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Staunton spectator. [volume] (Staunton, Va.) 1849-1896, March 06, 1866, Image 1

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Jitamtloit Jipctaior.
JEticliard Mauzy & Co.
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Address—"Staunton Spectator," Staunton, 1
Augusta County, Ya, j
Professional Directory.
Monroe county. Lexington.
if. M. bell, Staunton.
Staunton, Virginia,
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts at
Staunton, and in the Circuit ancl County Courts
of Rockbridge, Rockingham and Alleghany.—
They will also attend to special business in any
part of Va. and AVest Virginia. [Sept 12—tf
Staunton*, Va.,
Practice in the Federal Court at Staunton ; in all
the Courts of Augusta county; in the Circuit und
County Courts of Rockingham; and in the Cir
cuit Courts of Rockbridge.
Collection of claims promptly attended to.
No v. 14—tf
Staunton, va.,
Attends tho Courts of Augusta ancl adjoining
Attention given to the interests of residents in
this country in lands in Missouri, loavh, unci other
Western States. Oct 21— tf.
and Commissi..ner in Chancery, Staunton, Va.,
Practices in the Courts of Augusta and adjoining
Will attend to the purchase and sale of Real
Estate on Commission. Noa' 14—ly.
Staunton, Va.,
Practice in all the Courts of Augusta county, and
attend promptly to the collection of claims in any
of the adjoining counties. Nov 7 —tf.
Staunton*, Va.,
Office in rear of Court House, adjoining David
I~|R. ARTHUR has returned and" will be
JJ' glad to see his old patrons.
Staunton. Oct 21—tf
Fire and Life Insurance.
V Books and Subscriptions to the Capitol Stock
of this Company are now open at the Ranking
House of \\. 11. Tains ft Co., and at the offices of
the two Banks in Staunton, The attention of
Capitalists is called to the merits of this Stick,
which is recommended to them as probably the
most remunerative investment of money now of
fering. By Order ofthe
I/ undersigned representing the "Maryland
Life,"' and tbe "Merchants and Mechanics Fire"
Insurance Companies, of Baltimore, Mel., (tAVo of
the .most reliable companies in the IL S.) is pre
pared to issue Policies, for any amount desired,
against loss of life .or property. O, SMITH.
JE_** Office in rear of "Spectator" building,
Soy 14—tf Staunton. Va.
Real Estate Agencies,
J». price a co"."
Persons having Real Estate to dispose of Avill se
cure early cash purchasers by calling on us. _ No
commissions charged unless sales are positively
Those wishing Accurate- Surveys of their lands
Avill find at our office Mr. F. Boylan, Civil En
gineer, formerly connected Avith the Topographi
cal Corps of Gen. Lee's army, who stands pre
eminent as an accurate Surveyor.
Drafts of Land, either plain or tinted, furnished
when desired.
Aug 2*2*oiii J. P, PRICE ft CO.
Ph olographs,
The subscribers have opened permanently
aPHOTOGIiAPH GALLERY in Staunton, ov
»r the store of If oane A Alby, opposite the Virgin
ia Hotel where Pictures of every style can be. had.
Their rooms arc newly and neatly fitted up for the
accommodation of all who may favor thoin with
a call. They are thankful for past patronage and
hope, by close attention to business, to merit as
much or more in future.
fSf One of Steifs celebrated Pianos Avill be
found in the reception room for the amusement
of friends and patrons.
Sept 12-- J, H. BUBDETT A CO.
GRAPHS, (large size), of Leading South
ern Generals, Ac, at less than the frames can be
purchased at anywhere else. Only §1,75 each,
frame and all. Also, Carte de visitesof the same,
at only 15 cents each, or eight for One Dollar.—
Call at the Post Office.
Nov. 28—tf _________
Saddles & Harness.
scriber has on hand a good supply of Saddles
.and Harness of his OAVn Manufacture, which he
will sell very low for cash, or in exchange for
produce, lie returns his thanks to the public for
their past generous patronage, and would respect
fully ask a continuance ofthe same. His shop is
on Beverly or Main street, Staunton, next door
to Dr. Chapman's Office.
Jan Hi, 1866—6 m GEO. P. ELICK.
k MERICAX HOTEL, at the Depot ofthe
,/V Va. Central Railroad, Staunton, Virginia,
Chas. T. O'Ferrall, Proprietor.
The Proprietor intends, by thorough repair and
fine accommodations, to retain the reputation this
House has heretofore had, of being a first class
Hotel. October 3d. 1865—tf
arrive 300 tons of Plaster, on consignment,
which Avill be furnished to farmers ai loav figures
for cash or produce. A. M. PIERCE,
Feb 13—Im Commission Merchant.
T)LASTER.-_sTons of Plaster for sale by
For the. Spectator.
Your Child.
"A light is from your household gone,
A voice you loved is stilled,
A place is vacant at your hearth
Which can never be filled ;
A gentle heart, that throbb'd but now
With tenderness and love,
Has hushed its weary tlxrobbings here,
To throb in bliss above.
"i cs, to the home where angels arc,
Her trusting heart lias fled,
And yet we bend above her gravo
With tears, and call her dead.
W e call her dead, but ah ! we know
She dwells where living waters flow.
"We miss you from your home, dear one,
W e miss you from your place,
Oh ! life wiil be so dark without
The sunshine of your face ;
W e wait for you at eve's sweet hour,
When stars begin to burn,
We linger in your cottage porch
To look for your return;
But vainly for your coming step
We list through all the hours—
We only hear the wind's low voice
That murmurs through the flowers,
And the dark river's solemn hymn,
Sweeping through the woodlands dim.
"The bird you loved is singing yet
Above your cottage door,
We sigh to hear it singing now
Since heard by you no more.
The sunshine and trembling leaves,
The blue o'erarcliing sky,
The music of the wandering winds
That float in whispers by-
All speak in tender tones to me
Of all life's parted hours from thee.
"I do not see you now, dear Sallie,
I do not see you now,
But even when the twilight breeze
Steals o'er my lifted brow,
I hear your words of tenderness
That I have heard so oft,
And on my wounded spirit falls
A blessing from above,
That whispers though your life is o'er,
We have not lost your love.
Aii, no! your heart in death grown cold
Still loves us tvith a love untold.
"No need of fame's proud voice for 3-011,
No need for earthly fame—
You are enshrined in our fond hearts,
And that rs all the same.
Ay, full of faith, and trust, and hope,
We tread life's troubled sea,
Till the last throbbing wave of time
Shall bear our souls to thee—
To thee, oh ! it will be so sweet,
With all our sins forgiven,
To mingle with our loved and lost
In our sweet home in heaven,
To spend with ali the blest above
An endless life of perfect love."
The President's Speech.
. At an immense mass meeting held in Wash
ington Thursday, February, the 22nd, at AvLicli
were {.resent the conservative leaders of both
parties and from all parts ofthe country, Presi
dent Johnson's policy of restoration wa_ most
enthusiastically endorsed by resolutions and
speeches. < Tbe resolutions adopted were carried
to trie White House and presented to the Presi
dent. In reply to them and the tremendous
concourse of people that Avere present, he thus
Fellow-citizens—for I presume that I have
the right to address you as such—and to the
committee who have conducted or organized
this meeting so far, I have to tender my sincere
thanks for the compliment and approbation ma
nifested in their personal address to myself and
in the resolutions they have adopted.
A firemen's procession passing at this point
caused some confusion. When it had subsided
the President resumed :
FelloAV-citizens, I was about to tender my
thanks to the committee Avho waited upon me
and presented pie with the resolutions adopted
on ibis occasion—resolutions, as I understand,
complimentary to the policy pursued by this ad
ministration since it came into poAver. I am
free to say to you on this occasion that it is ex
tremely gratifying to knoAV that so large a por
tion of my fellow-citizens approve and endorse
tbe policy that has been adopted and is intend
ed to be carried out. | Applause.]
This policy has been one which Avas intended
to restore the glorious Union —to bring those
great States, hoav the subject of controversy, to
their original relations to the Gtrvernment of
the United States. And this seems to be a day
peculiarly appropriate for such a manifestation
as this—the clay that gave birth to him who
founded the Government —that gave birth to
the father of our country —that gave birth to
him who stood at the portal Avhen all these
States entered into this glorious confederacy.—
I say that the clay is peculiarly appropriate _to
the "endorsement of measures for the restoration
of the Union that Avas founded by the father of
his country. Washington, Avhose name this
city bears, is embalmed in the hearts of all Avho
loa'c their Government. [A Aoice, ''So is Andy
Johnson," and applause.] Washington, in the
language of his eulogists. AA*as first in peace, first
in Avar, and first in the hearts of his country
men. No people can claim him —no nation can
appropriate hiui. His eminence is acknowl
edged throughout the civilized world by all those
Avho love free government. I have had the
pleasure of a visit from the association which
has been directing its efforts towards the com
pletion of a monument erected to bis name. I
was prepared to meet them and giA T e them my
humble influence and countenance in aid ofthe
Avork. Let the monument be erected to him
who founded the Government, and that almost
within the throw ofa stone from the spot from
which I hoav address you. Let it be completed.
[Applause.] Let the pledges Avhich_ all these
States and corporations and associations have
put in that monument be preserved as an earn
est of our faith in and loa'C of this Union, and
let the monument be completed. And in con
nection Avith Washington, in speaking of the
pledges that have been placed in that monu
ment, let me refer to one from my own State —
God bless her —which has struggled for the
preservation of this Union in the fields and in
the councils of the nation. Let me repeat that
she is now struggling in consequence of au inno
vation that has taken place in regard to her re
lations with tire Federal CrOA*ei*nnient, growing
out of the rebellion—she is now struggling to
renew her relations with this Government, and
take the stand Avhich she had occupied since
179$ _ Let me repeat the sentiment Which that
State inscribed upon her stone that is deposited
within the monument of freedom and in com
memoration of Washington ; she is struggling
to stand by the sentiment inscribed on that
stone, and the is hoav Avilling to maintain that
sentiment. And what is tne sentiment? It is
the sentiment which was enunciated by the irrr
mortal and the illustrious Jackson, -_he Fede
ral Union, it must be preserved." [Cheers.J
Were it possible for that old man, who in sta
tue is before me and portrait behind me, to be
called forth—Avere it possible to communicate
Avith the illustrious dead, and he could be in
formed of the progress in the Avork of faction,
and rebellion and treason —that old man would
turn over in his coffin, he Avould rise, shake off
the habiliment of the tomb, ancl again extend
that long arm and linger and rekerate the scriti-
ment before enunciated, c The Federal Union,
it must be preserved' ? But Aye witness what
has transpired since his da}*. We remember
what he said in 18-'J3. When treason, and
treachery and infidelity to the GoA'erniuent and
the Constitution of the United States stalked
forth, it was his pc>A\*er and influence that Avent
forth ancl crushed it in its incipiency. It Avas
then stopped. But it was only stopped for a
time, and the spirit continued. There were
men disaffected towards the Grovernment in
both theJWth and Sooth. There vrcrc pecu
liar instSKions in the country to which some
Avere adverse and others attached. We find
that one portion of our country advocated an
institution in the South which other*; opposed
iir the North, This resulted in two extremes,
That in the South reached a point at which the
people there were disposed to dissolve the Go
vernment of the United States, and they sought
to preserve their peculiar institutions. (What
I say on this occasion I want to be understood.)
There was a portion of our countrymen opposed
to this, and they went to that extreme that tliey
Avere willing to break up the Government te
destroy this peculiar institution of the South.
I assume nothing here to-day but the citizen
—one of you—who has been pleading for his
country ancl the preservation of the Constitu
tion. [Cheers.] These two parties have been
arrayed against each other, ancl I stand before
you as I did in the Senate ofthe United States
in 1860. 1 denounced there those who wanted
to disrupt the Government, and I portrayed
their true character. I told them that those
Avho were engaged in the effort to break up the
Government weare traitors. I have not ceased
to repeat that, and as far as endeavar could ac
complish it to cany out the sentiment.—
[Cheers. ] I remarked, though, that there AA r ere
tAA*o parties. One would destroy the Govern
ment to preserve slavery; the other would break
up the Government to destroy slave ry.—
[Cheers.] _ The objects to be accomplished were
different, it is true, so far as slavery Avas con
cerned, but they agreed in one thin - ;—the de
struction of tbe Government—precisely what I
was always opposed to; and whether the dis
unionists came from the South or from the
North, I stand now Avhere I did then, vindicat
ing the union of these States arrd the Constitu
tion of our country. [Great, cheering.] The
rebellion manifested itself in the South. I stood
by the Government. I said I was for the Union
Avithout slavery. In either alternative I was
for the Government and tho Constitution. The
Government has stretched forth its strong'ami,
and with its physical power it has put down
treason in the field. That is, the section of
country that arrayed itself against the GoA-ern
ment has been conquered by the force of the
Government itself. Now, what had we said to
those people? We said: "No compromise;
w;e can settle this question with the South in
eight and forty hours."
I haA*e said it again and again, and I repeat
it now, "Disband your armies, acknowledge the
supremacy of the* Constitution of the United
States, give obedience to the law, and the whole
question is settled.'' [Cheers. ]
What has been 'done since? Their armies
have been disbanded. They come now to meet
us in a spirit of magnanimity, and say, "We
AA'erc mistaken ; we made the effort to cany out
the doctrine of secession ancl dissolve this Union,
and having traced this thing to its logical and
physical results, we hoav acknowledge the flag
of our count** - ,-, and promise obedience to the
Constitution ancl the supremacy of the law.'' —
I say, then, Avhen you comply with the Con
stitution, when you yield to the laAV, Avhen you
acknowledge allegiance to the Government, I
say let the door of the Union be opened and the
relation be restored to those that had erred and
bnd strayed Brora the fold of our fathers.—
[Cheers. J
Who have suffered more than I have ? I ask
the question. _ 1 shall not recount the wrongs
ancl the sufferings inflicted upon me. It is not
the course to deal with a whole people in a
spirit of revenge. I know there has been a
great deal said about tbe exercise of the pardon
power, as regards the Executive; aud "there is
no one Avho bus labored harder than I to have
the principals, the intelligent and conscious of
fenders, brought to justice, and have the prin
ciple vindicated that ''treason is a crime," —
But, while conscious and intelligent traitors
are to be punished:, should Avhole communities
and States be made to submit to the penalty of
death ? I have quite as much asperity, and
perhaps as much resentment as a man ought to
have ; but \ve must reason, regarding man as he
is, and must conform our action and our con
duct to the exampl*of lliin who founded our
holy religion.
t came into power under the Constitution of
the country, and with the approbation of the
people, and wnat did 1 find? I found eight
millions of people who were convicted, condemn
ed under the law, and the penalty was death ;
and, through revenge and resentment, Avere
they all to be annihilated? Oh ! may I not ex
claim, hoAV different would this be from the ex
ample set by the founder of our holy religion,
whose diA'ine arch rests "its extremities on the
horizon, Avhile its span embraces the universe!
Yes, He that founded this great scheme came
into the Avorld and ,-aw man condemned under
the laAA-, and the sentence was death. What
was His example? Instead of putting the
world or a nation to death, He went forth on
the cross and testified Avith His wounds that He
would die and let the world live. Let tbem re
pent ; let them acknowledge their rashness; let
them become loyal, and let them be supporters
of our glorious stripes and stars, and the Con
stitution of our country. I say let the leaders,
the conscious, intelligent traitors, meet the pen
alties of the law. But as for the great mass
who has been forced into the rebellion—misled
in other instances—let there be clemency and
kindness, and a trust and a confidence in them.
But, my countrymen, after having passed thro'
this rebellion, and having given as much evi
dence of enmity to it as some who croak a great
deal about the matter —[cheers] —when I look
back over the battle-field and see many of those
1 rrave men in whose company I AA'as, in locali
ties ofthe rebellion where the contest was most
difficult and doubtful, ancl who yet Avere pa
tient ; when 1 look back oa*ci* these fields, and
where the smoke has scarcely passed away;
where the blood that has been"shed has scarcely
been absorbed —before their bodies have passed
through the stag; of decomposition—what do I
find? The rebellion is put down by the strong
arm ofthe Government in the field. But is
this the only way in which Aye can have rebel
lions ? This Avas a struggle against a change
and a revolution ofthe Government, and before
we fully got from the battle-fields—when our
bi'a\ c men have scarcely returned to their homes
and renewed the ties of affection and love to
their wives and their children—Aye are now al
most inaugurated into another rebellion. —
[Cheers. J one rebellion was the effort of States
to secede, and the Avar on the part of the Go
vernment was to prevent tbem from
iirg that, ancl thereby changing the character of
our Government and weakening its power.—
When the Government has succeeded, there is
an attempt now to concentrate all poAver in the
bands ofa few at the Federal head, and thereby
bring about a consolidation of the Republic
which is equally objectionable Avith its dissolu
tion. [Cheers. ]We find a power assumed and
attempted to be exercised ofa most extraordi
nary character. We sec now that governments
can be revolutionized without going info the
battle-field; and sometimes the reA-olutions most
distressing to a people are effected without the
'shedding of blood. This is, the substance of
your Government may be taken away while
there is held out to you the form and the shad
ow. And now, what are the attempts and what
is being proposed ? We find that by an irre
sponsible central directory nearly all the powers
of Congress are assumed without even consult
ing the legislative and executive departments of
the Government. By a resolution reported by
a committee upon whom and in whom the le
gislative power of the Government has been
lodged, that great principle in the Constitution
which authorizes and empowers the legislative
department, the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives, to be the judges of elections, returns
and qualifications of its own members, has been
virtually taken away from the two respective
branches ofthe National Legislature, and con
ferred upon a committee, avlio must report be
fore the body can act on the question of the ad
mission of members to their seats. By this rule
they assume a State is out of the Union and to
have its practical relations restored by that rule,
before the House can judge of the qualifications
of its oavii members. What position is that? —
You have been struggling for four years to put
down a rebellion, You contended at the begin
ning of that struggle that a State had not a
right to go out. You said it had neither the
right nor the power, and it has been settled
that tho. States bad neither the right nor the
power to go out ofthe Union. And AA'hen you
determine by the executive, by the military,
and by the public judgment, that these States
cannot have any right to go out, this committee
turns around and assumes that they are out,
and that they shall not come in.
I am free to say to you as your executive,
that I am not prepared to take airy such posi
tion. [Great chec Aug.J I said in the Senate,
iv the very inception of this rebellion, that the
States had no right to secede. That question
has been settled. ' Thus determined, I cannot
turn round ancl give the lie direct to all that I
profess to have clone during the last four years.
I say that Avhen the States that attempted to
secede comply Avith the Constitution, and give
sufficient evidence of loyalty, I shall extend to
them the right hand of fellowship, and let peace
ancl union be restored. I am opposed to the
Davises, the Tombses, the Slidells, and the long
list of such. But when I perceiA'e, on the other
hand, men —[A voice,. "Call them off.'' I—l1 —I care
not by what name you call them—still opposed
to the Union- I am free to say to you that I am
still Avith the people. lam still for the preser
vation of these States —for the preservation of
-this Union, and in favor of this great Govern
ment accomplishing its destiny,
|Here the President was called upon to giA*e
the names of three of the members of Congress
to Avhoui he had alluded as being opposed to
tho Union. ]
The gentleman calls for three names. I am
talking to my friends and fellow-citizens here.
| Cheers. 1 Suppose I should name to you those
Avhom I 100k upon as being opposed to the fun
damental principles of this Government, and as
now laboring to destroy them. I sayThaddeus
Stevens, of Pennsylvania; I say Charles Sum
ner, of Massachusetts; I say Wendell Phillips,
of Massachusetts.. [Great cheering and a voice,*
I do not waste my fire on dead ducks. —
[Laughter.] £ stand for the country, and
though my enemies may traduce, slander and
vituperate, 1. may say, that has no force.-
In addition to this, I do not intend to be gov
erned by real or pretended friends, nor do I in
tend to be bullied by my enemies. [Cheers.]
An honest conviction is my sustenance, the
Constitution my guide. I knoAV, my country
men, that it has been insinuated —nay, said di
rectly, in high places—that if such a usurpation
of power had been exercised two hundred years
ago in particular reigns, it would have cost an
individual his head. What usurpation has An
dreAV Johnson been guilty of? [Cheers, and
cries of "None."] My only usurpation has
been committed by standing between the peo
ple and the encroachments of power. And be
cause T dared say, in a conversation with a fel
low-citizen, ancl ;: Senator, too, that I thought
amendments to the Constitution ought not to
be so frequent, lest the instrument lose all its
sanctity and dignity, aud be wholly lost sight of
in a short time ; and because I happened to
say in corrversation, that I thought such and
such an amendment was all that ought to be
adopted, it Avas said, that I had suggested such
a usurpation of power as would have cost a king
his head in a certain period! In connection
Avith this subject, one has exclaimed that we
are in the "midst of earthquakes and he trem
bled." Yes, there is an earthquake appjroach
ivg, there is a groundsirell coming of popular
judgment and indignation. The American
people will speak, and by their instinct, if in no
other way, know avlio are their friends, AA'hen
ancl where and in whatever position I stand —
and I luiA*e occupied many positions in the Gov
ernment, going through both branches _of the
Legislature. Some gentleman here behind me
says, "and was a tailor." [Laughter.] Noav,
that don't affect me in the least. When I Avas
a tailor I always made a close fit, and was al
ways punctual to my customers, and did good
A voice—No patchwork.
The President —No. I did not want any patch-
AA*ork. But Aye pass by this digression. Inti
mations have been thrown out —and when prin
ciples are involved and the existence of my
country imperilled- I will, as on former occa
sions, speak what I think. Yes. Cost him
his head ! Usurpation ! When and where
have 1 been guilty of this ? Where is the man,
in all the positions I have occupied, from that
of alderman to the vice-presidency, who can say
that Andrew Johnson ever made a pledge that
he did not redeem, or CA'er made a promise that
he violated, or that he acted with falsity to the
people ?
They may talk about beheading, but when I
am beheaded I want the American people to be
the witsess. [Cheers.] I da not Avant, by
inueudoes of an indirect character in high
places, to have one say to a man who has as
sassination broiling in his heart, "there is a fit
subject," and also exclaim that the ''Presiden
tial obstacle" must be got out of the way, Avhen,
possibly, the intention Avas to institute assassi
nation. Are those Avho want to destroy our in
stitutions ancl change the character of the Goa*-
ernmeiit not satisfied Avith the blood that has
been shed ? Are they not satisfied with one
martyr? Does not the blood of Lincoln ap
pease tbe vengeance and wrath of the oppo
j bents of this Government? Is their thirst still
| unslaked ? Do they want more blood ? Have
I they not honor and courage enough to effect the
i removal of the Presidential obstacle otherwise
! than through the hands of the assassin ? lam
| not afraid of assassins; but if it must be, I
I Avould wish to be encountered where one brave
I man can oppose another. I hold him in dread
only Avho strikes cowardly. . But if they have
courage enough to strike like men, (I knoAV
they are willing to wound, but they are afraid
jto strike) ; if my blood is to be shed because I
| vindicate tiie union and. the preservation of
this Government in its original purity and char
| aeter, let it be so; but when it is clone, let an
altar ofthe Union be erected, ancl then, if nec
essary, lay me upon it, and the blood that now
warms and animates my frame shall be poured
! out in a last libation as a tribute to the Union ;
I [great cheering] and let the opponents of this
; Government remember that Avhen it is poured
' (..in. the blood ofthe martyr will be the seed oi
I the church. The Union will grow. It will con
tinue to increase in strength and power, though
it may be cemented aud cleansed with blood.
I have talked longer, my countrymen, than
I intended. With many acknowledgements for
j the honor you haA*e clone me, I will say one
j word in reference to the amendments to the
'. Constitution ofthe United States. Shortly af
[ ter I reached Washington for the purpose of
being inaugurated Vice-President, I had a eon
' versation Avith Mr. Lincoln. We were talking
j about the condition of affairs, ancl in reference
|to matters in my OAvn State. I said we bad
i colled a convention and demanded a constitu-
I tion abolishing slaA'ery in the State, which pro
'■ vision was not contained in the President's
proclamation. This met with his approbation
and ho gaA*e me encouragement. In talking
! upon the subject of amendments to the Const i
-1 tution, he said, "when the amendment to the
Constitution now proposed is adopted by throe
j fourths of the States, I should be pretty nearly
|or quite done as regards forming amendments
jto the Constitution —if there shsuld be one oth
ler adopted." I asked Avhat that other amend-
J ment suggested was, and be replied, "I have
| labored to preserve this Union. I have toiled
| four years. I have been subjected to calumny
! and misrepresentation, and my great ancl sole
| desire has been to preserve these States intact
j under the Constitution, as they Avere before ;
j and there should be an amendment to the Con
i stitution which Avould ffompel the States to send
| their Senators and Representatives to the Con
| gress of the United States.'' He saw as part
I ofthe doctrine of secession that,the States could,
if they were prepared, withdraw their Senators
and Representatives; and he Avished to remedy
this evil by the adoption of the amendment sug
gested. Even that portion of the Constitution
which differs from other organic law says that
no State shall be deprived of its representation.
|We noAv find the position taken that States
i shall not be recognized ; that Aye Avill impose
i taxation ; and where taxes are to be imposed
the Representatives elect from thence are met
!at the door, and told: ' 'No ; you must pay
I taxes, but you cannot participate in a Goverri
j ment AA*hich is to affect you for all time." Is
i this just? [Voices —"No!" "No!"] We see
j then where we are going. I repeat tnat I am
| for the Union. lam for preserving all tbe
\ States. They may haA*e erred, but let us ad
: mit those into the councils of the nation Avho are
i unmistakably loyal. Let the man who ac
; knowledges allegiance to the Government, and
j swears to support the Constitution, (ho cannot
jdo this in good faith unless he is loyal; no
! amplification of the oath can make any differ
' ence;) it is a mere detail, Avhich I carejnothing
| about; let him be unquestionably loyal to the
I Constitution of the United States and its Goa*-
: eminent, and Avilling to support it in its peril,
J and lam Avillirrg to trust him. I know that
j some do not attach so much importance to the
i principle as I do, One principle that carried
>us through the ReA'olution yras, that there
i should be no taxation without representation.
I hold that that principle which was laid down
by our fathers for the country's good then is
important to its good noAv. If it avus Avorth bat
tling lor then, it is worth battling for now. It
is fundamental, and should be preserved so long
:as our Government lasts. I know it was said
j by some during the rebellion that the Constitu-
I tion had been rolled up as a piece of parchment,
| and should be put away, and that in time of re
bellion there Avas no Constitution. But it is
• now unfolding ; it must now be read and adjus
'■■ ted aud understood by tbe American people.
'. I come here to-day to vindicate, in so far as
I can in these remarks the Constitution; to
saA*e it, as I believe, for it does seem that en
' croaehment after encroachment is to be pressed;
and as I resist encroachments on the Govern
ment, I stand to-day prepared to resist encroach
ments on the Constitution, aud thereby pre
serve the Government. It is now peace-, and
let us haA'e peace. Let us enforce the Consti
tution. Let us liA*e under and by its provisions.
Let it be published in blazoned characters, as
though it AA-cre in the heavens, so that all may
• read and all may understand it. Let us consult
that instrument, arrd, understanding its princi-
I pies, let us apply them. I tell the opponents
of this Government, and I care not from what
quarter they coipe, East or AVest, North or
South, "you that are engaged in the Avork of
breaking up tins Government are mistaken,—
■ The Constitution and tbe principles of free gOA*-
j eminent are deeply rooted in tho American
j heart." All the powers combined, I care not
jof what character they are, cannot destroy the
image of Freedom. They may succeed for a
time, but their attempts Avill be futile. They
may as Avell attempt to lock up the winds or
chain the waves. Yes, they may as Avell at
i tempt to repeal it (as it would seem the Con
stitution can be) by a concurrent resolution ;
' but when it is submitted to the popular judg
ment, they will find it just asAvell to introduce a
resolution repealing the law of gravitation: and
,the idea of preventing the restoration of the
Union is about as feasible as resistance to the
great knv of gravity which binds all to a great
common centre. This great law of gravitation
: will bring back those States to harmony and
their relations to the Federal Government, and
: all machinations North and South cannot pre
| vent it, [Cheers.] All that is wanting is time.,
I until the American people can understand what
lis going on, and be ready to accept the vkfw
: just as it appears to me. I Avould to God that
; the whole American people could be assembled
here to-day as you are. I could wish to haA*e
ian amphitheatre large enough to contain the
j AA'hole thirty millions; that they coidd be here
i and witness the great struggle to preserve the
! Constitution of our fathers. They could at
! once see what it is, ancl what kind of spirit is
; manifested in the attempt to destroy the great
'• principles of free government; and they could
: understand Avbo js for them and who is against
; them, and Avho Avas tor ameliorating their con-
I ditjon. Their opposers could be placed before
' them, and there might be a regular contest,
1 and in the first tilt the enemies of the country
Avould be crushed. I haA*e detained ycu longer
than I intended j but in this struggle lam your
i instrument, Where is the man or woman, in
private or public life, that has not always re
i ceiyed my attention and my time ? Sometimes
;it is said, "that man Johnson is a lucky man."
I Avill tell you Avhat constitutes good fortune —
doing right and being for the people. The peo
ple in some particular or other, notwithstanding
! their sagacity and judgment, are frequently uu
; derratetl or underestimated, but somehow or
i other the great mass of the people will liud out
! Avho is for them and who is against them. —
! You must indulge me in this allusion when I
i say I can fay flay hand on my bosom and say
j that in all the positions in Avhich I have been
i placed—many of them as trying as any in
j which mortal man could be put —so far, thank
God, I have not deserted the people, nor do I
; believe they will desert me. A\'hat sentiment
have I swerved from ? Can my calumniators
, put their finger upon it? Can they dare iridi-
I cate a discrepancy or a deviation from prin-
I ciple?
,; HaA*e you heard them at any time quote my
predecessor, who tell a martyr to his cause, as
cuiiiing iv controversy with anything I advoea
; ted ? An inscrutable ProA*idence saAv proper to
remove hnu to, I trust, a better Avorld than this,
and 1 came into power. Where is there one
; principle in reference to this restoration that I
\ have departed from? Then the war is not
i simply upon me, but it is upon my predecessor.
\ 1 have tned to do my duty. I know some are
1 jealous m view ofthe White Howse. and I **y
j all that flummery has as little influence on me
las it had heretofore. The conscious sati.-fhc
tion of haA'ing performed gay duty to my coun-
I try, my children and my God, is all the rcAvard
| which I shall ask.
In conclusion of what I have to say, let me
ask this vast concourse, this sea of upturned
i faces, to go with me—or I will go with you—and
! stand around the Constitution of our country ;
it is again unfolded, and the people are invitee!
\to read and understand it, aud to maintain its
provisions. Let us stand by tho principles of
our fathers, though the heavens fall; and then,
though factions array tbeir transient forces to
give vituperation after vituperation in the most
A'irulent manner, I intend to stand by the Con
stitution as the chief ark of our safety, as the
| palladium of our civil and religious liberty.—
I Yes, let us cling to it as the mariner clings to
j the last plank when the night and the tempest
close around him.
Accept my thanks, gentlemen, for the indul-
I gence you have given me in my extemporaneous
l remarks. Let us go on, forgetting the past and
j looking only upon the future, and trusting in
i Him that can control all that is on high and
! here below, and honing that hereafter our
1 Union will be restored, and that we will have
I peace on earth and good will towards men.
The President then retired amid a storm of
! applause and congratulations.
For the Spectator.
"Far from the storms which shake the great,"
J sang the immortal Cowper; and how oft wo
feel that we Avould be happier could Aye re-echo
the exclamation. Although not so much retired
as one might wish, yet I am at present sojourn
ing in a very pleasant, quiet vicinity, where ev
ery one quietly plods "along the even tenor of
i his way."
The honest farmer makes an occasional visit
"to town," as we call your "city of the hills,"
j to hear the news, pay his taxes, or barters some
lof the products of his soil, for some of those
i "little articles" (which are so numerous), for
his "girls."
We ne\*er get much news here, except from
[ the Spectator, and the Exaanrner ofßichmond;
j that latter paper has been suppressed, because,
;we must admit, it did not harmonize very rap
j idly, we are led to believe the doctrine, that,
j "what is, is right." I do not know ♦whether
Iwe are being "reconstructed" very rapidly or
1 not, but most certainly Aye are doing very well
in the show line, if that is any evidence of "re
Yes, my dear Mr. Editor, we have had sev
] eral real shows as I think they are. Tableaux
Vivants and Charades have been given in this
place, much to the edification ef the fair dam
; sels, ancl gallant yeomen c f this vicinity, which
\ reflect great credit on the managers, and actors
' and actresses. Several were given during the
; Christmas holidays, which were very good in
As announced, a scries of entertaining Tab
leaux and Charades were given here on Friday
and Saturday nights, of last week, before a se
lect audience, which filled the house. The
The characters in the various scenes and acts
j were well sustained, and everything was got up
\ Avith considerable tasto.. Jhe Middfenrook
String Band Avas in attendance, and discoursed
I "sweet and harmonious" music, on the last
; night. I shall not attempt to give the pro
gramme in (luAiil, but Aviil observe that it was
. all very fine, and quite a treat, in the absence
of other "shows," to 'we'uns' of the rural dis-
I tricts. I noticed one thing very particularly :
the disparity between the number of the ladies
and gentlemen present; this tells a silent tale
!of the woe and misery which ha 3 been entailed
I upon our land; it spoke to me in pathetic elo
i quencc of the gallant sons of our "Dear Arir
; ginia," whose feet have long since trod the
; shores of that foreign land ; and alas! there are
none to fill their places.
Mr. Editor, if you Avish to haA*e a rare time,
just come to the classic shades of West View)
In full view ofthe North Mountain, with its gi
ant peak, Elliot's Knob, which is the highest
point in the State, rearing its gray, head
almost into the very clouds. And*Ave have the
most glorious sunset scenes. As the king of
day sinks to rest behind the mountain summits,
he leaves tbe beautiful Cirrus clouds iv his
wake tinged with purple and gold, lovlierby far
: than has ever been portrayed on canvas. And
I then such pure limpid streams of sparkling wa
! ter '■ at this season of the year there is fine ice
for skating, but Aye Lords of creation haA*e to
enjoy the fun alone, as our country girls have
never had time to spare in taking skating les
sons. Educated in an industrial and economi
; cal school, they devote their time mostly to
some useful employment, either of the mind or
body. God bless them! It was they who made
our uniforms to protect us from the chilling
blasts of "old Boreas," while far aAvay on the
tented field. Our ladies are as lovely as Hebe,
Psyche, or the celebrated Avomen of Circassia,
| and all they Avant is some inspired Adonis to
describe them.
There is a large Debating Club here which
soon purposes agitating the epiestion ; "Wheth
er Virginia is a State or an Indian territory ?"
; I think it is on the fence at present.
Come out, Mr, Editor, from your dusty sanc
tum, and leave your paste and scissors and ami
chair to the care of your Devil, and with our
\ "shows,"' skating, fine views, natural scenery
' and pretty woman, Aye will try and amuse and
interest you.
Stylo Invcrso,-
West Vieav, Feb. 20th 1860.
— ♦♦-* .
[For the Spectator.]
Singular Coincidence.
During flic AA*ar, sometime perhaps in 1862,
tAvo individuals of the county of Rockingham,
left their homes in BridgeAvater and its vicinity
without any previous concert and perhaps Avith
out each other's knowledge, and pursued their
way to the encampment of the army, the par
ticular place not remembered, and came up with
the 10th Va. Infantry, then commanded by the
gallant Gibbons. It was their purpose to join
the army. The company D of that regiment
from Bridgewater, then commanded by its first
captain, J. S. BroAvn, as AA*as natural, presented
the strongest attraction, and both joined it the
same day. Time Avore on, the regiment was
constantly on the move ancl saw much service.
Both men were reckoned among the braA*est sol
diers of the company, always ready to do all
their duty. They passed through the fights of
McDowell, tbe campaign down the Valley.
Cross Keys, Port Republic, the fights around
Richmond ancl Cedar Mountain. It was at
Chaneellorsville, that both of the brave boys
Avere numbered among those Avho were killed,
and when the detail Avas sent out from the regi
ment to carry in the wounded and the dead,
both were found lying close to each other, were
wrapped in the same blanket and buried in the
same grave, and on the board placed at the
head of the grave was inscribed the names of
i ''Benjamin Long" arid ''Jacob Cool." Will
not the county bring them home ?
At a recent festive meeting, a married man,
; Avho ought to have known better, proposed:
" 'The ladies—the beings who divide our sor
rows, double our joys ancl treble our expenses."
Upon which a lady proposed :
'"The gentlemen—the sensitive individuals
who divide our time, double our cares, and
treble our troubles.''
The married man didn't stop to hear nny

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