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VOL. 108, NO. 23 LEXINGTON. VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY. JUNE 5. 1912 $1.00 PER YEAR BOARD OF EDUCATION TO PUBLISH A MEMORIAL Designed to Set Forth Facts About War Between the States The Confederate Memorial Annual ?a booklet which gives, it is claim? ed, facts concerning the War Be? tween the States, which have been ignored by Northern historians and which is intended to impress upon the minds of Southern school chil? dren the real principles involved in the secession of the Confederate Sr;iu,s?will be distributed among the teachers and educators of Vir? ginia, and its use in the school is sanctioned by the State. Board of Education. Thirty thousand copies of the pub? lication, which is to be copy righted, will be printed. Seven thousand of these will be sold at ten cents each and the balance will be distributed among Virginia teachers. The An? nual, which will cost approximately $600, will include ninety-eight pages of reading matter and portraits of Governor Letcher and Generals Lee and Johnston. Of the first cost of publication, t'.UO will come from the contingent fund of Governor Mann and an equal sum from the .oftii-ial funds of Su pertendent of Public Instruction Engleston. Both finds will be re? imbursed by the sale of the 700 copies so that the Commonwealth will, in the end, bu at no expense for the publication. The plan to print and circulate the Confederate Memorial Annual has been hanging tire for more than a year. Suggested by Mrs. Kate Pheasants Minor, the idea met with little favor among certain members of the State Board of Education, tbougb Governor Mann and Attor? ney General Williams have consist? ently favored it, the former offering to pay hal' the cost of publication out of hisown pocket. It was hinted that several educa? tors who had not been asked to con? tribute to the pamphlet have oppos? ed it, and it met with further opoo sition on the ground that some of the matter it contained was histori? cally inaccurate. However, aftercon erable tedious delay, the action :_h settles the matter was taken, and it is hoped to have the booklet ready for the summer normal schools. Among those who have contribut? ed to the Annual are Judge Chris? tian, Dr. Freeman, Representative Cox. Mrs. Minor and Dr. Ecken rode. Give 'Em a Swat An American girl was the first woman to liv over the English chan? nel. And speaking of flies, are you a member of the swatting brigade? If not, join. And if you would live to be healthy, wealthy and wise, you'd better get into the ranks. If some one told you that that delicious apple pie was inocculat ed with typhoid germs, how quick? ly you would push it away in fear and disgust, and yet you nonchal? antly shoo off the germy fly that is crawling around its crust and con? sume it with relish. There's dan? ger in that pie. There's death in that tty, so swat him. Watch your homes. Burn the un? necessary rubbish and waste as soon as possible; keep scrupulously clean. Don't dump dirt; destroy with clean? ing fires. One of the easiest ways is to start the children swatting. Offer the oue who kills the greatest number of the pests a little reward at the end of the summer, and you won't need to buy any sticky paper or poison stuff. Flies are prolific. Each one you hit means the death of its hundreds of descendants. You do many harder things to prevent disease. Why not take tbis in hand early in the sea? son and run no risks? Begin your swatting now. Southern Flags on Graves Memorial Day was observed in Richmond Thursday as a popular as well as legal holiday. Graves nf Union and Confederatesoldiers were decorated alike. Miniature Confeder? ate battle flags were placed over the graves of Jefferson Davis, Generals Stuart, Pickett, I'ltziuigh Lee and other officers of tbe Confederacy, HIGH SCHOOL'S GOOD YEARJTjAIRFIELD Interesting Exercises Attended By Many Friends DIPLOMAS AND SCHOLARSHIPS Five Girls and Ont* Boy Carry Off Graduation Honors The graduating exercises of the Fairfield High School last Wednes? day brought to a close a most suc? cessful year's work. The auditorium was crowded with pattons and friends of the school. An interesting program was pre? sented, in which each of the six graduates toole part, as follows: Salutatory, Miss Alice Bell; Class History, Miss Ks Ullina Sale; Class Poem, Miss Marie Campbell: Class Prophecy, Miss Virginia Paxton; Essay or "Work." Miss Helen Pax? ton; Vale "'ctory. Mr. Marvin Fulls. Rev. VV. ]<'. Locke of Lexington delivered an interesting and most helpful address to tbe graduating class, after which diplomas and scholarships were awarded by Principal Phillipa, who briefly and appropriately addressed the re? cipients of the highest honors of the school. The scholarships were awarded as follows: Hugh Weeks, from 7th grade to 1st Year High School; Eve Weeks. fruin 1st Year High School to 2nd. Year High School; George McCluer, from 2nd Year High School to 3rd Year High School; ("race McGuflin, from 3rd Year High School to 41^ | Year High School; Estaline Sal. scholarship to Virginia Cullej These were all awarded for b class standing, except the Virg' .. College scholarship which -vas given for good standing. The fol lo* i ag promotions were announ ead From 7tli tirade to 1st Year High School?Erskine Chittum. Hunter Englekee, Wada Englekea, Hunter Miley, Raymond McCormick. Lewis l'.ixtun, Will Taylor, Charles Tyree. Hugh Weeks, Carl Wiseman From IstYear High Scho >1 to 2nd Year High School ? Prod Kt McClung Thomas, Madge Campbell* Enie Davis. Rose Cummins I'arrie Englekee, Margaret IfcCluar, Eva Weeks. From 2nd to 3rd Year High School on all subjects?Qeotge McCluer. Katherine Fultz, Josephina Fill... From 2nd to 3rd Year lliu'hs on all subjocts except Lula liam McCluer, Hugh Paitoa, Ki ph [ Moore, Harry Moore. From 3rd to 4th Year Highs (Ml I?Grace Mcjuftin, Helta Lae, ilar ! old Chilton, Edward Trundle. The faculty the peel aaaaioa was I composed of Mr. T. C. Phi lips, ; principal; Misses Nattle ! rbes, , Kate Pearson. Fannie Hianii Gra ham. Kate Hear and Lennie Clem mer. The total enrollment of the school was 140, with 34 in tho High School. Following is the program render ad Monday night: THE BROWNIES' 'AND B\ FIRST TO MM ll li.'.ADKS ,FairvQueen . Angie Arehart i Fairy Princess . Blancha McCluer j Lilly Princess . . Sue Dunlap j Leader of the Brownlea . . . .Alfred Mackey RAGGLES' CORNER-1 ACT SCENE". BTRKRT IN NlCW YORK CITY Raggles, a bocthlacl . Marvin Fultz May O'Roey, ri> girl . . I lei ta En The Italian Girl . Katherine Fultz The Cbristie.n Lady. .Grace McGuflin Mrs. Bargain Snatcher .... .Virginia Paxton Seraph ina Annul.* ?-aythe . . .Eoie Davis The musical program Tuesday eveningl was as follows: Welcome Chorus?Hiph School Humoreske ? ? ? Drorak Margaret McCluer, Lucy Farrar Enchanted Vision . Weyts I Sue Dunlap A May Only . . Rathbun. Essie Yowall, Miss Alwood Qud Valsfe . . . Godard "Margaret McCluer ?r*"^.*"***-^.^^ li Day of Col il Loa j J> By Dr. HARRY PRATT JU! c ITE collo:*;.' loafer is oftcntit LIKABLE fello-v. He i OUS in many of our col ago?the lad who came t< the college wasn't a country club. BUT HIS DAY IS GONE; HE COLLEGES ALL OVER THE COUN" Metropolitan Newspapers and the Country Press The esteemed Bedford Bulletin of last week says: Country papers are often subjects | of jest by their merry city brethren , on account of the seemingly trivial items constantly published in their \ columns. They do not stop to think i that it is more important to Mrs. Smith to know that her neighbor, Mrs. Jones, whom she knows and loves, has had a serious loss by rea jsonof the death of a valuable cow ior horse than that John Dee R*<?a lerbilt has played with stocks-ind ; dropped steen million or more, leav? ing still enough boodle in fi is t-reas , ure chest to keep the wolf from the door. But however true it may be that the news columns of country ! papers are tilled w;th items of little consequence to the metropolitan reader, we do not thir?. any country i paper of our acquaintance can beat the following clipped from the front page of tho New York World: "Rags Rests in Silk" d in a coffin lined with silk, I e pet dog of Mrs. J. F. >**as buried yesterday with i much ceremony on the grounds of | Sheriff Ayer's homo at Alloway, N. . J. The dog, which was known to I every resident of the community, i was run over by an automobile a few days ago. A small tablet will ' be placed over the remnants of the renowned lint's." Governor Assigns Bible Reason < overnor Brown of Georgia turn? ed to the Old Testament injunction to justify his action in refusing to stay execution in the five murder cases appealed to him during hu present term of office. "Moreover, ye shall take no satis? faction for fie life of a murderer which is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death. Wboao killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses."?Numbers xxxv. 30,31. The Governor made known the fact that be hud sought biblical commandment to help him reach a conclus on after the Prison Commis? sion had given out the information that there had been a falling off of appeals for clemency since the Gov? ernor's firm stand in two cases re cently. Recitation Rose Cummings Gypsy Song KlviraMcCluer, Blanche McCluer Chase of the Gazelles Lucy Farrar, Bessie Ott In the Arena . Engleman Ks ta I'm e Sale, Miss Alwood 'Silver Bells Chorus . . Byrne High School Joy and Sunshine Blanche McCluer On the Alert . . Engleman Angie Arehart, Miss Alwood Angel Serenade . . Smith Harry Barclay Where the River Shannon Flows I lei ta Lae, Miss Alwood A Starry Night . . . Smith Lucy Farrar Revel of the Naiads . Drill?High School Sounds from the Itali . Gillet Virginia Lynn Silvery Waves . . Wyman Lucy Farrar, Margaret McCluer Solo. Glady? Parker Rustle of Spring . . Linding Bess Ott Moonlight Reverie . . Allen Virginia Lynn, Sue Dunlap Sailor Boy's Dream . I*e Hache .Margaret McCluer Concert Polonaise , I'.ngleman Bess Ott, Lucy Farrar $**-*><$>-?.i. totnAgApn^atwayaywdgn lege I fer Is Past j f*?~i>^>^?aaa??*i *???!? ?^^?^.sy??^ DSON of Chicago University rWax*>--i--.y-.r...y^.x.i^^^^?>^^i>v nes?in fact, in most cases?a van is the tyj.r of youth so NU MER leges and universities a f*?w viar? -> college for fun He forgot that 18 BEING WEEDED FROM THE rRY. Devastation by Mississippi Flood the Worst in History The awfulness of the Mississippi. flood to the residents al rr ? States is still declared to be unde scribahle. With the crest of the high (rater reached some weeks ago the news? papers have hr-en paying but little attenti' ation there, anti but for a fragment iry dispatch from a point here ami "'.ere, nothing is seen n the pas>. s. This is due wi the fact that the papers told the story day by day. until the worst had passed?so Li? as the rising water was concerned ? ] and when conditions begin to _et netter the general public wants to hear but little of it. The public then begins reaching out for a new sensation,quickly for? getting the dire disaster that has befallen its brethren but a few hun? dred miles distant. To again call to the mind of ihe people the affliction which has been visited upon these thousands of Southern people,here is reproduced a portion ol the appeal of the Mayor of New York li ty to the people of tbat municipality: In part it says: "The Titanic disaster, appalling as M was. has overshadowed bv its dramatic setting a yet greater and more destructive one. The heaviest blow which has befallen upon the South since the Civil War is com? manding little attention from press or public, tine to lack of proper realization of the terrible conditions. "Two hundred thousand persons were rendered homeless and desti? tute and the property loss reaches into the millions. An immense area is still submerged and in the wake of the receding waters follows the menace of dreaded epidemics of ty? phoid and infant mortality.'' Mothers' Day May Be Legal Holiday If Representative Taylor of Colo? rado, can acconip.ish it. Mothers Day, celebrated recently, will be made a legal holiday. It is the fourth annual celebration of the dav since the origin of the custom four years a_o, aud Mr. Taylor thinks it titting that the National Government should go on record in its recogni l . tion. Saturday afternoon he introduced i a bill providing that the second Sun I day in May of each year should be : a public holiday, to becalled "Moth | ers' Dav." Au attemot was made in 1908 in I tbe Senate by the then Senator Bur ! kett of Nebraska, to legalise theday. j but the plan was not upproved by I Senators. Now, however, the sen ti ment in Congress is much ino;e i pronounced, and it is probable that I favorable action will bo taken on the ! measure. Speaking of his bill Mr. Taylor said '"I introduced this bill because 1 thought it most proper for Congress to help perpetrate a custom wLich j has become so popular and repre I sents a sentiment springing from the natural promptings of children I to honor the memory of their moth? ar*, lt is true th.?t the mere legal? izing of the second Sinday in May cannot accomplish the results av tained in tho observance of other I holidays, but it will serve toempha si/. ? that the men of this nation re? spect the sacred merni ry of the wo? men who were thoir mothers." James Reilly,. Yale, "12, has been secured as football coach for Wash ington and T?e next fall. The man who pays as he goes hates to see another fellow travel mi. on a pass. SUBDUED THE AIR; VICTIM TYPHOID Wilbur Wright Died in Dayton Last Thursday PREMIER NAVIGATOR OF AIR His Invention of the Flying Machine Wonder of Age In the death o' VJilb rr Wright to? day at his home in Dayton after a brier illness from typhoid fever, the :e of aviation loses its pioneer, and the United States one of its master mino*, and indomitable wills. It is not for the commentor of to daf IO do justice to Wilbur Wright. to his brother. Orville. In ,-ars to come, as man draws nearer and nearer to the solution of the problem of flight, if indeed the problem is not fully solved, theo and not till then will the world realize its debt of gratitude to this wonderful inventor, and the first man to ieave the ground in a heav? ier-than-air fl yin*: machine with absolute assurance that he would cleave the a'mo-.t)here and arrive at his destination in safety. Ry a strange coirc.dunce, ?he ills ease which struck down Wilbur Wright while at the zenith of his career, and in the prime of life, was responsible for him and his brother giving the first successful aero? plane, or biplane, to the waiting world which had looked with skep? ticism and a smile upon the hun? dreds of unsuccessful efforts on the part of man to imitate the birds of air. It wa* in the late nineties, while Orville Wright. Wilbur's younger brother. was suffering from typhoid fever, that tbe two be? came interested in aviation. Wil? bur, al ? avs devoted to his brother, read to him of the progress Profes? sor Langley waa making wah his airship at Widewater. Va., and then and there tiie two determined to in? vent an airship and fly it. ?Tbe early si the two young men, pour bicycle repairers in a little shop in Dayton,have been told many times,since they achieved worldwide distinction and fame, With no encouragement whatever from friends or capitalists whom they approached, scoffed at and jeered, they bulli their airship, tried it out at Kilty Hi wk, N. C., satisfied themselves that they had perfected their invention, and then announced to the world that they were prepared for judgment of their work. Wilbur Wright tcok the first ma? chine they built and went IO France < where ha startled that nation hy his wonderful control of the heavy aeroplane. Successes came foal i upon eacb other,and he was lior.iz-d feted by royalty throughout Europe decorated oy uiot.archs, and lauded j throughout the civiliz-jd world. The death ol this genius at 1 lil i time is most unfortunate, for it wa* i but a few weeks ugo that he and hit ! brother perfected the hydroaero ? plane,which starts from land or sen alike, and also added a number o new safety appliances to the ma chine with which they amazed thi world in 1908.?Richmond News Leader, .May 31. Convicts Play Baseball Two games of baseball wen played last Thursday, Decoratior Day. by the inmates of the Stat* pmtitentiary?one game by "ths white teams and one game by thi colored teams. Tiie men wen ' taken from all the shops in thi establishment. The white mer were Richmond against Danville, and the colored teams were Elora noke against Norfolk. Richmond ind Rovnoke won, the scores beins ll to 10 and 8 to 9. Tbe colored players fought for thirteen innings before the end came. Tho day wa.* observed as a holiday. The uinpin was Sam T. Smitu, one of the keep ors of the institution, and his de cisions go as they are called. Thi . institution has a regul r league and there are games every day, thi players being tho "honor" men ii the prison. Subscribe for Tbe Gazette, $1.00. COST OF A CLEAN TOWN IS ETERNAL VIGILANCE Lexington Cfric League Addressed On .vic Bette- tnent M**s. Joh f Lynchburg ;addresse?l " ul friends ol I the Lexinp i .. I rague Th .r day eveni* e a High School i Auditoriu . in tl e.tst of civic jbettermen- '?-* 'nee o'-about , eighty, or ie number b> I ing men. -....; 1c*-essi. Mrs./ I Lewis la I g tal ki r. and appears i earnest con? cerning ? rment in gen? eral. Mrs. I trod ticed to the ! audienci n H. f.itane of Washing! ie University, who refi r as possessing great i gifts which aro 1 being u lettermunt of so ? ciety. further said that ' be was mpathy with the I par poa of the League. Afte in graceful terms ? the pleasure it auorded her to ad? dress a Lexington audience, whom she recognized as not needing any information that she might be able to present. Mts.Lewis entered upon the discussion of her theme of civic betterment in a manner that showed her thorough familiarity with her subject. Later iu the address it was brought out that sbe had been au active worker in civic work in Lynchburg for some years. Mrs. Lewis made a strong plea for cooperation amongall citizens of the community, whereby tbe sup? port of the town officials may ne an .-ted,ami suggested tbs importuner* ; from a sanitary standpoint of look? ing after the less frequented parla of the town, such as alleys, vacant i?is. and even back yards. Most people. Rhe said, took special pride in their front yards.but many seem? ed not to care about the appearance of their ba*;k premises. 1'ocrea'e a sentiment that would make tne hack yards as presentable as tront yards is one of the missions of civic work ers. She also spoke of the impor? tance of tiie proper disposition of garriage and expressed regret that in so many towns waste papers are permitted to blow about the streets, disfiguring many otherwise beauti? ful and attractive law ni and aven? ues. Mrs. Lewis devoted a considera? ble portion of her address to the re? sponsibilities of the ballot, and gave an interesting dessertat on on citi? zenship and Democracy. She also stated that civic pride shculd influence parents to take special interest in the public schools, visiting the schools occa? sionally" and thereby showing that the subject of education is a mat? ter of great concern to them. A Forgotten River Horror It is not generally known that the Mississippi riveronce was tbe scene of a disaster almost the equal of the Titanic, in the number of lives lost. ' It was just, about the clOae of the ' Civil War. on April 27, 1885, that the steamboat "Su liane," loaded ' with Union soldiers returning from ' the campaign around and below Vicksburg,and many other passeng ' ers, blew up and over 1,500 lives ' lost. The disaster occurred several ! miles above Memphis. Approxi i mat el v 2,300 people were aboard, > aiout the same number on board , the Titanic. The accident occurred ' | , about I 90 o crack a.m., io mid . streets*. J Following the bursting of the J boilers, which caused the pilot J house and"texas" to be hurled high 11 into tbs sir sod scattered over tbs wat er, the boat took tire, and was . soon a mass of flame. Many wert) I scalded lo death. ? The ' Carpathia" of this long for I gotten river horrow was thest amer ;: "l> stona" which was coming down ,|tee river and was just a mile from * i the Sultana when the latter's boil . ers exploded. She hastened to the . | scene and was able to rescue sever j ' al hundred passengers who other? wise would have perished.?De * | catur Daily. i Tobacco growing was forbidden in England in the reign of Char!tja I the Second.