Newspaper Page Text
TLhe ^Lexington (5a3ette
VOL. 108, NO. 33 ^^^^^^^^^^H LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1912 $1 00 PB^^H EVERYBODY WORKS ROADS IN OLD PATRICK COUNTY "Good Roads Day" IsObserved With Plow and Shovel Virginia?or, rather, one county of Virginia?bas a new and unique plan for improving its public high? ways. We are familiar with arbor days, flag days and various other days set apart for the special nour? ishing of popular sentiment in this or tiiat direction or the furtherance of some particular public move? ment. But it remains for Patrick county, in the Old Dominion, to proclaim am. observe with plow, shovel, gravel cart and lusty lubor a "(iood Roads Day." There are two saving features to this scheme. In the first place, it constitutes so an indirect plan of taxation for road-making that few people will give the cost a thought. Seejond, the roads of Patrick coeinty are, we understand, in such fright? ful condition that no barm can be done by turning loose upon I their for construction or destruction of all the hordes i f average i-.itizens whose willingness to help is exceeded by their ignorance of tbe science of road-building. The scheme is not economical. The mao who can earn $5 in work that does not barden his hands is not likely to be worth his salt with a shovel. Me could much better contribute fl.50 for the hire of a la? borer than go forth and work him? self. Patrick county bas some 17,000 inhabitants. A contribution cf tl per head would produce a tidy sum for road improvement. If all the males over 16 years of age take part in this spasmodic attack upon tbe highways, almost as great a sum will be indirectly spent in sacrificed wages. But if not much is to be expected in the way of actual and permanent improvement of tbe roads on this merry-making holiday, it ought at least to have great moral effect. We mistrust that the memory of broken backs will in tbe near fu? ture be responsible for many votes for a highways bond issue. And even though nothing on so grand a scale be attempted at once, a day "spent On the roads," with all its attendant problems, quandaries and failures to thelunskilled.willawaken in Patrick county an astonishing in? terest in the study of practical highway construction, with good results in the ene).?Baltimore News. Pitched in a High Key Moving pictures of the Bull Moose convention: "Cheered him for 52 minutes." "Listened not only patiently but with intense interest to a speech 21,000 words long."' "We'll s^eep the country." "(sive us a Southern man for Vice-President and we'll break tbe solid South," "Like a religious revival, the audience sing? ing hymns like a camp-meeting crowd." "Tbe credentials commit? en could not decide tbe Southern negroes' contests until they heard from Mr. Roosevolt." "Not until Mr. Roosevelt had made his 'con? fession of faith' did the resolu? tions committee know along what lines they won ld | have to frayne the platform." Nothing but Rxosevelt. Lookiug on what he considers a wild popu? lists demonstration, the New York Sun correspondent writes: "These people make tn idol, a Joshua, a Moses, a Washington, a Jackson and a Lincoln of Roosevelt. He is tbe personification of all tbe virtues of past and gone American states? men." It is a remarkable demon? stration of the power of a vigorous personality. To these people Roose? velt is a sort of religion. They ac? cept from him as gospel proposi? tions that from any other man they would reject as tank socialism. Tbe fervor approaches fanaticism. It is pitched in too high a key to be maintained. ?Ballimore Kv en ing Sun. It is entirely owing to tbe change of time in the Pacific Ocean and not to journalistic prescience that tbe death of the Japanese Kmperor was known in New York the day before it actually happened ia Tokio. re cently. TO BURY AT DEAD OF NIGHT Funeral Services of Late Emperor Mutsuhito of Japan The funeral arrangements for the late Emperor Mutsuhito cf Japan, who died July 30th, have been completed by the special beireau which has been sitting since Aug. I. The date of the funeral ceremony at Tokio has been fixed for Sept. 13, and the interment is to take place at Momoyama on Sept. 14. It is the imperial custom that tbe funerals of the members of tbe royal family are held during the night. The night is the time for rest and peace, and tbe night is the time for deep mourning. At the luneral uniforms of all kinds will be discarded, except those of army and navy officers. The people who will participate in the services will wear the old Jap anese costumes. The new Emperor will wear tbe old costume, which he has uever worn in his life. Every? thing will be of th-, old Japan of centuries ago. The services are simple. Tbe priest of the Shinto will make lengthy prayer for the spirit of the late Eu.perorand every word will be the old Japanese word and no mod? ern language will be u-ed. At the service the light will be furnished by pine tree bonfires, .'nd no other light will be used. With tbe slow and melancholy music ot old Japan, with the people costumed in the old dresses sur? rounding the flickering pim fires, tbe scene will not suggest s single aspect of the modern Japan, and listening to the priest's pr;i> cr in the old language, the people will feel that they are in tbe Japan of many centuries ago. Berlin Is a Flyless City Berlin, the oables say. has ban ished the tty?cot by "swatting." nothing sotr d>?, but oy| removing the conditions that breed Hies. Screens are not required in tin windows of the German capital, sav ing a considerable sum to the house holder., , We Americans put in screens all over the house, cover tbe bu Uer. the milk and bread, and shoo tbe fly with fans, sticksand fly-killers. Whole States join Tn "swatrtbe fly'' campaigns, slaughtering them by tbe millions. Yet we allow, in the very center of residence sections, filthy stables where the flies breed by the million. As long as most of our traffic is drawn by horses and mules we can? not expect to haye a flyless city, any more than we can banish the smoke evil when every train leaves * long trail of soft-coal smoke. Open sewers breed flies and mosquitoes here, but they will soon be things A the past. The sewerage system will reenedy that. The horse is too useful to be banished, but we can insist upon cleaner stables and cleaner streets; at least diminish ing tbe pest. The Medical Record suggests for the familiar slogan, "Swat the fly" a substitute, "No Sith, no flies." We accept the amendment. It carries the evil back to its source. Fixchanga A "Moonshine" Mule What shall the Federal Gover? nment do with a pack mule that makes regular trips across the line outof old Indian Territory, gets its pack tilled with liquor and goes back again to destribute its supply to regular customers? This problem was laid before the United States District Attorney at Muskagee, Okla. The information stated that the bootlegging mule made its trips without a pilot and that the name of its owner of those persons who sup? plied the liquor was unknown. The mule's field of operation is along the line between Creek county, In the old Indian Territory, and Payne county, in what formerly was Oklahoma Territory and where the Federal liquor law does not ap? ply. Someone in Payne county is said to load tba mule's pack, whereupon the animal returns across the line, stopping at certain farm houses, where the farmer takes out his bot? tle and drops .the money into the pack. A special investigation will be made to ascertain the "power higher up" than the mule. EFFICIENT AGENCIES OF OLDJOUNTY FAIR Important Factor in Development And Progress MAKES FOR WIDER EDUCATION Railroad President Writes About This Institution President W. W. Finley of tbe Southern Railway Company, writes as follows on "The Advantages and Benefits of the County Fair:" It gives me great pleasure to com? ply with this suggestion for th6 rea? son that, in my opinion, the county fair can be made a most important factor in the progress arid develop? ment of the locality in which it is held. At the county fair the visitor sees what his own neighbors are doing wkere the conditions of climate and soils are similar to those on his own farm. The men who have attained the best results and carried off the premiums are known to him. He can talk with them, visit their farms and learn just how they have sue ceeded. A county fair thus becomes a most efficient educational institu tion. This is especially true where. as at some of the fairs in the South? eastern States, lectures are deliver? ed by experts in diffetant branches of agriculture, horticulture, live? stock raisiog and dairying. While amusement features in connection * ith a fair aid in increasing the at? tendance, I believe that they should be subordinated and that the pri? mary aim of the managers of county fairs should be to make them of edu cational value to tbe farmer in aid ing him to solve his practical prob? lems. Asa result ct the study which I have given to 'agricultural condi? tion in the Southeastern States in connection, with the work for f. rm improvement being carried on by the Southern Railway Company, I have become convinced that the most important problem confronting the farmers of our section at this time is that of increasing their av erage yields per acre. This maybe said to be an all-inclusive problem, for it involves not only cultural methods, but questions as to the ro? tation of crops so as to get the best results as to raising live-stock for manure as well as for direct profit. and as to. the proper use of the rig ht kind of fertilizers and the applica? tion of lime to soil needing a lime treatment. The county fair can be made a most efficient agency in the solution of the problem of encreasing the yields of our Southeastern soils. As a means to this end I would suggest to the managers of these fairs that they require exhibitors to attach to their exhibits or post up with them placards giving the most complete information practicable as to the conditions under which they were produced. For example, the educa tional value of a corn exhibit would be much increased, if it should be ac? companied by a placard stating the rotation of crops in which the corn bad been grown, describingconcise ly the character of soil and the melli ods by which it had been prepared, the date and method of planting, the date and methods of cultivation, the amount cf barn yard manure uaad per acre with the time and method of its application, the character and mount of commercial fertilizers used with the time aod method of their application, the yield per acre ob? tained, and any other factsof an in? structive nature relative to the pro? duction of corn. Similar placards with such changes as might be nee essary to adapt them to the different exhibits would add greatly to the practical educational vaiue of the fair._ Negro Dies at 99 Years of A?e Staunton Daily ?clader: Jenkins Bannister, a negro who claimed tn be ninety-nine years old, died in Staunton Tuesday night, Persons who knew bim say that he looked to be that old whether he was or not. Be had not been a resident of Stan n ton for many years, coining hen from Bath. He leaves two daughters wbo reside here. GREAT CROWDS HEAR ACCEPTANCE SPEECH Gov. Wilson Meets Expectations Of His Friends PROMINENT PARTY MEN THERE Also Members of Women's National Democratic League With "trust in the will and judg ment of the common people" as his keynote Woodrow Wilson accepted the nomination as Democratic Pres? idential candidate at his summer home at Sea Girt, N. J., last Wed? nesday. Brieflv and simply the Governor was notified of his nomination by Senator-elect Ollie James of Ken tucky, who emphasized, as he said. tnat the Governor had obtained tho honor untrammeled by obligations and unembarrassed by affiliations of any kind. Though the (lovernor spoke in acceptance theoretically to tifty-two members of the committal-, representing every State and Terri? tory in the Union, the speech. sounding the depths of his political philosophy, was heard by a uri'.it throng. Prominent Democrats, Governors of many States, their fsmilies, mem? bers of the Women's National Dem? ocratic League ano a multitude of seashore folk, most of them in tbe ijarb of the seashore, came from up and down the Jersey coast to attend the exercises. From the broad veranda of the white-ct>ated house, where the (Joy ornors of New Jersey are wont to spend their .summers, the nominee delivered his speech. Grouped be? neath widespreading willows and Blms were the more prominent (jnests. hedged in by clumps of ferns und hedges. Following are some of the state? ments in the address: "We must not spefk to catcli votes, but to satisfy the thought and jonseienceof a people deeply stirred ay the conviction that they have come to a critical turning point in their moral and political develop ment." "The forces of the nation are as sorting themselves against every brm of special privilege and private joncrol and are seeking bigger things than they have ever hereto? fore achieved." "Our task now is to effect a great readjustment and get the forces of ibe whole people once more into play. We need no revolution; we aeed no excited change; we need inly a new yoi ni ul view and a new nethod and spirit-if counsel.' "When we act we should act with caution and prudence, like men who enow what they are about, and not ike those in love with a theory. * * * There should be an imme? diate revision [of tbe tariff], and it should be downward, unhesitating? ly and steadily downward." "I do not know any greater ques? tion than that of conservation." "With regard to the development if greater aud more numerous wa terways and the building up of a nerchant marine, we must follow treat construction lines and not full jack upon the cheap deviot of boun? ces and subsidies. " "There is another duty which lbs Democratic party has shown I lee 11 treat enough and close enough to he people to perceive, the duty of 'overnment to share io promoting igricultural, industrial, vocational education in every way possible within its constitutional powers." Tbe Tallest Building The last steel girder of the tallest msiness structure in the world ?as ?ivited on recently at the top of thc rVoolworth building in New York. Dbe Colossus of Khodes was eine i>f he sev-tn wonders of the world be 'inset ii (SM 105 feet high. Seven of tuch statues coule! be piae-ed one on op of another anet the last could not ex>k over this giant new otlice bnild ng. Whencompleteel the structure ?viii weigh 25,000 tons, and wi,l hive :ost $13,000,000. lt is sixty-three ?tories high, and will have apopula ion of 10,004) people aud yield an mnusl income of about ?2,&00,01M). BEEF WILL REMAIN HIGH Only Relief Lies With Farmers in Corn Belt Cheap prices for beef based on a more abundant supply of cattle can? not be expected for several years, according to ML F. Horine. statisti cian of the Union Stock Yards and Transit Company of Chicago, why has issued a statement commenting on the record high prices paid for cattle in tbe Chicago market the past week. In his opinion the only relief lies with the farmers of the corn belt who with improved methods of farming and the use of corn and al? falfa in feeding may be able to pro duce beef cattle in larger number aid at lower cost in thu nex' raw years. "If anything were needed to prove the scarcity of beef cattle in this country and that the law of supply and deni.ind governs pri' ? marice! it luis been furnished the last few days in the sale of numerous shipments of beef steers cm the Chi cago market for from flu to 110 .vi per hundred pound*, tbe big price paid since the war bet the Stat'-. "The present situation is aa explained. The drought of 1909and 1910 throughout the southwest regions arni Mexico and the genera drought of 1910, which ext oded throughout western Canada and a.i the western and south western rang" regions, together arith the partial drought an J extremely severe tri? ter of 1911, reduced t..e already de? ficient supply of breeding young Block to such an extent that a gen eral scarcity of al! kinds of c throughout the country as dow man? ifested became inevitable. "As it will take from t n ree to Bve years to build up a new supply at the very best possible rate and nq der the most favorable condit ions an abundance of neel ai reasonably . cheap prices need not be looked for during several years tocome. Cer? tainly no more favorable opportuni? ty has ever existed than is now presented to those wno are fortu? nate enough to have the breeding stock and prepared to raise cattle for market'" It Is to Laugh The International Barvester Com? pany, summoned to show cause why it should not be dissolved as a com? bination in restraint of trade within thc meaning of the Sherman Act, not only specifically denies all the government charges against it, but declares that its business is conduct? ed with a view to benefiting the agricultural clasess of the country and that it does actually help them. The solicitude is indeed touching which exacts from Americau far? mers lor agricultural machinery prices from twenty-five to forty per cent, above those at which ideuti cally similar articles are delivered, freight paid, in Russia, South Africa, Australia and almost everywhere else in the civilized world outside of the United States. The Harvest? er Combine posing is a public ben- ' efactor presents a spectacle only less ridiculous than that afforded by The Bull Moose posturing as the champion of the popular rights and interest against tbe depredations of the "predatory rich" and the exac t ions ol the Aristocracy of Pri vilege In bot ti cases it is lo laugh. ?N :? folk Virginiur.-I'imt. Asphalt for Valley Turnpike The Board of Director- ? ;c Val? ley Turnpike Cou, pa nv ii. J a meet? ing at Winchester Tuesday after noon and tnado a trip Of inspection over the piki between Strasburg and Winchester. It is proposed to asphalt about sixteeen miles of the road between the two towns. One mile of this work has beeu completed, and meets with the Board's approval. Later several of tbe large hills between Harrison? burg and Staunton will be treated to asphalt. Strasburg and Middleton have each contriouted. Balta burgh's application to have the improvement uk du through that town was reject for the reason that too much work has already ac cumulated. Some people think heaven is situ? ated somewhere near earth. ROOSEVELT AND JOHNSON PROGRESSIVE NOMINEES Vigorous Campaign Will Be Waged By Bull Moose At a rather late hour last Wed? nesday night Theodore Roosevelt of New York, was nominated for I 'reel dent by the "National Progressive Party," in session in Chicago, and Hiram W. Johnson, at present gov? ernor of California, was nominated for vice-President. The nominations were made with great acclaim, and both Roosevelt and Johnson made speecbs of a few minutes, accenting the honors. TLe "Progressives" say that they will soon have a whirlwind cam? paign started and will wage one of the most vigorous rights this country has ever seen, and one thiit will spell victory in November. It is now thought that Roosev t will do his campaigning in the W? st. while Johnson will spend most <f his time in the East. The p'at form adopted by the Na? tional Progressive partv advt political and industrial tariff in? forms. It is the form of a contract with the people and is mostly writ tec by Colonel Roosevelt. The platform begins thus: "The conscience of the people -i a time of grave National problems called them into a new party?ono of the nation's awakened sense of ife? lice. We tbe Progressive party, de? dicate upon ourselves to establish for the people of the country a gOT ernment of the'people, by the people and for the people." The platform assails the Rspub - can party for its connection with the trusts, a-ni the Democratic party for its Incapacity. Its principal planks are for wom? an suffrage. National Presidential primary, election of United States Senators by popu'ar vote. Publicity of campaign contritu tions. during the eimpaigns elive to the people the rijflitof ini? tiative, referendum and recall of judges. For employers lo B's wage scales, and other public data a> the public element in industry demands. Provision fur rural banking and rurel credits betterment ol life of the farmer, and the .'iti/.ens of the country at large. Strengthening of anti-trust law; creating a r.aiiona ndustrial com? mittee. uleling of pat mt lew and pre? vention Ki use of ivitents of tools for monopolies; institution ofjparcels post: strengthening of interstate commerce law. Sound and elastic currency re? form, guarded against use for speculative purposes. Favoring gaod roads; opening of coal and resources of Alaska, and other developments under home? stead plan. Providing for two battle ships a year: impro ement of waterways. Panama Canal built and used by Americans, must be controlled by them. (iraduateel inheritance tax, and favoring ratification of amendments to constitution giving government right to ievy income tax. Competitive system for postmast? ers, marshalls and other non-politic? al positions. Progressives' Unique Campaign Taking swift counsel among themselves in Chicago the leaders of the new Progresasivs party are planning io bcati.i ?niiln a week a whirlwind campaign from coast to OOest. It is to be no iq US among politics! campaigns in the history of this country. The camp meeting revival idea took strong hold upon tbs imagina? tion of the leaders, and they intend to expand it. Tiie active participa? tion of women, even lo extent of placing womer; uti tl S executive committee, will be invoked, lt is proposed to instruct local leaders to use religious by moa freely at all progressive meetings, intersperseel with patriotic airs, and always to close with tbe doxology. In other words, this is to he a twentieth-cen? tury crusade. Some men believe that the only way to enjoy life is to cultivate bad babita.