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*tuoo]o%t*?**W ^Ibe Xextngton <5n$ctte VOL. 107. NO. 34 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1911 $1.00 PER YEAR THE SALOONKEEPER IS ORIGINAL STATE-WIDER Aad Local Optionist When it Comes To Prohibition Tbe following article from the pen of Dr. J. H. Light appeared re? cently in the Anti-Saloon organ of tbe State. "The Virginia Issue": The saloonkeeper ls the original State-wider. He claims and exer? cises State-wide privilege. He is a local optionist wben it comes to prohibition. He is a State wider when it comes to selling liquor. The citizen ot Virginia must coo tine his vote and infiuneoce to tbe magisterial district in which he lives or to his incorporated town or city. He bas not tbe right of county option. He dare not say what shall go on, with reference to I iquor in his county. If hesotnucb as suggest the privilege of voting by county cr State, immediately a cry goes up to heaven about tbe intolerance cf the temperance man. lint tbe liquor man claims the entir State as his field. He eknows no limit to bia operations. By the exercise of the mail-order privilege he does buiness all over the Slate. "Wet" and "dry" are both alike to bim. Legislators may legislate,and voters may vote, but he does bus? iness regardless. Men may come snd men may go, but he goes on for? ever. The soloon keeper is an ardent local-option ist. He bas reason. Local-option interferes somewhat with his business. It closes the open saloon. In so far it does good. But the saloon man would by far rather bave local-option tbat State? wide. A half loaf is better than no bread. Local-option is a gold mine? worked out. It bas been a gold mine to Virginia. It bas yielded untold treasure to tbe State. Its gold is in daily circulation and is of untold value to the State. But tbe lead is out. and we can get, practically, no further treasure from it. The reason is apparent. We have dri ven the saloon out of tbree-founhs of our State. Weare enjoying the benefits of that great revolution in our institutions. But we have driven tbe business into the other one-fourth, where it is concentrated and vastly strengthened. Tbe re? sult is two-fold: We bave made it practically impossible for the people ia those liquor congested territories to deliver themselves from the traffic. If they are ever free it will be and must be by the help of the people all over tbe State, in a State? wide con test. Second,by concentrating tbe burl? iness in a few centers, we bave made tbem strong enough to strike back at the dry territory. All our dry sections are subject to the continual invasion of tbe mail-order bouse doing business in tbe liquor centers. Nothing is so bad as tbe open saloon or the open dispensary. But tbe invasion of our dry terri? tory by the liquor business through tbe mails and express companies, makes a problem that cannot be solved by mere local action. The only hope of Virginia?those sec? tions already under prohibition, as well as strong centers of tbe trade? is in State-wide prohibition. Mars and Saturn in Conjunction It is not allowed the fortunes of man to view a more beautiful and transcendant scene than that afford? ed by the conjunction of tbe planets Saturn and Mars shortly aftei mid? night last Wednesday night. It occurred when the sapphire dome of beaven was unsullied by a single trespassing cloud and the moon hung like a great spotlight to center attention on the rare act be? ing presented on the stage of tbe stars. The two planets, though so close in line with the nearer luminary, were apparently undimmed by tbe moon's effulgence, but ratheradded brilliance to the night. The astronomers were unerring io their wond *rful calculations, and the two great planets, though mil? lions of miles apart, caine in line with the e-.rth at the precise mo? ment anno meed, and to tbe human eye were like celestial twins, hand in band, sailing tha sky together. CONSIDERABLE RISE IN VIRGINIA LANDS Agriculture in Old Virginia Shows Notable Improvement FIGURES OF CENSUS REPORT Nearly 100 Per Cent. Increase in Last Decade Virginia's increase in**fsrm values has been 96 per cent, in a decade. That is tbe story told in a report just issued from tbe Census Bureau, which shows a notable leap forward in agricultural values which bave increased all round. On April 15, 1910, the total value of the farms in Virginia was 1530, 918.000. In 1900 their value, as shown by the census for the pre? vious decade, was $259,340,000. or a gain of 96 per cent. In 1910 the number of farms in Commonwealth was 183,762 ss against 167,886 in 1900. An interesting fact revealed by tbe report is tbat of the farmers operating these farms, 135,743 were white, or 74 per cent., while 48,019, or 26 per cent., were colored. The total value of all farm lands alone was given in 1910 as $393, 837,000, as compared with $200,615. 000 in 1900. a gain of $193,222,000, or 96 per cent. The total value of all farm build? ings alone was reported in 1910 as $137.081.000as against $70,963,000 in 1900. an increase of $66,118,000. or 93 per cent. In 1910 as well as 1900 the value of the farm lani alone constituted 74 per cent, of the total value of lands and buildings. The reported value of farm imple? ments and machinery was #18,079, 000 in 1910 as against $9,911,000 io 1900, a gain of $8,168,000. or 82 per cent. The total acreage reported In 1910 was 19.476.000 acres as compared with 19.908,000 in 1900, a decrease of 432,000 acres, or 2 per cent. Tbe improved acreage made up SI per cent, of the total acreage in both 1910 and 1900. The average acreage per farm re ported in 1910 was 106 as against 119 in 1900. a decrease of 13 acres, or ll per cent. The average value tbe acre of farm lands and buildings in 1910 is stated as $27.26 as against $13 64 in 1900, a rise of $13.62, or 100 per cent. Tbe whole number of farms oper? ated in 1910 by owners, part owners and owners and tenants, compri?ing tbe "all owners" class, was 133.485 as compared with 114,155 in 1900, an increase of 19,330. Tbe total number of farms oper? ated by managers in 1910 was 1,611 as compared with 2.135 in 1900, a decrease of 524. The total number of farms con? ducted in 1910 by cash tenants, share tenants and cash and share tenants, comprising the "all ten? ants" cla-sS, was 48,666 as against 51,596 in 1900, a decrease of 2.390. Of the whole number. 133,485. of farms operated in 1910 by tbe "all owners" class, there were 112,337. or 84 per cent., reported as "owned free of debt," and 21,148, or 16 per cent., as mortgaged. Tbere were 958 farms for which no mortgage re? port was obtained, and these are in? cluded in the farms owned "free of debt" Practically a 100 per cent, in? crease?that is the record of a de cade in Virginia agricultural values. There are some items which show decreases, but they are made up for by more than corresponding in? creases in other directions. Vir* ginia is richer than she wes ten years ago, Infinitely richer than she was four decades ago. and tbere are unfailing signs that the ''best is yet tobe."_ It is snnounced st Bristol thstthe Postornce Department has entered an order creating a separate post office on the Virginia side of Bris? tol. It is to start as a fourth class office. O. E. Goodell. Representa? tive Slemp's friend, is to be post? master. Subcribe for The Gazette st kl.00. Money Hunger Among" Parents Cause of Young Criminals By ERNEST K. COULTER. Chief Clerk ot Children** Court ot Naw York : *m Wonky hunger as it exists among a certain class |%/l Or PARENTS IS CERTAINLY DRIVING A LARGE NUM I T J BER OF CHILDREN TO CRIME. / There are two classes of parents to bo considered. The class to be PITIED is that of the immigrant who lands in America with a family and only twenty-five dollars or so in his pocket. These people hare no trade, no way of making a living. Little by little they find their money DECREASING, and then it is NECESSARY for the children to go to work at some poorly paid employment. These children have to turn their money in toward the support of the family or all would starve. They are to be pitied, but it is out of this class tbat many of the most law abiding citizens come if they LIVE through the struggle. It ia in the second class that you find MONEY HUNGER. In the middle class home you will often seo children working when it is not really NECESSARY. But the parents have felt the CRAVING for money, and every cent tbat comes into the homo is hoarded up. In many cases the parent will take the child's hard earned money and spend it for his or her own diversion. I have seen cases where young boys have been arrested far steal? ing. They had been sent out to work when too young. All their money had been turned into the home, where it was not absolutely needed. Not a cent waa left for PLEASURE, and children MUST have little pleasure*. Brief and Interesting Items for the Busy Reader S. L. Ferguson of Appomattox, is in charge of the headquarters of Senator Thomas S. Martin, opened in Murphy's Hotel, Richmond. He managed the Senator's campaign six years ago. Mrs. Belva Lockwood, original woman lawyer of tbe District of Columbia, one time candidate for President of tbe United States and well-known suffragette, has consent ed to fly in an aeroplane. Mrs.L?oek wood tried a flight wben she was 10 years old witb two umbrellas, but it wus hardly successful. She is now waiting for tbe agent to no? tify ber of the time for tbe proposed flight at College Park. According to assertions made at a labor demonstration io Baltimore a day or two ago another Coxev army is being recruited to march on Washington. Dr., J. Eads How. known as the millionaire hobo, in an address in the monumental city sr.id a demand will be made for tbe es tablisbment of a national employ? ment bureau. Dr. How opened his address by stating that there were 15,000,000 unemployed men and wo men in the United States at present. He pointed to the fact tbat the com? ing winter would probably bea bard one and tbat crops would be scarce. Terrified negrres ran pel! mell shouting "Judgment day is here!" when fire was discovered Thursday afternoon in the Orrick Cemetery, Winchester, in which hundreds of colored people are buried. A lot owner had gone there to burn dry grass aod tbe fire made rapid head? way, enveloping tbe entire ceme? tery in a short time. The heat was so intense tbat some of tbe graves cracked open, and many tombs were damaged. Tbe colored people were badly frightened and some of the more superstitious declared the fire was the work of the devil. William Jennings Bryan has given his opinion of the action of Piesident Tatt in vetoin, the state? hood bill on account of tbe provi? sion f >r the recall of judges. " The veto is the height of folly," said Bryan. "The statehood bill pro? vides that tba people must vote upon the recall at the first election. It leaves them free to retain or cut it out. That is all the President bas any reason to ask. Oregon now bas the recall and any State in the Union can adopt it. If it is cut out entirely Arizona can reinstate the provisions as soon as statehood is given. Opposition to the recall gives a flashlight picture of the President's infidelity to the funda? mental principles of free govern? ment. Every judge in tha United States ia now subject to impeach? ment before a tribunal composed ot publio asrvaatd." Tuberculosis to Disappear in Amount The World Over Tuberculosis is diminishing in amount tbe world over, and it is predicted that in 25 or 30 years it will have guile disappeared. The decrease of diminuation is different in different countries,plainly indica? ting that tbe decrease is one of hab? its and life. Tbe reduction of the : ...lady is one of tbe strongest sup? port of tbe sentiment of optimism, for it indicates the increase of clean er and nobler living. The personal habit in respect to sobriety, purity, courage, integrity, unselfish cess is hurting tubercu? losis and all other maladies every? where. As the world advances in virtue and honor, its distempers begin to grow less. This doctrine was announced by John Burns, tbe labor leader in Parliament, and il bis philosophy and fact agree, we all bave reason to rejoice. There is to be another consider? ation added to this which is, that the same improved living tbat re? duces tuberculosis will reduce our social and political maladies as well. If bad habits make disease, the they also make bad thoughts. We are '^accustomed in all these things, to bitch the cart before the horse, I that we insist on improving our in? stitutions without uplifting pri? vate life and habit.?Ohio State Journal. Carrying Mails by Aeroplanes How rapidly tbe aeroplane is be? coming practically useful is shown by tbe plan of the English postoflice department to install immediately an aerial post between London and Windsor and the report that the French postal officials intend to em? ploy the hydro-aeroplane for de? livering mail from incoming steam? ships. Not more than two years ago men of affairs and scientists saw little possibility of the heavier- than air machines becoming more than a means of sport. There seems not much to ba gain? ed in time in sending letters by aeroplane btween London and Wind? sor, but tha experiment will doubt? less lead to the establishment of other lines if successful. Tbe dis? tance is only 21 miles, and it is ex? pected that the trip will take about half an hour. A railway express train could travel as quick. As re? gards the transfer of mail from steamships, tbere seem greater pos? sibilities; several hours may be gained.?Chicago Record Herald. The Virginia Democratic League in Richmond announces that Robert E. Lee, Jr., is to deliver a series of campaign speeches in t'..e inter? est of Jones and Glass in the count? ies of Fairfax. Pauquier and Lou? doun. THE GLASS-SWANSON CONTROVERSY IS HOT Glass Charges Swanson Be? friended Tobacco Trust OWNED SHARES OF ITS STOCK Swanson Explains His Attitude in The Transaction In an address delivered in Bris? tol Wednesday night the Hon. Car? ter Glass most bitterly arraigned the past political record of Senator Claude A. Swanson, charging him with being a large stockholder in the American Tobicco Company securities at a time when the tobac? co trust was stiffing all competition by annihilating "independent deal? ers all over the country, more par? ticularly in the tobacco-growing States of the South. The most pointed attack made by Representative Glass was tbat in which he referred to Senator Swan? son's friendship to the trusts." Mr. Glass said: "My competitor's literary bureau, with bis sanction, exultantly por? trays him as an enemy of this law? less tobacco monster: but I indict him as its friend and a part of it. I charge that, when the American Tobacco Company prospered by strangling the life out of its inde? pendent rivals, my competitor like? wise profited by tbe transaction. When the tobacco trust prospered by driving independent buyers from the warehouse floors, thus making an easy prev cf Virginia tobacco planters, my competitor for tbe Senate, as a business partner in the American Tobacco Company, likewise profited by the disaster efl his constituents. I charge that my competitor, while a member of the ways and means committee of Con? gress, was a large stockholder in the American Tobacco Company, whose methods have not only met with judicial condemnation, but have caused loss and failure and misery to thousands of independent tobacco manufacturers and tobacco growers in this country. As a mem? ber of the ways and means commit? tee he could help tax out of exis? tence the rivals of the trusts in which he held stock. As a member of tbat committee be could help make regulations onerous to the in? dependent manufacturers and bur densome to the tobacco planters As a member of that committee be bad secret access to facts and cir cumstances and contemplated action that would bave enabled bim to speculate in the securities of this great corporation?a thing obvious ly incompatible with tbe duties of a Representative and utterly obnox ions to tbe moral standards of the country." Senator Swanson Thursday from Washington sent out bis reply tc Representative Glass, in which he denounces the charges as utterly false, and says that Mr. Glass was actuated by malice and a personal dislike to him (Swanson) in indulg? ing publicly in such slanderous Etbuse. Mr. Swanson said in expla? nation of the charge: "In 1898, while I was at Chatham, Va., when Congress was not in ses? sion, I purchased on margin 200 shares of tbe stock of the American robacco Company. I put up the usual margin required by brokers n speculative transactions. Tbe stock was never in my possession, ind I do not suppose it was ever transferred to my name on the books )f the company. The broker held ihe stock only a short time, and I lever voted it or gave any one a proxy to vote it. "I was never in any essential lense a stockholder, but simply -tarried tbe 200 shares of stock as t speculation, through tbe agency >f a broker, with tbe view to making i speculative profit. It was a stock traded in on the market and 1 thought it was low and thought by ->ny ing some of it and holding it for i short time that I could make a profit. It was a perfectly legiti nate transaction made by me on strictly business principles. There was not tba slighest impropriety in AMERICAN INDIAN IS PASSING FROM STAGE Soon That Heroic Figure Will Be Only a Memory One mere heroic figure is to be? come a memory. The Indian chief joins the great company of vikings, knights-errant, buccaneers, and cowboys, to exist hereafter only in the vivid imagination of tbe growing boy. In the three great tribes of the Comanches. Kiowas and Apaches of the State of Oklahoma, the office and title of chief is to be abolished. This is tbe beginning of the end of that gigantic figure that stalked across the horizon of youthful fancy. Other tribes will fall in line witb the settled policy of the Gov? ernment to make the Indians true American citizens. It is hard to realize today how large the Indian chief once loomed in our country's life; that there was a time when his friendship and pro? tection meant the life and safety of thousands of settlers in wbat was then the West. Powhatan had it in his power to crush tbe settlement at Jamestown, but from some strange, incomprehensible influence decided to foster and aid tbis infant colony. King Philip, Red Jacket, Cornstalk, Logan, Tecumseh. Osce? ola, Sitting Bull and others played leading parts in our country's his? tory. They rank with Leonidas, William Tell, Sir William Wallace. King Arthur and other semi-legend? ary characters. Their cunning, prowess, eloquence and stoicism have been the themes of great poets and novelists Today tbe moving picture show tinds its most popular form of exhibition in the scenes of tribal life under tbe sway of a chief? tain. Tbe virtues of tbe Indian have been the subject of many romances. The lived what we call today the simple life. But the legendary In? dian has suffered ia popular estima? tion by familiarity. Wild West shows and extensive travel in tbe West have tarnished the glamour of Indian life for the average American citizen. He sees too much dirt and squalor. Then we must remember tbat there are many thousands of Indians in the land highly educated and leading lives in keeping witb the customs of modern civilization. Only by close observation could the Indian origin of these citizens be detected. Many of tuem occupy po? sitions of honor and trust in our Government. Senator Owen of Ok? lahoma, is a notable example of tbis type of Indian. Naturally such 1 men have little desire to retain the old tribal form of government. And i so our Indian chiefs stalk inio the twilight tand of tbe past, where their glories and virtues, and war? rior fame will ever loom greater.? Roanoke Evening News. Girls as They Were Backward, turn backward, O, time, in your flight, and give us a maiden dressed proper and right. We are so weary of switches and rats, Billie Burke cluster and peach-basket hats. Wads of jute hair in a horrible pile, stacked on their heads to tbe height of a mile. Something is wrong with tbe maid? ens, we fear. Give us tbe girls as tbey used to appear. Give us the girlies we once knew of yore, whose curls didn't come from a hair dress? ing store. Maidens who dressed with a sensible view, and just as Dame Nature intended them to. Give us a girl with a figure herown and fashioned divinely by Na tu re alone. Feminine style's getting fiercer each year?oh, gi ye us the girls as they used toappear?Sterling(Kan.) Journal. it. A year or two later wben Con? gress was not in session and when no legislation was pending or con? templated and wben I bad no more knowledge or no more opportunity for knowledge than any other busi? ness tuan 1 purchased 250 shares of this stock on margin for similar speculative purposes and in the us? ual way. This stock was sold shortly afterwards. The two trans actions were similar and there was not the slightest wrong or impro? priety in either case."