the work of the day. Hence,n» more con
ftdence. Both have alarmed their erem es w.th
out a probability of confirming their friends, who
kuew them too well to expect boldness or firm
ness ,n times of danger. Indeed, danger d,d
break out, &:id ?/c Imve seen both brothers bow

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