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Ilbe Xextngton <Sa3ette
VOL. 107. NO. 45 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA. WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 8. 1911 $1.00 PER YEAR PATRONS' DAY AT THE GOSHEN HIGH SCHOOL A High School Improvement League Was Organized Interesting exercises were held at Goshen High .School on Friday. October 2"th, tbe occas ion being the observance of Patrons' Day by the faculty and friends of the school. An instructive program of songs and readings by the uupils and talks bj the teachers was presented. An ex? cellent address by Rev. Porterfleld Swann was made on "Co-operation of Patrons and Pupils with the Teachers in School Worlc." Following the formal exercises "The Goshen High School Improve? ment League" was organized, with the following officers: President, Rev. G. W. Staples; vice-president. Mr. D. E, Withrow; secretary. Miss Brownie Guinn; treasurer, Mrs. L. C. Snapp, The lollowing committees were appointed: Membership?Miss Henrietta Mohler. Mr. A. D. Bell, Mrs. _. L. Jones. Grounds and Buildings?Mr. R. L. Noel, Miss Elizabeth George. Mr. Jos. \V. Guinn, Mr. J. T. Allen. Library- Miss Marie L. Rhodes, Miss Mary Cameron, Mr. A. D. Graham. Kntertainment?Mr. Joseph Seay. Mr. C. C. Snyder, Miss Elizabet!. George, Miss Ida Muir, Miss Marie L. Rhodes. Health?Dr. Miller, Mrs. D. E. Withrow, Miss Muir. At the conclusion of tbe exercises and organization of the League, th" audience gathered on tbe school grounds where an abundant lunch was served. Truly tbe teachers thought they had reached the"Lane of Goshen." The ladies, teachers and High School students saw tha' everyone was served,especially thi pupils. After dinner eight little boys Hoec up in front of the building and wert etch presented by Mr. Jos. W Guinn and Mr. R, L. Noel, two pat rons,with a well selected and nicely pruned maple, which they, planted These we hope will grow and act ai welcome reminders of the happ; day spent together and point us ti greater efforts in this line, in imita tion of Him, who when planning ou earthly home made it a veritable garden in beauty of tint and shad in nature. G. Pensions of Confederates Soldier Cut 10 Per Cent The 14,000 Confederate pensioner in Virginia aro faco to face with th fact their pensions from the Stat government will be trimmed thi year just exactly 10 per cent. Th total sum appropriated by tbe las Legislature for pensions was onl $45,000, which was found totally ii adequate for its purpose. Capitan S. R. Donohoe, auditor < public accounts, has issued a eil oular to all pensions in the Stal setting forth the fact that the bet he can do is to pay 90 per cent 1 each pensioner. The following t ble contained in the circular letti tells tho story: $150 class soldiers will recen $135. $?> class soldiers will recoil $58 50. $36 class soldiers will recer $32.40. $24 class soldiers will recen $21.60. $40 widows will receive $36. $25 widows will receive $22.50. The cutting of Confederate pe skins by the State of Virginia wj one of those blind mishaps that ci have no justilication, and for ll mortification of which there can I no pal i at ion. When did Virgil: reach such a stage of poverty th the little pittance to the men, ai their widows, who gave themsal v and their all to the defense of t State, must be cut? It is a skelet in the closet of the Commonweal) and to stir it at all makes a rattle dry linne', that may be heard over the lund. Virginia is prosperous; its ri enues increasing by bonnels and l pitiful pensions of Confederate v erans cut 10 per cern. A ahame. Subscribe for The Gazette, $1.0 APPLE ORCHARDS IN SHENANDOAH VALLEY Several Near Winchester Bring to Owners Big Returns 350 ACRES SELL FOR $40,000 Colonel Ross Tells of Virginia's Great Resources Lkxinoton, Va., Oct. 28, loll Editor Lexinotom Gkxv.rc_: I made a trip last week up the V-Hey of Virginia as far as Win? chester, and was so pleased with many things I saw, I am thinking that if 1 can paint a fair verbal pic? ture of scenes and events as they presented themselves to me, it might perchance serve to awaken a momentary interest in some of your many readers. Of course in going north from lexington nearly every one bas first to go to Buena Vista, and spend a large part or tbe day wait inf 'or a train, which is usually twenty minutes late, but when it does come is very comfoi table and runs smoothly over well surfaced and well ballasted rails. I was im? pressed with the general air of im? provement in the agriculture along the line, since my last run over it, many farms giving evidence of clean and careful culture, with a corres? ponding excellence of crops. The young wheat along the whole route ?vi's as promising as I ever saw at this time of year, and the shocks of corn upon the ground showed au excellent crop of fodder at least. Just at the station in beautiful Stuart's Draft, is a held of corn thai looks good for 100 bushels to the acre, aad is, I think, the finest look? ing tield I ever saw. I uuderstood however upon inquiring.tbat tbe ap pearances were somewhat deceptiv? (n it in I nis p; rticular 6eid, but gen eially) and that owing to the verj dry summer many stalks did not de? velop an ear. Nevertheless, it was a greatcoatfort to see such evidences that the live stock would bave some thing to eat this winter, notwith standing the failure of the hay crop When I reached Boyce in Clarki county, the end of my railroad ride I was met by friends in an auto ca and whirled in a few minutes t< Powhatan Seat the country home o Mr. Peter II. Mayo of Richmond Va. This was the haven 1 was seek ing; for the purpose of my journe; was to take part in the celebratioi of the 50th anniversary of his mar riage. Now when one comes to thin of it, it seems a difficult and unusus achievement for a man and his wif to go hand aud hand thro' all th joys and pleasures, the labors an responsibilities, the sickaess an sorrow of fifty years of married lifi and many strive to turn the tricl but fail. Thoie who succeed ar true heroes. t Mr. Mayo's residence is the pei to fection of a country home. It bouse in the most comfortable manm about thirty people dunns? tbe se< eral days that the celebration coi re tinued. It is heated with hot wate lighted by gas and has every moi ern comfort and convenience. Thei are 100 miles of fine macadam roac in all directions, and tbe countt around is the most beautiful in tl famed Valley of Virginia. Tbe cor pany gathered under his roof-tn were all near of kin to him and each other, and while we wen* s together there, joy was unconfine Bishop Robert Gibson was the and the Rev. Robert A. Mayo ai he I wife, and a representative nieca oe ' nephew from the family of each lia i the groom's brothers and sisters, at Tha party assembled onSaturda ad ! Monday, October i>3rd, was tba we es i ding day, and the festivities co tinued until Tuesday ovenin when there began to be a break u The weather on Monday was perf( and about 4 p. rn a stream of nein bora began to pour in andjeontinu until tbat great house was full. T rooms were gorgeously decked w flowers, suggestive of tbe golden i casion, tbe tables groaned under the best things known to the cater and until the witching hour of m nifijht, there was one shout of; A Return to Ancient Doctrines of Politics Would Be a Blot on Progress By SAMUEL W. M'CALL, Massachusetts* Repre? sentative in Con? gress Copyrl-cht by C*lln<**Jlnat. REPRESENTATIVE government is comparatively modern, direct government of the democratic kind is ancient, and the latter was deliberately discarded for the former by the founders of our government. The framers of the constitution were entirely familiar with the failure of DIRECT DEMOCRACY in the government of mimer oas populations, anel they were influenced by their knowledge of thal f-iilurc in eievising our own structure- of republican froTcrnment. Ii is now proposed to abandon the discovery of modern times whirl Jefferson declared to be the ONLY METHOD by which RIGHTS can be secured and to put in ita stead the discurdod device of thu an cients. It does not follow that tb bo a reactionary is to Ive wron-*;. The wise reactionary may sometimes preserve the government of a state and even its civilization. Whether the initiative, referendum ane recall embody sound political principles must be determined by othei teats. But their advocates ahould not MASQUERADE. If the; choose to attach to themselves any label they should frankly spreai upon their banner the word "REACTIONARY." WE ARE IN DANGER Ol' FORGETTING THE ESSENTIAL PUR POSE OF GOVERNMENT-THAT IT IS NOT AN END. BUT A MEANS THAT THE PEOPLE DO NOT EXIST FOR GOVERNMENT. BUT THA' GOVERNMENT EXISTS FOR THE PEOPLE. The IDOLATRY OF GOVERNMENT or of ita institution has been os DEBASING and INJURIOUS as any idolatry tha has ever afflicted mankin'*. over the occasion and one chorus of good wishes and congratulations for the bride and groom of 50 years. They were both in line health, the bride retaining in a wonderful de? gree the beauty for which she was so justly famid 50 years ago. And as for the groom,God bless him.none | know him but to love him, none | name him but to praise. Ile sang a ' fine song and told a fine story, just as he used to do before the war,and proved himself then, as upon every I stage upon which he has appeared during his long and eventful life, a prince among men. Tbe wedding proper having been J thus duly celebrated on Tuesday, ' Mr. Mayo organized his male guests into two auto car loads of sight? seers and going through Millwood and Berry ville, after an eighteen mile run we reached Winchester. This is truly historic ground. In going to Boyce, I passed by the bat? tlefield of Cross Keys, where tbe hand that pens these lines was shot to pieces; the battlefield of Port Republic, where Stonewall Jackson concluded in a blaze of glory his wonderful campaign in the Valley: and tue field of Front Royal where I bad a thrilling experience worth telling sometime. At Winchester, which was in possession of different masters 80 times during the war, changing owners three times in one day, I had the grandest experience of my soldier life, but I can't tell about it now; will only say I helped to drive Banks out of that glorious town upon one occasion and Milroy out upon another. These were Fed? eral generals in command of annie< larger than ours. What I wanted to tell about are tho wonderful apple orchards around Winchester. We went in our machines to three of thurn, each more wonderful than tha other. One orchard of MIHI acres, another of ;>50. One selling the crop this year for $30,000. tho other for $40,0u0. Tana* figures are ; storita.bing. But when one went into the orchard and saw 4f men who had been gathering foi weeks, and weeks more of gathering to do,and looked at the fruit largo ir size, beautiful in color, that in manj cases almost hid .tho foliage of tbi .rae from view, one might believ hiv tale. I saw one medium size tree from which the owner assure me he had last year gathered : barrels of apple*, sold at $3.1 per barrel.and this year had gatbe ed 20 barrels from the same tree at sold at $3 50 per barrel. I saw me down on their knees picking- appl with both hands from branch which were borne down by tl weight of fruit. It v?as a revelati and an object lesson, showing tl possibilities of land in old Virgin Mr. Shirley Carter of Wincheste a most charming gentleman, und whose abie guidance we visited t orchards, told me he loaned t owner of one of the orchards were then visiting, $5,000 to he buy the farm upon which the i chard was, just four years ago. T owner returned him the mon after selling the crop of apples ai since then has cleared $75,000 tbe orchard. The total cost of 1 farm was $18,000. The wonderful results have be | brought about by scientific mana ! ment. They spray the orchards ti i times a year, and thus destroy j the etviunes of the apple, maki > the trees strong and vigorous, e 1 abling them to bear a crop eve year and removing from tbe fr every imperfection. The resull these frequent sprayings has he magical. If 1 were so fortunate as to Mr. trunk Glasgow and the owi of his most promising orchard Brushy Hills, near Lexington, wool J quit law and go down to W chest,r ai.d hire myself to Stu | Bell ti pick apples at $1.25 the e 'til tb-* jon was done. It would more (jrotitable to him than any tb be coild do,for he would learn pi tic-sllr how to care scientifically an orthard, J. D. H. Kosi Aerordir.g toa New Yorkestiu j there will be in use in this couti i next year 500,000 automobiles, one fur each IK) of population. ' retirbtr or repairing of tbe se chineL yesarlv cost $140,000,000. .nmuti outlay in this country cars Us put at a third of a bil dolla! GOV. MANN SUGGESTS "GOOD ROADS WEEK" Movement Receiving Attention In All Parts of State FIRST PROCLAMATION ISSUED Governors of Other States Asked To Do Likewise Probably never before in its his tory has the good road movement in the United States received such an impetus from an official source as in the proclamation which has just been issued by Governor William Hodges Mann of Virginia. The State paper issued by Governor Mann calls upon all the citizens of Virginia to set aside the week be? ginning November 13, 1911, as "Good Roads Week" and asks them to devoU. their united efforts "to toe accomplishment of some practi? cal result within the z_e of their influence." The proclamation of Governor Mann carries to its zenith the road movement in Virginia. As a result of the work of Charles P. Light, chief field representative and the ablest organizer on the executive staff of the American Association for Highway Improvement, twenty six County Good Road Associations have been formed in the State, each containing in its membership some ofjthe lead ng business men, fann? ers and professional men in each ' C ninty. r I With the people of the State i aroused to a realization of the great i 'commere ai advantages of a system of improved roads, the proclama? tion of Governor Mann, unique " among all State papers, will strike 1 a popular cord. r Governors of all the other States in the Union will be requested to t issue similar proclamations so that \ the entire country may be alive with the activity of farmers actually engaged in the improvement of the ? public highways during that week. It is intended to mane the week the , most notable in the history of the . road movement in America. At tbe M? present time over $1,000,000 per day is being spent on tbe improvement and maintenance of roads in the j United States. In the week begiu _, ning November 13, it is expected es , that $10,000,000 will be invested ic the improvement of roads from al e?? Be j the various States, counties Q I boroughs and road organizations 3e iln addition, thousands of faru.e.s ir j j various sections of the country wil donate their service to the actua er | work of improving the nearby road: ?Qe in order to demonstrate just win kg can be done by concentrated work. _e After calling attention, to the fae ,] that the American Association fo >r_ Highway Improvement is to hold it ne first annual road congress in Rich ey ! mond,Nov. 20 to 23."for tbepurpos 3(j ; of bringing to the solution of th on ] many difficult problems connecte ihe ] with tbe improvement of the publi ' roads the combined knowledge an ,er experience of the men who have d( ,e voted themselves to a study of thi "vt> important question,"with Presider: ull Taft as an honored guest, Gove rna n? Mann's proclamation says, in part: Jn. "I furthermore urge upon all ei vi ,,... organizations, public schools u,,. ! churches, the press and all othe of agencies within the Common weal t jen that serve to promote human wei , fare, to set apart tho week begir ?pg ning Nov. 13,1911, which immediati aerl'y precedes the congress, as Moo on Hoads Week," and during that poi j j iod to devote their united efforts l ;,, ! a furtherance of the movement fe in art better roads and particularly to tb jav j accomplishment of somu praetic; ^ reen lt within the zone of their ii fluence." The proclamation issued by Gol [or ernor Mann is the first ever issue , by the chief executive officer of i State in the good roads or any ot hi late '? similar movement. ltrjr ! Rev. Clarence V. T. Richeson. tl ior Boston pastor charged with fu ! nishing poison for murder of b ?a' sweotheart, Miss Avis Linnell, w Oct. 31 indicted by the grand jin on live counts. mg rme The for lion Subscribe (or The Gazette. $l.tX MRS. ALLEN WRITES OF "THE LONG ROLL" Jackson Not the Character Painted In Miss Johnston's Book Ni rs. Elizabeth Preston Allan,who knew General Jackson intimately from earliest childhood, and whose father aod husband were members of his staff, and who herself is a wo? man of rare culture and an author of note, says of "The Long Roll": "Miss Johnson's claim that she is presenting Jackson from a soldiers' point of view is an adroit defence of her caricature of the great soldier. But she does nothing tosubstantiate her claim. And in view of tbe vehe? ment protests now being raised by the old soldiers throjghout tho South against Miss Johnson's mis? representations of Jackson's lineage, manners, dress, habits and speech, it is incumbent upon her to gi ve her authority for such damaging state? ments. "Eccentric is s word which may unfairly be applied to General Jack? son, mainly because he was that rare thing, an absolute ly consistent Chris? tian. His Master bore that same re? proach. But he was never known to thrust his "peculiar" views on anyone, was never known to speak harshly of any one, never claimed to be more righteous than others; and therefore gave no offense. And though his friends and neighbors jested about his strict views of Sab bath keeping, and his rigid adhor ance to those duties which most of us treat so lightly, he was love?l and honored by high and low in ihe | community. We may be forgiven if j we consider it somewhat presump | tuous in a young woman born after j the w&r, to insist that she knows I the characteristics of this great man I better than those who bad tbe priv j ilege of bis companionship! But ' literary success is a heavy wine,and ; Miss.Johnston has allowed her sense of the dramatic to beguile ber into doing a grave wrong to the truth of I history when she represents General i Jackson as rough, uncouth, boorish, [slovenly and unbalanced. "Tbe I Long Roll" is disastrously over? drawn in this respect." The V. P. I. Investigation Mr. L. E. Johnson, rector of the Board of Visitors of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, has issued a statement in connection with the charges which it is said will be brought against President Barring? er of the institution. He says, in part: "Tbe Board of Visitors purpose in a thorough, conscientious and busi? ness wiy, to investigate the charges fully and later, without fear or fav? or, take whatever action is neces? sary, so far os is practicable to eradicate tbe evils that it is claimed existed, and will insist that this ? j great institution be conducted on a ' I high moral and educational policy. u j "The citizens of the State of Vir '' | ginia may be well assured that their interests and the interests of their young men attending this institu? tion, will be safeguarded to the full extent of tbe power invested in the Board of Visitors. ' One Hundred Colonels The proposition to make tbe Gov. " i ernor's staff consist of one hundred ' 1 colonels bas bobbed up again, and ! it may be brought before the next ', Legislature. For our part we can ' not see the justice in limiting tbe 1 "j number to one hundred. This op ? pears to us to be rank discrimina i tion; the only just solution is to , make all the colonels in the State members of the Governor's staff. We mean of course, ornamental col? onels at twenty to each county, which would give the State two thousand. This is about the cor? rect number for the Governor's ' statT. Any fewer than this number would be eclipsed by Kentucky or a Georgia, which areour closest rivals in ornamental colonels.?Staunton treader. ie ? lt is stated from original sources at Washington tbat tbe Panama ca? nal will be open for shipping by July 1, 1913. This coming great event will immensely advance the material interests of the South ia I. .every department of buHiaassa.