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a.**-*1' i\a_% &be Lexington *W mr*^ w *, v -_. VOL. 108, NO. 37 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER ll, 1912 $1.00 PER YEAH OLD-WORLD ATTRACTIONS TO AMERICAN TOURISTS Paris ls Regarded by Visitors as the "City Beautiful" (Continued, from Ust week) Pabis, Fbanck, Aur. 6. '12 Db ah Gazette:?I leave Berlin by train and eight hours required to make tbe trip and arri ve at Cologne. This celebrated old city is one of the most important comraorcial cen? tres of Germany and with its now incorporated suburbs has a popula? tion of about 53U,t>00. As its name indicates it was an >id Roman set? tlement and its ancient character is preserved by ks numerous crooked streets aod narro" alleys, in the centre of the city almost the only means of communication is the cab, the streets scarcely permitting the passage of other vehicles; but the ring tramway ts very useful in vis? iting the splendid buildings of the Neustadt. Horse cars also run to the various suburbs and alongside tbe Rhine. I have written you of Cologne be? fore, so this time will not give you in detail a history of many of the principal places to visit, for my trip is more of a real pleasure one, than a historic.i! siuht seeing one. Cologne is connected with a recent? ly incorporated suburb across the Rhine, called Deutz, by three brid gos; one of them being a span bridge, another a bridge of boats and a third a triple arched bridge for railway, vehicler and passenger traffic. The last day 1 was in Cologne 1 attended tho funeral of the Cardinal, which took place at the Dom and he was buried in the besementi. Tbe procession began at 8 a.m. and was one hour and forty-ti ve minutes passing a given point; no carriages, all walking. The remains of the Cardinal enclosed in a metalic case were carried en the shoulders of eight priests. Flowers, I never saw such, a two horse wagon would not have carried them, tba most beautiful of every kind. So much tor Cologne this time. I leave by train and after ten hours through the lovely farm land of Germany and France I arrive in the city of beauty, the city of all in the entire world for anything you want; any desire can be satisfied in this beautiful city of Paris if you have sufficient money. Now Paris is di? vided into 15 sections, each contain? ing what a stranger can see in a day without over fatiguing himself. At the present day Puris with its H, 000,000 inhabitants including 200, 000 foreigners, is one of tbe most superb cities in the world. The cen? tral point of Paris is the Place du Palais Royal between the Louvre and the Palais Royal, lt is crossed by Rue St. Hooore and Rue de Ri? voli which ends at the Place de la Concorde and Rue de Sevigne, in the latter of which stan ls the musec Carnavalet with objects relating tc tue history ot the city. To tht right of the Palais Rjtyal is the Place du Carrousel bordered by tht Jardin des Tuileries. Between thc Louvre and the Carrousel there stands on the Square du Carrouse a statue of Lafayette by Bartlett Iq front of the garden rises the Art de Triomphe du Carrousel sur mounted by a beautiful bronz< group. To the west and oppositi the arc de Triomphe is the inonu meat to Gambetta; across Rue di Rivoli, whose houses form thi curious and well known arcades.lie: Place Rivoli with the equestrienne statue of Jeanne d' Arc; at the wes the Champs Elysees extending u the arc de Triomphe de 1' Etoile In the late afternoon the avenue i full of carriages and the neighbor ing avenues invaded by pedestrian form a picturesque scene. On ? i rimer's evening the sight of th Champs Elysees witrt its brilliaatl illuminated music halls is quit unique. Avenue du Bois de lim. logne, a fine road 330 feet broad an much frequented by elegant cat riages, U ads to the Boise de Bot logne. In the avenue du Bois o the left hand when approaching th aro de Triomphe there stands very original monument toAlphanc Od Placo de la Madeleine stands th church de la Madeleine near whic on Thursdays aid Fridays a hus flower market, is held. H O.I). (To be continued) BULL MOOSE CONVENTION Definitely Decide Upon Opposition to H. D. Flood Representatives of the Progres? sive party held a conference yester? day at the Augusta Hotel, and as a result it was decided to place a candidate for Congress in the field A mass meeting was called for Thursday, September 26th, at Buch? anan, to nominate a candidate. It will assemble at 3:30 ic the after? noon. Tho sentiment ot the confer? ence was favorable to the nomina? tion of a farmer. The meeting was an informal one, and did not organize by electing of ticers, but an agreement was readily reached among them to put out a candidate. Among well known men in tbe district present were William Lan? caster of Cumberland county, E. J. McCullough of Buchanan, J. M. Quisenberry of Rockbridge, and Wilbur L Moorman of Lynchburg. Mr. Moorman has recently decided to start a paper in Lynchburg, and being a follower of Roosevelt, h may support the Progressive party, though that has not yet been an? nounced. Staunton Progressives were ir. vited to participate in the meeting, but for one reason or another all who were approached declined. Of those away from here who par? ticipated in the meeting, all except Mr. Moorman, were applicants for various places underMie Taft admin istration. but failed to land. Nobody seems to understand why tin- Staunton Bull Mooses stayed away from the conference. ?Friday's Staunton Leader. A Method of Exterminating Whole Colonies of Rats A method of exterminating whole colonies of rats in the course of a night has been proposed to the Pub? lic Health Service by a correspond? ent interested in the killing of rats threugh tbe publicity given this metter in connection with the bu? bonic plague in Porto Rico and Cuba. First, says the correspondent, one procures an iron kettle. In it a stone is placed. Water is poured ia until the stone is sunounded, form inga bleak and barren island. Then, across the top of the kettle, two bridges of paper, crossing in the middle ara fastened. Where these strips of paper cross a piece ol cheese is placed. The bridges are narrow, shaky and dangerous tc foot passengers. When the first rat scents thc cheese he falls for it and is prompt!) precipitated from the treacherous bridge to the water below. By be roic efforts he gain; the isknd anc sets up a howl of loneliness. Said howls attract another rat. He ii turn falls into the water. Then en sues a fight for possession of th< small territory. The fracas attract; the curious denizens of Ratviile am they also fall into the water. As ; result all ratdom is in the ketti' when dawn breaks and the Pie< Piper of Hamlin is wondering hov he ever hecamo famous. Democrats Hopeful for Vermont After a conference in New Yorl between Acting Chairman McAdo of the Democratic National Commit tee. Senators Potnerene of Ohio, am 0'Gorma.n of New York, and Repre sentative Burleson of Texas, a which the result in Vermont wa thoroughly discussed, it was decid ed to bend every effort to strengths the Democratic campaign in Main up to the last moment before nex Monday's election. At the close c the conference on Vermont, Actin, Chairman McAdoo gave out a state raent in which he said: "The result in Vermont tells big story for the Democrats. Th latest returns show od State issue we have more than 20,000 votes an reduced the Republican plurality I less than 7,000. In other years th Republicans have claimed the Stat by from 25,000 to 35,000 majorit; Tins means that the Republic.! party has a big job on its hands I carry the State in November c N it cianal issues. Tba prcspec for Wilson and Marshall carryir Vermont are most gratifying." Advertise ia The Gazette. H. ST. GEO. TUCKER SPEAKING IN MAINE Governor of State and Virginian In Portland WILSONS CLAIMS PRESENTED Citizenship of Maine Eulogized by Distinguished Visitor Hod. H. St. George Tucker of Lexington, who some time ago was invitod by the National DemocYatic Committee tu campaign for the Dem ocratic ticket, made his opening speech last Wednesday night is Portland, Mame. The Morning Sentinel of Waterville, Maine, pub? lished the following report of tbe address: Without any red fire, torch-light processions or other incentives to enthusiasm the Portland people filled their beautiful new city hall tonight to hear Governor Plaisted and Henry St. George Tucker of Virginia. The new hall seats 3,200 pe?op!e and vacant seats were very scarce, the most of them being in the second gallery. Mr. Tucker was introduced asone of the best speakers that has ever come to Maine. He discussed Na? tional affairs and especially the can? didacy of Woodrow Wilson, as he is a personal friend of the Democratic candidate. He said that after lis tening to Governor Plaisted that he almost wished that he was a real citizen of Maine. Fie paid a warm tribute to Reed, Dingley, Milliken and Boutelle, with whom he had served in Congress. "You have a great State, a great Governor, a great Senator, yes, two of them, and Congressmen who are rapidly com? ing to the front," said he. In speaking of the investigation i norw being held in Washington ls said that everybody seemed to want to get away not from the charges but f.'oin the proof of 'tho charges, and that for years ?He money inter ests of the country have been buy? ing the election. He then took un the Waterson-Wilson incident and declared that when Mr. Watterson in troduced Mr. Ryan to Mr. Wi Ison the Democratic candidate had said. "I shall be glad to meet Mr. Ryan or anv of your friends socially, bot I can'i meet him In politics because he repre? sents different interests." "Thanl God," said Mr. Tucker, "we have i candidate that can say, 'Get behinc me Satan, I can't take your money. If he had done nothing else but thi! it would make him worthy of en dorsement and election." Mr. Tucker declared that (.over i nor Wilson is the exemplification o two great ideas to bring the gov? ernment back into the hands of th people :ind low taxation. He cksei with a brief but very interestini discussion of the tariff. The meeting ended with the bane playing ".~)ixie." 1 No Crown for Him ' Colonel Roosevelt spent ten hour Saturday in Montana speechifying He said he felt confident that th sons of the Northwest are going t upset the calculations of their ac versaries in November. "I'm accused of wanting to be king and rule the country with a iron hand," said the Colonel with touch of sarcasm. "I always fee inclined to answer when any on says it, that the people don't knev the kings or they would not pi e it down as my ambition. Thc ' don't know the kings as I do, Tlier >' are many things I might like to be kT but not a king." Mrs. Margaret Van Rensseler e a Saratoga, N. Y., celebrated her IOU e birthday recently. She is still ai tive, lives alone, takes care of he d house, garden and chickens an x> looks after the horse. She does n ie use glasses and has not a gray ha te in her head. And we'll bet si yr. doesn't chew gum or smoke ciga ,n ettes. to Now that the Sunday nowspap is locked up air-tight in the poste Ree, the Sunday school magazii may be pointed out as containii some excellent reading matter. T old family Bible is all right aviso. L ROCKBRIDGE COUNTY Unusual Educational Conditions On Irish Creek MEN AND WOMEN IN SCHOOL Cooperative Association of State Assisting in Work Tbe following story of education? al conditions in a remote and motin tainotis sect.on of Rockbridge ap? peared a few days ago in a Richmond newspaper: Professor J. H. Binford, execu? tive secretary of the Cooperative Education Association, and mern ber of the State Department of Edu? cation just back from a trip through the mountainous section of theState. bring* a bizarre tale of school con? ditions in Irish Creek Hollow, a se? cluded and primitive community about twenty miles from Lexington. Professor Binford was accompan? ied ou his trip by Professor T. S. Settle. State supervisorof rural ele? mentary schools, Irish Creek Hol? low, according to the Richmond men,is one of nature's garden spots ia which the inhabitants eke out a seamy existence by tilling small paid.i's of corn, selling nuts and berries, and gathering ginseng. A rude log cabin containing a single room is theprevaling type of house. One of these was found to harbor a family of fourteen persons. A mountain glen abouteigbt miles up the hollow contains a small church and a schcol. The church was built a few years ago through tbe efforts of a woman preacher who did useful work until she began preaching strange doctrines, which alienated her congregation. For six years the little school? house was unused, because it was impoKsible to secure a teacher wil? ling to spend tbe win'er in Irish Ci ek Hollow. The problem re .:: .ined unsolved untill Miss Sallie Bruce Dickinson, a veteran teacher of the State, undertook to conduct the school in the summer months. On June 1, Miss Dickinson, accom panied by Misses Wade and Patter? son of Rockbridge county, went intc Irish Creek Hollow with a complete camping outfit and opened the school. The response was hearty, andmore than sixty pupils enrolled a large number of them marriec people. A regular class was estab lisbed for the grewn people of thc community. State Auditor C. Lee Moore Makin; Investigations Next, State Auditor C. Lee Moore wants to why so many prisoners ar kept in tbe city and county jails c the State and are not worked on th e roads. There is anew law on this s ut ject. Whatever it may mean?whal ever the courts may say it means it was intended by the Legislatu: to provide that all jailbirds, sav those held for trial for felony o those in only for a day or so, shoo! be put to work improving tbe higl ways of Virginia. The act creati n the State convict road force wa amended so as to include jail pri: oneru, and to it was added, in d< scribing who shall constitute tl road forces, the words, "and all pe sons now confined in our pub! jails, or who may be hereafter coi victed and so confined." 11 The Auditor will take a long loc ?y at this section and see if the cour e of this State have any jurisdictic for not putting jail prisouers on tl roads instead of keeping them at tl public expense, in unhealthy ac miserable idleness, in tbe jails. Tl aw has been in etluct since Jun The tremendous bills presented t sergeants for keeping prisoners ai an exceedingly costly drain on tl State, and tho Auditor had rath* see them doing something. He ca not believe there are as many as 2< people whom it is necessary to kee in the Richmond jail all the tin er awaiting trial for serious crimes. >f- Besides, he thinks if the jailbin oe are made to work on the roads, tbe lg won't be so many jailbirds, or be many people on tbe roads, eithe as are now confined behind bars. WHAT IS AN INCOME TAX? Following Is Complete Text of the State Law What is an income? This is a question that many people are ask ing since the State Auditor an? nounced that many Virginians are attempting to dodge the income tax Here is the answer to the question: 'Tncome shall include: "First?All rents (except ground rents or rents-charge), salaries, in? terest upon notes, bonds or other eviilences of debt, of wnatever de? scription, of the United States or any State or country, or any corpo? ration, company, partnership, firm or individual, collected or received during the year less the interest due '? and paid during the year. "Second?Tiie amount of all preen iums cn gold, silver or coupons. "Third?The amount of sales of live stock and meat of all kinds, less the value assessed thereon tbe pre vious year by the commissioner of the revenue. "Fourth?The amount of sales of wood, butter, cheese, hay. tobacco, grain and other vegetables and agri? cultural productionsduring thepre ceding year, whether the same was growu during the preceding year or not, less all sums paid for taxes and for labor, fences, fertilizers, clover or other seed purchased and used upon the land upon which the vege? table and agricultural productions ?vere grown or produced, and the rent of said land paid by said per son, if ho be not the owner thereof. "Fifth?All other gains and pro? fits derived from any source what? ever. "In addition to the sum of $2,000 as aforesaid, there shall be deducted from the income of the 'person as? sessed all losses sustained during the j ear; provided, further, that! only one deduction of $2,000 shall be made from the aggregate income of any family, except that guardians may make a separate deduction of $2.OOo in favor of each ward out of i income coming to said ward." : Pollution of James Rhrer Is Great Menace to Sticam The early history of Virginia, and in fact of the United States, is din I ned into every child's ear at first by , a story having its setting in James .'River, the very beginning of tbe (jcouutry, adventure, intrigue, senti? ment, love, cruelty and war. all are I bound up together in a short story I i for the child's ever eager ears, lt abounds in riches of historic inter , ! ests, and the poet finds abundant stores from which to bring both sonf and story. The men reared alonf its bunks have always referred to il as tho noble Jeems, and the women say the lovely Jeems The above are fads, and ma; sound somewhat airy, but once yoi have lived on tbe banks of Jame River, you can't speak otherwise This last sentence is meant to sa provided you lived, say some te years ago, and before the inky blac polluting fluid was poured into tb clear waters. The present appearance of thi once beautiful river no longer ar peals to tbe emotions except it be t almost curse tbe law that allows fe pecuniary gain the preference ova the best traditions of aState and he people. For woe to the day that people become so fond of money ths nature's beauties are no longe appreciated. The pollution of th riyer can be stopped, and effort should be started right now, ami bf fore politics can be injected into th fight. The river belongs to all tj people, and while business is desii able the price of the article must b fair. Nature's laws can't be vie lated except at a prohibitive price. Buchanan News. Fine Record The Farmville Normal has th unique record among Virginia inst unions understate control of pay in its expenses in full and of educatin an average of 800 young women t teach at a lower per capita cost tba any school of similar grade io tt United States. This remarkable record is due i great part to three men?J. L. Ja man, president of the school; Robe Turnbull, president of the boar and Benjamin M. Cox, businei manager. mccormick reaper and gibbs sewing machine A Visitor Writes Interestingly of Historic Rapbine Dr. Carlton D. Harris, editor of the Baltimore Southern Methodist, was a visitor at Raphinu at the re? cent Rockingham District Methodist Conference, and last week's issue of his paper had the following report of his visit, in part: 'Itaphine is a historic village beautifully situated in Rockbridge County, Virginia, on the Valley Branch of the I ;.iltiiiiore Lnd Ohio Railroad, fifteen milos north of Lex? ington, and gets its na;ne from the Greek word "Raphis," a needle, named by James _, A. Gibbs, tiie inventor of tbe Wi 11 coi and Gibb.-* sewing machine, who lived near the village and who sleeps in Mt. Car? mel Cemetery a short distance away. "But this is not tbe only thing that gives historic interest to tbe place,for it was on a farm near here that Cyrus H. McCormick invented the.first harvesting machine. "Our host. Mr. J. A. Parker, a staunch Presbyterian and a gentle? man of the old school, had thought? fully arranged for us *to visit the historic spots associated with these inventions. So early on Wednesday morning, August 88th, before the Conference had opened, young Clin? ton Fulls, a nephew of Rev. Bobert f.. Fult/., of our Conference?this is Brother Fultz's old burna?drove bis car up to the door and with Rev. D. L. Blakemore and Mr. Parket s granddaughter, we make a quick run over ground that has been made famous by two worid-renowned in? ventions, passing the old brick farmhouse in which the inventor of the sewing machine lived, the field iu which the first reaping machine in the world was tried, and stop? ping at theold log building in which it was built. When it was con? structed, it was found to be too large for the door of the building, |and rather than take it apart, they sawed an opening sufficiently large i through oneof the log sides,through ' which the first machine was drawn, whose descendants have revolution j ized agriculture. "Aa ingenious blacksmith by tba i name of McCowj was McCormick's ] right-hand man iu perlecting tbe first machine. Tbs farm, the scene of these exploits, atilt belongs to the McCormick family, and is in charge of Mr. Walter Searson,whom with his good wife.it was our pleas , ure to meet. For much of the pleas r ure and the profit of our visit to Ra ' phine we are indebted to our host. Mr. Parker, and bis estimable fam ?y."_ Guess Who This Is The Richmond Virginian pro? pounds the following questions. Can you answer them*? There is one man who does not have to write letters or to explain them. There is one man in politics who has never beeu accused of ac ceptiag campaign contributions from the Standard Oil Company. There is one man wh mn all believed when he stated that he did not wish contributions from corporations. There is one man who in his long political life has never been accused of working iu harmony willi law bri-ring corporations: who was never favored for a Presidential nomination by a single political boss of note. There is oue mau in this country today who has never had to writea forty-two pan*' oner defend e ing himself against serious charges; e I there is one man who, when ba *' j makes a statement as to the conduct e ! of past campaigns, is believed. ' i There is one man, long in politics, whatever his faults, is free from all | suspiciou and whose word is his ibond. _ ,ej The first State convention of Col j. j onel Roosevelt's National Progres j. ' sive party held at Syracuse, N. Y., K ! last Friday, broke away completely 0 from its leaders, ignored tho pro n gram prepared for it in advance, l0 shattered the slate sanctioned by I the Colonel and amid a volcanic ?yi? ri burst of enthusiasm nominated for r-!Govemor of New York by acclama rl lion Oscar S. Straus, former Secre d tarv of Commerce and Labor, firmer i8 I Ambassador to Tuikov auU y.u-oor ' worker in tbe Protrusive movement.