TLhe ^Lexington (5a3ette
VOL. 108, NO. 33 ^^^^^^^^^^H LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1912 $1 00 PB^^H
EVERYBODY WORKS ROADS
IN OLD PATRICK COUNTY
"Good Roads Day" IsObserved With
Plow and Shovel
Virginia?or, rather, one county
of Virginia?bas a new and unique
plan for improving its public high?
ways. We are familiar with arbor
days, flag days and various other
days set apart for the special nour?
ishing of popular sentiment in this
or tiiat direction or the furtherance
of some particular public move?
ment. But it remains for Patrick
county, in the Old Dominion, to
proclaim am. observe with plow,
shovel, gravel cart and lusty lubor a
"(iood Roads Day."
There are two saving features to
this scheme. In the first place, it
constitutes so an indirect plan of
taxation for road-making that few
people will give the cost a thought.
Seejond, the roads of Patrick coeinty
are, we understand, in such fright?
ful condition that no barm can be
done by turning loose upon I their
for construction or destruction of all
the hordes i f average i-.itizens whose
willingness to help is exceeded by
their ignorance of tbe science of
The scheme is not economical.
The mao who can earn $5 in work
that does not barden his hands is
not likely to be worth his salt with
a shovel. Me could much better
contribute fl.50 for the hire of a la?
borer than go forth and work him?
self. Patrick county bas some
17,000 inhabitants. A contribution
cf tl per head would produce a tidy
sum for road improvement. If all
the males over 16 years of age take
part in this spasmodic attack upon
tbe highways, almost as great a sum
will be indirectly spent in sacrificed
But if not much is to be expected
in the way of actual and permanent
improvement of tbe roads on this
merry-making holiday, it ought at
least to have great moral effect.
We mistrust that the memory of
broken backs will in tbe near fu?
ture be responsible for many votes
for a highways bond issue. And
even though nothing on so grand a
scale be attempted at once, a day
"spent On the roads," with all its
attendant problems, quandaries and
failures to thelunskilled.willawaken
in Patrick county an astonishing in?
terest in the study of practical
highway construction, with good
results in the ene).?Baltimore
Pitched in a High Key
Moving pictures of the Bull Moose
"Cheered him for 52 minutes."
"Listened not only patiently but
with intense interest to a speech
21,000 words long."' "We'll s^eep
the country." "(sive us a Southern
man for Vice-President and we'll
break tbe solid South," "Like a
religious revival, the audience sing?
ing hymns like a camp-meeting
crowd." "Tbe credentials commit?
en could not decide tbe Southern
negroes' contests until they heard
from Mr. Roosevolt." "Not until
Mr. Roosevelt had made his 'con?
fession of faith' did the resolu?
tions committee know along what
lines they won ld | have to frayne the
Nothing but Rxosevelt. Lookiug
on what he considers a wild popu?
lists demonstration, the New York
Sun correspondent writes: "These
people make tn idol, a Joshua, a
Moses, a Washington, a Jackson
and a Lincoln of Roosevelt. He is
tbe personification of all tbe virtues
of past and gone American states?
men." It is a remarkable demon?
stration of the power of a vigorous
personality. To these people Roose?
velt is a sort of religion. They ac?
cept from him as gospel proposi?
tions that from any other man they
would reject as tank socialism.
Tbe fervor approaches fanaticism.
It is pitched in too high a key to be
maintained. ?Ballimore Kv en ing
It is entirely owing to tbe change
of time in the Pacific Ocean and not
to journalistic prescience that tbe
death of the Japanese Kmperor was
known in New York the day before
it actually happened ia Tokio. re
TO BURY AT DEAD OF NIGHT
Funeral Services of Late Emperor
Mutsuhito of Japan
The funeral arrangements for the
late Emperor Mutsuhito cf Japan,
who died July 30th, have been
completed by the special beireau
which has been sitting since Aug. I.
The date of the funeral ceremony at
Tokio has been fixed for Sept. 13,
and the interment is to take place at
Momoyama on Sept. 14.
It is the imperial custom that tbe
funerals of the members of tbe
royal family are held during the
night. The night is the time for
rest and peace, and tbe night is the
time for deep mourning.
At the luneral uniforms of all
kinds will be discarded, except
those of army and navy officers.
The people who will participate in
the services will wear the old Jap
anese costumes. The new Emperor
will wear tbe old costume, which he
has uever worn in his life. Every?
thing will be of th-, old Japan of
The services are simple. Tbe
priest of the Shinto will make
lengthy prayer for the spirit of the
late Eu.perorand every word will be
the old Japanese word and no mod?
ern language will be u-ed.
At the service the light will be
furnished by pine tree bonfires, .'nd
no other light will be used.
With tbe slow and melancholy
music ot old Japan, with the people
costumed in the old dresses sur?
rounding the flickering pim
fires, tbe scene will not suggest s
single aspect of the modern Japan,
and listening to the priest's pr;i>
cr in the old language, the people
will feel that they are in tbe Japan
of many centuries ago.
Berlin Is a Flyless City
Berlin, the oables say. has ban
ished the tty?cot by "swatting."
nothing sotr d>?, but oy| removing
the conditions that breed Hies.
Screens are not required in tin
windows of the German capital, sav
ing a considerable sum to the house
holder., , We Americans put in
screens all over the house, cover
tbe bu Uer. the milk and bread,
and shoo tbe fly with fans,
sticksand fly-killers. Whole States
join Tn "swatrtbe fly'' campaigns,
slaughtering them by tbe millions.
Yet we allow, in the very center of
residence sections, filthy stables
where the flies breed by the million.
As long as most of our traffic is
drawn by horses and mules we can?
not expect to haye a flyless city,
any more than we can banish the
smoke evil when every train leaves
* long trail of soft-coal smoke. Open
sewers breed flies and mosquitoes
here, but they will soon be things
A the past. The sewerage system
will reenedy that. The horse is too
useful to be banished, but we can
insist upon cleaner stables and
cleaner streets; at least diminish
ing tbe pest. The Medical Record
suggests for the familiar slogan,
"Swat the fly" a substitute, "No
Sith, no flies." We accept the
amendment. It carries the evil
back to its source. Fixchanga
A "Moonshine" Mule
What shall the Federal Gover?
nment do with a pack mule that
makes regular trips across the
line outof old Indian Territory, gets
its pack tilled with liquor and goes
back again to destribute its supply
to regular customers? This problem
was laid before the United States
District Attorney at Muskagee,
Okla. The information stated that
the bootlegging mule made its trips
without a pilot and that the name of
its owner of those persons who sup?
plied the liquor was unknown.
The mule's field of operation is
along the line between Creek county,
In the old Indian Territory, and
Payne county, in what formerly
was Oklahoma Territory and where
the Federal liquor law does not ap?
Someone in Payne county is said
to load tba mule's pack, whereupon
the animal returns across the line,
stopping at certain farm houses,
where the farmer takes out his bot?
tle and drops .the money into the
pack. A special investigation will
be made to ascertain the "power
higher up" than the mule.
OF OLDJOUNTY FAIR
Important Factor in Development
MAKES FOR WIDER EDUCATION
Railroad President Writes About
President W. W. Finley of tbe
Southern Railway Company, writes
as follows on "The Advantages and
Benefits of the County Fair:"
It gives me great pleasure to com?
ply with this suggestion for th6 rea?
son that, in my opinion, the county
fair can be made a most important
factor in the progress arid develop?
ment of the locality in which it is
At the county fair the visitor sees
what his own neighbors are doing
wkere the conditions of climate and
soils are similar to those on his own
farm. The men who have attained
the best results and carried off the
premiums are known to him. He
can talk with them, visit their farms
and learn just how they have sue
ceeded. A county fair thus becomes
a most efficient educational institu
tion. This is especially true where.
as at some of the fairs in the South?
eastern States, lectures are deliver?
ed by experts in diffetant branches
of agriculture, horticulture, live?
stock raisiog and dairying. While
amusement features in connection
* ith a fair aid in increasing the at?
tendance, I believe that they should
be subordinated and that the pri?
mary aim of the managers of county
fairs should be to make them of edu
cational value to tbe farmer in aid
ing him to solve his practical prob?
Asa result ct the study which I
have given to 'agricultural condi?
tion in the Southeastern States in
connection, with the work for f. rm
improvement being carried on by
the Southern Railway Company, I
have become convinced that the
most important problem confronting
the farmers of our section at this
time is that of increasing their av
erage yields per acre. This maybe
said to be an all-inclusive problem,
for it involves not only cultural
methods, but questions as to the ro?
tation of crops so as to get the best
results as to raising live-stock for
manure as well as for direct profit.
and as to. the proper use of the rig ht
kind of fertilizers and the applica?
tion of lime to soil needing a lime
The county fair can be made a
most efficient agency in the solution
of the problem of encreasing the
yields of our Southeastern soils. As
a means to this end I would suggest
to the managers of these fairs that
they require exhibitors to attach to
their exhibits or post up with them
placards giving the most complete
information practicable as to the
conditions under which they were
produced. For example, the educa
tional value of a corn exhibit would
be much increased, if it should be ac?
companied by a placard stating the
rotation of crops in which the corn
bad been grown, describingconcise
ly the character of soil and the melli
ods by which it had been prepared,
the date and method of planting, the
date and methods of cultivation, the
amount cf barn yard manure uaad
per acre with the time and method
of its application, the character and
mount of commercial fertilizers used
with the time aod method of their
application, the yield per acre ob?
tained, and any other factsof an in?
structive nature relative to the pro?
duction of corn. Similar placards
with such changes as might be nee
essary to adapt them to the different
exhibits would add greatly to the
practical educational vaiue of the
Negro Dies at 99 Years of A?e
Staunton Daily ?clader: Jenkins
Bannister, a negro who claimed tn
be ninety-nine years old, died in
Staunton Tuesday night, Persons
who knew bim say that he looked to
be that old whether he was or not.
Be had not been a resident of Stan n
ton for many years, coining hen
from Bath. He leaves two daughters
wbo reside here.
GREAT CROWDS HEAR
Gov. Wilson Meets Expectations
Of His Friends
PROMINENT PARTY MEN THERE
Also Members of Women's National
With "trust in the will and judg
ment of the common people" as his
keynote Woodrow Wilson accepted
the nomination as Democratic Pres?
idential candidate at his summer
home at Sea Girt, N. J., last Wed?
Brieflv and simply the Governor
was notified of his nomination by
Senator-elect Ollie James of Ken
tucky, who emphasized, as he said.
tnat the Governor had obtained tho
honor untrammeled by obligations
and unembarrassed by affiliations of
any kind. Though the (lovernor
spoke in acceptance theoretically to
tifty-two members of the committal-,
representing every State and Terri?
tory in the Union, the speech.
sounding the depths of his political
philosophy, was heard by a uri'.it
Prominent Democrats, Governors
of many States, their fsmilies, mem?
bers of the Women's National Dem?
ocratic League ano a multitude of
seashore folk, most of them in tbe
ijarb of the seashore, came from up
and down the Jersey coast to attend
From the broad veranda of the
white-ct>ated house, where the (Joy
ornors of New Jersey are wont to
spend their .summers, the nominee
delivered his speech. Grouped be?
neath widespreading willows and
Blms were the more prominent
(jnests. hedged in by clumps of
ferns und hedges.
Following are some of the state?
ments in the address:
"We must not spefk to catcli
votes, but to satisfy the thought and
jonseienceof a people deeply stirred
ay the conviction that they have
come to a critical turning point in
their moral and political develop
"The forces of the nation are as
sorting themselves against every
brm of special privilege and private
joncrol and are seeking bigger
things than they have ever hereto?
"Our task now is to effect a great
readjustment and get the forces of
ibe whole people once more into
play. We need no revolution; we
aeed no excited change; we need
inly a new yoi ni ul view and a new
nethod and spirit-if counsel.'
"When we act we should act with
caution and prudence, like men who
enow what they are about, and not
ike those in love with a theory.
* * * There should be an imme?
diate revision [of tbe tariff], and it
should be downward, unhesitating?
ly and steadily downward."
"I do not know any greater ques?
tion than that of conservation."
"With regard to the development
if greater aud more numerous wa
terways and the building up of a
nerchant marine, we must follow
treat construction lines and not full
jack upon the cheap deviot of boun?
ces and subsidies. "
"There is another duty which lbs
Democratic party has shown I lee 11
treat enough and close enough to
he people to perceive, the duty of
'overnment to share io promoting
igricultural, industrial, vocational
education in every way possible
within its constitutional powers."
Tbe Tallest Building
The last steel girder of the tallest
msiness structure in the world ?as
?ivited on recently at the top of thc
rVoolworth building in New York.
Dbe Colossus of Khodes was eine i>f
he sev-tn wonders of the world be
'inset ii (SM 105 feet high. Seven of
tuch statues coule! be piae-ed one on
op of another anet the last could not
ex>k over this giant new otlice bnild
ng. Whencompleteel the structure
?viii weigh 25,000 tons, and wi,l hive
:ost $13,000,000. lt is sixty-three
?tories high, and will have apopula
ion of 10,004) people aud yield an
mnusl income of about ?2,&00,01M).
BEEF WILL REMAIN HIGH
Only Relief Lies With Farmers in
Cheap prices for beef based on a
more abundant supply of cattle can?
not be expected for several years,
according to ML F. Horine. statisti
cian of the Union Stock Yards and
Transit Company of Chicago, why
has issued a statement commenting
on the record high prices paid for
cattle in tbe Chicago market the
In his opinion the only relief lies
with the farmers of the corn belt
who with improved methods of
farming and the use of corn and al?
falfa in feeding may be able to pro
duce beef cattle in larger number
aid at lower cost in thu nex' raw
"If anything were needed to prove
the scarcity of beef cattle in this
country and that the law of supply
and deni.ind governs pri' ?
marice! it luis been furnished the last
few days in the sale of numerous
shipments of beef steers cm the Chi
cago market for from flu to 110 .vi
per hundred pound*, tbe big
price paid since the war bet
"The present situation is aa
explained. The drought of 1909and
1910 throughout the southwest
regions arni Mexico and the genera
drought of 1910, which ext oded
throughout western Canada and a.i
the western and south western rang"
regions, together arith the partial
drought an J extremely severe tri?
ter of 1911, reduced t..e already de?
ficient supply of breeding young
Block to such an extent that a gen
eral scarcity of al! kinds of c
throughout the country as dow man?
ifested became inevitable.
"As it will take from t n ree to Bve
years to build up a new supply at
the very best possible rate and nq
der the most favorable condit ions an
abundance of neel ai reasonably .
cheap prices need not be looked for
during several years tocome. Cer?
tainly no more favorable opportuni?
ty has ever existed than is now
presented to those wno are fortu?
nate enough to have the breeding
stock and prepared to raise cattle
It Is to Laugh
The International Barvester Com?
pany, summoned to show cause why
it should not be dissolved as a com?
bination in restraint of trade within
thc meaning of the Sherman Act,
not only specifically denies all the
government charges against it, but
declares that its business is conduct?
ed with a view to benefiting the
agricultural clasess of the country
and that it does actually help them.
The solicitude is indeed touching
which exacts from Americau far?
mers lor agricultural machinery
prices from twenty-five to forty per
cent, above those at which ideuti
cally similar articles are delivered,
freight paid, in Russia, South Africa,
Australia and almost everywhere
else in the civilized world outside
of the United States. The Harvest?
er Combine posing is a public ben- '
efactor presents a spectacle only
less ridiculous than that afforded by
The Bull Moose posturing as the
champion of the popular rights and
interest against tbe depredations of
the "predatory rich" and the exac
t ions ol the Aristocracy of Pri vilege
In bot ti cases it is lo laugh. ?N :?
Asphalt for Valley Turnpike
The Board of Director- ? ;c Val?
ley Turnpike Cou, pa nv ii. J a meet?
ing at Winchester Tuesday after
noon and tnado a trip Of inspection
over the piki between Strasburg
and Winchester. It is proposed to
asphalt about sixteeen miles of
the road between the two towns.
One mile of this work has beeu
completed, and meets with the
Board's approval. Later several of
tbe large hills between Harrison?
burg and Staunton will be treated to
Strasburg and Middleton have
Balta burgh's application to have
the improvement uk du through
that town was reject for the reason
that too much work has already ac
Some people think heaven is situ?
ated somewhere near earth.
ROOSEVELT AND JOHNSON
Vigorous Campaign Will Be Waged
By Bull Moose
At a rather late hour last Wed?
nesday night Theodore Roosevelt of
New York, was nominated for I 'reel
dent by the "National Progressive
Party," in session in Chicago, and
Hiram W. Johnson, at present gov?
ernor of California, was nominated
The nominations were made with
great acclaim, and both Roosevelt
and Johnson made speecbs of a few
minutes, accenting the honors.
TLe "Progressives" say that they
will soon have a whirlwind cam?
paign started and will wage one of
the most vigorous rights this country
has ever seen, and one thiit will
spell victory in November.
It is now thought that Roosev t
will do his campaigning in the W? st.
while Johnson will spend most <f
his time in the East.
The p'at form adopted by the Na?
tional Progressive partv advt
political and industrial tariff in?
forms. It is the form of a contract
with the people and is mostly writ
tec by Colonel Roosevelt.
The platform begins thus:
"The conscience of the people -i a
time of grave National problems
called them into a new party?ono of
the nation's awakened sense of ife?
lice. We tbe Progressive party, de?
dicate upon ourselves to establish
for the people of the country a gOT
ernment of the'people, by the people
and for the people."
The platform assails the Rspub -
can party for its connection with
the trusts, a-ni the Democratic
party for its Incapacity.
Its principal planks are for wom?
an suffrage. National Presidential
primary, election of United States
Senators by popu'ar vote.
Publicity of campaign contritu
tions. during the eimpaigns
elive to the people the rijflitof ini?
tiative, referendum and recall of
For employers lo B's wage scales,
and other public data a> the public
element in industry demands.
Provision fur rural banking and
rurel credits betterment ol life of
the farmer, and the .'iti/.ens of the
country at large.
Strengthening of anti-trust law;
creating a r.aiiona ndustrial com?
uleling of pat mt lew and pre?
vention Ki use of ivitents of tools for
monopolies; institution ofjparcels
post: strengthening of interstate
Sound and elastic currency re?
form, guarded against use for
Favoring gaod roads; opening of
coal and resources of Alaska, and
other developments under home?
Providing for two battle ships a
year: impro ement of waterways.
Panama Canal built and used by
Americans, must be controlled by
(iraduateel inheritance tax, and
favoring ratification of amendments
to constitution giving government
right to ievy income tax.
Competitive system for postmast?
ers, marshalls and other non-politic?
Progressives' Unique Campaign
Taking swift counsel among
themselves in Chicago the leaders
of the new Progresasivs party are
planning io bcati.i ?niiln a week a
whirlwind campaign from coast to
OOest. It is to be no iq US among
politics! campaigns in the history of
The camp meeting revival idea
took strong hold upon tbs imagina?
tion of the leaders, and they intend
to expand it. Tiie active participa?
tion of women, even lo extent of
placing womer; uti tl S executive
committee, will be invoked, lt is
proposed to instruct local leaders to
use religious by moa freely at all
progressive meetings, intersperseel
with patriotic airs, and always to
close with tbe doxology. In other
words, this is to he a twentieth-cen?
Some men believe that the only
way to enjoy life is to cultivate bad
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