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THE STAUNTON SPECTATOR.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY *23, IS.VX SOl'THERX cexrEXTfOX. We give in another column the recpnt Message of Gov. Floyd to the Legislature, communicating the Vermont Resolutions (which we also insert,) and closing with a recommendation to appoint del egates for a Southern Convention, proposed to be held in Juno next, a*. Nashville. it has happened a little unfortunately that this firebrand from the North should have reached its destination, before the Wilmot Proviso Committee, having in charge the important questions connected with a Southern Convention, had reported, and the Legislature acted. If any question ever brought up before the General Assembly of ^ irginia required its dispassionate judgment, it is this sectional Con vention. We very much fear that the excitements produced upon tire opening of this now budget o nonsense and fanaticism, from the State ot \ er moot, may seriously inter*’ere with a calm sod dig nified discussion of its merits. Already we fim prominent members crying out, now is the time speedy action—strike while the iron is hot. Is i possible, that because Vermont chooses to look ove the top of her icebergs to make mouths at us, wi should act like children! A thrill of excitemen and indignation may tie excused, but let not Vir gioia forget her dignity. The Legislature nuts gain respect and confidence by the wisdom, not ih passion of its acts. What are the purposes ot this Southern Coaven tion ? Will its action commit the people of Virgin ia? If the General Assembly appoint four dele gates, and the people, from any cause, fail to elec the proposed fifteen—can thu four bind the people May nut disuion be the result of this Southeri movement 1 Then the people should he gravel] mm afpna are taken. Their ret* Tesen'stives in the General Assembly have not beei charged upon any course of action, tending to breal the sacred bands of the Union, and they will not b committed blindfold to its dissolution. We insis upon the right, in this case above all others, to in ntruct our representatives, at least we insist upoi the propriety of their being fully imbued with pop ular sentiment. We protest against being instruct ed, and led by the nuse, from legislative resolves i legislative crusades, then to revolution and civi war, with all its horroTS, and this through the am bition of disappointed spirits. Whenever the Legislature shall appoint its mei to this Southern Congress, they will be selected, i ull probability, for their fervid popular eloquence glowing imaginations and excitable temperament —not for sound judgment, sober thought and know discretion. The latter shun it fur its responsibility The former, it is feared, would stump it throng the district for agitation ; and the high complimer to the people of electing their fifteen, will afford th fit occasion for these sons of thunder to alarm an disturb peacetul communities. 1 iineo Dunnos i dona fertnles. Southern by position, educatiu and feeling, and ready to defend our peculiar inst tutions, “at all hazards and to the last extremity, iat the proper time—we must still consider a Soutl ern Convention premature and imprudent. The whole proceeding, while in full keeping wit the resolutions of 184/ and 1849, goes a long strid beyond them, towards that fatal maelstrom whos image is horror, and the nearing up to which, is a certain destruction, as if the dark waters had er gulphed us. Our Delegates, who voted again! these resolutions, know where Augusta stands. He cherished motto is, “Liberty and union, now an forever, one and inseparable.” We commend the patriotic remarks cf Mr. Shei ff.t, on this question, to his constituents; and ar Sleased to know that Mr. McCvEand our senatoi Ir. Wm. Kinney, concur fully with them. American ColonizationSociety.—The tliti ty-third annual meeting of this Society was held i Washington City on the evening of Tuesday, tli 15th inst. Mr. Clay, President of the Society, prr sided, and delivered an address at the opening ( the meeting. Addresses were delivered also by R. t Scott, esq., of Richmond, the Rev. Dr. Hethune, an the Rev. R. R. Gurley. The last named gentlt inan has recently returned from a visit to Liberi and gave an interesting and gratifying account of ill state of things in the young Republic. From the report read by the Secretury.it appeal that the receipts of the Society for the past yet were $55,000, but the expenditures,having cxceei ed the receipts, the Society is now in debt up wart of $12,00. During the year the Society sent 01 <122 emigrants, and has made preparations to ser out three expeditions during the next six weeks. Thcre have been about 600 applications for passaj in these vessels, but from the state of its funds t! Society cannot send more than 4S0 persons. Tl Republic now extends over about 750 miles of coa and the slave trade is confined to a coast of abo 150 mile3 in extent. In his last communication the Society, President Roberts expressed the opi ion that all that was necessary to abolish the slav trade was to secure possession of this 150 miles coast, which could be purchased for $20,000. In connexion with the subject we may add, th the Special Committee of our House of Delegate to whom was referred that part of the Govcrnoi Message relating to the Colonization of free negro have reported “that it is expedient to appropria annually a sum sufficient to transport to Liberia least the annua! increase of our free negn popul tion.” _ A Diplomatic Difficult*.—The Wasbin ton correspondent of the Baltimore American giv an account of a personal rencontre at Lima, on t 10th of^ccember last, between Col. Z. \V. Po ter, l/^Bed States Consul at Valparaiso, and t Hon. Henri'Stephen Sullivan, nephew of Lo Palmerston,and British Charged’ aflairsto Chi During a brief absence of Col. P. from the hoti |,is wife and child were forcibly turned out of t »oon\9 which had been assigned them, by Mr. Su LIvan. Cob P. demanded an explanation of t outrage, which being refused, he inflicted a wi merited chastisement upon the person of the Ho orablo gentleman, in the presence of Gem Herb ra and a number of other persons. £5* Unavoidable circumstances have prevent th.; continuation of our remarks on the subject of i form. Wo have nothing to conceal, and in d time give the further views id our oontemp lion. THE BAILBOAD. We understand that Messrs. Mulligan &. Mas ters,contractors on a portion of the Railroad between Waynesborottgh and 'Staunton, have atTtvt'9 with a force of some 150 men to commence operations. This promptness argues well for the eaTly comple tion of the road. These gentlemen say they are confident that their portion of the work (Sections 5, 6,11, and 12.) will be finished during this year, and, las their work is the heaviest on the road, we have ; every reason to expect that in two years from this date the cars will be running this side of tho Blue Ridge. The ride from here to Wayncsborough will then not exeoed twenty five minutes. The present bad State of the roads makes it impossible to pass over the same distance in less than four hours. The trip to Richmond wi II be made in six hours. The fare will probably not exceed $5; and freight, including .portage over the mountain, weare informed, will be abont SO cents Tor a barrel offlour. Thus the saving to passengers will be $2 in momey and twelve hours in time—and to farmers, at the rate of 45 cents per barrel of flonr, and all agricul tural products in proportion. The land damages have be arranged with most of the farmers,there being* general disposition in fa i vor of the road. As yet means have been obtained for executing the grading and bridgingonly, leaving ' the superstructure to be provided for hereafter. It is a matter of regret that the iron cannot be purchas • ed now at its present low price—$42 per ton. A I ' rise to $57, which is below the average price, - i would make a difference of $1,700 per mile, l j The plank road to Buchanan, it is thought, will r be completed about the same time as the railroad. t The Hungarian Exiles.—The Ex-Governor of Comorn and suit, accompanied by Dr. Kraitzer, t a native Magyar, formerly ptofessor in the Univer , sity of Virginia, and now a citizen of Boston, arriv ed in Washington on Monday of last week. They called on the Secretary of State and the President, and then visited the Senate and House of Repre . sentatives and the Supreme Court. Gi*v. Ujhazi , made an address to the President in the Hungarian ? language, which was afterwards read by Dr. Krait ■/r b nnil tn ivtiioli tlio Prpcirlnnt riAnlipil in a I -*- « ing and appropriate manner. Polite and kind at tentions were shown to the party by Senators Clay, Webster and Benton. The Baltimore American gives the following ac count of the ex-Governor: t 1 “We learn from an authentic source that this gentleman was the proprietor of a highly cultivated tract of about four thousand acres of the finest land 1 in North Hungary. This, with its 6tock and ap - purtenances, and all his personal property, amount . j ing in value to between $300,000 and $-300,000, , are now lost to him. Gov. Ujhazy was a member of the Diet before the outbreak, and was always on the liberal side. He was an associate of Count • Bathyany, but unlike that gentleman he has always been "inclined to republicanism. The Governor is , fifty-eight years old. He sometimes seems in good spirits, but has generally an appearance of sadness. ’ He is quiet and dignified in his manner, possessed > (,f much sensibility, and is apparently of fine Intel s lect and high education. He has with him in this , country, his wife, a daughter and two sens. The latter entered the army as common soldiers—the ’ younger being only eighteen. The elder of the sons 1 passed through alt the grades to a captaincy, and t was several limes wounded, lie is now suffering e from the effects of a wound received at Buda, and ■ is not well able to travel.” The object of the party in visiting Washing * j ton is to petition Congress to open diplomatic corres n ; pondence with Turkey, for the rescue of Kossuth - : and bis companions, an.l also to grant to the Hun „ crarian refugees a portion of the public lands. The ; ladies are iflkNew York. Agricultural Convention.—We learn from h the Southern Planter that it is proposed to hold a e ; Slate Agricultural Convention in the city of Rich e mond with a view to the organization of a State s Agricultural Society,and Wednesday,February 20th - is recommended as the jnost suitable time. On the t 22nd the ceremony of lay ing the corner stone of the r Virginia Washington Monument will take place, J which will call numbers from the country to Rich mond, and a favorable opportunity will thus bo af - forded for enlisting members and making friends to e the Society. The Season of the year precluding > the practicability of primary meetings, all friends of Agriculture will be invited to take seats in the - Convention wit’rout regard to formal appointment u by County meetings. e 'Phis is an important movement and cannot fail to i- interest the farmers and planters throughout the >f; State. We heartily wish it success, and hope that '• our fine agricultural region will be fully represented d in the Convention. ' Henry A. Wise.—This distinguished gentle . _.i_ l ij- i_j _<K* q , man lias rcvcnuj wxu hivhmiwhu citizens and members of the Legislature with pub ; }.„ harangues. His first appearance was before the Virginia Historical Society, when he delivered on< l_ of his most peculiar speeches. He insisted thai lg Virginia was at a pretty low ebb, Mr. Elivooi lt; Fisher to the contrary notwithstanding. A few (j evenings afterwards, he spoke nearly four hours ii _ the Hall of the House of Delegates on the “Con e troversy between the North and the South.” This ie speech is said lohavo been “a remarkable medley o ie Henry A. Wise and the Union—the Yankees anc st the Slave-trade—the Brazilian mission and Gen it Houston—Texas and Benton—California and Gen to Riley—Polk and Tyler—Henry A. Wise and tin v- Nashville Convention,” &.C., &c. It was under stood to be an electioneering effort for a seat in tin nf Southern Convention. Dissolution of the Union.—As a frank a 11 vowal of the views and feelings of some of the ad ?’ vocatesofa Southern Convention, we give tin ps following sentences selected from a long editoria te in the Aurora, published in Wilmington, Norti at Carolina. Three slaves escaped from Wilmington a* ' whereupon the Editor calls all the South to tin rescue and asks: ' What's the Remedy? It is a Southern Confcde es racy, with a Capital at Asheville, or somnwheri te else on the mountains, where the lines of Georgia r. | South and North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginii meet. ic j *#•####* r(l What will the Southern Convention do?—Wi li< ! hope to have no more barren addresses. If that i f] all the delegates intend, they had better stay a home. If they will methodize a plan to dissolv ,w : the Union, we will hail them, r,- J * • * *i # #, * * ie “If this he treason make the most of it,’' sail >11 Patrick Henry. i * j The Richmond papers announce the death o E ! Judge Scott, of Fauquier. He will be succeedei on the bench of the Sjiecial Court of Appeals b’ Judge L. P. Thompson, of this place, next senio ®’ ! member of the General Court. ue } --- a- fry It is rumored1 that Jenny Lind U. coming t this country, with Mr. Balfe* CONGRESS. Iffoxn\t. January 11th. j The Senate.—A joint resolution suspending the j ' act which limits'Dbe amount for the expenses of ( I collecting the revenue was taken up.' The amount ; at present allowed is found Insufficient. The reso- j 1 ltrtion was amerxlrti-soas to provide that the ex- j penses-shall not exceed those of the year 1848. Mr. Smith offered* resolution calling for a state- i : ment of the accounts of Prosper M. Wet more, late [ navy agent at New York, and the balance appear ing due to the United States. Mr. Douglass offered a resolution that the Com ' mittee on the District of Columbia Ire instructed to ! inquire into the expediency of retroceding to the ; State of Maryland all that portion of said District which is not embraced in the corporate limits of the city of Washington • and also into the expediency of so amending the charter of the said city of Washing- ■ ttm as to authorise the corporation thereof to exer- j | cise the powers of legislation usually exercised by 1 the regularly organized territories of the United States under their respective laws. Lies over, i Mr. Houston offered a resolution declaring that, as Congress has no power over slavery in the States, either to establish or abolish it, such establishment or prohibition of negro slavary in the State govern ments formed by the people of the territories shall be deemed ho objection to their admission as a State or States into the Union, in accordance with the Constitution of the United States. House of Representatives.—The special or 1 der of the day—the election of officers—was sus pended and the report of the Committee on Rules was taken up. The rule as to the Speaker’s voting was changed so as to leave tt optional with the House to require him to vote in cases where his ! vote would change the result. Tuesday, Jan. 15. The Senate.—The joint resolution providing for the collection of the revenue was taken up and passed. Mr. Bradbury’s resolution, calling on the Presi dent for a statement of the charges against all office holders removed by him, was taken up, and after some discussion, passed over. Mr. Douglass offered a resolution calling for cop ies of instructions to the agent sent to Hungary ) also, instructions to the minister to Central Ameiica, &.C., to be cotnmunicated to the Senate in open or in ' secret session. Lies over. House of Representatives.—The greater part of the day was spent in the election of a Ser geantat-Arms. On the third vote, Andrew J. Glossbrenncr, Dem., Kdilorot the York (Pa.,) Ga zette, was chosen by a mojority of two over Senter M. Giddings of New York—Whig. Wednesday, Jan. 10. The Senate.—Mr. Seward presented a petition of two hundred and twenty five citizens ofNew York, praying the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia. The question ot reception was laid on the table —3V to 19. . j Mr. Benton introduced his bill proposing to the Slate of Texas the reduction of Imr boundaries, the cession oi lier extreme territories, and the relin i quishment of her claims upon the United Slates.— Mr. Benton explained the bill, and it was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. Mr. Finite introduced his hill, heretofore publish ed, for the organization of Territorial Governments in California, Deseret, and New Mexico, and the admission of California, and of San Jacinto, in lex- ^ as, into the Union. Mr. Foote spoke at length on the subject, and the bill was referred to the Com mittee on the Judiciary. Mr. Butler, from the Committee on the Judicia- | ry, reported the bill to provide for the arrest and i delivery of fugitive slaves, with amendments, and gave notice that be would call it upon Wednesday, j , 3 House of Representatives.—The greater j part of the day was spent in an ineffectual effort to elect a Door-keeper. Thursday, Jan. 17. ( The Senate.—The resolution heretofore offer ed by Mr. Clemens, calling for information as to all proceedings,instructions, &.C.,of the President, &c., j in relation to California, was taken up. A long and excited discussion followed on the slavery question : in connexion with the resolution. Mr. Dickinson i | of New York, said that the great body of the North- j ern people were as sound on the subject ot slavery j as any other part of the people, and that if the ] j North ever marched against the South he^ would j draw his sword on the side of the latter. The res olution passed and the Senate adjourned to Monday. House of Representatives.—There was a j debate on the public printing. Five more votes were taken for Door-keeper. No election. Saturday, Jan. 19. The House, by a vote of 100 to 9S, postponed the election of Door-Keeper and Post Master until March, 1851. The Speaker decided that tlie old officers would continue in office. = The First Auditor’s Report.—The Frede | ricksburg News publishes some interesting statis . tics derived from the Report of the First Auditor to the Legislature. From the article in the News we take the following: The receipts with which the Treasurer is'chargod | ' from the 1st of October, ’48 to the same period ’49 is $974,827,27. This sutn is constituted of Revenue tax, $600,094,33. Militia fines, 13,078,32 Bank dividends, 161,231,00 Interest on bond of James Ri ver and Kanawha Company, 188,469,08 Taxes on law process, seals, ! bills, deeds, fee bills of Clerks &c. 2(j>508 . With a large number of other resources too tedi ous to name, and which maka up within a fraction of $1,000,000. Tho disbursements for the same period amount ’ j to $963,586,21. These are made for the I General Assembly, $170,937 i , Officers' salaries, l Penitentiary, on inn Charges for Criminals, 39,109 ! Expenses of Lunatics, 98,260 Expenses of Deaf, Dumb and Blind, 1 j,6~J . With other expenditures, making the amount I named above. We have been interested in the cx amination of the different counties, and the amount 1 of taxable property in each. From this we learn , that Halifax isthe largest Slaveholding County in the , State. The number of Slaves in that County is 7196; Albemarle lias 7052; Pittsylvania 6680. The county containing the largest number of hor ses i6 Augusta. The next largest is Rockingham. ! The firs "has 9030; the second 7055. > There are more Lawyers in Henrico—embracing 1 we presume Richmond. Next is Campbell, inclu ding Lynchburg—next Augusta, including Staun ton—Albemarle next—Dinwiddie, including Pe tersburg. next—Fauquier next. ! Physicians are more numerous in Henrico and 1 I Richmond—next in- Dinwiddie and Petersburg— ? next io Albemarle—Augusta next—Bedford and I and Campbell an equal number—Fauquier next and . ! Caroline next. I Henrico has of Pianos, 479'; Norfolk City, 239; ! Dinwiddie, 187. Of Carriages, Richmond and Herrrrco reckon the ^ . largest number, next Loudoun, Chesterfield next. I There are several which have no carriages, and a r ' proportion where the number does not exceed five. r The proportion of all kinds of pleasure carriages is r twenty, in that, portion of Virginia below the Ridge, to one beyond it. The slaves, we should think, are more than 100 to 1. Many of the Western counties j' have not more than ten. whilst several, we noticed, j had two, tlire^, four and upwards.. VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE, HOUSE OF DELEGATES. Richmond, Saturday, Jan. 12. 1850. The Speaker laid before tire House the following communication from tlie Governor ; To the General Jhocmhiy of rirgum : Gentlemen : I have received from the Governor cf Vermont certain resolutions passed by the Leg islature of tliat State upon the suiuect uf slavery, with a request that I should transmit them to you. 1 [ comply with tlie request because 1.think it proper j you should know tlie temper and spirit manifested low art Is Virginia and tlie South by Vermont. If I could believe the sentiments contained in these res-1 dulions were confined to the State from which they , emanate, they wuuld excite in me, as I am sure they would in every citizen of Virginia, a feelingof pity merely. But we are constrained to Delieve from evidences too numerous and clear to admit of j doubt, that, these resolutions embody the opinions and feelings too of a large majority ot the Free ; States, \ In litis respect they present to us a question of momentous importance and drive us to consider how j w« are to vindicate our character and maintain ottr constitutional rights. The provisions of the consti- j lutiun, upholding, sustaining anti protecting slavery, : ire, by these resolutions, abrogated and disregarded, rite opinion of the North sustains this action. Tlie time has already passed for the discussion of ihe question between us ; no human reason or elo quence can stop the headlong career of injury and wrong which tlie North is pursuing towards us.— i’hey trample upon tlie constitution and our rights, whilst they meet with scorn and contempt all remon strance against their course of aggression. We can take care of ourselves ; let us not sit idly down until the foot of the destruyer comes. I would recommend the passageof the resolutions adopted last session ; and tlie passage of a law pro viding for the attendance of representatives in the Southern Convention to asssomhle at Nashville, in June next, and that money be appropriated to defray all their necessary expenses incurred by such atten dance. JONH B. FLOYD. VERMONT RESOLUTIONS. Resolved, By the Senate and House of Repre sentatives, That Slavery is a crime against human ity, and a sor« evil in the body politic, that was : excused by the framers of the Federal Constitution | as a crime entailed u[ton tlie country by their pre decessors, and tolerated solely as a thingof inexora ble necessity. Resolved, That tlie so called “Compromises of the Constitution” restrained the Federal Govern meni iroin imenurence wim oiaverj umj m States in which it then existed, and from interfer ence with the slave trade only for a limited time, which has long since expired ; and that the powers conferred upon Congress by the Constitution to sup press the slave trade, to regulate commerce between the States, to govern Territories, and to admit new states,—powers conferred with an express intention ‘to form a mere perfect union, establish justice, in sure domestic tranquility, provide for the common jefence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our prosteri- j ty”.—may all rightfully lie used so as to prevent the extension of slavery into territory now free, and to iliolish slavery afld the slave trade wherever either 'xists under the jurisdiction of Congress. Resolved, That ttie Senators and Representatives n Congress he requested to resist, by all and every ! ’onstitutional means, the extention of slavery in [ my manner, whether by the annexation loslavehol- | ling Texas of Territory now free, or by the admis sion into the Union of territory already acquired,or which may be hereafter acquired, without an ex press pohihition of slavery, either in the cunslitu- \ ion of eacli new state asking admission, or in the ict of Congress providing fur admission. Resolved, further, That our Senators and Rep- j ( •esentatives in Congress be requested to support •very just and prudent measure fur the exclusion of i slavery from the District of Columbia; for the en- 1 .ire suppression of the slave trade on the high seas | md wherever else Congress has jurisdiction; and ' , Tenerally to relieve the Foderal Government from | ( ill responsibility for, the existence, maintenance,or «loratitin «>f slavery.or the traffic in slaves. ; Resolved, further, That our Senators in Con- | jres6 be instructed, and our Representatives re [nested to use their exertions for the speedy organ- ( ration of a territorial government for New Mexi :o and California, with a provision forever excltt ling involuntary servitude except fur crime, there "ore, ( Resolved, That the Governor be requested to 'urnish a copy of the foregoing resolutions to each if our uwn Senators and Representatives in Con fess, and to the Governors of each State in the Union. On motion of Mr. Stovall the Governor’s commu lication was referred to the select committee on the subject of the Wilmot Proviso, Sic. Mr. Syme of Petersburg, offered the following re i ilution, accepting as an amendment that part which says that “The Legislature of Virginia knows their Constitutional rights, and means to maintain them.” “Resolved by the General Assembly of Virginia, ; That the resolutions of the State of Vermont, on the subject of slavery, be returned to the Governor nf this Commonwealth with the request that they be returned to the Governur of Vermont, and that the Governor of Vermont lie informed that the Leg islature of Virginia understand their Constitutional rights and, mean to maintain them.” The ayes and noes having been ordered on the adoption of the above, tlie vote stood as follows:— Ayes—121. Noes none. Mr. Bur we 11, of Bedford, offered the following resolution : t If r~> 1 1_1 1_ rn •« XVtJJSUi veu, uy uir ucucidi aasriuuij » i uai iw ( and is hereby recommended to the people of Virgin- | ia not to import, purchase or consume, any articles, ' the produce or Manufactures of the State of Ver mont—or of any other State in the Union, which shall address to Virginia the language of menace or reproach. It was adopted without dissent, and referred to the select Committee, having under consideration the VVilmot Proviso and other kindred subjects. REPORT ON THE WIT.MOT PROVISO. Mr. Claiborne, chairman of the committee on this subject, made a report therefrom with this pre amble. Whereas, the action of the General Assembly,in 1847 and 1849,npon the “VVilmot proviso and kin dred subjects,” confirmed by the calm approval of the people of Virginia, and sustained by the con current action of other Southern States, has receiv ed no other response from the people of the North ern Statps than violent denunciation and a system atic perseverence in the wrongs of which we com plained. Resolved, therefore, by the General Assembly, That we feel under renewed obligations to re-adopt the resolutions adopted by the Legislature of Vir ginia, in-1847 and re affirmed in 1849, and we hereby re-adopt the said resolutions as the act of this General Assembly, and declare that Virginia is fully determined to adhere to her position then assumed. Resolved,further, That this General Assembly heartily approve, the proposed convention ofSouth ern States, to be held at Nashville on the first Mon day in June next, and that it will proceed on rfay of-to the election by joint ballot of fourdel egates to said convention, and that the people of Virginia be requested to elect, at their next spring elections, a delegate from eash Congressional Dis trict, which delegate shall, with those elected by the General Assembly, represent this State in said Convention. Resolved, That the reasonalde expenses of the said delegates be paid out of the public Treasury. Resolved, That the Committee ask leave to sit again for the purpose of preparing an address to the people of Virginia upon the subject of the foregoing resolutions. Mr. Ferguson moved to lay the report on the table, and order it to be printed. Mr. Mayo urged immediate action on the report. There could certainly be no division of opinion on' the subject of these resolutions, and it was pecu liarly proper that they should be voted on to-day. ) Mr. Segar and Mr. Conway concurred will) the member fr6m Richmond City. This question had been communicated to the House to-day by the Governor, and they thought it a time peculiarly proper for action. Mr. Stovall was willing to adopt now the first resolution of the committee. It was simply a reit- j oration of the resolutions of last winter, for which he had voted. But as to the propriety of sending delegates to the Southern Convention at the Stale expense, he was not prepared to go for it. He had no instructions from the people on the subject, and was not prepared to take the responsibility of pas sing the last resolution, being opposed to it in prin ciple. Mr. Ilarvie went for immediate action. The time for action bad come. Remonstrance had be come in vain, and ho believed that the sentiment of the people was fixedly in favor of this Southern Convention. After the efforts which had been made to obtain unanimity, Ite h«d no hope of getting it from the House ; and he was, therefore, in favor of. taking the vote now on the last proposition, and a gainst the motion to print. Mr. Perrow said he was not prepared to say whether a Southern Convention should now lie sanctioned, though he was prepared to stand by the South. He was fur further time. Mr. Pannill, though he was for giving time, was in favor of the resolutions re|>orted. Mr. Segar said that, to accommodate gentlemen, he was disposed to modify his views, lie desired to have unanimity if possible. Mr. Harvie then asked if until Thursday next was time enough fot members to examine the sub ject—a general acquiescence in this day seemed to prevail. '['he motion to print was then agreed to. The question then being on Mr. Harvie’s motion > to make these resolutions the order of the day for Thursday next. Mr. Sheffey moved to amend the resolutions, by striking out “next Thursday,” and inserting “next Thursday week.” Mr Sheffey said that on his responsibility as a gentlemen, vnd as a representative on that floor, i until he saw the suggestion thrown out a few days i ago, in the Richmond Enquirer, that the General j ; Assembly should appoint four delegates, and the i people should be authorised to elect one delegate I from each Congressional district to attend the Nash- I ville Convention in June next, and that the expen < ses of these delegates should be paid, he never had I heard such a proposition mooted. The subject of « holding sucl) a Convention had not been agitated among the people; no public meeting has been held; I no memorial had come op to that House. The pro- i uoin n rrrouo nnu_tllO lYlflOt ClllpfTm flP F)P- F lieved, ever considered in that Hall; it was nothing i less than to delegate to nineteen representatives the < the power to speak for Virginia in a sectional Con- j vention, assembled at the instance ot the people’s i Convention ofMisssisstppi, to consult as tojthe best \ ( means of resisting the insults and aggression ot the a North. Such was the purpose of this Convention, is set forth in the resolution oflhe Mississippi Con vention, read by the gentleman from Franklin. Its ivowed purpose to save the Union—its awful re- c suit, he feared, would be its dissolution. Mr. ijpea- ! ker, why he in haste to pass these resolutions ?— j e i'he Congressional delegates could not be elected r dll April—the Convention could not meet till June :—The people had not spoken ; he desired to c tear what they had to say on the subject: Were hey prepared to tnrn aside from the remedies pro- j vided for in the Constitution, and to 6eek redress for ^ njuries not yet inflicted—for wrongs not yet done ? v In 1849, we resolved, that before we would “con- ^ rider the mode and measures of redress,” we would j wait till the YViltnot proviso had become a law, or j ill slavery had been abolished in the District of | Dulumbia. Now, we were called upon to delegate v he sovereign power of Virginia to nineteen persons ( infettered by instructions, and unguided by any j •xpressed wish lor the preservation of the Union— ( who, in conjection with other delegates from the 5outh, were to “consider the mode and measure of edress” of common insults and common wrongs in lie City of Nashville. He asked for time to con iult the 19,000 citizens whom he in part represent *d, whether they were ready for such a move?— l he resolutions of 1849 were passed, no action had | >o©n ImH in C.ingress on this subject. The YY’il not proviso bad not been passed—i lie subject of n ilavery had not been touched ;—nothing had sound- 3 *d harshly upon my ear. but a few partisan resolu- , r ,ions, concocted in Northern Legislatures, and con- j 3 aining at most hut threats of injury, which might t lever be carried into effect; and yet we were call- j o ;d on without hesitation or reflection, to plunge in- : t o a strpam, darkened by prejudice, swollen by pas- d _■ .he Union itself. I I Mr. Speaker the gentleman from Logan has in- j c imated that at one lime the committee purposed to j * report a resolution affirming a mere fact, that, in 6 the opinion of this General Assembly, Virginia r would adhere to the posiliun assumed hi llie reso lulions of 1847 and ’49. Why that resolution was 1 ;hanged so as to re affirm the principles and doc- J r trines of the resolutions of ’49, it is needless lo in- J 1 juire. Had such a resolution as that alluded to by | 1 the gentleman from Logan, been presented to us, | \ it might have met with an unanimous vole in its j favor? Because though he had voted against the 1 resolutions of 1849, he was yet willing to declare, that should the contingency contemplated by those resolutions arise, Virginia must resist or be dis I graced. He had lieen opposed to presenting such < an awful alternative to his people; but if presented 1 “resistance to the death” would he the watch word; ! and the hardy men whom lie represented, however s much originally opposed to passing such resolutions, < would ItfTfuund standing shoulder to shoulder, with t the consiuuenis UI inner geilucuitTii uu mat uwi, I borne onward by common sympathies and common f prejudices, and the result must, he feared, be a dis- j j solution of the Union. How much better then to ] say in calm and solemn tones to the North, that her | course, if persevered in, tends inevitably to this fearful result! Let us warn her of the consequence i of her acts—let us arm ourselves in the panoply of right, and if the glorious Union, cementpd by the 1 blood of our fathers, and founded on the rock of our | affections, must topple into ruins, let it fall under the blows of Northern fanaticism. Let not South- j ern remorse mingle with the desolation which will result from that fall. He trusted the House would grant members time to consider—to consider well what they proposed to do—tiine to commune with | the people, and to know what they wished to be ; done. The resolutions of 1847 were passed with-! | out consulting the people; these resolutions furnish- | ed the strong argument in favor of 1849, and now the resolutions of 1849 are made the pretext for the Southern Convention—Virginia, if represented in it, j will in all honor be bound by the resolutions of the i Nashville Convention, whatever they may be. Are we prepared to surrender ourselves to such a scheme —to such a project, without at least a few days re- : flection ? Mr. Claiborne, said that his constituents, every 1 man, woman and child, were prepared for action on this Southern question; and also for this Southern Convention. He went fur the action now and no j longer procrastination. Gentlemen on this floor said I wait till the YVilmot Proviso was passed. YVas it not in effect already passed ? Had not the people ; of California in a mongrel Convention already pass- j ed it?—and he was sorry to say that it had been ■ winked and connived at by a Southern President. Mr. Syme said that he was sorry, humble a9 he ■ was, to be obliged to say a word on this occasion ; I but the Chairman of the Committee on the YV'ilmot Proviso had, by a single remark, obliged him to j trouble the House with a word or two. That gen-, tleman occupied a very responsible situation ; and should have been particularly guarded in the Ian-, > guage he used in this debate. He liked the gen- | 1 tlornan personally, and had admirpd his general ( conduct on this question, but must be permitted to say that his remarks in connection with theestab- ^ iishment of a government in California, by winch j he had charged that the YYrilmot Proviso had al- : ready been passed, and he was 9orry to say “wink- j ed and connived at by a Southern President,” were j doubly unfortunate, ft was unfortunate for the j State of Virginia, because on this question her rep- ( rescntatives should stand as a hand of brothers lo maintain the honor and rights of this State and the sister States of our Confederacy, undisturbed by the fiend of party politics; and it was unfortunate fuf the gentleman himself and the party to which he belonged. The gentleman's memory was tenacious enough to remember the fact that California had a dopted a Constitution with the Wtlmot Proviso en grafted upon it; but was not tenacious enough t* re tain some other facts, to Wit :—that fie and his whole party had echoed and feecfcoed the doctrines as serted by Cass and his Nichrtlsftn letter* that this whole question belonged ol*light to tha people of the territories—that the Wilmot Proviso had been at tached to the Oregon Bill1, -Aiid not “connived and winked at;” but sanctioned and made a law by James K. Polk, a .Southern slave-holding Demo‘ cratic President. Not only ho, but the Convention that formed the Cunslilution of California was largely Democratic, Artd by Aft Yinaniinous vote en grafted the Wilmot Proviso upon their Constitu tion. Aye, more than that; the Legislature meet ing under this Wilmot Proviso Constitution was unanimously Democratic; and every member of the House of Representatives elp'cted from California of the same political complexion. Under this state of affairs lie did not think it lay in the mouth of a Vir ginia Democrat to speak of General Taylor's “coo niving and winking” at the Wilmot Proviso in Cal ifornia ; particularly, when Gen. ’I’aylor’s instruc lions to Governor Riley and Mr. Butler have not yet l>een made public. Alter considerable discussion, on motion the House adjourned. - - - -- Ohio and the Union.—A petition having beeti iresptited to the Senate of Ohio praying the Gener il Assembly to declare the Union dissolved, these* ect committee, to whom it was referred, reported n a style that does honor to the State and adminU crs a severe rebuke to the fanatists who degraded hemselves by the appeal. They say : “ft did not need the instructions of the Senate td nduce the committee to report adversely to the pray: «rs of the petitioners. The proposition is traitorous itid disloyal. It is not a thing to be entertained or easoned upon. The perpetuity oft be Union should te assumed—regarded as a fixed fact, not lo be dh iated or questioned. Attachment to the Uniori hould be a feeling—a sentiment in every Americari •renst. It should be instinctive. The Americari hould imbibe it with his mother’s milk. The committee recommend the adoption of the allowing resolutions, the best of which, it will be pen, provides the antedote for the evil, and direct! t to the right quartpr,—the rising generation : Resolved, That the memorialists have liberty to vilhdraw their memorial. Resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, That the Secretary of Slate cause to be print dan edition of Washington’s Farewell Addreasj nd distributed to each school district in the Stale. Astonishing Discovery.—A meeting of gas unsumers was lately held in the city of N. York, lb’ ike measures (br obtaining supplies of gas at cheap r rates. Among the proceedings, reported in thtf tribune, is the following: ‘•Professor Grant explained a plan by which the ity could be lighted at a five thousandth part of the xpeuse now incurred. The light is of his own dii jvery, and the principal ingredient is nitrate of ao a, which can be had in inexhaustible quantities in otitli America. Tim residuum of the soda, after ring used, would be more valuable than the article i its crude stale. One of those lights placed iri (roadway, corner of Canal street, on the lop of a ouse, would enables person to read throughout the •hole of that street and neighborhood. He has one f them in use on the locomotive “Itough and teady,” on the Philadelphia Railroad line. By it le engineer can see three quarters of a mile ahead, nd is enabled to observe the switch pole for a half tile. The expense of that light for four nights •as only twenty five cents.” A committee of lltreo was appointed to examine lis new discovery and rpport upon it. Annex ation Contagious.—Our files of the Ja talca I despatch, recti vrd by the Cherokee, as Urte 3 lllli ull. breathe nothing but a determined spi t of hostility to the Home Government. Their rguments and mode of argument remind one of te signs and portpnts, in this country, just anteri r to the war of the Revolution. The Despatch of te 10th publishes the American Declaration of In ependence, and pronounces upon it a warmer eolo y than ever liter pen of an Englishman wrote bo on. Them is a good deal said, too, about the il istrious Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, and oth r worthies whose heads England would Itave giv n to the block, could she have had the power, as he had the will, some seventy years ago. The remoriesof Wallace and Bruce, and Lindsay and tussel are also invoked to stir up a feeling among lie British people in Jamaica, that musteventually psult in rebellion, revolution, or something equally ncomfortable for Brother Bull, on the other side of he Atlantic. Verily it is hard work, now a days, o keep out his progeny that are knocking at the s’ortlt and the South, for admission into Uncle Jam’s family circle,—jV. K Express. Second General Epistle from tme Latter' Jay Saints.—The St. Louis Republican has re eived a pamphlet copy of the “Second General' f.pistle” issued by the Church of the Latter Day Jaints, at the Salt Lake Valley, to “«he Saint* cattered throughout the earth.” As showing the xtent to which efforts at prosclytism are to be car ted, we quote from the letter: > n .i ._w.m... l— lions assigned them. Eld. John Taylor, accom miied by Curtis E. Bolton and John Pack goes to '•’ranee ; Elder Lorenzo Snow goes to Italy, accom >anied by Joseph Toronto; Elder Erastus Snow to; Denmark, accompanied by Peter Hanson, and will itart in nbouta week, passing through the Stales. Elder Franklin D. Richards, accompanied by John' 5. Higbee, George B. Wallace, Job Smith, H. W. Jhurcli, Joseph W. Johnson, Joseph W. Young ind Jacob Gates, will go with the mission to Eng and, to co-operate with President Orson Pratt.— Elder John Forsgreen will go out at the same time with the mission to Sweden. For wise purpose#/ Elder P. P. Pratt’s mission to the Western Islands/ will be deferred until spring. Elder Orson Pratt is doing a great work in Eng and, and the cause of truth is ad vancing rapidly in* ill her home dominions, and the rejoicing of the saints there, causes Satan to howl, for he is comL lelled to be subject to the power of the highest.— Elder Woodruff is located at Cambridgeport, Ma# iacliusetts, and has been comforting and instructing he Saints in Canada and the Eastern Slates the' last year. If Elder Woodruff now will gather up' ill the Saints in his vicinity and come with them ;o this place, he will do a great work, and will be ipening the way for a visit to those nations wh»r lave both eyes and ears, and are crying to the El lers of Israel come, tell us of the things of God, for we have heard that God is with you. Ireland.—Jlvefulcalaslrophe near KUrusIi.—On Wednesday week from four to five hundred pauperv mended at the Kilrnsh union, in order to seek et her admittance to the work house or outdoor rebel. But alas' their supplications were fruitless,and af :er spending the day (a most inclement one) in » miserable state of suffering, they were obliged,when ,v„nin<r came, to return unrelieved to their homes/ 5dme of these being from eight to ten miles distant ’rum Kilrnsh. f Within two miles of this town there is a terry ibout 200 yards wide,over which a number of these itarving creatures were obliged to cross, loo many irowded into the boat, and she sank on the passage when about 40 men, Women and children perished/ ive only beinn- saved! Up to Thursday morning here had been 31 bodies recovered, and many ire ilill missing. . ... ... e ... Language fails to describe the sad state of this loomed" onion. The guardians have neither funds lor credit, and are in debt .£18,000. 1 here ar* 13,000 paupers actually starving.