Newspaper Page Text
Hhc lexington <Ba3ette
VOL. 108, NO. 22 LEXINGTON* VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY* MAY 29, 1912 $10o PER YEAR OUR NEXT PRESIDENT AND SEVERAL OTHERS Age and Other Qualifications of the j Candidates In ao article in tbe June Amen caa Magazine entitled "Our Next President and Some Others," tbe author. Ray Stannard Baker, pre? sents the following faots: "It is interesting to know that every one of the seven candidates, even including Roosevelt, has been admitted to tbe bar, and five of them have bad successful careers in tbe law. Two have been judges. No one of tbem is a business man, and no one, save Mr. Harmon, has bud any co siderable experience witb business affairs, either large or small. No ons of them is a rico man, and though several of them, by virtue of their high talents, have been able at times to earn large in? comes, tbey have all been bard workers. Two or three of them have been relatively poor men all their lives, living frugally and de? voting themselves unreservedly to public work. "All of tbe candidates, save Wil? son, have bad long experience in public office, and in dealing with public men and public questions. While most of them can be called able politicians, no one tbem be? longs to tbat extreme type known ss a machine politician?a boss. There is to tbe credit of every one of tbem not a little sound public service. "All of the seven, save possibly Harmon, are st the very prime of life for national leadership. These are their ages: Underwood, 50 years old. Roosevelt, 55 years old. Taft, 55 years old. Wilson, 56 years old. La Fol lette, 57 years old. Clark, 62 years old. Harmon, 66 years old. "It is also of curious ratber than of important interest that most of tbe seven were born in States which have long been fertile in tbe pro? duction of Presidents and Presiden? tial candidates. Wilson was born in Virginia, Clark and Underwood in Kentucky, Taft and Harmon in Ohio, and Roosevelt in New York. Only one candidate. La Follett*-, comes from what may be called a new Presidential State." Presbyterians Again Discuss "Elect Infant" Clause TbeGeneral Assembly of tbe South? ern Presbyterian Church in session last week in Bristol disposed of tbe controversy over tbe "elect infant" clause by adopting and referring to the Presbyteries for their ratifica? tion i< substitute for tbe "elect in? fant'' clause of tbe Confession of Faith. The resolution carrying tbe proposed substitute .danae was passed after tbe mest lively debate of tbe session, and after numerous amendments bad been voted down. The Assembly finally agreed upon a form tbat suited a large majority cf the commissioners, which is as fol? lows: "Being elect, all infants dying in infancy are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit, who worketb when and where and how He pleasetb. So also are all other elect persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the min? istry of the word." ? The clause known as the "elect infant" clause, as it now reads in the Confession of Faith, is as follows: "Klect infants dying in infancy are regenerated and saved by Christ through tbe Spirit, who worketb wben and where and how He pleas eth. So also are all other elect per? sons who are incapable of being out? wardly called by the ministry of the word."?Chapter x. Section 3. With this sylogistic statement, Dr. J. J. Chisholm of Natchez,Miss., offered the substitute: "All who are saved were elect to be saved. "l*o man can be elect who was an elect infant. "All infau*,s who are saved must be elect infants. "No elect infant can pas? into manhood and not be saved." During tbe past vear one aviator was killed for every 62,000 miles &0 wo. CHEERS FOR WILSON BUT NOTHING MORE Virginia Democratic Convention Met in Norfolk THE TWO SENATORS HOOTED State Machine Dominated Against Friends of Wilson Woodrow Wilsou got ibe cheers ot ibe Virginia Slate convention as? sembled in Norfolk last Thursday to elect delegates to the naiiooal convention, but he will not gel tbe votes at Mal ti more when tbe final showdown comes. This view is accepted on all sides following tbe close of tbe conven? tion and after the Wilson militant followers bad a chance to analyze tbe result,the real result of tbe con? vention fol loaring a compromise to sidetrack a tight for Wilson instruc? tions between tbe Wilson leaders and the organization loaders. Eight delegates at large were elected with half vote each. Four of these are for Wilson and four re? present the organization. The Wil? son delegates are Harry St. i-eorge Tucker, Kichard E. Byrd, R. Tate Irvine and Editor A. B. Williams of the Roanoke Times. Tbe organiza? tion delegates are Senators Martin and Swanson, Governor Mann and Congressman Flood. The convention at times ran riot with Wilson enthusiasm. On ser eral occasions it looked like it would stampede for Wilson (rom the way tbat tbe hundreds of delegates cheered every mention of tbe New Jersey (iovernor's name, but tho grip of the "machine" was strong and ail the Wilson sympathizers could do was to cheer. The compromise wbicb side-track? ed a big tight on tbe convention floor over Wilson (instructions was accepted by Mr. Byrd upoQ tho suggestion of Wilson national OMb* paign managers. Mr. Byrd was willing to force the fight. He knew the Wilson instructed delegates were not in the majority. He count ed, however, on the Wilson sympa? thizers but not instructed delegates to help oat. William McAdoo and others representing Mr. Wilson (eared a tight might result in the loss of all. Acting upon their suggestion Mr. Byrd agr.ed to the plan by which the Wilson people should sidetrack the instructions tight in return for a hall of the dele? gates at large and leave district delegates io tbe men elected to re? present tbe Congressional district at Norfolk. If the compromise had stopped there all woald ha e been well, but it contained tbat fatal unit rule clause wbicb places in tbe bands of tbe "organization" a lever to block Wilson in tbe final show down ut Ballimore. There were two or three hundred Wilson sym? pathizers in the convention besides the Wilson instructed delegates. These men were for, the "organiza? tion" first and Wilson second. Tbey helped the Wilson instructed dele? gates with their lusty cheers to make Wilson the lion of the hour in tbe convention, but would go no further. The grip of the"machine" was too strong for them to do more than cheer the man they really favor for President* These delegates, loyal to the "or? ganization" first and Wilson second, named organization delegates to rep? resent tbe districts. Tbe agree? ment is that Wilson shall receive at least one vote from eacb district ex cept the Fifth and Eighth and two at large after tbe first or second ballots. Then comes the unit rule, if the '"organization' doeides to slam it down on the delegation and choke the Wilson delegates. On all sides it is fraukly admitted that tbe State "organization" lead? ers were masters of the convention, hat could not check its enthusiasm for Wilson, and that Sonator Martin and Congressman Flood will con trol tbe V irginia delegation to Balti? more at tbe final show down. Mrs. Anna B. Pi uer will oast tbe vote of the Colorado State delegation for her brother-iu-law.Champ Clark, Lt the Baltimore convention.. Conditions S as In Ol* By Professor C. A. EL""* PRESENT DAY CONDITION! STRIKING RE3EMBLANCI Roman women in tl their GREATEST DEG the vogtte. We are approaching th* The necessity of reform in the < Woman's invasion of the fields the death rate of the child. Father! Class consciousness enters into SEX AGAINST SEX. But won* not consider herself a cia***. Women of the Rome that fell rights the modern woman clamors f< BEST IN THE HOME. Life TAGONI8M DEFEATS EVERI What the Farmer Can Do for His Wife Developing tbe proposition tbat it bas for some time been putting before tbs farmer, tbat he ought to provide every possible convenience for bis ?*ife, especially in these days when it is ko difficult to get help. the Progressive Farmer names nine things it says every firmer ought to provide at once for bis helpmate. The nine things are: a range, a fireless cooker, washing machine,sewing machine, telephone, good kitchen, a vacation, good read? ing matter, including papers and magazines and borne water works. We are not expecting, as tbe re? sult of tbe publication of tbis arti? cle, tnat there will be a boom in tho articles named, but we do rather in? cline to think tbat the men-folks of Augusta County who read this will go over the list and see bow nearly each comes to being tbe model far? mer husband in Augusta County ss tested by the Progressive Farmer's! standard; and we do rather expectp that quite a number of tbem will do1 some active thinking along these j lines, and perhaps invest in some of) the tbings in which he finds his | wife short. We sincerely hope so, : for the sake of the faithful, hard worked women of the county, who have helped to accumulate the great wealth tbat stands to the credit of! Ajgusta County farmers ia the i banks.?Staunton Le .der. A Million Dollars for Missions Tbe recent Southern Baptist Con? vention in session at Oklahoma City assumed great undertakings. The crowning event from tbe foreign i mission standpoint was tbe decision to raise fl,000,000 for foreign mis? sion educational work in commemo | ration of the centenary of Adoniram Judson, the pioneer Baptist mis? sionary who sailed from America j for India in 1812. Tbe report of the committee ap-; pointed a year ago was read by Secretary Lansing Burrows. One million dollars is to be used as an educational fund in foreign lands, $200,000 of it going for education work in the foreign fields, lt is to be made payable in three years, the final payment to be made in 1915. Provision also is made for mission ary homes, mountain houses and oospitals. The report of thc com? mittee was adopted by an enthusias? tic rising vote. Report of Titanic Disaster The report of the Senate commit? tee on tbe wreck and sinking of thu Titanic is tbe first official ascertain? ment of tbe causes contributing to that disaster. It reveals the fail? ure of due care on the part of the White Star line and captain of the doomed vessel to protect the lives committed to their trust. The gltMt sea queen was inadequately equipped with lifeboats?her cap? tain was negligent in heeding warn ings telling of the proximity of ice bergs; near-by vessels were in Kul.i-innt.lv provided with wireless operators, and otner facts already well known to tbe public are recited by the ?.oin mit ten la explain why tbe dread cata?tri>i>be occurred. A penny makes as much noi**e as a $5 gold piece wheo dropped on tbe con tr iou tu >u plate, but tbe re? cording angel makes entry by re? sults, not by sound alone. ?ame Today I 3 Rome 000 of Columbia. M*?. 1 AS REGAR08 WOMEN BEAR A ' t TO CONDITIONS IN OLD ROME le height of their glorr achieved IRADATION. Childleaaneas wa- I ? verge. :onduct of the home is urgent. of industry means an increase i bood must snpport motherhood. the -woman question. It SETS ian is half the world. She ahould achieve'] all the lerra.] and aoci.il < >r save thc vote. WOMAN' DOES ' is not a conflict, and SEX A S ' END OE NATURE. ===??-: Methodist Sunday School Convention In June Tbe forth-sixth anauil session of the Sunday School Convention of the Baltimore Conference, Metho? dist Episcopal Church. South, will be held in Braddock Street church. Winchester. Va.. Juna 12-14, 1312. Tbe annual sermon will be de? livered by Rev. W. S. Hammond. D. D., of Woodstock, Va,, Tuesday evening. Juna ll. The convention will adjourn the following Friday. Tbe last time tbe convention mei in Winchester in 1903, was a rec? ord-breaker in all respects. History ought to repeat itself this year. A visit to Winchester is always de? lightful, and tbe convention is lo lie held during tbe most attractive season of tbe year. A program of thc highest order will be presented. Kev. C. D. Bulla. Superintendent ol tbe Wesley Adult Bible Class Department, will make several ad? dresses,and a number of tbe brigl.t eSt speakers in tbe conference, be ?jrMas Sunday School specialists from Baltimore and Washington.will appear on the program. It is in? tended to make this convention the most practical ever had in tha con? ference. Ministers are entertained free. Arrangements have been made for boarding lay delegates at ll.rm a day. Schools of 100 members and less are entitled to one delegate; those exceeding a hundred members to two delegates. All ministers are ex-officio members of the conven? tion. Where the Big Bears Come From No problem in the natural history J of tbe game animals of America is more interesting or presents more difficulties than tbat of tbe coast bear* of Alaska. Dr. C. Hart Mer risa is iiicliui-ti iu 'lu* opinion that the coast region ol Alaska, from the Alaska Peninsula easterly to and be? yond Yakutat Bay, is tbe centre of distribution of the big bears of America?the area in which the va? rious species of brown bears origi? nated and from which the ancestors of the grizzly radiated. The mate? rial from this region thus far col? lected and studied shows an unus? ual range of individual variation, and also a surprisingly large num? ber of well-developed speck's. Bat lack of well-authenticated specimens leaves so roany questions in doubt that, after a discussion with Dr. Merriam, and by hiw advice, 1 se- I lected Montague Island as a field for . hunting, to add. if possible, my ! quota of assistance toward clearing up this question. ? From "Hunting the Big Bear on Montague Island." by Charles Sheldon, in the June Scribner. Bryan at Baltimore ' I am not a candidate tor Presi d nt," Mr. Bryan declared at the' time the Democratic national com- | mittee met in Washington last Jan- ; OgWf. Ju his address to tbe Met ho dist Episcopal I'eneral Conference in Minneapolis on Wednesday Mr. Bryan said he hoped no unfriendly newspaper would accuse him of be? ing a ,:.aiididate for bishop, and add? ed, re en ing to politics: "I do not want you to think I am, or expect to be. a candidate. I ex? pect to spend my life in private, for 1 enjoy the freedom of a private cit.MO." WAR HEROES SLOWLY PASSINGJO REWARD 9nly Five Surviving Confederate Major-Generals 3NE IS GENERAL G. W. C. LEE Last Veteran of Lost Gauss May Live Till 1965 Tbis Memorial day's roll call will' .bow tbat more than (three fourths af the Civil War's Blue and (Jray i braves have gone beyond. It is said at the pension oftioe that Dur Union Veterans are now dying 3tT at the rate of loo a day. As de? duced from the best figures procur? able the death rate of our Confeder? ate Veterans must be about seventy I dav. This meat.-*, a grand total of more than seven per hom?more than one every ten minutes. In the vast cities uf graves to be iecoi'ated this year, those of our Civil War soldiers aod sailors alone number 2.*J>5.U00. If dug side by side they would cOMstitute a great metropolis of the dead, more popu? lous than Chicago. Berlin or Vita? na. Of these graves, some 2,080,000 have been dug since the surrender of Appomattox. v'nly one lieutenant-general of that great conflict has won thus far in the race against Father Time, act! he was on tbe Confederate side. Tnis is Simon Bolivar Buckner, who ran for Vwe-President on the Palmor ticket in 18M. In hi-, quaint old kag house at Crloa near Munford vi Ile, Ky.?one of the most noted country homes iu thal State?this venerable old soldier and onetime Governor, who had the graoe to act as one of Genera Grant's pallbearers, entered his I ninetieth year on April 1. Besides him thure sui vive only three Civil W.*r ollirurs who cou. ma^ded array corps by assignment of their President. They are Majors General Grenville M. Dodge, Daniel K. Sickles and James Harrison Wil? son, ail of tbe L'nion side. The five surviving Confederate major genera!* are: George Wash? ington Custis Lee. president emeli? ta*, of Washington and i/?e l'niv< r sity, who is seventy-nine: H. 1". Hoke of Raleigh, N. C., late presi? dent of the Seaboard Air Line, who is seventy-five: Lunsford L. Lomax, oneof thot-ommissionersGettysburg Park, who is seventy six WilliamlT. Martin of Natchez, Miss, now in his ninetieth year, and Count Can ills Jule? Polignac, who is eighty. Great Shortage of Cattle Reported Tbis Season The present high pi ice of beef may go yet higher. The National Stockman ano larmer says: The extraordinary scarcity of beef cattle in ail parts of the coun? try is bound to make good beef steers and heifers sell extremely high lor months to come, although by tbe time tbe grass cattle are marketed freely prices for ordinary and medium beeves may be expect? ed to go considerably lower. A bullish feature is the lack of voting cattle for fattening, whereas in for? mer years at this season there wert plenty ready to place on grass. Texas will not have anywhere near a normal supply of beef cattle tins year, and the supply to come from the North western ranges will be greatly reduced owing largely to the great numbers marketed on ac? count of the drouth last summer. Texas and Oklahoma are expected to furnish a fair supply of grass cattle the coming summer, but Mon? tana has to some extent abandoned tbe cattle and sheep industries, and settler*, are in the former vast tracks of land devoted to livestock. The increasing price of land and buying of Virginia land by Western people is titus easy to accouat for, tbe extract above given refers to vast tracks of land being taken up by settlers tbat was .formerly de? voted to livestock. With our milder climato and shorter winters, and proven profits derived from silage fud beef, many of our worn out, t lay soil farm in the Valley desirable in? vestments. The GtuAtte, $1.00 per year. SIDE LIGHTS ON THE NORFOLK CONVENTION Some Delegates Gave Expression to View on Situation Among tbe speakers before the State Democratic Convention ia Norfolk last Thursday was Senator Swanson, whose reception was lack? ing in cordiality, even in proper courtesy. He failed to define bis preference for the nomination. When the Junior Senator took his seat tbe convention sent Barry St. George Tucker lo the platform amid rousing cheers. Mr. Tucker, a Wil son man and one of tbe delegates at large, commenced by saying tbat he knew exactly what he wanted and tbat was Woodrow Wilson for President. He fairly took tbe convention by storm. "'Wile-on." he said, "typifies two great princi? ples.first, tbe placing of tbe govern? ment of thiscountry in the hands of tbe people and.second.tbe reduction ' ot the tariff. He combines into one , great leader of men the great and : admirable qualities of all the candi? dates and stands out in this critical i period of thia nation as the one rnm | of all our distinguished, patriotic ; and able statesmen wbo can and I believe will restore to tbe American people the government of their coun? try. "I bare sympathy for those among us here In this convention who be ! neve Harmon should be our nomi? nee; likewise I sympathize with tbe supporters of Underwood and witb those who want Clark. But 1 must ; declare to you, my fellow men, that I cannot sympathize with those who do not know what they want ur , whom they favor for President of tbe ; United States." Ul lioosevelt Mr. Tucker said: j "If Theodore Roosevelt is made President of the United Slates God alone knows what is io become of ! the government of tbis country. Curler (.'lass. Congressman from the Sixth district, followed Mr. Tucker and brought down the house. "In the last analysis I am for no one man. but for tue party, but being for the party I am for the principles of tbe party as exemplified in Wood? row Wilson.' he said.' Speaking of instruction he said: "What are delegates for? Are trey men selected by their fellow citizens ! to go to the Baltimore Convention j and there iet somebody else do their 'guessing for them? For my pan, I 1 want to say that if there is to be and ' the representatives ol Virginia are j to vote under the guidance of guess ' work, tb?n let the Democrats of this I State do the guessing. 1 prefer to I leave it to the people of this State to say whom they want for Presi? dent rather, whether tbev guess at the right man or whether their choice be based upon something more like tbe stuff that the rank and tile of Virginians usua.iy use in ar? riving at decisions affecting the welfare ol this State and Nation." Congressman Hal 1). Flood of the j Tenth district, wno, like Senator Swanson, is high in the councils of the State Democratic machine, also spoke in behalf of an uninstructed delegation. But he deftly laid for : himself none ot ihe pitfalls that | could let tbe convention in upon his , indisposition to declare his personal preference,as did Senator Swanson. ? He .spoke along the samd line that j the Junior Senator followed, but he gave the convention no very good opening for a demand to know where be stjod. An Irishman at McCook, Neb., who went out to celebrate the other night, returned at 111 in tbe morn? ing only to find that bis family had also beeu increased by Iii in tha meantime. He looked at the cloe!*: and then at the kids and remarked: "li's a quare coincidence. Ilow iver, Oi'm glad Ol dido t return at XII. "Delinquent subscribers, will you : liquidate?" asked a Colorado paper. ; and quite a number called aod thanked the editor for bis kiudly feeling toward them, and aaid they wouldn't mind taking a drop witb ; him._ A monorail elevated railroad like the one in Berlin is planned for Mexico City.