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ftbe Xexington (5a3ette
VOL. 108, NO. 30 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, JULY 24, 1912 $1.00 PER YEAR HEALTH BOARD ISSUES A "FLY CATECHISM" Good Roles for Exterminating the National Pest Tbe Board of Health or Indian? apolis, Ind., has issued a "Fly Catechism" which it would be well for all Gazette readers to commit to memory, particulury at this time of the year, when every effort made tn exterminating the national pest will count for so much more than it would later in the season, when so many more billions of flies will have been brought into existence. It follows: I. Where is the fly born? In manure and luth. _ Where does the fly live? Id every kind of tilth. 3. ls anything too filthy for the fly to eat? No. 4. (a) Where does he go wheo he leaves the vault and tbe manure pile and the spittoon? Into the kitchen and the dining room, (b) What does he do there? He walks on the bread, fruit and vegetables; wipes his feet on the butter and bathes ia the buttermilk. V Does the Hy visit the patient sick with consumption, typhoid fever, and cholera infantum? He does?and may call on you next. li. ls the fly dangerous? He is man's worst pest aud more danger? ous than wild beast or rattlesnake. 7. What diseases does the fly carry? He carries typhoid fever, tuberculosis and summer complaint. How? On his wings and hairy feet, What is his correct name? Typhoid Flv. 8. Did he ?>ver kill any one? Ile killed more American soldiers in the Spanish-American War than tbe bullets of the Spaniards. 9. Where are the'greatest number of esses of typhoid fever, consump? tion and summer complaint? Where there are most flies. 10. Where are there most flies? Where there is most tilth. II. Why shculd we kill the fly? Because be may kill us. 12. How shall we kill the fly? (a) Destroy all the filth about the house and yard; (b) pour lime into tbe vault and on the manure; (c) kill the fly with a wire-screen paddle, sticky paper, or kerosene oil. 13. lull tbe fly in any way, but? kill the fly! Richeson's Body Is Buried By His Mother's Side The final wishes cf the Rev. Clar? ence V. T. Richeson, who was elec? trocuted in Bjston in May for the murder of Avis Linnell, were last Thursday carried out, when his re? mains were exunied from tbe old grave yard on bis father's farm, four miles from Amherst Court House, and were laid to rest beside those of bis mother, whose grave is ia the cemetery s short distance from the latter town. When the re? mains were brought from Boston in May they were met at Amherst de pot by tbe father snd brothers of tbe deceased and were taken by a circuitous route to the grave yard where the grandparents of.Clarence Richeson were buried and there the interment took place. Publicity was carefully avoided and the remains would bave lain undisturbed as far as the male members of the family were concerned, but tbe sisters of the former minister desired tbat he should be buried as he wished, next to his mother's grave, and to this Mr. Richeson, senior, consented. A Lynchburg undertaker exhum? ed the remains in the presence ol one brother. The remains were in perfect condition, the features be? ing composed and an open Bible be? ing held in tbe band. In a heavy rain the journey to the Amherst oemetery was made, where tbe grave bad been dug. The casket was low? ered and prayers were offered by tbe Rev. Mr. Hawkins a Baptist minister. Marble cross with a brief inscription will be placed over it ._ Tha election of Mr. Wm. F. Mc? combs to tbe honorable and respon? sible position of chairman of the National Democratic Committee seems to meet with the approval ol all leading Democrats. A bigamist is u mao wno h?s mor? wives than brains. 15 PER CENT REDUCTIONS Drastic Reforms in Express Rates Recommended S-ree pi nf*; reductions in express rates averaging Id general, approx? imately 15 per cent; drastic reforms in regulations and practices, and ! comprehensive changes in the j methods of operation are prescrib? ed in a report made public Friday by the Interstate Commerce Com? mission of its investigation into the business of tbe thirteen great ex? press companies of the United States. Dealing with the identity of in? terest between the various cam panies, the report finds that while these companies are separate legal entities, "it is of interest to regard this fact that by stock ownership and otherwise they are so interlaced, intertwined and interlocked that it is with difficulty we can trace any one of the greater companies as either wholly independent in. its management ortho agency of a sin? gle railroad system. So that while these companies operate separately and compete with each other for traffic, the express business may be said to be almost a family affair. An interesting genealogical tree, in fact, might be dru, * n showing commony ancestry in all of the larger companies. And while many names may be used to designate these companies, it is within the fact to say that aside from the oper? ation of the minor and distinctive lj railroad express companies, the express business of tbe United States is managed by aol more than three groups of interests." The greatest reduction of rates proposed is on small packages that is, on parcels which weigh less than twelve pounds. Kates on packages of more than twelve pounds were found to be more re? settable than those on smaller par? cels. Real Estate and Property Transfers Recorded The following deeds of bargain and sals were entered of record in the Clerk's Office of Rockbridge county for two weeks ending July 20, 1912: Trustees Lexington Presbyterian church toF. L. McClung, portion of the "Parsonage Lot" on White Street, Lexington $2,500. Virginia Leighton to Naomi Leighton, land lying on waters of Elk's Creek, Natural Bridge dis? trict. C. D. Pal mei to T. M. Smith, 1 acre adj. Lula B. Davis, Lexington district, $125. Bessie G. Peebles to W. H. Bond, one-seventh undivided interest in hotel property in Glasgow, owned bv the late B. G. Gabbart, $350. Jas. C. Zillman to W. C. Agnor, 91 acres four and one-half miles southwest of Lexington adj. R. T. Zillman, Lexington district, $4,100. Mrs. Nelia A. Pence Chittum to Housed E. Pence, house and lot on Mainstreet, Lexington, adj. skating rink. R, S. McCluer, etc., to Ella T. Herring, releasing their interest in "Clover Hill" tract of land, Natural Bridge district. H. G. Herring, etc., to Ella T. Herring, releasing their interest in "Clover Hill" tract of land, Natural Bridge district. J. A. Austin to Wm.Thomas, tract adj. F. T. Anderson, being t*:at por? tion of J. H. Johnson estate allotted R. J. Mathenev, 150. W. H. Harris to Ida Harris, two tracts of 37 1-10 and 35 acres, re? spectively, adj. A. L. Steele, South River district, H.000. Mrs. W. S. Hannah to Hugh Goodson Wills, 16 acres and 15 poles on north fork of Cedar Creek, adj. E. M. Ruff, Natural Bridge district, $300. -** Another Snake Story l*ast week somebody entered a de? tached building used as an eating room at Emanuel Alger's place on top of the Blue Ridge, There upon the table from which the family had recently eaten breakfast was a huge rattlesnake, drinking the broth off a dish of rice. A gun was procured and tbe snake shot to pieces. It had nine rettie.* and a button.?Page County News. VIRGINIA ASLEEP WTJjOT SERVILE She Submits to Being Governed By a Machine DOES NOT REPRESENT PEOPLE People Already Waking to Duty of A New Day "Virginia, in spite of its splen? did traditions, is today in its sub? serviency to a machine, one of the most servile States of the Union." This is the editorial comment of Mark Sullivan in Collier's Weekly in his discussion of the appearance of Thomas F. Ryan as a Virginia delegate at Baltimore. This sta te? rna! t is not true. Virginia is not servile. But Virginia is asleep. Virginia does submit to being governed by a machine tbat fails to represent tbe people. She does permit men to make of her public service a means of individual ag? grandizement, of continuance in fat places, of putting personal friend? ship above the common good. Is blind devotion to the principle of party regularity, Uer citizens bave acquiesced in perpetuating a selfish tr rou p. These men have departed from their ancient traditions; they have failed to voice tbe needs of the common people; they bave retarded progress; they bave set an embargo on big leadership; they have oppos? ed modern methods of government; they have blighted.initiutive, perpet? uated J obsolete and extravagant waysof conducting public business; they have failed to measure up to tbe responsibilities with which Vir? ginia entrusted them. Virginia bas* been indifferent, but she is not, in Mr. Sullivan's sense, servile. She is indifferent to the charge tbat she who once fed American Commonwealths in the wisdom and greatness of her statesmanship now trails in the rear. Formerly re? form, progress, enthusiasm for lib- j erty and democracy were born in I Virginia. Now we hear ot the "Iowa Idea," or of tbe "Wisconsin Plan," but never of the "Virginia Ideal." Wheo tbe great experiment of self-government wa* being under? taken George Mason.drew its char? ter, Thomas Jefferson threw down tbe gage of battle. George Washing? ton achieved the victory. Yet to? day, when the struggle is waged for free opportunity, equality before the law, and destruction of special privileges, Virginia do longer leads. She sends Tnomas Fortune Ryan, the bodily incarnation of the abuses calling for correction, as her dele? gate to tbe National Convention, Virginia thinks of herself as con? servative, and tbat conservatism has brought ber perilously near to leth? argy and ignorance. Shs is not ser? vile, but drowsily content. Whon she wakes, that moment will see the end of Bourbonism, of reactionary policies, of undemocratic policies, of undemocratic practice upon which the machine is built. History disproves idle talk of a servile Virginia. Interwoven in the fibre of her lifo are the finest characters and the loftiest ideals. Her people are sound, honest, dem ociatic, wisely progressive. The foundation of her faith remains un? shaken. If tbe Times-Dispatch did not believe this, it would not feel so deep the failure of Virginia to ex? press her true self. But we do be? lieve that Virginia is still bent on high things. She will take ber right place in helping to mold gov? ernment into un instrument for serv? ing all tbe people. The machine will be destroyed because it is out of touch with Virginia ideals and does not answer modern needs. Virginia is not servile. She is asleep. Yet already she is waking to theduty of a nsw day.?Richmond Times-Dispatch. "It was my fight aod it is my vic? tory," said Mr- Roosevelt, when he heard of the expulsion of Senator William Lorimer Irom the United I States Senate. "Tbe whole thing began when I refused to dine with him at the Hamilton Club dinner." If you would be popular you must be a good forgsttsr. SPEAKER CLARK LED HOSTSJIjJEA GIRI Democratic House Members Cal On Gov. Wilson K CORDIAL WELCOME GlVEf Book of Autographs Presented t Presidential Candidate Champ Clark, Speaker of th House, led his caravan of follower ? tortuous way along the dusty road it Sea Girt to Governor Wilson' lomrosr home, on the New Jerse; XM*>i Saturday. '1 hey came. Iii strong, from the House of Represen tatives ina special train from Wash ington to shake hands with the noir inee and bid him God speed for th Presidency, lt was tbe first tim tu the history of the United State that Democrats or Republicans ii Congress bad quit their work t dash across the country and bail th party standard-bearer. Governor Wilson met them hal way down the walk stretching aaa; from his front porch to tbe roadway and escorted Mr. Clark to tbe wid porch and there completed the we ootne by grasping every pilgrim b; tbe band. Mr. Clark had something to sa and he did not wait until the lon line of Representatives bad filed b and had its collective say, so be hel Up tbe procession for a minute o two and told tbe Governor tbat the had come to see him and wish hit wall in his tight, and tbat they ha. brought along their autographs in little book to remind him some da that the Democratic majority of th Bouse had closed up office and trav? eled down to Sea Girt to get ac uuvnted with tbe next President Weuld he please take it? Governor Wilson expressed hi appreciation of tbe honor done hit and said he hoped it was just the lu ginning of a long acquaintance. Farmers Getting Higher Price fo Their Pruducts The farmers of the country wer being paid more by 17.5 per ceu for their products on July 1 thi: year than they received last yea at tbat time, Victor H Olmsted chief of the bureau of statistics Department of Agriculture, an nounced a few days ago. This increase in prices was th average on crops which represen about three fourths of the value o all crops of the nation. The increase in price in cents bt ing paid the farmer July 1, this year over those on the same date las year i-acluised: Corn, ll ; w eat and oats, 15; bar ley, 12; rye, 6 I *.'; buckwheat, 6; pi tatoes, 7; hay, fl."-e. There was an increase of 7 cent: in the price of tl ax seed and 3 cent in cotton. Increase in tbe prices of other products included: Hogs, 99 cents; oeef cattle. St veal calves, 51: eggs, 2 1-2; bu tte i 3; sheep, 28; lambs, 51; miich cows fl !W; milk, 2 I-*"; beans. 43; swee potatoes, 16; onions, 21;clover seed #2.89; timothy seed, $1 44; wool, un washed, 3; cabbage, 21; broom corn #10 (too); bran. *f:i.4s. Why? lt was almost national ackno* lodgement that, through all thes years, Mr. Bryan bas been rigb and his oppouent wrong. It wa thunderous indorsement, after 2 yeats, of tbat for which Mr. li ry a has striven, and a thunderous clan or from the rank and file of an op? posing party for the application s Washington of the polieies that Mi Bryan had never abandoned, neve compromised aud never failed to d< fend. If Mr. Bryan fought for progre* si veness when it was friendless why sim lld be no fight for it i triumph? When the things he has battle for throughout bis political caree are on the eve of triumph, wh shuuid Mr Bryan permit thin blerigglng politicaii*. at B-iltimoi io cheat him, and the country, oi of the fruits of his struggle??Por land (.Oregon) Journal. THE FARMER - CREED What the Agriculturist Should Do To Wis Success I believe in clover, I believe in cow poss, I believe in soy beans, and above all, I believe in alfalfa, the queen of forage plants. I believe in a permanent agricul? ture, a soil tbat shall grow richer rather than poorer from year to year. I believe in hundred bushel corn and in fifty bushel wheat, and I shal| not be satisfied with anything less. I believe tbat .the only good weed is a dead weed, and that a clean farm is as important asa clean con? science. I believe in the farm boy and tbe farm girl, tbe farmer's best crops and the future's best hope. I believe in the farm woman, and will do all in my power to make her life easier and hippier. I believe in a .country school th<? preoares for country life, and a country church that teaches its peo pie to love deeply and live honor ably. I believe in the community spirit, a pride in homesa nd neighbors, and I will do my part to make my own community the best in the State. I believe in better roads. I will use tbe road drag conscitrt iously whenever opportunity offers, and I will not "soldier" when work g I ing out on my road tax. y I believe in the farmer, I d [ believe in farm life, I believe in the inspiration of the open country. 1 am proud to be a farmer, and I will try earnestly to be worthy of the name. 1 believe in honest statements y about crop yields and fine cattle and e | standard measures rattier than mouth measures. I believe in a home that rever . ! ences God and does not slander a neighbor?a borne where there are s | family prayers, and where the little Q ones say "Now I lay me down to .sleep."?The Virginia Journal of Education. Two Colonels in Plain Contrast Under the caption, "The case of ' Mr. Roosevelt.'" Senator Li Follette has written the following editorial in the current number of La Kol lette's Weekly: "Bryan at Baltimore, foregoing all chance of his own nomination, marshalling all his forces, braving ! Tammany and the trusts, to rescue 1 his party from their domination, carrying the convention for the adoption of the most progressive Democratic platform yet offered, ' and the nomination of the most prog ressive Democratic candidate avail? able, was a towering figure of moral power and patriotic devotion to civic righteousness. "Roosevelt at Chicago, backed by money deprived from the stock-wat? ering operations of the steel trust and the harvester trust, orgaaizmg what are now confessed to have been fake contests as to nearly 200 delegates in order to control the Republican convention and secure hisown nomination, refusing to aid in making a progressive platform, bound to bave the nominationrjr de? stroy the Republican party, was a most striking example of misdirect? ed power and unworthy ambition. Roosevelt had as great an oppor? tunity to serve the progressive causeat Chicago as Bryan had Haiti more. But Roosevelt was serving ihe mac, not the cause." Negro Babies Happiest Negro babies, ai euro D/ to the child hygiene bureau of thu New Vork City Health Department, are much better humored than other babies. A large number of pick? aninnies are being cared for this summer in connection with the de? partment's infant milk stations, and a report by tbe beud of tbe bureau comments on their conduot as fol? lows: "Tbe little negro babies seldom are fretty. They are the mon philosophical Oaoy patients we have. You rarely hear one ory. but the white babies cry a great deaT, es? pecially wben they are being weighed." Keep an eye on your friends; you know what to expect from your enemies. NEW PROFESSOR OF LAW FOR WASHINGTON & LEE Mr. Robt. W. Withers Has Accepted Bradord Professorship Mr. Robert Walker Withers has accepted tbe Bradford professor? ship of Constitutional Law, estab? lished by tbe Board of Trustees of Washington and Lee University at their annual meeting in June. This announcement followed upon the election of Mr. Withers on June 27 by the executive committee of tbe Board of Trustees, and a mature consideration of the offer by him in connection with other attractive propositions for his services in R i ooke and Norfolk. The establishment of an additional professorship was made necessary by the continued rapid increase in the law school. At the annual meet? ing of the Hoard of Trustees, in re? sponse to the petition of tbe law fac? ulty, adopted the following resolu? tions with regard to the Law School: 1. Resolved, That the Board con? curs in the opinion of the law fac? ulty that th>* course given in the Law School for tbe Degree of LL B. should continue to be a i.vo years' course, with the option of the students to take it in three years instead of two. as at present; that the course should ,ot at present be enlarged, nor the work now required of the stu? dent for his degree (to any extent) increased, but that it is very desir? able thttt the classes, and especially tbe Junior Class, should as far as practicable be divided into smaller sections, without substantially in? creasing the work of the professors. 2. That tbe Vincent L Hradi .rd professorship of Constitutional aud International Law. as provided for ic the will of Vincent L. Bradford, deceased, be established. 3. Tbat tbe executive committee is authorized to elect a profos?sor fur said chair to serve during tbe com? ing year: fix his salary, and lo as? sign to him his duties?the perma? nent tilling of tin* etiair Ui be taken up bv the Board eitherat its meet? ing next October or the next annual meeting as may seem best. Pursuant to the resolution of the Board, the executive committee, at a meeting on June 27. took tbe follow? ing action: Resolved, That Mr. R-bert W. Withers be selected to fill the new chair of law recently created by the Board during the year beginning July 1. l:'I-', with me understand? ing thai il the relation proves mutu? ally satisfactory, this committee will recommend last be be elected perma? nently to said chair at Jtbe next an? nual meeting of tbe Board. The newly elected professor is an alumnus of Washington aud Lee, having taken his law degree with the class of 11*05. While in college be was known as au exceptionally bright and successful studeu t. Since his graduation Mr. Wit tiers has practiced his profession in Bedford Citti with a large measiu e of suc? cess, and he is reeognizea u-> one of the most prominent youn;r lawyers in 'the State. He is a nephew of Dean Martin P. (lurks of t.c Wash? ington I*ee Law School. Progressives to Meet in Roanoke Thomas Lee Moore ul Roanoke, Virginia member of the I'rogress-ive National Committee, i, is issuej a cal! for a State con ti-re nee or mass meeting to be held in Roanoke July SQ, n on, to narnu delegates to the National Convention, which will as? semble in Cbis-as-r*,.. tsugu?tft. State electors are also to be named, and such other business as ni*yeouie up will be disposed of. As the Progressives ,.i this State are without organization, or a party law, it is recommended that they immediately take such steps locally as may seem best in their several counties, cities or other subdivis? ions to organise for the pu pose of sending representative cituecs to the State conference. Ta the ab? sence of lime or opportunity for lo? ci}! organization any citizau or citi? zens who may be inclined so to do can, however, attend the confer? ence. An occasional failure encourages j the bustier to make a ts.re strec I uous eiTort.