Xlfoe lexington <5a3ette
VOL. 107, NO. 22 LEXINGTON. VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1911
$1.00 PER YEAR
TRIUMPHS AT LAST
A New Era Begins in Mexico Under
De la Barra
The resignations cf President
Diaz and vice-President Corral, of
Mexico, were accepted Thursday
by the Chamber of Deputies, and
Minister of Foreign AfTairs de la
Barra was chosen Provisional Pres?
ident, to serve until a general elec?
tion can be held. Tbe Diaz Cabinet
Military control of the Federal
district was assumed by Alfredo
Robles Dominguez, Francisco I.
Madero's personal representative.
There was no violenceor destruc?
tion of property following: the an?
nouncement of the resignations.
Madero stated that he would re
sigQ the Provisional Presidency af?
ter he goes to Mexico City, where
he will participate with Senor de la
Barra in reorganizing tbe Federal
Provisional President de la Barra
said he would not be a candidate for
either President or Vice-President
when a general election should be
General Madero gave orders to
tbe revolutionary troops near Sal
ti Ho, tho capital of Coabuila, to
march on tbpt city if necessary to
install tbe Provisional Governor of
that State, who was refused the
office by the Legislature.
With the exception of three years,
from 1880 to 1883?when Conzales
acted as President?General Diaz
retained that office. He was born
September lo, 1830.
Provisional President de la Barra
is 48 years old and began life as a
lawyer, bis work as diplomat and
special envoy leading to bis rapid
rise. He was recently Ambassador
to the United States.
Made Millions in Virginia
i-rank .1. tiould. younuePt son ol
Jay Gould of New York, who haa
doubled the millions be inherited
from his father by investments in
Virginia traction Interests and wa?
ter power companies, according to
widespread report. Frank Gould's
share of his father's great fortune
was tl2,04/0,000. Quietly, but with
business sagacity like that upon
which the original wealth was
founded, the youug man has ob?
tained a monopoly of properties
which experts say should make him
one the country's richest men. At
a meeting in New York on the 22nd,
tbe majority of the large street rail?
ways, electric lighting plants and
water-power companies of Virginia
met to be merged into one company,
with Frank Gould as the principal
Blames Hot Wave on Halley's Comet
According to a theory advanced
by Professor F. P. Whitman, who
bolds tbe chair of astronomy at
Western Reserve University,Cleve?
land, O., the recent visit of Halley's
comet has --omething to do with the
present heat wave which stretches
across the country.
Professor Whitman's theory, as
expressed to his class, is that part
of the comet's tail is cavorting
about somewhere near the earth
and has increased the temperature
abnormally all over the world.
Just what caused the comet's tail
to break away and chase around in
this part of the heavens in so undig?
nified a way he did not explain.
No Damnation for Infants
throughout tbeSouth will pass upon
tbe following as a substitute for the
present "infant damnation" clause
in the Presbyterian creed, as a re?
sult of the action of the General As?
st mbly of the Presbyterian Church,
South, at Louisville, Ky.
"Infants dying in infancy are
regenerated and saved by their
spirit. Who worlceth where and
whence he pleaseth, so also are all
others who are included in the
election of Grace and wbo are inca?
pable of being outwardly called by
the ministry of thu Wori."
Two-thirds of the Presbyteries
must give the proposed substitute
their approval before it is incorpo?
rated as Presbyterian doctrine.
WAR ON ALL Ll
Northern Assembly Wants to
MONSTER PETITION A WEAPON
No President or Congress Would
Atlantic City, N. J., May 27.?In
honor of the hundredth anniversary
of tbe first church temperance reso?
lution adopted in America, the
Northern Presbyterian General As?
sembly bas launched an entirely new
temperance movement of a national
character, the avowed object of
which will be to procure the passage
of a government law forbidding ab?
solutely the importation of intoxicat?
ing liquors into tbis country or their
manufacture in the United States.
It was decided by the speakers
that such a union and combination
of the temperance movement would
bring into one temperance army 10,
000,000 men. "If we go to Wash?
ington with a petition that will fill
d train cf cars, a petition with 10,
000,000 signatures, ' said the Rev.
Charles O. Bernis or McClelland
town. Pa., who presented the reso
lution, "no President of the Uni?
ted States and no Congress that
will ever assemble at Washington,
can disregard it.
In speaking of hia resolution
binding the Presbyterian Church
to join in this great movement for
national temperance, the Rev. Mr.
"lt has been said hero by several
speakers, and it is a fact recognized
by all, tbat so far the temperance
movement has been merely dawdling
along, because it baa not been strik?
ing at the root of tie evil. Lotus
then make ".bis cen en nial anniver?
sary mark an epoci by changing
tbe direction of the campaign from
tbe States and counties to the na?
"Sometimes I think that what we
have done so far is merely to
strengthen and solidify the liquor
interest-, by moving them to exer?
tion. When we clip off a small
branch here and there and some lit?
tle twigs, what effect does il have
on the tree? Does the pruning not
make the tree stronger and more
"I proposed a resolution to bethe
expression of this Assembly, and to
be made a part of tbe report of our
permaneut committee on temper?
ance, a resolution which will pledge
the Presbyterian Church to aid in
formation of a nation union to secure
the passage of a government law
tbat will stop the business and stop
it right. It cannot be done in a
day, we all know tbis; but we can
make tbe beginning, praise God,
right now, in honor of this our tem?
A Methodist Supreme Court
Methodists, the large northern
body, are to have a Supreme Court.
lt will be known as the Final Court
of Appeals. Its membership will be
fifteen, three bishops and six each
of ministers and laymen. Members
are to be chosen by the General
Conference, the bishops to serve
four years, or between General Con?
ference sessions, tha others four
and eight years. Co-ordinated with
this new highest court will be others
for members, local preachers and
Methodists find the General Con?
ference, meeting every four years,
to be both too large and too much
burdened with other work to sit as
a court. They reason besides that
tbe same body that makes the laws
ougbt not to construe them, so the
new and highest court will have, aa
its chief function, the interpretation
of Methodi-at enactments. A com?
mission has just made a report on
this matter of courts, and it is con?
sidered certain tbat its report will
be approved, and the courts estab?
lished, by the next General Con?
ference meeting, in May, 1912.
Presbyterians recently perfected
their judicial system. So did Epis?
copalians, Other large Protestant
tangama are either doing so or are
studying the question because they
realiz-* tbe time to be approaching
when they must have sucb courts.
The Japanese "War
By JACOB GOULD SCHURMAN, President of Cor?
nell University, and Baron UCHIDA, Japa?
nese Ambassador to United States
I KNOW there are those who
think or pretend to think ko
are in danger from Japan.
BUT IN THEIR SUPERFICIAL
KNOWLEDGE I RECOGNIZE ALL
THE VOICE OF
IGNO RA NCE
_ AND THE MOV
? * a-a?8. INO HAND OF
\ -~S SOME SPECIAL
I N T E R E 8 T
ITS OWN SELF?
What baa Ja?
pan to GAIN
-jy a trucking tba United States?
3ince we hara nothing between ns
rO make a quarrel, her only object
nust be financial profit and terri
rorial aggrandizement. Would Ja?
sen plan to annex California or
Dregonl Wotxld aba DELLBER
riTELY set out to capture Boston,
New Tort or San Francisco and
lold tbem for ransom!
Of course these ara conceivable
nethods of expansion and enrich
nent. But I ask any man who is
mt in DELHiniM TREMENS
md seeing yellow devils whether
they are likely methods. Would
ihe sacrifice lives for tbe sake of
ishing Party Returned Home With
Shoes and Pants Gone
Three men of Harrisonburg, went
ut to seine in Mudd; Creek, near
linton. They went in a surrey,
*ith Elmer Minor to drive. FisL
ng seemed to be less a purpose
ban a pretext, to judge from the
irge cargo of booze tbey took along.
When they went fishing they put
n old clothes and shoes, leaving
heir good ones io tbe surrey, along
rith their watches?and tbe liquor,
.long about third drink time, as
bey say in Wolfvile, while the fish
rmen were getting themselves all
ret up tbe creek, the driver left
1 charge of the surrey began to en
>y tbe perquisites of office?name
v, the booze. He drank and he
rank, and when the supply began
-> get low he was panic stricken,
o without waiting or warning he
rbipped up his team and made for
farr ison burg.
When the fishermen started back
*> tbe buggy they shucked some of
heir old olothes and shoes and
brew them away, expecting tu put
n comfortable, dry attire at the ve
icle. But there was no vehicle.
t was gone. No way to get home
xcept by walking, so tbey set out,
ne of them barefooted, one without
rousers, one without shirt. As
bey trudged down West Market
treat in tbe sma' hours of yester
ay morning, they looked like sur
ivors of a wreck on a desert isle',
t is said they tried to get out a
rarrant for tbe driver, but could
o little, possibly because such an
xpedltion tbey took is too much
ike a gamble.?Harrisonburg
Unless tbe Southern begins work
rithin tbe next 15 days an effort will
*e made at tbe June sessions of the
.ynchburg City Council to compel
he system to return to the Union
ita tion for the operation of its
brough trains, instead of operating
bern over the new cut-off and into
. temporary station.
IN MY OPINION THE PRIN?
CIPAL REASON WHICH UN?
DERLIES ALL THIS WAR
TALK 18 THE PREVALENCE OF
TO FIGHT WITH
This belief is
based on the
fact tbat we
t w o DISAS?
TROUS wars within the last sev?
I do not wish to enter into a dis?
cussion of the causes which led us
into these struggles, but I do wish
to say emphatically that we did not
go to war because we LIKED
war. IXE XOR A BLE circum?
stances forced us IRRESISTI?
BLY into those conflicts.
We have experienced the bitter?
ness of warfare?warfare in its
HIDEOUS MODERN ASPECT
?to its fullest extent. In view of
that bitter experience I say that
we shall never, never repeat it un?
less it ia UNJUSTLY FORCED
Virginians in Congress Are Much in
the Public Eye
Tbe Congressional Directory for
tbe first session of the 6i2d Congress
has been published, and from a
typographing of information, is
superior to any of the former
The Virginiacontingent with very
becoming modesty takes uponly two
pages for tbe ten representatives
and half a page for two seators.
Tbese sketches are furnished by the
members themselves, and furnish
some very interesting facts.
As an indication of bow far away
we are from the war. Captain John
Lamb of tbe Richmond district, is
the only one of the twelve members
of the Congress who was a regular?
ly enlisted soldier, although both
Senator Martin and Representative
Jones were in the battle of New
Market, or enlisted with the V. M.
I. cadets at that time. Captain
Lamb was born in 1840, while Sen?
ator Martin was born in 1847 and
Mr. Jones in 1849. tbese gentlemen
seem closer in age than in anything
Everyone of the twelve men were
born in Virginia, and nine of them
are lawyers. Messrs. Hay, Flood
and Carlin are all "young looking"
and handsome enough, but they
modestly refrain from giving their
ages. Captain Lamb is now seventy
one years of age, while Mr. Slemp,
the only Republican member, was
born in 1870, and is the youngest of j
them all.?Norfolk Ledger Dispatch.
After a three hours' argument
Monday night the Roanoke Council
decided unanimously to adopt the
theatre ordinance which forbids the
issuance of licenses to any theatre
within 1R0 feetof achuich. Tbe bill i
is designed to put a quietus to tho
erection of the proposed Lyric
Theatre in Grace steet, near historic !
St. Paul's Church; tbe permit of the
erection of such a theatre having
already been issued.
ORPHAN CHILDREN TO
HAVE FOSTER HOMES
Dr. Denny Advocates Provision
For Dependent Ones
A HOME FOR EVERY CHILD"
Some Life the Highest Product of
Advocating the foster home as the
next best thing to the natural borne.
President George H. Denny of Wash?
ington and I,f-e University, chair?
man of the State Board of Charities
ind Corrections, made one of the
most forceful and important ad?
dresses Wednesday morning which
has been delivered at the Child's
Welfare Conference now being held
in Richmond. The speaker was lis?
tened to with profound attention
md his words apparently produced
the deepest impression.
The subject of Dr. Denny's cd
Iress was "Virginia's Placing Out
Work." The speaker mentioned
tbe fact that the legislature author?
ized his board to investigate all in?
stitutions in which children were
taken r.ire of, whether of a public
>r private character and that the
welfare of the little ones was now
oeing more carefully looked after
than ever before
In speaking of orphanages Dr.
Denny said "lt is recognized that
orphanages and similar institutions
are necessary for the temporary,
ind perhaps in rare cases for the
more or less permanent care of de?
pendent children, but just at this
time in Virginia we need to put the
emphasis strongly upon the duty
)f all classes of institutions to place
these children in families when?
ever, by careful inquiry and actual
axperiment. proper families can be
found. Nothing need thereby be
sacrificed, whether of religious
training, denominational loyalty or
social opportunity: and much is to
be gained when care is exercised in
selecting the home.
"it is perhaps better and. in the
long run, more economical, in many
cases, to pay for their board in fam?
ily homes than to group them in
larger numbers under the plan o.
"The carefully selected foster
home is for the normal child the best
substitute for the natural home.
Adequate visitation on the part ol
home finding agencies is. o' course,
essential. There has been more oi
less criticism of certain phases ol
this kind of work in Virginian'
elsewhere. At times there has
been an echo of suspicion of actua'
wrong-doing. There are few things
in all the catalogue of crime more
henious than the traffic in children
and the State Board of Charitie*
has the fixed determination that an\
complaint of moral delinquency ir
this direction shall be dealt with ic
such manner as will save the honor
of this Commonwealth and proted
the interests of the unfortunate
In conclusion Dr. Denny said
"The most encouraging thing con
nected with the whole problem is
that we have at last begun to stud*,
it in earnest, to recognize our plair
duty concerning it, to realize thai
the child is 'father of the man,' and
the most valuable asset of the Com
"Home life is the highest product
of human civilization. It is. undet
God. the most potential factor in de
termining individual destiny. 'A
child for every borne' was the creed
of a great Saxon prophet and phil
osopher. A home for every child' U
the creed of our modern humanity
It is because I have faith that Vir
ginia will suffer her children t<
come unto her and forbid them no
that I have heart for the great bat
tie, and 1 summon all good citizen*
to unite in this work as a debt dui
to our common humanity and as i
solemn obligation due to the Make
of us all."?Richmond Virginian.
Experiments in France witb hug
signs to be displayed on the roof
of buildings tor the guidance of avi
ators have shown that signs mader
silyered glass balls, set in blacl
background, can be seen the great
HARLAN'S ATTACK ON
Sets Forth His Dissenting View in
A vigorous opinion, setting forth
in stronger language, his dissent
in views dolivered orally from the
bench has been Qled in the Supreme
Court of the United States by As?
sociate Justice Harlan in the Stand?
ard Oil case.
He scores the other eight mem?
bers of the higcost bench for "in?
terfering with the people, the source
of all legislative power," and sets
forth bis belief tbat tbe majority
opinion, instead of benefiting busi
i ness, will result in much litigation,
the injurious effect of which wHl be
felt for many years to come.
He agrees witb tbe majority in
finding the Standard Oil Company
j guilty and ordering its dissolution,
but in tbe strongest terms condemns
the "judicial usurpation of the legis?
His argument against the reading
into the law of the word "unreason?
able, referring to the prohibition
I of combination "in restraint of
trade,' is set forth at great length.
i At the outset, the senior justice
I quotes sarcastically the statement
j tbat the majority of the court has
: modified the decree of tbe lower
?\ court in the Standard Oil case as to
' "minor matters.
I apprehend" he said, referring
i-i this, "that those modifications
i maj- prove to be mischievous."
, How to Get $30,000 Without Work
Say there, young man, do you
want to have over $30.000! The
Rural Retreat Times has got the
process, aud it isn't patented, either.
Here is how you get vour money:
"Let a young man of tweny years
of age put twenty dollars at inter?
est, instead of spending it for tobac?
co. Then, at the beginning of tie
next year repeat it, and include
also tha principal and interest cf
i the preceding year, and thus con?
tinue from year to year until he
s**all have reached the age of sev?
enty: the amount he would realize
would exceed thirty thousand dol?
After having submitted its form?
ula, the Rural Retreat Times asksi
"Hov many ot our young men will
Not many, we fear. Tobacco is
mighty comforting and fifty years
' is a long time to wait, even for
830.000 And at seventy, one
' wouldn't know what to do with all
I that money, or if he did he would find
i kinfolk sitting around waiting for
i hiu. to die.
On the whole, we felicitate our
i selves that we are not twenty years
old. aud, therefore beyond the pale
of the wise suggestion. Maybe it
; would be wiser to let the other sex
? try the experiment.
> Bro. Rabbit Back from Dutchlind
Editor The Gazette: Please per
mit tbe following story:
Brudder Fox went prancin' down
der lane to create an impression on
der meadows gals, kinder solilo?
quizing, "Dis vas one time dot
\ Brudder Rabbit vas left an officer in
der rear rank." But right dere
Brudder Fox gets von surprise, for
, Brudder Rabbit arrivod at der gate
about der same time. He is hum?
ming to himself, "Stand fudder,
ladies, yer comes der dust." He
vas dressed up, his hair parted in
der middle, his mustachios grace?
fully twined vonce about der ear
' and der tails of his long dress suit
forced to der front as he shores his
bands deep in der trousers pockets.
Brudder Fox say, "Mr. Rabbit,
you are sur? von stunner wid
dot jimslinger on. lt corresponds
wid your yaller pants. Your hair
sure am beautifully parted in der
' middle. Your mustachios look real
swell, but by der ghost of Brudder
Bear! what you weir your chrys?
anthemum so far back for? Vot?"
Brudder Rabbit ,'sponds, "Don't
| you think 'cause you totes dot rose
p bush dot you am der only tin can
s on der dump. I done knock der
. shine off you dis twx. Maybe I
,-! ain't, but 1 speck dot I is." H.
t- More people have the gift of gab
j than the gift of silence*
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