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ZTbe Xexington <Sa3ette
VOL. 108. NO. 10 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 1912 $1.00 PER YEAR LAND CONVEYANCES AND BUILDING SALES Real Estate and Property Transfers Recorded The following deeds; cf bargain and sal3 were enteied of record in the Clerk's Office ol Rockbridge county for four weeks ending Feb. 29. Will: Jos. E. McCormick to Jame** A. McCormick, 75 15 acres adj. J. H. Krebs' heir-i. Natural Bridge dis? trict, $5,013.33. C. T. Rogers to Town of Lexing? ton lot of land in Buffalo district, $2.4 ll. E. S Shields, spec'l ccuimr., to C. li. Denver, house and lot on Jef? ferson street, Lexington, adj. J. W, Lindsay. R J. Taylor to A. C. Hattorman, 4-- 1 s aeres near Decatur, $2,412.50. A. ll. Staion to Guilford Wine, 3* acres un Buffalo Creek, adj. J. M Updike, Natural Bridge district, $400 Margaret C. Montgomery, etc., to Win.1''. *-*>* ott.ST.04 acres on Collier's Creek, adj. J. Q. Montgomery, Buf? falo district. J. N. Forbes to Betty Forbes IO acres on Brutton'a linn, adj. C. II For.:es. Walker's Creek district. ?1*51 Kl. Chas. II. McGuffin til Augusta F. Mc'ullin. 13 acres near Marlbrook Station on N. & XV. Rv- adj, Moore McCormick. HM, I). I. Tolley IO Bessie F. Fix, HO a-res 3] milos east of Lexington, adj. F. A. Ott's heirs. $3,600. C. ll. Deaver tn Theodore Daine, lot in eastern part of lexington. Andrew R. Hostetter to D. F. Gaylor, 20 acres and 41 poles ou Whistle Creek, adj. H. E. Moore, $170. Selina D. Withrow to Carrie Yates Custer, S acres and f>4 poles west end of Goshen, $1,050. Rebecca C. Pal mer. to J. W. Bo cock, 2? acres, 1 rood, 25 poles anc 4 acres, 2 roods, 23 poles, adj. J. A Brooks. Kerr's Creek district, $1, 500. James D. Hostetter, etc.,to Davie A. Bane, 14 acres on Colliers'! Creek, adj. Win. Hostetter, $100. Sarah N. Montgomery to Martbt" L. Montgomery, 4i acres on Kerr'; Creek, adj. Cunningham's heirs $75. E. P. Barger, etc., to S. B. Rob erts. 4 lots in West End Glasgow $100. Mary Davidson to Charles Y Davidson, ISIS acres 4 miles south east of Lex ington, adj. E. M. Di xor $6,355. Ba P. Barger to 1*1 A. Jeukins. ti acres and 23 poles, adj. Naturi Bridge Co's land, $1,100. Ann E. Dudley to Catherine 1 Hall, 68 acres and ll poles on Nort River, adj. E. J. Adams, Kerr Creek district, Catherine E. Hall, etc., to W. ! McCurdy, 68 acres and ll poles, t North River, adj. E. J. Adam Kerr's Creek district, $1,'J00. Lee Kenny to W. P. Greeve bouse and lot in Lexington. $'.'14. D. B. Sensabaugh, etc., to J. ] Sensabaugh, right way for road feet wide and 970 feet long Welsh's line to land of J. D. Sens baugh, $10. Mary Jane McAlphin to Laura\ McAlphin, etc., 103 50-160 acre adj. John Michie, Natural Brid, district. Rockbridge Realty Corporati to H. L Eichelberger, house ai lot on lower Main street.Lexingtc adj. John Fleming. W. E. Nicely, etc., to Reuben Coffey, 2 1-8 acres on South Rivi adj. Nerlai. Baptist church 1 $350. Geo. W.Hagins to Jas.W. Cruti field,track of land on Black's Crei adj. Bran bridge survey, $175. Walter H. Miller, commr., to H. Glass, 3 lots in West Bin Vista. $45. John A. T. Reid to Harry F. Ba 100 acres and 80 poles on bo Bu fa lo Creek, adj. J. A. Slial $800. W. IX. Fristoe to O. B. Whitnu 10.04 acres 3 miles south of Lexi ton on Natural Bridge road, * grantor, $5'.3.12. Windows wiped once a week I alcohol will be free from fros the coldest*weather. BEN. SAM HOUSTON'S REMARKABLE CAREER Born in Rockbridge Near Timber Ridge Church ONLY PRESIDENT OF TEXAS Governor of States of Tennessee and Texas (Atlilress nf W G McDowell in prcst-ntina; the porira.it of Ca***. Sam Houston lo the Boartl of Su pcr visor* in the Courthouse, Lat-*da*ajt*a**, Va., March 4, igi.-.i Twice President of a lepublic (the Republic of Texas)?I83i; I8S8 and 1S41-1S44. Twice Governor of Tennessee? 1827-2S. and re-elected in lK2tt to suc? ceed himself. Twice Congressman from Tennes? see? 1.*0-1S27. Governor of Texas?lK.V.i-lsoi. United Status Senator of Texas from IMO for fourteen continuous ye.'rs, is the record of the man from Rockbridge, whom I do not hesitate to pronounce tho greatest celebrity this famous county bas produceil, and if we measure him by tho nutn ber and importance of his deeds, among the greatest celebritie Auicriea bas produced. Sam Houston, soldier and states 111..D, was born in a log cabin situ ated about 200 feet in rear of th* present site of the renowned Timbei Ridge (Presbyterian) church, ii Rockbridge county, Virgiuia, oi March 2od, ITO.*.. He was a son o S.un and Elizabeth (Paxton) Hons ton. His father, a planter by occu pation, served with credi; in Mor gan's Brigade of rillemen in th Revolution, and from the close c the war until his death, in MOO, ?rai assistant inspector-geoeral of th frontier troops with the rank c major. He waH a grandson of Rob en Houston, a native of Philade! phia, Pa , who.-removing to Virgini in early life, purchased an oxter sive estate in Rockbridge county The original American ancestor wa John Houston, one of u good Scotch Irish family who settled in Phi li delpbia in MM', and was great grea' grandfather of Gen. Sam Houston. Three years after the death of hi fathbr, in 1800, Sam Houston, the in his fifteenth year, removed wit his mother and the younger chi dren to the newly settled countr now included in Blount count* Tenn. We are told his early edi cation was limited, to the "Fie! Schools" of his native county ar to the reading of such books as Ca sar's Commentaries, which strong appealed to his innate military i stincts, which af tty wards cuhi nated in his .holding the olliccs adjutant-general and major-gener of the troops of Tennessee, at afterwards was major-general ai coniniander-in chief of all thc anni in being, or to be organized for t establishment of the Republic Texas. The world knows the resi of his genius and heroism which i suited in the defeat of Santa An ' in the most remarkable battle of S Jacinto, in which 700 Texans < teated ls00 Mexicans, slaying ninia and wounding 2S0 and capturi 7-ii, with a loss of six killed a twenty-five wounded, capturing 1 ' Mexican leader, who was tn enough to style himself the "Na loon of the West." Above the f of artillery and musketry was e* hoard the battle cry of "liememl the Alamo." Oue of the myster in the life of Sam Houston is that permitted the butcher of the Ala and Goliad to live one minute af ' his capture, but j it spoke volur for his humanity, ch While in Congress for four ye ' Houston displayed remarkable i4i ,., Hies of statesmanship and cared suppressed all tendencies to exe ma . . T . .... tricity. I n the year of his last ti in Congress he fought a duel w ' Gen. Wm. White of Tennessee, wounded him severely. Thereat 1 he steadily declined all "meetii on the "Field of Honor," but ire ' did not interfere witb him knock . down Congressman Stand herr* Ohio, in the streets of Washing disarming him and giving him : rltfa vere thrashing for a slander he t iu started. The House of Represe (Continuod on page four.) It Is Woman's Influence That Rules Our Country c I1ESE are days of popu? lar unrest, u ?whole? some unrest . It sicmifie3 that both mon and women aro r.ot satis? fied tee romain stationary, but are resolved to roach out to lar per opportunities and to bettor eonditie.ns. The- enfranchisement "f *,-o men is not yet accomplished, but it is coming. Political le >a<l enhip is not yet established u* ono of women's ta~k~. end yet j the inspiration anel the faith which are lending this country ahead lo ; day arise very largely from tlie wives and mother* of America. It alwavs has boen bo. Let tis believe that it alwavs will be. Successive Steps in Col. Roosevelt's "Statements" A comparison of the aueeefwtefe "statements'* made hy Co'one! R-nosevelt shows his attitude at dif : ferent periods of his public career. | "The wise custom which limits a President to two terms regards the 1 substance and not the form, and in i l , no circumstances will I be a candi ! date or accept another nomination." I ?Theode>re Roosevelt on election night, 1904. e j "I have not cbaDKed and will not '' change the decision thus announc s;ed."?Theodore Roosevelt in De e i ceinber. 1W7, after repeating his de ' duration of 1904. i- "Gentlemen?I deeply appreciate _ your lotter, and I realiza to the full i. the heavy responsibility it puts .. [ upon tue. expressing as it does the s ' carefully considered convictions of ,. the men elected by popular vote to ,. stand as the beads of government in l. their several States. ,,I absolutely agree with you that s this matter is uot one to be decided n with any reference to the personal h preferences, or interests, of any |. man. but purely from the standpoint y | of the interests of the people as a !t i whole. I will accept the nomina j. j tion for President if it is tendered ld ' me, and I will adhere to this deem ul ion until the convention has ex e. I pressed its preference. One of the ly I chief principles for which I have u. stood, and for which 1 now stand ij. ! and which 1 have always ondeav of orid, and always shall endeavor, te al reduce to action, is the genuine nil id I of the people, and, therefore. I hop nd j that so far as possible the peopl es '"ay be given the chance, throng ho ! direct primaries, to express Ibel of I preference as to who shall be Ihei lit nominee of the Republican Pres co- dential Convention, na "Very truly yours, __ "Tuodov RooerfSLT." ie | The lotter is addressed to Gove nd ? nors William E. Glascock of Wes nK j Vriginia; Cnester H. Aldrich of Ni nd j braska; Robert P. ll ass of Ne he Hampshire, Joseph M. Carey i ?lin Wyoming, Chase S.Osborn of Mid po- limn; W. R Stubbs of Ks ness i ac ire ! Herbert S. Hadley of Missouri, ar irer dated Febuary 24. 1912. aer ? 'It must be clear to any reasoi . able man that tho precedent whit. forbids a third terni has referen. emly to s third consecutive terni. _' gre wont of the fact that a Preside nes ? , of the United States, undeir tl I present convention system of elie ars , i ing delegitos, can, if he knows he lal . ... ., , toi.se thomaehiuery at hisdispos renominate himself, even thom ;en ihe majority of bis party is again ... him. Rut aller he has been out '?tn ; j i otlice lor a turin he has lost conti , - of that machine. Reis in the po ?e?, . ... i, tion absolutely of auy private citi/ Hg I J J r thi ? *"??* matrbinery is then in the lian ? of the man occupying the office . .At 1 President,"?Theodore Roosove / Ol ! . february 26, VM2, in exolanati ton, ' of his loiter auaooneiUM his can had dao* - nta" S.nile, anel g.-t S half a ono ha. growl, and get back a hundred. Establishment of Parcels Post to Be Considered Tbe Democratic members ot th< Hoise Committee on Postoflii-es am' I'-ist Ronda havo agreed t?i iocorpo rate in the appropriation bill pru visions for the establishment of ; general parcels post system. The present rate for parcels car red by the United States mails i* IO cents a pound. Up to thirtj miles out of London oho F.nglisl mails carry goods at j cent a pound Thc House committee proposes U establish a yellerai domestic rate o 12 cents and a maximum package o t-leven pounds. Tbere is aiso i rural rate of ?"> cents for ono pounc .md 2 cents for each addition;* pound. The measure, therefore, i: a step in the right direction. O course, the rates will have to be ye further reduced before we can de velop a general parcels post; on thi jther band, it will tc longer be act ually cheaper to send packagei abroad than to homo points. The difference in rates for rura and other deliveries is in a**con with the views of Postmaster-Gen eral Hitchcock. The institution c a parcels post service, he said las year, if attempted simultaneously would clog the postotlices through out the country, whereas by gradi ally extending tho system, the sei . I vice would not- be embarrassei ,' His estimates malle out last Octobt included an item of f.iti.OtrO to covt the preliminary expenses on rur routes, and $80 OOO more to start tl seryic-- in tha. i-iie*-. The iiiluoi.*... *.f the prese scheme by the majority members the committee sidetracks the plan dividing the country into zones wi different rates, which was urged 1 Congressman Lewis. It would interesting to know tbe reasons i turning down this scheme. B presumably the members thous that system would be too elabori for the initial sta-'es of the parei post. It is said that object .'ons m be raised against the bill on t ground that it embodies new leg , f lation in an appropriation bill. I: I it is to be hoped tbat the inaugu tion * f a much needed reform w not bo frustrated Od account purely technical defects. Bail more Sun. Clerks Weighing Railway Mail Clerks from the Post ollice Dapa It ment at Washington, have ba? ot sent out to weijjh all mail matter .ie the railway pustoflices, tho obj t- being to estimate as nearaspossi whether or nut the prices bei il, paid the railroads for carrying b S. mail are fair. This is done ai st once in every three years. 'I ol railroads are paid for carry mg -ol mail by weight, but it has to si- measured approximately, so the ?t . partment bas men lo estima'e ds amount carried, thus getting of average, and paying the roads lt, Icordingly. This is being done i on on both the C. A O. and B. st (). Tba Connecticut fisheries game commission spent $4,(WO uk; the artificial hatching of quail got oue solitary chick. HOUSE OF M'CORMICK WHEATJREAPER FAME Two Members of Family Honor? ed by Supervisors NATIVES OF OLD ROCKBRIDGE Portraits Presented Monday BefoTe Large Audience IRcmarlcs of W. G- McDnwrll in jcr.sctnlirE thc portraits et Robert ..ml I.a-an.l. r J .McCormick tn elie t'.i.Ti.l ot SupaTMsors in tha Courthouse. Lu iriKeicri, V;* . Man h :, T91? I The name, of McCormick is not only familiar tu the people of Rock? bridge. but is a household word among all tbe people of Virginia, the people of America and acro>* the wateis, wherever wheat is gar? nered to supply bread for man. It was tho Mi:Cej.-mick reaper, accord ing to the statement of agreat jurist, that move! the centre of civilization thirty miles westward ouch year ir. he United States tuwarrt the gran ary of tbe world. Another great jurist asserte-d it was worth, us ;. abor siver to the people of the United State's alone, 153.000.000 an? nually. It was the leidiog newspaper in London, after ridiculing tht* reaper ?s a cross between a circus chariot, a wheelbarrow and ally ing machine, when it had been exhibited under the manipulation of Cyrus H. Mc? Cormick in a Geld trial in a contest with Hussey'a machine that wat compelled to chance its opinion and assert, "This reaper is worth more to Kngland than the entire cost o tbe great exposition held at Lon don." This machine was invented, first tried and proven a success in Rock I bridge county in the Valley of Vir* j ginia. Its place of manufacture was removed to the great West te be nearer the centre of market, te the then young and growing city o Chicago. In the light of the world-widesuc cess of this product of Virginia soi and a Virginian brain, it is highU appropriate to accord all honor ir I raising here tbe likeness of Rober .) McCormick, to the man who first it this State essayed to make a reaper * and whose efforts in that directior , covered years of toil, whose in teg rity of character, tried more thai once, made him worthy to rank higl among a citizenship tbat has gon down in history, unsurpassed b > any this nation has produced. R of the sleepless eye! the tireles brain! and unsurpassed energe i His portrait is presented lo tl county by his grandson. Robe Hall McCormick of Chicago, a gram t son of Virginia on both sides of h * house, who adds to our obligatioi * by presenting the portrait of h ,l father. Leander J. McCormick, wi married into ono of tho well-knnv . families of Rockbridge, the Ham tons. For many years he was charge ot the manufacturing esta lishinent at Chicago, a man ol gre ability and industry, andeapescial noted for his mechanical Logenuil I am sure the Board of Superv . ors and people of Rockbridge a ? | glad to add these portraits to tl I , ! already large collection of her ilh trious sons, and look forward to t -..I limo >vben they can add the pe , traits of Cyrus and William Med I,- mick to make complete the fain who have rendered such unte blessings to mankind and such i [ perishable fame to the county their nativity. ?'n Such a Spectacle 1 n Winn have we ever had in t *ct na. ional history such a spectacle ' that ol a man coming into the pre nif '? deue-v on tue recommendation of e IT I * mau ann going out of it on toe ci i deiiinaiion of the MUM man? A rhe now it seems tbt>y are planning p oedeotsoi a hundred years t>.v H* nomination of the same mau, iu der, if iKissibie, lo save Repubii. 1 e party from overwhelming de-feat lho Tbe Commoner. ac- - tow Kev J. A. McClure, who e . si ,..." limo ano called freem the II it.it -on, N. C.. Preebyterian chu a to mo Fust Presbyterian eb ure on Petersburg, ba** accepted me cul and j I Subscribe for the Gazette, tl tl COLORED CONFEDERATE RECEIVES A PENSION Born in Rockbridge and Served in Texas Company Levi Miller, probably the only colored Confederate soldier receiv? ing a pension from the State of Vir? ginia, was a recent visitor in Lex? ington, wbere he spent several weeks with his half-brother. George Miller, who li ves just west of town. His home is now in Winchester and fur years he has been in charge of the mineral spring at Capon Springs, W. Va. He was born just below Bmwnsbnrg January ?, ISMS, and was a niara of Mr. Robert, Mc I Bride. When the Civil War broke i out Captain John McBride came ', from Texas and took Levi into the i army with him as bis body servant. "Uncie" Levi has in his posses? sion a letter written by Captain J. EL Anderson of Company C, 5th Texas ItVgiitient, which gives his I war record and of which ht- is very proud. The letter, in part, follow**: "Tn accordance with your request, I have this day written Mr. U. C. Shull of Marlboro, Vo.. giving bin: a full account of your connection with our army. I told him of all the campaigns you were in, beginning with Yorktown, Fair Oaks, and seven days in front of Richmond, Mary ian.1. Fredericksh-i rg, Suffolk. Pennsylvania, Chickamauga, F.ist Tennessee, the Wilderness, and Spottsyivania Court House, where, in the morning of May IO, 1864, you ran across lo us over an open tie il, and the Yankee sharpshooters hud several athols at you before you could get into our trench. You brought me some rations aDd you had tu stay all day before you could get out, and how on that day the Yankees made a rushing charge on us, and you stood by my side and fought as 'gallantly as any man in the coin ) j pany: and after we had driven the ' Yankees away. Jim Swindler made f the motion that Levi Miller bo en? rolled a full member of Company (J, Fifth Texas iRegiment. I put tae motion and it was carried by a unanimous vote. 1 immediately en? rolled your name on the roll of the company, and I still haye that same roll." Site for Ezekiel Monument Richmond Times-Dispatch of last Wednesday week says: Although there was considerable difference of opinion on the subject, the present position of T-fLzekiel's statue of "Virginia Mourning Her Deid" was selected as the site for his new jronze figue of General Stonewall Jackson at a special ses? sion of the Board of Visitors of the Virginia Military Institute, held last night in the Richmond Hotel, lt was mainly on the protests of Lexington citizens that the old site for the statue was abandoned and rn the new pian accepted. According to the design formu? lated last night the statue of "Vir? ginia Mourning Her Dead," when moved to make place for the Jackson monument, will be placed ou the other end of the parada ground at m point overlooking the Cadet's ceme? tery. When placed on tba pedestal jof the Virginia statue the figure of ?General Jackson will be iinmediate I ly (acing tbe Jackson arch on the j parade ground. The enmmittot* on buildings and i 1 v improve.notus met for a fe*v minutes afier thu regular session of the board, but no business was trans? acted aside from ibe placing of the Jackson statue. Ol lie Money in Apples as lu 1*909 Mr. E. II. S:?:wart,former si- iy of the White Sulphur Springs in me this county, purchased 90 aores o( >n- , land iii Bute IOU rt county, Va., on nd ', which be planted 'J.Ulii apple Xtnot. re- lu January, 190(3, lie purchased ail the joining il an orchard ol' 1.'Jun trees or nie two properties standing him at .-an that time *l*rj,')ot>. During tbe fol ,.? ; lowing four years he speo*, on them j about ?$IS,OOO. lu li-OS tbe crop ; failed and there was no income from *'4X the property but the receipts dur t*n" ing tho following three years were aoo.:t ?;>.0O0. I*a-.t October he sold 11 ol ;the property for 125,000, practically jail of which was paid in cash.? 0, Greenbrier Independent.