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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, October 27, 1852, Image 2

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Whig Principles.
The lion. Edward Bates, of St. Loilis, in a rr
cent letter, gives the following brief and lucid
^ statement of Whig principles:
^ “Between the two great parties ih the United
States there are fundamental differences in princi
ple. The \\ hige hold that our National Govern
ment is a government uf law—not a Monarchy,
nor an Aristocracy, nor a Democracy,but just such
a Republican Government as the written and print
ed law has made it, and nothing else : that it was
made by ourselves, and tor ourselves alone,and not
for other countries: that the object ot its creation,
was the protection of its members: that it is wis
est and best administered when the public func
tionaries seek only to provide for the common de
fence, promote the general welfare, and secure the'
blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity:
that it is none of our business to assume to judge
other nations, to correct their errors and punish
their crimes, except when they trespass upon our
wwn national rights. They (the Whigs) hold that
it is the rig-lit and duty of the Federal Government!
to protect the citizens of all parts of the nation in
life and property, in occupation and industry, in
commerce and locomotion: that protection is tho!
'great object of all good government; and whether
protection is to be afforded by fleets and armies,by
lighthouses, ports, and breakwaters, by the im
-provemont of lakes and rivers and the construction
of roads, or by imposing duties upon foreign im
portations, still it is tho duty of tho Gov
ernment to protect: and that in every instance the
kind and degree of protection must depend upon
the wisdom and prudence of Congress.”
On the subject of annexation Mr. Bates says—
‘•The Democrats, as a party, while they refuse
to improve,and thereby strengthen and enrich,our
who home country,display an eager desire for foreign
acquisitions. They have already acquired New
Mexico, Utah, and California, and made the mot
ley people of those regions our equals, friends, and
fellow-citizens. And still they are hankering af
ter more—Canada. Cuba, Mexico, and the Sand
wich Islands—and the hope of these does but whet
the morbid appetite for Japan and China! It might
be some mitigation of the evil if they pursued the
old Roman plan of conquest and domination; but
they prefer, as more Democratic, the modern
French system, of confraternity with all mankind,
and universal absorption. Under this corrupt and
ruinous system, the present United States may
find themselves, in another generation, out-voted
Ky the heathons whom they have conquered or
bought, and reduced to the condition of an outside
pfoviace of a world-wide Democratic Empire.”
Warning against a Forgery.—Believing
that little is ever effected by petty tricks, in t he
decision of great National issues, we seldom notice
the little fabrications which appear openly in the
columns of the partisan press on the eve of a Pres
idential election. Finding, however, that one of
these counterfeits, (styled by our adversaries,
“ Root-kicks”) which appeared a few days ago in
the columns of the Union, and which we were
yesterday enabled to nail to the counter, has re
ceived a fresh and more covert start in tho shape
of a handbill for Southern circulation, we recur to
the fabrication with the view to put our Southern
friends on their guard against it. This it is :
On the 12th inst., the Union contained what
purported to be a late letter from the Hon. Lewis
D. Campbell, of Ohio, placing Gen. 5>eott in a
false position in regard to the Fugitive Slave Law,
and on Monday last we received from Mr. Camp-j
bell, by Telegraph, and published yesterday, the
following letter:
Hamilton, Oct. 18, 1852.
“ To the Editors of the JVutional Intelligencer :
‘•The publication in the Union, of Tuesday,the
12th inst.. over my name .declaring Gen. Scott for
a repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law, is a base for
gery. I never wrote or published such a circular.
Yesterday there was placed incur bauds a large
handbill printed by the Democratic Committee in
this city, containing the fabricated letter, accom
panied by various inflamatory imputations on Gen.
Scott, together with other electioneering matter,
and headed in staring capitals, “Astounding Dis
closure—A Voice of Warning to the South.”—
This handbill was of course prepared before the
appearance of Mr. Campbell’s contradiction: but
we ate credibly informed that one hundred thou
sand copies of it have been printed, and as they
have doubtless been transmitted to the South in
great number, we give this information to the
Whig pns?es in that quarter that they may guard
the public against the imposition. We do this
lest the Union may not itself come forward prompt
ly with a disavowal of the fraud which, we pre
seme, has been practised on it by some one poses
si.ig more zeal than honesty.—vVnl. Int.
A Significant. Fact.—We learn from the
Milton Chronicle, that the Hon. Bedford Brown
—for a number of years United States Senator
from this Shite—ten or eleven days before the
meeting of the Locotbco Convention in Baltimore,
wrote from Washington city to a personal friend
in that neighborhood that Franklin Pierce would
be the nominee of the Convention.
“Because,” said he, "Gen. Pierce is the only
man upon whom the friends of Martin Van Bo
ren will unite!”
The Honorable Senator is the warm personal
and political friend of Martin Van Buren.and was
ostracised upon the downfall of Van’s dynasty.
Henry K. Nash, elector for the district, alluded
to the above fact in the late discussion at Yancey
ville, between himself and Mr. Venable. Frank
lin Pierce is Martin Van Buren’s nominee! Re
memrer THAT.—Raleigh (*V. C.) Register.
00- A basely abusive, false and scandalous “Me
re dr of Gen. Scott” is circulating through the
mails, under the frank of Hon. C. H. Peaslee, a
Democratic member of Congress from New Hamp
shire, and a bosom friend of Franklin Pierce.—
Shanie!—Rochester American.
Shame is lost upon such persons, though ono oc
copying the position of a meml>er of Congress
ought to Ih? above tho circulation of a gn»ss cal
umny against a man of the character of General
Scott. But the Democracy every where are des
perate ; an l the New Hampshire branch of the
party reckless as well as desperate. We hear of j
no 1 s* than seven ; rominont New Hamjnh e ’ o
Co tocos who are in Pennsylvania working for Pierce
and King, and that ex-Unitcd States Senator Ath
erton is one of the number. They dare not allow
the Peiinsv Iranians to do their own thinking or
their own voting.—«V. Y. Express.
Georgia—and the South.—We have it from
very high Democratic authority, that the Pierce
ticket stands nO chance of election Indore the peo
ple of Georgia. Before the Legislature—which,
on the old divisions of parties,was Whig—it stands
still less chance. From other portions of the South,1
we hear good news. Louisiana is safe—Missis
sippi is on the road to redemption—Alabama is
struggling nobly for deliverance—Florida will
repudiate the man who comes from a State, where
negroes are on a footing of equality with the
If’the Whigs of the Old Dominion will put forth
their energies, we may have the ineffable pleas
ure of announcing, that there is not one spot ot
ground in all the South where the Yankee Frec
soiler can rest tho sole of his feet. To the charge,
then Whigs!—Rich. Whig.
Prf.pared Obituaries.—It is stated, as char
acteristic of the careful provision and good manage
ment of the London limes, that its long memoir
of the Duke of Wellington, on the morning after
his decease, had been prepared six years previous
ly, to be in readiness whenever tliat event occur
red-. It is understood to be written by Mr. Dodii,
the well known compiler of a parliamentary an
nual, who undertakes tee “obituary” department
of the Times. In the “pigeon holes” of the Times
office, there are said to be memoirs of all the lead
ing personages ot the day. whose advanced age
renders their demise probable._
00. A Whig Tariff, seconded by a Whig distri
bution of the Laud Fund, would make \ irginii
the foremost piece of land on the American Conti
nent. We possess all the element within ourselves
for a mighty empire. But with Locotbco I* ret
Trade, to aid tho British in their grand object ol
reducing the price of our principal staples, and th<
refusal to receive aid from the Federal Govern
ment to complete our public iinprovements.and en
able us at the same time to reduce the taxes and
keep our own people at home—we must coo tin ut
to get poorer and poorer, and more and more insig
nificant every day.—Richmond Whig.
00. The New Orleans Courier—the leading
Democratic paper of the Southwest—said, in No
vember, 18-18:
“/f is a known fact that in the Southern States
those who are not owners of slaves are generally
Democratic—at least the Democratic party in the
Foith is composed in a great measure tf that de
script on of persor s.”
1st Dis.—John U. Kilby, of Nansemond.
2nd Dis.—Ed. R. Chambers, ofMeckl’g.
3rd Dis.—Thos. S. Flournoy, of Halifax.
4th Dis.—H. II. Marshall, of Charlotte.
f»th Dis.—Alexander Rives, of Albemarle.
(3th Dis.—William C. Scott, of Powhatan.
7th Dis.—.Joseph Seg\r, of Elizabeth City.
Sth Dis.—Rob’t Mayo. Jr., of Westmoreland.
9th Dis.—Henry W. Thomas, of Fairfax.
10th Dis.—Alex. R. Boteler, of Jefferson.
Nth Dis.—John 3. Baldwin, of Augusta.
12th Dis.—.John Echols, of Monroe.
13th Dis.—Walter Preston, of Washington,
l lth Dis.—John J. Jackson. Jr., of Wood.
l->th Dis.—T. M. Gally, of Ohio.
^Election Tuesday Nov. 2nd.
Death of Daniel Webster.
0 The papers of yesterday morning announce that
the great man of America—nay of the world—isin-j
deed no more. At 22 minutes to 3 o’clock, on the!
morning of the 24th instant, Daniel Webster'
. . . ' i
died in calm resignation, and with the language ofj
prayer on his lips. His mighty intellect was un
clouded to the last; even “the dark valley of the'
shadow of death” did not obscure its lustre. The]
last hours of the illustrious statesman exhibited1
more true greatness—more profound wisdom than!
all his life beside. Daniel Webster in the Sen
ate entrancing the listener by his eloquence or con
vincing by the power of his logic; Webster in
the Councils of the Nation, sustaining the Union
1 by his self-sacrificing efforts and allaying the storm
Kof sectional animosities by his sagacity and pru
I^dence; Webster in the zenith of his fame, crown
ed with laurels and the honored object of the world’s
admiration and applause, equalled not in true great
ness and wisdom. Daniel Webster at Marsh
field, in his chamber of death, bowed down under
an humble sense of unworthiness before the majesj
tv of Heaven, and calling on God to forgive his
sins through the merits of Jesus Christ. It is
worthy of note, that both of tho great men whose
loss the nation has been called upon to mourn with
in the last few months—Clay and Webster—
have testified on their dying beds to thepowerand
efficacy of the Christian religion.
We have not room fur further remarks : The
latest dispatch says:
“It is supposed that Mr. Crittenden, of Ken
tucky, will succeed Mr. Webster as Secretary of
“Boston, Baltimore, and all the principal cities,
are shrouded in mourning for the illustrious dead.
The bells have been tolling throughout the day.”
Pennsylvania ami Ohio.
The exultation of the Democrats over the re
sult of tho recent elections in these States, is like
ly to prove very short-lived. The Whigs of both
States are not at all dispirited, but look forward to
a great triumph on next Tuesday, when Scorr
and Pierce will be the rival candidates. Previ
ous to the late Pennsylvania election, the Hon.
Andrew Stewart, of that State, addressed a
Whig meeting at Wheeling, and while he assur
ed the audience that the State would go for Scott
by a decisive majority, he said at tho same time
that the Whigs would be beaten at the ensuing e
lcction. The result in Ohio, also, was anticipated.
We lately conversed with an intelligent gentle
man, formerly a citizen of this county but now of
Ohio, and he informed us that the Whigs had no
expectation whatever of carrying the State at the
last election, but that they calculate almost with
certainty on its going for Scott.
False Reports.
It seems to be a favorite game with Locofoco
I politicians to put into circulation just on the eve of
Presidential elections, all kinds of false reports to
the prejudice of the Whig candidates. In 1840,
two days before the election, a pretended corres
pondence between Gen. Harrison and certain Ab
olitionists was published: and in 1848, on the morn
ing of the election, the Richmond Enquirer pub
lished a letter from B. F. Hallet stating that
Gen. Taylor had declared lie “would not veto
tho Wilmot Proviso,” &c. They have begun
the same game rather earlier this time, but it
will no doubt be kept up to the end. We publish
in another column from the jVational Intelligencer
a denial of tho latest fabrication—others of the
same sort may be expected before the day of elec
tion. These things furnish conclusive evidence that
the party at the North are alarmed at their pros
pects in that quarter, and are looking to the South
tor succor.
The Bank Panic.
Since our last issue, information has been re
ceived of the suspension of the “Potomac Savings’
Bank” of Washington, another of the shinplaster
concerns. It promises ultimately to redeem all its
notes. They were selling at Richmond last week
at 25 n 50 per cent, discount. The rumor that
“The Southern Manufacturers’ Bank,” C. W.
Pi rcell, President, and the “United States
Bank”—Wm.N. Tinsley, President had bursted,
I is contradicted. Messrs. Pircell and Tinsley,
both of Richmond, possess ample means, and ad
vertise that they will give gold or Virginia money
for their notes. These gentleman together with
T. C. Woody, President of the Merchants’ Ex
change Bank, havo been indicted in the Richmond
[Circuit Court for issuing notes under five dollars.
Atteufiou lVIiig**!
A meeting of the Whigs of Staunton and vicin
ity will be held at the Court-house next Saturday
night at early candle light. A full turn out is
earnestly requested, as matters of interest and im
novtaaee will be attended to.
Central Railroad Company.
The annual meeting of the Stockholders of the
Central Railroad Company will be held in Rich
fmond on Friday next, the'29th instant. We have
[been requested to call the attention of all persons
in this region interested, to the fact.
{Vj-Wc are indebted to the Hon. John Letch
Ikr, tor a bound volume containing the address de
livefed in Congress, and the sermon of tho Rev
Mr. Butler, on the occasion of Mr. Clay’s
Scorr returned to Washington or
[Friday. He was received with great enthusiasn
at New York, Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Bal
timore, as well as other places oh his route.
I The Tariff.
Among the important issues which have been
thrown into the back ground in the Presidential
.canvass by the undue prominence.given to thesla
very question, is that of a tariff for the protection
of American industry. The Whigs have univer
sally advocated the policy of protection, without
[any very material discrepancy in their views, and
f t!io Democrats as a party haVc generally opposed
fit. There are some exceptions it is true in the ranks]
Luf the latter. Mr. James, the Democratic Senator]
[from Rhode Island even introduced a bill into the;
IScnate, during the late session of Congress, to in-j
[crease the duties on imports from 25 to 50 per]
'cent., with a view to protection ; and Senator
[Stockton,of New Jersey, another Democrat, is a
[zealous advocate of the cause. There has also]
[been some inconsistency between the practice and
[the professions of the party in regard to the ques
ttion; as for instance in the action of the last Dem
focratic Congress in reference to the Collins’ line
rof steamers, by which the principle was distinctly
recognised. But these are only exceptions and in
consistencies, and the friends of protection can hope
fur no*hing from “the Democracy.” |
The standing argument with the opponents of
protection is, that it proposes to tax the many
for the benefit of the few—that farmers and others
are to be oppressed that manufacturers may grow
rich. Nothing can be more incorrect—The inev
itable result of the system is to benefit all classes,
^ultimately, and farmers especially are interested
in having it firmly established. Every farmer
knows that it is to his interest to have the place
where he sells his produoej as near to him as pos
sible, for thus lie saves a large amount which he
[must pay for transportation. Free trade, however,
[operates so as to deprive the farmer of the home or
[near market and compel him to carry his produce
to a distant one. The direct effect of a tariff prop
erly arranged for protection, moreover, is to draw!
off from agriculture a part of the persons engaged!
(in that pursuit, (now many more than there ought
ito bc,J and give them employment in manufactur
ing and mining. These persons then become con
sumers—instead of producing for themselves, they
must buy from the neighboring farmers. And what
if the farmer lias to pay to such persons engaged
in manufacturing iron, a few cents more in the
pound for the article than lie now pays for English
iron ?—he will be getting a better price for what
he raises, and can abundantly afford to do it.
But although free trade promises a distant mar
ket, it does not furnish one. It breaks down the
home market without providing any other. Un
Ider our present tariff, the people of the United]
States obtain a large amount of the manufactures
they use, from England ; while not more than one.
per cent, of our agricultural produce finds a mar-i
ket in that country. The balance against us must
bo paid off in gold and silver, and thus it is that]
for the last year or two there lias been a constant
drain of the precious metals from this country.—
It is this drain of specie which causes the necessi
ty for a small note currency, the effects of which
our people are beginning to feel.
I Our foreign debt at this time is set down at;
$261,200,000, and the excess of imports over ex
ports for the year 1852 is estimated at $ 12,000,000,
which of course must go to swell the foregoing a
mount. Mow long this course of things can con
Ftinuc without involving our people in bankruptcy
we cannot tell. Every one knows, however, that
any individual who perseveres year after year in
buying more than he sells, or earns by his labor,
must in the end come to poverty and ruin. Just
so it is in the affairs of combined numbers of indi
I^viduals constituting communities or nations. A
protective tariff has always enabled us to sell more
than we buy, as in 1830 and 1846, while “free
trade,” the cherished scheme of English politi
cians, operates invariably the other way. “The
whole tendency of the policy of England is toward
the subjugation of the farmers and planters of the
world. She desires to buy cotton cheap and sell
cloth dear—to buy food cheap and sell iron dear;
and she accomplishes her object wherever she has
power, as is seen in the utter ruin of Ireland, In
dia, Turkey, the West Indies, and Portugal—the
favored lands of Manchester free trade.”
Another objection sometimes urged to a protec
teetive tariff is, that if it relieves the people from
the necessity of going to Old England for a mar
ket, it compels them to go to New England. This
objection is answered in a recent letter of Henry
C. Carey, of New Jersey, to a farmer of Ohio,
from which we have quoted above. Mr. C. says,
real and efficient protection tends to enable one to
convert his food into iron made in his own neigh
borhood. “It tends to enable people to raiso flax
and hemp, who now raise food; and everywhere
to make < t local market for food, and thus to re
lieve the farmer from the necessity of going to e -
ther Lowell or Manchester. The present state of
things tends to destroy all the small manufacturers
throughout the Union, and to render you more de
■pendent on New England and other of the Atlan
tic States. The system tends to make the rich
richer and the poor poorer. The rich man meets
the storm, but the poor one is crushed, and then
the rich man makes his profit.” So well is this
matter understood by large manufacturers, that
some of them, through a mistaken notion of policy,
are actually opposed to any change of the present
And now the people of the United States have
to choose between the two systems. FraNKLIN
Pierce stands as the advocate and exponent of
the one, and Winfield Scott as the advocate
and exponent of the other. Every vote cast will
either be for the protection of American industry or
tor the protection of English capitalists. The two
interests are hostile and irreconcilable. The sys
tem that will benefit us will injure England, and
the system that will benefit England will injure
us. No wonder then that British politicians feel
a deep interest in the result of the Presidential
contest. The press throughout the kingdom, is
out warmly for Pierce and Free trade. “We
prefer Pierce,” says the Liverpool 'Times, “not
because he is the better man—far otherwise, but
because he is the nominee of the party in the Union
who desire to push the principle rf Free 'Trade to
its utmost limits.”
Tlie Canvass in Pennsylvania.
To show in what way the canvass is conducted^
in Pennsylvania by the Democrats, the Richmond^
I Times copies from the Pennsylvanian, the leading!
organ of the party in that State, an article headedj
“Keep it before the People.” Among other things^
to be kept before them in reference to Mr. Gra
ham, the Whig candidate for Vice President, are
the following:
'That he voted and spoke against the tariff of
'That he is pledged in the South to free trade, and
in the North to rank abolitionism.
That he is in favor of direct taxation to supply
revenues to sustain the Lovci nment.
I Thus the attempt is made to excite prejudice
against Mr. Graham in Pennsylvania on the false
[charge that he ia an opponent of a protective tariff.
Nothing of this kind, however, excites surprise,
since the well known fraud of ^1844, when the
Pennsylvania Democrats were induced to believe
that Polk was a better tariff man than Gla^.
The Pennsylvanian also keep3 at the head of its
[editorial columns the alleged instruction of Gen
Scott to recruiting officers during the Mexican
war, directing thfcm not to enlist foreigners, al
though several week ago it was proved to be a base
I A Final Appeal.
Before another number of this paper shall have
been issued, the day of election will have past,
and the result of the groat political canvass in
which we are engaged will be decided. On
TUESDAY NEXT, the people of the United
States will cast their votes, the seventeenth time
irt the histoify of our Government,for a Chief Mag
Sistrate to serve during the term of four years. At
such a time no citizen should remain at home, but
every consideration of patriotism and of duty re
quires each one to come forward and say to which
of the candidates presented to his choice he will
^ntrust the welfare of our common country. The
issues involved in the contest are most important,!
if not vital, affecting as they do not only our pros
perity as a people, but even the very permanency
[of our institutions. In the language of the Whig1
Review, the contest “is a close, and we had al-j
most said a final, battle between die oppositp idea?
of Peace and War, and between the opposite theo
ries of Protection and Free Trade. It is preemi
nently a battle for principles, and whichever way
it shall be decided, the results will be most impor
tant and lasting. In the event of the success of
one party,our industrial interests will receive such
a share of beneficial protection as shall place thorn
for many years beyond the influenpe of rival man
ufactures, sustained by oppressed and unpaid
operatives, and stimulated by the commercial am
bition of an immense and haughty empire; and
while the internal communications of the country
shall receive the liberal attention of government,!
the spirit of foreign conquest will be repressed,and
an effectual bar interposed in the way of the ad
mission of such outside nations as cannot he receiv
ed into our Union without involving it in bloody
and expensive wars. And in case of the success
of the other party, the manufactures of other coun
tries will he allowed to rule and override our mar
kets ; our lakes and harbors will be forced to ap
peal to the generosity of individuals, or the con
flicting interests of separate States,for the improve
ments which their navigation constantly demands;
and the wild spirit of conquest, a bastard offspring
of Democratic institutions, will be allowed its full
and mischievous range, to involve US perhaps in
another sanguinary war with a southern sister Re
public, and to blot the waters of the southern seas
with the stains of piratical invasion and aggres-J
sive war.” These then are the results depending;
Ion this election.
When we consider the personal claims and qual
ifications of the two candidates,the judgment of all
unbiassed minds must be given in favor of the
I I Whig candidate. He. is a veteran long tried and'
well tried—his character as a man and a citizen is
above reproach—his fame extends throughout the
civilized world—lie has added to the glory and re
nown of his country more than any other man save
Washington—“lie is the most distinguished liv
ing son” of the Old Dominion, the mother cf he
roes and sages. The Democratic candidate is an
obscure citizen of a distant State, whose only re
[Commendation is that he is unknown—one who
'has done no service to his country and has not even]
'achieved a name and fame fur hirnself. These1
!'are the men between whom wo have to choose.
And now people of Virginia, fur which of these
two shall your votes be given ? Whigs of Augus-j
|ta ! wo appeal to you especially to speak out on
■Tuesday next. It is not enough that those who;
read these lines should go to the polls themselves,
(and vote, but let each one sec to it that even/ Whig
in his neighborhood voter, also. Thus we may aid ^
in reclaiming this old Common wealth from the
!thraldom of Locofocoism. The work is not im-j
practicable—there is a good prospect of success
hut whether success or defeat awaits us—let us^
try. Every honest elfort in a good cause has its
Can’t Conic it!
North Carolina has been trying to beat Virginia
in the apple line. The Weekly Post, published
at Raleigh, did tell of one that heat Mr. Long’s.
and was crowing lustily over the victory, when
wo published the weight and dimensions of one
furnished by Capt. Callison which again threw
North Carolina in the shade. We yield to the old
North State in the production of tar and turpen
I line, but in nothing else. If Rip Van Winkle ex
pects to head the Old Dominion he will have to
wake up, rub his eyes and heel it with a ven
geance I
Election Ticket*.
A ticket should be in the hands of every Whig
voter sumo days before the election. No time i9
now to be lost, and those who have no tickets at
present should be supplied forthwith. We find
that it is not universally known that the law re
quires eachvoterto hand in a ticket xcilh his name
written on the back. Some persons moreover are
not informed as to the day. Remember, and circxi
bitc the information, that the election is on NEXT
Liitell’s Living Age.—Contents of No. 441,
for October 30th. Mary Queen ofScotts, The Pos
thumous Portiait, A Glimpse of Mauritius, The
Arctic Robinson, Pracd’s Poems, Changes in the
Course of Trade, The United Statesandthe Fish
eries, Snow Storm in Sahara, Poetry, Short Arti
cles. The work is chiefly made up of selections
from the leading British publications. Published
weekly in Boston, by E. Littell &. Co., at 12?
cents a number or $6 a year.
A discussion came off at the Court-house on
Wednesday night last between JohnH. McCue,
Esq., and Col. Wm. H. Harman. The discus
sion was condacted with great courtesy. The
Whig party of August* are under many obliga
tions to Mr. McCue who has labored with great
zeal and ability in their cause, throughout the can
Religions Revival.
An extensive revival of religion has been in prog
ress in the Methodist Episcopal Church of this
■place, for four or five weeks past. One hundred
and twenty prrsons have professed conversion, of
whom a hundred and twelve have united with the
Church. The meetings are still kept up.
{(CJ- John Williams, the negro man convicted
of aiding and abetting in the murder of the Win
ston family, was hung at Richmond on Friday
last. The negro girl Lucy, sentenced to be hung
on the same day for the murder of her infant child
was respited by the Governor till the 12th ot No
J j)r>- Attention is invited to the advertisement of
■the Lynchburg Hose and Fire Insurance tompa
■ny. Wre are satisfied from an examination of their
& Report that it is a perfectly responsible institution.
■John H. McCue, Esq., is the agent for this place.
1 The “Secret Circular.”
I The “Secret Circular” to which the Vindicator
galluded last week, may bo found on our fourth
■page. We hope every body will read it.
2j (jej- The Chevalier Hulscmann, a letter frorr
■Vienna states,is not to return to the United States
■ having been provided with an office in the Minis
■ try of°Foreigrt Affairs in the Austrian capital.
m fcjr Mrs. Norton, tried and convicted in Mar
Jqueite County, Wisconsin, for whipping a child ti
■death, has been sentenced to the State prison h>
■ ten years.
I Courage, Wliigs!
If our Comrumander-in-Chief had paused aftei
the first skirmishes with the Mexicans before Con
treras.and partaken of the discouragement of some
of the lawyer generals under him, the subsequent
history of the war would have been bill a page of
If the heroic Taylor had quailed 1 afore the mur
derous onset of the Mexican cavalry at Buena \ is
ta, his career would have ended there,and his sun
would have gone down in comparative obscurity.
If the Hero of Tippecanoe had never rallied af
ter the first fire from the Indians on that sanguin
ary field, his stars would have paled into darkness
and set behind a thick cloud.
How many great battles have been fought and
won that were preceded by some disasters!—
There is a tide in every contest, and it often turns
while yet it flows. It will lie so now.
i Thousands of Whigs in Pennsylvania and Ohio
who love Winfield Scott with a devotion which
death only can conquer, unwisely absented them
selves from the polls at the late elections, and we
were beaten. They will rally by tens of thou
sands under his banner on the second of Novem-,
her, and pour their steady streams of votes into
the ballot boxes until victory is more than certain.
“Who lags for dread of a defeat,
And from his weapons would retreat,
Commits a folly and a crime:
A soulless slave—
A paltry knave—
A clog upon the wheels of time.”
Winfield Scott is to-day, was yesterday, will
be to-morrow,thousands of votes stronger in every
State of this Union than a party organization-.—
|The old men and the young men and children love
him for his devotion and his great achievements.
Gratitude may be obliterated from the human
heart by the love of office and the thirst for dis
tinction; hut among the masses who are indepen
dent, and live upon their own resources, there is a
[grateful feeling which rto party requirements,how
lever strongly enforced, can obliterate.
| The man who says General Scott cannot be e
llncted knows that he slanders the people of thisj
|country and does violence to truth. j
The Democrats said, with equal assurance, that
William Henry Harrison could not be elected ;
yet he swept down the dense columns of Lo
cofocos like an avalanche,and went into the White
House by an overwhelming majority.
They said General Taylor would not carry four
States, and their most liberal allowance was six—
yet he was triumphantly chosen.
And so will it be with Scott. If every Whig
does his duty, victory is as certain as the setting•;
|of the 2d of November’s sun.—Washington Rc
8 public.
Keep it bcldre tile People*
1 That Franklin Pierce refused to answer the let
Iter addressed to him, prior to his nomination, by]
gMajor Scott, of Richmond,asking his opinion upon^
Bthe Compromise Measures; and that by this refu-j
rsal to answer(by the same mode of argument used;
iagainst Gen. Scott) the 6aid Franklin Pierce has;
■proved that he is opposed to the Compromise ■
| That Franklin Pierce is zealously sup|>ortcd by
BMartin Van Buren, David Wilmot, Ifallett and
omany other leading abolitionists ; and that there-!
sfore (by the Same mode of argument used against
|Gcn. >cott) the said Franklin Pierce is proved
Stu be an abolitionist.
aj That Franklin Pierce is proved by the oaths i
aof nineteen witnesses to have made a speech an
jjNew Boston in the month of January last,in which
She said he “loathed the Fugitive Slave Law!”—'
Band that the oath of not one witness has been yet
^produced to contradict the evidence of said nine
I teen sworn witnesses.
That the man who loathes a law is the worst(
possible agent to select for enforcing its vigorous
and efficient execution.
That Franklin Pierce offered a resolution before
the Democratic State Convention of New Hamp
Sshirc, in the year 1846, in which he declared his
£ o;>posit;o:i to a Tariff for the protection of American
That Franklin Pierce’s election is warmly ad
vocated by the London Times and other leading
English papers, upon the sole ground that his e
loction will benefit British manufacturers by inju
ring the manufacturers and mechanics of the Unit
ed States.
That Franklin Pierce, while in Congres* voted
against every hill passed for the improvement of
Rivers and Harbors,—and that.should he be elect
ed, no appropriation can be obtained during his ad
ministration for the improvement of the Harbors ot
From Europe.—The steamer F.uropa from
Liverpool arrived at New York on the '21st.
Flour and Wheat were in good request at steady
and better prices. Baltimore and Ohio 21s 6d a
22s. White and Yellow Corn 29s 6d a 30s.—
The last expedition sent out in search of Sir John
Franklin has returned without any tidings. Ad
vices from the Cape of Good Mope to August 20th
state that skirmishes continued without any deci
sive result.
The French Senate had been summoned to as
semble on important business on the day of Napo
leon’s return to Paris. It was supposed that a
movement was contemplated in behalf of the Em
pire. Fresh political arrests were making. In
creased activity prevailed in the French Navy
The Austrian army had been increased. Jenny
Lind designs residing in Dresden. During a re
ligious festival at Kolma,in Gallicia, some thieves
set fire to a Jewish synagogue for the purpose of
plunder, and in the confusion 36 ladies, several of
whom were of high rank, were crushed to death.
Thu Sultan of Turkey was dangerously ill.—
An attempt had been made to assassinate the Shah
of Persia, in which he received two wounds.—
Two of the assassins were cut to pieces by the
guards, and two of them captured alive.
An Incident in Mexico.—The following in*
cident told by Gov. Letcher,is too good to be Ins*.
We copy from the Carrollton (Ky.) Mirror, an in
dependent paper:
Having some business in the supreme couTt of
Mexico, I went one morning to the court-room. I
was received as the American Minister and was
invited to take a seat Upon the bench with the
court, which was composed of eight judges.
The chief justice was a man of Wit,and tile fol
lowing passed between us:
C. J.—“This is a very fine room.”
Gov.—“Y’cry, indeed.''’ [And truly it was.]
C. J.—“Well adapted for a court-room.”
Gov.—“Yes, very wisely arranged.”
C. J.—“Yes, and this room has some distinct
Gov.—“Ah ! In what respect ?”
C. J.—“Why, sir. this is the room in which
Gen. Scott was tried.”
Gov.—“Gen. Scott tried in this room!”
C. J.—“Yes, sir, Gen. Scott was tried in this
Gjv.—“YY’hy, what for?”
C. J.—‘v?/i, that is what wc Mexicans have
never been able to find out!”
A Little Cloud.—YYre give the following as
we find it in a western contemporary. The cir
cumstance, if true as stated, is not without signifi
cance at the present moment:
What Does it Mean ?—YY'e learn, upon good
authority, that General Cass on YVcdnesday gave
a dinner to some of his political friends, but that,
for some unexplained cause, lie neglected to send
an invitation to Senator Douglas. \Yrhat docs it
mean ? YVe also learn that during bis speech in
the afternoon he referred so frequently to the
I-barge of “Old Fogyism”which Douglas had pre
ferred against him, that the “Young Giant,” who
was sitting by his side, left the stand with signs
if marked displeasure. The little evidences of ill
feeling and jealousy amongst our opponents are
ire much to be regretted, if really not distressing.
—Detroit 'rimes.
Changed His Party.—Albert C. Newton, ol
New Castle county, who was a member of tht
last Legislature,has written a letter,says the Blur
Hen’s Chicken,to John YV. Coburn, of YY Mining
ton, Del., renouncing his allegiance to the Demo
critic party. He declares his determination to Votr
for Gen. Scott. He also declares that he is in fa
vor of the tariff and compromise measures, of im
provement of rivers and harbors by the genera
r&Governmcnt, and in favor of the division ot thi
k proceeds of the public lands amongst the States.
I I | Arrival of flic Crescent city.
Refusal to Allow the Crescent City to
Land.—JVew } ork,Oct. 19.—The steamer Cres
cent City arrived at her dock here between nine
and ten o’clock this morning. She left New Or
leans on 11th inst., and arrived off Havana on the
14th inst., at day-light.
At about sunrise the Captain of the Port of Ha
vana came on board and refused to permit Captain
Porter to communicate with the city.
As the Crescent City entered the harbor of
Havana at a very early hour in the morning.those
ori board suppose that she was not seen until well
inside, otherwise she would probably have been
molested at Sea.
About sunrise the Captain of the port came along
side, and asked, in a pereratory manner, if the ob-j
noxious Mr. Smith was still 0n board. He was
told that he was. He then informed Mr. Porter,!
Captain of the Crescent City, that, inasmuch as
his ship was in port, no steps would be taken to
turn him out, but no communication could be al-l
lowed with the shore or in any way from shore.—j
Captain Porter said he desired to present his pro
test to the Consul, on which the Captain of the
port politely offered to get further orders from the
Captain General. In the meantime, however, he
stated to Capt. Porter that his vessel might remain!
in port as long as suited his purposes, and that he]
might go to sea when he pleased, as they (thej
Cuban authorities) acknowledged no control over,
her—but communicate with the shore She should
not. Such were the Captain GeriCraPs ofdfers;
and, by way of enforcing them, guard boats were
placed on all sides of the steamer, filled with po
lice. These poor fallows did not much relish their
position, as the sun was burning hot.
The gong of the Crescent City soon sounded for
breakfast, to which all the Spanish officers were
politely invited.
Mr. Marales, an American merchant) was al
lowed to come aboard, accompanied by a police of
ficer, to compromise the matter. Capt. Porter re
fused to negotiate with him or any one but the A
merican Consul. No communication with the
consul was at first allowed, but finally thd acting
consul, Mr. Moreland, was permitted to come
alongside, to whom Capt. Porter handed his pro
test, arid soori after went to sea without landing
either passengers or mails. In passing Moro Cas
tle he noisted the American flag, and fired a sa
The New York papers represent the city as
having been in a state of great excitement on the
arrival of Capt. Porter at that port. An immense
crowd congregated on Tuesday night at the dock,
foot of Warren street, and shouted all the way as
they went for ‘•Cuba,” “Pofter” and “Smith.”—
The EkpresS, immediately on the arrival of the
Crdsceflt City,issued art extra containing the news,
arid that paper says the avidity to get hold of it ex-j
ceeded ally tbirig that had been seen since the
days of the Mexican war.
Later erom Salt Lake, &.c.—St. Louis,
R Oct. 20.—Late advices from Utah state that trade
gat the Salt Lake city is very animated, and that
Ithe emigrants generally are arriving in good health.
|The crops have been abundant,and there is a large
■surplus on hand.
I Governor Young’s administration gives satisfac
tion. Local politics were quiet.
B Vast numbers of Indians were collected about
?at Fort Bridges.
| The Mormons are building a dorse city at Salt
?Lake, arid the immdrise Tabernacle ha3 been fin
ished; The Salt Lake vailey settlements are ex
itending in every direction.
& Ohio Erect.—The Cihdinnati Gazette says:
4 “We think it now settled—a fixed fact—that
ithe twenty-three votes of Ohio will be given to
POcneral Scqtt. Ills strength is greater in the
gStatc—much greater—thaii th.1t of oilr State tick
set at the late election. All who voted the Whig
jticket at our general election will vote for Scott e
Slectors, arid marly that voted against us at the re
Icent election will vote with us for Scott and Gra
|ham. Our friends in Ohio know, and our friends
Lelsewhere may rest assured that Ohio is for Scott
[and Graham,"for the Union, for internal improve
ments, for protection to our own labor, for peace,
and the prosperity and happiness of the people.”
Exciting Rumors from Havana.—Ac to
Orleans, Oct. 21.—The steamer Empire City has
arrived, with Havana dates of the 18th instant.—
She repotts that a passengerof the brig Millauden,
from New Orleans, had been arrested and confin
ed for having a copy of the Picayune in bis pos
session. The passengers of the Crescent City,
who had arrived iri the Black Warrior; had also
been arrested and examined, relative to proceed
ings on board the former vessel.and afterwards re
leased. One of the most influential citizens of
Havana had been imprisoned for having a copy of
the Delta in his possession.
Otj- A despatch from Washington on the 22nd
says: President Fillmore has written a letter call
ing on his friends to the support of Scott, and to
send Whigs to Congress to support Scott’s Admin
istration ; also, expressing confidence in his suc
Private letters to-day f»m Ohio and Pennsyl
vania give the most encouraging accounts of the
progress of the canvass.
Snow at the North.—The snow was an inch
deep at Dahville, Vt., on Saturday morning. The
mountains around Quebec Were covered with snow
on Friday. The Concord, N. H., Patriot of Fri
day evening Bays:
“We learn that si* inches of snow fell at Nash
ua on Friday morning. The first up train of cars
were Completely covered when they arrived It)
Concord, though rto Snow fell here.”
Qcj- The aggregate wealth of the United Stales
amounts to $12,000,000,000, and the population is
24.000,000 of SoUle. The wealth divided by the
population gives $500 to each pereod, yoUng and
(ltd; and counting five persons to each family, it
would give the handsome little fortune of $2,500
to every family of the Republic, not excluding the
OCJ* There are rio\v aboiit 3r9 students at the
University of Va. Dr. Smith, the recently ap
pointed Professor of Chemistry, has arrived, and
entered upon the discharge of hia duties.
Qry- Kossuth’s sister* Madstnc Zsulavski, has
opened a boarding house in New York*
For the Spectator.
MidUlebrook, Oct. 21st, 1852.
Mean's. EditorsIn linking over the colums
of the last Week’s Vindicator. I find myself placed
on the Democratic Vigilance Committee of this
precinct. In order to set inyself right,I would here
state that I am now, what I have always been, a
sterling Whig, and as such, cannot consistently
support Pierce &. King directly or indirectly', but
shall if permitted to vote on the day of election,
support the old hero of Chippewa and Lundy’s
Lane. My Democratic friends will please erase
my name from the list of Vigilant Locos as I am
fcr Scot, and O^S'^TfowERS.
Ke'itfiou* Notice.
The pastor of Augusta Church hereby informs
that Congregation that public worship may be ex
the market prices.
Corrected weekly for the Spectator by T. C. Burwell.
„ Si.iifin S3 75 I Bacon, Hog Round, 12c
u-^at S bushel 75c | Butter, Fresh, 12c
Rvb per bushel, 50c 1 Cohn, per bushel, 62c
Oats, per bushel, 33c | Wool, per pound, 30c
Corrected weekly from the Republican.
Id . I)er lb, wagon price 00 a 12,store priceOO a 12
Flour’ per bbl, wagon 3 9.) « 3 95, store 4 00 a 4 25
Grain—Wheat, wagon price, 76 a 80, Oats 28 a 31
so a 45, Rye b0 *t 65.
Sa^lt—Ground Alum 1 75 a 1 87, Fine 2 50 a 00
JplaTstcu, pe^ton, 5a 5 00_
3 Corrected weekly from the Times.
*o,rnv Smithficld cured 12 a 12, Baltimore 11 a 11
Hutter’ per pound, firkin 19 a 24, fresh roll 25 a 00
.CoKKEE-Old Java 11. a 12, Green Lap.ayra 9 a 10
r,- n _ in titnnilla 12 a 13. Lane 8 a 9
Corn 60 <
, Patagonian 30 a 3!
Plaisteb, lump, per ton, 4 25
i Sugars—New Orleans 5o6 , Porto Rico 5<*7,StCroi:
7 ii 7, Relined Loaf 9 a 00, Crushed 8 a 9
5 Salt, American, per sack, 1 37al 50, Liverpool 1 40ol 5
^Teas—Imperial & Gunpowder 65 a 1 25, Black 25al 4
IR. R. R. In England.
Her Majesty cured of Sick Headache in 10 minutes!
Rad way's Ready Relief, is performing wonders
n England, by curing the nobility of the Gout,
Neuralgia, Dyspepsia, and the masses of Rheu
matic and other complaints, almost as soon as it is
applied. Such is the reputation which this quick
i and powerful remedy has attained, that her Majes
ty’8 Court Physician, Sir James Clark, recom
F mended her Majesty to use it on one occasion when
f her Majesty had a very severe attack of Sick or
Nervous Headache.
“So many wonders, your Majesty, have our A
merican neighbors produced, that if it may please
your Majesty to try this Ready Relief, which ev
ery body extols so highly, I think your Majesty
will derive speedy relief."
Her Majesty condescended to have the relief
applied, and in less than Jen minutes she was free
I from pain and the Royal House of England, to the
rouick efficacy of Radway’s Ready Relief, was in
debted for so speedy a recovery.
Radway’s Ready Relief is now not only the
most popular remedy in England, but is the only
secret medicine admitted in the royal household,
i R. R. R. is sold by T. P. Eskridge. Price
50 and 25 cents.
October 13, 1852.—lm.
I On the 3d inst., by the Rev. J. Reubush, Mr. Wm.
CF. Donahue, to Miss Eveline F., daughter of Jacob
[Showalter, dcc’d., all of Augusta co.
On the 7th inst., by the same, Mr. Silas Reubush,
to Miss Susan J. Hogshead, all of Augusta county.
In Pocahontas county, on the 6th of Oct. 06BEBT
Milleb, infant son of Robert G. and Caroline Miller,
‘aged 6 months and fifteen days.
] Oct. i,in Washington city, Annie Neale, infant
! daughter of Rev. J. W. and Mary C. Hedges, aged 2
'months and 4 days.
| Of Scarlet Fever, near Tinkling Spring, on the 26th
'of June last, Jacob Stover, aged 6 weeks and 5 day*
jj—on the 7th Oct., Mary Green, aged 3 years, 7
'months and 27 days—and on the 10th Oct. James Hen
|nv, aged 2 years, 4 months] and 24 days, children of
[Michael and Lucy Powell.
If they do, a single call will convincb
Bare & Sterret’s
Ms the place, and they are the men to make Gen
ktlemen’s fine Clothing—a large and beautiful stock
eof material which they have just received and
[opened. They deem it unnecessary to enumerate;
(but will just state that their stock is full and com
plete; embracing
of every variety of style, quality and color, all of
which they are ready,willing and waiting to make
to order, after the most approved style, and oil
terms that cannot fail to please. They are also
in receipt of a fine lot of furnishing goods, snch as
Shirt Collars, Shirts, and Cravats, Gloves, Silk
tand Liiten Pocket Handkerchiefs; 8tc.- To their
■friends who have so generously sustained them,
■they return their sincere thanks, and invite them
[and all who wish to purchase really superior goods
fat fair prices to give them a call,at their old stand; ^
Virginia Hotel buildings.
Staunton, October 27, 1852.
'jjOB’T COWAN, has just received the fol
lowing new books: Stansbury’s Expedition
to the Great Salt Lake; Evenings at Donalsort
Manor; Outlines of Moral Science, by A. Alex
ander, D. D; Manual of Elocution and Oratory ;
Personal Adventures of “Our own Correspondent’*
in Italy, by M. Burke Honan ; New Themes for
the Protestant Clergy,also A Review of the same;
Autobiography of a New Churchman; Northwood,
or Life North and South, Mfs. S. J. Hale ; Ber
tini’s Piano Instructor; Mann and Chase’s Arith
metics; Also a fine assortment of Hickory Cancsj
Staunton, Oct. 27,1852.
Tend lie.
A S Trustee of J. H. Burdett, I will sell at pub
lie auction,in Staunton, on Wednesday the 3d
day of November next a Two-horse Carriage and
Harness, new and unused, with seats for six per
sons ; also two setts of Stage-harness. •
I will sell privately, three TOWN LOTS in
Mt. Sidney, designated as Lots No 4. No 5 and
No G, in the plot of said town. These Lots aro
unimproved but in good localities for build ing.
Oct. 27, 1852.—tds.
Attention, Whigs and Democrats.'
I HAVE just received a most extensive assort
* ment of FIRE crackers, such as Sky Rockets;
from 1G down to 1 ounce ; Roman Candles, from
16 down to 1 ball, Spit Devils, Pin Wheels, Tor
Eedocs, Crackers, and many other articles of the
ind which have been brought on to celebrate the
[political triumph the 2d of next month. Whigs
land Democrats are therefore notified that the ma
terial to make a big noise and a showy displav, are
to be had at S. M. YOST’S. *
Staunton, Oct. 27, 1852.
No. 330 Baltimore Street, Second door we* t of Howard,
opposite Globe Hotel,
January 21, 1952.—ly.
/l^HE subscriber has just received a large addi
j tiun to his stock, making it very general and
1 Complete,containing a general assortment tf house
keeping articles, mechanics tools and materials,
farmers and house-builders goods, &c., of all qual
ities at low prices. All in want are invited to
call and examine. G. E. PRICE.
Staunton, Oe't. 27; 1852.
Lynchburg ifose and Fire liisnranceConlpanfT
John R. McDaniel, President;
Don. T. C. PeTers, Vice Pfdsidferit. I:
ALL who may desire to have their property in
sured against fire—H)r have insurance on their
lives or those of their slaves will apply to the un
dersigned. J. H. McCtJE,
Oct. 27, 1852.—tf. Agent at Statmton.
Flannels,Liriseys, &.c.-Scotch,siik waTp,
White, Red and Yellow Flannels, White
and Brown Canton Flannels, Sack Flannels, all
wool, Plaid and Plain Linseys, all prices, for sale
Staunton, Oct. 27, 1852. Opposite P. 0.
Andirons, Fenders, &c
JUST received a fine stock of Brass, Brasaknobr
and Cast Andirons, Brass, Wire, Iron and
Nursery Fenders, Polished Steel, Brass, Iron and
Kitchen Shovel and Tongs, Jumb Hooks, &c.,foY
sale low. G. E. PRICE,
Staunton, Oct. 27, 1852.
¥ ONG and Square Plaid Shawls; Ctlshenr
Shawls, fancy colors; Printed do; Worked
do ; do. fancy and black .common Long and Square
IDlaid > haw Is; Merino Vests for Ladies, received
id fot sale at
Staunton, Oct. 27, 1852. Opposite P. 0
'RPETING, Hugs, Oil Cloths, Trunks, Car
*-' pet Bigs, Tubs and Buckets.
Staunton, Oct. 27, 1852. Opposite P. O.
Piano for Sale.
[T is a good second hand instrument and will lie
* sold low, and on a reasonable credit, to an early
pplicant. Enquire at Spectator Office.
Staunton, Oct. 13, 1852.—tf.
Writing Desks an* Toys.
4 HANDSOME lot of Writing Desks,and all
hinds of Toys of entirely new figures, have
ust been received at S. M. \ OS I’S.
Staunton, Oct. 1852.
rbR. FF.KMSTER has returned to Staunton*
mJ and resumed the practice of his profession.
October 27. 1852.
TEST received a supply of Fresh Oranges, at.
J Oct. 27, 18-52. 8. M. YOST’S.

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