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VOL. 107. NO. 4b LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15. 1911 $1>M PEr YEAR aaSs-a*aaasT?ssaaBsi CHARACTER OF GEN. LEE CITED AS AN EXAMPLE A Northern Writer Pays Tribute in Atlantic Monthly Gamaliel Bradford, Jr.. who hes, in a aeries of papers in the Allan tic Monthly, paid such high tribute. and discriminating tribute, to thc character of General Lee as nevei came (rom the pen of any other Northern man, and in ?tome respects fruin that of few Southern men, con? tribute* an article on ' I*ee Attar the War" to the South Atlantic Quarterly. Towards the close ol the article Mr. Bradford quotes what he terms "thi** profoundly pathetic sentence'' in one of Lee's later letters?"Life is indeed glid? ing away and I have nothing of good to show for mine that baa past. I pray I may be spared to accomplish something for the benefit of man kind and honor of God." Then tha writer asks: "If he had accompli abed nothing, what shall be aaid of some of us, " and. continuing comment-* as fulleiws: ''Yet, iu spite of all this, il must be admitted that Lee's life will alway** be regarded as a record of failure. And it is precis-sly because lie failed that 1 have been deeply interested to make thia study of bim. Success is the idol of the **orld, and the world'* idols buve boeu -successful. Wash? ington, Liucoln, t*rant, were very great. Hut they were successful. Who shall say just how far tnut ele? ment ot success entered into their greatness? Hers was a man who remains great, although he failed." A striking comparison instinct with food for reflection those words pres? ent. And again: "America In the twentieth century worships suc? cess, is loo ready to test character by it, to he blind to thoae faults success bides, to tboss qualities thut can do without it. Hare was a mun who failed grandly, a man who said that 'In.man virtue should be equal to human calamity,'and show ad that it could be equal to it, and so. without pretense, without dis? play, without self-consciousness, left an exsinplo tbat future Ameri? cans may study with profit so long as America is America." By the said token of the "Lost Cause" alone. Yes. Lee's life must bo judg? ed a iailure. But could there be more convinc? ing testimony than is found in Ike*. Bradford's reasoning that in all else human his life and bis record were a grand, an exalted and an in? spiring success. No. His example was a success constituting a noble and ennobling heritage, bequeathed Vi American manhood coining after bim which sball become more and more priceless and appreciated os time rolls on.?Richmond News Leader. ___ Rev. Irl R. Hicks 1912 Almanac Before the great drouth of 19U1, the Hioks Almanac gars timely warning. For over two years prior to 11*11, the Hicks Almanac again sounded a warning of drouth dang? ar. And so for forty years this ?ame friend of all the people has steadfastly refused the oilers of speculators and continued to war i tbs public of tbe coming dangers of storm and weather. As they should have done, tbe people have noblv stood by Professor Hicks, their faithful public servant, who has grown old in their service. Send only one dollar to Word and Works Publishing Company, :>40l Franklin Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri, and wet his Magazine and Almanac both for ons yesr, Tbs Almanac alone, a fins book of 150 pages, is only 35c. by mail. Lat everybody respond and receive warnings of our Nation al Seer for the oom ing year. On tbe ave of the city election, 200 New York ministers metaud prayed tbat officials might do their duty od this day and that those about to come into office might see and do the right. _ John D. Kookfeller, jr., of New York, speaking before his Bible class for tbs first time in months, told bow by putting a stone io tbe feed box be hal cured cns of his horses of greediness. Subscri ia for Ths Gazette. WEIS CLAIM TO HAVE MAJORITYJN SENATE Saloon Men Figure Twenty-five Against Submission CLAIM IS DISPUTED BY DRYS Interesting Speculation of Probable Line-up The Richmond Journal a few day? ugo published the following article on the probable temperance com plexion of the incoming General Assembly: "Whatever may be the views en? tertained by the white ribbon folk as to the temperance complexion of the next Senate, it appears that the liquor men of this city seem pretty confident that that body will not vote for a referendum act at the next session of the Legislature. "Since Tuesday'selection the lists of winning men have been studied more or less careful!}', especially in view of the surprises that resulted from some of the contests at the polls, and among many of the whis? key people the conclusion has been reached that the Senate, from their viewpoint, is 'safe.' "They admit, however, that thev are still in doubt as to the purposes of some of the new members, and tbat their estimates at present can? not be reduced to mathematical cer? tainty. "Prior to the primary of August 7th the liquor folk were quivering in their boots. They couldn't conni for certain on more than eighteen of the candidates. But after the pri? mary they breathed a little mom easy. "Tbat election added two or three more prospective members to their wavering column. And since the general election o' Tuesday, which developed unlooked for results in several districts, the liquor people harm breathed a long-drawn sigh of relief. "Today they roughly estimate that about twenty-flve of tbe forty members of tbe 'upper branch' stand for local option as against Statewide prohibition or the refer? endum act. "lu one or two di-tr'u-ts, where the party ?SIM-1 jr dominant went down in defeat, lhere is still doubt it to how tlie successful min will vote. Hut after allowing tbe tum- j iterance element tbe benefit of the doubtful men it still appears that the enemies of Statewide have ratti? er the best of tbe situation. "lt should be stated, however, that the temperance people, if dis? appointed in the way tbe election turned out. are certaiutly not indi? cating it by words or actions. On the contrary, several of their lead? ers have been heard to express sat isfaotion at the outlook. "lu making temperance forecasts m connection with the next legisla? ture, the House is not taken into consideration, as it is practice Hy conceded that a safe majority of that body is with the white ribbons. The Senate unquestionably presents the crux of the situation. It is there tbat Statewide will sink or swim. "And, by the way, if the 'upper branch' should develop a tie among its members?a twenty to twenty vote?it would be the function and the duty of Lieutenant-Governor Kllyson, its presiding officer, to cast the deciding vote." Dr. Tucker Accepts Bishopric Roanoke News: The many Roan oke friends of the Rev. Henry St, George Tucker, D. H., will be in? terested to know that he has accept? ed the bishropic of tbe diocese of Kyoto, Japan,, to which he was re? cently elected by the House of Bish? ops in New York, The Rev. Dr. Tucker is the son of Uishop and Mrs. Beverly D. Tuck? er, and for some years lived ia Nor? folk. He is a graduate ci the Nor? folk Academy, the University of Virginia and tbe Theological Semi? nary of Virginia. P.isingas a collector io the store's ?iupii.iv, a youag girl obtained$2,000 f um department cashiers in tbe Wanamaker store, in Philadelphia, and escaped. 1 L ll Revolution Portends End of Chinese Empir.? By Rear Admiral BOBLEY D. IVANS. U. *> M.. Retired CIIE revolution in China, whether succes-*ful or not, ia liable? to involve the powers in a conflict, proposed peace, treaties not? withstanding. It is probable that thia revolution vrril prmve to be the BEGINNING OF THE END oi the Chinese empire, just as the taking of Tripoli hy Italy is in all probability the beginning of the end of the Ottoman empire. I think that England WILL SOON RESENT the raterferenee with her tracie in China and tell the Chinese authorities if they don't stop making trouble in her market place that she wiTl step in. The United States does not want to fight China or any one else for that' matter, but if Uncle Sam's bojs are sbo-ev-n eifsrepr*ee*t thc Celes? tials mav be called upon to change their tacties, AND CHANGE THEM QUICK. Then there are Germany, Japan and Iln-sia with intere/sta in the orient. The Japanese, unlike the Chinese, uadeTstand the meaning of PATRIOTISM. The Chinese in Hankow have si-solute*****- no feeling of rf*lntK>r?*hip for their brothers in Pelting. There is little dr ne NATIONAL SPIRIT in China. I believe the revolution wi-ti fa9 f??r 'hi*- vrrv r-cai-on. Seven Good Roads Commandments For Road Makers The Agricultural and Indust-ial Department of the Norfolk tt West ??rn Railway has issued cards con? taining the following good 'roads commandants bv Joseph Hyde Pratt: 1. Don't fill np the holes and ruts ; in the dirt roads with brush, with j rock on top; and a little dirt to cover the rock; but fill uo the hole with dirt of the same character as ! the balance of the read. 2. Don't throw all the refuse from ! the ditches into the middle of the mari: thus softening the surface and destroyirg the solid, linn bed that you have obtained by previous work; but throw this inateral out on Ate opposite side of ilie di'.rh. 3 Don't leave the eenter of the road the lowest point; hut Cmake it rho highest and give the surface of he road a elope of about 1 id 'Ju to he side ditch. 4. Don't carry the water across ?he surface of tho road from one side 'o the other; but carry it by mt ans if culverts underneath the road, .">. Don't have grades on yourreiad over 4 l-:> per cent; f.ir if you do, it will be necessary to build Y-shaped surface ditches or " rhauk-jou tnam's" across the road. t>. Dan't in working out. the labor tax ou the road, try to make a hcli day of it: bul give itan honest day's work on the road. Let us eliminate what ls often seen in those sections where the roads 3re maintained by tbe labor tax 10 to 12 men and an overseer, a little gray mule, a small plow, **,ix dogs, three or four guns. and a few tools which often are not considered worth using at home. 7. Don't reject thc split-log drac because it is a cheap road mie-hine. but use it constantly, for it is the most efficient road machine that we an use ia maintaining the dirt road. Passing cf Buffalo Bill Col. William F. Cody?"Buffalo Bill" to the world?retired from public: life last Thursday in Rich? mond. His show was packed off to winter quarters and his Indiaus will return to their tepees, while "Buffalo Bill" intends to spend his remaining years in the Wyoming Big Horn. During a career which began ss a pony express rider, led him through more Indian battles than any other living white man, and included 28 years as a show man, Colonel Cody became known as ene of the most picturesque* li gu res of American frontier life. The sobriquet "Buffalo Bill" he earned in the early 60s, when be contracted to furnish Buffalo meat to tbe laborers ia the building of tbs Kansas i'.st-ide railroad, and in ess than IS mouths he killed 4270 lisoo. Ths President lultillcd one of the p cial engage1 uno ts of his thirteen hnusaad mile trip in turning the rst spadeful of earth for the Panne, na Exposition at San Francisco, but ,f the canal is finished by B Tear iiext summer, ?? ill tot tbe inspira? tion be a trifle mildewed by 1915? Southern Money Should Be Kept in the South "When one considers the enor? mous drain upon tbe South of kbe tens of millions annually expanded for insurance.and of tens of millions running into the hundred* of mil? lion* Vu'ii out every year for grain. provisions and other foodstuffs wbiefa could to better advantage be raised at home, and the enormous expenditures tor other things which tins section coull with its pres? ent population, if fully employed and fully utilized, produce to better advantage than it csa buy, the won? der grows tiiat the South's weal tb ' csa increase as it has done during tbe lust ten years. Its ointn bulloo tc ibo upbuilding of the vast fi nan? i .al interests represented in the great insurance companies of tbe North. its contribution lo the wealth of Western farmers produc? ing grain and moats,its contribution to tbe national government- for pen sionsjpractically all of winch go to other sections, have been tremen? dous handicaps. That it has met thnse disadvan? tages and made the phenominal pro? gress of recent years is tho highett possible trioute that could be paia to its inherent resources aud advan? tages for the farmer, the merchant and the manufacturer, lt has;?tood this great drain and jet groivn rich. What it has been losing in the mat? ter of insurance, and how this loss can be lessened by the'develop.??nt of insurance companies in toe South on sound and legitimate lines, is very clearly presented in this issue by Mr. V. M. Mc?.aster, insurance commissioner of .South Carolina."? The Manufacturers Record. Sussex County Boy Won Best Corn Prizes Upon the brow of J. C. Johnson, a thirteea year-old boy of Sussex county, is to be placed the laurel wreath for 1911 as ttie best corn raiser in the State of Virginia. This child has all the men in the State i left far behind in tbe race, haying produced, in a year when drought e was exceedingly injurious to the crop, no less than 1(J4. bushels of corn on one acre of bis father's farm. This announcement was made by T. O. Sandy, chief demonstration agent for Virginia, and predicated upon no other corn club boy making a better showing. It is, however, practically certain tbat ha ls tbe winner, for had there, been a better record it would bave been reported. There can be no Joubt of tbe gen? uineness of the record, for the ut? most care is taken to seeure the most adequate proof. The Johnson boy will be tbe most envied kid in tb* State. He wins the $150 prize in cash offered by tbe Southern Fair at 1'eteraburg for tbe best display &I an acre of corn; he gets tbe Norfolk aud Western Rail? way cup as the best corn raiser in Virginia, and he will join in a free trip to Washington next month, to? gether with one boy from every other Southern State wno did tbe best at heme. Subscribe for The Gazette, 11.00 DEMAND GROWING FOR FREE SCHOOL BOOKS Statewide Fight Has Developed for Legislative Action BOOKS AT EXPENSE OF STATE Virginia Pupils Charged Six Times More Than Average In view of the agitation for free books in Virginia schools the fol? lowing article from tbe Norfolk Vir? ginian-Pilot will be read with inter? est: The movement to have the books for the pupils of the public schools fumiabad at the expense of the State has now developed into a Statewide) fight that will be pushed rigorously until the bill has been roted upon in the Legislature ot Virginia. John L. Degge presents the fol lowing figure's, showing the cost per puoii per annum, and in thr places mentioned ihe average is 63 cents, against about $4 in Virginia. Delaware, Ki) cent- ; New Jersey. SO cents: NVw York, 8??cents; Maine 'JO cents; Maryland. 55 cunts; Mass aehusatts, ?0 cent*.; Nebraska. 4<" cents; Wyoming, 75 cents: lihou. Island, SO cent*.; New Hampshire. **<> cent*.; Pennsylvania, 90 cents: Omaha. 57 cents: Baltimore, 55 cots: New Haven, 48 cents; Bos? ton. IL46; Hartford, Conn.. 60cents: Newark, N. J.. $1.64: New York City. $1.4d; Philadelphia. $1.11; Trenton. N. J.. *-*5 cents; Washing ton, $1.01; Pittsburg, SO cents: Buf? falo, 57 cents; Minneapolis, 65 ct JU; Syracuse. 52 cents; Lynn, t*7 cents; St. Louis, SO cents; Bridgeport, Conn., $1 lb. In the free book States the books are charged to the parema or guard? ians al the beginning of the session, and when the scsSon ends (he books are returned to tin* Behool, paraots paying for any lost or damaged. During ruoition avery book isfutiii grst'.d and rebound if necessary. When ease* of contagions diseases devsiop thu family physician ia re? quired to b^rs school books io she iiou*?e and to notify the School Board. Where parents wish to own the books the., can purchase them from the Stat-i ai tue price paid by t! e State. Tnis means that parents in I'irginia can buy for Docents what tbesy nenv oar about $4 for. As an ordinary business proposi? tion any business man knows thai books for 402,01)0 cuildren can be I purchased cheaper for cash than the individual parent can buy for at retail. The high prices of books in Vir? ginia is caused by the peculiar and unusual conditions that prevail in the State. A committee consisting of the Hon. Richard Kvelyn Byrd. Speaker of thee House of Delegates: Aubrey E. Strode and Edward P. Cox, were appointed several years ago to in? quire into the high prices, reported thal ona dealer had testified that owing to these peculiar conditions the book publishers were put to an extra expense of $260,000, which, of course, was added to the cost cf the books. Ths committee recommended that the. unusual conditions be cutout and that tbe changing of books dur? ing the session be stopped. The peculiar conditions were modified, but thc prices of the books are the same this year as they were before. Changing of books was also cut out, but they are added now, and the addied hooks cost just the same that the changed books cost before. Any ons erith an eye for the beau tittil cannot fail to appreciate the scenery presented to view on eyery side in tnt country ikes* days, with te nooda and fields a blare of glory in colors that no artist can ree pto duce. They may be the melancholy dav*, the saddest of the vear, but at the same time they are the most bc-ritiful of tho entire ye*ar, and re? mind us that the most beautiful part of a weill Bpeat Ufa i. the okks iiiK?f?r the sjnset Kpeviks but feeb? ly of the glories of another day. Subscribe for The Gazette, $1.00 ^^mm*m*mm |! i ????????????______? DRINKING FORBIDDEN AT STATE UNIVERSITY Presidert Alderman Places Baa Ol Transgressors By announcing a resolution of tbe faculty of the University of Virgin. ia, threatening expulsion from col? lege of any student indulging in alcoholic drink*, by forbidding the holding of "soirees" and by dealing with the fraternity problem. Presi? dent Kdwin A. Alderman created a thrill of excitement that spread over tbe Virginia campus at the first "student hour" of tbe year held last week at tbe University. President Alderman opened the discussion of drinking at the assem? bled meeting of nearly all of tbe Virginia students by denying the rumor that had reached his ears that "drinking was winked at by the faculty." He said: "There is a certain Chicago man who thinks colleges are wicked places, and bas gutten together a set of 'lies' and fake statements about drinking. I doubt whether re bas done any good at all unless be has set the college men to think? ing. Drinking and drunkenness are among the barbaric vices that get 'hemselves into tbe life of every group. There bas been a rule against drinking at Virginia, but it fell into abeyance because it could not be enforced. It must be the student opinion tbat J wipes out thc excesses in their life. The drink habit is no longer tolerated in the civilized world, whether it be among railroad employes or in the business man's world. "Hereafter drunkenness is for? bidden at Virginia, with the pun? ishment of dismissal. Disturbance or disorder will not be tolerated. Ail organized drinking parties.com? monly known as 'soirees.' and all indulgence in alcoholic drinks ia forbidden, and the violation means the suspension of all concerned. We've seen the end of it." In speaking of the fraternity Pres? ident Alderman dealt lightly. His point was tbat the fraternity must not be placed above the college, but should serve only as a home for tbe students. "All those who oppose fraternities are unwise. Fraterni? ties do twenty times as much good as harm. During the past twenty five years the fraternities bave reached colossal power?great in physical wealth,social influence and academic achievement." How ta Avoid Cold* A doctor, writing to the Chicago Tribune, gives the following rules for protection against colds, and they are so excellent tbat in the cause o' better health we reproduce them: 1. Colds are catching, mostly from others, therefore? Avoid people who bave colds. Avoid people who have recently bad pneumonia. (Within two years). Avoid crowds. Avoid hot places. Avoid badly ventilated places. _ Colds can be caught from one'a self, therefore? Keep the mouth, nose and tonsils clean. Avoid gorging with food er drink. Avoid alcoholics 3. The germ is a factor, but the human body is also, therefore? Avoid getting over-warm or over cc'.d in tbe entire body or any part thereof. 4. Colds cannot be caught when resistance is high, therefore build up beatinaking powers by? Sleeping out. Cold baths. Moderate eating. Exercising, especially in the opes air. also on rainy or snowy days. 5. If a cold ha* been contracted Do not spit carelessly. Do not saeezeor cough carelessly. Destroy all nose and mouth secre? tions. 6. If the attack is accompanied by aches and fever, avoid pneumonia by t. ling to bed. Decreasing eating. Taking a purge. Trist magnates might be more popular if they would loco po.: zs miaery.