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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, October 27, 1852, Image 1

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THE STAUNTON SPECTATOR.
S BY L. A J. A. WADDEU.
TERMS.
CCh The “SPECTATOR” is published once a
Week, at Two Dollars a year, if *n advance,
«r Two Dollars and Fifty Cents if delayed beyond
the expiration of the year. J>? subscription will
be discontinued but at the option of the Editors,!
until all arrearages are paid.
CO- All communications to the Pditerrs by mail
must be post-paid, or they will not be attended to. |
CO- AID 'E R TIS FM F. NTS of thirteen lines'
i(or less.) inserted three times for one dollar, and
■twenty-fvc cents for each subsequent continuance, j
,Larger advertisements inserted m the same propor
tion. A liberal discount made to Ihose who other- J
we by Ihc year.
•■ML"1 1111
Insurance Company
OF THE
% VALLEY OF VIRGINIA,
■CHARTERED MARCH 17, 1852.
<Caoital $50,000, with power to increase the
same to $200,000.
rpHlS Company, having been duly organized,
A ,3 now ready to receive Applications and is
sue Policies, and offers to the citizens of Virginia
the inducements of a home C ompany for the safe j
Insurance of all kinds of Property,^ Merchandize,
8tc„ at fair and equitable rates. The directors as
sure* the public that this Company will be con
ducted with a view to permanency, and on the
strictest principles of equity, justice, and a close
Tesrard to economy and the safety of the Insured.
JOS. S. CARSON, President,
C. S. FUNK. Secretary,
o. F. BRESEE. Actuary.
Directors.—Joseph S. Carson. James P. Rieley.
Lloyd Logan. NVtn. L. Clark, JamesH. Burgess,
N. W. Richardson, John Kerr.
Ct>- Office on Piccadilla Street, near the \ alley
Bank. Winchester.
The attention of Farmers and persons owning
£ -eountry property. is particularly called to this op
portuotty of securing themselves from loss by fire,
at a very small cost.
/v*. for Staunton and Augusta County
-aadricintty, _ GEO. E. PRICE.
Staunton, Aug. 11. 1852.— ly.
bewetta beers,
WHOLESALE I>RUGGISTS,
I«. Ha, Main Stmt, Richmond, Virginia.
117'E are now receiving by Packets from New
Tv York and Boston, our full supply of
GOODS for the fall trade, purchased directly from
the Importers and mostly for cash.
_ Wo respectfully invite the Merchants of V irgin
w ia. visiting our market to give our stock an exam
ination, with the assurance that we will sell our
goods as low and make *»ur terms as liberal as any
house in the country. Among others we offer
20 bbls and 500 Joz 5000 lbs best Madder
Castor Oil 1500« ‘‘ Indigo
30 « Spirits Turpentine 100 kc<gs S. 0.
2000 galls. Linseed Oil 100 duz BramPth’s Pills
10.000 lbs White Lead UK) “ Hair Brushes
dry and oil 150 “ Vermifuges asst
lttboxoa Chewing 20 bbls Burning Fluid
Tobacco 20 “ Kps. Salts
100.000 Cigars part 20 *• Alum
very superior 250!) lbs Kxt. Logwood.
Together with all the articles, popular Medicines,
new Chemicals and preparations. Fancy G’JhIh.
and an endless variety of everything usually s old in
drug houses. . ,
Country Merchants, and the public, are invited
to eall and examine >.ir * <ek and prices.
BENNETT BEERS, Drugg'sts.
Richmond, Sept. 8, 1852.
WATCHE3, CLOCKS AND JEWELRY
*> «• «>>*■
^ davsd s. ass:a as,
IS bow receiving from Philadelphia and Balti
more, the largest and beat selected stock ol
J c u e 1 r y,
.«r«r brought to th s market, consisting in part of
Extra tineGuld and Silver Watches, trout
$5 to $200 ; fine Marble and other C locks,
Fob and Vest Chains, Ladies and Gents’ Breast
Pins. Finger Kings,Gold and Silver Pencil Cases,
Gold and Silver Spectacles,G ' and Silver I urn
»blea. Port M >uio», Silver 'Faldo and Tea Spoons.
Plated do., do., lino G dd Pens, G.rondoles, Cas
tor*. Fruit Baskets, Flutes, Spy Glasses, Pen and
Pocket Knives, it volvers. Pistols, It ties. Shot
-Guns, Card Cases. Ex ra Percussion Caps. Cuff
Pins. Butter Kni ves, Silver Ladles, and all other
^ articles kept in the beat Jewelry Store*.
OO- Watches, Clocks and all kinds of repairing
.done at short n >tiee. and in the best manner, and
warranted.
Staunton, May 19, 1352.
NEW EOOT AND SHOE STOXE.
THE subscriber* would respectfully inform the
public that they are now prepared fat the
room formerly occupied by Messrs. Jones tk \\ hite.
one door East of Mr. A. J- Deakins Store) to
manufacture and sell BOOTS AND
UN SHOES of every description, nviJePBl
'F^tin the neatest style and of the beet
: materia Is.
They have also on hand a large and well select
ed stock of Northern work which they will sell
•very low. .
They would particularly call the attention of
th* public to the;r own work, as they have pr.»
•aured from the North a large supply of the best
material*. They h >pe by strict attention to busi
inoss to receive a share of public patronage.
* H. Jk J. FAUST,
9 One door East of A. J. Deakins’ Store.
Staunton, Juno 31), 1852.
SCARCE GOODS
At White A: CoN.
WF. are now opening and offer on the most ob
liging terms the following Source (roods:
JJleaehod Drillings and Satin Jeans, 20 pieces :
Bleached Shirtings and Sheeting, from 4d t.> 9d;
Irish Linens, Table Linens, Whale Bones, Rib
bons, Fall styles Mous D’Laines, Cashmeres,
Persian Cloths assorted colors, at 25o per yard,
for Sacks and Mantillas; Blankets, Linseys,
Kerseys, Mourning Ginghams and Calico**.
Heal Manchester Ginghams, Plain and Prim d
Cashmeres, Black and Figured Silks, W lute
jutd Colored Flannels, and many other Goods
SUITED TO THE Til A l’E.
Staunton, Sept. 22, 1852.—Mess. copy.
LARGE ASSORTMENT
or ri RAlTVRE.
I HAVE on hand at this time one of the largest
asortments of furniture I have ever offered in
this place, such as Sotus at 25 3'* and i
t dollar*. Bureaux from $15 to $50. wood- TfT
•aat Chairs $5 to per set. cane seat-^^
Chairs $10 to $18 per set. Roc' ing Chairs $1 5"
to $15. and a large lot of other furniture which 1
will sell at reduced prices.
Call next door East oftlie P t Office, M 'tn St.,
on A. 1). CHANDLER.
Staunton, Sept. 8, Lv >2.
|;, V. EYERUTT,
attorney at law.
STAUNTON. YA,
WILL PRACTISE in the County and Su
perior Courts of Augusta, Rockingham and
Rockbridge. Between the hours ol ' A. M. -i.i •
4 P. M. he may I*' fonml at his Office, on Augus
ta St., two doors South of Mr. V* m. G. Stc r>
Ntore.aml at all other hours, at his residence, n
Christian’s Creek, Augusta Co.
June 10,1852.—ly.
THE POETICAL Works of Byron. Moor.
Shakspoare, Milton. Young. Go y, Beattie,
Collins, Tennyson. Longfi How, Cow per. 'l’hom|’
^*on Campbell, Rogers aud Homans, for sale oy
S. 11. COLEMAN.
Staunton, Sen. 22, 1852.
m————m——^
Clothing Emporium in Staunton.
jacobTollitz,
BEGS leave to announce to his friends and cus
tomers that he has just returned from the
North with a large assortment of
Fall and Winter Clothing,
selected by himself, with a due regard to the re
quirements of this market. His stock comprises a
larger assortment than heretofore kept in this mar
ket, and while he can warrant the workmanship to
l>e equal if not better than any other, the pub
lic will find his prices to he exceedingly low, al
lowing himself to he outsold by no one : purchas
ers will be benefited by purchasing at small profits
which 1 trust will be made up by the extent ot
the stiles.
I respectfully invite attention to a part ot my
stock enumerated below:
Coats.
Frock and Dress Coats, all colors,Business Frock
and Sack do., fancy Cassimere Business and
Frock Coats. Beaver and Pilot Overcoats, Buf
falo do.,Kussuth do., a beautiful article. Lamb’s
Wool do., Blue Blanket do.. Drab, Felt and
Beaver do., Togas of Oil Cloth and Beaver,
Black and Brown Cloth and Beaver Overcoats,
Pa n t s,
Fine Black Doeskin Cassimere,Union Cassimere.
Fancy do.. Black and Blue Cassinctt, fancy
do., Corduroy, Tweed, &c.,
Vests,
Black and Fancy Satin, Black and Fancy Silk
Blue Cloth anil Cloth and Cassimere Vests in
large quantities.
ALSO.a large assortment of Hnts.Cape, Pock
et and Neck Handkerchiefs, Silk, \\ oolen and
Cotton Undershirts and Draws.a large assortment
of fine white Linen Bosoms, Shirts, Trunks and
various other articles usually kept in Clothing
Stores.
I respectfully ask a call from my friends to ex
amine my stock of goods, knowing that by so do
ing they will see the advantage arising to them
by buying at the Clothing Emporium adjoining
the Stage Office, Basement of the \ irginia Hotel.
CO-The Fall and Winter supply is now open
ing.
Staunton, Sep. 22, 1852
ECONOMY IS WEALTH!
A. M. SIMPSON
DESIROUS of showing his gratitude to his
friends and customers, lately went to the
Northern cities and selected a full assortment of
Hoof* anil Shoes
of every description, expressly tor them. He is
now opening a great variety’of LADIES \A EAR,
viz; Taylor Lace and Polka Boots, Promenade
buskins, full and half Gaiters, Shoes and Shoetees,
Ties and Slippers.
FOR GENTLEMEN—He has a choice se
lection of Summer, Fall and A A inter B >ots. gK
Gaiters, Monterey an .I Congress shoes
several varieties,Napoleon '1' - s.and a beau
tiful varie’y of business and parlor Slippers, lie
has a large assortment of work, selected with great
care by himself, expressly for male and temule
laborers, and for servants.
The public arc invited to examine, in due seas
on : h s beautiful assortment of Gum Elastic
Shoe.-*. Buskins and Aenny Lind Slippers.
In addition to lies he has laid in an extensive
assortment of sele ted LEATHER, f.r custom
er w..rk, which he will “get up” at the shortest
notice, in the best style and warranted,every stitch
of it.
(]r> Call at the newly fitted store, two doors a
bove the Post Office, and one below the Union
Hall building, anil examine. “Quick sales and
short profits” is his motto,and rest assured he will
“stick to it.”
Staunton. Aug. 18, 1852.
CONGRESS HALL,
Tliii- 1 and Mrettfc
i 1
Philadelphia, July 1, 1852.
TiD'. subscribers take pleasure in informing their
friends and the traveling community general
ly.tbit they have this day taken possession of that
j well establ' died and fav n'dy known hotel C'O.V
G USS Uili, 77itY</ and Chesnnt Streets.
They have had tie- Icuse'li,roughly repaired.and
ill the modern Improvements introduced.and tarn
ished .a u style of elegtm-e which will atonce ren
der it unsur|)ussed f r eumfort and convenience.
'Phis is decidedly 'be best located house in
the city, being in the immediate vicin’ty of bos'
ness, 'ire Exchange, (’us? m II >its.-,atid many oth
er public buildings.
Lines of Oinmbusses leave for every part of the
•itv every tew minutes, their head quar'ers being
within one s juare of the I louse.
The subscribers are determined to spare no pains
in making 'bis a convenient and comfortable home
to the traveler.
NORRIS & JACKSON,
Late of Virginia,
July !4, 1852.—ly. Proprietors.
James E. N >rris. who is well known to many
of the business men visiting the city, lately in the
Hardware house of James.). Duncan & Co..Twitt.
i Brother, ik, Co., and formerly proprietor of the
Virginia Hotel, St. Louis, will have the manage
; ment of the House, assisted by polite and compe
i tent persons.
To tlie Interest of the People!
.Vo»e is the time to avail i/onrselves of the advantage
of a skillful Silversmith and ll'atch-mukar.

C-i &. M. 1I1RSH having employed a superior
workman in repairing Watches, Clocks,
Jewelry, &c., &c., are now prepared to have
work done in that line of business at lower rates
than ever before done in tiiis section of country.
All work warranted for 12 months.
They keep on hand a large s'oek of Watches at
small profits, and warranted for one year. They
also offer for sale Jewelry of every description.and
other articles pertaining to a Jewelry and Variety
Store. Remember die place.
G. Sc M. HIRSH,
at the Post Office Corner.
Staunton. A ig. 4, 1852.
McmTOSH’S
IIOWAC^ AIOt'SE,
(LVTK WHL TFIEt.D HOTEL.)
Corner of Haiti more and Howard Street.
?'HIS HOTEL has lately been enlarged ai d
1 improved in every department, rendering it
decidedly one of the most comfortable Motels in tlie
City, and the Proprietor, ever ready to accommo
date, pledges himself to spare n pains to render
every one comfortable that uiav favor him with a
call. To tie patrons of the old House, he returns
his sincere ackn wlcdgmenls tor tlieir very liberal
patronage, soliciting a continuance of their tavor
mid tlie travelling public generally.
JOHN M INTOSll, Proprietor.
Baltimore, July 7, 1^52.—5ui.
Staunton Sky Light
Diiswi'rj'ifl!!
<’i IE sii 'svri'ier has uut oj» i>c;l his new Dag
* uerr.viti Gall *ry, opp,.ftb Spectator Of
ri *e, wlvc-e lie will * icippv i*> sei all who are at
all interest .I in tin beautiful art of Pit -tography.
Having a fine gkti and side lights and every eth
er facility. In* is prep ired to produce the finest re
sults of which tin* art is capable. The very great
advantage of sky-light is known to all who have
given any attention to the subject. Entire satis
faction given in all cases, or no charge.
Pictures taken in all kinds of weather. Dark
dressing great I v preferable. J. KEAGV.
Staunton, July 28, 1852.
Tobago.
I lO 1 <uinp T'"ioeo. prime to ro
A A V t;ul at ;5 cents a pound —jus received and
for sale by LLOV'D LOGAN & CO.
Winchester, Ang. 18, 1852.
POETRY.
For the Spectator.
Inconstancy.
“The wanton Wind, that Kisses all it meets.”
The Bird may mourn its mate, a day,
But. ere the week has run.
There sits beside it, on the spray,
Another chosen one.
The stately Tree, the storm bereaves;—
By Winter’s blasts laid bare,—
Forgets its dead Autumnal leaves,
When Spring’s fresh buds appear.
The Shrub remembers not its rose,
Nor weeps its early doom;
When nature’s liberal hand bestows
Another there to bloom.
The Sun. perchance, may wail, at night,
The partner of his pride.
But lo! his morning face is bright
As though no day had died.
And thus the Heart, that fickle thing,
'>omo precept finds for change;
When e’er its appetites take wing,
And seek excuse to range.
Unmindful all, though these retain
No memories of the past.
They yet, while living bonds remain,
Are faithful to the last.
’Tis but the Bee’s voluptuous sense
That rules the changeling’s hour,
And prompts it to some vain pretence
To quit the fading flower.
Or in the Wind, the wanton wind,
That Kisses, and goes by ;
Where roving hearts example find
To leave their flowers to die.
Ellenuale, Ya. w* b- b
Tlie Okt Bachelor’s Defence.
I do not blame a bachelor,
If he lead a single life;
The way the girls are now brought up,
He can’t support a wife.
Time was when girls could card and spin,
And wash and bake and brew;
But now they huce to keep a maid
If they have ought to do.
I do not blame the bachelor!
His courage must be great,
To think to wed a modern Miss,
if small be his estate.
Time was, when wives could help to buy,
The land they’d help to till.
And saddle Dobbin—shell the corn,
And ride away to mill.
The bachelor is not to blame;
It he’s a prudent man,
lie now must lead a single life,
And do the best he can.
MISCELLANY.
i Kite* of the Scottish Halloween.
_
The Scottish Halloween, as held in the
solitary farmhouse and (.escribed by Burns,
differed considerably Iromthe Halloween ol
our village- and smaller towns In the farm
house it w as a night of prediction only ; in
our towns ana villages there were added a
multitude of wild mischievous games,which
were tolerated at no other season—a cir
j cumstance that serves to identify the fes
! tival with those pauses ol license peculiar
to the nonage of civil government, in which
men are set free Irom the laws they are just
learning to respect;—partly, it would seem,
as a reward for the deference which they
have paid them, partly to serve them as a
kind of breathing-spaces in w hich to recov
| er from the unwonted fatigue ot being obe
1 dient. After nightfall, the young fellows
of the town formed thorn-elves into parties
of ten or a dozen, and breaking into the
i gardens of the graver inhabitants, stole the
j best and heaviest of their cabbages. Con
verting these into bludgeons, by stripping
I off’the lower leaves, they next scoured the
J streets and lanes, thumping at every door
as they passed, until their uncouth weapons
were beaten to pieces. \\ lien disarmed in
this way, all the parties united into one,
and providing themselves with a cart, drove
it before them with the rapidity of a chaise
and-four through the principal streets.—
Woe to the inadvertent female whom they
encountered ! She was instantly laid hold
of, and placed aloft in the cart—brothers,
j and cousins, and even sons, it is said, not
| unfrequently assisted in the capture ; and
then dragging backward and forward over
i the rough stones, amid shouts, and screams,
! and roars of laughter. The younkers with
• in doors were meanwhile engaged in a man
! ner somewhat less annoying, but not a whit
‘ kss whimsically. The bent of their inge
nuity for weeks before, had been turned to
tlit* accumulating of little hoards of apples
, —all for this night; and now a large tub
filled with water, "as placed in the middle
of the floor of some out-house, carefully
! dressed up for the occasion, and into the
tub every ot.e of *lie party flung an apple.
! They then approached it by turns, and pla
j cing' their hands on the edges, plunged foi
I ward to fish tor the fruit with their teeth,
j I remember the main chance of success was
j to thrust the head fearlessly into the tub,
j amid the booming of the water, taking es
! pecial cuie to press down one of the apples
I in a line .vith the mouth, and to seize it
l when jammed against the bottom. When
the whole party, with their dripping locks
and shining faces, would seem metamor
phosed into so many me'maids, this sport
u-ually gave place to another:—A small
beam ol wood was suspended from the ceil
1 ing by a cord, and when fairly balanced,
! an apple was fastened to the one end. and
a lighted candle to the other. It was then
| whirled round, and the boys in turn, as be
fore, leaped up and bit at the fruit; not un
frequently. however, merely to singe their
faces and lian at the candle. Neither of
these games were peculiar to the north of
Scotland; we find it stated by Mr. Pole
whele. in his Hi-torical views ol Devon
shire. that the Jri-h peasants assembled on
the eve ot L't Snnwn (the 2d November,)
to celebrate the festival of the sun, with
many rites derived from Paganism, among
which was the dipping for apples in a tub
of water, and the catching at an apple stuck
on one end of a kind of hanging beam.
There belonged to the north of Scotland
two Halloween rile-of augury which have
a >t been de-enbed by Burns: and one of
these, an elegant and beautiful charm, is
not yet entiiely out of repute. An ale
gla-s is filled with pure water, and into the
water i- dropped the w hite of an egg. The
female whose future fortunes are to be dis
closed (for the charm seems appropriated
exclusively by the better sex) lays her hand
ron the glass’s mouth, and holds it therefor
about the space of a minute. In that time
the heavier parts of the white settle to the
bottom, while the lighter shoot up into the
water, from which they are distinguished by
their opacity, into a variety of fantastic
shapes, resembling towers and domes,towns,
fleets, and forests ; or, to speak more cor
rectly, into forms not very unlike those ici
cles which one sees during a severe frost
at the edge of a waterfall. A lesemblance
is next traced, which is termed reading the
glass, between the images displayed in it
and some objects of either art or nature; and
these are regarded as constituting a hiero
glyphic of the persons future fortunes.—
Thus, the ramparts of a fortress surmount
ed by streamers, a plain covered with ar
mies, or the tents of an encapment, show
that the female whose hand covered the
glass is to be united to a soldier, and that
her life is to be spent in camps and garri
sons. A fleet of ships, a church or pulpit,
a half-finished building, a field stripped into
furrows, a garden, a forest,—all these, and
fifty other scenes, afford symbols equally
unequivocal. And there are melancholy
hieroglyphics too, that speak of death when
interrogated regarding marriage ;—there are
the solitary tomb, the fringed shroud, the
coffin, and the skull and cross-bones.—
“Ah !” said a voung girl, whom I overheard
a few years ago regretting the loss of a de
ceased companion, “Ah ! I knew when she
first took ill that there was little to hope.—
Last Halloween we went together to Mrs.
-to break our egg. Betsie’s was first
cast, and there rose under her hand an ug
ly skull. Mrs.-said nothing, but re
versed the gloss, while poor Betsie laid her
hand on it a second time, and then there rose
a coffin. Mrs.-called it a boat, and I
said I saw the oars; but Mrs.-well
knew what it meant, and so did I.”
The other north country charm, which,
of Celtic origin, bears evidently the impress
of the romance and melancholy so predom
inant in the Celtic character, is only known
and practiced (if, indeed, still practiced any
where) in a few places of the remote High
lands. The person who intends trying it
must steal out unperceived to a field whose
furrows lie due south and north, and, en
tering at the western side, must proceed
slowiy over eleven ridges, and stand in the
centre of the twelfth, when he will hear
either low sobs and faint mourning shrieks,
which betoken his early death, or the sounds
of music and dancing, which foretell his
marriage. But the charm is accounted dan
gerous. About twelve years ago, I spent
an autumn in the mid-Highlands of Ross
shire, where I passed my Halloween, with
nearly a dozen young people, at a farm
house. We burned nuts and ate apples ;
and when we had exhausted our stock of
both, some of us proposed setting out for
the steading ot a neighboring farm, and
robbing the garden of its cabbages ; but the
motion was overruled by the female mem
bers of the party ; for the night was pitch
dark, and the way rough ; and so we had
recourse for amusement to story-telling.—
Naturally enough, most of our stories were
of Hallcween rites and predictions; and
much was spoken regarding the charm ol
the rig. I had never before heard of it; and,
out of a frolic, I stole away to a field, whose
furrows lay in the proper direction, and al
ter pacing steadily across the ridges until I
had reached the middle of the twelfth, I
stood and listened. But spirits were not
abroad ;—I heard only the wind groaning in
the woods, and the deep sullen roar of the
Conan. On my return I was greeted with
exclamations of wonder and terror, and it
was remarked that I looked deadly pale,
and had certainly heard something very
terrible. “But whatever you may have
been threatened with,” said the author ot
the remaik, “you may congratulate your
self on being among us in your right mind;
for there are instances of people returning
from the twelfth rig raving mad ; and ol
olhers who went to it as light of heart as
you, who never returned at all.”—Scenes
and Legends of Scotland—Hugh Miller.
Virginia Furs.
We find, in the Parkersburg Gazette, an
interesting statement of the fur trade of
Western Virginia. The following is an ex
tract :
“Last year, we are (old, furs and skins
were shipped from our wharf to the amount
of $10,000 or upwards in value. This years’
collection greatly exceeds that amount.—
Six or seven large wagons came, this week,
loaded to the bows with peltries, and others
have gone to other points. As showing the
extent of his operati >ns within the last sea
son, in the tier of counties lying between
the Ohio river and the Alleghany moun
tains, Mr. Tayler has furnished us with the
following list of shipping furs and skins col
lected by him and now ‘en route’ to the
seaboard:
“Raccoon, about 27,000 ; Mink, about 4,
500; Red Fox about 1,000; Grey Fox, a
bout 5,500 ; Wild Cat, about 3,000 ; Otter
and Fisher, 400 ; Opossum, about 6,500 ;
Bear, about 500 ; Deer, about 6,000.
“Considering that ours is the oldest State
of the Union, we regard this list as giving
evidence of a pretty fair crop of‘varmints’
for one year! Among the trophies of his
campaign, Mr. Tayler has the hide and
skull of a panther, which, foi size, must
bear the palm. The animal was shot by
Ellis Houchin, Pocahontas County, we be
lieve. When killed, it measured 10 feet 4
inches from tip to tip, and when stuffed, the
skin held seven bushels of bran !”
The Belfast Journal relates a story
of a Dutch painter who had for a subject
the sacrifice of Isaac. He represented Abra
ham as a sturdy old Dutch burgher, level
ling a musket at his son, while the inter
ceding angel spits in the priming-pan, to
stop the sacrifice.
Arvine, in his Cyclopedia of Anecdotes,
records many instances of laughable anach
ronisms of painters, and among others that
of the picture of Eden, in which Adam and
Eve occupy the foreground, while in the
background a German student is shooting
ducks' There is an old painting by a French
artist, of the Lord’s Supper, in which the
table is decorated at each end with tumblers
holding cigar lighters '.
Tub Eruption of Mount Etna.—A
private letter ot the 16th September an
nounces that the lava of Etna had taken
another direction, and is last approaching
Milo, the inhabitants of which, to save the
wood,are cutting down their chestnut trees,
and of course emptying their houses. A
coasting vessel (the Mongibcllo,) when ly
ing at anchor near Catania, has been cov
ered with sal ammonia, the issue from the
mountains. A specimen has been sent to
Malta,and has been pronounced of the very
best quality. The mountain has senti*. forth
1 in vast clouds.
I
Messrs. Editors : Here is another re
miniscence which may amuse such of your
readers as do not see the Home Journal, in
which it appeared some time ago. It is de
scriptive of an interesting relic, not often
seen by travelers abroad.
The Iron Crown.
The Cathedral, La., Scala, the galleries
of paintings, and the Corso, had become a
little stale to contemplation and curiosity,
and I was beginning to enquire of my In
quais de place, whether we had exhausted
all the wonders of Milan.
II Signor should seethe Iron Crown,was
his reply ; and if he will entrust me with a
note, appropriately addressed to his Eccel
lenza, the Governor, 1 think I will be able
to negotiate the matter for him.
The note was written, to which I sub
scribed myself, as was my privilege,allache
to one of the American legations in Eu
rope, but, had I been the ambassador him
self, a more courteous reply could not have
been elicited. What weie his Excellency’s
conceptions of my rank, or my laquais re
port of me, I could never ascertain; but the
permission was granted as if the favor weie
conferred on the party applied to, accom
panied with many apologies and regrets
that imperative business prevented this
high functionary from being my escort on
the occasion; and with a letter to the arch
bishop of Monza, where the crown is de
posited, requesting him to afFord the distin
guished American, every gratification of
curiosity he could desire.
Thus fortified.we set out, my skilful me
diator, my shrewd laquais. and myself, for
the little town of Monza, about nine miles
from Milan, where is deposited the diadem
that has encircled the brow's of Charlemag
ne, and to which the Uteu me la donne,gare
qui la louche,of his great successor, has giv
en increase of interest. What a period is
embraced in these two epochs; a world dis
tinct, in most of its characteristics, from
that which preceded it. From the dawn
of civilization, beginning to reappear after
the long night of ages; the darkness of bar
baric rule, to the effulgence of the perfect
day, when the Corsicas, in the full confi
dence of self-sufficing, and successful abil
ity, and in cotempt of immemorial form,
repelling the hands which, by custom of
coronation, were extended to place this in
signia on his head, with all the solemnity
of religious rite ; seized it in his own, and
fixed it firmly there, with an exclamation
as applicable to this symbol of sovereignty,
as to the positive Empire his own almost
unaided genius had acquired ; unwilling to
admit that even this idle bauble, for such
it must have appeared to him who had se
cured the substance it represented, had
been transferred to his brow by other earth
ly agency than his own. There wras much i
of the sublime, both in the action, and the
expression ; whether the impulse of his ;
swelling soul at the moment, or of precon- j
certed tact in one wdio knew so well the j
avenues to the passions, and applause of .
men.
It was a proud event in the life of that
self-made, self-sustaining man—the proud
est perhaps of many that had signalized his
extraordinary career; and yet there was
something significant in the title—some
thing admonitory, too, in the history of the
iron circle now binding his aspiring head,
testifying to terrible vicissitude in even
royal destiny, that might have suggested,to
less inordinate ambition, this auspicious
moment as the climax of renown, and
promted to timely and dignified response,
when unparallcd achievement had made
the soldier of fortune, Emperor of France,
conqueror of Germany.and now seated him
on the throne of the Csesars.with all of Cae
sar’s sway, and more than Caesar’s tri
umph.
‘'Hoslilus ubique fuels, cccsis, caplis.”
On presenting my credentials,at the Ar
chiepiscopal palace, I was informed by the
Secretary that his Reverence was too un
well, or, what was the same in effect, per
haps disinclined to play the host, or cicero
ne in this occasion; but that directions
would be given to have my curiosity grati
fied, at the Cathedral, at four o’clock in
the afternoon; and that he, the Secretary,
would meet me there to do the honors, in
the absence of the chief. The appointed
hour found us approaching the venerable
and time worn edifice, almost co-eval with
the precious relic it enshrined; but we
were little prepared for the reception that
awaited us.
Rumors of some extraordinary event,that
had occasioned the portals of the Sanctua
ry to be opened at an unusual season, had
brought together the assembled population
of the village, which divided itself into two
ranks to allow me to pass through them, to
the church ; along the aisle, and up to the
railing dividing the altar from the secular
portion of the building; preceded, or follow
ed—I forgot which the etiquette of the oc
casion required—by my delighted valet.—
Here, however, he and the profane crowd
paused ; for the barrier, opened to admit
me to the sanctum where priests, in their
robes, the secretary, in dignified courtesy,
and censors flinging oders around, awaited
me; closed upon my gaping attendants,who
stood wondering, in the distance, rather at
the object of this distinction than at the
display of treasures antiquity, sanctity, and
superstition had accumulated.
After much ceremony, the Iron crown
was produced. It is composed of a single
spike, or nail,said to have been that which
bound the feet of our blessed Saviour to the
cross ; but now bent to a circle that about
fits the head. To the outer circumference
of this is affixed a broad plate of gold,stud
ded with precious stones, which conceals,
when placed on fht head, the homely but
venerable material from which this diadem
takes its name, and gives to it appropriate
massiveness and splendor. I was permit
ted to take it into my hands; and, despite
the doubtful tradition to which this ring of
iron owes its peculiar interest, could not
but regard it, for the moment, with the eye I
of credulity, or avoid indulging in reflec
tion upon the various purposes to which it [
had been applied. It had been an instru- \
ment of impious martyrdom ; had bound to
the accursed tree, the world’s incarnate |
Sovereign; and had encircled, with glory,!
the temples of an earthly monarch. It had
witnessed God, scoffed at as a criminal, and
man, his creature an object of homage, due
only to God. It was stained with blood,
shed to redeem a world from moral and e
ternal death ; it was worn as a trophy by
him who had poured out the vital fluid,like
water, to secure to an individual the hon
ors of physical and temporal existence, it
had pierced the feet of Jesus; had been
wrested by the hand of Charlemagne from
the last of the long line of Lombard Kings,
to be thrown, as an apple o» discord,among
succeeding dynasties, and come, with the
accumulated glories and recollections ol
a<res, to culminate on the brow of Napole
on; behold it now—a cloistered relic for pi
ety, or curiosity to wonder at. No longci
an incentive to ambition, and, at best, but
the portion of some royal pensionary, inca
pable of opening a pathway to so\eieignty
for himself. Drawn from its secluded niche,
the trembling monk looks upon it with hor
ror, for it is encrusted with the rust of sac
rilege ; the passing stranger with a sigh to
the glories that are gone; the aspirant to
fame, wilfT indifference,seeking as he may,
a wider and nobler recompense of action
and renown that would now accompany its
possession ; for, of Italy, and her honors, it
may well be said—
“Non sono piu, com 'ernno ptima.’
The Sampler of the Virgin Mary; chrys
talized tears; memorials of Saints, and oth
er marvels piety had collected, here,. as
well as elsewhere,had become too familiar,
in my travels through Italy, to engage at
tention, this object of my visit to Monza
had so fully occupied; and after expressing
mv satisfaction,to the utmost of my ability,
and my proper sense of the courtesies be
stowed on me,I withdrew from the church,
in the order I had entered it, and returned
to Milan, delighted with my excursion; but
in vain endeavoring to extort from my com
panion the means he had employed to ren
der it so eclantan'e, and singular; the more
remarkable,as on this occasion I had taken
no unusual advantage of the passe par
lout, at whose magic touch the mysteries,
and gratifications of Europe are generally
unfolded.
Ellendale. W. B. B.
The Japan Expedition.
The United States steam frigate Mississip
pi is expected to leave New York on or a
bout the 20th instant, for Annapolis, where
she will remain until the Princeton, now
fitting to accompany her on the Japan ex
pedition, is ready. The New York Tribune
says :
“The Mississippi takes out a variety of
articles as presents to the Emperor of Ja
pan, to conciliate him,astonish the natives,
and prepare the way for the desired nego
tiation. A locomotive and a quantity of
railroad iron will be taken along with which
to show him the operations of a railroad.—
A telegraph apparatus and wire will also
be taken, with which to demonstrate how
the lightnings have been converted to the
use of civilization. Two of the ship’s en
gineers (Messrs. E. D. Robie and G. W.
Alexander) are learning the use of the ap
paratus,in ordertoexplain ittothe Emperor.
An apparatus for taking daguerreotypes will
also be used and explained for the inlorma
tion of his Majesty, by Lieut. Budd. A
beautiful barge is on board to be presented
to him. Also, boxes of domestic goods,
comprising a great variety ot manufactured
articles, which are to give the Emperor an
idea of the industrial pursuits of this coun
try, and perhaps awaken a desire on his
part for an exchange of commodities be
tween Japan and the United States. The
Mississippi will take ten boats tor her use.
There are four beautiful brass nine-pound
ers, mounted on carriages, which are to be
used if necessary, by parties of engineers
engaged in surveying. They can be fitted
in bows of boats which may be employed
in exploring the coast. Should this expe
dition succeed in its undertaking, and es
tablish commercial relations between the
United States and that extensive and se
cluded nation, it will richly repay the risk
and expenditure incurred.”
Anecdote of Gen. Scott.— \n inter
esting anecdote is told by a Massachusetts
officer, of the wonderfu1 foresight of our
great chief,whose plans for the whole con
quest of Mexico were made history by al
tering the tenses from future to past.—
While at Vera Cruz, Gen. Scott sent for
the head of the Quartermaster’s Depart
ment and said to him : “Sir, have you got
every thing in readiness in your line,which
you may want between this and the Capi
tal?” “Yes, sir, I have got everything an
army can possibly require.” “Have you
sent along any ten penny nails?” “Ten j
penny nails! No sir.” “Then forward a
cask of them.” The officer was puzzled to
conceive what the General could want with
ten penny nails. But when the “National
Bridge” was blown into a mass of rocks by
the flying enemy, the General’s admirable
foresight was apparent. The Penobscot
lumbermen were soon ready with their tim
ber to repair it; the cask of nails was turn
ed out,and the army was on its way to vic
tory. Now we want the Whig party pre
pared like General Scott’s army—every
thing ready for attack or defence.—lilch
burg Reveille.
The Magnet.—The magnet or loadstone
is an oxygen of a peculiar character, found
occasionally in beds of iron ore. The col
or varies in different specimens, but usual
ly is of a dark hue, and has a dull metalic
lustre. It was first discovered in Magne
sia, Asia ; hence the name Magnet. It is
found in considerable masses in the iron
mines of Sweden and Norway, in the Isle
of Elba,in different parts of Arabia, China,
Siam, in the Phillippine Islands, and in
North America. Though commonly met
with in irregular masses, only a few inches
in diameter, yet is sometimes found of
much larger size. One carried from Mos
cow to London, a few years since, weigh
ed one hundred and twenty five pounds,
and supported more than two hundred
pounds of iron. Artificial magnets are al
so in general use, which are so construct
ed a? to have a greater intensity of attract
ive power than the natural ones. It has
likewise been found that meteoric stones
possess a strong magnetic virtue, resemb
lin'* the loadstone of the earth.
C
The Law.—The vital instinct of your
true man is obedience to the law. If a law
is iniquitous, unjust, oppressive, the best
way to prove it, and to effect its repeal, is
to universally obey it. To violate any law,
is to impair the vitality of all law; and he
who willfully, and in the face of his neigh
bor, sets any law at defiance, can take no
credit for consistency when he complains
of the thief who robs his store. And fur
ther, the employer who, in the face of the
■employed,openiy disregards the laws, must
look to the consequences of his own exam
ple.
What Kid Gloves are made of.—How
manv of our fair readers, as they draw on
their “French kid” gloves are aware that
those same gloves are made of rat skins ?
The catching of rats for this purpose is a
regular trade in Paris, at which hundreds)
of men find their employment.
i ne iitsiory «« « orui.
Almost every word has connected with
itself some little history,which forms a part
of the great history of the ancient world,
and by which that general history may be
easily and profitably remembered. Per*
mit me to take one word for example to il*
lustrate this position. The word “syco
phant” is derived from two other words
which signify to “show a fig.’’ This im
mediately recalls the fact that a law was en
acted in Athens which forbade the expor
tation of domestic figs, and which, like all
la;vs that are restrictive of commerce, en
countered violent opposition from the great
body of the people—and as it was the
duty of the officers of government to report
and “show the figs” of all who endeavor
ed to violate the law, they were branded
with the invidious name of Sukophanti or
“figshers”—an epithet as odious in Athens
as the title of Tory was in South Carolina
—hence the term Sycophant is now appli
ed to every one who endeavors to ingrati
ate himself into the favor of the great and
powerful by the performance of degrading
and unworthy actions. Nor is this a soli
tary instance. An immense number of the
words we daily use, and which are derived
into English from the Greek and Latin, are
the condensed record ot tacts in ancient
history, the recollection ot which is con
stantly revived by a knowledge of their
derivation Thus etymology is a most im
portant handmaid to history, and it the
knowledge of Greek and Latin offered no
other advantage, the facility it affords in
the remembrance of history and the proper
understanding of our own tongue, would
richly compensate the labor of their study.
—H. L. Pinckney Jr._
How to Render Assistance in Ac
cidents.—In cast of a fracture or a dislo
cated limb, let the sufferer lie on the ground
until a couch, door, plank or gate can be
procured, for in raising him up he may
die, from faintness or loss of blood. When
procured, place the door or gate alongside
of him, cover it with something soft, and
let men couvey him steadily home, but do
not put him in a vehicle of any kind. In
fits, if a person fall into one, let him re
main on the ground, provided his face be
pale ; for should it be fainting, or tempo
rary suspension of the heart s action, you
may cause death by raising him upright*
or by bleeding ; but if the face be red or
dark colored, raise him on his seat, throw
cold water on his head immediately, and
send for a surgeon and get a vain opened,
or fatal pressure on the brain may ensue.
In hanging or drowning, expose the chest
as quickly as possible, throw ice water o
ver it, whilst the body is kept in a sitting
posture. In castf of children in convulsions
deluge the head with cold water, and put
the feet into warm water, till medical aid
can be procured. In case ot poison, give
an emetic of a teaspoonful of mustard flour
in a teacupful of warm water, every ten
minutes, till vomiting ensues or medical
assistance is obtained. In case of burns
and scalds, let the burnt part be bathed in
a mixture of turpentine and olive oil, equal
parts, till the pain abates ; then dress it
with common cerate,and defend it from the
air. _
Mult-um in Parvo.—The N. Y. Tribune
compresses volumes of argument in politi
cal-economy into the following:
if the aggregate of employments open to
woman were doubled, her average compen
sation could not fail to be enhanced. Now
we are buying from abroad some fifty mil
lions worth of silks, laces,cotton, linen and
woollen fabrics, artificial flowers, &.c &.C.,
which are manly the product of female la
bor, and paying for them with the rude,
bulky staples of agriculture, mainly pro
duced by men’s labor in this conntrv.
If this policy does not restrict the range
of employment for women in America,
thereby seriously diminishing her average
compensation, then we cannot reason. And
we have no more doubt than of our own
existence, that a protective tariff, which
would transfer to our own shores the pro
duction of the silks, cottons, linens, laces,
&c., which we arc now buying in Europe,
would increase the annual earnings of the
women of our country from twenty-five to
fifty per cent.
{k^» Ex-President Van Buren has recent
ly published a letter to further the election
of Messrs. Pierce and King. The New
York Express, in speaking of it, says—
“Martin Van Buren is out in another let
ter for ‘Pierce and King.’ He ventures in
this last letter of his, to discourse upon the
theme of ‘military heroes,’ and calls a zeal
for military men and military achievements
an ‘infatuation.’ Such a letter coming from
one who basked in the sunshine of General
Jackson’s military greatness, and who could
never have been President without Geneial
Jackson’s influence,—from one whom Gen.
Jackson selected for a seat in the Cabinet,
and whom he appointed as Minister to
England—wfho walked between the legs of
the military Colossus during the eight years
that he was President of the United States,
as a pigmy between the legs of a giant—
who flattered all his vanities and pandered
to all his passions and weaknesses—is about
the coolest piece of impudence we have
seen in the world of political winders.”
The Great Unknown.—The Hon. Chas.
Fenton Mercer, of Virginia, who served
four years in Congress at the same fime
with Gen. Pierce: the Hon. Edward Stan
ly, who served five years with him in the
same capacity ; and the Hon. Thos. F.
Marshall, of Kentucky, who also served
several years, with many other membefs,
all testify that they have no recollection of
Gen. Pierce, in his public or private rela
tions. Surely such a person must be “a
marvellous proper man” to be run for the
Presidency! His most practical advocates
cannot put their hands upon a single act,
speech, report, or measure which originat
ed with him, and which would in any way
entitle him to more than common consider
ation. And yet such is the individual se
lected to compete for the Chief Magistracy
with a statesman and soldier whose fame
is a part of the nation’s history, and whose
deeds and character are known wherever
the English tongue is spoken or read.
£J*One of our neighbors, not long since,
who has rather a pungent wife, said to her
one evening as he passed out of the door.
“My dear,I am going to spend the evening
with my triend Mr.-. I shall return
at ten ; but, if I should not, you need not
wait for me.” “Oh,” said the wife, “I
shan’t; I shall come for you.” Our neigh
bor returned at ten, as any prudent hus
band would have done.—Manchester Mir
ror,

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