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?be -Lexington (Sarette
VOL. 108, NO. Jo LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 4. 1912 $1.00 PER YEAP INTERESTING SCENES IN THE CITY OF HAMBURG Many Quaint Customs Observed by Foreign Visitors (Continued from last week) Berlin, Germany. July 20, '12 Dkar Gazette:?We docked at Ouxhaven at the mouth of the Klb and took train to Hamburg where we arrived Tuursday, July 18. at 10.30 p.m. Our trip across the At? lantic Ocean and through tbe Eng tish Channel was without a single accident. I have written \nu before from Hamburg aud (riven you statistics in regard to soveral of the principal places of interest, yet maoy more I eau write of, so will continue my little story by mentioning for in? struction, first, the population of this city is about 875,000. We will now take a littiewalk ana glance ut the statue of Schiller at the opposite corner of auder Alster, we walk on the Alster Lust, an Is? land in the outer Alster with res tannin's and then cross the magni? ficent l/ombards Hrucke between the two lakes. Keeping then to the right we come to the statue of Busch, the c?jnr>mist, while to the left stands thal to the soldiers who fell in the Franco Prussian '.Var. Thence we pass through the Esplan? ade to Dainmthor, with the Gen ral Post-othee on thu one hand und the Botan ii-.il (iii dens on the other. Beyond tho gate thor*' stands at the corner of Schluter street the Cen? tral Telephone offices, lt is aband some building said to be the largest of the kind in tbe world. To the north of these grounds are the Zoological Gardens containing some flee specimens. The quays that stretch for a distance of 13 miles along the northern bank of the Klb are capable of accommodating about 400 ocean going vessels. Passing along this quay, we come to ?rook Bridge which is remarkable for its two symbolic liguros of Germania and Hammonia and forms the princi? pal entrance to the Free Harbour. St. Pauli is the great spot for amusements and the like, several other variety theatres besides the above existing here, while its many concert halls, restaurants, shooting galleries, etc., render it the favorite resort of sailors. The motley crowd as-iemblud here Saturdays and Sun? days present a striking picture of low life in a seaport town. In sport? ing matters and especially in horse racing Hamburg takes a leading po? sition. T cannot spend ail my time writing you of Hamburg as other places of more import?DCS are yet io bs visit? ed, sn by rail a four hour ride and 1 um in Berlin. Population over 3, 000,000 and one of the most beauti? ful cities of ull Ru rope, tba capital of the Kingdom of Prussia as well as that of tho German Empire. Its historical and political importance does not d.tte as far bick as th it of the capitals ot England and Prance, because the foundation of Barlin's position as one of the leading cen tres of European politics was only laid by Frederick the Great 1740 1786. The Berlin of today has grown rich in what must attract and IntSt* est the stranger no matter what the object of the visit may bt. The first mention of the place ever made occurs in a document dated 1244. Only 40 per cent of the total population are natives of Berlin. To give a faint idea of the extent of the city within its present boundary the following may suffice: It covers a surface of 6352 nectars, has 41,000 dwellings, 1130 streets, 79 bridges and 11287 vehicles. The cleaning of the streets alone cost 6,397,667 marks per year. Eight hundred and rive million tickets were taken lust year for conveyance by railways, electric trains and OK?tlb-J Hues. More than 21250 tons of meat were con? sumed during the yoar and visitors there were 1,378,6)9, In order to visit all the sights which the city offers to tbe strangor about a week would be required. The most ira portant sights of Berlin are to b< found in or near tbe centre of thi city from the Tiorgarteu in the wes to Alexander Plat/, in tie east ace from tho Spree in the north to Leip ziger Strasse iu tbe south. Nov we will lake a walk, visit u Jew u THE NEGRO AND THE LAWYER Mr. Tucker Takes Issue on Negro With Mr. Wickersham The following dispatch was sent out from Milwaukee, Wis..last week during the meeting of tr.e American Bar Association: Henry St. George Tucker of Vir? ginia, tonight issued a statement on tbe negro question as it developed io the American Bar Associaticn j convention bitterly attacking At- j torney General Wickersham for his! attitude. Mr. Tucker said: "The American Bar Association ' tia--* been one of the most effect! ve I instrumentalities of our country in . bringiug together tbe best thought and best type of Americanism that we have into close intellectual and social relations. The race question which has its legation in lo particu? lar spot in this country, until re? cently has never been injected as a disturbing element into the peace and harmony of our body. Tuat it has been now I regard as one of tbe most unfortunate circumstances. "Tiie resolution adopted on yes terday. while not in all respects agree-able to me, I think on the whole was wise, and will tend to obliterate any feeling that may have arisen on the subject. "The aualysis of this resolution shows that this is a bar association intended for white persons. lt is painful to have it suggested in the public press and from the mouths of many members of the association that this unfortunate incident has been brought about for political pur po.-^ s. The death of the association caa be hastened in no surer way. 1 am unwilling lo believe tbat any member of the association should have been guilty of such impro? priety uud yet I find iu theChicago Tribuue of this date the following: 'lt is argued that the resignation of all three colored men will nullify any political advantage the Attor? ney General may have gut out of the adoption of the resolution.' "1 agree entirely with the Chi? cago Tribune that if such motive has actuated tho Attorney-General, which 1 cannot believe, be will lind that his failure is more disastrous oven than his efforts to destroy the trusts." the most important places and re turn to our hotel to rest and refresh ourselves. We will start at toe House of Parliament and inspect the interior; very interesting. Then to the Victoria Co umu, li ism erk, Moltke and Hoon Monuments, through the Brandenburg Gate across the Pariser Piatz with the French Embassy. Now again along the street Under din Linden, one of tbe most beautiful streets ip the world, passing the palais of the minister of Education, Worship and Hoinu Affairs, the Russian and American embassies and the Kaiser Gallery; here we cross Frederich Strasse and come to the imposing moneimeot of Frederick tho Great; the Palace of Emperor Willison 1st and the Royal Library; here Uuter den Linden Strasse ends in the Opera I'lace which a little further is followed the ZlugBSUl Pl ac j which is the arsenal containing ou the ground tljor a very large select? ion and co I lee Mern of guns and arms of every description and illustrat? ing the whole history of gunnery from the leather cannon downward Having seen these sights we no* go over the Schlossbrucke with marble groups reprose-uliog classic figures. In front of us we have the Dom and the equestrian statue of King Fredrick Wilhelm III. Now we will make a visit to the Royal Palace, which has some 700 apart ments anel those most interesting will be shown the visitor. Now wt will finish this sight-seeing and re turn to our hotel, very tired and ic good condition for a first class mea with about ti quart of Munich beer on the side. Water is only used for washing purposes in this country. Now we will visit the Zoo. Ol tine; summer evenings thousands ol visitors stream along the promo n ed ns near the two band standt where some 10,000 seats have beer . provided. The restaurants of the Zoo are ihu largest iu the world. ] V.. O. D. ( (To bo continued next week) GIVEN TO DEMOCRATS CREDIT AND BLAME Their Record in Congress One of Great Credit SENATE BLOCKED REDUCTION Tariff Legislation Was Passed by Democratic House Had the Senate and President not interposed their vetoas to the tariff measures passed by the Democratic House at the session of Congress just closed, the people would have been bonefitted by thj amount of 1650.000,000 annually. This estimate was made by Chair? man Underwood of tbe House Ways aud Means Committee on the clos? ing day of the session. "The Farmers' Free List bill," said the majority leader, "would have saved the people 1390,000,000 innually. The first articles placed >n the free list by this bill were ag? ricultural implements. Tbe bill also placed sewing machines on the free ist, meeting the requirements of he poor seamstress. The measure net the needs of the farmer with free implements and free fence wire; the cotton grower with free bag ring and ties; tbe builder with free umber; the great masses of city 1 wellers, pressed for food and cloth? ing, with free meats, free leather md shoes and free salt. "Five times within practically year the Democratic House has passed a bill revising the woolen -cheuule. These bills were blocked ny the President, with the result that the people will continue to pay ninety million dollarsannuul tribute 'd the woolen trust. The cotton ii Hs passed by the House, had the Senate and the President concurred ;n them, would have brought down ! ?he people's annual burden approxi? mately *88,000,000. 'The measure passed by the Dem icrats to reduce the t riff on metals proposed a cut from 33 per cent, to I'l per cent., and had this bill be? come a law the people would have saved eighty million dollars next year. When the President vetoed this bill he gave as his reason his ielief that the iron and steel indus try needed protection. In the mind if our amiable President the steel trust is still one of our 'infant in lustries.' "The chemical bill passed by the House not only provided for a sub? stantial reduction of the rates, but also corrected numerous defects in classification. Had this measure been made into law the people would have profited to tbe extent of til, 000,000. "The bill to place sugar on the free list was passed in deference to a I very general and insistent demand j on the part of consumers, and bad the President not interposed his veto an annual burden of $115,000, 000 would have been lifted from the sh miders of the consumers of thc nation." That the tariff record of the Dem oeratic Hous? will appeal to all the voters of the country is the confident belief of the Democrats in Congress. To Exhibit Old Packet Boat Th j old packet boat, "Marshall,' m the river bank near Lynchburg, which has been used as a dwelling by in aged couple for several de cades, which plied the James Rivet and Kanawha Canal prior to thc war, has been sold to Orville Skin? ner, a local real estate agent, who is considering tbe removtl of the boal to San Francisco for the Panam! Exposition. The boat was made it Richmond late in the fifties, and ll transported the body of Genera Stonewall Jacksou from Lynchburf to Lexington for burial. After th< Canal was superseded by the Rich mond and Alleghuny Railway, nc* the James River branch of tb* Chesapeake and Oh o, the bout wa: left on the canal bank near the rail way.where Charles and Mary Spen car,an aged brother aud sister,havi since made their home in it. Mo^t of nun's if?i-f ure du either lo a lace ol knowledge or lue*: of sense, ORDER FOR SUNDAY WAIL 18 MODIFIED Postmaster General Has Issued Detailed Instructions BECAME EFFECTIVE SUNDAY Much Dissatisfsction Felt Through? out the Country Following is tbe order received by Postmaster Patton from the Poe tofft i ??? Department at Washing? ton governing the distribution of Sunday mail: "From numerous communications received at tbe Department there appears io be some misapprehen? sion among postmasters us regards the provision in the Post Office Ap? propriation Act fer the fiscal year ending June 30, 1913, relating to the delivery of mail on Sunday at first and second class post offices concerning which certain instruct? ions were issued by circular letter dated tbs Mts instant. This provi? sion as construed by the Postmaster General does not require that the lobbies of such offices be closed on Sunday but simply that the delivery of mail to the general public, through tbe general delivery, carrier win? dows, and boxes be discontinued. Mail received in time for distribu? tion into such boxes before midnight on Saturday should be distributed to the boxes and be available to lock-box holders on Sunday, as usual. "The only mail that will be affect? ed under the Postmaster |Ceneral's construction of the new law is that received at the postoflice on Sunday which has hitherto been distributed to lock iwxes, and of this mail that intended lor newspapers and for ho? tel guests, and also newspapers ad? el ?? -od io news dealers, should te distributed to the boxes as hitherto. "In order to give the provision as liberal a construction os possible the Postmaster General wishes post? masters on application to have their employees sort out in emergency cases on Sunday letters of special importance when tbe office of origin is known. This will supplement ; tbe present privilege of having such ' mail delivered on Sunday by pur? chasing a special delivery stamp therefor. "The purpose of the law is to re ' duce us far as practicable the amount of Sunday labor in post offi? ces. However, the movement ol transit mail and the distribution ol mail collected in ii ties for dispatch i to other destiiiatio:i, must be con ! tinned, aud iu order itiat the earl] 'delivery on Monday may not be de ? laye I mail received on Sunday foi delivery by carrier on Monda] I morning.as far as practicable,should . be worked after midnight on Sun j day. Clerks wben making up di rect packages that will reach firs1 and second class offices on Sunda] ! should place letters addressed ti , newspapers and hotels on top of thc package immediately under thi -.pecial delivery matter,should then , be any, and daily papers publishec .loo Sunday should be kept separati and distinct from other matters ant dispatched in sacks so labeled ai to show their contents. ! "lt is believed that if tbe sugges j tions herein are carefully observec j with reference to putting up mail ir ; the office of origin a satisfactory dis tribution can be made in post offices on Sunday with ev-n less work thai: is now required aud without incon venience to the public." Never Bolted Ticket Champ Clark told Democrats o Massachusetts ia au address a few I days ago that be believed now anc , | would always believe that he wa: i entitled to the Democratic nomina .! tion for Presicivrut this year. r "Hut under t ie two thirds rub 9 Wilson and Marshall were nominat i cd and 1 never bolted u Dc moe rai i . ticket aud never will," he added. Ile declared that the formation o i third party al this time was need uss. "If the Republicans believ ti Progressive ideas lei them com e into the Democratic partv,"he saic a Advertise in The Gazette. PARCELS POST BEGINNINGS Will Begin January 1, 1913, Over Rural and Star Routes Announcement was made by Post master-General Hitchcock that the' Pejestoffice Department would be in readiness on January 1, 1913, to put into general operttion the recently authorized parcels post system. The postal express business, which must be organized within trie next four months, will extend over more than a million miles of rural delivery and starj routes and will cover, in its various ramifications, all systems ot transportation of par? cels now utilized by private express companies. The details of the parcels post system wi 1 be worked out by a series of committees composed of of? ficers and experts of tho depart ment. The general executive com mittee appointed consists of Cuiet Inspector Robert S. Sharp; Super iotendent John C. Koons of the Di vision of Salaries and Allowances; Chief Clerk A. A. Fisher of the Second Assistant Postmastei -Gen? eral's Bureau, and Superintenden George Ls. Wood of the Division of rural mail. 'First of all," said Mr. Hitch cock "must be preparetl a clas? sification of the articles that can be accepted for transportation by par? cels post. The laver admits to the mails practically all kinds of mer? chandise that can be transported ?sfsly, including products of the farm and garden as well as factory products, provided such articles do not weigh moro than ll pounds nor exceed 12 inches in combined length and girth. "The law provides that postage on all parcels shall be prepaid by affixing distinctive stamps. This will necessitate the designing and prinring of at least a dozen denomi? nations of special stamps, ranging in value from one cent to one dollar. I Provision for the collection on de? livery of the price of a parcel must be made. liogulations governing this phase of the system already are being prepared." Mr. Watterson on Advertising Mr. Watterson?his venom not rinding adequate-expression through legitimate criticism?now accuses Mr. Hryan of being actuated a: Baltimore by a desire for publicity with a view to chautauqua attend? ance and Commoner circulation. Mr. Watterson has taken an active part in conventions, as he will, if press 1 ed, blushingly admit, but be proba 1 bly never bad an ervr.iy mean enough to attribute i" to "advertis ing." Mr. Bryan's enemies seeir to be of a lower grade. But speak? ing of money making, what a mis? take?from a pecuniary standpoint 1 ?Mr. Bryan made in not allying ^ himself with Mr. Watterson'" ' friends! Wall street is a goot' psj " i master while one is in a posi 1 lion to serve it; Mr. Morgan, Mr. '' Byan and Mr. Belmont, for instance > have many interests to look after - There are the breweries aud tht 3 distilleries who need men to speak i for thetis. There are kits of ways e> '; making money when one eau gel i rid of his conscience, but lecturing, ' though somewhat wearing, is, aftei ' all, more enjoyable in spite of Wattei son's criticisms.?The Commoner. 1 Judge Quarles Sidesteps Judge J. M. Q.iarles of Staunton atone tune a Democratic member ..i e.'ongr> ss from the Tenth district, will not make fat) race for bonnies* this fall against Hal D. Flood, bul he writes a letter to tiiose who had petitioned him to run that he iii heart and soul with them, will vote3 with them, and thinks that the tigl 1 should be made, but private busi ness reasous prevent him from lead ng the tight. Put emt al Hal Flood"s "machine' ..th li at um si, ami particularly sore he ' I cause he did not supp n't Woodrow '* I Wilson, and because he attackec L' Bryan in the Baltimore convention I the "progressives" of the Tentl '| district have been looking annice U see if they could not encompass Flood's defeat, despite the fact thu he is the regular Democratic nomi noe. Subscribe for Tbe Gazette, $1.00. GOV. WOODROW WILSON'S FATHER NATIVE OF OHIO Professor at Hampden-Sidney and Pastor at Staunton The following sketvb of the life of Rev. Joseph li. Wilson. D. I)., father of Governor Woodrow Wilson, was published in a recent issue of tbe Pocahontas (W. Va) Times, and was written by the Rev. William T. Price, D. D., a Presbyterian minis? ter of Marlinton, W. Va "Kor twenty years or more Dr. J. K Wilson was ont- ol tbe more prom? inent ministers ot the Southern Presbyterian Church. His soo, Woodrow Wilson, is the Democratic nominee for the Presidency of our great country. "In speaking of his father, the il lustrious son speaks in a manner chat, is phenomi.ially filial. The son says he would have chosen a course of life just the reverse the life he lived, and this was the result of compliance Wilta paternal advice. "Dr. J. R. Wilson, a native of Ohio, for several terms was profes? sor of Natural Science at Hampden Sidney College, Prince Edward .ouaty, Va. He was popular with :ae college students and much ad? mired by the theological students of L'nion 'Iheological Seminary, ut the Mme referred to, located near the college. When he received a call to ihe pastorate of the Staunton Pres? byterian church he resigned the professorship and moved to Staun? ton, Va., where his third son,Wood? row, was born. "The greater portion of Dr. J. li. Wilson's public life, however, was occupied with the duties of Stated ilerk of the General Assembly. This office virtually is the most in? fluential of all the offices in abaplng ihe policy of the Assembly. at.d through the Assembly the denomi? nation represented by it. 'n virtue nf his presence at all tbe Bise??Bf, | the staled clerk forms a v. uicr p*r I sonal acquaintance with influential I ministers, elders and editors I almost any other person, aud thus his opportunity to influence the en? tire constituency of the Geueral As? sembly. "Dr. J. R. Wilson's persons] mag? netism was phenomenal, and with? out any apparent effort ou his part lie could make one feel th.it he knew jotter than anyone else most would ie the best policy for the church at large to pursue. "His son. the Democratic candi I date, seems to be similarly endowed, ' as so many manifest it as their eu thusiastic belief, that Woodrow Wil? son knows better than anyone else what would be bes* thing or pol icy for thu American peoples! large. irrespecti ve of class or social condi? tions, in so far as national affairs . I ai e involved, as well is internatioa il relations." Whit Is a Bull .Moose ? Tue following quotation is fn.m "The Wilderness Hunter, 'of which Theodore Roosevelt is author: "Another noticeable cbsrsC?tris tic of tho Bull Moose is his inordi? nate and unchangeable selfishness * * Whether roaming the -OQda in solitude or tearing up tile earth or coining headlong lo the cal , he is thinking first, last and all thc time jf I.is own skin arni tue fuitutres of his own stomach. " lt is seldom that you can take a man's own estimate of ' imseif as .vorth face vslue, but f un nti wo agree with every word the Progres? sive candidate says,?r^ynchburg News. 108 and 73 Marry ii All known marriage records, so , far as the age of the contracting par? ties is concerned, were broken last week at Patersoo, N. J., when Tim? othy Griffin, 108 years old,and Lucy ?! Woody, 71-5, were wedded by a min . j ister. j j Griffin and his bride nominally j | have been married for nure than fifty years, having been slaves on I tbe same plantation in North Caro i lina before the war. l| According to the negro man's t story, they entered into the connu . j biul state by an old slave custom of i jumping over a broomstick. Re? cently they decided upon a religious [cers?ouy, however belated.