ftbe lexington <Sa3ette
mmm ,Afl ,_-, _*. LEXINGTON. VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1912 $100 PER YEAR
/OL. 108, NO. 4U
REPUBLICAN SLEMP ASKED
TO HELP DEMOCRATIC FUND
A Big Break Is Made by Treasurer
Much amusement has been caused
by a (aux pas recently committed by
Treasurer Rolla Wells of the Na?
tional Democratic Committee.
Representative C. Bascom Slemp
Cjf the Ninth Virginia District, who
is the only Republican in Congress
from the Old Dominion, has received
a letter from Mr. Wells asking bim
to receiveand transmit contributions
to tte Wilson-Marshall campaign
Mi. Wells evidently assumed that
the entire Congressional delegation
from Virginia is Democratic. He
aod Mr. Slemp have met in St.
Louis, where Mr. Wells lives and
where Mr. Slemp often goes on pri?
vate business, and the Republican
representative says that he will
promptly answer the letter express?
ing entire willingness to do as
Mr. Slemp happens to be tbe
chairman of the Republican party of
Virginia, which makes the "break"
of Mr. Wells the more amusing. In
explaining his willingness to trans?
mit Democratic contributions, Mr
Slemp declares that he has a Gghton
hand for hisown re-election and will
be glad to get as much Democratic
money as he can out of tbe Ninth
The Booster Helps His Town While
The Kicker Injures.
Walt Mason, the matchless humor?
ist-philosopher, hands out the fol?
lowing chunk of truth in one of his
recent prose poems, which we wish
every one in Lexington would com?
mit to memory:
"Thissurely isa one-horse town,"
tbe shiftless mau asserts, then takes
his seedy gripsack down and packs
his socks and shirts, and to some
other village goes to seek the shin?
ing plunk, there he accumulates
new woes and savs the burg is
punk. tn every town, however
slick, you'll bear the failures say:
"lhis wretched hamlet makes us
sick; we'll chase ourselves away.
The poor man has no chances here,
he linds no open door; the whole
corrupted atmosphere makes bead
and bosom sore." Worn town tc
town the failures drift and find
each one the worst, until at last the
peelers lift them to the jug feet first.
All towns are good if you will work
and try to reach the top; all towoi
are fierce if you're a shirk, whos*
mission is to yawp. Select a mat
win se hi-art is bold, whose courage
never slumped, and he will gathei
fame and gold, :.c matter where he':
dumped. Though plunted in tb
virgin woods, cr on an island bare
you'll see bim coming with th
goods, aud both feet in the ait
And when you hear a pilgrim wa
and blame things on bis towc yo
may be sure tint he would fa
where'er he settled down.
Science Grows "Fatherless Frog"
The 'fatherless frog" is ic Wast
ington. Ht hus two bulging giee
eyes, a big "vhite throat, and for a
the world looks just the same i
millions of his brothers who occur,
thrones on lily pads in some mudc
creek. However, according to Pr
fessor Jacques Loeb of the Rock
feller Institute of Research, tb
particular Mr. Frog, on exhibitii
before the Congress of Hygiene ai
Demography last week, was hatch
(rom the egg of a female by chemic
While visitors are greatly int<
ested in this orphan frog, learn
professors are busy challenging 1
chem cal parentage.
Professor Ixieb said that his fal
erless (rog was the culmination
years nf effort, and that with lit
more study he wi.l be able to p
duce other forms of life resulti
from his study of parthenogenesi
Ryan Makes Gift
Thomas Fortune Ryan of N
York has author zed _ieut. 0
Taylor Bli ly son to spend $.15,000
him upon military mural decc
tiona in memorial ball, tho so
wi uk of the OjofedafOM lu^tit
or "Hattie Abbey" in Kichmi
dow under way.
N. _ W. PROSPEROUS YEAR
tie Sixteenth Annual Report Shows
An increase of Iii per cent in its
tal operating revenues and of
radically the same percentage in
^ net reveouoi; is shown by the
orfolk and Western railway comp
ly in its sixteenth annual report
>vering the year ended June 80
tiich has j ist. bat?1 issued in pani
hlet form The figures of tho in
jme statement reveal that the totai
perating revenues wera 189,7?V
SI, sr bleb is an increase of $4,177.
14 as compared with the statement
f a year ago. Total operating ex?
cuses were $25.669,429, an in
rease of $2,711,149, aod the net
ailwav operating revenue was $14,
'45,897, an increase of $1.456.185
\fter deducting taxes the rail wa)
iperating income was $12,685 897.
ip increase of $1,866,135. or mon
?han 12 uer cent. QfOM income ssas
(:13,998,639, increase of ll._K.MB;
let income after payment of inter
sst, rentals, etc , was 19,881,674, in
:rease $1,824,288, balance to profit
ind loss alter dividends on adjust
ment pref -rred stock 18,462 006, in
crease $1,824.2*8. or about 871 pei
irt-.ni: total balance to credit of pro?
fit and loss after payment of di vi
dends on common stock, appropria
Hom for additions and betterments,
etc., $8,580,831, increase $2,426,634
or more than 39 per cent.
President L. E. Johnson says to
the stockholders, in commenting on
the substantial increase in tbe gross
operating revenues. "The lioeral
expenditures which have been made
for improvements upon your lines
and for heavy engines and freight
cars of large capacity have enabled
your management to show a practi
cally unchanged ratio of operating
expenses to operating revenues,
i notwithstanding substantial in
| creases in rates of employes' wages.''
To Protect School Children
To center tire on tho schools of
the State and to make a careful study
o( the sanitary condition o( schools
is a part of the winter's work of the
State Hoard of Health.
Chief among the problems to be
considered by the Hoard is the pro?
vision of ample sanitary outbuild
iDgs for all public schools. Statis
tics show in (nany counties compar
atively a small per cent, of the pub?
lic schools of the State are provided
with any form of outbuildings and
that, in some instances, those pro
vided are well calculated to spread
disease amoug the school children
Acting on authority given it bi
the General Assembly the Stati
Board of Health has adopted a regti
latiou requiring that all schools bi
furnished with suitable sanitary out
buildings. In this it has tbe (ul
co-operation of the State Hoard o
Education and, during the comm
winter, will begin an active eau
paign for the enforcement of the law
So much sickness is shown to be du
to the lack of proper outbuilding
that the Board of Health regard
the erection of such buildings as a
essential to the welfare of the sc ho*
Death of Rev. R. E. Steel
Robert Edward Steel, V,x Chapla
United States Navy, traveler, Qi
preacher, lecture, poet, story-wr
er, while temporarily under gre
mental derangement, died by b
own hand at 2 35 p. m., Tuesd;
Sept. 10, 1918, at his home in Lui
berton, N. C.
His work for humanity was
varied and widespread as his gre
gifts, which were withheld at
time wnen he was aware that th
were needed. Generous, kind
and helpful in his nature, he tm
have in tie course of his life i
com pi is lied untold good, though I
modesty prevented theso things 1
ing known unless they were learn
through other sources.
The trend of his mental disort
was to the end that he could bri
greater victory to his I?rd's bani
by dying than living. A physi
indisposition, not considered s
ions,extending over about ten da
se* nind to desperately increase
mental trouble aod intensified
d.-termination to carry Out what
declared was his Lord's will with
_ard to bim.?Christian Observe
HE VALUE OF BIRDS |V
TO FARMERS' CROPS!
ecklessness of Many Hunters S1
In Killing Songsters
HEY DESTROY MANY INSECTS R
esponsibility for Much Crop Loss
Rests on Sportsmen
"The time has come when every
portsman should put away his sun tl
>r live years at least," said Col. 0. | *'
>. Shields during a lecture upon 8
Birds and Animals of America" at ?'
he University of CLicago, a short 1
ime ago. n
Col. Shields argued that drastic b
measures must be put into effect if
I'.iail, grouse,pheasants and prairie
:hickens are to be saved from ex
btnclion. The annihilation of these
Esl rda, he said, would mean untold 1
poverty resulting from the scarcity
jf eropa which would be eaten by
"Ninety per cent of the normal
bird life of this country already has
been destroyed and the other ten
per cent will go in the next five
years unless strong measures are
employed to stop the slaughter," he
said. "Careful scientists tell us
that if all the insect-eating birds
were destroyed the whole continent
would, within three years, become
uninhabitable by reason of the my?
riads of insects tbat would spring
up and devour every living thing.
"Farmers and fruit growers ol
the country are losing over $1,000,
0'tu. ot rt) a year by reason of ravages
of insects. Cotton growers of Tex?
as are losing 50,1100,000 a year by
reason of the ravages of the boll
ar Meris. And all because the quail
and prairie chicken, the natural
enemies of that bu?, are practically
extinct in that state.
' Wheat and fruit growing regions
are suffering because of the killing
nfl of sap suckers, robins bluejays,
bluebirds, orioles, tangers, martins,
swallows, swifts, nighthawks,
egrets, herons, bobolinks, gulls,
kingfishers and other birds which
men love to kill under the pure lust
"A quail killed in a potato field
had in its craw " the remains of 101
potato bugs. Another killed in
a Kansas wheat field had the re?
mains of 1,*200 cinch bugs. C. L.
Harlan calculated that the Hessian
tty damage to the wheat crop in
1900 was $100,000,000. The eitel
bug as early as 1864,damaged staple
Take Your Citizenship Seriously
William J. Brysn's paper, thi
I Commoner, commends in highes
f terms the suggestion of the Rich
g mond Times-Dispatch that there h
nothing more important than tba
we should take our citizenship ser
ously. The Commoner says.
In its issue of Sept. 9, Tin Rici
mond Times-Dispatch printed
short aditorial that ought to be rea
il in every precinct, in every State e
the Union and posted up on ever
school house, and iu every countin
room and factory of the land. Hei
ae "There is nothing more importai
it- than that we take our iitizensh;
at seriously. Some people take it as
joket, some as a game, some as a se
ly fish purpose and some as a chani
n- to help friends or grind axes. J*
man is worthy of citizenship unit*!
as he regards it as a mission and usi
sat it for the common good to free b
no fellowmen from every kind of se
ey viti.de and oppression and mal
Hy them their own levers to raise thei
ist selves to bettor estate. Citizeoah
ic- is a duty, and every mau who has
lis high ideal of life, who makes it bra
>e- and serviceable lias a right to
ed called a citizen, and no other shou
be enrolled upon the* roll of hone
ler A citizen isa man who honors 1
og city, his State and his nation by li
?or ing right and doing good. Sucb
cal one regards citizenship serious
er- The duty of citizenship isceimmitt
ys, to each man as a trust to be d
the charged always for tho eu tunion w
the j fare and tho higher purpose.
he j ballot is to bo useel for the benefil
re-! mankind and not for the ad van ti
>r. 1 of individuals."
ULSON IS EASILY |
LEADING THE EIELD
(raw Vote Shows Him Far iri
Ahead of Rival Candidates in
OOSEVELT STANDS SECOND fo
aft in Third Place, but His Cause is S(
Gaining Some Strength j ^
The New York Herald publishes lb
ie following instalment of its coon- j fi
ry-wide review of the presidential j tl
Ituatioo, and its indications are' tl
bat Wilson is easily leading both a
'aft and Roosevelt, with Taft run- j n
ing third, according to the straw j n
?Hois. More than 24,000 test bal .
Dts -.vere taken in various parts of
he country. The results in the va- 1
ious States follow:
Na* York?Taft, 583; Roosevelt.
,011; Wilson. 1,147. I
Connecticut?Taft, 85; Roosevelt, ?
127: WIUOO, 96.
Delaware? Taft, 266: Roosevelt,
181; Wilson, 927.
Ne*- Jersey?Taft, 245; Roosevelt,
Nt; Wilson, 477.
Pennsylvania?Taft, 543; Roose?
velt, 573; Wilson, 567.
Maryland?Taft. 48; Roosevelt.,
198; Wilson, 192.
Ohio?Taft, 942; Roosevelt, 818;
Indiana?Taft. 891; Roosvelt. 1,
711; Wilson. 2.100.
Kentucky?Taft, 773: Roosevelt,
1.452; Wilson. 2.764.
West Virginia?Taft, 232; Roose?
velt, 529; Wilson, 775. *
Wyoming?Taft, 176; Roosevelt,
118; Wilion. 204.
Of the total straw ballots taken in
all regions, the result was as fol?
lows: Wilson, 11,164; Roosevelt.
7.147; Taft, 4,784; Debs, 1,800. The
^2'jres show Roosevelt bas drawn
4,150 votes from the Republican
party, 678 from Democrats, 20 from
The Republican loss f rc a) 1908, ac -
cording to the figures, is 5.9^7. The
Democratic gain over 1908 is 2.254.
Tbe Herald makes no predictions of
its own. but merely presents the
figures.which speak for themselves.
It also prints the reports from cor?
respondents in every State in the
United States, which hears but
largely the indicated results of the
The Herald finds that the Roose?
velt tide has reached its height,and
that tbe Taft movement is gaining
iu some parts of tLe country. Wil
son remains stationary in some sec
tions, gains in othcra, and, so fa.' ai
reports show, o-.es nowhere. Tin
Herald says that its reports indi
cate very clearly that Wilson i
leading both the other candidates.
Democratic Campaign Fund
Total contributions to the Demc
eratic campaign fund amount t
$298,750, it was announced las
Thursday by Henry Morganthai
chairman of the Democratic Nation;
j Finance Committee. Of this sun
)f he Bald,8306,906 has been expende
and while the National Committt
_ feels encouraged over >,tie contrili
lions received, there is urgent net
of not less than 1750,000 addition
to pay legitimate expenses to tl
close of the campaign
" Tho f eel i tig of con ti dence thr mg
ont the country in the success of tl
Wilson and Marshall ticket is hui
ing us in a financial way," said M
Motgaiithau. "We have receiv.
contributions from 17,116 persous
he continued, "and every State
the Union has been heard from."
The States credited with t
largest amounts are New Yor
$105,385; Pennsylvania. #19,516; Il
'P uois, $15,453; Missouii, $9,470; Nt
Jersey, $7,012; Wisconsin, 86,1'
Louisiana, $5,465, \ irgtnia, $5,4t
Washington, 96,884; A labama, $5,0i
Texas, 94,898, and Massae hu set
Harry St. Oeorgo Tucker of V
ginia, has contributed $1,000 to I
ed The transcontinetaI excursion
International (ieographers will hi
el- their symposium on geography
A struciion at the University of \
I of Kinia at one o'elook, October
?ge Many distinguished American .
European representatives will apt
LD FAMILY BIBLE PASSING M
FoimerlyWas the Depository of
'Tn Old Virginia," says the bul
tin of the State Health Department,
further explaining and comment
g on the new vita! statistics law. B
,h? family Bible was the repositorj K
r domestic annals. Kept in tin ai
irkened parlor, on a center ta ol
e, the Bible was opened with duejC
ilemnity whenever a new entry bato i r
? be made in chronicling the lifi ?
istory of the family. With a be
ill of joy, the father wo.ild opet , 5
ie great book at the space bet a i
~e Apocrypha and the New Teshi
lent and would write proudly tin '
ame of bis new born son, er kile t h< *
lother Btood by with the bat"'
er arms and watched the slow \ '
[loving quill. In the same room
teavy-hearted and sad, the tremh
mg hand of the bereaved parent
would trace the tines that told th?
Kissing of his pride and joy. li
Ut ure years, grandchildren coule
?eael the faded line*,and what a her
"This beautiful custom ha-> patsa
3d. War and tire and poverty am
neglect have destroyed many o
these ancient tomes; our fatnii
day do not cherish tliss-e volume
and use ihem as die their fatliesr>
for the record of their race. 1
to be regretted, heit in its plaOC the
State offers the individual its pro
tecting care. The records which he
might misplace, tiie State twill pre
serve, the dates which he might for
get, the State will record. Ever]
Virginian is assured a sate, undy?
ing record of his life. ^
"The new vital * statistics law is
as simple as it can be maele to se?
em- statist;e*s that are valuable II
imposes no hardship on any citizen,
but fully protect-, the records of the
people's life. Yet as the law is alto?
gether new in many localiti.
operation cannot be made* hamedi
I iccessful without the co-oper?
ation of the people. Tue law is not
a health measure exclusively, or
even to any consiOerable extent, lt
i is intended for the people and is
: aimed to serve them, If it is to be
effective, its provisions must be up
! held by those who are tbe principe
', beneficiaries under it. Every eiti
J zen should cooperate to enforce the
j law that protects him and his neigh
i bors. All the people should unite
to secure for Virginia records thal
shall be complete, accurate and re
liable records that will give tel pos
terity a true roll of our people."
A Little Child Dies Every Second
Kdward Bunnell Phelps of Nev
York City, before the Fiiteenth In
. ! ternationai Congress of Hygien
s j and Demography in Washingto
I City discussed the world-wide effoi
to diminish infant mortality and il
present status and possibilities.
>- Demonstration hy data that ai
< I proximately 55,000,000 babies ai
?t born each year anti about 15,000,ot
i, die before the first year ol' life, M
il Phelps declared the* world's infa
n, mortality probably readied tl
iei j enormous figure of 40,000 batbie
'i deaths each day, year in and ye
ii out, which practically means that ;
?d infant death occurs every otb
ie "There are the best of reason*. 1
believing that at least fifty vier oe
h- of the world's present inlant mort
lie ity is readily preventable," sa
?t- Mr. Phelps, "and the civilized coi
r. tries are just beginniug toawaku
eel that fact."
Expel Six Students
drastic steps to stamp out hazi
he at the University of North Caroli
k, have been taken as the result of I
li- faculty investigation of theeleath
William Rand, the Smith Held fret
.',"), man who recently was killed wh
>2; I being hazed by sophomores.
$6; Four students, who were accos?
ts, of forcing Rand to dane*e on a bar
when he fell and cut his throat o
broken bottle, were expelled.
,ho Two other students who witne
ed the hazing also were expelled
aiding and abetting the students
Ten members of the student be
who were known to have engagei
r hazing either during the pres
ir year or last year were suspen
"" | from the institution for one year
ind i -
>ak. 1 The Ga*?tte, only $1 a year.
r. mcculloch named
oosevelt Followers Held Meeting
Thursday in Buchanan
At a mass reinvention of the Pro
ressive party of the Tenth Con
ressionaL district held at Hoebart
a Thursday Mr. 1 J. McCulloefa
F that place, was nominated for
ongress to oppose Hon. H. D.
'iOod. Democratic nominee. Twen
y-fire Progressives are reported to
ave attended the maa ti an in re
ionse to a cali Issued from Staunton
>n September 6,
Following the nomination of Mr.
ilcCulloch as their candidate Tor
^oncress the Progressives sele>
.heir executive coen mitta* for
iistrict and the dist riot chairman.
John El. McCulloefa was elected as
j strict chairman aod the executive
committee was chosen as follows:
Mott Robinson of Appomattox coun?
ty Wilbar L. Moorman ot Amherst
county; C. V. Parkins of Augusta
county; J. M. Updike of ILiena V;s
ta and H. <L Huddleston of Clifton
The Buchanan News has the fol?
lowing to say of Mr. McCulloch.who
I known in R> bridge:
Mr. F.J.McColloch. who was on
yesterday nominated for Con*;;
by the Convention held in this plan'
is one of the best known citii-er.
the county, having iived in the
county, on the same farm, all his
life of 5;- years, leading an active
business and political career since
his young manhood. Mr. McCul
locli works with all his might at
anything ia which he is engaged,
and despite the fact of his starling
out and fora number of years an
active, wcrking Democrat and i
bolder, be joined hands with the
Republicans and was _ Federal office
holder for several years. A man of
strong convictions, he is fearless io
act, and like the head of his party,
to believe is to do, acd now he is
found a Progressive or Hull Mooser.
"He has tne unique distinction of
being the only Hotetourt man ever
receiving a nomination for Congress.
Ba baa many friends in thia and ad?
joining counties who admire his
pluck aud push in business, hand?
ling over $75.Di"' worth of cattle
this year, besides other interests,
but he will be overwhelmed by the
great Flood and Democratic votes
on the 5th of November, next."
Hundreds of Millions Being Spent
On Railroads Terminals
The special feature of Scribner's
Magazine for October is the group
of articles on "The Modern Termin?
al. " The great congestion of popu?
lation in cities within recent years
has confronted the railroads with a
most astounding problem. They
are meeting it by the construction
of colossal stations in which every
device of science and architecture
is used to facilitate the handling >>f
passengers and trains. Five gnat
terminals in the 1 nited States?at
Washington, D. C., Kansas City,
t.>e Chicago? North Western at Chi?
cago, and th'- Pennsylvania kV New
York Central in New York City ?
have coat, it is oatimatcd, about
$350.Olio.OOO, which is equal to the
, i-ost of an overage rail way from New
Yoik ti) San iranciso and back to
? j, W. Symmes Richard'oa writes
the first article " l'he Terminal?the
Sato of tho City." Helsa member
of the famous firm of architects
which built the Pennsylvania Sta?
tion. He describesentertainingiy the
great modern stations in F iropoaa
cities. He then writes of the ditfer
. ent conditions which prevail at manv
, American terminals. The article is
? from the point of view of aconstruct
ile icg architect.
Samuel O. Dunn, editor of the
, Railway Age Gazette, elaborates
I the problem from the point of view
of the practical railway man who
must take into consideration not
only the present necessities but the
. future; because these tremendous
expenditures are only justified it
, they meet the needs ot many year*
Tty* illustrations for both articlea
, ? aro most elaborate, and show how
much beauty has recently been
.evolved where we were accustomed.
1 to unsightly train shtda,
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