Newspaper Page Text
• *' .. ■_ ■ ... _ ,,, , , >f- *if
_ - - - __ ' ■ i ,i ,i 1-1. ■■■■■■ mmmm i i 1 1 ^^ LYTTELTON WADDELL, \ Fditors <fe Proprietors. CONSTANS ET LENIS, UT RES EXPOSTULET, ESTO. * [Published Weeklj-$3 per Annum. JOS. A. WADDELL, S __ _____ , '- - - - ■ ""you XXVll.' ^ _STAUNTON, VA„ WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 184ft, NO, IX, STAUNTON SPECTATOR. TERMS. 50* The •• SPECTATOR” is publishcdoncea week, at Two Dollars a year, if paid in advance, or 1'wo Dollars and Fifty Cent* if delayed beyond the expira tion of the year. No subscription willbe discontinued, but at the option of the Editors, until allarrearages are paid. All communications tolhe Editor sby mailmvst i be post-paid, or they toillnot be attended to. ADVERTISEMENTS of thirteen lines (or j less,) inserted three limes for one dollar, andtwenty five cents for ecyph subsequentcontinuance Larger ad vertisements in l&esame proportion. Aliberaidiscount j made to advertiser sby the year. HENDERSON Jft. BELL, j ATTORNEY AT IAW. 'STAUNTON, VIRGINIA. PRACTISES in the.various Courts of Augusta, Rockbridge, Bath ami Highland. Prompt at tention will bo given to all business entrusted to, his care. _ Office in the white building opposite the Court House, next door to John N. Hendren—where he •may always be found during business lours, except when professionally abseBt. May 2, 1849.—if- _____ JAMES H. SKINNER, A® STAUNTON, VIRGINIA. PRACTISES in the Superiorand Inferior Courts of Augusta, the Superior Courts of Rocking ham, Rockbridge, and Albemarle, and in the U. 3. District Court for Western Virginia. OFFICE, next door to the Court Hoese, tn the Brick Row. May 2, 1849. _ E. THOMAS ALBERTSON? ATTORNEY AT LAW, tVAYNESBORO', VA., PRACTICES in the Courtsof Augusta, Albe marle and Nelson. Office in the room lately occupied by Col. George Baylor, where he may be found at all times, unless when absent on pro fessional business. Nov. 29, 1848. _ H, H. ROBERTSON, Attorney at Law, STiUNTON, YA. PRACTICES in theSuperiorand Inferior Courf of Augusta, and in the Superior Courts of Rocks bridge, Rockingham and Albemarle. zy/r~ Office in the old white building VV est of the Court House, two doors above tlie “Vindica tor** office* [Jan. 31, 1849. BOILtl\iR CHRISTIAN', ATTORNEY AT LAW* STAUNTON, V A ., WILL attend t!»« Courts of Augusta aud the adjacent Counties. Staunton, Nov. 14, 1349.—tf. JOHN LEWIS COCHRAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, WILL attend the Superior and Inferior Courts of Albemarle, Augusta, Nelson and Louisa, ggy- Office in Charlottesville. September 5, 1849.—11. Dr. Robert Yl. Robertson HAVING located on Christian’s Creek, at the residence of his brother, lenders his profession al services to the neighborhood snd the public gen erally. He may be found at home at ail hours ex ■eept when professionally engaged. September 19,4S49.—6m. _ PRINTS ONLY. IF.E At BREWSTER, 44 Cedar Street, New York. Print Warehouse—established in 1843./or the sale of Printed Culicoes exclusively—at low prices. LEE & BREWSTER confine their attention exclu •ivety to the purchase and sale of American and Foreign Prints. Their facilities enable then* to be the 'largest purchasers in the United States, and secures to their establishment advantages iu assortment aud prices ■over any othsr House,—aud to which the attention of Merchants is respectfully solicited. December 26, 1349.—6m. ___I CHESEBROTJG-H, STEARNS & 00. SILK GOODS. 37, JYassau St., Opposite Post Office, JVew bork. Importers and Jobbers of French, India, German and Italian Silk Goods of every variety. ALSO a complete assortment of British and Ameri can Fancv Goods suited to all sections of trade in the United States, and comprising the most t ashioua We Styles to be found in the New York Market. December 26, 1849.—6m. JOHN COMPTON.] [DATID B. TURNER. COMPTON & TURNER, IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS, No 35 Nassau Street, (Opposite the Post Office,) MEW YORK. Dec. 26, 1819.—‘6m. CLARK. A WEST, importers or, and jobbers in CLOTHS, CASSIMERES. VESTINGS AMD TAI LORS’ TRIMMINGS, 158, BROADWAY, NEW YORK. THE Merchants of Virginia are particularly invited to call and examine their stock. December 26,1849.—6m. H. C. CWATHMEY Sc CO. C0191SSIBN MERCHANTS, (successors to ro. gwaihmey,) At the Old Stand, near Sixockoc Warehouse, RICHMOND, VA. PAY particular attention to the sale 0f Tobacco, Wheat, Flour and Corn. Cash advances made t>o consignments. October 10, 1849.-3m. NEW BOOKS. IRVING’S Li fe of Goldsmith; Shirley, by the Author of “Jane Eyre;”—Also a lot of Fine PRAYER BOOKS, some in velvet binding— Pictoral Brother Jonathan, just received and foi sale by ROBERT COWAN. Staunton, Dec. 12, 1849. JVOTtCJE HAVING sold out my 9tock of goods I shall feel greatly obliged if all who have open accounts would call and close them up by note. j. b. breckb;nkil>ge. Staunton, Oct. 31, 1849.—tf. LXFFXNCOTT, TAYLOR & 00. Celebrated Wholesale and Retail Clothing Warehouses. (T/ie largest assortment in the United States,) New Warehouse, South-west corner of Fourth and Market Streets. Old Stand, 195 and^OO Market Street, above Sixth, Philadelphia, TT7HERE the largest assortment ofREADY-MADE W CLOTHING can be found in this market. Their stock is always full and complete, and they are there fore always prepared, cither iu “Summer’s heat or Winter’s cold” to supple every demand upon them.— Their motto is Superior'Goods, at fair prices, and they would therefore respectfully solicit the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to give them a call on theii next trip to Philadelphia. December 19, 1S49.—6m. JOHN MACINTOSH. WM. F? WHITE. MACINTOSH & WHITE, Wholesale Ladies’ Boot and Shoe Manufacturers, No. 18, South Fourth Street, Philadelphia. M& W. are extensively engaged in the Mnnn • facture of LADIES, MISSES, AND CHIL DREN’S BOOTS AND SHOES in all their varie ties, and keep always on hand a full supply to answer the demands of trade. They invite the attention of Country Merchants to their extensive stock, satisfied that at no other establishment of the kind in Philadel phia, can they suit themselves better, either as it re gards the quality of their Goods, or the terms upon which they areprepured Rud determined to sell them. Call and see them at their Old Stand, No. 15, South Fourth Street, Philadelphia. December 19, 1849.—6m. (So JVb. 3, South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, Importer anti Dealer, Wholsale & Retail, in Wines, Liquors and Segars. CONSTANTLY on baud, a large and well assorted stock, which Is offered in any quantities on moder ate terms, comprising Mederia, Sherry, Port, Lisbon, Sicily, Teneriff, Mal aga, Champagne, Claret, Iloclt, Sautcrnc and Barsac Wines. Old Pale and Dark Cognac Brandies ; Jamaica and St. Croix Rum ; Holland Gin ; Irish, Scotch and Monon gahela Whiskies; Wine Bitters, (of very superior quality ;) London Brown Stout, and Scotch Ale; Li quors, ,5-c., and the finest brands of choice Huvauu Se gnrs. All orders promptly and carefully executed. December 19, 1549.—6m. JAMES E BROWN, | Wholesale and Retail Saddle and Trunk Maker, i No. 30, South Fourth Street, between Market & Chest nut Streets, Philadelphia. THE attention of dealers and others is invited to his assortment of Saddles, Bridles, Saddlebags, Col lars, Whips, &c.—Also to his superior article of TRUNKS, viz: Sole Leather Trunks, Solid Leather Steel Spring Trunks, of lightweight; Riveted Iron V.ami. Trunk. T.site's Dress Trunks. Rnnnet Boxes. ! Wood Trunks, of different qualities; valices, ofvari I ous style and prices; Velvet Tapestry and Brussels Carpet Bags, Enamelled Leather Bags, Lady’s Trav elling Bags, Satchels, &c., &c., all of which he offers at low prices for Cash, or approved paper. Orders thankfully received, and promptly executed. December 19, 1949 —6m. WRIGHT Sc KING. i Clothiug Rooms, No. 136, Market st., above 1th, Philadelphia. “IX^HF-RF. at all times can be found a complete Rnd V v oxtonsivu assortment of Ready-Made Clothing. They specially invite the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to give them a call, promising to furnish the best articles in their line upou such terms as must com mand and secure their patronage. They manufacture CLOTHING to order ui>on the shortest notice, and will be happy to respond to all suitable calls from the couu ! try to that effect, j December 19, 1949. flats, Caps. Ladies’ Rich Furs, Beaver Bonnets.&c. WILLIAM II. BEEBE A CO., 135 Chesslt St., Philadelphia HAVE on hand a large and superior assortment of •FINE GOODS, in the greatest variety in their I line of trade, and offer them to Merchants and Dealers generally, at fair and moderate prices. They especial ly solicit the attention of the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to their splendid Stock, and trust that on their visit to Philadelphia they will not fail to give them a call. Win. H. Gardner, late of Richmond, Va., is associated in the firm of W. H. Beebe & Co. and will take great pleasure in wailing on his Virginia friends. December 19, 1949. Philn* Dry Goods Emporium. ECIIEL, RA1GUEL «fc Co., IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS IN I'urvigu & Domestic Dry Goods, No. 128 and 130 N. 3d St., abovi JFest Side. KEEP at all seasons a complete assortment of FOR EIGN Sc DOMESTIC DRY GOODS on hand.a dapted to the trade of all sections of the country, and adequate to any demand that may be made upon them. They invite the attention of Southern dealers, and es pecially the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia, to an examination of their Stock, satisfied that they will find it to their interest to deal with them. Deceuibei 19, 1849. WM. F. WIISTACH, No. 28} North Third Street, Philadelphia, Wholesale Importer, Manufacturer and Dealer in Saddlers'* Hardware, Carriage and Harness Fur niture, Saddle and Carriage Trimmings, &c-, TFF.F.PS rnnstantlv on hand, a rich and extensive as jtV aortraent of SADDLERY HARDWARE, and through the medium of their own home journal, invites the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to call and see him before purchasing elsewhere. He offers his Goods at such prices as will not fail to please his customers.— Remember, his place of business is No. 23 1-2 North Third Street, Philadelphia. December 19, 1349.-6ut. To Southern and Western Merchants, &c. SILVER Ware.—Forks—Table, Medium, Dessert, Tea.Oyster, and Pickle. Spoons—Table, Dessert, Tea, Gravy, Mustard aud Salt. Ladles—Soup, Oys ter, Sauce, Sugar and Cream. Knives—Ice Cream, Fish, Cake, Rutter, Fruit, Dessert. Tea Sets, of various patterns, plain to richly chased, and of every variety of form. Odd pieces made to match, and broken sets completed. Silver warranted standard. Plated and Britannia Ware, of latest patterns, con stantly on hand and for sale at WILSON’S SilverWare Manufactory, S. W. corner 5th and Cherry sts., Philadelphia. December 19, lw49.—6m. ERASMUS D. WOLFE. JESSE E. PEYTON. Wolfe & Peyton, Wholesale Dealers in Foreign & Domestic Dry Goods, No. 89. Market Street, Philadelphia. WE would respectfully call the attention of South ern Dealers to our well selected stock of Fo reign and Domestic Dry Goods. They have been pur chased for cash, and will be run off to customers upon the cheapest terms. We ext* nd a special invitation to the Merchants of Virginia to pay us a visit at our house, No. b9 Market St., Philadelphia. Dec. 19, 1849 -«tn. CONGRESS HALL. No. S3 Chesnct St., a 27 South Third St., Philadelphia: Dec. 19, 1349.—6ui. WM. G. STERRETT, on the corner opposite the Post Office, has just received a superior article of Tea, for sale low. December 26, 1849. POETRY. FOB THE SPECTATOB. TO BETSY BELL. Now Betsy Bell, why should you swell With such a towering air? Why thus look down, on all the town, Aud frown upon the fair ? ’Tis true, you’re tall, but that’s not all— You’re ugly, big , and bold; You’re bald and bare, and soutc e’en dare To whisper you are old. Grizzly old Maid,, you’re much decayed, • (My pencil shall not flatter,) And one may guess, your style of dress Can never mend the matter Your taste prefers, a cap and spurs To all the forms of fashion, And you must own a heart of atone, Insensible to passion. But, dear Miss Bell, the Muse shall tell Your virgin boast and pride— How minds that roam find health and home, And welcome by your side. Reaaon beguiled, like a lost child, By Fancy’s false pretences. Upon your lap just takes a nap, And wakes up in her souses. The dra/and blind have found you kind, The dumb, too, speak your praises; The veealher- wise neglect the skies To watch your varying phases. All, all, speak well of you, Miss Bell; Nature her favor shows, Washing your face with earliest graOo And spanniug ihce with bo 10s. Now, Betsy, sure you’ll frown co-more, Since lovers are not few ; At least you’ll smile at morn a while, When Sot begins to woo. And Day growa old, with tints of gold, Perhaps may light Ihy face; Aud silvery Night may crown thy beighit With ‘-ornaments ol grace.” O. MISCELLANY. SACRIFICE OF A PAWNEE GIRL. On iho 16th of last month, two gentlemen and a lady were returning from Fort Kearney, bringing with them a beautiful Pawnee girl, some sixteen years of age, between whom and themselves a strong attachment had grown. She was leaving her nation and **a life in the woods” to live with them^n the Stales. As they passed through the ! nation of Sacs and Foxes, they were met by Paca : loper, a warrior of those tribes, who desired to pur ! chase the Pawnee girl, and offered his horse for her. ! The offer was, of course, refused, lie turned and j left them, as they supposed forever; but ruling at; , full speed to the village, lie hastened to the wig- j I wain of Pac a wall, the nephew of the chief of Me- i saw-a-quct, where ho found Pac-a wah and Alla- | i <|ua-sack, a fierce and powerful warrior, quietly re- j posing, lie aroused mein Instantly and told-them . of the beautiful Pawnee girl, when all three sprung upon their horses and dashed off in pursuit. The travellers were soon overtaken. Allaqua-sack rush ed upon the parly and tore the Pawnee girl from her horse, and bore her off with the swiftness of an ; arrow, while tier screams rent the air and penetra ted with fearful distinctness, far into the recesses of the forest. The whites, though armed, made no re sistance. -Had they shown lire slightest resolution, ! they could have saved her. She was taken to the J village.' The warriors* squaws and children gath ered round to see her. There has been a deadly ' hostility existing between those nations and the Pawnees, and the poor girl had a presentiment of her doom. Approaching Pac-a-wah, a young war rior just in the morning uf his manhood, and who, we should supposo, would be moved to gentler feel ings by such appeals, she begged him to protect her, offering to be his slave if he would snare her life! when, instead of shielding her from harm, he deliberately ranged his rifle and shot her through the head. He then scalped her and severed her head from her body. The head was stuck upon a pole, around which they all assembled. The head j less and bleeding body was then thrown into their midst, when they seized it and dismembered it, and cut it into small pieces, each one, men, women and ! children, holding palpitating fragments, while they yelled and danced with diabolical rejoicing around the ghastly monument of their savage cruelty.— They then bore the reeking head to the Iowa vil lage, where they held a feast and danced. The lo was were invited to their village on the 19th to have a great feast. On the morning of that day, the Sacs and Foxes and lowas, of all ages and sex es, had rnet upon the prairie preparatory to the ap proaching festivity, and all were in great glee when they moved off in wild and confused procession to the scene of rejoicing. In the mean time informa tion had been conveyed to Col. Vaughan of what was going on, and he despatched a runner to Fort Leavenworth Jor a aeiacnmeni 01 uragouns, . arrived on the morning of the 19th, just as the wild concourse were proceeding to the place of the feast. | As the Indians were ascending one hill, they , camo over the brow of one opposite, and all appear- , ed in full view instantaneously and unexpectedly, to the Indians, who, surprised and alarmed, scam- j peied away in every possible direction. The dra goons pursued them to the village, and went to the wigwam of ^«e saw aquet, and demanded the mur derers. Me then said he did not know who they were. They then seized Nesaw-a-quet,at the in stance of Col. ^ aughan, to hold until the murder ers were delivered up. In a very short time they were brought in by a patty of braves>and bound and taken to the Fort.—Live Oak. How grief affects Men and \\omen. The Statistics of suicids in France, showing the relative numbers of male and female suicides, ex- ; hibit the following causes: Crossed in love, 97 males, 157 female ; jealousy, 39 males, 52 females; mortified pride, 27 males, 27 females; calumny and loss of reputation, 97 males, 28 females ; remorse, 37 males, 12 females; disappointed ambition, 10 males 12 females; reverse of fortune, 28o males, 39 females; gaming, 141 males, 14 females ; other ' species of misconduct, 208 males, 79 females ; do 1 mestic chagrin, 524 males, 260 females; misery, ! 511 males, 594 females; fanaticism, 1 male, 13fe males. It would, therefore, seem to follow that somewhereaboutfive women died from love for three | men ; that the ladies have considerably the advan ' tang'), or rather the disadvantage, in jealousy ; that ! in pride they are on a par with the lords of crea ] lion ; that calumny and loss of reputation they bear ! with three times the fortitude that men evince; that | ihev feel only about ono third of the remorse which ! the other sex experience; and that the sorrows which flow from disappointed ambition, reverse of j fortune, and gaming, they are exposed in a very t slightdegree, in comparison with their yoke-fellows. This calculation, it will be remembered, applies but ' to French ladies. In what light a similar calcula 1 tion would exhibit our own fair countrywomen, tve presume not to conjecture.—Ex. paper. READERS VS. SUBSCRIBERS. The persons who subscribe and pay Tot our pa per comprise indeed bat a very small portion of the community, yet we venture to say that nine out o every ten reading men in our town and neighbor hood, read it either regularly or occasionally, T< these non-paying patrons we have a few words ti say. Have you never thought that while you are read ing the paper at the expense of others, you are nol acting altogether honorably ? If you never have just lay down this borrowed paper which you are reading and reflect a little novo. You know that ii is an advantage to your town and neighborhood (and of course 10 you,) to have a newspaper pub lished in it. You know this, we 6ay ; or if you don’t you ought to, and a little reflection will ena ble you to perceive it. If you see or hear anything in another paper which you think would benefii yourself, your party, your friends, or your town, you are anxious that it should appear in the papei ai home; or if any public matter comes up, which you may deem of importance to the place or your self, you expect to find the paper strongly pushing il forward; and if be does not, you are perhaps the first to complain, although you have always been spong ing the reading of some neighbor’s paper, and have never given a cent to sustain that which you ex pect to advance year interests. Now, just think a little—is this right ? Printers cannot afford to “work for nothing and keep themselves,” and yet you are particularly asking them to do it. If yuu had no paper in your place, you would be the first 4o feel the want of it, for you are enjoying the ben efits resulting from it, without allowing your pock et to suffer in the least thereby. You may answer, “You noedn’t talk so saucy about it, for if you don’t publish a paper here, some one else will.” True, we admit ; but that don’t better your conduct in*the least. The paper is now going on, Bnd you are now sponging that which others more thoughtful, or perhaps more eonorable, are paying for. “But 1 don’t like fhe polirical c.rorso of your pa per,” you may say. No matter for that; you read it, whether you like it or not; and it is your duty to support your local paper, even if it be not a per fect mirror, reflecting precisely, your own political views. It is worth more than the subscription price, for the other matter which it contains. “But I can’t afford it—I’m too poor.” Are you sure of that? Just think, now? have you not ovei and over again, paid more than our subscription price for articles of much less value to you than a newspaper? We feel confident that you have, but if you have not, as soon as we get all to subscribe urtwi ctimilil iln en vvn writ spud vnn a ennv fur r.n thing. ‘•But I am getting a city paper, and can’t afford to take another.” VVe suppose you reason in this way :—“There’s no use in paying for The Apala chian. Some of my neighbors take it, and I can borrow it from them, or pick it up in their stores ui shops, and read it for nothing. It don’t do any harm to read it after they have got it; so, I’ll send for a city paper, and thus get the reading of two, while I pay for one. It’s almost throwing money away, to pay for The Apalachian, for I can read it any how.” This will all do very well for men whi are determined to get all they can without regard to right—to reap where they have not sown—but for honorable men (and we do not wish to say that you are not such, although the circumstances are strongly ncrninsi you.) it is certainly very strange talk, and if you think a little on the subject, yon will agree with us. We maintain that you should support a paper at home^rsf, and afterwards take as many more as you may see proper. We wish you to understand, however, that whet We aslt yott “support” or “sustain” 11s, wo dt not ask it as a gift of dharity, for we consider the paper worfh all that is asked for it. If we didn’i we would'n’t ask you to take it. We have talked long ehough to you, for the pre sent, and hope you will reflect upon the subject, and come to the wise conclusion that you will nc longer be dependent upon others for that which yoi should have yourself. Don’t think, now, that wt are hinting at some person; it is you we are speak ing to—you, who are now reading this paper whicti somebody else has paid for. If you have a family pay for the'paper, and let them read it; if you have not, take the paper at once, for you cant’t expect any high minded girl wifi have you, if she know; that you are depending upon others to pay for yuui reading. Thus endeth thet/i)sl lesson. We have taken rather much space for this sub ject, but as many of our subscribers are much an noyed by this class of readers, we trust they will not object to our holding a “talk” with them occa sionally.—Apalachian. How Pat learned to make a Fine.—“Car you make a fire, Pat ?” asked a gentleman of 1 newly arrived son of Erin : “Indade I can sir, and I learned to do that same per honor, to my cost, sure. Whin I came over, you see, there was no one along wid me except me self alone and my sister Bridget. Whin we got a shore we went together to a boarding house, and the boarding master took me up stairs to a loom, and whin I went to bed I took the coat and shirt oflf mj back, and for fear some dirty spalpeen wonld be af ter staling ’em 1 put ’em away snug and tidy in a is..n strict ctrt/wl Yirrh‘t ftfrninct ihp Kpfi In the mornin, win the day was brakin’ through my winder, says I to myself, ‘The top ay the morn ing to ye Pat; is.yer clothes safe?” and I jist open «! the door ay The big chist, and be gnrra the coal off me body and the shirt off me back was burnt tt ashes ! Be dad, sir, that ould divil of a chist was a stove bad luck toil; and iver since that, I’vt know’d how to kindle fires, sir.” “No Mistake at ali., Sir!”—A sailor havinc purchased some medicine of a celebrated ductor, de mantled the price. “Why,” says the doctor, “I cannot think o charging you less than seven and six pence.” “Well, 1*11 tell you what,” said the sailor, “Takt off the odds, and I’ll pay you the balance.” • “Well,” returned the doctor, “we won’t quar rel about trifles.” The sailor laid down sixpence, and was in thi act of walking off, when the doctor reminded hin of his mistake. “No mistake at all sir,*’ said the sailor; “six ii even and seven is odd, all the world over; so I wisl you good day.” “Get you gone,’' said the doctor; “I’ve madi four pence out of you as it is.” qcj> The Gateshead Observer mentions havinj seen, under a glass shade the size of a lady’s thim ble, a steam engine that might have served for i cotton mill in Lilliput. The whole machinery fly-wheel included, stands upon a two penny piece yet so exact is the workmanship,that when a steam pipe is applied4 for their isrto boiler, the engine i immediately set in motion, and works will) admi rable precision. Whiskers.—Mrs. Swisshelm, editress of thi Pittsburg Sunday Visitor, says: “A smoothly shaved ut beardless man meets our idea ofmanhooi about as well as a 6quare shouldered shingle-shap ed woman meets our notions of womanhood.” Le grow the whiskers now, ye lords of creation ; her is one lady at least, who does not “set her face a gainst them.’’ AN I.VTERESTI\G SCRAP OP HISTORY. Every newspaper reader remembers the folly o Lieut. Randolph, who pulled the nose of Gen. Jack son while he was President of the United States This gentleman is a relative of the late John Ran dolph, of Roanoke. The cause of his animosity against Gen. Jacksoi was the fact that the old General refused to tak< his part when he was accused of being a defaulte to the United States. On the other hand, beins deeply incensed at some part of Lieut. Randolph’) conduct, Gen. Jackson ordered him to be court mar tialed, on charges of defalcation. He was fount not guilty, we believe; but, as the result was no satisfactory to the hem of the Hermitage, he revere ed the decision, and struck out the name of Lieut Randolph from the list of the navy. Indignant a the treatment he received, Lient. Randolph wrott a vehement letter to the President denying his pow er to remove him, but at once tendered hiscommis siun to Mr. Madison Chen the late President of the Hnited States, from whose hand he received it.— Lieut. Randolph avowed that his injuries should not go unavenged ; and, at last, he adopted a des I perate step to gratify his thirst for vengeance. In the year 1832 Gen. Jackson was invited ti preside at the erection of a monument to perpetrate ! the memory of “Martha, the mother of Washing ton,” which had been gis’en by Silas E. Burrows, of this city. The ceremonial was to take place near the city of Fredericksburg, Virginia. The old soldier was on his way down the Poto mac,when the boat stopped at Alexandria. A crowd 1 of persons rushed on board to greet him. Among oth ers, an individual, a stranger to the General, in an 1 undress naval uniform, approached him, and was : deliberately taking of his gloves, when the Gener al, courteously holding out his hand, requested the stranger not to tumble himself; but rite latter, after J removing his gloves, instead of seizing the tendered hand, quickly snatched and clutched the nose of the j object of his vengeance. A dozen swords immedi ately leaped from their scabbards, and several per sons sprung at the stranger; but the General threw ! them all aside, and rushing towards his assailant, j exclaimed : “Stand off, stand off—let me get at the scoundrel—let nobody interfere.” In the melee ! however, Rrandolph was hurried off the boat. •Immediately after Lieut. Randolph had complet ! ed the desecration he meditated on the President— j and he pulled it so hard and so long that it bled i most profusely—he deliberately walked ashore : mingled with the crowd, and no attempt was made j to arrest him. He had simply committed an assault and battery ; fir the snout of a President is not a ; whit mure sacred than that which ornaments the race I of any other citizen. 1 The affair created a great deal of excitement at (he time; the conduct of Randolph was denounced by all parlies; and, instead of bettering his condi tion, he only rendered it tenfold more desperate and hopeless. From the year 1832 up to 1837, during the whole of which period Gen. Jackson was in possession of the Presidency, he often visited Wash ington, and no attempt was made to arrest him.— His place of family residence was near Fredericks burg, Virginia, where, with the exception of occa ; siunal visits to the capital, he lived in comparative ! solitude on a little farm, his only companion being I a heroic wife, when every body else seemed to have i deserted him,united her fortunes with hi8,and sooth ed his misfortunes and mortifications by her gentle | influence. The manners of Lieut. Randolph, like those of all his family, were very eccentric. He knew nothing of the world, and held but little con verse with it. His chief amusement, was walking in the secluded woods, with a largestaffin his baric and communing with himself, lie has always a voided society, and but few of his nearest neighbors have known him even by sight. Still, he isa n.ild | and amicable gentlemen, though sensitive and quick | to resent an injury. Death of Queen Adelaide.—The past yeai 'has been peculiarly fatal to distinguished persons ir . this country and in Europe, and to increase the list i the steamer brings us intelligence of the demise o Queen Adelaine, the dowager Queen of England.— For some time pa9t she has been upon her death bed only sustained in a lingering existence by tin efforts of the first physicians in England. Sh« was the wife of William IV., and at his death was allowed a pension of 100,000 pound a year, a greai portion of which she has continually devoted U charitable purposes. At the period of the itefornr Bill agitation Queen Adelaide was rather nnpopulai with the liberal parly, and the lower classes,on ac count of of her alledged tory propensities. It was then the fashion to represent William as being com plelely upper petticoat influence, and thousands o coarse caricatures of himself and his wife swarmec over the country. Since that period* however, tin Queen has not interfered with politics,she has livec as a private lady—her character as a woman has al ways been above roproach, and been more general ly esteemed by the people than were most of he German countrywomen who are called to reside a the English Court. The Extent of our Country.—It has beer j computed that the United States has a frontier lim I of 10,750 miles, a sea cost of 5,430 miles, a lak< 1 coast of 1 ,IG0 miles. One of its rivers is twice a: I lung as the Danube, the largest river in Europe.— TheOhio isGOOtniles longer than the Rhine.and th< noble Hudson has a navigation in the Empire Stat< one hundred twenty miles longer than the Thames Within Louisiana are bayous and creeks,almost un i known, that would shame, by comparison, the Ti i her, or Sein. The State of Virginia alone is one ! third larger than England. The State of Ohio con ; tains three thousand square miles more than Scot | land. The harbor of New York receives the ves . sels that navigate rivers, canal, and lakes to ih< extent of three thousand miles, equal to the dis ' tance from America to Europe. From the capita ■1 of Maine to the “Crescent City” is two hundrei 1 miles further than from London to Constantinople ! a route that would cross England, Belgium, a par I of Prussia, Germany, Austria, and Turkey.—Jval Ini. s Welch Names.—Until a comparatively recen i period, no surnominal adjunct was used in Wales beyond ap or fot», as David-ap Howell, Evan-ap i Rhys, Griffith-ap-Rodger, John-ap Richard. ) i was not unusual, even but a century brek, to hea of such combinations as Evan-ap-David-ap Jenkin i and so into the seventh or eighth generation, s that an individual carried his pedigree in his narm An Englishman riding one dark night among th r mountains, heard a cry of distress proceeding appa rently from a man who had fallen into a ravin near the highway, and on listening more attentive t ly. heard tltp words, “Help, master, help,” in r voicejtruly Cambrian. “Help! what—who ar . you 7” inquired the traveller. “Jenkin 8r> Griffith 5 ap-Robin ap-William-ap-Rees ap-Evnn,” was th . response. “Lazy fellows that ye be,” rejoined th I Englishman, setting spur to his horse, “to lie i ! that hole, half a doten rf ye ; why in the nsme t , ^ common sense, don’t ye help one another out ?” I CO- Umbrellas made to cell do not answer th • purpose in such weather as we have had lately.— II When *MoWn wrong side out, the sticks will sna ^ ■ asunder, and the umbrella is henceforth as uselesi - ! as cast iron boots with a hole in the toe. But, sue umbrellas are a great article to lend. AGRICULTURAL—SCIENTIFIC. r THE CULTIVATION OF FRUIT TREES. Professor Mapes, of New Jersey, one of the most scientific practical farmers in the United States, i one who makes agriculture a study, and has done > much for its advancement, gave the following val ■ uable advice in relation to the management of fruit : trees, in a lecture delivered at Princeton, N. J., a i few weeks since : In the planting offruit trees, the earth should be deeply disintegrated, first to enable the roots to pass freely down into the soil, and not to be entirely de . pendent upon the mere surface for its support; for , even if the soil be disintegrated to a depth of four or even five feet, immediately under the tree.it i will merely act as a cistern for the reception offer tiliz'ng materials, which may be filtering through the soil, or pervading the upper surface in the form of gases; for in soil properly disintegrated, the roots will fiud such valuably materials at these or eveu greater depths. Tbs fertilizing materials used to fruit trees should always bear an analogy to their chemical constituents. Thus, we fiud the bark of the apple tree to contain 15 per cent, of lime, cal culated from its dry constituents after parting with its water; therefore an old tree will have exhaust ed the soil ofits immediate neighborhood of this im portant material, which if not re-supplied, will j causes decay of the tree, notwithstanding that all I its other constituents may be present in sufficient I quantities. j He also referred to the treatment of peach, plum, j apricot, nectarine, and other similar fruit trees, sta | ting that the short life of the peach tree was due to its over-prolific growth, and if permitted to exiend its branches to an inordinate length, the weight of j the fruit on their extreme ends would act as a lever-, ! either to break off the branches from the trunk, or to so compress the capillary tubes of the wood as to prevent the free circulation of the pabulum for the formation of the fruit. By pursuing the ‘shorten ing’ system, recommended by Downing and others, the tree would be rendered long-lived,-and produce •at all times its fruit of a maximum quality. This should be performed in the spring, cutting back the new growth at least half, the cut being always made near a wood bud; thus securing the continuation of the plant the next year’s gtowth, which would not be the case if cut opposite the fruit bud. If this system be followed each year with a proper thinning out of useless and crowded branches, the peach tree may be rendered highly ornamental, with its fruit ! near enough its trunk not to abraid the tree with its leverage, its quality at all limes equal anti supe rior, and the tree by its increased health, hss liable to the attacks of insects or disease. He highly re commended guano, mixed with 100 times its hulk of decomposed muck, or charcoal, as a uianuro, for fruit trees, and stated that the Messrs. Hovey of Boston, and many oilier fruit growers of celebrity had found this manure extremely valuable, blight ! quantities of salt,placed around fruit trees, has been found useful for preventing the attacks of n.arty in sects and in rendering the ground more absorbent of I moisture. The two calamities to which the peach tree is in cident are (he peach borer and the disease called the yellotcs. The borer attacks the tree at the ground collar, girdling the bark and hiding itself | beneath it; this may be removed at a proper season ! with a knife; many applications, such as ashes, sul phur, See., have been applied with varied success. The application of butting water poured on tho trunk of the tree near the ground, and thus permitted to rundown around the tree was highly recommended for the removal of the peach-worm. Many had feared its injuring the general health of the tree, but the speaker said he had used it fur three years with 1 signal success. The hot water would enter every | worm hole, and cook the worm which from its al buminous constituency, would be cooked and coag ulated at about the same temperature as the white of an egg, thus leaving the hole pre-occupied by its carcase and preventing the intrusion of a new-cotner. Fruit trees that have been regularly shortened in* '1 are seldom or never subject to disease, and are much | less liable to the attack of insects. VVlien the dis ; ease called the yellows attacks the peach tree, it is advisable to remove it at orree, as it soon cominuiti ; cates itself to adjacent trees. Many fruit growers i i suppose, however, that the disease may be remov i ed if attacked during its early stages. R. L. Colt* , Esq., of Patterson, slates that a solution of sulphate ; of iron (common copperas) applied around the root of a peach tree, on the first appearance of the yel lows, will cure the disease, and other growers state i that by the application of protoxide of iron around the tree, left on the surface of the soil and occasion ally watpred, has produced similar results, but in '• both these experiments tho lecturer had not been so i j fortunate. 1m?outant Inoention.—We leant front a let ter in the Union, from Rufus Porter, Esq., a ger, : tleman well versed in the arts and inventions, and . !r_i- _$ _. u... Henry *M. Paine, Esq., has discovered and practi cally tested an almost expenseless mode ol'decom Eusing water, and reducing it to the gaseous state, fy the simple operation of a very small machine, '■ without galvanic batteries, or the consumption of i metals or acids, and only the application of less ■ than 1 -300th part of one horse-power, Mr. Paine t produces 200 cubic feet of hydrogen gas, and 100 i feet of oxygen gas per hour. This quantity of these . gasses, the actual cost of which is Ie6s than one - cent, will furnish as much heat by combustion as • 2,000 feet of the ordinary coal gas, and sufficient to ^supply light equal to three hundted common lamps for ten hours; or to warm an ordinary dwe1 - - ling house twelve hours, including the requisite heat for the kitchen; or to supply the requisite heat i for one hour's power of 6team. The invention, it is ■ staled, has been tested by six months’ operation. I ! applied to the lighting of houses, and recently the I I applicability of these gasses to the warming of hons , | es has also been tested with perfectly satisfactory t results. A steam engine furnace and a parlor stove, . both adapted to the burning of these gasses, have been invented and measures taken for securing pat ents therefor. The only actual expense of wsrnt t ing houses by this apparatus is that of winding u|> a weight (like the winding up of a clock) ot.ce a ’ ! day; and the heat produced may be as easily grad t uated and regulated as tlie flame of a common 'gas r burner. No smoke whatever is produced. Jut a B very small quantity of steam, sufficient tu supply , the requisite moisture to the atmosphere. This discovery, it is contended by Mr.^Porter, e removes completely the only obstacles which have - hitherto existed to aerial navigation—the difficulty e of procuring hydrogen gas, and csttj ing a supply of fuel; and he considers it a matter of tolerable cer t tainty that man will be sppo swiftly and saltly soar e ing in various directions before the first of May - next. In its application to steam power, it will re b duce the expense to the mere wear ot machinery-, ; greatly advance the establishment of manofaetiii.a i of everv kind, reduce the expense of travelling, Sor , f while its application to the every day affairs of life ; and business, Will produce the most remarkable re I suits creating a new era in the arts and in civiliza . I tion. Such are the anticipations of the inventors. —t)a\bj Ntict, p i, A horse has been lately exhibited at Eat* n, b above 20 hands high ; it is half bred, and a fjtci* men of the most j>erfect ejmniCtiy.