VOL. 107. NO. 4b LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 15. 1911 $1>M PEr YEAR
CHARACTER OF GEN. LEE
CITED AS AN EXAMPLE
A Northern Writer Pays Tribute in
Gamaliel Bradford, Jr.. who hes,
in a aeries of papers in the Allan
tic Monthly, paid such high tribute.
and discriminating tribute, to thc
character of General Lee as nevei
came (rom the pen of any other
Northern man, and in ?tome respects
fruin that of few Southern men, con?
tribute* an article on ' I*ee Attar
the War" to the South Atlantic
Quarterly. Towards the close ol
the article Mr. Bradford quotes
what he terms "thi** profoundly
pathetic sentence'' in one of Lee's
later letters?"Life is indeed glid?
ing away and I have nothing of good
to show for mine that baa past. I
pray I may be spared to accomplish
something for the benefit of man
kind and honor of God."
Then tha writer asks: "If he had
accompli abed nothing, what shall be
aaid of some of us, " and. continuing
comment-* as fulleiws: ''Yet, iu spite
of all this, il must be admitted that
Lee's life will alway** be regarded
as a record of failure. And it is
precis-sly because lie failed that 1
have been deeply interested to make
thia study of bim. Success is the
idol of the **orld, and the world'*
idols buve boeu -successful. Wash?
ington, Liucoln, t*rant, were very
great. Hut they were successful.
Who shall say just how far tnut ele?
ment ot success entered into their
greatness? Hers was a man who
remains great, although he failed."
A striking comparison instinct with
food for reflection those words pres?
And again: "America In the
twentieth century worships suc?
cess, is loo ready to test character
by it, to he blind to thoae faults
success bides, to tboss qualities
thut can do without it. Hare was a
mun who failed grandly, a man who
said that 'In.man virtue should be
equal to human calamity,'and show
ad that it could be equal to it, and
so. without pretense, without dis?
play, without self-consciousness,
left an exsinplo tbat future Ameri?
cans may study with profit so long
as America is America." By the
said token of the "Lost Cause"
alone. Yes. Lee's life must bo judg?
ed a iailure.
But could there be more convinc?
ing testimony than is found in Ike*.
Bradford's reasoning that in all
else human his life and bis record
were a grand, an exalted and an in?
spiring success. No. His example
was a success constituting a noble
and ennobling heritage, bequeathed
Vi American manhood coining after
bim which sball become more and
more priceless and appreciated os
time rolls on.?Richmond News
Rev. Irl R. Hicks 1912 Almanac
Before the great drouth of 19U1,
the Hioks Almanac gars timely
warning. For over two years prior
to 11*11, the Hicks Almanac again
sounded a warning of drouth dang?
ar. And so for forty years this
?ame friend of all the people has
steadfastly refused the oilers of
speculators and continued to war i
tbs public of tbe coming dangers of
storm and weather. As they should
have done, tbe people have noblv
stood by Professor Hicks, their
faithful public servant, who has
grown old in their service. Send
only one dollar to Word and Works
Publishing Company, :>40l Franklin
Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri, and
wet his Magazine and Almanac both
for ons yesr, Tbs Almanac alone, a
fins book of 150 pages, is only 35c.
by mail. Lat everybody respond
and receive warnings of our Nation
al Seer for the oom ing year.
On tbe ave of the city election, 200
New York ministers metaud prayed
tbat officials might do their duty od
this day and that those about to
come into office might see and do the
John D. Kookfeller, jr., of New
York, speaking before his Bible
class for tbs first time in months,
told bow by putting a stone io tbe
feed box be hal cured cns of his
horses of greediness.
Subscri ia for Ths Gazette.
WEIS CLAIM TO HAVE
Saloon Men Figure Twenty-five
CLAIM IS DISPUTED BY DRYS
Interesting Speculation of Probable
The Richmond Journal a few day?
ugo published the following article
on the probable temperance com
plexion of the incoming General
"Whatever may be the views en?
tertained by the white ribbon folk
as to the temperance complexion of
the next Senate, it appears that the
liquor men of this city seem pretty
confident that that body will not
vote for a referendum act at the next
session of the Legislature.
"Since Tuesday'selection the lists
of winning men have been studied
more or less careful!}', especially in
view of the surprises that resulted
from some of the contests at the
polls, and among many of the whis?
key people the conclusion has been
reached that the Senate, from their
viewpoint, is 'safe.'
"They admit, however, that thev
are still in doubt as to the purposes
of some of the new members, and
tbat their estimates at present can?
not be reduced to mathematical cer?
"Prior to the primary of August
7th the liquor folk were quivering
in their boots. They couldn't conni
for certain on more than eighteen of
the candidates. But after the pri?
mary they breathed a little mom
"Tbat election added two or three
more prospective members to their
wavering column. And since the
general election o' Tuesday, which
developed unlooked for results in
several districts, the liquor people
harm breathed a long-drawn sigh of
"Today they roughly estimate
that about twenty-flve of tbe forty
members of tbe 'upper branch'
stand for local option as against
Statewide prohibition or the refer?
"lu one or two di-tr'u-ts, where
the party ?SIM-1 jr dominant went
down in defeat, lhere is still doubt
it to how tlie successful min will
vote. Hut after allowing tbe tum- j
iterance element tbe benefit of the
doubtful men it still appears that
the enemies of Statewide have ratti?
er the best of tbe situation.
"lt should be stated, however,
that the temperance people, if dis?
appointed in the way tbe election
turned out. are certaiutly not indi?
cating it by words or actions. On
the contrary, several of their lead?
ers have been heard to express sat
isfaotion at the outlook.
"lu making temperance forecasts
m connection with the next legisla?
ture, the House is not taken into
consideration, as it is practice Hy
conceded that a safe majority of that
body is with the white ribbons. The
Senate unquestionably presents the
crux of the situation. It is there
tbat Statewide will sink or swim.
"And, by the way, if the 'upper
branch' should develop a tie among
its members?a twenty to twenty
vote?it would be the function and
the duty of Lieutenant-Governor
Kllyson, its presiding officer, to cast
the deciding vote."
Dr. Tucker Accepts Bishopric
Roanoke News: The many Roan
oke friends of the Rev. Henry St,
George Tucker, D. H., will be in?
terested to know that he has accept?
ed the bishropic of tbe diocese of
Kyoto, Japan,, to which he was re?
cently elected by the House of Bish?
ops in New York,
The Rev. Dr. Tucker is the son of
Uishop and Mrs. Beverly D. Tuck?
er, and for some years lived ia Nor?
folk. He is a graduate ci the Nor?
folk Academy, the University of
Virginia and tbe Theological Semi?
nary of Virginia.
P.isingas a collector io the store's
?iupii.iv, a youag girl obtained$2,000
f um department cashiers in tbe
Wanamaker store, in Philadelphia,
1 L ll
Revolution Portends End of
By Rear Admiral BOBLEY D. IVANS. U. *> M.. Retired
CIIE revolution in China, whether succes-*ful or not, ia liable? to
involve the powers in a conflict, proposed peace, treaties not?
withstanding. It is probable that thia revolution vrril prmve
to be the BEGINNING OF THE END oi the Chinese
empire, just as the taking of Tripoli hy Italy is in all probability the
beginning of the end of the Ottoman empire.
I think that England WILL SOON RESENT the raterferenee
with her tracie in China and tell the Chinese authorities if they don't
stop making trouble in her market place that she wiTl step in.
The United States does not want to fight China or any one else for
that' matter, but if Uncle Sam's bojs are sbo-ev-n eifsrepr*ee*t thc Celes?
tials mav be called upon to change their tacties, AND CHANGE
THEM QUICK. Then there are Germany, Japan and Iln-sia with
intere/sta in the orient.
The Japanese, unlike the Chinese, uadeTstand the meaning of
PATRIOTISM. The Chinese in Hankow have si-solute*****- no feeling
of rf*lntK>r?*hip for their brothers in Pelting. There is little dr ne
NATIONAL SPIRIT in China. I believe the revolution wi-ti fa9
f??r 'hi*- vrrv r-cai-on.
Seven Good Roads Commandments
For Road Makers
The Agricultural and Indust-ial
Department of the Norfolk tt West
??rn Railway has issued cards con?
taining the following good 'roads
commandants bv Joseph Hyde
1. Don't fill np the holes and ruts
; in the dirt roads with brush, with
j rock on top; and a little dirt to
cover the rock; but fill uo the hole
with dirt of the same character as
! the balance of the read.
2. Don't throw all the refuse from
! the ditches into the middle of the
mari: thus softening the surface and
destroyirg the solid, linn bed that
you have obtained by previous
work; but throw this inateral out on
Ate opposite side of ilie di'.rh.
3 Don't leave the eenter of the
road the lowest point; hut Cmake it
rho highest and give the surface of
he road a elope of about 1 id 'Ju to
he side ditch.
4. Don't carry the water across
?he surface of tho road from one side
'o the other; but carry it by mt ans
if culverts underneath the road,
.">. Don't have grades on yourreiad
over 4 l-:> per cent; f.ir if you do, it
will be necessary to build Y-shaped
surface ditches or " rhauk-jou
tnam's" across the road.
t>. Dan't in working out. the labor
tax ou the road, try to make a hcli
day of it: bul give itan honest day's
work on the road. Let us eliminate
what ls often seen in those sections
where the roads 3re maintained by
tbe labor tax 10 to 12 men and an
overseer, a little gray mule, a small
plow, **,ix dogs, three or four guns.
and a few tools which often are not
considered worth using at home.
7. Don't reject thc split-log drac
because it is a cheap road mie-hine.
but use it constantly, for it is the
most efficient road machine that we
an use ia maintaining the dirt road.
Passing cf Buffalo Bill
Col. William F. Cody?"Buffalo
Bill" to the world?retired from
public: life last Thursday in Rich?
mond. His show was packed off to
winter quarters and his Indiaus
will return to their tepees, while
"Buffalo Bill" intends to spend his
remaining years in the Wyoming
During a career which began ss a
pony express rider, led him through
more Indian battles than any other
living white man, and included 28
years as a show man, Colonel Cody
became known as ene of the most
picturesque* li gu res of American
The sobriquet "Buffalo Bill" he
earned in the early 60s, when be
contracted to furnish Buffalo meat
to tbe laborers ia the building of
tbs Kansas i'.st-ide railroad, and in
ess than IS mouths he killed 4270
Ths President lultillcd one of the
p cial engage1 uno ts of his thirteen
hnusaad mile trip in turning the
rst spadeful of earth for the Panne,
na Exposition at San Francisco, but
,f the canal is finished by B Tear
iiext summer, ?? ill tot tbe inspira?
tion be a trifle mildewed by 1915?
Southern Money Should Be Kept in
"When one considers the enor?
mous drain upon tbe South of kbe
tens of millions annually expanded
for insurance.and of tens of millions
running into the hundred* of mil?
lion* Vu'ii out every year for grain.
provisions and other foodstuffs
wbiefa could to better advantage be
raised at home, and the enormous
expenditures tor other things which
tins section coull with its pres?
ent population, if fully employed
and fully utilized, produce to better
advantage than it csa buy, the won?
der grows tiiat the South's weal tb '
csa increase as it has done during
tbe lust ten years. Its ointn bulloo
tc ibo upbuilding of the vast fi nan?
i .al interests represented in the
great insurance companies of tbe
North. its contribution lo the
wealth of Western farmers produc?
ing grain and moats,its contribution
to tbe national government- for pen
sionsjpractically all of winch go to
other sections, have been tremen?
That it has met thnse disadvan?
tages and made the phenominal pro?
gress of recent years is tho highett
possible trioute that could be paia
to its inherent resources aud advan?
tages for the farmer, the merchant
and the manufacturer, lt has;?tood
this great drain and jet groivn rich.
What it has been losing in the mat?
ter of insurance, and how this loss
can be lessened by the'develop.??nt
of insurance companies in toe South
on sound and legitimate lines, is
very clearly presented in this issue
by Mr. V. M. Mc?.aster, insurance
commissioner of .South Carolina."?
The Manufacturers Record.
Sussex County Boy Won Best Corn
Upon the brow of J. C. Johnson, a
thirteea year-old boy of Sussex
county, is to be placed the laurel
wreath for 1911 as ttie best corn
raiser in the State of Virginia. This
child has all the men in the State i
left far behind in tbe race, haying
produced, in a year when drought e
was exceedingly injurious to the
crop, no less than 1(J4. bushels of
corn on one acre of bis father's farm.
This announcement was made by
T. O. Sandy, chief demonstration
agent for Virginia, and predicated
upon no other corn club boy making
a better showing. It is, however,
practically certain tbat ha ls tbe
winner, for had there, been a better
record it would bave been reported.
There can be no Joubt of tbe gen?
uineness of the record, for the ut?
most care is taken to seeure the
most adequate proof.
The Johnson boy will be tbe most
envied kid in tb* State. He wins
the $150 prize in cash offered by tbe
Southern Fair at 1'eteraburg for tbe
best display &I an acre of corn; he
gets tbe Norfolk aud Western Rail?
way cup as the best corn raiser in
Virginia, and he will join in a free
trip to Washington next month, to?
gether with one boy from every
other Southern State wno did tbe
best at heme.
Subscribe for The Gazette, 11.00
DEMAND GROWING FOR
FREE SCHOOL BOOKS
Statewide Fight Has Developed
for Legislative Action
BOOKS AT EXPENSE OF STATE
Virginia Pupils Charged Six Times
More Than Average
In view of the agitation for free
books in Virginia schools the fol?
lowing article from tbe Norfolk Vir?
ginian-Pilot will be read with inter?
The movement to have the books
for the pupils of the public schools
fumiabad at the expense of the
State has now developed into a
Statewide) fight that will be pushed
rigorously until the bill has been
roted upon in the Legislature ot
John L. Degge presents the fol
lowing figure's, showing the cost
per puoii per annum, and in thr
places mentioned ihe average is 63
cents, against about $4 in Virginia.
Delaware, Ki) cent- ; New Jersey.
SO cents: NVw York, 8??cents; Maine
'JO cents; Maryland. 55 cunts; Mass
aehusatts, ?0 cent*.; Nebraska. 4<"
cents; Wyoming, 75 cents: lihou.
Island, SO cent*.; New Hampshire.
**<> cent*.; Pennsylvania, 90 cents:
Omaha. 57 cents: Baltimore, 55
cots: New Haven, 48 cents; Bos?
ton. IL46; Hartford, Conn.. 60cents:
Newark, N. J.. $1.64: New York
City. $1.4d; Philadelphia. $1.11;
Trenton. N. J.. *-*5 cents; Washing
ton, $1.01; Pittsburg, SO cents: Buf?
falo, 57 cents; Minneapolis, 65 ct JU;
Syracuse. 52 cents; Lynn, t*7 cents;
St. Louis, SO cents; Bridgeport,
Conn., $1 lb.
In the free book States the books
are charged to the parema or guard?
ians al the beginning of the session,
and when the scsSon ends (he books
are returned to tin* Behool, paraots
paying for any lost or damaged.
During ruoition avery book isfutiii
grst'.d and rebound if necessary.
When ease* of contagions diseases
devsiop thu family physician ia re?
quired to b^rs school books io she
iiou*?e and to notify the School
Where parents wish to own the
books the., can purchase them from
the Stat-i ai tue price paid by t! e
State. Tnis means that parents in
I'irginia can buy for Docents what
tbesy nenv oar about $4 for.
As an ordinary business proposi?
tion any business man knows thai
books for 402,01)0 cuildren can be I
purchased cheaper for cash than
the individual parent can buy for at
The high prices of books in Vir?
ginia is caused by the peculiar and
unusual conditions that prevail in
A committee consisting of the
Hon. Richard Kvelyn Byrd. Speaker
of thee House of Delegates: Aubrey
E. Strode and Edward P. Cox, were
appointed several years ago to in?
quire into the high prices, reported
thal ona dealer had testified that
owing to these peculiar conditions
the book publishers were put to an
extra expense of $260,000, which, of
course, was added to the cost cf the
Ths committee recommended that
the. unusual conditions be cutout
and that tbe changing of books dur?
ing the session be stopped. The
peculiar conditions were modified,
but thc prices of the books are the
same this year as they were before.
Changing of books was also cut out,
but they are added now, and the
addied hooks cost just the same that
the changed books cost before.
Any ons erith an eye for the beau
tittil cannot fail to appreciate the
scenery presented to view on eyery
side in tnt country ikes* days, with
te nooda and fields a blare of glory
in colors that no artist can ree pto
duce. They may be the melancholy
dav*, the saddest of the vear, but
at the same time they are the most
bc-ritiful of tho entire ye*ar, and re?
mind us that the most beautiful
part of a weill Bpeat Ufa i. the okks
iiiK?f?r the sjnset Kpeviks but feeb?
ly of the glories of another day.
Subscribe for The Gazette, $1.00
^^mm*m*mm |! i ????????????______?
AT STATE UNIVERSITY
Presidert Alderman Places Baa Ol
By announcing a resolution of tbe
faculty of the University of Virgin.
ia, threatening expulsion from col?
lege of any student indulging in
alcoholic drink*, by forbidding the
holding of "soirees" and by dealing
with the fraternity problem. Presi?
dent Kdwin A. Alderman created a
thrill of excitement that spread over
tbe Virginia campus at the first
"student hour" of tbe year held
last week at tbe University.
President Alderman opened the
discussion of drinking at the assem?
bled meeting of nearly all of tbe
Virginia students by denying the
rumor that had reached his ears
that "drinking was winked at by
the faculty." He said:
"There is a certain Chicago man
who thinks colleges are wicked
places, and bas gutten together a
set of 'lies' and fake statements
about drinking. I doubt whether
re bas done any good at all unless
be has set the college men to think?
ing. Drinking and drunkenness are
among the barbaric vices that get
'hemselves into tbe life of every
group. There bas been a rule
against drinking at Virginia, but it
fell into abeyance because it could
not be enforced. It must be the
student opinion tbat J wipes out thc
excesses in their life. The drink
habit is no longer tolerated in the
civilized world, whether it be
among railroad employes or in the
business man's world.
"Hereafter drunkenness is for?
bidden at Virginia, with the pun?
ishment of dismissal. Disturbance
or disorder will not be tolerated.
Ail organized drinking parties.com?
monly known as 'soirees.' and all
indulgence in alcoholic drinks ia
forbidden, and the violation means
the suspension of all concerned.
We've seen the end of it."
In speaking of the fraternity Pres?
ident Alderman dealt lightly. His
point was tbat the fraternity must
not be placed above the college, but
should serve only as a home for tbe
students. "All those who oppose
fraternities are unwise. Fraterni?
ties do twenty times as much good
as harm. During the past twenty
five years the fraternities bave
reached colossal power?great in
physical wealth,social influence and
How ta Avoid Cold*
A doctor, writing to the Chicago
Tribune, gives the following rules
for protection against colds, and
they are so excellent tbat in the
cause o' better health we reproduce
1. Colds are catching, mostly
from others, therefore?
Avoid people who bave colds.
Avoid people who have recently
bad pneumonia. (Within two years).
Avoid hot places.
Avoid badly ventilated places.
_ Colds can be caught from one'a
Keep the mouth, nose and tonsils
Avoid gorging with food er drink.
3. The germ is a factor, but the
human body is also, therefore?
Avoid getting over-warm or over
cc'.d in tbe entire body or any part
4. Colds cannot be caught when
resistance is high, therefore build
up beatinaking powers by?
Exercising, especially in the opes
air. also on rainy or snowy days.
5. If a cold ha* been contracted
Do not spit carelessly.
Do not saeezeor cough carelessly.
Destroy all nose and mouth secre?
6. If the attack is accompanied by
aches and fever, avoid pneumonia
t. ling to bed.
Taking a purge.
Trist magnates might be more
popular if they would loco po.: zs
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