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VOL. 108, NO. 41 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1912 $L00 PER YEAR LAND CONVEYANCES AND BUILDING SALES Real Estate and Property Transfers Recorded The following deeds cf bargain and sal3 were enteied or record in the Clerk's Office of Rockbridge coetnty for two weeks ending Oct. 6. lilt: J. W. Seal to Mrs. Addie P. 1 log sett, the Fitzpatrick place of about 4 acres one mile south of lexington, $1500. C. M. Buchanan tot) T Wade, two tracts aggre tating 171 acres adj. J. S. Gibson, etc , Walker's Creek district, $500. Mrs. Mary Nunn Terrell to 0, M. Huchunan, 2415 acres and 85 polos adj. John B. Lavell, Wal ker's Creek district. $10,100. Janies M. Wi th row to Lena Meade, 2 houses and lots adj. H. St. Geo. Tucker, lexington, $700. John W. Lindsay lo Dr. A. \V. Pleeeenta,bouse Mid lot un Jefferson street, Lexington, $1,'J5?>. Mrs. M. ll. Campbell to Chas. K. Shiflet-. house arid loton Houston Street, Lexington, adj. M. A. Mc? Coy. Hubert C. Agneer to Lila Ceinner, 3 ncros tm Ruck bridge Alum Springs raed.two and one-half miles from Lexington. $350. (J. S. Myres tu S. C. Myres, one half intereel in ?17 BjQreri and 144 polee ml.i. Wm. M. Wadu, two miles southeast of Rrownsbnrg. W. H. McNeil1 to C M. Paxton, travel near Greenlea adj. C. A O. Railroad. 1880. Dr. F. W. McCloer to Miss M. K. White, lot on Jordan street. Lexing? ton, adj. J. W. Hamilton. Mrs. Lila F. Miley to Thos. M. Wade, lot fronting od Main street. Lexington, adj. Dr. J. H. Campbell. li. A. Jones to O. B. Whitmore, 80.11 acres, three miles south of Lexington, adj. W. ll. Fristoe, $4, 000. li. B, Corse to Town of Lexing? ton, strip of land in lexington for purpose of extending Preston street westward from Jackson avenue to Myers street. D. C. Humphreys toT< wn of lex? ington, strip of land adj. his resi denco for purpose of extending Preston street westward from Jack? son avenue to Myers street, $200. Mrs. Rebecca J. Chittutu to C. R. Deaver, house ami lot on Main street, Lt-xUigton, adj. Mrs. C. J eoe be ri. West Bod Glasgow Lane! Co., to Lou la G Julinke, 2 lots in West Knil Glasgow, on RiTersideRoed, 8800. F. T. Glasgow to H. L. Eichel berger, 3 lots on Jackson avenue and Campbell street, Lexington, $800. Two Colonels in Plain Contrast Under the caption, "The Case of Mr. Roosevelt." ?enat-r lia Fol lette has written the following editorial in the current number of La l-'oilet te's Weekly: ''Bryna at Raltimore, foregoing all chance of bil own nomination, marshalling all his forces, braving Tammany and the trusts to rescue* his party from the'.* domination, carrying the convention for the adoption of the most progressive Democratic platform yet offered, and the nomination of the most progressive Democratic candidate available, was a towering figure of moral power and patriotic devotion lo civic righteemsness. "Roosevelt at Chicago, backed by money derived from the stock watering operations of the Steel trust and the Harvester trust, or? ganizing what are now confessed to have been fake contests as to nearly 200 delegates in order to control the Republican convention and secure his own nomination, refusing to aid in making a progressive* platform, bonni to have the nomination or de? stroy the Republican party, was a most striking example of misdirect? ed power and unworthy ambition. "Roosevelt bud as great an oppt>r t unity to serve thee progressive cause atChicagoas Heyan had at Hal timore. But Roost-veil was serving tho man. not the i-auso." T..e huzineess e>f Indian Summer has been Ooeer**i ? tar nt*Vere] dat, in this community. NEWS AROUND VESUVIUS Interesting Local Items Reported for Our Readers Oct. 5?Children's Day exercises were held a*. Mt. Carmel church Sunday morning, consisting of re? sponsive reading and singing by the larger members, while the little tots rendered interesting exercises in tiie primary room. Mr. \V. W. Sprowl, superintendent of Bethel Sunday school, delivered a line ad? dress on "The Evergreen Sunday School." A number of prizes were given by teachers of different class es. Those deserving mention were two gold lockets given by Mrs. Wal ter Searson to Misses Kt ta Hamil ton and Al Frances Hess for having recited the largest number of verses of Scripture during the session, numbering 1,000 and 047 verses, re? spectively. The lockets bore their monograms and the motto. "In Ged We Trust." Miss Ada Kaubei and Mr. Wm. S. Gush were married on Wednesday woning at 4o'clock at the home ol the bride's father, Mr. I* J. Fauber, near \esiivius, by Rev, J. Mack Frai kiln of the Baptist church. Only a few intimate friends were present. Both are popular young people and the best wishes of their many friends go with them to their new home at Covington, Va. The bride wore a becoming dress of white mohair, with hat and gloves to match, and was attended by Miss Mary Bradley with Mr. Barry Cash and Miss Kate Myrtle with Mr. Al b : t Cash. Mr. Ed. Hulbert, postmaster at Cutopaxi,died ;it his homo near hen Friday morning. About a year ago he was partly paralyzed but recov erod to SOOM extent, when a week ago ho si?Tered another stroke and was never ?ble to speak afterwards. Ile m .is 78 years of age and a kind hearted, industrious, honorable old gentleman, and had hosts of friends Be is survived by three brothers, Messrs. John, Tom and Robert Hul? bert; also his wife and four chil dren, Mrs.WAV. Ramsry of Waynes boro, Mrs. James Brooks and Messrs. Oscar and James Hoi bert of near here. Funeral services were conducted by Rev. A. H. Hamilton and burial at Mt. Carmel cemetery. Mrs. D. ft Fauber went to Cri mora Sunday evening to attend the funeral of Mr. Lay man, who died Saturday night. Miss SallieClemmer is absent on a visit to friends in Roanoke and Salt in. Mr. Allen Austin left Monday for Roanoke where he will attnnd the Business College this winter. Miss Nesbit of Petersburg, is the guest of Mrs. S. D. Mangus, near here. Miss Carrie Meadow, principal of the school, arrived Saturday, and school opened Tuesday. Mr. McClung Thomas of Midway, 1s attending the Augusta Military Academy at Fort Defiance. Miss Daisy Patterson of Vesuvius, is attending the Rockbridge Baths High School at that place. Mr. William S. Humphries re? turned home Sunday from Roanoke, 'where he attended the fair last week._ M. Bora Are Right Theodore Koosevelt, candidate for a third terra as President, said re? cently. "Taft now represents the bosses, and the Republican party is composed of them and the vested interests of the co intry. " And President Taft said: "Roose velt is nota Ivapublican, but repre? sents a one-man party whose chief advisers are the Harvester and Steel Trust magnates." Senator LaFolletto of Wisconsin, also a Republican, says both Taft and Roosevelt are telling the truth anout each other. And LaFol'.ette has had enough experience with both Messrs. Taft and Roosevelt to know what he is talking abott*. The answer is: Win wi'.h Wilson. There having been no choice at the State election last month, the State legislature of Vermont has elected Allon M. Fletcher, Republi? can, of Cavendish, as Governor. This is the second time in the his? tory of Vermont that the choice of a Governor lias gone to the Legisla tura. DR. WILEY'S DEBUT AS CAMPAIGN ORATOR ls Severe In His Arraignment of Two Presidents ROOSEVELT CLAIMED CREDIT President Taft Also Insincere in Professions of Interest Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, former chief of the Federal Bureau of Chem? istry and government pure food ex pert, made his debut as a Demo ciatic campaign speaker a few days ago. His speech was devoted large? ly to an attack upon Colonel Roose? velt, who, he said, was falsely claim ing credit for the passige of the pure food and drug act. He an? nounced he would support Wilson and Marshall. In his Indianaspeeeh he sa iel in part. "Read the high-sounding morali? ties of the Progressive platform," said the doctor, "and compare them with the actual performances of itu itia. ter builder. They don't seem ; to consist. I cannot conceive of any more wicked and lawbreaking performace. A beneficent la* ! passed in good faith by Congress? was mercilessly eviscerated and tbe disemboweled corpse was turned over to the Secretary of Agriculture j for dissection. The Secretary of Agriculture, inspired bv his trus lies in crime. Solicitor McCabe and Associate Dunlap, attacked the car? cass arith avidity of feasting buz? zards, and soon only the whitening bones of the poor Food Law remain ed as mute witnesses of its exist? ence." Declaring that he had remained loy-l to the Republican party for many years in spite of his convic? tion that it was "yearly becoming a worshipper at the shrine of the dol? lar and less mindful of honesty in business and the public health and welfare," Dr. Wiley said: "1 now believe that the Republican party, as at present constituted, is so com? pletely subjugated by the dollar, so permeated by the c.nkerof big bus iness as its only golf, that only dis eetroua defeat can ever restore it to health. "In my own case the chief cause of breaking away from my life long political athliations is directly due to the attitude of two Republican administrations, viz , those of [tooan velt and Taft, to the Focd and Drugs Act. "Arrayed against this salutary statute had been formed the very worst elements of commercialism that this or any other country could produce. Debasers and misbrand ers of food and drugs, seeking to poison the foods tbat keep us well and debase the drugs that are given us wheo ill, for years had succeeeied in blocking legislation. Standing together were those drugging our foods to preserve them from decay and coloring them with poisonous dyes to make them seem fresh, those mixing substitutes with foods and drugs to keep up their weight and volume and deceive and threaten the purchaser, those who, with cheap alcohol, stimulated tbe old and fra? grant products of the vineyard and its distilling, who made beer of cheap sugars and wine of coal tar dyes, tannin and saccharin, and those who preyed on the imagina? tions of the laymen and sold them worthless and harmful remedies. Full-bellied and sleek-faced lobby? ists tilled the hotels of Washington aud used the columns of our news? papers, eminent professors in our colleges and universities were brought to Washington to tell the committees of Congress that all t'.iese disreputable practices were harmless and required by the exig encies of trade. "During all this time no Presi dent of the Uaited Slates and no Cabinet officer ever said a favoring word for theenaciunmt of this law? except on one or two occasions ina' most perfunctory way. Mr. Roose? velt, in one of his messages, alluded to the matter in a sae>rt paragraph r( without accentuation. The See ree () tary of Agriculture, on a feev occa- v eloasl in his roeoitune-idietions to the i ?j * President, called attention to thu ^ AUDITOR MOORE SENT RETURNS TO COURT Requested Investigation Be Made Into Tax Returns DATA SHOWS UNEQUAL VALUE Many Merchants Fail to Give Their Real Purchases Wot the consideration of the grand juries of the Commonwealth, State Auditor C. Lee Moore Saturday mailed to the judges of Circuit and Corporation Courts detailed compi? lations of the tax returns for 19?_ The enormous amount of tax dodg? ing, the gross Inequalities which exist in valuations between locali? ties, nnd the general laxity of ad ministration of the statutes govern? ing assessments, are shown more eloquently in plain figures and cold facts than is possible from argu? ment. But the auditor does not withhold conan -nt. He points out, in a letter to the judges, wherein the int quali ?. and makes suggestions aa tu tha proper procedure for the grand juries in making inquiries, as required by law. He shows how the locos?t tax is evaded to an ex tent which was unbelievable until the recent publication of the returns in tie Richmond Times-Dispatch. He shuws how few of the people of the State give in their bank ti? lts. After reviewingthe income re? turns, he comments plainly: "These assessed incomes are not represen tative of either the possessions or the thrift of a people so provident and industrious as the taxpayers of Virgiu ia." Com pa; at ive figures are produced, showing the average valuation in Bach commissioner's district in the 3i_te of horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, watches, clocks, musical instru Dents, water craft, books, tools, Household furniture, and all other lersonal property. These subjects ire'treated in detail, extensive ta Dles showing at a glance the com .larati ve assessments not orly one ?ountv with another, but even one iistrict with another in '.he same sou n ty. In an additional address to the :ourts, Mr. Moore goes after the nerchaots of the State, who have, n large numbers he believes, been | laying license on purchases much tmaller than their real business. Jere, again, he has the details showing the number of licenses aken out in each commissioner 'a iistrict of each c . ss In the entire Sine, it appears, here are 10,981 who swear their mrchases do not exceed il,OOO a ,'ear. Of those whose purchases ire between 11,000 and $2,1)00, there ire 2,572, while of those whose mrchases are in excess of $2 OOO, lure are only 5.677. In other words, far more than half the mer? chants of Virginia state under oath hat they do not buy more than M.OOO worth of goods in a year, rims they evade payment of the ligher tax. It will be the duty of the grand uries lo investigate the returns nade by merchants to coimnission irs of the revenue. imitation goingon. Bul the Bureau >f Animal Industry of the Depart nent of Agriculture and the Health Apartment of the City of Washing un were active in their opposition o the measure, fearing some in ringement of their own activities. "It is impossible, therefore, that should have confidence in the oming conduct of these two candi l.ites, no matter how profusely they nay promise to be good and work ir the common welfare. By their rai?I (not promises) shall ye know ipir. And I bess fruits have bein cabby, wo. m eaten and rotten at bs core. iHit the laboring men cf hs country and those of small icans ou whom the burden of de? as! d foods and drugs principally est, think soberly and deeply be ire deciding to cast their votes for ne, who, when in power, abandon d them to the avarice of tho adu! iirator, to the malice of McCabe and u the duplicity of Dunlap." PRIMARY TEACHER'S CREED Lexington Teacher's Contribution to Educational Journal Mis?- Margaret M. Withrow of Lexington contributed tie following to the Virginia School Journal on the Primary Teacher's Creed': "I believe in the efficiency of our primary school; in education that trains for life mentally, morally, physically, and vocationally. I be? lieve in libraries?the treasure houses of the wisdom of all ages. 1 believe in lessons taught, not so much by precept as by example. 1 believe in play, in laughter and mirth. I believe in music, in the school, in the home, in the heart. 1 believe in maneial training, in the joy of doing, in the ability to work wit1* the hands as well as to think with the head. "J believe in beauty in the school rooni, in the home, and in Dato re. I believe that the flowers, the squir? rels, the bees, and the birds should all delight a chiid with their colors, and life and song. "I believe in our primary teach ers. I be ieve tliny ire Hiving heart and soul to their work.anel are lead? ing their pupils thrungli patience. love and sympathy to an apprecia tion of the beauty in nature, anti .uv.- for the beautiful in literature and art. "1 believe in a union i f school ann 'etbere and mothers of our boys am. gir.-~. 1 believe in mir boys ana girls. I he i. ve they instinctively deei>e to be good, to work, to love, and lo be loved. "1 believe in our association, and its band of earnest, faithfjl i - ers. who are ever striving ami working fur higher, bitterthings. "1 believe that the work of the primary teacher is the sweetest, no work of all, and that our and girls, are the dearest things on earth." Diphtheria Bulletin is Now Ready for Disttibution Tue new bulletin which the State Board of Health will use in corn? ball.'lg diphtheria this winter has been received from the printers ana is ready for distribution to those desiring it. In this bulletin the Hoard na,ines the various steps necessary to over? come what it terms the "white ter? ror of childhood" and explains what diphtheria en ti toxin will doand how it should be administered. Statis tics .ire cited to show that this rem? edy, il applied during the first stages of tin* disease, will cure eve ry case, but that delay ir. the use of antituxin lessens the patient's chances for recovery. As the Board has arrangements by which it can .'urni-.h standard antitoxin to all who need it at a very low figure, ii urges that county boards of health and private practitioners keep a stock ol the remedy on hand for use in emergencies. The bulletin also emphasizes the important part played by the schools in the tracsmission of diphtheria and explain-i what steps are neces sary to stamp out this disease when it appears in the schools. The bulle? tin will be sent free to any citizen upon request to the Board. Iro'.er Received Allen Reward Frank Iroler of Cana, Carroll county, who was partially respon? sible for the capture of Sidna Allen and Wesley Kdwards, tiie Carroll county outlaws, having furnished information w hich led to their ai rest, was paid 1500 by W. C. Bald mu, as his part of the reward Saturd ty. Mr. Iroler ev as must reluctaut in taking the reward. He said tbat he had given tho information to Mr. Munday, more with a view cl en deavoring to proveut tbs marriage of bis daughter to Wesley Kdwards, and it was some time before he cjuld be convinced that he was en? titled to the money. Mr. iroler was emphatic in deoy ing the statements made to the effect that his daughter bail led tbe de tectives to Des Moines aud that she betrayed \V< sley Kdwards with a view of getting the reward. Some ladies needle their thread instead of threading their needle, ind instead oj running their need' through the cloth they hold it aiiil And ruu n.e cioiu upou it. DEFENSE OF VIRGINIA BY THOMAS NELSON PAGE He Reviews the Bryan Ryan-Flood Incident in Baltimore Dr, Thomas Nelson Page contri? buted to a recent issue of the Rich? mond News Leader a letter in reply to an article reproduced in that pa? per from the New York World, con? cerning th'e Bryan-Ryan-Fiood epi? sode in the Democratic National Convention in Baltimore. Among other things Dr. Page says: "It happened th it I was a specta? tor at the late Baltimore convention and believing that Mr. Wilson was the strongest man the Democracy could nominate, I did what little I could as a private individual to har? monize divergent views among friends of mine in the Virginia del? egation. There wps not one of them whom I saw who was not earnestly ?or the man who be believed would be the strongest before the people and the staunchest for the princi? ples ol Democracy. That they did noi agree with me did not lead ree to think them dishonest in their preference. The best speech that 1 heard in the convention was Mr. Hal D. Flood's spirited and master? ly reply to Mr. William J. Bryan's unprecedented demand that a duly elected and seated delegate from Virginia should withdraw from tbe convention. (>ther speeches were appropriate to the occasion; but this ?vent tu the basis at unce of State's rights and of tepresentati ve govern? ment. 1 was proud that day that 'the sovereign State of Virginia' had a representative on that tte able to defend her'sovereign rights.' "lt has been two generatiuns since a man born in Virginia has held the presidency of the republic. We have one now leading the Demo? cracy, able, clean and Cou raft* whom we tan elect if we all work together. The chief danger to liitj Democracy has ever been wan' of union. If tbe Democracy of Virgin? ia spend all energies tightingamor.g themselves they will iiu^sril the chance of victory and even though the victory be won, they will them? selves have destroyed Virginia's ;hance to secure the posit iou in tbe national council which si, ? once had ind shouid have again. \ Dozen Reasons to Vote for Next President Wilson 1. He is tin univ candidate for ['resident who represents the real, :he vital and the effective progres? sive farces in this country. 2. He stands for tariff revision downward in the interest of lower prices and the elimination of monop? oly. 3. He stands for trust legislation which will prevent the control of prices through any sort of monop? oly. 4. He stands for tLe income tax and believes that wealth should share the burdens as well the bless? ings of the government. 5. He stands fer the rights of la? bor and the protection of the man who earns his bread by the sweat of his brow, as shown in his record as Covernor of Now Jersey. tl. Hestands tor the revival of our merchant marine, and for the gov? ernment encouragement of agricul? ture, industrial and vocational edu? cation. 7. He trusts the peop'e and be? lieves that the gov. med should gov? ern; and that Senator s should be chosen by the peopie S. He faithfully performs in office the promises made out of office. i. He will "Clean House" at Washington as he has ''Cleaned House" in Ne?w Jersey. 10. He preaches and practices ;lean politics, and practices it ef ectively. He unalterably opposes nachine politics and the rule of the josses. 11. He stands for legitimate big msiness every day, bul for monop ily never. 12. As Senator LaFuIlette says, He approaches every problem wah he solemn promise to be rea'iy, in he highest BS?SS, a servj?_t of the >eopW>." Mrs. Howard M. Hoge has been ilected yrea.dent of the Virginia N. C. T. U f0r .he fifteen.b tims.