^ - - - - - -*"‘ ■■ ■ I ———■—'m_j, _ ■
; .;” E '
t . CONSTANS BT LENfS, VT ftES EXPOSTULET, ESTO. [Published Weekljr-f 3 per Annua.
LYTTELTON WADDELL, £ Editors «fc Proprietors. ___
JOS. A. WADDELL, S ___ . .. ■ ■ - -;- ■■—,-■ - ■ -1- r*
~ VOL. XXVll. “ STAUNTON, YA„ WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20, 1850, NO. XVBl.
ST A UN TON
y*. The “ SPECTATOR”»» publishedoncea week,
at Two Dollars a year, if paid in advance, or Two
Dollars and Ffly Cents if delayed beyond the expira- .
£i»,i ot'tAe i,mar.'«Vo subscription will be discontinued, |
b!t* at the o^Kot^plht Edilots, until allarrearages are j
All communications tothe Editor sby mailmust
. bt post-paid, or they willnolbe attended to.
£> ADVERTISEMEX TS of thirteen lints (or
less!) inserted thee times for one dollar, and
(£tx cents for each subsequenlcontinuance^ Lai gc -
vir(U«aenfitn the same proportion. Aliberaldiscount
made to advertiser sby the year.
JOHN B . u A T T S,
attorney at law.
rROM the liberal support heretofore extended to me as
a member of tbc Bar, iu the Courts of Augusta Co., I
feel encouraged to offer my professional services to >
■citizensof Rockingham, Highland, and i ocahontas. ro
the first two, in their respective Quarterly and, Circuit
Superior Courts; and to the other, in their Circuit
per?ior Court only. Otftce in the Biick-range, sccoml
room from the North end, on the Ea»t of the Court
house square, in Staunton.
Staunton, Feb 6, l^oO
HV.NIH'.USO.V .At. BVA.l,,
ATTORNEY AT IAWi
PR VCTISES in the various Courts of Augusta,
Rockbridge, Rath and Highland. Prompt at
tention will bo given loall business entrusted to
^Office in the white building opposite the Court
House, next door to John N Hendren-where he
may always be found during business tnurs, except
when professionally absent.
May 2, 1849.—if._
JAMES H. SKINNER,
PR VCTISES in the Superiorand Inferior Courts
of Augusta, the Superior Courts ol Rocking
ham, Rockbridge, and Albemarle, and m the U. S.
District Court for Western \ trg»ma.
OFFICE, next door to the Court House, in the
May 2, 1849. _
E- THOMAS ALBERTSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
PRACTICES in the Courts of Augusta. Albe
marle and Nelson. Office in the room lately
occupied by Col. George Baylor, where he may
be found at all times, unless when absent on pro
Nov. 29, 1848._
attorney at law,
ST A UNTO N, v A.,
WILL attend the Courts of Augusta and the adjacent
Staunton, Nov. 14, 1849.—if._ __
JOII\ LEWIS COCHKAN,
attorney at law,
WILL attend the Superior and Inferior Courts
of Albemarle, Augusta, Nelson and Louisa.
tfW” Office in Ch wilottesville.
September 5, 1849.—tt. _
Bf. Robert U. Robertson
HAYING located on Christian’s Creek, at the
residence of his brother, tenders his profession
al services to the neighborhood and the public gen
erally. He may be found at home at all liour^ex
cept when professionally engaged.
September 19, 1819.—0:n. _
DR. A* T- LAIRD,
At the Virinia Hotel,
January 30, 1830.—tf.
JOHN COMPTON.] [PATIO D. TURNER.
OOIttPTON & TURNER.
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS,
No 35 Nassau Street, (Opposite the Post Office,)
Dec. 26, 1319.—6o». __
CLAUK A WEST,
IMPORTERS OF, AND JOBBERS IN
CLOTHS, CASHMERES, YESTIXGS A.XD TAI
158, BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
THE Merchants of Virginia are particularly invited
to call and examine their stock.
December 26,1849.—6m. __
IN order to close the business of the Estate of the
* late Alexander Hall, we will sell the balanced
the Stock of goods at Cost, for Cash. 1 u any one
purchasing the entire Stuck we will rent t ie ore
°0m’ ISAAC &. ALEX. HALL, Adm’rs.
February 27,1800.—tf. _
Febrary 27, 1830.
fllAA LBS. Castings, well assorted, consisting
ZZ\J\J of Ovens, Pots, Skillets, Kettles, Irons,
■&c., 8tc., which will be sold at lotyer rates than
over before offered in Staunton.
COW XT’ & BROOKE.
" Paints, Oils, anil Dye-Stuffs.
jh LARGE, supply of Paints, Oils, and Dye
A staffs, perfectly ^'.£~ELEVfo'
Staunton, March 6, 1S5(X ___
Garden Seeds.—Just received, a large and
extensive variety of Fresh Garden Seedsjrom
1he well-known Gardens of Landretli and Risley. ,
WREN, HARPER & KINNEY.
Staunton, March 6, 18G0.__!
** BRITT ANNIA WARE.
JUST received at the Hardwaro Store Brittan
nia Coffee and Tea Pots, Candle Sticks, Spit
toons, &.c., very handsome and cheap.
GEORGE. E. PRICE.
January lG, 1830.
WHITS * CO„ will from this day to the 1st
day of April next offer their entire stook ut ^
Goods, which is eery large, at very reduced prices,
for cash. Many styles of Goods will be offered at
Cost and below.
January 16, 1850.—Vind. and Mess. copy.
JUST received a fresh supply of Coffee, Molas
ses and best G. P. 'Pea.
COWNE & BROOKE.
January 23, 1850. _
T AMP OIL- A very superior article just re
Staunton, Feb. 27, 1^50.
LIPPINCOTT, TAYLOR & 00. |
^ WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
(T/ic largest assortment in \he United States,)
New Warehouse, South-West corner of Fourth and
Old Stand, 193 and 200 Market Street, above Sixth,
TTTHERE the largest assortment ofREADY-MADE
'W CLOTHING can be found in this market. Their
stock is always full and complete, and they are there
fore always prepared, cither in “Summer’s heat or
Winter’s cold” to supply every demand upon them.—
Their motto is Superior'Goods, at fair prices, and they
would therefore respectfully solicit the Merchants of
the Valley ol Virginia to give them a callon theii next
trip to Philadelphia.
December 19, 1849.—6m.
JOHN MACINTOSH. WM. F. WHITE.
MACINTOSH & W HITE,
Wholesale Ladies' Boot and Shoe Manufacturers,
No. IS, South Fourth Street, Philadelphia.
M& W. are extensively engaged in the Manu
. facture of LADIES, M1SSE&, AND CHIL
DREN’S BOOTS AST) SHOPS in all their varie
ties, and keep always on hand a full supply to answer
the demands oftrade. They invite the attention of
Country Merchants to their extensive stock, satisfied
that at no other establishment of the kind in Philadel
1 phia.-ean they suit themselves better, either as itre
i gards the quality of their Goods., or the terms upon
; which they are prepured and determined to sell them.
Call and see them at their Old Staud, No. 18, South
Fourth Street, Philadelphia.
December 19, 1849.—6m.
I .Vo. 3, South Fifth Street, Philadelphia,
Importer ami Dealer, Wliolsalc «fc Retail,
in Wines, Liquors and Segars.
CONSTANTLY on hand, a large and well assorted
stock, which is offered in any quantities on moder
ate terms, comprising
Medcria, Sherry, Port, Lisbon, Sicily, Tcncriff, Mal
aga. Champagne,’Claret, Hock, Suuterne and Bar»ac
Old Palo and Dark Cognac Brandies; Jamaica and
St. Croix Rum ; Holland Gin; Irish, Scotch and Monon
gahcla Whiskies; Wine Bitters, (of very superior
quality;) London Brown Stout, and Scotch Ale; Li
quors, 4’C., and the finest brands of choice Havana Sc
All orders promptly and carefully executed,
j December 19, 1349.—6ra.
JAMES E BROWN,
I Wholesale and Retail Saddle and Trunk Maker,
No. 30, South Fourth Street, between Market & Chest
nut Streets, Philadelphia.
nnHE attention of dealers and others is invited to his
■ ...in., c-.l. I u Onl.
lars, Whips, &c.—Also to his superior article ol
| TRUNKS, viz : Sole Leather Trunks, Solid Leather
Steel Spring Trunks, of light weight; Riveted Iron
Frame Trunks, Lady’s Dress Trunks. Bonnet Boxes,
Wood Trunks, of different qualities ; Vuliccs, ofvari
i ous style and prices; Velvet Tapestry and Brussels
Carpet Bags, Enamelled Leather Bags, Lady’s Trav
elling Bags, Satchels, &c., &c., all of which he offers
I at low prices for Cash, or approved paper. Orders
i thankfully received, and promptly executed.
December 19, 1S49.—6m.
WRIGHT & KING
1 Clothing Rooms, No. 116, Market st., above 4th,
i "rTTlIERF. at all times can be found a complete and
i VV extensive assortment of
They specially invite the Merchants of the Valley
or Virginia to give them a call, promising to furnish the
best articles in their line upon such terms as must com
mand and secure their patronage. They manufacture
CLOTHING to order upon the shortest notice, and will
be happy to respond to all suitable calls from thccoun
, try to that effect.
! December 19, 1S49.
Hats, Caps. Ladies’ Rich Furs, Beaver Bonnets.&c.
WILLIAM H. BEEBE <fc CO.,
133 Chesnut St., Philadelphia
HAVF.onhaDda largo and superior assortment ol
FINE GOODS, in the greatest variety in their
i line of trade, and offer them to Merchants and Dealers
generally, at fair and moderate prices. They especial
.solicit the attention of the Merchant* of the Valley
i of Virginia to their splendid Stock, aud trust that on
! their visit to Philadelphia they will not fail to give
: them a call. Wm. II. Gardner, late of Richmond, Va.,
is associated in the firm of VV. H. Beebe & Co. and will
' take great pleasure in wailing on his Virginia friends,
i December 19,1349. _
Pliila. Dry Goods Emporium*
echel, raiguel «fc Co.,
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Foreign & Domestic Dry Goods,
| .Vo. 128 and 130 JV. 3d St., above West Side.
KEEP nt all seasons a complete assortment of FOR
EIGN & DOMESTIC DRY GOODS on hand.a
danted to the trade of all sections of the country, and
adequate to any demand that may be made upon them.
They invite the attention of Southern dealers, and es
pecially the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia, to an
examination of their Stock, satisfied that they will hud
it to their interest to deal with them
Decembei 19, 1849.
J\o. 284 JYorth Third Street, Philadelphiu,
Wholesale Importer, Manufacturer and Dealer in
Saddlers' Hardware, Carriage and Harness Fur
niture, Saddle and Carriage Trimmings, &c-,
KEEPS constantly on hand, a rich and extensive as
sortment of SADDLERY HARDWARE, and
through the medium oflheir own home journal, invites
the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to ca I and see
him before purchasing elsewhere. He offers hia Goods
at such prices as will not fail to please his customers.
Remember, his place of business is No. -3 1-2 North
Third Street, Philadelphia.
December 19, 1349.—6m.
To Southern and Western Merchants, &c.
SILVER Ware.—Forks—Table, Medium, Dessert,
Tea Oyster, and Pickle. Spoons—1 able, Dessert,
Tea Gravy, Mustard and Salt. Ladles—Soup, Oys
ter, Sauce, Sugar and Cream. Knives—Ice Crcuro,
Vl,h Cake. Butter, Fruit, Dessert. . , , ,
Tci Sets, of various patterns, plain to richly chased,
and of everv variety of form. Odd pieces made to
match, and broken sets completed. Silver warranted
,lPitted and Britannia Ware, of latest patterns, con
stant!) on h^yjj®goN’S Silver Ware Manufactory,
S W. corner 5th and Cherry sis., Philadelphia.
December 19, 1*49.—6m.
mUOl D. WOLFE. JKSSE PEYTON*
Wolfe & Peyton,
Wholesale Dealers in Foreigu & Domestic Dry Goods,
No. 89, Market Street, Philadelphia.
TTTE would respectfully call the attention of South
VV ern Dealers to our well selected stock of Fo
reign and Domestic Dry Goods. They havebeenpur
?r„r, A-UI mid Will be run off to customers upon
Z'lt'iu',™ « . CX.. »d . .0
the Merchants of Virginia to pay us a visit at our house,
No. 89 Market St., Philadelphia.
Dec. 19, 1849—«m- _
No. 83 Chesnct St., 27 South 'IhirdSt.,
Dec. 19, 1849.—6m. _
LANDRETH’S f resh Garden Seeds, just re
ceived aud for sale by
February 20, 187*0.
BY SAMUEL D. PATTERSON.
Home ! there is a magic in the word,
A music in the sound,
Which makes the pulses of the heart
With ecstacy abound ;
And brings belore the mental sight,
A v ision rich and rnre,
Of cheerful brows and smiles of light,
W ailing to meet us there.
’Tis sweet to gather round the hearth,
’Mid winter’s gloomy reign,
The treasures. Ciod has given to bless
Life’s wilderness ot pain ;
When wife and children, and the friends
We prize, assembled, prove
Their kind affection, and bestow
Fond words and looks of love.
What though around, the hoarse wind wild,
In madden’d fury roars;
And on the frosty fettered earth,
An icy deluge pours;
We r.eck not the world without,
Who see our world within,
Where childhood’s laughing, merry shout,
1 Outriugs the tempest’s din.
And, oh ! ’tis sweet, at day’s decline,
United to repair,
Around the altar’s sacred shrine,
And pay our offerings there—
To thank with grateful hearts, that power,
From whom all good gifts come,
And pray that he may freely pour
New blessings on our Inrae :
That as wc journey onward through
Life’s pilgrimage, cur way
May be illumined by the light
Of faith’s celestial ray—
And, when the last dark hour shall come,
Wc, and the loved oucs given
}iy Him may fiud another home,
Lasting and pure, in heaven.
KATHARINE OF RUSSIA.
Dark and dreadful was the night of the twenty- j
fifth of November, iGt?9, and heavily fell the j
I Jliu>* uanco J uw* I" —1 ~ y j
I heavier was the heart of the poor Livonian, as he j
reached the skirls of the dense forest surrounding ;
the town of Marienburg. Misfortune had compell
ed the indigent peasant to sever the endearing re
i lations that bound him to his native village, to bid
a final adieu to the scenes of his early days, to a
bandon his favorite haunts of sacred memory, and
seek among strangers that which was denied him
in the midst of his friends.
Accompanied by his first born, a sprightly youth
of fuurteen, and bearing in his weary arms a tender
infant, the express imago of her whom he had late
ly consigned to the silent tomb, he had well nigh
completed a faithful journey through a black and in
hospitable region. A violent storm of snow and
wind (peculiar to that dreaty country) fiercely rag
ed, bearing destruction and desolation in its pro
gress, and producing terror in the minds of the un- ;
sheltered wanderers. Overcome by the severity of
the cold, and unable longer to sustain his precious ;
} charge, heearefully deposited it upon a bed of snow, i
and went in quest of assistance and a kind retreat |
from the howling storm. But he returned not a- j
eain. The early dawn had discovered a frozen !
! corpse to the astonished tenants of an obscure cot
: tage in the outskirts of the quiet village.
“Great God! what do I hear?” ejaculated the
pious minister, Skovrouski, as its subdued cries ot
! distress, falling upon his eager ear, during a tem
| porary cessation of the storm, attracted his atten
tion to the frozen embankment upon which rested
the deserted infant. He hesitated not to reflect up
on the cruel misfortune that had bereft the infant of j
parental protection ; nor did he waste time in the
fruitless endeavur of discovering those who had a
bandoned their offspring to the peltings of the storm.
But, content to acknowledge the mysterious agency
of “Him who doeth all things well,” and “heareth
j the young ravens when they cry,” he fled with
1 winged footsteps to its rescue. Wrapping it in his
' ample cloak, he hastened to reach his humble home)
1 that he might minister to its reliefere the spirit had
fled to that undiscovered country from whose bourne
! no traveller returns. Arrived at the peaceful cot,
i he consigned his tender charge to the care of his
kind hearted housekeeper, and again sallied forth in
’ search of other objects for his benevolence. He had
I not proceeded far before his attention was called to
the melancholy scene before noticed,
i Papers were found upon the unfortunate stranger
j which induced the good minister to believe that he
was the uarent of the infant which he had rescued
! from the ruthless elements of the night before; and
I no sooner was he impressed with the idea than the
1 resolution was taken to adopt the tender babe as his
1 own daughter, and to bring it up in the path ofdu
ly and the fear of the Lord. Ordering that the last
tribute of respect be paid to the Teinains, according
to the rites of the Greek Church, he took charge of
its effects, for the benefit of his youthful protege.
Years passed away, and unde.r the affectionate i
care and protection of the good pastor and his be
nevolent companion, Katharine (for such she was j
! named by her foster-parents) increased not only in
personal beauty and loveliness, but, as she grew in
years, developed those peculiar graces and disposi
tions which become an amiable and grateful daught
er. And soon she was enabled, by assiduous atten
tion to ihe wants of their declining years, to testify
her appreciation of their sell-sacrificing devotion to
her youthful days.
i The Czar of Russia, not content with his widely
1 extended dominions, and desirous of the conquest
and annexation of Livonia, had already marched
! his forces upon its chief city. Katharine had attain
ed her thirteenth year when his formidable cannon
announced to the inoffensive inhabitants,the bom
bardment of their quiet town. With a view’ to her
safety, she was separated from the aged pastor and
sent to his 9ister, Alexia. The patriotic Skovrouskl
remained to assist in the defence ot his native city.
But the efforts of the beseiged proved fruitless, and
they were compelled to surrender captives of war
and subjects of the Emperor of Russia.
The humiliating news spread like lightning, and
no sooner did it reach the eager ears of Katharine
than she determined to return and share the Tate or
her benefactor. The dusky shades of evening were
just closing in as a horse, reeking with foam, and
almost ready to sink from exhaustion, reached the
border of the wood nearest the gates of Manenburg.
Emerging from the shade of the trees, its progress
was suddenly arrested by a soldier seizing the bri
dle, and rudely demanding—
“Where are you going?”
“What is that to you?” was the peremptory re-!
ply. “I am in haste, and pray you allow me to ;
pass unmolested.” . , ' ,
I “Impossible!” replied the sentinel, ‘ thoil art a
Livonian, and now Livonia belongs this day to Ie
ter I, of Russia. You are, therefore, mv jirisoner,
and must be conducted before our general.
Arrived at the general’s tent, she threw herselt
at his feet, and demanded the privilege of seeking
her protector among the slain. Moved at the sight
of her youth, and astonished at her coinage, the i
reneral granted "her request on condition of hor re- :
uYning to him when she had completed her march, j
The night was dismal, and the undertaking a |
fearful one, hut the difficulties daunted not the res- I
dute Katharine. She sooh‘came upon a field cov
ered with the slain of the unequal contest, while the
jroans and cries of anguish told that many sfill sur
vived the slaughter.
Inteht alone upon discovering her more than fa
ther, she did not discover the presence of a young
Cossack officer, who, struck with her charms, and
idmiring her boldness, had accompanied her to the
“The evening air is chilling, arid this is no place
for women ; pray return, and leave me to seek your
Astonished at the sound of a human voice, she
turned and recognized in the stranger the sentinel
vho had impeded her progress without the city
walls. Refusing his generous offer, she permitted
lim to aid in her errand of mercy and love. Long
uid tedious was the search, but unavailing, and at j
>arly dawn they returned to the city, having failed
A) find the remains of the good old minister.
Katharine religiously kept her word, and, surren- I
jering herself a prisoner of war, demanded the pro* ;
lection of the noble general.
Bereft of her preserver and benefactor, she was ,
low alone in the world, and young, with promise;
ff long life, there were no ties to bind her to earth, ,
ind she longed to join her pious and devoted guar- |
lian. A a prisoner she was treated with marked 1
Murlesy and respect by the general-in-chief,who or
dered her well furnished apartments and every at ten
tion to her comfort and pleasure. She also received
many kindnesses from the youthful Cossack, who at
length became enamored with her charms,and prov
sd the strength of his attachment by procuring her j
release from confinement, upon parole of honor, and |
personal security for her safety. His assiduous at
tention to her wants,and earnest efforts in her behalf
were not without reward ; for she soon came to re
gard him as her hope, her refuge, and lord of hor
The General and the young officer, who appear- j
?d from his dress to he but a simple lieutenant,were
the only occupants of the tent, and Katharine was
employed in superintending their domestic affairs.
One day as she was engaged in serving their cus- i
tomary meal, their conversation turned upon the
merits of their fair maid, and the young officer ad
dressing the former in tones lauditory ofhercourage
find beauty, concluded with the inquiry—
“General, will you sell your prisoner?”
“And what will you do with her?”
“What say, you, Katharine ?” added he, turn
ing iu iiiw umsiiui” uamoci.
Her hesitating response was, ‘I would rather be
the wife of a soldier than the servant of a great gen
“Bravely spoken !—from this moment you are
mine,” he rejoined,,“but we must obtain the per
mission of the Czar. I will go immediately to the
Emperor’s tent and receive his sanction to our u
nion. Remain here while I seek an audience ofour
In a few moments a young lieutenant, advancing
to the general’s tent, said—
“The Czar, Peter, commands the presence of j
With a quick, though trembling step, she follow'- I
?d, nod, on entering the mngnifiicent tent, discov
ered a throng of officers surrounding one who was
seated, and whom she recognised as her affianced
“Where is the Emperor? demanded Katharine
jf her conductor.
« There/” replied he,pointing to the soldier who j
“That is my husbsnd.”
“He is thy husband, and Czar, of Russia like
wise,” broke out the Emperor, (for it was he;) and
presenting her to his officers, hade them acknowl
edge the humble Katharine as the future Empress |
Luther Martin and the youno Lawyer.—
We heard an anecdote of this distinguished lawyer j
i few days ago, which we remember to have seen j
in print, but which is so good that it will do to tell ;
Martin was on one occasion riding to Annapolis, ■
in a stage cuach in which was a solitary companion i
1 young lawyer just commencing the practice of tho |
law. After some familiar conversation the young
man said »
“Sir you liaVo been remarkably successful in our
profession—few men have gained so many cases—
will you be good enough tw communicate to me a
beginner the secret of your wonderous success ?”
“Pll do it, young man, on one condition,and that
is that you defray rny expenses during my slay in
“Willingly,” replied theyoungman hoping there
by to profit greatly by the communication.
“The secret of my success,” said Martin, “may
rliePMVorml in ihp fllluipP I fintt* ITIVR VOll. nafTIP
ly ? ‘Deny every thing and insist upon prooj”
On reaching Annapolis, Luther Martin was not
very self-denying in the enjoyment presented by a
fine hotel; the substantial and general refreshments
were despatched in a manner quite gratifying to
nine host. The time for return at length came.—
rhe young man and Marlin stood together at the j
jar, and demanded their respective bills.
Martin’s was enormous, but on glancing at it,
re quietly handed it to the young man,who running
jis eyes over it leisurely, returned it with the tit
“Don’t you inlend to pay it?” said Marlin.
“Pay what ?” said the young lawyer.
“Why, pay this bill. Did you not promise, on ;
;he way downward that you would detray my ex
penses at the hotel.
“My dear sir,” said the young gentleman, “l de
jy everything and insist upon proof.”
Martin at once saw that he was caught and eyeing
iis young friend a moment or two he said pleasant
y, “You don’t need any counsel from me, young
nirt; you don’t need any counsel from me.”
Yankee Breakfasts, &.C.—Miss Farley, edi- ,
tor of the Lowell Offering, in a letter to Senator
Clemens/gives i he following bill olfareat her board-!
mg house in Lowell :
“Breakfast—cream toast and mince pie ; there
were fresh biscuit and other et cetcras upon the ta
ble. Dirtnef—fried sausage and cold corn beef,
with baked potatoes^ so fair and mealy that if the J
Senator foUnd any as good at a Washington hotel,
he was a fortunale man. Bread, pickles and other j
garnisliings not wanting. Serond course hot pan
bakes and cheese. Supper—hot cakes, as light and
fair, as tho tiny snow-drift then settlingon the win
dow-sill; apple pie, pumpkin pie, and Cheese; cold
pan-cake and cup cake, as light as a sponge.”
It has been well said that one half of the wotld
don't know how the other half lives. We did not
know before that any body In this country lived so
queerly as they do at Miss Farley’s boarding house
in Lowell. Think of eating mince pics and hot i
cakes for supper! Miss Farley must have the di- j
gestionsof an ostrich to stand it. It is enough to
give or.e a fit of dyspepsia to read oversuch a can
nibal-like bill of fare.
QCJ- It has recently been publicly alleged that
nearly four thousand copies of Webster’s quarto dic
tionary have been sold in Boston, in a little more
than two years. Thirty millions have been sold of
Webster’s spelling book—about six millions since
the death of the author, in 18-13, or one million per
DAYS WITHOUT NIGHTS IN SWEDEN.
Dr. Baird in a recent lecture, gave some interest
ing tacts. There is nothing 'that strikes a stranger
more forcibly, if he visits Sweden at the season of
the year when the days are the longest,than the ab
sence of night. Dr. B. bad no conception of it before
his arrival. He arrived at Stockholm from Gotten
burg, 400 miles distance, in the morning, and in the
afternoon went to see some friends—had not taken
note of lime—and teturned about midnight; it was as
light as it is here hajf an hour before sundown. You
could see distinctly. But all was quiet in the streets;
it seemed as if the inhabitants were gone away, or
were dead. No sign of life—stores closed.
The sun-, in June, goes down at Stockholm a lit
tle before ten o’clock. There is a great illumina
tion all night, as the sun passes round fhe earth to
wards the north pole,and the refraction of«ts rays is
such that you can see to read at midnight. Dr.
Baird read a letter in the forest, near Stockholm, at
midnight, without artificial light. There is a moun
tain at the head of Bothnia, where, on the 21st of
June, the sun does not go down at all. Travellers
go there to see it. A steamboat goes up from Stock
holm for the purpose of carrying those who are cu
rious to witness the phenomenon. It occurs only
one night. The sun goes down to the horizon,
you can see the whole face of it, and in five Ininutes
it begins to rise.
At the North Cape, latitude 72 degrees, the sun
does not go down for several days. In June it would
be about 25 degrees above the horizen at midnight.
The way the people know that it is midnight, they
see the sun rise. The changes in these high lati
tudes, from summer to winter, are so great that we
can have no conception of them at all. In the win
ter .time, the sun disappears, and is not seen for
weeks. Then it comes and shows its face. After
wards it remains ten, fifteen or twenty minutes and
then descends, and finally it does not set at all, but
makes almost a circle around the heavens. Dr.
Baird was asked how they managed in regard to
hired persons, and what they consider a day. He
could not say, but supposed they worked by the
hour, and twelve hours would be considered a day’s ;
work. Birds and animals take their accustomed
rest at the usual hours. The Doctor did not know
how they learnt the time as they had to go to rest
whether the sun goes down or not. The hens take
to the trees about seven o’clock, F. M., and stay
there uniil the sun is well up in tho morning; and i
peoplo get into the habitof rising late too.
End of a Fashionable Marriage.—Every !
body will recollect the high-wrought and gorgeous
description of the wedding one year ago, (says the I
Baltimore Sun) of Mr.T. 13. Lawrence,son of Ab- t
bolt Lawrence, the Boston millionaire, and present ,
minister of the United States “near the Court of
St. James.” The Cincinnati dispatch says:
“The descriptions were high-wrought—the bri
dal array, the. brilliant trossenu of the bride—the
magnificent jewels 3nd splendid dresses direct from j
Paris,—even the‘bridal chamber’ was thrown open '■
to vulgar gaze,and the nuptial couch and Parian pu-!
rity of the sheets submitted to gross criticism. The 1
pick and choice of the ‘Upper Ten’ of the whole
Union Were present. The bridal attendants nutn- ■
beted many beautiful representatives of every por- ]
tion of the Union—the blondes of the North and
the brunets of the South. Every thing* went mer
ry as a marriage bell.’ The parties went to their
home in Boston. The honey-moon had scarcely
waned, when a flare-up occurred, and a separation
The following disgraceful sequel to the brilliant
descriptions, above noted, we find in the Louisville
papers of the last week :
“ 'Notice.—-Whereas my wife, Sallie VV. Law
rence, has wilfully, and withoutcause, deserted tne,
this is tu caution all persons against harboring or
trusting Iter on my account, as I hold myself re
sponsible for uo debts contracted by her.
T. B. Lawrence..”*
“ 'Boston, Feb. 18, 1850.’ ”
Referring to this matter, the Cincinnati Times
“Now We see the wreck the demon joalousy has
worked. How true it is, that happiness is not the
result of outward circumstances ; if.it were other
wise, the riclt would always be happy, and the
poor Unhappy. An intelligent mind well balanced,
and a heart disciplined to obedience to the precepts
of Christianity, alone can give peace. A dark cloud
now hangs over the heir of millions, and the ‘Great
Westernedle,” dark as a pall.”
Str ange Credueitv.-—In the reign of .George
I. of England, there lived in Norfolk a woman
named Mary Croft, who pretended to give birth to
an almost innumerable quantity of little rabbits.—
Strange as this story was, it was fully believed,
and when a respectable physician, of thirty years
experience, was called in to assist her during these
strango deliveries, ar.d certified that in the course
of one month he had acted as accoucher to thirty
rabbits, the sceptical began to yield their opposition,
and the believers increased rapidly in numbers.—
So great a noise did the circumstance create, that
George the First became personally interested in
the inquiry, and sent his surgeon to inquire intothe
subject. The doctor made a personal examination
of the case, became satisfied of the truth of the ex
traordinary reports, and went back to London, not
only convinced himself, but with the intention of
obtaining a pension for the rabbi:-breeder. The
king then sent Dr. St. Andre, his surgeon and anat
omist, also to investigate the affair, lie too return
ed thoroughly convinced. He even carried back
with him some of tho very rabbits, which were du
ly dissected before his Majesty, and found to be
rabbits and nothing else. An official account was
then published by him, and of course it produced a
Very high state of excitement in the public mind.—
A controversy arose between the believers and un
believers, and the celebrated Whiston wrote a
pamphlet, asserting that the miracle was in strict
accordance with a prophecy of Esdras. The rab
bit-breeding woman was, however, eventually prov
ed to be a humbug, and she made a confession of
her deception, and was publicly whipped at the
market-place, receiving fifty lashes on her bare
Tom Pain*.—Painesat down in the French pris
on to which his brother infidels had most causeless
ly consigned him, to overthrow the Bible-, without
a copy of that book at hand—withobt having evet
carefully or dispassionately Conside^d its dlaims to
credence, or theevidences which sustain them—as
suming that such &such were the doctrines of Christ
because somebody said so; and that Christ was
an impostor* because those doctrines did not square
with his notions of reason and divinity. The tone
of his work is presumptuous, scoffing ribald, dog
inatic, insolent. It is as much as to say “H Tom
Paine, know everything, and whoever dissents from
my doctrines must be a knave or fool—there is no
third choice.** Such a work could have but these
effects—to encourage lewd reprobate boys in pursu
ing the course dictated to them hy their fierce un
regulated passions, on which the religion of the Bi^
bte was the only check; and to impel devout, reve
rent, exemplary Christians to a deeper dislike of in
fidelity in all its forms*jndging its intrinsic character
hy this God-defying manifestation.—*Y. Y. Tri
“It i# an inexpressible comfort,” said the dying
Campbell, the poet, “tube able to look bark and feel
that 1 have not written one line against religion or
virtue.” How many would, in his situation,give
worlds to see and feel as Campbell did !
A SHORT CHAPTER OH MULES.
I have, of late-, been looking a little into the hie*
tory and physical economy of mulct, and am satis
fied that my brother farmers, like myself, have bean
living under a cloud of ignorance and prejudice is
regard to these usefel animals. I feel disposed
therefore, to do What I can to ■change the opinions
and practices thfet have so long prevailed.
The mule 'is a hybrid, whose sire is a jackass and
whose dam is a mare. It might be 'supposed that
the offspring whose sire was a horse, and whoss
dam was a jennet, would be a mule also. But this
is not the fact. ;The mule derives from the dais
his nervous system and his bottom, in sportsmen’s
language. But the Jinny, as the other animal is
ealied, takes the short ears and bush tail of the
horse, and i9 altogether unlike and inferior to tb*
mule in other respects. The use of mules dates
very far back in history. They Were used in the
days of Absalom, and have Always been ’properly
esteemed by those who understood their value.—
The ancients did not employ the hoYse for any pur*
pose of husbandry. The ox arid the aw were tn*
chief reliance in performing all kinds of drudgery,
as is apparent, from the allusions of the scriptures
being to these animals and not to the horse. But
the feudal system in Europe changed the customs
of society in this respect as well as many others.—
1 The numerous retainers of the feudal lords, who
' held their lands by the tenure ofperforming knight’s
services, were required to keep horses, and gradu
ally compelled these animals to suppsrt themselves
by serving the plough or wagon, r rum the estab
lishment of the feudal system the chief trade of the
wjrld has been war, and next to poor deluded sod
sinful man himself, there ts no animal thatWre*
martial glory so much as the horse. Agriculture,
therefore, both in Europe and this country, has ev
erywhere embraced the breeding of horses adapted
to various uses in war.
1. Mules, on a general average live mofe that!
twice as long as horses. They are fit for 'servles
from three years old to thirty. At twelve, a hors*
has seen his best days and is going down hill, but
a mule at that age h3s scarcely risen out of hi*
colthood, and goes on improving untij he is twenty.
Instances are recorded of mules living sixty and
seventy years, but these are exceptions. Thegea
eral rule is that they average thirty.
2. Mulf% are never exposed to diseases as horse*
are. I have Hpent considerable time in studying
the diseases of horses, from ringbone up to poll-evil.
But who ever heard of a ringboned, Spavined, wind
broken mule ? Immense sums of money are annu
ally lost in the premature death of nign-pneea
horses by accident and disease. The omftibus lines
in 'he city of New York have not been able to sus
tain their losses, and they are beginning to us*
mules as less liable by far even to accident as well
as disease. This results from the next considera
tion, which is that—
3. Mules have organs of vision and /lermng far
superiot to those of the horse. Hence they seldom
shear, and frighten, aftd run off. A horse frightens
because he imagines he sees something frightful,
but a mule, having superior discernment, both by
the eye and ear, understands every thing he meetSj,
and therefore is 9afo. For the same reason be is
surer footed, arid hence mote valuable in mountain
ous regions and dangerous roads. I doubt Whether
on the° Alpine paths a mule ever fell from a mis
step. He may have been deceived in the firmness
of the spot where he sets his foot, but nut in ths
propriety of the choice, all appearances considered-.
r 4. The mcle is much more hardy than the horse.
A pair of these animals owned by a neighbor of
mine, although small in size, will plough more land
in one week than four hoisps. (n light harness, of
under the saddle, in hauling iron ofe, or on ths
turnpike before a Conestoga wagon, one mule in A
1if«time will kill seven horse*. Their faculty ofin
'dutance is almost incredible.
5. Another very important fact is, that in ths
matter of/ood, a mule will live and thrive on less
than one-half it take9 to keep a horse. The homed
of England, at this present time, are consuming
grain which would save the lives of thousands of
British subjects. A particular friend of mine whs
has just returned from a visit to Ireland} informed
me a few days ago, that in the county of Antrim
alone there were eight poor-houses, containing front
eight to nine hundred paupers each. Were ths
nobility of England disposed to substitute malesfo't
horses, the grave might be cheated outot thousand*
of victims who starve to death fOT want of grain
that horses consume. , tn our country, however, the
saving of grain Is fto object. In a national point of
viewTthe agricultural interest is so great-, v141 the
•rrealer the demand for grain, of ill kinds, the bet
j 7er for the farmer. But yet individual farmers who
are in debt, and whose land is not improved, would
find it profitable, in the course of ten years, t<*
have the labor of a good team, and save one-h«lf
and more of the foxi necessary to keep it up, as
might bs the case in substituting mules for bor*e«v
Soak fok Seers.—It was observed by Ban*
Humboldt, that simple metalic substances are un
favorable to the germination of plants, and that m*
talic oxides promote it in the exact ratio of their ox
idation. Consequently, he was induced to seek
some substance with which oxygen might be com
bined in such a manner as to facilitate its separa
tion. In order to effect this, he made choice of ox
ytrenated muriatic acid gas, in which he imrriersed
some seeds of common garden cress (pepper-grass,)
whieh exhibited germs in the remarkable period ot
i six years; whereas, when immersed in wafer alone*
; they did not germinate in less than thirty-two hours,
i Another very successful and ecohomical steep for
gardening, or other seeds, Consists of a solution of a
quarter of an ounce of chloride of lime to one gal♦
fon of water, in which the peed should be allowed
i to soak for the spice toffour hours, and then be Sown
| in the ordinary way. It is stated, on good auihor
j ity, that corn and peas treated in this manner, have
been known to throw out germs owe and a half
inches in twenty four hours; and in forty-eight
hours to acquire roots more than double the length *
Thfe latler experiments may he tested, at a Hi
ding cost, and should it succeed, as stated aboVe,
the germination, Jar curbing lip of many seeds, rosy
be accelerated at least a week or ten days.
Thf. Tukxip Fly.—It seems to be confidently
affirmed, in some of the European agricultural jour
nals, that sulphur or brimstone, can be effectually
employed as a preventative. The mode of Using
it is, slightly to moisten the seed and roll in sul
phur, previous to sowing. The other, to keep thu
sml fur some time in the sulphur, and to sow ttitt
I sulphur with the seed. It is affirmed that the young
j plants in this way become so strongly jrapregnated
j with the sulphur, that the fly will not touch them.
; Sulphur is so extremely subtile, that it is known to
! diffuse itself, in a very short time, through the veg
etable, as well as the animal system \ and is known
to be obnoxious or destructive to the whole race ot
insects. The turnip seed imbibes it and imparts M#
: with the sap, to the young plumble of Stem.
! (Jry* Lard or tar will cure cattle that may b« ho
; ven with eating clover. Put «* three lable
spoonfuls of tar in the mouth of the animal and .»
will be relieved almost instantaneously.
Men or Talent.-ThosTwho can pull the moat
' fin* Saxon over the eyes of the public.
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