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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, March 27, 1850, Image 1

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-*===================^ ^ constans ET lenis, ut res expostulet, esto. tPublished Weekly ♦* ptt Amiom.
LYTTELTOX W ADDELL, } Editors & Proprietors. . ..."' ' ■
rto’larsand l*Vnum> 1/ u«ujcu -
(ion o/tAe y«ar. 1V0 subscription will be discontinued,
but alike option of the Editoi s, until allarrearages are
communications tothc Editor sbymailmust
be post-paid, or they willnot be attended to.
ZZ ADSEHmK HEWS of thirteen line* (or
inserted three limes for one dollar,
fio* cents for each subsequentcontmuan."scou,lt
pertisements in the same proportion. A.iber
made to advertisersby the year. _
J O 11 > 1*. WATTS,
«on\i the liberal support heretofore extended tonic as
FR,°”„b'r or .te Her. i. thi'Courtsel August. Co.. I
»n<»0uni2?d to offer my professional services to the
S&wsSkiiih.- ^‘.TSc’irc^it
Ah* first two, in their respective Quarter) MdCwcurt
■Snuerior Courts : »ml to the other, m their Circuit . 1
CoETSuly. Office ioffie
room from the North end, on the East of the Court
house square, in Staunton.
Stauntou, Feb 6, 1830. __
fi&KBfiRSON Jfi- ®EV.L,
attorney at eaw,
PR VCTISES in the various Courts ot Augusta,
R ickbridge Bath and Highland. Prompt at
tention will be'given to all business entrusted to
HlOffice’in the white building opposite the Court
House next door to John N. Hendren-where he
may always be found during business hours, except
when professionally absent.
May 2, 1819.—if. __
PRACTISES in the Superiorand Inferior Courts
of Augusta, the Superior Courts ot R"°k,ng'
ham, Rockbridge, and Albemarle, and in the U. S.
DOmCE.rVext d^tolhe'CourtHouse,in the
Brick Row.
May 2, 1849. ___
PRACTICES in the Courts of Augusta, A be
marle and Nelson. Office in the room lately
occupied by Col. George Baylor, where he may
be found at all times, unless when absent on pro
fessional business.
Nov. 29, 1848._ _
BOKjtlMR CUSliSTl.t.V,
WtLL attend the Courts o^fAugusta, Rockbridge am
the adjacent Counties.
Staunton, Nov. 14, 1849. tf. _
WILL attend the Superior and Inferior Courts
of Albemarle, Augusta. Nelson and Louisa,
fjgar- Office in Ch vrlottesville.
September 5, 1849.—tf. _
At the Virginia Hotel,
January 30, 1850.—tf. _
No 35 Nassau Street, (Opposite the Post Otficc,)
Dec. 26, 1819.—6ra. . ..
THE Merchants of Virginia are particularly invited
to call and examine their stock.
December 26, 1849.—6m. ___
PROF. BLANKY, late of the College of St.;
James, will give instructions in French, Ital-:
ian and Music (Piano, Violin, Flute, &c.) I
References.—Davis A. Kayser, Esq.. Alex r
Hall, Esq., Dr. F. T. Stribling, and Rev. K. li. ,
Phillips. .
BtT Room3 at lhe ' ir£‘nia Hotel.
Staunton, March G, 1850.—Ito. i
ft 1il V »
IN order to close the business of the Instate of the ,
late Alexander Hall, we will sell the balanceof
the Stock of goods at Cost, for Cash. 1 o any one
purchasing the entire Slock we will rent the .-tore
00111 ISAAC &. ALEX. HALL, Adm’rs.
February 27, I860.—if. _ j
PaintsT Oils, ami Dye-Stuffs.
A LARGE supply of Paints, Oils, and Dye
Stuffs. perfectly fresh, just received and tor
We by _ E. BERKELEY.
Staunton, March 6, 1870. j
garden Seeds—Just received, a large and
extensive variety ot I* resh Garden Seeds^from
(he well-known Gardens ot Landreth and Risley.
Staunton, March 6, 1870.
JUST received a fresh supply of Coffee, Molas
ses and best G. P. Tea.
January 23, 1850.
T AMP OIL.—A very superior article just re
ceived and for sale low by
Staunton, Feb. 27, 1850.
BACON.—300 lbe. Prime Bacon, for sale by
Oppos.te Morris &- Goode s.
Staunton, August^, 1849. .
PRESH Oranges and Cocoanuts, for sale by
March 6, 1850.
PRIME Segars and Tobacco, of all qualities, just
received and lor sale by W. MILLER.
March 6, 1850. |
STEEL BEADS and Purse Trimmings ofal j
kinds, for sale by
February 27, 1850. I
Clothing Warehouses.
( The largest assortment in the United States,)
New Warehouse, South-west corner of Fourth and
Market Streets.
Old Stand, 198 and 200 Market Street, above Sixth,
'fTTHERE the largcstassortment of RE A DY-MADE
Y\ "CLOTHING can be found in this market. Their
stock is always full and complete, and they ure there
fore always prepared, either in “Summer’s heat or
Winter’s cold” to supply every demand upon them.
Their motto is Superior Goods, at fair prices, and they
would therefore respectfully solicit the Merchauts or
the Valley ol Virginia to give them a call ou their next
trip to Philadelphia.
December 19, 1849.—Cm.
Wholesale I^adies' Boot and Shoe Manufacturers,
No. I*, South Fourth Street, Philadelphia.
M& W. are extensively engaged in the Manu
I DREN’S HOOTS AND SHOES in all their vane
I ties, and keep always on hand a full supply to answer
the demands oftrnde. They invite the attention ol
Country Merchants to their extensive stock, satisfied
that at "no other establishment of the kind in Pmladcl
I phia, can they suit themselves better, either as itre
I "ardsthe quality of their Goods, or the terras upon
| which they are prepared and determined to sell them.
) Call and see them at their Old Stand, >0. 13, South
I Fourth Street. Philadelphia.
December 19, 1849.—boa.
(So djo
Mo. 3, South Fifth Street, Philadelphia,
Imptfrter anti Dealer, Wholsalc <fe Retail,
in Wines, Liquors and Segars.
CONSTANTLY on hand, a large and well assorted
stock, which is offered in any quantities on moder
ate terras, comprising ._ .. ,
Mederia, Sherry. Port, Lisbon, Sicily, Tencrifl, AJal
aga, Champagne," Claret, Hock, Sairterne and Barsac
Old Pale ami Dark Cognac Brandies; Jamaica and
St. Croix Rum ; Holland Gin; Irish, Scotch and Monon
gahela Whiskies; Wine Bitters, (of very superior
quality ;) London Brown Stout, and Scotch Ale; Li
quors," 4-c., and the finest brands of choice Havana Se
All orders promptly and carefully executed.
December 19, 1849.—bra.
| Wholesale and Retail Saddle and Tmnk Maker,
) No. 30, South Fourth Street,between Markets Chest
nut Streets, Philadelphia.
THE attention of dealers and others is invited to his
assortment ofSaddles, Bridles, Saddlebags, Col
lars, Whips, &c.—Also to his superior article of
TRUNKS, viz: Sole Leather Trunks, Solid Leather
Steel Sprint Trunks, of lightweight; Riveted Iron
_ .J. , t W.Hnvps.
I r runic i nmasi ««« » • . ’ " .. e
Wood Trunks, of ditlerent qualities; \ alices, of vari
ousst vie and prices; Velvet Tapestry and Brussels
Carpet Bags, Enamelled Leather Bags, Lady s I rav
c-Ilins Ba“s, Satchels, &e., &c , all of which he offers
at low prices for Cash, or approved paper. Orders
thankfully received, and promptly executed.
December 19,1849 —Cm. * _

j Clothing Rooms, No. lift, Market st., above itli,
| TYTHERE at all times can be found a complete aud
I YY extensive assortment of
Ready-Made Clothing.
( They specially invite the Merchants of the Valley
! of Virginia to give them a call, promising to furnish the
. best articles in their line upon such terms as must com
| mand and secure their patronage. They manufacture
CLOTHING to order upon the shortest notice, and will
be happy to respond to all suitable calls from thccoun
I try to that effect.
I December 19, 1849.
Hats, Cups- Ladies’ Rich Furs, Beaver Bonnets. &e.
138 Chbsnut St., Philadelphia
HAVE on hand a large and superior assortment of
FINE GOODS, in the greatest variety >n their
line of trade, and offer them to Merchants and Dealers
Generally, at fair and moderate prices. They especial
lv* solicit the attention of the Merchants of the \ alley
of Virginia to their splendid Stock, and trust that on
their visit to Philadelphia they will not fail to give
them a call. IVm. H. Gardner, late of Richmond, 'V a.,
is associated in the firm of W. II. Beebe & Co. and will
take «*rcat pleasure in waiting on his v irgima trienus.
December 19,1849. _
Pliila. Dry Goods Emporium*
Foreign A Domestic Dry Goods
JYo. 128 and 130 JY. 3il St., above West Side.
KEEP at ull seasons a complete assortment of FOR
dapted to the trade of all sections of the country, and
adequate to any demand that may be made upon them.
They invite the attention of Southern dealers, and es
pecially the Merchants of the Valley of \ .rg.ma loan
examination of their Stock, satisfied that they will find
it to their interest to deal with them.
Deccinbei 19, 18-19.
No. 28J North Third Street, Philadelphia,
Wholesale Importer, Manufacturer and Dealer in
Saddlers’ Hardware, Carriage and Harness Fur
niture. Saddle and Carriage Trimmings, &c-,
KEEPS constantly on hand, a rich and extensive as
sortment or SADDLERY HARD'' ARE, and
through the medium of their own home journal, invites
the Merchants of the Valley of Virginia to call and see
him before purchasing elsewhere. He oilers his Goods
at such prices as will not fail to please his customers.—
Remember, his place ef business is No. -6 1-2 North
Third Street, Philadelphia.
December 19, 1949.—6m.
To Southern anti Western Merchants, &c.
SILVER Ware.—Forks—Table, Medium, Dessert,
Tea,Oyster, and Pickle. Spoons—T able, Dessert,
Tea Gravy, Mustard and Salt. Ladles—Soup, Oys
ter, ’Sauce, Sugar and Cream. Knives—Ice Cream,
Fish, Cake, Butter, Fruit, Dessert.
Tea Sets, of various patterns, plain to richly chased,
and of every variety of form. Odd pieces made to
match, and broken sets completed. Silver warranted
8t Pitted and Britannia Ware, of latest patterns, con
stantly ou hand and for sale at ,
WILSON’S Silver Ware Manufactory,
S. W. corner 5th and Cherry sis., Philadelphia.
December 19,1*49.—6m.
Wolfe Peyton,
Wholesale Dealers in Foreign & Domestic Dry Goods,
No. 89. Market Street, Philadelphia. j
WE would respectfully call the attention of South- j
ern Dealers to our well selected stock of Fo- '
rcisrn and Domestic Dry Goods. They have been pur- j
chased tor cash, and will be run off to customers upon j
the cheapest terms. We extend a special invitation to |
the Merchants of Virginia to pay us a visit at our house,
No. 89 Market St.. Philadelphia.
Dec. 19, 1949—6ra. J
No. S3 Chesnut St., k 27 South 'IhirdSt.,
Dec. 19, 1849.—6m.
LANPRETH’S Fresh Garden Seeds, just re
ceived and for sale by
February 20, 1850- ,
"Behold, lie is delicately served, for oftentimes, in
solitary calmness,
Some mental, fair Egebia smiles on her Numa’s wor
*Tis strange, a Form all but divine,
And yet with graces earth hath lent it,
Should o’er wy waking visions shine,
And every dream 1 have present it.
That oft a gentle Voice I hear,
In tones by some kind impulse taught it,
Breathing of rapture to my ear,
As pure as if an angel brought it.
That then an eye all heavenly bright,
With mortal likeness still about it,
Should shine as if the guiding light
Of one, who would be lost without it.
Whence is it, Music’s sweetest air
Floats round ray mid-night watch to cheer it,
While one soft harp is trembling there,
As if some guardian saint were near it?
Why does the earliest flower of spring
Unfold, as if her hand had reared it,
To bloom for me, a precious thing,
Her hand had touched, and thus endeared it ?
And tell me why my path at morn,
When graceful drops from Heaven bedew it,
Gemming alike the rose and thorn,
Appears as she hud just been through it ?
Or why, when evening’s sky slimes fair,
I seek the loveliest orb within it,
And fancy she is dwelling there.
And fain would leave this world to win it?
It is not Love ; for Love could ne’er
Exist where no "Sweet Hope” requites it;
But spreads his wonton wings in air.
And flies where promised bliss invites it.
Nor Friendship; Friendship cannot bloom
Unless when fostering cares surround it;
Its fate were else an early tomb;
Its meed what severed ties have found it.
It is not Folly ; Folly’s dream,
Inconstant as the spell that weaves it,
Is but the ignis fatuus beam,
Some giddy Cynthia, lights and leaves it.
Call it not Fancy ; Fancy’s charm
Varies with every mood and minute;
Nor Fact; for when had actual form
Such pure, etherial brightness in it?
What is it then? My questioned heart
E’en to itself can ne’er define it;
But, shape or shade, ’twill not dcpsrt,
Nor would I for the world resign it. W.
When the Mormons settled in Missouri, in 1833,
; an enthusiastic young man named Mills, was their
j most popular and admired preacher. Indeed,
1 so great was his fame, that whenever he held meet
i ings a crowd of the saints were sure to be present.
A strong and violent mob of Lynchers was about
! this time organized to put down the Mormons, un
| der the command of Col. Turk—one of the most
| desperately dangerous men that Missouri, or in
l truth, any other country, ever produced. Some of
j the Mormons were larred and feathered, some were
scourged with long knotty hickoiies, till they faint
j ed from the excess of torture nod the loss of blood ;
j others were forcibly deprived of their property, and
reduced in a day to the condition of beggars; while
, others still shared a doom of more mercy,and were
shot down on the prairies like so many wolves.—
At last Turk resolved to take some of the conceit
out of the young preacher, Mills, and he gave no
! tice to his men accordingly.
It was a dreadful cold night in mid winter, 1833,
and although the sky was cloudless and the full
moon shone out in all her splendor, the eartli lay in
all that pearly radiance, chill and dreary as a frozen
tomb ; for a thick sheet of snow crusted its surface,
and the north wind howled over it a dismal dirge.
It was a night to drive even thieves and outlaws
into barns and stable3 for shelter, and to keep hon
est people by the blaze of their own roaring hearths.
And yet, sirange to say, in a large log cabin,
within three hundred yards of the Missouri river,
then frozen from shore to shore, at least one hun
dred people had assembled to hold a religious meet
ing. They were Mormons, you may be sure. No
fanatics of an old faith would have turned out such
! a night; they must be fresh zealots, with some new
I idea" hut at its birth, in their hearts, and flaming
J like a meteor in their imaginations, or they never
could have ventured to face such an icy blast as
that. The congregation included men and women,
in about equal numbers, and many of the formei
carried rifles, which they grasped with one hand
even when kneeling down in prayer—such was the
imminence of peril, either real or imagined, they
deemed pending over them.
rn,o nromliri, t r>nt h nci-lct Millc tl ft Vfl ni»
ed to a thrilling head of his eloquent discourse, and
! was painting in terrible language the bitter perse
| cution which has over followed the footeteps of all
great reformers, since the beginning of time. Nev
er before bad ho been half so animated or half so
affecting. His blue eye gleamed like a star—his
voice pealed like a trumpet, shrill as the wind
which whistled over the bouse top; and his beard
less lip seemed loaded with music. Tears, groans
and wild shrieks, from the audience, proved the de
spotic power of his eloquence.
Suddenly, three rifles exploded in quick succes
sion before the door; and three sentinels, shaking
with terror, rushed into the room, crying out, “The
mob! the mob! Save yourselves from Col. Turk’s
No person can depict the scene of dismay and
confusion that ensued. The females screamed a
loud , as if all hope had departed. Several of the
men sprang out of the windows, as if pursued by a
legion of devils, while most of those who remained
appeared slupified and totally powerless, either to
escape or make ready for resistance. Indeed, there
was little space allowed for preparation. In a few
moments, a mob numbering hundreds, had surroun
ded the building; and the muzzles of fifty cocked
guns and pistols were thrust through the doors and
windows. Still none within lifted a finger in de
fence—fear seemed to have turned them into stone.
Persecution had not hardened the “Latter Day
Saints” into veterans; and the since-famous “Mor
mon Legion” existed then only in the imagination
of the Prophet.
Presently the Lynchers, headed by the all-dread
ed and gigantic Col. Turk, rushed in and began to
beat the people with the iron ramrods of their guns,
with very little distinction of mercy, as to age or
sex. The cries of the poor sufferers swelled to a
wail wilder than the howlingsof the wind without.
x\t length old Turk roared—
“Turn out the women, and seize the men ; and
let us have the hickory switches and the tar and
And the drunken mob shouted, and hastened to
execute the brutal mandate.
Up to this time, young Mills had continued
standing with the bible of their prophet in his hand,
but unearthly pale and strangely excited, his teeth
clenched, and his bright eye swimming in a halo
of fire. Suddenly he made a bound for an adjacent
window, and, notwithstanding moro than twenty
endeavored to seize him, effected his escape from
the house. ,
“Chase him, shoot him, take him alive or dead!”
cried Turk, in a transport of rage, setting the exam
ple by commencing the pursuit himself.
The flight of Mills was directed in a straight
line for the river; and his marvellous agility added
to the start he had first got, soon placed him some
distance ahead. They fired both rifles and shot
guns at him as he ran, but happily, withotit effect.
When he came to the fiver side, lie stooped down
and hastily fastened on a pair of skates, which he
had carried in his pocket for the last few days, to
be ready for any emergency ; and then, taking the
ice, he skimmed over the frozen stream with the
swiftness of the wind.
“Has nobody a pair of skates?” sliocted Turk,
striking his forehead with a gesture of wrath and
“I have,” said one, “but I shall certainly not try
them on the ice such a night as this.”
“Be quick—give them to me!” exclaimed Turk
in a tone of fiery impatience.
The skates were produced ; the eager Colonel
tied them on ; and swearing a dreadful oath that he
would bring back the preacher’s scalp, or leave his
own, he began the perilous chase. O! there is no
daring like the courage inspired by the passion for
In th6 meanwhile, Mills had approached the far
ther shore, when he discovered the startling appa
rition of armed men on the bank. He knew at a
glance what it meant. The mob, to prevent any
of the Mormons from escaping, had stationed a
guard beyond the river. He instantly turned his
course down the stream, when a whole platoon let
off their rifles, hut the distance was too inconsider
able. A hail of bullets rattled Sroiind him on the
ice without injury.
“I will foil the fiends yet,” he said to himself,
and put forth all his speed. Mills flew away, wheft
he became conscious that some one was pursuing.
He slacked his velocity, and gradually wheeled a
bout to obtain a view of his enemy. But the latter
was still too remote for an accurate survey, and the
Mormon uttered aloud a mad prayer—“God grant
me that it be Col. Turk, and I am willing to die!”
On rushed the pursuer—on still on, like an ava
lanche. The noise of the iron skates could be heard
above the roar of the northern blast, and his dark
form loomed in the glittering moonbeams, large in
stature as a giant. As he drew nearer, the young
preacher smiled venomously. He recognized the
arch persecutor, Col. Turk, and he laughed out
right, a laugh that rung over the frozen river like
the. wild scoff of some demon, when he saw the o
llter unshealh his gleaming knife. Mills then im
mediately pulled his own from its scabbard, and
startetl off, to avoid the coming shock, which might
otherwise prove fatal, by the mere force of the col
lision, to both.
And then began a serips of rapid and cunning ev
olutions to secure the advantage in this new mode
of combat, the most terrific ever conceived. They
marked the smooth surface of the ice with circles,
elipsP9, angles, squares, parallelograms, and almost
every possible figure of plain geometry ; but each
8eemed a perfect skater, and could not find theoth
er at fault, or take him unprepared. They passed
repeatedly within three feet of each other, and made
quick thrusts which pierced to the bone. And still
the cold grew more intense, and the wrathful wind
howled on, while their manceuvresand flights some
how carried them farther down the river, where
the crustod ice was thinner, and cracked fearfully
beneath their tread.
Finally the Mormon took the desperate resolve to
terminate the strife by sacrificing his own life to
make sure of that of his foe at the same time. In
the following rush, he m longer turned aside to a- |
void a direct collision, but frustrated the attempt of
the Lyncher, to that end, by slightly swerving
from a right line. *
They met at full 6pced,and the shock was like
that of the crash of adverse comets. At the mo
ment of their fall, the quaking ice split beneath their
weight, with a deafening roar, and the wild water,
boiling and hissing like a hell, swallowed them
forever—the persecutor and the victim, both vic
tims now!
But the liver still rolled on its w-ay to the sea ;
the stars shone as bright and beautiful as of old in
the morning of creation, when the angels of God
chanted their birth song ; and the wrathful wind of
winter howled on over the icy grave of the enemies
now no more.
Rkady Wit.—Bartholomew Willard (called
“Barty,” for short) wa9 a queer customer, once
very well known in the Northern part of Vermont,
for his careless, vagabond habits, ready wit, and
remarkable facility for extempore rhyming. Sit
ting one day in a village store among a crowd of
idlers who gathered about him on his arrival, the
merchant asked Barty “why he always wore that
shocking bad hat?” Barty replied it was simply
because he was unable to buy a new' one. “Come,”
said the merchant, “make me a good rhyme on
lilt* WIU uni Iiiuiicuiaitij-w«,rr...b. I
—and I’ll give you the best castor in the store.”— j
Whereupon Barty threw his old tile on the floor,
and began :—
There lies my .old hat.
And pray what of that?—
’Tis ns good as the rest of my raiment!
If I buy me a better,
You’D make ine your debtor.
And send me to jail for the payment!
The new hat was adjudged “by the unanimous
vote of the house” to belong to Barty, who wore
it off in great triumph, 6aying that it was but a poor
head that could not take care of itself!
The Speed of Birds.—It is said that the speed
af swallows, when emigrating, is not less than fifty
miles an hour, so that when aided by the wind,
they soon reach warmer latitudes. It has also been
calculated that the swallow can fly at the rate of
ninety-two miles an hour, and hawks, and several
ether tribes, one hundred and fifty miles an hour!
Lome.—A gentleman asked a country clergy
man for the use of his pulpit for a young divine, a
relation of his. ‘I really do not know,’ said the
clergyman, ‘how to refuse you ; but if the young
man could preach belter than me, my congregation
will be dissatisfied with me afterwards ; and if he
should preach worse, I don’t think he’s fit to preach
at all.’
OO* It has been rightly said by some right line
descendant of Solomon, that woman was made of
the rib out of the 6ide of Adam ; not made of his
bead to top him—not out of hia feet to be tramplpd
upon by him—but out of his side, to be equal with
him—under his arm, to be protected—arid near his
heart to be beloved.
Or?- Dr. Franklin had the following “notice,”
stuck up in his printing office :
All you who come this curious srt to see,
To handle any thing must cautious be ;—
Lo, this advice we give to every stranger—
Look on with welcome—but to touch there’s danger.
C6* One of our exchanges informs us that a man
was recently arrested in N. Hampshire on a charge
[if keeping his mouth open on Sunday. A true bill
was found, as it is against the law in that stale to
keep a dram shop open on the Sabbaih I
()C$- In a single century, four thousand millionsnf
humanJjeings appear on the face of the earth, act
their busy parts, and sink into its peaceful bosom, ;
Mr. Archibald Stanthrope—a groggy sentimen
talist, residing in Buckley street, Philadelphia—
conceiving the harrowing suspicion that his wife
was not as passionately fond ofhimasalady of good
taste should be; and to put the matter to a lair trial,he
hit on a little stratagem, which he put in practice
the other day, with the result hereafter ta be de
He took a suit of clothes and composed an effigy
of himself, by stuffing the garment with a quantity
of straw, which had lately been discharged from an
old bed. Having suspended the figure to a rafter
in the garret, by means of a piece of clothes line,
he ensconsed himself behind a pile of rubbish in the
same garret, to watch the effect.
After a while, his little daughter came up after a
jumping rope, tntd'caught the glimpse of the sus
pended°fignre. She ran down the stairs screaming,
•‘Oh, mother, daddy’s hung himself.”
“Now for it,” thought Archibald, in ambuscade,
—“we shall have a touching scene presently.”
“Hung himself?” (he heard Mrs. Stanhope re
peat, as she walked leisurely up stairs;) “he hasn’t
got spunk enough for such a thing, or he would have
done it long ago. Well, I do believe he has done
it, however,” she continued, as she came in view
of Archibald’s straw representation. “Molly, (to
the little girl.) I think he ought to be cut down.—
You had better go into the kitchen and get a knife,
my dear; but don’t go down too fast, or you might
fall and hurt yourself. Stay—I forgot—there’s no
knife in the kitchen sharp enough. You ean go a
round to Mr. Holmes,the shoemaker, in Sixth street,
he’s only two squares off", and ask him to lend us
his paring knife ; tell him to whet it a little _ belore
he sends it. And, Molly, while you are in the
neighborhood, you can call at your aunt Sukey’s
and »9k her how the baby is. And, Molly, you
can stop at the grocery store, as you come back,and
get rne a pound of seven cent sugar. Poor Archy,”
sighed Mrs. S., when her daughter had departed,
“J hope we’ll get him cut down before the vital
spark is <#w-tinct—for these buryings is very trou
blesome and ’cost money. He wants to put an end
to himself too ; and 1 think I ought to let him have
his own way for once in his life; he used tu sav
that I was always crossing him. I wish he hadn t
spoiled that “new clothes line, though—an old rope
might have answered his purpose.”
Here a voice, which sounded like that of the sup
posed suicide, broke on Mrs. Stanhope’s soliloquy,
with “You confounded old Jazebd, P1I be the death
of you.” , . ,
Mrs. S. thinking this must of course be a ghostly
exclamation, uttered a wild scream, and attempted
to escape down the narrow stair case. Archibald,
burning irum »'ia w» u.Miv«u....v..rT b
Mrs. S. stumbled midway on the flight of steps—
and Mr. S., having just reached her and made a
grasp at her dishevelled hair a9 it streamed back
ward, the amiable partners were precipitated to the
bottom together.
Both were badly bruised,and the cries of the lady
raised the neighborhood. Archibald was arrested
far making a disturbance, and practising on the ten
der sensibilities of his wife. He was recognized in
$200, and jocularly proposed his suspended effigy
as his security—but, “straw bail,” as he found, to
his sorrow, is not acceptable under the administra
tion of Mayor Jones.—Pennsylvanian.
The Sea Serpent at the South.—A re
markable marine monster was seen by Capi. Blan
kenship, of the William Seabrook, and his passen
gers, on the last trip of the Steamer from Charles
ton to this city. When the steamer was coming
down Port Royal Sound, at about six P. M., on
Sunday, some six or seven miles inside the bar,
several objects were descried about a mile distant,
which were at first supposed to be flocks of ducks.
An examination by the glass, however, revealed
several lumps or elevations, which had an undu
latory or changing motion. The steamer was
then directed towards this object, which lay near
the point of land separating Beaufort from Broad
river. The water was so shoal as the steamer went
on that it was found necessary to cast the lead; but,
when within forty or fifty feet of the monster,, the
sounding was four fathoms. While in this position
Capt. Blankenship and his passengers had a very
good view of the creature, whose size and appear
ance were such as to inspire some of the passengers
with alarm and apprehension. The monster was
lying in the arc of a circle, his head parting the
water by a gentle onward motion. No eyes nor
mouth were visible, as the head was not elevated ;
but the head itself, which appeared to be flattened,
is stated to be some ten feet long, and from six to
seven feet wide. From the head, for a distance of
some thirty feet, the body was depressed beneath
me water 3 uiu at mis uisiauue a iiumj/ vi
appeared, and another twenty-five feel trom the last.
A distinctly round appearance was observed, and
thegreatest diameter is stated at some seven or eight
feet. The boat approached the monster in such a
manner as nearly to form a chord to the arc de
scribed by it, which circumstance gave a good stan
dard of judgement as to the length. The concurrent
testimony on this point is that it was not less than
120 feet long and probably not more than 140 feet.
The noise made in arresting the motion of the boat,
or the fact of its approach, caused the serpent (or
whatever it must he called) to lower itself in the
water and disappear. Before this a greater part of
the body was easily seen and examined, the most
of it depressed a little below the surface. Its dis
appearance, the entire length descending at once,
caused a sensible ripple on the surface. The steam
er now left the spot, but the creature was again
seen to rise and present a similar appearance a short
time after the steamer moved off.
Such are the particulars, ad far as we have been
able to glean them from the testimony of several
persons on board. We should have added that the
color appeared to be of depp glossy brown, in which
one passenger thought he'detected a tinge of some
thing like a deep slate color.—Savannah Republi
can, March 12Ih.
Witchcraft and Superstition.—The Shebone
(Eng.) Journal tells the following almost incredible
story :
There is, in the neighborhood of Ilenton and its
vicinity, a population of about 200, in which it is
asserted there are nineteen witches; and curious e
nough it is to hear the different tales of the people,of
the pranks played by this wonderful class of beings.
Some of the inhabitants sit up by night, three or
four together, for several nights following, using
9ome peculiar charm, instructed, they say, by the
wise man of the west. There they sit, praying to
themselves, they must not hear each other speak,
that the witches may no longer have power to scratch
the children as they do by some invisible means;
and about midnight they generally hear some un
earthly noise. One person even attempted suicide un
der fear, some say they are hag ridden, others dream
wonderful dreams, and have cramps, all of which
are attributed to the same cause. A woman asserts
that she actually, at night, saw one of these mar
vellous being9 come into her room three times.
Passports.—Of late years the number of pass
ports granted by the State Department at Wash
ington has vastly increased. Formerly the usual
number issued from the Department amounted to
about fifteen hundred per annum ; during the past
year, there have been issued altout four thousand
five hundred, being an increase beyond the usual .
number in former years of alxtut two hundred per
cent. (
* *)
Bought manures.
I have not time to notice many of these. Tbs
value of wood ashes is familiar to every farmer
Common salt is used as an extirpator of weeds, and
as making grass more palatable to stock, while, in
combination with lime, if is highly recommended
as an ingredient in the compost heap. But the por
table manure most striking in its immediate effects,
and which seems to me likely to be available on the
poorer Soils, is guano, particularly the Peruvian.—
This is rich in ammonia and phosphates, and is par
ticularly valuable as a fall dressing for wheat. I
have used it for the last five years, with signal suc
cess, sowing it on the land prepared for wheat at
the rate of 200 Ibe. to the acre, and ploughing it in
with the wheat. It has never failed to remunerate
me amply ; and I am quite sure that it has added
from 5 to 10 bushels of produce to the acre. 1 think
it a capital manure for the succeeding crops of clo
ver, and more permanent in its effects than is gen
erally thought. In April, 1845,1 applied 350 lbs.
to an acre of growing wheat, the land being entire
ly unimproved, and very poor. Of course it was
applied as a top dressing, mixed, however, with
plaster. The wheat was doubled in quantity, at
least; fine clover succeeded it; and in two crope,
one of corn, and the olher of small grain, last year
and the present, the effects are still apparent—
Sown at the Tale of 400 lbs. to the acre, before
breaking up ftir corn, and ploughed in immediately,
where the soil was poor and thin, it has yielded
more than nine barrels of corn to the acre. Ono of
my neighbors has applied it successfully to corn in
the hill, putting it in the crossing before planting,
and covering it with earth before dropping the corn.
The quantity used in this experiment was not mors
than 100 lbs. per acre ; and the product was increas
ed as much as bv an ordinary dressing of cow-pen
manure. Corn, however, is a hungry feeder, and
great exhauster; and guano, 1 think, is more advan
tageously applied to wheat, in the way I have men
tioned, when followed by clover. It is a capital ma
nure for turnips, with or without bone dust. Th#
old plan was to pen the cattle, for about two months,
in a small inclosure intended for what is called ths
turnip-patch, commonly not more than eight or tea
square rods of land. Targe quantities of manors
were thus spent upon the improvement of the six
teenth part of an acre, and for the production of wlutl,
in our climate, is an unimportant crop; for turnips
are a sorry food for cattle, and injurious with milch
cows* since they spoil both cream and butter; and,
as they will not resist the rigor of our winter?, they
nut ftirnteh tlip imnmvAmpnl riffrivMl from them
in England by field-feed ing sheep. A common patch
of turnips may be amply manured with one or twe
dollars’ worth of guano, and thus the depositee of a
large herd of cattle may be saved, at & time when
they make the most and richest manure.
{jcj* The Washington Union of & late date, in an
article comparing the importance of Agriculture
with other interests, says:
“In every country agriculture is the great and
transcendent rnletest, employing more capital, mort
persons, and sustaining more than all other Inter*
est8 combined. It is even so in Great Britain,
where, it appears from a synoptical table added tat
‘Sparkman*8 Analysis of Hit Ocaipations if the
People,’that the following are the amount* of capi
tal employed in the various interests of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland :
In agricnlture, .£2,000,000,000
In manufactures, Vi2.
Colton, 24,500,000
Woolen, 16,500,000
Linen, 7,000,000
Silk, - 4,000,000
Lace, 2,000,000
Hose, 1,000,000
All other articles, 23,000,000
Mining interest, 28,723,000
Shipping Interest, 36,372,210
Thus in the United Kingdom eVen, agriculture
is the great and paramount interest. It is in this
and in every other country inhabited by civiliced
man. It has been so from the beginning of time,
and will be until it shall be no more. Agriculture,
in every country, is the substratum and foundation
of its wealth, commerce, and power. It was.se
with nations of ancient times, and in the mediaeval
age of the world, and it is so now.”
Rrvrnv for Bots.—A writer in the German
town Ohio Gazelle, recommends the following rem
edy for the cure of Lois in horses. Tobacco juice,
that is, the water in which tobacco has been soak
ed, is an improved remedy, and certain death to the
bots. We know several instances of the efficacy
of this treatment, and farmers whose horses are thus
afflicted can try it with safety. The tobacco, in
order to obtain the juice very strong, may be boiled,
or pul in hot water.
Editor JSorlh American Fanner.
“When a horse has bots, it may often be known
by his biting his sides; when he has many, Uiej
often throw him into great pain, and he lays down,
rolls, and if not cured soon, dies. When it is be
lieved that a horse has the baits, by the above symp
toms, give a pint of sweet milk, and one pint of
molasses, well mixed together, and they will Jet
nri, their hold on the horse, and feast on the milk
and molasses.
“In five minutes after you give the milk and mo
lasses, give the horse three-fourths of a pint of to
bacco juice, strong enough to kill the bots; when it
reaches the bots it kills them, as all will believe
who have ever spit tobacco juice on a worm or oth
er similar insect; the horse, in less than one hour,
will have perfect rest, and no mistake, though n»>
patent has been obtained. The writer would not
have it tried on an old, poor horse, for he would
certainly recover, to the damage of his owner. If
one worth curing is affected with bots, and the
symptoms are severe, never stop for the ntilk and
molasses, but in with the tobacco juice—this is the
great kill-all.” _
Management of Hoos.—For the last four or
five years, I have fattened spring pigs, believing
them to be the most profitable. The way I manage
is this: I take pigs about the middle of March, and
when they are about one month old, I put them in a
small lot contiguous to the house, so that I can feed
them regularly tin milk and Indian meal. 1 put
the sows in good pasture, and turn them in with the
pigs three times per day, until some time in July,
when I turn the sows and pigs into my orchard,
where they get the most of their living until Octo
ber ; then I feed them on new corn until the first of
December, when I put them in a tight pen, and feed
them on corn-meal and mush until some time in
January. When I kill them, they average (torn
two hundred and fifty to two hundred and seventy
five pounds, and I am almost convinced that they
are more profitable than wintered hogs weighing
four hundred pounds; but 1 stand open to convic
tion. Perhaps some of your able correspondent*
may convince me otherwise.— Correspondent of the
Philadelphia Dollar JS'eicspapcr.
03- According to a Spanish journal, an invemiim
has been accomplished to enable vessels, by pres
sure of the water, to navigate against nny winds at
a rate of four miles an hour. I he Minister of Ma
rine has supplied funds to test the invention.
py Iron was discovered by the burningofMcnn!
Ida, 140f» years B. C.
If ' /

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