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Virginia Argus. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1796-1816, October 16, 1816, Image 2

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M13CKLLA.KY.
I'. rtt ea Jack.— The following ac-r
®OU t by l)r. in* in itco!
tisc on augur, ol too combat between John
tteeder ami Three Fittgeied Jack, a nuto
riouH runaway, which took place on the
2< tl» January, 1781, near iiiuuiit l.ibanu*,
in St. Thomas’ in the Bast, will lie read, it
is presumed, with some interest, on ac
count ofhis recent death. John Reeder
received the reward of one hundred pound*
olVered by the proclamation of major-gene
ral John Dulling, Governor of this island,
and afterwards had an annual stipend of
twenty-pouuds, which was increased of late
years to thirty pounds, and paid uuder the
poll-tax law.
Formerly there was no regular rtiethod
of treating the yaws in the West Indies.
It was thought iu be a disorder that would
have its cour*e, and if interrupted, that it
would he dangerous. It was then the cus
tom, when the negro was attacked witli it,
to separate him from the rest, and send
him to some lonely place by the sea-side,
to bathe ; or into the uirtiiitains, to some
provision ground, ot plaintain-walk, where
he could act a* a watchman, and maintain
himself, ivithoUt any expense lo the estate
until he was well j'theu he was brought
back to the sugar-work.
But this rarely happened. A cold, damp
smoky hut, for his habitation ; snakes and
iizatds his companions f crude, viscid food,
and bad water, Ids only support j and shun
ned as a leper $ he usuallly sunk from the
land of the living.
But some of these abandoned exiles liv
ed in spite of the common law ol nature,
and survived a general mutaion of their
muscles, ligaments and ostreol- gy : be
came also hideously white iu their woolly
hair and skin $ with their limbs and bodies
twisted and turned, by the force of the dis
temper, into shocking grotesque figure *
resembling woody exr.i esceuces, or stump?,
ol trees—-or old Egyptian figures, that
seem a9 if they had been made of the end
«d the lutm&n and beginnings of the brutal
form : wliici figures are, by some antiqua
ries, taken lor gods, uuU by others for de
vils.
In their banishment, their huts often be
came the receptacles of robbers and fu«i
t‘'e •!£&' oes : and as they hail no powei
to resist any who chose to take shelter in
their hovels, they had nothing to lose, and
were fdisaken by the world : a tigei would
hardly tnolest them. Their desperate
guesis never did.
Die host ot the hut, as lie grew’ mine
misimpen, generally became subtle ; this
■'f" °b ^ vein England in crooked, Kcrophu
i us persons ; as it nature disliked people’s
being both cunning and strong.
Many of their wayward visitors were
deeply skilled in magic, and what we rail
tin; bit/ tA <i/7, v\nicli Oiey biought with
them from Africa ; and in teiuio lor theit
accommndafiot , they usually taught thei
lai dlo. d the myslene* ot sigils, spells and
sin eery j and illuminated him in all the
occult science ot Obi.*
Tnese ng!y, lo tllsome cre.iurc«, thus
became orac.es ol woud> and unhequen en
places ; and we.e resulted to secre.ly, bv
the irretched in mind, and by the malici
ous fur wicked purposes.
Obi am! Gambling, are the only instan
ces, I have been utile to discover, among the
natives of the negro land in Africa, in
which any effort at combining ideas nas e
ver been demonstrated.
The science ot Obi is very extensive.
Obi, lor the purposes ul bewitching peo
ple, or consuming them by lingering ill
ness is made ofgiave dirt, hair, teeth ol
sharks, and other creatures, bio d, leathers
egg-shells, images in wax, tiic hcaits ol
birds, and some p -tent roots, weeds, and
bushes, ol which Europeans ate at thi* time
ignorant $ but which were known, for the
same purpose, to the ancients.
v-'Crt.uii mixtures ol these ingredients
are burnt, or buried very deep in tin
ground : or hung up a chiminey ; or lan.
under the thresindd of the door of (tie pat tv
to sud.'tr | with incantation songs or curst**',
pi fiurrned at m. dnigiit, regarding the us
p.-ct ol the moon, The party win* want
to do the mischief, is also sent to burying
grounds, or some secret place, whtc i spii its
arc supposed t» (nquen, to invoke Ins
dead parents to assist him in die curse.
A lugfo, who thinks lui.i-.ed bewitched
by Obi, wili 4p; iy to an obi-muu 01 ubi»wo
vifin, for cure.
These in .gicians will interrogate the pa
tient, as to the p u t most afflicted. This
part they will torture with pinctrnig,draw
ing with gourds or cdab.shcs, beating anil
pressing. When the patient is n'eailv
exhausted with tli s reugh magnetising, 0C1
brings out an old insty bail, or piece ol
bone, or an ass.s tooth, or the jaw bone ol
a rat, or a fragment of a quart pottle, from
the part; and the patient is well the next
day.
The wrinkled and most deformed Obiau
magicians are most venerated. This wns
the ca^e among the Egyptians and dial*
deans.
In general, obi-mt.n are more sau'ic.inus
than obi-women in giving or taking nwa>
diseases: and in the application of poisons.
* This Obi, or as it is pronounced in the
English West Indies, Obeah, had its origin
like many customs among the Africans,
from the Ancient Egyptians,
Ob is a demon, a spirit ot deviation and
maicic.—W hefi Said wanted to raise up Sa
muel from the dead, ho «aid to his servants,
“ Seek me a woman (eminent for Ob) that
n«fh a familiar spirit.”
IIis servants replied to him, “ There is a
woman (mistress in the nrt of Ob) that
hath a familiar spirit af'Endor.”
When the witch of Kndnrcame to Saul,
}>•• s id unto her. “Divine unto me (by thy
\y:t< 11 era ft of Ob) bv the lainiliarspiuf, and
br ing me up whom I shall name unto thee.”
1 Samuel xzvui, v. 7 and 8.
It in in their department to blind ni»i
tul jnml ry, and lame cattle.
It is t*ic jrov.ufce ol the hhi-ivomeii to
lupo-e of the i as>iuns. They sell lout
winds l«<r i* constant mariners ; dreMOs
a id plvnitn-ies l..r je-\„U9v ; vexation and
pain in the. heart, lor perfidious love; mid |
for the perturbed, impatient and wretched,
at the tardy acts u! time, to turn in prophe
tic fury to a future page jn the bonk of Kate
and amaze tin; ravished sense ol the lent*
pest-tosse I <|ue>eut.
Laws have keen made in the West Indies
to punish the (fin;in practice witjj death ;
but they have bad no cfleet. Laws, con
structed in the West Indies, can never
suppress the effect of ideas, the origin of
which is in the centre of Africa. °
i saw tliw Obi ot the famous negro rob*
her, lhree biiigfred ./act', (In* ten or of Ja
maica in I. 30 nod 1.81. Fhe .Maroons
who slew him brought it to me.
11is Obi consisted of the end of a goal’s
horn, filled with a compound of grave dirt,
ashes, tile bond of a b.ack cat, and human
fat ; ail mixed into a kind of paste. A
black cat s font, a dried mud, a pig's tail, a
slip of parchment of kid’s skin, with cha
racters marked in blood on it, were also in
his ubian bag.
I fiese, with a keen sabre, and two guns,
like Jhibiii&oii. Crust), w ere *dl his Ubi;
with which and his courage in descending'
into the plains and plundering to supply
^|*Lwa,,fS ond his skill in retreating into
difficult tastinesses, commanding the only
access to them, where none dared to fol
low him, lie terr ified the inhabitants, and
set the civil power, and the neighborin''’ mi
litia of that island, at defiance, for two
rears.
He hail neither accomplice nor associate.
iluiMi were a fc^v nitiawny ncurues in the
woods near Mount Libanus, the place ^of
his retreat; but lie had crossed their fore
head?. with some ol the magic in his horn,
and they could not betray him. Dot he
trusted uo one. lie scorned assistance.
He ascended above Spartncus. He robbed
alone; fought all his battles alone ; and
always killed his pursuers.
Hy his magic he was not only the dread
<d the negroes, but there we e nnnv white
people, wiio believed he was possessed of
some supernaiuial power.
Tt hot climates females marry very young
& often with great disparity of age. 'Here
Jack was the author of many troubles; lor
?everal matchess proved unhappy.
“ Giv? a dog? an ill name, and hang him."
Clamours rose on clamours against the
ciuel sorcerer; and every co jugal mishap
was laid at the d or of Jack’s mahtic sj elk
«d tying the point on the wedding day.
Cod knows poor Jack had sin* eiiomdi
of his own to carry; without loading linn
with the sins of others. He would Jom er
I nave made a medeati cauldron for the. whole
l i*la d, than disturb one lady's happioens.
He had many opportunities; and, though
lie had a mortal hatred to wlntemen, he was
never known to hurt a child or abuse a wo
man.
Hut even Jack himself was born to die.
Alluied by the reward oHere I by Gov.
Hailing, in a proclamation, dated the 12th
December, ITSO, and by a resolution which
followed it, of the house of assembly,* two
egioes, Qu:i*hee and Sam, both of Scott’s
Hall, Muroori-fown, with a party ot their
townsmen, went in search of him.
. Qtfoshee, before lie set out on the expe
dition, g it himself christened, and changed
his name to James [John] Reeder.
ihe expedition commenced; and the
whole party had been creeping about in the
woods for three weeks, and blockading, as
it were,the deepest recesses of the "nost
inaccessible part o. the island, where Jack,
..i! rem ite fr. in ail human society, resided
but in vain. *
ueeuerai.il Sam, tireo with this mode of
war, resolved on proceeding in search of
!»is retreat, and taking him by storming it,
or perishing in the attempt.
They took with them a little hoy, a pro
per spirit, and a good .hot, and left the rest
of the party.
These three, whom I well knew, had not
!>ecn long separated before their cunning
eyes discovered, by impressio n among the
weed? ami bushes, that some poison must
lately have been that way.
1 bey softly In] owed these impressions,
making not the least noise Tiesentiy they
discovered a smoke. J
1 hey pi epared for war. Th**v came up
on Jack before he per eived them. He was
roasting plantains, by a little fire on the
ground, at the m< utli of a cave.
I his was a see e, not wlieie ordinary
actois had a common part to plav.
.l ick’* looks were lierce Ik terrible. He
;o!d them lie would kill them.
Itoeder, instead of shooting Jack, repli
ed, that his Obi had no power to hurt him ;
for he was christened ; and that his name
wa- oo longei Quashee.
Jack knew K>*vder ; k, as if jvirvlvzed.
oe l«lt Ins 2 guns remaining on the ground,
and took up i*niy his cutlass.
i oese two bail a desperate engagement
several yeais befmein the woods; in which
c nflict Jack lost the two fingers, which
was the origin of his present name j hut
•House of Assembly, 2Oth Dec. 1780.
Resolved, That over and above the re
\uiid ol one hundred pounds offered by
<is majesty's proclamation, for taking or
killing die rebellious negro called three Jin
gem/ Jack, the further reward of freedom
ilmil be given to any slave that shall take
"r kill the said three fingered Jack,& tlmt
the House will make good the value of
-ueb slave to the proprietor thereof. And
if :>ny one of his accomplice* will kill the
-aid three fingered Jar k, and Wring in his
head, and hand wanting (he fingers, such
accomplice shall be entitled to his free pm -
Ion and his freedom as above, upon due
proof being made of this being the head &
and of the said three fingered Jack.
; Jiy the HoUse,
SAMUEL HOWELL, Cl As.
Jtck th< u beat Reeder, and almost killed]<
liiin. wit’* several other* who existed him
and ii:cy fled from Jack.
l'-» do Ihi fe Jinjc+irl Jack justice, he
would now have killed both Reeder &$anv.
for. at find, they wete frightened at the
sight of him, «unl the dreadful tone of hi«|
voice; ami w II they might; they hail be-1
sides, no retreat, and were to grapple with
the bravest and strongest man in the world.
But Jack was-, for he had prophesi
ed, that tvhite obi would get the iretter of
him: and lom experience, he knew the
chai in woulc lose none of its strength in
the hands of Reeder.*
Without further |wley, Jack, with hi*,
cutlass in hiu hand, threw himself down a
precipice at the back of the cave.
Reeder’s gun missed fire. Sam slmt him
m the shoulder. Reeder, like an English
bull dog never looked, hut with his cut » <
in Ins hand plunged headlong down utter
Jack. The descent was about thirty yards
and almost perpendicular. Both of 'them
hail preserved their cutlasses iu the fall.
Here was the stage on which two of the
stoutest hearts, that were ever hooped with
riba, began their bloody struggle.
Tii« little boy, who was ordered to keep
back out of harm's way, now reached the
top of the precipice, and during the fight,
shot Jack in the belly.
Sam was craity, and cooly took a round
about way to get to the field of action.
" hen ht^ikrrived at the spot where it b<
gan, Jack and Reeder had closed, and turn
Idcd together down another precipice, on
the side of the mountain, in which fall they
both lost their Weapons.
cam descended after them, who also lost
liis cutlass among the trees and buaiics, in
getting down.
When he came to them, though without
weapons they were not idle; and luckily
Reeder, Jack’s wounds were verv deep
and desperate, and he was in great agony.'
Sam came up just time enough to save
Reeder, for Jack had caught him by the
throat M il- his giant’s gresp. Reeder then
was with his right hand almost cut off, and
Jack streaming with blood from his shoul
der and belly ; both covered with gore ami
gashes.
In this state Sam wa9u npire, and deci
ded (he fate of the battle. He knocked
Jack down with a piece of a rock.
NN ”.en the lion fell, the two tigers got up
od him and heat out his brains with atones.
The little bay soon after found his way
to them, lie had a cutlass, with which
they cut off Jack’s head ami three Jlugered
handy and tuok them in triumph to Morant
Bay.
There they put their trophies into a nail
<d rum . and, toll owed by a va-t concourse
of negro *, now no longer af.a.d of Jack’s
Obi% thc\ carried tli£tn to Ivin^tuu anil
Spanish-1 own ; ami claimed the reward of
the king’s proclamation, and the house of
assembly.
DIED—In Hannah’s Town, on Tuesria'
'i fjM- at a v ?iy advanced a^>e, John Reed
f.u, a well known black man, a.-, having
been many yea e captain <*• th»* Charted
1 own Maroons.—lie is che person who, in
the year 1/81, after a mo-t savere pesuna!
conflict, killed the noted a;d desperate mb
ber Three-Fingered Jack, who was suppo
sed by the negroes to be possessed of supei -
natural powers, and deemed invulnerable
from all attacks. In consequence of tliis
service, Reeder received an annual stipend
»iom the government of this island. Me
did rot know his exact age, but said only a
ft vv days ago. that he was but a boy at the
iii^.d peai e with the Maroons in the year
^730.—Kingston (Jam.) paper 3d Jlug.
SEA PHRASES.
( Some readers fond of amusement, win
be glad to mu over the following paragrapl
trom a Daibadoes paper, respecting a new
corps of sea fencibles established there, ir
which various sea phrases are successful
ly applied :
*! Lads-—The first thing you hav<
to do, is to answer to your names—wher
vou hear the word “ attention,” you musl
bring both t‘ e starboard and larboaad heel*
to bear together, keeping your jb stays
taught bowsed up, & squ ire your shoulders
by the lilts and braces, clapping both youi
fists against your bends, one and all at the
same m ment, till the words ** stand at
ease,” when the hollow of (he starboard
toot most be smartly backed astern of the
heel of the larbord one—you must also
cup an over-hand knot upon your fist a -
thwart your bread bag: after coming to at
tcntioa> the words “ shoulder arms,”
rouse Brown Bess by the middle, & bowse
\e: l1> from the I wer lie. ol ttie starboard
side, to the I la niard |>nw, keeping a good
look out that she don’t make a lei In ch and
capsize,otherwise you’ll lie apt *o knock
out your messmate's top-lights: at the
woids •« secure arms,” (he sta board arm
which is now fast to the sta-b- ard bends,
muit go athwart your bread bag, in order
to seize B.own Begs by the breech, clapp.
mg your larb >ard fist to her midships—be
sure to have her muzzle a-head,go that her
, fir®cch will come right under your larboard
wing, so as to secure the fireworks from
squalls, no tarpaulings being allowed : af
ter shouldering, at the words “present
arms” you slew Bess half round, & seize
her with the starhord fist, then fetch her up
betwixt your top-lights, so that your flyinc
jjib-boom will be two inches from her mid
ship*, besu re to back the hollow of the atar
Ima d foot astern the heel of the larboard
•me, during tins motion ; after bringing
be.** Trom (he larboard bow, the next is
“ «<lva'icc arms,” both of the two first mo
tions of which, are the same as «« present,”
nit ni die third,you heave her along side
of tie- Star boa id bends, seizing the guard
wKh the afarborrd fist so as to secure her
; ''ong!«dc : so much for one lesson.
Crim Cm in England.
The wife of com. Sir Edward Owen who
commanded duting the late war on the
lakes of Canada, has been convicted of
-rimiiml convennfion with a Mr. HutLo.
sun to an apothecary at Deal. Anil a jury
have given the cotmnudore 1JOO pounds da
mages against Mr. H.—Mr. Braham, the
celebrated vocal t ertormer, has been con
victed of the like otVence with a Mr?.
M right, whose husband was at the same
time in India. Doth or the India* had e
lojied from their husbands wtth their para
nuiurs.
~ i <7 **
lioSTON . va... ..
It ! a.s been observed here for several
<Jays past that the atmosphere has been
Idled with smoke. It proceeds from a ve
ry extensive and destructive fire in the
Disti ict of Maine. We have not been a
bie to ascertain its extent, with much pre
cision. but we are informed by a gentle
man from the neighbourhood of the confla
gration, that it extends over a very large
tract of country in the county of Oxford,
including the towns of Paris, Albany, He
bum, Bethel, &c. and the northern part of
the county of Cumberlan , including Mi
not and other towns. One dwelling house
and two barns have been burnt at Paris.
Hie extreme dryness of the fields and fo
rests, renders all attempts to stop its rava
ges, s i long as the drowth continues, al
most hopeless. VVe are told that in some
"I the District of Maine, though at a great
distance from the fire, the smoke is exceed
ly thick, and the air very much darkened.
1 here ai e likewise extensive fire* in the
woods in New-Hampshire,viz.in the towns
of Rochester, Gilmauton, Guilford, New
Durhatn, Farmington, Plymouth, Went
worth, \\ arren, &c, In Galmaritou a re
markable explosion is said to have taken
place, which threw up trees and timber to
a height of 60 feet, and a column of fire to
a much greater height, for an extent of five
irds square, attended with a noise like an
cat imjUtiKU,
The smoke for a week past has been so
exceedingly thick as to render the naviga
tion ot the coast exceedingly difficult. On
the Kasteans coast as far as Frenchman’s
Hay, in particular it has been very thick,
and during the late gale, cinders were
blown aboard vessels at a considerable dis
tance from the shore. It has also been ve
ry offensive to the eyos of persons travel*
ting anti at sea. A coaster lay for most
of Saturday night, at about andle’s dis
tance from the Boston light-house, without
being able to discern the light. The smoke
yesterday was not quite so thick.
SWIFT COMPOSITORS.
M e have recently seen much braegino
about smift compositors. An Ohio paper
die Monitor, states that one apprentice in
that office composed in a dav 13.023 ms a
nother, 12.000, another, 9.000, &c. An
Vlbany paper says an apprentice in this
tffice composed from half past 5 A. M. to
a quarter past 6 P. \1. 13.200 of close mat
ter besides the usual stoppages foi meals
&c ” Nmv we w old inform the Ohio and
New Yoik compositors that thev must try
again, or a knowledge themselves beai.
ior J. H. McICennie, an apprentice in this
officp, who has only devoted ’hree years t*
the buhiue s. composed in August last, in
one day 15.034 ms of clo.'.e matter iu |on«
primer. 34 ms over three days work for f
journey ina , besides the u*ual stoppage’
*,,r his meals, and leaving off an hour be
fore dark.—We would further observe
that there are in this office two other ap
prentices, younger in the business,that have
also composed between twelve ar d fifteer
thousand ms of close matter in a day with
ease.— Winchester Constellation.
From the J\*mhviilc Whig
Important News
Cony of d letter from cot. Jessup of the
United States'army to Major General
Jackson, dated
~In f. N^;0**EANS,Sept.ll.
Mil—I have just received information
that the Spanish Royal squadron, a few
days sine* attacked and captured the U. S.
vessel Fire brand commanded by 1 ieut.
Cunningham. This act I am convinced, is
but the prelude to future outrage—Lieut.
Cunningham has been released ; and, I un
derstand, is on his way to Ship Island for
tlie purpose of reporting to the commodore.
The moment 1 receive a detailed account
ol the a flair I shall forward it to you ; And
have the honor to be, sir your ob’t servant.
THO. S.JKSSUH,
Cot. com. Hth Dept,
Oen. Jackson.
From the Steubenville Gazette, Sept 27.
THE NEW STEAM BOAT.
Some weeks since we took notice of a
new steam boat building at Glenn’s Run.
e had the plea.ure of seeing this boat
pass this place on Saturday morning last,
propelled by poles on her way to Pittsburg,
to take on board her machinery.
The chief workman who built her by
contract was on board of her, and stated
that she then drew 13 inches of water—
that her machinery would make her draw
14 1-2, and when her full car^o (100 tons)
was in, he expected she would draw 8 1-2
feet water ; she is 122 feet on deck, ami
appears to !>e a very fine, handsome built
boat; she is called the Oliver Evans, and is
partly owned by him and Mr. llezeau, ol
Cincinnati, late captain in the U. Mtates’ar
my, and now settled in that place. The
Oliver Evans is intended to run on the Ohi
in the summer months, and on the Missis
sippi in the winter.
It is said that one of the most beautiful
sights in the world is a ship under full sail;
when we see a handsome steam boat pas*
up or down the river, loaded with inerchan
dise or the produce of our soil, it gives us
inexpressible pleasure; if is to us the mo*i
pleasing sight in the world : arid if it does
not gratify the sight and the fancy as much
as the sight of a fine frigate under sail, it
does more, it gratifies the mind of every
real well-wisher to the western country, to
**•*.»" ^cressfn! erpcriment (ins wonder
ful invent ion of man. which is productive
ot so much i cal promist* of wealth to ttie
pemde of tlie west.
We are confident, whatever prejudice
mav think or say to the contrary, that the
navi^-tion of this river, and that speedily,
by UO or 200 fast flying steam-boats, car
rying produce down the river, and foreign
merchandize upwards, will be the means ot
rapidly increasing our population, enhanc
ing the value ot our lamia and domestic
produce, and lowering the price *f every
foreign article we use—ami by this enurse
of trade restore our bank paper to its pro
per value. r
We hope, after the defeat of Mr. Living
ston s claim for an exclusive navigation of
the Mississippi, that Mr. Evans, nor no u-'
ther man, will ever think of setting up any
similar one. ° * J
The navigation of our rivers must be a*
free as the ocean to every citizen of the U.
States.—From Pittsburgh to the mouth of
the Mississippi i* nearly as gieat a dis
tance as from our Atlantic shores to Eu
rope, ami there would be about as much
reason in claiming or giving an exclusive
right to navigate the one as the other.
New York, October 9
From JV’ew-Orleans—Capt. Fowler,
from New Orleans, informs, that the day
belme lie sailed die U. $. schooner Fire
brand Lt. Cunningham, arrived there from
the coast of Mexic .,whe-e she had been at
tacked by two Spanish gun biig>, and lost
one man killed.
Capt. Fowler, also-states that the Revo
lutionists had taken possession of the fine
port of Mata orda, in the gulph of Mex
ico, where they had established a Court of
Admiralty. A prize schooner arrived at
the Balize the day Capt. F. sailed, and
several other rich prizes had been takea
and regurly condemned at Matagorda—
one of them was said to be worth half a
million of dollars.
Kingston, U. C. Sept. 14
On Saturday the 7Hi of September, the
steam boat Frontennc was launched ’t the
village ol Ernest town. A numerous m
cour*e of people assembled on tl.e o. casim.i
Hut, iu consequence of s me accidental
deley, and the a, pearancc ot an approach
diower, a part of ihc spectators withdrew
heh.re the launch ac usily t .ok place. The
boat moved slowly from her place, and de
scended with majestic sweep to her proper
element. The length ..flier keel is 150 feet;
lierdeek 170 teet. Iler proportions strike
the eye very agreeably ; and good judges
have pronounced this to be the be,t piece
of naval architecture of the kind vet prn
duccd in Arne. ica. It reflects honor upon
Messrs. Tiebont «c Chapman, from Ncw
Yoi k the contractors, and their workmen,
and aNo upon the prouiietors. the greatest
part ot whom are a.. the most respect
able merchants and other inhabitants of the
county "I Frontenac, from which the names
is derived. The machinery f..r this valu
able boat was imported from England, and
is said to be of an excellent structure. The
hrontenac is designed for both freight and
oasse ge.». It 13 expected she will be fin
nlied and ready lor use in a few weeks.
Steam navigation have succeeded toadini
•'**' n.on va'i«us rivers, the application of
't to the waters of the lakes is an intiwest
mS experiment. Every friend to public
r.'pr vemant must wish it all the success
vliicli is due to a spirit of useful enter
prize.
A steam boat wa« lately launched afe
■'acketi s Harbor. The opposite sides of
this lake, which not long ago vied with
Pach ot,*er in the building of ships* of war.
>eein now to be equally emulous of com
mercial prosperity.
THE ‘TREASURY.
We have understood from very respec
table authority, that a secretary of the tu*«
!«ury has been appointed in the place of Mr
Dallas, resigned, and that it is expected he
will enter on the duties of his office in a
lew days. We have not heard positively
who the gentleman is, |,ut it is rumoured
hat the Hon. If m. II. Craiefjrd. from
the war department, has had t'lieolVer,&
as tne Treasury is the most important of
fice at this time under flie government, and
ranks in honer next to the department of
state, we can see no reason why he should
not accept it. Mr. Crawford is a gentle
i -, ia a gcuiie
tnnn of talents, possesses much energy anti
decision of mind, and has hitherto mani
fested much zeai and attention in the dis
charge of his official duties.
•V/.y. RfWjl
ister, Oct. 12.
Ororobtowm, D. o. Oct. 12.
. ^n^taPPlf Catastrophe.—Yesterday mom.
mg, between the hours of 0& 10 o’clock,
I nomas Lear, Esq. accountant of the War
Department, put a period to his existence,
by shooting himself through the head. W e
have not as yet learnt the causes which led
to the perpetration of this unhappy deed.
Mr Lear was naturally cheerful and plea
sant ; on tlie fatal morning, Mr. L. break
fas cd with Ins family in Ins ii^ual good hu
mor, and was proceeding, as tlmy thought,
o his office, when the report of a pistol wav
heard from the hack part of the yard—
Mr. Lear, son of the deceased, iiomcdinfe
,r P7cepded the spot from whence the
sound appeared to issue, and round his fa
ther weltering in his blood.
In the state of Georgia, the COTTON
crops are short, and will not, probably, a
verage more than one half the usual quan
tity to he acre. Of CORN, however ve
>y good crops are anticrcipated—at all
vents, a sufficiency Tor home consumption.
•HuledgfvUle, N. C Journal, Sept. 25.
It is stated, that at least one fourth of
the present crops of RICK, on Wacc»
m»w, was destroyed during the storm of
ast week. We have not learnt who am
the principal sufferers.
Georgetown Gazette, fyt, 2.

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