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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, February 06, 1850, Image 1

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^LYTTELTONWADDfiLl, > Editors & Proprietors. CONSTANS E* LEWS, VT RES EXPOSTWET, ESTO. [Published Weskly-f* per JLltUft.
J03. A. WADDELIij S_ _■ .. .;---LMmjm
“^OxviT" STAUNTON, VA„ WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1850. NO. m
STAUNTON SPECTATOR. |
TER MS.
fig. The,iSPECTATOR,,is publishedonceaweek,
at Two Dollars a year, if paid in advance, or 1Aoo
Dollars and Fifty Cents if delayed beyond the expira
tion of the year. Xo subscription will be discontinued,
bat alike option of Ike Editors, until allarrearages are j
** jg. All communications tothe Editor sby mailmust
be post-paid, or they willnot be attended to. *
fjg. ADVERTISE MEXl'S of thirteen lines (or
less,) inserted three times for one dollar, and t wcnty
cents for each subsequent continuance Larger- ad
vertisements in the same proportion. A liberal discount
viade to advertiser sby the year.
HV.NDEltSOX N\. EEt.L,
ATTORNEY AT I&W,
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA.
PRACTISES in the various Courts of Augusta,
Rockbridge, Bath and Highland. Prompt at
trition will be given to all business entrusted to
hit care. . _
Office in the white building opposite the Court
House, next door to John N. Hendreu—where he
may always be found during business luurs, except
when professionally absent.
May 2, 1849.—tf. _
JAMES H. SKINNER,
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA.
PRACTISES in the SuperioTand Inferior Courts
of Augusta, the Superior Courts of Rocking
ham, Rockbridge, and Albemarle, and in the U. S.
District Court for Western Virginia.
OFFICE, next door to the Court House, in the
Brick Row.
May 2, 1849. ____
E. THOTWAS ALBERTSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
IVA YXESBORO', VA ,
PRACTICES in the Courts of Augusta, Albe
marle and Nelson. Office in the room lately
* occupied by Col. George Baylor, where he may
he found at all times, unless when absent on pro
fessional business.
Not. 29, 1848.
UOJLiWUl CHRISTINA',
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
STAUNTON. VA.,
WILL attend the Court* of Augusta and the adjacent
Countie*.
Staunton, Nor. 14, 1849.—tf.
*~JOHN~LEWI$ COCHRAN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WILL attend the Superior and Inferior Courts
nf Albemarle, Augusta, Nelson and Louisa,
gggpr Orrtct in Charlottesville.
'September 5, 1849.—U.
Dr. DoWt D. lVo\)cr\sou
HAVING located on Christian's Creek, at the
residence of liis brother, tenders his profession
al services to the neighborhood and the public gen
erally. He may be found at home at all hours ex
cept when professionally engaged.
September 19, 1849.—G.n. _
PRINTS ONLY.
LEE <fc BREWSTER,
44 Cedar Street, New York.
Print Warehouse—established in 1843. for the sale
of Printed -Calicoes exclusively—at low prices.
LEE & BREWSTER confine their attention exclu
sively to the purchase and sale of American and
Foreign Print*. Their facilities enable them to be the
largest purchaser* in the United State*, and secure* to
their establishment advantage, in assortin' nt and prices
over any other House,—and to which the attention of
Merchant* is respectfully solicited.
December 26, 1949.—6iu. ^
©HESEBROUGH. STEARNS Sc CO. j
SILK GOODS.
37, Nassau St.f Opposite Post Office, New Fork.
Importer* and Jobbers of French, India, German and
Italian Silk Good* of every variety.
ALSO a complete assortment of British and Ameri
can Fancy Goods suited to all sections of trade in
the United States, and comprising the most Fashiona
ble Styles to be found in the New York Market.
December 26, 1949.—6m.
JOHN COMPTON.] [DAVID 8. TURNER.
COMPTON at TURNER,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS,
%*. OK V. —_C /Oisnnclt* tko Post Office.
NEW YORK.
Dec. 26, 1819.—6m. __
CLARK & WEST,
IMPORTERS OP, AND JOBBERS IN
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES. VESTINGS AND TAI
LORS' TRIMMINGS,
158, BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
YTNHE Merchants of Virginia are particularly invited
A to call and examine their stock.
December 26,1849.—6m.
NOTICE.
TVfHITE Sc CO., respectfully announce to all
» v persons indebted that all accounts due are
draws off and ready for adjustment. It will save us
touch trouble in calling on those indebted if they
will call and settle their accounts either by Cash :
or Bond—the former greatly preferred.
Staunton, January, 16. 1850.
fggT Vindicator and Messenger copy.
HEW CHURNS.
A FEW more of those Celebrated Double Act
ing Rotary Churns, received and lor sale by
DAVIS A. KAYSER. |
Staunton, Jan. 9,1850.
WHITE fc. CO., will from this day to the let
day of April next offer their entire stock of j
Goods, which it very iarfe. at wry reduced prices,
for eash. Many styles of Goods will be offered at i
Cost and below.
January 16, 1850.—Vind. and Mess. copy.
MRS. JARVIS’ Cold Candy for Coughs,Colds, j
&c., for sale by _
ESKRIDGE & KINNEY.
January 9, 1850.
WM. G. STERRETT. on the corner opposite
the Post Office, has Window Glass and Put
ty for sale.
Staunton, Dec. 26, 1849.__
WM. G. STERREFT, corner opposite Post j
Office, has an excellent assortment of Groce-1
ries in store and for sale.
December 2G, 1^49.
WM. G. STERRETT, on corner opposite the
Post Office, has 4 Barrels of Prune Cider ,
Vinegar, for sale by the barrel and retail.
Perember 26, 1849.
1IPPIN00TT, TAYLOR & 00.
Celebrated Wholesale and Retail
Clothing Warehouses.
(77ic largest assortment in the United. States,)
New Warehouse, South-west corner of Fourth and
Market Streets.
Old Stand, 198 and 200 Market Street, above Sixth,
Philadelphia,
fTTHERE the largest assortment ofREADY-MADE
W CLOTHING can be found in this market. Their
stock is always full and complete, and they are there
fore always prepared, either in “Summer's heat or
Winter’s cold” to supply every demand upon them.—
Their motto is Superior Goods, at fair pricet, and they
would therefore respectfully solicit tbc Merchants of
the Valley of Virginia to give them a call on theii next
trip to Philadelphia.
December 19, 1849.—6m.
JOHN MACINTOSH. WM. F. WHITE.
MACINTOSH & WHITE.
Wholesale Indies' Boot and Shoe Manufacturers,
No. 19, South Fourth Street, Philadelphia.
M& W. are extensively engaged in the Manu
. facteee of LADIES. MISSES, AND CHIL
DREN’S BOOTS AND SHOES in all their varie
ties, and keep always on hand a full supply to answer
the demands oftrade. They invite the attention of
Country Merchants to their extensive stock, satisfied
that at no other establishment of the kind in Philadel
phia. can they suit themselves better, either as it re
gards the quality of their Goods, ortho terms upon
which they are prepared and determined to sell them.
Call and see them at their Old Stand, No. 18, South
Fourth Street, Philadelphia.
December 19, 1849.—6in.
(So 3J0
„Vo. 3, South fifth Street, Philadelphia,
Importer and Dealer, Wholsale & Retail,
in Wines, Liquors and Segars.
CONSTANTLY on hand, a large and well assorted
stock, which is offered in any quantities on moder
ate terms, comprising
Mcderia, Sherry.Port, Lisbon, Sicily, Teneriff, Mal
aga, Champagne, Claret, Hock, Sauterne and Barsac
Wines.
Old Pale and Dark Cognac Brandies; Jamaica and
St. Croix Rum ; Holland Gin; Irish, Scotch and Monon
gahcla Whiskies; Wine Bitters, (of very superior
quality;) London Brown Stout, and Scotch Ale; Li
quors, 4‘C-> and the finest brands of choice Havaua Se
gars.
All orders promptly and carefully executed.
December 19, 1849.—6m.
JAMES E BROWN,
Wholesale and Retail Saddle and Trunk Maker,
No. 30, Sou'.h Fourth Street, between Market it Chest
nut Streets, Philadelphia.
THE attention of dealer* and others is invited to hi*
assortment of Saddles, Bridles, Saddlebags, Col
lars, Whips, itc.—-Also to his superior article ol
TRUNKS, viz: Sole Leather Trunks, Solid Leather
Steel Sprine Trunks, of lightweight; Riveted Iron
Frame Trunks, Lady’s Dress Trunks. Bonnet Boxes,
| Wood Trunks, of different qualities ; Valiccs.ofvari
* ous style and prices; Velvet Tapestry and Brusseli
: Carpet Bags, Enamelled Leather Bag*, Lady’s 1 rav
1 eiliug Bags, Satchels, &c., kc , all of which he offers
i at low prices for Cash, or approved paper. Orders
’ thankfully received, and promptly executed.
December 19, 1349 —6in.
WRIGHT 8l KING
Clothing Rooms, Ko. 13F, Market st., above 4th,
Philadelphia.
YYTHERE at all times can be found a complete and
I W extensive assortment of
Ready-Made Clothing.
Thev specially invite the Merchants of the Valley
1 of Virginia to give them a call, promising to furnish th«
best articles in their line upon such terms as must com
mand and secure their patronage. They manufacture
CLOTHING to order u.ion the shortest notice, and will
be happy to respond to all suitable calls from the coun
try to that effect.
December 19, 1S49.
Haig, Caps, Ladies’ Rich Furs, Beaver Bonnets. &c.
WILLIAM H. BEEBE Si CO.,
138 Chesnut St., Philadelphia
Have Oil hand a large and superior assortment ol
FINE GOODS, in the greatest variety in theii
line of trade, and offer them to Merchants and Dealer*
generally, at fair and moderate prices. They especial
ly solicit the attention of the Merchant* of the Valley
of Virginia to their splendid Stock, and trust that on
their visit to Philadelphia they will not fail to give
them a call. Wm. H. Gardner, late of Richmond, Va;l
is associated in the firm of W. H. Beebe & Co. and will
take great pleasure in waiting on his Virginia friends.
December 19, 1849.
Pliilii. Wry Cioods Emporium.
ECIIEL, RAIGUEL Sc. Co.,
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Forcigu A Domestic Dry Goods,
JYb. 128 and 130 JY. 3d Si., above West Side.
KEEP at all seasons a complete assortmeat of FOR
EIGN & DOMESTIC DRY GOODS on hand,a
dapted to the trade of all sections of the country, and
adequate to any demand that may be made upon them.
Thev invite the attention of Southern dealer*, and es
pecially the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to an
examination 01 tneirsioca, saimicu
it to their interest to deal with them.
December 19, 1849.
WHS, P. WILSTACH,
No. 28$ North Third Street, Philadelphia,
Wholesale Importer, Manufacturer and Dealer in
Saddlers’ Hardware, Carriage and Harness Fur
niture. Saddle and Carriage Trimmings, ie-,
JrEEPS constantly on hand, a rich and exten«ive as
L Kortment of SADDLERY HARDS\ ARE, and
through the medium of their own home journal, invites
the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to call and see
him before purchasing elsewhere. He offers his Goods
at such prices as will not fail to please his customers.—
Remember, bis place of business is No. 28 1-2 North
Third Street, Pbiladelt»hia.
December 19, 1849.—6m.
To Southern and Western Merchants, &c.
SILVER Ware.—Forks—Table, Medium, Devsert,
Toa.O) ster, and Pickle. 'Spoons—Tabic, Dessert,
Tea, Gravy, Mustard and Salt. Ladles—Soup, Oys
ter, Sauce, Sugar and Cream. Knives—Ice Cream,
Fish, Cake, Cutter, Fruit, Dessert.
lea Sets, of various patterns, plain to richly chased,
and of every variety of form. Odd pieces made to
match, and broken sets completed. Silver warranted
standard.
Plated and Britannia Ware, of latest patterns, con
stantly on hand and for Rale at
WILSON’S Silver Ware Manufactory,
S. W. corner 5th and Cherry sts., Philadelphia.
December 19, l’"49.—6m.
ERASMUS D. WOLFE. JESSE E. PEYTON.
Wolfe <fc Peyton,
Wholesale Dealers in Foreign & Domestic Dry Goods,
No. 89. Market Street, Philadelphia.
■rxy£ would respectfully call tbe attention of South
VY ern Dealers to our well selected stock of Fo
reign and Domestic Dry Goode. They have been pur
chased for cash, aud will be run off to customers upon
the cheapest terms. We extend a special invitation to
the Merchants of Virginia to pay us a visit at our house,
No. b9 Market St., Philadelphia.
Dec. 19, 1849-—Cm.
CONGRESS HALL.
go
No. 83 Chesnct St., & 27 South Third St.,
PHILADELPHIA.
Dec. 19, 1S49— 6m.
YITM. G. STERRE 1' I\ on the corner opposite
" * the ’’ost Office, has just received a superior
article of Tea. for sale low.
December 26, 1849.
j
po¥tux
MORNING MEDITATIONS.
HT THOMAS HOOD.
Let Taylor preach upon a morning breegy,
How well to rise while night and larks are flying,
For my part getting up seems not so easy,
By half, as lying.
What if the lark does carol in the sky,
Soaring beyond the sky to find him out—
Wherefore am I to rise at such a fly ?
I’m not a trout.
Talk not to me of bees, and sqch like hums,
They smell of sweet herbs at the morning prime;
Only lie long enough, and bed become*
A bed of fiflM.
To me Dan Phcebua and hi* cares are aa«'ht,
His steeds that paw impatiently about,
Let them enjoy, say I, as horses ought,
The first tarn oat.
Right beautiful the dewy meads appear,
Besprinkled by the rosy-fingered girl—
TV hat then, if I prefer ray pillow dear
To early pearl.
My stomach is not ruled by other men's,
And grumbling for a season quaintly begs—
Wherefore should miser rise before the hen*
Have laid their eggs.
Why from a comfertable pillow start,
To see faint flushes in the cast awaken ?
A fig, say 1, for any streaky part,
Excepting bacon.
An early riser Mr. Gray has drawn,
Who used to haste the dewy grass among,
To meet the sun upon the upland lawn—
Well, he died yooBg.
With chairwomen such early hours ngree,
And sweeps that earn betimes their bite and sup,
But I’m no climbing boy, and will not be
All up—all up.
So here I’ll lie, my morning calls deferring,
Till something nearer to the stroke of noon ;
A man that’a fond precociously of stirring,
Must be a spoon.
MISCELLANY.
THE FLOWER-GIRL OP ST. HELENA.
At St. Helena, when the weather was favorable,
Napoleon always rode out, either in his carriage or
on horseback, as soon as he had become familiar
with the confined space allotted to him there, he
often preferred exploring the secluded grounds.—
After having finished his daily task of dictation,
(for one of his lavorite occupations was the dicta
tion of his memoirs,) and spent hours in reading,
he dressed about three o’clock, and went out, ac
companied by General Bertrand, Monsieur Las
Casas, or General Gourgaud.
His rides were all directed to the neighboring
village, which he took much pleasure in exploring,
and where he found himself free from observation.
I Though the roads were in some places almost im
' passable, his taste fur exploring seemed to increase
! rather than diminish—even the pleasures of ranging
tl,o valley was tw him a species of liberty. Tito
! only thing to which he had an uncommon aversion
i was meeting the English sentinels, who were con
stantly stationed to watch him. In one of these
rides he found a sequestered spot in the valley,
which afterwards became a daily retreat for medi
tation.
One day he discovered a neat cottr.ge amongst the
rocks of the valley, and entered the garden attach
ed to it, which was radiant with flowers and gera
niums, which a young girl was watching. This
vuung girl wa9 a brunette, and a9 fresh as the flow
; ers ; she had largo blue eyes, of a most pleasant ex
pression* and Napoleon always an admirer of the
fair sex, was much struck with her beauty.
“Fray, w hat is your name /” he inquired.
“Henrietta,” 6he replied.
“You seem very fond of flowers.”
“They are all my fortune, sir.”
“How is that?”
“Every day I take my geraniums to the town,
where I get a few sous for my bouquets.”
“And your father and mother, w hat do they do?”
“Alas! sir. I have neither,” replied the young
girl, with much emotion.
“No parents?”
“Not one; I am quite a stranger in this land.—
Three years ago, my father, an English 6o!dier,
left London wifh me lor the Indies; but alas! my
father died on the voyage, and when the vessel
reached this island, my poor mother was so ill that
she could not proceed further; and we were left here.
She was ill for a long time, and having no resources
for our support, I was advised to sell flowers. A
gentleman in the town, who made inquiries as to
our prt«pects, took pity on us, and gave us this cot
i 4.mir mritlwar’a liPflith imnrnVpH. JiflH
where she lived nearly two years, during which
lime we were supported by the sale of flowers.—
About a year ago my mother had a relapse, and ob
tained a release from all her earthly sufferings.—
On her death-bed 6he recommended me to trust in
Providence, and I feel a pleasure in obeying her
last wish.”
Tlte young girl having thus spoken, burst into
tears. During this short recital Napoleon was very
much affected, and when she burst into teats he
sobbed loudly. At length he said—
“Poor child ! what sin could you have committed
that you should have been exiled here so mi6eiably ?
Like me, she has no country, no family—she has
no mother—and 1—1 have no child !”
After pronouncing these words the Emperor again
sobbed audibly, and his tears flowed freely. Yes,
this great man, whom the loss of the most brilliant
throne in the world affected not, who was calm a
midst desolation itself, Wept at the recital of this
poor girl! After a few moments he assumed his
customary firmness, and said to her
“I wish to take home with me a souvenir of my
first visit to your cottage. Gather some of your
best flowers, and make a grand bouquet.”
Henrietta quickly made his bouquet, and when
Napoleon gave her five louis d’urs for it, cried with
astonishment— .
“Ah ! grand oieu! why did you not Come sooner 1
My poor mothpr would not then have died ?
“Well, well, my child, these are very good sen
timents. I will come and see you again. ’
Then blushing and regarding the five pieces of
gold. Henrietta Replied, “But, sir, I can never give
you flowers enough for all this money.
“Do not let that trouble you,” answered Napo
leon, smiling, “you will come and fetch them.
He then left her. When he gained his compan
ions he informed them of his discovery. He seem
ed happy in having one as unfortunate ns himself to
console; and on the spot the yuting Henrietta aug
mented the special nomenclature of Longwood. He
called her “the nymph ofSt. Helena,’ for amongst
his friends Napoleon habitually baptised all that
surrounded him by a familiar cognomen. 1 hus the
part of the island which he most frequented ^as
called “Valley of Silence;” Mr. Balcumb, with
whom he stayed on his first arrival at St.. Helena,
was “Amphythron ;” his cousin, ihe Major, who
was about six feet high, was called the ‘2ian*;
Sir George Cockburn was designated as “Mr. Ad
miral,” when the Emperor was pleased, but when
he had cause for complaint his only title was “the
Shark.”
Some days after his visit to the cottage, Nopole
on said, when dressing, that he should return to his
pupil, and perform his promise. He found the
young girl at home; she had learned since his ab
sence the name of her benefactor; and much moved,
not so much by his past grandeur a9 by his recent
calamities, entreated him to accept the hospitality
of her humble cottage. She then brought him figs
and water from the spring of the river valley.
“Sire” she said to Napoleon, “I have waited at
home for you since you were last here, and have
consequently not been able to procure wine for you,
as yoor bounty will now enable me to do.”
“And if you had,” said the Emperor, “1 should
have scolded you well. When I come to see you I
wish nothing belter than this water, which is ex
cellent. On this condition, 1 am but an old soldier,
as your father was, and the old soldier who is not
satisfied witrv figs and water is no soldier at all.”
Frotf. that day Napoleon did not visit the valley
without calling at the cottage of Henrietta. On
there occasions she presented him with a magnifi
cent bouqmt, especially prepared for him, and after
a friendly chat with her, he would continue his ride,
familiarly discoursing with those who accompanied
him, on the great and excellent qualities which this
young English girl possessed. In the following
year Napoleon began to suffer from the attacks of
the malady which afterwards proved fatal. Hen
rietta not receiving visits from her benefactor, went
to inquire after his health ; and after having left the
customary bouquet with one of his attendants re
turned home very disconsolate. One fine day short
ly afterwards, as she was sitting in her garden, 6he
heard the sound of an approaching carriage, and
running quickly to the gate, she found herself in the
presence of Nap- loon. As soon as she behekl him,
her face assumed an expression of great sadness.
“You find me much changed do you not, ray
child ?” said he, in a faint voice.
“Yes, sire, I do indeed; but I hope that you will
soon be restored to health.”
“I much doubt it,” he said, shrugging his shoul
ders with an air of incredulity. “Nevertheless, !
much wished to pay you a visit to-day to see you
and your flowers again.”
He then slowly descended from the carriage and
leaning on the arm of Bertrand, he reached the cot
tatre. When he was seated, he observed—
“Give me a cupof water from the spring my dear
Henrietta ; that will perhaps cool the fever which
consumes me here,” (laying his hand on his side.)
The young girl hastened to fetch some. When
Napoleon had partaken of it his countenance, till
then contracted, became serene.
“Thanks! thanks! my dear friend,” said he—
“this water has eased my sufferings a little. If I
had taken it sooner, perhaps I-” added he,
raising his eyes to heaven ; “but now it’s too late.”
“Ah !” replied Henrietta, affecting a gaiety of
manner, “1 am so happy that this water does you
good. I will bring you some every day ; it will
perhaps cure you.”
“No, my dear child, it will be useless now—all
is over. I fear this will be the last visit 1 shall make
here. There is a settled grief here, which is con
suming me, (the Emperor touched his side,) and as
I may never see yon again I wish to leave you a
souvenir of me. What shall I give you ?”
At these words the young girl could contain her
self no lunger, but bursting into heartfelt tears, fell at
the feet of the Emperor eryir.g,
“Your blessing, >ir! ’
Napoleon rose and blessed her with becoming
gravity ; for he always had respect fur the creed of
others. From that day Henrietta did not fail to
visit Longwood regularly. She carried water from
| the spring and her customary bouquet, but always
returned disconsolate: foroach day she received the
| most alarming accounts of the health of the Empe
! ror.
At the commencement of May, 1821, when the
6un shone more brightly than unsual, Henrietta was
informed that the Emperor was much better, that
his reason was restored. She arrived at Longwood,
but alas! the reality was the reverse of her hopes.
She found every one in consternation. This time,
fearing he was dying, and wishing to sec him once
again, she desired to be admitted to his presence.
She was told he was too ill, and that it was impos
sible. Her supplications and entreaties prevailed,
and she was admitted to his chamber.
It was at t+»e moment Napoleon, surrounded by
[ his faithful friends, and lying on his death-bed, re
quested them to place the bust of his son before him.
He then bade an afTectionato farewell to his friends
and the French people, whom lie had loved so well.
His arms then contracted with convulsions, his eyes
became fixed, while he gasped, “France—my son!”
Then all was silent. Napoleon ceased to live.
At these words the flowers which the young girl
had biouglit dropped from her trembling hands; she
fell on her knees by the bedside; then making an
effort site seized and tried to press the hand of Na
poleon to her lips, but immediately her head fell
back, her mouth discolored, her eyes fixed, aad she
sank on the floor, buried in that sleep which knows
_I *_ II_• _J_II
IIU lICNItCUa MOO ucau .
Singular freak of nature.-*-The faWe of I
phis and lanthe, which forms one of the most strik
ing tales in Ovid’s Metamorphoses, was probably
true after all. Just such a thing has happened in
the State of Massachusetts. A petition was yes
terday presented to the Legislature on the part of an
individual in the town of Chilmark, slating that he
has a child fifteen years old which was born a fe
male [apparently] andchristened Rebecca, but that
recently it has manifested itself to be of the male
stx. He therefore petitions that the name of this
androgynous offspring may be changed to William.
We are informed that this account is perfectly cor
rect, and the instance presents one of the most curi
ous cases in phvsiology. Truth is stranger than
fiction.—Boston Courier.
Down or the Eu>er DLck.—The down of the
Eider duck is one of the most singular and curious
products of nature; it is beautiful and soft, and the
best non-conducter that is known. It is so firm
and elastic that a quantity wh'rth can he pressed
between the two hands, will form a garment which
is little more than the weight of a few feathers, but
which retains more heat than a blanket. The re
sort of these birds is the wild cold region of the
North. The God of Heaven has provided its down
Tor the benefit of the inhabitants of these cold re
gions. _
Pennsylvania.—The public debt is set down at
$40.574,4i3.45, and theamount appropriated in va
rious ways, during the past year, towards its reduc
tion is $521,465 86._
A negro man In California,taken titheras a slave
was shed for a sum of money. The alcalde deci
ded that he could be sued, for the reason that by
the existing laws (Mexican) he was free.
GO- The Kent (England) Herald announces the
discovery of the remains of a Roman amphitheater,
nearly two hundred feet in diameter, at Riclibor
otigli._
83- A letter from a Boston Merchant dated New
Orleans, 10th ult.j stales that the cholera still rages
there it never having beert fully eradicated.
M. Von Gerolt, Minister Resident of his Majesty
the King of Prussia, was presented to the President
by the Secretary of State, on the 22d ult.
OuRiosiT/ts or art.—The royal palace of Stut
gart abounds in curiosities and magnificent works
of art, of the most eccentric kind. In one of the
sleeping apartments is a necessaire nr toilet box,
worth at least 5,000 guilders, (about 12.500f,)and
a bed which was made for Napoleon Bonaparte,
which cost 40,000 francs. When you cross the
threshold ofone of the saloons, a whitespaniel springs
barking at the door, being moved by a clock work
and a spring. Another clock represents a female
figure made in porcelain, the fufl size of life and in
natural colors. The mouth of the figure is open,
displaying 12 front teeth, all numbered from 1 to
12. In the morning at 6 o’clock, these teeth have
disappeared and the mouth is toothless. At 7 o’
clock the lady takes a tooth from a box on her right
and places it in her mouth ; at 8, she adds another
—and thus she continues to add one after another, j
till at 6 o’clock in the evening all are in. At 7 o’
clock she takes away one, and thus on, until € in
the morning the jaws are once more toothless.
The clock is wound up once in 6 days. A Bar
ometerfs so arranged that, when it portends rain
a little man runs out of a house with an open um
brella in his hand, and when it is abont tosnow he
comes out with a cloak on, and an approaching thun
derstorm the little man announces by coming forth
with a prayer book in his hand. These indications j
take place 12 houre in advance of the impending
change. There is also a clock in one of the rooms
representing a little man who takes a.pinch of snuff
every hour and sneezes a number of times, corres
ponding with the hour. In the library there is a
copy of Buffbn’s Natural History in 24 volumes fo
lio, which is printed on pure white sstio, while the
illustrations are embroidered on it in flos silk. There
is a saloon in the palace,50 feet long and 24 broad,
the floor of which is covered with one mirror, so
thick and solid that you can dance on it. This mir
ror was presented from the Emperor Alexander to
his sister, the late queen, and cost two millions of
silver roubles.
Torture in Switzerland.—A strange circum
stance has just taken place at Herisau, the capital
of Inner Aprenzell, in Switzerland, allowing how
much, in these countries of old liberties, civilization
is behind hand in some matters. A young girl of
j 19, some months back, assassinated her rival. Her
lover was arrested with her, and, as she accused
[ him of the crime, both were put to the torture.—
| The girl yielded to the pain, and confessed her
crime : the vounjr man held firm in his denial; the
former was condemned to death, and on the /th of
! this month was decapitated with the sword in the
market-place of Herisau. This fact is itself a start
ling onp, but the details are just as strange. For
two hours the woman was able to struggle against
j four individuals charged with the execution. After
I the first hour, the strength of the woman was still
' so great that the men were obliged to desist. The
authorities were then consulted, hut they declared
that justice ought to follow its course. The strug
gle then recommenced with greater intensity, and
despair seemed to have redoubled thc-woman’s force.
At the end of another hour, she was at last bound
by the hair to the stake, and the sword of the exe
cutioner then carried the sentence into effect.
A BETTER MAN THAN HIS BROTHER.—Tln|PhiI
i adelphia Spiritof the Times vouches for the correct
ness of the following:
“On Thursday l»6t a wedding parly arrived from
the country, consisting of the bride and groom, the
brother of the latter, and several friends. They
pul up at one of our public houses, and in the even
ing,! he preliminaries having been all settled and the
clergyman in attendance, the ceremonies were a
bout to begin, when the groom manifested some
dissatisfaction. The bride, seeing this and being
high spirited, showed as much independence as the
lover. In the midst of the confusion which ensued
the bridegroom’s brother stepped up to the bride and
said, “Since-won’t marry you, I’ll marry you
myself, if you have no objection.”
“None in the least,” said the bride, “I always
took you for a better man than your brother, and 1
am now fully convinced of it.”
The knot was at once tied,and much gratification
was expressed at [he finale of the affair.
The Union.—It is stated, in a letter in one of
the journals, that Dr. Bethune, of Philadelphia, de
livered an eloquent lecture in Washington, a few
evening? since, in the course of which he gave a
glowing eulogy upon the value of the Union, and
wound up by the exclamation, “ God palsy the arm
that shall be raised to remove the first stone of this
glorious Union!” For nearly five minute!: tHe
building shook with the plaudits of the audience
and for a while it seemed as if his lecture must
there end. Near him was Mr. Colcock, of South
Carolina, who disgraced himself by an inflammato
ry dissolution speech during the early efforts to or
ganize the House. And while the cheek of almost
every other persun glowed with enthusiasm and ap
probation at the sentiment so eloquently uttered by
Dr. Bethune, his alone paled with confusion and
fear.—Boston Jotrr.
Kossuth.—A letter writer in the London News,
says, “What an extraordinary reputation this man,
Kossuth, has left after him. From Orsova to Vi
enna, by wafer or by land, there hardly eVefr pass
ten minutps in the day that you do not hear men
tion of his name; and in Pesth, where the sale of
his portrait is a capital offence, the Magyars club
together to purchase a single copy at exhurbitant
prices, and tear it into fragments, which ate 'shared
between them.
Sending to China i'oh Bibles.—The Agent
of the American Bible Society in California writes,
there are so many Chinese flocking to the coast of
America, attracted as all others are by the gold,that
he has sent to China for Bibles in that Language,
to supply these immigrants.
A Lono Pen Holder.— On Saturday after
noon an operator in the KasleVn telegraph office in
this city says,thejN. Y. Tribune, succeeded in writ
ing direct to Halifax, N. S., a distance of Pearly
one thousand miles of continuous wire. This is the
gVeatesidistar.ee that any telegraph has yet worked
intelligibly.
The Pope's Dilemma.—That the Pope is in a
quandary, wherever else he may be, there is no
manner of doubt. “To go, or«not to go,” that is
the question with him ; and it is the same with the
old philosopher^, “to be or not to be.”
OU- The receipt of the Erie Extentton Canal, for
the year about closing, exceeds that of last year’s re
ceipts,some $6,000—amounting,as they do, to $76,
000 and upwards. The prospects of the Canal are
highly encouraging.
Poverty not crime.—Gov. Fish, in his inau
Sural message, says that out of 746 confined on
lackwell’s Island at one time during the pastyear
upon the charge of vagrancy, 220 were there from
the effects of “poverty, sickness or destitution.”
FemaKe University in Germany.—It is said
that certain learned ladies of Hamburg are about to
form a University for females in that city, and have
extended a call to the celebrated Prof. Forbel, of
Yurich, to take charge of a professorship.
The price of a subject for dissection in Paris,
is from three to nine franc?. In London, four
pounds.
AGRICULTURAL—SCIENTIFIC
pateVts grants®. ^ *
In respect to the dulribution of the invention*
now annually patented in the United States, * few
facts may not be without interest. During ihs
years 1847 and 1848, out of 1,166 patents granted,
the State of New York received 381, or almost ex
actly 33 per cent, of the entire number; of theef
the etly of JVete Fori alone obtained 174, or 45
per cent, of those granted to the State, and 15 per
cent, of all which were obtained in the whole U
nion. New York city is, therefore, doubtless the
focus, where inventivo-genius is concentrated and
acting with the greatest intensity.
In the same two years, Pennsylvania received
177 patents, or 15 per cent, of the whole number
granted ; and of those of the whole State, Philadtl
phia received 65, or 31 per cent.
In the same time, Massachusetts obtained 141
patents, or 12 per cent, of those of the Union ; and
JJotton had 54 of that number, or 31 per cent, ef
those given to the State.
"Ohio obtained 82; Connecticut 72; and Mary
land 33; of which last number Baltimore alone had
24, or 72 per cent., being a larger proportion of
those of her State, than that of any other city is
the Union.
From this it appears that the three Slates, New
York, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, have with
in the last two years contributed exactly 60 per
cent, of all the patentable inventions of the country.
And these three are fhe Slates in which mechanic*’
institutes and mechanics’ fairs have been longest
established—that of the Frankjin Institute of Phil
delphia having led the way in 1826.
In 1847 the total number of patents granted t*
the 15 Southern Slates was only 65; of which
number Maryland received 13, or exactly one-fifth
of the whole.
A Scrap prom Coi.MiN.—At the farms and ag
ricultural shows, Mr. Colman finds exercise for
his organ of wonder. Lord Yarborough’s 60,000
acres of plantation and *600 tenants—eighteen thou
sand bushels of wheat raised in one year by on#
man—stacks of grain containing 800 bushels, sod
bsrley stacks, one, fifty-four yards long, and others,
forty-eight in height, with width proportional.—
“This,” cries our agriculturist, “is farming with
a witness.” He represents the farmers’ wives and
daughters, as well as the noblesse, at the fairs and,
shows, as not only taking interest in all these mat
ters, but actually inspecting t-he implements and
fllA Pllit* ■ >nrl •linuinn lt>m Jt
the animals like experienced breeders of live stock.
“Some of them are realty such, and also competi
tors for the premium.” Many ladies of the high
est rank, take a deep interest both in agriculture
and politics; and one lady of rank is represented 14
have introduced him in person to the farm offices os
her husband’s estate ; the stables, cow-houses, pig
sties and barn-yards, explaining all ths modes of
management with the most perfect understanding.
At Ayre, in Scotland, Mr. Colmao was shown some
of the best farming he had ever seen. At Falkirk
Tryst, the largest market in the world, he report*
having seen “between sixty and seventy thousand
sheep, and from forty to fifty thousand head of cat
tin, with horses innumerable.” The farmers gen
erally are represented as extremely rich and intel
ligent.
What oca fine fruits have aprcng from.—
The peach originally was a poisonous almond. Its
flesh parts were then used to poison arrows, and it
was fur this purpose introduced into Persia. Ths
transplanting and cultivation, however, not only re
moved its poisonous qualities, but produced ths de
licious fruit we now enjoy.
The nectarine and apricot are but natural hybri
dation between (he peach and plum.
The Cherry was originally a berry-like fruit,and
cultivation lias given each berry a separate stem,
and improved its quality. The common mszzard
is the original of most of the present kind of cher
ries.
The common wild Pear is even inferior to ths
choke pear, but still, by cultivation, it has come t*
rank among our finest fruits.
The Cabbage originally came from Germany,
and is nothing more than the common sea kale.—
Its cultivation has produced the present cabbage,
and its different ncclimatings the different kinds ;
white its hybridations with other similar plants has
produced the Cauliflower.—American Agricultur
alist.
'Raising poultry.—A writer in the London
Gardeners’ Chronicle gives the following'directios
to make the hens lay all winter, which would ap
pear to be worthy of consideration by those who may
engage in the business of raising poultry :
“Keep no roosters; give the hens fresh meat chop
ped like sausage meat,once a day,a very small por
tion, 9ay, one half an ounce a day, to each hen du
... —;---;ri
in ilie fall, till tliey appeal again in the spring.—
Never allow any nest eggs. When the roosters
do not rim with the hens, and no nest eggs are left
the hens will not cease laying after the production
of twelve to fifteen eggs, as they always do when
roosters and nest eggs are allowed—but continue
laying permanently. My hens lay all winter, and
each from sixty to one hnndred eggs tn succession-.
The only reason why hens do not lay in the winter
as freely as in the summer, is the animal food;
which they get in tlie summer in abundance in the
form of insects . I have for several winters reduc
ed my theory to practice, and proved its entire car*
redness .
Simple rf.medv to purivv water.—It is not
so generally known as it ought to be, that pounded
alum possesses "the property of purifying wa
ter. A large spoonful ofpulverited alum sprinkled
into a hogshead of water, (the Water stirred round
at the time,) will, after a lapse of a few hours, by
precipitating to the bottom the impure particles, so
purify it, that it will be found to possesses nearly
all the freshness and clearness of the finest spring
water. A pailful, containing four gallobk, may be
purified by a single tea spoonful.
Butter Maki.no.—Those who only make A
small quantity of butter, and of course do not churn
every day will find the following impoftaht: When
the cream of each day is put into the jar or pot in
which it is kept, let the Whole be tlirred togetlur
thoroughly. If this is not done, the cream of each
day will remain in layers as it is put in and the low
er strata will become Sour and bitter, and when tbh
churning is done, will taint the whole.
Th* PARsklk*.—The parsnip, says the wV. fc.
Former,is a hardy plant, and the yield under good
cultivation, is very large. This root is sweet and
nutritious,and it is doubtless of the most valuable f;*r
stock. In the island of (Guernsey, England, this
root is cultivated very extensively for all kinds of
stock, and with excellent Success. It gruwa to a
large size, sometimes attaining a yard in length.—
We hope that more attention will be given 10 l'ie
parsnip, that its true value may be belter koswn.
Grafs.—To caitse a good supply of grass is the
foundation of all g.iod husbandry, and should be the
first and last object of every good one who desirw
to be a successful and prosperous farmer.
The editor of the Charleston Courier bad a
mess of green corn on his table last week rairsd iit
the open air in his own garden.

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