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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, February 27, 1866, Image 2

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at Washington, are to be located in ever*.* coun
ty and parish throughout the United States con
taining freedmen and refugees ? Such a system
would inevitably tend to a concentration of pow
er in the Executive which-Would enable him, if
so disposed, to control the action of this numer
ous class, and use them for the attainment of
his own political ends.
I cannot but add another very grave objec
tion to this bill. The Constitution imperativeh
declares, in connection with taxation, that eacl
State shall have at least one representative
and fixes the rule for the number to which, in
future times, each State shall be entitled. It
also provides that the Senate of the United
States shall be composed of two Senators from
each State, and adds, with peculiar force, that
no State, without its consent, shall be deprived
of its equal suffrage in the Senate. The origi
nal act was necessarily passed in the absence of
the States chiefly to be affected, because their
people were contumaciously engaged in the re
bellion. Noav, the case is changed, and some,
at least, of those States are attending Congress
by loyal Representatives, solicitins* the allow
ance of the constitutional right ot representa
tion. At the time, however, of the considera
tion and the passing of this bill, there wa3 no
Senator or RepresentatiA r e in Congress from the I
eleven States which are to be mainly affected
by its provisions. The very fact that reports
were and are made against the good disposition
of the people of that portion of the country is
an additional reason why they need and should
have representatives of their own in Congress
to explain their condition, reply to accusations,
and assist, by their local knowledge, in the per
fecting of measures immediately affecting them
selves. While the liberty of deliberation would
then be free, and Congress would have full
power to decide according to its judgment, there
could be no objection urged that the States most
interested had not been permitted to be heard, j
The principle is firmly fixed in the minds of i
the American people, that there should be no j
taxation without representation. Great bur
dens have now to be borne by all the country,
and we piey best demand that they shall be
borne without murmur when they are voted by
a majority ofthe representatives ofthe people.
I would not interfere with the unquestionable
right of Congress to judge, each House for it
self, 'ofthe elections, returns, and qualifica
tions of its own members.'' But that authority
cannot be construed as including the right to j
tshut out, in time of peace, any State from the I
representation to which it is entitled by the Con
stitution. At present, all the people of eleven
States are excluded—those who were most faith
ful during the war not less than the others. —
The State of Tennessee, for instance, whose au
thorities engaged in rebellion, was restored to
all her Constitutional relations to the Union by
the patriotism and energy of her injured and
betrayed people. Before the war was brought
to a termination they had placed themselves in I
relations with the General Government, had es- I
tablished a State government of their own, and, |
as they were not included in the Emancipation !
proclamation, they, by their own act, had amend-1
ed their Constitution so as to abolish slavery !
within the limits of their State. I know no j
reason why the State of Tennessee, for example, I
should not fully enjoy "all her Constitutional j
relations to the United States."
The President of the United States stands to
wards the country in a somewhat different at
titude from that of any member of Congress.—
Each member of Congress is chosen from a sin
gle district or State ; the President is chosen by ;
the people of all the State--. As eleven States j
are not at this time represented in either branch !
of Congress, it would seem to be his duty on all |
proper occasions to present their just claims to I
Congress. There always will be differences of i
opinion in the community, and individuals may i
be guilty of transgressions ofthe law; but these
do not constitute valid objections against the
rightofa State to representation. I would in
no wise interfere with the discretion of Congress
with regard to the qualifications of members,
but I hold it my duty to recommend to you, in
the interests of peace and in the interests of
Union, the admission of every State to its share
in public legislation, when, however insubordi
nate, insurgent, or rebellious its people may
have been, it presents itself not only in an atti
tude of loyalty and harmony, but in the persons
of representatives, whose loyalty cannot be ques
tioned under any existing Constitutional or le
gal test.
It is plain that an indefinite or permanent ex
clusion of any part of the country from repre
sentation must be attended by a spirit of dis
quiet and complaint. It is unwise and danger
ous to pursue a course of measures, which will
unite a very large section of the country against
another large section of the country, however
much the latter may preponderate. The course
of emigration, the developments of industry and j
business, and natural causes, will raise up at
the South men as devoted to the Union as those
of any other part of the land. But if they are
all excluded from Congress—if, in a permanent
statute, they are declared to be not in full con
stitutional relations to the country, they may
think they have cause to become a unit in feel
ing and sentiment against the Government. — j
Under the political education of the American j
people, the idea is inherent and eradicable that j
the consent of the majority of the whole people
is necessary to secure a willing acquiescence in
xhe bill under consideration refers to certain
of the States as though they had not "been ful
ly restored in all their constitutional relations to
the United States." If they have not, let us
at once act together to secure that desirable end
at the earliest possible moment. It is hardly
necessary for me to inform Congress that in my
own judgment, most of those States, so far at
least as depends upon their own action, have
already been fully restored, and are to be '
deemed as entitled to enjoy their constitutional
rights as members of the Union. Reasoning
from the Constitution itself, and from the ac
tual situation of the country, I feel not only en
titled, but bound to assume that with the Fed
eral Courts restored, and those of the several j
States in the full exercise of their functions, the j
rights and interests of all classes of the people I
will, with the aid ofthe military in cases of re- !
distance to the law, be essentially protected
against unconstitutional infringement and vio
Should this expectation unhappily fail, which
I do not anticipate, then the Executive is al
ready fully armed with the powers conferred by :
the act of March, 1865, establishing the Freed- j
men's Bureau, and hereafter, as heretofore, he
can employ the land and naA*al forces of the j
country to suppress insurrection to overcome
obstructions to the laws.
In accordance with the Constitution, I return
the bill to the Senate, in the earnest hope that
a measure involving questions and interests so
important to the country will not become a law
unless, upon deliberate consideration by the
people, it 6hall receive the sanction of an en
lightened public judgment.
Andrew Johnson.
Washington, February 19, 1566.
Items from the Rockingham Register.
The Rockingham Register says that there is
a vein of semi-bituminous coal eight feet thick
and running through a very extensive section,
some fifteen miles from Harrisonburg.
A mad dog of the terrier species has been bi
ting the people of Harrisonburg.
John Swope, near Rushville, about six miles
from Harrisonburg, died last Friday from terri
ble injuries received from a log falling on him
and crushing him.
The claim for one hundred and seventy-five
dollars, for damages done the Lutheran Church
in Harrisonburg by the United States soldiers
stationed there, has been recognized by the Sec
retary of War, and ordered to be paid by the
Secretary ofthe Treasury.
Mr. Gabriel Hite, of Augusta county, ha
been so fortunate as to strike a stream of oil at
Burning Springs, Wirt county, which promises
a lucrative return. Mr. Hite rwirfca-H the lot
tor l-WO hr-fore the war.
Jitaimtmt J&jratator.
Tuesday, February 27, 1866.
Capt. Jos. M. Stevens is authorized to
nake contracts and receipt for advertisements for
he "Spectator."
7B&r- Mr. J. Frank Davis is authorized to re
ceive subscriptions for the "Spectator."
To Business Men and Advertisers.
The "Spectator" furnishes one of the best me
diums for advertisers in the State. It is one of
the oldest papers in the State, having been estab
lished near a century, and been published for 42
years under its present title, and, in consequence
of its locality and large list of substantial patrons,
has been justly recognized by business men as
the Best Medium, in the interior of this State,
for advertising.
The President's Veto Message.
We devote a considerable portion ofthe space
of this issue to the publication of the message
j of President Johnson vetoing the bill extending
the powers of the Freedmen's Bureau. This
able, patriot-, and opportune document marks
an epoch in the history of this country. It
draws the line plainly which separates the true
Union men and friends of the GoA'crnmcnt from
the Radical disunionists and enemies of the
Government as it was designed to be by its im
mortal framers. We deem anything like a
detailed comment altogether unnecessary, as we
suppose every one of our readers will give the
message itself a careful and thoughtful perusal.
The President, with the heroism of St. George,
has inflicted, as we hope and belieA*e, a fatal
Woav to the fiery dragon of disunion Radicalism.
It is no wonder that the leader ofthe Radicals
in Congress—Thad. Stevens—exclaimed that
"an earthquake was around us," and that
he "trembled," like Belshazzar, and for a simi
lar reason, for he saAV the ominous hand-writing
on the wall which betokened the doom of him
self and co-laborers in disunionism. Since the
publication of the President's A*eto message, in
the language ofthe New York Neics, "the peo
ple breathe more freely. The cloud that hover
ed OA*er the Republic has broken, and, although
the storm is not yet over, there is light on the
horizon and the promise of rest and safety. It
is not merely that an unjust, unnecessary and
unconstitutional bill has been vetoed, it is not
merely that the re\-olutionists in Congress have
been rebuked, and one of their schemes frus
trated, but, better than that, the President has
flung defiance in the faces ofthe Radicals, and
the republicanism of our country is sure of a
champion, in the person of its Chief Magistrate,
against the ambition and fanaticism ofthe arro
gant faction, whose intrigues and reckless legis
lation threatened the very life essence of our po
litical system.
The long-wished for hour has come that ele
vates Mr. Johnson into the glorious position of
defender of the Constitution. The Radicals
may rail, and plot, and fling their firebrands in
to the Congressional arena. Stevens may vent
his rage and Sumner declaim in the polished
rhetoric of abuse, but the spell is broken, the
meshes have been rent asunder, the voice of
authority has been heard in terms that cannot
be-mistaken, and the people are ready to re
spond with an earnestness that will endure no
opposition. The masses haA*e waited but for
the signal from the leader, in whose hands
dwells the power to baffle the disunion conspi
rators. They have not waited in vain. Andrew
Johnson has thrown down the battle gage and
let the Radicals take it up if they dare —the
days of their power are numbered.
Mr. Johnson has approved himself the man
of men for the emergency. He has laid the
corner stone of a temple of fame for himself,
upon which history shall inscribe his name in
eternal characters. At last, the people know
that there is a President of the United States,
of the South as well as of the North. The
bridge of fraternity and concord has been re
built between the sections and the bond of re
union has been sealed. There is no longer room
for doubt or suspense. The language of the
message is clear and explicit. The Southern
States are to have representation in Congress.
Mr. Johnson has met the issue without equivo
cation. He has said:
"The Constitution imperatiA'ely declares in
connection with taxation that each State shall
have at least one representative, and fixes the
rule for the number to which in future times
each State shall be entitled. It also provides
that the Senate of the United States shall be
composed of two Senators from each State, and
adds with peculiar force that no State without
its consent shall be deprived of its equal suffrage
in the Senate. I would not interfere with the
unquestionable right of Congress to judge, each
House for itself, of the elections, returns and
qualifications of its own members. But that
authority cannot be construed as including the
right to shut out, in time of any State
from the representation to which it is entitled by
the Co)istitution."
The purport of this language cannot be mis
understood. It noAv only remains for the Presi
dent to enforce the law, and to compel obedience
to the Constitution. In the fulfilment of that
duty he will be supported by the people, and if
the influence of popular opinion is not sufficient
to balk the treacherous designs of the Radi
cals, the President has but to raise his voice in
appeal to the multitudes and they will assist
him to disarm revolution with whatever weap
ons he may invite them to assume. The people
are with him, the army is with him, and so
long as he stands upon Constitutional ground,
his position can and shall be maintained, and
his policy of reconstruction enforced in the very
teeth of Radical opposition."
Election o{ Judges.
We published last week the names ofthe per
sons nominated by Gov. Pierpont for Judges of
the Court of Appeals and the different Circuit
Courts. All the persons nominated were elect
ed except E. K. Snead, of Alexandria, in the
Ninth Circuit. Judge Lucas P. Thompson, of
this place, was elected one of the Judges of the
Court of Appeals. The other two members of
this Court are Judges R. C. L. Moncure of
Stafford, and W. T. Joynes of Petersburg.
H. W. Sheffey, Esq., of this place was elect
ed Judge of this, the Eleventh Circuit, and
Hon. Jno. T. Harris, of Harrisonburg, Judge
ofthe twelfth Circuit.
. • .
Change of Appointments.
Wa published last week the appointments of
the Baltimore Conference M. E. Church South.
Bishop Early has made the following changes :
W. J. Perry from Winansto Central Church,
Baltimore; and Geo. H, Zimmerman from
Lewisburg to Winans; Lewis JR. Joneg from
West RiA*er to Lowi<-burg. and West River to
be supplied.
Bold Speech by President Johnson.
In Washington City, on Thursday, the 22nd
|of February, the anniversary of the birth of
Washington, a large meeting was held in Gro
ver's Theatre, at which a number of speeches
were made, and resolutions adopted, endorsing
the policy ofthe President. At 4 o'clock the
immense throng, which not only packed the
theatre, but crowded the streets, repaired to
the White House where they were addressed,
not by Mr. Johnson, the President, but by
Andy Johnson, the citizen, one of the people.
For the time being, he laid aside the official robe
of Chief Magistrate, and personated Andy
Johnson. He was unembarrassed by the tram
mels of official dignity and spoke as a patriotic
citizen solicitous of the restoration of the Union,
and the safety of his country.
He is in favor of preserving the Constitution
as it was framed by the fathers Of the Republic
—is opposed to such amendments as the. Radi
cals are urging, as they would revolutionize our
Government, and wholly change its character.
He is opposed to imposing taxation when rep
resentation is denied, or rather he is opposed to
denying representation when taxation is impos
ed. He recognizes the principle as fundamen
tal that there should be no taxation without rep
resentation, and says, if that principle was worth
battling for in the revolution which established
our independence, it is worth battling for now
He considers Thad. Stevens and his coadjutors,
who maintain that the Southern States are out
of the Union, and not entitled to representation,
as disunionists and traitors —the worst enemies
of the Government and country.
He maintains that when the people comply
with the Constitution, acknowledge allegiance
to the GoA r ernment, and yield obedience to the
laws, that they should be restored to all the
rights of citizens of the United States. Our
readers cannot fail to observe that the principles
we have maintained and the positions we have
assumed, and discussed with freedom in our col
umns, are —though we did not know it at the
time—in perfect accord with the views enter
tained by the President.
We demur to but one position of the Presi
dent, to wit: ' 'That conscious, intelligent lead
ers should suffer the penalty of the law.'' We
think that, not only the ' 'example ofthe found
er of our di\*ine religion," but true policy de
mands that all repentants howeA - er criminal, and
however "conscious and intelligent," should be
forgiven. A proclamation of amnesty and for
giveness to all participants in the rebellion would
do more than anything else to cement the Union
in the bonds of love and affection. It would
Those loA*e the Union, who never loved it before,
And those avlio loved it before, but love it the
more. _.
We publish below a synopsis of his speech as
furnished by the Charlottesville Chronicle :
"He commenced by alluding to the day, and
quoted the words of Andrew Jackson, which
arc inscribed on the stone sent from Tennessee
for the Washington Monument— U The Federal :
Union: it must be preserved. " He said in 1860
there Avere two parties striving to break up the !
Government —one to preserve SlaA'ery—the oth- j
er to destroy Slavery. They Avere both disunion
ists ; and he meant to resist both. He was for
the Union —Avith or Avithout Slavery. He said
the Rebellion Avas put doAvn —and note tee jind
ourselves in the midst of another rebellion. There
is an attempt to concentrate the powers of the
Government in the hands of a fe\A* —the Recon- j
stuction Committee —and to paralyse the Exec-'
utive branch of the Government. He denoun- j
ced certain men as traitors, like the Davises, j
and Toombses, and Slidells. j Cries of ''Name
them!" "Name them."] The President said !
—"Well then, I say Thaddeus SteA*ens. of Penn-1
sylvania, (tremendous applause;) I say Charles <
Sumner, (great applause;) I say Wendell Phil
lips and others of the same stripe are among
them." A A*oice —"Give it to Forney." "1
haA'e only," replied the President, "just to say
that I do not waste my ammunition on dead
cocks.'' (Laughter and applause.)
The President then alluded to Mr. Stevens's
remark that if a certain usurpation of power had
. occurred two hundred years ago, in a particular
reign, it would have cost a certain individual
his head. The only usurpation Andrew John
son had been guilty of was standing between the
people and the encroachments of power. Allu
sions had been made to an ' 'earthquake.'' Yes,
md the President, there is an earthquake com
ing—a ground-SAvell of popular judgment and
indignation. They may talk about beheading
and usurpation, but when I am beheaded, I
want the American people to be the witnesses.
I do not want the man who has assassination
brooding in his bosom by inuendo to exclaim :
"This Presidential obstacle must be gotten rid
of." I make use ofa very strong term when I
say I have no doubt the intention Avas to incite
assassination, and so get the "obstacle" out of
the way. Whether by assassination or not,
"there are individuals in this government who
want to change the character of the govern
The President concluded by saying, the
Union should be preserved against "all assail
ants ; and as some had said the Constitution
had been rolled up, in consequence of the war,
he meant to unroll it.
. •.
Important Order.
The following circular letter has been ad
dressed by General Grant to the department
Headq'r's. Armies of the U. S.)
Washington, Feb. 17, 1866. j
You will please send to these headquarters as
soon as practicable, and from time to time there
after, such copies of neAA'spapers published in
your department as contain sentiments of dis
loyalty and hostility to the GoA*ernment in any
of its branches, and state whether such paper
is habitual in its utterances of such sentiments.
The persistent publication of articles calculated
to keep up hostility of feeling between the peo-
Ele of different sections ofthe country cannot
c tolerated. This information is called for
with a view to their suppression, which will be
done from these headquarters only.
By command of Lieut-G eneral Grant.
T. S. Bowers, A. A..G.
We concur with the Lynchburg Rejmblican
in the opinion which it expresses in reference to
the above order of Gen. Grant establishing a
military censorship over the Press ofthe South.
It says that it is as unjust and unnecessary as it
is unfortunate for his own good fame. If, says
the Republican, "it could be made applicable
to the whole conntrj*. it would be relieved of
one of its most offensive features of being une
qual in its operations ; but in the very nature
of the case, it can have and seems only intended
to have practical effect in those States where
the writ of habeas corpus is suspended. What
justice or chivalry is there in holding the hands
of one portion of the people, Avhile the other
portion are permitted to pummel them to death
with all sorts of missiles? Why let Fred.
Douglass abuse the President as guilty of the
worst of all "crimes," Wendell Phillips slander
him as a greater "traitor" than Burr or Arnold,
and then turn around and crush a Southern
newspaper which does nothing more than repel
the wanton abuse and assaults of those who arc
keeping up the strife of the country ?
We can assure Gen. Grant and the country
that there is no "disloyalty" in this section—
that we have done everything required of us by
the President —and are anxious to resume all
our constitutional relations to the government;
and we can assure him, furthermore, that the
tone of the Southern pres s , when apparently
harsh, is simply responsiv*e to the unmerited
abuse and slanders of the Northern press and
'. politicians, and not the malicious promptings of
; dissatisfied spirits. Has any newspaper in the
South been known to abuse or slander the
President, or to attack any Northern press or
: statesman who has not first attacked them or
i sought to do them injustice ? No instance of
I the kind is known, and none will be known.—
i Surely, then, General Grant should first apply
his remedy to the eA*ils complained of in the
quarter where they first originate, and not ex-
I clusively to those who simply play fend off.
In so far as this paper is concerned, we shall
in the future, as in the past, sustain the Presi
• dent's policy of restoration with zeal, and op
pose radicalism and defend our people and sec
i tion from misrepresentation and injustice, with
I becoming firmness and spirit, and shall look to
; the justice both of the President and Gen.
Grant to sustain us in our course."
Railroad Bills Passed.
The bills for the construction of a Railroad
from Lynchburg to Danville and the Valley
Railroad have passed both branches of the Le g:
islature. The following proviso to the Valley
! Railroad bill was offered by Mr. Gilmer, of Rich
-1 mond, and adopted; after which, the bill was
i passed:
Provided, however, That it shall not be lawful
jto complete the said railroad to a point nearer
j than twenty miles of the Virginia & Tennessee
j railroad earlier than one year after the Coving
! ton & Ohio railroad shall be completed.
This is not, of course, the kind of bill that we
desired, and is somewhat like asking for bread
and receiving a stone, but, as we have become
> somewhat used to submitting to unpleasant
| things and disappointed hopes, we are prepared
\to exercise considerable philosophy. We have
I learned
"To labor and to wait
With a heart for any fate."
Public Meeting Endorsing the President.
At a public meeting ofthe citizens of Augus-
Ita county, held in the Court House, on Mon
i day, February _6th, for the purpose of express
| ing their views upon the policy of President
. Johnson, on motion of Maj. 11. M. Bell, Hon.
A. H. H. Stuart was called to the Chair. In a
brief speech, the Chairman explained the object
lof the meeting. On motion of Geo. M. Coch
! ran, Jr., Messrs. 11. Mauzy, A. M. Garber,
I Jr., and Wm. 11. H. Lynn were appointed Sec
On motion of Wm. A. Burke, a committee
of ten was appointed to draft resolutions, and
the President requested to act as Chairman of
; the Committee. The following were appointed
! members of the Committee:
G. M. Cochran, Jr., W. A. Burke, H. M.
I Bell, Benj. Crawford, R. G. Bickle, W. M.
, Tate, T. W. Shelton, G. A. Bruce, J. G. Ful
ton, W. S. McChesney.
The Committee retired, and. after a short time,
returned and reported the following preamble
■■ and resolutions, which, after an able and elabo
-1 rate speech in explanation of them by the Chair
! man—Hon. A. H. H. Stuart—on motion of
| Col. 31. G. Harman, Avere unanimously adopt
i ed:
On the Bth day of May, 1865, the people of
Augusta assembled in mass meeting at their
Court House,, and adopted, by a unanimous
A'Ote, the folloAving resolutions:
: Resolved, That AA*e believe we express the
thorough conviction of the people of Augusta
county, Avhen we declare that opposition to the
authority ofthe United States, Avithin this coun
ty, is at an end, and that there is no purpose on
the part of any of our people to attempt any re
newal cf it.
Resolved, That the people of Augusta county,
recognizing the necessity of re-organizing the
; government of Virginia so as to conform to the
; Con-titution and laws ofthe United States, are
! prepared to co-operate in good faith with the
people of other portions of the State for that
When the people of Augusta adopted these
: resolutions, they meant what they declared.—
; They comprehended the full import ofthe res
i olutions, and of the obligations which they im
posed, and they intended to announce their
earnest and fixed purpose to abide by and fulfill
I them honestly and in good faith.
, From that day to the present they have stead
ily adhered to them, and have sought diligently
to discharge all the duties of peaceful and loyal
! Acting in concert with other portions of the
State, they have sanctioned the amendment of
the Constitution of the United States, abolish
i ing the institution of slaA'ery. They haA*e re
cognized the invalidity ofthe ordinance of se
cession, and of all the action of the State au
: thorities under or in pursuance of that ordi
i nance. They haA*e repudiated all debts wheth
er Confederate, State, or Municipal, contracted
for the purpose of aiding in prosecuting the war
against the United States. They have reformed
their ciA'il and crimiual code so as to grant to
freedmen every right and every remedy necessa
ry for the enjoyment of life, liberty, and prop
erty ; and they have sought by ready obedience
to the laAVs, and a prompt return to peaceful
pursuits, to giA*e the best assurance of their de
sire to bury the past, and to restore relations of
amity between the hitherto discordant portions
of our country.
When the people of Virginia had thus ex
hibited, by their declarations and conduct, their
desire to resume their position in the Union,
they felt that they had a right to expect that
their sincerity would not be questioned. What
! ever errors Virginia may have been led into,
I the world knOAVs that her honor remains unsul
lied. No stain of duplicity or falsehood rests
; on her escutcheon.
Nevertheless, individuals, claiming to be Vir
ginians, haA*e been found avho have sought to
: impeach the sincerity of her profession ; toques
| tion her loyalty to the Union ; to ask that her
! present State government may be substituted
by military rule; and that she may be denied
her just rights under the Constitution of the
United States.
We haA*e no desire to can-ran the motives or
purposes of these unworthy sons of Virginia.—
;Wc are willing to leave them to the reproaches
of their own consciences, and to the odium
which in all ages and countries is attached to
ingrates and parricides.
That the rights of Virginia were suspended
during the war wo will not deny. But we claim
, that when the Avar ceased, and Virginia return
;ed to her allegiance to the United States, and
complied with the terms prescribed by the Presi
dent, she was remitted to and re-invested with
all her origiual rights and obligations under the
The people of Virginia have Avitnessed with
satisfaction the gradual and prudent develop
; ment of the just, berwficient and statesmanlike
i policy of President Johnson. His Avhole con
duct, in the trying circumstances in which he
has been placed, ha* been distinguished by ivi«-
dom, benignity and comprehensive patriotism.
Rising high above all ignoble considerations
of sectional or party prejudice, he has shown
himself to be the President of the Nation, and
secured a high place in the confidence and af
fection of the people.
Impressed with these opinions, the people of
Augusta county have met together today to give
expression in the most solemn and imposing
form to their deliberate conA*ictions on the sev
eral points above referred to. Therefore,
Resolved, by the people of Augusta county,
in mass meeting assembled,
'That we solemnly re-affirm the opinions ex
pressed in the resolutions adopted by the peo
ple of Augusta county, on the Bth day of May,
1865, which are in perfect harmony with the
policy announced by the Pre-ident in his late
Messages to Congress, and we|believe that'those
opinions meet the approval of the great body of
the people of the State.
Resolved, That Virginia, having returned to
her allegiance to the Federal Government, an
nulled her ordinance of secession, abolished the
institution of slavery ; repudiated all debts in
curred in aid of the war; secured to freedmen
all the rights and remedies necessary for the
protection of life, liberty and property; and in
other respects conformed her Constitution and
laws to the organic law ofthe United States, in
accordance with the advice of the President, is
fairly entitled to full restoration of her rights as
a member ofthe Union, including her right of
representation in the Congress of the United
Resolved, That all imputations, from what
ever source they may proceed, on the sincerity
and truthfulness of the people of Virginia, in
the professions which they haA*e made, of an
earnest purpose on their part to abide by, and
faithfully perform every obligation and duty in
cumbent on them as loyal and true citizens of
the United States, are false and calumnious,
and justly expose their authors to the rebuke of
all right-thinking jncn.
Resolved, That the system of the policy pur
sued by President Johnson, having for its ob
ject the speedy re-construction of the Union,
and the restoration of friendly relations and com
mercial intercourse between the hitherto dis
cordant portions of our country, is eminently
wise, just, conciliatory and patriotic, and if ad
hered to and sustained by co-ordinate branches
of the government will, at an early day, restore
harmony, prosperity and happiness to the Avhole
Resolved, That the firm and manly stand ta
ken by the President in opposition to the exer
cise by Congress of powers not delegated to that
body by the Constitution, and their attempts
by crude and ill-advised amendments to impair,
if not utterly to destroy, the organic law as fram
ed by Washington, Madison, Hamilton and
other fathers of the Republic, justly entitles
him to the gratitude, confidence and support of
the American people; and we gladly avail our
selves of this occasion to tender to him the as
surance of our cordial approval of the manner
in which he has acted in his high office.
Resolved, That in our opinion the time has
come when good men of all sections, North and
South, East and West, should lay aside all
former sectional and party prejudices, and unite
in a common effort to defeat every attempt,
come from what quarter it may, to weaken the
ties which now bind together the Union, or to
diminish the reverence and affection which the
American people justly cherish for the Constitu
tion ofthe United States.
Resolved, That the newspapers of Virginia,
and the National Intelligencer be requested to
publish the proceedings of this meeting.
At the request ofthe Chairman, Maj. 11. M.
Bell read the speech delivered by the President
in Washington City, on the 22nd inst., at the
conclusion of which, on motion of Wm. A. Bell,
the meeting adjourned.
A. H. 11. STUART, Pres.
R. Mauzy, f
A. M. GABBE&, Jr., Secretaries.
W. H. If. Lynn, j
Railroad Meeting—A Convention.
At a meeting held in the Court House, on
Monday, Feb. 26, on motion of Bolivar Chris
tian, Esq., DaA*id Fultz, Esq., was called to the
Chair, and Marshall "Hanger, Esq., appointed
Secretary. Mr. Christian having explained the
object of the meeting, offered the following res
olutions, which were advocated by H. W. Shef
fey, Esq., and unanimously adopted:
Mr. Christian offered the following:
Resolved, That a convention ofthe people of
the Valley, interested in the early construction
ofthe ValleyJßailroad, be requested to assemble
in Staunton, on Wednesday, the 4th day of
April next, to devise measures for the early
organization of a company to construct and
equip the Valley Railroad under the charter
Mr. Sheffey offered the following :
Resolved, That the people of the respective
counties in the' Valley be requested co appoint
delegates to represent them in said Convention.
Resolved, That the Chair appoint twenty-fiA*e
delegates to represent Augusta county, in said
Resolved, That the newspapers of Staunton,
and throughout the Valley, be requested to
publish these proceedings and that the people
of the Valley be requested to co-operate Avith
us in securing a full attendance at«the Conven
tion suggested in the first resolution.
On motion of Powell Harrison, Esq., the
meeting adjourned.
Marshall Hanger, Chairman.
To Farmers,
of Rockbridge. of Rockingham.
a. m. Hamilton, of Rockbridge.
General Aarents for
For the entire Valley of Virginia und twenty-five
counties immediately East ofthe Bine Ridge ex
tending from the Potomac to the North Carolina
j2S&*" Mr. Thornton Berry will act as our I
Agent in Augusta county, from whom Farmers '
can procure Machines and receive all necessary
information as to terms, Ac.
Feb 27, 1886—tf H. W. & Co._
Family Groceries.
KER, STEVEXSO.V A CO., (BurAvell's
Corner,) have in store and for sale
3 bbls Butter Crackers,
3 bbls Soda do.,
20 bbls extra Flour,
5 bbls Whisky,
Sugars, Teas, Coffee, Soap, Candles, Maecaroni, I
Cheese, Rice, Blacking, Broom-. Buckets, Bags, ;
Canned Fruits, Spices, &c, with everything to
make a complete assortment of good family gro
ceries. For sale, Avholesale or retail; wholesale
prices in no way affected by retail.
Staunton, Feb. 27—a
Richmond Commission Ilouse. i
Jones, (successor to Minor _ Jones, and for j
many years connected with the Virginia Central j
Railroad,) Commission ancl Forwarding Mer
chi nt - , for the sale of country produce and pur
chase of merchandise of every description, No. 6, I
15th street, between Main and Cary, Richmond.
Particular attention pud to the sale of live stock. !
fmY* Rock ancl ground Plaster Avillbe forward
ed to parties making consignments before sales of
their produce are closed out. Rock Plaster $10.
per ton —long ton. Short ton, Ground Plaster,
_____ Feb 27—3 m.
For Rent.
17K.R RENT.— My Tannery in Middlebrook,
. one ofthe best iv the County, for one or more
years on reasonable terms: Apply to
Feb. 27 tf umx Midcll.br.ok. ,
Auction Sales.
Valuable Real Estate in the town
ol" Waynesboro' and vicinity.
Under a decree ofthe Circuit Court of Augusta
county, dated the 20th day of Nov. 18*35, we, as
commissioners appointed "by said Court, will offer
at public sale on the premises, on Tuesday, the
3rd day of April next, the following desirable
town property in the town of "Waynesboro, and
farm contiguous A'iz:
That Large Brick Dwelling and Stoi-c House,
located on a common in the centre of the town,
and one of the best stands for business in the
place. The building contains ten rooms, well ar
ranged for all family and business purposes.
A lot on the Main Street, also a corner lot on
which are three framed tenements, now occupied
by families ancl as business houses.
A lot on Main Street, on Avhich is a good framed
dwelling house, sufficiently large for any ordinary
sized family.
Two very superior Town Lots, on which is a
two story Brick Dwelling house, and out houses—
Seven and a half Acres of No. 1 meadoAV land
adjoining the town; and equal to any in tha
county for grass and other crops.
Also a farm containing 96 acres, one-fourth of
a mile from the Corporate limits, on which there
is some,fine timber. This land lies beautifully,
and every foot of it can be cultivated.
Also a tract of land lying on Back Creek in
the county of Augusta, ancl adjoining the land*
of Moses L. Alexander, G. B. Stuart Ac., and in
the region of great Mineral Wealth, containing
one hundred acres.
TERMS : The costs of sale in hand, one-third
ofthe residue on the Ist of July, 1866; one-third
the Ist of Jula*, 1867, and the remaining third tho
Ist July. 1868.
Feb 27—fit. JOHN E. KING,
P~~ imiJC SAEE ".—W; irbe^offered"at"p~ublic
sale to the highest bidder, on Thursday, tha
Bth of March, 1860, my farm lying near Miadle
brook, containing 204 acre*. About 60acres i 3 in
good timber. It has on it a splendid brick dwel
ling house, a good barn, and all necessary out
houses. It has three neA*er-failing springs: It
is so arranged that stock can be watered in every
field. Elegant meadows ancl a variety of fruit.—
Churches and schoolhouses A*ery convenient.
Terms made known on daA* of sale.
_ Feb_2o-3t* JOHN ENGLEMAN.
L" Ai\'D FOR SALE.— The
ecutors of Emanuel Kindig, deed., will sell,
at public auction, on Tuesday, the 20th day of
March, if fair, if not, the next fair day, the farm
of the deceased, containing 175 Acres, about 66
of which are in timber and the balance cleared.
The land is good Avith a first rate orchard, and
contains a good Brick I>Avelling House, a large
barn, good granary, apple house, wagon shed,
blacksmith's shop and other necessary outbuild
ings, and has a good spring of never-failing water.
This land is situate on South River, 6 mites *-
boA*e Waynesboro', and adjoins the lands of L)r.
Hall, Martin Coiner, 11. L. Gallaher and others.
It is seldom that as good a farm as this is offerod
for sale.
They Avill also sell at the same time 100 acres of
land well timbered with good pine, lying on tho
East side of South River, adjoining the lands of
Adam MeChesney, John Hunter ancl others.
A good two-horse wagon will be. sold at the
same time.
Terms.—For the sale i>t the 175 acres, one
i fourth cash, the remainder in one, two and three
years, witli bond and approved security, and title
retained till full payment be made.
For the 100 acres of pine land and such person
al property as may be sold, the terms will be made
known on day of sale.
Executors of Emanuel Kindig. deed.
Jan 30—tds.—Register and Yin. copy and send
accounts to this office.
Private Sales,
privately, until the 20th of March, with lots
and house - for hands. Detached a tract of land
mostly in Avood. If not sold, it will be rented on
that day to the highest bidder. We also offer a
quantity of pig and bar iron, and otfier property.
Feb _____ _ J(^"Z S * FI:S ! N^Xa_
tr S. ISTER\\L REVEXEE.— >"_-
-j s tice is hereby given to Tax-payers in
Augusta county, who were- assessed with Licen
se.-, Income, Manufacturer'a Tax, or other inter
nal ReA'cr.ue Taxes, during the month of Novem
ber, and December 1865, that I have received a
list ofthe assessments and will be at the followim**
places in said county, and at the times specified,
to collect the same.
Persons Avho failed to pay the assessments made
during the previous months will find it to their
interest to attend.
Greenville March oth.
Waynesboro, •' Bth and Oth.
Staunton, " 12. 13, 14 _ loth.
Mt Sidney " 1 nth and 17th.
Deputy for Sam'] R. Sterling. Collector
Feb_2o, 18nn—3t 2d Dist. of Va.
Ty OTICE to of Augusta
COUNTY. —In pursuance of an act ap
proved August sth, Mail, part ofthe Bth Section
which is as follows :
"And be it further enacted. That a direct tax of
twenty millions of dollars be, and is hereby aD
nuallv laid upon the States, and the r-airw
shall be, and is hereby apportioned to the Statei
respectively, in monner as follows: —To the State
of Virginia mne hundred and thirty seven thou
sand, five hundred and fifty and two thirds dol
lars." Also an act approved July 7th, 1802, en
titled "An Act for the collection of taxes in in
surrectionary districts ancl for other purposes,
part ofthe 3rd Section of which is as folloAvs :
"And be it further enacted, That it shall be law
ful for the Owner or Owners of said lots or par
cels of land within sixty days after the Tax Com
missioners herein named shall have fixed the
amount, to pay the tax thus charged upon the
Notice is hereby given to the. owners of Real
Estate in Augusta County that the amoun* of
said tax Avas this day fixed, and that L. H. Sear
ing has been duly empowered by the Secretary
ofthe Treasury to receive said tax, and that hia
office at the Virginia Hotel, in Staunton, will be
open for the next sixty daA*s for its reception.
I T . S. Direct Tax Commissioners for Va.
P. S.—The law has been so modified that but
one year s tax will be collected.
Alexandria, Va., Dec. 2u, 1866. [Dec 26—2 m
IITAXTED TO KLXT. A small House,
V* by a respectable family; or 3 rooms in a
private family with the privilege of a kitchen and
cellar. Apply at this OFFICE.
_ Feb. 27 tt
H of White Corn for cash.
ED.—The American Telegraph Company Avi.-h
to purchase immediately, about 12,000 Chestnut
Po/i's ofthe following dimension*: 30 feet long;
six inches in diameter at the small or top.end;
straight and sound, well trimmed and -kimied.—
About 2,000 are wanted akmg the R. F. „ P.
Railroad; 5000 on the Va. Central Railroad be
tween Richmond and Staunton ; 2000 on the Or
ange ancl Alexandria extension betAreen Char
lottesville and Lynchburg, and 3000 on the 0. and
Alexandria Railroad between Gordonsville and
Alexandria. •
The undersigned invites proposals from Farm
ers and Timber Getters along these routes for
Poles ofthe above description and dimensions—
deliverable convenient for loading on the cars, on
or before the 10th day of March. Cash will bo
paid on delivery. No proposals received for les.
than 100 poles. Address.
Feb 13—5ts J. M. CROWLEY.
Asst Supt. A. T. C, Richmond, Va.
J3| ton desires to purchase Specie ancl Uncur
rcnt Bank Notes. Highest market price giA'cn.
Revenue Stamps ol* all denominations kept ou
hand for gale. E. M. TAYLOR,
Staunton, Va., Feb 9—tt Cashier.
R~AGSriiXGITRAGS.— WantedTo,ooo~l b -.
white and mixed cotton rags, old books,
pamphlets, railroad receipts, and papers for which
highest price will be paid in cask.
Feb 13—2mos A. M. PIERCE.
WANTED.- 1000 bushels Flax Seed
Dec 12- ISA AC PAUL & CO.
Garden and Flower Seeds.
GARDEA* SEEDS*.— Landrcth's celebrated
Garden and Flower seeds just received and
for sale at P. H. TKOFJTS
Feb 30, 188*. Drug Ste-r-j..

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