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XLhc Xextngton (3a3ette
VOL. 107. NO. 25 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21. 1911 $1.00 PER YEAR VIRGINIA EDUCATION COMMISSION'S WORK Put State Institutions on a More Economical Basis The Virginia Kducation Commis? sion is doing some valuable work in suggesting methods of lessening the waste involved in the educational system of the State. To look ut tho situation disinter? estedly?and Tho Advance has fre? quently pointed out the absurdity cf the situation?it is absurd for the State to support: Three schools of engineering (Un orsity of Virginia, V.P.I, and V. M. I.) Two academic col leges (University of Virginia and Medical College of Virginia), Two normal schools (Farmville, Harrisonburg and a seemingly un limtea number coming). Mr. C. tl. M.ipliis, secretary of the commission, has presented a report which included five recommendat? ions relative to the two medical schools aa follows* I. Thut there she'd be but one medical school in Virginia. II. That this one school should bo a part of tin* State University, with university standards and under un? iversity control, and properly artic? ulated not only with the university, but with thc general system of ed? ucation. 3. That it should bo located in some large city. 4. That it should have notonly an increased annuity from the State, but also ba liberally endowed. 5. That it should employ largely, if not wholly, an independent med? ical statT. It is also suggested that the the? oretical work could be done at Char? lottesville and the clinical and other purely practical course be done in I Richmond. But this is a question of detail; the point is that it is aiming in the right direcliou. If the taxes of the people are to be administered economically and the students in State institutions are to get the very best possible benefits, tho legislature should undertake lo undo some i f its work of the past by consolidating and strengthening higher and professional State insti? tut ions. ? Ly D01. bu rg Ad vance. Between Gentlemen One day the old Southerner walk? ed Into a banker's office. TheSouth erner was a typical gentlemen of the old school, suave, courteous to the point of punctiliousness, and vonor able to a degree of martyrdom. "What can I do for you?" asked the banker. " Well," replied the Southerner, " somewhat ino.*e than 38 years ago I lent a man down Sin th some mon? ey?not a very big sum. I told him that whenever 1 should need it 1 would let him know, and he could pay me the money. I need some mon ey now, so I shall lethim know, and I would like for you to transact the business for me." "My good friend," replied the banker, "you have no claim on that money. You c^n't hold that man to tbat loan. You say it has been 35 years since you lent it to him? The statute of limitations has run against that loan years and years ago," "Sir" replied the Southerner, "the man to whom I lent that mon? ey is a gentlemen. The statute of limitations never runs against agen lemen." So the banker sent for the money, and within a reasonablo time there? after the money came. There was a courtly gentlemen attheotherend of the transaction also. ? Kansas City Star. Mr. ftdward Grant, son of the late Mr. John ("rant of Winchester, has sold about 41 acres of his farm near Clearbrook, Frederick county, to Mr. Tavenner Thomas, of Sharon, l\i.. for $400 an acre. Nearly all the land conveyed to Mr. Thomas is planted in apple trees about 10 years old. It is improved byacom modicus dwelling, which was built some years ago by Mr. Grant's father. As for gossip, se fail to see the difference between the ono who re? tail it and the one who eagerly listius to it. HOW TO VOTE IN THE SENATORIAL PRIMARY Martin and Jones Are Running for Long Term VOTERS TO CAST TWO VOTES Swanson and Glass Candidates for The Short Term It is said that quite a number of voters in Virginia do not cluarlyap prehend that for the two Senator ships involved in the approaching Democratic primary, the four as? pirants now in the field aro to be classified according to tbe Senatorial terms for which they offer. The Richmond Evening Journal explains the matter so clearly and definitely that we reproduce its entire article here, lt says: "When you vote in the coming Senatorial primary, be careful to Lear in mind the fact that you must twice exercise your choice?that is, as between Martin and Jones and between Swanson and Glass. The rule prevailing in this election does not necessarily give the honors to the two men of the four receiving the largest vote. In other words, it is not a four cornered race. "M;otin and Jones aro running for what is popularly called 'the full tenn -that is to say, for the term bsginping May 3, 1913. One or the other must uot it. "Swanson and blass are rnnnit g for the so called abort tenn. This is their light and theirs alone. "When M; jor Joli ti Vf. IXmiel died Governor Mann sppoistsd Mr. Swanson IO till the unexpired term, which ended MsrcbS, 1911. hiview of ihe extra session of Congress the executive on March 4, 1911, re-ap? pointed Mr. Sw au-on to serve un? til tho nesting <>f t'ne next Legisla? ture. Should the primary of Sep? tember 7, 1911, result in Mr. Glass' getting a mu jor ity over Mr. Bwsn s "ii.tbe (ie ne ra I Assemiily .of COU rsc. will elect tbs l.v neb burg Congress man. "lt would he i. n possible, un der the plan prevailing, for Mart:n and Jones both to be elected, and it would be equally impossible for Swanson anti blass both to he elect? ed. "On the other hand. .Martin and Qlasa might be elected, or Jones aad Swanson. So. too, it would be possible to elect Martin and Swan? son, or, if the other (action prevail, Jones and das-*. "But, as we have explained, the tight is not a four cornered artair. If the four distinguished gentlemen running will permits pugilist figure of speech, we will say for purposes of clarification, that Martin and Jones are contesting in one class and Swanson and Glass in another. "A good deal of misapprehension prevails as to thia matter, and it would be well for all voters to straighten out the mental tangle be? fore they go to the polls. Those who vote for both Martin and Jones will throw their votes away. And those who vote for both Swanson and ("lass will do likewise " Favor Engleston For Big Position Among the names suggested by the New England Journal of Kduca? tion for the olliee of national com missioner of education is that of J. D. F.ggleston, Jr., the Virginia Su? perintendent of Public Instruction. Mr. Eggleston has come much into public prominence as an education? al leader of the advanced type, and is in demand for addresses through? out the country. The present com? missioner, Elmer Ellsworth Hrown, has resigned to enter college work. Educational workers are of two minds about starting a campaign for Mr. Eggleston, with a view to bringing his name before President Taft in connection with the appoint? ment. They desire to see the Vir I ginian in tho sphere of the greatest j usefulness, and aro inclined to qi*es j tion if he can do as much for the cause of education in Washington as be could in Virginia. Mr. Eggleston himself says noth ; ing, for the reason he is not here to say it. Probably he would say noth ling in any event.?Times Dispatch. ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo Physical Education And Its Benefits o ***?_ alaaaaB O By Professor JOHN M. TYLER of Amherst Collette Q o OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 8UCII a subject as the physical education of girU ami women, especially in its social and moral aspects, could hardly have been dreamed of fifty years ago. We have only BEGU1N to realize a few of tho most evident of tho VAST possibili? ties of this new field of education, which a few years ago was a verj doubtful experiment. Look at thc girl just entering thc high school. She has been grow? ing in height rapidly, but all her girth* are below normal. lier lung capacity is small, her digestion poor; she sutlers from constipation snd headache. GIVE THIS GIRL SUFFICIENT SUITABLE PHYSICAL TRAINING. WILL SHE NOT BE A NEW CREATURE SOCIALLY, MORE AT. TRACTIVE. MORE COURAGEOUS, MORE SELF RELIANT? PHYSICAL : TRAINING LAYS THE FOUNDATION FOR SOCIAL SUCCESS. Mr. Jones Was Absent When Vital Questions Before Congress The Democrats of the House of Representative.*; were in caucus al? ni st all day Thursday and until half past twelve that night. Por tho Democrats it was tho most im? portant day of this session ot Con? gress. The question discussed and dispossd nf was the proposed new schedule of tariff duties on wool and' sr ooloo products. The discussion involved not only the rate ot the du? ties to be imposed but the principle ;a? between a revenue tariff and free raw material. The discussion was prolonged and free. While thors was much fueling at times, in I the final result there was harmony, land a policy was outlined for the I Democratic party which will exer c se a potential influenct- on the next presidential election. On this importtat day and in thc solution of this vital question t..e Hon. Wil liam A. Jones, who was sleeted to represent the First Con-jrcsshmal ! District, was absent. He was in Virginia campaigning for a seat in i th ? Senate. Ws are reminded to add that next to this, the most important other question considereJ during the present session of Congress was on tin-occasion when thu reciprocity agreement w th ('.mada was con? sidered. On that occasion Mr. Jones was present at the caucus during the discussion, but as soon as the secretary of the caucus commenced to call the roll Mr. Jones retired. Of course. Mr. Jones would not dodge a vote, for he has said so time and again. He simply pre? ferred not to be recorded on that important occasion and in respect to that vital question. For the oc? casion the First District was un? represented. On minor occasions it is true Mr. Jones has answered the roll calls when his presence in Virginia was not required for the purpose of making campaign speech? es in his personal candidacy for a seat in the Senate. -Alexandria Ga? zette. _ If You Have No Ice The July Woman's Home Compan? ion contains a great variety of pract? ical housekeeping suggestions. Here is one for the housekeeper who gets along without ice: "Obtain a large, common flower? pot and seal the hole in the bottom with plaster of Paris. Place in the pot the bottle containing milk, or a covered crock containing butter, and Gil the pct with water to as great a depth as possible without the bottle or crock Moating. Cover the pot with a board or a ;>late and set out in open air. away froai the direct sunlight, and preferably where then is a current of air. The evaporation of the water from the surface of tho porous pot will keep the contents seveial degrees colder than the outside air, when there is the slight? est amount of air stirring. Tbs higher the wind, or thedrier theair, the greater will be tlie cooling effect. A horse belonging to John I. Harnsberger, near Port Republic, died in agony a tow il.ivs oyo of ap? pendicitis. A vet. rinarian cut into the horse to make an ex. initiation. The appendix was a tool in length and looked very mu -h like an enor? mous cucumber or g urd. Horse, doctors pronounce tho casa a re? markable one. Parcels Post Irvestigation Under Way by Congress War on the express companies has begun in earnest before the House Committee on PbstofllcSSsnd Post roads. Representstlve Lewis, I ><*iiO. ol Maryland, appeared to support his bill which provides for condemning and purchasing all tbe ex press coon panics. He asserted that the cost ol living is now largely ii,rt urned hy the unsatisfactory methods ol .. transpiration between points of food origin and consumers. "There are two main reasons wb; the express companies mus' be ad? ded to the postsl system. ' said .Lewis. "First the express company service dues not reach beyond the rail ways t<-the farmers, which tlc post office dues, through the rural free delivery. Second, thi contrarts of the express compsnics with the railways give them an average transportation rateof three quarters i ( a cern a pound; and with this rah* I theexpress charges ny p*)St WO rd icd from two-thirds to one-ha'f 'on parcels ranging from li ve pounds to fifty pounds and about 28 percent on heavier weights, as a consequence of the co-ordination of the express company plants with the post office and rural delivery, and the elimin? ation ol theexpress company profits. which are averaging over uO per cent on the investment. Murder and Suicide in Staunton The most thickly settled resident? ial section of Staunton was startled at 1 HO o'clock last Thursday morn? ing by rapidly fired shots in the (Street. Tiny resulted in a murder I ' and a suicide David Kincaid of Buffalo Gap, shot his young wife through the heart with a 38 calibre revolver and then turned the weapon on himself. Both were found dead, the womans I arms clasped around her husband's ! neck. The couple had separated the day i before, and Mrs. Kincaid, who was only 20 yeats old. had gone to Staun? ton to the home of a relative. John j Fielder. 224 South St. Clair street. In a buggy a short distance from | the spot where the tragedy occurred j were Mrs. Betty Rhodes, mother of Mrs. Kincaid, and a nephew of Kin icaid, aged 10 years. Kincaid had i persuaded Mrs. Rhodes to accoui I pany him tc Staunton to aid in bring* ' iug about a reconciliation with his wife. The man tried to persuade Mrs. Kincaid togo home with him. and when she refused he dragged her down the steps and into the ' street and there shot lier and him? self. The couple leave an infant, which the dead wo,nan bad taken ; with her to tbe fielder borne. Tiny ! had been married about live years. \ Mr. Kincaid's brother resides In Staunton wi:h the Fielders. It, is said there is "another WO man" in the case, who has caused i considerable trouble. Dr. J. T. Kelly of Shenandoah county, has sold bis farm in that county for $41.5(10, and is experim? enting with tiie raising of Angora goats in the mountains of PSge counts'ten miles north of Loray. Ile has purchased 1.0.0 acres of mountain land. This mountsln trait ! is being cleared and enriched Hy ; tho goat tribe, ard .*> I en the workis j completed the land will bc set in fruit I trees. ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE TO FEEL CANDIDATES Would Know Their Position on The Temperance Issue MUST REPLY UNEQUIVOCALLY Promise of Support to Temperance Legislation Demanded The current number of "The Vir? ginia Issue," the Anti Saloon League's organ. says: lt has been the custon of the An? ti-Saloon League to question candi? date for public office, pat t c.ilarly those otlices that have to with the passing and enforcing of laws regu? lating or suppressing the Lquor Traffic, coi cen it g tie csndi* record soii attii :.!.? on thal on 1 y. We do not <-rq ti ;.-* to bis alti? tude or record on any other tion. We are not, as an organiza? tion, concert.cl with any other question. As an organ\/. it ion. we are the Anti-Saloon I*eague of Virginia. Uur individual members,or ofl for tha' metter, Deo-ocrst* or Be publicen s or Patty Prohibi? tionists. They tray be '"Ring" or "Anti -Rios.-" We do not ki,ow. v\ e di not care. Wi en ste q testion a candidate, as an organization, we ask about one thing only his record ard attitude on the saloon issue. When we do it. we act as the rep? resentatives of the anti saloon chi /.ens and voters of Virginia As such, we have the right to intern* gat" any candidate aoywLerfl in nil ott his attitude and record on this subject. We do it for two special reason*. We doit to advertise the candidate that his record aril attitude OS this subject is of interest to a vast num? ber of Virginia cit! eos and voters. To many of them it is param And that when be appea the people islet ns; 1 ages he will have to meet his record and reckon with the views of the people On this issue. ond ly, we do it in order to ad? vertise the citizens and voters of Virginia of the a of their public men on this s so that they may he able to choose intelligently among the candidates offering for their support. It is perfectly fair to all con? cerned, to candidates and \ alike. The Saloon Issue has been before people, in one form or an? other, for a generation. And no public man has a light to complain when esl led to book on Iiis record or attitude on t t. If his 'good record helps bim before th. people and 'ne is elected, let him be * thankful and stand by his princi pies. If his bad record damages , him with the \n ti-Saloon people, j and 1 e suffers defeat, let bim stand 1 it like a man. Madero and the Colonel Col. Roosevelt, who loves the strenuous life, must look with sick? ened envy on the recent career of Gen. Francisco Madero. As well as j we can recall, the General's advent? ures of the past three weeks include j the following items Fought and won twobattles. Stormed and captured the city of 1 Juarez. Had ono excited altercation with another general and chased him across the A me rc ian line. Imprisoned a general and several general officers; also had several others shot. Started a list tight with young Lopes. Kseaped three attempts to ass.is sinate him. lian intoan earthquake, yesterday. Made a triumphal entry into the capital and assumed boss-ship. Has on hand an npiisingofsocial? ists in lower Californiaand rebellion of bandits along the Pacific. Certainly, the general can not ccm 1 plain of monotony or lack of interest 1 in life. We call it going some.? Roanoke Tiroes. _ Tlie easiest thirg in tho world is 1 ;o frame up an excuse for doing J something we want to do. CORONATION TOMORROW OF KING OF ENGLAND Briliant Event of Induction Into Elevated Office As wo think of the brilliant event that is to take place in London on Thursday, June the twenty second, our minds are likely to dwell on the remarkable assemblage of kings and princes and the great of every land who are to be present there, of the gorgeous costumes to be worn, of a thousand and one things that would tend to make "the King's Corona? tion" a pleasant pageant; but it is not that?not primarily that, but rather asolemn religious gathering, the British nation now engaging in a great religious act insettingapart its king for his high office to which i lod has called him. Through all the ceremonies of the coronation runs this note: "By Me kings reign and princes decree jus? tice," and that, to administer aright, the king must have wisdom and strength given him from God who is overall. The nation, too, is recog? nizing the fact that God designed kings to be the medium through which He. Himself, from an earthly standpoint might govern the people. Kmg George V is to be, then?or should be, the agent of God. This coronation service is also a national acknowledgment to God, tor His goodness bestowed upon the linton, for tbe strength anil ability and de? gree of peace He has given in the past, and that the people acknowl? edge Him to be God at the very be? ginning of the reignof this new sov? ereign and consecrate King George V to Him. The first coronation cf which any accurate account has been preserved is that of Richard I in September, 1189. The really essen? tial elements of this ceremony have remained unchanged; but here and :here a few minor changes have rom time to time been made. Tne mist signiti ant change to be inau? gurated at the coronation of George V will be the change in the Dealers* Ut h. In the old oath, taken by sovereigns for the last two hun? dred and twenty-one years, the king declared his belief that the doctrine of trans-s-absi* iation, the adoration of the Vir^oi Mary and thc Sacrament of the Mass are su? perstitious and idolatrous. In the new declaraton he simply declares: "I am S faithful Protestant." That liing sovereign of Great Bri? tain must be a Protestant has been assured by the .-Vet of Settlement, so the wording of this oath does not affect the really important fact.---* Christian Observer. A Baseball Family August Clondesox, aged 42,an ex? port gass worker of Ford City, near Pittsburg, Pa., left for Now York a few days ago en route to Belgium, his native land, accompanied by his wife aod twenty-four children. Incidentally he also takes with him a comfortable fortune made in the l industry in the Allegheny Valley. Clondeaux and his wife came to this country twenty-one years ago, a short time after their marriage. The family was happy; Clondeaux w*as especially joyous. He is a great admirer of baseball and described his family and departure as folion "The score is 24 to 0.'' (He meanl none of the children had died.) "Ii was a great game, too?thirteen sin? gles, four two-baggers and a triple. N'uiv we make a home run," Industrial Education The 45th commencement of Fisk University, the college of negroes at Nashville, Tenn., was observed last week. Letters were read from President Taft and former President Roosevelt. President Taft wrote: 1 am not one of those who believe thut it is well to educate the mass of negroes with academic or university education. On the contrary, I ?-?. firmly convinced that thehopeofthe negro is in his industrial education throughout the South, and in teach* lug him to bo a better farmer, a bet? ter carpenter, a better machinist and a better blacksmith than he is now, and to make more blacksmiths and moro good farmers tuan there I now are among tho negroes.