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^Ibe Xexington <3&$ette
VOL. 107. NO. 48 LEXINGTON. VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1911 $1.00 PER YEAR DEPARTMENT ISSUES BOOKS FOR FARMERS Commissioner Koiner Enthusiastic In Praise of New Work State Commissioner of Agricul? ture, G. W. Coiner, has issued a pamphlet (rom his department which treats of soil improvement. This circular, which Mr. Koiner deems one of the most important tbat has ever come from his depart? ment is fresh from the printer. Su fresh is it in fact thut the secretary of the agricultural department got a first copy before tha edition had been properly approved and with this in his hands left Richmond on a business trip, refusing to part with his prize, though enthusianti cally explaining its contents to newspaper men. Tho booklet tells of the impor? tance of soil culture. It shot**** views of Virginia farms; tells of the various chemical necessities tbat will make crops all that they should be, pictures a gold mine at the feet of the farmer, declares the glories of knowing the right of way, and, in total, sums up some of the pent up dreams of the expert agri? culturist, done in science and be? yond dispute. "It will be given free to any one of the ninety thousand farmerson our list," said the commissioner of the Slate department, waiving the book above his head. "It will not go out o( the State unless some one ta kee it out. "When a man out of Virginia wants literature 1 simply send him a booklet which shows him what can be done and what others have done. When be wants expert ad? vice after coming into the State, he gets all he can want, so far as we cac give it to him. "This book is for Virginia farm? ers. It is the experience of men who have made fortunes. It is the keynote of success if it is fellowed. The number of the booklet is thir? teen. "Maybe you think thirteen isan unlucky number,'' said Mr. Koiner. "Well,if you follow this book it will be the luckiest unlucky number that ever fell into a farmer's hands." Timely Poultry Don't" Don't feed damaged grain. Don't crowd your fowls on tbe roosts. Don't allow the males to run with tin* Hock except when breeding. Don't have dirty nests or nests exposed to light. Don't allow sick birds with tbe flock. Don't neglect to find the cause when things go wrong. Don't throw grain on the bare floor or the ground; make the birds scratch for it in deep litter. Don't overfeed, but be sure you feed enough. Don't forget to feed regularly. Don't count your chickens before they are hatched. Don't set a hen where other fowls can molest her. Don't bank on "twice two are four" in poultry raising. Don't expect to succeed without some hard work and study.?Prog? ressive Farmer. The South in 1912 Southern men have filled diplo? matic stations, have been leaders in each branch of Congress, have been appointed cabinet officers by Repub? lican as well as Democratic Presi? dents and sat on the Supreme bench. A former Confederate sold? ier was a few months ago appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court by a Republican President. Tbe only office from which Southern men have been excluded is the presi? dency, and the time bas come when the han there ought to be removnd also. Speaker Champ Clark of Mis? souri; Underwood of Alabama, tbe floor leader in the House; Senator Williams of Missippi;Sanator Martin of Virginia and other Southern men have been mentioned in connection with the Democratic candidacy, anel all are worthy and capable. The South is well supplied with presi? dential timber.?Leslie's Weekly. It costs a lot to bo a "good fol - low." but it costs nothing but thoughtfulness to be a good man SWANSON GIVES KEY? NOTE OF CONVENTION Addresses Good Roads Congress in Capital City IS ADVOCATE OF FEDERAL AID Government Uses Roads for Rural Mail Delivery Senator Swanson struck the popu? lar chord at tbe first rational con? vention of the American Association for Highway Improvement held last week in Richmond. Judging from tbe applause the junior senator from Virginia made the most notable ad? dress of tbe day,although such fam? ous speakers as Dr.Walter H. Page, General Coleman DuPont, of Dela? ware, tbe Honorable the Secretary of Agriculture, who is James Wil? son, and Representative John Lamb of Virginia, bad preceded him at tbe afternoon sesson ou the opening day. Other speakers had dwelt on the necessity of ur ood | roads. Some had enlarged on the importance and benefits they conferred; but Senator Swanson was tbe man who told how they might be obtained and it was the mau with tbe solution for a problem which the audience cheer? ed and applauded again and again. "It bas been said," declared Sen? ator Swanson, "that the Federal government should not contribute to the cause of good roads. It has been suggested here tbat no money should be aporopriated by the Fed eral government. Yet tbe govern? ment uses one million miles of tbe roads built by you for rural deliv? ery. It doesn't pay a cent for using them and then comes here and asks you to take cara of them." This was tbe signal for a big burst of applause. "The government," went on Sen? ator Swanson, "spends $51,000,000 annually with the railroads of tbe country to deliver its mail. If it is; just and nonest to pay railroad** ?51,000,000 to carry mails over their ! roads it is just and honest to pay . the people $."> 1,000,Oe*i to carry mails ! over their roads. If lt is just and honest tu spend $31,000,1)00 for tbe ' benefit of people who live along the banks of rivers it is only fair to i spend $31,000,000 for the benefit of people who do not live along the banks of rivers. "But you cannot get this govern? ment aid unless you work and agi? tate for it," went on the senator, "and you cannot get things for one State from tbe national government" he added, indicating their error to many who thought that Virginia ni in ht be favored by the Federal government over other States. "Massachusetts, Pennsylvania," said Senator Swanson, "have built their good roads through Stale aid. That plan has been advocated here. There has been eaough hot air spent to macadamize every road in Virginia, but when money is ap? propriated for the purpose there is a loud protest." Some of the dele? gates thought that Senator Swanson said there was a loud holler or a big yell but really he said protest. "You must have joint action on tbe part of tbe local communities, State and nation," declared the speaker. "The government should appropriate money and this money should be divided equally among the States, large cities and rural communities in proportion to the number of inhabitants?provided that each State and city and rural community shall appropriate an j equal amount." The sentiments of Senator Swan soc were received with prolonged applause and when the session ad ' journed he was congratulated warm? ly for his speech, which waa term? ed practical, sound, wise, eloquent and otherwise lauded.?Richmond Virginian. Baltimore American: A new serum to cure laziness is announced. We shall believe in it only when we seo it applied effectively to office boys. A pasta made of salt and vinegar will cleanse stained enamaled wara thoroughly* Marriage Is Merely an Experiment. Husbands Worse, but Women Are to Blame By EVA BOOTH, Com? mander of Salvation Army In U. S. ^^ TtT ARRIAGE. THAT HOLIEST OF INSTITUTIONS, 18 GETTING |%/l IN THESE DAYS TO BE MERELY AN EXPERIMENT IN I T J THIS COUNTRY. / The modern woman in order to be up to date abandons much of that which is to be most prized in her own soul and which, il she but knew it, is certain to be most admired bj others, even by the deeper and better part of the most worldly. MOTHERHOOD as we once knew it and as it should be known is now a rarity, and so the children suffer. WIFEHOOD as we once knew it and as it should be known seem* almost no longer to exist. The HO_?E in every detail suffers, and the hume is the FOUNDA? TION OF SOCIETY. There is no home, too often, in this country for the children or the husband or, as far as that goes, for the wife. And NAT URALLY the husband is degenerating. It is loss his fault, for the PRESERVATION OF HOKE LTFK. the transformation of the home into a placo in which he WILL BE (..LAD TO STAY, is part of woman's task. The Randolph-Macon College Matter Happily Ended At the Virginia Conference. M.E. Church. South in session at Salis? bury, Md., tbe long dispute over the Randolph-Macon College was settled and it was decided that the Randolph-Macon schools should re? main denominat-ional instead of be? ing placed under the Carnegie fund. Rey. James Cannon, chair? man of tbe special commie-tee ap? pointed at the last session of the conference, submitted a proposi? tion decided on at a joint meeting of his committee with a similar com? mittee fruin ihe Baltimore Confer? ence and Randolph-Macon board of trustees. This proposition was te tbe effect that whenever a vacancy occurred in the board of trustees, no member ehonld be appointed without bis appointment being con firmed by some governming body of tbe Methodist Episcopal Church, South. After a lengthy report by Dr. Cannon of the results of the cod ference of the joint committees from the Baltimoro and Virginia Confer? ences and the trustees and their failure to reach any agreement, the committee unanimously recommend? ed tbe acceptance of tbe action of the board cf trustees, giving .he conference the right to confirm nominations to fill vacancies in tbe board, and tbe conference with practical unanimity adopted toe re? port. "Blest be tbe tie that binds" was sung, and a wave of relief and joy swept over the body. Bishop Kilgo arose at this point and ad- j dressed the conference. He said in part: "Education is not the twin sister of religion, but the child of religion. We want the church in the college and tbe college in the church. You have in your care one of the oldest and most historic academic institu? tions in the United States, wide in traditions and her noble alumni, so put every pound of work and in? fluence you e**n behind your school. ' Roanoke News: Those Democra's in Virginia who have been buaily denouncing the primary election system as dangerous, destructive and demoralizing will do well to observe what has happened in West Virginia. There tbe Republicans, decided to adopt the primary. Their action was forced by the con? stant complaint (rum members of their own party of tl.e unfairness of the conventie>n and the crooked business leported constantly con? nected witn it. One Who Never Gave to the World a Dollar In the December Woman's Home Companion, Dr. Charles B. Jelfur son. pastor of the ?roadway Taber? nacle in New York, writes a great Christmas sermon. Ods of the elo? quent passages in it follows: "It is worth remembering that Christmas ia the birthday of Jesus, the Man who never gave the wor d a dollar. He bestowed upon man? kind not a solitary material gift. He carred no statue, painted no picture, wrote n i poem, composed no song, fashioned no piece of jewel? ry, built no edifice, founded no city, erected no triumphal arch: but He stands in history as the great Giver. Silver and gold He bad none, but such as He had He gave to men, tbe gentle touch of a sympathetic hand, the golden glow of a genial mind,the healing love of a generous heart,tbe bracing energy of a courageous spirit. Paul calls Him God's Un? speakable Gift.' The best thing God is able to give us is not gold or silver, or costly stones, but Him? self. "In preparing, then, our Christ? mas presents, let us get ready to give some of tbe things which Jesus gave. Along with the many gifts which have prices, let us give thought to someone who needs it, sympathy to someone who craves it, praise to someone who deserves it but does not get it, kindness to someone whom tbe world has over? looked, affection to someone who is starving for it, inspiration to some one who is fainting because of the lack of it. One's Christmas doss not consist in the abundance of the things which he receives or gives away, but in the spirit of good will which fills his heart." Returned After Many Ye_rs Mourned as dead for 40 years, J. H. Van Pelt, a native of Har i ison lurg, suddenly appeared at his former home a few nights ago, com? ing from Montana. In 1870 the United States War Department reported him as shot iimi kilUd by the Indians in a skir ?lit?I in Montana. He was at the time a scout in the Government ser vice. Memorial services were hold here by his relatives. He is now a wealthy mine;-. His brother, Jacob Van Pelt, of Har? risonburg, and sister. Mrs. Felix Alien, of Harrisonburg, have identi? fied him. His brother at first re? fused to believe him. He was a member of McNeill's V _Uey Rangers in tbe Civil War. FOR BETTER SERVICE ON VALLEY_RAILROAD Baltimore Confers With Officials Of Southern and 6. & 0. PRESIDENTWILLIARD REPLIES Staunton Organizations Active in The Matter Also Periodically we get some addi? tional rumor of better service on tb-* Valley branch of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Just at present the question is under agitation by tbe business organizations of Staunton. Tbe foliowingarticie appeared a few days ago in the Staunton Dai iv Leader: "Activities which will probably result in better service on the Val? ley branch of the Baltimore and Oh'o Railroad, and on that part of tbe Southern Railroad operated in tbe Valley, have been started by tbe Staunton Chamber of Commerce The matter was taken up soaoetime ito with the Travelers and Mer chants' Association, of Baltimore, who in turn to tk it up with the liatitTjore and 0:iit> Railroad, lt now ooks as if something dt-tinite will be ione in the near future, io quote Mr, William H. I-Vh*.enfeld, presc? ient of the association, who has written to Mr. Chas, e'atlett in re? ference to the matter. Mr. Fehsao reld has been in correspondence with tba B. ?fe O. authorities, and. iince the object of the correspon? dence could hardly be accomplished without tbe co-operation of tbe ofS Biala of the Southern, a conference will be held as soon as it can be ar? ranged. "lt is not necessary to state tbe reasons for a campaign for better service on the Valley Railroad, us tbe citizens of every city and town .elong the routo are unpleasantly familiar with tbe poor service, es? pecially the passenger service,from Harpers Ferry to Lexington. At? tempts have been made so often to obtain a service which tbe exten? sive traffic justifies, that it had finally become the generel idea thai nothing could be done, but through 1 tbe energy and push of tbe local i Chamber of Commerce in taking tbe matter up with the Travelers and Merchants' Association, it begins to look as if something will be accom? plished." In reply to a letter written by Mr. W. H. Febsenfeld, president ot the Baltimore Travelers and Mer? chants' Association, President Daniel Willard of the Baltimore ?!fc Ohio Railway Company, under date of November 17th. say3: "Dear Sir:?Replying to yours of November 3rd and referring to your personal interview this afternoon with my assistant. Mr. Murray, in connection with additional passeng? er train service on the Valley of Virginia. This will confirm state? ment made to you that there has been much delay in concluding this matter owing to the inability to ar? range a meeting between tbe officers interested, of the Southern Railway ind the Baltimore A Ohio Railroad, tt a convenient time when all of ?bern could be present. "I am now advised by our Uener il Manager that it is expected to lold such a conference at an early late. "Yours truly, (Signed) D. W illaro." Tho hen has bteen busy during 1911; busier than a*er before in the whole period of her industrious ac? tivities. It is estinssted that the narke ed commodities from the joultry yards will this ve ir aggre fate a-82O.OO**M>00 in vain.-. Onie think what those figure.** mean. Placing tbe country's popuistioa ell e ronna hundred millions, the hens i jf the country have contributed a wealth increase that amounts soi 1*6.20 per capita for every mac woman and child in the country. Many people who think themselves ?cum pumpkins are usually small potatoes. Subscribe for the Lexington Ga? zette, only *l.iid a year. Six moutus hu aents. INTENSIVE METHOD ~T BOYS' CORN CULTURE Prize Report on Corn Culture by the Boys' Corn Club Following is the report receiving first prize on corn culture writt?n by Jeosepb Hotirjger: According to directions of com? mittee one acre was manured b> two disinterested men; one tia f acre beiDg level and tbe other b? ing a slope. The soil being black loam, with clay subsoil. Last year one-half acre being in timothy and the other being in wheat. February 1st tbe ground waR ploughed with Oliver Chilled plough. April 15th it was harrow? ed with drag harrow. April 17th hauled eight loads of bara yard manure and scattered it by hand. May 24th sowed two hundred pounds ..f raw bone meal broadcast. Har? rowed it with disc harrow and planted with planter, dropping it fourteen inches apart, one to three grains in a hill and rows three feet apart. Scattered ben manu re.ashes and plaster in row in frontof planter. When tbe corn was about to come up I ran the drag harrow over it. May 15th ploughed it, going three limes in a row with a three-dig gered plough. June 6tn took shovel and transplanted it where ._ecrO*S, wo. ms and dry weather killed it. June 7th I plowed it with ihree diggered plough, going around tn a row. June 19th having tbe only good rain I thinned it to one stalk in a hill. June 23rd I ploughed it with a three-diggered plough, going one round in a row. June 30th I ploughed it with a five-diggered cultivator going a round in a row. On June 10th T gave it a good har? rowing. J'jly 1st chopped weeds out of it. July 8th bad a hail storm, b.owing some do - n and breaking some off. This preventing any fur? ther cultivation. August 8.h had a little rain, a heavy wind storm blow- . ing about one-half on the ground. September 30tb cut corn andsto. d it in shocks. November8thshucked it and hauled it up. making 79 5-8 bushels of corn. Crop was raised with corn on two sides and potatoes on two ends. Dimensions of acre being 18 rods long and 8 rods and 14 2-3 feet wide. Tbe adjoining crop of corn making 50 bushels per acre. After June 17th until September there was scarcely any raiu. Kxpenses: Rent of land, $5.00; preparation of seed-bed, $5.38; cost of seed, .25; cost of planting, $115; cost of fertilizer, $3.00; cost of eu I ti ! vation, $4 65; cost of cutting. $2.15; cost of cribbing, $1.75; total ccst, ; $23.23. Total value of corn (79 5-8 bus.) at $1.00 per barrel. $53.10. Net p.-ofit. $29.87. Net cost per bushel, 29 1-3 cents. Government Friend of Blind Tiger The National Municipal League, in session last week in Richmond adopted plans for tbe exhaustive study of local option and all other questions allied with the liquor problem. The Federal Government,through the operation of some of its statutes, was pictured as the friond of the blind tiger and the liquor interests as against prohibition, by William H. Thomas of Montgomery, Ala., in address on "The Prohibition Move? ment in thu South." 'The practical etYectof the United States Keven ne statutes, intersia'e CO?iti?irce 1?*vs. ..nd the in*-of lt?I mails," ho deciarod, "is to make the government the friend and coadju? tor of the blind tiger, the ore.ver and tl-.i' .1 stiller in defeating the will of tho pewple by ?rannt,g Fun? eral licenses to whomsoever will p./. to go into any prohibition St.,t?> and violate the law. If the govt'i ntuent refused si.i'ti i icenses in prohibition territory, a large per eeoi of the illicit liquor selling could be substantially abolish*?.." A high school teacher in Ohk>told his scholars that Thomee Jetiersoti was a plagiorist and a trickster in lilt* writing of the Declaration of ! inicp.jndaace. The on! rage J scho? lars promptly went on strike and pained scream of the eagle silenced the heretical discourse. Patriotism is ? too ingrained in American youth toa. j low of attacks like this.